Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1861 Page 2
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?l?d at a v.ry early age was | ??rmttiig nffi.T in N.wluryport by ' . placed In a after hi' wis twenty one years'' u\a mother. Shortly which he ??a"**1 lh'' F"* '' ->i ag?' he set up a paper hv ackss of very advar roo, which was read cuietty tlii* he reinov ed to A' -oat readers at the North. After 'Am?. This ' '?ctaont, uu I edited the Jnumal of IfciS.herenv J-^s us early as 1KS8. In ^''P1 muer, ?ht hcr.LU f ' to Baltimore for the purpose of editing & rial' rn?'?7.??/ MCmaneipa'iiM, ui oonpany with 'bin amdy. While performing these duties a New -'J**. ! uerchut, named Francis Todd, tilted out a ?7";' ? \. md mid iilli-d it in Haltimoro with slaves fur tho ?n?i market. Mr. Garrison noticed thin fact in pajH'r, and corum.n'ed u/on it in terms so never* I' i Mr. Todd directed a suit to be brought against htm "?r libel. lie ihen-ujiuu tried, convicted and thrown in jail for Don payment of the fine tone hundri d doluu ) and costs. Alter *n inmrcorati ? of fifty days, he wa" nleus.dh* tliepayment of his foe. by Mr. Arthur r*p paii, of Wife city, who, and his brother Lewis, bifoi e ami since Miat time,lwvo been chiefly celebrated for thrir ogerts m the caeso of nbolltiou. In 1h:11 he wrote ri lew paragraphs that bear.out the idea we have ad i'?-tli.i? there was then more real philauthropy in ?he Am** tliau at the North. He says:? I r.-?-T!"d prefBsals for the pnbll^tton of the llUniior In V>'M*.im,<*aa cty, during my recent tour, tortlie imriMaeirf xivtftig '.be fun,.'.-. ot tin- po.,pl? ?Oi Uu*subject of slavery. Jlvcry uliif- j vU.iod gave tresii evidences of the faettUiita luuMei'jiivinuicn m j'Ublie sentiment iwos to be effected In tlii tve,- >Biti s, iiu l particularly In New Knglaml, than at the mh. . initial contempt more bitter, re jsmition more aetlTH. ?dctrin'tleti mcne relentless, prejudice aiure stubborn and ?p;iuiy more tr.izen than among the ?laveoWnera there. ?elves I'def naaiued at every hazard to lilt up the MtauiWrd <4 Ml. n. iiat.on in the eye* of the nation, within sight of KUi.Vcr Hill, and In t'ic birthplace of liberty. I am In S-I.TI HM .li. .1 not equivocate, 1 will not exctiia, t will not re trent a hubie u.i h 1 will be beard. The apathy of the peo vie if i ih.ikjIi to irakt. every sia'?ae lift from it* pedestal, and t? hiaten .ne resurrection of the Oead. Vri?t this time it maybe said that the anti-slavery amine took its place anions the in or 11 enterprises of t lie dav. It a.-siinj"(l a .letlnit- shape, and comtnencod that ?jMejnof warfare which has sinCo been unrcraittmirlr %age.i [i:',ri!>t the ^onth. Ituiii.g tins year?1N3??Mr. Tappnn, Rev. S. S. .locolyr an<i otheis projected the i ctablishment of a seminary of learning a; New Haven for the bouetlt of colored students but, o^piMtjon manifesting itself, it was ubaudot.oj. The tlirt regularly organized Convention of colored mea >?1 assi-rnhled in the I nitod States for a similar purpi s? also held a meeting this yew, and, aided and abctteil by U?c Itippans, Jci lyng and other agitators or the period attempt, d to d \ ways atul means for betteriii(r their ?ond? ii n and tliat of their They reasoned that all distiretive ditfereiires made among men on account ot" Uieir origin wu> wicked, unrighteous and cruel, and sn tonui > I'roti stoil against every ittijn<n m-asuie and policy mi IIm' oiurtt > havhigfor its object 1L0 proeoriptiou ? ?r thp< - r? <4 |m opU?, whether State, national, municipil vecm civil nr relinions. In fact, white men and black Hn-m ti have started m the race together, eotisortintc like brotl.r h and s'.st-ig in their uime and projects to accom plisli the work of abolition Ahoi.t this time publications began to be scaHerel through the South, whose direct tendency was to stir up tn-nrri cMon nmong the flavi?. The U'jcratvr found its way mysteriously into the hands of the negroes, aiid individt al-- under the garb id' telii;|on were dlscovtrt d In pr vate consultation with the slaves. Suddenly, in Au gust. 1881, the whole I'nion was surtJud by'tk ? an noune. metit f.t an outbreak amoug the slaves of "5outli ampton cmnty, Va.s and now commences the his tory of a career of violence and bloodshed thatha- tuaiKod ?very footstep of the abolition movement. THE NAT TURN Ell INHItRECTION*. ll.e leader of this outbreak vae a slave named Nat Turner, and from him its name litis been derived. Itn pelled by the bel.ef that ho was divinely called to be tke deliVJrer of his oppressed countrymen, he succeeded In ?ling the impression upon the minds of two or three others, his fel low slaves. Turner coul 1 read and write, and these acquirements gave him an influence over his associates. He wasp?ssessed,hjw ov<-r,ot little mli riiation.aud is represented to have been ?owardly, cruel, ;ujd as he afterwards eonle.-xeik "a little ?reduW us. It is a matter of notoriety "that secret ?gents of abolition L...1 corruptel aud bet ray e I liim However that may be. Nat declared that "he was ;ldvis ?d only to read to the slaves that "J,bub cam ? not to fruits ',U" e't,ul 14 swor^ Sudi a tree produced lilting Ab-uit midnight on theSahhathof the ilst of August, ltwl, i ui ner, w ith his confederates, burst into his master a bouse.,nd murdered every one of the white I limit s. They were armed with knives aud ajtes. u/nj, ta order to rtriko terror into the whiles, nu st shockinaly mangled the IkxIh'8 oi ib<nr victim*. Svulu r hcij'lo.?.v iafatic\v nor feroalo Jovelinefis werv Fparod. Tli?y tbnt by threat* of death comppJleti all tho nlavefi to join tlieia who would not do it voluntarily, and, excitiug ihetn^i Ives to fury by ardent spirits, they proceeded to the next phmtat on. Tne happy lainily were re|>osing in the sound and Quiet Bluinbeis whieh precede Uie break ol day, as the shouts ?f the raving insurgents fell upon their ears. It wa< the work of a moment, und they were all weltering in th.-ir gore. Not a white individual was spared to carry Ihe tioinga. The blow which dished the infaut len its brains upon the hearth. lite head ?f tne youthlul maiden wns in one part or the room and ??r mangled bo.iy was in another. Here again tho num ker ot insurgents were increased hv th-se who volun tarily jomed thun, and by others who di lit through compulsion. Stimulating their passions still more by in toxicaliou, ami arming themselves with such guns they coul.I obtain, s. me on hois. and .th.-is on foot, they rnflied along to the ne\t plintnti .n l ie ?oriiing now hemn to dawn, and the shrieks of thoso who fell under the ?word and the axe of the negro were beard ut a distance, and thus the alarm was soon spread fnmi pi uitatiou to planiati.-n,carrying incunceivablo terror to eveiy heart. 1'he whitesHupjujeoj it was a plot d> eply iaiil aud widely gpriwd, and that tie day had come for in ?uw-rimmato mus.-acre one gentleman who heard the appalling tidings hurried to H neiphbormg plantation, an I arrived there just in t' tne to hear the dying shriik-of the family, and triumphant shouts ? I the ii'?roes He hastened in terror to h is o? n home, b it the negroes were there before him. and his wire and daughter h id alre.ui v fclltn victims to th ir fury. Thus the infuri i-e'i slavts went on tri m plantation to' plantation, gather>nc strength at cm ,y ,te?. ?".i l .aing not a living whit" behind. Tl,?.y l> the day, until Lite in th- after "1IM of larnage, and numberless wjre the Victims ot their rage. ?nil' p. puh.ti'iu in this country is not dense, and rapidly as tie aim mspread,it was Impassible r?r s< nn time t'i .,i lect a si.file let t number to make a defence. Kverv ratnilv was entirely nl the mercy or :?-? own slaves. It is in, sible to conceive ,,| more distri ssli? , ircunnUuc. s ?? K? her smn It is sa d that most o! the insurgent ?' ,v, bo lunged to kmil end indulgent masters, and cm.- xiuontly no one lelt secure. ' ' Ijiti' in the afternoon a small pirtyof whites well armed. c< Ih cted at a plantation lor defence. Tlje si iv?? MBie on in large numb is, and. cmhoM. tied h> l + J tw y ?t hi.-1 dr.,v. back the whlti<s. The ? Ia\ es pr, m,-1 ?i, thirstiig tor bl.o.1, and shouting with triumphint J"r>' V'k ' y r' tr,'-'K"'' appar.-utly deMiaed to b.' bull hired, their wives and chillren. .iu?t at this awl ui mommt a reinforcement of troops arrive t which tumid the tide of vicury and dispersed t'.o ?laves. " fill*lifted with the horrible libors of the lav th ? in Mirgenls retired to the woods atul marshes to pa * u,e Biff lit. Wi)'the next mo'L : g they commence I th >ir work again Rut the tiist plantation the> .ttucked?that of lir Bloi.nt?they were driven from br the slave;'who raPied around their ru ter and feurl- sly has\id"d'th. ir Uveo in his i ei. neo Bj this time the whites were r .| tocted in i tn vu rorce to h.,- -hi further* < n?e u.glt Of were alt r I ,.\e, tn, country in 'mill pat Ii.e. but every po nl aas ?: , l Hrid' wherever they appeared thej v r- i -I. -? ,. taken p-rfim* and th. i , ,, :ij uJ, Kat ni)jl,.r ^ ? few week' , m i ?: ? iiuir him-?It in actve ta gpnth^mpti n 11 ty i the theatre ol his bl.' tdy i t I i .? t ' aB 'h al'y tu'.eu end suflVre.l tho extreme penalty ol toe 1 w Tod.M-r, U. st lie or alarm to which this outbreak gave re. is impi^slble Wh !e Stales , ?very p..,nu,?i. n w.,.- the object ..? t-ar and s^Son' si4 f ''UvrB under * en t the most rik'id xauii natn n armed l?.di,;, of n? ? were held tn constant re!"!: ?ess for tiny en . rgoncy wl i.-h might ari?e; every giava who bad | articipi.t-i i, ti e insurroctiou wus either shot fcvrr o? c^'iie-n n'(>U the entire Sooth remalnod in a All this tune th ? abolition jo iyni''- of the North w i<? B rigit i; their ha i-'hilahs over tl.. event 1h?y circulated through the rouih then much more freely than at ?i nt. aud the toilowing extract was read from one <,t th e ny a f. ntlemnti to his terrltiel family, in the preaen , f the fentkmiai fn m whom tho particulars wre Tberiw* tr-tn the South i* glorious General Vat ma benefaef. rot ten mre The South.mpton ma- aci* . II! WfXirrrd and ,t it ttr iruvH ^ rStoi s'laih rrtUr" the *hioh have Wlow,' Another extra, t of sitnihr rhetoric from the record ,.f that day is rnni a pc.xh by the "Kaverend" Mr l?ay. lay, then of j-h ilielii, Mass. ? ' It i* time that the lee u na br .ken - tins th*t the hK v? side red they I are the imnie Hiibt to n-galn th.-ir !it?-rtleB tn<i even the prr,rnt prom-rt, of their OMnrri.,,* the Hoare ? had in denp'illng ihe heathen r-.und at Hi^ra. The hi.rk. Should also know that It i* tl,Wr duty n, destMy, It no othe? Mean- offer conveniently the m .nstr, u. ineubuse* and ,t I"."! ri'Tt Planie,.. and I ror one, w.,u|d ,|,dl? kmrt , help.ns hnnd to lay then In one niinon gravel Theoountrv woolit be ail tbe bfttrr for ridding the world of mm , ?1, TtBIJiVrO), 1 Whether ihe abolit,oE;sis of the present time hive modified the ideas they promulgated th. n we ahall s,-o hereafter from a few among the ten thousand >i>. cim..i,? tliat might be ad.iuusl. ' The effect of theae tirades upon tho South cannot be well conceived. Public opinlcn, Just then opening to a free diseiii.?i?n the question.drew ba.k arid shut Itself Inttscnstlo Th- bends of slarery were bound tighter, the rivets wi re mere strcngly fastened, and a reaclionary move ?ient.. mm. need that has never yet terminated Vi*| wpr<> ror,r"Hl tbrouKhout the South, - . ' w''rs otucred for the apprehension, nroseeu ??y white person who m%ht ha ed the "r cltTUlatirig a newspaper call nhiet and *ii 'n pamphlet railed "Walker's I'arn g*rt, and aU other publications of . .editnms T" yilr'jMa Soctrrr?1R32. IM.MWH M.IW in..,. r?,?, sprung tha An ericas Ant I- larery aoelety .arons auxiliaries It sr.. the 0m organic b<M. Z Attacked slavery on the principle of ,u inherent,'^, veaa, and enforced the rons?<pient duty of "imm.n, ,u ?nancipatlon." All the events of a historical rharar.t*, which h re marked the annals of the last thirty ?say U 'raced directly to the agitation whirh this ?orlety first set on foot in this country. Men have been forced to throw atlde their disguioea and lUmi forth either as the open defenders of slavery or as ore pqgnlor* of the abolition movement. The two great antagonistic parties of the preaent day are the ch.ldrw M P Tjl# creation || has excited tho very fury 0f tofoairai; It has shaken the pulpit with excommun??at- . mg thunders; it bu indulged in the moat bitter invsctive, deluged the country with invented mature* of Sou them barbarity, denounce the oor.fiiitut an as a ?'league with bell," and xraiterod it* venom id every household of the free States, uutil men, wnn> i ?r.d children have become imbued wilh its contaminating infect'.on. l'helr dis couiscb have till been tirades; their eWidlum, argument ;'U'l |<eiT>iatUin have turned on eplltoet*. slanders, inuen <!?'es, ami Hootherncia bnvc been reviled as "lyrauts," ?'thieves," "murderera, ' "atroc:mis monsters,' "viola torn of the lsws of nature. <?od uud man, ' while their Imn.i h liaro^ieen designated hh the abodes of iniquityi au'l their land "ime va*t brotbel." _ ] More abolition paper* sprang into existence. The New York y. <mu<lift, then endui-lsd by the Rev. Samuel Urtevt ld. espoused the cause. Through tlie Influence of the Tafipaus millions of ant 1 slavery tracts were circulated monthly and cent by mail to all jm 11 ions of the country, and especially to clergymen, flute publications were liki w.s? tcattored tLrwu^h tho their dircct tendency being to stir up the slaves to further insurrection. Kecruite of all agus and profas sltms low came fuiwurd, ami the cause numbored bumngst its adherents inauy of the theologians an 1 pio I'eKMiina! men of tho period. run NEW Y\>ItK CITY ANT1-M.AVKRT HOCIKTV -183'1. tin the 2d of October, 1833, a New Ysrk City Ant i Slavery Society was organized, though not without wvne demon strations of opposition. In fact, a largo majority of thf. most respectable r^tlzens were opposed to tfie enterprise, and they accordingly deterin &ed, If peaBible, to crvsh the rtingerous pMjrtct In the bud. The meeting was ad I vert sed to be held In Clintoa Hill, but during the course of the day the public feeling was excited by the r<.*t it; ti trough the city of a large placard, ?f which tli* follow ing is a copy:? * x< mcE. \ ; TO AIT. 1'KRSO.VH IRnV Till SOCTH. j >11 persons interested m tb* subject of t. meeting $ J rallrd by .1. l.eavltt, W*. Orcn, Jr., Vi *;oodell,J. i $ Kanktn and Lewis Tappnu, $ \ AT CLINTON HALL, i j mw, at 7 o'n.cK y, 3 t Are requested to attend at the same h?ur and place. I i many soithkhntaw. i ^ Nxw Yohk, Oct. 2. 1833. I southerner;', however, had nothing to <lo wilh the moetlng. At an early hour people begto to k-Mjtiibie in crowd!) iu from of Clinton Hull, hit the trustees or somo otters had doted the premises The throng, however, still increased, and it M ..u leaime evident I rem the execrations mutually in dulged fn by the people thut the Authors ot the projected utn . IVr'','V,'l'r'K wlth discri/ot valor in staying away. \ i111. u Lloyd Garrison, who hr.J thon just returned from Jri' ti? where he had been engaged in fomenting excite Tt t. t,'!Pl',nt i tr<4<,uciug its people and mxti ! io n 'nt,,,XpC,:lefl to ,ak0 ?'"rt '? 'he pro inr ??? meeting, was an espc. al objact or popu lor abhorrence and riisgust, trad it is said tbu many grave .iI,t<sociable citizens would have gladly assented to his [..ecoratton hi a coat of tar and feathers. Notwith t landing th- notification .if ,4No meeting, Clinton Hall was opwied and erowded to summation. Speeches were delnered hy n number of citizens ami a eeries of resolu Huts, prepared by Mr. F. A. Tiillmade*. were adopted deprecating any interference in the question or 8lavery' .i. ' s,ug ? ^termination to rei-fet every attcmut on the imrt ot the abolitionism to effect their object It appears, however that the purposes for which me* 111 g was originally called were indirectly uttuine l. ill 4 if m' "aSler to rni8? a P?Pl>l*r whirlwind th m th??,?rC"r,'1?rupon lt th0y prudently and privately H^fhe \?.w 'vl?u *r to street chapel. II the New H ork City Anti-Slavery Society was duly SSlnn nr f *""* 1 "total and in.tnedi ofheerh were ? ^ m th" States.'' Its first I'r-tid.itt?Arthur Tappnii. Viet I'irtiiiml?Win. <; recti, Jr. Truism-?John Rankin. < t^rrr. tending SriTrtarv -Elizur Wr'ght ,lr Jveurilxni; Sec retary?Itev. das. W. Henwson ^ Joshua l eavitt, Ismw T. Hopper, Abraham < < x, M. I)., tawIs Tappan, William (iooJell. In Yrrrr^ 0f lbo ni,rht MV?ar t0 have terminated in a brood farco, for after the breaking up of tho citizens' meeting the crowd proceeded to Chatham etsrot chattel to see what was goiug on there. They found tho doors open and the lights binning, hut the meeting had su.l p, r^'''. Tf'? dignified philosophers, tillable to .it,i tire had retreated "bagand baggage," through tho back windows. To have the fndic^mt^ black t if n waf pi.t upon the stage, a series of humorous resolutions TU,n"1 "I^^'hes on tho burle?|ue ol der were made, and, instead of the utigry frowns with which the evening was commenced, th- whole afT.iir ter av rt ,n,.d the broad grins of a num^MiKude! Irecisely one week after the above occurrence another meeting ot the citizens was held, over which the Mayor ot the city presided. Among the orators was Hon Theo u.retielinglmysen, limn I nitrd states Senator from -rV ""''rwar(!8 a candidate for Vice 1'resideut ot the t inted States on the ticket with Henry Clay stid he directly charged tho abolitionists with t.lnrbs r r thf. iliWM',V" rtlT Lnlon '' declared that nine, tinths ot the horrors of slavery were imaginary, and that the crusade of abolition was merely the poetry of phi lanthropy. Chancellor Walworth was likewise in at I n< .11.. ? i.'.d denounced their etTorts as unconstitutional. ' diar . s " " K*tlBg as "reckless incen III! AMI lilt'AN ANTI-SI.AVKRT SOCIETT?1833. ? >n the 4th. 5th and Oth of liecember, 18C.1, a Xa tlonal Anti Slavery Convention was held in the city of 1 liilaociphia, when, pursuant to previous notice, sixty del.gut.s ftotn ten States assembled, viz: Maine. New Hampshire, Wrm-int, Massachusetts. Rhode Maud, Con i.KtKiit, New Vork, New Jersey, 1'ennsylrania and Ohio neriah Green, lYeeident of Oneida Institute, waa I ( h'seu Vi esident, and l ewis Tappan aad John G. Whittier I y??crrt.iiu r. The resolutions were prepared in committee by | \\ iIIkidi l.loyd Garrisau. This eo&vontion organized the j American Anti Slavery Society, t.r which Arthur ! T 'H-M was chosen Prt?ident; Elizur Wright, Jr., Secre | t a i j Ot I. m. Stic Cerre.-poodence: William L. Garrison ] NrrolMi\ M tho h??r?'i^u r<?rre.s|w>u<Jcnct.'; A. L Oix, He i rretary nnd William Gre.'n, Jr., Treasurer I lh. l.\e< i.tue C..inmitt. e was located In New York city I il.e at of the Mxieij's operations, which wero now i pro.-oeuled with vig'?r. The tmane?patirr became the | organ of the society. Tracts, piimphlot* and b?*>ks were published and circulated, a large numher ot agents were emplojed iu dUlerent guises to promote the work throughout tho country. North and South; State, county ;.n. iM'iil an11 slavery Boeietice were organized through out the tree StHt.S, Inn Is were collected; the New Knir land Af.ti Slavery Society became the Massaehii sett stati- So. lety,and the whole itifernal machinerv of agitation was put in thorough working order. Among the earliest principle* adopted by the abolition M-cietirs was the follow ing ? " Immediate ami unconditional emancipation is emi nently prudent, sate and beneficial to all turtles con cerr.ed. "No compensation is due to the slaveholder for nmauci pntmg his slaves; and emancipation crcite* no ne ccsfity lor such c<?ii>. nsation. because It m (,r I itselt a [h cutuary benefit, not only to the slave but to j the uuister. ' ' N.' w*p system of o|M>rations that I in 1>W the so. >. ty nun.I - red two hundred and fifty I i uxlliarM-a in lUrU-eu Mates. In eighteen months 1 aitei wards it had increased to one thousand and M\ II. one wc-k alone W/JOO wore raised in B<?ton and *ac too in the city of N*? Vork. To such on e*t?nt was ! the aboiitiou furor carried at this time, that many I pr niiiieiit individuals had their dinner service plat..* | cups, saucers. Ac., embellished with figures of aUve* in tl, ins with the negro's complaint in poetry, and other emblems ot the same cliaracter. calculated to keep un th intiammation. * Similar print-.or pict.trial illustrations or the natural equalil> before t.od of all men, without distinction of | color, and setting forth the happy frulte of ? universal ark now 1. dgment of this Uulh by the exbl?>?tt?.n of a white woman in ?a> equivocal relations to a Mack mm ' were eir4 li.ti d Iu the south. Th?- infeetsm also broke < ut i n Norttiern p??k. t haielkerahMfa made fur Sotuli^rn ! th4fr,,,.\ ^""dy wr*l'lHr'- aud anti slavery | Mais ill being made to represtnt the pr. vail I ing Idea lb- rew li. n shortly took place M?s j were pn>eed torbiddll.g th. recep?*,n ?r lat on ot lhe>< in.ember; art?|,? IU the South ern stat.s Mi l.s br.4.- into the p?t ?m. o* and burned 1 all ah. iitioi. prints tbatu-uel |w luuud, and rewards were ! . tiered tor the dot. clioti and punishment any persons j found taatpeiiog with the ^lave |. .pulation Nor wts this rea lion eoutn ed U> the Southern auction of the I country, it w.4S Uigel? deveiop.^1 in the North ( hut. lies s<?.li ti. gan to be the the ares i,{ UiS i cunMOUf lh** kuU H coiuMTvativn nnirii ! !*r" "??" . '?"""'g "II the principal r? | ligious set ts On th IS IHIII.I. however, We shall treat I in another plaee. H. r. h.uts began to auffer in their business, manufacturers found their wareeof noavatlfor 1 ! ? '?seuthrrn market, in in short. a strong spirit of i Pl ositi^n to the rev< luiionary .loctnu.e or the at.oi, tloi.ists w?s manifested throughout the Northern State* TIIK nilST ABOLITION RtOT IN NEW TOKK ?18.14. Ihi* exc,ted feeling soon culminated in an outbreak (in the Mil of July, lh34. the New Vork Sacred Music ! Society attempted to assemble, as was their wont in I Cbatliani street clia|*l, for the of practtamg I sacred harmony. They found the place, however. HIM j with sn audience of whites and blacks who had gathered to listen to an abolition address, and who obstinately re feserl to remove. Bat this was not all. The anger of the 1 negroes a as aroused In eoiise.|uence of the request to remove, and they struck several of the gentlemen with loaded can. s an.l other implements, knocking some down and severely injuring others. The alarm was ra.s-l j crowds assembled, a fight ensued in the church the con i grcgatlon wet.- ei|Hdled and the building was closed Aa Mr l*wis Tappet, was returning to his house, the mob I , supposing htm to have been instrumental ,n producin* ' , the disorder, followed him home and threw stones at his : bouse. ] On the Wh three more riots occurred. The crowd proceeded U? the Bowery theatre t(H,a imeeeeslon ol the house and put an end to "Metamora ' without waiting the tragic conclusion to which it waa destined by the author. A great number then proceeded to the houee of Lewis Tapi<aii, In R/?e street, broke open the door, smashed tho windows and threw the furniture Into the street. A bonfire waa lighted, and b<>d* an I bud ding made the flames, fuel waa added to the excitement , by publications in the BmanripaUr. over the signature of ; witur Wrlsht, Jr.. in which intimatloris were tlirownout Inviting ton forcible resistance Ui the laws wbirb authorize the recapture of runaway slaves. 1'la- I l?li through the street* in great numbers, , sis;asra,,?4r 'k,^lo,, ?r d"or,i,r uk-?: 'i'1'^' of thc 10th the crowd again assembled | r .TuiSu^i^.v'iKSr" - with t.r*akiD| tbc ?io4o?? of mischief. They then proceed to Dr. Onto houae, No. 3 Cliarlton street; hut, anticipating to attack, ho u?d packed up and eeu* away hia furniture, and removed with hia family Into the country on the previous ucon. The mob commenced the work of destruction of Wtak.Lg in the two lower windows; but they gcarce ly effected an entrance before they were d?-',ven froui tbe premises by the polu* officers aud a detachment of borne. They w<r<: thenceforward kept at bay, but aa far coat an Thompson fctreei the Bireetswere tilled with an excited uiuUitude. armed Witb paving stones, which they smote together,crying ?? altogtthoe." a fence wan torn down and convertwl into clubs, and a barricade of cartu wm buj't acios? llie street '.<* mpede the horscuieu; but after n while order was gradually restored and the tumult sub sided for tbe night.. <m the lltli it broke out again, when an attack y\iu made on th<i viore of Arthur Tuppan. in Pearl street. The rioters were driven away, however, by tbe police, w ithout further damage thin the smashing of a few wiu dms. A second attack wus likewise made on Dr. Cox * church und also on the church of Rev. Mr. Ludlow, in Sprint? street. The latter was almost completely Backed, nearly the entire interior being torn up and carried into the stroll to erect lauricudes agaiuat the horse and in fc*jtr> which had assembled at various rendezvous at an ?early hour, in compliance with the proclamation of the Mayor. '1 he e.\c.lenient < otitinued to increuae. Tbe belli wire rung, and the Seventh (then tbex7tb) regiment, under Col. stevens. charged upon the rioters, driving them from their position and clearing Spring street. The crowd next proceeded to the residence of Rev Mr. Lud low. wbcee family had retired, and after breaking tbe windows aud doors left the grouud. later in the night an immense riot occurred in the neighborhood of the Five Paints. St. l'hillip's Episcopal church (colored), in Centre street, was nearly torn down, while several houfw occupied by negroes iu the vicinity were entirety dearsdiahed. Several (i?ys elapsed before quiet was effectually re sided. All the military of the city during this time were under arm?. Similar outbreaks also occurred at Nor wich,C<n. Newaik, X. J., and other places where the ne gro* p, under the effect of abolition teaching*, grown hold and impudent, were compelled to leave town, hi Norwich the' mob entered a church during the ? delivery of nn abolition sermon, took the parson from the pulpit, walked him into tbe opon air to tbo tuuo of tbe '?Rogue's March/' drummed himoutof the place, and threatened if he ever made his appearance in tbe place again they would give him " a coat of tar and feathers." Similar eceu< s were enacto* iu Philadelphia, whore a largo hall was burned, and other public and private build ings iu which the negroes and abolition!*.* v.ere iu the habit of meeting were either injured or demolished. NK?HO CONtVIRACY IV MISSISSIPPI. On the 28th of June, 1S.'!6, it was discovered that the negroes of I.ivingston, in Madison county, Miss., under the load of a band of white men, contemplated a general rising. A committee of safety was instantly organized, and two of the white ringleaders were arrested, trief, und. after a confession, forthwith banged. By this con fession it appeared that the plan wan conceived by the notorious John V. Murrel, a well known Mississippi pirate at that time, vid tlmt it embraced tbo destruction of the entire populat on and liberation of the slaves in the South generally. F >r two years the disallection bad thus boon spreading, and, with few exceptions, adherents eulsted i>n every plantation in the comity. Arms and on muni tion had been secreted for the purp< se, and everything made ready for a general outbreak. The confession in volved numerous white men ami black. many of whom were arrested and suffered for their diabolical designs. Among tliefe was one Kue.l i'lake, of Connecticut. The summary proceeding adopted, however, had the ilesired effect, and in n few inontnr. tranquillity was restored to the unsettled and excited district. AN KB A OK EXC ITEMKST. The year 1K.M6 was one of the most excitinp ens of agi tation in the early history of anti-slavery. The i vents of the preceding few months had aroused the entire country to a realizing sense of the dangerous tendency of the abolitionists and the rapid progress of their cause, in Congress the subject had again begun to bo agitated through petitions presented by various individuals and bodies in the free States, praying the interference of the government in the abolition of slavery, and in sbcioty at large a more decided sentiment was ovidontly being form ed j ro aud am. than had previously been manifested. In the South incendiary publications were circulated to such an alarming extent that tho press and jieople of that section rose en matt* to put down the growing evil. To add to this feeling, an insurrection took place among some of the slaves iu Mississippi. This, however, was promptly quelled, aud tho Instigators, who wore agents of seme of the Northern abolition societies, were hung. Following this outbreak, at a public meeting held in tho town of Mississippi, i' was unanimously resolved that any ?'individual who dared to circulate incendiary tracts or publications, likely to excite tho slaves to rebellion, was Justly worthy, in tho sight of Cod and man, of im mediate death." And at a similar meeting in Williams burg, Ya., no less a personage than General John Tyler, altei wards President of the Culled States, endorsed a resolution to the cfl'cct that tho circulation of these in cendiary documents wusan act of a treasonable character, and that when olleiideiv were detected iu tho fact con dign puniiTiincbt ? ughl and would be inflicted upon them w ithout retort to any other tribunal. In this state of alann the gallows aud stake soon found victims, and witlun a period of a few mouths no less than u down individuals, white and hlack, who were found among the slaves, Inciting them to iusiirroctieu, received the just award of their crime. Kfforts were alio made at thin time by several Southern communities to gi t seme of the prominent abolitionists in their power, so that an example might bo made of those who wire t< o < owordly to appear iu the Hold of this species of irlFSkinary labor themselves. Among others a reword of the thousand dollars was offered by tho legislature of Georgia for the apprebeti slon of eithi r of ten poisons named in a resolu tn u. ell /ens of Now York and Massachusetts, and ?' one l.coige Thompson, a subject of Croat Britain." An offer ot teu thousand dollars was likewise made for the arrest ol Rev. a. A 1 helps, a clergyman of this city; and fifty thousand dollars was offered to anyone who would de liver into their hands tbe famous Arthur Tappan, or l,e Roy Sunderland, a well known Methodist minister. Kven the clergjtiieu added their voice to the general cr> of indigtmtii ii that rose from the Southern heart;and when, in July, 18.?.5. a few days after the forcing of the Post Ofllce, and the destruction ol the abolition public<t tious theie found. by a crowd in Charleston, S. C.. a public meeting was hefu for completing m?asur?s of protection, tbe clergy ( f all denominations attended in a body to lend their sanction to the proceedings. About this time one ol the Methodist preachers ol South Carolina ad dressed the following novel letter to l!ev. Ixs Roy Sun derland, editor of /um'* Watchman In this city:? If you wish to educate the slave", I will tell you how to raise the money, wlthi ut editing Ximi'? H'?You and eld Arthur Tappau come out to the South this winter, and 'hey will ral?e one hundred thousand dollnra for vim Ne.v < U leans Itself w aild be pledged for It. lloxiilng no further acquaintance with you, 1 am. Mc., J. I' snsTBI.1. lows of the most stringent character were passed by nearly all the Southern stuti+ to prevent the further dis semination among the Southern people of abolition doc ttines,and an appeal was made u> the legislatures of the North to do the same thing. Indeed, the entire policy of that seet.on as regards the previous license allowed to slaves aud iree uegro< s was i .hanged so as to render it difficult, if not impossible, for any future influence of an Insurrectionary character to be exerted upon them. Public meetings were also held, at which n? dutions were passed declaratory of the determination to put down at all Iiazar.s these repealed attempts on the pa-1 of abolitionists to deluge their familien and firesides in bl<iod. In many of the principal ciUes a list of all per sons arriving and departing was kept, that it might be known who were aud were not to he regarded with sus pic ion. The eflect iqvm 'he North was not less marked, and this prompt acUon <>n 'he ,*ri of their -tnuhcru brethren found thousands of srtninthixcra Indignation was al most universal. Tlie j>ri x* toemed with articles upon tbe subject, und anmcn the majority of the order loving journals of the day it was generally agreed that if the madmen who were S<alt 'ring Ureliranda, arrows and death tould not I" persuaded or relinked to silooce, no other alternatite was allnwe<l to the slave holding SLktea to protect th< tnselvee. ex<vpl by the system of pass p<rts, exainmat ,>ns aud puiiishm??ts, which to some extent tbf) hart adopted, aud iu which Ihev were justified | The people, too. were >-martiug under the insults thit I were poured out upou the nntiou by I>aniel u'Cooaell (who-? hi" el vim ei! tins )c*r we quoted above) | and tbe Kxgiish ennswies and agents who were iu the country lending their aeststance to the prevailing mi^ rhief. Amorg lh?*e Individuals was the famous Oeorge ! 1 homi<sc>n. an agent and orator of the British Anti Slavery Society Btich mi the excitement produced by his op probrious language towards the South, that in many places where be appeared he was greeted with demon rtratioLS of auy thing hut a complimentary char a. tor. At Lynn, .Mass , he was assault"! by femalee Willi rottc . egg? and stones and driven oft tbe ground, and at New Hertford, In tbe language of the (Kiel, "But when to speak tbe man essayed, (iodt what a noise the fiddles made." He wai emphatically "sung down." At Boston the matter was illU more serious. It having been announced Oual (iarrison and Thompson would speak bi fore a female aali slavery meeting, tlie following banrthill w is circu lated ? Tpoarigp mi *?ot itiohiht. That famous f'>rel?nWoutidrel, Tli.nnHw.ti, will hold forth tfilaaftei noon at the uAee, Mo 4* \\ anhlnftton street. The nre?entt? a fair opportunity for the Irlends of the t'nlon to "snske Thompson out*" It will tw a contest between the Aboitti< ntsts ?nd (befriends of (be I'alon. A purse of $r>i has baen rataed liy a numl>or of patriotic e|t|aeiis to reward tf>ein<l??alual who shall first lay hands on Thompson so ih?> be m?y be brought to tha tar kettle Wore daik. Kriends ot the I'nlon, ho rlgllant. It is ueedliM to ray thnt Thompson did Dot appe.i' Uarrtfon uid. however, orrathcr hi' waa found enac in. <><1 martyr like, under a of shaviu|<* in afltrpcntoi shop A rwaa then fastened ariund Inn ue< k aud It - wax jtfiutly lowered out of ? willow to Um ground. A general exclamation from the awe mbled crowd, " l*>n't hurt him,' IndJcAtiU tin- fwtlcncM of the mob, and, pale and oinrulaed, he was thus lit! to (ho Mayor's ottlco in the City llall. Aftcrwartla ho wua c ndm mil to jail, and, a? h<- Mtik ritjuistid into hi* place, he nude tho re mark, " Never uar. ruin so rjolicd to ?ct Into jail be fore.' The rabblf, which, by the iiy, waa ot" a per fectly KMiWel dttrseter, ?<>< n after 'liH|>?ts?d, their ob jr. t having been ? 3< i ted, and the next morning Carriaon waa liber?ted front ronflnemMt In L'tir i and Roche* ter, N. Y.; Woroslw. M*ss ; Canaan, N. It .nnd at va rious places tn the V* tJnrlA:i-l .JtaUw. tbo ah.duioiiisU met with similar tmaiimnt. Tlie.r as*. inhlago* were cither dlattirned or t'p*en up, and tbey ortcu found it , required a iaige ?nn> iJt of ?l. l rtuiiiation to rer ?t ibo ; indignation ubich their taliatw ;sm had aroused against them. Meeting" wen> also lield in every , portion of the North, at which influential cltiz-nr attended to denounce the* of the abnliti ,n?ts a# aubverrive of the In ion and .vnstitititon. ai.d to e* press their atni|*thv for the itoutl' Several of ttn? p.*! masters of the North, participating n (bis reactionary

sentiment, on their own responsibility, e>en refn?e?| to allow the Incendiary document* to |*us thronfh tha mails Such waa the activity of the ah. I tion.sts, how ever, that in the month of August alexia /,yer IT.VOOt copiee >4 their pnbllr^tiona were circulated t^congli the I nttod .<Ute?; ?ud their preer.-a, under the dir.awion of Tappap??d tarrytop * ; nerf rm^oy- d t gh| md dav to foment the exciMment. H "*aa Mid that theae iihIiV|/,,pi. then planned ah insurrectionary move n-ent throughout the South, which waa to have been da vetoped 011 it certain day; but the whirlwind they rawed in every section of the country rendered thus impoaelble, and tliey were compelled to forego the pleasure of Wit nessing the diabolic effect of their designs. i Though somewliat inodiiied by the rtotrlfiliona w hich public opinion had surrounded the abolitionists, I this statu of aiUiirs continued through the year 1W0. ; The subject of excluding from the mails tho Vholo series o? publications catne under tho cooperation 0f government, and the proposition of the president, An drew .lacluon, regarding the propriety of p:u*iing a law for tb's purpose, being acted upor m Congress, resulted in a bill rendering it unlaw! ulf*"jr any deputy puetmiittr to deliver to auy person any pamphlet, newspaper, hand bill or pictorial representation, touching the subject of slavery, where, by th>- laws of the State, Territory or district their cirt.uhukm was prohibited. This healthy meanre was defeated, however, on 'he Anal vote. TUE RIOT AT ALTON, ILL., ANI) DEATH OF REV. E. P. I.OVE JOY. The jr ncipal unti slavery event of the year 1837 was a riot at Alton. 111. For a long time the community of that town hud been agiuted by the crazy efforts of the abo litionists, and finally, on an attempt being made to resus c'tate the Alton Oteartw, a newspaper previously edited by tho Rev. E. P. Ijuvejoy (brother of Owen Love joy, the present member of Congress from llliuoia), a journal which ia his hands had become con spicuou* for the violence of its denunciations against the SouUt and its institutions, a terrible riot ensued. It had been announced for several days that n printing pr-^s was hourly expected to arrive, in tended for the purpose above named. This gave rise to an intense exert. nient, and to open threats that its land ing would be resisted if necessary by force of arms Jt was landed, however, and placed in a ware house, under tho protection of a guard of twenty or thirty gentlemen who had volunteered for the purpose. Almost immediately there were indications of an attack. The press was demanded by the mob, who insisted that they would not to satisfied with anything less than its destruction. 'Hue imity in the building determined it should not be g,ven iij>. and during the angry altercation whMi ensued a. shot was tired from one of the windows whk'h mortally woum'od a man named Lyman Bishop. Tic crowd then will ' w, but with the death of Bishop the excitement i: > ??d to such an extent that they abortly after appeared 'n greater numbers, armed with tuns and weapons of u liferent kirn's, more than ever in tent upon carrying out their original purpose. A rush was made njKin the warehouse with the cries of "lire the house," ??bum them out," &c. 'Hie tiring MM bMM fearful. Ilie building was surrounded and the imnat a threatened with extermination and doath iu the most frightful form imaginable. Fire was applied and all me,-ins of escape by (light were cut off. The sceue now became appalling. About the time the fire was communicated to the building Rev. E. P. l^ovejoy received four bulls in tho breast, near the door of the warehousi , and fell a corps-' \ Several persons engag< d in the attack were also severely wounded. The contest raged for more than an hour, when the party iu the house intimated that they would abandon the premises and the press, if allowed to pass j out unmolested. This was granted, and they made tlnir escape, though several shots were llrcd in the act. A large number of psrfons then rushed into tho building, threw the press upon the wharf, where It wiw broken iu pieces and thrown into the river. Tho lire was then extinguished, and without further attempts at violence the tin b dispersed. No further indications of disorder wc re manifested. Fi r a long time this outbreak served as a check upon the aggressive policy of the abolitionists, and, though not thoroughly cowed, both principals anil agents found that Uie agitation of the subject was like the handling of a mil iloiiI>le edges cut in both directions. After this event, with the exception of the burning of a hall in 1*38. In which they held their meetings, in Philadelphia, tho country for a number of years became comparatively quiet, and the agitators took good caie not to give occa sion for further public demonstrations. THE THIRD EPOCH. TUB EKA OF "UAGB" AXD CONUKKHSION'AL PETI TIONS. The decndo embraced between the year# 18*15 iii.(I 1.-45 uiay be termed tho third c)K>ch in the history or this movement. In that period the grand experiment of the abolitionists was nmit effectually tried. They had felt the public pulse, develojied their power and resources, had the tieneflt of experience, and ascertained to what ex tent the public mind could bo prejudiced by the course of agitation which they had pursued. It was in Tact an era of lessons, as well to the country as to themselves. From a mere handful the original organization had grown to bo a power within itself?a power at. the ballot box?a power for right or wrong, for good or mischief, too self reliant and too strong to bo disregarded. Neither legisla tive enactments, nor riots, nor ]?rsunul chastisement. n>>r public opinion, had been able to restrain it* rapid ad vances towards the consummation of its hopes. It lost ground nowhere, and in every non slave-holding Male its friends and funds were greatly multiplied As hh indica tion of Its extraordinary growth, ttie number oi'anti slavery societies in the United 8t:it< s iii the year 1*38 may be safely estimated at two thousand, with at least two hundred thousand persons enrolled as members. Tlicee, however, were not all entitled to the* huII'i sga* of the i>arty. They were the children and wives of fa a tics who learned thoir Icnsous of ion in the Itible classes, Sunday and secular schools, and from the ir par ents and husbands. The sentiment won inti ided iii>lt<-u in all the rclatioLS of life?social, linun .a! i I domestic. nnd(\enin the allairs of love, Cupid himself was made subservient to its ascendency. The belle of th eluj would hardly look upon a suitor who w.u not as w< la worship|M'r at the shrine of their |iolilicil pas.-nou, is of thf lr beauty, and no youngster's domestic destiov w.o Ht all certain of fruition who whs not sound upon what wi s lien regarded as the soul saving question of abolition ism. iho youths of 1840 have become the nu n of l'-tti. .md In the enormous Increase of the republican paity. we see the rtsull of the early iiitiuenccs time Ft at ?oi? For the first time in its history, the organization began to be regarded as a political element In the lanl. and worthy ot a courtship by those who desired its iniluctuv and support. Candidates for office began to be catechised, and such men as William II. Seward, l^evi Lincoln, Wil liam I. Matey aniT others found tiuio to give lengthy re plies to tho authors of this new inquisition, setting iorth their views. lu lo<al politics U was the moral and political test by which men wire unasureo, and it la) at the foundation of all the subsequent Mate action of tho Northern lagis latuies i.pou the subject ot anti slavery. In both branches of Congress, also, the question of abolition lor the first tituo occupied a large share of the de libei at ions, and was dlaciascd under every |>osgibh' aspect From 1831, wheu John t^uincy Arams picseited fifteen petitions in a single bunch, ftr the abolition of slavery u the District of Columbia. got up aiid ciiculuted by unti. !averj soci"tie? pouted Into both branched of the national Legiidaitire in a steady stream. They also railed for a prohibition of what wss tcimeel an "internal slave tra ie between lb - Males avowing at the same time that their ultimate oh jret was to abolish slavery, not only iu the Putrid. but throughout the I niou. It was, indeed, the only modi iu whlih the families could agitate th quests u inOoogress, and was a | ait of ttie scheme by which they ex|M'Ciod to atioinpllsh their purposes.' Inter the iutluciiiewf the feelings excited t> these causes, th?? .^outh.-rii iViiators and meiubi r? d?ls ?? ?l a'nicst to ? n. ".'hat . the. u"' i einM.tes could in' remain iu the to r tliout nai ,? their elomestu | ac eoiillnuslly >1, irhed by the svs tematic at tempts eif Um iboiititmmt* lo pr illssaiis i facts n and revolt aun ng the slaves and Incite ihoir wild piisSK ns to vengeance, iLe great law of sell- [ preservation would eonipel them to separate from ! the North Tliw persistent demand or th** abolitiouiste, | tliioi>h petitions, continued from session t-1 s -ion un i til, becetnu g a nuisance, an etloi t was male io prevnl tl e:r lai Iber 11 ccptK ii ll?e ell rt w??, for a time, auc- ' Oesslnl, and resulted in what ?t ca'led the 'Via of gags''?these' (rags being simply a rule of ihn House "That all petitions, memorial! .'lolitioj* and propssi lions relatlt g in any w ny oi to any extent to the question of slavery shall, ? ith r being printed or re fi rm!. In laid on ihe' table, and no further actiou what eve r shall he bs.i then on.' This was respectively pa-sod In la:1.#, 18:i7 and 18M8. and hi 1840 it was incorporated into ihe -land ng rules of Ihe Ho'ise- being theme I'm ward known as the -'Twenty flist Rule.' lie vote upon this was?yeas, 128, nays, 78. The excitement produced in tlie Houso on the occasion i f thise several vot. S was intense, and speeches were upon the quests* by Ihe most distinguished men of lbs 11 untrj In 1KI7 tho Immedintc occasion of the contest was (lie pert il scions < Hot t of Mr. S'a le, of Vet moot, to make the ir' ?? nlstion of abolition pi itions the ground ><f agitation no action against tbo mat jtu n of slavery in the .South u Mates. Mr Kheft, of ill Ctroliua, warned him of ceau-cqtn uccs of such uflamtr.atory hunaigues, and I i? refusal to dssist from I tn was Ihe signal for a gone al disorder and uproar. i.e next morning a resolution miliar lo that above quote was adopteel hy a vote of 135 j eos to AO nays?the full t third.- a:..! fifteen. "This," sat t Thomas II. Ilenton, *'*afi one of the most Important votes ev? r delivered In the ilouse." I'pon its issue de p< nded the quiet (>r the II e on one liand, and on lbs other the renewal and pe tnation of ihe scenes of the day before?euding inbre - i.g up all deliberation and all imtional legislation. Thus Were stilled, and future, for a few yean at leasf, pi'*venfe<l in ths lb e Ihe 'iifluinmalory debates OH these disturbing petitl* It was the groat session of llicir presentation, b. ig oflcred by hundreds anl signed by huu<ireds of msanela of persons?many of IL? m woii.i ti, who forgot icir sex and their duties to m.tigle In tho Inflamma .y work, and s->ms of thorn chrgj men, who fe*got the r m.sslon of peaoo to stir up strife amoi g those who ?? ? .Id be brethren. After long and protrs< led efforts by ohn yotney Adams, who was then champion of the Jiitlomst* on the floor of ilio House, th-s restriction .pm the right of petition was rs ue eed in 1 ? iul" r, la by a vote of 108 to 80. Among Ihe im ta ol il i slntertr n 1K30 was tho presentation Of n re^elstion that the fo mg amendments to tho consli tltti* Sf tho I nitod Blat -h iuJd be pro|a<ssd tothesevs tal states ol the Lnion: |. freun and sfler the 4li , 184.', there shall he through rut Ite t'nl"d 8tate? iei h? 'i ary t.averv . but on and ai tsr 11 a: da* r\*rj el lid b<.m In ie l nl'ed Htatea, ihelr o>rrlioi* i.i JuiUMllelion. >hsll be hot . 'ie?. % Wllh thi eeretelon ..f |i ? ferrOon't FlOrWa, thsro ahall lsrneforih as adtui i nio n's I r'on anf at?te lha r. i sUlnllon of whuh ?kf o'l-ais -e I In ibs aams iba ,,<?!? rer . I siatery. X fiom and a'}*'|hs4tl. . ).;hfi^ ft pi I ts n>bhsr ?larery nor .lave irt* ?? >*? ot governmsn; lb* Called States. . 'lhis proposition of oourse received uo favor either North or Sou lb, and was speedily laid wide, subse uuently he presented a petition prsymg Tor a dissolution of the futon?the tlrst of the kind ever off government?whereupon a resol.uun wit submitted to Conkrees to the < tluct that Mr. Adams ui no doing had , vUt.t-d iuu deoixjbt uuliguitv to in- ?r_ lM auj insult If the people of tli" 1'nttod routing through his instrument Vnt.T.iuntrv the mer'* at the const it utiou and eiistenceol blB e""D.l7jlU ? ed expulsion iroiu the national council and the ?? .?roSt .censure. It concluded, "this they hereby \o for the maintenance of their own purity and -iighity; for the rest they turn him over to bin own cot>sca?uc? and the indignation of all true American citizens. ' The resolution was die- useed for several days, in which Mr Adama and his anti slavery propagandlsm were handled without gloves: but liually the whole subject wu laid ujsrn the table. TUB ANNEXATION OK TEXA8. Another source of discussion, WtA in and out of Con gris*. about this time was the Texas question. As far back, as 18W the annexation of Texas was agitated in the Southern and Western .States, being urged on the ground of the strength and extension it would give to the slave holding interest. This fact at onoo enlisted opposition from the entire anti-slavery sentiment of the North. In this British abolitionism took part, and every effort ws* made on the other side of the water to increase the sec tionul jealousy already known to be existing. The Eng lish pries, Parliament and statesmen all treated the pro posed acquisition as one in which they fell called upon to interfere. Thefunious '-Texan plot," which was matured at the "World's Anti Slavery Convention' held In London iu 1840, was ?ne of the results. . 1 lie part to be performed by the British government unbraced a double object. Tho large territory claimed bv Texas was known to contain most ol the remaining cotton lund ol North America. A virtual control of these lands would, therefore, be invaluable to Br tish com merce. ihe country was but thinly settled, and the Mimber ol slaves was small euougli to reuuer ernan cipation of easy attainment. Thus it, by a timely interposition of her influence and diplomacy, Ureal Brituiu could establish a rival colton producing country at our very dpor, and prevent the growth or slavery tlieie.sbe woulft partially prevent a growing de Twi.dei.ce on the slave products of the I nited states, and at the same time set up a barrier to the further exten sion of Southern civilization iu that direction. There was but one obstacle in the way. Texas pre!erred an nexation to the United States: and, notwithstanding British atsistanco, believed to have been proffered to Santa Anna in 184'J, when he resolved to send an invading ei my into the territory for the purpose of declaring emancipation and other objects, notwithstanding the re solutions of Northern legislatures and acrimonious de bates in Congress; notwithstanding every ellort home und foreign to lire vent annexation, through tho patriotic ellorts of General Jackson, President Tyler, Mr. Calhoun nud ether statesmen, on the 16th of December, 1845, Texas was admitted into the Union. Though thus defeated in their immediate oesigns, one point was gained by the friends of anti slavery. ^ ? succeeded in obtaining a position In Congress which enabled them to agitato the whole Union, trorn that time their power began to Increase, until the infection has diseased the great mass of th> people of the North, who, whatever may be their opinion or the original abolition party, which still keeps up its distinctive organization, never fail when it comes to acting to oo-operato in carrying out their measures. 1IIK BEGINNING OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY?THE LIBERTY PARTY. The year 1840 was marked by two important events, namely, the formation of a distinct political party of abo litionists, and a division in tho two leading anti slavery societies or the country. The Liberty I'arty arose from the fact that after a protracted experiment tho candi dates or tho old parties could not to any extent, however questioned or pledged, be depended upon to do the work which the abolitionists demanded of them. Such an or ganization was advocated by Mr. Carrisou as early at 1834; but it was not until tho annual meeting of the New York Anti Slavery Society at Utlca, in September, 1838> that a series of resolutions or platform was adopted, setting forth the principles of political action, and solemn ly pledging those who adopted them lo vole lor no candi dates who were not fully pledged to anti slavery mea sures. In July. 1S39, a National Anti Slavery Convention wi.s held at Albany, and the mode of political action agaitisl slavery, including the question ol a distinct pur-? ty. wati fully discussed, but without coming to any defl nlte decision by vote larther than to refer the question of independent nominations to the judgment ol abolitionists in llieir different localities. Tho Muunjo county conven tion for nominations at Rochester, N. Y., .September, 1(<JU adopted a series of resolutions and an address pre pared by Myron Holly, which have been regarded as lay ing the real comer stone ot the liberty party. He may therefore be regarded, more than any other man, as its founder. _ ,,,, ? Iu January, 1840, a New York State Anti-Slavery Con vention was held in Genesee couniy. The travelling at that season of the year was bad, and delegates were in attendance from only six Stales. Among were My ron Holly and i?errit Smith. By this Convention a call was issio d tor a National Uuvention, ami accordingly, April 1, 1840, it assembled at Albany, -Alvau Stuart pre Fidit g Alter a full dis esmon the libort> i?arty was or gantzed, and Jutnes t. Hirney an I Thomas Karle were nominated for President and \ ice President ol the I nited states. At the Piesidential election in the autumn of that year the entire vote of the liberty party amounted to7 In 1844 the liberty i andidates, James U. Uir nct and Thomas Morris, received 6i!,800 votes. These, however, were but a small |?rt of the professed aboli tionists of the l iiited State-, the great majority voting for the nominees of the old parties llarrisou, \ an Huron, Polk and Clay. ... . . 1 lie other event of the year 1M0 t'? which we have a! luded was the div ion in the Massachusetts Anti Slavery hoi iety iti Boston, and a division iu I ho Aayncan Anti slavery Society of New-York, tho < au?e? iu each case fviug * more or less identified with each other. With out gon? into the sublet It nay be briefly stated that the principal cause iu bo.h iusianees was a dillerei. e of opine n on iiueatiotis as applied to politics and retomiat-ry measures,an 1 especially theo !i g,< ?l i? alom ies. The most rabid among the abolitionists 1 avc been <nlidels, or little less, from the start, and have absorbed every species of fanaticism. in whatever shape it L.iS &i pe ued since. Another question resulting in the divisiou apja'ars Ui hnvt been "Womsn's Klglits, or, in otbei words, position females ought lo occupy in the t-oriciy. As .any as lu36 these moral hermaphro ditt k aere ,n tla* habi* of delivering public lectures an ! scatti ring publications through the land: but their wag gitig teognes finally l?t tame vucli a nuisance that several clergymen published a pastoral letter in 1807 strongly (ensuring a.I such uLwotnanly interieretiee. 1'he result, af lias been sLittd, great excitement and a subse quent si v?iation of th< respeuMve opjuiocnts. Shortly stter this division we llnd the American Anti Slavery Society, at one of us annual meetings, raising the r,aK (>r "No In ion with Slaveholders," demanding a dis solution ot the 1 nion. and denouncing the federal cous'.i tuiion as pro slavery?"a covenant with death and an agieem?nl with hell." To i.-sum? the history of the pro,re sof the party, however, in 18a6 a State Convention of abolitioiiial* was held at I or I Byron. New York, at which au address was pi e- en ted eiutiodying the views of a uumber of indivi Uuals who, while Uiey were abolitionists at hoart, were ra t rabid or ulitu enoogh lo be prepared to aol with the Liberty I'arty. llns wiw pritite?l. circulated, and gained auherents, wud its basts, in 1847. a ^cnvotition as semldeu at Macedon, New York, w'iso i/wrrit rfraith and 1J hu Burritl were noiuiiMt <1 for Tri-sident and Vice President ?T the lulled Ma'es, but the latter declining, the name i?r * *arlet C. ?<*ito was alt< t wards substituted Tills party was known by the name or the Liberty lAigne. Subj"?pietiily its prin I Iplir beeami li.ciget! into the Builalo ;.i?; ortn of Is47. t.oint Sinitli was then again projs-sed !?? a caudl ilate for the Ptesidemy: bul the <oir?. of letting ineti itlth" t'onventien rwpiired the nomination of a differ ? tit loan. Acoordiigly, Hon. John I*. Hale, of New ilariiij-v rc?an "inde|>en<lent democrat,as be termed hiti seit?and Ion. Iveicester Kirg.of ohio. were uomi nstcd. Ihis, s'wex er, wss only l< mporary; and another eonxntH n w *s called, snd held at Bafltuo, August 9, IMS, c r: pesed of "the op|Kinenls to slavery extension, irri f | eetivi- of partu s, and including, of course, all those e? mmitted to the one idea of abolition. It was one ot the mef i remarkable political tneetiuga on record, lor it was tue beginning of the political drama which lias since resulted in a dissolution of the 1 nion \ sst multitudes, from all parts of the not. ?lav holding elates, of all political parties, came together, ai.d se< med 'o ne melted into ons b) thuir common/eal gainst theaggreasiotis of slaveiy. Though they looked ouiv to the restraint or slavery wilhiu the bounds whs h they claimed our latbora had erected for iis pi election, still the opposition sprang from the strong anti slavery sentiment already pervading the country. It wai the springing up of the green Made and the forming ef the ear Irotn the many vears sowing of the abolitionists. Tin nomination of Mat tin Van Ruren and Charles Krancla Atlnn s, of Massaebnsi Up. wa? made with great unanimity and ? ntlmstasm. thongh by a l ody ?omprsed of origiual *l? merits of the mcsl extreme contrariety Measrs. Halo anil King, as was expected, withdrew th> ir names. The old hbtrly party was absorbed in the new organ irate u, whee plailorm was broad enough lo satisfy any reason able abolitionist. Mars meetings were held in evory villsse to b at the m w word, and within a few month* nn lmp< >e' as cwnmunleatsd to the great mass of the Northern in 'id whs h has ronstitnte<l the basis of its a, tii ti ever t 'nee. The number of votes cast for these .andidates in 1848 was ?Pl.m The platform was substantially as follows ?That the neiple propose no interference by Congress with slavery within the limits ol any state, that the fod ral govern ment bus no crnstitutionnl |miwi r over lite, liberty or propei ty without due 1- gal process; that Cong^ss has uo tnoie pi wer to make a rlave lhaii t4? makt} a king? BO mere jmwer to establish slaxery than P> establish ? by, that Congress ought lo prohibit slavery in all the f rritorieS; that the issue or the slaie p>)Wtr is ac ci pt- d? no rnoru slave states and t.u slavo territory; no more w.hipromisea; and l.ually, the esui' isbment of s lire govt rnnielil in Calilorma and New Metiio. Iul^'2 ibis ,-ame party nominated John 1' Hale and ti. orpe W Julian. Ih ) number Of votes then cast lt&.8V.i. H.e platform was much the same ,,it t|,al wh'Ch pre ceiled it four years before, though more progressive and rsvolutlofisry in sore ral of its ideas, one of lis claus-'s being "that slaviry is a sin against Uod and a crime against nian win h no human i nsctinent nor usage can make rich', ><nd that Christianity, humanity and patriotism al he demand its abolition.'' Another clause wne te the ? fle. t that Ihe Fugitive Slave law of 1860, b^tng repugnant to tl?- principles of Christianity and the principles ?>f the eon men law, had no binding force npet. the American '" 'ill!' rei.ubliesn parly of 18MI was merslv an snlargs m. nt er extension or tin old free soil organization of the eight years It wee modified, it is true, by man* of the events of the time, but its foun.iation wse laid ut" n prwiee'y the same prim plea that had been S, ,.ne.aled cl.irlnr lb* previous twelve years It wee . n r.r atii ally a Northern party, extrndiu* only here and there by some strsgglmg ontposts o\er th* 'Isve bound* I\ II was so far anii slavery u to reteot the rut;1. the Mii-eoiin Compromise and oppose the inlro.'- jTj, ?Uveiy iiiU) new territory. As events p- - . forces combatting on either side of ?? .-ofretseu. < the <!a> became more concent- H?"**0" ? -r/>' , .^i.wuHip -*<M and determined,* moi? '.titei'i' it*0 ' purpose, until tbe one idea ant: iUyi'. j rtiattnctly developed and firm fliH in i;-iC Northern miud. The Republican Couveal.on assembled at PhiUdelpb.a, June 18, 1868, when John C. Fremont and Wm L. Itayion wen- nominated for President and Vice President ol lha l ulled States, and iu the following November received 1,341,204 votes. , The election for 1S60 ha3 only recently terminated ir the elevation to ihe heud of the federal tjover meiit of Abraham l.incolu and llaunibal HmdIil by a purely aflt slavery vote ol 1,boo,840. Ibis events which preceded it are too lreeh to requira repetition: but, for the ilrst tune iu tbe history ti? our ronfeueracy, we look ui?on the spectacle of a sec tional party; dcilant, unyielding and uncompromising, w hone principles aim a blow direct at the annihilation o? one of tbe institutions of the South, in the full flush oC victory, Hinging peans of glory over its success, with * Union dissolving around it, while another portion of tha country is agitated to its very ceutre in preparations fotf self protection against the usurpations which, from pri?a and pulpit, and lloor of Congress, havs bt ? n so boldly threatened. Whether a* abolition, liberty, fr-o ?jiI or re publican, the party lias always shown the clo-. ?n hoof, ami the best efforts of its more considerate friends havs never been able to cover the deformity. Into the manse* . has instilled the most unrelenting hatred to slavery, ur J. all other ideas, feelings and passion* have tor the t ? been swallowed up in this one overwhelming sentiire . It has dissolved the Union, though formed and minted in the hlood of our fathers, rather than it she tolerate an iiistltution which in older than tbe l'ui< n as shed the blood of innocent white meu while cugag ^ n the discharge of their sworn duty, and made widows nd orphans rather than return an escaped servant, lo his master and obev the constitution of the country, .such is the spirit which controls this party, by wiuu ever name it may be known. Its leaders, claiming lo stand by principle, hug lo the'f bosom tbe most damning political heresies. Pretending m obey God and revwrcuc.o the Bible, some of them are tho most unblushing infidel*. ?ho boldly proclaim thet tha Suered Word is not worth the paper ujion whs b it ig printed , unless it denounce slavery and applaud aboli tionism, and would teach that the constitution of our country is the consummation of every iniquity. Some of them again i laim to be followers or Jesus, but convert their sacred desks into political rostrums, from wh cla are tulminnted the falsest denunciations that a diseased mind can conjure into existence. Claiming to be teach ! ers of religion and I'euce. they prove the authenticity of their holy commission by exhortations to eivil war, col. lections of .-harpe's ril'.es, and playing Ihe clown among the Calling ruins of the republic. NEOKO CONSPIRACY IN LOC8I AN A. Tim year 1841 was marked by another attempt at In. sum ction on the 2.M of July, during a hot night, seve ral negroes were overheard conversing in their quarters on a plantation, near Xew Orleans, respecting au insur rection in which they intended to join. An investigatou was made Ihu uoxt day, and resulted iu tracing out it widely extended organization among the slaves of tha neighborhood, having a general rising in view. Tbn early discovery of the plot of course prevented its con. summation, and the execution and punishment of tbe m stipa ors soon quelled every design of an outbreak. In 1845 we find Cassius M. i 'lay mobbed in Losing ton, Ky., and his paper, the %'<u* American, stopped, tha presses, type, &<?., being packed up and forwarded to Cin cinnati, for advocating the incendiary doctrines of tha abolitionists, and thereby producing an excitement among tbe slaves, and arousing apprehensions in tha community lest they should rise in rebellion tha whites. TF1E MEXICAN WAR. We have already brought our chronological history down to tho year 1846, when Texas was admitted as a State. It was during tbe progress of annexation that tha government of Mexico servod a formal notica I on the United Stairs that annexation would ho viewed in tho light of a declaration of war. This notice, however, was of little avail, and before the close of the year 1845 Oongrer had consummated the act. Tho war broke out i. April, 1840, the second year of Mr. l'olk'aadministratis and on the 11th of May the President issued his procla mation to that effect. A largo portion of the western do main of Tex a.-, as now described, was disputed territory, occupied by Mexirans an I under Mexican rule at tbe lima of and after annexation. General Taylor was ordered to march from Corpus Christi and take up his position on the Rio Grande, opposite Matamoras, thus traversing tha disputed territory from it? eastern to its western border. The Mexican army, on the opposite side of the river, immediately commenced hostilities. and so-a after followed the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca dc la Paima. How the war was continued and terminated are matters of general history. Peace was at last dictated to Mexico on the :10th of May, 1X48. and re sulted in a surrender bj her of u large belt of her north ern territories, extending f.oin tbe Rio Grande to the Pa cific. including California. th itigh at that time its im mense wealth and gr> at importance were not fully ap frerlatod. In Congrei- mi l among the peoplo of tha North the war was not popular. It was said to be a fcbi tte lor ths*acquirement of more slave territory, i.i.d this facj of Itsi li iiv.tod contention throughout thQ land. THK WII.MQT PB0V1S0? ? On the 12th of August 18-J6 a bill being under conside* ration in tho O mmittec of the Whole, making further provision for tlu> exjmuses attending the inter (ourse U'twwn the 1 nltcd SUutes and Mexico, Mr. Dnv d Wiimot.of Pennsylvania moved the following ainouit ment ? Provided, that a* *n and fnn1am< nlal cond.tion 9 ite acquudtion of toriili <y fi m the republic of Wexi. y ihe I luted S-iites, bv vlrt'.e of anv treaty wkluh raav be ra ti >llau d between Hum. :?.id to the me by'the Executive of the rooneyi herein appr"pri?>"d. neither slavery n<>r Involuntary >en lfude shall evi r vm-i in any part of ?h1<1 territory. ?"> cot tor crime, whereof the parly shall first be duly convicted. This amendment was adopted by a vote of yeas 77, nays 58. The bill wan not voted on in tbe S uuto, that bo<ly Adjourning sin- Jit before it reached that stage. On the 8th of February. tu- Three Million bill under consideration, o similar amcadmant was ofTereti in the House, and on the i5t b was adopted by a vote of 116 yeas, and 100 nays. Th-' Senate having passed ? slmi'ar bi|l. which came before tlie House on the 3.1 of March, 1847, Mr. Wilmot moved to amend the siraa by adding bis proviso thereto; but it was rejected by ? vote of yeas U~, nays lirj. The Senate bill, without tho amendment ot Mr. \Vilim t. then l?-oam< a law. Th :? oe- t kbrated proviso his been offered by different senators and representatives lo various bills slnoe. Its popukr use. in fact, since that time, constitutes a great ctu .or in the political history of the* ountry. For a long t ino it has rung in tbe enrs of the public, and it will nev - cciise until the question of slavery ceases to be a politic*! (piFFtlou in the org.ituxation of new Territories and nev* Matt H. In 1MN Tonrecllcut which hid never passed a law com pletely abolishing slavery. and which then contained some eight >>r ten s aves, through her Legislature enacted its total abt i i on ' rt r. compelling the masters of tho few *1 iv< k < xis?i' i ; ort them for life. 'lle.t. ?['< ot >:uvi in the South lias been one of tbfl prlnc j al i n et cj> ? ?? of abolition ever suice the ido* . . .. M ?o I wumwi tuiv.' l.ivir'o'.u.l North aad N> ? Ii v>uo, either from philanthropic mot've? ?>r Mulei the pecuniary Inducements ofalmhtion societies, iu\i aidi : lu their eaoapt. Among these New Eogiand " tchoo) nmtns'' and school masters have played an active part, anil sev. rnl were from time to time arrested. ot.elclia Webster sutlcrcd foi such an interference with other people's affairs by an incar ?? ration in the penitentiary at lexicon, Ky , in IMS, for two yeaif. Another, flov. CUi. Us Torrey, for similar offences was sentcixi d to t-ix > < ais in tho Maryland pemtentia but "lied b' fore tbe expiration of the sentence. Many other instaui'i- of a similar nature miirht cltcd . but thcte are eti"i.j,'h t?> indicate the exter.i which fanaticism c e-I its followers. Tlie year 1M> ?.?<?(!.? ?cterized by th? uaial veB which the anil slavery k iet;es industriously on leavoi tc distill Into the couimunil). Kicd. Pougliu**, Kdmunu Qulccy, Francis Jackson, Abby Kelly, Garrison, Phillip*, Plllgliury, Lucy Stone, Theodore Parker, and a retinue of n'ggcr oiatorsl escape-: slaves and others, regularly held their meetings end indulgc'd in their customary rhodo moiilades At th'1 Now IJiglaud Convention. which na si nilded during this year, e series of one hundred oou ventiois for tho puriroee of imitating the question of dis tolutn n of the I'ns.n win i oinmenced in Massachusetts, uuil futide were raised for the puri>ose Some of the-*' mt etu'fs were broken up by indignant mobs, bnt tb?y were mainly allowed to ko on, and accumulated disciples. Til!" FOURTH EPOCH. THE com tiOMIKK *KASc.tK8 OF 1 8l?0. The nixt iiupc 'an' move upon the po'.it cal chess board with rrferenoe ?/> sluv ry pr?.-e<led the adoption of the celebrated me.isur<s familiarly known by the above title, or as the "Omnibus bill ol 18*0." Thoavestw which led to this measure may ho briefly stated thus ? Ever since 1848 a storm had been !? wring in the poli tical h or I son of the country on the slivery question, hreatrning to diwuilvo the Union, which ueceesanly burst over 0>ngre?s in levi>latiug for the new Torritor ee rought into tbe I nion by the result of the war. Probably no subject ban been present" ! since the adop> tionol the federal constitution Involving questions of such deep snd vital impoi tance to the inhabiiit:its of the different States of the confederacy as that In r<Morense to the territory thus soquire<l Not only was th" sentiment avowed of tbe existence of dan :cr to thr I'tnon. but in various quarters was board an open ?ad und syuieed de claration of % necessity and do?kre Tor its dissolution. Gen. Taylor wee elected, n new .wtmmjiuration < am? into power, and being somewhat Identified with the Northern anti slavery elem' op|>osed to the democratic ptrty, a tremendous agitation was at once created., and tho wbole question of slavery wss throwu aga.n Into the tr >? cible. t The Thirtieth Congi i s? h#d adjourned wltlioeter* * ? Ing tbe new Terrltom *, or ?e|liif,K any grent principls to their future govi rtmeiit and destiny UtUlorni.i ba l g?ne forward without H>tir>ir leave, f irmpd ? st ,to gov ernment, prohibiting slnviry,snd put it* mtrhkeery in op* latksi. I lsli w?. K vi , i,id by a lit?eh a?l ?rbitrarr spiritual despot .yw in-1. New Mexico w?s under military rule, orderid froto tbe - ,,i or toiler it power at Washing ton In addition to thi< it wis discovered Unt Mexico had aholistie"! slav ry. snd ewtuM?piontly that tl*?? I'r Ini tif all the countries eelnd by Mexico to the I'nlied Sta'os otelttded slavefjr. ">? Wilmot proviso h oi I on cirr. i| >n t',n lietuie, b it fa^eil. In tie Penato, und Wu ted enlj for the admi:-'**! of tUli