Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YOEK HERAT,D. WHOLE NO. 80(18. MORNING EDITION?TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1801. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REVOLUTION. Important News from Washington. Special Message of the Presi dent to Congress. The Armistice Proposed by the Virginia Legislature. TIE ULUMATUH OP SOUTH C410LQV1 Fort feomter Mist foe Surren dered or Captured. The Brooklyn Bound South on a Minion of Peace. ? THE ALLEGED PLOT TO SEIZE THE CAPITAL A Bill ProTlding for the Enrolment of Volunteers. Anticipated Attack on the Mint in Georgia. The Admission of Kansas Into the Union. TIE EIAU6URAL OF THE PRESIDENT ELECT. The Union Meeting at the Cooper Institute Last Night, IW?) kit) 111. IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. A SETTLEMENT OP PENDING DIFFICULTIES PREDICTED. WjisHDfGTojr, Jan. 2S, 1861. I learn from good authority that Mr. Mnooln has writ ten a letter to one of his Cabinet Ministers, which con anna the statement made in my despatch in to day's Hbuu>, that he will not object to the Border State proposition if hta party will agree upon It as a basis of settlement. This letter wm yesterday shown to a distinguished member of the Virginia legislature, who Is a candidate for higher honors, and be expressed himself well satistled with the suggestions of Mr. Lincoln, and paid him a high compli ment for comprehending the subject so well, and mani festing a disposition to respond to the demands of the times before his party acted, thereby showing that he is ft leader, and not a demagogue. It is now oertaln that all the Influenoe of incoming re putations administration will be thrown In faror of a speedy settlement of oar national difficulties. I state what I know, when I affirm that letters have been read in this city, within the last two days, from eminent chiefs of the reptfbltcan party, (V?h from u ?Unlua|. of opinion with the President elect, urgently counselling the republicans in Congress to adopt speedy measures of pacification. It is farther known that all the leaders have been In conference during the last forty-eight heurs, devising none mode of settlement. Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois, is open In his declaration that the party Is sold out. The nezt few days will develops a complete change of policy on the part of the republican party. Advices from Springfield confidently report that it Is the desire of Mr. 1. in coin to have a settlement of the dif ficulties before be reaches Washington, and hs has sig nified the same to some prominent republicans here, and It should not astonish ths people If a partial change of front be the next manoeuvre in the republican tanks. Senator Seward, In the course of his conversation to day with ths members of the Milwaukee and Chicago Boards, said:?"Heretofore the cry hss been raised to savs the Union when ths Union was not in danger. I tell yon, ay friends, ths question of slavery Is not now to be taken Into account. We must save the Union, tfeen we save all that Is worth saving." The Personal Liberty bill in Rhode Island, and the late nation of the Ob to Legislature on the same subject, are balled by the frlsnds of the Union as harbingers of place. Affrlr* wear a more hopeful aspect. A large number of distinguished gentleraea from all parte of the country ere encouraged by the proapxt of being able to <*? tribute to a restoration of good fading between the two aeettcaa. The friends af the Union are much encouraged by the prompt responses to the Invitation far Oommiasiooen from the several Statea to meet in Convention here on j the 4th of February, and It ia belie red the action of the i Convention will command the aupport of a large majority of bath brancbea of Cor freer A NEW FUGITIVE BLAVB LAW. Wismmrrwr, Jan. *8. 1W1. In the Senate to day Mr. Douglas aaked and obUlned lea re to Introduce a bUI amendatory of and supplemental tq the acta of the 12th or Februrary, 1T?3, and the lath ef September. 1M0. in respect to the rendition of fugi tit* from Juattre and aerrloe. Section 1 prow ilea that the demand by a Oorernor of ? Bute or Territory for the auirmdT of a fug.tire from'Justice ahall be mad* upon a Judge of any federal oourT In the St%te or Territory where the fagltire has taken refuge, Instead of being made on the Oorernor, at by the act of 1703, which waa rendered mlgatory by Ute dec la Ion of the Supreme Court af the raited Mate* in the caae of Prigg vs. Pennsyl t ran la. It la also provided that the words "trnaaon, felony and other crlaea" shall be oonetrued to Include *11 oflbncee committed within and agaiaat the State or Territory making the demand, whrther the acts charged ware criminal or not in the State where the fugitive was found. flection 3 provides for firing the fugitive slave a jury ?trial la the State or Territory from which he fled. Section three provldrs that when, through violence or 'ictlmldatks. a fugitive slave ahall not be recovered, the ?waer may bring suit for and recover the value in the <?urt of Claims, the amount to be paid from the I'nited States Treasury, the Solicitor the roof te bring suit, In the nntne of the United Mates, against the county, cliy or ^ municipality, were the recovery wax prevented, for the amount p?ld for such fuglttre. Section four repeals all ofltenalre parts of the net of M*0 la respect U harboring and protecting fugitives, and to the fees paid la caae of rendition, and other obaemiou* feature*. Section five repeaia all laws inconsistent with tbia en artmeat, The bill was read twice by unanimous consent. aad referred to th* Judiciary Co mm it ten. The above bill was submitted to Mr. Crittenden ??d other dlstingumhed Heaators, all of whom concur lii Its provisions Wambi*<Jtov, Jan 28. 1M1. Unftary HI* lias In-tru> ted the commanders of the revenue flitters, if attacks, to make the beet defence in tbelr power; and If they are asMilod hy a superior force 16 run their vwls n*h >r? and blow them up If. hiw alec written a l."ter to IhaOMIcctor of NV? <ir|r,n* to apply to the liovernor of I/nnsiana to revoke tb' net ef re rr.g 'h? po-eminent boey11?\ ird or<'"'-np t*c fa cd.-d and t:xty pa. ents lo be temped, incrder Uut .he bu.ldLC* * .gU bo sccufied as barracks by the ^tate troops He *M9<?M?n *w m act of ctitrageoua bai bar.ty, J-egraf e''ul io any ago or country. A despatch was reco ved mn) evening frem Senate* ku.k ry, dat< d Penaotoia, addressed to Governor Bus lor andtheScnaUrs, ataling lhat seventeen handled men tho reinforce aeent of Fort Pickena and that if the Brooklyn attempted to r lievs the Fort a bloody bat lie would ensue. Governor Bi er cowuiuuicaled th.8 despatch to the Preaident. No apprehension need be entertained of an attack on Fort Sumter no long as Colonel llayno rema.ns in tbu city, which will be for some v?n days or two weeks yet. lhe repeated statements that Mr. Buchanan has re ceived any official information or positive information in any chape thai Mr. Lincoln is ^oming here thie week, are w uhout the shghtest foundation in truth. If be oumea here at *11 before the 3d of March, which he has no* yet dicid?d upon, it will not be until after the votes are counted on the 13th of February. If be concludes to e m-' immediately after the votes are counted he will leave Spnngflild on the 11th or l'.ttb of Februaro Mr. Ivereon. of Georgia, following the example of his ?tate, seceded from the Mnate to-day. The Louisiana Sen'atoib will go next. rho new State of Kansas will, probably, elect M. J. I'anott, the present delegate of that Territory, and F. B. .Stanton, Secretary of the Territory under Governor Walker, as United States Senators. They wlU not be able to take their Feats before the 4th of March. Considerable stir was created in the House to-day by a resolution instructing the Committee on Ways and Means to inquire into tho expediency of reporting a bill to re peal the duty on sugar. The opinion is expressed that Buch a bill will be reported and passed. The delegations from the Milwaukee Chamber of Com merce and the Chicago Board of Trade made a forma' call upon tho i'residenl this evening, and were received with cordiality. They informed him, in a brief address, that from Philadelphia, where thejr had come by invita tion from tho Board of Trade of the latter city, they had continued their journey to Washington, and had great pleasure in calling upon his Excellency, and desired to say to him that they were strongly attached to the I bionand would stand by it to the lust; that they com mend him for his late course regarding our national diffi culties. The ITeeident replied that the more he had said heretofore to parties outside of Congress the less he had been understood, and hence must forbear to gtve any ex pression politically, but assured the delegations they had a hearty welcome; that he felt highly honored by their presence,and remarked that Ave weeks more would end his responsibility in conducting this government; and if it should give Lincoln as much pleasure to assume the responsibilities as it would him to lay them aside,he (Mr. Lincoln) would be a \ery happy man. The delegation expressed their commendation for bis message of to day, and withdrew, calling next upon Gene ral S-'cott, who received them gladly, and humorously re marked, as the party tilled his parlor, that he was taken prisoner. He was assured that the country was looking eagerly and w ith great reliance upon him for help at this time of peril; to which he replied:?"I shall do all and the best 1 cau." The i^rty ?? xt called upon Senator Seward, and were received with the same cordiality. Mr. S< ward was as. Bured that the delegation were strong lor the I'nlou, U which he replied that bo hoped the people would themselves to the work at hand. He said this was uot a quemon o freedom or slavery, but tho l"nion, to Have which every man's efforts should be directed. lastly the delegation called u|>on Judge Douglas, and were received cordially and hospitably. The Chicago Board of Trade, on their way to this city, j were courteously received by the Board, of Trade of the different cities through which they passed, except in Baltimore, where the Hoard voted not to reoeive them, on account of their coming from the West at this time, fearing that tboy would be taken for Wide Awakes. In stead of receiving any courtesies, they were annoyed 17 policemen, who tracked them wherever they went. Thi caused many of the Chicago geulletnen who are demo crats to express themselves in terms of indignation. They have been busy to-day visiting the dilftrent point? of Interest. . Tk? ~r JkUtly has wren extended here to lh Western visiter*. WjuiBiNi.ruir, Jan. 28,18#1. Robert K. 8oo?t, of Virginia, whose name has neve been mentioned In connection with the Cabinet of th" ia coming administration by any oae authorised to de so by Mr. 1-lncoln, has addressed a tetter to the House Select Committee of Thirty three, in which he says .1 will never submit to the Chicago platform doctrine thit no more slave territory shall be acquired. He says the in crease of slave population la the States wlU soon demand more room, and asicrte that it must be acceded u>, and says If these demands can be obtained m the ?nion we are content to remain in the Union. If n*, we will seek them out of it. j One of the heads of the departments said to a meaaber of Congress to-day that unless the aw*t energetic utepe were resorted to the city will be taken po se?loc of in less than ten days by th? coos(*rnlors again* the government. A storm wat- raised in the House today because the Military Committee reported a biU providing for an oath to be taken by the militia of this District that they will be true to the Union It pa***! hwxtoomely, with the votea of ac vera! Northern democrat* again* It. The aflair between Mmm. IHinn and Rust, growing ot i of worili apokm in dataM m I rata/, haa been hmuraliiy adjuaUd to day M Um ulrf jadieloua friendn, without a challenge hat i t rw . i?tw ?? Lbom Bat for the great aire a*d alnl at Kjr tha friends who nego tiate tbe settlement iae prt?.-.pfe.? who ar* both ram* men, WouM Ua\? a buNUe m-Ming ' The Bon tor. petit?, wrapped in Ilia American tt\g. w"f printed to tha H<xie? to day, by Hob. A. H. Rice, of Bo?toa. Tb? venerable committee occupied tba gftller\ awigneit to the foreign diplomatic oorpa, and were ot jecta of intareat to mem bar* The objection of Mr. L/i* jny.of Illinois to having tha petition printed, ail.?*"J rignkfcant evident e ef the Intention of bin extreme?ac tion, not to II* tea to terne of compromise, unleas rdera come from lieadqiiarter* to that effect. The psatoer, howmir, did not bear the objection, but the Democratic aide of the lloune did, and applauded. Kant-ax Ik nearly admitted, and now tha wot^T la bow ii people, alio are nnfTering atl ac-rte of iltwfltllTii aad dielrcts by their own KboMing, can dealre ? undertake tbe heavy expenditures and extraordtnar taxation eon Sequent upon tupporting a Plate gor???*n<- Kansas i-UtoUx before the country with a peti*>? tot relief In one hand and a prayer to be allowed l?WW* the taxa tion of her citi/.?ns in tbe other. Kx President Tyler vmited both U^<* to-day. Mr. I/ipan'R pro]ioeitiou, that tb? border alaTea states be requested to hand In their nlrfnstwn. wa? amended by Mr. Morrt.of Illinois, to aa tWn?',1ds slave State*. It did uot receive much < uci'iirn'?'11 from either wide. Amos A. Iswrence, of tbe ifcton Committee, hu had private coasvlUtlons with t* leading Union men here, and the universal repoh I* Mt they are helpless unless the republican! cume to the Among tue unfortunate events likely to accrue from the present trouble*, i? *e prospective ruin of the "Hei milage." A reaolut*1 sdveras to porchaaing it for a national military s*y*n> or uccdcmy, baa We ,ntro duced in the House. Private acoonnts fror-Auguata report that the tranare of Araenal to the 8tat.<ro<>pa wan conducted in a n.ann#r that did not compron^* C*pt Ha?y in the loast. I i*>j4c are makinp lib<r*l />nntlf>n? of n.ipplie* for the troops who now garriaoti t* Araenal It baa been officially de clared that the r/upancy of tlie Arnenal by the ><iate wan not an act t bostllllp agamrt the United Hta'e* government. Hon. John ll. fcjnoldt, of New York, will to-morrow report, from tM committee of five on tha President* meaaage, In favr of not only giving tho Fjtecutlve power, but making itnandatory upon him to call out tbe volun teer militia fo tbe purpose of {roteetingpublic property, mipprenaing nsurrectloo, he The promptnem with which Mr. suiton, of Ohio, this tfternoon asrried through bla propositi rctativc to ta? Hstrlct militia la nignifl. cant in thia connection. The ft>|<>w!ng is the nature <,f .'ho oath wMrh the militia of the |. trict ara rerp.lre l t? ta.Ve under the act ? T A B, ?o aolemnly ?wear for alrm. r* the .nae m. y bal't.'wl bear true and faithful aWp an ato?.bornitM Ht?tea of AmcricA, nrd that I w l^erve the.-a h< iet,tly and fnitUully ?ga i.?? their rna q(. gm1 <ppy>?r.t wb' -o ever an * that f? , 1 ebttrve p?d tb$ o^dtri cf he l*rtndtnt of the United State*, and ihe urdoisof the of fleers appointed over mo, according to the rules and arti cles of war. The informalkiii upon which the recent belligerent ac tion of Congress is based is derived from the authorities of Maryland. The Impression, however, that any im portant organization for the purpose of creating trouble eilsts here, is not generally credited. Hon. Tfcad. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, would have re plied to Mr. Pryor to-day, but gave way to enable the Committee of five to report. Mr. Stevens will speak to morrow. Edward Everett and Robert C. Wiathrop were invited to seats on the floor of the Senate by the Vice-President. They received the congratulations of several Senators, but Mr. WUeon and Mr. Sumner did not approach them. Of the Massachusetts delegation, Messrs. (Joech, Buffln ton, Alley and Dawes are avowedly against compro mine. , The House postponed the special order, the report o the Committee of Thirty-three, and suspended the ruiee by a vote of lit to 42, to take up the bill to admit i Kansas, which passed the House, with the Seuate amAA ? ment creating a judicial district, witohut even calling the yeas and nays. It now awaits the President's signature to remove from the political arena the vexed questions arising from time to time in tfce Territory at Kannas. S? sure are members that the President will sign the bill, ' that the republicans, immediately after the vote, were | verry busp congratulating Mr. Conway, member elect I under the Wyandot constitution. Charles Robinson, ! formerly of Massachusetts, is the Governor elect of the : State of Kansas. To morrow Mr. Reynold*, of New York, from the select j committee to whom was referred the special Me>sage of | the I'res id ?n} of the United States on the present condi tion of the country will introduce the following bill, a>t thonging the President to call forth the militia and accept ; the service* of volunteers to such an extent arf P,aJ be necessary at any time to protect the public property:? A bill to be entitled an act further to provide for Calling forth the militia of the United States in certain cases. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States, in Congress assembled, that it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, whenever and as often as In his opinion it shall become necessary, to call forth the militia of all or any of the States of the Vnited States, or to accept the services of volunteers to such extent as may be re quired to protect and defend the forts, magazines, mils, dock yards, navy yards, public buildings and other property or the United States which bog btti'U Of Bitty be unlawfully seised or taken possession of by any combi nation of persons whatever; and the provisions of an I act authorizing the employment of land and naval forces I of th*? Uhltetl States in cases of insurrection*, approved I March 3, 1807, and all existing laws and regulations re- ! lutii.g to the actual service of the militia of tho United States, shall be applicable to the employment of the 1 sam *, under the provisions of this act. Although the select committee from which the above . bill Is to he reported have accumulated a va?t deal of j information upon the subject of the conspiracy now going on to overthrow the government, and have issued subpernns for a large number of witnesses, yet none have yet been examined. The first witness?Mayor Borrett, of this city?will be examined to-morrow. < it her city and federal officers and employes in the various departments and at the Capitol will be called as witnesses, and before the examination is through there will be some hard ?wearing and startling developements. The conspirators here and in the vicinity are well known, and If the artil lery, dragoons and infantry belrnging to the regular ner" vice are not sufficient to repulse any attempt to violate the public peace or seise the public buildings, He re will be loyal citizens enough in Washington, Virginia, Maryland and other States who will fly to arms and pro teet she national honor and the national flag. It would be a crime any longer to deny the fact that a deliberate and organized plan is on foot to seize and plunder this capital, and the leaders of the conspiracy are sworn to protect it. Wjumumgtiix, Jan! 38.1941. Mr. Ashmore, member of Congress from South Oaro lina, has addressed a letter to Aoting Postmaster General King, asking If he has the right to exercise the franking privilege, as he has some ten or twelve hundred docn menu; upon which he does not feel willing to pay postage, and which document* would be useless unless be can frank them. Postmaster King replied that according to in 9 tneurr of the administratien South Carolina was MUl in the Union, and hence he baa a right to frank until the first Monday In Itocomber next. If, howevor, ha regards South Carolina as out of the Union, It la a qwotton with himself whether be can consiatently exercise that privi lege, the use of which would be an admission that he does not in his conscience consider that nhe is out of the Union, and that he Is Mill a member of the Coogrew uf the United States. The Senate Tariff Committee had another protracted meeting to-day. They will probably oomplete the blU ?o as to report It on Wednesday next It will be resisted by its enemies, but not successfully, for it will have a clear majority la the Senate now, owing to the vacant Southern ?Ml Mr. But, of New JYerfc, has been detained from kis Mat for several da/s by Indisposition. The President s special aewiff concerning the Vlrgli** resolutions, and the reference to ex President Tyter, to gether with th? suggestions of the Executive in favor of conciliation, * received with much satisfaction, and is calculated Uhave a beneficial effect Boon afu-r the electoral rote Khali be counW In the presence ?f the two booses of Congress, on Ike sscond Wednesday In February, Mr. Lincoln will acquaial U? public *ith his view* on the pending crisis. Heretofore he lia> not felt that H win proper for him, in adraaoe .if the rfclal derJaralien of hia election, to take a prominent par tin the direction of poiltioal albtm. fte Fugitive Klave law introduced to-day in the Scnai* b- Mr. Douglas in ronaid'Tod a tborongh and effrctive peat-tire. obviating the objections to the present statute tad securmg complete efficiency. Senator* Bnnjamin and Rlidoll, nine* the secession of Louisiana, have taken ae active part ia the proceeding* of the Senato. Tbey will formally vacate their aeau an w?d ?a they abaN have received official information of the p*s ?age of the ordinance of accession K ia not believed that a majority ef secessionist* wilj I be elected to any of the conventions ef the border slave holding States. The conventions, according to private Inform Uion received here, will be osmpssed for the greater part of moderate and conservative men, wbo will not proceed to extremes ualeas all mearares of pa etftcaUon shall b? exhausted. The great peiat now aimed at by the friends ef the I'alon la to avoid all pretext Mr a collision by the aeoedlag States, in the hope that the "?ober eecood thonght of the people," IT adjustment measures shall be prsaentsd, will lad?4k Mem to re | imoie their oonneetion with the federal government. IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH CAROLINA. Ouatmrrow, Jaa 39, tMl. The lisglxlature In executive session to day on the cor respondence between Governor Pick oft*, Colonel Bayne and the government at Washington, from wbleb it ap pears that the ultimatum of 8011th Carolina was the surrender ef Fort Sum tor and the with drawal of the federal troops, and that she promised to pay the federal government for the forts, bat thai Colonel ftayae in deference to the wiahes of Southern Congressmen, withheld the proposition Ctoveraer Pickens new tells CMooai llayae to make a dual demad for the forte, and repudiates the position ef the President when be says be has no power to give the?n up, but most leave It to Congress. Governor Plekens farther tells CM. Hayne lo wait a reasonable time for an answer to his Anal demand, nnd then, tf refused, to Inform too Presidsnt that Port Sumter must be takon. The Legislature Hilly endorses the action of Governor Pickens. The cosunission of Hon. John S. Preston as private entoy from South Carolina to Vlrg'nta was sent on Unlay Mr. Preston is row tn Richmond. THE REPEAL OP THE RHODE ISLAND PER SONAL LIBERTY BILL. Rfurnvri, Jaa. 20, 1MI. One hundred guns were fired for Rhode Island's repeal of tho Peria nal Liberty bin. Our cltisens are jnbllant frr lb s fir t tender the oliTe branch of conciliation to lie pi>. th. A btrblr^er cf retiring peace. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. THIRTY-SIXTH CONUHKM4. HW'UND 8KMH1UN. !????*? Wamdhctoii, Jan. 20,1041. Several C< mmumcaticiia were received from the de partments. Mr. Kkw.iko, (rep.) of N. Y., presented a petition from the citizens 01' New York, remonstrating agamct any le 1 xihUikw or givlag any protection to slavery in the Terri tories. aIko a petition of seven hundred oitiaena of New York, praying for some .uijostment of the difficulties. Mr. TWnt.ios, (opp.) of TIL, introduced a bill amendato ry oi' the act of 1793 and the act of 1060 in relation to fu gitive slaves. Referred to the Committee on Judiciary. Mr. Gwln, (opp.) uf Cal., presented the memorial of Dr. Kabe, Secretary of the Pacific Bat)road Convention, heM in California in Itftt and 1HMJ, transmitting the pro-" ccedings of the Convention, and a petition asking for tho pa>s*ge of the Railioad bill. ( Mr. Wilson, (rep.) of Mass., presented the petition of Muxes Davenport and others, of Newburyport, Mass., in favor of ,ii speedy padsageef the Critteudvn resolutions. Mr. f> limit paid these men prayed lor tho adoption of the amendments to t lie constitution proponed by the Senator I'r. m kentuckey. to Wit'?The recognition of I xktvery, and its protection south of latitude 30 degrees 30 minutes, not only in tbe existing territory, but in territory Dot yet conquered, purchased or stolen; tho [ denial of any power in congress to interfere with slavery in the District of Columbia while it existed in Virginia, arid to prohibit the transportation of slaves from one State to another, or Territories recognizing slavery; to pay the owner the full value of a fugitive slave when the Marshal was prevented arrest ing him by intimidation, and to take from persons of African raw the right of fcnftVape, which they have possessed in Massachusetts since the const itul ion ,paiiM-dby the Revolutionary fathers, was adopted in 1780: and acquire territory In Africa or South America, and tend at the expense of tlie federal tfetOur? euvh Tree negrocR as tho States may wish to have removed from their limits. For the adoption of then< honorable and humane provisions in the constitu tion, beyond the power of the people ever to change, the people of the free States would secure the immense con cern ion of making the fee of the Commissioner no greater for remanding a man to slavery than for discharging him as a freeman. Surely tho prayer of men of Massachusetts for t'ucli objects ou;:ht to be heeded by tho Senate of the United Plates. I aid on the table. Mr. Bi<iLKR, (opp.) of l*a., presented resolutions in favor of the passage of the Crittenden resolutions. Mr. IL-tiJc, (rep.) of N. 11., ottered a resolution inquiring if the Secretary of the Senate had executed the order in favor of the widow of Louis T. Linn, formerly United 1 Stales Senator from Missouri, and If not, what is the rea I son? ' Mr. CKimfthiar, (opjO of Ky., presented a large num ber of petitions from Michigan and other States asking the past-age of his resolutions referring the present dtttl rultivs to tbe people for settlement. Mr. CtormcNorN also presented the resolu'.ious which were adopted at the meeting of railroad presidents and oflicern, lately held in this city. Mr. Iliir. objected to their reception, if they were not addressed to the Senate. Mr. CKrmtNDi* said there was a request in the resolu Hons that be presented to the Senate, and claimed thit they hod a .light to be heard. Mr. IIaik said if such a precedent were sanctioned, the files would be cumbered by the proceedings of little cau I cusee all over the oountry. Mr. Skwarh said he should vote for their reception. He was always in favor or allowing the people to make application to Congress in any way. WmiliKAWA1. OK MK. IvgKSoX. Mr. Ivramnox (riem ) of Ga., I send t? the Secretary of the senate the official information which I have received, [ that on the 10th instant the people of Georgia, in Con ventkn assembled, passed the folk wing ordinance: . The fw kktaky then read tho Ordinance of Secession of Ceorgia, and also Mr. Iverson's resignation. Mr. 1viwni>?The paper which has just been read in I forms the Senate what lias already been announced to i the public, that the State of Georgia, by a solemn net or sovereign Convention, have withdrawn from the ' Federal I i.ion. She is no longer one of the 1'uttcd State* of America, but has resumed all the powers granted by b<-r to the federal government, and ns serted her independence as a separate and sovereign Sute In performing tliis important ;uid ctolemu u'l,

she has been influenced l>y the deliberate and firm conviction that her safety. her intercut, and her honor demanded It lite opinion of her people h.'i* been gradually tending to this point Tor the laet ten yeara, and recent event* have coutiruied It; and an overwhelming majority of the people have elected delegates to a Convention, una expressed in . that election a determination to withdraw from the redo ral I nlon And the umventiou, bj u like decisive ma I ority, has passed the ordinance of secession Georgia : is one of aiz states which, in lew than sixty day*, have I diMOiveu their connection with the federal ('Dion, and declared their separate independence, and *tepe arc now . tu progress lo ferm a confederacy of their own, and in a few weeks at the furthest, a provisional government will be rormed giving them ample power* for their own de j fense, and with power to cuter Into negotiation* with ether nation*, to make war. to conclude peace, to form treat lea, and do all other thing* which independent na tion* may ef right do. Provision* will l>e made for the admission of other State* to the new I nion, and it ia confidently believed that, within % few monies, all the Bout hem 8tatev of the late confederacy will be formed into a Unian far mere homogeneous, and, therefore, far more stable than the one now broken op. I have only to My that thl* action of my own State, and of her Southern neighbors and slater*, meet* the approval of my well oonsidered and deliberate judgment, and a* one of her satire sea* and eatyecta, I shall cheerfully cast my lot wtth her and them. And, sink or swim, lire or die, I shall be of and with her and them to the last By the secession of the Southern > Mates, and tho formation of a Southern onolsderaey, : two great and momentous alternatives will devolve s on the federal government You may ncguiesoe in I the revolution, and acknowledge the independence : great confederacy, or yon make war on the seceding States and attempt to force them back. If you seknow I ledge oor independence, and treat us as one ef the na { lions of the earth, oil ?au have friendly relations and I iitorconree with u*. You can have an equitable division | of the public property, and of the existing public debt of I the United State*. But IT yeu make war upon ue we will I seise and bold all the public property in our borders and : in our reach, and we will never pay one dollar of the pub i lie debt?(laughter)?Tor the law or nation* wtil oxtin Ki*h all orirate and public obligations between the ite*. Tne first federal gun that Is Ored upon the sece ding Htstss- the first drop of blood of any of our people shed by the federal troop*?will cancel every public and private obligation Of the South which may be due either to the federal government or to the Northern peo ple. We care nut in what shape or form, or under what pretext yon undertake coercion. We shall consider all effort* to exercise aathorit) over us as arts of war, and ?bail meet and rtuist th-m accordingly. You may send armies to invade us by land, or you mwy send ships t'> blockade our porta and destroy our trade and commerce with other nalicos. You may abolish our port:- of entry and by an act of CbngrHM attempt to collect the federal revenues by ships-ot war. You may do all or any of these, or similar acts. They will be ecu- of war, and so understood and considered, and in whatever shape you make war we will light you. (laughter ) You boast of you superior numbers, and xtreegth, but rcmem ber that "the race i* not alwsvs to the swttt. nor the battle to the strong.'' You nave one hundred thousand fighting men. So have we. And, fighting upon our own soil, and to preserve our rights, and vtndl cats our honor and defend our homes, our fireside*, our wive* and children from the Invader, we shall not be etwily conquered You may possibly overrun as, deso late our fields, burn our dwelling*, lav our miss tn ruins, murder oar people, and reduce ux to beggary, hot you cannot subdue and suhftigato us to your wMl. Your con I quest, if you gain a victory over us, will amount to but : Mtue You will have to keep a standing army o< 100,00* I men, casting million* of money, onlvlo keep as in *ub I leotion. You may whip us, but we will not irtay whipped We will rise again and again to vindicate our rights and liberty, and to throw ofl your oppressive and accursed yoke, and we will never cease the strife until our whole white rsss is exUngulaaed, and our ralr land given over to desolation. You will have ships of war?we may have none You may blockade our ports and lock up our com metre. We can live, if need be, without commerce. But whoa you shut op our commerce from the loom* of rurope we shall *M whether other nations will sot have something to say and sossethkg to do upon that subject. "Cotton is King." and will oblige you to raise your blockade and draw off your ships. I know that great hopes are raised, and great efloru made to re ts Is the border Ptatss in the Union But let co ercive msssures he oommensed against ths Sen thee a Confederacy, or any of the *eceding States, and all such hopes wMl vanlah into thin air. The first act of fede ral legislation looking to oosrcisn, ths first federal giw fired, the first feseral ship which takes its station off a Southern port, will bring all the Mate*, isclndlng liar y laud, laggard as ?hs saesss to be in the vindication sf a *numt tndepeadene*. into obedience and slllance with her Southern si*ten. And thus united, _thay will resist and defy all your effirt*. There are also those who, surrendering all hope of preventing the destruction of the Union, and re rogntxtng the existing statn of facts, yet hope to see it reconstructed. Sir, a war between the two F?etiot? will f"revt*r time the door to any such |>ro Jsrt I wMl not say that the Southern State If let alvne even aftor they have formed a Southern con federacy. will not listen to propositions of reconciliation let the North make them, and tre will consider them. The Southern people have heretofore cherished a firm and sincere reverence ?nd attachment to the Union, and nothing but atarn necessity could have convinced tbem of the propriety of leaving it. or could have driven tbem to the alternative of separation from it, and when they *hall *ee, If It be not tco long delayed, a fra ternal sense of jnstice and returning fading to the North ern mind and heart, anil when they can find sufficient and reliable guarantiee for their rignt* and equality In the Union, they may, perhaps, reconaider their action and rejoin their former confederate*. Ibr myself, I am free to declare thai, unlc** my opinion shall be greatly ' hanged, 1 shall never agree to a reconstruction of the re deral Union. The rublcon is passed, and it shall never, with my c?n*ent. lisrocrossed Rut in this sentiment 1 maybe overruled, t may safely say that nothing will satisfy them, except the recognition of equality, the safety of the institution of domestic slavery, and the pro tection of their constitutional rights, for which they hsvs been so k>ng contending in the Union, and the de t Dial of which iuib for-ed them to their present a lude < t i*h defence. It remains for boo now only to exprecs my gr-ateful acknowledgements ami thanks for tho uniform courtesy and kindness with whieh I have boon treated by those Senators wfth whom I twvn had "Hi :ial an! ? o cial intercourse. And in thus wishing them e*nli a long life ef prosperity and peace, 1 bid them farewell. Mr. I'mmtrd the resolutions of the Legislature of Peniisylvunia, which were read. The Prrkiokpt'h Message wad ihoii read od root <*n ot Mr. Mason. THE PRESIDENT'S MK-NAGE. To tu Skn-itk a\d Ho cm* op Rki-rkkilntaTIvw or ti;b I'amtn Si^tkh ? I deem it my duty to submit to Congress a series at resolutions adopted by the legislature of Virginia on tiie 19th inct., having in view the peaceful settlement of tho existing questions which now threaten the Cnion. They were delivered U> me on Thursday, the 34th Inst.. by ex President Tyler, who has left his dignified and honored retirement in the hope that he may rendnr service to bin conntry in this its hoar of peril. The resolutions, it will be perceived, extend an nv ta. tk>n to all Steles, whether slaveholdiug or uon-slavoliold ing, at< are willing to unite with Virginia in an eurneet eflbrt to ad^iat the present unhappy controversies in '.ho spirit in which the constitution was originally formed, and consistently with itn principles, so as to ail'ord to the jieople of the slaveholdiug States adequate guarantees :'or the security of their rights, to appoint commissioners to meet on the 4th day of February next, in tho c?ty of Washington, similer commissioners appointed by Vir ginia, to consider, and, if practicable, agreo upon soma suitable adjustment. I confess I bail the movement on tho part of Virginia with great satisfaction. From tho past history of this ancient and renowued Commonwealth wo have the fullest assuraace that what she has undertaken sho will accom plwh, If it can be done by able, enlightened ami per severing ettorts. It 1m highly gratifying to luiow that other patriotic States have appointed and arc appointing Commissioners to meet those of Virginia ill council. When assembled they will constitute a body entitled in an ? mincnt degree to the confidence of tho country. The (ieneral Assembly of Virginia havo also rosolveil "that ex I resident John Tyler is hereby appointed by the concurrent vote of each branch of tho (Ieneral Assembly a ttimmissioner to tho President of the I'nited Statea; and Judgo John Robertson is hereby appointed, by a like vote, a Commissioner to the StuU) of South (hrolina and tb& other States that have seceded or shall secede, with instructions respectfully to request the President of the I'nited States and the authorities of such Slates to agree to iibstaiu, pending the proceedings contemplated by the action of this General Assembly, from any and all acts calculated to produce a collision of arms between the States and the givcrnmont of Dm CttM{Mm. llowever strong may be my de sire to enter Into such an agreement, I am convinced tliat I do not possess the power. Congress, and Congress alone, under the war making power, can exercise the dis cretion of agreeing to abstain from any and all acts cal culated to produce a collision of arms between this and any other government. It would,therefore, be a usur|>a tion for the Kxecutive to attempt to restrain their bands by an agreement in regard to matters over which he baa no Constitutional control. If he were thus to act . they might puss laws which he slusild be bound to obey, though lu con tilt with his agreement. I'nder ! existing circumstances my present actual power is con i fined within narrow limits It is my duty at all times to defend ulid protect the public property within the seced i ing States so far a# may be ptacticable, aud especially to employ the constitutional mentis to protect the pro|ierty of the I'nited States, and to preserve the public peace at this, the seat of the federal government. If the seced ing States abstain from any aud all acts cilculated to produce a collision ot arms, then the danger so much to be deprecated will no iMger ex ist. iHfence, and not aggression, has been the policy ot the administration from the beginning. Rut whilst 1 can enter into no engagement, such as tliat projsjsed, I cordially commend it to Congress, with much confidence that it will meet their approbation to abstain fTom passing any law calculated to produce a oolltslon of arms pending tho proceedings contemplated by the ai Uuu ot the General Assembly of \ irginia. I am one nf those who will never despair of the republic. I yet rhcrish the belief that the American people will l?rt>etuate the I'nion of the State* on some t?*rmx J'mt and honorable for hII sections or the country. I trust that the mediation of Virginia may be tlw destined means, tinder tlie providence of tiod, i>f accomplishing this ines tunable benefit. Glorious as are the memories of her imst , liintory Kuril an achievement, both in relation to her own ' fame and well are of the whole country, would surpasi them .01. JAMKS BUCHANAN. Vi t-uuM.rox fin, Jan. 28, 1161. IKK VIRGINIA RBS0I.rn0.VS. Ill the Virginia House of Delegates, on Thursday Janu ary 17, the following imj>oi uu>t loint report <4' b'th branch** of the legislature trui submitted .? Wheress. It is the deliberate opinion of the Oonerwl As sembly of Virginia that unless the unhappy controversy which now divide* the (states of this confederacy sliall bo satisfactorily Adjuster!, a dissolution of the t'ni'ji is inev itable ; and the General Assembly, repri*i<ntlng the wishes of the people of the Commonwealth, is desirous of employing every reasonable means to avert so dire a ca lamity, and determined to make h final effort to restore the i nion and the < onstitution in the spirit in which they were established by the fathers of the republic ; there fore, 1. Resolved, That on behalf of the commonwealth of Virginia an invitation Is hereby extended to all such States, whether slaveholdiiif or non alavebolding. as are willing to unite with Virginia In an earnest effort to nd tust the present unhappy controversies, in the sptrtt la which the constitution was originally- formed and con sistently with it* principles, so aa to aflbrd to the people of the slave holding Mates adequate guaranties for the se curity of their rights, to appoint Commissioners to meet on the4tk day of I ebruar j next, In the city of Washington, similar Commissioners appointed by Virginia, to consider and, if practicable agree upon somepuitableadjustment. 2. Resolved, That five Commissioners be appointed by the General Assembly, wheee duty it ahail be to appear in the city of Washington on the day designated in the foregoing resolution, to meet such Commissioners as may be appoicted by any of the States Id accordance with the foregoing Invitation 3. Resolved, That if laid Commissioners, after full and free conference, shall agree upon any plan of adjustment requiring amendments of the f'deral coastitntion, for the iurtber security of tb* rights < f the people of the slaviv holding Slates. they l>e rt-q'iesUil t" communicate the proposed amend meet* to Congress, for the purpose of having the same submitted to that body, according to the forms <4 the onnstituilon, to the several States for ratification. 4. Resolved, That If said Cpmmissionors cannot agree on such adjustment, or If agreeing. Cbngress shall refuse I to submit for rnt'.floatIon such amendments as may be I proposed, then thte Commissioners of this State shall tra | mediately oommtmioate the result to the Executive of : Uils Commonwealth, to be by him laid before theCbnven I lion of the people of Virginia and the General Assembly: I Provided, That saidCommiastounre be subject at all timea | to the control of the (^uerml Assembly, or, if la session, to that of the State Convention 6. Revolved. Tliat in the opinion of the General Assom i blj of Virginia the propositions embraoed in the reaolu | lions presented to the Senate of the Tatted States bv ( the Hon. John J. Crittenden, vmbracee the beats of such . an adjustaient as would be seosffted bjr the people of this Commonwealth. 6. Resolved, That copie* of the foregoing resolutions be forthwith telegraphed to the Kxeeuttve of the several HUtes. A vote being demanded on the committee's report the oreamble was adopted eira seer; the first resolution by a vote of 116 eyes to 19 nays; the second and third without objection the fourth resolution was amended, on motion of Mr. Robertson, of Richmond, by making the Commis sioners subject to the control of the General Assembly or Convention. Mr. Mawoj. (of p ) at Va., moved that the message be printed. Be said thsee resolutions were passed by the mate of Virginia and transmitted directly to the Presi dent , to Inform him that Virginia had undertaken the oflice of mediator between the States. The next object of the resolutions was to induce the President to refrain from any act to produce a collision, with the knowledge that If a collision oocurt it will be beyond the power of say mortal arm to reinedr the erlls to follow. It was a f eat effort Virginia was thus making to save the country I r gin la had also called a Convention to m*?t on the 13th of February. Rut the great object of her mission now was to prevent any further complication, se as to piase the dim culty beyond remedy. He trusted the noble effort of Virginia would be successful, at least for the time be tag. If It should result that the questions are of a character to admit of no solution, still the peace of the continent should be preserved; and if the present Pnlon is beyond hope, wo ehould still see If some means cannot be devised by reconstruction or otherwise. Such was the appeal of the great Hute of Virginia. If there be any Senator who indulges the be lief that an attempt to fbrce any Plate will not lead to war. there never was man more deluded. He had said so before, ad repeated it now. We have evidence from the section which had separated, that though they found it necessary to take possession of the (erte aad arsenals, they had dene so simply as a measure of precaution, aad there was not one, if ahs should be re stored to the Cnion, or If pence should b<? restored to the I'nlon.orlf peace follow, who would not account for every dollar of the publk property. We had seen noth tog but an earnest oesire to keep the peace nor had It been actuated by anything Like fear He befyrved those States actuated by ? desire to i"?c the peace, and the Mate of Virginia isvokeea like feeling from the government. This was the only oonrse te avirrt the evils which threaten us Mr. Hair said he would like to ask a question If Vlr ginia, In her solemn action In appealing to the federal government not to mako war, had also thought It necea aery to appeal to any other Pcwersor Slates, asking them to refrain and keep their hands off* Mr. Maww said the object of Virginia would hare been imperfectly attained if she had not done so, and. In addi tion to the distinguished commission sent to the Presi dent, she had also sent Judge Robertson to all the sepa rated States, entreating them to forbear any act of bo* tlllty. The motion to print was adopted. Mr. Ctiwnus, (opp.) of N. 0., moved to print an extra number Mr. Htimnij. (opp.) of Texas, proceeded to speak at length. He commenced by a reference to the struggle of the colonies for independence, and claimed that the States were sovereign and Independent before the eon stitution was formed, aad contended that the dele ga'.ion of crtaiu p-wnrs Ui tho federal ftwem tneot did dd| impair tho sever'' gt'y of a Bta o The r-.ate of Texan .-ierei*<4 a11 the pww-rsof ?? vweign.y b. fort* ch? -amo into the Union. He argued that Uio ro\ereignty remains in tho people of tbeHiaie", mil no. id the pei.ple of the I'lilnd SUit-'?. Theref ire, tno peo > "uUI at auy time inake a new government, or rovok?; > their former giants of power to any confede rate r. Kai'h >-tato can separate from th? others a' wrII, with ? without cauae. The right of -ecession '8 i right of n t:?nal law, and mint, bo tmong tho rift' ? reserved. A State thus expurge* the ob t<ation? of its citizens u> the I'nitrd States, government, and the State is alone responsible, Such lu act 01 a Mate is no febelbou, and in no cause of war t*> other States'. T jxs has lound i> ril instead of safety ,ii the I nion, and it is n..t surprising that th.i should ui"? means to -secure h^r safety. Several V'.ites Itadalreuly withdiawn, and tho quvstion is of war or peace, tin would not draw a picture of civil war, out argued against coercion, lu >my shape, of a -Ue lie admit ted tho power to cntorco ih' laws igainst indkvaltials, out not sovereign States. >Ia quoted tbenpin><>i.<i ot the frtimei? of the constitution to sustain hla argu ment against coercion. He said if civtl war mustcoran ol iod would rlow North as well as South. He Paid th*'. th< re waa no fears of any . insurrection, for 'he slave* would tight tor their m<*tem. Secee**>ii was uot a fail ure of ire.- governmeut?but two confederacies th.i i formed would -<ach :n a few J > <U\s be more powerful th.m the present if ivernpnint. A i.essagv wan heie received from lhe?Hou.-e. announ !ng the paring" Of the bfll, with tho Senai. <t amend meali Mr Ht.ui'iiiu. continued?He claimed that the anno... Hon ?>f Texas wn?> necessary V> the United States, ;n I tha' Te xa s was not responsible lor tho Mexican war. < o claimed that Texas had not received many benefit* froiu her connection wiih the Union, und in bis judgment ? ?? will be constrained to withdraw, and resume again b* .* glorious independence. (In motion of Mr. Cu.v,ma.v, th?' subject wa- poi lpoie-ti till Wednesday. Several pet.tlons were presented and ihe Secat< (?' ourneri. lloas* of Krprni?ut?tlvr*. ? WamaiunoN, Jon. 2H, 1861. Til* IUWTOX I MUM IWTIOV. Mr. Rn>:. (rep.) of Mass , presented the petition *<? fourteen thousand citiztns of Boston, of various political opinions, .i king for a peaceful adiustment of o?ir n&tjenal difficulties. The committee to whom t was entrusted ?sk it to be presented to tho Houso and rsail, whl'h ? acoirdiug'y d"ne. Tlie petition enclosed in m Amerlctin Uag, and its presentation ausci applause ou the floor and in the galleries. The Boeton Oomrri't>'e were in the gallery during thes< proceeding1-. The petition was laid on the table and ordered to ; t? printed. Mr. I>o\kjoy, (rep.) of 111., said he had objected t" : priming of it. The Si'tujotK ;aid he did not he*r his ibjectiMi. (Iao^l ? ter.) Mr. I/ovtuot?I insist on my objection. Cries of "Too late." The SntAKUt?The Chair thinks it too late. Cries of "Good," and general laughter. TKK I1H11JCK AMKMlltKaT. Mr. John Oxtikask, (opp.)of N. Y., introdnc?i( >'?. Bigk'r's proposition, providing for taking the sense of U. i people of tbe several .States on certain amendments t i the constitution. He said he would be willing to ser.d t to any committee suggested, provided he could be in sured th?y would not strangle it. Referred to the Sea "t Committee of Five on the President's Special Message. Mr. Camphiix, (fep.) of I'a., presented tbe resoluliooif of the Pennsylvania legislature, expressing ardent a' ? tachmect t'i the constitution and Union, and repugiauioi to secession, and pledging the support of that State nt such a manner and to surli an extent as in'iv be required for tho maintenance of the laws, 4c. Mr. i'ampbeil sti I tlie resolutions express the seuttment of the pcopie of l>nnsylvania. laid on the table and ordered to be printed. AMKNI'MKNTH To TUB <iWiSinTnoX. Mr. FijOHkmch, (opp.) ol' Pa., presented a joint reso lution proposing arrendmects u> the constitution. II?? wanted to pass it to day, as there was a necessity for doing something immeuiately for conciliation and peaee Mr. (rep.) of Ohio, and others, objected. Mr. Fiomtmh remarked that he desired peace, and tbu* presented the olive branch. The proposition whs referred to the Select Oimmitten of Five. RETKlMT.-WKIN or THE HWTRJlT <* <t>H'MMA. On motion of Mr. llrniiiw, (opp.) of Mrt., ihe Commit tee on tho District of Columbia watt inetruc.tod to in<|inrn into the expediency of retrocediug to Maryland such por tion of the territory ceded as is not necessary for the wants of the federal government the separating line to be the eastern branch of the Potomac river. The resolution wui adopted, after Mr. FIlvmian had in effectually sought to extend the inquiry Into the exped, ency of retroctding the entire district. MOVKiaOT Or TKOOI'S. Mr. Ojukjs, (opp.) of N. asked, but did not obtain leave, to introduce a resolution inquiring of the Secre tary of War how many troops have been ordered here Finer December last, whew they c*me, their naturei and character, and for what purpose they are oonceu trated here In a time of profound peace. OKCl-AnDUTKI* 00 TH>; MILITIA. Mr Pta.itiw, (rep.) of Ohio, introduced h bin for the more effectual organization of the militia or the Distr* t of Columbia, having reference to the ovhx oi officers. Referred to the Military GunmHtee. Mr. Vauakdwuii, (opp.) of Ohio, introduced an amendment to John Oocnrane's resolutions, relative to submitting amendments to the constitution to the people of the several States, IMHSSSII LK.IXI-ATTUS MSOI.ITMOO. Mr. Qi AHi R). (opp ) of Tenn , presented resolutions of the Tennessee Legislature proposing a convention aI dele gates from the slnveboldlng States at Nashville. on the 4th of February, with a view to the settlement of dJAsul ties on the basis submitted. The last resolution con cludes with a recommendation that if no com prosaist* are made, then all the slaveholdlng States win unite un der the constitution of the United States, with such amendments as their safety and wottow may suggest. The resolutions were laid on the MMe and ordered to be printed Mr. Vimmvbi, (rep.) of Iowa, offered a declaratory joint resolution that Congress has no power under th? constitution to Interfere with slavery under Stats law*; that whatever may be the power of the federal or a territorial government an to slavery, affords no Just, grounds for a dissolution of the Union: that H is not expedient to amend the constitution, and that a govern ment which cannot execute the laws in not fit to be main tained. Referred to the special committee of fire, ran ocrr on ocean. On motion of Mr. Aumirn, (rep.) of Mln., the Commit tee of Ways and Means was Instructed to oonsidsr the expediency of repealing the tariff en sugar. a socman cittmatc* wa.vt*d. Mr. Moras, (rep.) of ?!., offered the following-?That the members of the Rouse from the slavehotdl^ Stat** be requested to submit to the House an ultimatum propo sition cm bracing their view* upon the Union, and by which they are willing to stand and pledge their respec tive States to stand, now and hereafter, as a final adjust ment. He moved the previous question, which was disagreed to, only voting in the affirmative. The Speaker presented a message from the Presi dent. The House resumed the consideration of the report of the Committee of Thirty-three. ran or ml rnvon on ran run. Mr. Pnron, (opp.) of Vs., said?Tha rapid march of events, outstripping the dilatory movements of pro crastinating politicians, left no question tar consideration but the alternative of peace or war. While the Compro mise Committee was painfully elaborating an adj us latent, the question bad become incapable of accommodation, and tha results which their wisdom wsa to intercept were now sooompllshsd and irrevocable facta. Six Stake were no longer members of the Union. Others would follow before many days. It was, therefore, aa idle aa<f unmeaning mockery to talk about preserving the Union. In the prsooure of so tremendous a catastrophe, they owed It I* thsmaelTM and their country to bo dena with expedients of a timid and temporising policy. An issue before the country was the simple qnsaUsn of peace , or war. Acting on ths conservative impulse of ahundaat provocation, and exerting the power dortvedfrom the fundamental principles of tAe government, ?al ttretloa, Mississippi, Florida. Alabama, Georgia and LsnMiM hnd renounced the confederacy, and assumed the attitude of Independent republics rbe party about to have tha control of the administration, ss tar from bat lag recourse to conciliatory measures, and the recognition of U?n rights of secession, obduratsly reject all over tures and compromises, and avowed their pur noes to push ths irsue to the arbitrament of the sword. Thus the calamities of civil war were about to be precipitated on the country. In UM suspense of dreadful expectation, the Southern people were t Kb conviction that after the passiona and prejudice* moment had passed away, impartial hlatory would acquit them of responsibility for tho onnsoqnweeo ef the impending conflict. When m after times man would re vert to the events of this period, they would undoubted ly curse Ihe madness of these men by whom humanity was so deeply wouatN; but not on the people of the South would fall their maledictions. In what confederate duty was the Broth ever fonnd wanting? They bad horrm more than their proportion of the burdens of government. Southern statesmanship had successfully guided th? counsels of the republic In peace, and Southern valor had gloriously Illustrated Its srms on the field of battle They bad dented the people of tho North no facilities in trade that might promote their prosperity. Until the domination of sectional discord was raised by Nor the i a invasion of tlielr rights, the people of the Smith were wining to bear the hardens of aa unequal tariff to assist the development of Northern resource*, and their marvellous opulencs was contemplated with the pride ef fraternal sympathy In ths same spirit of unselfish ps t riot ism Virginia had contributed a princely d< ma.n to the ascendancy of the North, little dreamW that the States to be tx.rn >>f her bounty would repiiy tier munifi cence with more thnn the Ingratitude of fear's innatu ral offspring Against the great and vital interests ot the South incessant sssaults were made by thoso whs ware bound by every obligation of written covenant to protect it. They had essayed, through tho instrumental ft r of servile insurrection, to involve the South In total ar..l irreparable ruin. He knew that those wroif arpe?.l?d li vain to tt'ose by whom they were opbei < - rc< vnvn? on Bi.'rni r* k : m