Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. jllll OORDOI BKNIVHTT, UMTOR AN'U HtOPRlBOB grrtm n. w. cornkk ok rci ton and nassau sts, TERMH. auA ?n a,hmn,e Hunt* MT hy nuttl tetl! heat th? ri+nf tifeemier. tiimr hut Bank Mt'i OU'-rcnl H ffne Fork ll^bcrt THE DAIL r HERALD, tvr fntaf rnry, $7 annum. TWJC WEEKL y HERALD, rrery/Saturday, at ei* cent* per mw or ^ P** ?** ATur'if?nn EdHism rwi* Wednemtay, til tnx reoit per rtrff. $4 jwr nnnvm tn any pari of Or*it Britnn, - to any pari of Iht ttmtinent, hi4l< u< iitelitde fxutOu/e, Iht r*l\j"<nia Editi.t. ?n thf 1*, 1 lift a nd 2Lm vf tarh ivwlA, <W ?ix put'per eon, or $1 Mwr n?nn?i. rrf* FAmtLV HERALD, on W*ln*miay, at /burorate ptr ?T)"K. <? Ki P* annum. YoLl hTAHr OUHRBSroNDFNCf, r,-nm*n*m) tn^irtnt* per-t mtlinlM /mm '?"? ??><??? </ <V if uni, mjj V txherally r**d /nr. W Uc? PoBBIUB OniHUrimnBNTK 4KB I'ikticvi mi Rboubstbv w Heal all Lbrbei and J?ao? >UBS UR JVO yor/om taken of iwnrmymtntt oorretpotuUtu*. We dc not return amkhWaiMmi. ADy'KKTWKMEltTS r*a?mod m*ry daa<? mfcmtiwpi^nuw? ?~<?l in rt? Wbbelt Hebalii, Family Hbbald, anJ in <A? IktHf ormkI an4 Emrnpeam UMm. FHtirrwe mnHtd wlk MotMM, <-Aaaf>,u-.u and .io tmuK Volume XXVI No. 98 AMUssmurrs this evening. ACADEMY OF MU3I0, fwrlmtt street ?Italian Ope fcA?II. Tbovitok*. HIBLO'B GARDEN. Broadway.?'Tiuxe Tiaut-LaOoiidb ?mlSlBLB?VMS FlLLK TeBBIBLM. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway, opposite Bond street.? ImiBLIII. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Bn?din;.-T(i Ladt or hr Tsoru LAURA KKENE'S THEATRE, Ho. S24 Broadway - But KM HUTEJUt. NEW BO WERT THEATRE, Bowery.-Niiw Vom As It J?i?\akiett?La Toon i>k Nehi.b. THEATRE FRANCAI8, Ht Broadway ? Lbi Ciitmau X)B LA UlCinB. ^ BARNtMf'S AMERICAN MUHE<iM. Broadway.?Day Bad Fvenlna?Bbiles ani> Team?Tub Lai>i or 8i. Tiwru IrfVlNti CUBIOSITLES. Ac. BRVANT8' MINNTREL8, Mechanics' HbII, 472 Broad Way.? Burlesques, bOKG?, Dajicbh, Ac.?Mali's Ball. HOOIiEY A CAMPBELL'S MINSTRELS. NH)lo'? Saloon, Broadway ?Ethiopian Sonus, Oanoks, Boautaitvu, Ac.? BrrvKMin I'tLiroiunuii. CANTERBI RT MUSK HALL, 663 Broadway?Tight 1 on, Bong.v Danced, Bdklkpquko, Ac. MEL0DE0N, No. 139 Broadway.?oonus, Dancaj, Bub boui'jus At. CONCERT HALL, Newark.?B?h?wobth t Campnki.l's ffoon'B Mibktkkls?Rvrlbiwiiib ok Rabbt. New York., Tat*d?y, Jaaotry 99,1861. MAILS FOR BUROPK Th? Nbot York. HeraUI?Kdlttorn for linp*. Tho CunwU mail stcam.sliip Asia, Cajit Lott, will leave tbis port to-morrow for LiverpooL The Europeoo mat La will oIom la tUia city at eight ?'clock to morrow morning. Tbe F.ciioriuM Ki>rnon or ma TiBBU.a will be pub>uiti?d a; seven o'clock in the morning. Stogie eopiea ia Wrap pera, ait centa. Tiiu co<itenia of tbe RwaopaAv Kornon or rsa Dnuio WiU combine the news recoived by mail and telegraph a*, the offlc* during the previous week, and up to the hour o' piMical.oa. The Rtwi. It U now stated that the mission of the war Steamer Brooklyn to Pensacola in one of peace. Hie ha* been sent out to intercept vessels of the Clulf squadron that have been ordered to Pensa cola to prevent them from going there, and thus obviate difficulty and perhaps bloodshed. The Congressional proceedings of yesterday Were important. In the Senate petitions, nnrae rously Big tied, were presented by Messrs. Crltten d?n and Wilson in favor of the passage of the Crittenden compromise measures. Various other petitions and resolutions were offer ed by Scuatorg; bat the matter of most Interest was the reception of a special tillage from President Buchanan, enclosing, ith his commendation, the conciliatory proposi tus of the Virginia Legislature. The President tils these propositions with great satisfaction, and ^'ardf them as a peace offering which, if received *? ith that consideration to wbicli it is entitled, is ca pable of leading to a restoration of amicable rela tions. He recommenda Congress, pending the consi deration of these resolutions by the Legislatures of the different States, to refrain from passing any act* the enforcement of which might lead to Lostilities between the forces of the federal gov ernment and those of any of the seceding .States, The I*resident does not yet despair of the republic. In the House, the bill admitting Kansas into the Union as a State, with the amendment at tached a few days ago in the Senate, was passed Without debate. The signature of the President, which it is expected will be attached to the bill to day. is all that is now wanting to constitute Kansas one of the sovereign Commonwealths of the Union. The Iloston petition, signed by fourteen thousand names, was presented. Other petitions praying for an adjustment of the present difficulties were presented. The President's special Message was also receiv d and read to the Hoese, and its con aideration postponed till to-day. There was a strong convocation of Union men at the Cooper Institute last evening. J. Depyster Ogden presiding. We give a synopsis of the pro ceedings in another part of this day's issue. The great hall of the Institute was crowded in every part, and a great deal of laudable enthusi asm was manifested. The speeches were (til highly patriotic, as were the resolutions, of which we give two or three cf the most Important. Th? demonstration was harmonious throughout. A resolution was passed providing that three Commissioners from New York city be eent to confer with the Conventions of the se ceding States. The Hon. Messrs."JamesT. Brady, Cornelius K. Garrison and Appleton Oaksmith were appointed the Commissioner*. After several tpeeches, reports of which will be found else where, the meeting adjourned The Tammany I?emocratic County Convention met in the Old Wigwam last evening, and selected delegates to represent the city in the State Con Vention which is shortly to be held. A list of the names of the delegates may be found in another column, together with the resolutions adopted by the meeting. The New York and Erie Railroad Company's property, valued at forty million dollars, was sold at auction yesterday, under the fifth mortgage foreclosure, for *220,000. the balance of the inte rest due on said mortgage. The Hoard of Aldermen adjourned last evening without taking up any business, in consequence of the death of Mrs. Valentine, the mother of the Clerk ol the Common Council. At a regular meeting of the Board of Cooacil men held yesterday, a resolution waa offered that the ordmano? creating the office of Assiataat Health Warden be repealed. It waa laid over. A communication wan received from some of the citiin* of Westchester county asking that the town of Morrisania be ann?-xed to the city of Kew \ ork. It was referred to a aperltl commit tee. A resolution was adopted that the Street Commissioner report the expense* incurred by the eity during the past year for altering, repairing and building houses for the nM, ?f the Fire department; also that the City laapetor report the expenses of cleaning the streets during the past year. Communications were received from the Comptroller, Street Com xnisMioncr, City Inspector and others, in reply to a resolution of Inquiry, Uaaamltting the namea. residences and salaries of all persons employed ia their departments. They were referred. The Comptroller sent a communication la reference to the aetiement of the Wfiet Wuhington market difficulty. He eta ed that the mat er was finally a ^tied on li ? tfth el Ptoeoi ?er by the payment ?f|3W,0Q0ia sttKta It the l-ewee ot the State ii'.jJ 'hn? th;s would ^ ad all legal controversy Ibt Ito4.nl sljsurned until Thursday. The nU-tiui<4up Wtna. from Livorpool oa the 16th, via QuecnstnwA on the ITth inst., arrived at thw por? ymt?d?) afternoon. She briags fc* later uews and $!,?)?,000 in specie, making a grand total of 1*4,715,000 received from Europe since November 28, The news by thin arrival in important. A dis patch from Liverpool announce* the shipment of several rifled cannon frum that port to Charleston, 8. C. On the 15th inst. a writ of habeaj corpui was issued by the Court of Queen's Bench, Lon don, discharging from custody John Anderson, the fugitive murderer now in prison at Toronto, Cana da. whose case has attracted so much attention of late, both in this country and in Europe. A full report of the proceeding* will be found elsewhere. Tie reported withdrawal of the French fleetfrom Cacta in confirmed. A part of the squadron sailed ?u the 14th, and the rest were to leave on the 19th. There wan a rumor that Francis II. would place him?elf under the protection of Napoleon III., and lease Gaeta on a French frigate. It is reported that General Turr had consented to act a* mediator between Garibaldi and Count Cavour, with a view to persuading the former to postpone hi* attack on Venetia. In disonssing the question of peace or war, the Turin and Paris journals argue that Italy must postpone the struggle. The Prussian Legislative Chambers were opened on the 14th inst. by the King in person, wh? made a speech on the occasion. He remarked that the relation* bet ween the great Powers had been made more friendly bv the personal meetings which had taken place among the sovereigns, and expressed his regret that the steps taken by Germany for the settlement of the question concerning the constitu tion of the German Duchies under Danish rule, had remained without any result. This question he emphatically declared Prussia as well as the rest of Germany felt it a national duty to bring to a settlement. By this arrival we have intelligence of the death of the Duke of Sutherland, and also of the Count and Countess Montemolin. Great embarrassment was felt in commercial circles in France, and it was rumored that a sus pension of specie payments by the Hank of France wa* not improbable. Consols had declined. Cotton advanced ){d. a %d. on the 17th. Dy an arrival at New Orleans we have advices from the City of Mexico to the 19th, and firom Vera Cruz to the 23d inst. The constitutional government was in full operation. The Spanish Minister, the Papal Nuncio, and the charges from Guatemala and Ecuador, had received their pasa ports. The United States Legation had been re moved to the capital The steamship Matanzas, from Matansas the 22d, arrived at this port yesterday morning In five days and six hours. She reports business dull and very little doing in foreign exchange. Trans actions in new sugars very trifling. Exchange on New York 7 to 9 per cent premium. The census takers of th* island of Cuba are to make their ro turns on March 14, instead of January 18, by order of the govt rnment. Our thanks are due the obliging purser of the Matan/.as, Mr. J. E. Huertas, for customary favors. In our summary news column of yesterday, in j I calling attiution to the action of Messrs. Waddell, Majors, Jones, and others who have made an a-signment of their assets, we inadvertently con veyed the impression thai they were the represen tatircs of all the overland lines to California, an impression we wish to correct in justice to the Overland Mail Company, with which those gentle men have no connection whatever, being simply the proprietors of the Pony Express. The Abson poisoning case, which is the third or fourth of a series of wife poisoning eases, which has attracted much attention throughout several neighboring States, was commenced yesterday at the O.ver and Terminer Court of Hudson county. After much delay in procuring an unbiassed jury, the case for the prosecution was opened. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 403 deaths in tins city during the past week, a decrease of 11 as compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 77 less than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The re capitulation table gives 5 deaths of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 84 of the brain and nerves, 3 of the generative organ.*, 11 of the heart and blood vessels, 143 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; 13 of old age, 50 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 9 premature births, 4's of di-eascs of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs: 40 of general fevers. 1 of disease of the urinary organs, and 1 unknown?of which 11 were from violent causes. The nativity table gives 264 native# of I the United States. 88 of Ireland. 4 of England, 29 of Germany, 6 of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign countries. The will of Joseph H. Illnlnger was admitted to probate yesterday. The testator bequeathed all his properly to his pon and daughter, who are ap pointed Ids executor and executrix. The I cntral rark was yesterday visited, accord ing to the official return*, by 25,000 pedestrian*, 40 equestrians, 160 wh?-el vehicle* and 3,600 sleighs. Among the latter were two four-in-hands, and a targe, apparently hotel sleigh, drawn by six horses and containing about forty persons. About flie hundred of the above number of sleigh* en tered the Park after dark, and the jingle of the bells mingled with (he voices of the occupants singing in chorus. The attraction of sleighing seemed to have decreased that of skating, for bat few person* comparatively were on the ice yester day until evening, when the pond was lit up. The ladies' pond wa* completely illuminated last night, and a large number of the "fair aex" were at that time preseut. The skaters yesterday had an op portunity of seeing the amount of labor nerestary to keep the ice in order, nearly two hundred men and eight horses being employed the whole da> to clear off the snow. The cotton market was firm yesterday, and the sales embraced about 7.000 bales, Including 8,000 a 4,000 In transit and 1 'J00 for export. Prices closed firm on the baels of 12'?r for middling upland* The Kiss's n?w?? bringing account* of an activo market in Liverpool and at better prices?came to hand tor late in the afternoon for its effect to be devek?i>e<1 Hour was steady, with a fair amount of sales at Saturday's pries* Wheat was t' ,ir aiid prices somewhat Irregular, while sales ware to a fair extent. Corn was In good request, and Improved about pr bushel. Pork was (Inner, with sales of mess at |17 75 a 111, and prime at $13. Sugars were less active, but without change In prices, while the sales em braced 900 hbds. Coffee was with moderate sales at steady prices. Freights were firm and engagements more fair. Imfbovkmkkt of NAJvur Stmciw.- The per petual jam of vehicles and foot passengers in Namau street, makes it, during the business hours of the day, a nuisance, as it, at present is allowed to remain. We would suggest to our city authorities the expediency, of flagging it from one ride to the other,excluding carts, car riage* and horses, and turning It into a prome na<l", similar to the courts which abound in the cltie* of London and Paria. This would make it a commodious thoroughfare. Tt would in creaae the value of real e?tate, and, before the expiration of many months, make of a deplora bly dirty lane, which it is difficult, and, occa sionally , unsafe to traverse, a beautiful plaoe, Ailed with the finest banking palaces, and law yers' and brokers' ?fflr.v, i? the city. It could be made to answer many of the purposes of an Kxchangf. and would be one of the most orna mental and net) portions of the metropolis It It. an idea worth j of mature consideration on the part of the Common Council. 1!I<mxU Blood I ni*o*l?Who will b? Hr. We have, oa sewral omIm muc*- tfe* Presidential etoctiea, adverted t?aa the sehure of the city o# Washington oa or be fore the 4th of March, the forcible expul Hi on of the President elect, ud a revolutionary usurpation of the federal govern meat In our last examination of the subject, front the un dinfuifvd pronMiUKjwWo* of exOorwinr Wise, of Virginia, and his Richmond organ, and from the testimony of Governor Hick*, Maryland, we expressed our apprehensions of danger in this matter, and onr approval of the course of Mr. Buchanan in twraing over the national capital to the care ol that tried and trurty old patriot and soldier, General Win fleid Scott Assured of this guawiianship.Buch has been the public oonfldeace in the aafoty of the capital that no subsequent report of the cinFpirttcy in question has attracted any spe cial attention. We i-re at length admonished, however, by the leading coercion organ of the republican party, that "while alarm is being quieted by ?he report that General Scott's preparations have caused an abandonment of the plot to seize the capital, proofa multiply from various sources that the arrangements of the rebels are progressing with sleepless vigilance," and that "a letter from a naval officer at Washing ton declares that, by the most candid and well informed secessionists, the successful capture of the city is regarded as a foregene conclu sion." We are further advised by our alarmed cotemporary that this coup d'itat is deemed a pressing necessity, in order to dragoon the States of Maryland and Virginia into rebel lion; that even a temporary Southern occupa tion of Washington is considered desirable, inasmuch as it "would demoralise the army and navy, and would, also, by distracting the country, give a temporary foothold to their Northern allies;" that "those allies, especially in Ntw York, now oompelled to caution, wait impatiently the expected opportunity to inau gurate insurrection in our seaboard cities," and that, with the opportunity, "they will rival their Southern cmfrerrs in filching our navy yards, forts and arsenals." In corroboration of this projected coup d'etat, doubtless suggested by that through whioh Louis Napoleon restored the imperial dynasty to France, one of our Washington correspon dents has apprised us that "the most intense excitement exists in certain Congressional cir cles in conBequenoe of the fact leaking out that the Howard Select Committee of the House have positive evidence before them (positive is the word) of a conspiracy existing in this oity' (Washington) implicating prominent officials and citizens, but that "decisive action will be taken in the matter, and every man, from ex-Cabinet officers down to the humblest de partment clerk or Son ate employe, will be held to the strictest account" In this connection it has been %timated that every official at Washington, civil, military and naval, will be required anew to take his oath of allegiance to the government; but to render the city secure against all possi ble contingencies, our Trilntnt philosopher (.ays:?"Let Northern policemen and Northern troops in sufficient numbers be joined to the police and militia of the District, that Washing ton may be in the hands of its defenders." But is it not a dreadful state of things which calls lor such violent remodies? Will nothing but "Northern troops" suffice to maintain law and order in Washington, and the peaceable inauguration of the President elects We an swer that one line of instructions from Abra ham Lincoln to the republican party in Con gress would probably change the whole face of things in Washington in twenty-four hours. Let Mr. Lincoln say, "I am in favor of the Crit tenden compromise," and this Southern conspi racy for the seizure ol the federal capital will speedily vanish, and the Northern border slave States will rally to the support of the Union and the laws. We believe that a single line in behalf of compromise from the Presi dent elect would do this, and place the border slave States in the best position to act as me diators with the weeded States for their resto ration to the Union. Where, then, will lie the responsibility, -hould the day appointed for the inauguration ? >f the new President be marked in history as a day in Washington of bloody revolutionary icsistance, fnaugmating a general civil war? The responsibility for this reign >>f blooJy terrorism and anarchy will rout upon this republican party, which, having ?h< power to have the capital and the country 'hrough a patriotic compromise, will have re fused it as incompatible with the Chicago plat form. Mr. Lincoln has intimated that it is too late for a com promise; that the seceded States are b< yond the r< ach of reason. Mr. Seward ?ajH it is too soon for a compromise, and that one, two or three years hence, when calmnena xhall have returned to the public mind, then, and not till then, will he be re:idy for a new treaty of union with the South. We tell them both ?hut there is not a day to be lost, when every day is widening and deepening the <hu*m of dissolution, and bringing us, South and North, nearer and nearer to the bloody anarchy of Mexico. Are the teachings of history of no value to our republican leader*? Oan they not compre hend that nilly notions of sectional pride, rival ry and jealousies first destroyed the con ted< racy, and next the potty independencies of Greece; that the Israelites, from aimilar c?ase?, were divided, invaded, subdued and carried off into captivity ; that the policy of coercion resulted in the bloedy expulsion of the I Jour bono from France, of Jamen the Second from England, and that it coat the first Charles liis ctown and his bead? Have they forgotten, on tbe other hand, that the prolonged and majestic ascendancy of the Roman republic sad empire was achieved through frequent concessions and compromises between her patricians and plebeians; that the pre sent Commanding position among the nations of the earth of England, Fiance, and eveta Russia, ia due to their ?ur render from time to time of abstractions and principles and dogmas for the sake of domes tic peace ? Above all, cannot the republican party comprehend the Important fact that the concessions in behalf of the institution of slavery for the sake of this Union, made by the founder* thereof, were much greater than an> now demanded from the worshippers of the

Chicago platform? The fearful revolutionary events which are now threatening not only the permanent dissolution of this Union, but the absolute destruction of our political Institution*, are due to tfcr success of ? Northers party, in thff attitude of a hostfle ?vewe?t against the doartttte institution* of the South. Thabouth tm Sto**. eppwelelieg the gangers of delay, are precipitately seeking the refuge of an in dependent government. In the Union hence forth they are at the mere? of the North, un leni they are given the security of new bonds of protection; owt of the Union they u?ay com mand the recognition of their peculiar institu tions. The republican party have the power in their *"""<* to grant these new guarantees of Southern safety in the Union or to deny them. The border slave States stand ready to aid in the good work of restorfcig the Union; but they can do nothing withont some enconrogemeot from the republican party. If, then, the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln shall be signalized as the beginning of a civil war, the responsibility will rest upon the foolish Bourbons of the republican party. New Ncujwoation of tub CoNHTmrnoN in Nkw York.-Some of the republican journals are calling on the Legislature to. paw a law authorizing our local police to seize the arms and ammunition belonging to citizeua of other States. One of them the other day admitted that the police had no warrant in law for their actf, but claimed that no jury could be found to convict them of the offence?a melancholy admission of the public depravity and de moralization. But in order to give the police the necessary authority, the Legislature is in voked to ooofer it upon them. This cannot mend the matter. The Legislature has no right to do wrong itself, and therefore cannot dole pate its authority to others to do it Such a law would be of the same class as the Personal Liberty bills?a nullity and of no force?being in direct conflict with the plainest provisions of the constitution of the United States. But its i-fficacy to do mischief and to drive more States out of the Union wotrld be most potent; and if that be a worthy object, then let the bill by all means be passed. But let us hear no more hypocritical slang about the preservation of the Union. The seizure of arms and ammunition in transit to another State, whether by the police of their own mere motion, or under the authority of an un constitutional law, is an act of war. But it is not in the power of the police, nor in the power of (he Legislature, under the constitution, to make war. That belongs to the federal go vernment, and only Congress and the Pre sident can define what is war on the part of any State, or declare war against a foreign or domestic foe. It is, therefore, an impudent and audacious usurpation on the part of the police authorities to make war, or pronounce any goods "oontraban^" and it the Legisla ture should attempt to authorize such pro ceedings, it wiH only be committing the whole State to an outrageous violation of the consti tution, at a time when acts of the same kind arc the principal cause of our national troubles. An Operatic Furor Impknihno.?Amid all the social and political revolutions going on at the present time, it would be quite absurd to suppose that the operatic world could remain without ita peculiar sensation, and therefore we are not surprised to find that there is a pros pect of a grand contest in Irving place and the religious Opera House at Brooklyn. This affair springs, as usual, out of a rivalry between two prime donnf, one American and the other foreign. The American singer, Miss Hinkley, who was born in that paradise of lobby opera tors and railway managers, the city of Albany, lias already made her debut, and entranced all the young men who run after personal charms, raven hair, black eyes and a pretty figure, joined to a magnificent voice, which is vouchsafed to us in its spring time and first freshness. Of course the American party will be strong in favor of Mi*s Hinkley. The foreign element French, Italian,German and Irish?wiM support the other prima donna, the Signorina Elena, who has not yet made her debut in this coun try. It Is elaimed for Elena that she is a dra matic vocalist of the first rank, very handsome, perfectly well taught, and acquainted with all the best works in the modern repertoire. Miss Hinkley has in Elena, they say, a very for midable rival, and public curiosity is so much excited upon the subject that it Is not impro bable that this war of the roses will create a furor which may result in an old fashioned operatic revival. Party feeling runs very high on both sides, and the adherents of the rival prime dorwe are aln-ady upon a war footing. In this state of things the position of the amiable maestro, Signor Muzio, becomes a very delicate one. It is no small matter to guide the whirlwind and to direct the storm; but it is much easier to do that than to conduct the Opera comfortably with two prime donne, both young, both ambitious, both clever, and both with strong parties of devoted adherents. Signor Muzio must be very careful about his policy; he must bo prudent, rnutious and reticent, going regularly to con fession, and keeping his head his conscience - clear. His is no ordinary task, and he requires all the aid that can be obtained from any quar ter to carry it through successfully. This Coorm Ixwrmrrii Union Mkktt^o.? Tbe Union meeting laxt night at tlx- Cooper In stitute wac a brilliant affair. There were present on tbe occasion Dell-Everett nn?n, Douglas men. Breckinridge men, old linn whig* and American* and hard and soft shell demo crats, all fusing as harmoniously as in the late Presidential election; bat their proceedings, in the absence of tbe victorious republican*, were pretty much like 'tho pity of Hamlot with the part of Hamlet left out.*1 Union meet ings are good things, Union resolutions are good things, offers of compromise for the sake of the Union are good things; but practically they amouat to nothing, emanating from par ties which have no power to do anything. Such were the lesohres of the Union meeting of last night. TV Southern States want to bear from the republican party of New York. TM defatted anti-repnblicaqs are all right; bat M they Can do nothing, their Union meet ?ngs WW go for nothing. Cannot we get up a republican Union meeting in this city, endow ing', tike Senator Cameron, the Crittenden com promise? Such a meeting might open tbe eyes of tbe republican party in Congress. All these other Union meetings are of the stamp of tbe t^eat I>emocmtic New York State Convention for tbe Union, which is to meet on Thursday? hey are Union meetings of politicians who have thrown their power away, and are blindly beating aboat in the dark to get it back again Such movements will not we tbe Union. The whole case rests with the republican party. B?roum?n, B? ?? LmtM. J revolution now going m to Ike fcouihera btaiea I tin di tilnil nlncw* ef??7 kr??ch of inwlnew | all over the North and We*. It has qpite up- I set all tt? plana of the small politician*, revo- I lutlonraed the old parties, and created I new combinations, which, in their turn, | will be swept away as new develope j ments appear. The newspapers have J been seriously affected by the revolution. The I Washington papers, never of much account I even as party organs, have sunk into utter oh- I scurity and are dying of starvation. The I country papers have been revolutionized in I their sentiments, and they no longer agree I upon a dt-flnite party policy. "Wfy we, in I fact, all at sixes and sevens, some running one 1 way and Bome another, not knowing exactly I what to do or say. In the metropolis the I newspapers, particularly the journals In the I republican interest, have felt the effects of the I revolution in their tone, their sentiments, their I general policy, and, more important than all, I in ibeir pockets. In the office of the Evening I l'ost there has been a little revolution, which 1 has resulted in the secession of Bigelow from 1 Bryant. Bigelow, the man of all work in the | coucern, is in favor of conoiliation and com- J promise. He wishes to have all political I difficulties to be healed up, ?0 that he I can got the French mission and livfc abroad I during the next four years. Bryant, who has all 1 the head and poetry in the office, beliovea in | coercion for Lincoln, and the mission t? Italy 1 for himself. Of course there is an "irrepressi- I ble conflict," and Bigelow goes out While all this is going on among the roat I people, it is found that the World, a religious I daily, is in the market The World was esfcab 1 lished last spring by several religious stock I brokers, evangelical sugar refiners and very I pious horse jockeys. These philanthropic per- j sons have lost about one hundred and twenty- I five thousand dollars in the World, and have I become disgusted with the expense attendant I upon affording daily the means of grace to the 1 unregenerate and ungrateful people of this j wicked city; so they have offered the World | to the friends and supporters of Bigelow, and I it is understood that it will be the organ of 1 Thurlow Weed's conciliatory policy. As for I Weed himself, he finds that as he is obliged to come here every other day j to look after his numerous irons, it will be much cheaper for tim to live in the metropolis und he will be the senior editor of the World. bringing into the concern all hi* tact and ex perience, and Bigelow doing his best to bring up the fortunes of the paper. Weed and Bige j low will not bring any piety Into the World. There is quite enough of that in the office now, so much that the paper has been absolutely sickly with it, and has turned green from the effect# of pious bile. Weed will gain many point*, by coming to New York, not the least of which will be his proximity to Wall street, lie has lost heavily in stocks, and has been obliged to remit money from Albany to pay the winnt rs. He can now go into the street himself, and wiU back his money either in new speculations or in subscriptions for the sup port of his new paper. So much for the news paper revolution in the metropolis. Mayor Woou am> thk Two Democraciss ? j From the number of atrabilarian paragraphs I which are now appearing in the republican I journals about Mayor Wood, it is evident that I he is still on their slate as a live and a great I man. Such is his influence in this community j that they cannot afford to let.him alone. "Some I men are born to greatness, some achieve great- I doss, and some have greatness thrust upon j them." Fernando Wood may be ranked among the second class, but he is more distinguished in the third. Ills own talents and industry and energy may have laid the foundation of his greatness; but he never would have been so successful but for the repeated assaults of the republican journals still keeping him before | the people. As they have now again renewed their onslaughts, there must be something in the wind. One of the two democracies of the city Tammany Hall?is exercising itself about the meeting of a Democratic State Con vention, to be held on the 31st Inat?a meet ing of dead men, like a "phantom review." Has thin anything to do with the present at tacks of the republican journals on the Mayor? Time will tell. Tammauy H?ll never had any luck since it quarrelled with Wood, and the other democracy has fared no better. Since he ceased to lend the victorious hosts of Mozart Hall to battle, its standard has been trailed ic the dust It is now trjing to supply the want of its former leader by inducing John Coch rane to become its chairman. If that concern will only take the advice of Mr. Cochrane it may do well. But before it can gain the confi dence or respect of any able men it mast learn to be true to its friends. I?htr*s That Cannot Bk Avon*n nT Skcks hton?Gov. Fi.ovn Unpkr Arrawvhknt.- The Grand Jury of the IMatrict of Columbia has earned the thanks of all honest and patriotic men by indicting ex-Secretary Floyd on the charges of malfeasance ir. office and conspiracy against the general gov< rnment, which have been f>o openly preferred against him by the press. Although be ha* removed himself be yond its jurisdiction, his refusal to appear and confront those indictment* will weigh a* henvl ly against him a* a conviction. Whatever jus tification be may make out to his own ?on scienec for his treachery t<> the govt rnment. he cannot, without ncknov lodging his culpability, ?'?oid answering this form 1 impeachment of ins personal honest; Unrcpliod to, >t will stand for all tim* as a record against hiichuruc ?or, and unless the chivalry of the Old Domin ion are greatly altered, he will find that his claims to social consideration amongst them will not be Lnproved by hi; Hence. Thin la, *?: U>Ue*c, the first instance on record of a Cabn ?' Miuister being in dicted by a Grand -y for malfeasanoe in office What a spectacle for a man thus honored by a place la the national c<*?ncila to be degraded to the level of defaulting clerks and contractors, and invohed with them in ohafges of wholesale embezzle ment of the public funds. We know be* bow trw or false xht-v* charges may bej but If Mr. Floyd does not care sufficiently for his own character to meet tliem, the country will not the less be in u position to pass judgment upon them from the evidence taken in the course of the present inquiry. Although Mr. Buchanan Is as pare a man aa ever filled the executive chair, and !? sensitive ?o an extreme In regard to the honesty of his Hirroandlnga.hfc administration has been more damaged by th? Unity of principle of soote of il* m< mixTb of hit Cabinet thaa by mj aoli or muttkM of hia owl It would hut be* n well for bun if, in 18&f, wbea Floyd. Thou>|Moo aad Cobb boiateroualy urged Ida !? adopt the Locomptoa conatitution, iuttid of bending it back to the people, be bad dmmimed tbein from office and filled thoir plaoM with men of integrity. Had there been no alarwyr id.->ue in quoation in the late l're^idential con U-at, it is certain that Lincoln would hare bee* all the bane elected, from the demoralisation introduced into the democratic rank* by the dishonesty and corruption of the publia officials. Thk Nkw Enolano Uijxrrioim.?The State elections about to take place ia New Hamp shire, Connecticut and Rhode Island may be regarded as teats of the popular will in New England in regard to the righto of the Southern States. If the people decide in favor of the Chicago platform, and againfit even handed justice, then we shall know where we stand. If, on the contrary, their decision be to reject the unconstitutional and tyrannical dogmas of the Chicago platform, that will be a decision ia favor cf the Union, and there may still be hope of reconciliation and a reconstruction of the confederacy, in stead of separation, and, it may be, a civil war, destructive to every internet of the country, North and Sou<h, East and West, not only lor the present generation, bat for generation* yet unborn. It is important, therefore, that the true friend.* of the Union in New England should exert themselves to bring about a favorable reeult, and po wipe away tho re proach which chiefly li?s at the doar of their section?the reproach of breaking up, for a theoretical abstraction of no practical value, the noblest fabric of human government the world ever saw. RWV mOI HI RATIONAL CAPITAL. Wasuimotun, Jan. M, 1861 MurATCiae Kaon oum sqoaukom in nm china usaa. Despatches ww* received this morning at the Navy Department, from Flag Offltrr StMbbling, with da tea from Hoop Kong to November tT. By the litest ai-counta from the North the Chinese had published the treaty tt Tien Tuiii, and the Ounveotlou of Pukin, to the oiliclal Oatetteof Pitiln. The Allies had left Pekin, but will retain a fo of four or five thousand men at Trim Pi en fer the present. The f&igllsh and French Ambofwador* are czpected to loava the north of China very soon. The rebels continue to occupy all the country around shaogbae, and at (he latent datea were near tho olty. There can be no dar.ger to our countrymen th?re at pre sent as the alllee have a large force there now, and which will soon be increased by two thousand Preach troops. Trade, however, cannot be as usual there under eiinuag circumstance. At prosont thore appears to b? but l!ttle liope of a better state of things until the rebels are expelled or they acquire possession of Shanghae. In the latter emit happening, one third of the empire, now under nule of the rebels, would be opened to trade. The Commodore had heard of the arrival of the Niagara at Jeddo, with the Japanese, and ah* wo il?l leave at once for Hong K ->nc, reading there on the tut of Decent ber 8he will probably leave for Aden oa the 10th, with Minister Ward, who will leave at that time for the Uaited States. TUB NKW ON* C1VT KTAMI'KI) tmvKUMTO. Th? Poet Ofllce Department has decided to furnish a cheaper style of one cent stamped envelopes than lb at now in use for circulars, torn Inning the improvement of the black lines. Of this quality there will be none with, out the lines. These envelope* will be iaaued as bom as the manufacturer can prepare them NEWS FROM THEJ5TATE CAPITAL A hunt , Jar 24, 1*61 The talk for Senator (.? day lias been strong for Greeley H * friendr have t*keb new co-irage rlnco the aaooiuM n.ont that Kvarts ha-i been finally ag-eed upon by the Regency. Everts' frit-nils, on tho oth? r h ind, are ei treaei/ confident and cia'm more than enoti/h te nami nate him the moment Harris is out of the fiel d. Informal ion bus Inx-n r-ceivoj from Springfield to-day, IC the (-fTect that Greeley arnvod thereon Saturday last, if ftopp'ng at a private house, anil that t- spent the even'ng with the President elect Tbe intelligence by the same soutee iwrii (hat there is a perfect understanding between IJnwIn ant Greeley in regard to U>e appointments in this sute. If this report l?e true, Weed will And It necessary U take bis caipet bag and make tracks for Springfield This news must be received with a prov iso The llo?.?e bad under consideration, in the Committee of the Whole, Gen. Sanford's bill for the enrolment of the militia. Several aicndments were m*de and pre gross reported. The btll la a bundle of impraciicabM ties and atiur<Mtke. If it b'?omes a law it wil olace civil ofllcers under the control and judgment of the military, and caoee a gre*t deal ?f t-onble Everything slionld be atricke* out after the enacting clause, and seo t.?oa coi'taiug common sense substituted In its place. Too Smate spent the evening on the bill M give the power to the Board of Supervisors to tank < all local laws Should It become a law It will remove fram the Legislature a large amount of local Irgmlattoa that now takes up their time, which should be i-p ut ou several Slate enactments Progress wily was reported. Tba leitit g men elected to the State Convention arede term'ned not to make it. s party aseomblage nor te discuss in the Ic.vt party Ismee, but to rise above that aad sea what ran be done to settle toe national troubles, oral l.'ast te prevent tbi border States following the Mx a* retting Stai?e It is no? conc< <led tbat they will appeal to the |*rt} in power to mbmit tbe question to the poo pie like eve nu g Jwtial strongly advocates the ap pointment ot the Ave comn naioi.e s asked for by Vlr From Mrilcn Ni? C#, 1?W1 Tlip (-tranipM)! Tfi Di t-w li.is arriviii here with rtataa ff in Vera 4Yii7 to the 23d, anil from the City o' Mono* lo tlio IO1I1 *???>* Iho OoWtitutlonal (RtHDiirrl wa? in full 1 parutton. l'N*ppoiU> ban been Hi'i.t lo Ih- >paniah Vtiniater, the 1 (ii*m1 Itufccto ami I be ' bmpo* frotn Guatemala aud Kqua il.ir Considerable escltaniMl preva^ed among the Spaa uirda. Hie American legation h.iU ri>nn ved to the city Of Mexico The Te> niW'f <? bniif* frfi.ioo in api-cie. A tiHiioiial fongreaa wrailtd to meet at the national t.1,'11*1 >u the thiid I'ui-d*) In April. Th? ('??e of Jarkalnw, Iwi ti.k, Jan M. IW. T.ie piver mei I e* .m.i e<1 i>no witness in the Jackalew tun to <la; , tui^ then ctnwti the ivMence Thia witaeen lotifled to ?hai took pi*'e before Cunraiatoaar Vrooa when the prlMit.iT wa* ?i?t arr> Men. nnyaid Ta>h<r ??* extinnned 00 H>a pari of the da trtux" ajxt he teMiSM to haviig ec?u a iieraon on Ooa tin <1 ire |>rry > l*pediMnn to .inimn ret" mblirig Jaaka 11*. II. aatrt that he new him on hoar* af the ateat* Mi ?iw-lppt, ami he r-*emhli4l .latkalow very muck, *t w lixmsht it aae tt.? earn- man. Mr Qr?fl<ilb,tbn ocmidmI f<it the priaoner, opened tha ar unv nt f'* tb? detcno<- He moved tlwU the nrlaoner t>r acquitted fot the want of Jurisdiction in the raaa. It 1. alleged that the n.bberj waa commit ed between I' .rwalk batborand liell Oft'e, and waa therefore not ta the juriS'Hrtiou ol the dletift ?if New .leraey, but waa either In the ?>uthern ? iKtrlrtot New York, or the dia rfctof Otmnactleut He argued that the long laland Sound waa not a part of the b<?h aeaa, and that tho ia (ilctmeot waf. therefore directive Mr IHitcher, on the part of fee government, pro emptied to ancwer these objection*, and quoted different nuUinrttk* to alio* ffcM tha Bound la an arm of tha tea. H'- liad iiot co* eluded whan tha court adjourned It ih tho ght that hta argument will oocupy the whoia '?( to-morrow, ai.d if theae objection* are overruled tha defcnoe will then prooead. DvlrgaUa ta the Oemocrntlr Ptnta fan vaatloa. Ananw, Jan. ?, 1M! The S*rmA dlatrict of Gyuga couaty haa eta* t?d aa de>?gau? to the Hate Obnveation ?> (iovnrnor K. f Hiroop, PWor Yonger, W. 0 Beaniuey and Thoa Caae Tha Tariff Rill before PangrMi, Itmnn-mi, .Ian 21,1MX Tbe Hoard or Trade hold a meeting here to day w" peaeed the following >? Wheioaa. we are informed that aa effort la being mada to reduce the dutv, aa pnpoead In Mr Morrill* tariff bill, on ateal aow before a committee in tha United Hta tea ?enate. ? {Vwo)T94, That wo r^oteat agaitwt Mif po4tflcatU>n ot