Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1861 Page 3
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M<wrs. OTeefry, Bo^nhrr and mimpB flw H?<* Ihty are feeding ami clothing the titugr$ and uak- d, aud the spinning jennies are forever murmuring their uisaj- ? I'lobation of your curse. Here be is, w'ifc hi? d*y s ' ta>k t*fc>re him, the worlt lor which ail < In isteu.J >m ?boo Id bless hinj Hid night's }ullit , Ui=i haujo Hud merry j dancing, hi* j ,youn laugh, his happy ??&?< ? 1 pre* liloi Inn* noi the iiiOct n>i"< r>blAof nKii \vh*: <*r?l. h tw" ''Mmw mutt pt?, innHi cUMhe me, wis* nure? m* when I'm siik, is ^uotnublo to liod uni bwu tor n.r Uiorak. just im he is tor hu? own cuildrcu." Hoar bun ^theu they have met together to woi'ulnp the s: jie G jU ill the -ime way ok bis muster. Hear him slug anil pr.iv. There m no hypocrisy in that prayer. He cannot be in . ?luced to com-' and murder th*t master ? booi he ktves so . well How olten does be ask lumwlf ibe question, ?!ul would become of me but for muster V The writer koch on very oloarly to define tbe position of i the Southern servant and his man'.or, showing that tb<rc Is nothing to be feared from servile insurrections, for the 1 negro lives in the iove of thnwe who are placed over him, i ana, wiih tbe natural aiK-ctionof the character of this people, is the llrst to be at the white man's cradle and the last at hi* grave. This happy condition of tho Ninth- j ern slave has frequently been depleted in fhe columns of 1 uii* paper. ? j THE QUESTION OF THE DAT. j Hints sad Suggestions from the Herald Correspondents?The Herald Letter Box, Ac., Air The correspondence of a newspaper like the IIkkaui must, to the generality of people, seem almost Lncredi ole. As the llmiD is the organ of the people, the peo ple send to it all sorts of communications upon all sorts of subjects, to even read which is no ordinary ta.sk, and as far publishing them, that would take all the space daily of a newspaper very mush larger than this. These j communications come by every muil, express and cm- ! veyance lrom all quarters of tho globe. Their styles are ' as varied as their subjects, and their authors occupy j "very rank, from the highest to the lowest. Tho raer- j chant slips his i>en over tho edge of his ledger to drop a hint to the Hhuid In bis own cri?p, | succinct, condensed style. Tho lawyer sends us j letters longer than bis briefs and a* difficult i to decipher. The laboring man ha* a grievance j to be redressed or a thought to put in print, and, ' after work hours, writes his iuttor to the UutAin, 1 his bard hand tightly clasping the unaccustomed ^K-n, and the very words lie wishes to use j flitting out of his r?ach like mischievous fairies. ! Tho Yankee schoolmaster has bis word to pay i?ud hi* display of his hair line penmanship to make. The | elcrgyman writes in order to speak from tho secular ! pulpit, the press, what much interests him, but what he thinks inappropriate for hi* Sunday discourse. The i farmer, taking advantage of theeo long winter evouinge, laboi iously puts upou piper the ideas which ho lias been ' turning over and over in his mind (munching straw i stalks the while) fir this many an? tuatiy a day, aid | expects to see himself presently in the IIkkald. i'tie politician, handling his pen as deftly as hU tongue, i spreads himself over page after iiage of fooia | cap, and semis hia lucubr.itions to the IIiouia j And so tlie manager and tho actor; tho cm- j ployer and the employed; the man of leisure aud the man of business; nay, <\en tho ladies oi every ago ami station, all bave their representatives in the hun dreds of letters, of all sizes, shapes alii cul >i>, which j pour daily into the IIkkai.o oitici, as if that were, in fact, the general pon otltceof the country. To many it is, as ii must bo, u dead leiter oflktu, an 1 many write uevor to be answered. The Huuui can re piy to letters only through ite columns, an.l its columns, alas, will only hold so much. Especially duriu^ tho p*e sent crisis, when all have so little to do and so much rpare time, and when all have so m my thought* about the questions of tbe (ley. which to them jceni not '1 1.11 d Inton ating, is the demon,1 njiou our columns enormous. More letters are written than evci' to tho Hriui.D, and fewer Bnd their way into print. The f cause of this few know. Jones cannot be aware j that before his coauntmirntiun reaches us th'; ! rapid march of event ? bus proved its wisdom foe#'., h ness and its pi eJictions abenrBrown cannot tell that j his new ideas were exactly identical with thoee of rh >mp sou, whose letter was received the day before, or that j th> se v ry ideus were publkLod List w.ok. Bo they go on, writing and looking for tli" nppcarotice of that commu nication which will startle the country,set matters riylit and send statesmen again to school. So, too, the Uinum letter bag is alwuys full, and advice, persuasion, tnatruc- j tion, threats, entreaties, news, information, id. a*, opin ions, reach us in a thousand varied form' are welcomed and are noed somehow or ether?the letters being pi 0 dnctive of good, if only by being destroyed. It may readily be believed?indeed, it co<ild hardly be otherwise?that among this mass of correspondence there is much which is valuable and timely much which we would be glad to publish if the laws in regard to space admitted of exceptions. Some communications are entirely good; in others, under great heaps of words, old truisms and stalo opinion.-, are ' hidden singular jewels, found, as in tbe fable, even iu a dunghill. Very few letters come which have not some real value. Vnablo to publish them all, or, indeed, to refer to them all, wc select and condensc from them the - hints and suggestions which follow upou the tpiestious of thp day:? COERCION CTTEBtT TMrO?SI*LI!. A New Orleans correspondent, signing bimsell ??South ron,"?a favorite nom <U ylune at present? thinks that It ia time for the people to reoofnlae the difference between aflktrs now and the ncllificatisn tu '32. He con tends that the l'ni)n Is already dissolved, and a Southern confederacy a fixed fact. Not the passage of a slave code, by every Northern Statu, could gave (lie Union. The South has warned and warned, but tn rain. Now our correspondent thinks tliat rho ha* acted, and Irrevo cably. The North should, in all ooi.sistcncy, be rejoiced to get rid of institutions so odious and unproutable, in stead of seeking to bring the Soi 11 h l.mok. t Geographically, the two sections arc indupcudeut, and they are equally independent in their nsource*. Th( North should count the cost of oocrcion. By disunion it his lost two hundred and thirty million* of dollar*?lb-- revenue of the South. Now, if it IntcmlHcoercion, it must support a aiandlng army, and this can only be de.no by direct taxation. WiU the Went submit to sue'h a war? WiU Kngland mbmit to bavo he* communication wuh the cot'on Hht thus UlllfHljlrtf Will the city of New \<-rV submit to have her friendly relations In tlie south bro;cn up? Can the Couth be conquered'' "rfciuthrou"' think'' not. and cpwesbis communication by tbe Ftatcinent that it his already cout tho South twelityOvu millions of dol lars to ^ leave the Inkm. and by rceonuneuding to Boocher the study fit the fable of the g.to?e which laid the golden eggs, ami of th?. wiloni 01 the man who killed this two legged mint. SAVK THK t'NIO. <inr next correspondent (H New Yorker) c inplai'is that here at the North an animosity against the Soulh .? carefully fostered and inculcated. That Northerners are taught to hate an inst'lutlon which originated with the count-y it. elf, whlib was once in hi^h favor even at the North; which was only at.olfehed here because It be csiim unprofitable: wliieh U retained at the fontli be cause Ihp climate, tho soli, the country favors it. This feeling at the North hw made civil war imminent How i? it to Iks avwtodr Hy removing the-citric of slavery (if it b? a curs !?), aj" our cor.'c?{xmdcnt. And bow h this to b? doner By pa/Eiug *ome compromise now, ? tiling a line of demarcation between freedom and slavery. 1'hen, when the present excitement subfiles, call a national eonvei.tion of dele gates from all the Mat's, offer o pay the South for its i-laves and to colctilse them when freed (for the South can no moi i ? < .<?.i to it:up it? slaves gratis thin we our horacs), and thus fettle the question amicably. This will ptovt whether ll.e nh.lltionlst" are in (artu -t and really lev the sl.ire. Tutii far they have only made his yoke tighter. In this way we can sive the Union. Our eorrchi>otjdcnt wa ? born iu a slave State, has lived lu New York hlnce 1857, and makon thia suggestion for tbo gimd of hi* country. a ri.AN or *P.trsT*rvT. Hie author of the Ml"* Ing plan of a?yu?tmeM was a fire fuller in 1S4U ant a bla* k republican In 1VW. Ue is disgusted with the milk srd water propositions to settle ?he great question of the dry, and thinks that something Bold, neve), < nergetie, should bs <levls?d. He ban devised it. stid here it is ?He proposes that all children of slave parents thall l.e Tree :.t the age of twenty one or thirty yours, as tin y are born before or after Jan. 1, lflfll. . 'flint nil slaves under fifty years of sge shall be giaduslly tiuMn Ipated in la7fl, 1S72 and 1R70, atii that all over lift) sinnll remain slaves. to be taken care of. , Other piovirlms follow, S'icli a* tflit the slave stntes moke negroes ctlly us, and that after the parage of the?? pr<i?.?it|.,t,fi n(, slaves lie sold (no slaves will be sold after the pro|< tu n/ pass wo will warrant). That tho go vernment |?- no spo ial stork to recompense lbs slave owners, *c. In respond to all of w hich the North will ' repi al the Persoi ;1j Liberty bill*?doubtless. Compkomimk v n a tROMWKi.L wantkp. '? ?' Amiens," or Waterbury, tv>nnectlcut, says tbst | fv nators and repre?eni*tlvep are "giving to parly what J ??? isi'nnt tor ma ikind,'' ,md it is time fsr the great |.,.H.eii wiislde of 0>rgr<?s to Kettle thi* question of the day. ?oiMlt law b. en wronpe l, and si. slarmeii lest th? V' 'epoWioa? doctrine of "no prn|>erty ia nisn" maybe titfatt e ipen abolitionism stil', th* e grl vapee- m iv ?>? v?dr< ~ d is th" ' tiloii. and ? Amicus thiiit ? tb<y yet Vtn There must i>. a ? ..mpi-onilse flie . m*?/ (Ltive feelinr cf th. country, the p.v.,,|. yij!e dlfcharffi^d ttiwIiMki, tn tincniplxve I taHnror-* idle to mnfai-tsiers, the t tnm. reisl ami sblp)iiiif In ' tjjres's. the boot '.rn? "tn>-ef th- conntry -- ?|t ,t. maud PjVmprenili'e, will hsv?* it: will hold politicians re*i?<n-i Fibk fur it. if everythiiK ??y? VmUms, in. k up i2?i (.tc-'s. a. d keep tlr meiil?< rs on hr.-.d andnat. - . W?f ? p Mll?"'* J?trr, nntii M"T ?-r>+. ??r el*.?, ,lt j Oomir*!! dt?pT?r<l the T/rng Parliament and Bonaparte t he CMtoil of Five Hundred. let Gen. Soott disperse <4'njtroxH acd assume the dictatorship till a new Ooog'ess , ? i. l.. .!. , U-d Vk'leut tlimwm-ii require v iVient reiit* rties Hdi^i anything ?b?n disunion, anorelky and oivil wu. A DIABOLICAL nor M8COY KKEU. Ainiher eorieepoedent writes llmt Le was in the Senate rtoYrr, at Washington, a ?Uurt lime ago, and in th<\ gallery, nearly opposite the Vice President's cliair, found a paper full of unholy and hellish plots, " at> iniernuland traitorous lctor,'1 which rilled him with painful sens at i .ma. This diabolical document he trams uiilb lo the liuoiD, to be urn d aa way be deemed proper, lb.' letter referred to is written very appropriately in the von blackest of ink, upon dirty paper, arid evideutly with tbo used up stump of a bad quill pen. It looks dia ttoiical, and in in'maliy hard to decipher. It has neither beginuiug nor mdiiig, for, like the Irishman's rope, both ends uf it are cut off. It declares "the world will soon hear from our friend* in the national legislature, in bold, ?iellant spee< he*, wli ch will make the North quake with fear and the border Mutes tremble tor their lives." This is very hea\y u]m>u Toombs and Wlgfall. The letter then bin's at a etc ret society for destroy lax the Uniou, which "embraces mostly Senators who have boen initiated into full frl ow.thip." Xo these "we have promised ducal set tlements in Florida and South Carolina.'' Secretary F. (Fioyur) in working night and day with unflagging energy, and'by the 1st of January will liavo within our reach most if not ail the Final! ai nis in the public armories be longing to our defunct uncic?ho will earn hie title and settlement. ('Id Buck in feverish and dreadfully nervous, and frequently *e have to administer powerful doees, but ho in in the barn's of careful and experienced nurses, who will nil allow him to be neglected, nor our cause to suffer. The committee has sultlcu n'.ly canvassed Vir ginia and Maryland to determine to make no conoort ed effort in the latter at present, and that the former will prove an easy victory. Letcher will call the legisla ture for a convention; the outsldo pressure will then come down and "the pedantic and would he great Vir ginian can't resist the foices Irongbt to boar; we liavj already all Richmond on our side." rhe document con cludes with some incoherences in regard to North Caro lina, and with the remark that as "the Virginia Senators are pressing to know more Hum 1 feel ?t liberty lo com municate" that they be united lobe present'-at the l ecember meeting of the Junta.'' Singular, if g"<nuin.< but is it genuine? , (IKORGIA AMI It BOKO IMPntBECTIOSS. "X,'' of Talbot county, Ga., writes that the Georgia Convention was unaL incus. and that the ptxplo of Goor gia are unanimous for secession. The people of the South are not deceived in regard to the object of the republican party. They know more about the North than the peo ple of the North do about them. Svrccly a family at the 8011th is without.some Northern Journal; but the people North receive all their information about the South from Northern and not from southern newrsp >pers. lho South htus plenty of provisions, and cottou haa brought a good price all winter. Georgia can raise all cereals, t? it don't do it bocaute cotton is wore profitable. Because the south buj s so largely from the N01 th p ople have come to undei rate Southern agricultural resources. Alluding to lho fears of negio losiirrtctiou expressed by Nortaai n journals, "X' says:?"Not far from where 1 an writing sixty negroes, belonging to sevt ml planttti tji, lefi work on the day of the lapt Presld ntiat election, und w nt saunltrivg up and down th<> road. When their nutters returned houio from the polls these nogroen were interrogated as to what they man. rho> re plied that wlute men hud told them thev would be fr?-e ou the day of election, and wanted them lo kill their mis tresses; but they had no Wea 01 that, luu result of tlio whole matter was that lho ringleaders wore 11 4gol and put to ?o fc, ?n i thov ?'l have ha I many a hearty laugh Since at the idou of how badly t h>-> were fooled. Ill ;s is a lair tample ol our ius'irreetiou:- '' In c-wulusion, th-i Georgian says that,"a.s 1.on Table pejpl th? -;uthurnor* could submit no loi"< r to the ro(K at> ?1 wrongs tl.ey U iv? hitherto endured, and the only alternative wiiSlli ; no w hich they huve a (opted ' ItKKMLDA FOB THK 17NIOV. >n ?dd gentleman in Bermu l* -<n .s his r?'grcts that au> tli'ng should lw\e ? uirred to interrup. the progress ol our greit republic, and drprccates tint scctional ianat.ci-m whleh has caused ill tile trouble. Born upon Ann 1 lean water-, ho claims lo h iv > a s\mj'?thy with Aiuericau freedom; and o cupyicg the position of a loikeron, imjia' tlaJ, unprejudiced, h > hopes his plan lor Buvi"g lbs I'niori may be of s? me practical value. The plin is th?t 'h Eastern and bordi r State repre-?ntativ s shill deviso a cooipromiie se.'eptable to tho South. If this gentk-ma" could only lead the rejK.rts of the proceedings of th^so same repp sentatives he would need no argument lo re gard to his plan of adjust me:11. AN AITL U. TO TBK NOBTH. "Troth"' sends a lorig appeal to tho people of the Northern States. 1'Truth" e ks If political leaders .shall be allowed to Bo Inflame the ml Wis 01 the people of b >th sect ions of our country th-tt disunion eliall en?ue, unl America be made a by word and a rcp-cach. l.> t the false public servants, ready to sacrifice every thing for place aud power, lie thrust aside, nnd let the pooplc manege this matter tor themselves. The principal cause of the trouble is tbe question of Hlrnery. To the people of the Xoitb this quiation is an ab street Ion to be diseased phiiofiophieally. To the people of the South this question b practical, vital, es sential. Ik it any wondor, then that the South, wh<we very existence depends u|?on this cineetion of slavery, becomes excited to frenzy when the Northern people in terfere with an Institution which they do not understand, of w hich they know nothing, in w hich they have no di rect interest? To spite of special pleading and quibbling about werds and phrases, slavery Is clearly recoguUt*! in the constitution. Some of the slave States, particularly Virginia, ga\ e vart territories to the L'oion.ani should the people of slave Slates now be debarred the jfhvilege of carrying their property into th* Territories- Not only was slavery acknowledged, but toe slave trade was permitted. It was understood that negroes lost nothing and gained much by being transferred from the cruel bondage of their African tyrants to the mild and benevo lent rule (even the abolitionist* will admit that it is com paratively mild and benevolent) of tho Amonran slave holders. In exchange for the slave's labor the master gave him protection aDd comfort* such us ho nad never before enjoyed. Then the relations between master and slave were most afiectior.uto. Then sla\ c.s MN od:ii?ted, morally ami mentally. Ttien slaves were often rewarded for their tidelity by the gift 01 liberty. Frequently all a planter s slaves were liberated by his will. TheCujouiza lion Society, Hupported by the .South as well a* oy the North, relieved the country of thane freed negroea. aud planted a nation in Liberia. Attrition changed this teeling Defiance and distrust euteied. like serpents. Negroes were tlolen or enticed from tin ir mutters, or wor^e. U?ey remained upon the plantations with minds poisoned agjinst their best friend*. 01 course, the aaaten, in u greater or l^tw de gree, i cclprocated this dislike. This wan th" linn result; aud, second, emancipation was interrupted, the South | Willi.Ir-V, its suppwrt from cotooixution s<?letie?, the IvtMtUtW Iwync eejiorated, almost hostile. England caught up the i*ie? of abolition. and with long sighted jk?!loy aiiled It with all her power. Aided It, an many ihiiilc, to i!T?ct the destruction of our country. Sup|<ofee abolition, instantaneous, forcible, had triumphed, we hit mlii have Liul another ,-t. iKimingo at our doors. We should have hai iu the I'niou a number of negro Stall s ljt" those of Butbary. Are we prepared for this? An<i yet thu< is 'he practical r?*ult of abolition dogmas < v if* wo adept that other means of abolition, and l<-t the Noitli pay tli'j w.H,ih to free it r- ?laves, dees the result of a Mtiiilar course pursued by F^iglnnd and Krance in their colonics at all encourage us to try the experiment? Those colonic* have been reined; the nog roes ro fused to woik inauy hare retreated tr> the woods, many more have em gi a ted. Is a -iniilar future for our present siavo State* just what we could wi?b and desire. Kngland, the philanthropic, dlKOTen that she has paid too dearly for her whistle, and invents the oooli* system. Krunce iloes tbe same thing. Tills system Is a system of cmpui-tory lalor, gk?Sil ovrr by'mraniiiglorB words. By adopt inn it the\ acknowledge the failure of abolition. Is not this warning itough lor usr Even in regard to tho Afrl ians ki gland and (ranee manage bv the-apprentice sys tem"' to wkAiM all the blacks tiu-ir cruisers capture. 1 Tactically this is an admission of tho weakness of *41m>1 It ion, and only pride prerenis these nations from avowing wnat their acts prove. Now. shall w?* at tempt Hie mm ruinous ex)ieriiiient. or shall we wiaely adopt the result which England and France have worked out* in th? South the negro i- happy and Is safe. The re ptiblW at.-. Kilning tne abolitionist*, have done all Uieyeeu to mcke tlic negroes and tbelr masters unha|ipy aol un safe. Iwb has taused tbe oris is, and the crtais can only be reniu\cd oy a c< mprondsc which shill restore th? friendly and harmonious feeling lietween the North and the South by settlliig th"> laveiy question. as far as poli ties are c? i eorned forever I<ei tbe jx-ople dttnand this, aud we shall ( nee more hav< a government and a country. MCMNX IX MIKSOOMt A correspondent from ft. Loii*, MiMOQrl, wiitesthat be has recently travelled over three' fourths ot the Stale U|on a collecting tour, and h:i? h.i I many opportunities for ascertaining oorrectly the political sentiment tbe people H> ? satisfied that not only is the disunion son- i timept tapidly Increasing, but two third of tho p?iple now favor secession, unkss a compromise be adopted at Washiocton In sptte'ofMh nssen<en* of the repubilean press, four fifths of th'e Missourlans arc at pro slavery as tbe people of Alabama. The cen?us shows that the "lave |K?jmiat ion has annually looreanetf siii^e 1WK). In low n cotiipromlse. be adopted Missouri Will be the first border State to secede. thk tropm: to nr.ctn*. A "IJfpttblican Voter'' of New York Insets thit many of the party were deceived Into voting for Lincoln, and had no Idea of the consequences of hl< election. The republicans did not Intend to vote in favor of disunion and civil war. They now see Unit the wiWfare of the country is of more Importance thin Ihc negro question, and Join the oon?ervatives in demand ing tint the question of ctrnipromise be submitted to the people, and taken out of the luinds of inoillcient oom promi-'crs. PftlOX SKNTlllK>r IN TBXifl. A corresponilent from Austin, Teras, writes that* al Itiough scccsslon is rampant in Texas, yet th'.'re Is a strotig, conservative, Union loving sentiment there, which, If projs'rly nurtured, will exercise considerable influence The Governor of TeXM Is strongly oppoeed to the linme d .ite secessionists, and wid In no way favor tboir scheme- by advising precipitate action. Texa* li!!? gained too tiiu L by Joining the l Oi in to bo wilili.,: lo I'nve i'. if buy res^'imUile c>mproinl?> is Ottered to th< ^.uth. At "the time of its aanex.itkm Ti \as only contained Ifty thousand inhabitants lhela?t eer sus siwws that i # InnabllanM now r iraiier 414,000 wil t- and lM000 l ??s. The riil?e.| It^tes exp-uds ritit"*I'y shout MM in d. f?md og th" ffrmtler iloet lediafl IncuislODS a?d tbe oxpurl.nci tH last win ter .?hows that ?' thIihIi ??! fori <-s t?'? withdi iv.i, the rleb \ ilfev of tli H i Crande will beeo*n<- th? prey Mevicitk rot>tj?is an 11 t wjndor, t'.en, th\t Texas does not desire to leave tho I'n'cn !f she can h >aor ably remain. LIT TBI PEOI'LK SHEAR. ''A Buiioco Mm," 01 Chicago, Ui'.nKa that the w'luie question could bo setilcU, au i the country enjov un Us turbod peaoa, if some practical metus roiii bo devlaed by which tho pcyplo coutd de ckue their will. Tho efforts of 8.u?t?r? and Congressmen have uvail-d noting, aad to but tu> ? ther complicate the oifit. utties they profess to n v?, It la time the |?upl? w. re hwnl. Pile iwiplx ??e mxt iu tennted The people are m>w nearly uiuuiIummMI f?M compromise. ihe pc .pic sudor every di) that this crisis lasts. Lot tho people, tne:i, answer fur themaulves, and dec-are their will bo emphatically that poiiticiaua m ist obey it. A VtJiUlNIA LAMV TO UKK XOAflltUN A lady residing at Hanips lead, V*., writ s tJ tho abo iltionists of tho Nortb through the Hickmd. Hh-i says:? Will you tell me what the abolitiuai?U iuU.iiJ to d.> with our poor blacks if they succeed iu gottrn* them all away from Virginia? I take a deep iutercst iu th -lr pre seat and future welfare.and though, in common with my Stat* r? of tbe south, 1 shall feel a (ire.u burthen auil re sponsibility u.k. ? ofl'my shoulders wh-nthay arealliome, yet 1 con never be happy if I think ibey ire not well cured for iu their u? w sphere. 1 kuow that '.heir brilliant anticipations cau n-ver b? hilly realized: but I must believe, of course, that such >1 ivotpd phitamhro putts and preachers as Btv cher and the Reverend ("ihee vera (whore disinterested efforts to g' t thorn away fn-tn the masters who have fed ami cloth d them from infan cy ai e luiow u t<> all ineu) ean uevtr permit the slaves to ?? e actual want. Saida little black shiny faced urobio, the otner <lay, as be tan breathless into our kilt heu, "Ob' mauimy. sup work now. I've gotsichnews toteil ye. tVe reail to b? free, au'go Noi f, us koou as Linkum's 'levied; an' oh! what Iota of money we're all to fit dar." ?'Hush dar', ye nigger brat.'1 said mammy, ruthlessly Hi stroy ing his golden dream; ''d^n't ye listeu lo the poor white tra h about hare who tells ye w.:h st'itl liev wants to run ye otf Norf, jes' ??> dey uiiy git more work here lur denistlves; an' when ye do gii off dar yn'an goin' to (starve, jes' like nncie Pouipey, who w.is fool eiiul to ruii oti frorfl his good ole masser When he name BUi akin' back, a year arter, the ole crecter was so pior an' mgged that - I clar to goodness I didn'l know biin. Is that ye, Unota Pomp,' ana 1,'acomm' back hero wld all yer ribs a stitkiu'out ao?' ? Yes, 'tis me, Sal'y, and I tell ye cbi!$,' be eed (M>it of 'fan (led at mv obserwai >u), '1 kin tell ye, it yuu hadn i wren corn bread or pork for ntaiiy a yeai your rib? 'ud be siioki'i' out too.' " New, deiu friends, it Is the thought ihut ?ime of tho servants to whom I tin no much attached may ?har<> the luck of old !'? mp tbfti moves ne to write ami ask you what p! ovibiob you are mukiug up North for their c >m fort. Won t you tak>'a lew hun reilroin this vniuity, anil kei'p them nnuu uiateiy uu:er y )ur own eyes, wnere I know th<>y whl be satef And can't you persutde the ladies of your tamiiieh, wb iar<-ho overilew lug with love and charity Hr th> poor slaves, tj nuke their clothei, und look after them und th-.ir children in the hours of sicknessr Kor. Iietw i on you and 1, they me such shiftless creatures that I fo >r in my of their littls oars will die of neglect if left entirely to the cire oi the;r ow n DtotlMirs: hul 1 rejoice to kuuw :h.it this will not be the rate, ?t> the ladies ol tbe North will gfatdiy give up their own pleasures to attend to the physical iud iloiui wants of ihe poor hliviw they bo much ply. Al.is, lor the d? ^eneracy ot thetim?s,Booio(it our ownsoutbora matrons and both n are l> ginulrg to ihiuk it hard tbai they miiht so otten h|K)il their white lingers with tbe heavy eheais, and bend tbeir graceful backs in toll over tli* heuvy Clothing ot tha tietii hinds. They say?such i-' the hn-.'i ,-i tency of huuiuu nature?"How much bet ter oil we d l.e if we had nothing tide hut dree? our helves in silks, uu?i waik up Broalway wiien wo pieise? iea\u g a 1 houstliold care* t?? Irish iiiddies." 1 w ul I not h~ve you think that this is true of us all, for tho majority of Southern women me willii'g to do cheerfully their duty iu th it station in whi 'h it has pit aeed God t > p'aco tbeu, bcimving that Me kuoas what is best foi-jth m. und for all His creatures in th s iite: t'ut my remark docs hold true of a numbar, e-pe ia'l> oi those aoiong us wlio have liaii the advantage oi a Northern education. Ann there I* another question I wunt to a-k you, dear frii ties. 1 see that tbe pew roni of Utecher's rhureh is aiiUHnlly over lott.tOO. Now, couldn't you |>ersuade some ol the nienibi-ru to buy (for imnuiniaaiOD) a low slave* from some of our poorer sl ivehi)M> rs in the border f-iat s. They will be ao despcrate'y poor li you tnke thi m from them without remiu'erati.iu that I fear thw Mill he iui?i tad a ptiKht as pur "old t'omp, ' and thut, 1 know, will tbock your leelings of brotherly love as much ns your souse of justioe. Vour people will not miss the money thus nobly expend<4, aud 1 hope jou will tell thoni at once their duty on this point. 1 knew they cauiot resist Mr. Ueeeher's elo (|U?:ncw, which has dona to much to rouse their country to a sense ut lis error. No; tiiey never csn resist one | wLose nniue is destined to descend to posterity on the I i^e nl h'.-tory in glowing contrast with those of the i r' hols and . laroholeons?Wusbineton and Jefferson?whe ! founded a republic, the errora of which your superior wibdolti lias lal< ly assisted to point otit to a deluded ua Hon. lince in the arms oi the disinterested abolitionists, ! the blacks will ba so doeplv imprrssetl by tboirconsiau nt | pructli ?- of the iUghtii and lenth t'oiumamlments, and so niled with gratitude for their delivery, that they will not even thit k ol robbing your hencoops, breaking into your me it houses, or firing your dwellings, as would In evitably be the case if large numbers ef them re mained here without any provision being made for Hum. And it is uot MMMf to tell you that their ownera will be too poor to give them their freedom and support them bcsidcK? I)o let me know | . oon wbat plans arc uti foot among your people for the support of the freed blacka when they arrive. I.very member of abolition churches will, doubtless, take some of them into hia home. Don't listen to them If they tell you they have too many poor of their own color to pro vide for. Yon, their pasU.rs, are known over the civi lized world as the champions of the Mark man. There have always been poor white people in the world, and always will be; so let them pass; efioits in their behalf wilt not gain the notice of an admiring world; but the evea of all Kurope are upon yoi to see what you are doing for the p^or slaves who have distinguished you and your illustrious sisters. All the dukes, counts and lords who so lauded "I ncle Tom," are now on tbe qui iw to see If your sympathy has gone any deeper than your pen and tongue. \ou don't believe that the Interest of Kngland in American slavery Is prompted by selUsh motives y Surely, dear sir, that horrid rumor about their msVlng a tool of slavery for political purposes can't be true? It can't he possible that they have been trying for years to <>xoite the North against the South in order to destroy this glorious republic,for which our fathers fought and b.i-dr Ob, no, It is too unnatural to believe snob a report of the noble aristocrats of our mother country, however desirable It may be for their Interests to put down a douioeratic go\ eminent Witness flieir kind, benevolent conduct to their cooliee, and to the laborers in their factories in Qigland. and then believe, If you can, that they would plan the destruction of a nation of t'oemen, lest their own arist.icracy mignt be endanger ed by the aneodba of a republican government, ait, rtviivut a wt fit (notrt), don't disappoint me. I wait with anxiety your reply to my question, what are you abolitlonista going to do withonr p<ior servants wh?n you snooted In go.ting tbeoi all away from the lleshpots of "ole \ irglnnyt" LOUISIANA. THE PTANTitNM AIIMY OK THE KTATH. I nuisiniia ha? commenced to raise an army ol regular troop ; to serve for 'evera! reur*. rhe higher rank ofTicera Mr t J be one Major Mneraf, one <"hlrf engineer, with the ruuk of colonel; one Quartermaster General. with the rank Of roloc'l: one Adjutant General. with the rank of colonel; one Superintendent of the Military Academy, w .ih Hi" nmk of colonel. one chief of Ordnance, with the rai k of major, and one Chief officer of Artillery, with the rank of colonel. The rank and flic will consist of one regiment of Infantry and one regiment of artillery A SOUTHERN SYMPATHIZER SHOT DEAD IN OHIO. The 7juh f rillc C wrier of the let Inst. contains tlie par ticular! of the shoeing murder of Win. Wilkins, a few da)? previous, at ScweliarUie, Delinont county, ohto. The murdered man wa* engagi d In u heated dlscuint >n of t!ic national tnmblefl, dunuf which he earnestly BideJ w 1th the South. and, exhibiting a pittol, expressed hia willingness to light for hir. One of hia companion*, who had taken part in the discussion, requested Wilkins to let trm see the ptf-tol, ajid upon his conipllvnce with the re f|W#t. remarket M IT those were Wilkins' sentiments it was as good a tin.e now us any other toAake a com mencenicnt, and placing the weapon at tho breast of the latter, flrod. the ball entering the heart and killing him Instantly. No nrrosts were made. TWO NEW JERSEY CARPENTERS MURDERED IN CHARLESTON, 8. C. [From the l"at< rson (N J.) Cuardian, Fob. T.J We nave Just learned of a horrible outrage committed by the pro slavery party in South Carolina, whereby two men, well known in this vicinity, have been sacrificed to the mob violence of that institution which is the "mui ol all vltlanie*."' The names of the murdered party are Autrew Acker man and ? Rarlolf. (iotli have worked about Saddle river and other parts of Bergen county, New Jersey. Mr. Ackenuan was the sou of John Ack rnian, of Kama po. uoar the New York Slate line, and the other was of the Itartoir family, who reside in Bergen county, and whose relatives ire democrat*, a* was Mr. II Many of Mr. Ackerman's people live in rater?ui, and weobtaiu ihoe facta. Jiotn h.? own rtUvlires. who roaido in the North war a. They had (fme down 8onth to work at their trade, and when the secession broke out all business stopped, and they concluded it was best for them to come home, lliey had accordingly completed their arrangements for

returning to the North, but had to wait several days for their money, and it was dining this timo that they were arrested as spies and hung, their arrest, trial and execu tion having all taken place wttiiin one hour. Tbey were Nor??hern men. hut we believe, with all th"ir families, democrats or the Itergen oounty stump, and possessing no sympathina with the republican party. Tho Uret intimation that wa* received concerning their fate tame from the man for whom they had woiked. in the vicinity of Charleston, who, Hading out what had been dine and where Kartell* father lived, wrote a state ii.i ut el the circumstances, r? gretting the aflkir, and say ing that |ia>l he been luformed cr time boon allowed tn? su'-pected persons, their innocence might have been es lablwhed and their Uvea saved. An agent hss been de*i>atched by the friends ot tho deceased, and it Is supposed the remains nf tho uniortu nate young men will be brought on for interment ttoih were clever and ind istrious uiechatilos, and were u.nar rled men CX-neernlng another young man who w*4 With llirm at the time and formed one of the ptrty, nothing h k nown, and it i? believed he, too, was in ?ome wiy or other atapoeed of by the traitors who hold high rert now in the city of Charleston. Since writing the above we learn tha' the fither of Martoh |i?s left for the syne of the ? hjre ontrage, deter mltied to know the worst. THE PALMETTO FLAG IN KKNTl'CKY. A I'nlinetto ilflj; made its app" iran e at t;iv?g'W. Ky . the other day. correapord nt snya:?It wa< ireatei with little r sped, A crowd took it in charge, pt*"*d it nv< r a li?rre| of tnr, and after dipping it in lie i?m? hui'-rb". bun < d it. TDK LOUISIANA CO > * ENTIOiT. Naw Obl a*s, Feb. rt, 1M1. lh? State I'.w vent inn ha* pvwed ... ordinance cocfer riser the rlfhlnf Ritizccuhip opon 1 persona resiling in the .state ?>!' I ?niiis.ata m itie JtMi) tlio a-topi ion of iho aecr?ion ordinance. Nkw Fob. 7. 1M1. In the Convention to- d'.iy, a motk>a to invite all the Statu* e.ierpt i.li? Now Kuglund States, to join the Hjuth fro coufecoracy, was ordered to be printed and u?l the rpt-cial ore or for raturday. At the request of tne Oonventkm, Collector Hatch ported fully in rrg.rd to ton New Orleans customs; he ?tl? o elated the capacity of iho cutters M.CIeli.ind :uiJ Ws*hU>glus, now in posaeat;lu? of tho Slate. Naw Oa.Muxn, Fab. 8,1861. The Convention ui day ]ia.-r,. it aa ordinance continuing as law a of Louisiana all of the old federal law a relating to circuit una oimrict cum in. A resolution was offered instructing the Committee on Finance to repot t is to the expediency of a modiUcunon of lb* law-* to admit India baggi'g and other arllclt'S OBtd in t'ealug in cotton, free of duty; a'so. as to imp* *)tig a tpecMfo iuttea.1 of an ad valorem duty on foreigubuxur, with a vie* to protect the augur luteroitd of Ijduiswiiu. A resolution that the criminal law* of the Ualted Sta'.cn Courts i emain uti low , waa ornered U> be printed. V resolution w i'l probably be offered to morrow to abo L-li thw Legislature. RESIGNATIONS IK THE FEDERAL GOVERN MENT 81NCE NOVEMBER ?t, 1800. bkskjnationb in the cabinet. .. ***? ?tfi<<*? Datf. Howell Cobb Ga. Sec. of Treasury. Doe. 9, "flo I.<wlsCss? Mich. Sec. of Stuie. Dec. 14 ao Win. Present! S. C.. A. See. of Suite. Due. ? do Joliu b rtuyd Va. See. of War. .Inn. ? 61 In t> Thompson >liss. Sec. or Interior. Jan. ll! UK P. F. 1 bourns MJ. sec. or Treasury. Jan. ? 'ai Philip Clayton Ga. A. Sec. of Trea'y. I.ui fli' RESIGNATIONS I.N TltE UNITED STATES SENATE. JVinnr. St'iU .Ins. H. Hammond south Carolina James (heanut, Jr south Carolina." A. G. Brown Mississippi Jefferson Davis Mississippi. C. I', i lay, Jr Alabama. B. FiUpa'rick A la bam*. Alfred lv--rson tioorgia. Hubert Toombs Georgia. I?uvj<l I.. Yulee Florl.ia, Stephen R. Mallory Florid*! John *lidell I-ouiKiaiia. Juoah 1*. Benjamin Louisiana. RESIGNATIONS IN THE ROUflC OF REPRESENTAT1VBS A a Mr. sta/r. John McQueen gouth Carol I Mi. M. P. Miles...... . South Carolina. IawtciicoM. lvU So ill, Oirolma. M.L. Bonlium South Caroline. J. I). AHhuiure South Carolina Wm. v,. Hoyco Soutli Carolina. Lucius ij. C. liunar Mi sissippi. Reuben Davis Mississippi William llui k^ilal'1 Missiuwippi. OQio K. singleton Mississippi. John J. McKao. Mississippi James A. Sialiworth Alabama. JalllCB I. l'ugil Alabama. Davui clopiou. Alabama. SydenbiThi Moore Alabama <;eo. S. Houston \lubama. W. It. W. Cobb Anbama. J. I? II. Curry Uabatua. Peter R. love Georgiu. Martin J. Crawford Georgia. Thomas Hardeman, Jr Gno.'gia. Lucira .1. Gartreil Georgia! John W. I'ndcrwoo.l Georgia. James Ja.'kson Georgia. Jot hua ilill Georgia. John J. J >nc>rf Georgia! George8. Hawkins Florida. Milts Taylor I/Misiana. Thoa. G. Davidson I/ml.siana. John M. Laii'lruui 1-oaiei.iLa. MISCKI.I, ANEOI'H RKMIO NATIONS. l ulled Stan v Judgo T. II Mct'aleb, or I/?uisiiiiui. Judgo Majnath, I. S. District Court of South Carolina. Judge C.holgon, I'. S. Court of Jackson, Mississippi. Judge Join's. Southern Dim id of Alabama. Judge J. A Campbell, I'. S. District Judge of Alabama. F. K. Blackburn. U. S Marshal So.-thern dial. or Florida, Mr. Trcscott, of South Carolina, Ass't Secretary of State F. J. I.ovejoy, U. H. District Attorney for Mississippi. I'bllip C. Clayton, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury John Boston, Collector of the I'ort of .Savannah. Benjamin Stiles, Surveyor of Brunswick, Georgia. RESIGNATIONS IN TUE UNITED STATES ARMV. A iMa*. Stai. It aimciil. IJeut. Col. Won. J. Hardce .Georgla. 1st dragoons. Lieut. Col. Wm. II. Walkor.lioorgla.lOlh r?gl. infantry. Major Farl Van Dorn Miss ai regt. dragoon*. Brevet Maj. L. B. Northrop.s. C 1st. regt. dragoons Capt. A. n. Myers S.C y. M. General s Dept. Capt. II. C. Wayne Georgia. " << Capt. John Ihiuo-. ant S. C 10th regt. infantry Capt Barnard K. Buo S.C ?? .. ' Capt. Nathan G. Lvuns S. C. 2d regt. cavalry CBpt. I.. II Northrop s. C -Jd dragoons. Capt. W. D. smith Georgia.2d dragoons. Ospt. Wm M Gardner Georgia.2d Inrantry. Lieut. Edwin II. Sloughton. Vt 0th infantry. 1st 14. Geo. S. James S C 4th artiileiy. let Lt. J. II Forney Ala lOih infantry. 1 I U. R. 8. Ode Fiords. f?th Inrantry. lat Lt. Joshua W. Sill Ohio... .Ordnance departm't IstLt. James I~ Corley....8. C.....fllh infantry. *1 Lt St. Clair Hearing Georgia.*! artillery. 3d U. W. II. Glbbe 8. C ... 2d r<>gt. dragnona *?! IA. J. H. lUlooqulat....?.C 4th artillery. 3d Lt Samnel II. I/Kket?... Ala II. S rorpa togineere. Cadet C. MoKae Wiath' iby.S. C Military A> adem v Cadet II. S. h'arley S.C " " Cadet Jauiee Hamilton S.C <? ? Cadet Geo. N. Reynolds..., S.C..... 14 <? *jmOVATTO?M IN TI1K UNITED STATES NAVT. Commodore laurence Kearney New Jereey. Captain D. N. In/rahim snmh Oirollua. Chpt. Victor M Khiidoloti Virginia. Ctapt. L. C. Ilarby.of the Revenue,Service SaitliCaroliaa. Ci'inmander F. Farrard N?-w Jersey, CV>inman.ler IlenryJ. llarUtene ^nUb Otroliiia. IVmimortorf lawrence Kouaeeau l/?oi?iaua. Commander T. W. Brent Florida. PnreiT Geo. W. Clarke Arknnsi" Fnrwr Jame*I** Mouth Carolina. I'nrser llenry Ayers i^orgla. Lieut. J. H. North South Carolina. Lieut Alexander N Warley South Carolina Lieut. Wm G Hosier. Souili Caioiiua. Lieat. James R. Hamilton fouth Carulma Lieut. R. T Chapman Alabama Lieut Henry Rolando South Carolina Lieut. Thomas P. I'elot South Carolina Lieut. T. 11. Renslww I'eniiSvlvjnia. Llent. R. Selden Virginia. Lieut. .1. It Ktgleston *tosl?-lppi Lieut. J. M. Stribllng SouthOirollua. Lieut. Tlioma- It. linger South Carolina. Lieut. C. Mignlsaull Morrii SouthCaroIina Lieut. Joseph Fn~ Ix.ulsiana. Llent. John ltnlle?!g> inuth Cirolln* Lieut. Philip I'orcher South Carolina (liaplaiu c w Thomas Gr-orgl.i. Surf,eon W A. W S|H?tsvood Virginia. Surgeon Giaftoii Arkansas. Pa**' d Assist. Surgeon A. >1 L^tiah South Carolina Asi*l?tatil Surjr-on Cliork* E. Lliiinu SouthCiroliua. Navy A).;.nt D. B H -riot SouthCarolini Naval storekeeper S Z. ?;>?xales. SouthCnrtdina | Assistant Surgeon Thos. I. Charltou tieorgla. Master Wm. F. Evans South Carolina. Master T. lt Mills South (hrolina. Master Philip I'orcher South C arolina. | Midshipman John Grimball South Uirolma I MMnhipmap i. S. Gregory South Oar. Una [ Mld'blpman Jsmes I.. Hool? Alabama. I Midshipman Ite.-d Misste'ippl. A< film Midshipman Wm. Wilkin# South Carolina. A< ting MMshipman Pi. har I Hays. South Oirol na. Aeting MidsMpmnn BetiJ F. Perrv South Carolina Acting Midshipman Francis M. Thomas .. .South Carolina. A< ting Mi'lshipman R M liacot South Car- lina Act iiig Midfhii man J. T. R.ker Miss sslppi Art lug Midshipman J. T w .lk-r South Chrolina Acting Midshipman W. W. Wilkluaon Sooth Otrolina Acting Ml lshipman R. Flournov Georgia. Act lot' Midshipman W. F. Vaiicey Alabama Acting Mldfhlpm.in F M Kobey Mississippi Acting Miitsh'pnian S. G. Stone Alabama. Actim Midshipman W, F. Robiasoii Alabama. Ae.iin. Midsliipm.ui N. J. Smith Alabama Acting MM 'hipniaii I. C. Holcoti.h Georgia. Acting Mi IslMpman H L. Hull Alabama Acting Midshipman .1. H. Ingraham South Carolina. Acting Midshipman Richard K Armstrong Georgia Acting Midshipman J. C. lloU ombe t.eoigia. Texas having seeded, we shall at au early day be wiled r.pon to record the withdrawal of its Congressional del. gat ion* from Washington. RESIGNATION OF COM. I.AWRRNCK ROUSSRAC. Mn learn that this estlmsble and exoellent oflicer has thrown up his commission in the United States Navy. (Vunmodore Rousseau is one of those whom tlis Southern coofedemcy would re<iuiro immodlatelv in the organixa 11, in of its navy, and bis numorous friends, as well as the well wi hers o( the South, will be glad to know that, by resigning from ? poMtlon which might have brought him Into collision with his native Slate, he has placed It in his power Immediately 10 tender his servi-cs lo that sec tion which all the ass. , tailors of birth and life hare made dear to him. Commodore lawrenoo Roii'acAu w is born In New Or leans at the cl w of the last contury, and entered the navy n? artlng niidshlpmsn In ImiT or 1*0?, during Uie administratkm of Prenident Jefl^rson. Ho was one of those who g'dlsntly fought In defence of their oomtry't h noi through the war < [ 1S12, sud ?erve<l in serersl sn giicnientson the Uk >e during ihit memorable coniliet. He was always cmsldersd a.- a most active and trust worth) tUlcer, and ommanded universal re"pect by his i ec is Ion 0! charncti r aid pensiKl courage?i|iialltles isleuiated to muko him revcrencd and beloved by all who served nrd r him. nc i .stpin d worthy of com manns of danger and loltoACJ h his superior officers. In lk4 when qtH"t.ionsof grea'. unp-.rlsnc<. were pending betwti n th< H' r.i tsn govTomerit .ud III" I nite I S'atos. FIrnry A ? .so n ,s ^ n? a? our >li' l?t<T I'k-iiipotcntlsry, nti.I ' omrii'Hiiuo Ro?sg. mj was entriMMd With Iherom n and ol the s.pwi-1 n. lhls post h i M aw ?e tilled with nonorlo h'm*f If an<l to his country. After a few vw r;#t' Roi'??ean was spt?elnled to the Pen saeola Navy \ard. wheie ho had already been s'*tK?noi Ol. previous occasions, and where h- remained until 1*57. lie ih? n return>'d to Few i?rl. sn?, and has since been svsllln.' nrrtes.p THE PENNSYLVANIA LF/MSLATURE. H?k-hishik.. ?b. S, 1861. A kill guaranteeing $2 *00,000 Catted -Motes bonds of the new twenty million kitui, passed bum bo.v-wa unani mously today. A tetter from Major Anderson, in response to the reso lutions of Ibe Legislature congratulating his bravery, was read iu the House. It in a w?U written, though brief ex prcsslon of hi* profound gratitude. The Committee of Ways and Means ba\o agreed to re port favorably tlie bills for the relief of tbe Sunbury and I Erie Railroad, and for the appointment of a committee on ' tonnage duties on tho Pennsylvania Railroad. bECKSSION PR0CB88J0N IN MEMPHIS. Mkji rms Feb. 8, 1861. There was an immense secession torchlight process^* to-night?the Urgent ever held hurv. Great enthusiasm j was manifested. THE SALUTE ON THE BATTERY. TU rim KD1TOR OK THK HKR&L0. In your morning edition of Thunal.iy lust you say the ?'Union Committre" caused tbe salute to be tired on llic llaltery on account of tbe successful election of Union men in Virginia?thirty-four guns for the Slates and au , extra for Old Virginia, on account of her electing Uuion ! men. A mistake. The Union Committee, if there us ' such a committer, had nothing to do with It. It was i done by an old New Yorker, tionnrul Henry Storms, and ; the iittmhti ef the City Inspector's otllco. I TWELVE-FOUNDER. STATE OF TRADE IN MASSACHUSETTS. I NMMH Mill? IN BOSTOM. Business continues quite dull in Button, especially with tbe shoe trade, the clerks in many of the stores haviw 1 no other duty of consequent- to perform but to take | down tbe shutters and rea l the newspapers. Now and i then a few ^mall orders are recoivt.il. but tbe Southern correspondent of business men till their letters with diatribes upon the North. HAVBRBILL. Tho disturbed state of tlio country, writes our cor ' respondent, still keeps back trade in tint extensive shoe town, Haverhill an.I tbe nucham:. interests still remain under a cbud. RESIGNATIONS IN THE HOME SQUADRON. A correspondent at Vera Cruz, writing on tho 20th .list . states that l*?ymaster Clarke and Surgeon Grafton, hdli of Arkansus, and now in tbe Homo squadron, have sent in their resignations, and nsked to be relieve.) at once lieutenants Hut ledge, Porclier, Itigraham and Evuns, of South Otrolin.i, ana Malshi >miin Head, of Mhsi&mppl, have done the i ume. Flag Officer Ponlergras'. baa tor warded their resignations, but refuses to allow tleins to return borne. These officers have represented to him that tbe Union is dissolved, and that they cannot and will not serve under a flag that is hostile to the snub. Cooitnoiloro I'ciidorgrast, although ;? Kentuckian by birth aoheris to the centra] government, and will pro feabiy throw every obstacle iu fie way ol Southcin oill cers leaving the serrice. A STANDING ARMY FOR VtUGlNIA. A bill i now pending bet ire the Legislature which ?u tliorizi s umi direr is lie liovei nor to rai-.' and organize a military force ol noi 1 ss tin u ten n.>r more than twenty thousand men, to be called " The Virginia State Guard,'' which are to be organized like ooi responding corps in the United Suites Army, aud to b ? govei ried by the satjw re gulations anil articles ol war. fho bill empowers tie" Governor to commission (with the ulvlco au.l consent of the S mile 1 a persou of suitable uillilaiy experience aud qualillc.itien i? commandant, with tbe tilln of major gineiul who shall l.ato charge of all the forces of the State while In actual service. Tho ollic rs are to enlist to serve u term ol ycats. and, as enlisted, if not previoi* - ly competent, are to be " placi d at a school of practice to be conducted under tlio orders of th ? Major General iu ARKANSAS. I rnEJ'AlilVO TO COKiU'B THK STATIC. i A despatch to the Memphis Fn/utri r. from Utth Rock, Arkansas, say tno United states troops at the outposts of tbo western frontier of that S'ate, and in th ? Indian Nation, have all been recall) d from v\ iuter q . triers to re infoi ce the "a111 c.ti at 1 .rt fioilh and the I ni'.oii Suites arsenal iu l.ittle K"ck. Tbi? aiseiiMl on*' of ihe richest depositories of military stores tn the United Stales, awl Ibis is supposed to be ilie ultimate del in it i'U iH all the trooj?s ordered from the frontior. GEORGIA. ARMS FROM RUROrC. The Miliedgevillc correspondent of the Augusta C7ti>n< <(.' slates that au ag< ut ol a Belgian company is now ou a visit to Governor 111 own, and that he will uo^.itule t>> supply Georgia with any quantity of arms. The Krntncky Lrglilalurii, 1*11 LSI II LK, Feb. 7, ISdl. Both bouses of tho Kentucky l/Cgtslat'ii'e have igreed to adjourn next Monday until March 20. Froxra to Oeatft. Norwalk, f ob. 8,1861. Two Englishmen, named Weeks, father and son. wore frozan to death oft Itound (leach last nlg-ht. Tlo-ir buoies were found to-day. Marine Disaster. Boston, I'eb. 8,1H?I. The schooner Kossuth, frotn Now York for Portsmouth, with a cargo of flour, is ashore at <fep? f'o I. Shi will g > to pieces if the weather does not ico iera'.e. The crew have been saved. Market*. rHlMDELrniA BTOOC BOARD. ParijtriKiswi*. Feb. R, 1801. Steaks heavy. Pennsylvania Slate f?'s, 90; Kkt Ing Railroad, 20 7*: Morris Canal, 60l/ung Island Railroad, 10; Pennsylvania Railroad, 38',. Sight ex change oa New York at par a 1-10 per cent premium. Nkw Okikavs, Feb. tl, I860 Cotton?Sales to day of 'JO 000 hales at lie. a 11 >^c for middling. Sugar steady at 4%c. a 5\c for fair to fully fair. Molasses, a 26c I'ork llrm nuns at |18 75. The rest of the market iDCb-tnued. Nkw Oklfaxs, Feb. 7, 1861. Cotton?Sain to-day of ? 000 b j. > at 11c. tor mid dling. tteumer's news oau?ed l< ss firmness Sugar Steady at 4)^c. a f>';c. for fair to fully fair. Mola*s<-?, 44c. a 26c. Hour steady nt $6 for superrtfce Corn, 80 r. a 76c. Provisions dull. Freights?Ostton to I.iverp?l, \il. a ;,d Kxchange on Loudon, 104 a lot>4. Sight ex change on New Yoik, \ a dUcjimt. Nsw ok'kavs, Feb. 8,1S6I. Cotton declined \(r.: sales to dsr. n <si bales at 10\o. a 11c. for middling, sales for tiie wceW. 67.000 balm, r< ceipta of the we?k, hl,.MO bales a^ n: 1 i<K) in .-ani lime last year; exports ol the we I, f.o 000 b.il?>s: total thli; season, I .I7.;.b00 bides; d. ? a -1 receipts al this port, 1H4.600 bales; do at nil the p-trts f?H;j (JOO bales lotk In ['oil, JU.VOOO bales Mo|o.s, :, S ic. a 2<lc. < oflee firm sales of the vi k is 250 bigs, al 11c. a 13c.; import^ of the week, 4,'-'00 ?>.u;m stock, 8*), 600 bags. spi. 111-1 ft 000 last year. Freight ..n mttnn to Havre, |t,c Fxcbaoge c?i l/>n<loii, 2', 1 4 pretnium Sight exchange ou New York, u "k |?'r c nt illscount. Monti 1:, |>h. 7. 1800. Cotton???les In day of 1,200 biles tit 11? . for middling market dull sud easier. BtT.Tin.isr, F'eb. 8, IsOl. Flour dull. Wheat dull: red, #1 20 a fl ;!0; white, tl 40 a fl 60 Corn dtiH: new yellow, 69c a 6Jc P10 V If ions steady n.e?s norl,. *18 lard,lU'?C. CofleOSUia'ly atll',c. aU\0. Whiskey firm at lie. Pll'lai'M I1IIA, Feb. 8, 1H61. Hour weak at |"i 2f< a t-> 37', lor supertlue. Wheal, unchanged. Corn dull new jellow, 60c a .'?<.; old, rt.V. 0 66c. Provision* dull: bseon, sidos, 10'.c a 1\>\ shoulders, 8>?c. a 8\C. Whiskey quiet al 17'to. a 18<; rnoc i.i WufT Twi nt* Brwi'r.?At *l>out n qDirtir pa*t tos o'ck* k Imt eviniaf a tiro bioko out In the aU^m Btono dn Ming cat.'bliHlimciit owned by W./t trrvclt, f'?mp k Co., aiitMti-d la Wfet Twout* eighth ? rtirot, between T<'nlli ?n' Elorrnth areoue*. The | building ?u burnt np. Jianuiffe ?iK>nt $3 0<W. V^uliy inaurcd. The place w?- set <?u Are. Thf Pi una* Biric Law*?In reply to iu.|uirie* from ; dcvcral correspondent j, we utatr tbit the :uk icnt l'uritin Bine taw*, quoted In an article piibl shed in the Ru tin j n few days *lnce, may be fo.ml In a volume caUUed "Blue law*, Quaker Law* and Witchcraft," compiled by "An Antiquarian," and published at Hartford, Oonn , in 1888?cofilea of which are In the Hrimui library Toe volume girca all tho taw*, which liar* bu?n prea--rro I, upon the subjects matloaM in ita title, with extrans from the ooloaia) record* of ea*<* a<U':flcalednudor th?i H is very frequently quoted iu worku upon the mlgart, ? and ia cougidercd reliable Tire Rioht Kjm? ok hmaaox.?Oa Tuesday Mr. l*?n|i min Imtton, of tbm city, *lart* for Virginia, with a gan : of aixteen carpentera, to ?et out *ota of ship frnmi?\ one for himsolf, which ho will probably put up at the -<>uth end, aud nuother for *ale. Tliwc arc tho mon ?<? want to wad flouth?men arn?< ?! with a*< * to fell the for ?t?. - ' i Ki iUn'rypvti Ifrratd. fih 4. Arrivnl* and Departures. AHJtlV At.S. Lrvxnroat ?itd Qf? nmntrwm?HUHMBaMtiViaB Mr (librae, K I ooliev, Mr and Mm I. Hewitt, Mraad ar? fin n Br?' !<?n, Mr and Mr* Itobeit Rurdep, | Tewdall, j H t M trli, Oaiiytf Jtoyei /, Kelluch*, II N AUiui-"U, It II Mutl n Mr Malletv, .f 11 J Biigfiit. Ln t.nroot?Mteam<bln Anglo-ftaxon, at P-nil>n4 Mr 0? , borne frtnltlt unil Imlr, Mr tartman, lrrn 'rwir, Wf tad j two daUKktirn; A KlW, .lolin VIlMM, 111 I* lh<<i;?n, Mr J .lacoby, ladr and two daughter* MrflOMiiod, ? Marrn>, John I Hlirehan?a'nd f> In the ? eer*u?\ 8\v*W!?*n?SWum-'np Klorldi.?W L??unn and wife, n t' Pndth and wife. Mi>? Imliy. MUh Mnmford, v,?* Mudvm, V|.? K Little, Mr H. J IliuJ, W K Muler, 1> WebtiM, I M K Obarpell II HoowfcoH, II Wltoei H Whitman. .1 H i Kiln N I)h?i? ^ r llrnrr, i? l I<ei?ry, W"r"Hiip>-on. It Klt;n C Maker, It Mtt'ull, and li ia the Met.'*", Jt>aat:i>*~ Brig i'certaa*?'Tlina 8 1W< , Uanicl IItint. I>1 rARTrKK*. M(T**r\ ? ?iram^lp Matan/ai- W ? naii.l and ?.lr I Aa'oum M Mora, M Rf^Mt, D If'impirr, Mr- Humphry ?? i I i bi.'d, Rlt/a llnrta n ami tao j*ll.ir?n, M>i iwm oir I ?t?trr. *lx rhlldrrii and thr'-r writ-. r If Wnodworth fed , fcltoi t. Jjm Vt ral. Pa? t!,a fi?.?., I1 J?r.lln, Traacl* < ?u? i P??< PtaWoClewenUni, A ifti-t ( itfr.,.,, )'t?uel Chat??aN, Joan Ai lro- antl id In ibe I'Ofr ige NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Patriotic Speech of Mr.Kcllo'" on the Ureal Qursliun of thr Day, SUICIDE OF COMMANDER TILTON. Report of the Committer on I In Indian Bond llobbcry. Flare-Up Between Messrs. Dongas and Fessendeu in the Senate. Fort Sumter to be Attacked Next Wednesday. PROCEEDINGS OF THE LOUISIANA CO.WESrwS fcSog lli| NEGOTIATIONS RESPECTING FORT MUTER. Wamiinutoji, Fob. li ISdl. Tho President of tho I'nlted States, m a me-- >;je trans mitUtl to both houtuN of Congrets today, -uy* that nil the correspondence which occurred in Docmnlier lua'. be tweon the GoDmisptoaer from South Carolina ar.d hoi Belt wus seut in with hia uie.'.eagu of Janua-y s. du th? 14th of that month Colonel 111> no called and informed him that ho was tho b>*rer of a letter from Governor Vick. us, which h?j would deliver nex*. <iay. IT ?Hayno), however, was induced by tho interposition of ilou. Jcf forson I avis and nino other Soi atora fron< tin: seceded and receding States, not to kit liver tho leU* i . >? tho <Uy appointed, nor wan it communicated to the President, i:i.til the 31st of January, when Colonel ll.yuc's loiter of that du'.c was uleo communicated. Tho letter of Hon. Jefferson l>avis ami the uiiio Soutl o. n S< natuiH urging ih delay bears the datn o> Janui> IS, and wuk tho coninu nct-mi nt of <* corrcei*".leuoe, the whole of which, in the Incident's possession, he now submits to Congress. Mo,st of those letters have recently bo< n published. The lollowiug ll tho concluding P<llt of C ldflol Ii.iyi.es letter? COLONKI, IIAVNK TO THE I'HKalJJFN r. Wasiilnutuw, Jan. 31, 1801. I advert to this point lor tho purpose of saying that to s< lul r? ml'i rei merits to Fort Sumter could not servo aa a means of protecting ami preserving the prop, rty, for It must be known to yi.ur government that it would inovl tiihly had to immediate hostilities, in which pio|tertj on minder would ncc? ssiirily suffer. 8outh Carolina basev ry iii: position to preserve the public peaco, and i>. Is, I am sine, in full force, Hi He h gh ( hnstian and moral duties f fen ed to hy your fee, eiary, and It hi sulnuittod that on her pui t there is scarcely any consideration of rnero property, apait from honor and safety, which could imluco her to do aught to tho prejudice of tint peace, still less to inaugurate a protracted and bloody c'vil war. she holds ter position ou something hlgh.-r than mere pi (eity. It is in coa*. eruliou of her own dignity as a goyeri ign and the safety of her pnofikt whi h prompt her to demand that the property should not lon^t r be 'i*' d as a military post by a government she no longer a? knowledges. She feels this to be her imperative do'y?it has, in fact, become an absolute ucc'ielty of h r rendition. Repudiating as you do tho idea of coercion, avowuig peaceful intentions, and expressing a patriot's horror of i . 11 wur and bloody strife among tbuse who were on ?<? hi? rhren, It is bope i that, on further consideration, you w II not, on a mere question of propeity, refuse the re* t, iiablc demand ol South Carolina, which honor and no ci s-dy alike compel her to indicate. Should vou diaap p u t this hope, the responsibility for tho result surely does not rest with her. If tho evils of war ac-i to be eo? c? untered, especially the calamities of civil war, elevate I Hi..'.- n uns hip would room to re<pilre Ibat it should bo accepted as the unavoidable alter na tive of something still more disastrous?inch a nations' dishonor or measure's materially affecting the safety or ]? imanent Intent* of a people, that it should he a choice deliberately mode and entered upnr? war and its set purpose But that war should be the Incident or accident atteudeul on a policy profetsutly p'-Hcelul and not required to effect the object Which is avowed as tho only end intended, can only be oxcosod where there has b<< n no warning given as to ibe eoii?e qumce. 1 Mm Instructed to further sty tbat Sooth Carolina rjc not hy her silence appear to acquiesce in the imputation that she was guilty of an act of unprovoked accession on tiring on the Star ol the West. Though hii i rarmed \csail, she was fillet: with armed men, entering her ter ritories against her w ill, with tho purptre of reisforcini: a garrison held within her limits,and against her protest fhe forbears to recriminate by discussing the question tf the propriety of attempting such reinforcement at all, a>> well as of the di-guie? d and secret manner in which it was lr.ti need to bo effected; and on tbls occasion ?h? will say l othii'g ss to tberuatiner kn which Fort Sumter was Ukeu Into the ]4>R8ession ?>f Its pi< sent occupant. lhe inter]iovIIion of tho Senators who have addressed } ou was a ctrci;mi U.nre un< xpocted by my gov ?i nmeot, and un olicited certainly by me. The Ooveinor of South Carolina, while be appretilutes the high and gererous mo tiMShj which they were prompted, and while he fulJy approves the delay which, in dofcroncn to them, br>* Utk* n p'ace In the presentation of this demand, feels tfc.,1 it cannot longer be withheld. I i oiit'lude with un atitraet from Instruct! us ,jst re ce'rod hy mt frotu the governmant of South Carolina;? lhe I- tter of the President, through Mr. Ilolt, may he ie<i ived as tb?' reply to the question you wcr ? instructed ?o ; k. As to his assi rtion ot his right to send reinforce ments Ut Fort Sumter, yiti were Initructel to say to h.ni.l be ssferted that right, that tho t~tato of Hemtb t^rolma regard" d t uch a right, when asserted ur with an nttrmpt it its rxer< ice. as a declaration of war. If the I'rtsideat intends it shtll not he so underctesKt, It is pro I- r, to avoid any misconception hcraaftar, tbat besboijd l? informed of the manner iu which tho (.ovtmor will I hotiid to regard It If the President, when you have rutted the rearotis which |>rompt the Oovernor in niaklng lhe demund for the delivery of Fort Suruter upon the the pledge y u have been authorized to make, should re fi e. you will cuBimuplcata tliat refusal with >Jeu< to the ?;cr< rnor II the 1'resMcnt shall not be prepared to give jon an immediate answer, you will comm imcate t-. lorn that his answer may be transmitted Within area -i h'e tln.e to the government at this pi.i ?> (Charles ton). The (iovornor doe-s not con-lder it n< Ceswary that ymi (1) should ret, aln longer In Washington than i< rxtsvaryto execute tins the cluaiug duty of \oi.r(m > i >-'.on in thej measures now Indlcate'l to you (mo). As soon n? thefhnernor shall receive from you Infor mation tbat you have closed y.mr mliffllon,and "the reply, ? bat< \ or It tuay bo, ol the I rosl lent, he will coualder Uie o- uduct which may be ii -cessary on his part. Allow me to request that you will, aa soon as positbl*. infoi m me whethir, under these Instructions, I Med await jour nnswer in Washington, and If not, I would be I'leu1" <1 to convey from you to my govt rument infonra li n :.r to the time when an answer may be exf ?e'ed in t baricston. Th< following is Mr. Holt's reply HKI'LY or Hit. IHH.T TO COLONKL HAYNK. War PirAsmr, Feb. tl, lSfil. N?i?Hie rrwldrnt has recelvod your letter of the 31st u't , and has charged mo with the duty of replying hereto. In the communication addressed to the Presi dent bv (iovcrnor I'u k< us under date of 12th of January, anillwhiob accomimnled yours, >iow .before tne, his Kx ctlleriy says.?1I have determined to send to you the He ti J. w. Hayne, the Attorney General of tho State or Nmili C.irolina, Slid have instructed him to demand the sui render of 1 orl Sumter, In the harbor of Charleston, to the routituted authorities of South CarolInA. Tins >le m.iRd I have made of Ma.i?r Anderson, and whlsh I now make of joti,' Is B'?g(jc?twd because of my enrnest desire to avoid tho bloodshed, which a porsistenco in jour attempt to retain the possession of that fort will cause, and which will be unavailing to secure to you thut possession, but Induce a calamity m'?t deeply to be deplored." The character of the de mand which was authorized to be made appears, under the iniiuenre, t presume, of the corr?-spoodence with the Set ators to which you refer, to bave been modlOed by t1 ? ? ihsrqusnt Instructions of his Kxeelkoey, dated the Mtb. and recelvtd by yourself on the 30th of January, In wl eh ho says, "If it be so. that Fort Sumter Is bsM a property, the rights whatever they may be of tbe t nited States can he ssct tallied, and for the s itrnfaclion if th' -e rights, on the plctlge of Uie State of StsUh Ca roli't von are authorised to give th?? f?i11 scope" Tin I ii l?c purport of jour Instructions, as tli ni 'dii! d, [COlflMKD OX T?NTU I'Ai f.J