Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1861 Page 4
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MORE NEWS FROM EUROPE. Arrival of tlieCauaila at Halifax, Tfco at litis Port, and of tiie Saiuu's Wail* TWO DAYS L A T ? it . AFFAIRS ON THE CONTINENT* Tiews of ibc English Press on the American Revolution. EFFECT ON THE FRENCH MONEY MARKET THE FRENCH MILITARY PREPARATIONS. Tlie Honibardmeut of Gaeta, Continued. The Sardinians to Release the French in Rome. SLIGHT DECLINE IN COTTON. THE GUBNEY D.VORCE CASE. Our Londtm, Paris, Berlin and Genoa Correspondence, *lb? steatn:-hip Canida arrl\ed at Halifax early yes tor daj mottling She left Iilnrpool >n Saturday, the 2Cth ult., and Quecnstown Bnnday, the 27th. The steamship Tigo, Captain UcOulgan, iirrive-1 here ye?tordii\ afternoon. Shi'loft Liverpool no theSKd ult., nod Qneenstown oo the 24 th The mails by the Uoamship Anglo-Saxon, from I.irer pool the 24th and l/*ndonderry ttio 25th ult, vr11i?? b ar rived at Portland Wednesday night, reached this city oti Thursday at midi>ight. The mam i?? ?invs of the n-wa by this arrival hare already been given; '"it we publish litis jnoroiox some a tditional d? tails of Kuropoan new of general ir.terrst. The Liverpool Pott of the SBd aays ? A very curious result of the seccsioon, so far as it hn^ gone, h*<i just come 11 light. American ships in thin port <and. no doubt, in mauv oilier*) .trading with the parts of South Carolina an 1 U?orgt&, are propiiriug, at the Custom House, to all iblth'T under British color* The hum nnd stripes would, of course, in th ? present stato of fe>i Uif, he refused admission, while the British t1a< will be hr irtil' welcome*! one consequence of this U unprece dented? the British ships are tun*' lai^ar freights. The Liverpool Shipping OoMtte, In a leader explaining the cause of the continuous heavy bullion shipments to America, sajs:? Some time since, whils: alluding to the probable amount tf gold that would bo shipped fr.>m this country to the L'oit'd Mu?m, ae tin actual balance of (ra le again*' us, urudug from the outllow jf breaUUUl.i lo ito t oiled Kingdom we intimated that the supply wool ! be abom ?3 500 ' 00 The vat*i ? o' gold actually forw.trd d to this date will bo aboit j^i <*?) <kk>, so thit. according to our es'Unate, ??00,000 li ve \<t to be .xp>rt?*lw> meet the actual cUims upon us. We value th ? exports of product- iu r< cemb*r lioio America at *'675 Ouo (the ollicitl i-.ant'.tw are given ) Hfiie tt seem'- to fills-# that W' have even now something like ?1,000,000 to noud rwiv to p?y tor fo I, a Wr^e portion of which is still at sea, and ro ni'i 'h required, owing to tho deS cieucy in last years harvest At pros out tliere is 'in enormous quantity of grain iu this country which lias been drnwn up"ii an'i not realized; and, ;i> we hive shown. the quantities on pa<MWge must b> v?ry great There must also bo an extensive Tall m our m trkets? say Gs iu tho price of llour and 7s. or 8s Ui wheat?u>p.?. vent stead; .shipments from the Htitiifl. The official journal of Berlin apjs'sra to c -ntc-nt that, contrary to the geneial opinion of Germany, Prussia ought t > act In tha affair of the ItucUies, not as the in atrumetit if the Did, but as the dlrectieg Power thai it is hor duty to defend, not alone the rights of Uol tein, luit tho1-' of iSchh swig, and that the necessity woull be fully re'-cguited by the Prussian rept i sen Ui ires and people Adt ' e fr?m Vi'-nna s'r.to that tho Kmperor of Austria has i.--iic,i * decree annulling the elections made by the Con. tats >?t "tsoiis who bad Ileil the country from jioliti oal r.>??ns The s-trn'.' decree proclaims thu Intention of acting r gorousl> ngainst all pe's ins who shall refuse to |*y tkei t. \< s The re edt.ihltshrnf tit tit facto of the pro v.-ioosot the law of 1*48 Is Interdicted, and in esse of opposition the commissions of the Comltats wttl h? sus I>ciid<yl Meetings in tho Comitats are forbidden, and nil Kilter f ordliuimes will be executed by force. None of the on) nat'Cts of the diploma of October up to tbis dnj *i. undergo any inodiflcation by the present decree. Tlie cotK ?"-?sions made to Hungary nro maintained int ict. The p*"?ple of Halmatia still protest against their annexa tion toCruatia Tliey have nsmed a (lep<it.ition chargod to Isj the-r ??b.jectlons before the Kmperir. In tIi<? m- ?u time the i>nifereno-s of Agram, where this questltm w is to have 'i^eo sett'i d, a'e snst?ende<l A larg?- |xi;nlar heotirg h.i> been IkM at fMensee, IVnmn'V, when srtdreis-es were votM t'i th" Kinp for the entire e chiMon of liolstein aud lAuenberg from the i >ini elate. Aocc nts fiom t'opcnhtireu state that the Dtni?h government is manifesting the Baoet warlike dtspcsitiou It is to have reselvd ts si>on ifl tho I hot ?t l>'rankf'T,t shau have prescribed le ler&l execution, to coll ?: sn si my of 40 MW men on the l-adcr, and to pro claim the cite of ainpe m the Duchies Tlio twn <han bers, wliii h are at ifcis moment united, energetically snppmt the go\ eminent. All the solrtlers on furlorgh have hern re- ailed. The Pnni.-h cavalry, ln?reise<l to Its war etTC' tire. Is In prtat j*rt to be retiiounted, anil the infantry are to be provided with rilled muskets; sll the foi? ietM's are ab.< it to l?e completely armed, e?ch rural d in r et Is hound to supply a certain number of ho-?es for'be artillery, and. lastly, the Ihirhics them ne re* Isc had imposed on then an extraor linary tax, in ;>rd' r to ; torMo, in conjunct ton wdhjvnm irk.for war tipsniH < Oiir lisndnn Correapo ndrnef. lioM*>%, ,l;iu. if, 1HII. fu-etrt'm Vrinl?XajinlfiH fit Dtiirm a fH dsti-e the i " an I'nu*?Omnirurcvil Pf?ie of fenr'Twt?i;> ffce KohiIsKm?T>" Larijr .Worth rrn CU>" in f\tll n PrryHtkt ?!<???igUth CapifaMf't Ano-iit U> Srit IheS'iu'h Armr?SwHthrr* f'r/tiU Ahrowl? $1,00i> /' r a S^euion Artwt>. in the, On t-m limit?Af fain i* /'olj?Dmmtrt. nn<i Ihr Ihtrhin, <?c ttf. The gr *t lion of the d?> in <.ur foreign iiitelllgenos now is the?what shall 1 iyv--the war on the westsi le of the Atlantic RurMoWMU p nu- lth it very mortify log aiatim Clint "there Is eometblng In the m-for?unesof our best friend^ thnt does not displease nt." fm that piound. probably, It is not alt. g?tlier a can ? of moirn lug that the lusty ar.d rigorous .louath-in is like a h wise divided a^smnt ItecK. 1 h ?\ e the bent warm at 'or assur ing yoU that tho Kmper<?r of France would like to ?e? the American t'nion rent In twain It would dlrldo aid wtakrn thai pigaatic power that threat"U/ <smtitike en important part In the politics of the WWW I need not any that all the despotisms Of Kuropo?Austria. Ilom lis, Russia, the Pope, the devil and the Que n of Spain? would heartily rejoice to se- your srhoie nation bronght to nought. P" you mi?' r 11 bear in mind that not only the eyes of lit tory.lmt of Kurope, aro upon you. Of course sll irianim' of prudence, all good advlco, ail warnings of the p-ist, pre?- nt and futuro are lost upon madmen, *nd on tn< t? that have embark'd in nny droad venture at<d gone oo far lo recede. Mill there may be some who will take e sort of eemi calm vn* or any dispassionate opiahNM erd pr i tine ot f?< u |rmn t>,. WorM. The trailing and < ominerclal olas->ee r"gri-t the imbro WS| ftv it injurna trade, uuseti'tindken nnd enth^rrassee ?nd retards enmmarre ihi> ,K?iiic<ao? of the ntd We(M, and particularly in Fngisn-i, regret it very much, for tt d' stroys the effect ??f manjr a p..liti-ja .eup.ii-on and oratorical llgure In the party polit e. ,f tb - diy Jlr'ght ' an no k>ng?T point with slimnit.g en,.rt t,, ran matltotiona in support of the extrem.- mn.urar<ol the At'inchest er school; C'obden c<i-i no niore claim Out iepuij ||c? alone are free from revol itlons and ciril war considerable quietude has bvim t reated hure aa lo the siitm ate result of the struggl" and It* probable dnrs' >> i, |>y the attitude lately taken by North ru democ-.i ?!v dently they alone p >?sc?<a my |>oe-r oyer Vt i !.-?t *?? ' hinan, for without their al I the poor old min I, qu.le iiliout a pnrty. It re'levee ti e entire stri v'- >r u? urrrde *M'l revoltiug sspfv t to tee Ihe No-thera dem-vr,--ranged on i ho side ?>' tho govcratttetu, iu I of >w itid irder I/-t tho South let l.lnooln cone loto g>D,. e ?ii f le u let any eonsidsraMe ps'ii et the Sorth Hi. i , n i .<11,. a iti j the Mcc-sioniBts, and you at "ice III! *H' it !lr V<? th, Iu Its BUt h'll i'ile I <1 >n *?>!< i ? 'I'll n, irn'iglnl'g 1'iit I nc Ins |stii/ ste the uaii.'ual .mi Uiii". .i.al j<a r( th?y most first art to work and subdue tbnr own .loinooratte n-ijili before tlicy oan attaok t be South Opinion* are free'y cxpressi-d here, both by American* ami KnglUhmru, itul shou'.d Un.ru be any , considerable party at the Worth agaiust the governm -lit of Mr. Lincoln, in the event of aa appeal to force, New ' Yo>L and Philadelphia would at once become a prey to evil war, anarchy , ftre aud aword. Yoor loading moneyed Mad business men oau doubtless do much to avert sack a citato uf thtn.'S, and the l-oding men in your democratic party <uite as much. 1 have al ready h-oo ..ne man who has been inquiring for an agon! ot the Povlh, as ho want* to se1 them two powerful sttamers; terms, cash aud uo Conditions or promws hercal'tor. As South Carolina his made all calculation to Hei on foot a complete diplomat.a and cou sular uetsbUj-hment, it nrvy be an well to lii'o/ m tbi se genttanen that nit one single one of Omen nil. una could poeslbly rectivo the Blighto i rpi ? ynitkrn in any court or port tit Kurope. If thoy w<j-<? to be received ?.f course the regular American r-pr ? ? M utative would at un je demand his passports aud shut up l>i*i legation. If they are precipitate aud p.us'.wivtlo at home, pray let Hum be advised nut to rnako fools of themselves abroad. Another thing, if they desire to ptirchass any rifled cannon?l'alxhung, Armstrongs?or war ste inters, they muf-t cone ovor with the hard tin, aud not talk aoout Credit. mortgages on negioes, coll an plantations or rice tw.unps, or iiatioi al bonds of the Statu of Sooth Carolina or any other seceding State. I do not believe th? united obligation uf every State south of Virginia and Tennessee, or theso included, cot d, in th" event or secession or civil war, be sold on u Kur >penn b mrs' fer twenty per cent, even to as moderate an amount as ouo or two millions sterling. Willi ail of President Lincoln's administration, and the prestige of naiioual right, the ancient seat of government, and all that, it would not be easy for the United St ites to borrow money, t at any ordinary rate, hure in London. )-ot not your ?Southern poo pin t> deceived by the weak 1 article in the lx>ndon Times of yosterday (Jauuary IS) oathes'-ate of America. It de.'t* not represent a frag ment of British public opinion. It is contrary to th" al most u tit vernal opinion of the people, contrary to 111 J knowledge and surmises of the British government and British statesmen, auu contrary to the entire policy of the 'Jitnfi lor the last throe months?us long a pertcd / as that journal usually hugs ttm i same opinion I happen to know that certain j American political pressure has been brought I to bear on the London Jinut to gel them to say something | to i n. ourngc the .-'outh, but they bung b:t"k till, Anally, a 1 still Stronger argument *#.< brought 1 have the best as i surance for sayit-g that the article was written to or j der and paid for in money?in gold from South Carolina? . nud tho price ?2(0 $t OW). Uip.os of the paper cost aiu ing it j;o out m to day's ttmmer to all the Southern i states, and you will see it reproduced in ovary secossion , paper sooth of the l'ot< inae. Had the article boon writ j t' ti by an American, who kuew the politi ?? and geoi,ra phy of the country, s >mu of tho we palpable and <il> I surd weaknesses of the writer would have been avoided. | Tn go to work ttria'im to break down the conclusion* ar rltcd at is what no mac of common s?nse would atuw:>>. its well undertake to prove thai tho daylight is caused by the sua. Italian affuus w< putting <>u another new phase. Tho Frcnch Ktnpetor withdraws his Hm-t to day. at thvi ? arn i hi remonstrance ot Knglaod aud Ru->i? The annlsti.'? also ends to day . en the --ihot and shfcll will so >u tio whiz ; int. roiii d the bead of poor Boinbi. rh ugh ullairsare Dot in a very settled f<tato tn Vle.tor Eiuueioi's "wide domnin.' be ? on:s master of the pojiuou aiino t eu tirely, and the liaMimg strokes -will be the Tali of Gaeta and Me i a W wo evi nts rau.<t now bo te-ar n hand. The ne.\i hi,rd work \s ill bo to restrain (iarihiddt trim k'^epirg his promise ti the Venetia is? a task, that i oi.nt Cavour's (Cabinet aro now bent upon. A t-peck of war rises up in the much vexed t^h'e-A'g ll'.'nirin case,and Prussia is holding herself iu readii^aa for any ovcut. C'nsidoroble excitement has Ih> n created by the lntehlgeuce whit h h.is arrived that Ijouis Napoleon has ordered every regiuioiit of his vast army to be put on a war footing. Kvory ono .lire's that the year of 'iraec lh61 will be a more eventful on- tiiun any i i.e i f its unineuiato prMkcessors, and that for b 'til Kurope and America. 1 hear from a source that m i> bo coi s-iderod p< ri"rilv anthentli*, that Austria Is about pur chasing several powerful steamers?out of that country? to be at once armed and set ti cruise in tho Adriatic. These will hold any approach of Oarlbaldl in check, nn Ices back#* by the entire power of lit.- Sardinian nary. Biuching th? ciaiui.i of I *r ass la on Schieswlg Hoist in, the British government haa given a '?lirbl tvarmag" to the I>amsh Court that cettain concessions must be made. or Denmark ennoot count on the su|?j)ort of (iroat Britain This is the first political baby born since the " daughter of En^i.ind" msrried the Ilulcli man. There will no doubt soon be a numerous family. One effect of our cold weather, which by the wa? is i rewing far more ami ib'e, an it letting up the theruoins r ~i a lespecUiblx figure of lii>;h spirit,, lias boon iu a nior.strous, ar.d iiices.-ant, and never eudlng, and never to be forgoiten, chapter of railway accid'.'ut? Whty.ls break, tins cn< W, axles come in two, rails shlvor under th" bard grip of .'ack I'rost, and tiie cooac^iuence h is b?en that not one day m live pjusces utthotii 8oi tout railway d isastei B. Our Paris CorrriponAtnrc. Piirn, .Ian 11, 1H81. I'a'it Gout/? A Cai icaturrof AiHrrvcjn ilnrmert on fte I French Stayr?l.tx tVrte.<?PrtivK Idea of An it rif/?A?Ihralriral Ifttfcrm?'Ihs . I m, ri an Htmajxirta? S/jitire, (Ac /(<?('m ' ilrjum"?The American Mir,i ter j rfc., ?fc. While the I'aripian journals are mystifying and horrify I rig their readers, by dlacit *ing American a 1T".?ir? id a I manner ?lili li exhibits a vast amount of ignorance of the , principles w hich lie at I he foundation of our government, j a tlramulist, with ipilta as much ignorance of the charac ter .and maimer* of oar people, ha* undertaken to imuiw lh? |>lay going community with a caricature or Ameri can peculiarities. M. Victor Sardon caNa his piece "Leg V? mines Fiftes" ("The Strong Minded Women),and it h.ia drawn crowds on . very evening of its performance to the Vaudeville theatre. The plot la this:?A Frenchman, named Quenten. who haH been some years living In Ame rica. returns to France, filled with what are snpjiosed tube the pr< valent ideas, and delighted with what are supposed to be the prevalent maunurs and taste* of the country. He drrmea in extraordinarily outLindi-h style, anil wears a heavy gold watch chain and checkered pantaloons, and drink* coffee Instead of wine for his breakfast. He brings with hitu an American governeaa, who dresses in Bloomer costume, and who is dry and shnrp featured, badly doused and strong minded. He intends that hia two daught 'ia .-hall rec.-ive the kiud of education which young American ladle* born and brought up iu the high eat circles are supposed to receive. That is, that thoy are to be allowed the most complete liberty of action; taught to ride. to ftuco, to bunt, to row and perform gmyuasllr feats; to be allowed to pr> moi.aJe by moonlight with a sentim'ntal cousin; to go to the thuatre alone if they please; to make visits and attend to busiue-*; and wli"n there Is no place left in an omnibus. to tike a seat on the knees of the be*-', looking mule pa>senger. lh<se are supfrtifed lo be the acconiplitdiiU'-nt* and habit-, of American yo? og ladies moviig tn the b< st circles of society. liabrielle and Jenny are not dislnclini-d to profit by th.s enlarged liberty. An adopted daughter of Qiienten acts, however, aa their guardian angel, an t aaves them from all sorts of ad venturer, principally of an amorous description, which would, without ber intervention, have proved their ruin. H -ems that h<fihi/mnir Quenten hod gone to America for tte purpose of tlndii g a nephew, Jonathan quenten, who had g' ne at an early age to seek hi* fortune in the New World. H' has an interest In a manufactory, sad the encle desires that it rhall be operate"1 together for their in tual benefit. He does not find the nephew In Ameri ca, but uteris an advertisement in the N'sw York Hr which, of course, Jcnathnu sees, and comes back to hia uncle at hut country residence near Havre. The author Intended to make old Quentln only a shadow of a Yankee while the nephew is tho animal himself Ha is dressed in that long tailed, high collared blue c tat, which is suppeaeit to bs the style which Amorir.inM af feet. He Hoots tho stag*; with tobacco juice. Hia first words upon entering are' Rytiod," and he Interlards nlmi st every sentenc e with this strong and rle^ut ejaru latien. which <s si.pm ?ed to be the favorite one in Ame rican conversation. When he comes in he is ' whittling" a st t k with s huge bowie knife, with which be also oc ai a ton ally pick* bis tetb, and having sharpened his stick down to th? tine point of nothing, he seats himself wrong ride fotmenl ocro** a cbair, and commences hewing tb* back of it awjy with his bowie knife. Iho uncle mildly snggrsts that h? should not thus maltreat his furniture, when tb? nephew, giving another furious hni k, claims all the property as h a. Ho raises a gwral e*cit< ment, and la about turning the old man out of tho home, when the adopted daughter, again assuming tbo rule of i/ariit-n, makes him fall in love with hor, tarn's hm ' own, ami finally agree* to marivhtmon condition of his sharing the pro|?irfy wllh th ' f tmily of his uncle?n d so the whole thing ends happily As a ty|s- if American manners, the play it sol f is funny: but some of the newspaper comment* upon it are funnier still, and ' xliihit an Intimate acquaintance with our coun try and the ctwioms of our people. The Oiiut(t'!i<miMl'< cr itic tln^B fault v Itli tho ilrrs.' of N, Felis, who " does' the hero ol the piece, who be say* lin* neither the air n?r the style of an American. " (n thn United rtt.itea,'' he says, <? even the carpenters weir paten' |e ithor boots and glove*,' Another critic speaks of Jonathan us '? the wild b> a.?l of the Ohin." Hie m m of the 1',-r't* en'sr;r?s his iritiifur ittvni Amerloan customs, Md says that all the Americans h*vo Jcrip'ure names, and thinks it dlllieult to reconcile thi* apparent reap?>(:t for ll'blical porsotisges with 'heir favorite aosusmenta of burning nigger* and rutting their fellow cltlwns to pioees with bowt. knives. They go to church, he Bay*, every Sunday, "ant lift up th' lr bloody hand* in prayer to the dud who m ik. a the cottoii grow." "Jonathan," Uu reinnds hi* read era, .s only a I rec chilled American; hut "what," h" ask*,' would lie y aay at Seeing the genuine article conn* upou lh?! Ug<?a Yat.kee 'rom the banks of the <?hio. wl?'i ? real ls>\\ |o knife in hand and a revolver in bis twit." The pic'ure is too borflblo lo contemplate, ami h" "givos it op. ' A very Important change is lo he made hare iu the ad '""'istrtili' ii ot (he theatre*. At every rtcsire i<i I'arl*, " 'I par neular'jr at tho*e pitronl/??i by tho working |xv. I'te, an lour or two previous to the opening of the doors, a '/"'I'c is f(,rri"d ,| m order tonhtaln s Seat It i* tteces uy tip stand In tlio epon air and purchase ticket* III turn. Ihia remit* from the universal srstern of selling the places during the day, ami often iievenil days In advance, at a pries' about tn-eutv five per cent higher hat. th. re^uU. price Tb e- tu be ,h ,iUbed and th J "" " ? ' 1,1 o.r ? .t. so i hat tl> who 1 tuo.ie may rawla thvui iu it lvitagg, IU* dlrtCiot Of M4 ! of the tittle theatre*, the Dejazet, hw already mad* th* reform mi hw own rcmint. A GMM of a groat deal of importance to the parties in ten-feted it to ix> tried liere on the Zjilt. U Jerome Bo naparte and his mother, Mrs. IViuiao#, wh > bavn been Kime tirnr In Part*, hare laid a claim to the Huooewioa and division of the property, and atUliatioo with the iin perlal family i f ihe late l'rioc? Jerome, aad have <-tn ployed M- lterr>er to plead for them. An luimeuae ftau tiiy of rtoeumentnry < vidci.ee has already bwn obtained, and the corn sent the trial will bring up the whoteqiMMvtMt of the le^u'ity of I'rinoe Jerome's Ural man iageand of the <M voice granted by the l>-m h tribunal*, the "legiti macy" ol J> route Ponaparto haa alreauv been aclcnow ledi" d. hut a family council, held in 1856, denied the claim of the American Bonaparte to affiliate n ml sue > hs|i n ua a branch of the imperial family. ("heir cn'iie" 1 will > [aim that this ia a matter for tho legal tribunal* to n it e, ami some interesting developments may he ex ie led before the trial ui concluded. Pquire, the Iketon "meijum," who makes a table weighing a hundred imunds fly aruund a ro in ult defiance of the law* of gravitation, is* to exhibit h'< ^ lenm, or thon?? of his '-spirits," before their Mojot-llcJi .if ter the ball of the 23d. Mr. Faulkner, the American Minister gives bis *ecoud ball on the evening of the 26th. at his hospitable and ele g.uit maision in the avenue Montaigne. Wlia* ha* be come of Mr. Walsh, the .Secretary of 1 e^ati iu appointed in tho placo of Mr. Calhmiu The Consul, Mr. Spetioer, will not give his nnmial reception this winter A. J. Keatle. Kaq., the tragedian, is speeding a few weeks in 1'aris , previous to the fulfilment of a aerie-> of pre-ecgugimuntti in Rnglaud. Paris, Jan. IS, 1H81. 7he. I'Mical Commotions of the Doy?Parisian Vieutof St ct>titm?Tht Ww Question?AUttwic qf the Ureal /'??' ers?the Itonaparte Legitimacy Caie?Business fltai/tt t/ion iu /'arti, ife-, ?fc. Willi no much to dintr?ct you at home, four Interest iu the general fermentation of the Old World must l>e cur la .It-it. But In these daye, when tho extremities of ihe habitable globe arc traversed with lightning spoeii, no portion of it cas bo agitated without thesympathy of the rifct. i-a .rvthing Ikal Ik going <>u at this eventful period on your side of the Atluntic in watched here with Inlonse iutere*t, not to say anxiety. Is it pnesible, it isa.tid, that so glorious a confederation will quietly eubiuit to the de atroyer* Will it not strike a blow for tlmt unity which, In Kt>8 than a century, lias raised li to an imiuesnureeble bt ight of gloiy? To use niiglit whore moral pets nasion m IHiwerlci-H Id b<> natural to French ideas, thai yon will not Ih) surprised to hear that in Franco tho ternpoi zing poli cy of Mr. Buchanan meets with few adherents, and tnat the maxim is desperate remedies tor desparato cases. With ourselves the question is gtiil to bo solved, what bIijH be done in the spring V The government journals have evidently reccivtd their mot d'ordrt ir< write as <f tbe probabilities weieail in favor of a peaceful tisue Knglind id repremrted ua ^rouniig undor tli- ucubus of a gigantic tspenliturc, and lull of anxiety lest the exist ing disturbance of the United Slutw should ailect her n>?uu scturicg populations. Russia is described as being j wholly occupltd about her internal affairs; Austria bur dened with financial diftlcultles, and Frauoe, though troubled Willi nor,i> of these inflictions, most desirous of tranquillity en account of her commercial tariff with Knglaud, and a similar ouo in prospect with Belgium. Htrdiuiu will never think of falling foul of Austria, and if Caribaldi is foolhardy enough to knock his head against the Quadillaterai. bis narrow escape iu the \ ol.urno, but for ihe I'iedmor.teie is sufficient to poiut out the fate ilia' will betiill him, Hut the organs of government iu Franco have a knack of talking (or no other purpoFe than to lead pe< pie oil'tho scent. 'Jlie truth is, a very strong suspicion prevails in well informed circles that the Khmo will, after all, bo the M f i e of scire stirrlrg events iu the spring The Sehlee w'g llolstein qiieftiuii, it is thought will yet ben fruit in this direction. Things are becoming taore and more < inbltlered betwixt Prussia and Denmark, and an under standing has long existed with Kussia that France may use her "good oiliccs." The result of which is that on either side the Ithiue very war'ike preparations are mak up by ihe l'owers most interested in that boundary ? Fraie e and l'ruwia: anil as the new Kins ot the Uul named cunuy is mi l to be determined on settling th's Sr. hies wig-llolstcic question, and France is determined ihat ho shall not do so in his own way, a collision is by no means impossible. I As loi un'ortunste Italy, I fear nothing can be more forlorn than her present prospects. The French fleet lias already we l nig i di-uppeared from (iaota, ami Russia does not send one in lieu. She only intimites t"> tar.liuia tl at she w ill not rotnitenance a bl<* ka e on the part of anv l ower Wlieretii>on Francis II tends word to Fran cis Joseph of Austria that lie intends to holdout to the death. The fact is, the French intervention h"- already done its destined work?that of rendering Italy almost an I imp iscibilitv lor Victor Kmanuel. Tho itato or sicily is I on* of a most entire anarchy. The resistance Panels has been able to make st tiacta has produced a serf ? s spirit of reaction at Naples; and Victor Fmanu.rs soldiers, call* d upon on all sidrs to put down Insurrecti. lis are in no londltion to roeasuto swords higgle hamied with Aus tria. CIsribalill is looming in the distane ?. I? n tvmt csu be do if France hangs on his chsri^t wh els Wiser in?n iu fai is tlian myself do not scruple to say thit Napoleon has but one object?to etlect by ste.iltli> steps all that his uncle did bv tho tiger spring. But it little boots to go peering down Into a dark policy which must give forth Its secrets ere long. Ail things nave their end, and the designs of our strange Kmperor will not be an exception To morrow night tho Print iks Uathildc opens her uolde rin ms to a juvenile ball given by the little l'rlnoe Imi>e riul tt) the young scious of his sire's court, anti ^reat u the flutter among the youthful elite of Paris. But the parents of these little |h ople have Just now a very ab- i Motbtng topic of conversation, quite sullicient to compen sate them for resigning to their children tho cliarms of Tertieichore. . t>n Friday ne*t the legitimacy of the Princess Matfiilde and of her brother, Prince Napoleon, is to be solemnly Impugned beforo tho Tribunal of First Instance Tho *oa of the Inte Jerome Bonaparte, by his ilrat marringe with Miss Patterson, of ftiltlmore, has, as the legltlmHte son of his lather, demanded his portion of his Inheritance. Berryer and J^grand, the two ablest advocates in France, not only coniliK-t his case, but have recorded in a printc<l memoir hU inalienable cl-tirus to be aclcnow Mgrd as the r>?Iy true and legitimate *?>n of the ae ceaaed brother of the great Napoleon. All the talmi and boudoirs sie full to the bum with the Interesting particulars, and certainly, if the fa-ts .if the memoir are aubstaniiated? and it is'impossible to suptMiae they *111 not be coining *rom a source >-o eminent?tho son in Uw of Victor KnianucT, and his sister the Princess Mathilde, are as poor bastards as any to be found among the *? - fan's trmires. Thepubliahetl memoir shows that Prince Jerome, at the time he espoused Miss Patterson, ?nno minor, but of full age, and therefore dtd not require the consent <>t' his parent. It shows that the whole circum.' mces connected with the marriage weieoftht most deliberate, foireal and potent ? harac ter, and that the ui.iri uige was never im pognedby the Mr-1 llonaparte, or thought ot being so, till his Consulship extended into *n imperial diadem. Then, Indeed, every species of chicanery and faisiScation vtas had riCour?e to. M idatne letitia, the mother, w.ia made to withhold her consent; Jerome's ago wai put back 1 rotn twenty two to nineteen. and the we ili young m*u was b< guil d into abaiidomug tho wile of h s neart, preg uant w;ih the fruits of his love, for s crowu and a princess, both of wbli h soon slipped through his (lagers. The memoir shows, moreover, t.ow Plus V11. solemnly refni-nd to divorce the parti.-s at the request of the groat Napoleon, and how the Kmperor w:ls obliged, like llemy the Kigbtb, to get hia dirty work done by a temporary Archbuhop. and, worst of all, it allows how Jeiome him-elf, aft?r abandoning his wife and child and m irrying an >ther, still found it ltn|x>ssible to smother the yearnings of bis heart , and wrote again and araio to h a deserted wife to corno and resldo as a |ieeress ?n b's domlnioi.a, bringing his .w n with her, wher<? a pa lace aud a princely fortuD* awulted ' bom botU. It is need less to say that this North American K iv disdained to niuke the* slightest reply to such orerturea. But they prove Incootestably that Jerome :?cknowledged the legitt mary of bis child. When evil d*ys fell on tho Bonapart- s thor? was no longer a question oi the validity ot Jerame's marr'age with Miss I'att< rson, of Baltimore When the son came tt, Kurr.pa, Mmlame I>etitia bleased him as bor grandson; Jerome openly acknowledged hlin to the whole family, hailed blm as brother, ttephaw and cousin. The Kmperor seeins, on the resit Tat Ion of the si-cond empire, to have bdiuved rtmnrkably well, snd nil went on amoothly till yonng NapoVon and Matlulde began lo grow lealo'is, seeing Into whst glorious deep wati<r the long tossed Im- i perial ship lutd suddenly drifted. Old Jer'imn, as weak In hi* old i ge -is In his ? arly youth waa now as ready to repudiate his son as Itefore he had been to repudiate his wue. atid the American Bonapsrf? withdrew from Franc?, taking care, bowi'ver. to maintain ths validity of their birLbn lit No title, no name, no recoid would Ihey ?o mu< h as hear of that imper-led their rightful olatm, anil nifW, In open court and in face of the clvi- | llieit wor'd, tliey sre about to ask (or Justice. t?f co irse, ss rtgards the pwition <?f Prince Naiseitju and his sister, I the I'nncees Mathlloe, socially Ihey will iurur uo harm should the roralct lie in his favor. The imperial breath has made lie m what the- are, nnd can inaiutain them ; but morally, an ineflaceable blot will be cast upon them The piinc ss.thrlr mother, will be tho ei ucnblne ind not Miss Patterson, of Bnltlmcre; and, lineal descendant* of tltorgB ib? Tliirtl s sister, as they are, tbey must be content to rank with the varions I'lUes who Trom tune Immemorial bane ligured as the representatlfe* ( f royal do Witchery. The state of the weather is such that the Kinp? ror and I mprewt have placed a sum t.f ti,? o**) irmr at the d>s I* xition ot the prefect of Police for the purpose of making two hundred thim-and dlstrlbuttoes ol '-read tn<' (iite"ii tliot. and of fuel. It l? liope.i. fays the M'mUnif, that their Majesties' example will be follow, d hy others In the snmc ' niclal bulletin that tnske- this announcement f.pccial ptovislons are i-et forth lor oig iu-rln. s mtlitarv I tt-Mi rre Ihe gtivernmcnl piolends that si; thine" tend ! lo p? oce, but certainly nothing can be more warlike tlnui I Its preparations By way of ;rat:fjing military n I glnn re, the Kmperor Is constreetini a tnr-ine on the ! i t.n i rno'.el of tba old vessel ? nl the I toman nary. The tiiithls, 'hat in the opinion of many the diseoverv of ; slf.im a^t applied to naval warfare is not unlikely to 1 lu J g us bat k to a stale of things little differmi< from the ' R< g ull tt iremf, at,<1 the Imperor ma\ have a deeper ulytct thin tli.it of gratifying thi lovers of uaval *r'ih?.kw uia seem to he tome indis' n. t i ? t,tepe .lis , e, nble of ihe m?lW f" ^ *mji n-Hftp in Ihe by'sn unknown traveller *t a li te. , '.urinal, nai hien It!entitled as belonging t? the .boealsa. Advices fri Ifi Syria ?ay tvdhinn of mt prepantt for the drpaiture of rtie French e*p? lltlwiary cor|w Fvei > tliin? is very dull at the fV-urse ind rtimorf p.'e vail tmt the Bnnk of Koghnd has it n mt ?mplaHon t?? u;..kea lufUn r ad\auce IU <at? of iuo>'*c'.. Tti? I rincew Carol to I Mural it at Nice. riaoarda ar? poettMl p all over J' vU aunoiuiotng thai a I who art- out at mplftj m.'ut bar a ocly to prw-ent iLtmielvmi at the municipality, which will tiud them M'oik iabi.akiug up .ind removing the ice from the iirn?l?. The lake* un the Hois J* Boulogne iw curt-red with |>oople amuning thi tufelTos tli" uuiubor of whoui lust Sunday was not 1. m ihnu 100 000 Hot drinks mil hut <v?k's are in abundant demand. I'AKjfi, Jan. 18, 1H81. ff ithdrmuui if the Flemish Ma* from Giuia?fkf Vm-'io* ] ti *<?Jhf I'ulicy of frm t ami Sardinia?Omartii , /"rfjuralvn/r a War?"lht h*r,nch Iroopi Not l? Jsam ? i/rux?Affairt in 'fvrkey?The Jim/hi or tmii Kmpreuim ,skatUt?St t <its on IKe Bins tU HonU*/n*?Brother J ni/Vii? 1 I'arliripalet m (h? SporU and Carriei Offtite P'llm, <??:. To morrow the Freuch fleet will leave Uaeta; but one vt""l of-war belonging to the Kmperor Napoleon will re main in thut harbor, and that with no purpose of tiHord iiig a retreat to the obstinate young Bomba, but simply to be at the orders of the French representative. On the morning of the 12th of this month, the French Ambassa dor at V ienna formally announced to the Austrian go vernment that bia imperial master's fleet would retire from the harbor at Gacta, because Fraccls II. had de clined to listen to the proportion* of France, made with a view to the real interacts of himself, aud with every desire to prevent oucurreuccs that would endanger tue ' jK-aco of Furope. , The Austrian Minister to whom this communication was made announced tbat the Austrian government j would "deeply regret such a measure." No doubt It wilt , annoy Austria, for the speedy fall of Uaeta will leavo at ibi-rty a i-'ardlnian ctjrjtt d'armre that she fondly hoped ' would be kept before that stronghold for mon'Jw to

coiue. At all events, Austria bas shown her st upe of the dunger to herself by making a new demonstration of force in Venetia, where several more th tusands of troops are to bo at once sent. 1 am assured OA good au thotity that both Victor Fmannel aud Count Ok vour deprecate the Idea of attacking Venetla, but tiaribaldis influence will, it J* tared. procipi tutc events Already measure* are being taken by th? favour Cabinet lo counteract. tl?< winking* of <.?rib.tl<li '* follower?, but It reully scorns thai ail will have to give *tiy be fore tne impetuosity of ? people that have to 100* been ruled by others that thoy have no knowledge of k>U government or restraint. History will ?riint to Ca vour nufch praise lor his present effort*. lie will do all jo prevent U10 corning struggle. May lie mitee.-J, must be 1 in' ,11 dent wish of uil sincere trn ntU of Italian iu<le pendenca. In Certnany tho uneasy feeling thai hag long pre vailed has augmented sine- tho warlike sp-cU of tho new King of Prussia. lh? question of the Hoi item will, it is feared, bring about .1 war, in which Fraico will join, and which will giv to hor the long talked about extension of frontiers to the Hhiue. Ro thai. .18 il may, hero a general bckef in a coming war is eva.ent. ^ Tie Frfneh troops will not. I am led to believe, quit Syria at tbe appointed time. The Christians In the Leba ncn have rcpietr nted to this government that once the ri euch troepB gone tho drcadlul scencs <?f last spring will begin uge n, and lh.it a general emigration 01 the ( tir^ii:n,s niiwl consequent!} tollow upon the dojwrtiiro of the hretich forces, llieso powerful considerations may infliicrco tho Fmperor. and the French ti oops tuay remain in Syr'a foaan indefinite peiiml.to tbe intense disgust ai d chagrin 01 hi rest Old Kt gl.mil and her Premier 1-oro I 'i!m. rBC.cn. The Vocsinff I'u*/, his organ waxes wroth at tlie very thought of the stiy of the Kmpe-or Napoleon's troops in St ria, nnd denounces beforehand all stith uotrgs: but its pmiseof the Turks and its covert sneer;, and Inmn'ocs aputu t France. will but slightly phake the determiimtic n oi Napoleon III., let K be what it amy 1 am inclined 10 think that his Alaj<?ty has do cto"U upon the further occupation of Syria frome two months since 1 announced to your readers the itcreaacd armamenia of Corfu and MalU.us woll as (ilbraltar. Our evening paper# now state that the rarri sons ot the strongholds liavo been doubled, ami that the l-ogliBii Mcditcrrauian Meet had l>e< u -ircuiiv increased in unmbers At Malta where the garrison numbered 3 000 troops there aro now 7,000. At Corfu mere has neon a still greater increase, nnd it is remarked ttpou as a inost sIk . ii'tl' ai t ;act that the uiilltia in these Itiiti'li provinces have had their pay increased to that of soHlers of the regnlst ariuy. Vhat does all this meanr is a-koit here with ardent eon>er 11 llie last advice* trotn IVutnaik aunounce that tho -Miuvptry ol \\ ar *3 taking m<*a -uri s to supply tho infantry with rl!e.- til >ol iters on fui lough are recalled to thoir regiment.-, and the Lumber of c-avairj horses greatly aug tcented. The artillery is being supplier with rilled cat; bona, and the frontier fortifications are being improved All tlif se warlike pi eptu atlons tnay not lead to war but the general tmprt s-slon is tlioy will. ilie, fellowiny is the text of the proclamation made by \ ictnr I manticl to the Neapolitans at the period of his departure from Kapies:? Italians i?r tho Neapolitan Provinces:?Tlie cares of government havo obliged me, to iny r-gr et, to separate luyselt from you. 1 cannot give you 11 greater proof of Hllectlcn tliun tli?t of seniiing you my beloved cousin, rrmce Kugeu?,to whom I am wont to entrust the govern ment of the miliar, by during my abserico. Ho will go vern the Neapolitan proviuees la hit name, and with tho san:o powrrs which I exercised myself, and which I lurf delegated to the llliirtirtous slates niiiD who withdraws from that honorable olUce In ceiiM querce ol the lots of a dear relative. Kepatte the Prime ?onfidence in ITine. Fucer e of which you gave mo such undoubted pnors:nnd. whllo wail lag your repre llJ a|li him in tho txsk of unilica tion which he comes to promote by your concord and civic wiscom. I uropo, whi h for the last two years has been viewing wl h astonishment tbe grout facts which are being accomplished in Italy, will learn from your cenouct tfiut tho Neapolitan provinces, If they entered late into the society of their liberated sisters, are not on that accouut lees ardent in their tlrai resolve to see our c? niroou country uuited. VK'fOK KMANVK1. C. (avoce. Jan. 7, 1?61. Auvhm from <Constantinople sUte that the I'orte has |>aid the .leddah indemnity to Krance and Knffiaiid. The favorable news of the loan had revived conilUeuoe au 1 prevented numerous failures, wlitcb would otherwise have occurred. Austria had applied to the I'orte to ar rest the Hungarian ana other emissaries on their passage through Turkey. Klapka is in tbe J'rlncipalitits. The huropcan commission at l>amascua wa* received with menaces even from the female part of the population. Ix^fd luiflenn is said to have interrogated nearly a thou ?and inhabitants oi l>airt.?ciis, a/id all declared that the Cliristiniii were in immincut oanger. I am assured that tbe Anglo French treaty will come into lull operation before the period tlxed upon The Mt-mteur will soon aunounce the I top ror's decision 'o give immediate effect to the tieaty, wl thus obviate the tncenv. nience to commerce of a longer delay and sue pen^o in the commercial intercourse between Franoeani MlglAfht. Hia Majesty Is preparing a curiosity ,n naval architec tore llavng made cnaiy roi.earclie> m matters of an'.i quit) , m connection with hii "Life of Jullut Cosar " he has given orders for the cousinu tion of a idreme ou the exact model of the old vessels of tlie Roman navy. It I* to be built near Astileres, under the superintendence of M Margin, engineer, and from drawings bv M. Jj| Hip toriogrupher of tho Mar1 no, aud Omservator or the Vr chives in that department. On Wednesday evening ne*t will t ike place the aTan.i ball at the Tuileries, I shall endeavor in mv nex? letter to fcive your reaaers an account of the ?lf*ir, as it will o? a moat brilliant reunion of the <UU. We have be. n en jojltg to the full the chance for skating thai two weeks of uuinti crupti il rr,ld wealhor have aflbrdeil us. rn> ponds at the Ifcni t,e Boulogne aie covered with ice sor.,? live or ?yx inches thek, and thousands may be Been daily sliding and skating over tbe smooth sur face cf the lakes and rivers of that enchanted re sort of the pleasura seekers. The Kmporor and hmpre-s ami suite have ei^oyod th? fun as well ,6 ^ ll",t '^, lr Majesties patrouised th . htkos ,u the Ito-v but annoyr>d, no doubt by the too ,,, ;,t crowd that gathered around them, they, wiih their suite i.a\? flitted about the border of th? .Iwne. near the Ifc is de Hon logne, skating and sliding tlr?t on one pond and then on an other, thus escaping the crowd and havinit mere space for eoK'j non^ fhe eliu, of course, find out the change of spot, an1 Win every aflerri.sn a most r>lc'ur?,.iue -cenn is presented. M?n>* of the ladles Pktle otjiou re dining in wildest Pleos, are poshed raplmy about by their adBtlrors, ?h<>, on skates, easily d.vh along will tholr rau- charge? Ihe Imperi-ss Iuih made a 'tola atteuipt at skating dressed 10 an approprute cost'im,' .'. Jiort skirt* wool,en incket and thick boot* > Her Mnjestv mode h r tnit iL^iT J,?''"*' T? * UT P?nd ?" '"'"cchamps, Inst bse* of the race track near ibe Uols. two g?mietuon on skates each held an arm or the fair I'ugonse, and with llM'trO'lpslie pushed al<ng,hei m.-rrv Uuchter rinclrnr over the ice as her Imperial heels flew out befnre or be, hlncl with whal woi.l 1 hive b ? n effectual attempts to get hivhor than her crowned head, without U10 aforn aaltt pnntletnen on e?ch snle or lier Maje-ty. Tl?? Kmp?ror skated along with his usual gravi ty a k'.ndiy smbe and m?d belug ? xtenued to all tliat came in his way. The Omtitess de Moray skal?< and sleds about each day, wb-l? her llego lord, C "int dn Moray, likewise erv)ovs the hport with :? gusto that rivals that of the younger skater Ibe I nited States (I e one may still u?e this ex jireasion. South Carolina u> the contrary) a^? well repre Jmtedin this gathering of Ihe?K*of Carlo on the ice. By far the best skaters ire the Americana. Mrs Honalds or Reynold*, of llrston, is the skater mat carries off the pa m imong the ladb'S I might add tliat In point ol beauty site dona th" sam<<. Many and hlnh flown nre the complimentary remarks made about her by the male portion of tbe lourt as she glides by grmvfully, her animated and beautiful face liushod with the agrtMWhln e\"rci>e. It is truly a pretty sight Among the Amerf can gentlemen there me many that attract attention by 'he r 1 volutions, bold tu d graceful at the samo time. I aver heard, yesterday, tbe Kmpenr nr.d I'ount de Moiny wiii ttitv admiring the address of Mr. Canituaek, a young 1 in .0 pln??r , I lie live, that has 11 sided in I'aris for sevo ralceais His skating Is really totiuwkal'ie Iledashes 1 about wi'h a re klssei.e?H and address that stamp him the b' at skater <inlbe |e<? rheir Vajoaties indulge daring the atteTLoon Is a lunch that ?? m silv spread out on tho 1 e The I mpress H evidently mttoh better in health s hi* thf c?n menoement of the OcHd meather. She takes daily exerct-?V ami her melancholy Is iiissipsting rapidly, ti tbe treat delight of her Malvty's re?p?M tfiil frien !?. The I'rir.ce 11*1 |w*rial l? likewise in oxcellenl health. Bkrii* Jan. 10, 1801. Vi*?n<j >.f th'- I' Miian f'hamh^r nf ftepiti'*?HUmllnfl ('?>? >t"?r.ie/? /'tiMf rtjonv it lUlo'irt In the Ainj i Sj-'b - /'ol nf th' .\'V Othfrnmimt, Ji\, <1<: The seaeK B of th# I'tnaiiao Chambers wai opcncl on Monday with more than usual solrmnlty. For the frst time , ince the existence of constitutional govrrntneni hi tfi's eotmtry a i?w K ing had ascende-f the th one, in wlviso Iiowr r the members of the t.eiriplatiire hail to ro aw the *?th of a-ivlit) si* .tu W his (iieUsc sai?r. The cerfcoxM) took place, act rdin,; to co.tona, in the white s?l.**iofUje Royal SohloM, tbo appearance of winch, however, differ'd considerably from that presented by it on forma ' occa ious. Instead of soar'et, the throne was surmount* 1 with a canopy of black volvtt liaed with ermine, a IA ack carpet was-.pread ou thn step* r.nd tln> seat occupied b> the King, as wel1 is the Hsbt fautoull* on bib r:ght hand, Inti nded Tor ibe scums of the royal family, theebies on tho lert destined fo- the Ministers I?f 8tat*, and Ahe tabouret* :u fiomt oa which the regalia of Jhw kingdom were to b<> deposit ed bad exrhasjo.f their cilmson trapping* for purple. The saloon itself *m hung with purple dr.ipory, *nd cuitarns of Iho Hume etk'or a.!orn?.U tho tribunes uu winch the ladies of tbo royal house were seated Soou alter eleven o'clock A. M the tv'einbors of tho twu Chambers began to arrive, many of thiui in uniform, with liklt crape roucd the r arms And those who wore plus clothes, in drew mourning, the Knlprhta of the Black Eagle with their gold chains about their necks, ani the eorpt <HjA4mmtiqut apjiear am grwul iwn*pM in the pi .oes reterved for tbem. The Grand Dukea sf Had n ani .Saxo Weimar, and Prince Kroderiok of Hiaso (heir prttfuuip tire to the Kiectorate), were also present, and at twelve o'slock the (jueen eutered, attended by her daughter in law, the Clown Princess, her daughter, U?o Grand Duchess of Uadoa, and her a later, Prince* Charles, all attirod in the deepest mourning, and closely reiled. The royal pi occasion was arranged In aim oat the samo ordor as at the funeral of the lats King. First came Marshal Wr angel, bearing tho l'russlin standard, supported by two aides de camp; the Prince Kudzlvil. wi h the crown; Gcotral Grab<n, with thegiobe; Hount Gruben, I with tho sceptre..and Gem ral I.indhelra, with the sword I of State, and finally the King, surroanded b> tho i'rlucos ol tho roya' lamiiy and the officer* of his household. 1 His Majesty wore tho uniform of a Prussian Field ii ir- 1 shal, with a helmet and the collars of the Black Kiigle and Hohenzollern, and as he pipseJ through the saloon was greeted with loud acclamations, Which ho returned by lifting his helmet and bowing to the assembly. Ilo thuu took his seat on the throne, the Prinoo*, Ministers .uid Generals ranged themselves around it iu duo order, and | tho Prince of Hobuuzoliern presented a paper, from which bis Majesty read the speech. lu tho beginning hi* voico trembled with inmliou, but afterwards it became ll.injr and more distinct, and tho last paragraph but one m which ho renowwi \ho promises mule by him in the o* partly of Prince Regent, wan 8|>oketi witii peculiar energy and inipressivencss. He was repeatedly iuterrupte 1 by ?nlliiisiiistic cheers. lu compliance with the desire expressed at tho close of the royal harangue, tho in. m' erB of tho two Chambers were now suminontd to take the oath proscribed by ,ir tide 108 ol tbe Prussian charter At it sign from tho king the Minister ol ih<* Interior, Count Schworia, step|>?d forward and auminis'.eied the <aih to ever> separate member, with the exceptiou of those who hid already tsken it in an official capucity. it was to the following effect.?"You swear to Almighty God to bo laithfol and obedient to his S?a,iesty king William, and to eonseieo tiously o''serve tho cowtltullou. ' The person addre-r.ed tepljlog-??'! swear it, so help rae tJo.l," and such othei nfiiiniations as may be enjoined by tho erred ho professes. Thin ceremony In.-tod no less I thmi two h'.uis. during which the King remained | standing and bareheaded At its conclusion, lie naid j '?May tiwl gram bis bie&ing to your oaths! llay he bless ! and protect our country!" und then quitted the | Mtioon in the samo array In which he had entered it, and amid tho same dcmotn-tratioTis of ioyait; it wuf p i.-t three o'clock before the proceed ings tcuniratod, which must have b?*eii very fatiguing to tho llui.<-trtou8 individuul who played ibe nrw ipsl oart in th< m. a* vet (he regular business of the two bionchen of the I egislature has hardly commenced, thoir yesterday's sit ting being almost exclusively devoted to tho election of officers. In the hirst Cuamber l'rlnce ilohcnloho was ro ciectod by a majority of one hundrod aad tlfiv to teo.and it ia piobnble ili.it M. Mimou will be votod into tbo Chair ?g?iu by tho jecond. Jkl. M. Vinckn and Malhis gave no tice that ihey wouM propt.so an a-ldrees to the K ng !n reply to his Majesty 'a sueeoh, but it will be soveral duvs belote this inoiion can be discussed. It may be observed hewever, tint the pbysiognomy of both tho upper and the lower heute has experienced a considerublv altera tion since the lur-t Ks^ion. la the lorn.or the liberal o?r ty. whof-e paucity or numbers contrasted .so strikingly with the ditise loarecs of their antagonist his been r> infor:i d by the twenty new m?aihers apHiintui! last autliluR, nad altboogh they still joint a very Hinder minority, they ore at least a nucleus which offers a prospect of gradual increase, by minu ting the more moderate elements of the urislo' cratlc opposition. Tho changes thtt liwo taki n place In the t^cond t'hainbor are ei(iially important and much more inter eating Among th little knot of feudalists, once so jTond of tlietr strength und so confident tn tho jMiwer that hacked them, we miss a small, spare m'ui with a ' benevoknt head' and a pair of golii spectacles' tbo ex Premier Mauteuflel?wh?, attor sitting for two se<sion* io Mliky silence on tho bleak benches of the lott bus iiret|.te<l th i chi'treo buudreds, a:s they would say in F^igland, and n tlied to his splendid estato in I/tsotia w ith the pleasing consciousness that, if be h u< served the country fi<r ten > eaih, h<- lias not served it !or nothing. Ibe niMi'Stiriai bench l a- ceased to govern under the sa vory and portly lig'ire of .Simons, w ho lad occupied it so long that he wa? g.neraliy regartod asatlxturo, and U.n der Hsydt, the last of the Horn ins, ovidJntlv feels uncomfortable anvng his strange aasooiaies and seetrs to medilaU a retreat. But who is that UU old man with sncw wh.to l' ckh and feat ires furrowed with csre,, but still noble snd imivosiug, who now entors the bull and or. whom wjioo m,zt> wlilt admiration, othors wi'li diPiDAy, but ail with tutftrest and curiosity? It 14 \\ alduck. the great democrat, w ho fought the bftt'.l? of freedom in '41 and '49, and whose incarceration and trial f>>r high trea.'on reflecte<l such indclbbie disgrace oa the Manteuffel regime He is an Jminenre gain to tbe lib ral cause, whirh has just sustained a severe hiss by tb ? death or Henry Von Arnbeim who was Minuter of Foreign At faua in H4H, and one of the few practical stateimea this counti y can boast of. Tbe imprnss on produced br the Kin-'s speech U tol ?'ably tnough not wh-.lly satisfactory It has I.eon re porled that tho civil coinage act would bo dropped; aud tbe j ublic were ph used to see, there forts, that it would be bro^gbt forward ugain this session, and that the coy. eminent were still lliroly determined to abrogate the immunities hitherto enjoyed by the great landholders in respect to tuxattoa. Too little stress, it is thought, is laid on tho llcssinn. and too much on tbe Danisb qis stkMi i nd the necei-sity el oxiraor^inarv notes for military aimanents is not generally recognized but It Is some comfort to hear tint, at lo distant perto.!, the in ireased incom" wil' sniifco to cover the excess of expenditures. Among the government bills annooma-d, hut not s(?>; iU..d by h<s Ma.K'st^. a Uu on ministerial responsibility is un detstood to cceupy iho first p!ace. rhe i.mnest; , so long und anximislv exited was signal on the l-'ih. and published in the Want* -In.-i^rj- or the l.itji 'est It Is exiretn> ly eomprehensivc in lis pro vi'ionr,, enaclh g that all persi iis louml guilty, up to ibe 1 refont time, by the civil courts, of h'igb treason Otlences ay??Inst the King, tho members of bis fan i y or rorei -n goveinmotits, rf.*istance to ronsti lui'-d nuihor ti. s orj distuibance of public or der, and sentenced to i;oath, impr!so;imeiit, fine, l?*s or sesjx-Tisionof civil right-, or nUce.J nixler the rairvell ince t l the jsilice, are to receive a free pardon and to t o reiosuteif in all tbe pr.vileges of citizenship To tr.veci odi nmod by mllitar> tribunals the roval e.acreois not so favorabi.-; ihey are not pardoned unci adlti- nallv but Imve to :ip|>. nl to the King's mercy and to i. >v?it h,a oprjsion. rb.s class tn eludes all Prussian st.ojects w ho ^ tD. lhl' !^de," """rrection, ?n.onK whom are mer like the jsM-fM Ilnwlgh an I Kinkel, md the oelehrat I ei thioli^lst Uustow whoUtely coinmai.de,1 a div!<i >ii in tvariha.iis armv, but whote prai-tical succ''sa did not c- rrc! p. o.i with his theoretical reputation As for sU b it oa idiiHls as have withdrawn themselves by Might from rrooeefliniTS Instituted sgainst them, an act exempting them fiom rurfher prev ention will l?? |n|.t b. rore the ( ban be.s, the enstlng law not allowing a suit pending f'llrt of Ju?th? to tie <|uashe i by royal ordinance without the CO . pel at ion or the legislature Of course this !?> a mer? form, as even the reacfon wUl nttdars to < pp.?e a m.-isure emanating from the KinK in person, and which does cr.-.iit to his gtssi sense and his go <l reel ing It rf-stor. h m.icj' hundred exiles to the land of their birth, open* the prison doors to many o bers. and aton -? at Icfct -71 part, for a long series or arbitrary and vin lict ivo sets coinni tod iu the tinme of Kiedetick William IV. Our Or nan rorrnpouilrare, bniiH iROyVOia, > I>i;t IKmk, Gum, .Uu 16, 1M1. > Srri-mi tc>*?n< In lb' Vnitrd S'nl>t Sttumrr Iroqu^i*? A'd Ti in f.'tcapr frum T<<nl V*ip?fwv?/Wf of the frrrt%oit?GoriktUH find /Yi, nils at Oiprfa?7A? KiTrsi of Sit-nxnm ufx.tt /tmervan Xnval Officer* in (he Mciittr mn*an, <fc. Vtr lmve been here for I ho p?*t three week* for re ol the <lam?ge aullered by tbe ahlpou the night of cli" 4th nit Von urq no doubt aware that we hurt a verry narrow escape from total ablpirreok?n* had It not been for tbe frl< n<M) tntorpc?itlon of a lar^e ro:k upon whieb we ran. tho eblp would hare gone bond foremoat again-'. a perpi nd'eulnr wall of jagged rock* which formed t'tf *hore Bj! alxtjr yard* beyond. We were run ninr at the Hi*'e?l of ton and a half knot* ?t tlio ttme, and it direr jeioo ?>t ton yard* either aide would probably have foiind the Irnjuo'S there still Thn nc< idont waa canoed by * mMal en Idea an to wb^rn the en t'um n to the harbor ot Oeri'tfi lay?It being about four oiile* l>ejond After lying there, however ab< 'it eight h'lira, we managed with thn a* al/ t.ifice of o<!r own engine* a small tug boat aid a r!?lng awell, to K?t "IT. arrlvlrg bore In tbe morn Itg wheTe we found the flag fh p. Diver? w re em pl?.; od to n^o- rtaln the ntfent of damage done to thfl hot t< n>, fr in wheat rejmrt It was finally determined to go Into tbe (ovwinmrnt drj- iU,ck. All the ?tore*, coal, broadside guc . nnd ammunition were therefor* trto* frrred to u liaik Jiirod for the ptup?*o. A* ill luck would b ivi it, tlir ? nglnea uaed for pumping out thn ilix k broke dowr Jui-t then tne gate* could be opened on'y In < "rtain c rdll >nx of the weaihtr. and it wa* orily after immeroua dclajathntwe got iu bore They don t do the?? thing* lvro with uiiyihmg like Yankee lnti>lligon< e and do ftpntnh Mid ultbni i'h tie dock a small, it wa? thr<o or four day* before It pttmpoi nut, vthiib feat wae accompliehed wllb Iwo or thrve I* itable ?te m engli "*,aold a? man,-, hindpumpa, worWbfl )>v group* of i onvict*. wboee 'iltlo elocution might be at ftbutel by tender hearted p. op!e to tbe trou ole some et 'i/ht of thi rhaina with which Uio?o beauttoH nr.. f>n_ igvotd. kvea th.u , owm# t? a last br?Jk<l?>wu( we wore obliged t are* "P fetMBi on our donkey pump and fu isti pumping the dook out ?n *boiu The Itvjur' w were iound to b< at iLe forefoot and kcei. about ouo thhd of tin.' It ins ill, requiring about Hfly f*et of new keel to l>e put m, and tie repairs will prt-baWy be liuUiwl this wee k. I p to thi* tm'o thHroqnst* baa proved ?? be a mo ?cm? p tie BWut.-. without a aioglaexi cption th* faa.oHt shtpaf war m (tie Mediterranean of wl? itover uat.en. Il-r hall, armament and uiteh'.nery, and in fact all bwr appoint mttit .have attra< t'-tl unusual att -niion fro*i foreign i lllciaU. nnd morn (bau any other. >he lias iocreuattd the alreudy at kn?<*vleiiged reputation of the superiority of Air<enr.in .-kill ant enterprise. ??ne of the greatest .ittrbCvms to theae people Vg the almost toial ai^ence ol smoke; while other ships >nir out a constant stream of deni-e black smoke, which dia figures I'vui) thing, on the rigg:tn: aurt on d<ck, and leaving clouds of unci Lfmined ci?l for miles bebiu l them, thore is in pro|?irii(>n rciucoly a sign of it with us. Fur this and tbo gnvt .?avii)g of fuel wo are indebted to our M,tr tin'e bolleip, wticb lire unquestionably superior ia prin ciple and oee to imything among the Fi'ench or English. iScce being in dook the* beauty of her h|llt bail boa? utilvirsaiy admired by visiter*, both private and oilicial. "lbo Surdwiau Admiral si nt for the child' constructor ? prcssljr to post himseif up lu regard to it; and the inaof c<mpliti>entiiry ..pinions expressed here might well make llr. IK-Iulu ptouo of his work. ' The Kk hmoiid, ii would seem, has been Una successM than was ? xpccted iu tpeed and qualities aa a so* boat She was over eleven houre in coming from ti|?-xsia here, u dictacco wb.ch we had on the day of the accident as cfmpludied in something lew it an five hours; and from the aisgnillcent area described lu the air by her rtggti^ the morning she left here, she miut be exceedingly un comfortable in anj thing like a rough sea Indeed, froaa all aoeonnts, rhe can no more hoary rotling than the Iioquoia ever dreamed of. She la at Messina at present* The Susquehanna ia lying at Naples, to leave coon for the onst or Syria. Everything hire "peak* of the great struggle to como off iu the spring. Kteamera arrive and leave daily; the entire commerce of the place ap pears to consist in aoluieis and munitions of war. Tho Victor Emanuel, 1,860 tona, lay along-ode of ua Ltarly two weeks l>efore we came in dock, taking la an immense quantity of shot, thirteen inch shell, and tli* r ew ryiin-lrical nliell for rifled guus. Ueaides these were a treat uiimberof mortar bed*?wrought iron planks, eight t'cet long) one >md a half wide, and four tnehes in thicknesa, tki-se, with timber framee, were for new mor tar bxtteriea beforu Gnota. Ihey hat also six of Whit worth's treecb lauding guns for the s?me place. I put 0<lonel IVtwl'i'g and Krn.uk Vitrelll, the eorrea jtonoeiit el the Ijondi n JUV'traUd A/riri, a fi'W we<>k? sinee, on their return troin a visit to (<aribaldi, at Otprera, wbicb they docrihe us the mnft d<r<>iate pl.ice ituaxina hie. Ihe modern Cincinnatus would llnd itoxtrem<dy dif ficult to work bit plough among that pile uf atoaea, and his habitatiou is nothing more than a plain siigjpt-lejy building without ornament of any kiuii. He bu? only two of bis friends with him?one the >ame whe oasi.stea b'm iu the dut'ea of the candle shop at Mo. 29 Wlite Ktnet, New Yoik. tan anything be more ?uh l n e than tho ''tn.ocn.tic Umplicity of tho life of thia grir.test man < f his iig< P O.lenel fowling is a man high In the tsttem of <iaribal.ii, and, unlike m^?ny Kngllahmew and Auii t icuns who tiive been out hero, wan a brave aoii hi-rd working nm during tho whole campaign. He expressed ih?" hi?n?Pt praise or nn Atnerlcin with turn, tieorge Hewitt, of Benntuntdn, Vt., who, poor fcllew, ?a.-"' cut m two by a canmm Bhoi while working at one of the batteries be foro Capi n The t'oli uel hud his c .mini ^ioe fn ni Gnriba'di for him in h s pnrk> t; but it came too lat". He was originally a bailor, and had he lived would no don ft hnvo ma<'e a disiinguisboil n>iu? Colonel Dow ln g r< grette't very much tluit he was unable to com municate with his friends. The news Ironi the I nited States just now produce* griat anxiety in this p:ut of the wurla. People at heme have uo i ea bow much Europeans feel th^mselvea ia teri eted in our prosperity nnd success. 'Ihey look up>a a failure in the iverkirg ot our eoverumont as ruin to their hopes in Ihe future of their own country, now just ai isint from the mine of crushing <ies.;>oll*m, and vvcrf an ivu! is eagerly sought For news of the critical statu <.f atUira in America. II aeeaui in redible to th-'m that tbc gr^at. ?t and most glorious nation she uId be weakened^ nnd, as they lear, ultiniat^ly de>troyeu, on account of a lew millions of negroes. The newa ot theacttul withdrawtl of South Carolioa. from tho Union pi odr.ced tbo generally feared result of the te?ii?u<itir>n of clUeers serving under appointment* fri m that Stite, aud >ou have, no doubt, heard before ttiisjhat Captain Iniprahani, of Koeztacelebrity, with Lie?i tenants rosier unl Warley, left the Richmond for hoaae about a month since. The wave of disunion has not, however, yet reached the Iroquois. Only one of our otliors is from South Carolina. Our Firt-t Lieutenant, Wm. Huger, still remains under the stars and stripes, nndfi' m the long tiiou which hi.s elnpted slr.ee tbe rtaignation o1' those gentlemen, it a* to be hoped by the friends of our glorious (Tnlou that he will be aircnu'\b"*ie patriotic lovers of their country who will net bo iLtluenoed by the fanatic cries tor disunion which threaten so much ruin atd humiliation to Ameri cana at hi'tr^c and abroad. THE AMERICAN CRISIS. A Northern and Soulhirn ConfedwMf Contrasted. [From tbe l/>ndon News, Jan. 24.] Wo should not ourselves have thought of drawing out a programme of tbo course and issue nf tbe anticipated civil war info I'nited States; but wbea a loading ooa t?n>porary undeitnkes to prnph-sy, and Mk? up a whim? on assumptions directly opposed to eitabluned facta, It if ueccRjary to chow what tbe element* of the (ace are, and what' relation tiioy bear to (ha future, i? tbo event uf civil war. Following tbe course of tbe speculations which our ooa trmporarx has indulged tl, wo have first the conildora tion of area. The sUve Stale* bave tbe larger area; and wo may specify that the dlflorence coexists of 238,OM tquure miles. Hut if the Smith (Deluded in her territory the dtseit lit Sahara, it would look very big on the may without in ing un dement of greatness. In the existing ter ritory of tbe South there are large tracts of pino barrens, bunds and t-wamps, never yet turned to ufc: and there hi un annually increasing area of lapsed land, whore the fomt ecci oecheH, and oven wild beasts return, after a disappearance of a century. As for tbe territory beyond tbe existing boundaries, which are at-sumed to be watt ing for the South to annex it, it bears no comparison ta the new Foil actually it* tbe bands of the federal govern ment anil the great Northwest Beyond Texas all is aa impracticable nesert.so parched aa to forbid even th* construction of a railway. New Mexico is end' sed be tween California and Kansas, which IWlWlMNI Insti tutions; sod New Mexico catuiot be taken, nor evea as railed, without n federal force, which will certain,/ never bo lent to seceding States. As for tbe division of Texas into several Stat, h there is more than an offset to that In the brood area which lies between Kansas and Canada a&d the Mirslssippl and Oregon. Moreover, Texas la so fair from being fit to sustain the Southern polls? that is now the lield of conflict between free and slave labor, (iermans and free negroes grow better cottoa there tban planters and slaves; an-1 the reign of terror under w hich the people of Texas have been living for above a year renders it absurd to talk of a great place among the nations iu> in reserve for a neopie so barbarous and so wretched. But the North will have no need to "give up to the South" all tbe south and S nitliweatora territory lu re contemplated. California Is with the North, and will remnit so lor the sake of her gold and trace. There ;s a strong hatred of slavery on all Mexican sol; and there ;s no force in the slave States disposable for foreign war, even if no curb worn iui|>ose.| by tbu North. Next we come to the assumption i involved iu the pre cecmg) that the lronlh r slave Mates will certainly Joia thoS< ,tb The plain facts aro these:?Missouri is di vided on the slavery question, and last year returned a tree ?o>l representative to Congress. Kudosed on threo sides l>y onti slavery States, Missouri has everything la gain by abolishtt g slavery; and her citizens bare shown thtniMlvM well aware of the fact They have Indeed always felt that the ?imposition of slave ia *titutions upon them, when ?o circumstance of climate or soil could be mado >>n excuse for It, was an injury. Kentucky is nearly la the same position H7ie? K'Mwif Uramr a Slatt,thbtjf-imten yeortagn, irthahUanli derinit (o t"l< lii-rry, tut urrr ottrtnirne hy their ur,al MnUt tnT*i, Mr. tiny, i ohn ho<t ded to the >-nd nf hit li/i thai he h<t>i Cfmptllt4 hil na/ve State to ;oin thr .S?u.'A*rn intrrert, kv(Mittj) I hut *he rvuUl Titmt in free labor whenever the thotr K\ cr Mnce the great *ise of Ohio, on the opposite ( bank of th? river, Kentucky has lieen iee<ous o< ttiead v ants(r< s of free labor, and for some v ears there haa beea an avowed unit-slavery section of society there, support ing a local abolition newspaper. There remain Virginia, I eiawire and Marvland. The two little states complaia bitterly nf their "position, unable to keep tln-ir owa slave"and made ans wi rable for the passage of ot her peo ple's slave* through them for several years their ed lands harelx-en (musing into tbe hands of New York capital'sU. who rett lave tue soil and grow food upon It and from year to year the preponderance of German a ad r.stivn while labor over aegro labor has been on the ta cresae Free negro labor also f?r exceeds slave labor, so that the interest of those small frontier States In South ern institutions has ne*r'.y died out. As 'or Virginia, wo hear nothing from our lotemporary about tbe will ana pleasure of the inhabitant* of "that western portioa which so threatens its neighbors, a? to relieving thorn selves of the bur Jen >f sluveiy. On Uio western side of the moiotalns thr inhabitants are to n tn in discontented with slavery: sad so anxious to get rid of it that they have. fit m time lo t m?. brought torward s hemes of emnnolpttjoe. lb'?e schemed have been less w'se tbaa well inttided. but tbuy show us that it would lie rash to assume Out, in case of being compelled to choose, ihi y would go with tbe South Krea in Fasvtrn Virginia, between the mountain* aai the sea there are extensive lodgements of free labor, w hile slavery Is shrlokmg rspldly into a mere trsftlc in negroes, rhat tretllc is itself nearly destroyed by the pres? nt distui liance; and there are a gi>od many citi/.eiiS sensible enough to see that their ten itory is ae silo for a slave marktt, fiom the day wb -n only a river will separate It from a row lgn country. Taking this line f frot-.tier States in the mas?, thov have re (wis ted I y de c'a cd that they could not undertak < to i?e tbr cordon of be South?the jailors of hor iiegro p |>ul.tnon. Nothing on id |B> them f'?r ibe darg'T and emhorri^saMat and Ofi? cf such a position I n ier llrir rlrnutnrlaacf It is ' rare piece ol audacity to ;?ss ime tluit lh>' Virder slave Males wHl certainly tlnow In their lot w ith the South. To s|>enk of the free States as a ny?re rump in >?ny oav, s abundantly shf tird, as any one may see i y looking at the m?p from Mah>e toOiegon; hut the wliiinesn of the nMton can l>e unnerstooil oi.iy on tlie e ?nsidera'lon i>f a ew tact* which mnke m wish we bad the now census. However, we can satisfy ourselves without It, though unable to do full Just Ice to tUc iree Slates We are hidden tn look at iho map ?n t see the compara tive extett of coast. Tlie inhabltanli may, perli?M>a. lie 01 opinion that the coasts ol the great ini in I s -aa m if be. st lenKt, as valuable to tbrrn as th-is" of th? Oalf; and tf so, the only question isofthi oompitratlve value of the K.istem line of orwst. ilie free stut. h hiiTc a noble ram |ie't of rock, with indesii "c'lbie harbors th? leset along 11" ir shores ir< m the ft,i> of Ftindv to I%llS'telphla; *hereas tlie Southern prips? hire always regardtsliheir const line ih their fatal and ine.armoaitMMe weiknees. H is n lotit flat line of ind. Incapable of d< ieuce, and un fa ?. 01 able to I he Toi n, it ion of ha, liore. N"*r Orleans, Mo bUr , Ssvnniiah, rharlesian aud Nortiik are their porta; si il we neetl ix nd no mote timv> in comparing tliem i' th thof-e e' the North than te say that In Its# tlis tonnage ol Massachusetts thins exceeded tbst of all Hi f!(tvc ."tdty? toy 'he|, flu Soulb is no wesh itt