Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMHk ttOKO"* tftCKHJCTT, m>n oh and iwrntm Oi'HCK K. *. D<?k\"BOF f l l.roS AND NABS IP iT8. TER1TH, nii-f n urlruan H'ntj arm bum-til irill tin ta ttu> nV. ?.'? the -hiiiO . Ho?< h*i IteiU UlL currrnt in A'etc ilr* flAr*. THE PAIL I' ItrKA rr? hco rent:. ,*-r copy, $7 /x?r annum. THE Wl.t h/.y HER iLb, CTM r y .Sftfuiftufti ??"' *UC ct utf- jtcr tc?yy, or t? ?" w? i the Eun>jtr*in Edition every ^'eduemdiy, at M.r rrr*/> jiif rr>/'V ? /f'' annum to any part o/" /rfftit Hritaiu^ or $f) fo ua? }?i f fontiwnt* h ith t*> inriwie thr CkUiftumia Ed<t>> . '? ,l < 1*', UM ??/?/ I'lof tsyJi nvnit./i% tu t,u CCIt!* Jiff 'f>" JH ? flWBit/Bl, 77/A" FA MI LI // A /I A L D% on Wrvimhday, at four cent* par .-.v/.T//]i"nKspoxnr.scE, ?hhmw?/w?|'<i rt- >, Mfti.nti 'l j nun n>. 1/ tfwtrier of the world; if' u*r t, untlbe hU'ntty filid foi. ftjr-n R KotkUiH COKU'HPDM'kMIn 4KK l'Airru ri 1Ckul?*tlu to 8*al *ll LarTTkiw imd 1'aca AG** 8FXT VtL <V(J NOTICE ta\CTI?./ ?nflny/ioi,s enrresrondence. We do not Tftxtrn r*jc<tnl r?>wmunimtiemK ADVERTISEM fSTZs rtneire<J ercry day; adwr1x*crnent* in f[rd in the Wkkki.y Hik*i,D, Family IIi iulu, and in thm California ami Eiri trjinn lCdtiti*m <, JOB PRlNTlMd executed with neatucM, cheapness and dee patch. Volume XXVI No. 43 AMITKEMENTft TniS ACADEMY OF Mr,SIC, Fourteenth street?Itauut Opk U.-Uti Ballo i* Hmcbiu. NIBIXJ'8 GARDEN, Broadway ?Tizaueo. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway, oppoitte Bond street ? Kcughan? or Vkmick?Two Bonntcastuj. fftLIiAH'P THEATRE, Broadway.?Cattalit Of THE nlJCM?boi.DIBR's DtUCliTrH. LAITRA KEENES TllEATBE, No. 634 Broftdway ? Bxviu> bicTkiui. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Rowsry.?OoiUlCiM Bko ThKUi? Raising nut, fou a WiFk. BARNn*C8 AMERICAN MUKECM, Broiirtway.-D?y and Evening?Tun Eauy or St. Tuoruc?Liv:at> I'uttio.n ni.s, Ac. BBY ANTS' MINSTREL*, Mechanica' HaU. 472 Broad w ay? K i kluuuu, Hongs, Uancbs, 4i.-dtu.ui at 1'ualon's. TTOOEFY A CAMPBEEL'8 MINHTREES, Nlhlo's Saloon. Bio.-dv.ay?Etijioi'kn songs, Uanuk*, UuuLtavt'Eii, Ac.? UiTiJKM.n Oaxiiokkiakx. C ANTERBt'RT MUSIC 11AIX, <WTt Broadway?Tscirr Kong*. Danoks, lii'in-i Muim, Ac. MELODBON, No. 6.'<"9 Broadway.?HoNca, Dakcks, Bcrt Lv.sviuks, Ar. ItM M^UTLt* FOR 0UROPB. l'k? New York Ilirald?Kdltlon for Kmu|>t. The Cunaid ma 1 steamship Arabia, Capt. Stone, will leave this p.>rt ?<? d\y for EtvcrpooL Tho Boropeau mails v.i'l close ta this city at eigUt ?'clock tbib morion*. TLo Kub^itba* Emtio* or Tin BBuu will be published at seven o clock in the morning. csiuglo copies jxi Wrap pers, six ccnts. TUo contents of the frr.oi kajs Eomiw or ths flftim* Will combine the news rocolved bv iuJ and telegraph at the office during the previous week, und up to the hour of publication. The Nena. The Southern Congress at Montgomery, Ala bama, yesterday in secret session adopted a resolution declaring that tho new govemineut takes under its charge the question* and diffi culties existing between the States of the con federacy und the I'nited States, relative to tho fort*, arsenals and other public establishments. We shall, therefore, have no collision by the se ccsnionitAs at any of the points threatened, until a formal declaration of war i. made by the Soutlurn Congress, imle-s the federal government take the initiative stf ps. A resolution directing inquiry ns to the propriety of sending Commissioners to W ashington was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. The President elect and party, en route for the White House, left Indianapolis yesterday morning, and arrived at Cincinnati in the evening, where he made a speech to the people, a report of which may be found in our account of the journey of the party, in another column. 1 A large number of memorials relative to I the crisis wire presented in yester day. In the Senate Mr. Sumnor and Mr. Ciittenden discussed the perilous condition of the country. The Naval Appropriation bill was taken up, the question being on the adoption of an amendment providing for the construction of six steain sloop* of war. Mr. Creen opposed tlie amendment, but it was finally adopted by a vote of 27 to 17. Afler an executive session. in which a number of appointments were confirmed, the Senate adjourned. in the Hot'-<- yesterday the Chairmen of the Committee on Ways und Means presented a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, showing the condition of the government finance*. The debts to be met, between the present time and tJie 4th of March next, amount to nearly ten millions of dollars, while the accruing revenue and the sum in the sub-treasuries, subject to draft, amounts to About two millions and u half. The Secretary recommended the pa1--age of a law enabling him to accept from any State the guarantee of any Block of the federal government, to the amount of public money deposited with such Stat.' under the Distribution act of June 23, 1*36. A bill in ac cordance with this suggestion was presented with the letter referred to, but its introduction was objected to by Mr. Garnett. of Virginia. The report of the Select Committee on tin- robbery of Indian Trust bonds waa then presented and ordered to be priuted. We publish the document complete in to-day's paper. The report fiay? thirty or forty witnesses were examined, in cluding ex-Secretaries Floyd and Thompson. The latter is exonerated from any complicity in the theft; but he, as well as former Secret tries of the Interior, 1? censured for the inefficient manner in which the bonds have been h?!d in t'. it depart ment, there being no adequate rcspon oilitr at tached to the custodian. It was asor rt.. . J that Mr. Floyd gave Acceptances to the amount of nearly seven millions of dollars, or from two to three millions of dollars more than Husk ell, Majors A Company ever earned, while these contractors received all tbe money that was duo them. The acceptances were given ou the strength of their contract. Senator Benjamin was an important witnesa. .About a year ago?he could not exactly fix the time- he received a letter from I>uncan, Bherman A Co., axkiiu,' him to ascertain whether Mr. Floyd's acceptances were good. Mr. Benja min called on the President, who said that he knew nothing about them, or any law authorizing their issue. Mr. Benjamin next called on Mr. Floyd, who said that the acceptances were in ac cordance with the usage of the department, and were given conditionally as to the arrival of trains liom one point to another. Mr. Benjamin remind ed hitn of the impropriety of .such proceedings, and Floyd haid he would sign no more. But, aot vithsiaiiOinjf, *ro,n April to December, he gave in ' eptanc** to the amount of two millions one hundred and Mxty-three thousand dollars. The last batch ... the 13th of December- the day committee have asewiai,,* tUal acceptances are still out. end 1200 ooo J! , Ihem are iu the hands of one or two p??i. l.ut which are worthless. The commit.. , kr roconimendation*, but me-ely r,.p(m , * " ?? The House took up the special order, i '' Kailroad bill, the qwestiou being on m. eei-t - to the Senate's amendment*. A debate ensued whk h ft an early ?tage was U.rnul Into a disc, Mion oil Uie position of Virginia relative to secession. Thr bill authorising the endorser? nt by thN Htste i.f Unit'd Stages bonds to tlx amount of the na llonal fund? deposited with New York by the Dis tribuuoD uctcf Congress of 181G caine up ugaio In fhe r>at* at Albany yesterday, and t. as pa?-ed t/| utiiteui !?' tg 7, After tout Okhcr busiuoss of minor importance, the Senate took up the con sideration of the Governor'* annual massage, which eiicted a lengthy discussion. In the Assem bly the bill providing for the punishment of mnr dcr, treason and arson was up, and was discussed at some It tigth, in connection with a proposition to amend by making the punishment for murder in the first degree imprisonment for life instead of death. The Annual Appropriation bill was under consideration, and the bill in reference to the sup port of the common schools of the Slate was passed to a third reading. The steamship North Star, from Aspiuwall 4th inst.. arrived at this port yesterday, with tho Cali fornia mails, passengers, and $1,044,000 in treasure, w hich left Han Francisco on the 21st ult. The steamship De Soto, from New Orleans, and Havana 8th inst., arrived at this port about one o'clock this morning. Tho United States steam ship Crusader, Capt. Maffit, touched at Havana on the 8th inst., and sailed same day for New York. The news is unimportant. Wc have news from Hayti to January 22. Con siderable anxiety was caused by Spanish policy and probable Intentions in regard to the island of St. Domingo. It was said that some old claims were preferred by the Spanish government which would interfere materially with Haytien indepen dence, and if time could be spared from afthi at home it might be well to watch affairs in that island. Coffee was still in demand, and commands high prices?from $132 to $134 per hundred lbs. The steamship City of Baltimore, due at this port from Liverpool, had not made her appearance off Sandy llook at ele\ on o'clock last night. At the regular meeting of the Board of Super visors yesterday two vetoes were receiv ed from the Mayor?one on the passage of the county tax levy, and the other on a resolution adopted by the Board at h pre\ ious meeting directing the clerk to send to the members of the Legislature copies of the report ol the special committee on Harlem bridge. They arc printed clsewhero. The weekly statement of the County Treasurer was received, which showed the balance in the treasury on the 9th of February to have been $865,378 80. A statement of the number of persons employ ed in the oflice of the Commissioners of Taxes and Assessments was received. The number employed is twenty-six, and their salaries amount to $47,228. A resolution to the effect that a committee of four be appointed to w ait upon the President elect upon his arrival in this city, to tender him the civilities of the citi zen0 of the county, was unanimously adopted. Several communications were received, aud a large amount of routiue business was transacted; after w liich the Board adjourned until next Tues day at 3 P. M. The cubc of the late Post Oflice defalcation was continued yesterday in the Unitod States District Court. The District Attorney presented several supplementary points, and Mr. Charles O'Conor concluded hif plea for tho obligors, when the court adjourned. The eharge of murder against Lane, the mate of the bark Anne, was continued in the United States Circuit Court before Judge Smallcy yes terday, and further adjourned. The wills of Elizabeth Lacombe, Elizabeth I'.. Roton, Thomas T. Banta, George Compton and Benjamin Ellis have all been admitted to probate. None of them contain any bequests of interest to the public. 8terllng exchange eloped heavy awl nominal yesterday at about 100 for bankers', and at 103 a lOJl'j for com meiclai bills, litis condition of the exchange market tended to check jiurchases of produce for export and to depre?s price*. The scarcity of room and firmness in frei^lr^ also checked th? demand for breadstufls and .?ther produce for shipment. The sales of cotton em braced about 1,000 buJei, closing on tho basis of 11s,.c. for middling uplands. The receipts at thq ports since JstSeptembtr show a decrease of 023,000 bales com pared with thot-c for th" same time laft year; the de crease in the exports for the same period amounts to 20.'. 000 halt s, and the decrease ia Flock amounts to ?10 000 bales. Flour was* dull and ralhor lower for common grades, while sales were Moderate. Wheat was heavy and lower, while sales were lij,'ht. Corn was heavy and lower, with a light demand, and mainly for export, l'ork was in limited demand, anil prices closed at easier rates: sales of new mess were made at $17 25, and of prime at $13. Sugars were Inac tive and prices dull: the bales were couQnod to04 bogs heads nnd 209 boxes. Coffee closed with steadiness, with sales of l,f,00 bags of Bio, .">34 do. Maracalbo and 100 mats Java, at rates pi von in another column, freights were firm, room was scarce, while engagement* were light. Ttir Aatborltatlve Coercion Prognmar of Mr. Lincoln and HI* Administration? Civil War I pon l'i> The bolls of St. Germain d'Aiuerrois have at length tolled forth tho signal for massacre and bloodshed l>y the incoming administration. The speech of Mr. Lincoln, at Indianapolis, is the first authoritative proclamation of his inten tions in the present crisis. IJLt words are preg nant with meaning, and deserve the m.iture and deliberate consideration of every conservative citizen of tho country. "If the United States," he exclaimed, " should merely hold and retake its own forts and the properties, and collect the duties on foreign importations, or even withhold the mails from places where they are habitually violated, would any of thc^o things be invasion or coercion? Would the inarching of an army into South Carolina be invasion?" The Premier of Mr. Lincoln had already de clared to the-Tnited States Senate that "battle," wtiich Khould sweep away opponent.* to re public ?ni in -as BiothK before the whirlwind." .? of the lioal devolopement of the "irrej. 'ble conflict.'' And, by a well cal cuiateo ' ??re, on the same day. pwfcap* at tbe mont that Mr. Lincoln was indocu uirtiuig Uie citizens of Indiana into in va ive and coercive principles, Senators King and Kewenden were announcing, at Wa*hing ton, their reasons for reinforcing the navy of the I'nited State* with vessels which should be able to penetrate Southern harbors, and attack Southern fortreaaes. "Treason." says Mr. King, "is abroad In this land, and I believe there is an occa sion and a necessity of the increase of tho armament and the power of tho country. Hut for the condition of tilings in the country now, I would vote against it, but I voto for it as a measure to put the country in a condition to defend iteelf against its enemies, whether they are domestic or foreign enemies. Thia govern ment and tbi.i country cannot be peaceably de stroyed, or overthrown or divided. Men can not talk treason?they must act it: and he who acts it. in my judgment, should take the fate of a traitor, and should not seek to oscape by pretending that he can commit it peacefully against the country. I tell these gentlemen that, in my judgment, this treason must come to an end, peacefully I hope, but never, In my judgment, peacefully, if by an ignominious submission of the honor of the people of this country to traitors. Never. 1 deair.- peace, but 1 would provldo, amply provide, for the moans of defence of the country, bj war, if nw-i try." Benatoi l'< seetMleri was equally positive in de ciding ?Hhiit ? r the t .tie was coming to use loroo, he perl ctly ready todo it." Where.then, does the country stand? Govorror Morgan offers the militia of New York to Mr. Lincoln, and a large sum of money in appropriated by tbe S??t? Legislator? ,or co,.rcir,. pnrpog^; the Mthc;i:k? vi Mm ?uchu?cVlB mobilixv tholr foroes to act outside of the State; I'ennsylva nia avenue is turned into a Champ de Mars: General* like Wool, Sandford, Scott and W eightnian arc sharpening their swords for bloodshed; mem bo re of tbe Cabinet issue in slructions to ''shoot on tbe spot1' activi' se cedcrs, and every preparation is beiug made for the inauguration of sectional hostilities after the 1th of March next ? It is declared that tbe Southern seceding State* must prepare for a blockade of tbeir ports; to surrender tho fortresses they have seized upon, and to fall back into tbe passive submission whica repub lican aggression has demanded for over thirty years. In the present deplorable condi tion of the country, is this the right policy 1 Is it expedient? The Southern Congress at Montgomery ofl'ur tbe hand of friendship to the North, on such terms as they believe to be consistent with its dignity. They have provided, in the sixth arti cle of the constitution of the Southern republic, that its government ''shall take immediate steps for the settlement of all matters between the States forming it and their late confederates of the United States in relation to the public pro perty and public debt at the time of their with drawal from them, iheso States hereby declar ing it to be their wish and earnest desire to ad just everj thing pertaining to the common pro perly , common liabilities and common obliga tions of that Union upon principles of right, justice, equity and good faith." To all this the republican party answer, "Submit to tbe abrtractions of the Chicago platfonn, or there shall be no alternative but war -a bloody, in ternecine, destructive coi>Hict, which shall bury in tuins the prosperity of the country." SoImt minded, patriotic citizens at tho North, have no time to lose, if they would avert irre parable disaster. Meetings should at once be held in every city, town and village of tho Union, proclaiming, first of all, as an indispen sable, irrevocable preliminary, the resolve of the people to maintain peace, and, next their desire to aid in the work of reconstruction, which the exigencies of the time imperatively demuud. The declarations of Mr. Lincoln, of bis 1'rcmier, and of the republican Senators and members in Congress, have rendered clearer than noonday the suicidal inten tions of tbe incoming government. They are founded upon the gigantic scheme of General Scott for the subjugation of the South, which was exposed by the Congressional repre sentatives of Louisiana, in their address of the 1 (lb ultimo, to tbe Convention at lialot liouge, and which includes the gari L-oning of Southern foils and arsenals, the marching of forces into the seceding Stales, with a view of employing them for domestic intimidation. The republican parly is only awaiting, Jn fact, the close of the present administration to clothe itself with the panoply of war, and to initiate acts of aggression, which it fills the mind with horror to contemplate. Imagination cannot conceive the disasters that will over whelm the land, if an appeal is permitted to cannon and the bayonet to solve the inter-State problem which the developemonts of the last few months have created. The only remedy is with the people. Unless they ri>o in their might, and put an end to the agitations by which tho republic is convulsed, tho calamities foresha dowed in Mr. Lincoln's speech at Indianapolis will, before the close of one month begin to be felt from one end of tlio Union to the other. T?ik Kvii.s or Indkoisiox in Tivks ok T'oi.iti c\t. Da.mhol?The correspondence between Secretary Holt and Col. Ilayno. in reference to ! the surrender of Fort Sumter, adds another to the many historical evidences of tho fatal in fluence which men of mediocre talents or feeble mind.-- are destined to exercise in times of groat political emergency. In the views and argu ments urged in it wo recognise nothing which raises it above the level of the efl'ort3 of small pettifogging politician.1*. It is weak, it is flippant, and takes no comprehensive or statesmanlike grasp of the difficulties in which the country is involved. There wore but two cour.-cs for the general government to pursue under the eircumstanoes in which tho action of South Carolina placed it. The one was when that State sent commis sioners to dictate terms to it to adopt the bold and decisive course of having them arrested for treason. This would buve brought mat ters to a crisis, and might have secured an im mediate udjuslmcnt, by proving to the re publicans the extent to which the move ment was sympathized in and sustained I by the other Southern States. At all : events we should not have had the lat ter so poon committed to a position from which, whatever may be the concessions made to them, it will be difficult for them to reccde. The other and more statesmanlike course was at once to acknowledge the true character of the movement, and to deal with it accord ingly. From the extent to which tbe Southern mind was agitated and public sentiment at the | North divided on the groat question involved in tho Inst Presidential contest, no man of or dinury sagacity could have mistaken tho fact that the secession of South Carolina was not an isolated act of rebellion, but the commence ment of a great revolution like that of 1776. If I Uie administration had been composed of state men, in-tead of small politicians, it would have entertained the grievances of South Caro lina not a- those of a single State, but of tho whole South? ins estimated their justice, and ?nfon i'd them in so earnest a manner before Congress and tho country as to insure a speedy arrangement of them. These opportunities were lost: and to the wetness and vacillation ol the President and his Cabinet wo must, therefore, attribute a largo -tiare of tho respon sibility of the catastrophe towards which th? country is hastening. Li\( ()T?\ on MnufAi, S'riKscK.- In the course of Lip very remarkable speech at Springfield the President elect mado an allusion to the little pills of the homeopathisls'' as beini; too large for tho opponents of coercion to swallow. The comparison is more after the manner of Hon. Mat a Greeley thnn that of the anciont rail splitter, but still may be of use with another application. If the incoming ad ministration pursues the homeopathic plan in its dealings with tbe cotton States, giving ullo pnthic doses of kindnes .?>, concession and con dilation, and administering infinitessiinal dosn* of coercion, the national troubles may be set

tled, and the Union, which is really very sick, be restored to better health than ever. Other wise, with allopathic coercion and homeopa thic compromise, Doctor Lincoln miy as well get ready for a funeral. He will havo the poor consolation of not being the only political quack who has killed his patient through coin Lined stupidity aud ignoraacc. Tkkkiulk Commkhcul Co.stui.sion Thiucatks y. i) in thk Nokth.?Thut the Northern States >1 the present moment are on the ere ot a ca lumitous commercial chain, which threatens to plunge us into disorder, and peruaps ruin, no one with any foresight An Tail to sec. Apart from the evils resultiug from the political diffi culties now shaking the country from its centre to i?s borders, which have already culminated in th? dismemberment of the Union, and a radi cal change in the positions of the North and the South, we are threatened here ut the North with a terrible financial and social convulsion, completely breaking up all oar commercial in terests, destroy iug our profitable inter-trado with the Southern States, aud the consequent inter ruption of the manufacturing industry of this pectiou of thu country, with all the trials and distresses which such a state of things is cer tain to entail upon us. In a few weeks from now the new President will take possession of the pur?o and the sword at Washington; and we have no intimation from hici with regard to his future policy, ex cepting it be in the dimly shadowed idea of a National Couveution. which, at best, will take years to settle the question at issue, and will leave us nothing in the future. It seems to be his intention to take hold of the rump of Con gress and the rump of the republic which is left to govern, and convert them iuto a miliUry despotism; to make war upon the seceding Southern Stales with the naval aud military arm at the disposal of the new administration: in other words, to inaugurate a sanguinary aud unnatural civil war, on the mistaken idea that the Southern people are rebels and traitors. They aie no more rebels and traitors thin were the patriots of the thirteen colonies in :7tt. who were dissatisfied with the liritL-h government because they be lieved thut its laws infringed upon their per sonal rights and privileges, and they deter mined to form a government for themselves. It tlu Southern States believe that their right* and privileges have been invaded by the go vernment ol the united confederacy, and that there is no longer safety for them withiu its limits, the right of revolution remains to them just as much us it was vested in the thirteen British colonics in the middle of the last cen tury. The seeding States have so decided, and have availed themselves of that right. They have formed a government of their own, adopted a constitution, and elected a President and Vice President Thoy will open negotia tions with foreign Powers, and they will soon have an army ol a hundred thousand men to maintain the integrity of their new govern ment. And in this juncturo what is it that is proposed to do ? To mako war upon them ?a wttr of subjugation and conquest 1 Such an; the uumLdukeable indications. All our milita ry leaders breathe nothing but war, and our civil ynd political leaders seem to havo taken this infection: even the heads of departments in the quiescent and nerveless administration of Mr. Ibichnnan have no milder terms to nse than ?' Shoot them down on the spot?shoot them dow n on the spot!'' To carry on such a war it will require loans upon loans, and if capitalists can be found to lend money for Fueh a purpose the national debt may be swelled to a hun dred millions in a few months. Meantime, the commercial convulsion ripens apace; trado in stagnating; mercantile firms are suspending; the operative masses are ap proaching a starvation point; commerce be tween the North and South is at un end. In this terrible emergency what do we re quire to stave off tho impending financial dis aster and ultimate ruin of all our commercial In teres to ? It is not coercion; it is not subjugation or conquest; it is not tho violent "enforcement of the laws'' of a confederacy already broken up. No; there is but one mode of averting th* most destructive commer cial revulsion that ever befell the country, and that is to rccognise promptly tho new Southern confederacy, to re-establish commercial rela tions botwoen the North and South, and so re construct the government that the original condition of things in regard to interchange of commerce may be restored. If we do not do this. I'm nee and England will step in and open negotiations with the government of the South ern United States upon tonus so favorable to all the contracting parties that the South will soon find itself in a position to be independent of us altogether, and we may seo its profit tblo trade diverted into u foreign channel. Something should be done to prevent such a result as this before it L> too late, and we see no bettor method than by recognizing the evistence of un independent sovereignty in the Southern confederacy. That such a necessity should have arisen is greatly to be deplored. That eighty years ot unexampled prosperity as a united nation should leavo no better fruits than separation and sectional hostility is pitiable; but in the*o results wo sec only the consequence of a thirty years' attempt to enforce the Puritan dogmi that Southern slavery is "tho sum of all ini quity.'' Mt;cn Ai?o Aimm t Nothing,?'The republican majority in the Houso of Representatives h.ui distinguished iteolf by voting for a resolution w inch declare* that Congroae luix no power to interfere with slavery in the Stated whore it now exists. The vote in favor of this resolu tion was. wn ant grafely assured, unanimous 1 his is indeed wonderful. Who in the world ??vcr imugined that Congress hud, or could have, any control over the "peculiar Institu tion" in the old Stales'.' The House might as well have adopted a resolution condemning piracy or arson. It is by s?ch pitiful expe dients as these that tho republican leaders hope to gain time, cajole the border States mid tire ont the seceders. It will be all in vain, however. Groat emergencies require gieat men to meoi them, and the dominant party seems to be controlled by very small, pettifogging politicians. If the republican part) was tnto to its duty, we should And it aklng a bold stand and announcing a conci liatory, conservative policy, instead of fritter ing away time in humbug resolutions which do not deceive any person of ordinary com mon wnso for :? moment. Eu:vm and a Hai.k Mu.i.tONs Tax trios ?on 1861. The Hoard of Aldermen passed the tax levy for ibis year at their meeting on Monday, with only the Hinall addition of >:i90,000 to the ??stiaiaK* of the Comptroller, thns making the total expense* of the city and county govern ments eleven and a half millions. Tho Legis lature have yet to tinker it, and with the various parings and additions the different items are to "Apertenec at their hands, It |r hard to say how the total amount will come out We hardly expect, however, that it will fall anything short ui AluerinaOic estimates. The Gkkat Robbkkt at Washington?Flotd Flattkned.?Read the astounding fact*, figures and testimony submitted to Congress, in the report which we publish to-day of the Houie Committee of Investigation, touching the late stupendous frauds upon the public Treasury, in the abstraction*, &c, of the Indian Trust bonds from the Interior Department. In the evidence thus submitted, the fact waicb ovor shadows ull other facta is, that the government robber, wbo stands at the head of the forty thieves, is John B. Floyd, the late Secretary of War. Floyd stands charg< d as having Issued "acceptances unauthorizi d by law, and fraud ulent and deceptive in their character,'' to the extent of untold millions. Called to an ac count by Senator Benjamin, in the progress of this corrupt business, this immaculate Floyd, pretending repentance, promised to sin in this way no more; and yet it appears that within a few months after this promise of reformation be bad issued over two millions more of these fraudulent and deceptive acceptances. The committee show him up a* about the mo9t in competent, imbecile, negligent, reckless, un scrupulous, corrupt and shameless public agent that has ever occupied any position of respon sibility under the government of the United States. This is the chivalric Floyd who resigned his seat in the Cabinet because his houor wa pledged not to send any reinforcements to Fort Sumter, aud because Mr. Buchauan refused to stand by this pledge of a disunion couspira tor. Indicted uh a robber of the Tretsury, let us hope that justice wdl be done to this* im maculate Floyd. The report of the House Com mittee, so far as be is concerned, is positively astounding, and flattens out Floyd. It appears, however, that, by some sort of hocus-pocus or legerdemain, he humbugged Mr. Buchanan to such an extont that the President, in lie midst of thefe embezzlements, referred an Inquiring Senator to Floyd as to a model of official integ rity. Inotber respects thia report will be founi an instructive document, and especially to pet ty swindlers and defaulters, and sucu like small deer, whose opotations do not exceod a few Lundrcd thousands. The theme is so suggestive of matter lor reflection, touching this crisis of official corruption, demoralization and revolu tion, that wo shall recur to it again. Mean while, this House report is sufficiently interest ing to challenge a careful examination by our readers of ull sections, and classes, and parties. Thk Militia Bill in toi: Legislators ? The attempt to pass an appropriation bill ot half a million dollars in the Albany Legisla ture, for the purpose of arming and equipping tho militia of the State, suggests some very curious inquiries as to the real condition of our organized State forces. It appears that the bill, which is a republican moasnre, is based upon the report of the republican Commissary Gcnoral, to the effect that the militia is in a miserable condition, and greatly in need of arms, while it happens, strangely enough, that the Commissary General just two years ago reported that body to be in excellent order, with no want of arms to complain of. The questions naturally arise: whence the falling off, and what has become of the arms ? Tho First division, comprising a force of seven thousand men, cortainly has not retrograded either in discipline or in numbers, for it ban rarely turned out so strong, or acquit' ed itself so creditably, as on the reception of tbc Prince of Wales last September. Whero, then, is the fall ing off, unless it be in the rural districts, where the military esprit was novor much to boast of? Tt is evident that this bill has bcon introluced by the republicans to enable them to get up some kind of n military force, and to handle the spoils, in order to fulfil tho foolish and pre cipitate pledge they made to furnish men and money to the government for purposes of coercion. Somn.HN Border Stat*: Conu:ntiovr.?The States of Arkinsas and North Carolina will hold elections during the present month to de cide whether or not they shall call conventions to consider tho present political crisis with refe rence to their own self-protection. Tho Legis latures of those States have enacted laws ap plicable to this subject, and for which they can not be accuscd oQ precipitancy or the ex hibition of a desire to not allow their constituents a full voice in tho matter; for they leave tho choice to tho people, as in Tennessee, to vote "convention or no convention," and at the same time for dele gates thereto, should the proposition for a con vention receive a majority of the votes cast The wisdom of these la* a indicates a strong desire fo remain in and obtain their right* in Uie Union; but it must not be inferred, as it was erroneously supposed in the la'e election in Virginia, that the majority of the dele gates to the convontion in that State are for remaining in the Uoion under all circum stances. If the Northern States do not give the border States full and sufficient gu irantee* for the future, the latter will follow the seced ed States, and obtain their rights out of the Union. Ahh Wi.nvKsuAT. The season of Lent, as obi-erred by the Catholic* and Episcopalians, commences to-day, and appropnute services will be held, a* usual, in the clurchos. The fashionable world is supposed, during the next forty days, to be clothed insackchth uiul ashes Parties are generally intermitted, receptions are tabooed and balls prohibited. The <)|>era and the theatres will profit, however, by this so cial interregnum The profane and irreligious majority will still ran after the "B>illo in Mts cbera'' und Booth, while the pious minority are telling their beads and doing penance for their sins. If the politicians, who have brought the country to Its present pass, would observe Lent rigorously, and leave the settlement of the question to the people, things migtit be all settled before Enter. That, however, is scarce ly to be expected; while there is a dollar in the federal treasury they will never release their hold on it Thr Tfwksm-f. KlJKTTOK.?There is some danger that tho republican party may place too much confidence in then suits of the late Teu newwe {'lection. We are advised from Wash tfigtOfl that fills election is Stiffening the buck bone of the pnrty?that tt considers the Unlot. M?cure under "IomM AW Lincoln," with retention of Maryland, Virginia, North CUro lina, TiDlieseeo, Kentucky and Mis. ourl Under our federal government. Hut let it not be forgotten that most ot these States are plodgen to sustain Uie seceded fctites against the pollc.. of coercion, 'f' o < ripmal plan of th< Son them confederacy coBiprahvMlml onl) the coiim States j tlic tobucco buii't rere to >tan I a- a '? arrier of protection to the cotton confederacy; a'd to they will, if required. Let not this be forgotten by the republicans, if tliey would it-tain the border slave Stutes in our Union. Fkek Love axd Passional Attraotk<* im the New Ai?*iNi!friuTioai. It has been generally (?upposed that Tliuriow Weed had the inside track with old Abe; but the speech of the now President at Indiauapolis refers in expresa terms to Gre?-ley's favori'e theories?free love and passional attraction. It is quite true that Lii coin uses these terms in a figurative man ner, but it must also be recollectol that Hon. MttM-a Greeley himself has latterly deserted' bis old friends, and decl ared tbat be never en dorsed their peculiar theories. So, after all, Lincoln and Greeley are in the same boat, driving up Salt River with Garrison, Phillip* & Co. Old Abe is precisely in the position of a young bear, with his troubles all before hiin, and a few weeks experience at Washington will go very fur to enlighten him as to the real oondition of thing?a subject upon which he appears just now psofonndly ignorant. Secession Beek?Chkap and Plenty.?The Colun bus (Mississippi) Southern Republic pub lishes the following to show the difference be tween the prices of beef in the capital of that State aud the prices in New York, to wit:? NfcW TORK im< Hi. Choice i-t < aka 18c a 30&. Kuuotuig pifcoa 12c. a lbc. COU-HHUS PEK-HL CI o ct-steak 10c. K a.-t tig pr co. 8a This does not look as though the people of the new Southern confederacy were on the verge of starvation, when in Mississippi a p< und of cotton will get a pound of choice beefsteak. THE JOURNEY OF THE PRESIDENT ELECT. ICr. Lincoln at !ndaoapo:h - Db Speeches on tlie Affairs of the Nation?Who Com prise the Presidential Party ? Arrival and tipeecb of Air* Lincoln at Cincinnati, &c., &c., &c. ImuAKAroiiB, Feb 12,1H6L Last tilgbt, prev ious to Mr. Lincoln a acpd'turu from the Bates lii ufo, ho *tia a -am Introduced by the Hon. ?oi M< redlth. Mr. Liucdu said be bad no speech to make. If b made * perches whenever bis friends d? t,ireo, be would not bo ably to roach iho national capital at tbe app i ted time iio once more tbinkod tbe mio b'agefor tbo reception, a d trusted wo all might meet again under one flag of one UnJon. Ilo bade them an aflecuonato farewell. , Uk tbo liret, the neoond day of the journoy of tbo President elect is favored by tbe most beautiful weather Mr. Lincoln roso fhorily after so von o'clock, and was soon altor called upon by Governor Morton, who escorted him, nccord'Dg to previous arrangement, to tbo guber natorial mansion, to partnko of a tUjmnnr. The follow ing tnimbciB of ibe l'rofcioontlal cortege were aim irw vited:? . K. Dubioe, O. II. litowmng, N. B. Juud, Col. fuuincr and Major Hunter. Th entire | arty returned to the Bates Houea at nine M., from the balcony of which a brims band had been playug national aire since sunrise. \\ ilb daybreak curious group* eommouced gathering In frcn^ of tie hotel, and at tbe tlmo Mr Llnooln maio his appealanco eve-y available Fpai:o ui and about the btiilclug wax as cro\vdcd?u- last 11 ,;ut, and it in likely to remain ho until tbe depar;ure of tbe centre of attraction Mr* Lincoln and two cms, and (Upulu George II ic ?rd, U. 8. A., will join tl- Presidential party thu rao.-n, tn?. Mrs Lincoln will artive at a quarter to clover o'cloi k lrom the West Several Illinois gentlemen who accompinled Mr I In coin u> tblfi plarfo will return homo to-day. l'be parly thai wilt go through to Washington will bo o>>tnp-?Sd an fol lows: Hon. Abraham IJncoln, Urn. Line iln and t w ichtld on.U. T. Lincoln, P. W.8. Wallace, John Xicoiay , Jnhn M Hoj . Hon. N. B. Jiidd, Hon. David Davis, 1). II. Urown In;:. Cbl. F. V. Sumner, Mjyor D. Hunter, CjI. E. E. KIU ?worth, Ward II. I^wson, J. M Burges, Geo. C. L*tbaa% W. 8. Ward, and Capt. tJeo. Hatx ?rd Shortly after ten o'clock, the cries of tbe thousands ii front of tbe President * hotel for "Old Abe,"' b.-evne b? violent that tbe ob.icct of their curiosity was provalloc upon to come out on the balcony and spook a few alloc ti^nalo i art tug word.-, at the MKtuston of which an Im nienne cheer r sa from the audl< bce aud continued fu? pome minutes. The President having bowed himself Into his room, th? Prince of IU 8 was called Tor, and reluctantly induced U app. ar, or ti>e first tlmo In bis life, before the publlo A f-pccch wai vehemently demanded, but be c lullned hiu.peif i. a grac fnl wat ing of hut hat. Id the President'* room a recepdon meantime tork plaee. Uf O'd Illinois friends, J. K. Dubois and F.. K Pier, took ho d of blm In a melo dramatic manner. They hi g*od im, a told bim to behave him?elf Ilk" a good boy in tho White Houeo, and lastly even cut a lock <4 hair o i Via bead, with which tliey rushed triumphantly o'Jt of 1 room. Athaf-patten > number of carriage* received thf ITi*id' nt a party, ant carried them to ihe Unkw depot. Tbe la ge building ?u bo crammed with people as to render 11 |* to the cars potable by the must per stalent o:forta only. TV' train commenced moving al e>eveo A. M precuoly Tho President stoial ou the plat form win o it el wly sieamci out of the depot, bowii* rigb and lof. to the cheeiing multitude re linooi and hor children arrived under Ihe esc or of Barnet Forbes, L>q , of Newt York, only a few second* before tin train left, and were Immediately conducted Into a special car res-rved for their u>e. Capt. Pofve.U. 8 A., hIpo joiaed tbe Presidential par ty before leaving Indianapo'ii. Tbe train consisted of three passenger care, one of which was for tho cxclus ve use of tbe President nor suite Considerable dlfl1' u'ty ? aa at first e*p.<rieaced It gettln th compen- properly distributed, as every ?odj waated to Bit in th'1 same car with the President, but tin energy and skilful nnnngem?nt of M?*?rs W. J. Wood Henry t\ l/^rd, the l'reatdont of tbe road, onl F. P. l.jrd the coudurtor, vmn brought order Into the ciia'W Hhottly cfter Mr Lincoln b id entered his car, t nuine< ou* c- mmilte<- from Cincinnati, lev in* ton aid Newport Ky., consisting i>f both leading republieans and dem<? erats. was presented to him. T'" chiirmm, H >o. I) K F>to. itieu addn* id bim in a few patriotic remnks, t? wh.c tif repll. d with uniiaual pi ?.?< intntv * The entire party then took s.'aH, >d i ?a< serin engar" in p livrl^ cubango of wit ml humor. Tbo Pre id m was the merriest r.m^nK the merry, and kept th>?< around htm in a continual roar Mrs Lincoln and party were at first alone in their o?r rla.-e.b U re o in /'inci on the way b) ?ir ljucol' ard a select circle f ?'-nklomcn. Altb< u?h ery much tattgued by night travel, Mm Line >lii kept ? p a spirit-d conversation durinr the ? ntln Journey. Her w.> youngest eons attracted general at-'M tlon b tbolr i rlghtliness. One of them amu;<i?i bio sel' Dear . all he wa, asking outsiders, " no yoa to m-o Old Abe?'' and pointing out aome one eite. The train moved at the rate or over thirty hi 1 * nn b<ar. Mon with Union Hags weie s' every half a mJo. Rvery town and village p**w. waa de orated. Ilundrees and thoasunds were tv i-embled at every point, shouting and wavw4 Haas and handkerchiefs ai the train Bw< pt by. Out* four stopjiRK'* were made between ludia.iap'Hii and Ciu cinnatl, durii g earh of which Mr. Lincoln w ta brought t< llaUn to tlio firing :>f guns, an I voral and Instrument* nitisic and never let off ?itbeut say ing sotn 'tumg to th? wild niuitituues before bim. AhKIVAl, AT MOKHtN, INDIA"A. Mi kmii, l(>d., Fob 13 -1 1? !*? "? The train l>enilng the lYestdent, lamiiy end Invite* g'.ej'te atrirtii wi'botit detention Large *uu eiithusi**!* co eds a-M o hhal nt all tl.e sutlers. Tlio t-am ?i'?pi?^ at Mo ib> ville and Oncubtirg oiily.wb. o dr IJih??< ,pp. ?t tbe reni end ol the traia ai d tp i' * a worilB. I m rj pr i antk<n (lae b*eti tal'et, h? tb? r?l'ro*d e fiu-y u u?ait tho ta.tlj ol tbo trnlu. f^gm*