Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW TOEK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8921. IMPORTANT FROM QE0R6IA. Bxlfa- of the Hew York Veasela by the Governor of Georgia. VINDICATION OF THEKNOTS OF THAT STATE, The bvka Adjuetor and D. Coklen Murray, brigs W. R. Kibby and Gold?n I.ead,aiid schr. Julia A. llaUock,of New York, which were netted by Gov. Brown, of Geor gia, on Friday last, were released by the Governor on Saturday immediately on reoeiving a despatch from New York of the surrender of the mu*keU seized by our police. TVs following la the telegraph of Gov. Brown, officially announcing the release of the vessels ? OOV. BROWN TO Ml1. LAMAR. Exkvttvk nwvicmerr, "I MiLLKKicviixs, Feb. 9,1841 J fl. B. Lamar, Kwj , Agent:? The object of the seizure having been accomplished, and the rights of our citizens having been vindicated, I have ordered the release of the vessels. J03. E. BROWN. DESPATCH TO OOVKRNOK NCHNS. Charumon, Feb. 10, 1861. A despatch received here to day, to Governor l'ickens, from Savannah, states that the New York vessels seized there on Friday by the autbritiea of Georgia have been released THE EXCITEMENT IN WASHINGTON. Washington, Feb. 10, 1801. The seizure of the New York vessels at .Savannah still creates a deep feeling of indignation hare. It is re ported that it will precipitate action on Reynolds' bill empowering the President to accept volunteers. QfPOBTAHT FROM FORT SUMTER. Washington, Feb. 10,1861. The War Department has received advlcos from Major Anderson to the 7th lnst. He writes In good spirits, and is fully prepared for any emergencies that may arise. He had not heard how the negotiations between the Pre sident and Colonel Hayne had terminated. Ho knew, however, for he had already been Informed what posi tion the administration would take la regard to the de mands of South Carolina. He had receivod his instruc tions some time ago, through Lieutenant Talbot, and ho has been preparing and arranging his plans accordingly. He expects to be attackod immediately after Colonel Haync's return. He says, Judging from the activity of the people and the extensive preparations which are being made, that they will present a pretty formidable display, and make a most desperate oflort to take the fort. He Is fully pre pared. In a very short time after the attack Is made the go vernment will attempt to throw reinforcements into Fort Sumter. They have made all necessary arrange ments, and if it is possible to get men, munitions and supplies Into that fort It will bo done. Major Andeison Is of opinion that he can maintain his position and resist an attack for an indefinite period. He has been in formed by government that as soon as an attack is made he will be immediately rclnforced. That Is all he deolres. The Socreta.ies of War and of the Navy have been engaged for some time In arranging matters to that end. It appears by letters received hore from Charleston that the people doubt their ability to take Fort Sumter. A gentleman there writing to this city says the lmpres sioa is very general among military men that they would not be able to take it; that whether they take it or not, there murt be a fearful loss of life The Presided has received Intelligence from Charles ton stating that Governor l'ickens had referred the ques tion of Fort Sumter?it liaving now become a national question?to the government of the Southern Confedera cy at Montgomery, and that no movement would be made looking to an attack until action had been taken by the Southern republic. But, ontho keels of this intelligence, information has been received h. re to the effect that the republic had decided at once to invest forts Pickens and Sumter. . This latter Intelligence was received by secession Se nators. Kvery effort possible is making here by the secession ists to prevent on attack on Fort 8umter at Charleston. The fear still prevails that the authorities cannot control the masses, they being more like a mob than anything else. If they can be controlled there Is no doubt that the whole subject of attacking Sumter will be referred to the Montgomery Convention, or to Jefferson Davis, the newly elected President of the Cocfederatlvo States by that Convention. The secessionists here are aware that the first gun againtlfl Sumter will not only precipitate a fight at Charleston, but at Savannah, Pensacola, and ut the mouth of the Mississippi river, and perhap3 at Now Orleans. Tbeyaro not Ignorant of tho fact'tli.it tli ? j federal government has recalled a sufficient number of j naval ships to meet present emergencies; that recruil- j lug for the army is actively progressing la ail the principal commercial c".'*?: besides, that an army of fifty thousand men stand ready In the Northern States to march at a moment's warning, In tho event their per vices are wanted by the federal authorities. The new Southern con'ederacy are not ready for any tu< h a demonstration, and their friends here know it. and arc shrewd enough to act upon It. POSITION OF AFFAIRS IN WASHINGTON. Washington, Feb. 10. 1861. Both the president and General Scott deslaro there 1s nr.w no authority to call for or acoept volunteers Tor any purpose. TboPresldint.it is stated, has had offers of nearly five hundred thousand men to protect the public property and preserve tho l'nl"n. Theic have already been made sixty six speeches lu Congrersm the prosent diillcultic", and thirty one still rem;;In to bo mado. We have It reportrd on good authority that the West e-n Stales have In contemplation the appointment of CotrmiesiotKrB to Mississippi and 1/viislana, hiving In vli wtoarge the withdrawal of all obstacles to the free Mivig.it Ion of the Mississippi to tho sea The governmeit troops will not take part In the pro cession en the day of the Inauguration, hut the city mili tary probably will. The United States force, bring local ed in points of strength, all pointt d'appii will bo under rlgi'l discipline during the day of the inauguration. Parties -ire hero whoso boalntsa It Is to forward de? patches by couriers to South-m points, keeping the lead rrs there revised In regard to movements lu Washington. On ihoi th. rhaiid, the government is using the secret ?f rvlcr fund In tho?mploymsn* of private ngents for the purpose of keeping Itself advised of the movements of the secessionists, and particularly to k?*i> I nited Mates o'.tlcers now In e.,rrmnnd of Southern p"Tts Informed of all measure* ibut may bo tak^n to tbolr prejudice. ?n.o issue made by the President elect, In reply to the Philadelphia r-r.nblicnn eonimltiee in relation lo th" !*p polntm* nt of Cnmeron to a pillion In hi < Cabinet, re quiring the Senator to prove himself not guilty of cor rnptVn, chnrged without proof of guilt being first fur nished, has incctsed the friends of Cameron here, and determined them and him to maintain tho dignity ?f the ju ni'or's jioHitl n by not noticing the fabrications of the calumniators. fHme of the members of tho Montgomery Congress to-, ye Just advised th< lr secession friends here thit com missioners or minsters have been appointod to represont the Interests of tho Southern confederacy In F.urope. Co' Judge I as seen the President, who received him as a dlst ttguithed citizen of Alabnma, but notofconrs* reooftiitlrn him In an official capacity, nor ooul l the President ''(f0* ,0 lU,y whatever r< latlve to tb Jobjert of b'* mltslon, namsly: to nego ttate for the transfer of the arse-als an! other public ' -roi- ty bciont g to tho V it yd StAtia withm the limit* pf the State uf AMibam THE PEACE CONFERENCE. Wmuimx, F?b 10, 1861. The committee of od? from #?*ch State represented in the Peace Congress would probably have concluded tbeir work yesterday but for the fact that the representatives of tbe Maaeachufeit* aiul Malue delegation* did not par ticipate until yesterday, owing to tbeir late appointment and arrival. Proper courtesy to them dictated deUy, notwithstanding some impracticable persons frequently make the foolish assertion that New England had boj^r be ruled oat of aU programmes for a settlement Mr. Crownlngshield, who represents Massachusetts In tbe committee, made an elaborate spoeco upau tbo general question of tbe state of the ooun try, without entering into a discussion of any of the detail* all oady agreed upon by the committee be fore his delegation arrived. Mr. Crown ingsbiuld siid hi* State had committed no offence against tbe constitution and laws of the country, but, on the other hand, those who bad been administering tbe national government for years had frequently attempted to enforce obnoxious, and, in the judgment of the beet legal minds in tbe roan try, unconstitutional laws, seemingly more for the pur pose of humiliating tlio people of Maasai-husctts than te obtain Justice for any person or community or State Met withstanding this fact, Massachusetts had no grievances to complain of; her people were so loyal that when the fe ieral soldiers were too weak to execute the odious and uncon stitutional laws within her borders, her State troops, com' posed of mon belonging to all political parties, turned out and lined ber streets with bayonets from the heart of her capitol to the very spot in the harbor where the tea was thrown overboard in 1776, in order that tho hawty edict of a commissioner, in defiance of tho sacred rig lit of trial by jury, might be executed, and tbe majesty of even a contemptible taw might be vindicated, if such a con trariety of terms can exist. Mr. Crownlngshield said his delegation bad no proposition to make, but were ready to hear any from others. All the details of the proposition whieh, it Is believed by the best informed delegates representing the border nlave States, the Convention will recommend, have been agreed upon, except that relating to the Territories?al though this, as It will readily be conceded, is the vital one to settle. My informant assures me that tho majori ty of the Committee will be able to agree upon that part of the proposition without much difficulty. The pointH already agreed to by the Committee are very similar to those iu the border State proposition; and if tbe terri' torial policy laid down there Is adopted by the Commit tee, and reported to the Convention, it will bo assailed in debate by tbe republican leaders in that body, aud will obtain very few if any votes from that party. Republicans, members of the Conference, who assort that they have dono nothing except to elcct a President constitutionally believe that the only object of their political opponents, who have nothing to lose, is to divide and destroy the republicui party; and to such an end they think theopimsition mem bers of the Peace Congress are laboring. They openly declare that tho proposition which the committee will report is intended to satisfy the border slave States, aud will divide the people of the North, and especially the re publican party. Other members of that party, however, do not believe that any such result can naturally occur from a proposition like the one referred to. On the con trary, they asu-rt and believe that this is the primary object of a majority of the committee, and that all other matters are suborlinate to it. But that is not tho principal difficulty in tho way of a settlement, and it is useless to disguise the fact. Until the border slave States can agree among themselves, so as to be able to assert authoritatively to the representa tives of the Northern Statos that they are not only for the Vnion, but that they aro for the constitution and the enforcement of the laws against all violators thereof, whether of individuals or States, and cease their cry against coercion at every attempt made to enforce the laws, thereby denying the right of a State to secede, they can never propono any plan of settlement that the North will accept. Tho border slave States declare, by their delegates in the Convention, and by their Senators and representatives in Congress, that they want a settlement; that tho Cnlon must bo preserved but at tbe same time tbev refuse to settle upon any terms that do not admit tho right of a State to secede, by denying tbo right of the administration to carry on the government within the borders of such State, wherever the federal law la violated. 1/ 1 am satisfied that the border States will have to yield ' this point first, before the North will consent *o any arrangement. Northern men ot all parties, and some of I he ablest mon in the South, agree that when it is oon ceded that a rftato can go out of the In ion at pleasure, without the consent of the other 3late*, it is admit ting that we have no government. Rather than yield this point, tbe North will abandon all concessions and compromises, and ge about tho moro impor tant woik of ascertaining whether we have a government, and whether it is worth preserving, and if so, to preserve It at all hazards and at whatever cost. This is about the point at which we havo arrived. A large number of delegates In the Peace Congress are in favor of a national Convention; and many of the ablest men in Washington from different parts of the country, who are mere "lookers on in Vienna," favor the project. Should tho proposition now before the Commltteo of the 0>nventiou fail, that body will undoubtedly fall back up on a national Convention, the recommendation to be In the lor ai of a resolution seggi sting to the legislatures of ' ! e d'l!( rent *ute? th* propriety o" asking Congreas to k--jrrpustcrjr step? for cnlPng such a Convent' >n. n i low of this s 'gk'cstl' B, tlio Western de! >g tloos ir? i ? i.dy preparing the way to havo the election of ?!e ,p J>'ar enough cTto i?bt?4n tb basis of the c.xi w of iSflO. Commissioners from si' sections hare become r?,. fld< nt that peace measure* will be prop's-' I ?ofo:e tii" decision of tlio question is reached in Congress "u the Compromise report of the Committee of Thlrty-thee*. Mr. Corwln, It Is understood, will accept the Peaco Conference propositions in preference to his own. When the measure is proposed debate wiU bo cut oil, and a vote nt oncc hod The Missachusett* delegation in t'le peace omrr. isaioa is Oiled by the arrival of Judge Allen. Governor Andrew has officially appointed Samot I tl Vpbam, Ksq., messen ger of ex Governor Barks and of the present Governor, to acl In the capacity of Ccmmisaary to the commissi >n The committee ??ppolnte! by tljo Peace Conference will probably make their rc, < rt on Tuesday next. Varlois plan* are beiore th' tn. From what has pMvaloly trans pired the bord? r States resolution* meet with rn'icb favor, und it Is the gor.eral iL.prcsl j that the Oonforec e will adopt tome gueh tDWu irn of compromise, iu'lotting th1? division rf the Territories by the lino of 30 dog SO mln. North of it slavery to bo pr hlblted, m l south of the Pno neither Congressional ror Territorial interference wilh the inbjcct, wtl h Is to be left for tho determination of the fe pie alien they form their HtiUi governments. The acquisition of futuie territory Is not t > bo so easly constuuiuated as heretofore. Wamhw.-mh, F"h. 10,1<M1. T RTti pcmltte t to pebiish the fallowing plan >f a tjust m> t>', which was submitted yesterday by Mr. Guthrie to the peace Conference. It is tin or stood mat it wl I bo the only projiosltlon that will be ?ocptabla to tho o >rder slave States, tt embodies tb" Crittenden pUn, with the slavery protecting cls'-se stick' n out:? Art 1. That all tbe territory of the 1'n'ted states shall be divided by a line from e iat to west, on tlio parallel of thirty liXdogrns ihittj minutes uorth latitude-, au I in all territory no; th of ?1 .it lino involuntary servitude, ex cep'. in pun fhmetit of crime, is prohibited whilst it shall belong to the I'nlted .- tat-* ??r be und- r a .errit >rtal government, sou ir? oil territory south of sil t line Invo luntary servitude Is ree >eniz- .1 a* tt o*l?U in ?'.? Joiith"rn Ststcs of tie 1 rilon ? hllst such t-rrl'ory aha 1 he|<or.g to i the I'nited S'ates or bo under a Territorial government i aiid n> .ther C agree nir the Ten It 'rial g ermioot-hail i have powre to hind r oi p1 event emig'ants to sa'il Tei ri I tory from taking with Mi?m persons held by th-'m to labor or Involontary setvlee. a.-cording to tho laws or usnge of the Sta'o tfn m which su h persons may bo taken, nor to imp'tir tbe r ght arising ontof s?id rela tlons, and be subject tojnd c?l > ounizmce. Th? f'nlied States Courts of such Territory shall have jurisdiction thereof, and those rights sbill bo piotected by 'he courts and all tbe dcpirtmi uts of tbe Territorial government, undrr or swordIng to the laws of the SWto from which the person b und to such service miy have been taken And when any territory north or ?oiith of tni,j ure, within su li bounlarr as Cot; gross may prescribe, ?hnll contain tho population re quired for a member of Congress, according to the then 'e'lcral ratio of representation of th t p> opio of tlie I'l tred Ma'cs, It r iv, If its form of goverutneot 'ie re pnbltesn, be admitted Into tho I nton on su epml foot ing, with the or'giuil "Wos, nub or w.thout lavjiun tnry servltute or labor, as ths ooa-'.ltunon of su-li nstr State may provide. Art. % That no territory shall herea'to* be acquired by the United -uiw w.tu.ut the c ?ncurrunre of a majority of ibe Peu*lors ol the Stales North ?f ?l-*3Ta and Dixon s Hue, and ?ltu a minority of the SiiMp atore ol tbe Elates south of antd hun ; but uo treaty by which territory shall be acquired thai I b? ratified without the t*u thirds vote of the Senate as required by the constitution. Ait 3 That mother tbe constitution, nor any trnma mrtit thereof, ahull be construe) to give Cougress p iwer u> regulate, abolish or o.otrol within any -tate or Currt tory ot the Ubiteo State*. the retauou established or re coguized by the taw* thereof touching persons bound to labor or to voluntary reivice Iheiein, uor to interfere with or abolish involuntary seivice in the District of Columbia without the content of Marybtud and Virginia, and the owners, nor without making the owners who do not consent previously, full compensati >n, nor the power to Interfere with or abo lish involuntary service iu places under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United Mates within thueo S a tea one. 1 erritoru-s where the ?une in established or reooguiaud; Bor the powet to prohibit the removal or transput tation of peisui.a bt 11 to labor or involuntary service in auy state or territory ol the Unitoj states to any other State or Territory thereof In which it U* established or re> og< \7/?.<, nor to authorize *p. ciflc lax or any lilghor rate of tales on persons bound to labor than on land, iu proportion to value; nor to authorize au> of tue African rare or llieir det>oeudauls to become citizens or exercise the right of suffrage in the oh*ice of federal ottVers. Art. 4. That hereafter the paragraph of the fourth arti cle of the constitution shall uot be construed to prevent any of the flutes, by appropriate legislation, and through ho actieu ot th. tr juiii ioj a.jd ministerial officers, from enforcing the tie lvery of fugitives from ialmr from any other Mate or territory of tbe United States to the per son to whom hu< h bervtce or labor is due. Art 6 the emigration or Importation of the African race Into any State or any Teirltory of the United Slates, whether tor resulei re or Involuntary service, is forever prohibit) d, and OmgreSH Khali have tue power, by appro pi lato legislation, to enforce the provisions of this ar ticle. Art. e. That the first, second, third and fifth articles of these amendments, aud the third paragraph of the second section of th'' tirst article of tho constitution, aid third paragraph ot the fourth article thereof, shall not be amended or abolished without tho iouhcui of all the Slates. THE LOUISIANA CONVENTION. N'icw Okuumm, Feb. 9,1861. The Convention lias resolvod that under the present system it is impossible fur u single State to establish a postal arrangement adequate to the wants of the people, and recognizes the central government at Washington to curry it, und the Southern Congress will hereafter be called upon to form permanent postal arrangements. THE PROPOSED STaTE CONVENTION OP NORTH CAROLINA. Gov. Ellis has Issued his proclamation In pursuance of a law passed by tho General Assembly of North Carolina, concerning a convention of tbe people to consider the Dolltic*! purturbations in the Cniwn The proclamation commands the sheriffs of the respective counties iu the State to o]x n p >lls at the several election precincts in said counties, on the 28th day ot February, a. I). 1861, when and where all persons qualified to vote for mem btrs ol the General Assembly may vote for or against a State Convention; those who wish a convention, voting with a printed or written ti.ket, " Jon vent ion," aud those who do not wish a convention, voting iu the same way, "No Convention;" also, to open separate polls at the said time and places for the election of delcgatos to tbe convi ntlon, to bo assembled on such times as are hereinafter provided; paid polls to be superintended by inspectors appointed by the sheriffs, with the advice of tbree justices ol the peace of tho respective counties, who shall be sworn accordiLg to the provisions of section | six, chapter flfty-two. of revised code The law further provides that if the people decide to hold a Convention, the day designated shall not b?earlier than the 11th of March prox. That the saul Convention shall consist of one hundred and twenty delegates, and each county shall be entitled to tbe same number of dele gates as members of the House of Commons under the last apportionment. The last two sections of the law reads:? Section 10. Be H further enacted, That no ordinance of said Convention Blmll have any force or validity until it shall have been ratified by a majority of the qualified voters for members uf the General Assembly, to whom it shall be submitted according to the mode prescribed for elections of members to tbe House of Commons, the assent or dis sent of the people hereto being expressed as in preceding sections of this act. Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, That no delegate elected shall be permitted to take his seat in said Convention until he *-hnll have taken and subscribed to the following oath, before any Judge of the Supreme or Superior Courts, or any Justice of the peace of Wake county, to wit:?I, A. B., do solemnly swear or aftirm (as the case may bo) that I will not do any act contrary to the act of the tiene ral Assembly, under which this Convention is called; and that 1 will duly and faiilifully discharge my duties as a member of this Convention according to the best of my knowledge and ability, so help me God. THE SEIZURE OP THR CAPITAL. LKTTKK KKOM KX-tlOVKRNOK WINK. The Hon. Henry A Wise has written the following let ter to a gentleman in Philadelphia:? BaapH, near .V-rfolk . Ya , Feb. 4,1861. For many months I have been couflnud to the bedside of eickness and suffering, nurslug with one hand and at tending to numerous pressing domestic duties with tho other; not visiting Norfolk once in three mouths, seeing but few friends at my house, and these from my own immediate neighborhood: receiving my mall oven not daily, or regularly, and not caring to be oppressed with its disgusting and distressing details of ruin, and of the destruction of my beloved country ; in a word, I have been perfectly retired tnd inactive regarding every pub lic concern. Named here as a candidate for our State Convention, I have not moved an Inch from my door to meet an assemblage or to see a voter. And yet public and private accoutts have me reuuiting raid armies to take Washington, and I am actually assured that (Jonoral Scott lias alleged as a reason for raising a standing army around tbe Capitol that I am writing and speaking and acting a rebellion. The black republic ins and the Lieu tenant General are disturbed in their apprehensions of a bng a boo in the form o'Governor Wise This would be ridiculous, simply if the motive of the slauder was not the basest and ni'*t dangerous; if the salety of the coun try was not at hazard ami a private reputation was not lalsely assailed. In iny Norfolk speech, In my letter to Virginia, every where, and at all times, I have disclaimed nil raid*, and pic god myself to await the sovereign orders, first tif my own State and failing in having them of some other State. Still my public speeches and letters are made the pre'.t xt for raising menacing forces. This is base in motive for Gerera! Scott can hardly bo allrighted at a single poor civilian, who never set a s.-jundron in the field, iM is now at home, alone, an<l in utter distress ?'row cKkr?'SH in bis family, au-l from the dangers which he fe i'?- fleijergl Scott is rushing the nation mto ( car is not 'he motive Of this slander?H !?" worse?it is trea hoc. A pretext, some pretext is needed Wconcentrate the army to ebtab iili a niilltnry despotism. Scott is but a martinet and commifHary. but his vanity, in his oil age, Hands up like tbe hip bones and withers of an old horse, from which the muscles have fallen away, and iheSeotnd Lieutenant General aspires to rival the First Uaatcnant Gin''rnl in being canonized aw the socond saviour of his country. He had better take rare, or I will take the field and take the feat her* off his peacock pi ide Now, you are perfectly w< Icomc to put this in pr iut, to dispel 'h'j ippreher.tiions of all tbe grannies io tbe North, or to put to sbaw those ?bo would tmi'i n by slander oae who ne ver engaged in sec-ot war. but wh i would claim our npita) md our ilt^r as belonging to tb<>*o who have kept tbe covenants of the constitution met u d to thee who have broken tbem, and who will tight ,:en. 9roM him self to der< n<l them l>oth. I h ive opposed secession and a?ivo ated tlgblit g in tho Union, ag oust tbo*e who have ili nonrci d the ("US'.ltntion a* a coveunut with hell. I hav-" endeavored to preserve this confe ie l y against nil newly constructed ore*. and especially nnainst the plots ol biaek republicans to form a Northern ooafedsracy h ith t anada, under the protect) >n of Great Britain. 1 am ippo'cd. and ever bave h?en opposed, ti dissolving tl is Union, and giving its .-api'al and evory'hlnir up to the demon of destruction. Hut I have no aothorlty aud to me ans uf attempting to preserve oitb-'i' from the mill tary i*< spot sm \*bi' h is In '.he very D 't of inaigura'lon b*.|n-e the inauguration of Ltficotn. If anvth'og eonld niake me Join a raid it wuttlu !>?? to n. Scott s detnoostr* tii n at Wayh.t gti?n Si*' si p as t > ) mr id i ol .i Cotton Put k. No need to feur about i ipy right Vf * fe ?? till very Ul. HKNRY A. Wt-SE. rF.K NSYLV AN IA GUARANTEEING GOVERN MENT B 119 DB. Governor Onrt'n, of Penni?ylr?ri* hiu''an'mltted 'he riHuwinu communication from tho Secretary of tho froa mry to tho lyt'yla'.um? ThKA.1I HV 1 K14I1TMRNT, WAMn.VOTON Fob. 7, 1^61. ft*?In a lrttor to the Cb.iirnmn of'h*1 '"min'.tteo of Wt\ ? mid Minus of tho Houso of Representative-', of tho 1 Hth ultimo, I suggested thai tho deposit* of money with tb ? Wato* of iti'- federal .jov'oruiiiont, under the a ' of toryrw* of 'he 2??l "T Juno, 1H.1A. mtgb' ho m.ido tii?U ii meutal to ?h'' support of tho public credit, by i?i<-g ? to rn a* rcurtty for tho rcpn*m<Mit "fa lain by be t.'iii'.rd Ctuh k. Suth a loan will ho n'i'cr?ary hi a f--w days; ?nd 'ho st \to of Pennsylvania w >ol(l greatly t/><?'i Into tho object by agreeing to guarantee bonda of tho United Slat?<i to the amount that sho twin received and pl<c)j:cu her faith to repay. i| lb* Hn must iu'wlvt tl'-e t to a fev dijs,prov?ipt action In tnd'ftpnnsab'o, I tike tli*" ?l*icr' * of etn |< ntnfc a pf itnhlo and re*iliiti>n, giving 'bo rcqnit lit authority to th" principal i(iat!< i.?l ollicor of j onr -iii'o. A similar preamble ami refiolullon bufl boon iritrodu < il Into the Jxftilnturo of New Yorlc, md, I am assure!, will toe speedily adopted. As be rotary of the treasury !* deslgrVed by tlio tct of Ji.no Vt, 1*^.6, n* tho agent of tho fod' i t g 'vern ment to call lor the repayment of tho tmonevr deposited w lb tho ftatM, when d'rortei bv Codgre ? I have t'i ???.lit it i ot improper to Mdra thin commutuci'.lou iu f'gard to tho one of iho credit of y >nr <wt4 >n mm ttlnliig that of tho fo 'oral government In tho winner stigf isted. I am, very 'eepictfullr, yjtir oho'entaor VHiit, JOHN A. 1>IX cr> tary of the <>e.u"ir)', Governor Cm t u lus ri con>n>tttiied tb?t l:n n> d it>> .ic ti n bo i kon tbi r*Mi Vt o urei mblo and re^ol't'i n con tallied in Iho k tier of Mr. I'tx worn Immediately taken up "ml ptnwl, They authorise tho -<tat? Tr?umrer to Ruaratilco the p> ,n<ipul and Interest of hO'jia it tho I'rlted -talis to iho amount d(p ?<t"d b/ the g?n?ni' it> ven tnoit With the ,Kt lie (|o (157 000). flrr ^Olut' \ does nil ?(?*>> when lh*?o b <;.* mo u> ho payahld. 1'. .< h< i>i-ri tbat ihe govcrt .-"Aol will never ba ohl.^o; t caiI iifw tb'. Mate lor tbo prluvipij, TEC SOUTHER! CONFEDERACY. Important Action of the Congress at Montgomery. Organization of an Independent Government by the Cotton States. ADOPTION AND COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION Jefferson Davis, of MU8i?>ii?pi, Elected President. Alex. K. Stephen*, of Ctoorgia, Vice President. SKETCHES OF THE ELECT. TLe African Slave Trade Not to be Reopened. THE CAPITAL OF THE HEW CONFEDERACY, fee., fci., Jmi The disunion of this great republic 1b now un faUacetm% ph The reality basal UbI burst suddenly upon the North that we we a divided people. Loth aB every one haa here W.fore been to acknowledge the unhappy fact, universal as has been the disposition of the people or the North to dis regard the movement at the South a* .nything more than the result of the r?veri*h excitement of the moment which would terminate with the causes that gave it birth it is no longer possible to shake from the senses the' startling thought that two perfect and complete oonfede racieg are now tn full operation in place or the oldoilgi nal United States under which wo have lived and pro, pe?ed. On Saturday last, February 9, 1801, six seceding States of the old I'nion organized an independent govern ment, adopted a constitution, and elected a President aud \ Ice President. These Slates passed their respective ordinances of dissolution aa follows:? State. jui, CT~' ' South Carolina Dec. 20, 1(560 16# Mississippi Jan. 9,1861 W il ?.Ulba1lna Jau. II, 18C1 61 39 ]?*W? /un. 11,1861 eZ T ^orgia Jan. 10, 1881 208 8g Louisiana >an. 26,1861 113 jj Tho Convention which consummated thia greatest event of the age assembled on the 4th of February, at Mont

gomery, Alabama, and in due form proceeded to tbo grave deliberations before item. Hon. K. M. Barnwell of .south Carolina, being appointed temporary chairman, the Divine blessing was invoked by Rev. Dr. Basil Manly. We give this first impressive prayer in the Congress ot the new confederacy below, and further add, as an illus tration of the religious eurnostness by which the dele gates were one and all animated, that the ministers or Montgomery were Invited to open the deliberations each day with Invocations to the Throne of Grace? Ob, Thou (iod of the I'niverse, Thou madest all thine* Tnou miuk'St man upon tho earth, Thou hast endowed !hUUWrv. Tf8?11 """I capacity tor government. We thank Thee that Thou hist made us at this late period of the world and in this lair portion ol the earth, and hast established afreegw segment and apfre form of religion amongst us. We 'hank Thee for all the hallowed memories ?*?BcU>dI with our p?t history. Thou haat been the God oi our fathers. at, be Vhou our God. Lh4 U mLmmm Thmm rS T1 aaaaiublr. ot, rl/.K er;.We 10 Th#e' ?*? ?^r?ber ofbmrU, for the purity and sincerity of our motives. If we are in violation of any compact still obligatory upon us with those .states lrom which we have sej>arated in order to set up a new govemment-lf we are acting In rebellion to and in contravention of piety towards God and good I*h , u ""f Mi0.r cannot ^ tor Tny proaSnce | and bleating. Hut oh, Ihcu heart searching God, wo trust that 7bou seest we are pursuing thoac rights which were guaranteed to us by die solemn covenants or our j lathers and which weie cemented by their blood. And 1 now we humbly recognise Thy hand in the Provldencc which has brought ua together. We pray Thee to give the spirit of wisdom to Thy servants, with all necessary grace tnat they may act with deliberation and purpose and that they will wiaely adopt such measures In this' tiylng condition of our aRatrs as shall redound to Thy glory and th? good of our country. Ho direct thorn that they may me-go the lust for spoil and th* desire for ofllc? Into the patriotic desire for the we.faro of this great people. Oh God, assist them to preserve our re publican form ofgovtmment aud the purity of tho form* of religion without interference with the strongest form of civil government May God in ton <1 or more? bc?U>w upon tho deputies here assembled hoaltb and strength of body, together with calmness and soundness | of mind, may they aim directly at the glory of (Jod and i the welfare of the whole people, and whon the hour of , . Jwhicb "uPe"*"<' 'hall ooroe, enable th -m to stand firm in the exercise of truth, with great prudence 1 *f? * JUBl rt!?ard 'or ll?e sovereign rigbta of their con 1 , iUe.VUL .0b> that the union of those States j and all that may come into this union, may onduro oa i long as the sun and moon shall last, and until the Son or Msn shall come a second time to Judge ihe world in i righteousness. Preside over this body, in its organiza 1 tten ani In the distribution of its offices. Ix-t truth and justice, and equal rights be secured to our government. And now, Our Father in Heaven, we acknowledge Thee as our God?do Thou rulo in us, do Thou sway ua, d> lhou control us, and let the blessings of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit rest upon this assembly now and foretcr Amen. A. R. Ij?mnr, Esq ,of Georgia, was then Appointed tem porary secretary. and the deputiea from the severe! so cedlog States represented presented their credentlais in alphabetical order, and signed their names to tho roll ol the-Convention. The following is the list A Li MA MA. R. W. Walker. R. H. Smith. J. L. M Curry. W. I". Chilton. S. F. Hale Colon. 4 J. Mcffaus. ?I'hn Gill Shorter. David P. I<ewis. Thomas Fearu. runtiiiA. James R. Owens. J. Patten Anueison. Jackson Morton (not present.) OKOROM. Robert Toombs. Howell Oobb. F. S. Bartow. M. J. Crawford. K A. Nis bet. II. H. Hill. X R. Wright. 7l( m*s R. R. Cobb. A. H. Kenan. TIIK IT ALL OF THE FOrTflERN CONVENTION. On the extreme left, us the visiter eiUrs the ffa1!, may be seen o list of the names of the gallant cirps c>n stltuting tbo Palmetto regiment of South (Volinn, so dlsting'ilphed In thr bialory of the Mesl an w?r ne*t? . that is an Impressleo rcprefeotation of Washington de i llvering his inangnral address; and still farther to the ' left, a picture of South Carol Ira's over ra mornMestiti { msn, John C. Caltmn; and next to that, an excellent por'rnlt of Albert J, Pickett, "tho historian of AHbama." I Just to the right of tho President's desk Is tho i of Dfx on Tf. T.ewis a rei'rc%0Lla.!ve in Co*i.'? Alabrmefora Bttinbei of yoirs. Iir.mcdia.. y t\ - President's desk Is the jvirtralt of the lmtnort <i ?: i.-r ? Ccorpe Washington painted by Stuart. Tb oe , I facts cornected with the history ?f this por. i.i. ?h I ?r?, perhaps, deserving of esp-clnl mention, it * given by Mis, Cnstis to General Itonj ? miu Vmilh, ! North Carolina. At the sale of his maM It w.ts pur I ' ehased by Mr. Moore, who presented it to Mrs. K J KClitherall (mother or Jndgo A. D. Cllth-rill. i>' Pi < < trs), in whose poss'p?lon it Ins Veu for fort, y>,r lt'? ouu of the three original portrniU of 'ien. Wish ?n?'ion now In ex>tenco. A ?e( "nd on", pnutc l ny Irumbull, is In the White House at Washington, an 1 t ' t.ie identical portrait tint Mrs M.%dl?on cut out of the frame when tho British att^k'd Washington ;n lsl> i Hie tldij is in the possession of a gentlomaa In !J >?t n, ' rSJ*,', the I^rtait or Washington is tint of too ! Old ilero?Andrew Ja<k-on ni'\t lu order an eTc.ili in : one or Alabama's distinguished son, Hon. W L Van 'v ?i?i.I,-?V*,,trtl"rrof ll,? orator and ?UlesMau, Henry ( lav and next to that, a historical represent itlon [ or the swamp . ucampmrtit scene of (ion. Marlon, when he invited the Hrit-sh officer to I -rtake or I.H s. anty ,?rp,'.' on **treme right or tue door, entering Into I the Hall '? another picture <?r tleB. W.isblng' .n, beantl J fa' 'band K )r wro"*llt uP"n wovaas by svuu The deputies baring funded In their credential*, m m tion of Mr lthett, of South Carolina, Hon ffowetl ' obb, of Georgia. *as < n<?en I resident of the Oonvca tior end Mr. J J. IIcopAr, Pe-. rea?ry. Th"s perroainatiy oigaii)7?d, the firm ronton proceeded w'th tho usual rou t no of bus<n<m A oou.n.itse was appointed to rejsut a j Un for the A. H. Stephens. WVMHSA. John Perkins, Jr. A. Doetawt I Charles M Conrad. D. F. Kenner. G. E. Sparrow Henry Marslialt. MUKWXHI ri. W. P. Harris. Walter Brooke. V. S Wilson. A. M. Clayton. W. S. Barry. J. T. Harrison. sor-rn CARoUyA. R B. Khett. R. W Barnwell. L. M. Keltt. James Cheenut, Jr. G. Mcmmlnger. W. PorchT Miles. Thor.iaH J. Withers. W. W, Boyco. Provisional Government upon the basis of the OMUt i Uon of the United statue, and aft?'.r remaining tn aocrtt session the greater part of the time for live days, the "CXingrees the woid "Conveutioa" being entirely ig nored ?n motion of lluu. A. H. Stephens, of Georgia? U half past ten o'clock, on the night of Feb. 8, unanimous ly adopted a provisional constitution RimiUr in tho main to the constitution of the old Union. It is as folio wu ? THE CONVENTION FOR THK PROVISIONAL GOVKKNMKKT OK TUR CON KKDKKA1R 8TATK8 OK AKKRICA.?1KAMK.I) BY OUNVRNTION Or DKPUTIKS KKOlt \I.AIUMA, PLO RIDS, <IK<IU<HA, LOUISIANA, HIHR1B81PPI AND 801JTH CAROLINA, AT MONTUOMRKY, ALABAMA, FEBRUARY 8, 1661. We, the Deputies af Ike fnarrign and independent Stain qf South Carolina, tieorgxa, Honda, Alabima, .Visu ippi and Louutana, ineoAirtjj the favor of Almighty God, do hereby, in lehalf of these States, ordain and cMtMitk thi.< ccnstUutum for the prtxiiional go>?\^mrnt of the fame, to KfUinueone year from 'he ituivguratv'n of the Pretiden', or until a permanent constitution vr confederation hetu>e*n Ihe laid SUikt thall be put in ojteralion, tohichtucver ilutll Jirsi occur. 4R7I4TJC I. Stefan I. ? 4 ,ef ifll**ive powers htrein franco J iihall b > vested ID a tongrci* or the Confederated Hut' H, which shall com in t ol a Senate and a House of Representatives , ''<*clum 2. 1. TOe House of Representatives fhall be composed of members ch *en every second > ear bv the people of the several states, and the electors in cash Mate sh til have the qualifications requisite for electors of the mast nume rous branch of tho State l<egitdatme. 2. Noi person shall be a representative whj shall uot have attained to tbe aga of twenty live years, and been seven years a citizen of the Confederated Mates, and who shall not, when elected, b0 an inhabitant of that dtoto in which he bhall be choeeu. ,.?:i K?pre?entotlve? and dlroct taxes (shall bo apnor ??S . 1tho s,'vc?1 Swuw wh'ch "vxy be included V'H1, 1''t<,.u'a<cor,lluff to tlw>r respective uumuurs, which shall be determined by adding to the whde num ber of free persons, Including those bound to service for VZnli'r,r^'U"1 '*C'U(""K Indiaus not taxe<l, three Nthsof all other persons. The actual enumeration shaM i b< made within throe j oars after the first meeting of tho Congress of tho Confederated States, and within every subsequent term of ten years. In such manner ,i? they 1 shall by law dlroct. Tho number of representatives shall not oxcecd ono tor every thirty thousand, but each Stale fchail havo at loafit on? representative. ?nt' u# >\' n v;|r-"nc'''a happen in the representation from any State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to (til such vacancies. fi. Tho House of Representatives shall choose their onm^huieilr "d BhaU Uve lht'soly 'K)WLr , S-vtxim 3. 1. The Senate of the Confederated States shall be com rfAt0. lw?8enilt,0rrfrom ''uch 8Uto> oh,*,,u l?y the haveone vote6"1 ,04U8' 8X1,1 cttch Sector shall P** 8ba" b? assembled In wnse quence of tho first election they shall bo divided as equally as may be, inlo three classes. The seats of the Senators ol the first class shall bo vacated at the expira t on ot h" ?eC?I'.d y?*r- 0fih? 8Pf"1"1 ch"? at ibe t on 2 Ik f"UrL *e#r' au<l th? U?lrd clw at the el {lira lion or the sixth year; so that ono third may bv cbtwen every second year; and if vacancies hapf.cn by residua tIon or otherwise, during the recess of tho Iy>g,slaturo of ?mn ^ i'e m"!.lvc lhcroof m?y make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the Legislature which shall then liil such vacancies. , Pf1*00 *h?J! bo ft Senator who shall not have at tained the age of thirty years, and been nine years a cltl xen of the Confederated .States, and who thall uot when clcctcd, be an inhabitant or that State Tor which ho thai! be chosen. 1 AJ"?.?." rrfBld"nt ?f tho Confederated States sliall be President of the Senate, but (hall liavo no vote, unless they be equally divided. I . i. 'fT Senatc BlmM choose their other oincers, and also a iTes-ldent pro tempore, in tho absence of th^ Vice Presi dent, or when he shall exorcise the olllci! of President or the Confederated States. #. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all im penchmenu. When *111109 f?r that purpose, thev shall . ?? ??rmntkiB. When the President ol the Confederated States is tried, the Chief Justice shall pn * ; "d ?<> P?rson shall be convicted without the con currence of twothirda ol the members present. T. Judsment, in cuea of tmi??ci,meut, sum not e* 4 jf1 ? ruto"r'^ '"rem ?litre, and disqualidca . .7 ,, *" eof?y *nJr of honor, trust or profit under tho Confederated States; but the p;irty e iuvieted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subjm t to Indictment trial, judgment, and punishment according to law. ' 1 Sedien 4. 1. The times, places and manner of holding eleo?lon< for Senators ana rej.roeentatlves shall be proscribed in each btate by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may, at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations except as to the place of choosing Si^uators. 'i. The Oongrcss Phall asw mble at least once In every rear, and such meeting cliaU be on the IVrst UimkIkv in December, unless they 6haU by law appoint a ditTeren Srcfien b. 1. Each house shall be the Judge of the elections, re turns and qualifications of its own members, and a m? jorlty of each shall constitute a quorum to do business bat a smaller number may adjourn rrom day to day and may be authorised to compel tho attendance or ahsont members, In Kuch munner and unier such penalties as each bou^e may provide. 2 Ea< h hwise may determine the rules of Its proceed lngs, punish its members tor disorderly behavior, and W1' .Vho concurrence of two thirds, expel a member. ' '1 ? r h0""0 "hall Icoep a journal of its proceedings and, from time to time, publiah the name, excepting Bush parts as may, in thoir judgment, require secrecy and the yeas and nays ol the members of either house on anv question, shall, at the desiro of ono fifth of those present be entered on the journal. ' 4 Neither house, during the session of Congross, shall without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than' three days, nor to any other place than that in wh.ch the two houses shall be sitting. Stiifm 6. 1. The P?nat< rs and representative! shall receive a compensation for their services, to bo ascertained by ww, and paid out of tho treasury of tho Confederated StaUs. Ibey shall, In all cases, exiept treason, felony and breach of th. peace, bo privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses, and ingoing to and returning rrom the same and for any speech or debate, In either house, they shal/ not be quest f> ned In any other place 2. No Senator or repr.-seotatlve shall, dtiriog the time for which he was elected be Appointed to any civil ofllce .',r. 10 ,\,i,h''rlty of the Confederated States which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof ?hall hive been increased during such time; aud no tier Fon holding any oilice under the Confederated States sh ill be a member of either home during his continuance in oflice. HectUn T. 1. V? impirtatirm of Afrkm vfjrot* from nnj fnrrim roumtry ah,r tJian the tlatvh?Min;, Statu ./ tKr '"'"i 8,a' T hrrrhtf f/rri/i hLn awl Omrrrvji it rnruind Ut II ?* Sti'K la'vs tut>hrjl' rfft'tujUy prei'f n1 the $ im*. Cbnt/rtJS thnllals" have pmrr to j rohiliit tji* in'rwhic vn of ?to or j Mm any Stat- not a mtm.-r of thin Cm luitracy. 3 All bilU for racing reTenuo shall Originate In the House or Representatives; but the Senate may protcjeo or concur with amendments, as on other bills. 4. Every bill which shall hive pafl?od the House of Represen tot Ives and the Senate shall, before it be come a law, be presented to the President of tae Con federatcd States. If he approve, ho shall sign It but If not, he shall return it. with his obioctlotM, to that House in which It shall have originated, who shtll enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to rocon ?tder It If, alter such reconsideration, two-thir ls o( that House shall agree to pass tho bill, it shall be s-nt together with tho objections, to tho other House by' which it?halt likewise be reconsidered an), if approve ! by two tulrds of that House, It sh'ill heroine a lavi Hut m all such esses, the votes of both Jfoises sfatll bode t? rmlni d b> yi as a>;d na}s,a>id the names of the per ?w.s rotlng lor and ngalnat the bill shall beentrelim the journal of each house respectively, ir any bi I sbd' i;"1 be reltirned by the President within ten d*yg ftun. day . xr-i'pted) after it f bail have been presented to him the tame shall be a law, in like m;uiuer a.s If he ha fgnrdlt unless the Congress, by their adjiummwit pret erit its return, In whl< h rase It shad not bo a law a Every, order, resolution or vote, to which tie con cur 1 (ii.ee Ol the Senate nnd Hon eof lb piesenutives m.tv be DOS' > ruy (except on a question of ?djoifrnm"nt) sh..il lM> r '? 1 '?> tli?President or ih<- Cooled, rated s'taie* ate 1 dm.. Ib? same shall toko eilact sh til be approved , >' 1 > ?' .pprovel by him, shall bo re passed A,'"" . .itean House of R-pre*ent*WTee eV.r /.q1 ' ru'e ""I l!tn>tstim? prescribed in the ?Itciiyn 9. 11 < Ceng < <7 sl'ill have jsrwer? I / i.<t,- >'? 'r./itct, tutm,andrrcivtt.for A ' k* th< J<htt emt mrry m the go- -rn all duties, t nprr$an i vr?#-r #/ / / / ' ,j t/t i> rmtg^tnU the Ootife/trTrtey, 2. r ? borrow money on tho credit cf tho Co-ifeder.ited Stat'*. 3 Te regulate cotnmrrco with foreign tatlons and sm t.g th- several sub s, ..n I with th* T-dhn tribe*. 4 to establish a uniform rule of naturallyitinn, and milform 'aws en the subK.ct of b.inkruptcios throughout the Cot federat' d St.itcs. A. To coin money, regulate the value th^r. of, and of fo'eign Coin, and tlx the standard of weights aud mea sues 6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting tbe ?CcarlttM ai d current c^iu of the Confederated sit iteg. 7 To establish is>H 1 fflc^s and post rotdi'. S. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by si curing lor limited times to authors ao l Inventors tbe excltislve right to their rospectlvo wrltiugs and dte cover les. ?. To constitute tribunuli lnfsrior to tUo Hupreme Court. 10 To define and punish ptrsctei and fslonle^ com mn <d on tho high so as, nnd offluicen agtiast the law 0: 11 To declnrewar.grant letters of marque and re * t al rule? concerning capture on UikI an I 1*. o rai?e and support arm'ei; but n^ Tpnro;>r?ation of n?' ney that use Rhull be for a longer term th ?n two 13. To provide and maintain a n<\y. u1M?^r^[?r:.I^gover,,ment '^Utton Uh? J'Ik'7,1^ for ramu* ,or lhe mllttl* to execute the *Vs 1 U,"U< Insurrections and repel lava Lho' rai'i'lt'u *'^J?r^?nmK and disciplining an may In .tn lr?1?? J"*4 " u?i??i-rMed ->uui ,1J" ? h", ""rrl0fl ?* ?pec lively I tie aniMiintmrut ?*ihe? ..m Stat* '?* authority or tra.u.u,, the mllltu, aaowSET'to'ul dil! cl|>!in? prw.i ib<<d by Ouiigrtes ^ to the dto 17. To cxercise exclusive legislation, In all easas ?w soever, ov?r hu h district ^not exceeding tea mij,' ????'?> as may, by cession of partUs'iar |C?? and the acceptance of t:ungross, becoms the s?st of government of the Owed iratcd Ktatea aid lo ox, icj?? like authority over all ul*c?x' I' lrclwihtil by (tin coi sunt of the legislature of tho dtaU% ?i which ill. finn aImlI be, fur the erection of forts n.?|..*iu. ti.,r?. Dal-, dockyards and other needful build Jk To make all laws which shall be necawary and proper f?, CirryiEK into execution tbe foregoing power* . ,kTr* vest?d "y lh?? constitution in the u ' if" ""'"Crated States, or in any depart n.tLt or i lllicr thereof ' ??wwr? ... Section 9. l. ihe privilege of thu writ o> babes* corpus ?h?h not ?ton th?Dubiie ?lf8*i Whui'lu "UU'H of rebflJJJOn ?? 'ava .7 ;:.,!'bUc 1,11 "nay require it. piiied? fatlal"(lt'T,0r*X 1)0,1 fttCt0 law? b? 3. No capitation or other direct tax thai) be laid unlet* X.S2*tataken" """ ?r WnUm,,r,lU'U Urt)ln * No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported r.'I'LIV^ ?t6 ^'Preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or reveuue to tbe porta of one [ !01 another, nor ptiall vowel* bound to or inoThe"" * ?b"KeU to vut*r> c,e<" ?* W dutl? in *? N'? morft.v "hall b? drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriation made by law, and a reeu Jar statement and account of tho receipts and expand I tures of ail public money shall bo published from time to N? l'tle of ,obll,ly "''a'1 ?>? granted by the Confede rated Mate* a no no person holding any office of prollt or trui"t under themFtrnll, without the content of the Uouwres* accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any' Kind whatever, ftom any king, prince or foreign Stale. Srctujn 10. I. No Mate Khali enter Into any treaty, alliance or confederation, grant letters of marque and reprisal, coin money, emit lulls of credit, m?k? anything but gold and silver coin a tender In pa> ment of debts, ihwh any bill of attainder, ex jjost facto iuw, or law impairing the obll gation of contracts,or gnoit any title or nobility. 1. No Slut, shall, without the cons- nt of Congress lav any lmp?4<ts or >1 ution on im|Mins or exports exc.-nt what n.ay I- absolutely necessary' for e?oc?t.ng fta taJKtt laws, and the net produce of ail unties anj imports laid by any . tate on ini|>.irt? or exports Mhull be for the use of be Tieasury or the Confederated State.; and all ^H* laws fliuli he snhject to tbe revision aud control of the orgrem. No btate shall, without the coosout of Con - w?"in ?y. anyr (luty on lonn"*?. keep troops or shl[is of war In time or p. ace. enter Into any aKreement or com pact with another Sttte or with a fo'elgu I'uwer or en gage in war, unless actually Invaded, or In such tmml m nt danger hk will not admit of delay. ?4Rtiri.it it. , _ _ Sci on I. r S FrJtec,,t,vn Pow,t ??'?" be vested In a President of tb?i Owifooerated Stat?* of America, lie stull hold hi* office during the term of four years, and, tog thor with as follow 6 ?1'cboetn for 11,0 8a'"? lerm. elected 2. Isc h Slate dull appoint, in such manner as the Le gislature thereof may direct, a numner of electors, equal to the wlio.e number of Senatois and repreaentalivoa to which the fctate may be entitled iu ih" fJougress, bat no S iiutor or reprcS'-nialivo. or person hold.tig au otlloe or trust or proOt under tbe Confederated states shall be aD pointed an elector. 3. Tlie Congress m:iy determine tho time or ehoosinr tlie electors, and the day on which they shall Kive Mielr voles, which day shall be the sune throughout tbe Con feaomied States. 4. No p. n-on. except a natural bornoltiien, or a cltiaen or tbe Confederated Mates at the time of lb.- adoption ol this constitution, shall be eligible lo the office of Presi dent neither shall any jierson be eligible to that office who shall not havo atlaine I tie ago of thirty.live years and been fourteen years a resident within the Confedera ted iStaUs. 6. lu case of the removal of the President from office or of bis death, resignation or Inability to discharge the powers and duties of the stid office, the tame ahill devolve on tbe Vic? President, and thu OongroM may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability both ol the I'ret-1 lent and Vice President declaring what officer shall then act a? President and such officer shal act acoordiugly until the dMobility be removed or a ]*ro*Monl elected, #. Tbe President shall, at statod time*, receive for h* services a comjiei^atien, which shall be neither in cMiated nor diminished during the period ror wb'ob ho shall hare been el-cted, and he shall not receive within that period any other omolum?nt from the Confederated Mates, or any of them. 7. Before he enU r on the execution of his offlee he shall take the followirg oath or affirmation "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I wtll faithfully execute tbe office of President of tbe Confederated Hum -2 Will to tlie b. stof my abUI^Z^J^ and defend tbe constitution of the lionfederated Mates " _ Bedion 2. 1. The President shall be commander in chief of the ai my and navy of the Confederated Htates, and of tbe militia of the several Htates, when called into tbe actual service of the Confederated States, he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officers in eich of the executive departments upon any suDject relating to tbe duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences agaiMt tho Confederated States, except in cases of impeachment. 2. He shall have power, by and with tbe adrice and th,0 ??ke treaties, provided two thirds of the {Senators present concur; aud he shall nomi nate, and by and with the cousent of the Aenate shall appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other oOcera of the C onfederated Plates whose appointments are not hereto otherwise provided for, and which shall he established by law but the Congress may by law vest tbe appointment of such interior officeis, as they think proper, In the Pre sident alone, in tho courts or law, or lu the beads of de portmenta. 8. The President shall have power to fill up all vacan cies that may happen, during thu recess o. th.' Seuale by granting commlmions, which shal! expire at the en<i of their next session. frrJUm 3. 1. He shall, from time to time, give to the 0>nirot* in formation of the state of the conf<*1 erary ani recom mend to th< ir consideration n'xfc measure* >.* ha shil! judge necessary and er, . , mav ,,xtr^,r |liurv occasions, convene b > ;?.i g, or 01Ul, r o( th< m in caaa of disan . m , t'.em w,ih reapnot to tbe time of n , in y a,ijo irn th. n to n ich time as be sh.ifl tin ? | b< -hail receive uubiMta d'.rsandethei puh.i. II - he shall take care that the laws b' faith1 .1, * n-i, anJ ?Lall -til the officers of tue era>- l States. >V ? turn 4. 1. The President. Vice PieaMent, and all civil officers of th<'tonr< demted stntet, shall be remove l from office on impeachment for, an i conviction of, treason, bribery or other high crimes or misdemeanors. aitTMjt iu. S* (ion I. The Judicial power of the Cuii' -derated etitee shall be yrsted in one Supreme Court, and In Rich inferior courts as tho Congress may from limo to tune ordain and establish. The Judges by th of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at staled times, receive for 'heir services a coni P- tsatlon, which fchall njt be dunlnjghed dur,ng the r continuance in officc. Serfum 2 1. The judictnl power shall extend to all cases la law and equity arising under this . ?institution. Uie laws of v n^?" Pt?t<-?. nn l treaties made, or which *1 nil be made, under tbi Ira itborlty; all cases sflect Ing ambat-sadors, either public ministers and cor*ub> to all cases of admiralty ami maritime Jurisdiction to con troveisles to which llio Omfodcrated states shall be a raity, to controveislei between two or more "talis, between a State and cltlz.-n<? of another Ixtween clti/rns of ilifferet.t State", btween cltizt i b of the same State claiming lands under Krants of dlffbroiit Staf'S, and between a state, or the citi/"tis there, and fori ign States, cltlten?or su^f-'ts. 2. In all cates affecting ambassadors, other public mm iaters and eonsulf, and ihose In win. b a stale <ihalJ be a party, the Supreme 0r>'irt sh;. 1 hive or -Ini' Jurird "tion. In all the other cases before mentioned the "upremo Court shall liav appellate Jurisdiction. *?'"> M law and fact, with such exceptions .owl under nu>'h regulations as tho Cotigrrig hall make. .1. The trial ot all crim e, rreept in et?e<< of impevfi ment, shall lie by |ur> and ruch trial shall b<> h*ld in tlie Mate where ihe -aid crimes shall have been eoimnit ted, but shcoe' t ton mltud witliinany Stats ili? trial hall be at ueb phc < r places, us the C ingress may by law bare directed. Mfcn 3. 1 Tre*?oii aKain t the rvinfederated States shall eon ?ist eely In levylnn war against thotn, or In adhering to their enemies giving them aid and cotnfoit No po-sofi shall Ik locvictedof treason untee* on the tesfio n> >r two witn< f. cs to Uie game overt act, or on coufessioa In open court. 2. ri,e Congress shall have power to decla-e the (>un Isl liic-nt of tieason. but no attafner of treason Miall work corruption of blood or forfeiture, except during the llfo of the person attainted. ASTTCt r. IV. .?tetion 1. 1. Full faltli and credit idin.ll be given In etch State to the public acts, r? cords and Judicial proce> tings of ev?"y oth<r St?te And the Congress may, by general law-1, prescribe tbe manner in which such act->, records and proceedings (hall be proved, an I tbe effect thereof. $*rtum 2. 1. Tbe citizens of escb State ?ba'l be entitW><| to all prlvlliges and Immunities of cltis^ns in the several Htates. 2 A person charged In any State with treason, felony or other crime, who shall flee from Jinnee, and be fbnna in another State, shall, on demand of tbe executive an thority of tbe Mate from which h? lied, be deliTeref up to be temoved to the state ha sing Juris fiction of the crime. . . 8 A thr* inoa SMti* ping in amlKr lAeH h? de lit*red ui ~n the rlnim of y<>rfy to uhom Mid </?>? nt>i / >.l?m by Ike K*ntn* nuiK? iiv of '>'*<*'?? is aAie* ntc\ tl iv mm/1* found; and in mi/ ca* rf any ?Mr(i*a ?.r r\ ih'n I t/crf' full O >s;**?(?Win in- Iwlim] Ike idiue < 'rlaie dad o-'i ?(,*? "nd nr/wii ihull h> ma lt to !Ae ihv j a?M1Nt'lJ) OS KIOffTf PAl X