Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1861, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1861 Page 7
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men ought to hare remembered that Mr. Lii coin has been cooped op for several month* in the little out of the way village of Springfield, Illinois, with only a few thousand inhabitants, devoting all his energies solely to cabinet mak ing. Supplied with a few old planks from Chicago, he has been vainly engaged on a piece of cabinet work In that small village, which no one ever heard of ontil a few politicians converted it into a kind of Mecca and loiows nothing at all about the Btate Of the . country or the sentiments of the people he is going to rule over. It was very thoughtless of the Aldermen not to remember this, and give Mr. Lincoln an opportunity of learning something about the condition of the country and public opinion upon the merits of the Chicago platform, before he goes to Wa?h ington, which he could do nowhere else half so well as in the superb metropolis of New York. fmp?mdin( Revolution la the Canada* Nothing can be more instructive in the chronicles of history, than the frequency with which eminent popularity in personages of ex alted station, has been the harbinger of their downfall, and unusual demonstrations of alle giance and loyalty, the signal of impending discontent, rebellion, and revolution. From Saul to i'io Nono; from Mary Queen of Soots to Marie Antoinette, the cypress wreath has ?ver been successor to the laurel crown, and the hosannas of a fickle multitude a prepara tion for agonies like those of Calvary. "When I saw the Queen of France, thon the Dau phiness," exclaimed Edmund Burke, "surely never lighted on this orb, which she hardly seemed to touch, a more delightful vision. 1 saw her just above the horizon, decorating and cheering the elevated sphere she had begun to move in?glittering like the morning star?full Of life, spleudor, and joy. Oh what a revolu tion!" And who could have believed that Mary, Queen of Scots, the brilliant being. Who landed at Leith, in 1561, and with a light and gladsome heart received the homage, which, amidst plaudits and re joicings, the nobles, clergy and people of Scotland poured forth to offer her, would linger out a life of misery, and perish upon an ignominious scaffold. Six months ago, the cannon of Mount Abra ham, announced the arrival in Canada of the Prince of Wales. There never was a prince more calculated to win the love and respect of his future subjects, llis transit through the North American dominious of his mother, was one of unexampled splendor. With the excep tion of slightly grave manifestations of popular displeasure at Toronto, the ovation received by him was in the highest degree gra tifying, and excited almost a wonder ing satisfaction in his native land. His greeting in the United States was still more enthusiastic. A shout of joyful aud heart felt welcome, accompanied him from one end to the other of bis journey, and, as the son of a royal and virtuous mother; heir to a monarchy with which it is for our highest interest to re main at peace; and the descendant of a line of kings, to whom our ancestors owed fealty, a spontaneous tribute of deference wa3 bestowed upon him, calculated to draw closer than ever together the bonds of alliance botweeu nations of a common race. There were but small appearances, that the clouds, slowly gathering around our politicul horizon, would ever affect him. Frobably but few persons on , the continent imagined that a storm was brew ing, which, ere half a year had passed away, ! would threaten to tear from the British crown the last remnants of its possessions in this quar ter of the globe. Yet it is undeniable that the contagion of change, which has so rapidly ex tended from the South to the North, since No vember last, has reached the Canada*, and that arrangements are already bi'ing made there, to sunder the connection between the British American colonies and England?amicably if ; possible, but, if needs must be by force of arms. Thfe speeches delivered by Senator Seward, the premier of the incoming administration, during the course of the recent Presidential campaign, show that it has, for years, been a part of the plan of agitators in the Northern States, that nut only th* whole of the BritUli possessions in Ameripa, but also the northwest ern portion of the continent, owned by Russia, thould soon bo included 'be great non> slaveholding republic, which ti. ' dissolution of the Union would be a signal id inaugurate. The grandeur of the empire which Sputhern enterprise and energy hope to carve out be tween Mason and Dixon's line and the Orinoco, renders, in fact, tho annexation of Canadu, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, an impera tive necessity; and tho clmngn is clearly for * the interests of the people on both shores of the great IuTum, and on the other side a* well as this of the St Lawrene". Such an altera tion of the map of the contimrut, will give to the Northern confederacy a large number of new States, while it will m.ike Canada, which has no navy, but a limited commercial fleet, and which is restrained in its developement by want of independence, the centre of one of the greatest marine and commercial Powers on earth. Instead of revolving with a dimmed lustre around a distant centre, Canadians will, hereafter, derive glory and renown from them selves alone, while contributing to extend the influence of the mighty Power, in which they will have a controlling voice, to the remotest bounds of the globe. The recent invasion of the rights of the Ca nadian judiciary by the Court of Queen's Bench, has excited just and fervid indignation in the hearts of the intelligent masses of the population. It is a repetition of the interfe rence with local privileges to which colonies are always subjected from arrogance, fanaticism, and tyranny, if public sentiment in the mother country happens to be adverse to their con duct In the present case, such intermeddling frill prove to have been "worse than a politl cal crime?It was a blunder." It will supply now fuel to the flume of secession feeling, al ready burning np brightly in view of events in the United States, and will hasten tho hour, predicted by Senator Seward, when "out of (he provinces beyond the great lakes, by the Ft. Lawrence and the shores of Iludson bay. excellent States will be bnilt, to be hereafter admitted to the American Union." It Is sincerely to be hoped that Great Britain, with the teachings of her own greatest states men before hei; with the precept* to guide her which she has given to other nations; and the increased wisdom and enlightenment of the ccntwry in which we live, will rejoice in per mitting her North American colonies to secede in peace. The loss of the thirteen colonies to the crown, did more to augment the national wealth of England, than any event of the past century. Her trade with the United States, sir ce the peace of 1782, has received an exten sion, which would have been deemed the I wildest hallucination of a crazed brain, had it been then foretold. Bankruptcy would be the result of the loss to her of this republic as a market, and the withdrawal of an allianoe the signal for her political as well as commercial ruin. What injures us, reacts unhealthily upon her, and every step taken by us in advance, is for her advantage. Equally beneficial to her would be the loss of Canada. The population of three millions in Canada, will have be come, like ours, thirty millions in half a century, and her imports from Great Britain, which, in 1860, amounted to but a fraction over eighteen millions, will be nearly two hundred millions, in the same period. It is therefore for the interest of Great Britain that her American provinces shall become free, and part of the vast republic which nature decrees shall rule this continent. The remembrance of the recent visit of the Prince of Wales to this country, and the man ner in which he was received here, should teach the lesson to England, that no cause can possibly dissever the bonds of peace that unite her to her colonies and to the United States, short of the absolute dictates of duty. The highest obligation of every people, however, is to guard its own rights and to secure the fi uition of its own freedom. The Canadians are already beginning a work of preparation to wards this great end, whioh will lead to the de claration of their independence, and the an nexation of their territory to the United States. The British government shonld aid in the ac complishment of what it canuot posMbly pre vent. A war, similar to that of the last cen tury, would inevitably terminate as inglorious ly as did that which preceded the peace of 178:5. Let the adviBers of Queen Victoria re cognise, then, that the period has arrived for an amicable severance of the ties that bind the Hiitiish provinces of North America to the crown; yield gracefully to the exigencies of the agr; and permit the people of Canada to launch, unmolested, into the new sea of enterprise towards which destiny calls them. Tue Nkgro in tiik Mbttiopolis.?Tin* statistics of llit- colored population in Now York, which wo published the other day, must suggest to overy thinking tuind the inferiority ol condition wbfch abaracterizes the negro race in the free States, as compared with the African living un dcr the Southern system of .servitude. Sincc 1850 the total population of tbe city has in creased some three hundred thousand, while in tho same time the negro population, black and mulatto, has decreased from 13.815 in 1850 to 10,831 in the present year?a falling off of nearly three thousand in a single deoade. At this rate of decrease the whole free negro popu lation of the country will have vanished in half a century from now, unless preserved by some unusual migration from the Southern States. Out<of the ten thousand negroes now iu the metropolis, only eighty-five own any real estate, and not quite eight hundred own per- ! tonal citato. They bave completely aban- j doncd all employments requiring active manual labor, and are to be found for tho most part in the position of waiters and domestic servants, and the females in the capacity of washerwo men and laundresses. A negro mechanic is a rarity?the whole number in the city not reach ing eighty; and in any higher pursuit there are none to be found, excepting fourteen clergy men of different persuasions, eight physicians, eight musical professors and seventeen school teachers. In the wnrds where they are the most numer ous they form the very lowest stratum of socie ty; in the Fifth ward especially prostitution and indiscriminate intercourse between the sexes is the common rule of life. Tho number of mulattoes among the co lored population shows the immorality i of the female portion in a very marked manner, considering that only tlur?j-two cases of intermarriages with while women are re turned by the ceos-^ marshals, and not one cafe of intermarriage between a white man and a black woman. Of the thirteen thousand col 6h?u people in the metropolis, nevertheless, nd less than three thousand are the offspring of black and white parents, and the census shows that more than Ave sixths of them wore born in free States, and most of them in this city. These facts prove that the negroes in the much lauded condition of freemen are descend 1 ing in the scale of civilization and diminish ; iu? in numbers. No such results can be de duced from the statistics of the negro in South ern servitude. The very converse of the pic lure is presented there. Tbe negro of the South is physically strong and sound, healthy and fruitful, happy, contented, and,. in many cases, moral and religious; increasing In num bers year by year, and never exposed to the ! vicissitudes of poverty. There is something in 1 this to induce philosophical reflection. It is tbe best answer that can be made to the fanati cal outcry about tbe equal right of the black man and tbe white to pertect liberty and i a joint civilization. Stone Pikiin.?We are glad to perceive that the Board of Aldermen have taken the sugges tion of the City Inspector with reference to the construction of stone piers at our wharves in place of the present dilapidated wdoden struc tures, which are a disgrace to tho city. With the finest water front of any port in the world, ; the wharfage accommodation of New York has been always miserable and unsuited to tho wants of a great commercial city like this. Moreover, the timber piers have really cost more to keep them in repair than would cover the expense of building good stone piers, which ; would be permanent, easily kept in order, and might be sometimes clean, aa the present ones never are. The Aldermen resolved U apply to the Legislature for authority to construct stone piers, and we trust that their application , will be attended to. j Thk Partisan Patkh.1 and thh Cnmm The j political journals of the conntry have become so absorbed In the practice of abusing each other of opposite politics that It seems impos ' slble for them to understand the true position ' in which the Union has been bronght by the , political leuders. They do not seem to know that the nation is drifting into certain and irre I trievable ruin, and that while they are splitting hairs o\er some question of minor importance, or quarreling about political abstractions which can be of no possible advantage to either side, the I'nion U going to pieces. Their eyes seem closed to these farts, while, on the score of abuse they ar? alive and active They are ready n-vigh *p<.?k for the politicians, bat for the people and their great cause of human progress and prosperity they cannot find a word. The community at larg??those whose interests are directly at stake?have no organs through which their sentiments may be known, except the ballot boxes, and those, for the pre sent, unfortunately, arc olosed against them. If the papers and politicians of all stripes and oomplexions would forego for a time the dis cussion of the ridiculous and nonsensical doc trines contained in tbe various party platforms, and tarn their attention to advocating the polioy of bringing the questions which now agitate the country before the people for tholr decision, the whole matter could be settled satisfactorily to all sections in thirty days. Let the people be permitted to speak, and the trou ble will vanifh. THE DEMOCRATIC ST1TE CONVENTION, The Koolutiona Adopted?The Coiunila i>lonera Appointed to the Wathlaglon CoBftl'tBM-AffNUng Xl flM N- I'll* llu?r rtls of Blozart unit Tammany, Ac. Ai.tia.nt, Feb. 1, 1S81. Tho Tuminau) anil Mozart quarrel lias been a bone of contention with tho Pniuu-savcrs in Convention assem bled, aud baa proven a seiloua question. Tbe Urgency have becouic somtwliat frightened at losing tho luinuiau) delegation and the money bugs which a portion of thuin represent, and are doing all within tlieir power to get U11 in back. But secewlon ib the order of th? day. and, liko South Carolina, Tammany has got a not ion in hi>r bead to set up for heiself, and If tbe Regency won't coerce Tamilian/ then ruminant it bound to seize all tho forts, at seuala aud fortifications of the Regency, and run the niachino themselves Wo had, therefore, two deaio ciatic Conventions jostonlay; the Regency Convention, Ui which none but the shining lights of theconfideuce con ccrn were a.lowed to ligure, and in which Sanford K. Church tocL the tragedy part, Sej moor tno aontimental, Cagger and Richmond the scene shifters. Tliua duly arranged, the pla> went on, amidst the cheers of Mozart, the groans ot Tammany and the rejoicings of the old people gem tally But whilst Soy rnour was doiug up the hctitimeutal another, and not by any means unimportant, Convention um. assembled at tho Delevwu, in utiicu me warriors and sachems of anoiemand antiquated famin iny were holding secret council and preparing for war For eight long hours thsso warriors koriouaty delibe rated over their grievances, and deeply ponderid over a mode ol attacking the enom; ?the Rogenc} In thui they wete abcisted b> their new recruits, Geo. l.aw, the pa triot, and G. W. Sm.th, the former counseling peace? probably arising from tbe triondly Hsaona^on- tn times of ratlroaa speculation?but the latter giving tho contl detice party no quarter. After fairly considering the question pro and con, the Chairman of tbe Convention ol warrioia and sachems waa ordered to forward to tbe Regency Convention a declaration of war, and Informing them that, like South Carolina, they had a-1 up for themselves. Tno following message was sent w ith a special ngeut to them ? I>wj%va> Hoi'.-k, Jan SI, 1R01. To tint Chairman o.? not Dufcuaiw Stat* Com kntio.n:? Ii*ak wit? It besomes in\ dul> to notify you if the decision o' the national democratic delegates from the city ol New York, accredited from Tammany Hall, in view of the action of the Stale Convention ihtf day. As tho Convention are Joubtlcss aware, the delegates from the city ol New York wore intruded to uphold the regu lar It) of the 0rgau1z.1tion o Tammany liail, existing for 1 to: tv years?Indeed, since the formation of the party. The' invention was called by the regular State Committee. an:' each d< leguie from the Several counties o( the Mate takes his seat In virtue of a right derived (turn tho democratic oigwiization from each county. We were instructed to ask ?iom the Convention the same recoguiiion which is awarded to the representatives of ev. rj other country. This right has, in tbe judgment of our delegates, bean douied to us. I have tLerelore but to submit lor your considera ticn our resolutions of instruction a 1 d tho resolution of the dtiegaU*, adopted siuce the adjournment of theConvun tlcn By order of the delegates. AL'Gt'sr BELMONT, Chairman. John Mi Kkon, }sicretarifS. Thomas C. Fmns, f The Regency, after weighing carefully the contents or the letter, began to grow p?le. The thought of t*ing the financial part of their force was too serious a matter. The Chairman of the Convention wis or&ered to send them reply, Imploring their return to their lirst love and agree ing to pardon all their sins, a-id receive tlietn in full com munlon once more, as follows:? Aibajtt, Jan 31, ltfll. Arr.t w Bkijiont, Esq , Chairman, ttc ? Rkar Sin?I have read with great rigret your letter or this eveuing, apprising me of tho action taken by the latnmaty celegntlon iu withdrawing from tho Conven tion It seems to me very plain, and your delegation en tireiy misapprehvnl the eflect of the resolution adopted by the Convention. So far from making any decision as to the tegulai ity of any delegations irom your city, it e3 re. iallj 1 el uses to meddle at all with the question of re gniarity or to call tr question in any manner the decision ul pievtoun conventions. 1 beg you will remind jour delegation that thw Con v< ntion la not called to settle questions or regu larity t?n tho contrary, it has united na tional men of different politicT.il organizations to participate in it deliberation". It assumes, therefore, no rikht, and it U> unw tiling to express any opinion 011 aiiv question ol party organization of the dem ocratic tiartv It looks oniv to the great question now agiuting the country, in reg .rd to which patriotism is not, I trust, '"vaj'Tuo"'wk" jour"^!! K?iI'" to consider further this n.att< r before tat Ing a step that cannot fall to Inflict a wound utK.ti the body we represent It will detrai t mucli from the moral effect of our deliberations, if l am roan v, renowned for itHantiquVj and IU pat riot is n shall, ia a'crisis like ih?( r'tuse to - ^shauhlef Willi ilie oilier pali lotic Ineti of this Slat ? upon a fttw question of organlz-itien which in another Convention mtgb: be |'iop< ?ly urged. 1 cannot doubt but you will ccns< nt to consider this subject again before taking Una I actwn, and am very truly yours, AMASA J. TARKER, Clialrman. Tlrs letter was not received until n late hour, anl tho warriors a^r^d to meet sgain this morning and consider the subject, mauv of them deeming it a aulDcient back down on the part of the Regency Tor them to return an 1 paiticipate in the draaia to be perlormod iu tho Conven tion to day. During ihe deliberations of the Convention this m >rn. leg, the Secretary read both of Ibe above communications, A resolution was carried without a d.ssenting voice Invit ing Tammany back into the Con vent ton. and If the dele gation now refuse it will placi them in an awkward post tion, and disttuy th>- issue winch thej intended to moke on the action of the Convention yesterday. It seema tliat Samuel J. Tild?u had been in the Convention all the mom ing, and, upon loud calls for him, took the stand imnte diately after the pasaag? of the resolution Inviting tho delegation buck into tbe Convention, but g*vo way for the Committee on Resolutions to report Two important leeches were made this morning, one bv L} man Trecmain and the other by James S. Thayer, a resident of both Rensetaer county and New > ork olty.# Both of tbeae gentlemen eulogised Thurlo* Weed and Roblnacn for taking a bold stand and rising above the partisan In the present crisis. Mr. Tbnyer spoke tn high terms of Simon Cameron for leading off In ravor of con dilatory measures. The remarks of both wera received with groat applauso by the Oonvontlon, and whenever they alluded to the breaking up of tho confederacy of States tear" could be seen coming from tho eyes of many of the delegates, e?pe-laliv the old nuu of the Convention. There was a gre-U deal of foeling maul feeted by all preeent. The Convention, up to the adjsurnment this noon, ha* been pretty effectually run by the Regency, and there is a moving train on hand of no small numbers. The Stato Committee declare that f'agger and Richmond have not consulted the balance of the members, but done Just aa they please, and allowed none but thoee they liked to figure on the stage. Other members of the Oonventioo slate that, whilst Church was in the chair, no person was allowod to say a word unless kuown to be sound. The Convention has assembled to save the Union, but If they save themselves from a permanent rnpture they will be fortunate, and there are strong ladloattous hereabouts that there will be a new deal of all parties?a general smash up on all sldas?with Weed and the conservative portion of the republicans breaking loose, uniting with one of the democratic splits and forming a I'nlen party, and you need not be sur 1 prised to aesa development tending to that on tbe Senatorial contest. Whilst tbe Oonvontlon was paaalag resolutions inviting Tammany to return, tbe latter were holding a protracted meeting at the I*lavan House. Meters. Boymour, Red field and Judge Gray were ap pointed ambassadors to sue fbrpeae* with Tammany. Tbsse distinguished gentleman aeveralty made speoohm to tbe Ibmmaiij warriors, in which they declared that they, aa well aa a great majority of th" Convention, recogolse-1 Tsmmany as tbe regular organisation of tbe city of New Tork;yetm the peculiar character of the Convention, constituted of members of organisations without rafe renre to queatloaa of regularity, they admitted all and urged the grieved party to aacrillce all personal feeds js and laV ? p?rt la the Coavenil n, receiv sg aa-'urance^ from ihe ambasaade?r8 that Tammany would b.> rtvog nized in the regular state Convention. " *" ""*"7 <k-cided to return and present a formal communication stating the representation* that had be?u made to them, and that, under such circumstances, thoy believed that they could conauiteutly with their instruc lions take seats In the Convention. Tho delegation formed into line, and marched. In solemn and mournful proceesion, to the Couveniion, headed by Belmont and Kennedy. Prominent in the line loomed up the towering forma of I*w and Judge Connelly. Thoy wore woll re ceived, and their address read and laid on th" table. Thus Tammany has managed to bo a great feritu.e of the (onventlon?first in, then out; theuin agiiin. Tlie labors of the convention have been brought to a close, Mozart and Tammany have each by turn denounced the Regency. The old mon have genu homo, but no ouo is able to ascertain anythlug that they have done of a positive character. The mountain has labored and brvught forth a moute. THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONVENTION. Auukv, Feb. 1,1881. The Democratic State Convention re assembled at ten o'clock this morning. The attendance was larger than on the first day, the entire hall and galleries being densely crowded. The Committee on Credentials or RosolutIons not being pre pared to report, a motion was made that Mr. Seward's speech in the United State* Sonata be read in the Con vention. Some olyctiuus were made to this on the ground that all the papers had published It and all the dok-gnUs had read it I.oud cries now arose for Mr. Tremaine, who, respond ing to the call, addressed tho Convontion at leigth with much eloquonce, taking strong and earnest ground agamst coercion and civil war, and appealing to iho State to let the voice of the people be hoard. James 8 Titatkr next addressed the Convention in a very oloquout strain, taking tho bold ground that Noithoi n turn will not allow the coercion of the sovereign Stale* of tho South. He declared that the dangerous stream into which the republicans seek ,to plunge tho people by the cry of Union, tho constitution and tho eu forcerneut of the laws, leads to the ocean of coercion, aud has no other outlet, and that tho people of tho North 1 will demand that the revolution shall begin at home if it is to couie at all. He Instanced the case of William Tell, who, bavll g dropped an arrow nrtor a trial of skill on an apple placed on tho head of his son, had replied to the question of Coaler, '? It was for thy heart, tyrant, if I had harmed no l'oy," making the application to those who ?ought to arra.v the North ngatosl their brethren of ths South and declaring the first arrow driven to the heart of an American Cltizon would be the signal for a cloud of arrows to darken tho heavens in the North. The Pku-iu?t of the Convention submitted a letter from a joi lion of tho Tammany Hall delegation, announc ing their withdrawal fum theCoaveution, and his reply, in which he stales that the Convention was not called to i decide, and did not decide, upoo any question of regulari ty, and asking the delegation to reconsider their action aud return to scats in the Convention. A resolution was adopted approving of tho reply of tho l*raident, and asking the Tammany llall delegation to re turn to seats In the Convention. Mr. I.t mow, from the Committee ou Resolutions, re ported u unanimous series, as follows:? 1?Resolved, Thai the crI. is into which the country has bee n tin own by the conllict of sectional passions, and which has alrcael) rcsiiltod in the declared secession of si* tans, and the threatened co-operatiou of nearly all the olier Mates of the 8outh with them; the seizure of government property and of the federal defences?the confronting of the elisaffbctisl states and of the federal government in the attitude and with the armament ol' civil war?is of such a nature as, raising all patriotic citi zens above the considerations of pivrty, should impel Mem to the sacrifices by which alone those calamities may lie averted or their further progress arrested. 14?Resolved, That In the opiniou of this Convention the woist and the most ineffective argument that can be addn ? ed by tho confederacy or Its adhering members to the-seceding States, is civil war. Ci\ il war w ill not restore the Unitn, but will defeat forever its reconstruc lion. S. Resolved, that we can look &\r the restoration of tho Union anil the re invigoratiuu of the constitution only to th? continuance of that spirit of conciliation and cou cr.-sion in which they we rc founded, and that there Is Lothing in the nature of {tending dilliculties whioh does net render it proper to adjust them by Compromises, such as, by tho practice of our government, have been resort ed to in tVo settlement of disputed claims even with

foreign nations, that while our government, believing its title to the Territories.in ths Northeastern and North wi stern portions of the Union, which wore giveu up to Ureal lint am, was clear aud unquestionable, yet for the pur|.OS. of saving tho people from the evils of war.lt surrendered a portion ol our orig nal territory, and abe? a |>art of tho Ijiuistans purchase, exceeding In value al! tin* domain which the South demauds, in joint occupation, that having conceded thus much to a foreign nation iu the interest of peace, It would be inoustious to refuse to settle claims betwoeu the people of our own land, and avert destruction freni our common country by a similar compromise. 4. Resolved, That whereas It Is obvious that tho dis solution of this Union can only bo prevented by tho adop tIon of a policy which shall bo satisfactory to the border States, it is our duty to support them in thoir patriotic efforts to adjust three controversies: and inasmuch as these questions grow out of the acquisition of territories not provided for by the constitution, and In regard to w hich the people of the South believe that they are en titled to a joint occupancy, In person and property, under the constitution nnd by the decision of the courts, while, on the other hand, the dominant party at the North claim thut they should be excluded therefrom, it Is e -i* nentlv fit that we should listen to the appeals or i,' men in the border Mates to dispone or this q?v*t'ion bv one of those maeurcs of oompromioo in u,e soirit which the constitution was founded, an-* >ir u-hirh ?ii ^Uled"^ q,"8tl0M haVP' fr0m tu^e'to time, been b. Resolved, That Inasmuch as tNsnoii>i/..i Which threaten Ue destruction V^K!in?* contemplated at the t.m? of th? hull election, wd their con "nuance wll be dtaHtrMulb, th,. of our Li'rlnM1. ."!^ fi r"? 0f our coraIB'?l?l Wt labor ?..es of our c.t.zenri, we hold it Is their right to be heard in regard to tho adjustment of these Ullliculttcs which, in our opinion, ran at present beat bo settlo.1 by tbo adopiK<n of tho Crittenden proposition or some other nicasuie acceptable to the border States, and that a committee ol five be appointed toprepire, In be half uf this Convention, a suitable memorial to the l.ugis lature, urging ihem to submit the Crittenden compro mise to ? vote of the elrctors of the State at the eirfest practicable day. ?. Re-solvee, that this Convention earnestly but re spectfully urge upon Congress immediate action for the adoption of such timely and adequate measures ofoon dilation at are in it* present |*>wer to enact, and to sub mit at Hot, sesskn amendments of the constitution, for ratification by me convention, of the several State-i; and that, In the failure or Congress to act, the. legislature of this Str.te be nquested to take the Initiatory steps, un der the constitution, for stimmooing a general conven tion for proposing am< rnments to that Instrument 7. Ri solved, fiiat in the opinion of thla Convention, a compliance with Uie request of tbo legislature of Vlr gtnm, that Commissioners from the several State's l<o sent to Washington, to cenft-r opon tho present crisis in the aOSIrs of th" nation l? eminently proper and expedi ent, and we trust that the legislature ex this State will Immediately respond to such request by the appomlmeut of such Commissioners. Hi t f ui tie r jenolved, That should our legislature not appoint said Commissioners, in view of the importance of that measure, this Convention hereby appoint Millard Fillmore, dd Is on e.ardncr, tireene C. Hrouson, Kraitus Cornitg. Horetio Srvmour, Washington Hunt, Amasa .f. I'arker. Charles i Honor and Samuel J. Tiiden as such Ceimrnusioners, e.n th" part of tbe friends of conciliation In the State of New York. 8 Kcolvtd. Pending tliese re medial measures, we Im plore the State* in the altitude or secession tu stay tho sword and save the satietn from civil war, until the ' sober second thought" of the pejoplo of all tho States can be rendered ofl!cie?nt in pe'rf.-ctlng the work of com promise and in the resummon ol peace. To the Buuth eru States which luevo no' mce.leel wo also earnestly sppesl to ioin bands with us in suying the progress of dutsolutioo and In preparing the minds of our country men to me. t on sonm common ground, where they may preserve to themselves and their posterity that constltu llrn and I Dion wble h has been fraught With ? much happiness to this peopte. On the seeond resolution heirs? read, Chancellor W*t. worth appeared on the platform, and his venerable looks claimod instant attention fre>m the Convention, and he was received with an outburst of enthuslsstlc applause. He said ? ? CRmjanor or nrs OoTvmmoR?I sm far advanced la year* aud not in the habit of attending conventions of this character, hut I could ne>t resist coming hereto enter my protest against civil war. I have m tbe horrors o stu b a exiiifli. t. In Km war of 181J iny bouse in I'latts burg was sacked by the British. A battle was fought op Cite my very doors, and Uie buUets that were 11 red tel ? hailstones around my dwelling In tbe casement of my door remains to tills day embedded one fff those bul lets, a me me nto of tho tight. In thU struggle I saw my fellow citizens shot down by my side. I know, then, the horrors of a foreign war. and thoy are nothing aa compared with tbe horrors of a civil war. A civil war is a war aasong brethren. We are all brethren In this con federacy of Statea?the people of the south are our brethren?not onlv nominally, but actually our brethren. In Georgia alone, I have ths names of one thousand oltl tens whese ancestors were tbe near reJatl vsa of my own. In the same State alone, are orsr one hundred relatives of tbe fatally of Htllbonas. whose aame is known as that i of onsof the patriots of the Revolution, and whtws de scendant now occuplea a seat in our Stats Senate. And so, scattered all orsr ths Houthem States are ths near rwla. tlvee of the men of the North, and perhaps there Is i-earcsly a member of this Convention who has not soma such ties In the SUtee of the Houth. It would be as brutal, in my epinkin, to send men to buteher o?ir own brothers sf th" southern Msiss, ss It woe id be to massacre thsm ? J*""1 States Ws are told, however, that tt ta^ our duty to. and we must enforce tbe laws. But why?and what laws are to be enforoedf Tliers were laws that were to he enforced in tho time of i Amor ion* Rem hi l ton, And tho HrHl*h PirlivBMt Mid ? I **ni ^ enforco them. Bui what ^ th* onforrmrnwil of thnne '?w* "hat msn?honored at home and abroad mors tban any other man on earth ever was honored?dl 1 bo I go for enforcing tlie I'twk* No, he went to resst laws tbat were opprrwive .ly.unst a free people, and egainvt tbe injustice of winch they rebelled. Did l/>rd Chillnm f'o for enlortiug tbe l?w?? No, he gloried in defence of the Ibertios of America. lie made that memorable docUr.i ti< n in tbe British Parliament?"If 1 were an American, cliiten, instead of ax I am, an (englishman, I Dover would submit to Buch laws?never, never, never!" Much u tbo spirit thai animates our Southorn brethren, and stull wo war upon them for It. No; we must avert civil war tf possible, and I clone by exhorting my brethren to do all in their power to avert oivll war. Gouoos*iou, concilia ticn?any thing but that?and no matt amongst us iu hu dying hour will regret that his conscience u clear, and that he ciui lay his hand upon hU heart and say, "I did all in inj power to turn from the bottom of my country the horrible blow of a civil war." Immense sensation followed the remarks of the venerj Me < hancellor, mill the deep silence that had attended his n murks was followed by an enthusiastic outburst of ap plause. Mr. Gkowik, of Orange, and Mr. Soctkb, of Queens, both natives of Virginia, responded in touching terms to the remarks of Cliancelkir Walworth, aud a largo por tion of the Convention gave vent to their reelings in tears. The sc-ene was rendered yei more impressive and affecting when Mr. W. II Carroll tcok the tloor, and with all the eloquence of deep feeling appealed to the North to slay its hand ere it did any act to plunge the country In civil war. The venerable appearance of Mr Carroll and his allusion to his ancestors, one of whom signo<{ the Iiecloratlon of lndepocdence, while his grandfather (Daniel Carroll) ceded to the United .States his manor, on which now stands the federal Capitol, touched the heart of the Convcntiob, and when he had closed a unanimous call was made for the adoption of the second ruaolution against oivll war, by acclamation, and it was carried with a burst of applause that made the rafters of the building ring. This scene was the great feature of the morning session. The resolutions gave rise to some debate, in conse quence of a motion by Mr. Welzaffer to amend that one exhorting the seceding States to stay their hands by also imploring the general government to abstain from using any force likely to lead to a olvil war, under thespu clous pretext of enlorcirg the laws. Mr. T&ayeh, in the course of the debate, declared we r.hould not hesitate to say, that even if the government bad to assume the dofbnstve its hand should bo staj od. (I?ud chcors and cries of "No," "No.") He did not de sire that the hand of the government should be stricken down, but stayed, pending the attempts to win back peace and fraternal regard. Mr. KrmrNn Imnios spoke against any employment of force. He would profer rather to sen all the guns with drawn from the forts In all the seceding St ites JriNiB Cu.nton, of DulKilo, spoke against the legal ri^ht of a state to secede aud declared it resolution. Wo had still a government despite the unhupf delusion of our Southern brethren, and no secession coul 1 destroy it. His remarks elicited some dissent from tin 'Vinvention. Ilie resolutions wore tbeii adopted without amend ment. Ktow. AKTKKNOON SESSION. The Convention reassembled at four o'clock l*. M. The President presented a communication from the Tammany Hall delegation. The communication above referred to was read, and the Tammany Hall delegation returned to their seats in the Convention. Thomas J. 1'rwjw, of N. Y., then, by consent, read the resolutions which had been adopted by the Tummany delegates, and moved their adoption. A I*kiw?atk moved to lay them on the table Governor Smmouk seconded the motion not out of dis respect, he slid, to the Tammany delegation but as tno bebl way of disposing of the resolutions, since othor re solutions hail been adopted by the Convention Mr. Kikuh then withdrew his motion for the adoption (f the Tammany resolutions, arid movel tbat they be received as a part of the proceedings of this Convention, and entered on the minutes. Governor Seymour said that by laving the resolutions on the table they became a part of tho proceedings. Tbe resolutions were then laid on tbe table A resolution was adopted to ptint 6,000 copies of the proceedings. Mr. Cook , of New York, moved that the thanks of thn Convention be tendered to Hon. Simon Gimoron, Unitod States Senator from 1'cnnsylvaiiia, for the noble stand he has taken for the I'nlon. Adopted. Kx chancellor Walworth moved a similar vote to Hon John J. Crittenden, Cnited States Senator from Kentucky. Adopted with acclamation On motion of Stunuel J. Tild?>n, a committee was ap pointed to correspond with democrats of Other States on tho Subject of a Genera! Convention to amen 1 tl? consti tution of tbn I'nltcd States The following is the oom m It tee:?Win Kelly, Wm. Cassldy, J. It. l'lumb, Lyman Tremiln and I'M ward Cooper. Judge Hart moved that in default of the national and Stale legislatures to adopt tho measures sugg-astod by the resolutions of the Convention, this body may again assemble at the call of the President. Tbe motion was adopted. The following committee was appointed to present the resolutions of the Convention to Congress ana the State Legislature :?Hon. Horatio Seymour, ex Chancellor Wal worth, General I/edyard, Bishop Perkins and H. P. Barto. The following committer wi' appoint <J to memorialise the Ftate legislature:?JudgeJVlllaidrudge Pago, J. H. Prentiss, Darius A ugden ani Oeoige'B Urunness A vote of thanks was 'then p i .-led unanimously to Judge Parker aud the other ofltasrs of the Convention. Judge Parkkk briefly returned his tbauks for the honor done Mm, when the Convention adjourned sine die, but subject to the call of tbe President. The Nov* SroAh\rgt?latiiri'. IIaiiimx, Kob. 1, 1 SCI The legislature convened yesterday. Tbu Governor's speech was wholly local. There was a slight surplus of revenue, and tbe Governor proposes tho extension of rail way and slo*nier|or>oimunn ation along tho coast. Mr. Mcitonaid was elected Speaker. Shocking Accident. Feb. 1, 1M1. An accident of a shocking character occurred at Brook line, N. H., ou Wedm-nlay i.i,:U. hy the roof of the dwelling of a Mr. Gibson being crushed In by the wight of ukow, killing Mr. Cibeon, Uu wife anl two daughters, DMtrartlrf Flro at Jamettown, Jf. Y. Jamwkwii, N. V., Jan. 31, 1801. A terrible fire occurred hore lest night, burning over thirty places of buHincas, Including the Allan House, Chautauqua County and Jamestown liunk, and Hawley's block. The paper?, hooks and funds of the bank were all saved. \*m? from <160,000 to *200,OOh Tbn tiro broke out at about half-past eleven, in Bishop & I-ou'a store, and 1* supposed to have boen the act of tuj icevn diary. ; Sontbrrn Orran Steamer Movement*. OBaatJcnnf, Feb 1,1801. Th?Fr.lted States mall steamship Columbia, Captain Beiry, left here at tea o clock this morning for Now York Market*. rUlLADBI 1'IUA HTOCK BO .Hi P. PlftLADkUTIlA, Feb 1, 1M1 Htocka steady. Prnn^ylvania State 6's, 01; Reading Railroad, '?i\ , Morris Canal, 60.'.,; I/wig Island Railroad, 10; Pennsylvania Hallroad, SR. Sight exchange on New York at |?i a j?er cent premium. Ha i nMuKfc, Keb. 1, lHfll, Flour active, with large ??Ich of Howard street at$A 26, a decline of 0c. Wheat du'i red $1 86 a ?1white $1 40 a ft 66. Corn steady: yellow 00c. a fl'i'. Provisions firm. Ooflee steady. Whiskey nominal at 18c. a 18^0. PlBi.AMU'iiiA, Feb 1,1901. Floor dull at fj 26 ftt soiiortlne. Wh-'at Arm sal'-a R.0O0 bushel. . red ?1 20 a $ 1 M; white $1 .16 a $1 46. Torn quiet sale* 4,000 bu/beta now yellow at 60c. Mean pork at f 18 a $18 SO. Safety of the l/i vant. The Trenton rN. J.) (fasti' publish's the annexed ex tract from a letter just rooetved by Mm. Hunt, wife of Captaiu nunt, cxniiiionder of the Levant, from a friend in Washington City ? lieutenant A. w. Johnson has just brought Mrs Tor ret (the third lieutenant's wife) the following informt tion, which she deeirea me to aeud yon. Hie levant has been spoken l>y a whaler from the Sandwich' Islands. Captain Hon* MM I him to report that he was com peiltd to visit some of the other islands In the Pacific, ? ? I.? V he would not tg at Panama for two months fr< in the time be was MpMM The doctor of the Kt Mary a travelled from Panama with the captain of the said whaler, and came on (o Washington to giro the in formation to the family of Purser Wateon. Drawings of K. Franc* dt Co.'a Dela ware Lotteries:? Husaai CocvTV. Class 3X, F*H 1,1881. 74, 40, 67, 33, 16, 63, 36, 31. 19, 78, fiO 10. COKsot.iDaTRr Lottsbv, Clam 10, Feb. L 1861. 44, 76, 28, 19, 14. 80, 26, 60, 8, 25, 73, 23, 42. Circular* seat free or charge by addreaalng ft. FRANCS * CO., Wilmington, Delaware. Drawings of the Delaware State Lot' trie*.?wood, RDDT A CO., Manager* of the UKLAWA**, XRVTCCCT ASD MIMOliai 1tat* LOTTBSIXS. DklaWask? Rxtka Claa* 10ft, Feb. I, 1861. 7, 76, 59. 70, 49, 16, 61, 14, 22, 66, 44, 62, 38, 41, 33. I>*lawa?b?Clas* 106, Feb. 1. 1861. 24, 62. 48, 21. 68, 39, 63, 30, 47. 34, 36, 16. Circulars containing srhemee, with foil particular*, sent free of charge by addre**lng either to WOOD. RDDT j? CO.. Wilmington, Delaware, Or to WOOD, RDDT A OO , Hi, Look, Missouri. Stelnwajr St Son's Overstsmng Orand and square Piano* ar* no * considered the beet maanfaetnred. are warranted lor Ive years. Warorooaea ? aad M Walker ?treet. The Ledd St Webster Sowing Machines may now new be had for gso, at ass Broadway. The Sterling One Regnlator Iaaproves the llaht and savee the gas. Wan-anted by Wheeler A WU son's Sewlag Maohlae CoT OOiee 106 Brsadwar, basssaeev. 'HUl's Hnlr Dye, OK) Cent*?Blach or brown. Depot No. 1 Barclay street, aad all druggist*. Arctic latchelor's Hnlr Dye?Reliable, Harm lee* aad limantanenea; blast or brown. Factory, 81 Barclay street B. id aad applied at BATCHSLOB'S Wig Factory, 1) Wow Invented Wlga and Tospe**) also Moldavia Cream, for preserving and beautifying Use hair Manufactured by W A. HATCIlKLOR, 16 Bead street. CrletaHoro's Hair Dye, IM'Igs and Ton peee-lheheetlnthowoHd. W holesale and retail The Dye privately applied. No, 6 Aatev tiooae. Csnspholi, Chemist and Apothecary, (?!&S* r"rntT of Rtahth avenue and Twentv eighth rtreet Medicine* warranted strictly pure. Tmaees?Marsh St Co.*s Radical Core Trm. No. I \ esoy *troot (Astw House), opiwvits ths church THE SPf 10ft& TOUf HERALD, The He vol at ion?Important from W??k ? Isglon?Thr Latrtl Init-lligrnce from lit a Saca-dlng SUU?-TI>i' I'lliiuftliimortioiilli f aroIlata?Doinga I u CuU((rt?*-lwpn. <wnt Iptftkfl of Seward ( haa F. Adiinu-The Latest !tew??Ma* kcta, &t. The Whkiu t IIkhsU) for the pr*>ont week will l*i ready this morning at eleven o'clock. In ita columns w'll b? fouLii ?The latwt dospauSica from Washington City, giving full reports of the progress of tho lCfvoiuuoa, TU* 8cctFBuia of loui: :ana from tho Union, with tin* latest t.tell,genre front tho other Hecedad f tatoa, The Ultima tum of JSouih Carolina, The latest Reports from Port* Aimlcr ani Pickens, KeporH of the Proceedings of Goa (jress?the .'?'iieital Message of the President?Important Speeches of Mpaars. Seward anil Charleat Francis A .lata*, and other proininrut members, The Proceedings of tha New York legislature; Important Intelligence froaa Spring lie Id, showing tho Position of tho lTesidoct Utoct, The latest News received liy mail or telegraph: Editorial* on leading Evsnta; Report! of tho Cattle, Provision and Money Markets, and all interesting uews of Um pre coding week, received by telegraph or otherwise. Single copies, lu wrappers, to be had at the counter of the oQlce, comer of Kultou aud Nassau street*. Prion Rix cents. Superior Cuxtom Mad* Whirls All 8IM, rmdy made or t.> order, at anally reduced puces, a Mi l.Al'GU LIN'S, aoo Greenwich street. 10,000 I.ail Irs Wanted, Karlt (o Itdf * pair of while Satin Sllpi>ers or Dauer*. or a pair of India Rubber Hoots and shoes at MlLLhlt & GO.'a M Canal SL Whttirr Si Wilson's Improvrd Mrwlaf Machines at reduced prices. OtllceMK) Broadway. MIS( ELLAMEtn g. A" T RVERDBl.L'S OLD STORE, 301 BROADWAY.? Wedding Cards. These elegant carda sold only at ttaM AT RVERDRLL'S SONS?WEDDING CARDS AN* Envcli pet of the latest styles. lot Fulton street, Nea York. Ksiuhllshed I?1 r>. A T UIMBRfcDR'8?THE GRAY CARD AND OIHB novelties; a .satin lie fur wedding cards in perfection. T *1 SO-DOUBLE SOLE NAPOLEON TAP BOOTS L at JONES', IU and 12 Ann alreet, a new style Boots and shoes selling off at half prior for I Adieu, grnt*, misses and children. All are tlr?t quaU tv good*, only a little Dolled. Cloth bottomed Boots, satla J raiKaia side laced and Congress Gaiters. Slipper* and Bus. kins. Now U your op|iortuniiy. fall and see for yaurselvqp at CAIilLL A \\ OOD S, 0-7 Broadway, between Uouaton not Bleecker streets. CORNS, BKNIONS, TXVERTED NAILS. E\LA30BD Joints and all Diseases of the Kset cur*?(, without pal* or Inconvenience lu the patient, by Dr. KAC'H A RIB, Hui ssoa Chiropodist, 760 hroadway. Borers to physicians sad anr (eons ?>! this city. I) EAFNEsS. HUNDREDS HAVE BEEN CURED in the most obstinate cases OF DEAFNESH. By Vr VON MOSCH/.ISKER, 107 Clinton plan-, between Fifth and Sltth avenuea Frosted feet and chilblains? don-t rtm* get to ubo HUSH'S Mnjjlo Cresm Liniment. It Is SOW tain remedy. Sold by aU druggiata Depot 1.44 OrcauwMi street Prleo 23 cents. H OliEH FOR TUB INDUSTRIOUS IS TUB OkRDEN STATE OK THE WEST The Illin ils Central Rsiln>ad Comfiaaf litis ros SAI.B 1.2UU.WM ACRES or rich farming land*. IN Tira:ts of forty acres and upa-aed, air LONG CREDIT AND AT LOW PRICES MECHANICS, FARMERS AND WORKING MEN The attention oI the enterprising and Industrious porttga of the unity la dlreoted In tin- follow lug slaUnaents saC liberni indunrmcnt* offered thfm by the ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY, Which, aa thuy will pi rotive, will enabl.: thrm, by preMS euergy, peraev?rauvi' aud isduatry, to pnviJn comtortaaM and permanent homes for thomadves and families, wiJh, comparailvely speiiking, very Utile capittl:? LANDS OF ILLINOH. N* Stats In the vslU y of the Ml? lisslppt offers so great aa liidui'ttineiil to Ihe aettler as the State of Illinois. There la aa portion of the worlit whr ra all of tho condition* of cllraat% end i-oll no admirably euiublne lo |ir>sluue those two grjit sta pl*s, corn and wheat, as the prairies of Illinois. Hicn ROLLING PRAIR'i: LANDS The deep rich loam of the prairies Is eulilTated with sadh wonderful lacllity that the farmcra o! Dm Ea?tera and Mid dle Mates kfll moTing to Illinois In great numbers Ths area of Illinois Is about equal to thst of England, aud the ajU la so rtoh thnf U w 111 support twenty millions of tieople. EASTERN AND southern MAKKKTS These lands sre contiguous to a railroad seres hualrttt uiilea In lenglh, which ronneots wuh other i-osds and i. krtg* ble lakes and rivers, thus atlordlnx sn unbroken i immssliia Hon with the Eaateru and Southern markets. APPLICATION OF CAPITAL. Thus f?r capital and labor have been applied to developing tho loll; the grest resourrvs of the State in coal and Iron ut almost untouched. The Invariable rule that the mecbaols arte flourish best where food and fuel sre cheapest will follow ad an aar'y day In Illinois, anil ia ihn course of the next tea veers the natuial laws and necessities of the csss warrant tha belief ih.it at laast flva hundred thousand peopls will be sa gagr ! In the State of Illinois la ihe various manufastariag smployments. RAILROAD HYBTEM OF ILLINOIS. Ovar IHMHiMSf private capital hare lieen'ipendsd on the rallroaMl svitem of Illinois, lnssmueh aa part of thsla eome from several of tneae works,,with a va.uahie puMie fund In Isnds, go to diminish ihs State expenses, the taaas are light, and must, eousfoiumlly. every day deoreass. THE STATM I)E?T. The State debt Is only ?10,1<B.1KM It and. arlthla the Isat three years, his been ledneed $l VW.7ti 10; aud we may ra> soasbly expect that In tnn years It will heeurae eatlact. PRESENT POPULATION. The State Is rapldlv ailing up with penslstloa; SS^OM par sons having been added since 1M0, making the preseat lation l,71?,tl??t ratio of IV2 per cent IB lea years. AGRICULTURAL PROUUUTS. The sgrlcultural products of Illinois aro greater than thoaa of any other sute. The products seal out during the pa* year exceeded 1,601,000 tans. 7h? wheat crop or IM0 ap proaches .16iMl.oui bushels, while the corn crop jlelds 04% Issa Uias ItO.OM,000 bushels FBBTLUTT OF SOIL. Nowhere ran the industrious farmer secure raeh Imasdlaia results for his labor aa upon these prairie s<?Hs, they being composed of s dorp, rich loam, the ferttllty of which U USHft pasaed by any on the glolie. TO ACTUAL CITT.TtTATOR.1!. sine* ]8M the ootnpany have sold l,*)U,i??l acres. They mM only to actual cultivators, and every coatraot oontalns aa agreement to cultivate. The road hu b~ju corn I ruoMg through these lands at an expanse of g.to/S(i1,<VjO. In 1AM tba? L'QUulaUPtt ul Ihe forty Uine couu'lee through whioh It pa>sM was only TO.W.I, since which 479,2SU hav* been added, making the whole population Mi Ml- t gain of IU par osat. EVlDEIirBS or PROSPBRITT. As ?n evidence of the thrift of the people, It may he I that GM.ilt) tone of fre.ght, Imludlng 8,GU0,IAW bushels of en and 2hO;OJ? barrels of (lour, were forwarded over thB last year. EDUCATION. Herhanlcs and worktngmsn will Hod the free eehaol a ill if enoonrsgeo by the Stste snd endowed with a large revenaa for tha anpport of school* Their children can live In sight Or the church snd srhoolhouse, snd grow un with the prosperity of the leading Stale In the Grauat Western Bsspire. PRICES AND TURNS OF PAYMRNT.^^^H The prices of these lands vary from $A to Hi per anre, ac cording lo location, quality, do. First claas farming lAa4i sell foralmiit $10or $17 pei acres; and the relative eipeaaaa of subduing prairie land, aa compared with wood laod Is Ma the ratio of one to tan In favor oi the former. The terms eC sals for the bulk of these lands * 111 be ONE TEAK'S INTEREST IN ADYANCB, ? at six per oent per annum, snd six Interest notae at di par cent payably respectively la one two, three, four, tee "f six yeara trom dale of sale; and four notes for adaataL payable In four, five six snd sevei. years from dste of ? the contract stipulating thst nae teeth of the traet pureh stall be fenced and onltlvated, eaeh and every year for I yeets from the date of sale, so that at ibeeuduf five one half shall be feacad and under cultivation. TWENTY PBH OUT WU.L BE UBD0CTO frem the valuation for cash, exoept the same should be at dB dollars psr acre, when the < aeh price will he flee dollars. Pamphlets deacrlptlre of the banda. soil, climate, prodiac t ioos, [irleae aad terms of psytaent, can ha bad nsnM? 11 on to J. W. FOSTER LANDgUOMMISSIONER, ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILp)APt For the nsmes of the towns, vlllaces au.lHti'ea sltuatad upon the Illinois Central Bailread, sse pages 1M, IM. 1M Aa I let' n * Railway <;ul?e JTOPART flAXOfl, ) GRAND. 8QUARR AND piccolo. The beat man *> fart ured W arrroom* DOC Broadway SJRCEBSION AND IT^ IACVRs j WHITE SLAVKH IN F.N(;LAKD. BLACK SLAVES IN TWK t'NITKD &TATE-J rilNOLt'AR RKYF.LATIUNd In a Letter to tbe BRITISH PRIMK MINISTER. BY HKffRY WIKnrr BOSS A TOL'SKT, Ul Ii'imu ?n*C mAXRfl ON WAKEPtRLD, MOT'NT VRRNnN, imtOtf, A I'urt IVtluuiivl,.e, ulinrUle. WaeMagtonvillo, Be .mam be palil through me at the Fourteenth Wurd B?Mt Orand Mi Elisabeth itreeta, on Mim<iay, Tueeilay and Wedaeeday, nury 4, 6 and 0. A!*i Mtf taie* . _ JOHN H. TORKK, General Coiieciarv rnHB consl'MrnTBS FRIKND, cocoas, colds. raising blood, pain m TTIB STDB AN D BREAST, *?. HTATT'S rulmonle Balaam The Pulmante Tfl*Tni U uriM the woret eaaeo of these ? aured Mr. H. Godwin of It eared Mr. J. H. Godwin of pala In the Mil*. breaM, u< tpttllnn of blood, a/tor ho had Won aflUetod fur pMHl waa reduced to Ik* M MfHof ?MkMM Md <WmM?S 1?752L*1 r*?ch .ot P'Wm Kr Godwin', ofloe HalSk iuwMW MM. lillM* la ihe an joyaaeat of fetftf i?tthoaShetad ?ll aMImkirn. Doprt M Graad ?tmI 7i Mali per bottle rjia* QBEAT CUEATIYR. PERUVIAN STROP trt rr. Boll by nil drtis^W ?pn important pact r? now pot.ltI 1 edtl.at Dr TOBIAS' Venetian UoUmI Uete In the world for the nam of eh rente MM tfcruata, palne la the am??, back and (heat; curaa heodaeha In mlani??. and eanant bo boo1 foe t PrM?rrI. ATD RTW01*TC4L, HBiiF.MAN * m S Renting for the ti *r"*"e note, palcta Me , Me , and f->r rteanln^ it'er* etlk* Httbona, Ar, equal to now, without tnjaar to Oetar ?P ffthHr Bold by d^tggtrta *M? n DOrVTl'O SM what po" |M kko gnuiao artvc-e.