Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1861, Page 10

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1861 Page 10
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TBS BE V OLTJTIOW. (CONTINUED KKOM THUU) PACK.] _mj reet ive im juat the difference between lh? proposi Jhoc of Mr. Oittenden and Mr. Cor win. Hut there is now no time to lose. The republicans have teeu lncredulouij until, like the disciple, tney oouM have tangible evidence I hat the South is In earnest, and they ?11 tkow Mtisttod tliftt the coUou SUtcfi havo broken ?way from the I'nion. 11' they waste another month the herder States will u surely follow the same path, ua>d we ?kail have tbe two great sections in battle array against each other. The masses of the North are by no mwaos a ?Ait as to their course. Indeed, the policy of tbe uon slavebolding States, as such distinctly, lias not been dreamed of, and wben it is seriously entertained there is good return to doubt if their separate interests are not moie difoordant than those of free and slave labor. What las tbe great Taritf State in common with the interior grain producing States of tbe Northwest, or how moro harmonious Is it with the rival interests of the Northeast/ Is she not cut oft from the whole Southern market eveu if allowed to enter on equal terms with English iron!1 Penn sylvania, then, which has risked tbe very Onion itself f?r a tariff, may just as readily wheel into line with tbe South to retain what sbe had previously. Suppose she doer , what thinr New Jersey will follow, and the city New York as the State of Manhattan, the abolition Mates wonld be in a pretty quandary?split apart as they would be, New England and New York to the jui, just kissing tbe Ohio States over tho shoulder of jfensylvanla. ?Hvnnsjlvania, then, cad decide this business just as Msiiy ax t-be decided the election of Lincoln by tbe votes MOotober^MO, for Uovemor. "J^nne kettle of fish, truly, for the republicans, when It 'anight have been far otherwise if. as straight whig*, they had pat up Mr. Fillmore, who would havo' gone in ifeund ?ioabt. 'mn noW their platform is essentially old whig, season ed Into devil's broth by spic>ng It with free-soil ism. 1 >et them abjure this concede what the South wants, and ibey will draw all tho Soutborn wings back, which will ?ere Mian make up for tbe defection of the philosopher *bU hie friends. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. THIKTY-STXTH COSOHKS9. P , BSC ON U SK8SIUN. & . Ik^ate. * ? * Wawiinut.)*, Feb. 1,1861. ?vsi<-n KKfC'ivncs" or ijnj \rw nun tw;mi.ATt'KK. r. Ten Eves, (rep.) of N. J., presented the Joint ieso os of tbe Legislature of New Jersey, expressing a ?P^tiniii to accept tbe Crittenden resolutions, advising iroonvefitio& of the Mates and appointing commissioners to meet the other States, and instructing the Senators Representatives of New Jersey to act in accordance VlUi the resolutions, lie said the resolutions commanded fete respect, but were not to control his action or rnana Go his limbs. A Senator, be thought, was b >un<t to guard the interests of his State, bul be wax brand to guard the weal -of all the States, tie regarded tbe ooostitntion of tbe Ignited Mates to be the supreme law, and if his State demanded ^constitutional action, he still should feel bound to obey ?be constitution of the United States. If a Senator wits hound to obey the iiis.lruction of his State, then a piece ?T mechanism would d' as well ns a man. He referral to a former ociastou. ?Ii :i the Senator from New Jersey declined to obey instructions, and said he should hesitate to obey tbe instructions because he did not believe they represented tho feelings of the people ol' New Jersey. The legislature by an accidental vote had undertaken to ?struct Senators here against tbe will of a majority of toe people. He would not be shackled iu such a way. Be objected to the resolutions of the Senator from Ken tucky , because they provided an unconstitutional mode ?f amending the constitution. lie was willlug to havo an eflioient law for the rendition of fugitives, and repeal all laws interfering with such law, but ho would insist mi the effectual carrying out of the provision that cltl aeos of each State ore entitled to all the privileges In every State. He would not prohibit the transportation ?f slaves through the States, but forever punish the traf fic In African slaves. If disunion comes, the baseness of the act would only be equalled by stupendous folly. But be would not 6ay disunion, for ft could not come. Nations d? not die easy; man in his mad folly may at tempt the destruction of the Union, but bMinanity de Bounced the act, and <>'od would not permit it. TJIK OA*VASS OK IWT VOTE KOK 1'RtfUOK.Vr. Mr. Tsihbtli . (rep.) of III., offered a resolution for the appointment of a committee to joingwitb the committee ?f the House to provide for the counting of tho votes for Resident and Mce President. M. Hu.ier, (opp.) of l'a., objected to its consideration, and it was laid over. THK I PKSIMOn S HMWACE Was taken up. Mr. 1 .Amam, (opp.) of [Oil., said California was peace fully lyitg in the urms of Sierra Nevada and removed the Immediule cause of trouble, and win tied to speak to day with her voice. Disunion, u word which Mr. Calhoun scarcely dared to otter, now had become familiar. The va cant seat* herej (bow the evils upon up . and we mubt palliate or overcome It as we may. It was vain to try to iw>rsundc our Southern brethren that there wa- no danger. The South does not complain so much of the acts that have already been committed ns the danger they ant'cl patc. Tbey complain of any interference with tlnir vc-t ed rights. imd think It beet to meet the danger.- at their threnabold. He conceded that|their was Hume cause for their apprehension, but never a greator paradox than the constitutional right of a State to secode. It was virtually saylog that the government was no government, and ho would not discus* the right of revolution, as he thought that the Senator from Georgia (Mr. Toombs) had properly called the present movement. The framers of the consti tution did not oontemplate secession nor coercion, oh generally understood, and left the government with the sublime alternntlve to be just or perlih. He argued that the continued agitation of the slavery question was tbo cause of the difficulty and agitation, and It will continue, because it is the life of the dominant party at the North The South wants security that will render It Impossible to do them injustice. Our government is one of reason, and can only exist so long as It is true to itself, and it ceases to be true when it employs force. If the Southern States are deter mined to form a government for themselves there was bo force to prevent it; and yet. lie would not admit that the government had no power, for there was power ade quate to put down revolt is a State. Mat when many t*tateg rise in revolution, with the spirit of a mighty em pire, it is idle to talk of fort*- to subdue them. When ten millions of people rise in defense of their homes, not all (he armies since Ceasar s can compel them to live under an executive they consider hostile. The people fought at the late election on no such issue as is now presented: the I question of force was not Involved in the contest. The victory of the republican party was achieved by popular delusion, which has become the ruin of the party, never again to rise. He would say to the South} that much truu ble was due by divisions' among themselves, causing the defeat of the democratic party. That party will stand sp with them for a peaceful solution of the question, and will rec ivor strength and crush the false idols set tip for the people. Allowing that there was danger, why th > ftouth separate from their Northern friends, when united they might overcome the enemy. A separate confedera-y requires a standing army along their hostile border, making a vast outlay, and the North would be obliged to do the same thing, and both woull grow poor together. Accession is the foundation of an endless civil war, under which the government would fall to a military despotism. If we violently separate we will strike a d> ath blow to liberal Institutions, and both, or many sections, as tbe case may be, will be involved in financial ruin. We wo?M lose the name American, and be known only ax a tribe of Indians are It would be impossible to depict the desola tion and horrors which would follow disunion. He Ktested against the hope of reconstruction after the ea is once broken up. If war is once commenced all hope or reconciliation will be effaced, and in the end the people will fly to a monarchy to save themselves fiom anarchy and universal ruin. The peo pie of California breathe but one sentmieot of loyally and devotion to the I'nion. snd would ratify any settlement which would satisfy the South, and If such satisfaction W refused, a large majority of the people say, let them go in peace. He would prefer a peaceful separation to civil war California, from her posits? anl commerce would remain w ith the free States; her destiny and theirs are Indtseolubly connected. In the language of tlie Senatoi from New York (Mr. Seward), the people of that Htate "spesk for the Union, vote for the Inion.give money for the l iiion, and they will fight fur the Union, ' providing he can show them how such fighting can main tain the liberty, fraternity and equality of our Southern brethren in the I n ion f Apt>U'i-e) But, If he cannot perform that UiUivult uwk luc i wpk Of Uitt never, no, never, will imbue their hands in the blood of their Bouthern brethren He said that he ^ was willing to vote for the propositions of the Senators from Kentucky or Illinois, but he thought the beet and wisest plan wis that of hi* friend from Minnesota (Rice). The people ex Bt them here to do something soon. Why should the on be destroyed and all the evils be brought upon usv Be appealed to Senators by all that was d<?tr to their heart# not to turn a dsxf ear to the v oice of the people, MDd let patriotism rise above party. He was eager and proud to make eacrtOoe to save the,co mtry. On motion of Mr. Johvmi*, (opp.) of Tsnn., the ooatide ration of the I*resident s Message was postpone t till Moo dap. tuk i.mux APinornunn* siij Was taken up, and after several amendments Wert of fered the bill waa postponed until Saturday. THK TAKrf? Hit I.. Mr annex*, (rep.) of R. I.,from the Select Committee, eported the Tariff bill with amendments. * Mr. Gwtx, (opp.) of CM., said that he wis a tu?ml>er of he Special Committee and did not agree with the princi le or the bill, though he admitted it had been Improve! n th?' committee. The bill was made the special order for Wednesday ?ext. Mr. Cam?.r<.\ presented the credentials of the Hon. K (' wan, Senator elect of Pennsylvania. i'? i o*ATtr h i h'M'Rutiow asi.t. Was taken up, and after some amonlmctit* pissel. Hik Rsrt-Ttvii ann rtwiAi Apn?niuTio\ mn ??. 'J'1' an*' ? f"w am. ndinetits passed. The senate went into executive es- ion, and shortly fterwards adjourned. Hsim of Bepteitatatlvei. Wasiiin. tun, Feb 1, 1M1. THK CASK OV THK US Mlirs I ROM Mr. Cojtwav, (rep ) of Kansas, to a question oT privilege, read the resolution Introduced by Mr. Hind mac yesterday, instructing the (VmtmiUee on Judiciary 10 inquire whether he has been const itntlonally and legally elected representative from the State of Kansas Astl.i" was the first time his rlfM to a seal had ever beer quest nod. and as he yesterday took the oUh from the vp?-skcr v .thout any objection, he thought Mi Illnd m,hj, Us uki nform the House the reason which promptel hum lo tak' so c *traordirarv a pos i on. Mi V i *.v, ('i r ) <>t M* i sii'l?It ?!!? Mled him much pteufeurt to ilo so. H wu without any intention to assail particularly the gentleman, and grew out of no hostility to him or his State. It occurred to him the question should be settled as to what time a State be comes entitled to a representative in Congress. Having been informed, and believing the election under which the gentleman claims his seat took place long anterior to the adnulwion of Kaunas into the Union, it seemed to him cvideDt that the right of representation do*** not rest under that election. It'seemed to htm quite evident that Kansas only becomes entitled to a member of tho House at the time when duly admitted into the Union. It seemed to him for the reasons stated, that the election was a mere nullity; therefore he wanted the question de cided, whether tho people of a Territory may proceed to the election of a representative to Congress. That was his sole object. He wus aware, in numerous instances, representative? and even Senators were chosen by tho people of a Territory before admission as a State, an I allowed lo take bift coat immediately after admission; but the fact that such eases have ocourred does not settle the question of right, it matters not what the preoedente are. are. It was a bad custom. and ought not to be followed. The queetien was simply, lias a Territory a right under the constitution to elect a representative to Congress? for at the time the gentleman from Kansas was elected Kan sas was a Territory only. Mr. Grow, (rep.) of I'a., called Mr. Hindman to the esse of his own State (Arkansas), and recited the opinion of Attorney General Butler, under General Jackson's ad ministration, to thow that the machinery of a State gov ernment elected before tho new government goes into operation; and it has been held from the begin ning of this government by providing all necessary ma chinery to oommeucc operation the day Congress legalizes the action of the people organising it. Mr. HiNDMiw. (onp.) of Ark., did not controvert the i facts mentioned. He was aware of the case of Arkausas. 1 as well as those of California, Minnesota, Oregon and divers others The admission of Senators and representa tives elected prior to the act of admission has been al lowed immediately on the passage of the act of admis sion, but the precedent did not demonstrate its rightful ness. The question was, ought the precedent set tu be fol lowed? Mr. Grow remarked that be had made no objection to the gentleman's remark, but only indicated what had been done. The matter here ended. A TWENTY FJYK Mil LION LOAN PU T. I Mr. Sukrman, (rep.) of Ohio, from the Committee on 1 Ways and Meows, introduced a bill which was deinauded | by the oondltkm of the finances, and might as well be i pawed now. It authorizes the 1'resilient, before tho 1st j of July next, to borrow $26,000,000, or so much thereof as in his opinion the exigency ol the public service may require, tho sum to meet the current demands and re deem the Treasury notes. NKW HAMIItHlKK t'NtON MEMORIAL Mr. Edwabiw, (rep.J of N. H., presented a memorial from the constitutional Union party of New Hampshire, and asked that it be read. Mr. Hindu an asked the gentleman whether that party was the Bell-Everett i>arty; if not, what was it? Mr. Edwards?I suppose it was the Bell-Kverett party prior to the election. (Laughter.) The resolutions were read. They declare that the slavery agitation should be disconnected from party poli tico, and not disturb tho deliberations of Congress; that all ?tate laws calculated to uutify those of the federal government should be repealed; that there should be a final settlement: that the States should be admittod with or without slavery, as the people determine; there ehould be no interference with slavery In tho States, or where the federal government has Jurisdiction; no interdiction of the slave trado between the States; that all sections should be maintained in the full enjoy ment of their constitutional rights; fugitives to be rc turied, etc. Mr. Joiin Cochran*, (opp.) of N. Y., Inquired whether the sentiments of the resolutions had the gentleman's political assentt Mr. Edwards replied that he presented them in ac cordance with hi duty to the citizens of New Hamp shire, and in answer to the question, said a large portion diii not meet his Approbation. Mi. Gxukank?1 am obliged to the gentleman. A l-ouo: K1IKCK KOR WASHINGTON. Mr. Kilocrk, (rep.) of Ind., reported a bill to establish , a metropolitan police force In the city of Washington. The memorial was referred to the solect committee of 1 Ave. ANOTIUrlt PLAN OK iWWMBT. Mr Kkuimmi crep.) of 111., beforo a vote was taken on the ' recommendations of tbe Committee of Thirty three, wished to offer resolution* as ? substitute. He bad boon constrained to the prceent course owing to the dteturbed condition of the country. Tliey are Joint resolutions, proposing amendments to the constitution, to be thtided in tbe manner indicated y that instrument, as follows: ??T,r, r 13 ?That in all the territory now held by the <? iljl(i KLates situated north of latitude thirty six degrw-s Kol'JSTX frilledHUte^Ky.V it. form of govern 'I wi rfnub'iran be admitted tnto the Union on an ^qvutl 3 e Su.fH, wt.h or without the relation o, ,'e^ons held to'service aud labor a. the constitution ot *UAK^bH-lT/t STbln. in the constitution of the United States or any amendment llier-to, .hall be woonitnieda. to utifh iri7r ltiv department ol the gowminwit in any nianner f ^i flrr ?ltlVih r.'ution ot jk'iwiu held to service In any wife whewThat reUUonex uu.nor In any man** to ej-Ub h? le^'alTno" be aiu'ted or Imeiwtod without the ?,n~nt of tojenrice^ar the United Btatef, from any place or ISM Se^fnd the "-}?** the Culled State, or territories thereof, U forever prohibited. Mr. KOWUt, (opp.) of IU.. was happy to iee ?uch a proposition coming from a gentleman whose relations are no near to the President elect. Mr 1^?muot objected to the reception of the j*t?t resolution. especially after tbe remark of his oolloafae. Mr Kb-ukh. did not hear the remark. ,?t,S? vlSfot of the country he felt it his duty to offer a proposition, honing It might avert an Impending calamity. No other human being was res^.nsible for It than himself. It was I ordered to lie printed THK MONXTHt MKMOWAL l*OM SKW TOM. sAt ct C< mmittt e of V ive. l'WVATF. mu. _ Mr Sno?8, (rep ) of Pa., asked for, and the House passed a private bill for the relief of a "widow who ha sun ing tor two year* This retriuK produced general laughter. tw BBnawcr ?U. The Itousew nt luto Committee of tbe Whole on the state of the I'nion on the Petlciency bill. Mr PiiriK, (rep ) of V V , made a speech against the Chirktul eineuumenl. Ti!e VonhTderatmnof the report of the Committee of Thirty three was resumed XRBKO! m UK. HA HILTON O* THK fHOK*. Mr Hamhtow, (opp) of Te*as, In referring to the que? tion of secession, said that whether the I'uion was a com pact between the states, or whether it should be regard cd as tie- act of the aggregate of all the States, it was ne vei theless of tbe constitution of the United States. He looked upon the Union both as a constitution and a com pact. Every constition was a compact, but the converse was not *?>?that was to say, every compact wa not a i institution. A compact was necessary toa constitution, and ni cesser lly every constitution was a compact He did net care whether that constitution was one granted by a dei-pot as an act of grace. It was neverthe I?w a compact Tbe rlghu guaranteed sho.ild be ob served. Could H be Km lhr people of the United <laie? agreed to aW]* a .onstitutioa, formed by the ncisons assembled Tor that purpose- The government thus formed was supreme In the number and character u,, u w.r? given to It. limited as to the extent of its 2SM3T & far ss the rights rwerred, but abeoUtt* within the sphere of the power con flTA U M 1 |?V*nMMt. With regard to the powers conferred by the people or the *n*es the power* thus reserved could be only such a* meViisted before the formation of the compact. But would any man say that they received a nower which did not pre exist U all, and that could not We existed before tne formation of the noapvf To as<u?e such would be the wlld??rt theory of these w.ld times They Haiti thai they reatrvtd tie rig'st i.r se '?'? of . but he ?m . tended that no such rip hi existed anterior to the coast i tution because in fact there a.vt no State that oul i so cede Then could It be sai l t'.sl the right of -e:eesk>n was one of the rwervo right* >?f the st ite<, when It did , not e\l?t prior to the fo-mai >on of the gi>veri.m?nt Cer i talnlv not. Iheie wasno righl confer ed by the * brptlon nf the t otistltuli jn on an> ?ate. or the citiwri-ot i?nv . Htate growing out of that constitution, or ori the part of | an) State or .V elt.ser.s of any state ,, ..wing out of that compart, that was not permanentl) pr ('!? l for by th constitution, either in precise i.r g- e.ral term- If th * ?n<l the other proposition was true tu i it f"l th.?t no i onstitutlonal legal right of sec --ev. asi?<i at an Tb?' rigbi of rovohiiion h( ndwiUwi. b'ii lint ri^nt < not be exercised properly unless ft was exorcise ! to op i nose opprtfSMUi ami tj ranuy. The question of mora 1 right depended on that of oppression, and no pereon hn i j a rhiht to revolutlonlxe against a government until that government h?d become oppr.?sive Then If secession involved all Ui* con^jiMCM of rtvolutlmu, why quarrel Munit th.' terms In carrying wit the right oT see<s ilot> or revolution, those St ,t-s win bad secodel. and'were making pre|??ratlons to seeds, must makeup th ir minds t? meet the cms. j i?nc? of r volution, L ather they bell, ved they hal th. r ?ht t > secede or n.t Th'^ Stats- that hid septet h?l u;?e. more 5?L,.i^iv snd reokle??ly of the Int-r -ts of a-l,i'>inltig States than' the most despHK- r?v-rnrneut lo K m;pe dare TmPtt ^l^Vwer Europe would nS dare to its relations would be il angei wiii ... . . w Ir why the Interests of others weuld h( e,bet I. W th out ,rZ those pe. pies or .ntiorjs so a fee ted IV there WHS South t'aroliua liking, using the nio?t un lie?id of Slid despotic means to sever this go\ erninnbt. to < verthrow its constitution, snd to ,|T1P''rl. if not utterly destroy the Interests of the neigh nor ing Wait*#* with whom thrv Iwt no livw wiwi on tffmp of fraternul ?itectkm. This emild Dot bo tolo rwtrcl l/>uiFitn ?, loo, hail swhhIwI, atul bv thin a? t hn 1 Com|?lrtrly rut ofl thp HlaUof frt?m the ill mHt of ibe I nion. No^, thin Win "uo of the molt flagrant breaches upon the rights of others that had ever Co me under hia knowledge. Had Texas foreseen the like libood of a secession of this kind?had ahe for a moment Imagined that this right of aeueaston axis tat in the States, and that by virtue of It Louisiana could at any moment have acceded from the Cuioo?Texas would never have joined the confederacy. Mr. Hlvdm/n asked if the right of revolution existed in one State, or did the gentleman mean to aay that revolu tion cou ki only be had recourse to when a number of State* joined in the revolt? Mr. ILamhton?llie right of revolution existed in one State aa well ax in a number of States. Any number of people of a State, even, hid the right to revolution. Re volution was not divided by State lines. It was represented only by a certain number of individuate. It was the right of all men who were pre pared to take the consequences of their own acts. Revolution consisted in resistance to law. It was by revo lution that tlieir fathers hod achieved their independence. They resitted the government, knowing well and t iking upon themselves all the consequences. The framers of the constitution did not Buppose that the people of this country would ever be guilty of oppressing the govern ment, or withdrawing their connection from the Union, and therefore never thought of providing against it. lie did not believe that the grievances of the South were of such a character as to lead any unprejudiced man to the belief that they had consulted their own bent Interests in seceding fr<Tm the Union. It was not for hiui tj make any charges against those men, but yet lie most say that he ditf'-red widely from his Southern friends. Nor did he believe that their grievances wore of such a character as to justify a withdrawal of the public confldi nee in the good faith of the government. Every grievance could be remedied within the Union. He hail no doubt, however. that the day would yet come when the people of the North would seo the course that w.:8 pursued by their republican representative leaders wis irritating to the South, and was productive of no g(*d, and which must end in strife sooner or later. The South had ? right to demand that the North should them with fairness, and that they should receive protection tor tlieir eiave property in transitu and in the Territories, l'ho republicans themselves admitted that the constitution re cognised property In slaves. Mr. Lovkjoy, (rep.) of 111., dissented. Mr. iUmiro.N liad not the gentleman in his mind's eyO at the time, but he would nsk the geulleman whether or not be believed that the constitution recognized the right of SoQthern men to the service of those who owed them Jotinr Y Mr. lioviuor supposed that slavery, so far as the consti tution was concerned, existed outside that instrument, under the protection of State rights, which the constitu tion had nothing to do with, one way or another. Mr. Hahii.ton saw no use in the constitution if it gun ran teed protection to nothing but as it was first protected by State Jaws. It was contended on the other side that Congress had the right to exercise power on the subject of slavery as between the States, so far as trade in that proporty was concerned, and that it had the right to deal with it with out restriction on the question In tho Territories, all which the South denied, llo had ever admitted, even since 1830, and at a time when no other man in his State dure dispute the dictation of politicians?he hail over con tended since that time that tho people of a Territory had themselves the power of dealing with slave ry as a domestic Institution, to be established or prohibited as they thought lit. Ho supported the views advanced yesterday by Mr. Adams, of Massa chusetts. with regard to slavery in New Mexico. Taking the ground that the South have a right to go Into the Territories with their property, he said if gentlemen would consent never to interfere with slavery iu the States, and solemnly to forego interference with tho inter State slave trade, they would do much to secure the friendship of every mau who is willing to seo tho Union preserved. Mr. Stanton, (rep.) of Ohio, knew of none who claim thus to interfere. Mr.' liAttn.TOM replied tliat he was not questioning thus, but speaking of what one of tho sections belioves in reference to the subject. It was the settled conviction In the South that those about to succeed to the government intended to interfere with slavery where It exists; but the Southern mind should bo satilied that they do not in tend to do it, and this would restore peace. When he left his home, two thousand miles distant, for Washing ton, his foot preised no foreign ttei ritory; his eye rested throi%'hout his journey on no material object that was not part and parcel of his own country, and when Congress assembled every State aud Territory was represented on this floor. If bo returned to bis home he ipust traverse four foreign governments. The temple of liberty was lately rompleto In all Its ports; every pillar in Its place, and the apparently devout worshippers were gathered round its altar; but the storm burst, und proud and majestic as the temple was, Its foundations were moved as if by an earthquake, and its dome reels like a drunken man. He had been called cn hero and at home to come out, and he bad been threatened aud entreated to this course; but no threats and no dangers should tear him away from the Union until he had seized the horns ol the altar, and implored Heaven to allay tho storm aud again uprear the same pillars which sustiiu tho weight and add their wonted beauty to the structure. ^Ap plaace.) SITtKfU or MR. SrrOhKS Off TTTK CRISIS. Mr. Storks, (opp.) of Tenn., said the patriotic speech of Mr. Hamilton covered all the ground. Ho maintained that there was no cause for sundering the Union. Ho denied the ri^ht of secession, while admitting thitor rt volution, which could be exercised only when oppres sion becomes intolerable and all constitutional remedies have failed. He alluded to that instrument to show that no State can enter into an agreement or compart with foreign Towers, he. He had sworn to support the consti tution and all laws passed iu pursuance of it. No power on earth should ever induce him to utter one word In any way whatever to encourage an> State to secede. On the contrary, be intnded by tnat oath to stand Him by the constitution. He did not hoiievo Tennessee would scce<Je. He hoped she would not. He Intended to do all he could to keep her from so doing. But if she does, the waters of the Mississippi would have to be kept free to Tennessee, and all others. He would vote lor any compromise to settle the difficulty. Tennessee and other States were asked to join the Southern con lederacy, but aa they had proved faithless by withdraw ing from Congress when it was in their power to prevent mischief, and would not stand by the remaining slave State* now, how could the latter rely upon them If they went into a Southern confederac) Y The plan of disunion was conco< ted and agreed on two years ago by tho lead ers of the democratic party In the ootton States. If certain demands were not granted by the Charles ton Convention then it was to be broken up and a separate confederacy established, whose object was to open the African slave trade, conquer Mexico and annex Cuba. Disunion was n scheme of a few excited madmen and politicians, am bitious m?n, seeking for power. Hcatmitted that he was a mbintssionist, and would rather be called this than rebel and traitor. He was for the Union, the con stitute n and the enforcement of tte laws. (Applause.) He was uot for coercing a State, but would not submit to ^outh Carolina coercing their States. Klrmnees and moderation ought to be exercised. He believed that the difficulties cau and will be adjusted to the satisfaction of the border States, but not to that of South Carolina and the other seceded States. The workingmen,farmers, tradesmen, and others in the remaining slave states, were sti uggbng as if for llfo and death to remain in the Union. He would not be true to himself and to the coun try if he uld not take a stand against the secession move ment. In the name of God and high Heaven pas* some thiig to hold these States together, anil thus preserve all that is dear to us In rights, persons and proporty. If we cannot settle the difficulty n?w, while we are friendly, bow could we do it after the Union is hopelessly dis solved? In conclusion he earnestly appealed to the re publicans to give, by amendments to the constitution, the rights and safety to the Sooth which they say they are willing to secure; and spoke in commendation of the border States and Crittenden propositions. However, any plan of settlement would meet with bis approbation. Keoess till seven o'clock. EVIN'INCJ BESfUON. Mr. Ktiiiscrai, (opp ) of l"*., said our systems of government bad withstood the corroding touch of year*, the aseaultr of faction and the chock of war. It cannot expire until the power which breathed vitality fito tin cheeks to annihilated, which <ras the American peo ple. Kevolutkmary memories were yet green, and the solemn pledge to its maintenance to our patriotic ances try Hill whisper their lunpiraiin. Its authority con tliiufs supreme on all the subji-cts within the sphere of its lurledtclloo and the range of it* granted prowess. We are' moving in the midst of the revolution which whh contemplating the disruption of tho Union and overthrow of U?e constitution. The dignity of the government must be asserted and the lawn exo culed at every hosard. To temporise with traitorH and m-gotlate with treason wm to admit our system of go. vernmeut to be a failure, to Invite anarchy and borrow future trouble. The ?M<umptlon that the constitution and laws were no longer ojieratlve In a State because of sn ordinance was fallacious, and is In conflict with tho whole current of authority. Tliey are not the creation of tint one or more States; they are the olbprlng of th? people. Will they contain within themselves the means of self preservation, and this is the keystone of our con stitutional arch. lusaffeotion Is rapidly spreading In tho border Stales, and the serpent of secession must he throt tled before It has enfolded In Its deadly colls ttx?n loyal communities. It was a solemn duty to strengthen the h?nd? and nerve the he* ts of the Union loving men in these States He appealed to U>" republi cj?n party to give th'-ir proposition caudld < uoslderatlno. I t ib'- bor ler States maintain the federal authority and rcnuvni ? the theory of the s?i cssionists lor all time to < ome, and be weald meet them half way in a spirit of i i.nciluitloB. Pennsylvania wa* moderate in her views Mini pselllc In h?T counsels The constitution was tho I - i:i mutusl i >noe?s ? n? and In that spirit he wnuld n ,-et nil lovil no ,i ti coti-ultation In thw giave exigency. Hut if all eilorts (ail he was willing to refer the whole run

II oa -fsy to tl?e people, the ?onrteoi ;tllp>wer He objected lo the annexation of any more territory. The protection of slaver} would be re*;t#tod and would prove a t'ouutaln or bltler wateis Instead of a healing c impromise. The , ???? i? pra< tical'; dc( i ted in favor of free ? T.iero is ti?ie left for controversy exieptlng Now j MekUo. and Its admission would remove the <\hole su j- j jscl frvtn Congresa forever. This would be the virtual 1 rest or stum of tho Missouri line? Tlic Homestead potior and I'siiflc Itallrond would soon pais, and c. tuse the ?r|l ?erness lo bloom with happy homes, and he the lnaagu ri tiiuol an advancing civilization *lilch will make the whole land veal with lh" hum of indottiy lletter than all the tariff bill would pass, and bo a me.i ure of peace, a bond of union All we tied to nuike theM> moasires and prospect* available for the prosperity or the country, are the ro- ' sti ratli n of pfftM and the continuance of tiio Lnlou. It IS Do time tor partisanship. SI .re platforms, hastily c*>Mttucwg in the excitement of crowded conventions, would not al charge men from the re?p >nsibilitl"s thtiy owe before <;od and their oountry When next the bal lot bMes (pen and send forth their thun lerers of ven geance, H would he taken on nil the p;atforms and fab rics which reject obstinately a l proportions of concili ate n stid p. ace, snd create (??gust with the alniiui-tra lion. The lic|?e of reli?i to the suflering Industrial Inte rests, aud confidence In the hem^ty \|r Uncotn, ear ikd ivntisylvnnia, a? woll n- the oppototi >n t> sl.nerr ! extension. Tlie abolition elcmcM sympathised with the buillQera and rejoii ed In the fulfilment id" th< Ir Joint purpose?ll"' dissolution of the t'mon. Ho do precslcd < hrnges In the r.rg?nlc law ir- pie lerred Congressional legislation to ce ntuti -i I stnendtneiits once the diKir "pen, f.i n.,d ruth where angels foir 'o tread. But the oantrorersy must have a pen eel a 1 solution. Tbe gulf was not so wide > t luit it cannot be apani ed by coooiliatiou, not yet to , ce?p that it cannot tie la: homed by mutual lor bear ante. ; He > ulcgiited Mr. Crittenden as the l?it of tho statesmen which iho whig party gave to tbe coun'-ry. He was withy to wear tni mantle of the immortal Clay lie complimented Marj land. Pennsylvaua will stand about der to (-boulder with her patriotic Governor. Hogozei with pride on tbe memorials of patriotism which adorn t i > monumental city like altars of devotion, and prayod cod that so long as tbe muto but eloquent statuo of tbo Father of bis Country looked d<iwo from bis pedestal, be would plead ti umpettongued for the maintenance of the I'nton ana constitution. Mr. Qt' tRLse, (opp.) of Term., said that no man sympa thized with tlmun on leis than himself. There was no warrant for it iu the constitution. He believe I, however, in the sacred right of revolution, malataaiing that when a government becomes oppressive it was a duty to ovor tin ow it. He spoke of the generosity of the South which had given to iho North three fourths of what had I <?< u acquired as slave territory. Ho advocated tho restorutkn of the Missouri line, protecting isiavi ry South of it by constitutional amcud n ent. This wculd restore peaeo as it did In a termer time. He preleried Mr. Crittenden's plan, and believed if it were adopted the seceding staled would re turn to the I'nion, and Tenueasee remain Arm. This would settle the slavery question forever. Mr. Wuao.w, (rep.) of Ind., argued toshjwthat no in justice atid v. r. bad been dune tho South, and that Ftccf sion resulted from unfounded complaints and ground less tears. There never was so caus> leas a rebellion as this. Nothing can l>? done that will bring peace to the country. The cifflculty is not in Congress nor in the people. It ia in the very existence of slavery, and until lareiy disappears, it will always be a source of all our woes. Adjourned. THE WASHINGTON PEACE CONFERENCE. We submit to tike readers of tho IIkkaj-U a revised list of 'he delegates to the Conference to bo held at Washing, ton on Monday, where an attempt will be made to devise measurcB to restore the tiiterut between the two sections of tho country FREE STATES. ?NKW YORK. Pavid Dudley Field, Addison Gardiner, Wm, Curtis Nojes, (iree. tie C. Branson, James S. Wadsworth, William E Dodge, Jurats C. f-'mith, Amaziah D. James, E*-Btatiu: Erastus Corning. ?PP? M?W JKItSBY. Cna*. P. Olden, Peter D. Vroom, Robort F. Stockton, lt?-njnmin Williamson, Joseph K. Randolph, Fred. f. Fre.linghuysen, Rodman M. Price, Thomas J. Stryker, William C. Alexander. OHIO. Salmon P. Chose, Tlx*. Kwing, K C. Wright, Wm. Groesbeck, \'.[ilarlon, Reuben Hitchcock, F. T. Backus. RMASTIVAMU. Wm. U. Meredith, Thomas White,, James Polloek, Pavid Wiltnot,' Thomas E. Franklin, Anurow W. Loom#> William McKeunau. juionc ISLAM). Chief Justice Ames Alexander Duncan Fx Governor liopp'.n, George'H. Browne, 8. S. Arnold. SLAVE STATES. liKKAWAKK. George B. Rodney, Daniel M. Bites, John W. Houston, H. Ridgely, William Cannon. aJCNTUCKY. James B. Hay, Joshua F. Bell, Ex-Gov. Morehead, Wm. O. Butler, James Guthrie, Charles A. Wlcklitfo. MARTLAJIP. Reverdy Johnson," Augustus W. Bradford, Wm. S. Goldsboroogh, John W. Criestleld, J. Dixon Romaine. MtSHOt'KI. Waldo P. Johnson, Judge Hough, Col. Doniphan, Judge Bucku'er, John D. Coulter. NOHTU CAROLINA. Thomas Ruttin, (ieorge Davis, John M. Morehead, David P. Keid, D. M. Barringer. TKMMBWW. Robert J. M Kinnsy, A. U. W. Pattoc, Samuel Mllllgan, Alvin S. Cullum, J. N. Anderson, Wm. P. Hickerson. Robert ].. Caruthers, (ieo. W. Jones, Thomas Martin, F. K. Zollicofl'er, Isaac R. Hawkins, Wm. H. Stephens. nMBU. John Tyler, Wm. C. Rives, James A. Sedden, George W. Bummers, John W. Brockenbrough. SECESSION MEETING IN NORFOLK. Norfolk, Feb. 1,18dl. A large and enthusiastic meeting of secessionist* mot at Ashland Hail last night. Speechce strongly favoring immediate secession were made. Norfolk will give a largo vote for secession on Monday next. The State of Vir ginia will decido doubtless ou the 14th or 15th Inst. 1'lans are on foot to prevent tho authorities of the State in ease of secession from taking the public pro perty. One of th?m is to moor the United Suites brig Dolphin ofr the United States magazine at Fort Norfolk. The Dolphin is now receiving her armameut for this pur pose at the Navy Yard. Mr. Oliver, the gunner spoken of in the Herald of Wednesday, will hardly have the nerve to resist the au thorities of the State in the attempt to take tbo maga zine. There is not one electric train connected with it. Ihe threat Is laughed at here. MEETING IN MARYLAND. Baitmork, Feb. 1,1841. A town meeting, called of those in favor of restoring a Union of the States, was held to-night in Maryland In stltute, and was largely attended. Messrs. Morris, Tea kel, Wallace and R. M. Mclean addressed the meeting. Resolutions were passed denouncing the course of Gov. Flicks in refusing to call a Convention; denying his au thority to send delegates to Washington; also to make arrangements for el?cttng delegates to the City Conven tion to elect delegates to the State Convention, to give expression of the views of Maryland in the present crisis. UNION MEETING AT UTICA. I'tica, Feb. 1, 1801 A large and enthusiastic Union meeting, composed of men of all parties, was held here to night. Hon. Ward Hunt prwitried, and speeches were made by Messrs. John 8. Seymour, C. H. Doollttle, Judge Denio, Fills H. Roberts and Col. Smith, a veteran of the war of 1812. The reso lutions unanimously adopted favor conciliation an1 bar i mony, and urge upon the Legislature the passage of the Robinson resolutions. | THE ABOLITIONISTS AND THE MAYOR OP ALBANY. Alsaxv, Feb. 1,18411. One hundred cltisens of Albany having petitioned Mayor Thatcher to prevent the meetlog of a'^olitionists In this city next week for fear of a riot, ho replies, ! stating that he bas neither authoriiy nor inclination to Interrupt freedom of speech; that he has no fear of a riot In the orderly city of Atbaiy. and that tile best way to treat the abolitionists is to leave tbein alone, and give Ihem no capital by creating an exclUment about them. THE OHIO COMMISSIONERS TO VIRGINIA. Curat jut*, Ohio, Jan. 81, 1861. The Commissioners appointed to go to Washington to meet the Virginia Oomiuiiwlooers are:?Governor Chase, Thomas Kwing, J. C. Wr.ght, William Oroesbeck, V. B. Horion, Reuben Hitchcock and J. T. Backus They will be Instructed to procuro an adjournment of tbu Conference until the 4th of April. THE NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMISSIONERS. Cosoow?,N. H., f> b. I, 1861 Gov. Goodwin has appointed Amu Tuck, Asa Fowler and Ixvl < hamberlaln Commissioners to the Convention at Washington on the 4th. They will reach Washington on Sunday. THE MASSACHUSETTS COMMISSIONERS. Bosrojr, Feb. 1,1881. In the Senate this afternooa, a motion to take up the resolves appointing Commissioners to Virginia and con sider them immediately was voted dosri?17 to 8. A motion to c.insider them to-morrow was also voted down. The subject was then |*i*tponcd until Monday. THE LOUISIANA STATE CONVENTTOJf. Nbw Osmmm, Jan. 31,1881. The Convention met at eleven o'clock A. M. One hundred and one members were present A motion to elect a reporter far the iVmvjntlon w is t:i bled. A resolution in regard to the ''XiiedK ncj of sending re Inforeenjents to assist In taking I'ort Pickens was laid on the table subject to t all. A r??olutk>n was parsed asking th>' Military Bj.?r 1 to re|w?rt their progr<ss u> the Convention. A resolution was passed to have the ordinauco of se cession, as signed, engraved and uli..-?r ?i>hed. A resolution waaoflVred, Instructing tho deleft'K to the Montgomery Onvmtion to resist any attempt to re open ihe A(i ican slave trade. Tiibled by a v te o' 83 to 2<< Mr. Wai**H, of New Oi leans offered a resolution that this Is ni t the sonso of this OMvi'tition upon the <|>m ?t ">i tts< If, but that the C invention doe? n it th.ok 't pro per to hnmiier the delegates with instruction* u|H>n .than or any other subfeet llr.'\Valk?T s resolution, after a long and e<n ??>rt de. bate, WAS I',. tel. (J. ori'r \\ nil ims'in, ? member of the C<n?nt (.r, wnr ppfxdr ii d ' i m?r ?si"ner t > tbo Testis St ito C?>nvei ? .n wh i b tn??eU. on V udey. JHPOBTANT REPORTS FROM CHARLESTON. SOUTH CAROLINA'S ULTIMATUM?FINAL OKMAND FOR FORT SUMTM?WASLIKB PREPARATIONS?THK STANDING ARMT?A FLOATING BATTERY? BTRENOTHKNING OF RrMTKR, ?TC. [Correspondence of tte Baltimore American ] Kvibuc or Born C*roll*a, ) Qhaklbto*, Jan. 29,1801. J Tor the past four or five days we have been without any great excitement, although the city waa In a alight ferment yesterday on account or the transmission of the correspondence between Colonel Hayne, envoy to Wash ington, and Coventor Pickens and President Buchanan to the legislature. The papers were all considered In se cret session, and will not be published until It la consis tent with the "public welfare." FINAL tMILAND KOH HI'MTKR. Enough, however, trsnsplred to Inform ua thai the ulti matum of Governor Pickens had gone forth with th-i sanction of the legislature. South Carolina has made her linal demand for Kort Sumter. Mr. Hayne Is Instructed to wait sn answer to the demand a reasonable time, an<l If It Is not acquiesced in, arms must be resorted to. Best assured of it. the people of this State will never sutler Lincoln to hold and command the post. I believe every man in Charleston will suffer the last drop of blood to flow from their veins before they would submit to this. The people have cut the lust ties that formerly bound them to the old federal I'oiou. fliey will listen to no 1 compromises, and In future will treat the North only ub a foreign State. WAKLIKJC fMCCKKATIoN.". 1 Within the city Itself, our blacksmiths, wheelwrights and iron founderirs have been quite busy for several weeks past in mending and making heavy gun carriages, and in casting heavy shot and shells. From abroad we have been supplied with large quantities of powder, and 1 understand that the government lias contracted for several Armstrong guns in England. On the citadel green ?nd on the battery (promenade) of Charleston, t!ier%^ire about fifty large pieces of ordnance, together with ^yva'ral bombs and howitzers. These arc all mount ed and fmushed with limber wagons, &c., ready for ao tivo Bcr v ice. THK HTAHMJtf; ARMY. At the arsenal the recruits of the standing army are undergoing thorough training as fast as they enlist. They we retained hero und instruct )0l9 tu? of war until a company is formed, wh^'n whole tot ifi IrUttforcU10 <?? of th? "military posts in the harbor, where they beccmc acquainted with the pleasures of a soldier's life in the trenchcs. The most of the enlisted men are a jolly, hard set orcases, aud it Is exceedingly difficult to restrain them from drunkenness and riot. This fact is so notorious that Mr. Cunningham, Colonel of the Sevente enth regiment, brought the matter to the notice of the Legislature last week, and liked to bavo embroiled himself in a personal difficulty with Lieut. Wagner, of a company of enlisted men, stationed at the arsenal. Mr. Wagner, who Is also a Senator, denied that the troops were beyond restraint, licentious and drunken. Col. Cunningham, on the floof of the House ( representatives, asserted that they were. Mr. Wag ner said it was* a "misstatement." Col. Cunningham called for an explanation. Lieut. Wagner said he did not mean to impeach Mr. Cunningham's veracity. Mr. Cuu nugham asked him to publish this fact to the world, ana to say so beforo the Senate. Mr. Wagner complied, j and the personal difficulty was settled; but Col. Can ! nlngham stil] maintained that hia statements wero true, 1 and called for a committee of investigation, but tho ; lateness of the hour precluded the examination of the numerous witnesses, so the matter continues over till the next session. A FLOATING nATTKRY. The floating battery, of which you have heard so much through the me<lluni of the Philadelphia papers, Is not yet completed, and from the incipient stago of the work 1 should judge it will take four or live weeks to be finished. The battery, as described in the Prets, exists only in the bralu of some Philadelphia Imaginary writer. At the time he gave an account of the work it was not j commenced, and up to yesterday nothing more had been j done to it than putting together'of five or six beams of ? heavy wood. The speculation that the battery is to be | sixty feet high, and to be constructed of cotton bales, is all bosh. Ilow, in the name of wonder, could such a contrivance be managed? Before an attack can be made with success we will have to possess several lloatlng bat teries, comparatively light and easy to manage. The at tack will be desperate, and celerity or action on the part or Carolina troops is absolutely requisite. SIRKNKTHKMNG OK St'MTKR. Mnjor Anderson, it Is believed hero, Is adding greatly to the strength of his position. He has dug a mine under the causeway loading to the gate of his "donjon," and will blow up the first company that attempts an escalade. This he can easily do without injuring himself or his fortification. At the points, however, that bear upon Sumter South Carolina still continues to concentrate her forces, and when the stauggle does come it will be ter rible. [From tho Brooklyn Timos, Feb. 1.] A gentleman residing in South Ninth street this morn ing hands un a letter bearing date Charleston, January SO, and written by an intimate friend of his family, who tins been employed In Charleston so as to be in tho very tCius or secession, and in the beet position to know the real views and intentions or the secess onis't loaders. Wo do not wish to giro minuter particulars, lest the writer should get InVo troublo by the rumlshlng of the informa tion;? "The State Engineers will, on or about Friday or Satur day night, report to the authorities that preparations for the reduction or Fort Sumter are completed. A demand will immediately be made ror the surrender of the Fort, w hit h if not complied with, a fire from the batteries will be opened at once. If Anderson's shells do not roach the city, he cannot hold out long (unless reinforced. The re volutionists have a masked battery and two Coluiublads and tour 24 pounders, bearing on tlie weakest part or tho fort. It is stated by Mr. Khelt, that Col. Hayne was sent to Washington to delay the action of the administration, and so give South Carolina time to complete preparations. There ia an understanding with Alabama that Fort Pick ens is to be attacked at tne same time." It is but justice to sav, that during this gentleman's residence at Charleston, he baa not been troubled about his opinions, nor has his correspondence been subjected to sny surveillance whatever?though ha is known to b? a Union man. [Correspondence of the Providence Journal. 1 CHARLam??,8. C., Jan 27,1801. Charleston has been unusually quiet tbo post week. With but little business and but few telegraphic des patches, were it not for the soldiers moving about our streets, we would not think that anything unusual waa going on Major Anderson has been to the city, but the result of his mission has not been made public. Although it has been strongly urged by the more hot headed secessionists In the city that Fort Sumter should be taken Immediately, yet the more prudent did not think it advisable, and it wasdererred, and active prepa rations have been going on erer since to prevent the land ing oT any rorces at Sumter to reinforce Anderson, and ultimately to take the fort. The extra fortifications here c<csistef four land batteries and one floating battery, with an available force of about fifteen hundred men. At the eastern extremity of Sullivan's Island is a small battery of 24 pound guns. It Is constructed or barrels and bngs of sand, and is intended to protect the north channel. On Morris Island there are three bat teries. On the extreme east cud of tbo island is a bat tery of 24 pound guns, Intended to protect the main ship channel. This channel is also obstructed by four sunken vessels, so that ships drawing over thirteen feet of water cannot enter the harbor. At the middle and west end of the island are two batteries of heavy guns and mortars, bearing directly in Kort Sumter. They are constructed of palmetto logs and bags of sand. I should suppose that bags of sand formed their chief material for con struction, ss one firm in the city has a contract for thirty thousand. The Hosting battery is to be built in the shape of a wedge, of palmetto timber one foot in thickness, and eased with iron, and also having an Inner casing of Iron, with three feet space between the caaibgs, which Is to be filled with sand. How it is to be armed, and how used, I am unable to learn, as it Is kept as secret as possible. With all the armament and forces here which can be brought against Fort Sumter. I am told by the very best military authority that it will be impossible to take it, If Andersen Is disposed to defend it. To meet the expenses of all this warlike preparation the taxes are enormously high, and people arc not a little disposed to grumble at the burthen. The tax on gold watcbta Is one dollar, on silver ones half a dollar, on a pock of playing cards twenty five cents, and all other ar tides are taxed In nearly the same proportion. This heavy taxation Is having a greater tendency towards conciliation than any otaer thing; for the men of mode rate meats clearly see that the tax<? must always be enormous to support a separate State gjvemmcnt, or even a Southern confederacy. THE MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE. Bo*n**, Jan. 31,1M1. Id the Senate the Commit toe on Federal Relations, to { whom tu referred the Virginia resolutions proposing a Convention at Washington, presented majority an<l mi nority reports. The former dissents from the m>ih~l proponed by Virginia, but la willing to compare opinion* with tbe loyal States In an effort to strengthen the Union and promote tranquility, and^ authorise* tbo Governor to appoint Ore CoiumlMiouerR, subject to the oontrol of tbe I>eglalal<ire. Both were laid on Ute table. In tbe House a resolve was introduced tendering tbe hospitalities of tbe State to the PrMident elect, and In viting him to visit this city prior to the iuauguratloo. SALUTE IN HONOR OF LIEUT. SLEKMER. Noniwrow*, Pa., Jan. 31,1M1. A salute of thirty-four guns was fired to day in botior of Lieut, siemmer and lady, both natives of Norristown, for ga'lantly upholding the honor of their country at Fort Pickens. SOUTH CAROLINA. ArrOlXTMUNTS Kf>R THK RKOfl.AR XRMT. The Governor of South Carolina, with tbe consent of tb? Senate, bin ma le tbe following appointineuts fur tbe South Carolina regular army, viz ? K. 0. M Dnaovant, Brigadier General. R. 8. Ripley, I lent i nant Col >n??l. W. P. I'e-Minsure, Major oi Cavalry. X. (I KvHtiP "<r , Captain of Cavalry. oivin or iwciijmr.iix. Walter fiwjnn, Mnjor. E. B. While, I uptaio. J. H. Tropl< r,? upturn. F. I'. l,s#,Klr?t l.hutcnant <i W. Karlo, Fits1 l.ientenan*. John Mi Cready, Kirst Lieutenant. .1. W. (Jregorle, First l.leutenant. The majority of th% appointees are graduates of the t'nited stale* MIHtsry ^rademy nt West Point, and have ??et) active irervlcc. MORE TROOPS FOR WASHINGTON. Tht Fly mg Art.Iksry, from Kort l.esvenworth, arrlvod *t W;i?hinwt->n al about hvfpust eight o'clock on We !ne?day , by *pe >il <r?'n from Baltimore. II is com p. ted >f ii c"1'; tie men, ?i\t)-tive horses, Ibn-^ six I otind brifs field piee? ?, and one flel I howltit?r. The fol v?wit?g are Um ntiir?is..-Colcnel Up wn, commm-iing: i ? u?rr t??- Fry pi 1 f 111 van. HEWS F10H THE UINUI CiPITiL. Wasulnutox, Feb. 1,1861 Hm committee of bankers mad merchant* from New York to-day umued Invllationa to the republican members of Congresa to meet them m Willard's Hotel Sulooa, ad joining the hotel, tor the purpose of conferring together, and to have an opportunity of exchanging views in re gard to the alarming i?6turc of public aitiirs at the pre sent time. Some sUty or seventy responded to the invitation. A free and friendly Interchange of v lews were indulged in, iu which all agreed that the Union must be preeerved, and u large number of republicans evinced every disposition to do all that honor and justice required to accomplish that end. After pome time spent in proper comparison of views, they adjouned to the sup l>ei room, where an elegnnt collation had been prepared by the Messrs. Wiliard, at the instance of the committee, and where the Union wits not only saved, but it was conclu sively demonstrated that it was to be perpetuated to tb<j ' : end of time. lion. John II. Reynolds, of New York, of the Judiciary , Committee, prepared a bill in December last " to eetab j lit b an additional judicial district in the State of New York, and in relation to the courts of the United States la paid ftate." The bill has been reportod, read twice, printed and recommitted to the Judiciary Committee, who will shortly report it to the House with reasons fop I its passage. As it Is a measure of the greatest import- | ance to thoi-e having business in the federal courts Id New York, I send you a synopsis of the bill and acoom- ' ponying report, also prepared by Mr. Reynolds* The bill proposes to divide the State Into three judicial districts, Southern, Eastern and Western, each containing ' a population of about one .and one-fourth mlWos. Tha Southern comprising the counties of New York, West* Chester. Rockland, Richmond, Kings, queens and Suffolk; the Western of Cayuga, Onondaga, kadiaon, Chenango, Broome and all the counties west of these; and the East, em of the remaining counties east of the Western and north of the Southern districts. The courts fn the South ern district to be held in New York; the Eastern district terms and circuit courts at Albany, I'oughkeepaie, Uiiea, Oswego, Plattsburg and Ogdeusburg; and in the Western district at Binghamton, Auburn, Canandalgna, Rochester and Buffalo. A term of district and circuit courts ehal' be held in the Kastern and Western districts at the same time and place. The present district] are too large in area and numerous in population for tha convenient and economical transaction of business, and the present organization is totally Inadequate to its proper despatch. Additional terms are necessary at Albany, Rochester. Utica, Buffalo, Oswego, Rlnghamton, Platts burg and Ogdensburg, which is impossible un der the present organization, as Home appointed terms are now frequently abandoned for want of time or on account of great press of business in other localities. The annual district term for tha Northern counties ha." not been held since 1866 for thesa reasons. If a new district is erected the busineae|of the 1 Astern and Western would equal that in any other district in the United States, while that of the Southern would far exceed it. At present Judges from New Jersey and New England ha -e to be detailed to assist in tl? business, and still, owing to the great number of cases arising out of tho immense commercial transactions of New York, it is impossible to accomplish it in proper time. It Is believed the provisions of Mr. Reynolds' bill will overcome all these difficult its. In 1780 Now Y>rk formed a single distrjet, with a population of three hundred and forty thousand one hundred and twenty. In 1810 tha population had Increased to six hundred thousand, and business had so augmented that in 1814 Congress pro vided for an additional district. Tho boundaries of thesa districts have been front time to time changed by Con gress, and the number of the terms modified, but no 4orce has been added, while the business has-been con stantly augmenting with the Increase of commerce botb at New York and upon the lakes, to ?y nothing of the Increase of important post routes by the construction of railway!. The report shows that the saving la the cost of transporting criminals and witnesses under the proposed organization will more than compen sate any additional expen&o Involved, while two mora terms or courts will be held yearly, and business be greatly expedited in all by the improved division of tho time of the Judges. Col. Fred. W. Lauder, who so distinguished himself in the construction of the Central Ovorland Wagoo Road, and in closing tho I'ah ute Indian war of Western Utah, has resigned his Puj>erlntendeucy. It appears that ho brought on the petition, signed by several thousand over* land emigrants, praying that Green river, a dangerous ord of the Rocky Mountains, might bo bridged, and tha Colonel urged that the work should be done and paid for out of the balance of the appropriation for expenditures on the wagon road. He aleo urged that, U> prevent another disastrous war, the armistice by him with the great Clgof of the Pah-uts Tn/iu^ j might be ratified by the government. Coogreaa has not j complimented Colonel lender so much as to print hit i report of the causes and close of the Indian difficulties, | He was appointed Superintendent during the Mermoa j war, the salary having been Increased to induce him to accept the oQfoe. He constructed the road, and, most government agents. returned a handsome balanoe of the appropriation to the Treasury. 001. ' -?Vr l? too active and gallant to remain long in reti reman t, es J pecially in these perilous times. j Thomas Dunn, of Rhode Island, has been appointed ! Consul at Foo Choo, China. The boundary ditpute which has existed for so many years between Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and which was amicably submitted to the Supreme Coort for Its decision, has to day l>een prospectively settled by an Interlocutory order to that effect. Tho papers are to ba ! alalia August next, and the decree given at the next term of the Court. Messrs. Clifford and Phillips appeared aa counsel for Massachusetts; Messrs Jonks and Bailey of Rhode Island, for that State, and Attorney General Clinton for the United Statea. The well known Gaines case Is set for argument on Tuesday. The Preaident has recognised Mr. J. De Rruyn Keeps as . Vice Consul of the Netherlands for North Carolina, South j Carolina and Georgia, to reside at Charleston. Horatio King, First Assistant Postmaster has been ap pointed Postmaster General. Sadden Death of an Army Officer. Post Jkrvw, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1861. A man, who la supposed to b?, from letters and papers found in bis pOMcarion, l,lnat*nant B. D. Forsyth, of the I'nited States Army, was found dead In hts bed this morning at the Delaware House, In this place. He la supposed to have friend* In or near Quincy. ILL, sad Iff New York city, as he has letters In bis poaMSSiOi directed to him at both places. Any Information as U? his friends wlU be gladly received by the Coroner of tb^ ptace. , Fir* In Alton. A iron, HI., Jan. 31.1MI. A Arc th* evening destroyed the building occupied by> Wm. M. Hart, dry goods dealer, and tbe grain warehouse of L. J, Cawaon k Co. Loss |26,000; fully Insured. Movements of Sonthsrn Oesan Steanaers., Ha*a*.HAH. Jan. SI, IMk Tbe screw steamship R. R. Cuyler arrived at two P. M. yesterday Military. 8r. I/>r?, Feb. 1,1861. Major Bell, commander of tbe arsenal at this eity h?e been superseded by Captain Joyce, who enters upon bis duties Monday nest. Fire In Chicago. CmcMto, Feb. 1,1861. A Are last night In tbe hardware store of Rubel Bro thers damaged the stock to the amonnt of $18,000: fully insured. The Rhode Island Legltlnlare. I'ROVIOSJKK, R. I., Fob. 1, 1801. The legislature has adjourned till the 26tb inst. Naval Intelligence, Ac. Bowrov, Jan. 31, 1861. The United State* brig Bainbrldge is being rapidly fitted for sen at the Charlestown Navy Yard. The Merchants' and Miners' Steamship Company of steamships owned in llaltimore and Boston discon .mued trips to Savannah, and will hereaf ter run to Bal timore and Norfolk. Noswts, Jan. 31,1861. The 1'nlted States brig Dolpliin is recelvins her arma ment at the Navy Yard. It in p i id she is to be moored oil the l'nlt< d States migiulno. W llllnin.htirg C'ltjr Hewa. Imtiktsp?The (irnnd Jury have Indicted l<onls Slian field, Frederick Abrams and Solomon Newman, who were arrr?ted on the flth January, by direction of Fire Marshal Farrsl, on a ebsrire of retting lire ?o the premises No. 211 l-ri'Bd street.