Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1861 Page 4
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NEWS FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Arabia at this Port and the United Kingdom off Cape Bace. TWO DAYS LATER ADVICES. The Effect in Europe of the American Crisis. VIEWS OF T1IE ENGLISH PRESS. South Carolina Commissioners in Paris. The French Silk Trade and the Crisis. THE RUSSIAN TREATY WITH CHINA. SPATE OF THE LONDON AND PARIS MONEY MARKETS, Ac.y fce.) 1m. Tlx1 Cunard steamship Arabia, Capt. Stoue, arrived ubfnit rigbt o'clock last ovening with tvro days later newB. She left Liverpool at half past ten o'clock on Saturday morning, tho 19th ult., and (Jueeustown on the morning of thr ioth. She lias on freight ?2?.2,l;j7?a million and a quarter of dollar?in specie. Tlx' I'? .hem lan, which his airived at Portland, has $20, 000 only. Some of the Paris .lourn&la btate that a deputation from South Carolina him arrived in l'uris and obtained an au dience of M. Tliouvenel, Minister of Foreign Aflairg. Tlie Pnris correspondent of ih? London Morning Post h !iy H :? Some journals. I observe, both American ami European 5p<\ik of hiwct! i?q ikely, it caUed upon, to support South' Cnrolma. a friendship and al.mnce, it is ulaintaiued, might hi' roi tin ii between the Souili and France, and the 1 mjH-ror s Laiiiu is i.sed m fa.oring i be secession. Permit tne to correct ihis error On New Year's day, when the I Impeior reciiwd the <<><;.? his ilujosty held 1 bli'ig (.onvtj nation with mo rep *Boutuiivo of America I The I mpeior exprecro'i his r. gret the slavo question fchotiM threaten theL'ni n wuh division, and liup.d tha I people ol the 1'nitod Suit, s would . eo thi' necessity of main- ' tailin g that bond whit it hid b< al< wed prosperity on that count i) ai.d made Amerlta eo imiHutunt a nation in tie eyes of the world. These words were of cours" sent homo fo the government of Washington. 1 think I may t;dd that iha i uler of France h u> only ono i'lot about America, and that Is to extend tin* commercial ralatiuna between that industi ious po ^e and France. The circular of Missis. Ar'.ts Ihifour it Co , of Lyons mentions that although the United Stairs take annually about ?8,000,000 worth of Bilk gfto'la from Kurope, thu M iu prices since the outbreak of tho disunion crisis has not been more than betweeu two and three per cent on the superior description, owing to the limited supply in the market. In tho common description* there his been a reduction of between six and twelve per cent. Mr Lindsay, who lately In tho United States, has hoc an Interview with Jxiuis Napoleon,? and tho talk la, that he has been m< re successful In France in promoting free trace in phipplog than he was in America; that Hometanes it is convenient lo have only one in a nation to coot inee, particularly when that one is the State. Tlit- g<ty season In Homo hail falr|f set In, and, as it will be short ('? sh Wednesday falling on the 13lhof February) there permed i disposition to make the most cf it It was inaugurated by a brilliant ball, given by Mrs Stockton in the saloons of tho t'nitod States Lega tion, where the rank, beauty and fashion of ft>me na tive as well 68 foreign, were most numerously r epre sented. % A li ttrr fr< m Berlin stiUs that the severe cold which prevailed during the funeral of the Ute h'ti g caused ill ness among many of the p. rsoos who wero present. More tliaii V00 of the e-MiTh who lined tho streets were obliged to go into hoapltol, and some of them hive rince died. A number of horses havo also i>erlah?d from t he same cause. , Kx|?enm( tits are m iking in Fran e with a new mortar cannon, of which, it is aaid, tho offect will be much greater than anythingyet accomplished by the Armstrong or Whitworth guns. This Instrument of destruction can serve either as a cannon or a mortar. In tho first caso j the mortar lertns the breach of the gun by means of a j double liiiige, which may be attached or removed with he greatest facility. Ibo4x>ndon Timn of the lTth ult. says ? We regret to learn from undoubud authority that tho report recently circulated In several Journals of the gra dual improvement In Miss Nightingale's h?-alth is entirely without foundation. Her malady, far from b.'ing alio viaU'd, Increases upon her, and her state, which confines her entirely to her apartment, is one of groat exhaustion and severe suflering. In addition to tho diamond star from the Thousand which (ieneral Turr is charged to present to Garibaldi, ho laalsotooflertoTero?lta, the ox Dictator s daughter, a magnificent necklace, a present from Victor Emanuel. tsigt.ora Cariotta 1'occhiui died in Rome shortly after her confinement. This lady, who must bo well known to theatrical people, was married about a year ago to signor l'aaquale Borrl, the well known iiniitrr <lu ballot. Th<' Anglo haxon arrived off Ix>niionderry on the morn ing of tho I8tb. and reached Liverpool early on the 10th. The Fulton arrived at fcouthampt>u on the afternoon or the lath .lanuary. THE DISUNION MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. fFrom (lit) IxuMtan Ttmes, Jan. IS.J Tht :iew? just recuved from (ho United .SL'.lcs M the most important that h-is come to us since tuo beginning of the present troubles. No one could read the gence fr<<n Washington and the lettor of our Now York r <rrr*i>oudcnl without Uul tho present month 14 b:g v. ith tli* fate of the American I ulon. Wo are a!m ?st afraid to give publicity to the apprehensions which pre vail. 9*' wwiiw amfUUrwe of the Nortkmtr* Uiit all would '-mi M<eU il ;/iring ur to Jluir/ a a-ru(y, ami ihouyh' \*y i?wn tlill font]f t the /"'?.?erntfum of tk< ''nutn, it is r.-ilrnt that thry I'tok fur e>rttit which mutt bt m il tli'cittroui to A mm- an n*-i<iy. Yho Uret atep towards what the Naitheruon" auu their friends speak of ,ia civil war li ta b" u taken 1)? President Buchiuali. Housed by tho disapproba tion with which bin Message had ben received all through the North, he lias adopted a m>r? vigorous policy, aud dis lareil hta intentiou o! executing the lav* and npUoldimc the foderal authority. Wbeu tho Charleaton Convention decreod the secession of rtoutb Carolina, Commissioners were deapatched to Washington to negotiate for tho peaovaole recognition of the new nationality At flmt there wore not wasting symptoms that th? Presldon* would yield to thee" treasonable emissaries. H.? recelv 1 them, ?n I in a manner entered into negotiation* witn then, though profeasing to consider them only a* "dis tinguished alliens of tbe Cnited States from South Caro lina " However, the preliminary demands of these g n tlemeu liave been rejuctei by the I'reaident. Hie fed" ral government will not evacuate Fort Sumter; It Will pernht in collecting the curt ms in the port of Ch.wl<vi ton; and for that purpoee ha* appointed a col lector who will discharge hi* dutifle tn a revenue cutter, under the protection of a United States frigate? the Brooklyn?which waa ordered to bo in readiness to Htart for < 'harleaton at once. The Oomra^sionnrs o >, *e quently telegraphed to Governor l'lckena to put tho Htats <>n a war footing, and to concentrate all hla lorcss at once. K III also Mid Uiat the secession loader*, having duM over ed that the Brooklyn and another voasol were shout t> leave Norfolk for Chaileeton, had telegraphed to their sympathisers to have tho "ralnnta men" in read 111 to eelce tliem. The Administration waa on th" w it h to prevent the net. In short, Mr. Iluclmuan ?iH>rae I likely to act vigorously in dnfcncoof the t'uiou?so much ? > that Mr. Hoyd, Secretary of War and a s.nth *n mrti* m, ha<I riKigned. <?n the othar hand, there could b ? no doubt Miat all the ootton Ktatei would secede within throe weeka, and a* little tint if any utUcnpU w to tnade at coercion the border slave Stat s would give a tlvn help to the seceders, and probably Join their confe Ceracy. But for much of thl* we were prepared. That Ceorgla, Ala>>am? and vh? re?t would follow the oxaniplo of Houth ' aro'_1'"1 certain, and it could h*rdly he supposed list toe 1 reaideiit would at length make Home r?sl?t.vice 0 deman in ef tm Wh it is most important n tie Ute new* l* the rwlag Hp,fit of the North, and the gTVWtng determination to act with vigor agilnut the dl* unionists. The Uovernor* of ti,? iWo Kreat states .1 New York and had deilv^ed" ttelr sT U?e opening of the session of their r.^ t vo I,.^ituJTre-., and had denounced *e<^?ooou m the strom-oat terma ?'To permit or acquiesce In a treaaoo?i.|0 coiiamraav SLgalnat the national authorities ih v, cute * th t our government Is an absolute failure." (,v? the Governor of New York "The people of tho -o u . of York, In my judginsut, are mt pr? pared for such an admisaim, on the contrary tliey will give to tho federal authorities, in all nac.?uary measures for the enforcement of the lawn, their Jim oarnestand faithful sunport." Senator Hploote ha I im Diedkatsly offered a reeolutlon authorizing the i? >veriior to tender to the national administration 10,0(W railltia "to put down inaurrection in on" part of the country ' It is probable that 1'i nnaylvania will be ?*i ially ener getlc. The West will certaiul/ tsko up the quoHtion itiil tnore warmly. We an now undeftand the anxiety which prevails in (he South, and imagine how a denun Nation of tho Norn *r?i pfoJoCt of civil war, nke that contained In th^ apnecli of Mr IVuiiauiin the other day. ahsild work on tUe fe I toRs of the (slleri* in 1 so jtir<rn city like Wat-hingi 1 tint w hat is the grc 1 ,? v hat ia the tempVition to ? coiuM, hga l-t mi. 1 li tfi/s geatli man thought it solemnly declared thm ?k ?. ,? t,1<" Preoldeat hu constitutionally ont ill i' South Carolina it not Miidmed ia the rovni.iii ? >'???? shu cannot bo rights- when .i1(, 'Vonaiy exercUe of her sovereign by u I jrve I'.84' ** Kepreeentaiivce liavc voted, Poorer tho 8<>o^aZ"sii.'U' l,Uu omP1;,>'meut of rurce l<* l<m house ami ik. i-n '. ^ ''"Prwlicabla; when tU.> Cul roiiiiiun ?n-. ? ft** ''"'c actually worked by Oa, newn from Jw\JW* u N.0vr V "rk I""1'8" tho Kvace " ":th th" tlu"> "foreign Tntelli which 't-TU* '{"> chaaee of rlvil war against v U) k'uisioua think* It right Bnlcmn ccrtHh,^". f*?' ',his u h quo-lion to which no 'nuth K',?" K,Ven " ?v?n In America, the AtWiff 8 country. The minds or men acrow iiolhini a o 'UH ,fcT"ilu''' bJr oocurrenooi to which rv lr r 18 r',c'",'"'<l 'ho history of this coin 7' * ''"J the liritndi ileet mutinied at u, Vi a SiHSr?SS wax nt our breasts -lTn>r?iii despotism H ' gicat.&t of all dancers thlt ^r\ ll" c,,,ntr' r"us ("If. No foreign (I^! of bel,1? rului** hy it "llRarihy threatens thJta The fK'^r^1, U? 01180 povcrn?eut i? to ?>, re.itTa,,.,;.!! . .J1* "r d'nooratlc r>glit and i,- m,,, ? ,under in the name of popular the e\ ent. ,? /r European sovereigns at lochia m lil v?,, ! fuU of ?l?f?ndancy. r.ibiie <Jom of but b. i WM s Indulged at tho ia fonnii.H .! ' ! " re*n*'us to be aeon how far It i&To'S wlomMfAZ aft ??ero? wC^fr;?8UP,?0>,.n,< th? gUlf bt,lwM" ? w York, Ohio aud Michigan, the most active mid enter republic? ir South Carolina so <ro, tisi TC^z'stx rxl: kH:? 5S-" iste ril Ii"1" " II ?k prospective h com utued, and reduce ?^umn1- "ur?;*'???? wild hi? oa'toH Z cS'V'r"^ wilta Uan!,-V ? Kr*-.?ter futii'o iv.? it ?. i '' ?' ftinJ you wiil S 'O at a nairow Flip or country composia tin? tree soil of tho Amormnfouerut^n Ouly ,h' hoa co: ? fron th" } f frontier to the Uekwuro-a Co\r him )l0J mi', ??;?;?! s.%?s ?? extreme WiM, tt'e tLoirs. N irglni.i pu"lS a lr o ?.r "B. v,tbA ^u^virrvtir da^roui'^J'tholr^uurf u'ln* TXT b? NewWorM ^nV', ^ ,ho ,?culitln,e.'he richei of the I iriT' hf '.ipl"rln? |0''hor"iu?blotVPg1^f.|n,,trh-; ZrZbnKU'r'X"r> 0,,""*h to'?^o throe or four^t !nPtihiti/>Vi ^to About to be admitted with slavo in. titutiong. .Arizona vrilj follow. Merioo must in o ftw ' ,ht UirtU of th' rruxst rzsfx^r&uv,rw'uvuw ^ p^r lu "hurt, if tho Lnion letF South Carolin i co thnm u no ?ytoK ?hat lD14y ,0 with It u ^ZT0J* culat. oil Iho return of an erring sister, but experience r*nTe^Vr?i0M; Wh,rn 0,h are"Tcm" y* " fc Jr.' U' YT'" "f aa,U "' 'a? ' arf ^s'>ri^'ll'?" ?u.nett in th. T'rZxdSL Z^T:T""!'rf" t"1^oent " tuition tk.U f I r'MtJeiU may t< firrred into acrtir meatur.x. For our !l|> hr, i"U' T opinions Americans may have of r^ii. r! t } 'i*e K 10 a89ure ,honi 'hit in this coun trj thiro is only one wish?that the Union m?v survive thtsterrible trial Should Providence decrTe'it other r? ' k.? airnt,,Ui' Pra>' the separation may be an Hmii tthle one. ( ivil war In a flourishing mS tt53 umoiig a kindred people can never be contomplnte I with out horror by a nation like ours, and we trust that nei 5?VlB brni??il li' rt Uor tlju " <'akness of llve.r bring this*fculaunty on tho American Union. (Krom the I/onilon 1'oet. ] The secession movement appears to l>e takinc doen nnit permanent ro<,t in America. We are iXnu.1 t Jt the xample of succecsfui insurrection which South Carolina has Bet is about to be I'olJjwod by Florida' A la bam i M,d ?i?lppl, Iymlf iana and Georgia, and t&l V.Sktnd Mlwouri are only waiting the course of events before they decide upon joining a uew slave State confederacy or upon fuilionug to tho Union. *y Tho fr?? 8tRtt?, with their wealth and mercantile ma. rino,,wi? be enabled to blockade all the SoiSSith noiti and destroy the cotton trade, and this nmy bo accom 1 I" f. <Jllvutl'0,'lll>,'ttl<lof'and operations. Theslavoritites ! wai tt.!S ?Tik encounter the calamities of a servile war, and, with ruined commerce and flru arid sword at home, they may appeal ,n vain for that a??tVw which under other clrcnmstanceo they would have read v and rwvi'in' i ohUinod. But if South Carolina should sue . w7iat nKnfni?m"iK 1? hoad ot " ^uthern oonfederation ( what useful or benollcial object can be gained? Siaverv i (Vtiini ! extended by means of a reopened sUve trade nJ? wA,niT'.ca and Cuba would be coveted, and nuui/Ju "1 'f a ftw aU fTta* u<orl of humanity which hat tnarkrd the hiUo'y of thr r>jit half CnT7r^ lh' n^l%uy.raZ iX , //> Meet WHul'IOeiU-slrnyni, and Canada '?*ld bei vme dominant ujxm the continent,/ Xorth A me Tlir ('??<' of Ihr .\r?ro Andrriion. TO TllK EDITOR OK TIIK LONDON TIMKd. 8ir?There is one aspect of this taso which has not, I think, received due const eratlon. Any contiart between two individuals which could be attained to compel one of them tj perform in act of in .til-tire to a third pui ty would be declved by any court ol law null and void. I!', therefore, the treaty with the United .-''lies in to framed aw to hind our goveriimon'. to do all act of injustice to Auderadu lucli treaty Id, pro hoc vie*, null and void. Ilv all ni'"Uis lei the case be decided by law; but if the de?u<;on In adverse to Anderson, I hope our government w ill have suiilcirnt nuiiil rectitude to my to thai ol the United State*:?'? < >ur treaty with you has been no erro neously drawn up that it enforces upon us an act of in justice. Any penalty for such an error must fall upon us, iftvi not upon Anderson. We will never extricato our selves from a political dilemma by sacrificing an inuoceut man T am, sir, your obedient servant, Janvart IT, IStil. J. FOWIL UUXPOV. The l/on<lon Money Market. [From the London llerald. Jan 18 ] The Batik liirectois separated today without mftking any alteration in their terms for discount. The breaking up of the weekly court was awaited with souie anxiety, because a diversity of feeling existed upon the question. Owing to the attention which is now paid to the probable movement in the value of money, the price* of securl lieakare readly liilluencod, and previously ? to tho fact being announce !, consols and ihe other principal descrip tions manifested partial unsteadiness. Throughout tho remainder of business hours quietude existed, but in In mmm of heaviness took place when It was ropjrted tint values were lower from I' iris, through the exped ition that the Itsnk I'trectors will be compt lied shortly to go higher. UousoU for money lluctuated botwo"n 91 % an i 1,. uiitl for the account between 91 V ami \ ; tho fo ir o clock prices being 91>t, buyers, for money, and 91l, to \ for the account. Iu di*r< tint circles there was a fair inquiry for money at previous rates, and the lowest quotation lor iirst clans fh ut dated hill.- remains per coot I'rotn tint point the price tanges up to 7 |x r cent, the Bank minimum, and lour and six months' paper must yet be made a question of negotiation. Long dated acceptances are more fret ly taken lit some channels, but they are avoided In nlh< rs, because many entertain ? erlotis doubts of the (?ro^picts ol tho future. The applications at the ltank slightly increased, the deiusnd lu every rospuct being su- uined It is still said that the pressure on the resourci ? of t'.ie 1'iu k of Fr-moe is severe, aud that the drain of gold has (x per Imce I lio diminution. Tho auticitistion in Pari* spp< us to bo that tho rate of discount will be again r .ii .-d by tl.e llink of Kngl.ind, and the Hank of France w il then, of course, ha veto follow In tho samo steps or .tdcpl some exceptional proceed ug. Thn state of uuuer tan ly in which things r< main Is most prejudicial to cur trading interests, snd the complaints from the provinces are numerous aud well founded. The rate for advance! on govrrnment securities ranges frrm 6>i to 0 per cent for short periisls,and for February 6 to 6}, are th ? average quotations. There is rather les* Ftib<t:"ncy in the terms lor tins kind of acoomt nodal Ion nr.' i the conclusion of the half monthly acc Mints. the unsettled rtate of the rnonoy market, with th" diminished trafllc on some of the leading linos, has at length generally allotted railway shares. I'h? receipts ot the Hniiand have gone down and show a decline, and an opinion now seems to prevail tint trade will bo uufavor nlil y ri Hoc ted by the (InDcultios ass<$ialcd with tho ques Hon of American disunion. A sum of MtJHtO in sovereigns was withdrawn from th" Bank, find it Is believed they havo been taken for thlprnent to New York. This efflux seems n?w to be as Ftiinii g Isrge proportions, and if purchases of bullion are to be resume i for Fraucethe effect will prove extremely embarrassing, The sliver market remains dull and quuH, the question lielrg only 61 '4il. per ot. variation < f itn(>oi t.ia< e has tikeo place in American s*? unties, but the prices In sotne cahes woro ratber atri i.g'T towards the end of the intern"di Illinois ( . o trul loo dollar sli.iri " w>-re negotiated at .'JO tj and IKI dis count, l<iviug ell 31 U> 30 discount. The paid up shires were dealt in at OS, I, .,1,B finally q iot. d to oh The l?ni!s weie tnk' ii nt s; arxl st, being nltimutcly marked s, to so v. w % ? ik ind I , le assented shares were dealt m at .ij. -tl and :ii, rinsing :t2 to :w. Hrand Trunk of t rfiisda stniritk* w.r,. m?.ported it an advance of lie ill \ p. r cent, the Ntoek hiving been taken at ill i ami being li t qu t. l ai to The tlryt preference b litis wire dealt In nt 7i, an I eio-e I 70 to 72 tii eat \V? "tern < f t ?? i'?.i (o rid purr|n->r it lit, and i were Unally marked 10'? to >, [From the Ltodon Times, Jan. 181 It la said that the Bank of France have experienced a further drain of gold to the amount of ?300,000 or ?100,000 ainoa the publication of tho monthly ruturn ou Fri'day lost. They are understood, however, to have purchased about ?160,000 of gold In tiermany. in the face of thu adverse condltiou the coniideooe of the public seems still to bo well maintained, and the investment* in ronton are bo numerous that the price for immediate delivery is ad high as that for the account. [From the I/)udoB Peat, January 18 1 Consols, which, on various reports as to favorable ac counts from America and spccial measure* to be adopted by the Hank of France to ameliorate Its present position, reached last evening 911^, have boon scarcely so well maintained in price to-day. The slight riso whioh took place wiib, an wo observed yesterday, chietly occasioned by a large purchase of consols, to the extent of ?100 000, by a broker actlug for Scottish Interest. The private advices today from New York are not cheering as to political matters, and although the money ed classes view with satisfaction the duelled means now adopted by President Buchanan to have the rights of the Union maintained at Charleston, and which producod a favorable effect on the viriou* United States stocks ?nd shares, these forcible m<iauros are by no means cei tain of success, and few people can hazard on opinion as to what the consequence* may be. As regards the exchanges, upon whioh the state of thi money market here depends so much, they are quoted wildly at 191% a 101%, which rango comprises good commercial paper aa well as bankers' bills, and will thero rore Btiil admit of prolitable exports of gold from this country. It is understood that a large amount of gold in sovereigns. variously estimated at from ?80,000 to i. 100,000, has been withdrawn from tho Bank to-day. i he operations of the broker generally acting for tho Bank of Kngbuid still tend to dispose of,or borrow money on, stock. Consols for money opened at 91% a %, and closed at 91% a X; for the accouih they openod at 91% a }?', at which they still remain. [From the European Times, Jan. 19.]? Monetary and commercial affairs are net at present t ery satisfactory. Apprehensions of the increasing ox (endlture of tho country ou aaval and military objects, ?o the expectation of money Increasing in ..value in the i our so of the present week, and to the increasing dilllc al lies of tho political question in which tho United States are involved, aro tbe causes that affect the markets for government and other securities; whilst the genorai trade Of tbe country lias suffered from the American news and the late long continued severe weather, which is, how ever, now changing for tho better. Withdrawal of the French Fleet from (aueta. [From the l'aris Moniteur, Jan. 17.] Tho sending of the squadron of evolutlou before Uanta was done to prevent King Frances II. from boing suddoa ly invented by land and sea in tho fortraM to which he bud retired. Tho Emperor felt bound to give this testi mony ot sympathy to a Prlnco cruelly tried by fortune; but his Majesty, Initliful to the principle of non lulerven tion which has regulatod all his conduct iu regard to Ita'y since the pooco ol Villafranca, did not attempt to take an active pjrt tai a political struggle. By prolonging it bo > end the accomplishment of tho purpose aimed at this demonstration w ould have forcibly changed its ch tractor Tin; presence of our Hag, destined only to cover tho ri treat of bis Sicilian Majesty under conditions requisite to preserve his dignity, became an encouragement to re distance and a material support. There soon resultel from this incidents winch imp1 sod on theComm andor-in Chiet ot the squadron the duty of pointing out, soinetlmns to the Neapolitans and sometimes to the Pielmontcsij, the strict line of neutrality which was prescribed to bim,and which it was almost impossible for him to ob serve. It became the more import int for the govern ments the Emperor not to accept the responsibility ol such a situation, iu order that tho frank and reiterated declarations whioh he made shoold not give rtoe to any mistake as to hid intentions. From the end ol October, therefore, Vice Admiral deTinau was required not to le?i vo Kin>{ Francis in ignoranco tli it our ships could not remain Indefinitely at Oai ta, as impassible witnesses of u Ktrugglo which Could only end in a great effusion of blood. Ihe same advertisement was given repeatedly to his Sicilian Ma)? stj , whose courage has done honor to his cause. In the Interval the circumstances which wo have mentioned were aggravated, and, wishing to reconcile the exigencies of a policy of neutrality with tho tirst idea of atlordixig to King Francis II. a froe moans of de parting, the government of the Kmperor made ifsclf tho intermediary of u proposition for an armistice, which was accepted by tho two belligerents. Hostilities hav ing, In luct, ceased on tho 8th of this month, thoy will continue suspended until the 19th January, and at the hamo date Vice Admiral de Tinan will leave Uaeta. The lloaaian Treaty with China. (Kronr the London Post, January 18.1 TCie Rus.-ian government delights to take the Kuronoan public by surprise, and the Gattttr of St. VrterAura toik Just furnished a caso in point. This la no lew than a treaty concluded with the government of China, at Pekin on th? 14th of November Ta*t, si^ued by Prince Kuug and General I^natkfV, the Russian Amba*tailor thoro, and riit ucd by the l uiperor Alexander on the 1st of January. Thus it dates three weeks later than the Chinese treaties with Great Britain and France, which dato from the 24th and 26th of October. Tho Court of St. Petersburg ap pears t ? have been resolved that it would not be behind Great l'.ritain and Franco in obt.ilulng now treaty privi lege from China, and while the two great Imarllime lower* proceeded, with world wide notoriety, to enforce the observation of the treatj of Tien tsiu at the head of a ooEsidrr..ble ekpodltioii, the Russian government quietly Slipped into the pockot of General Igna ticll the terms which it resolvod te obtain at so favorable an opportunity. When the Ohiutae authorities In Pekln besought the Russian Ambassador to mediate between them and tbo allied armies advancing 00 the capital, the Miievvd Muscovite no doubt saw at once what an excellont cijrd the U-lostlala liad put into his band. His government would mediate, but it muat be paid for ltd mediation. The Court of IVkin probably cund that beggars muat not lie choosers, and it waa doubtless gl id to purch isu u mediator of peucu at the ex pense of a new concession to tho Russian government. V hut tho exte nt of thin concession in intrinsic political mportacce may be It is at this moment too early to de termines with absolute precision. The treaty divides Itself into two parts, it provider for the reconstruction of the Russian frontier in Kastern Siberia, along the ?alley of the Amoor, and it defines the trading rights and other privileges or Interchange of Iho Russlaus in China, and also (lor the sake of a nominal reciprocitj) of the Chinese in Russia. To deal ilrst with the territorial or frontior question, the Russian boun dary is by this treaty extended to within eight hundred miles of Pekln. This proposition is clearly established by the Ilrst article of the treaty. [lad the line of the Amoor been recognized as a boundary throughout, the Russian frontier would have been considerably more re mote from the Chinese capital. The river Amoor flows nearly eaat and west through the vast district known at Mantchuria, between the province of Irkoutsk In Baat ern Sibor la, and the SeaofOc houk, which washes the Asiatic coast to the northward of the Sea of Japan. Pre vlously to the Husso Chinese treaty of 1867 tho whole district of Mantchuria through which tho Amoor flowed whs Cheese territory. But by treaty Maniohurla to the northward of the Amoor wua eeded to UuMia who thereby came into possession of a fresh territory equal to the area of Germany. By the pre sent treaty of th? 11th of November, lHflo, it i? pro vided that, while the Amoor shall still form the Rosso Cliimse boundary, fron tho I'oint at which it emerges out of the remote and inland province of lrkoutsk, so far as its confluence with the Ouasourl, about two hundred and fifty miles from ihs s.a that boundary shall thence take the course of the Ouaaourl, which flows nearly at a right angle with the \moor, and slia|xs it? course southward in a lino parallel with the seacoast. It follows from this that the Russian boun darv Includes, as Kuwian terrltroy, nil that district be tween the Oussouri and the sea. The treaty further do lines that the frontier shall pursue the eourse of tbe iSou'* gatcha, a iIvor which is a continuation of tho (Missouri as far aa the Lake of Hlukal, which It shall bisect, one half ol tbe lake belonging honoerorth to Russia and tho other to China This lake is within a hundred miles of the Sea of Ji|>an, on tho southern soaoast of Mantchuria, near VictorIn Bay: and commissioners from the two go vernments are to be appointed to define the remainder of the Rusco Chinese boundary. Between the mouth of the Amoor, on the Sea of Ouhotak, au<l the Uay of Victoria, on the Sea i f Japan, there intervenes some seven hun ctred miles of t-eaboard, now In the possesion of Rus sia. This seaboard lbs Just opposite the Japanese islands, with the Sea ol Japan, there about three hun r , ?"J1? *ldf. intervening between tho Russian seaboard and the Japanese Insofar empire. We do not kiiow that there Is anj thing in this Russian acquis! tlon to render the Tycoon of Japan ami his Ministers much mui h more apprehensive of Russian power than they were before, for a broad channel must alw*ys dfvldo them rrom the pr.sent Russian sea Soar d, and Russia lias nevor Ijewwased much maritime authority In distaut seas. But this distinct definition of tho Russian boundary on the side of China proper convinces u? of the magnitude of the stride which tho Russian empire has made in that q> ar ter of tbo world. 4 Ft Is remarkable to perceive tho free trading doitrlnej bleb here sudd, uly receive a practical acceptance from the two most exclusive governments of the world The urth article of the present treaty provide that trade ,\<\m?lnt*">cd along the bound iry thus defined free of all duties. Yet Russia is a govern ment which, not content with maintaining an exorbitant rate of duties along her enormous frontiers In Kurope lias also maintained four or five distinct lines of custom houses between her Polish froutler and Moscow or St Peters burg Nor has China been much less Illiberal, while she has been far mors arrogant. Russian merchant* are to possees the privilege of travelling ,u Uin Chines Empire, subject to the reservation that they are not congregate In a greater number than yoo In the same locality. Kltber government Is to possess the privi lege of maintaining Consuls In tbo commercial cities In ?< territory of tbe otlier. Hoards ?t arbitration are also appointed for the settlement of tho commercial dt* pules of Russl ins tra-ling In China ari l Chinese trading In Russia; although It ta to be assumed, from tb- character the latter people, that they will rarely bee >ma domi miliated in the Russian territory. Indeed, while a c ireful eclprc lty Is In many other Instances exhibited m the concessions ol th-treaty, It bears evidence for ihe m ?t ?t of being eOMtrueted in tho Interest* of Russl to ule An almolute right of extradition li also bvrgaiued by the Russian authorities wheneve' any fugitive from Justice takes refuge In the Chinese territory Manv other conditions with regard to posts and couriers are also contained in this document. So far as the trading latIons of the Russian and Chines, govurnmenta are ncerned, we sh.,11 be glad to witness the introduction at y system which may promote the commercial In ( hinge of their subjects, allhiugh wo reserve, for On mewt, a d< < ided i pinion of the b< ariiij,s of ni,. rwenl ijltorial setth ment made to the ailvaiitage of tlm for I *" r,nl,tro wblch (ti i frie s almost PtoIVkiii and .leddft to Vienna and Unrlm would bo for miilable enough If it w-re not so barn n and uncivilized France nml Prassln. The fallowing were the remxrks on the sp '-h of tbe King of Prussia on the opehuiK >i the < lumbers K.\cept the paragraph relatln,; to the rounn-t which oxi-is betwee., the t.ern oil.: Col, -derail, n ar. ? |V.? rnark ,everything in this v..ry lengthy i ooument tesliH.- i iir.o a hope of seeing peace mnintaiDi il m Kurop-* snd it will l e r< rnsrkel thst among tbe r. t- -n wb.eii' ih" Klof fo nds hi conflden e be rtT? Ins pers-j#,

'Iit'-rvu W? With the sovereiglK of 'b great mst-s, ?hi< h l.??e ma Je the rt .il.oss ol Pr jhsm with t o |*tnc:p ?l Run^Ktu governments increasingly satisfactory. Another feature of the speech freni the throne it likewise a soi ioua guaranty of peace. U aun >usc?a thit the Prut mm government it on the p*i> t tJ entering into nojotia'ione v Uk the French government m the tuhjed of the treaties tie t'UtieU to riyulate the oummemat rotation* Ixtvueen the Xolloerein and France. Ihe more commercial relatione aro multiplied between pooplrs, the more prtjudicos are dis?.paled, interests identified, and the more proiitablo aad uocuisary diwb peace become to ail. Drnmark. WARLIKE PKKPAHATIONS. CiirttNUAOt-v, Jan. 16, 1861. The BMingtke Txdeni* announces that the Minister for War has caused the whole of tlio ihfantry to be supplied with rilled musket*, and that stops have been taken to Increase the number of homes for military purposes, and for tbe spoony recalling of tbe soldiers on Turkish. The Fame journal also says that preparations aro being made for the evacuation et the arsenal of Rondsburg The military corps of Engineers lias boon ordored to submit to tbe povernmnnt pUns lor the extension of the fortitlcatioBK or Danonwtckcand or the redoubts of Friede ricia. Tbe artillery is to receive several rilled batteries. FRANKKORT-ON-THE MAINR. In to day's Fining ol thd Fodoral Dlot tho two commit tees nppomlod to consider the proposition of Oldonbirg ? That, as tho patent of tho 25th September, 1359, anu tbe financial law of July, I860, must be considered as Mo gul they not having beou sanctionod by the States? 1 ieniuai k t hould be summoned to muke a declaration within six weeks In reloreuce to lior fulfilment or the provisorium, In conformity with the resolution of the 1 Federal Ciot of tbe 8th of March, 1H90, and that la the event of her uon compliance federal execution should bo declared against Denmark. Hungary and tbe Daaablan PrlaelpaU Uu< Co.nwantwow*, Jan. 11,1M1. General Klapka Is In tbe Principalities preparing for a rising in Hungary. Tho Danube is now closed by loo. Tho J.rms brought by tho Sardinian ships are to bo landed In Montenegro, whouce they will be doflpatched to the Banal. Conclusion of the Beyront Trials. CoNHTAirmtortn, Jan. 12,1881. Tlie (ria'K at Beyrout baro been concluded. Tho Druse pi doners were sontencod to death, and tho Turkish to exile. Russia It Is stated that the Russian government had sent a circular to its ministers abroad, to be communicate 1 to tho Courts to which they aro accredited, remonstrating, if not protesting, agalng tho warlike projects attributed to tbe Gorman governments relative to tho designs or l'i ussia on lieuntai k. It shows th it the state of South oin Kurope is sulliciently complicated without oxcitiug any more diflioullits in the north. THE LATEST UV THE AHABI/V. 1>indojt, Jan. 20, 1801. Sir Thomas Kdward Colebroke, Bart., M.I'., Lanark shire, will probably bo selected to move tho address in the llouso of Commons in answer to the ppoecli from tue (krone. IT ALT. N.vri?, Jan. 19, 1861. Admiral Barbler de Tinau, with tho romalalor of tho French licet, left the wat*s of Gaota to day. Tuhik, Jan. 'J), 1861. Tho whole French squadron has loft Gaota. Gksoa, Friday, Jan. 18, 1861. Troops embarked here yesterday for ftoples. Two fri gates have loft for Gaota 6 a, Jan. 19, 1861. Tlio Courritr Mercantile publishes loiters from Naples, dated 15th inst , stating that several thousjuid Bourbo nians, under tho command of Gon. Loora, had entered the Neapolitan provinces through the Iloman territory, and defeated the less numerous Italian forces, noar laglia czxp, compelling them to retire on Avezzano. General Tonnez has left with rolnforcemonts for Kora. fbamok. I'.iris, Jan. 19,1861. The Moniteur publishes a decree roducing from 40 to 10fr. p? r huDdred killos., the figure at which merchan dise imported into France is taxed according to tho net weight. EVENING NEWS. Lomk>n, Jan. 19,1861. Fxtreme depression prevails In tho market, owing to a pressure of sales by Fpeculativo holders, all stocks havo fallen. Tbe funds show steadiness, hut an improvement of % was not sustained. The GM* Hays an influential firm is in difficulties, with liabilities estimated at from ?300,000 to.JU00.000. Ihe death of 1/iri Klphinstono is announced. A PRUSSIAN ANP Al*8TRlAN Al.LIANCE. Tho Prussian Austrian Ganite again states that a treaty between l'rusfia and Austria guarantees to Austria tho possession of Venice. Tho meetings of the Cabinet will be resumed noxt Friday. j Tho Klrg or Prussia on the 16th inat. met all tho Generals prosetit at Berlin, and aocordlng to the | GaztUi, thus spoko to them:? 1 have beon called to the throne at an epoch full of dangers and with the prospect of combats, in which I shall pet hap* have need of all your devotedness. If 1 and the princes who aid mo desire the maintenanoo of peace, ' and do not suco-od in turning aside the storm which is rising, we shall havo need of all our forces to defend ourselves. Do not indulgo in any illusions. If we do uot succeed in turning aside the conflict, you shall bo engaged In a combat in which we must vanquish If wo aro not willing to perish. Addressing the Minister of War, he said: You must courageously ou doavor to make tho army what it ought to bo for the future prosperity of l'russia. Tbe I'aris oorresi?oudeut of the I/)ndon //<raM says, this speech has created great sensation in that capital, and that the King of l'russia is aware that Doumark is only his nominal enemy, and the real quostion is, whether Fiance is to have the Rhine. Market*. BARINU BKOTI1KR8 * C'O.'S CIROFI.\R 1/>ndos, J in JM. 1881. Our colonial and fnreigt produce markets/%givweu quiet this week. Sugar (lull. Coileo and Iro Ctaaff* steady, Cotton very active and tfearor. demand. riio Bank of Kngiand minimum ratoof diT'^int remain* at 7 rer cent. C-*isol* leave otf 91 % n 91 Tor money, 91 >, a 91?; for tho account. Bar silver ftn. 1 '4<L Mexican doiiara 6s. 0,'4'd. American eagles 70s. 7d., tt rainal. Doubloons?spanlsh 70a. C l., South American 7?a. ftd. jxt ounce. Amfjiu f^riK-KH.?Bus-boss hn* been very limited this week, with a downward tendency Cnlted States ft's are freely oiiered nt Nfl, and may bo had at 8ft. A small amount of MaMacMsettl sterling ft'a has been sold at l0o\'. dividend on, auil some I ennsylvania ft's, bonds, at 84. also Willi dividend on. Now York an I Krio 7's, bwxls, third mortgiige, 78: shares, 82W. Illinois Central boud*, 88; Sham, ISO discount; Michigan Central H'g, bonds, 89. Canada 6's par, ex dlvidenl. New Bruns wick 0'h, 100 mcuAimfoy, spexcx * co.'s circular. Ijvkrinkh., Jan. 18, 1881 Cotton?The character of tho political udricos front the States being of an exciting uaturo, this market has boeu favorably influenced thereby. The trade aurf speculators, irrespoi tive of the pro* pacts of doarer money, iiave been active buyers through*.nt tho weok, the daily sales ave raging over 20,000 bales at gradually advancing prices, so that at the clukO it is necessary to ralso last week's quotations '?d per lb. all rouud. .Sea Islands dull of sale. Surat* in active request and '?d. a l?d- per lb. dearer. In Manchester there is quite a pause in business, aad though prices are railed llrm for goods and dearer for yarns, there la not enough doliij, really to teat them. The quotations are, middling Orleans, 7 9 16*1. per lb.; Mobile, 7 7 lftd,; uplands, 7'?d. IIkkaI'Mi rre ?I>urliig the week wo liavoagain had hard fronts, and although since yesterday a slight thaw has set in, its continuance is doubtful, and the dlfllouity of In land communication remains 114 great as beforii. The trade in cotueqaence has ruled dull, and ou Tuesday, with a small attendance of buyera, wheat sold only to a limited extent, at about previous ratw Hour til. per bbl. cheaper, and slow or sale. Indian corn in rather better enqui, at DM. to 38a. 3d. for mixed Since Tues day somo 11 us mens has been done in floor, at low rates, a sale of 8,000 bbl* extra Ohio, just aarlved from Baltimore, having been made at 30a. ftd. per bbl., from the quay. Extra States have been sold at 29s. ftd. to 29* 9d. in store. To day s market poorly attended and Utile business was done. Wheat in very small demand and rather easier In price, flour diflrcult to sail at our reduced quotations. Indian tarn more freely offered, mixed obtainable at {38s in store, white sells onl|r in retail at 40s. per quarter for prime. Wo quote wheat?Ked Western. 11*. ftd. to lis. ftd. for 1 hicago. lis. ftd. to lis. 9<1. for Milwaukee, 12s. 2d. to 12s. 4d. for winter, Southern, 12a. 9d. to 13a.; white Western, 13a. to 13s 3d.; Southern, 14*. to 15a. per 100 lbs Hour?I'hiladelphli superflwe, 29s. ftd. to 30s. fld., extra, M*- ftd. toiils. tid.; extra Uhio, ;?M. ftd. to 32* extra State, 2W. to 29s. 91. per barrel. Indian corn? Mix'd. .lis., yellow, 3ns. to 38a. 0J.; white, 39*. to 40s. per 480 il*. Hmr in very limited aale and nominally unaltered in value. The arrivals this woek arc considerable, and the tt< c.k Increasing l'oRK quiet at previous rates. BauoR slow of sale and prices again easier. _ ( nam In moderate Inquiry, witliout chingn in price. I.*ki>, under arrivals, a*ain lewor, about 76 ton* cholco American having been sold at 68*. A I. a 69a.; good re OoIt>? nominal, at 67s. to ftsa per cwt. T.*ixow conlbiuesin fair ropiest, but North American having arrived in considerable quantity an I being freely oflVroa, h.*s declined In price, &ss being tak( n for Butchers' Association, and 87a. to 67s. ftd. for New V rk city rendered. UOWinami IUhk Hells slowly at lata (notations. }{<m-i.n.?About 4,000 bbl* sul I at 4s ad .*4* 41. for comma*, and 4s Kd. a ft*. for low modium w,.*!* Tbers is uothing doing in clover, flax or timo thy, and yrtcoa are nominally unchanged. |. V. ?ATTKRTIIWAITK'" CIRCULAR. Iiunma, .'an. 18, 1801. Ibe market for American s'Muirittea, during lb- past w<'l- has been Mil, especially for federal and Slates' af?ks and railroad bonds I he principal businaaa has b< 1 n in Illinois and l.n>' .-harrs, whlcii eoulmuo to lie largely dealt in, but lb prices In New Vork an I l/inm seem to bear IittIM analogy t?? e.iflh other Tb? laal price 1 rem Nt w York of Illinois shmes, on ftlh Inst., was 2<i , ..nut whilst here the price h 32 dlse'tunt, an I Krie shart hero a>" *1, '?? 'Hist 38 '{ In V- v Y011< Ann 1 icaii pollticiU tioubleti i a>e it last Jn^hl ined th Urttiota public, and the deeire is only how to get out of their Amerioan lnveslmenla. Money remain* light. Consols close 91X *w money, and OIK to Y, tor account, 7th February. TiLH LATEST MAKKETS. Livkkfoul, Jan. 20,1801. Cotton??ales yesterday of 20,000 Dales, Including 10,000 to s|<eculators and exporters at very full prices. RreadstullS quiet but stexdy. Provisions dull. I^oksok?Evening. American securities slightly declined to-day. Illiucis Central shares 36 a 36 discount; Erie 30. Console 91>, a 01K r?r money, and 91X for account. The Arabia took ?226,000 ia specie. THE NEWS B? THE MITED KINGDOM. Caps Rack, Feb. 1,1861. The steamship United Kingdom, which sailed from Glapgow on Sunday, January 20, passed Caps Raoo at eleven {o'clock on Wednesday morning. The Glasgow papers handed to tho lighthouse keeper by the officers of the Uuited Kingdom contain the following intelligence:? The steamship Anglo-Saxon, from Portland, arrived at Liverpool on the 10th. The I'arls correspondent of ths London Jturning Pod expresses ths belief that the Are at Gaeta would be r* sumed on the 21st, asd that an attack by aea would be commenced without delay. The new Ministry at Naples possess tho confidence of the people. Tho French army Is to be increased by seventeen regiments of infantry. General Klapka was preparing for a rising 1* Hun gary. ? The trials of the Beyrout aflsunins had boon concluded. Tho Druse prisoners bad boon sentenced to doatb, and the Turkish to exile. Oar Honduras Correspondence. Bkuxk, British Honduras, Jan. 12, 1861. lite Prospodi fur the. Woodcutting Season?Markets?Some of the Effect* of Walker't Expedition?Departure <\f the Attorney General?Progress of the Government Survey? Partial Failure of the Sugar Crop, <Sx., <tc. Our lost packet brought down a very large sum of money, which iu a great measure relieved tho tightness of our money market, yet its lato arrivul was tho causo of a more than usual dull Christmas. Thoro bas boon less disposition to spend money manifested by tho majority of our mahoguny cutters. Tho large houses havo hired freely, and at good wages, and, if the soasons are propitious, from nino to ten mil lion thousand fu t will be got out duriug the current year. Logwood is rather dull and has a downward tondoncy, with tho pr'?poct of moro than ordinary supply for the yoar. fvircaparilla anil hides oro very dull iadood, thero being no fixed value for either of those articles. Somo small lots of the latter lmvo boon sold at public auction for Cash at prices ranging from 26 cents each hide to $1 25. Of course they could not be bought in any quantities at those prices, but the poorer dr iocs havo made sales at tiitse prices. Ccchine&l and indigo are among the things that wero in Belize. 1 he steamers on tho I'aclfio and tho l'anima Railroad have directed nearly all of our trade in thoso articles 11 urn Belize. Tho disarrangement of our trade iu Honduras, caused by Walker's taking Truxlilo, has not yet boon overcomo, but matters arc now gradually assuming thoir former shape. our legislative Assembly will meet on the 28th Inst, lhe session will most likely bo very short. Our Attorney (iem.nil, Mr. 11. J. Ball, owing to severo indisposition, lias to leave this country. When he has gone there will not be a full commissioned olilcor of the government in Belize. The Superintendent, the Chief Justice, the Colonial Secretary, the publio Treasurer and the Attorney General's offices will all be tilled with acting officials. Major May, tho government Surveyor, and his sulto havo been in town for the (>ast two weeks. They havo been down to tho Sarstom river, fcnd surveyod and open ed the lower or i-outhoru side lineflind are now gone up tho old river to (iarbold's Falls, to tlx the northern line; alter which tho back or westerly lino will be opened, and then the bounds of British Honduras wHl ho ilnilly and dotlnitlly arranged and settled, so far at loast as the States ot Honduras, Guatt mala and Verapus aro concern ed. Thus while your i><diii< iauB and public men have been squabbling ubout slavery, the Monroe doctrine and like topics, Great Britain has quietly, but surjly, secured our Hiti en hundred square miles of territory, in which are millions of acres of tho llncst sugar and cotton lauds in the world. Tho promise of the sugar crop for the coming year Is not as good as usual, owing to tho great quantity of rainy weather we have had lately; but it wo h'tve good dry weather for the next four months I have no doubt it will come up to, 11 not exceed, last year's crop. An unusual quantity or new Land has been cleared the l?iht year, and will a'l bo pl.inted out iu c inos tins yoar; and w ith good woaiher and labor au excossively largo crop will be realized in IbOJ. Tho Guatemala "Ganrd a Ooosta schooner Velocltad," with a bevy of officials, lias been here and at Corosal, tho I?st tortnigbt. Some dancing, racing and bull and cock lighting have bow furnished to them by H. M. Actiug .Superintendent an 1 liis friends, who have tried to show them the elephant, and have seen It themselves, if they were not succi sslul in showing it to thoir guests. Interfiling from Arizona. Ol K CAI.AUAUAS lOKKKSrONDENCK. Calauakas, Jan. 0,1801. Fine More Murder*?A Sew l'orker Among (A; Victim*? ?wo Women Captured by the ApacKet?United State* Cus tom Ilotue, <&c.. rfe. On my way to Hormoxlllo and Guaymos, in Sonora, I tarry at thin placo fur a day or two, waiting for my tra velling comiunions, it being, on soveral accounts, unsafo for Americans to travel in Souora cxccpt in parties, well armed and mounted. I sent you for publication, some time sinco, a list of persons murdered in Western Arizona since J.iauary 1, 1868?two years. Pinco forwarding that lilt I have a>ld ed other*, making the number .sent slity t-lz. During the last week of the past year Ave more murders or violent deaths have taken place, making the total for two years seventy one, Americans ami Mexicans, killed In Western Arizona, which has an American and Mexican (wpulation resident of nut over 3.000 souls, oxcluslve of the mill tary. I)oes not this show a horrible state of things? Ami whin it is considered that in Eastern Arizona, em bracing the MetdlU Valley aud the I'lno Alto gold minis, no less tlmn one hundred violent deaths liavo takon place in the same time, It shows a state of society absolutely terrible. Tint to go en with the number of victim*. On lucenitier 2M, a party of Apaches atiackod a ranch noar the silver mini m at Ari>?ca, killed one Moxican, and car ried oil two W( men captives. No attempt on tlie part of the military to recover the oaptivoe. Had they been American w< men doubtless a treat excitement would have ensued. latter part of [December two Americans, one named Columber. of California, name of the othnr unknown to me, were murdered while asleep by Mexi cans on the Coioruiio river. On the 2Ath of Deoamber, P. 11. McGovorn, of New York latterly, a native of the North of Ireland, was shot by a Mexican in Tubac. U,> lingered a few days, died and was burled in the old church yard at Tubac, by the side of live other Americans murdered by Mex runs Mr. McGovern was a very intel ligent and respectable man; hid formerly boon in the employment ol lli? I'nited States Quartermaster as wagon master. He has relatives in Ltho city of New York, who can have the disposition of his property by addressing Theodore Mhormnn, BR|., l"osUnaster, Tubac. McOovern's "elate will probably amount to nearly $1,000. I do not cite all these cases for the purpose of Injuring tho coun try (which Is scarcely possible), but only to show Gin HUte of civilization which exists and the necoesity for tome sort of legal restraint. Homo poople will naturally conclude that with such a formiitable list or mur ders, added to constant lights, Shooting affrays, Indian depredations, liorder warfare, Ac., Ac., must be an exciting place to live in, and so it is, and it is no more than justice to advise meek spirited, moral sua ft on, Kanclitl'd individuals of the abolition school to keep away. This country is no place lor them. At Calabaras is the only l ulled States Custom House between Uie Klo Grande and Colorado. It Is located about ten miles from the Mexican line, at tho ruins of the Calabaras buildings, belonging to ex Governor Oan dara, of Sonora. Tlie revenue officer is Captain John Donaldson, of Kentucky; salary $1,000 per year, about half what it ought to be. The revenue of the olllco is considerable, derived from duties on provisions import ed from Honora. The person sent out hero to suroood Captain I onaldson should be a tlrm, resolute man, ac customed to the frontier, and having a knowledge of tho Spanish language. Without those qualidcations none should apply. < On the frontier of Sonora tho revolution is dally ex pected to iireaksuut anew, while in the south the Yaqnl war continue. No goods have yet boen imported to Arizona vta i Pay mas. some doubt existing as to the c >n Krnctlon of the decree. I am now on my way into Ho nors, and If not taken prisoner, shot or murdered, you will hear from me tn reference to the true conditiou and capacity of the country. Snpreme fonrt?In Chtmbrril. lief ore Hon. Judge ltarn?rd. T. P. lT?wett * (*>. m Thomtu It. 1'tnny <i al.?Motion i ruled with $.? costs. In re. op] tuition of Ike MHhnliH Episcopal Church in thtane rtrert?Referred to SaBUel Jones, Esq. In re. Wtantary din iln/ion nf the Artisan*' Fin Inmr MM U*.?Order granted, lieforenco to Hamuel Jones, Ksq. Ilenry Mnrriion, tor >n Oe.irq* Waltinger H at.? Motion to set a^iile JiiTTginent deulod with $10 costs. Ilfnry H'fiOlorJc, Jr., M. Ilenry Kluxle? Motion denied With cost*. WiUimm a. Train ft nl t*. Charles A liro tm.?Motion fbr a new referee denied with $10 costs. In fit. Iftnry ''biy h\re Insurant'* 'V?Girder dWcbirg Ing receiver graeted. Allen l>. Ihllt&ni H nl re. John J. WtmM*.?Motion to -i t aside ludarru nt denied with *10 costs. Hiammr*. lUHmiuh)* it St.?M o ion for resettlement of tin'older made before me denied. The order mi-loby Jud^e Sutherland ?ust*bs resettled by him. William Vaunt/ e? Jtjin H<xv h ?Motion overruled with's to be taken as e< *1) of uemurror to th ptrtjr sue cessfui on ttuanrgument. Fine Arte. Church is hard at work, and getting on finely with the "Icebergs." It mil bo bin grandest effort. Such rich ness of thought wad feeliug! such an overilowlng of gro twquc and fantastic scutunontl So gorgeous ta Intetuo delicacy of color! One acknowledge that mortal hand baa at last wrought a fitting homoetead for the naiads and the gnomes, the t'ndinea and the mermaids of the old Koac(crucian philosophers. T. 14. Smith, of Albany, ? young and rapidly ruing ar tist, has ,ju?t completed a winter scene, which Is particu larly distinguished for exquisite poetic feeling, making it &u idyl in ita way. The crisped snow, the leufloss trees, the village street wrapt In winter raiment?all are don# to the life. It is just the sort of picture to cool you la the beat of dog days. Palmer has lately completed one of his superb fomals busts?one that lives m your memory after soelng it, like the works of the great old Greek masters. The caverns of that man's skull seem full of the graces, who come forth, one by one, at the harmonious touching^ of his chisel. Huntington's long Mpocted picture of Webster, Irvine and Bryant is rapidly approaching completion. Webster's head is grand as the old Apoetlo's, and looks something like Correggio's St. Paul; Bryant's is like an oak crowned Druid, while lrving's is the single face whose contour be longs to modern days. Warros is painting In the country, and keeps sending good landscapes to town. Richards, of Philadelphia, It getting up a unique repu. tat ion as the best sf our pre-Raphaelite Und so ay painters. a Word's new pictures are full of the goldon sunlight sf true genius. Wm. Hart's host effort?"Sea Shore at Sundown"?4S on exhibition at Goupil's. Eastman Johnson is in Maine making studies for a pen dant for tils graphic picture of "Tho Old Kentucky Home." It will be a brochure of real New England life?characteristic and clover. The American Van l)y ke, Elliott, has upon bis easel seve ral heiids which keep up his already onviable reputation. Vigorous and truthful /.his works will bocomo standards of excellence as time rolls on. Williamson has taken rooms In Brooklyn, whore his studio exhibits a summer of uutiring industry. It Is liteially crammed with sketches. IIo i3, pxr rxcclkAct, tho painter of the prairies. Ilia Western scones evlnco a nice perception and a ready execution. Wensler's landscapes aro open to criticism, but no one can say his most startling and extraordinaij' efforts are n< t the result of carelully adopted theory, and the* way he sees nature is much better for art and its higher de velopment than tho most beautiful of pictures by sor vile copyists. E. Hay, of Albany, who exhibited somo pictures of great nromise, is realizing the hopes of his many friend*. Ills ' Mountain stroma" is woll calculated to be a sure round in his ladder of future succenses. It will be in this year's exhibition, where all will be ablo to judge of his rapid improvement. Moore, of Tenth Street Buildings, is among the first of tlio rising meu, and no one ran l'>ok at the exuberant fancy and gonial invention by which he gives us clouds, trees, distance and foregrounds, without feeling, in tho homely lunguago of liogarth, that "ho has the stuff la him." haunt Thompson's "Hunter" is highly spoken of as one of tho best of his designs. It is au epic of American oe cupation?a backwoods knight errant bent on adventure, whofae dulcimu is gain, whoie windmills arc'tho wolf, the otter and the deer. It is the truest type of American Forest Life, and in vigor is unsurpassed by tho works of any cotemporary sculptor. At the last artists' reception was exhibited for the first time James M. Hart's "Summer's Day In New England," one of his largost and most elaborate pictures. Beforo it admiring crowds were awakened to its grand and quiet breadth of cflect, possessing, as it did, an out-of-do&rs coat of effect, as if you looked from an open window?its superbly delineated perspective, and tho overflowing sentiment of dreamy atmoaphore, tho Inalienable heri tage of all August aftornoons. It is a picture to be felt, net described. Those arborescent priucos of tho farm ers' Ileitis, tho olms, roign in the supremo of graceful beauty. The silvery tone of tho sky, draped with floecy clouds, bespeaks a deep study of aorlal effects, while the grazing herds scattered over the Holds give a tranquil, hornetome Interest to tho scone, that all of us, amid the din and clamor of crowded streets, love so much to think of and so fondly to contemplate. Thuso who liavo witnessed James M.Hart's triumphs In our wildest forest landscapes?picturos that will render tho old North woods a classic land of sylvan beauty?could hardly have belioved him capablo of a success so entiro i s this?a stylo so different yet so redolent with tho opposite sontimont?a sort of Arcadia of Christian civili zation. Ocrtel's last cattle plecs has hosts of admirers. Innes ts laboring, though in feeble health, upon his his fine effects in color. Kensett is full ef engagements. A rare seaside gom of his will grace the annual exbibilloa. Durand, the Nestor of the landsoape school of art In this country, is still active as sver. All his things may woll be termed " An Old Man's Memories;" and they are Indeed luminous with the brilliancy of past study. God grant him long life to lo<>k upon that nature he has so often and so well represented. The French exhibition will close on tho 6th, when a two days' unreserved sale will take place of Its contents. Those who desire to possess genuine pictures by some of the best modern artists will do well to profit by this op portunlty. Tho Cosmopolitan Art Association have Issued a Duties extending the period for closing tholr subscription lilts from January the 31st to April the 18th, 1801. This altor.ition ha* boon adopted "to accommodate a Urge number of old subscribers ,who, owing to the disturbed condition of the political and flnaucial affairs of the coun try, bnvr been unable to renew tlielr memberships." Kitchie ti Company, of Broad way, have published a iluo engraving of General Jackson, from a portrait l>aiiiU)d ixpre*sly for tlio purpose by Mr. I). M. Carter. Mr. Carter's recollections of Old Hickory, aided by a like, nets t?ken of him at Washington, during the secoad yenr of his Presidency, have enabled him to prodaos a picture which is acknowledged to be life like by all thoa* who have seou the Illustrious original. We see by the l/ondon Amirican that Mr. W. I, Barney, of Baltimore, tho landscape and figure pa.liter, who ha* been residing for several years past In I'aris, is now in tiondon, where ho is engaged on several large works II 1 stiating incidents in tho American Revolution and ladiaa life. Among the n?w resident artlsfs well deserving of no tice, Rondel, formerly of Boston, must not bs forgottsa. His cabinet pictures possess Intrinsic msrlt from their skilful nrtistlc trsatmsnt. lie is* sort of l^mbinst. In quist, delightful simplicity he has uo superior. He only attempts every day nature?sot her startling efreots->*nd hs ichisves is truth what he attempts. No collection st colemporary art will be entlrs without he is repre sented. A sportsman as wsll as a painter, hunters and their dogs wanior through his scenes at will. They ars pleasant remlndsr* of delightseme shooting In Meld and lorest. "Mount Washington nt Sunrise," by (J. I,. Brown. This charming picture Is noarly completed, and from the original method of its treatment, its grandeur of design and brilliancy of oxecutlm, it will rank with the produc tions of the flrst landscape painters. It is a soon pantos picturt) of the 1'rlnoe of Wales' "Ray and City of New York," and will be exhibited in I/>ndon, where, we doubt not, it will meet with tho same favor and candid treat ment as Church's "Heart of the Andes" or "Cro|wey's Hudson River at Cornwall." It represents a portion ol the chain of tho White Mountaias, Including Mounts JslTerson, Adams and lAfayotte, Just as the sun trans mutes by his i islng the range into Titanic piles of ame thystine light, streaking with golden bars the forests at Its feot, whilo the mist rises up from this challoe of a valley as in sense floating before ths radiant presence of the Cod of Day. The foreground, photographically trne, mlneraloglcally as well ?s arboretlcally (for tho artist had every poiut sketched from nature), is covered with a wild, tangled growth, embracing the trunk of a fallea tree. The mellow richness of tho autumn foliage givos it a lonely, deserted, Halvator Rosaisb efT..'ct. To the right a mountain stream struggles along, omerging Trom a thick lore?t, with eddying swirls upon its surface, reflecting faintly the tints of airy clouds that float as lightly a* those that poets tee In the litmlscnpc of a dream. la fsct, the picture must be seen to he appreciated Vnlteri Sfstin District Attorney's Office. RIDI<IMATI<M< (IK IX-JUDGH HOOMYI1.T. Frii. 1 - We are authorized to stats 1'iat Judge Roiise veil, the pr . i-er.t I nltod SUtes Dtalrict Attorney, his cent in his resignation to President Buchanan, to takn eflect tin the 4th of Msrch next. .1 idign Rinsovnlt has alv? written to Mr I ineoln, the Prestdeut elect informing him < r tli<- day of his inauguration f in ofllos or I niud ?-titef |m tri< t Attorney for th>i rtwihern district ?>{ N? w York will ho vacant.