Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1861 Page 2
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vajacf a sun, causea an immense evaporation, wbttij, in expanding or drifting north, or toward? ?trvated Ljuda aaai and-west of the Mississippi, I'j jon. Stated by cold air, and produce* frequent show-^j daring Um warm months of spring and summer, r^ad which are the Ufa of the cotton plant?. A Bimttar process takes place along the Soi' them Atlantic States. The evaporation from the Gulf fHreitn is con *tne?d by the oooler a.r of the Al'eghaniea. Thus we have an immense region of cotton lands over which na ture has established the most wonderful system of lrri ?0Um known in the world, in combination with the proper amount of heat and richness of toil. When wo consider that these grea*. physical advantages have been ocitod with enterprise, skill and slave institutions, managed by Americavi intellect, under free institutions all tcMling to fceir devekiperaent, promoted by the only taetf labor suitable to tba culture of cotton, we shill ex. fnieace no dKRculty la comprehending wky tho L'nltod eiyoj' * mono] ly in its production. iaky btectlationb amoit nt? nan ii?1i^ffrr(l* ? IKonCAL HKIIONH. -?di * wovW probacy be a matter of iudiftrenoc with *e ahetittoileU ana their republican rmfirera whether cettoc wis grown tomewbere else by slave labor or not .h?<-vorlbnib<ortte?Ui? ?W ?>"??'<? 1 mm according u> their fancy, and have predicted for tweaty five or thirty rare pan that India! would rlva the United States in the production of oottou. If she rcH bit. do it betfnre, she will now iv.corapKsh It by budding railroad*. Yet how far such improvements are , to overcome the tosuperablo ifcltlWiUies of ^climate ani ovtw r Impedimenta does not appear. On-each side of the Equator there is a beU of oountry swrcaading the globe, between 20 to 28 and 00 degrees north and south lutltude, In which the yew is divided teto six months rain and eta: months, or thereabouts, of drought. The width of this tropical region varieB in tke ftid and New Worlds. to India it extends north to the Himalayan, and in ATriea to the shores of the Mediterranean in Egypt anC Algeria, with this exception, that in Egypt it scarcely ever rains at all, and vegetation of aU kinds has to be pro. daccd by irrigation. In India the sugar cane, indigo, rise, Ac , are all the products of irrigation, and where this eannot be employed their' sucocesful or profitable cul Mvation is impossible?so or cotton; while we have shown tlatt hi America wo have an extensive tract of country ?:-r more or lees an intertropical temperature, wife suitableness of soil, which nature has furnished wtth means of irrigation on a grand scale. Ilenco tho aootbern portion of Texas, bordering on tho ttio (Jrando, Mm far intertropical as to be uncertain in its crops, while South and Central America, except it may he here and therein small elevated spots, are, from tho eaneee stated, wfcolly unsuited to the growth or cotton B?e same may he said or nearly all Mexico. The perennial wild cotton trees can be found growing within the tropica around tho world. The woody Mre enables them to withstand, like the holy ho 3k, the extremes of rain and drought. Their pods are ?e*ll,andthe fibre of tho cotton short, woody, brit tle aad worthless. It is the annual plant alone which ?toldr cotton worth having, and the more delicate It to, such as tho Sea Inland, the liner and more silk r^te its tibre. Hence, when Mr. Squler states that the tltl|? woody perennial cotton tree of the tropics or OhMtral America Is more valuable than tho silky annual phat of the Southern states, he simply makes himself ridiculous, and shows that he knows nothing about the ?abject. Livingstone found this gosyplum tree in tropi cs! Africa of six months drought and six months rain, ma straightway persuaded the "woolly heads'' of Eng j ami the banks of the Zambesi were to rival the ! of the southern waters, including the Mississippi ad Red river. Another genius has discovered that China is going W supply the world with cotton, when all history has ?coven that she has never produced cotton enough for toer own consumption, and from timo immemorial she depended upon India for supplies or Surat cotton. Abcve all, if it were possible to find another re g? that 0r the United States, it would be impossi ble to make it produce as much cotton w ithoul lixod and stantly reliable and efficient Afiioan labor. not corn" Kiiiwuirvr in ixtua and its fa turn, to 1M0 the Hon. tot India Company sent an agent to ? United States, with a car* llancht as to exposes, i engaged the services of ten experienced Am rloan Hon growers, taken from the best cotton districts of i country. Several were taken from Mississippi, two i IiOuisUna, three from Alabama, anl two or throe >ml (Borgia. They were engaged at good salaries, sad hound to remain m India Ave years each They were supplied with large quantities of the best American seed, cotton pins, plough*, hoes, cotton presses and every ps?4le appliance calculated to insure suoce-s. They ?need through England, visited Manchester, and were asd. acquainted with the views and wants of the trim Ms They were sent overland to India, and distributed to the best cotton districts to be found in thxt vast rostra They were supplied with ail the laborers they wanted at three cent- per day each, they subsisting on rtoe a* food One of the planters, Mr. Terry, stated that IB HtMiisippl oo? hand could cultivsto live acres, make ?re bales of cotton, and his own provisions. To do the wee work in India it required three weakly Asiatic* to the sere. An African at the South, being well felon perk beef and corn bread, with vegetables, and well slothed, could do about as much real labor as half a feltn puny Hindoos. Mr Terry was sent up to the BundAcund district, sear tho base of the Himalaya Mountains. When he first reached this locality he planted one thousand acres in cotton, near tho Tt~. fcf the rainy season, which came up, grew wall. bloomed ami boiled ravorably; but Just at this ?Ufo hi its growth the drought set in, the heavens seem ed turned to brass, an l not a drop oT rain feU in ninety *yt. His plants withered, the leaves dried up, blossoms feD off, and the result was. that be only gathered50 pounds sT cotton to the aero, against about 1,000 to 1,400 pounds ^But^wTwIli let Mr. Terry speak for himself. Suffice it to say that the experiment, after a trial <>f five years, and at an expenditure, first and last, of four to Ove mil K^. ?f dollars, proved a failure. Mr. Terry returned to tliA city arter his Ove years fruitless *bors in In J la, and prweedod to Texas and en paged ji the cultivation of cotton on his own account. His story was ons of thrilling interest. He declared that the two great and insuperable difficulties in the way of cultivating cotton in India are attributable to the too ?real extremes or dry and wet weather, either of which is peculiarly ratal to cotton. During the continuance of the rainy season the cotton plants grow with unwonted luuriai>ce and rapidity, to be as suddenly checked snd cat rff by the intense he*t or the sun which poirs ?(Mr th'tm during the succeeding dry season. WVr the dry weather a<ts In, the sun n*nt ^ the bolls prematurely, when apparently not haU pawn. while the leaves or tho plan, arc crispel and harned to a brown color by the intensity or tho solar heat In Lower Bongal the rainy season commences late to May an-i continues till October. In Central India tho ,?toy sea"-n begins abjut the middle of July, and lasts t?l from the 1st to the 15th of September. In I/jwrr Bsagal as much as Beventy si* inches of ra'.n usually fall to twelve months. In Central India^o crop can be an ? witb much less than thirteen Inches of ra;n. ?even inches never fall to result in a famine, which is drssdf -i |D effecU upon the natives. Inalditlonto the unconquerable difficulties of the climite, the cotton Mart is exposed to the fatal attacks of dcstmt;ve in wets There la one which lays an egg In the Dower of M.e |itant. Before the boll matures the worm forms ?fthin it, which fee ta upon tho green and lender fibres at the ootUy), eating out all the cotton w/.h.n the boll before It matures, leaving only a lock er two la some bolla or pods, while lo others aot a fibre la left. In some parts of India It la alao ?abject to itae attacks of white ants, which cut dovn the plants whils young, or attack the young pods, and jut m off. All that ihe Americans can do, with tbo>r best rlions only enable them to raise, on the average jttl tea pounds of clean cott n to the acre, fmm ths _.ct American cott"n seed, tod only seventy poinds of action to the acre from nai ve Iml a cotton see<l. Mr T , before leaving Mlsnsaippl u. gi to India, guper. latended a cotton estate mar If drey, in t ha*. State, n lh't?, (D ?hlch he taised 1 000 or 1 ^10 p ui.dn of cc ton He ^ja that yar ho made a fine cro?, ac sendirg to market twi? hundred bales ?f go<xi cot. tee, av<raging four hundred jiud f.t\y pounds aash, fr<>m n iiety r x acr?a or land. WhatHConirasttbia. lo> to India. . , . Mr F. one (f the American cotton growers who went to ind.-, asd ?>i station-d at ( put tw , hun dred acres In cotton, fr>>m whl -h he gathered only two hundred poundc of clean cotton. The m"Kt those s"nt to O>imb itore could do was to raise, in a favorable year, two hundred pounds of coed cotton to the acre?cqual to abftct ?fty jouniJs of clean ctton. The most Mr. T. <an>l Oo was to ra re, the first year, ton pouod* of cV*n t-.w-a lu te ARC cm- ram.a s'ed of ib? liex esn var.?ty (tbe best), and seventy pounds of native cotton to the ?ere. He says th? American seed carried oat from about Rodney (the best in America;, deteriorated every year; the staple or fibre growing shorter, while the yield grew lees. H is bis firm conviction that if the American seed be planted aver and over again in the samo soil in India, In [Overyears it will totally cease to mature any cotton whate ver. He also says, by changing H to other dis tricts, It m*y be made to yield something in a few years longer, but would ultimately run out. Mr. T. tells us that when less than eleven inches of rain fall In central India, there is a famine by reason of the failure of the rice crop, which is almost the only food of the natives. The government makes no allowance for the failure of a crop, but enforces the collection of its dues from bead renters (who hire land and employ na. lives of the country and villages to work it), Just the came as if no failure had occurred. Be says these fa mints have a kind of periodical recurrence, once in seven oTeigbt yean. That during the last most severe famine W1837j many thousands expired from absolute starvation. , TCrnTTaome ^portions of^India, to enable them to" meet i|>- ir government dues and obtain subsistence, they were To^cHo sell out their cattle and every other^thing they (.opgpEBrd.'" They would cut down their trees, sti ip the.f i - usi h and themselves of clothing, and even selfl their children * into bondage in order to save themselves S destruction. He says that India nover can bocome"sot" tied ?w ith a European population, on account of tho ex trvme heat preventing their laboring in tha open field tti' ah a burning sun, without dentiaction.~ Such Is tFu" oTerTiTelmlng oppressiveness of the heat that all the travelling is done at night. Tho traveller is curried in a hi dan, or palanquin, supported by six or ei:;ht men, who relieve each other at the end of every eight or ten miles. They set off", usually, at four o'clojk In the evening, tra velling all night and until nine or ten o'clock next morn TEg^wEerTthey lay by for the remainder of the day ""it was in this way the American cotton growers were car ried from one part of India to another. Troops march at night, and often light their battles at night. ^TfrTTTays that such is tho destructive ch&raclor of ifie white ant in many parts of India, that they actually level mud houses in a few years?which are the only kird of hoiiFCS that can bo used in tho interior, on account of scarcity of timber. Machinery made of wood amfjST ncTHnuTtbe^ oountry, after a whilo is liable to*be a? dcCeJTby'them and destroyod. ~* At his station, in Puudlecundjf ho found the heat ~so 'great as to be ctpa pellet to sleep out of doors?the com mon practice in India. In such cases it is necessary to bire the natives to keep watch all night, at twelve and a half cents per night, to keep oil' jackals, hyenas and wolves, with which the jungles abound, and which often ventureupon tho abodes of tho [people In a mostrar? nous manner. Wten one attempts to sleep in a house, the heat is so severe that it becomes necessary to hire two natives to fan you all night, by turns, with a contrivance some thing similar to that used for keeping the llies off the table in this country, which the natives put in motlonby pulling a rope on the outside of thc house. JfH * ? <ag) Turkey (in Europe and in Asia Minor) has been spoken of by missionaries and others as a suitable place for the growth of cotton. Pr. Davis, of South Carolina, went to Asia Minor some years since, under the auspices of the Turkish government, to engage in its cultivation, and hn<l every facility granted him of means and labor, such as it was; but tbe climate was too much for his experiments. Where be found a locality hot enough to grow cotton, there was not rain enough to render even grain or grass a reliable crop. The Jews in Syria were often subjected to famines for tbe want of rain, and "the early and the latter rains" were celebrated as blessings Tho Doctor failed, and returned with some interesting specimens of Eastern goats as mementoes of his experiment. The increase in the culture of cotton in the T'nited States has been extraordinary. Tho crop and distribution in the years named were as follows:? 1832. Rata. Crop in United States 000,000 General supply in Europe and United States 1,272,000 Total consumption in Kurope 1,177,000 Total consumption in the world 1,300,000 I860. Crop in United States 4,875,000 General tupply in Europe and I'nited Stateg.... 6.480.000 Total consumption in Europe 4,321,000 Total consumption in tbe world 6,144,000 Incrtasr in Twenty tight Years. Crop in United States 3.776 000 General supply In Europe and United Stated.... 4,108 000 Total consumption in Europe 3,144,000 Total consumption In the world 3,836,000 Included in the supplies of ootton from tho United S'.'tes in 1MJ0, were 62,413 bales of Sea Island, worth thirtv three cents per pound, giving n fair average value o' f 118 p< r bale of 360 pounds each?making a total value of '$8,1S4,754 The crop in 1854 was 3?.8?fl, showing an increase of 12,727 bales in six years, of the value of fl S01.788. The United States bos no competition in the 1'reduction of Sea Island cotton, all of which is sent to England and the Continent, where it is transformed into fine muslins, laces, &c.; one pound of this staple, after being spun into No. 400 and upwards, and converted Into fine lace ready for market, in some cases is worth f 100. Tho last quotation for this cotton in Liverpool ranges from 22c. to 48c. per pound. Erom the above statement. It will be seen that tbe crop in tho United States in t<voiity-eight years has more than quintupled, while the pro portion of supplies from* alf other sources has. en the average, been nearly stationary. Tbe only Increase has been in India, and chiefly in the Iiomoay district, while in seme other countries the production J as fallen ofT. let us take tbe six years during which t.modho in creased consumption and high prices, combined with the ericoursgemcnt extended to its growth .n nil places out tide of the United States, imparted greater energy to i',s produetion. and ascertain the results. In illustration, we give the following statement, from Liverpool official tables, of ?bo total Import of cotton into Europe from all sources for the periods named ? Kaft lid'ts. Brazil. ITen! /t*iits. M. Bales. Halt. Hah-*. Baits 1S54 COS ,000 120,000 31.000 185,000 1S60 673,000 108 000 47,000 168.000 Increase 286,000 ? 18,000 _ DetM? ? 20,000 ? 7,000 Supphj in Kuroprfrom VnUeJ 5 'at-1 1884 2.430,000 I860 3,?4R,000 Increase 1,218 000 Wc must recollect thai tho East India balm only ave rage about 300 pounds, while An.erl< on bale* average at Icart 460 pound*, and approximate In most places COO pounds. The India (Sural) cottons in IJverpool, on theSMfe of January, 1880, were officially quoted at 3^d. a 6.1., while ordinary to fair American *m quoted at 8d. a 01., and inferior at 4','d. lak ng the averse of ?'?rata at 4>|d.. and of American at 7d., or nay in roari r.m here at 0c. for the farmer and 14c. for the latter, would give a Liverpool value to the bale of Inda otton or f27, and to the American (450 p unds) t' $80,from which we dcduce the following Uble ? EcrttAim w nm wmr or comv is rvnorw ; Hnv, Tin i n mma kxd this ramo statih, run mt yk<m, -ni* 1864 TO 1880. JncrmtM frt>nt tht Fvt lidi s. In bal't. lh? roll*-. 2Cfi 000 79,600,000 17,166 000 Incrtat' from tKt tf-U'ed ftatst. In balrt. U/L rafm. 1.218 000 .'>48,100,000 176,734,000 While the annaa! .mpurts of cotton ito <Ji eat BrMain from India, are varied by the Cu ne*o demand and the rate* of freight, th.i annual growth has not varied materially for a great many year*. The rebellion and war in China checked its consump tion in that country, *nd It* lnerpM?d lupply to Gicat liruln. If India la incapabio of prod'i, tog cot ton in competition with tie, Africa In still le*? able to do o. In India the land titles are all In th> hand* of the IndiAxi government, and tho*" who cultivate t ar? com pelled to pay a land tax. It .? n< wole-s to a<ld that ouch a system, with tbe anseoce of a p pulaiVm like that of the American, wculd be more or leaa a'bar to its cul. tnre, if i? othuf difficulties eimted. Be^doa Bugar, in digo, opium and rice are a!) more profitable article* of culture than cotton. So much for all the talk, WOOMtmr and b lotting, frenry and mad new of poll ul republican dcnugagiies and their abolition cohotta, abotrt supers 1 ing the growth of cotton In the Southern Stats If tbe wor^t oimea to the worst, let tbe talk be what It ma/; If the Northern free noil declaimers hare determined on < Ivll war to carry out nn abstract Uea, and alay wliitoe to gratify ? fanatical theory about negroea, which, if tttccoful, can only <nd in their extermination, (beoaueo African and Caucasian racca cannot exiat in eiualily on the rime ao'I,) and thi ? at the same time destroy tbe growth of cotton, rcgland cannot afiord to let it be dene. IW own ra'va tion, a* wall m (hat of Prance and utfiot portions of Eu rope, demand* tliat ite culture ebn'l not bu destroyed, nor Hi shipment* to their torts intercepts,i by p*i>er block ades. nor by the refusal of paper otampcea. And, if tbe worst omee (o pa*?, ail negro e<pallty tb r ?? to the contrary, there gr.\ernmmta will be (treat to protect the f rowers in its cult vatlon. Moreover, whatever the bg'iah pr re<s?d Wve for tho negro la the United States more thaa for him eleev- ^re, France wlM never consent to be made dependent upon British poesewiona and tiritlah^ule for her anr lUfti supply or 610,000 bales of cotton from the United States, of tho value of $30,000,000, with the lorn of her mMt proUtahlo market for manufactured goodi. THE CONFEDERATED STATES OF AMERICA The Capital o? the Southern Confederacy. Inauguration of President Jef ferson Davis. HS ADDRESS TO TIE PEOPLE OF MONTGOMERY SPEECH OF MR. YANCEY. THE PRESIDENT'S TRAVELS TO THE CAPITAL. rftocixMics or the souther* cojghess. DESCRIPTION OF its members, kit) k(t| kfc OUR MONTGOMERY CORRESPONDENCE. Montgomery, Ala., Fob. 14, 1891. The Capital of the Southern Confederal Stales?The New Constitution Satisfactory to the People-fTar Antici j<oted Ihe Patrol and Pass System Diseonlinuel-A Curious Scene on a Plantation by Moonlight?A Military Company of Ebots Ready to Fight the AMUionists-Mu nificenl Donation to the State treasury?The State of Peeling Among the PlartUn?A Company qf Twelve Months' Volunteers En Route for Pensa.ola-Ex-Con 9'essmen in their Ranks?The National Flag, rfr , rfc. The little capital of Alabama, hitherto merely the radiating point from which State politics warmod into ardor over questions of local importance, bos now be come a focal point of interest to tho whole nation. When the present times shall hare become historic, Montgome ry w ill be read of as the scene of one of the most won derful revolutions?wonderful alike whether it be peaceful or bloody?that tho world has ever wit nessed ; and whilst the continuation of secret sessions of the Congress prevents much of interest from being chronicled in the cotemporancous history of tho times, still the press, the great political barometer of the world, should record faithfully tho stages of the storm. Tho intense excitement which has heretofore pervaded the people has subsided,' and the prevailing feeling seems to bo much of that satisfaction which is expressed in Scriptural phrase as "joy tnat a man child is born Into tho world." The election of Pa vis and Stephens, and tho adoption of | the old constitution with such wondrous unanimity, have proved an earnest of serious patriotism which his calmed all apprehension. The people who for several days crowded around the closed doors of the Congress have now gene home satisfied. Nothing can bo moro gratifying to the patriot's heart than the simple contldence which alj classes have in the present disposers of their defltinlesl Tbfy feel that the great trial is passod, the meatal conflict over vllh, and the mere carnal war which is at their door they welcome as nothing In comparison with what they have suffered. Tho man who has struggled through a family quarrel, er suffered under tho necessities or re mntlr.g an insult from a friend, can believe the truth of this statement. Even the poor negroes, so alive to eve ry sj mpa'hy with their masters, seem to have caught this contagion of the general satisfaction, and white th?y know that pome great chai g? hax taken place, they find I hey are in the same boat with their natural protectors and ?re glad tl at they are no longer the scapegoats for tho sits of others. I do not make this assertion gratui tously; for now, God knows, we have hut littlo Interost in Influencing Northern < pinlrn. I^nm told that the strict system of patrols?(he "passes' to their wives' house??are now to a great extent die continued, to tho great satisfaction of poor Sambo and I know it to be a fact that masters and slave* feel more kindly towards each other?that there is now n ? ?I prehension of Insurrections; that the misters are more lenient and tho negroes more humble and affection#,? than ever. I am Informed that the Governor of this State has re ceivrd a letter from a "head man'' on a plantation, win says he has been drilling sixty of his master's men on moor light nights and Sundays, and with his master's per mission Is now ready to go to Kort Morgan and do all bo can for his master against "tho damned buckram abolW tlonlsts,'' who have done so much to cut ofT Sam's privi leges. To indicate the feeling among the whites, I need but mention the fact that Joel E. Mathews, a planter In Okbaba. h*s presented the Wate with $16 000 and the labor of 200 negroes, whenever they are called for. Tho same gentle man is now serving the as Auditor of Military Ac counts free of cost, although the salary or the office Is fO.fOO. The best men in the State are- offering to servo in lucrative offices without charge, and reveral members or the Slate Convention have refused to take anything for their services. Tho ladles or this city made 1,8(0 sand bsgs, and the ladles of Marion an equal number, and there has scarcely been a company uniformed for swne time but that fair hands have cut out and m-ido th -lr uniforms without cost. Yet these are all "rorced contri butions." God save the mark. Men who bel'eve it know little about revolutions. The companies now In the field are the pick and flowor or the land. One company from Barbour, now en route tor I'ensacoU, enlisted for twelve months, number among their ranks as pr vates ITon. J. I_ Pugh, late member of Congress; E. C. Bullock, Senator from that county, and Hon. John Cochrane, a prominent candidate for Governor all three the brightest and ablest minds or the State. Scarcely a man but belongs either to some company, begging ror marching "rders, or to some one of the ?' Hotue Guard '? companies, of men over forty five. And yet men talk or coercion; but I will leave you to draw your oivo info rences. Mary beautiful designs for the flag and seal have been proposed. Those mrrt favorably received bear soma relutionrhip and resemblance to the stars and stripe*, and are as follows ?1. A red ground, bound with whits ncd blue, with a blno crow In the ce ntre, with the seven stars emb'awmed thereon. 2. A striped bunting, with the same dcvlo extcnu'i.g entirely acre** the length and breadth of the ilag. 3. The same as the old flag, with the colors reversed? i. bluo stripes and a red union, with the stars arranged B acres cent form. The sea! proposed by some Is a e-tion bale, witj the Bible, the foundation of our Institution, open thereon with a sword and scales crossed thereon. The gray eagle Is *pokrn or as tho heraldic emblem of tho new confede racy. Hut nothing is known as to wh eh recivos tAo ssnctie>n of the con.m<tte<-, Whatever be the flag, the peopls fee! assured it ill be simple and appropriate, and sreh a one as (hoy will feel pleasure In dying under I' neeoeiry. ARRIVAL OP PRESIDENT DAVfR IN MONT now PRY, ALA. Ill* SIT.rcn AT TH1' IT tt??;OK Ml. YAHUKY'H flPtSBCH. The distinguished T*re?lder.t elect of the Confederate I states arrived in Montgomery on tne tight o~ the lUtli on the ten o'clock train from V\ <?t Point, ac -impanied by E. Ilarksdole Ksq., of tho Ja kson Mislsstf.pion, an 1 Mr C. R. Dickson, also or .'sckfon, Mls*l*r|pp|, ?nd 'attoudo.! by the rommt?tce on tho purl uT the State tien. raJ pavis was ie elved at Wes-I'oint by Hon. K. C. Bullock, ?n behalf of '.ik>committee, in a mo"t elegit.', and fl'ting speech, Which -ths rerp.r.d, d t, in never surpassed for e-.-,,?r ;h,k loi, p,,weP( gplrU M eleiquence. BothhW' ,r < nsiruM ah ,ut twenty ml , n ites eoeh In the deitvirv, ?nd wers he ere.! throughout ! by tire byttsmlers. Otn. r?l !)rt\ is' thrillirg a^nts irero received with lndescribaMs emctle-.-: of ,ra'..flcition. lie was tbei. cud icted t.. .?.? . W .? .?4'-vi,rf.* ir t.m vlded by Col. < hsrles r. l'->llird lot ?!. , tslen amt^h^ s'sr'^a?" whn ngait. responded hri'ily n , r, ,? fc,y|r ' ' burn the enthnsia-m w&* so fi?t i.h , n r>,j.?"?.! pesred ?pe.n th" plmrrm delivered r and beouti.'ul spec h tJ tho . rowd whi-h Ik I aseeml>'e,l to greet him. IxfSCkapoka was :n a lur? r.f, meet to bear the new Pre ldent. but brCii he r arhed th point to addrr.s th ni.tbe or.elretor, mi*:ir.t,r?h?rdl?* an e?rder to n'Oie furil r I <1 ? >p r-r tU. ?'gk,| t J , e n. continued (^n hi.- r ?tre f-i 'oery ito*h?'e I outs on the rc-te tb? ra were ? fr.-p h.i| tafion!!!* b*lBi beWn<' **? Ume oould not hesd the Inrl Arrlved at tha depot In Montgomery, and Gen. Davis waa welcomed to tlia hospitalities of the city In a capital speech from Judgs hTw. Watson, In the name of the corporate authorities, and here again responded in a ?tirring speech, which waa warmly cheered by the large attendance of cltiaana. He waa then conveyed to his r0!?. If* w Kxchange, In a carriage with Hons. E. M*t?rw "tf t Y,noeT? roHowed By others of the State Committee, where Gen. Davis and Mr. Yancey were n^ctlvely caHed out on the balcony of the hotel and made the following speeches ? _ ? si1?? or GO. XXITK. t ?W !?*"" Am BmrmuNovTHiOoiinDiiunSrAn op A mimca?For now we are brethren, not in name merely but in fhet, men of one desk, of one bone, of one Interest, of one purpose and of Identity in domestic Institutions. We bav?, henceforth, I trust, the prospect of living together our Institutions subject to pn*aotloo and not to defamation. It may be that our oynar will be ushered in In the midst of storm; it may be that as this morning opened with clouds and mist and rain, we ?h?n have to encounter inconveniences at the beginning but as the sun rose, lifted the mist, and dispersed the clouds! and left us the pure iunllght of heaven, so will the pro grees of the Southern Confederacy carry us into the safe sea aid safe harbor of constitutional liberty and political equality. (Applause.) "Hius we shall have nothing to fear at home, because at home we have homogeneity. We have nothing to fear abroad, because if war should come, and if we must again baptize In blood the principles for which oar fathers bled In the Kevo w W?. .vhow tUt we are not degenerate bods, thi rh?/i^eHm ! ?.p J*06 they 8ave> and redeem, too, the chartered rights thus given to us, and show that fn isvfn y,ttt 81111 ,lves and shines as brightly as In 1776, nlSl* and in every othor conflict. (Appluuse.) I was cor, licence of the Cangress of the Confederate States. I hank you, my friends, for the kind manifestations of fa Ji?. ThrP^t, V0D which you exhlbu 00 thls occa sion. Throughout my entire progress to this citv L?h.aVVece've,d 1116 8111116 ottering demonstra ih?mrfg approbation. I did not re me ^ Sn"8hP<#rK?nal 10 myBelf- but ? tendered to M11Ulc humble representative of the principles and policy of the Confederate States. I will dovoto to in .hi". 5 u,gh ?fflco *? whlch 1 hav0 been called all that I have of heart, of head and of han-l. If in the progress of events, It shall become necessary that my ser be,needed in another positioa-fr, * bTplato, necessity shall require that I shall again enter into the ranks of the soldlery l know that you wiU welcome mo tbero. (Applause.) Now, my friends, thanking you for you good'iught ,0Ur approbation' allow mo to hid ? TAWOCY'S SP??H. p.,. Yancey came forward and said:?Fellow lv? dl?tlngiilshed gontleman who has Jnst addressed you has safd, the country does not now look to S.?Dh?. ^ Pr,in'cPles- But ho* fortunate is our country? ?ver?ent?h/? P'lncl'>,eB for the administration of 8 ?the man- sbo has found in the distin JCnt e?lan ?ho called to preside over her public affairs, the statesman, the soldier and the patriot c An Fn nThL SJ}** lb? statesman?one eminently skilled i!i i thoroughly understanding the great principles <n which our government Is based, skilful wise and moderate. She has the soldier, dlanguished upon the field of battle, wise In council, terrible In tho charge. (Applanse.) She has a patriot, just, upright tar ni"corruPtlb'?- (Applause.) Neither fear would do r?.k^?I?.r. BSduce1hjm or cause him to swerve from tho path of rectitude and duty. I may sav affain fortnnnfA thrice fortunate, are the people of the South. ' They have found the man as well as the principles?a man in whom are combined in so eminent a degree the wisdom of tho ffSAT0' . ? ? L2f the 8oldier> and the Incorruptibili ty of the patriot. The man and the hour have met We may now hope that prosperity, honor and victory await hi-administration. (Applause.) ' wa" The immense crowd then quleOy dlsporsed. INAUGURATION OF THE PRESIDENT. A SOLEMN SCENE. | President Davis wm inaugurated and took the oath of office at tho capital on the 18lh Inst. The procession formed at the Exchango in the following order:? Musio. . , Military escort. The President elect, with Vice President and Chaplain to

p open carriage drawn by six horses. Congressional Committee on ceremonies of inauguration Committee on part of the State of Alabama. Committee on part of the authorities of the city of Mont p , , gomery. Commissioners to this government from States other than the States of this Confederacy. f'Overnors of the several Confederate State# Judges of the Supremo Courts of the several States of tho Confederacy. Ministers of the Gospel. The above In carriages. Citizens generally, In carriages _ Citiions generally, on foot. The whole under the command of (ieneral D. P. Watson Mars! ul of the day. ' | At twelve o clock, with a salvo of guns the woeessinn moved up to ,ho Cpltol, where a >latformPhTb^S < rei ted In front of tho portico for the President of Con m*m?' ttnJ Vice President elect and the <T?hiT"tfta in^'T08*' t?geth"r wUh Governor or this State and the committees. An immense con ' ourpe of people bad assembled long before tho nrnren Men arrived. When tho Present Ud taken hTCTt ronrd after round of cheers greeted him, but s lonce wis soon ol.ta.ced, when Rev. Dr. Manly offered rrott impressive prayors ever llstonod to. The President bM rKa1 h.ta '"angiira! a^ldress, which has already^ bZ pubHshcd in the Ukraijd. After the aAlrw. ?L Pr?rwd ?0rt<iKkptl,e 00111 of administered by tho President of the Congress. With one hand on 'he Rihlo and tho other raised, he listened to the oath and then with upturned face and a solemn, earnejt voice he Rild' k o heir me God. There was pcvw ly a dry evo in the crowd when the stern IYeeldent himicf ho m tears. Go,l does n? t permit svllta be dls with ^ earreet solemnity, tuch all pervadinc tr. at in kiL ? At nigbt tho city was llluminate<) an 1 tho Pr rejeived bin fellow cltisens atOtoU* ud ftS?Srt222 Tb"?*T,but {ew corjectnres .s totbe Crtto^ The (iOd of nations has designated the instrnmnnfa nr his will, ?nd the people will bfTatisd^ % bo he g.Eeral feelirg of everybody, save, probably the Rlltisso?the Uines.m 10 be ovcr"rw' b^ the respons. PRESIDENT DAVIS ON HIS WAY TO INAU GURATION. While the President of the I'nlted States is on his pro gress toward* the scat of the federal government, with all the circumstance and pomp of royalty, thronged with satellites and place seekers, hie every movement heralded to the world, a plain man, of Dimple manners, is ram' mi ned by the unanimous voice of the people of an adjoin ing republic to pnaido over 1U destinies, and without preparation, without previous arrangement, in hi* simple suit of Virginia homespun. and by means or the ordinary railroad train*, he obeys tbe summons and goes to the discharge of his responsible duties. It has fallen to the lot of few to witness a spertv cle of more real grandeur, or to roe more genuine and hearty enthusiasm, than is exhibited as Jefferson Davis pastes through tbe country on uis way to h.s Inaugu ration. Tbe telegraph, on the 16th, announced that General PuVP would arrive in Atlanta on the next morning The intelligence created universal interest. A public meeting was extemporized, and a committee appointed to meet bim on the State railroad and tender him the hospital), ties of the city. The committee left In an hour, and met Qn downward train at Pesaca, some eighty mile* distant, at nine o'clock P. M. Pr. I?wis, Superintendent of tbe State road, went for Mr Pavis, and found him in a crowded car and wrapped up In a bfejket. Th ? committee was presented without cefl^ony, and most cordially received. Knowing that (< I avii bad been two nights on the road, porofortable sleeping arrangements had been preiired by the Superintcudint, which ware gratefully accepted by the general. lb- trip to Atlanta, although made In the night, %as a scene of *|"ntane<<ua cnthtisiifm, Illuminations, bontires. salutes, every means by jrhirh a devoteil people could tei-tity its )oy. wer" brought Into requisition. At Aoairs vllle, at Centcsville nrd at Marietta, General Pavis re sponded to the call of the people la brief but telhag spot ches. Not the least notnoablo peculiarity of the trip wis I he way in which the Presidentelect would drop <nto inimcointe ?nd profound slumber upon retiring, but would rosptnd promptly and most eloquently when called fti.m h s slumber by the crowds at the depots. At nine o'clo-.k of tbe next morning * levee was held In the Falcons of the Front House, Atlanta, whl".h, although tbe weather had become Inclement and raining, was throrged by citizens of both sexes. At half-past nlno o'cl< i k. In n sponge to a 'ormal reception by the Mayor, ( l iteral Pavis spoke for some fifteen minutes fro? the hotel balcony In a strain of manly and dignified eloquence which thrilled the vast crowd in front and cllcited the henitiest applause. On the ten o'ck?k train tho President departed for Montgomery amid tho cheers of the dense thriing and tho lir UK oi cannon At every depot on the route cr wds Oi citizens coilecte.1 to testily their loyalty to the u. w govcmmei.t anrT their devotion to its chief, ?;e.i eral Pnvis frequently responding when cafl'd mit. He e*preyed an earn", t desire for peace, and a determ n.i tl? n to act t,n tbe defensive; but If w*r must come, if It Is forced upon us, he pledged the best energies of his whole nature?i-elying upon a brave people ,md a i ist <;od lor i'tpport, to de fend to every extremity the rights a.nt bond of his c. untry. He compared the capacities of tb? twosectienc for "i.faining a war, both offensive and ibfensive. exrres# ithe opinion ttut the North was pri stly themo?t vulLerable, both because of Its great I >mnicrce. which would l>e destroyed by privateers, and Us highly cultivated nml densely settled territory?In ehlc.h s hostile army could do trrrparrbie damage. Hut b? expressed tbe hope that moderate counsels would p-e v.iil and i oth lections would enter with a generous rivlry upon 'h# re a\ of peaceful prosperity. 1i:?re are two thirg*- ncttfieible in connection with the I'rrfideiitr pa 'age through th^-ountry? the unstudle<l, rponUi.t our, hearty i nlhuslnm with which he has been i ry where greeted, and the unanimous determination tr, stand b the new government. For whatever division tl,< re may bate been before secession, there is uow but one t i?d. _____ PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOUTHERN CON GRESS. N1KTH DAT. Mostoobkkt, Ala.. Feb. 13, lSfli Congress met to day at noon. Prayer was off red by tV Rev. ?. C. Pnvls, of the Methodist Protestant church The l?nrn?l of tlie preceding day was read and con f' med. Ifr. Fntnaew?1 have received ? model flat for the ' erfeden e ?tales, from Mr. Jacob Plate, of August*, ?s wb eh I denre w have referred to tbe Owiimlttee (I. ' r.' i ' ?>e fcleo a oomjntulvfttiea la relation to ? devwa for a Mfti, sent to me by cltliena of Richssr.^ county,??. which I deaire alao to bare submitted t** Mine committee. All of which iu? accordingly referred. Mr. Wuuur?ffWe received a oommunloatxva which I aak leave to lay before Congreaa:? _ ? Etowah, Ga., feb. 11,14CL To ITon. A. R. Whisht, Montgomery, Ala. Dsaa 8ia?As any more immediate representative in the new Congress, 1 write to you. The new government mutt bare the mean* of defence. It muat,*ln tie shortest time, put up an armory, to coot (600,000; or It muit oontract with Srlies for $1,000,000 worth of irmi, to be made at heme in e prompted time. I ean furnish the iocatlon-tbe most eli gible in the fcouth; or I can take the contract. This will be a great matter for the Bouth. MASK A. COOPER. I have, Bald Mr. Wright, only furnished a portion of Mr. Cooper'* letter to me. The other part la or a private character. I ask leave, Mr. Pr eel dent, to make one or two observations before I make the motion to refer thta communication. These works are established?they are In successful operation?and, as stated in the communi cation Just read, Etowah Iron worka occupy the most eligible site In the South. They aro located on the Eto wah river, three miles from the Western and Atlantic Railroad, the great thoroughfare oonstructed by the State of Georgia, connecting the regions of the North and West with those of the South and Gulf. The enterprising gen tleman at the bead of these worka baa constructed, at his own private expense, a railway along the banks of the Etowsb, adistance of from three to three and a half miles, to the spot where the work* are located. The ore of tbuee regions is said to be equal to any In the Union. The works arc extensive, and with very little preparation ore capable of turning out almost any desirable quantity of otdnonco. The site Is exceedingly eligible on account of Its locality. There Is no point in the South with which It does not immediately communicate. The railroad north terminates at Chattanooga, from whence there are seve ral lines leading north and west. From Atlanta there Is communication to this point, and also to Savannah, to Charleston, and soon will be to 1'ensacola. 1 can, Mr. President, conceive of no site that could be more eligible than the one where these works are located. Again, sir, sail Mr. Wright, as to the character o* the gentleman at the head of litose works?the Hon. Mark A. Cooper?he Is known to most of the members of this body, by reputation, if not per sonally. lie is a man of vast energy, enterprise and in tellect. I doubt whether Georgia has his superior in either of these particulars. What he undertakes to do, he will do; what be promises, he will perform. I hope, therefore, thia communication will receive from this body that respectful consideration which it deserves. The usual and proper oourse would be to move its refa renoe to the Committee on Military Aflhirs, but I aak its reference to the Oommlttee on Finance, not on aooount of any dissatisfaction with the former committee, for I think them eminently fitted for their position, but because the chairman of the Committee on Finance baa a pergonal knowledge of those works, and a personal acquaintance with the gentleman who makes the applica tion. I presume that the chairman of the Committee on Finance can tlnd leisure to devote to this subject; and It alee comes up very appropriately for his consideration, as it Involves a considerable expenditure of money. I move its reference to the Finance Committee, w ith in structions that they make a special report on the sub ject. Mr. Cckrv?I have two or three memorials in my pos session relating to the same subject from gentlemen in Alabama, Indicating different localities in the State of Alabama as suitable sites for a foundry, which appear, from geological and minerological surveys, to demon strate more requisites for such an establishment thaa those mentioned In the letter of the distinguished gentle man of Georgia. I have not thoae memorials at hand at pre t ent, or I would present them now, but I will take oc casion to do so at some future time. I rose, however, merely to say that I see no special reason why this matter should not be referred to its appropriate committee?the Committee on Military AflAlrs. 1 apprehend no oommlttee la en trusted with more business than that of which the dis tlrguishcd gentlemen of Georgia (Mr. Toombs) is chair man. Nor would 1 be willing that the final location of so important a matter aa this should be made until after a scientific survey by some competent officer of the army. I presume that this Congress entertains the same views. I therefore hope that the reference will be made to the Committee on Military Aflklrs or to a special oommltteo? probably the last would be the best. I am willing for its reference to any committee, except that on Finance, aa that committee has a large amount of business on hand. At another time I may present memorials on this sub ject, and at the same time expreas my opinions aa to the necessity of an armory. Mr. Whight?I adhere to my proposition, for tho reason that this foundry la already needed, and the worka of Major Cooper are already in em. They are capable, with slight additions and alterations, of turning out, in a brief period of time, immense quanti ties of ordnance. Tho reason why I desired the refe rence to the Finance Committee, of which the distin guished gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Toombs) Is Chair man. was his personal knowledge of the works and the i haracter of tho gentleman at the head of them. Ho (Major Cooper) Is a gentleman dlattnguiahed not only as a civilian, having served his 9tateupon the floor or Con gress, but also in the field, and the latter qualification Is an Important consideration in making choice of one to execute thia work. I shall be satisfied with the reference to any committee, but prefer that on Finance. Mr. CtRBY?I move to amend the motion by referring it to a spec .a! committee of five. After other motions, the matter was finally referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. Coskao offered tbe following ? Resolved, That th? Committee m Military Affairs and the Committee on Naval Affairs be Instructed to include In any plan tbey maj propofe for the organization of the array and navy suitable provisions for such officers of the army and naw of the 1'nited States aa may have tendered a resignation of t)i? irr< mmUiion Inconsequence of their adhesionio any or all tbe States of this confederacy. The resolution vu adopted. Mr. Crawford presented a communication fr >m the Postmaster at Columbus, Ga., which without being read wan referred to the Committee en Postal Affairs. Mr. Mkhmkukb offered the following:? Resolved, That the Committee on Commercial Affnirs be lnntructed to Inquire and report uron the expediency of re pealing the navigation laws of tbe Confederated titates, and thai the; have leave to report by bill. I beg leave, said Mr. Memmingor, to say that I would not oiler anything nffect'ng any permanent change in our laws until after the inauguration of tbe President; and I would tot now where It not a ease of necessity. The Congrcrs has continued in force tne laws of the United Stales in reference to the enrolling and rcgi?tering of ves sels. and consequently no vessel coming from any State outside of this confederacy has any right to be admitted into Southern harbors without paying the same duties as foreign vessels and no vessel, unless owned by citizens of this confed< rucy has any authority to engage in our coasting trade. 1 thick the laws had best remain as they are until after the inauguration of the President and the thorough organization of the government. The resolu tion Is simply one of Inquiry, and 1 hope at the proper time the ccmmittce will report a bill to supersede the present laws. The resolution was adopted. Mr. Prookf?In connection, air, with the motion made by the honorable gentleman from Georgia (Mr/ Stephens), on presenting a model flag, I propose to offer the follow leg resolution Rfpolved, That the Committee en the Flag and Seal of the Conlederscy be Instructed to adopt and report n dug, a? si milar *? possible to the fl.ig of the United States, ranking onlj ?i:ch changes as may be neecssiiry to distinguish easily the one from the other, and to adapt the banner, in the ar rsng? nvent of its stars and stripes, to the number of States ia this confederacy. I thick, said Mr. Rnxke. that it is a matter of much impcrtsnoe that this subject bo acted en immediately. The time has come when that ting should be waving rn the ocean, and I hope It will soon be sent floating over the fortresses of Sumter and Plrker.s. ("Slight applause.) The object of this resolution is to make the new (lag to depart as little as |io?alfile from tbe old. In revolutionary times it is desirable to make as little change as possible in those things to which the people have long been accustomed. We should re spect even their prejudices. The flag of the United States remains yet the emblem of the former glory, strength snd poaer of our nation. We, fir, as well as the North em confederacy, have an interest in Its past history. True, ?ir, It Is but a sentiment; hut the feelings which hallow that emblem are not those merely of custom or hlibit, but they aro the result of a?piration. That flsg ts an idol of the heart, aronnd which cluster (hc memories of tbe i*st, which time can never i Mice or cuisetogrow tiim. That flag, sir. is net only connected with our vlcto ! rite on land and fob, in the last war with Great Ilrtain, but it is also associated with our recollections of success n the Mexican war, where, baptised in Seuthern blood. It w?ve.l in glorious and cons?cra'ed triumph throughout that campaign fir. there is no reaso.i why the North should appropriate that flag. It is eminently a South* rn flag. It ia connected with one of the best of our national airs. That air ia of Irish extraction, but the words were written ? y a Southern man. on board of a Frltisli m?n of-war, which was employed In bombarding a Southern fort. And, sir, we can and will appreciate the sentircentr whlih animated him, when, "In tho dawns early light,1' he witnessed that Hag which he last saw in "tfce twilights last gleim." Sir, let us preserve It as far ss we can?let us continue to hallow It In our mcmo rj ? and still p?ay that "long may It wave o'er the laud or ihe free snd the home of the brav?.'' Mr Mnrs?I trust the resolu'lon of the honorable gen tlcman from Mississippi (Mr. Brooke) will not h? ? ?pted. Should it be, sir, I would be very much disposed, with the concurrence of my colleagues on tho committee to ask I . be dl'chargod from further consideration of tho subject. We conceived that the whole matter hu: been rdiacred to us in order that wo might deliberate upju it, eoH%Nirr our views, receive suggestion* from every quar ter snd roeko then such a report lo this body us wo could agree np..n. Then tho whole matter would come up be fore the Congress Tor it to accept, rejoct or modify as mlfcbt F'< m ptoper. Rut If, sir, wo nro to hi- instructed to report a certain flag, 1 presume that we are a commit tee ojfhio. The whole matter will have h.-en re moved frt m sir hands. Rut I have. sir, I coufosa, a fur ther el ct'on 1 do cot entc into the spKt of tho roso lutlon, nor do I admiae the tenor of the r?mirk? ehlch were maile by the honorable gentle men IV m Mississippi. I confess, ?n I I may b? ? .ni;flsr >n my views, that tbe stirs and s'.rlpes have nlwsjs appeared to roe to he the emblem of a hostile and tyrsnn i el government. Krom my childhood, wherever I hmo seen It, 1 bave felt thst It wa? not a friendly *?< not tbe i ns'pn of a government to which wo cold leek for Justice and protection 1 s. itnowleogo tho fmce ni association? the noble associations whleu cluster ?row ! Ihe flag of one's country. Whenever ?. |?eo|lo l ire ?evered their political relations th~rs are mmy tios bad lo sunder snd many memi rlee had to orn?o. sir, in utrt Revolution la it not lo be supposed that many of ! tl ope-pie abandoned tho glorious (leg of their fathers ? ti ?r?nt reluctnrco and p in? Tb"y felt that the gl'ries of Old rtgland were th< ir glories. Ihey tell tbat tliey had a portion hi tb ? history of their mother conalry, frem the Magna ( harta lo ihn Revolu ti r_ they felt that they had an Interest in Ihs victories ! ' f fressy and Aslncourt?and It 1? not to h- conceived Iba' ihey yielded those memories without regret. The K< ettrnian 'peaks of tbe victories achieved in Mexico nHd< r tb" Csg of the United States. True, sir, but I feel j n o' ? pride In s'stlng that tho Palmetto reglmont was then-, and bathed its own f-tats flag in Ihe blood of many ?>f its members snd officers, snd the wjrm heart of ihe gallant Colonel of their regiment, the chivalrous Rntler In nt Us last pulsation there. (Applause.) Thit flag that' PUte flag, la dearer to my heart tlun the flag ,.f th? I t n't*d Slates, for it was under that flag th.t the b?tt?e of Fart M?Mils is was fougl.i? it under I hit flag that the battles of Aitair, Kings Mountain and Oowpens were fought?aad I have always, sir, been one of thoee who thought there was aa over estimate placed cm the glor lee of the Hag of the Toiled States. Why, sir, moet of the great battles et the Revolution were not rougbt under it, but udsr the separate State flags, before the recognition of the United States by the nations of the world. Mr. Prettiest, I did not anticipate any such discussion as this. I am not pre pared for it at present, and I request the honorable gen tleman from Mississippi to withdraw his motion ami let the committee mature some plan for a flag, which they may lay before this body. Mr. Bwxwn?At the suggestion of a friend 1 withdraw the resolution for the present. On motion, Congress then went Into secret i TKNTH DAT. MoimKuawT, Ala., Feb. 14,1M1'. Congress met to-day at noon. Prayer wu otlbred by the Rev. Mr. Tlckenor. The Journals of yesterday were read and Mr. Bores?Mr. President, I rise for the purpose of presenting to the Congress, with a view to its reference to the appropriate committee, the models for the lag of our confederaty. One of them haa been sent to me by a gentleman of Columbia, S. C.?the beautiful capital of my State?the seat of refinement and intelligence? where the Southern heart beats as ardently as at any spot within our limits. The other is sent to me toy a lady, with whom I am well acquainted, a neighbor of mine, who resides in the picturesque town of Winnsbo ro, Fairfield district, S. C. She is a lady of remarka ble intelligence, whose path through life has been illus trated by all thoee virtues which adorn the female cha racter. I will take the liberty of reading her letter to the Oongrefs. It is full of patriotio fire. It is worthy of Rome in her best days, and might well have been read in the Roman Senate on that disastrous day when tho victorious banner jf the great Carthagenian was visible from Mount Aventine. And I may add,sir,thataslong as our women are impelled by these sublime sentiments, and our mountains yield the metals out of which wea pons are forged, the lustrous stars of our unyielding con federacy will never pale their glorious tires, though baffled oppression may threaten with its impotont sword, or, more dangerous still, seek to beguilo with the syren song of conciliation:? WimrsBORO, B. C., Feb. 10,1861. Hon. W. W. Bom:? Sik?Enclosed I send to you a Sag for the new republie, de signed by Mr. Ladd, which la simple, as all national Sago should be. It is tri-oolored, with a red union, seven stars and the crescent moon. It was all the design of Mr. I*. with (ha exception or the stars in a circle or wreath, and " crescent moon among them, which I thought would be a fit emblem of our young republic-, and by placing the stars in a wreuth others could no added p forming a large wreath as the other States come in. I am vain enough, if you please to - term it so (.but I term it patriotism), to feu that I would wish no greater honor than to see the slightest thing I had a hand in adopted by the Bouthern confederacy. We have three boys to giro to our country: words oould not express the glow of pride that throbbed our bosoms when I saw tham ready to respond to their country's call. My boys are a part of a mo ther's jewels, freely given when needed. My next gnatwt glory would be to see the design adopted and Deng to the May It yet be unfurled. Floating proudly and free, O'er the bright sunny Bouth And the darh rolling i Our great Washington fought for the principles ws fen now contending for, and thought he had secured them. May our young republic honor hTs memory with the name K "Washington Republic," dating from the Kd of February. The day would then be kept to celebrate two groat events, ?lust as I finished the word "events" I heard the news that Mr. Davis hsd been elected President. Olorioua newsl We are free! We have institutions of our own?a country that we can call our own?rulers from among our own people. There is not a Southern woman?wife, mother or msfii hut what feels prouder to-day of hs^bountry?knowing, aa we do, that we have fathers, husbands, sons and broth are, who are willing to saenfloe to duty and honor. In pcuce or war, you have with you the prayers and sympathies of every woman who glories in saying T'I am a woman of the South.'' Tours, Ac. Mra.0. LADO. On motion, the two flags wore referred to the Flag Com mittee. Mr. Srspjtum?I have now the model flag which was sent to me by Mr. Piatt, of Augnsta, [it was then unrolled and exhibited to the Congress] and I have also another beautiful flag, with a letter accompanying it, [the flag was exhibited] all of which I ask to be referred to the Flag Committee. The reference was mado. Mr. Toombs?I present a flag which I ask to be referred to the same committee. The flag was exhibited and referred. Mr. WiUJtER, of Ala.?I hold in my hand a flag made by one of the citixens of this State, which I also desire to have referred to the Flag Committee. The flag was exhibited and reference made. Mr. Clayton offered the following:? Resolred, That the Committee on the Judlclaiy he autho rized to have such matter printed aa they may desire to lay before the Congress. The resolution was adopted. Mr. Nranrr presented a communication on the subject of patents, which, without being read, was referred to the Committee on Patents. Mr. Mzmximcer?The Committee on Commercial A flairs is prepared to make a report to this body, but would pre fer to make it in secret session. If, therefore, there be no further business, I move that Congress go into secret sew Ion. The motion was adopted, and the body went into ses sion with closed doors. ELKVCNTH DAT. MomxiMiniY, Ala., Fob. 16^ ISffl. The Convention met to-day at twelve o'clock. JYayor was offered by tbe Rev. Mr. Pellicier, of the Chlholte cburcb. Tbe proceeding* of tbc prevous day were read and con firmed. Mr. Chiito* offered the following:? Reaolved, That a committee of ilx, confuting of one deputy from each of the Ktatei of Ibis confederacy, to be <le*i|pikteu by the diputlei of inch States respectively, b* appointed to ?ct Id conjunction with the committee appointed by th? public authorttifi of this city, to nxike aui able arrangements for the reception and Inauguration of the Preildcut elect of tbe Con federate 8: ate*. Adopted. Mr. Brooks asked leave of absencc for his col league, Mr. Ctnopbell. I-eave w?? granted. Mr. Strphenh?I have a model for a seal, sent to me by a citizen of Georgia, together with a communication, which I ask to have referred to tbe Flag Committee. Granted. The l'R*?ni*xT?The Chair will state that he hu re ceived a communication on the subject of the sale of some vessels to the provisional government, which be asks may be received and roferred to tbe Committee ^oa Naval Affairs. Tbe communication was accordingly re ferred without being read. Mr. Mkmmeiokr offered the following:? Resolved, That each of the standing committees of ("onpwt > be authorized to csuse t> be printed any matter that lh?y may deem requisite for the use of each committee. Adopted. Mr. 8noim?, Chairman of the Committee on Engross n.ents, reported as duly enrolled tbe resolution of Con gress accepting the appropriation of flvo hundred thou sand dollars made to the government of the Confederated States of America by the State of Alabama; also the^revo lution that the Judiciary Committee bo authorised tc have such mattor printed us they may desire to Uy be fore CoDgresa. Mr. Kkarx?I present a letter from Mr. John B Reed, a citizen of Tuscaloosa, on the tubjcct of a projectile, which is deemed very valuable. It has been butnro tbe public for some years or more, and has received tbe en dorsement of scientific gentlemen connected with tbe military institution at West Point. I move that tbe let ter he referred, without reading, to the Committoe oc Naval Affairs.. The reference was made Mr. I" is present here this morning one of the deputies from tbc State of Tex.iS. The others aro on their way, and are Sally expected. I beg to offer to the Congress an official topy of the ordinance of secession pissed by the State of Texas and the credcnt'als of tbo deputies. As Mr. Giegg is present, I move that he be In vited to take a teat in the Convention. Mr. Witiiim?If I am tot misinformed the ordinance of ?ec.( Psion passed by the Convention of the people of Tens has to be submitted to the vote of that state for Its replication. If tbta be true I cannot see how Texas Is a* this time ont of tbe Union, or bow Texas can at pre sent be represented in thl.? Cong' era The r*F!>iMarr? Tbo ordinance Is here, and cm be read for tho information of Conncsa. The Secretary then read the ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of Toxaa and the other lutes united under the compact styled "the constitution of tha United States of America Tbe Secretary also read tbe credentials of tbe d> pjtles from Teias to Ible Congr?ee. The deputies nro-?Messrs. 1/ewisT Wigfill, J< bn B lUagan, John HempblU, T. tf. Waul, John firegg, W S Oldham ar.d Williim B. Ochil tree. The credentials were signed N. M. Roberts, Presi dent, and R. T. Brownrlfg Secretary to the Convention. The deputies were OMamUskiOt d to represent :be ^tnte of* Texas in the Congress to ihe exteut 01 the lowers con ferred upon them by the Cnavunikm of tbo people of Texas. The second section Of tin; ordinance provides tint the ordlrarce shall be submitted to tlie poop'e o' Toxw* for their ratification or rejection by t1 ? qua :!??>.! vo'?re on tho 29d day of Ftbruary, 1841 and, unless r^ie.'.fe,! tiy a tns.lority of tbe votes cast, shad take eflW.t ai>J ho In force on nnd after the 2d < ay of Miirch, IH?1 Mr. F*'hm move I that the ?x rnniuiiicstl In ft in ie*as be referr'd to a sp?elal w n.m'i'ee of Uieee, a* t up. Iiorer.t the appointments, are t o' (-"lfeC rh -;o'tt )D was adopted. The Pn>i?inrfT appointed the following as tint commit tee:? Metsrs Fearn. Miles ar.d Marshal* Mr. Tnoviis moved that tbc ('opu'j from T' t?a (vfr. Gregg), who la now present, bt Invited to take i >.>-_? this t nwvettton. Adopte Th" )si*,nr>T then invited Mr. fiiegt to ic iest a oafc in the Corventlon. Mr Sum'?A gentleman from tch!|.' b - p ?. e I In rev hinds a focdel or de? igti to' a i,Ht;<c;i] t)<f ?hide s*re to have sutmitted ?<> the (Xmmittee <n the 1"*$. Ct anted. Mr Waiawi?I* It Impmtat! tost the picpar -join for the Inargnrath b he ompletO. 1 in, vc, therefore, that tbo rell M Mitis he ctlled ind tut riinh Ktilt Ip^I it* mitnher for the Commiite. ' -the Rcreptl n jn l lav gnintion of the President Adopted Tho roll of ftatts wits then nulled and th" fo'io vine of nm It tee wis announced *fr t'liilt- >x ?t.' :i Mr Ani'CB?n, rf Kion. a. Mr I.-nor, of tJet'rp'a' Mr ni?, of I/ie.slana: Mr t arry, or' Mbstoslnpi, and Mr Rht (%. nl ^euith Carolina Mr. Krrrr?If In order, Mr. I/e.o'iept I moveth^ttbrr Itavgnrstlon Of the Pier 0<>-nt elect ho tlxe.1 for Morday. at one e "deck. Adtpted. Mr Km rr then moved the Con-rroi" go leto secret sea slop, which was adopted I'uripg th* recret srlon to iiy the 'o'lowieg restitu tion and act wcro adopted end reci e?y i in >. e?l :~ a nr.foiPTtns to co!?tii?ck is orru'B Tn? oinctss or rn?i crsTons. pr i lrrd (>>y the Confederate Htatei of Ame le*, In Con rie?? mhled). That, until otherwise prorld""', th* several I n eeracrnneeieil with the ^llcetlon of eustems, duties n p< *ts In the several Stat?a of this confederal b?, and ar ? hir?by eenfirmed itid onnllnwd M I'flloer^ of fltf tnv*rnra?a of ltie Cintrdente 9tal< s of America, with their pepsent aa rtessnd <Trolumenta, until tte flrst day of April nait, i II at the H?cr?tary of the Treasury bs loatnioted to rmr Congrtuss plaa to go I a to effect at the iam? date, who