NEW YORK HERALD. J A MUB GORDON 8 K tl H *> T T, l?DITOR AND PROPRIETOR OrrtOB M. W, COKNBH or FCLTON aXD NAASAU bts. TMMMH, MM* *i admfx*. Monyimt ht ma* fitkc/ Ou mdor. Xwtirf Jfc?* ?"? <? For* <* Ahw Mb ^f^n'^^RRKSPOITDElTCM, wntu*n?n? in ?-i rml vEZZJiTvuid fm J^Oob Fbbbiob Oouturowoa <t? ?bb fuSmv^LT *i?cmw?? *? 8?al all Lbttbiu ABn <-jc? MM ?*' W Vol?BM XXVI ? Ho. 36 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVKNINO. XOA.DEMT OP MUSIC, Fourteenth atreel? Italia*Op? ?A?Mabtua. KIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.? Rioublibo. WINTER OARl EN, Broadway, opposite Bond atreet.? VIablst. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway ?Town amd Oou*. t?T. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Mo. 6M Broadway.? Sbven Siktkrk. NEW BOWERY TflKATRB, Rower*.?Black Brio Fi>?an?H<klkuuii> Jack?Raisiko the Wind. BAKNCM'H AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway ?Day And Evening?Tub Ladt or Br. Tbofbb? Liri?? Udbioii BBf ANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall, 47* Broad *?T ?BuRLK?qut??, Bonos, Dances, Ac.?Kcbwb? a* Oub HCK)LET A CAMPBELL'S MINSTRELS, Nlblo-a Saloon Broadway ? Ethiopian Sonus, Dances, Bvkuuudu An ? Stage Stkccb Ukuoes. OANTBRi'RT MUSIC HALL. fl?S .Broadway.-7iaHT Rope, Bonos, Damcbb, Bvblesqubs, 4c. MFLODE<>N, No. 639 Broadway.?Soros, Dances Bvb LBS?l'BS, Ac. ART CNION, No. 497 Broadway.?Boblbsqcbb. Sonus Dabcih, Ac. S?w York, Wfdntuday, February O, 1801. The Nrwi. A despatch from New Orleans states that a re port prevailed there that the Texas State Conven tion had pawed a secession ordinance by a vote of 154 to 6. Should the report be trne, and there ia little reason to donbt its correctness, Texan will make the seventh State which h&B cut loose from the Union. There are various reports in circulation relative to the condition of afiWrs at Pensacola, but the latest accounts announce the gratifying intelli gence that an armistice has been concluded between Lieutenant Slemmer, the commander of Fort Pickens, and the State forces. The Mississippi troops were to leave Pensacola for their homes on the 4th inst.r but the Alabama troops would re main until relieved. The Washington Peace Convention reassembled yesterday morning, and selected ex-President John Tyler, of Virginia, to preside over its de liberations. The Committee on Credentials stated that as the delegates from four or five States bad not yet arrived, they desired to defer their report. Whereupon the Convention, after agree ing to open the daily sessions with prayer, ad journed to this morning. Tho proceedings were conducted in secret, neither the public nor re porters of the press being admitted. An onthueiastlc anti-coercion Union meeting was held in Faneuil Hall, iu the city of Boston, yesterday morning and evening. The interest and enthusiasm of the occasion were more than usually intense. Strong grounds were taken against coercing the South, and two admirable speeches were delivered by Mest-rs. Curtis and Stevenson. A patriotic letter from the Hon. FMwurd Ev?rott *lnu received and read, in which that gentleman expressed re gret at being unable to be present. We give a re port of tl e proceedings elsewhere. In Congress yesterday the Senate passed tho I #25,000,<>00 Loan bill without debate. The resolu tion pro\iding for counting the votes for Presi dent lad Vice President was adopted. In the House. Mr. T?yl<>r, of Louisiana, made a farewell speech, and withdrew from farther paigidpation in the deliberations of Congress. Mr. Houligny, his colleague, said that whenever instructed by his constituents he should resign his seat. Tho House then concurred in the action of the Com mittee of the Whole on the Senate's amend ments to the Deficiency bill, rejecting the Chl riqui amendment by 4:i against 151, and agreeing to an appropriation of $135,000 for the purchase ef Wendell's c-tabll-limeut for a government printing office by 89 against '!7. A j -int resolu tion providing for the recovery of the Indian trust bonds stolen fmm the Interior Department was referred to the select committee on the sub- I ject. The bill authorizing a suspension of the postal system in seceded Htatea was taken up, and Mr. Sickles, of New York, made a speech bus taining the measure. The remainder of the ses sion was devoted t? dt b.itc on the crisis In our Slate legislature yesterday the Seriate had under consociation the resolutions rcpCru,-.l ia that body some uhv- ago, proffering to the na tional government the endorsement of the State to the amount of the United States funds de posited with the State, in pursuance of an act or Congress in the year 1836. The resolutions irere referred to the Finance Committee. The sub ject of concurring with the Assembly ia the ap pointment of Commissioners to the Washington Conference was taken up, and the resolution* amended by adding two gentlemen to the Com mission, thus making It to consist of eleven, and - in this form the resolutions passed the Senate by a vote of nineteen to twelve. The two gen tlemen added to tho Commission are General Wool and ex-Governor King. In the As sembly a bill was introduced appropriating $100,000 for the relief of the starving people in Kanaai, but, falling to receive the necessary two thirds vote, did not pass. The Senate's amend ment adding the two additional names to the Washington Commission was concurred in. In Joint session of the two houses, the Hon. Ira Harris, of Albany, the re publicaa nominee, was elected United States Sen ator from this State, for six years from b* 4th of March next, to fill the seat at present ?ccnpled hy Mr. Seward. The republican nomine* i for Regents of the University were also eleeted. By way of New Orleans we have advlooatnjn Havana to the lit inst. There is no genera) u^ws of importance. The sugar market waa dull The overland pony express, with da a from Ban Kranoisco to the afternoon of the 19th ult., arrived at Fort Kearney yeeterday. Dusiuesa was excessively dull, while money was compa rstively easy, py a coalition bstween the Doug as democrat* aud the republicans, the Califor nia Assembly succeeded In effecting an >rganiratK>n on the 14th nit. It U believed a <rt m.lar coabUon win , ff.etlho el#ctl0n of , Unj|ed States Senator of Northern sentiments; but the Breck.nr.dge democrats were endeavoring to com bine with some of the Douglas ?*? to elect a Southern democrat. The Governor's we,.age take, strong ground in favor of U.e Un,?o^d ? Pace republic under any t rcu?. We give Mils morning some ad.litiot.al detail, of European news received by the Kedar. It will be soen by these extracts that the cotton panic con tinnoe to engross the attention of the English press and people, with a very large number of which latter the supply of cotton Is a question of life or death Cotton association* are being form ed, Mi trtrj effort is to be made to render Great 1'ritain independent of America, by btouring a supply of thin important staple elsewhere. A regular meeting ??f the Board of Supervisors wan held jeitterdiy, but very little business transacted of public importance. The anticipated veto from the Mayor on the passage of tii" tax levy was not received. A resolution was adopt ed desiring the Committee on Annual Taxes to nr.ake application to the Legislature for such amendments in the law regulating the collection of taxes as shall provide for iheir oollection at an earlier period. The weekly statement of the Comptroller was received, showing tfc* balance in the treasury January 31 to be $822,406 55. The yearly statement of county expenditure was aUo received. The expenditure up to January 31, 1860, amounted to $26,175 08; balance unexpend ed, $253,574 80. After the naual routine business the Board adjourned until Tuesday next at three o'clock P. M. The Aldermanic Committee on Fire Department met yesterday, and laid over the resolution to erect a fire alarm bell tower in Reservoir square, as no one appeared to Bpeak in favor of its erec tion, while several were present for the purpose of bpeaking their objections, which, however, they were not required to do, as the committee themselves expressed their disapproval of the pro ject. The case of the liability of George Law and Gus tavus A. Conover, as bondsmen to the government for Isaac V. Fowler, late Postmaster of New York, was commenced yesterday in the United Btates District Court, before Judge Betts and a ^Tlie trial of Gordon Hires, mate of the American bark Anna, charged with the murder of a colored seaman, named John Tuttle, was commenced yes terday in the United Btates Circuit Court, before Judge Smalley. It will be recollected that six colored men, out of eight of the same hue, died on the voyage from Lauuna to England, and the mat ter was thereafter fully investigated at Southamp ton. The second mate is now being tried for the murder of one of those colored men. The testimony in the Abson poisoning case, at Hudson City, closed yesterday, and the District Attorney commenced the summing up on behalf of the State. He spoke for about four hours, and reviewed all the various points of suspicion against the prisoner, on the strength of which he had been arraigned on the charge of murder. Following the District Attorney, General Wright occupied the court in a remarkably eloquent ap peal for the prisoner. To-day Messrs. Zabrlskie and Dayton speak on behalf, respectively, of the prisoner and Bute, after which the case will go to the jury. The regular monthly meeting of fhe New York Historical Society was held last evening, at the rooms of the society in Second avenue. There was a large attendance of the friends of the so ciety. to listen to an interesting paper on "Early Dutch life in the Upper Valley of the Hudson/' which was read by Mr. Henry Brace. l.aet season, up to February 6, there had been twenty-five days of skating, while this season we ' have had but twenty-two. The great excitement yesterday was to have been the skating match; and although the Fullers from Down East were present, ihe representative from New Jersey was not. Some fine fancy skating was shown by Johnson, of Brooklyn, the Fullers and others. On the ladies' pond were performed a cotillon of eight couples and a quadrille of four, which, con sidering 'lie slate of the ice?soft and slushy? and the want of music, went ofT very well. Be fore the close of the seasou there is to be a grand skating fete, with fireworks and musie. Several persons yesterday got "dipped," among whom | was the worthy Inspector, who disappeared while assisting a lady over weak ice. The official re turns to five o'clock P. M. were:?Pedestrians, 73,200; equestrians, 75; vehicles, 4,260; and at the close of skating:?Pedestrians, 85,000; vehi cles, 4,0.00. Of the pedestrians, fully one-fourth ??-ie ladles. 'Hie calciums nc?c m; biiiUa.it, and the excitement at nine o'clock P. M. was in tense. Owing to the Increased heaviness and lower rates of ster ling bills, and stillness of freight, the cotton market yes terday was heavy, with a further concession of about S c per pound. The sales embracod about 1.800 a 1,800 bales, closing on the basis or 12c. per pound for middling up lands. Sterling exchange was Irregular. Sales of bill w.re reported as low as 6K, with bankers' end>rse menu. Flour was dull and easier for common gra le? of superfine Western and State, while oitra brands were sustained. Wheat and corn wore both lower, wuh fair sales. Corn was, undor the pressure of Increased re celpU, heavy and cheaper. Pork and boef were steady, with moderate sales, chiefly at $17 8TX for me-w, and at |13 for prime. Sugars were stoady, with sales of 1,800 a 2,000 hhds., Included in which were 450 New Or leans by auction, on terms given in auother place. Cof fee was in fair d.inand, with sales of 4,500 b*g? Rio, at lie. a 13c. Freight engagements were fair, and rates steady. Tlie Fntnrt of tkf Two Confederacies? The Cemm Return* of IttftO. There is a great deal of speculation afloat on the question of Wi? two confederacies, North ?nH South, which are now almost certain to be ci nstrucied out of the present unhappy diffi culties, and people are making anxious calcu lation.- a* to th< future of each. If the exist ing tmi.blo can t>e settled in peace, and Dm two sections* ol tbo country diride on amicable terms, there may be no material change in the intertrade of either section, and things may go on pretty much as before, without any conside rable diminution in the prosperity of one or the other. But the future prospects of th> city of New York have become a subject of the deepest solicitude to many. It is impossible, however, to foresee exactly at this juncture what the ultimate effect upon this metropolis will be. At flrot, undoubtedly, we will feel a stagnation; real estate especially, and indeed all other kinds of property, will suffer a serious depreciation, and a very heavy revulsion intwt take place. What its duration may be no one can tell; but in course of time everything may turn up right again, and the tide of coiumer cial prosperity flow on as before the reparation of the South from the North. But there is another question of momentous importance to the future of both confederacies, and that is the capacity of the South to main tain itself out of its native resources. Upon this subject we have beard much from different quarters, opinions varying according to the eources from which they emanate, and taking color from the political views of those who bold tbem. The anti-slavery philosophers, for example, contend that the South has heretofore enjoyed but a ?mall share of the general pros perity of the country; that her progress and growth Lave been slow; that she has con tributed little to the universal wealth of the nation, and that her resources are limited. Helper's book strove hard, by the means often of erroneous statistics, to establish theee points. This is a grave (u^ take; the South is not poor in reeouroei while she has her cotton and rioe, her sugar and to bacco?all of them necessities to the civilized world; Bhe has pbnty of coal and inn >oo, and other elements of wealth. Iler greik want, as an independent nation, would be a navy. In this she is deficient, and she would be compelled to make bard shifw to supph the want. As to the comparison between the 66nWbfl tious of the two sections. North and 8ou?h, to the general prosperity, wealth aud popula lion of the Country, how dim the question stand? We have now before u the official return* of the census of I860, furnished by the Census Bu reau to the Governors of the several States, for the purpose of apportioning members of Con gress, and we have accordingly made the fol lowing tables of population in the North and South, and in the Territories, showing the in crease sinoe 1850 in eaoh section, and the al terations in the apportionment of members of Congress:? POPULATION OF TBI NOSTHBBN CONPKDKRACY. NrW Ath portion Old Ap J'opulat'n, Populai'n, ment for pom-m 8t*>et. 1850. 1800. Otnarem. mad. Mail* 688,109 019,068 6 8 Ntw Hampshire 817,076 82fl,07? 8 3 Vermont 814 120 816,827 3 8 MaaeacfauaetUl.. 004 614 1,231,404 10 11 Rhode Islabd... 147,648 174Oil 1 2 Connecticut..,. 870 702 400.070 4 * New York 3,007,304 8,861,603 30 33 IViuinj Ivama.. .2,311 ,780 2,016 018 23 25 New Jwreey.... 4X0 3.13 67o,034 6 6 Ohio, u ? ? 1 080,427 8,1*7,017 It 21 In.liana (*88 ?16 1 350,802 ft 11 IllUioia 861 470 l?0l,$? 13 ? Michigan 307,664 764 201 0 * W if cons in 306,301 708,486 ? 1 lowa 102,214 082 000 6 2 Minnesota 6,077 172,703 I 2 Orf*7>li 13,204 62 600 1 ? California ?*,?* 884,770 3 2 klflftil *md U3.WJ 1 Total 13 464,160 18,060,760 160 1*0 Increase In ten years 6 490,600 POPULATION OF THK SOUTHKRN 0ONPKDKBAUY? r-l'?p'n ?n 1860 -y r-PV'n ?" 1^0 API*"'* staff*. tree. Slave. free. Mivr.. N. 0. Itoku-'e. 60^242 2,200 110,648 1,806 1 1 Mary I d 402,666 90,368 046,183 85,382 6 6 Virginia. 040,133 472 628 1,007,373 405,820 11 1? N. 680,401 288,648 070,006 328,377 7 8 S. Car.. 283,523 384 084 808,180 407.186 4 0 Ceoigia. 624,503 3hl 0?2 616,330 467 400 7 8 Florida . 48,136 30 300 81,886 63,8oO 1 1 Alabama 428.770 342 802 620,444 436.478 0 7 MiBxlrpi 206,048 300,878 407,061 470,607 6 4 IXMiiK'ua 272 063 244,800 864,246 812,186 4 4 Ai kali's. 102,707 47,100 831,710 100,086 8 2 Texas... 154 431 68,161 416.000 184,066 4 2 IViw'fee 763.154 230,460 860 628 287,112 8 10 K'lucky. 771,424 210,081 020,077 225,400 8 10 Miwouri 604.622 87,422 1,086,606 >16 610 9 7 Total..0,412,608 3,200 412 8,434,120 3,009,283 84 80 I'otal populatlsn, free and slave, in 1860 0,612,015 u ? " ? I860 12,433,409 Increase In ten years 2,820,494 POPULATION OP TKKRITORIKS. T-rritorue. 1'upulation ?n 1860. Population in 1890. vebiiu-ka ? 28,803 N. w Mexico 61,647 03.024 Ttab 11,064 60,000 liui-titab ? 4,839 Washington ? 11,6^4 I >isiritt of Columbia.... 48 000 76,321 Total 120,901 202,701 increase in tenyeats ..141,800 UBCAPITULATION 1860. 1800. Total population of free States... ,13,464,169 18.060,769 1*0. do. slave States.... 9,612 069 12,433 409 Do. do. Territories 120 901 202,701 Total population of U. States.. .23,101,876 31,640,86* Increase to ton year* 8,464,903 In order to comprehend the above appor tionment of Congressional representation, it may be necessary to state that the regular number of representatives is only 233; but since the apportionment on the census of 1850 California has been admitted with two mem bers, Minnesota with two, and Kansas with <>ne?making the whole number 238. The number must now be again reduced to 233, und one of the States will also be forced to lose one (torn the above apportionment to make room for Kansas. By the following recapitulation table it will be seen that the South Lave lost five members, and that the North have gained five over the number to which they were entitled in 1850:? A'eio apfjorti mm'rU. (M airporlwnment North 1M> 14# South 84 89 For the past forty years, during the troublous timea in the Old World, which have UiUie Ol 1cm UflVcU'U UUlloU urtrr notion, iho North has been receiving from Europe large supplies of immigrant*, each bringing with him his little mite of money and his stalworth arm, ready for any field of labor. Probably some eight millions have been added to our popu lation in tliis way. The South, on the contrary, where white labor is comparatively valueless, has received but little increase to her popula tion from this source; yet out of the thirty-two millions, which is about the aggregate popula tion of the whole country to-day, the eighteen Northern States have onlj nineteen millioog, and the fifteen Southern States have twelve and a half millions. Taking away the immi gration, then, the South is not so far behind us in increase of population. Again, there i lias be< n an immense influx of capital from Eu ' rope pouring into the Northern cities for the swine period of lime, probably to the amount of a thousand millions of dollars, and very little into the Sou'hern ports. When the South, tit-comes an independent confederacy it is uot unreasonable to expect that she will receive >i larger share of both capital and immigrants iroin abroad; nor is it at all likely that the North will ever agtin enjoy such a replenish ment of population from Europe a? she has ?lone Immigration is even now very materially declining. II the Southern confederacy only adopt some humane system it may draw labor to any extent from Africa, which cannot be done under the laws of the old confederacy. On the other band, unless by the annexation of Canada and the other British provinces, if they -hotild decide to throw off the yoke of England and join their fortunes with the Northern United States of America, the North can only increase her resources and her population by <be importation ol free laber on the wages principle, whereas the South can draw upon Atru a unpaid labor almest without limit, and ib?s. while increasing her population, de velope all her latent tesources to the utmost. In this view of the subject, those who loresee but little fruits for the South fioiu a separation, and predict lor her in the future retrogression in ?t? ad of progress, may find .hat the two con federacies will tun close euongh in the race. The Sovtiikrn Ooxtkderact CosuitKsH.?The .Southern Confederacy Congress at Mont fionwry, Alabama, has proceeded delibe a'ely to business. # As we have heretofore indicated, if v. ill establish a provisional ?? neral go\et i uent for the seceded States, nnd for such oHj rs as may Jo'u them, and pro vide tor elections in the several States con i ertied. In view of a pern incut organization. Meantime an alliance, off nsive and defensive, will doubtless be agee. 4 upon in behalf of the several S'ab-s concern*!, to meet the antici pated policy of coercion from che Incoming re
publican administration; and thon, whether the border slave States shall have seceded or not. <bey will ,-tand as a protecting bulwark to the Southern confederacy. So, then, " the fixed ?act" of a Southern confederacy Is before us, ?ifh or without the border slave .States, peace or war. We pl?ad for peace. Will Mr. Lincoln piefer war, with the inevitable result before him, from wni of the immediate loss of the border slave Hiu'es. or will he try peace to se cure those St*tes, or such of them as may await the policy of his administration? That is the question to which, in default of a compromise, we would especially direct his attention. The Kcvolntlon Spreading In C???d?. There is great excitement ail over Canada, arising from the plan of Mr. Seward to admit tbat province into the Union. The journals are all discussing it at great length, aud transfer ring our articles on the subject to their columns, that they may be circulated through out the provinces. The people of Lower Canada are not quite bo fast as those of the Upper province, and their newspapers partake of the same charac teristics. Hence the Quebec journals do not enter so warmly into the project of annexation as the papers of Toronto. The Upper province is all but revolutionized, and its journals are more open/ in the expression of their senti ments. The journals of Lower Canada are iftore reserved, because the popu lation is Blower in political movements. But even there it is easy to see tbat the revolution baa taken hold, and the Quebec papers are helping it along. The Chro nicle, in reprinting an article of the New Yorx IiKKAU), with the caption of "Perturbations in Canada," says it is cool on our part to talk of perturbations in the British provinces when our own Union " is convulsed, disrupted, half bankrupt," and when "in one of its States a petition has been signed by thousands for a unction with Canada." This last statement is news to us; but we suppose our con'emporary knows what is going on on both sides of the line, lie admits that in Western Canada the people are " clamoring for a separation from Lower Canada, which would lead to the an nexation of the Upper provinoe to the Ameri can States west of it" This confirms what the Toronto Leader said the other day aboat the yearning ef the people of Upper Canada for a larger share of nationality, and their readiness to unite with our Northern confederacy. The editor of the Chronicle says New York would be the rival of Quebec, and therefore he does not want the Empire State of the North in the same Union with Canada. This is about as selfish and contracted as the policy of the Charleston journalists sacrificing the in terests of the State from jealousy of Now York commerce; but more enlarged views prevail among the people. The Quebec editor pro poses to unite with Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire, which would "round off the farm aud give the Canadians all they want." He adds that they are "bound by common ties of interest with the State of Maine," though not with New York. This will do very well for n beginning. As to "perturbations in Canada,"our contemporary feels too sensitive. We did not mean to offond. We were conscious that they existed in our own country, and only said they had extended over the British line?a fact which our contem porary proves by another article in the same number, upon "the Anderson case in England," in which be sayB "the action of the English Court of Queen's Bench seems exceedingly strange," and "it is unheard of that an English court of law should undertake litigation in a caf-e yet pending in our own oourts;" for "if such proceedings are legal, then the question is raised whether the Canadian courts or minis ters have any authority at all in international matters." Precisely so; and this raises the ques tion of union with the Northern confederacy of free States, in which the Canadians will be part and parcel of a great, sovereign, independent Power, and not a petty and dependent pro Tinco Tlio (hrnniflf foom fhut "? wry un toward complication may arise, to be followed up by similar ones, if the principle (of sub mitting to an imperial edict) wore onoe admit ted." Verily, this is but a revival in another form nf the hostility of the British colonies to the Mamp Act und the duty on tea eighty or ninety years ago. In his next number our contemporary seems to improve in temper, and intimates that our articles give him pleasure. It may also be in ferred that he calculates they give pleasure and instruction to his readers, for he quotes them at some length, and winds up by leading us to expect some secret communications from the citadel of Quebec, with a view to its sur render to the Northern confederacy. The Quebec Advertiser also copies several of our articles on the subject, and is thus diffusing useful knowledge where we want it to go. The Montreal Gazette thinks highly of the plan of a Northern confederacy, embracing the liritith provinces, and says it "evidently ema nates from no common mind." So much for the journals of Lower Canada. Let us see what they say in Canada West The Toronto Globe of February 2, returning to the case of Anderson, says " there is an un wonted excitement tor the la*t three days" among the bench ?nd toe bar. They repudiate "the musty precedents dating five hundred years back which were quoted in Westminster Oall," and ' they resent the assumption of the Knglish court as a gross and special insult to themselves, independently of the indignation which they feel, in common with the rest of the community, at the attempted violation of those principles of self government which it was thought had been firmly established in Canada." "The threatened collision," adds our contemporary, 'would be a very awkward affair." To the same effect, if not still stronger, h the lan guage of the Leader of the 2d instant, the organ of the local government It donounne* the ac tion ot the English court as "an offensive as -umptkm of authority," and if it be tolerated, "then their supposed judicial liberties are no better than a sham." But that jo imal adds that they "cannot >?rook ?he idea that the Inde pendence of <h<-ir judiciary should be inter tered wi b;' that no sympa'hy for Anderson -will allow iheui 'o overlook the usurpation;" that "this interference with the franchiaes of a self-governing p? <>pl? u? unwarrantable, and de serves to be resisted;" in fine, that "Canada has attained dimensions that render it impossi ble that any attempt should be made to reduce her o the condition of a croum colony." Said wo uot truly that there were "perturbations" in <he British provinces? Thus the revolution goos beautifully on in Canada, as it does at the South. The case of 'b? tlave Anderson adds fuel to the fire, and he Canadian journals fan the flame. On Mon day the six Southorn States which have seceded from us met to form a Southern confederacy, and they will be soon joined by other revolt ing communities. Tbo secession of Canada and the other British provinces will repair our tor's, while it will confer Independence and greatness upon them. Nor need they be alarm ed about any future secession. That will not be permitted in the Northern confederacy, and the constitution will be so amended as to re move all doubt on the question. The ChronicU (?ays "the Canadians have seen enough of inter state partnerships, and will be ooncerned in nothing that will not grow into a nationality." But the new confederacy will be something more than a partnership or a league?it will be an indissoluble government, a nation, all that the Canadians can desire in point of consolida tion. Let them, therefore, prepare at once for their destiny. Tdk Cotton Friqut in Engi-and.?It will be seen, from the extracts from the London jour nals published elsewhere, that the alarm occa sioned in England by the prospect of the sus pension of the cotton supply from this country is assuming all the features of a panic. The commercial and industrial interests there feel that their very existence depends on there be ing no interruption of, or considerable falling off in, the quantity of that Btaple which we send them Several suggestions are thrown out by the writers of these articles as to the means by which England can be rendered in dependent of ub for her cotton. Moat of these are iamUiar to our readers, having been ven tilated in one shape or C!],ar I?Rn/ jroars back. For the last quarter of a century, in fact, this question of multiplying the sources of cotton supply has been agitated both in and out of Parliament The abolition so cieties and companies of private speculators Lave each in their turn pressed it upon the attention of the government The publications of Dr. Livingstone's African explorations re vived publio interest on the subject, which had died out from the impracticable charaoter of the schemes recommended in connec tion with it It was demonstrated by his researches that abundant supplies of cotton could be obtained from that rogion under certain conditions. These were that Great Britain should take possession of the cotton growing districts, and employ slave la bor, for without that no dependence could be placed on the supply. Even then the cotton thus produced could not compete with the American staple, as the latter had the advan tage of all the organization and machinery sug gested by long experience. Now that secession has brought home to the English people the dangers to which they may be exposed by the interruption of our cotton exports, all these exploded schemes are being again revived and agitated. That their government has but little faith in the practicability of any of them is evident from the letter of Lord John Russell, published in another column. All the aid that he can offer them is the services of her Majesty's Con suls in the countries which are said to be adapted to the growth of cotton. The truth is that his lordship and his colleagues, like all persons who have investigated the subject, are convinced that Africa is the only region, be sides the United States, where this staple can be produced. As there it can only be rendered reliable by slave labor, under British rule, it is useless for the manufacturer to count upon it The English cannot stultify themselves by re turning back to the system of forced labor, and they must therefore continue to depend upon America for their supply. The prospect which alarms them is, after all, more imaginary than real; for whether there be a peaceable or vio lent disruption of the confederacy, the Southern States will still go on producing cotton so long as they find a market for it Auk the RePCBI.tcaxij Backimi Down??Now that Greeley has been defeated for Senator, and war articles are no longer of anj use to get him votes, the Tribune falls back to its old doctrine of peaceable secession. In yester day's number it announces that the republican party is likely to be betrayed by the leaders agreeing to compromises and concessions?a statement which appears to be confirmed by an other republican organ, which "blushes for the race of cowards,'' and says, as "the Saviour of mankind was betrayed by a kiss, so the republi can party may be put to open shame by those in whom it trusted." The Tribune says it prefers that peaceable secession should go on, even of the whole fifteen slave States, for that would be the quickest way of overthrowing the slave power. The border States would soon be ab sorbed, and slavery would be extinguished by the Northern free Stato republio, England, France and other nations putting a bar to its extension. Then why did the Tribune philoso phers waste so much paper and ink in ciliiug for coercion and civil war? They intimate that the Potomac, the Ohio and the Mississippi must constitute the line between the two re publics. Maryland, however, will u.ive a word to say about one of thvse natural boundaries. The Tribune finally recommends "the avoidance of unnecessary collision with the seceding States." Excellent advice. Re cently Greeley appeared to all sober citizens very like Carleton's tailor, v ho was "blue moulded for want of abatin'"?a character which that writer describes as taking off his great coat and drugging it through the street of an Irish village on a fair day, and challenging everybody in goueral to tread upon it. Greeley has been thus dragging his white coat through the gutter; but he now thinks it better to take it up, brush the dirt off, and become once more a member of the Peace Society. Tick IIecknt Sejztrk of Arms in Nkw York? Om Governor and Lkuimi.atvkk ?We publish ed yesterday a telegraphic despatch from Al bany to tho effect that Governor Morgan had received a communication from Governor Brown, of Georgia, demanding the surrender of the muskets, purchased by citizens of Georgia, seized in this city by the police, in pursuance of the order of Superintendent Kennedy. It is stated that, though a reply is desired, the Governor has not replied. He could itend the insulting resolutions of the Legislature, threatening to coerce the South by drafts of militia from this State, but he cannot send an answer to a just demand. This is only In keeping with the action of the Assembly on Saturday last, when a resolution was offered to the effbet that the Police Commissioners be directed to report to the House by what au thority, if any, they have ordered the seizure and detention of these arms. This very na tural and important inquiry into a transaction that amounts to an act of war, and is wholly unconstitutional, was voted down, though It may involve the State in grave issuos and add new complications to our national troubles. It was a highhanded act of despotism, and tho Governor of the State ought to send the arms forthwith to the Governor of Georgia, with an apology'for the outrage. Tfeose who are ap pointed officers to carry out the laws for tho proteotlon of property ought not to be the first to violate them. Those who complain most of the people in Southern State*) acting uncon stitutionally and illegally ought not to oomml?n', f or uanetlon unconstitutional acta themselves* it is Buch proceedings as these that hare produced the effects we witness to-day in the disruption of the confederacy; and yet the Legislature sends Commissioners to the Peace Conference for the purpose of re-establishing amicable relations with the Southern States. The Morrill Tariff Bill?The Sooth ak? Engijhh and French Goodh?The republicans in Congress, with their new tariff bill, are clearing the way for the speedy recognition of a Southern confederacy by England and France. The Southern seceded States have the cotton. England and France must have it. The very existence of four or five millions of the English people depends upon it Eng land and France have their iron, cotton, wool len and Bilk manufactures to exchange for this raw material of cotton, the very articles which the cotton States desire in exchange for their great staple. With a Southern free trade con federacy proclaimed oa the one hand, ant} It Northern United States protective tariff or tax ranging from twemj u? uuy or sixty per conj on the other hand upon imported silks, cot tons, woollens and iron, is it likely that Eng land and France will hesitate in choosing their market? Unquestionably they will recognise the Southern confederacy as soon as possible, for the sake of the raw material of cotton, and for the free Southern market, which will take their goods in exchange in preference to the hard cash. The Southern secessionists ought, therefore, to feel thankful, as they do, for the aid and comfort promised them in this Morrill Tariff bill. The Virginia Convention Election.?Thus far the returns of the Virginia Convention elec tion seem to indicate the success of the conser vative party, or conditional secessionists. If tbey have triumphed, it is upon the hope of some compromise from this Border State Con ference at Washington, which will justify the adhesion of Virginia to tbe Union yet a little longer. We apprehend, however, that the first important fact which will present itself to the Virginia Convention will be the failure of this Washington Conferenoe; in which event the Convention, even if eleoted against immediate secession, may be revolutionized in a single day. The issue turns upon this Washington Conference, which has kindly volunteered to save the Union with closed doors. The State Convention in question will assemble on the 13th inst, and before that day this Washington Conference will have adjourned, and the Vir ginia Commissioners will hare reported the re sult to their State Legislature. Then the un mixed issue to Virginia, we fear, will be be tween secession and trustful submission to the new administration. Upon that issue Virginia may yet go by the board before the 4th of March. We do not discover yet any signs of daybreak. Weed and Greeley.?Weed dolefully con fesses that he was floored in the late Senatorial contest, but draws some drops of comfort from the flooring of Greeley. The white coated philosopher, on his side, tries to be jolly over the defeat of the ''one man power," but virtually confesses he has been himself sorely wounded in the house of his friends. Very well. It is an old saying that "when rogues fall out honest men get the;r just deserts;" and so let us hope that Judge Harris, as the Senator nominated to succeed Mr. Seward, will prove an honest man. Ahead ok the Wak Office.? Our morning cotemporary who persists in his exclusive in elllgence that reinforcements have been thrown into Fort Sumter. IMPORTANT FROM SPRINGFIELD. SnuMonaui, 111., Feb. 6,1MI. Mr. Lincoln baa restricted the time for receiving visitors to one ud a half hours eaoli >Uy during the re mainder of his stay. A last reception will be girea to morrow evening at his private residence. Horace Greeley returned from the Went this morning. This afternoon he was called (upon at his hotel by Mr. I,iucoin. The Interview lasted several hours. Greeley * urged a strict adherence to an antl compro mise policy, and Is said to have received gra tifying assurar.ee f His opinion as to the Qabinet and other appointments was freely solicited and given. He la known to be strongly opposed to Cameron, and very much Interested In the appointment of and Colfax. Colonel Fremont, lie thinks, -tumid hive the miIon to Iraooe. Although Just detected m Albany, ha did rmt a>-k Anything either for himscli or friends Q. D. l.'iiceh , of Nuw Y',rk **p p jseut durlug put of the mtei \liw. Ihe "Irrepressible conCht" is hi# ,ng an. n? the re publican nrgana of this Stale. Hie Chletribute la severely attacked for denouncing Seward an 1 Tvuilogg as untrue to the repnblicaa faith, and claiming to refleot Mr. Lincoln's views. Governor Curtin has been Invited to meet Mr. Lincoln In Philadelphia. W. 8. Wood, of Now York, acts as want courier to the President elect, making arrangements for special trains and apartments at hotels. 8. N. Pettis, of Pennsylvania, 1s hare, recommending himself for the Governorship of Nebraska. Another Indiana delegation, consisting of J. L. Smith, O. L. Clark and A. L. White, M. C., is in tiwn to press Smith for the Cabinet. Their presence at this late hour of Mr. Lincoln'! stay is altogether undeelred. The influx of politicians Is so great that a largo number are nightly obliged to seek shelter in sleeping cars. Mew York Maalelpal Rlwtloni. RocmwrKR, Feb. 5, 1M1. The entire democratic ticket was elected at the olurter election In Palmyra, yesterday, by from thirty to forty majority. Bwoiumton, Feb. 5,1M1. At the eha.ter "lection I>. D. Denton, democrat, was jiaeted Preoviatt . ?>< Robinson, republican, by 100 ma Jorlty. Four dcrcaratl' and two republloan Aldermen wre elected. Thirty-fir guns were flrod by the dem* crata over the'j vicUtj. , Arrival of the United Klafdem. PoRn.AinD, Feb 6, 1W1 The steamship TTnilcd K cifdom, Captain Craig, from Glasgow 20-h ulk. a-r *ed here at four P. M , auJ v tu proceed to New Yo'k after discharging the Canada F^or tkm of her cargo Rrw* from Havana. Nrw ormunh, Feb. 4,' ji^t The steamship Habana has arrived, frotn Ha' uia 1st instant. Sugars were dull numbers 12 to 14, 7 K reals Sight exchange on New York 4 a ? per eoat premium. News unimportant. Tlae Aadensa Case. ToA?wm>, V 5, lMt. la the Anderson ens* rreoedecce baa h** g|Teo t0 Canadian over the Kngiah writ of li&be* corpus "Hie ie will be argued on Friday before W e Court of Cooi mon Pleas. DlMrepaattoa Ua a F* ,t ninee. Muwaur ? Keb 6, 1MI reUmaster Pt' >? r, rA Mils city, V * heen removed on account ol some we're pat. ?is in W aooouut. Mr 0. M Bull, Special Agent a ?>c (topaMV PBl has Maimed the duties of the office foi toe pr*M*r , Ratlink orihn Niagara. ..... ? Ifeh. ft, 1"*1/ The mails of the Niagara o'clock to n*r row moralng. She will sail at te^ o'etoek lim w nT Ksv Pn t5?'^ii._The ftrsl of a anew of M| lectures by this clergyman will erne off to night. ftltyMir Za* Irish prieelbood at Bom# m?4 * Abroad.