Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 15, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 15, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 8925. HERA LP. 15, 1361. | ? ? ------ - the national crisis. MPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. flw Action of the Committee of the Peace Conference* Mr. Guthrie's Plan of Adjustment Probably Adopted. I The Report of tlie Conspiracy Committee. No Evidence Found of a Design to Attack the Capital. MR. LINCOLN'S INAUGURAL AND THE CRISIS ' She Squabbles of the Republicans for Place and Power. European Inquiry into the Gov ernment Finances, **?? Ac., See. IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. THE PEACE CONFERENCE. Wahuwoto*, Feb. 14,1861. In the Peace Convention to day Messrs. Chase and Ew tog, of Ohio, Wlcklifle, of Kentucky, Iyoomix, of Pennsyl vania, and Hives, of Virginia, delivered addresses conse quent on tbe death of Judge Wright. They were In a bigh degree eulogistic of tbe decoased, and abounded in patriotic sentiments. The Peace Conference Committee had a protracted see i ?ion to-day. They meet again at seven o'clock this evening, when they expect to finish their labors by agreeing upon a plan of settlement. Thoy have arranged I everything excopt the Territorial question. The border J Blave States are for making a permanent settlement, by J I Including all territory now held or thAt may hereafter I be acquired. The radical Northern members of the com mittee are for making a temporary settlement, by ap flying the settlement only to existing territory, upon B?e policy of excluding territory which may be hereafter acquired from any present compromise. All of the more important debates have boen hitherto based upon ?his point. It is, In fact, the only point or difficulty. Jhere has boen no controversy respecting tho third, fourth, fifth and sixth articles of Mr. Guthrie's proposi tion. The committee still oncounter strong opposition from Hie members of the Convention from New York and tcme of the New England States. The committee hope to bo able to report to-morrow. MR. OUTHRIK'S PLAN OF ADJ178TJIKNT. Article 1. That ail the territory of the United States ?hall be divided by a line from east to west, on the paral lel of thirty six degrees thirty minutes north latitude; and in all territory north of that line involuntary servi tude, except in punishment of crime. Is prohibited whilst It thall belong to the United SUtee or be under a Territo rial government: nnd in all territory south of said line in voluntary Bervttide la recognized as it exista in the South era States or the Unlou whilst such territory shall belong to the United States or be under a Territorial government; aad neither Congress nor the Territorial government shall bave fiower to hinder or prevent emigrants to said Terri tory from taking with them persons hold by them to labor or Involuntary service, according to the laws or iopuge of the State from which such persons may be tak-n, nor to impair the right arising out of said rela tions, and be subject to judicial cognizance. The United States Court# of such Territory shall have jurisdiction thereof, and tho?e rights shall be protected by the courts and all the departments oT the Territorial government, under or according to the laws or the State rrom which the person bound to such service may have been taken. And when any territory north or south or said line, within such boundary as Congress may prescribe, shall contain the population required ror a member or Con frees, according to the then rederal ratio or representa tion of the people or the United SUtes, it may, tr its form of government be republican, be admittod into the Union on an equal rooting with the original flutes, with or without involuntary servitude or labor, as the oonstitu ?oa or such new State may provide. Art. 2. That no territory shall hereafter be acquired by the United States without the concurrence of three fourths of the Senate; but no troaty by which territory Aiall be aequired fhall be ratified without tbe two-thirds yote or tbe Senate, as required by the constitution. Art. 8. That neither the constitution, nor any amend ment thereor. eliall be c Mtrued to give Congress piwer to ngulate, abolish or control within any State or Terri tory or the United States tho relation established or re cognized by the laws thereor touching persons bound to labor or involuntary sorvice therein; nor to Interrere With or abolish involuntary sorvice in the District or Columbia without the consent oT Maryland and Virginia and the owners, nor without making tho owners who do not consent previously full compensation; nor the power to interrere with or abolish Involuntary service In places under the exclusive Jurisdiction of the United States within those States and Territories where the same Is established or recognized, nor the power to prohibit the removal or transportation or persons held to labor or in Voluntary service in any State- or Territory or the United Bt*te* to any other State or Territory thereor In which It Is established or recognized; nor to authorize specific tax or any higher rate of taxes on persons bound to labor than on land, in proportion to value; nor to authorize any or the African race or their descendants to become dtiiccs or exercise the right of suffrage In the choice or federal offioers. Art 4 1 hat hereaHer the paragraph or the fourth arti cle or the constitution shall not be construe ! to prevent any or tbe States, by appropriate legislation, and through the acMcn of their Judicial and ministerial officers, rrom enforcing tbe delivery of fugitives from labor from any other State or Territory of the United States to tbe person to whom such service or labor is due. Art. 6. The emigrution or importation of the African race Into any State or any Territory or the UDlted states, whether for residence or Involuntary service; Is forever prohibited, and Congress shall have the power, by ap propriate legislation, to enrore the provisions of this article. Art fl. That the first, second, third and fifth articles of these amendments, and the third paragraph of the aeeond section of the first article of the constitution, and third parngraph of the fourth article tberoof, shall not be amended or abolished Wlthemt the consent of all tho SUtes. t I MR. LINCOLN'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS. Washikuto!*, Feb. 14, 1MG1. 11< am, rrom an anthorlUtive source, that Mr. I.inooln has perfected his Inaugural, and that while it does not Violate tbe policy of the Chicago platform, It does not close the door against an amlctble adjustment of pending difficulties, providing the people, through a constitutional convention, desire a change in the fundamental laws of tlie land. THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER UNDER TIIE LINCOLN REGIME. Washhwitos, Feb. 14, 18A0. The sp -eches of Mr. Lincoln in the West are tbe signal fnr an active development of opposing combination tliat have been In existence for sometime to control him. It is easy to see that he will arrive in Washington with a dizzy head and staggering under the responsibilities sur rounding him. He la unequal to the crista, and will feel It so sensibly when be arrives here that It Is inferred ho will rush for safety Into the arms of some man of strong will, who will keep hla conscience and manage his govern ment. The struggle Is, who shall It be. And on this que?tion probably are suspended the issues of petco and war. Seward and Chase are tho rival aspirants. The former is barked by the WslI street moneyed Inte rest an?l mu< h of the old whig element of tho republican party. W hatever of indirect Influence the conservative, ,*-ace loving people of the country, can eiert, la also thrown in the fame scale; and all of these Influences are manipulated by the Mephistophelean fingers of Thurlow Wcr.l, who is unceasing in making his arrangements Mr Chase is supported by the radical part of the demo cratic party that sloughed off in 1848, and again in 1864 assisted by Greeley and all the fanatical abolitionists It is a powerful eomblnatl ^ In point or number", talont and influence. Flrtanf, Field, Trumbull. Ring, and a hoet of others, are unremitting In their efforts to drive Seward out of the tabinet, and put the reins of government Into the hands r* "hare. The contest Is doubtful. No nneean te|| which y>f these rontendlnr fnetlMis will prevail, and until the ltrngpie is dr.1, 1 i'-e r ilt of |<eace or war hangs D, m ?c*#rd succeed, arid be permitted to make a burmonioua Cbbinet, tbe country may look for pette. Should, on the contrary, victory perch on the banner of Chase, then Um country will be one universal cob p tn less than thirty days. Mr. Seward haw engaged the house occupied by Gen. Cws, and it Is undergoing the necessary change for the occupation of tho new Premier. Mr. Lincoln, who will arrive here on Saturday or next weok, will be the guest of Senator Seward until the 4th of Van h. No especial arrangements have been made for the re ception of Mr. Lincoln in this city. The city authorities have arranged for a civic and local military display on the day of inauguration. In the evening a grand ten dollar inauguration bail will be feiven In a building to be erected at a coit of four thousand dollars on Judiciary square. The list of the Committee of Arrangements will be completed to-morrow. It is headed by Lieut. General Scott. ?The Congressional Committee to inform the President and Vice President elect of their election, consists of Mr. Trumbull, on the part of tbe 8enate, and Messrs Wash burn, of Illinois, and Burlingame, on the part ^of the House. EUROPEAN INQUIRY INTO THE FINANCES OP THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO. Wamunoton, Feb 14,1801. Mr. Nichols, an English banker, and Moas. De Jeaneaux, a Paris banker, arrived hero a few days since on a secret mission to examine the financial condition of the country, the probable stability of the government, and other mat ters pertinent thereto. They tarried here a short time and proceeded South to Investigate tho pecuniary condi tion and resources of thrft section and to take care of Eu ropean interests generally. After this they will proceed to Mexico and make similar investigations in that country, having in view the ultimate establishment of a joint Eng lish and French protectorate there. Mr. Nichols has the authority of British bankers to assume the pecuniary re sponsibility of building a Pacific Railroad to pass through the territory of the Southern States of America and the Northern States of Mexico. Messrs. Nichols and De Jeaneaux will meet in Mexico four other agents?two English and two French?who have gone direct to Mexico, landing at Vera Cruz, who have a mission similar to their own. Tho baukors re ferred to represent forty million dollars Mexican debt. The whole debt to England and France is about two hundred million dollars. If this government refuses to recognise the Southern confederacy these agents are outhorized to buy up the entire indebtedness of Moxico, t^arge amount of the bonds held In Europe beiug now on tho way to this country. From information received here there is every reason to believe that the protection of France and England will bo extended over Mexico as soon as the events foreshadowed above are consummated. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. Washington, Feb. 14,1861. A republican caucus will be hold to morrow tright, to consider the financial condition of tho country, and de vise ways and means to sustain the crcdlt of the govern ment. The appropriation bills have been reported with the usual items under the existing laws without reference to the secession movements. Thero is no appropriation for the branch mint at Dahlonega, (Joorpia, that institution being considered useless, and for years past has had little more than a nominal existence. The estimates of the Engineer department are for all tho fort?, omitting those South of Chesapeake Bay with the exception of Calhoun, Virginia, and Taylor and Jcffer son, Florida. The Conference Committee on the Deficiency bill Messrs. Sickles, Campbell aud Aldrich, on the p.vt of tho House, and Messrs. Pearce, Blgler and Clwk, from the gi nate?had a long session this morning, but adjourned over. The bill will be lost if this Conference fills to spree. Mr. Campbell, of Pennsylvania, struck his favorite Turlfl blllfa heavy blow,to day by forcing the Pacific Rail road bill to the Speaker's table. The friends of the latter, Messrs. Curtfs, Craig and Sickles, will retaliate fiercely on Morrill's tariff. The l'oet Office Appropriation bill will be presented to morrow by Mr Sherman, of Ohio. The House Committee on Poet Offices and Poet Roads will consider next Tuesday the Farnsworth bill, decl*r ii.g all railroad bridges i?ost routes. Messrs Farnsworth and Quarles will appear before the committee to advo cate it, and Messrs. Wasbburne and Olin to oppose it. The House to-day attempted to patch up the Pacific Hallroad bill, already ladened with amendments sug gested by lottery dealers and Jobbers of alfc sorts, many of whom go freely inside tho bar of tho House, and rro quently occupy the very seats of the members. Senator Rice, of Minnesota, communicated to the go vernment promptly and fully all which came to hie Kkjw ledge concerning the abstraction of the Indian Trust bonds and acceptances by Governor Floyd, for the best possible motives, and In no other way was he oonnected with the matter. Mr Corwln will to-morrow move that the report of the Committee of Thirty three be postponed one week, in or der to allow time for the Peace Confereuoe to adopt somo plan of adjustment. Several States having seceded plnce Mr. McKean's bill to dose the ports of South Carolina was introduced, John ? ochrnne, of the committee to which it was referred, has r? ported a bill applicable to all cases. Home excitement was created in Georgetown to night, from the fart that signal lights were shown from a cer 1 lin point iu thai vicinity, and answered by a signal iwket from some point near the Arsenal in this city. It ih not supposed tha' in perilous times liko theee such do ui.tisiratious would be made If intended for peaceful pur is***. Tbc unusual calm which now ;<ervad*? the public minu may, after all, be but the p jursorof a terrible fcU>rm. Captain Fry's battery?Man ruder's, of Mexican fame? made a grand show on Pennsj Ivanla avenue to day, pre ceded by buglers. The entire cor^s were fully equipped, and in war array, and both men and horses made an Im posing and creditable display. The cries and yells on the floor of the House to day, at a |Niint when the republicans were endeavoring to suppress debate on the resolution of Mr Branch, of North Carolina, In favor of withdrawing the United ?tat<* forcoa from tho city, were terrlflc. Tboy surpassed everything of the kind that has occurred In Congress, boisterous as the proceedings some times are. The presentation in the Senate to-day of the actuarial of the republican members of the Minnesota I/yislature, asking Congress to stand by tho Union and to enforce the laws, called forth a significant speech from Senator Wilkinson, of that State, as a prominent representative of the Northwestern republicans. He is for action In the administration of the government, and ia opposed to com promising with anybody. A despakfc was received here to day, dated Chicago, February 13, stating that the merchants of that city, without distinction of party, wonld fire thirty-four guns la* evening In honor of Mr. Kellogg, of Illinois, for his action in ottering his compromise. Hon. Charles Francis Adams, of Massachusetts, gave an elegant entertainment to-night, which wa* atten !od by a large number of tho distinguished personages now In tho city. In Executive session of the Senate to day the motion to consider the nomination of Judge Pnttit for Judge of the United States District Court of Kans is, was defeated by one majority. The nomination of Mr. Blaek for th* Supreme Bench was not considered by the Senate to day, but Judge Dong as announced bis position In relation to the mat ter. He aaid ho would not vote to confirm Mr. Blick; that he would not vote to postpone tho holding of Kxe entire sewlots until tho 4th of March, and th*t he would not agree to vote against any ether nominee who might be presented In place of Mr. Blaek. rhis rules Mr. IflacK eot,'according to the present position of tho .^ena tort, and invites another nomination. Since the declaration of tne electoral vote the influx of strangers has been largely augmented, and now that the fears of a Reign of Terror have subsided, there will be a succession of private parties given by the prominent characters here. Office seekers continue to pmr in, and the struggle for place will Immediately commenco. The Secretary of the Navy has appointed a Medical Board, to consist of Burgeons t.reen, FolU, Wheelwright, and Taylor Recorder, to meet at Philadelphia on the first of March, for tho examination of Assistant Surgeons for promotion and candidates for admission. The Navy peparfmcn* reoe|re,i deumtflheg this mom "I iit'W Vffivvr Mwi'i gf Ui'j Uncut; ,9*4'<44 ron, giving the details of the movement of vessels com posing that squadron. Th? health of tko officers anil crews was good. There wh .> tidings of the Levant,and the impression was gener .at 8be was lost. The Oom modore had received Uw deep itches from Com mander Hunt, who was at Cfellao. He reports all q#iet at that point. General Cusbing made a closing argument In the great Gaines ca e to day. Mrs. Gaines was present, Mil was sensibly affected by the plea of her oounsel. Dr. Leverett Bradley, of New York, the inventor and patentee of Important improvements Id telegraphing, is now here to oppose any ppeclal legislation extending the Morse patent, claiming that it would have the effect of preventing the public rrom enjoying the advantages of improvements which would reduce the cost of telegraph ing flfty per cent on the present rates, and Increase the facilities of transmitting matter to fourfold the amount < now Bent, and on the ground that any extension would, while injuring the public, only benellt a company which bus a monopoly. The memorial for the Morse extension win be opposed by a counter memorial. Lieut. Say re. or Alabama, of the Marino Oorps, ro" signed his commission to-day, and will return homo. The I'acilic mails to the Navy Department brought no intelligence in regard to the mitu-lug ?loop of war Levant, from which no tidings have been received since last September. Despatches from Flag Officer Bel), of the Mediterranean squadron, toy, under the date of the 17th of January, that eighteen American vessels were lying at Messina, and others expected. The preeenoe of the steam sloop Richmond caused not only groat satisfaction to our coun trymen engaged In commerce, but to the inhabitants themselves, and Mr. Bell 8ays he believos it will add to their security and aid in preventing a collision oetwoen the Neapolitan and Sardinian forces. Messrs. Pryor, Edwards and Maynard compose the Spe cial Committee of the House to Inquire into the truth of the allegation that certain Southern members from tho seceding States have abstracted books from the Library of Congress to foim a library for the Southern confedera tion. THE SOUTHERN CONGRESS. Montroxkry, Feb. 14,1801. In the Convention to-day six model flags were pre sented, and relerred. The remainder of the time was passed in secrot session. MOVEMENTS OF THE PRESIDENT OP THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY. Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 14, 1801. Hon. Jefferson Davis, the President of the Southorn confederacy, will leave Jackson, Mississippi, this even itg for this city. He comes via Chattanooga and At lanta His Inauguration takes place on Monday next. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Rioiimonp, Va., Feb. 14,1861. The State Convention is now in session. Tho day has been devoted to completing an organization. The credentials of the Commissioners, John S. Pros ton, of South Carolina; Fulton Anderson, of Mississippi, and H. L. Berning, of Georgia, were received, and a com mittee appointed to invite them to seats and notify thom of their readiness to receive communications. Aijourti d. The Convention Is going to work quite leisurely, though much feeling prevails relative to future action, which depends mainly on proceedings at Washington. SPEECH OF GOV. WISE, OF VIRGINIA. Ilicimojn), Feb. 14,1861. Governor Wife was serenaded to-night. An immenM crowd congratulated him. Subsequently, in a spooch, ho said he was for Virginia (list, but if she sldod with aggression, lie was against. Ho pronounce'1 false and Infamouf the report that ho ever contemplated the In vasion of Wasnington to prevent the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln. He was severe on 1'reeldent Buchanan and Gen. Scott. He deprecated clval war, but counselled active preparation to resist coercion. He was for the I'nion and constitution, but would never rubmlt to a Northerti confederacy. He believed If Virginia would take a firm stand, and do her duty faithful, all will yot be well. She should demand of the government to vacate the forts and arsenals, and stand as mediator between the North. MICHIGAN AND THE VIRGINIA CONFER ENCE. Detroit, Fob. 14,1861. Governor Blair sent a message into tho legislature to-day, accompanying which was the Joint resolutions of the New York and Indiana Legislatures, for tho appoint ment of Commissioners t? the Washington Peace Conven tion. He says ?Being aware of the previous action of the legislature upon this subject, I have hesitated before calling attention to it, but It seems to me that the circumstances affecting the propriety of sending the Commissioners are so far changed as to Justify further consideration of the question."' It was believed that tho legislature would reconsider IU action and that Commis sioners would be appointed to day. THE NORTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURE. Rammr, Feb. 14, 1861. Tie Senate has been on the Military bill yesterday and to day, but 1? not yet through. The House has passed several railroad bills, and others are pending, The nouse lias Just reviewed the Minnesota resolutions, embodying the doctrine of coercion. They were In dignantly received, and will bo returned whence they came. No day for adjournment has yet been agreed upoo, but will probably adjourn next week. THE PALMETTO FLAG AT SHIPPENSBURG. Bjuitwhvro, Pa., Feb. 14,1861. A mammoth Palmetto flsg, suspended from the tele graph wire, startled the I'nion loving eitliens of this place this morning. Throe prominent secessionists are suspected of perpetrating tho outrage. The flag was instantly demolished. CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. [Krom tho havannah Republican, Feb. 11.1 Mo!?tcO?*rt, Feb. 9, WH. Tint! Jefferson Paris, of Mlnslonlppl, was unanimously elected l'renldent of the Confederate States ?f America, and the Hon Aleisnder H. Stephens, of Ueorgia, was uuanl mount)- elected Vic# President. The above telegraphic announcement contains the name of the new government and its executive h?adn. It will be seen els?>wher. tbat the constitution of tho late I'nited Sl.ites, with a few changes In no wise impairing Its pt neral character, has been adopted as the fumlamental law of the n< w coofedoracy. To those who hnve read the Rfjttliintn for the past week It Is wholly unnecessary for us to express any opinion with regard to the selection that has b?en made for the two highest t>llic-? of the new government now forming. Within thai time we havo canvassed the quali fications of the two distinguished gentlemen named above, and attempted to sh>.w wherein they both wore peculiarly lit for the Important trust. That both should have born selected from the large number of aspirants, oee for the highest snd the oth<r for the second office under the government, is to us a source of peculiar and unmingled satisfaction. The Convention ha* done credit to its w sdom and conferred honor and greatness on the coon try. It Is thus thai cur new political craft Is manned and launched upon the waters of the world. Tho idea tbat we havo destroyed the government of our fathers can no lot.gor obtain. We have resurrected it from the ruins of time an<t political patulous, and placed it once more on the highway to ^realties* and renown. It had been abused, dtbauched and destroyed by others, and for the South has been reserved tho honor of restoring It to Its pristine parity am vigor. All else Is a dead carc ass and a mockery?let those adhere to It wbo will. We hope the Convention will do another act In keep Ing with what has already come into their hands. They have revived the government and constitu tion of their fathers; let them roar aloft over that government the dishonored (Kg of the heroes of other dajs?the stars and strip<??and call upon the friends of Just eo and equal rights to rally around H. H is ours by right, and it should not be left to desecration by \sm'.al hand? Th'Se glorious old tunes, too, "Hall Columbia," and "The star Spang I d IWnner,'' aro ours, and we <4.ould wrest them from tongues that dishonor nnd pollute their soul stirring strains. All these oorao fr? m the South, and we have never seen the day when we were not willing to tight Tnr our property in them, If need b* at the cannon's mouth. The new confederacy thus formed by the South, on the principles that entered Into tho old confederation, M ?M < all on otir i r lhrm of tvmt State, botS Htrth f*mth, who are uniting to tuhrcrihe to tAett prinnjUn anil preterve <>>, m in Ihnr to join ??. and be. .mo earli a luml nary In the grnnd constellation of 1*61. On this latter point, though we would at nc\ n ipiallllcat'im, and press It upon the O>nventlon now In session, with the hope that it will be made a feature of the new constitution No Slate should be admitted into the Vnion except by n rote of two thirds of both branches of the Congress At a future day we may enlarge ou this suggestion, and show Its ti< cesslty. The constitution,entire, was received la?t night, but Its lergth preclude* its pub) cat Mi In our country edit! U, it Will be found vu the tucido v( cur ttcoud u*uc. THE IK AIM. I RATION OF DR. LINCOLN* The Armed Occupation of the Federal Capital by i Federal Troops, to Beeure the Feaoefol In auguraiion of the President Elect. Our WaililagMB Correspondence. Wakiiinotom, Keb. 14,1801. Warlike Appearance tf the Oity?7 he Display of fWeral Iheir Names, Numbers, Quarters, Services, flat teries, Officer t, Urn?Military Historic* of Some of the Chief Officer*? What they have dune and what they are note Doing?The I/tcal Trooj* <>f Washington?their Numbers and Organisation?1'erilout Condition of Ihirgs, <tc , <fc. , Tbe first Intimation the public received that Lieutenant General Wlnfleld Scott meditated tbe occupation of the federal capital by federal troops was threugh a telegraph ic despatch sent by the General from tbe city of Washing ton to Fort Leavenworth some two months ago. In this despatch General Scott ordered the presence here, with the utmost despatch, of tbe United States troops stationed at l>eavenworth, excepting a few who were retained to garrison tbe fort. The nature of this order leakod out somewhere on the line between Washington and St. Louis and tbe fact was published in the newspapers, much to tbe chagrin of General Scott, and much to tho alarm of some people and to the indignation of others In the fede ral capital. Ihie initiative movement of General Scott onco becoming known, there was but little, at any rate no extraordinary pains taken to coLceal subsequent pro ceedings of a similar character. WHY (.K.NKKAL HCUTT OKDKHBD Tits TROOPS IIERS. Early as November last tbe acting Commander in Chief received intimations that the capital would be in danger on or befoto tbe 4th of March. He was informed, ftom time to time, that bodies of armed men, with hos tile intent against the incoming administration, were holding secret meetings, and forming the most diabolical plans against the foderal capital. There secret meetings, according to his Information, were held in the adjoining Mates of Virginia and Maryland (especially In tho oity of Baltimore) and in the city of Washington itself. At one time It was rei>orted that a force of ten thousand men was organized in Virginia to invade tho Pistrict of Co lumbia. A close surveillance was instituted in this city upon all military meetings of a secret and suspicious character. General Scott was kept regularly informed of the proceedings of at least one of these meetings, through

the faithhstntss of one of the conspirators. These or ganizations, there is reason to belteve, at one time num bered some seven hundred men, and were daily or nightly iscreasing In numbers, until, from several causes, the interest appeared to decline, and at this timo it apparently has nearly, if not entirely, died out. WHY TlUg CONSPIRACY AITRARS TO IIAVK MKD OCT, AND WHY I MAY UK REVIVED. The decline in tbe ardor of tbe conspirators in this city may be ascribed tosevoral causes. The principal, how ever, are two:?First, because tbe disturbing eleoentof disunion was removed from Washington by tbe with- | drawal of Its chief advocates from Congress, and their departure to their homes. The absence of a formidable body of agitators, and the failure to receive their en couraging counsels, operated adversely to the cause the malcontents had espoused, and contributed largely to the discouragement of tho whole project as laid down in tho Original programme. The second c tuse was tho avowed intention of General Soott to protect the capital at all hazards, even if be had to call out fifty thousand volun teer troops in addition to tbe regular army; and he may have to do so yet, for if Virginia and Maryland secede, the grand struggle, as General 8cott knows, will be for tbe possession of the federal capital, tho national ar chives and the concentrated grandeur of a republic that has prospered beyond all example for three generations, Tho Commander-in-Chief argues with force that which ever of tbe two sections, North or South, holds possession of the archives ol tbe government, to that section will tbe governments of Christendom oonocde the right of re cognition. And like a shrewd oM warrior, profiting by his experienoe in the war with Mexico, General Scott? for to his advice and urgent counsels all the regular mili tary movements toward tbe capital for the last two months may be attributed?has determined to hold fast to that government which is in possession, and to turn the publffiproperty over Intact, so far as It lies in bia power, to that which legally succeeds it. Tits ritmCD STATKS TROOPS?-ARTILLERY, DRAOOOOT, KAITKRS AXI) MINERS, CAVALRY, AC. Were one to Judge from the great amount of talk about "mcnace," and "cannons being planted at the doors of the capital," and all that, it might be readily Imagined that an army of at least a hundred thousand regulars, armed cap-a-pie, and thirsting for the lives of innooont citizens, had been ordered to this city, and were here quartered upon tbe people, sucking their sustenance, if not their life blood. But the oontrary appear*, from an actual canvass of the troops in their different quarters, to be tbe case. So far from being a bloodthirsty set there is not a soldier among ttiem who does not feel a melancholy sensation whon reviewing his position. They have been taught to fight for America and Ameri cans, not against them; and while many may oonoelve It to be their duty to obey orders, even to a war against their own fellow citlxens, there are not a few who would rather resign,aye, die, than do It. A very sad instanoe in the latter connection recently occurred in this city. So far from quartering on, or being a burthen to the citizens, their expenditures for provisions, clothing, fuel, Incidentals and luxuries, have contributed not a Httle relief to our shopkeepers In these severe times. The following is a list of the different Companies, com mencing alphabetically with COMPART A, HAPPSRS AM) MIXKRH. This is a detachment comprising sixty-four men, rank and file, and three officers, of that truly serviceable branch of tbe military service, the sappers and miners. There is but one corpa of the kind In tbe United States army, tbe balance of this company being now on duty in Oregon. The detachment here is commanded by Lieut, J. C. Duane, of New York, who entered the cer vioe July 1, 1848. His officers are First Lieut. Godfrey Weidzel, of Ohio, and Second Lieut. John A. Tardy, Jr., of New York. Tbe sappers and miners are quartered In Columbian Armory?very oommodlous quarters for the men, but rather onnflncd for the o (floors. This armory is situated on a large tract of government reservation land, and Is finely situated for military purposes, but so far from the city proper that it has been but little used by tbe local military, for whose service it was originally designed. The duty of tbe corps of sappers and miners is,briefly,to doeverythlng that turns up?to act as engineers, Infantry, artillery, everything but cavalry. Tbo corps lias been In serviie fourteen years. It did admirably in Mexioo, under Captain Kbeneser Swift, having socn a taste of war on a part of General Taylor's line, and on tho whole of that of General Scott, from Vera Cruz to the Halls of tho Montezuma*, taking a conspicuous part In every action. It was repeatedly complimented by tbe Commander in Chief In his official despatches. Sinoe the Mexican war it has been detailed upon service In various parta of the country, particularly In Utah, and was among Ifco oolumns which were sent to relnforoe Gen. Johnson dnrlng the Mormon troubles. The company was not in any engagement there, the negotiations of tbe Peace Com missioners having settled the difficulties about tbo time of their arrival. They had, however, a good opportunity to improve the roads in their long and fatiguing march of 2 600 milt1*. It is to be hoped that their arrival here will be signalized by an event similar to that which markod their entrance Into Utah?a happy solution of onr national difficulties through the operations of Peaoe Commissioners, or by any other means. COMPASY A, swxwn ARTIM PRY, Musters ninety one mon, rank and file. The company is comfortably quartered at tho Arsenal, and is commanded by Captain William F. Harry, of New York, who entered the army In 1838, and has seen much active service. His offlcert and men have also deserved well of their country, and are a fine looking set of men. company n. nR-or ARmuntv, Is quartered on Capitol Hill, tho government having leased several lots of land and erected tempera ty buildings for the purpose. The company la commanded by Brevet Major Joseph A. Mask In. of New York?a highly meritorious officer, tie enterea tbe ser vice in lMv. Tho quarter* of the ornnnany are within but a short distance of the place where trie Inauguration ? eremonlos usually tako place. The company numbers fifty four men. ? COMPART K. sroow ARfturST, Is armed as Infantry, with Minlo muskets of OMcall | bre. The company numbers, rank and file, seventy-two, 1 ? two officers Commander, Captain Arnold Elr.ey.of v iy1 I, ' ?n ' flVor who has served with much distinc l.en tn Mexico, fiorMa aud ptb?rpart4 of the country. He and his company were In Kansas during the troublous times under Gov. Walker, having boon sent to Fort Lea Tenworth from Fore Snelling. Afterwards h? was onoi fd to Kurt Arkautas anil thenco to the a n?nal it' Augusta, Ga., whore he surrendered, with all the ho^ori of war. to the Stale trisipH ou tho 24th of January I ?st. Ctept. Kliey distinguished himself at Fort Brown at (he commotio meut or the Mexican war Ho was at tlx) at. go of Vera Crus, and at tho battles or Oerro Gordo, CUertl busco, Molluo del Key, Ctiepultepec and City of Vtexieo, and la a brave and gallant om or Ho ? nterod th? s ?r?lo in the year 1837. The vtuuni in command of company K is Fust Lleuleiuuit Armislead I. long, or Virginia, who has been about ten years in the sorvlce. No seoond Iwu tenant Is attached to the c<>ri?. Officers' quarters aro at Mrs. lAiub's building, Pennsylvania aveuuo, opposite Willard's. I he mm liavo good quarters in the new p>r tion of the Treasury building, butoook their victuals and meals at the ollicers' quarters. In the various rapid marches and changes throughout the West and South Captain Kliey has lost but one man by death ami three by deseition. COMPACT n, JfR( <>Nn ART1UKKY, Numbers sixty five rank and (lie, and three officers In the rauk and file are included four aege&nt*, f mr eorpo rate, two musicians, two artificers and ttrty three pri vates. The carps is acting as foot, an I is com manded by Lieuteuant Colonel Horace Brook* of Massachusetts, who entered tho sorvlce m 18.16, and lus seen military life in all its variety, ana severity. Although born in Massachusetts mwt of his life has been passed In tho South, in Cubs, tbo West mid wherever his couutry demanded his services. lis officers are First Lieutenant George L Hartsulf. horn in New York, and Second Lieutenant Stephen I> Riimseur, of North Oirulina. Company II Is quartered at No. 637 Seventeenth street, opposite the War Department, and appear ready to follow their brave commander anywhere in battle. COMPANY I, KIRffT ARTIL1JCRY, Numbers four ofllcers, ninety mou and seventy-two horses. The corps has a battery of three guns, six poundois, and one two pound howitzer, with caissons, battery wagon, forgo, fcc U also has a hamessmakcr, whose business it is to attend to tho slightest dam igo to tne harness of the horsos, whether on parado, drill or in action. The implements of warfare used by tliii company aro the guns above mentioned, with, of course, the usuul side-arms of tlio artillerists, an l a destructive ball that is capable of carrying leathtoa hundred people, when It strikes ami explodes. It is a new fushioned life destroying instrument, a pa'out sphe rieal implement, with a gauge like that of a s'oatn gauge on a first class sound or ocoan steamer. It will tell how far tho steim, as well as the fuse will go, in practiced hands. The ofllcers of this corps are:?First Limitenaut, James B. Fry,ot Illinois: Commanding First Lieutenant, Amos Beckwith, of Vermont (who ranks below Lieut. Slemmcr, at Fort Pickens, Peusaoola, only nine davs); Second Lieutenant, Thomas C. Sullivan, of Obto Bttltl Second Lieutenant, A. M. C. Pennington, Jr., "Of New Jersey. There cannot bo the slightest doubt about the profi ciency of Comi>any I in any emergency, especially at this time. Their quartersare more eligible and convenient than those of any other United State) company called to the seal of government for any specific pur p >so Tho troops, as well as tho ofllcors, are quartered ou those ex tensive premises known as the popular Female Aoademy, established by Mrs. Smith, whoso arrangements, scho lastic, gj mnustic, aquarian and otherwise, failed to elicit the remunerative approbation of W.ishngton people The domicil was formerly oscupled by I>r. Ijiwhou, a die tinguished hahiliu of the city, and Improved in several particulars to accommodate the young ladles who, it was presumed, would Hock to the place for mental an I physi cal dovclopement. A more appropriate place for the bat tery of tho gallant corps who now occupy it could not have been selected, for uothiug has been required to be done- except to erect a lino of sheds on the line of the fence of the capacious area for the accommodation of the hotses of tho troops. It may not bo amiss to mention that in the quarters now occupied by I'nlted States troops the I'rinco of Wales made his (list tournament with American young ladies at tenpins. The bails which company I tiro are fixed ammunition. Tlie armament la ready at a mo tnent'a warning to scatter death among American poopto. The pieces arc new, manufactured by C. Alger, of Boston, the same concern that sent a beautiful brass piece to free Italy, through Victor Rmanuel, of Sardin.a. at the insti gation of tho solid men of Boston. Tho old pieces of the corps, those which have seen so much good patriotic Her vice in the cause of the Union, have been left at Fort I lav t-n worth. Lieutenant Fry. commanding the corps here, has been In service since 1847, and ho looks like a determined and a true man. ooiirAjrr k, mmxD artiiiery. Is a mounted battery of four plecos?iwo six pouudera, two howitzers. The corits number, rank an l tile, seventy, with lour officers. It is a West MM battery, and th" gradual- s are well represented The law are quartered in Judiciary square, near the City Hall, and the men in comfortable dwellings on K street, between Fifth and Sixth. Tho stables for (ho horses aro temporary struc tures, ererted, like those for a similar purjiose fur the horses of Company I, by the government. Tho ollicers of this corps consist of First Lieutenant Charles Griffin, of Ohio, commanding. Lieutenant Griffin ontcred the service In 1847, and has the reputation of being a very capable officer. He has seen service Id Indian tights 1 Irst Lieutenant AWctaiider Piper, of Pennsylvania (Third artillery), who has seen somo ser?lco In Indian warfare: Second Lieutenant Henry C. Symonds, of Massachusetts, an earnest aspirant for military distinction. THKCARMS1K HAKRACKH, PA., Are represented by a company of United States dra goons, numbering forty two men. They are quartered at the corner of Fourteenth and D streeta. over Hurch'a stable. The corps Is commanded by First Ltetenanljv nas I'. Holliday, of New York, who entered tho service in 1860. ftxrumti), A company or detachment from Fort Jackson, Georgia, numbering about Ufty men. UKKK WOW, A company of forty ordnance men, at the arsenal, per manently located. Five companies of marines, at the barracks, throe hundred and fifty strong; Major Terret commanding. HKunrcuiiov. Campania. "total United Stain Troopi Company A, Second artillery 61 Company I), Third do 64 Company E, Second do 74 Company H,Second do, ....?. 08 Company L First do 04 Company K, Second do 74 Company A, Sappers and Miners 07 Dragoons from Carlisle 42 Artillery expected from Fort Jackson 60 Ordnance men at arsenal, permanently located 40 034 Add United States Marines 860 Total United States force 984 And General Scott says be hts no more to bring. IOCA!. MIIJTAHY FORCB. There are a number of volunteer companies in tho Dis trict, the principal being the Washington Light Infantry battalion, Coiotiel J. X. Davis commanding; Company A, Captain Url Towers commanding. This cm pany was organlsad on the 12th of September, 1830, and has been In servise from that date. The pre sout captain paraded in the company at the first parade as a private. Company A numbers 70 anon. Ounpany B, Capt. P. M. 1 mi bant commanding, also numbers 70 men, and was organized In June, 1800. The armory of companies A anil B Is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Ninth and Tenth streets, south side. Company C, Capt. Stevens, was organized in June, 1H0O, and numbers about the same as the other two companies. National Guard Battalios?Company A, Lieut. IJoyd commanding; company B, Capt. P. King company C. Capt. . 140 men. This is a vory active corps anil has recently improved much In drill and discipline. National Rifles, Capt. F. B. SchafTer commanding. First I.leut., I. D.Waiklns; Second do., A. D. I%vis; Third do., Henry Noe. This company numbers 117 men, and ia armed wltli the Minlo rifle, sabre bayonet. It was or ganlsed November 22, 1860. Capt. ScfaafTor has served several campaigns In the United Slates sorvlce, and at one time was military storekeeper In California. He is a very eflicieut ollicer, but an unfortunate misun derstanding has arisen between himsoll and M^or (.one ral Welghtman, who oommands the volunteer force in the District, and so for as Gen. W. Is conoerned Captain Schaflcr will be deprived of his commission. The War IVpartment, on whom the responsibility rests, his, we understand, tho matter under advisement. A spicy cor respondence. rivalling that of I lay ne and Buchanan in piqiuinc_v . it is re|s>rted, has taken place between ('apt 8. and the Major QsMnL It seems thtl Capt. S., although willing to take the new with prescribed by Congress to the militia of tbo District, did not answer certain quos lions propounded by Gen. Welghtman to that gentleman's Satisfaction. For Instance, the (ioneral roquirod an an swer to the Interrogatory whether be (Capt. 8.) woul 1, In the event of Maryland?of which State ho Is a native? sectding, fight against her In order to protect tho Dis trict. Capt. S. replied he would not?preferring to rnsign rather than do so. Whereupon General Welghtman pro nounces him dUloyal and withholds his oominlsslou. Brigadier General (hild, District Attorney, sustains tlie position assumed bv Captain fs-lmllnr, that tti" M?Jor General liad no right to put the questions he did. atnl that Captain Schafler was not rixjuued to answ r them, the oath demanded by Die law being all that was neces sary W> be put lo the captain. The tAking away of the how itzer belonging to the ootnpuiy by order of Goucral Sc< tt Is a source of considerable III feeling. The President's Mounted Guard, commanded by Capt 8. W.Owen, Is an efficient cavalry corps, numbering about seventy live men. They have paradod roceutly and present a very soldierly snpearance. There are a number of other volunteer companies In he District, but spice lorbids particular ooumeratl >n In all Uiere are about ton volunteor companies in Wash it.gtoe, Dim lon e averages Sixty mou per i-ornpa n making an nggtegate of six hundred men. In tho adjoin .ng precinct of Georgetown there aro eight c unoaalft" of volunteers, armed and equipped, and, It is Sai l, will parade on the 22d of February to the number of four hundred strong. rrtr wnoi* rriiamijc MM, Therefore, in the district, may bo enumerated as follows ? Total United States force 0?4 Total Washington volunteer force 0?0 Total Georgetown volunteer force 400 Total. . . . .. . . . ? ? j. . .1,004 In addition to this force, It should lie recollected, vol unteer enrolments are constantly going on, and drills are nightly held In the different armories. Perhaps a thousand good men may be yelled upon from Ineee on roteents for tho protection of the oily; but the number is uncertain. After all. In the hands of tho people them selves rests the solutlen of the question whether the Capitol shall or shall not be unlawfully setz I ?'?d lit splendid monuments of our country s groaluoss ?? gtrof o<i THIRTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. BKOOND KR88I0N. WASiiiiwnwr, Feb. 14,1M1. Mr. CaUMHOS, (rep.) of l'? , pri seated several petitions asking ttugrf.s to ilaud by th? constitution as it la; also, other petitions iu favor of the Crittenden compromise. Mr. Kinuuau, (rep ) of Mich., presented the Joint reflo at ti 1.8 of (he Mic-lngm Mate l/ogiitltiluro, expressing the adherence of Michigan to the Union; offering the military force of the Stale to the federal government, and asking lliat n't cotuieaSMBB be made to traitors. Mr. Bingham ?aid th.it lb" bo resolutions bad passed with great unun.mity, and be thought they expressed Ui? looliog of tho State. He said that they would adhere to the constitution as It la, i>nd that the} hat! no eymoatby with treason or those in the government who took measures to destroy It. He hoped his Southern friends would yet como to see that tlie best way for the in wa* to submit to the benellcent ruio of the gov.TiitQtint, hut if not, and they Insisted In their efloru to destroy. tbeu must they tiike the respon sibility Mr. Kinu, (rop.) of N. Y., presented the petition of Benj. Price and Uuuy otheiB 111 I'avor or lUe Homestead bill. Mr. Wadk, (rop.) of Ohio, presented a petition asking Lor# res? to st.inc lirm hy the constitution aud the Uws. 11.e bill to make furthur proviBkus for a consolidated luti<l otti< e wus ukon up Mr Ki. it, (rtp ) of Vt., off'-rod a resolution that a committee of three Senators be appointed to make ar range meats for the inauguration of the President elect. Adopted. Mr. (iKKiw, (opp.) of Mo., from the Committee on Ter ritories, reported a bill to organize the Territory of Ne vvuii.i aud provide a government for the Territory of Da ctitab. Mr. Hkwaii>, (rep.) of N. Y., presented a petition from 100 voters, ot Waterford, N. Y , in favor of the Critten den resolutions Also a memorial from the Chamber of Commerce, of New York, remonstrating against tho pas sage of the lurid bill. Mr. Wh kivoin, (rep.) of Mln., presented petitions from the citiz? its of Minnesota, a-kmg Congress to enforco the laws and preserve the constitution and Union. AIbo to keep rivers free and to recapture forts, and against oon cesskn or "ompromisi Mr. WaKijro.N said?If the gentleman wishes to know what the s< ntiments of the people reiHy are, he must go uway from tin1 large cities He must ask the people of the North and great West If hey are willing to give up Iht'lr principles at tlio bidding of an organized b ind of truitoin Who ever doubted that the North and West were true to the I1 nioo? The Senator from Virginia said tliat his state h is been arming for twelve months, and the South has organised war, yet the Senator from Ken lucky. who wishes to save the I'mon, has uo word of re proach for th< so men. Mr. Rick, (opp) of Min., said he also received peti tions from his Mate, lie thought the people of that State were for peace and for t'nlen, and for a spen ly settle ment of the dillxuliies now troubling the country. The petition was in lavor of the Crittenden resolutions or some other plan, to settle the question. Mr. CRimatmar, (opp.) of Ky., presented a large num ber of pet tions iroui the citizens of various .suites, In favor of the Crittenden resolutions. A laree number ol' petitions were presented from various Senators, some in favor of the Crittenden resolu tions, and some opporel. Mr. e'hWAHn, (rep ) of N. Y., presented the resolutions of the Democratic Sluto Convention of New York. Laid on the tabic. The subject of tbe President's Message was postponed till Tuesday next. TI1K TAJtltT BIIZ. Mr. Dovgiam, (opp.) or III, presented memorial! Bguiiist any cbungc lu the warehousing system. The Tariff bill was taken up. Mr. Hrxrnt, (opp.) of Va., spoke agaiast the bill, con tending that with the regular proceeds of the public lands and with a proper administration of tbe govern ment, the revenue from tbe present tariff wis sjfllciont to provide for the oxpenses of tho government. But he raid the bomesteud policy hid taken away the proceeds of tbe public lands, and the expenses of the Post Office Department had been greatly uud unnecessarily increased, lie (aid the tariff of 1867 had bt en eminently beneficial to the industry of the country, and wus continually Improv ing every year. It hart alpo greatly enlarged our commerce with foreign countries. He argvod thit tho proposed tariff instead of increasing commerce would be actually prohibitory on many articles, would require a much larger force to execute it, and bo ilablo to much more fraud. There could not be u belter plan deviBed for putting down tbe merchants of the country, and it would do more harm to the city of New York than if It were to be shelled. He read extracts from letters and estimates from the Custom House and merchants to show the ac tion of the bill on iron, steel, Ac., and contended that the revenue would be diminished instead of Incressed. lie referred to the great advantages of tho warehousing system, which the bill proposes to abolish. What justi flMHM Ml there be lor such a bill f Fie supposed he would be told that the Chicago platform requires It. The Chicago platform has got to bo a sort of higher law? higher than the consitulion and the rights of the people. Mr. Sinuous, (rep) of R. I., replied, defending the amendments of the committee. He wanted to know who was responsible for tho condlti m of tho govern ment? Th- Senator's party had tho power in both houses, and have left the country bankrupt. He claimed that ibis tariff, by raising tbe price of productions, would bo vastly for tho benotlt of the laborers and pro ducers in tbe country. By the warehousing system he said tbe government was actually giving credit and losing Interest to tbe amount of a million dollars a year. Alter an executive sessh ? the Senate adjourned. Home of Representatives. WAMiLwroy, Feb. 14,1801. Mr. Moorhxad, (rep.) of Pa., asked leave to introduce a resolution that Washington 'a Farewell Address bo read by the Clerk In this ball on tbe 22d at February, and the President and Prealdent elect, members of tbe Cabinet, Judge^fef tbe Supremo Court, membera of tbe Senate, chief of the military and naval ofncera and the Com missioners of the Peace Convention be invited to present. Mr. Waottu'Rne, (rep.) of 111., said that this would caU for a aetaion of the House on that day. Mr. Morris, (rep.) of Pa., replied that there ought to be one to bear the Farewell Address. The resolutions, being objected tm, were not consider jd. Mr. Hiwpma!*, (opp.) of Ark., wanted Mr. Moorhead to omit the invitation to the military and naval officers. Mr. Ijkakb, (opp.) of Va., asked, but failed to obtain leave, to Introduce a resolution for the appointment of a committee of three to report whether the Superintendent of tlie Census Bureau haa heretofore instructed the clerics of that Bureau to make out from the ccnsua returns the names of the heads of families for the purpose of sending them certain political speeches. Mr. Him>ma.n said that Mr. Kennedy had not only vio lated the postal but other lawi. PF.W* 'VA!. HATTSRI". Mr. Pryor, (opp.) of Va., obtained leave to introduce the following as a ciueatlon of privilege:? W'hrrcm, the following utaUment appeared in the New York Tmir/ newapaper ?It U ascertained that, in addition to the other frau'l* |H-rpetrated by the nee?-dini< member* of rongre**, they have taken from the t ungreaatonal Library? ? hi Ah In, probably the beet in this country, containing many books which cannot be obtained elsewhere?some of tbe ino?t valuable volume* In the whole collection Thou aaods of dollars' worth have betn thus abstracted and carried off by the?e memtxm Ammg them, a single houib Carolina member. I am Informed, has more ihan four hundred dollars' worth of digests of the most valuable character, and which can never be replaced. Scarcely one of theae yntli-men took the trouble to return hla books, but, on tbe contrary, were vary cautious to have tbem carefully packed and sent off I am further in formed i hat a member fmy una of the border Ht*te?, who iavor> ?cce*slon, and thouaBt hi* state mire to aeoode, writ ordf r? for upward* of one thousand dollars- worth of books recently, which, under the rules of the lltirary, were ref usad. This U regarded here to be very near akin to what Webster defines h* "theft;" therefore Kccolved, That a select e>.mmltiee of three be appointed to inquire into the truth of the ?ut< ment, and that the com mittee have power t? send for persons and papers, with leave to report at any time. Hie resolution was passe I. Mr Bta.itux, (rep.) <?f Ohio, rose to a question of privilege, nud callcd attention (o tbe report of Saturday's debate oh it appeared is th" GM*. saying bis colleague (Mr Cm) ??* therein represented as makiug remarks which were not uttered In this bill. Mr. Cox, (opp.) of Ohio, explained that the only sub stantial correction of his remarks were made at the re quest of Mr. (Jiddings' successor, Mr. Hutchlns. That rent It man had asked tilm (Mr Cox) to allow him to In vert a paragraph defending Mr. Qiddings, and requesting htm to write one in repiy. Mr. Ht rrBWS, frrp ) of OhiO, sild that was true. Mr Sta?ti s said the conduct of Mr. Co* was a matter of tustr. A' for bimwlf, he ne\ er touched the reporters botes, nor did he indulge in anything bearing In the re motest degree on prraonal character. He was reported as replytiig to a speech In whli h this extraordinary para t,rs|>li np| cared. It pla< f.d him in a position of having permitted a remark of Sir Oox to go out without replv. "Tie spteeh that he (Mr. Stanton) responded to did not contain ono word In that paragraph. Mr. Gld llngs would not C' rtailiy choose him for his defender. He (Mr. Ktaftkitl) did not agree wttn him in all bit antl slavery sentiments, but he accorded to him sincerity, courage and real; and he had hoard Southern men vpeuk of Mr Qiddings' Integrity on all subjects cxcept about negroes. His colleague (Mr. Oox) had shown an ? xtraor diu?r> taste and inclination In r .king up Ohio quarrels, nd bringing their dirtj Hncxi here and washing it in tho fire of the House. He did not choose to arraign bis col league for this, however strong the Wmptation An a ll V'duril, to make his namo lmn.ortal, burned the Temple of K.pheeus, and If his Colleague wished to acquire an Im mortal historical name by the oourse he bad pursued, ho was welcome to the position. Mr. (-iii raid It came with ba.l grace from Mr. Ptanttt) to arraign him under the pn t< nee of a 'nisationof prlvt li ??? When, rr im the beginning of bis Congress tonal term until now, he hod been pursued by his opponents In a p. rs? ua'ly vindictive style which has no parallel in pollt ral campaigning. His ool'i'sgue bad gone out of his sray to court the favor of tho abolition wing. Ho (Mr fox) d d attack Mr Oidjimt s His colleague knew it, but on that occaaiou lie -ill not see proper to reply to It lis s anted tt to be remembered that bis oouesgne (Mr Tluicbins) Introlueed t'hto polities here, and also tbsf hs* IHr CWX's) remarks about Mr biddings wer? tu r? i IWT.^NVW ON EUHH fM+i