Newspaper of The New York Herald, 23 Şubat 1861, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 23 Şubat 1861 Page 5
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THE PRESIDENTIAL PROWESS. bitting if the Flag ?/ the Union Over Inde pendence Hill by If. Lincoln. Groat Turnout of the Philadelphia^ to Witness the Ceiemony. Mr. Lincoln's Speech on the Occasion. HIE JOURNEY FROM PHILADELPHIA TO HARRISBURG. Reception and Speeches at the State Capital. DISQRACEFUL CONDUCT OF THE MOB. UTICIP1TED TROUBLE AT nALTOOKE, lu?f Ms* HOBBTINO OP THE AMERICAN FLAG OVER INDEPEN I)ENCB? H A LU Philapbij-uu, Feb. 22, 1861. celebration of Washing ton's birthday began at daylight by salutes being fired oil in different parts of the ?My. Hie ceremosy of raising the lag of thirty-four stars ever the Hall of Independence this morning by Mr. Lin coln was attended with all the solemnity due such at) occasion, the scene be in ,7 an impressive one. At the rising of the son crowds of people streamed from ail parts of the city towards the State House, and very soon every inch of ground was occupied,* vast number ?T ladies being present. Ike weather was cool and bracing. At sevens'clock, Mr. Liaooln was escorted to the Hall, ?nd there received by Theodore Cnyler, who warmly welcomed him to its venerable walls in the hour of na tion*] peril and distress, when the great work achioved fey the wisdom and patriotism of our fathers seems threat ened with instant ruin. Mr. Lincoln responded *s follows? 8PXXCH OF MB. LINCOLN IN PHILADKI.FH1A. Mr. CtrrucR?I am filled with deep emotion at Hading myself standing here, in this place, where were col lected together the wisdom, the |>at riot ism. the devotion to principle from which sprang the institutions under which we live. You have kindly suggested to me that in my hands is the task of restoring peace to the present distracted condition of the country. 1 can say in return, sir, that *11 the political sentiments I entertain have been drawn, so far as I have been able to draw them, from the sentiments which originated and were given to the world from this Hall. 1 have never had a feeling politically that did not spring from the sentiments embodied in the Declaration of Inoepeadenoe. I have often pondered over the dangers which were incur rod by the men who assembled here, and framed and adopted that Declaration of Independence. I have pondered over the tolls that were endured by the ?Boors and soldiers of the srmy who achioved that inde pendence. I have often inquired of myself what great principle or idea it was that kept the confederacy so long together. It w*s not the mere matter of tho separation ?tf tho colonies from the mother land, but that sentiment hi tho Declaration of Indeponsence which gave liberty, mot alone to tho people of this country, but 1 hope to the world, for al\ future time. (Great applause.) It was that which gave promise that In due time the weight would bo Kfted from the shoulders of all men. This is a sentiment embodied in the Declaration of Independence. Now, my friends, can this country be saved upon that basis" If it can, I will consider myself one of the happiest men in tho world If I con help to save It. If it cannot bo saved upon that principle, it will be truly awful. But If this country cannot be saved without giving up that principle, I was about to ssy 1 would rather be assawt aatod on this spot than surrender It. (Applause.) Now, In my view of the present a*]>ect of affairs, there need bo ao bloodshed or war. There is no necessity for it. I am not in favor of such a course, and 1 may say in advance that there will be no bloodshed unless it bo forced upon the government, and then it will be compelled to act in self delenoe. (Applause.) My friends, this is wholly an unexpected speech, and ldid not expect to bo called upon to say a word when I came here. I supposed I was merelv to do wsmething towards raising the flag. 1 may, therefore, have said somothiug indiscreet. {Cries of "No,'' "no.") I have said nothing but what I am willing to live by, and, if the pleasure of Almighty (tod, die by. Mr. Lincoln concluded amid great applause. The members of the City Council paid their reflects to him, and the procession moved directly towards the platform erected in front of the State House. On Mr. Lincoln's appearance on the platform be was hailed with outbursts of applause f rom the surrounding maltitnde. Mr. Benton, of tho Select Council, mado a brief address, kivitlng Mr. Linooln to raise the ting Mr. Lincoln replied, In a patriotic speech, stating a cheerful complianoe with the request. He alluded to the original flag of thirteen stars, saying that the number bad increased as time rolled on and we became a happy, powerful people, tarti star adding to its prosperity. The future is in the hands of the people. It was on such an occasion we coold reason together. re&Mrm our devotion to the coun try and the principles of tbe Declaration of Independence. Let as make up our minds that whenever we do put a ?ew star upon our banner, it Khali be a fixed one, never to be dimmed by the horrors of war, but brightened by the contentment and prosperity of peace. Let us go on to extend the area of our usefulness, add star upon stir, cntl) their light shall shine over five hundred millions of * free and happy people. Mr. Linooln then threw ofT his overcoat In on of! hand. cacy manner, the back wood lan style of which caused many good natured remarks. Rev. Mr. Clark addressed the Throne of Grace in an lm pn calve prayer, many spectators uncovering themselves, whan the flag was rolled up, in a man of war style, then adjusted, a signal flred, and amid the most excited enthusiasm the I*resident elect hoisted the national en alga. A stiff breeze caught the folded bunting and threw tt boldly out to the winds. Cheer followed cheer until hoarseness prevented a continuance. Tbe ceremony over, Mr. linooln returned to the Continental Hotel, followed fey *B excited crowd, breakfasted soon after, and de parted for the Pennsylvania Railroad depot. Hit. LINCOLN EN ROUTE FOR HARRIS BURG. Kjixmmirow-N, Pi., Feb. 22, 18ffl. Tbe special train convoying Mr. Lincoln left West Philadelphia at half past nine A.M. There wu a too Rider able crowd, but the mass of the people bid ccafined their attention* to the departure from the hoteL A aatate was fired as the train moved off amid the cheers ef the crowd. Mr. IJnooln a family accompanies h.m, ?ccnpy ing the "I'rince of Wales ' car. At Downlngtowu the train stopped for a few m'.U'.te*, Mr. Lincoln responding by a few words to th? cheers of the crowd. The locomotive If hand x mely decorated. It is a o^ai burner and smoke consumer, recently completed .U the company's woik? at Altona. At every stopping place alosg the r-.ute a crow] Lid assembled and cheers were given for Mr Lincoln, who appeared on the rear platform of the car, Racing he mast be excused from a spcech. He merely came out to lo * and be looked at. A telegraph operator was on bo?rd with apparatot, to ?ake connection with the w.res in case of accident. As the train neared I*ncaater a salute of thirty four guns was fired from the looomotive works. The train ?topped in front of the Cadwell House, whero an imxense crowd had ? oDfrcgated. According to privious arrange saent, Mr Lincoln wm conducted to the bdeony and we| coneil by Mr. Dickey, Chairman of the 1 Asoaster Com mittee, who Introduced the President elect to the people Mr. Lincoln responded.-? MR. I.IKCOI.N B snmcn at lancastrh.* Lahiis Aivn l.*xnjuirx os Ou> I .as oast**?I spp?ar not V> make a speech. I have not time to mtks them at lesgth, and not strength to make them on everv occa sion, and, worse than all, 1 have none to make. I come before von to see and be seen, and, as regards the luliea, I have the bsst of the bargain; but as to the genMemra t ennmt say as much. There Is plenty of matter to speak about in these times, but it Is weU known that the more ? man speaks the less be la understood; the more he says one thing, his adversaries ooniend he meant something else. I shall soon have occasion to speak otlictally, and then 1 will endeavor to put my thoughts just as plain as express myself?true to the constitution and union States, and to the perpetual liberty of all tbe PfP"**, t'ntil I so speak there ts no need to enter upoo Mtail*. In conclusion, I greet you meet heartily, and ?M ytm an aAwtionate farewell. THE RECEPTION AT HARRIRBURG. H*sbishi s?:, Pa., Feb. 23,1WH. The Iraln reached Harrlsburg at two o'clock P. M., and was received with cheers and a salute. The town was cxtnstvely deoorated with baattog, and the streets were cwaraisg wHfa people. Mr, LtocoH was seated i* barouche drawn by si \white b< **. The procession m*s then forme I. n wa Loadid by * troop of torso and the rear ?u brsagbt up by an < itenihve military eaoorl. Arriving at the Junes Housa Mr. Lincoln appeared on Ibe baicony and was introduced to the people presdat, numbering about five thousand. The *paoo in frant of the hot '1 was (OBipiottly blocked up. Governor Curtm welcomed Mr Uncoln to the capital of the Stale, with the as?uraroe of the cordial reeling of the people, who looked to him (Lincoln) to restore amny and good feeling throughout the oouUry. But u reconcilia tion should fail, they would be ready and willing to aid, ' ^"d money, in tiie maintenance of our glorious eoMiitntiou. In conclusion, be hoped the U>rd would aid n s (Mr. Lincoin'e) efforts to sufcUin tho glory of the govtri ment and the j erpetuity of th> people. Mr. Lincoln responded, returning bis thinks for the cordial expression of good will, and referring to the dis c['ollB country, trusted that a resort to arms woukl never become necessary. In bis efforts to avert thai calamity he mum be sustained by tho people Ho brought an earnest heart to the woik, and it should bo no fault uT nis If he failed. At the conclusion of his remarks the procession re formed and Mr Lincoln proceeded to Ibe Capitol, where he occupied a scat beside Governor Cur tin in the House After w me delay rtpeafcor liunaer, of the Senate was introduced, and addressed the President as follows:? ADDKBSS OK THK Ul'KAKKK OF THK PENNSYLVANIA HKNATK. Ho.\orm> Put?In behalf of tho Senate of Pennsylvania I ? tkoino you to the capital of the State. We deem it a peculiar privilege and a happy omen that, while on the way to atsume the duties of the high office to which you ?nve b?>en callt d at thin momentous period of our national nist<r> , we arc tavored by your pre* nee at the soat of our government on the anniversary of the birthday of the rather of his Country. The (Mtoplc of Pennsylvania, upon whom refits so large a share of the rostmrsibllily of your nominal ion and election to the Presidency, appreciate the magnitude of the task before you, and arefuly prepared to sustain your Mtmintblrultoii ac <ordmg to the constitution and the laws. Whatever diflerennts ot opinion existod prior to the election as to the political question* involved in the canvass, thev, as law abiding, constitution, Union loving ix opJe hav. no differences now. There is no dif ference anion* them an to your right to claim thiir duty and they will render you sup|iort acoorclnglv. Here to-day are assembled men of all parties and shade* ot opinion to welcome and honor tho constitutional]? chosen President of the Union. Nor have wo viewed with indifference the recent public expressions or your views on a subj<ct closely affecting tho mate rial Interests of Pennsylvania, that it is not only ng u, bui t*1" duty of lb? government whilo providing for revenue by a t?ri/r, so to regulate the duties as will afford protection to the industrial interests of the country. Your recent expression!*, therefore, as to tho true policy of the government have ailordod profound satisfaction. Deeply impressed with the honor of your visit at this interesting timo, we pray God to watch over ! him whom the people have elevated to the chairof Wash ington, and to whom they have largely cooUJed their highest interests, hopeful of beneiiceut results from wise ?nd just measures, which trust they believe will signalise your administration. AIIIIRK88 OF THK 8PKAKKR OF THE HOU8K. Speaker Davw welcomed Mr. Linooln on the part of tho House, pledging the devotion of Pennsylvania to tho Union. Pennsylvania, though always ready for peaoe, stands ready to pledge both men and money to hup lam the government, if need be to enforce the laws. In con clusion, he said the people had only one wish.om!'prayer and that was for the success of the administration hi Abraham Lincoln and the maintainauoe of the Union. Mx. Lincoln responded aa follows ? KK8P0N8S OF Hit. LINOOLN. I appear before you only for a very few brief remarks in response to what has been said to me. I th<mir you most sincerely for this reception and the generous words In which support has been promised me upon this occa 8'?n- ' thank your great Commonwealth for the over whelming support it recently gave, not to me personally, but the cause, which 1 think a just one, In the late elec tion. (Ixiud applause.) illusion hat- been made to tho fact?the interesting fact, perhaps, wo should Hay that I for the first time appear at the cap'La I of the great Com monwealth of Pennsylvania upon the birthday of the lather of h a Country, In connection with that beloved anniversary connected with the history of this country I have already gone through one exceedingly it terming scene this morning tn tho ceremonies at Philadelphia. Under the high conduct of gentlemen there, 1 was for Uie first time allowed the privilege of standing in old Independence Hall?(enthusiastic choerlng) to have a few words addressed to me there, and opening up to me an opportunity of expressing with much regret that I had not more timo to express something of my own feelings, excited by tho occasion, somewhat to har monizo and give shape to the feelings that had been really the feelings ot my whole life. Besides this, our frUnds there had provided a magnifioent flax of the country. Ibey had arranged it to that I was given the honor of raising it to the head of Its staff-fai^ planse)?and when it went up 1 was pleased that it went to ItH place by the strength of my own feelilo arm. When, according to the arrangement, the cird was pulled and it Haunted glorionely to the wind without an acsi dent, ia-the light glowing sunshine of the morning, I conld not help hoping that there was in the entire sue ct ps of that beautifnl ceremony at least something or an omen or what is to come. (Loud applause 1 Nor icould I help feeling then, as I often have relt, in the whole of that proceeding I was a very humble instrument. I had not provided the (tag I had not made the arrangements for elevatii g it to it* place I had applied but a very small portion of my feeble strength in raising it in the whole transaction I was in the bauds of the people who liad arranged it, and if 1 can have the fame generoos oo operation ot the people of the nation I think the llag of our country may yet be kept flaunting gloriously. (Ixiud, enthusiastic and continued choerlng.) 1 recur for a menu nt but to repeat some words altered at the hotel in regard to what has been said about tho mili tary support which the general government may expect from the Q>rumouw> altb of Pennsylvania tn a proper emergency. to guard against any possi ble mistake, do I recur to this. It is not with any pleasure that I contemplate the pos sibility that a necessity may arise in this country for the use of tho military arm. (Applause ) While I am exceedingly gratified to see the manifestation upon your streets ot >onr military for. e here, and exceedingly gra tided at your promise hero to use that force upon a pro per emergency ?while I mako these acknowledgment*. I desire to repeat, iu order to preclude any possible mis construction, that 1 do most sincerely hope that wc shall have no U'-O for tliem?(applause)?that it will uevor b" cx me their duty to shed blood, and most esp<>clally never to shed fraternal blood. 1 promise thai so far as 1 may have wisdom to direct, IT so painTuI a result shall in anywise be brought about, it shall be through no fault of mine. (Cheers) Al lusion ha* also been made by one or your honored speaker* to somo remarks recently made by my self at Pittsburg, in regard to what is supposed to be tho especial interest of this great Commonwealth of Pennsyl vania. I now wish only to say, in regard Ui that matter, that the few remarks which I uttered on that occasion' wire rather carefully worded. I took pains that they should be so. I have seen no occasion since to add to them or subtract from them. I leave tbem precisely as they stand?(applause)?adding only now that I am pleased to hav? no expression from you, gentlemen of Pennsylvania, slgnlOcantfthat tbey are un satisfactory to yon. And now. gentlemen of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, allow me to return you again my most sincere thanks. On concluding his remarks, Speaker Palmer delivered the oration for the day?"Washington"?which was en tbosiastiaally received. Mr. I incoln retired to the hotel, and the assemblage crowding the hall dle|*rscd. The remainder ef tho afternoon and evenlnsr p?ni| quietly by. Mr. L. was occupied in receiving a few rrlends All along the route from Philadelphia, and especially at Iancaster, receptions seemed more the result of curiosity than enthusiasm. Kvon at fcarrUburg not ono "nn ma hundred cheered. j The crowds everywhere were uniformly sough, un ruly and ill bred. Mr. Lincoln was so unwell he oould hardly be persuaded to show himself. Harrisbi.rg is swarming with solclery, ?ome of whom came rrom Philadelphia, and tbe-e ar- hardly enough persons out of uni orm to baitnce tho d.splay. The corps of Zouaves ellcfed special attention. Coionol Lllsworth was in his g!ory to-cay. The Jones Douse, where th^ party stopped, was fairly mobbed. The arrangements there were unprecedented!? bod. some of tho fcuito and purty wsrc unaccommodated with run s, several in one bed and oth?-is had no rooms at ail. The crowd, and the fatiguing ceremonies of the day, and the annoyarces and vexation at tbe badly con cu?ted hotel, proved too much tor the naiienco of the party, who ven:e.i their Ungual lou<tly Tho committee mm did nothing, ar dwero in ev ry one's wiy. Com plotely exhausted, Mr. Lincoln ri tired at eight o'clock u d Mrs. LltC'ln, on acc. jM of th < crowd, disorder' r >nf .-?or, w..at of M ?. n rn ? l.ition and vr 1 .v.. fatiirus* declined to hoM nay reception. ' A dr. k?n, fluhtl-'T, r. ,-y crow I .r " ?'??<1 t)|.- e'?y all tie ever,ing, cheering, calling for "Mi \oe"?nl giving L..n a'l for'S of unmt lod.oi.s *.. nait ~.'o t.r-n'i am too sever tn r hiractenze tho ccn 1 i ? o th? , row 1 atout the hotel and tho arrangement* >bore. rhe route to Baltimore to morrow not determined till tb;? tve'.-n*. rt It ?M -jehat?yl w '.-th- r or n.,- Mr. 11: roin shouM ride fr *n 'cpot, to dej, a i.- ^ ? r, -J, which avoided a change of cars. llo* paity call Bait,in re m Infe-led d';net, and do. Med what to do. 1 inaiy, It was arranged to leave here at nine o'clock, arriving at Baltimore inj Washing ton it nt hours than were betore arrang?>1. They i' ihydir?<t root" from hete, and ride thr mgh Haltl m.'to, d niiig, by ikvliatiou of Mr. Colsman, at tho KuUw Home. Th? Baltimore eomrr.tttoo a?e reported to commissariat W->od as not iru'y repp senting the people of tbe eity. I It his therefore been determin?<l that the commttteo snail not be riceived by Mr Lincoln n ir allowed o> Iroard the train. Ibis Is decided, and may create somo dis turbance. Ibo Presidential party to morrow will oon?'.rtof thir ty live persons, tbe otiginal number, the Pennsylvania on m,tt?v< havir g arraugi>d with Mr. Wood not to a? Oonipany tbo tram. THE RECEPTION TX BAI.TIMOHE. n?o*t, F*b. 2^, 1*61. I? is not yet Bfttlcd u to wh.it th? r?*?vt.oa of Mr. Lincoln will be la tbia city, but nnnunh in already known to the rflsct tbat he will reach here at ono oVlock from Harrlaburg, and will proceed In a carriage w'th Mayor Brown to tb<< KnUw Hou?o whrro be and hie ault* and a fc?r gureie wUl dine, and tli.-n proceed to the Washington railroad dopot. It Is propogcd by lerw Of the ropnbllrane In the city that they Khali etcort him through the city with mtiftc; but that plan will doubtlet* be given uo, a* It would oer talnly produrn a dfcturbanco of the mnet violent and dangmou* character to the l*realdent and all who are with him. Apprebenaion* are exprraeod that th? Prretdent will mifl>r eonae trdtcnitlea at Ux1 hnnce of aome fallow* of the baeer aort bat tbe hotter opinion la that be will, If not attended by tbe republican* of th la city, paaa through aafely. The Hqmbhtm of to night oootauu M article tendmg to produce an attai k on the inrty to norrow, bat Ma' hI.&i Kane, with a targe and rftrwat police force, will l>e ubie to pret-erve a recent degree of order. Mr. i.turilii leaves again fur Washington at balfvit two o cI<n k Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Vloe President elect. aod Mrs. Uamliu, ?lib HtM-ri K. C. hesuenden. Jehu N. Goodwin, ( liarlip I Wrtlieu, John U. lUce and Fred Ptko. of ilw Maine > elegation to tbe next Congress, and Hon. Im*? B. limn, Judge Pay, of Maaaachusetts, and two or three oiber fnenda comiitslng his party, passed quietly through btre to day <t? rvute for Washington. Vm In nd. lit J r. Jackaon, of tbe New Jeraey liall road, and 8. M Kelt on, President of the 1'hUadelptita and Baltimore Railroad Companies, courteously placed ejieeial iara at tbe aiposai of Mr. Hamlin over their refpirtlve roads. That on the Now Jertey Railroad waa tbe some neod by Mr. Lino in. One or two demonstrations km made at Cliei-lerand Wilmington, Delaware, but Mr. Uamliu did net up| ear or ab. Tbe day here baa been generally and enthusiastically observed. Fl<gs were bung across the principal streets in great pro'unon, and the stars and stripes also waved from all tbe public building*, hotels and shipping. Wash ington monument was gaily deoorated by the ladles with bouquets and flowers, presented by Hon. John P. Ken nedy; W. 1). Williams, a minute man of 1W0, hoisted on ensign wilb thirty-four stars upon the top of the monu ment, guns were tired and tbe military paraded in lorce. Tbe vtreels were crowded with ladies and gentlemen, and it being the darkies' holiday they were out in their gayest attire and as happy as larks. ARRANO.KMENTR FOR THK RECKPTION OF MR. LINCOLN AT WASHINGTON. Wambinctom, Feb. 2i!, 1861. Mr. Lincoln and suite will arrive here to-morrow in a special train, at half past four o clock 1'. M. There will not be a formal leceptlan at tbe depot. Mr. Seward, on the part of tbe Senate, and Mr. Wasbl'urne, of Illinois, on tbe part of the House, will take Mr. I.inooln In a carrisge and convey htm to WUlard's Hotel, where ?i>a ciouH apartments have been prepared for him at short notice. H seems that the letter of the Illinois delegatkm, an nouncing that they had engaged Mr. Smoot's boose, on Franklin row, did not reach Mr. Unoolu, and he ordered rooms to be engaged for him at Willard's, the only place in Washington that approaches u lirst class hotel. THE DEPARTURE OF MR. HAMLIN. Mr. Hamlin left the city at an early hour yestenlay morning, w ithout sny of tbe homage and "receptions" which characterized the departure of Mr. Uncolii the |>re vlous morning. He rose at the early hour of flveo'clock, and after a hurried breakfast entered a carriage and was driven to the Jersey City ferry. Here the steamer J. P. Jackson awaited the arrival of the party, and started, conveying only Mr. and Mr<. Hamlin and those imne diately attach* U to the snite. At Jersey City a deputa tion of citizens escorted the party to the handsomely <1?- . oorated train which can led away the President elect the day before. A party of friends went as far as New.-irk, j and thence returned, leaving Mr. Hamlhi pushing rapidly 1 on to Washington, where he arrived Wt evening. llrHK from Havana. ARRIVAL. OF 7HE STXAMSH1I' Bl KNTIl.I.K. The steamship Bienvilk). J. P. Bulloch, commander from New Orleans the 16th and Havana the 19th but., arrived at this port at one o'clock yesterday al'Uruooo, after a fine run of less than four days?the last two day I against strong northerly winds and high seas. The carnival has passed off with unusual gayetiea. Nothing of Importance at Havana. Tbe atigar market was very heavy, with a tendency to decline. Slock 135,000 boxef, against 70,000 last year at aaine time. Molaree? dull; no demand: 2 a 2.'^ reals for clayed, and muHCOvadoes, 3 a3.V do.; cargoes could l>o had at less rates. Produce of foreign countries only sold to meet the most pressing wants. Freight* improved; veeseto few; 10s. has been jutd for Falmouth and order. Kxchangc? l ondon, 11 per cent prem.; Northern cities of the United States, 1 din. a 2 prem.; Now Orlr-ans, ".? 6 prem. Health of Havana good. OtTt HAVANA COUHKNrOMtKM'K. Mayasa, Feb. 1H, 1WI. (Xmtlatp'ativn?7he SUamthip iliramon?D<i>i/< of Mad. Frr::ilin,?A Sew Muricfl Frudiyj fr<m Spam?fren. Mromvn MM in llavaitm?Tke Snuihirn Ctmft\irra<y, rfc., ?fc. Yesterday we had the novelty of a large Are, which destroyed a lumber yard near the Paseo I an be I, where [ it never ought to have been located, and several wooden shanties, which have for some yearn disgraced that txvin tlful portion of the city. Much property has been lo<t, perhaps?and the times they nay are hard?but a great benefit has been conferred upon the public at large by tbo con lie gr at ion, and those who retail lumber at from 110 to $00 per 1,000 feel can well afford to make the sacrifice, and find also more appropriate locations for their busi dom. Tbe New Yorkers were quite delighted to (ind something to excite and remind them of home. Muiy thousands of people gathered to enjoy tb>- spectacle, tut not to aid in preventing the extension of tbe destroying element?that being left to the colored br> nu n and the government ofllcials, who are very handy, but never do any good?tbey ace, but never put the tire out. Tbo stcami-hip Miromon arrived yesterday morn ing ftom New Orleans, with a few passengers and a full'freight, an unpleasant reminder for tbo young cx President, who nieeM her here. When last he saw her with his glass, she was being captured by daring Yankees, wliicb led to his defeat before Vera Cruz, and the eventful overthrow of his power and that of the % indictive clergy?a few of these drones being here, also, to enjoy the spectacle. The steamship Bienville, Bulloch commander, arrived last evening from New Or leans, having on board i-uniiry fathers and tender scions or Moiber (Tiurch, banished, for their country a good, frem tbe republic of Mexico. They were not charged anything for their landing permits. It ia said that tbe steamship O' neral Mlramon will find a few unpaid bills here, and the question la mooted whether she may not be held liable for them. It the (feptain General hod caused tbe exrcutlon of a bottomry upon her for her fitting expens?s before she left this port, there might be show, unfers she bad passed through the ordeal of war and subsequent clearing tribunals Madam Frczzolinl mado her first appearance on the TV con board a laat evening?disappointing public expecta tion?but she will grow in favor. Wo have the French musical procigy, Mile. Klotse D Heibll, Just arrived by tbe Spanish sttemer from Cadiz, and she is to astonish ua during all tbia week by her execution upon the piano. Mic om's with tbe light of fame upon ber young biow?twelve yoart?and she will be a pet in this com mumty. Tbe celebrated bandit chief, Asturlano, It la said, has been ?hot?for tbe fourth or fifth time. He has long bean the terror of tbe country, and will probably appear again, as be holds the landed proprietors and moat lnttuent ia! citizens In dread, lest If 111 befall him they may be p ir s itu by bis gaig It ia, probably, only another excuse for letting him get away, and our credulity will only em brace tbe tact when his bead can be aeen and Identified. Tbe lamily of Jeneral Miramon are expected here by a Spanish man of war steamer to day, and rooms hav^ been Uktn for '.htm at tbe Hotel Cubano The Kx Pre?.iden. is very gay, and willing to cast hia oats broadcast, esptcJil ' ly when be can win Cuban smilea. Mr. Fachrco, in spite of bis physical twmts and inllrmi tlea, proved quite captivatmg at the poJarc and e.se where, showing what expression InteUigeacc can gtvo to ogly faces and persons. Tbe great Jete with the steam plough is to take place on Tuetday (to rnorriw), In U.e fret-enco of tbo Captain General, all tbe savants cf Ouoa, ar. l the im*l diatln gui?bed p< rsrnngi s of our community?of course your correspondent inrludwl, wlio is sjiocially in\ it>>d to re poit for tbe H? i-^ti). Tbe news re?e.v<1 by tl H^nvllle. from Tenner.**, Virali ia, Jkc., lias rather grntii ?'1 the sound s-inso 'T the lint k l g vinpi. , a. d h (.? y ,.,n t ;nn bi be enterti I:k^1 th.it ^ t" r < , i ii tlioiii hi w !| n:ucl ti/?'ii: I alleviating the agltatirg asp* ritics which have dlitorbod y. ; r?politi cal conoltltn, again to be dec < iveJ by falsi1 aif?ara*?*s. The elect'on of Mr. l>avle, of Mis-lsslppl, t rc^.dmt of the Southern ci nfeiieracy, looked upon uc uiJ'morable in view -if fut ri cot.' ilia'.'on. Personal Intclliprnre. Hicks, JI'l.; < ov. hvrague, H. t| Coi. Huger. IT. S. A.; r?rt. (nrllnle, de.; H. ( . iTun, dc., A. .f. I' ivni, <lo., are In Wafhlngton. F' t. C. W. KtckU, of KmuM; bnt D. Fi|| MlC. V. Miller. PrwrMence; 11. H. Bennett, New Orleans, mrt IhdB.an Hughe*, l,tilladel[>bka,aro stopp'.ng at the lAt'?.r,;e Boum. AJ.it Gen. J. M. Reu<l, Jr.; Ucut. J. F. OUima, of the tJnilid Army: J. A. Hart,8t. loiilsj Gec-jri 'an caeter, Ky.: C. W. Vr'oicy. Cincinnati; R. V. Dodg", V*., ?n I S. S. Ckrrotl, ?f tfce T'ulted fUi'oe Army, &r- , s'?op pu g at the Metropolitan Hotel, Hob. D. Kitnbcrii y. of Connecticut; W. I). Davidge, Wobtagton; F. I'. William*, Roibwy; M f-huitMi, P?rt?; I r. NUMH, J. Gabroclit ?nd Mrs. Hyllested nnd fami ly, New Orleans, are mopping nC tbe Ciarondtfi Ilot?l. | Kn. J. A. G.lmore, of Concord: Hon. .fobn A. Goodwin, of Jlnino; l?r. 8. Rogers and H. <'. Wowter, of New York; Mr KinK?ley.ef New Haven, W. 0. Hick*, of Ronton; K. H Chilton, of Dcftiy. Dr. J. H. Iwetor,of Connecticut, md MIfr Hodgf'd of vcracnt, are stopping at tbo AJfco marie Hotel. Hon H. Maynard.of Tenn'wee; ,?n<*go Ira Harris and Rile, of Alba&y , Hon. Zadoek I'ratt, of l*rattsville; J. M. 0?t n, of Baltimore, Urn. Crane and family, of Savannah; (barleu K. Stewart, ef Charleston; J. n. Kord, of Virginia; C. R. Al>en and 6. M. Rinker, of Virginia, are stopping at tbe Kt. Ni. ho In* Hotel. Hob. W. E. Ianslng and Governor Morgan, of New York; Capt. Lawle?n, of New Orlesns- John Hughes and A. F. Crano and wife, of Baltimore; M. f>. TnwnnenJ, of Town^nd; Thomas K. Bay ley, of l.lverpool; 0. T. Rted man and family, of Cincinnati. pir. Mill* and wife, of Knglaod; R. P. Thome*, of Illinois; F. He l/>nc, of Man Francisco; F.'H. Hartley, of Georgetown, and ?. H. Hoi land, of Virginia, are stopping at tbe Astor House. Wnirrivn a Flat* to Dum ? At Chnrl"?too. S. C , a white woman named Hertner. convicted of canning the death of a 'lave by levere whipping, baa beta fined $690 Md tapriaoMd eighteen mmUm. Our llong Kob( ('omnpondeM*.

Htattw ftUHk N'uijaiu, ) AtKki, Dee. 16, 1*10. / Dtparhtn ft mm. Hong Kanp?Umburkatum if Minister H ur<i and Suite?KtXum if 7r*up? fr*m I'tAxn?Lai?A \ Chintte iwrtim H*om?1he Bviest?lharictmXia <f the Chifuw? Inrtuencet?Awuriram Knurjriie in China? The City if Canton?The Uffn.1t of the China* War- Dacriptum ofChinme Hotursand i*-I *?Ahwm ni<-nts and Vice* of the I'eoftle-?The C&urtt of Ji fit-*? Cruel Treatment vf tht i'ritmtert?Prufrea <f the Mil tiimarj/ Schools?Mwcmtius qf the Alius?American hu< ttsU in China, dr., etr. On the 16th or December we took our departure from Hong Kong, having on board his Excellency Mr. Ward, who is returning home after on absence of two years, having successfully fulfilled tho objeot of bin minion and gained a peaceable entrance into the city of !>kin. The aflairs of the l/egationhave been left in charge of the King (.nicer of the squadron, much to the annoyance of the editorial fratornity of this tight little colony, who seem to consider the ancient skipper but little skilled in dlplomatl<- arts. Nor does Mr. Ward escape their wrathful Indignation lor k>avlng bh post without having ttrst aaked their consent. When hta Excellency Mr. Ward touched the deck of the Niagara the American dig was unfurled at tho mum, a national air wan played and a salute tired. In pawing out of the harbor "Hail Columbia" wan given by the bond of u French frigate, and responded to by "I'arttnt l'our k> Sjrie." The port presented a most lively appearance, and was lit erally crowded with British, French and American vessels of war and merchant sbipti. The conquering troi>pB from the l'eiho and I'ekln were daily returning in tho trans ports, laden with loot, consisting of golden idols, precious stones, mandarin silks, and costly furs, stolen from tho summer palace of the Kmperor. Many curious anecdotes are told of adventures, dangers and hardships, in this brief bnt inglorious war. The French division of the army lirst reached the palaoe, and closed the gates upon their ally, which much enraged our Cousin John, who fumed and snorted like the most savage of the bovthe spe cies; but it made no impression on the mercurial Cra paus, who refused them admittance, until they had selected the choicost of tho spoils, ovinia sp<Ma belli. The auction rooms at Victoria were tilled with thin loot, which was advertised as arti cles saved from the Imperial pa'ace, amongst which was a watch presented by (Jeorge 111., of Knglaud, to the Kmperor of China. Tho purchasers wore princi pally Chinamen, and the priced brought wore fabulous. It is more than probublo that many buyers were "sold," oa the old auction dodge was resorted to, and specimens of vertu and bijouterie were offered which, but for tho eclat of Pekin, would have found uo purchasers. In the eyes of a Chinaman anything that has belonged to the Emperor seems invested with an almost prioeleM value. The immense quantities of silks, crapes and satins which wero found in the vnwt buildings enclosed within the walls of the palace constitute a portion of the tribute which is exacted from the manufacturers. Those which we saw were rich and beautiful, but somewhat Injured by the rou^h usage of tho plunderers. 0*tly robes of &tble, ermine and silver fox, from Siberia and the AmooT, were hung about the rooms in the richest profusion, while vases of the rarest and most antique porcelain, image* and idols of gold, silver and .jade stone were promiscuously scattered in every direction. It was, indeed, a fairy sight, and forcibly impressed the mind with the grandeur and gorgcousness of Kan tern palaces. The assembled crowd, composed of tho owners of the ?' loot" which ww exposed for sale, pur chasers, would be purchasers and lookors on, preaentod a picture full of interest. There were i'arsees, Chinese, Sepoys, lascars. English, Krench and American*, offering a variety of costumes, complexions and facial angle rarely to be met in the same limited enclosure, ami sel dom anywhere seen, except In such cosmopolitan cltie-a as Gibraltar and Constantinople. Thn Chinaman Is a merchant by instinct, and the cauliousticts and Kugactty wbs h be displays in making his bids, fchow that ne could scarcely become the vic tim of the most cnnnlng and the least tsn?upulous ot the lvter 1 links of Broadway or Chatham str^t. To ttolitics he is a stranger, and is willing to leave the affairs of go vertiment in whatever hands he may tind them. The rebels are the tools of foreigners, who have incited them to subvert the throne and change the dynasty,and when ever on the eve of success have traitorously opposed them, lest the parurnouut interest of trade Fhould be damaged, and they should cease to enjoy their ojHum rum dijnitalr. Tlie crimeon Hag of England has iu very deed reaped a rich hat vest or biood anil treasure ia this distant land, and there has been no protest from the men in petticexitn, or the women in brceches. who hold their orgies at Kxoter Hall. Mi mortal w ndows, commemorative of trilling in cidents in the lives e>f worse than tritlers, purchased with the blood of Christian and patriotic Chinese, adorn the churches of Christian kr gland, and axe regarded aa Ntoried windows richly digbt, I'ouring In religious light. Durlnr our visit of ten days at Hong Kong wn mado a trip in the American steamer White Cloud to (fenton, and a more peifoct ana well arranged river boat It was noror our good fortune to meet, lhe passenger and freight trade en lhe I'earl river is moimiiollzod by American ves sels, ami en the coust the Van tzee has no su perlcr. We made the (aasage to Canton, a din tance of ninety six miles, in coven hours and a half. Alter pa.-, ing the Boca Tigris, marks of the desolating ravages of the late war were seen ou ovory side, in the crumbling fragments of colonsal forts, the dilapidated ruins of the most stately yamuns, and the tottering walls of the most venerable temples. On the day following our arrival, with a missionary guide, (Mr. B.,) well known for his urbanity, kindness and courtesy, as well as for his intimate acquaintance with the Canton dialect, we crossed from tbo llunan sida of the river and entered the once forbidden gates of the commercial metropolis of China. The streets inside the walls difler but little from those without; they are mostly narrow, slippery, ^uneven, badly paved, and with out troUoirt. The gates are massive, built of wood and iron, and in tho days of cata pults *nd battering rams would hnvo made powerful resistance. The stops are small, and In their outward configuration differ as little, tho one from the other, as do the almond eyed and pig tailed race who occupy them. Distinct quarters of the city aro altoted to the sale of different articles of merchandise, and oach sl.op deals only in its own specialty. Much order and system appears to prevail in the conduct of their busi ness; but the Idea of prix fix<, or one price, is utterly Ig nored. No man of the smallest experience in dealing with Chinamen IW thinks of giving much more than one half of the price originally asked. He entered but one of their boulifvet. The speciality was fans, of the most fanciful (>aticins, made of ivory, exquisitely carved, sandal wood most pungent!? fragrant; feathers of every hue and tint, rivallitg in tbe.r beauty and perfection the a'anvot of Castillo or tbo enrn/atb of Paria. The yamuns or residences of the otlic.als of the highest 'clan are now occupied by the Allied Commissioners. Tho one in wb<cn the Imperial Commissioner Yeb re sided was burned down by the triopa on entering tbo City. They are va*t piles of builoings, of tho Chi nese order of architecture, situated within spncieMis cesirts. planted with veternble and majest.c banyans and the tall and graceful bamboo, iiiant warders guard the entrance to these courts, and are probably the progcr.iioi* tf the f. g and Magog so familiar to London OT! the family nwMlMI. at least. Is most re MfkaMSi K<Tl M thr a If them, and apart from tl.? ;r vam.i as iviw rothir.g particularly to admire. Their | internal arracgi mont has doubt ins undergone strange all> rations Hnee the occupancy of the invaders. Th< temples are numerous, and, liko the yamuns, are ?pMtiOM and aurroundod by gurnens. Images the most grotesque and revolting, fitted only to Inspire with horror and disgust the rational mind, adorn the altars, and aro the object* ot worship. Ic one temple there are no lew thai* five hundred of tlieac brazen idols, ea?h one vicing with the other in lt? Impersonation of the horrible. Thav Of Confttlxoo contains but one idol?that of tbe founder of the (liinrso religion?tho expression of which Indicate* tho-.ght, culturo nnd beMvol< nee- and this was the prin cipal tnjgot at which war dL-charged the destructive ilK'lls of tho Allies: and, strange as it appeared to the worship!* rr, tie ranctltyof the imago did not protect it from the usual < fleet of heav/ shot. Ine ravages commit ted during tluit fearful be mbardment still remain unre paired. AtHonan.on the r/ rthrileof the river, is tlie mo?t venerable and stately f these heathen fanos, covering more than ten acres < f ground, and containing scores of prii its, who lead a monastic life?Indolent, monotonous and profitless. Triumphal arch"", erected In honor o' heroic deed*, real or imaginary, nccur at frequent intervale, and im part a class!: inter* st to the weary sameness of tho long and narrow streets. Near to one wo visited tho residence of a Tartar ooleinel, an aeqnantacce of Mr. B. H ro | celvidus with much cordiality and politeness, intro c need us to one of bla wives (tbo leaat handsome, in | (barity, we suppose), and offered us some tea. Tho old man bitterly bewailed tbo late of his fallen country, and eomplained of bis poverty and advancing elo ag<- Hit sons, two noble looking fellows, were bis and fighting quails his i special weakness. During the wholo it our visit be beld one of these birds in his bind, which be valued at thirty dollars, while an oldir one, which hn bad in a cage, coulJ not be bought for two hundred, llghtlrg quails and crickets Is an old and favorite amuse ment with the Tarters, and large iwnv. are l>?t on tbe re suit of these contests Csmbl.ng aa1 opium sm k n^ are the two principal vlcea which pre\all in this ciuntry. The love of ardent spirits Is not natural with them, nor has it yet been acquire 1. After taking leav<? of the Colonel and leaving our car J* with h.m, which ?eems to be an Oriental custom, we went to the l*un vu District Court, which was tbejj in session and engsgsd in the trial of criminals. There wero three Judges, seated at d.fferent tables, each one engaged la tbe examination of a culprit. Tho accused wero In chains snd on tbsir knees lo pre sence of ibe Judges, sheriffs, tipstaff', interpreters, and tbe usual number of idlers, men and boys, who frequent such places in our country, were In attendance. A writ ten deposition waa on tbe table of tbe Judge, containing full pnrticnlnn of the crimes charged against the pris oners. and of which by tbe Court bo ia supposed to be gallty. No proof to tbo contrary la asked, but full con fession ia inalated on. To deny la to be contumacious, and to treat with contempt the learned pundit, who is not an expovndar of tbe law, for there ia no Im mripta, bp I he ia tbe law Itself. In China lhe legal profess > in ia tiBksown, There are no banisters, attorneys or onun sellora. To enforce confssalons various instruments of torture are placed before the accused, and if he per ststa in denying the crime ,mp?ted ne ia radely put aside and punished. Wb 1st wa ware present, one ttdfortaaau vHtus la kMtiag potlure.waa tiaa by the tall, toes acd tin.nibs to an inclined pl^uje, which *U Hi oily stcurad W> a solid p<?t, and in thai |>o*itioa, ? i abie to move, be ?ui or dried l? bo kepi until co i icst ion should be made. This punishment, although ei quistiely puinlnl, ?ur mild id comparison with many oiiitr* inflicted, such as breiktng ihe inkles by heavy bl?,ws, biating UK* face with ?hut much resembles tbe hole of a coarse fix*, and ibe liastuiado to I be ? no bottoms ot Ike 1*1. due of the prisoners tried was 1 cba'ged with kidnapping. a crime wbicb haa ita origin 1 in tbe D*far ou8 coolie trade, and one for which the 1 punisl menl is invar lab y death by docapitation. Dur ii g tiexaminations tbe Judges smoked their pipe* Mini drank ibeir tea, lookup as sapient a* owls. if not aa harmless as doves. A more agreeable visit was made to come of tbe mis sioi ary schools. Included among tbe number was tliat of 1 the wtfeof the Rev. Mr. Uonney, a daughter or the brave : ai d jrulluiit General Solomon Van Rensselaer, of Albany, | aid we w< re much pleased with tbe proficiency Mhown by the pupils in reading and slDging. A respectable t hiiiese lacy, with the most diminutive feet, assisted in the duties of the school Tbe scholars were all girls, fiom all to fourteen years of age, and were rem irkably neat in then dnm and correct in tbeir deportment, lite devotion of Mrs. R. to tbe cause In which she la engaged, involving as it does such sacrifices as separation from kindred and borne and a residence in a distant and hea then land, is eminently worthy of all nrnlae. In tbe upper part of the city there is a hospital, under the charge of lir. Wong, a native Chinese, who was educated in Scotland, wbicb ailorda relief to tnany of tbe suftering sous of humanity with which this teeming land abounds, and there is no race of men who submit more pussiveiy to medical regimen, or who more patiently en dure the most icute suiter lugs of di ease. They look upon death with all the stoicism of the fatalist, and endure pain with all the heroism of tbe martyr. The walls which surround Canton are twenty-flve feet hit-'h and twenty feet broad. A tlve storied pagoda m ? built on Iho northeastern wall, and Is now occupied as a 1 barrack by tbe Allied troo|?. We went to the top of it and enjoyed a commanding view. Here waa quartered a British regiment, preparing to embark forborne, after an absence of ten yeurs in India and China. They came out eight hundred strong and return with but two nundrod of tbeir original number. Such la tbe life of tbe "bold soldier boy." Tbe day now being noarly ondod, we t<H>k onr sedans, passed out at the western gate, vlslled tbe site of the new factories, and thou took u .tan pan for the hospitable residence of Mr. 0. 1'erry, the American Consul; and thus ended tho labors of one day In Canton. Tbe following morning we left for Hong Kong, in the American steamer Willamette, owned and commanded by an old messmate, orce an ofllcer in tbe navy. She is a neat and well arranged boat, and brought us safely to our anchorage early iu tbe alter noon. A day or two previous to our departure for borne there were unpleasant rumors In respect to tbe troops left at Tien lain, to tbe eflect that they had been massacred by the Chinese. The news came overland, and did not receive much credence. The French were preparing to resume their " unfinished business" in Cochin (hlua, and it Is tho general belief that the Kimieror Intends to extend bis influence iu tbe last. The harmony which exists between the Al lies is of the chat and cbirn variety so quaintly and fre quently referied to in family squabbles. Our squadron, consisting of the sloops Hartford, John Adams and steamer Saginaw, wn.- at Hang Kon < when we loft: the Itootah steam sloop we passed and spoke, all well, In the straits of Malacca. She had boon detained at Cey Ion repairing her machinery. On tbo 18th Mr. Ward embarked at Aden on board the steamer for Suez and the Mediterranean, ac com panted by his secretary, Mr. Rlancbard. CjI. Ripley, U. S. A., and Dr. Woodworth, U. 8. N. The peaceful tri umphs achieved by tho American Minister, bis visit to Pekln, bis satisfactory adjustment of the Custom House difficulties, whereby American interests are controlled by Americans, and not by foreigners nominally appointed by tbo Chinese, but In reality by the English, Mi tbe fact that he was tbe lirst to carry a foreign Hag up the Peibo Into the sacred eity. wearing on Its brood foils no snch humiliating inscription as ' tribute bearer," as did tho British ensign In the expeditions of McCartney and Amherst, are sources of national pride, and attest tbo wisdom of the policy of our government, as well as the ability and decision of the distinguished diplomatist to wbc m the exeoutlon of It was entrusted. LlUrary Intelligence. Tbe book of the season Is "Motley's History of tbe Tnited Netherlands," of which the New York Mercantile Association look two hundred and fifty copies and the Rrooklyn Association thirty. We shall outdo Mudie yet In this country. He took 1,600 copies of Motley. Apropos of history, the fifth volume of "Macaulay's England" is in tbe Harpers' press. It was nearly com pleted before I/>rd Macaulay died. His sister, l<*dy jTrcvelyan, put the finishing toocb to the work. A small library of travels awaits tbe return of good times and tbe settlement of political disputes to make its appearance before the public. Africa, of course, occupies the leading plane First we have Ihichaillu?Gorilla Dtir.balllii, as the boys call him. His "I-ntutorial Africa'' will be forthcoming this spring, lie bus gone to kngland to sujierintend the publication of bis bcok there, and Ui sell several tons of gorillas, hip popotamus s, Ac., te,, to the Rritisb Museum. Then iodmi Burton, whose "liike Regions" have already run through one edition. He writes tlut he liken tbe American edition of his travels better than tbe I nglish one. A Dr. Davis, Fellow of ever so many learned societies, publishes an account of a government expedition for the exploration of the slto of ancient Carthage?very learned and ponderous, no doubt. Another Interesting book of travel which will shortly appear will be "Bewell's Ordeal of Free l^tbor In the W est Indies," a thorough and exhaustive surtey of the subject, brihid upeu two years'travel, and a careful analysis of statistics. Missionaries?especially Ituptl-t*?will be pleased with "Mr. Oougcr's Narrative of his Captivity In Riimah," while the public at largo cannot fail to be amused w ith "Lerd Kennedy's Reasons with the Sea Horses," which is very cle\erly Illustrated An important work, which is now in course of publica tion by the Harpers, is "Holmes' System of Surgery." It will be completed in lour volumes, and will do for sur gery what Cope land Las done for medicine. The series of translations of the classics published by the same lirm has Just been enriched by Ruckley's Irons lntlon of the 'Odyssey " the "Uliad'' afipoared some time ago. We hear that these translations are a success. Students of a younger growth will And some really charming pictures in ihe "Children's 1'leture Books." Novel writers are busy. Th.v keray U engaged on his new serial, "The Adventures of Philip," which appears simultaneously In his ma?s/inc, the "CornhiU," In lvondon, and in "Harper's Magazine" here. Dickens' "Great Expectations'' In the same wsy appears in his "All the Year Round" and In "Harper's Weekly." Miss Fvan.c, the authoress of "Adam Bode," is writing a novel for "Harper's Magazine." TroUope's"I"ruwley Parsonage" and Shirley Brooks' "Silver Cord" will both be issued shortly by the Harpers In book form. We bear that George W. Curtis' "Trumps" and IJeut. Henry A. Wise's "Captain Brand," which appeared last year In "Harper's Weekly," will be published this spring In volumes. "Fvsn Har rington,' George Meredith * clever novel which saw the light In "Once a Week," has already been published. "The Reason Why tieneral Science''?A caroful collec tion of cme thousand" of reasons for things, which, though generally known, are Imperfectly understood; "The Biblical Reason Why"?A lined book for Rlbli'^U students; and "The lieason Why Natural History"? Giving reasons for hundreds ot facts in connection with zoology, and throwing light upon the pccallar liablts and Instincts of tbe various orders of the animal kingdom? are a portion of the jiopnlar '' Reason Why Series, ' issued by Dick At Klt/gerald, and the publishers intend that the "scries, ' when completed, shill supply all tbe "reasons" which tbe human mind has discovered for the varied and interesting phenomena of nature. Each work is com plete inj'trelf Copper Coin. TO THK KDfTOK OK THK ?? RAT I). The individual who avail* himself of thn anonymous signature of " A Victim," ill your iapue of yeaterdty, dtopttyn ljnior*nce in his communication. The nr.lual ( oct of my metal busings* cards ia morn than a cent, m I am prepared to prove, and whut"\or be tbalr oomposi tion , none but an ignoramus would assert that they are ?? of iron, nlivtitly wa*b<-d with copper." If " Victim " <?n*tdcrs J?lin^?'ir a loeer, won't ho ?ay to what amount be ia dUconiDoded, and i will froHy reimburse him. SaJII'EI. H. BI.ACK. Arrival* and Orpartara. ARRIVALS. N?w OmtAff* *wr Hataka?Pte*m*blp Blenvtlto? K Thompson, Robert Kelly, R Ku*?U, W P Talboy, H II Bur nut, ? A lluu-hlnaon. M Tharrel-K A llirrt*. C?pt Preneba, Mm I?yer ai d nlare, T D Doan, |W I* nltdell, K i>*cood and lady, M O llall, Q II Krarman. Mr< Dnnham and *on, Mr Dunn, lady, cbild and servant; amr A Zanfrettn. Mr* Crabb and two children, Mliwn M and J Maeanlay, J J 8 Lincoln, Oapt l.awlc**, Mr* hullorh, child an 1 aervaut, Mr Brownell. M>? Irving. Ml'* Po*. .lahn T Henry, Wll lam M Tweed, George Parmer, Mr Haaeabien, <barle# Hmiib. Mr* M A havtman, ? ?apray, Wm A (tellally. T t'arbonnell, J ?' Lauabton, K Rlrhten, .Ino K Bovntone, Mr ?r Cr inc Mian C?ane, Mr* A Marvin, M <'a*tllIano?, Albert De? trmt. P Harey. O RHenwanger, J Maaon, D Ineouran, Mr Porter, wife and daughter; V Amai and lady, <? LifTold, K <Jnn/al?">. T ^miih, wife and child; W O Bat ley. Mr Purdy. K Haury. C W Wool.-y. J Lona. Mr* Wood. K A CoHna, wlfa and daughter. T D Randall and lady, Mr Holder, P T Mara, V I Ilowea, W K Cnda. Hava*sa?<?Ste*m*hip Keystone Rtata? Mies R Stanley, H C (foil, John Ryan, R Bartlett- and 13 In the Meerage. Kisuston, Ja?Bchr Blonde!?Ja*Klclrer*nn. Ltvimrooti?Btaatn?blp America, at Hainan?Mr Poatar and lady, Meaars Osbrev, l*\ !??*, Mlnchln, (lepereaut, Foley, Harding, Charlton, Mifflin, Ogllvy. Warren, Keim?ard Mc M aalrr. Kheldon, Pacheco. Wttsos. Besrd, Coolay, Klaher, M"*a, Boston. Ham*on, Hollis. Jr.; Ml*a Turner, mow, Mu lct, <Vowley, Butierworth, Ureenhalgta, Hufliea, Devanport, B?ott ?m?AH?Rteamabip Hunlavtll"*? Ml*a Rllen Van I in da, Mlaa t'utobing*. H P Cuwhinsa, Wm Rogers, D Mulllvan, J Benjamin, N Hershlec. P. Mark* M lleelrig, (tan H Maad. A Connor, H Lonealhal and lour children?and (en In ihe steerage. PRiViu I*i?i-ATraji ?The I^talatum of Daltwrvr* ha* naaaad a bill aboliahlnf Imprtaonmant for debt, whether reetdenta or nonr??ldmita The hill to calls Ptate eonventton to amend the ennatltotton ha* beein In deflaiMy postponed. The Bouae baa adopted r?a?lutioM 4a?)?c iki ri|M el wn?taa. Fine ArU. The Keood reception of Ik* New \ ork artists trak plaaa on'lhursday evening at Do<lworth H Building. The rouma were, as usual, unconiii>riably UKona?d, tbe*? reunion* being all the vogue amoiigit >ur fashionable pe'?ple. show of picture* was, on the wbolo, a good oae, though we should hu'. e bieu glad to have wen some of our k***"1 log names in the world of art better represented. Amongst the pictures moel admired wii a beautiful fe male lirad b> Huntington, so spiritually treated that U?0 i|uettion suggested itsolf wtiether it was a iswtralt or A dream of the art>Ht. and several other work* of a ittlM character by I arg, ."-tone and linker. lastman JoluiwM exhibit* a use of his interiors, bandied with all the v>g<* of the French school. Thomas Hicks bad a email pu-tur# distinguished for lis bimultctty and delicacy of sentlmenfc Amongst the other works, picture* by Kensett, ike twl Haite, Bieisla<H, Hubbard, Hazeltine and Gray, attract# a good deal ot attention. lie liaas is engaged on another large marine piece tlie Academy exhibition. His last work, "Off Newport^ Rhode Island," has been purchased by Mr. Belmoot. (?iflerd has on hie eaael a large picture be calls Kat trrsklll Clove, CataklH. It repreaenta a twilight aeene. The ran Is Just linking behind the peak a of the mountain, and balconies oT amber and gold clouds are tilling tk? bcaveLS with a deep, transparent light. Deep, solemn ihadows are spreading down the unxintata sides, over the dark forest, and Into the deep gorge that separata K, through which a streamlet playfuUy meanders, aut U lost amorg tho bold rocks of the foreground. The coloring and effects In this picture are gorgeous In ifca extreme, very different from those delicate landwpea with glot my atmosphere* heretofore produced by tba same hand. The changes of the hoes from pale to deep or solemn blue, as these shadows deepen Into nigbt in tha gorge, arc handled with skill, and the effect Is truly grand and solemn. The sturdy trees In the foreground, UWy exhibit sMie clever painting. Hubbard Is at work en a charming little landscape, " Mist on the Mountain," representing a scene new RoA lar.d, Vermont. There lire great delicacy of express loo ami tenderness of feeling In this picture, and todeed in all I ha* Mr. Hubbard paints. Church Is busy among the " Icebergs," a large, oold picture of ice In Its majesty, and so true to the reality that one gets chilled looking at M. Mlgnot migrated Into Jersey last summer, and hafl been doing something extensive with the soonery of tha* distant and nnpoetical region. He has Just produced a little gem of a picture representing a bit of scenery ca tho Passaic?a soft, sunny landscape, with sunbema dancing on the water, the foHige In calm repose, and tha sky so tender and natural. The motion of th 3 cloo la, too, is cleverly handled ; H also possesses One qwOlttea off color. On his easel is a largo picture he calls " Tba Jersey Campagna." The time la evening, uU b? hu managed to invest a Jersey landscape with all tba richness of herbage and refulgence of sky that characterized his plcturea of South America. An Im mense plain, rank with rich herbage and intersperse* with stream*, stretches far away into the distance, and! In bounded by two ridges, which pilgrims to Newark wUi at once recognise as Hanking the RartUn. The perspec tive of this picture is cleverly handled, and tho sky ? full of rich color. It Is refreshing to find our beet art.sta giving more attention to subjects sparer home. Hhattnck has finished several small landscapes, mark ed by that tenderness and delicacy of foliage for which his picture! are celebrated. "Bbower at Sunset" * tha name of a largo picture now on his easel. The deep, dark storm la just gathering In leaden clouds over a charming landscape, rich with the foliage of August, and the rata has begun to fall fast. A numbor of deer have advance* to the river side, and stand alarmed at the gathorlnC storm. It is a good pieturo and worthy of the artist. Haxeltine has also been doing Jersey extensively, hot in a very different locality from that in which Mr. Migw* got his studies. In truth, It may be said they have worked Jersey at both ends. Mr. llaaeltiue's labors wore confine* to the vicinity of the Water Oap and Upper Dela?**e. His large picture Tor the ae iaon, and which be has low on his easel, Is called tho "Willow 8wamp." Ascrtrf lagoon, lialf emerged, stretches away into tho distance, and Is dotted here aud there with picturesque old willows, painted with great minuteness and fidelity ti nature: cattle are cooling themselves under tlie shade of tbeso venerable old trees. The sky and water are particularly well bandied. Mr. Haaeltme, though youcg, has painted some iharming pictures, and the "Willow Swamp" will add to his reputation. Rouse, whose crayon heads are so famous, bw just flnahed two that aro well worth seeing, and do orodit to the master hand that drew them. Whlttercdge is engaged on two large pictures for tha exhibition. I*i)g lias just finished a picture representing another phase in the life of the unfortunate Mary Queen of Scot*. It represents Mary on the night be'orebor execution,sur rounded by ber maids of honor and other attendant?, among whom she Is dividing her personal effect*. Tua grouping is extremely good, the tigure* well drawn, ami the tone subdued and impressive. It is one ?f Mr. lang's mewl effective pictures, and w01 soon bo on ex hibition for a few days. Keiisett is painting a coast view?soft, dreamy, and full of sentiment; lu a word, one of those tender bits of shore and sea for which Kensett Is so famous, and has ao equal in this country. Bristol has been doing Florida extensively, and any one who has visited that at present foreign region cannot foil, on viewing the pictures in Mr Bristol's studio, to bo impressed with the Udeltty to nature with which ho ha* painted the scenery and atmospheric effects common to Fast Florida. A picture now on his easel represents a scene on the 8t. Johns river, and a characterised by tha richness of foliage and marvellous atmospheric eff.cia which there exclto the admiration of the stranger. A steamer Is gliding up the broad, bright river, lis banks covered with the most luxuriant and bright colored f? llage, and the big branching live oaka, hung with dark' trilling mosa, awaylng gently In the wind, shed an a? of poetical melancholy over the whole. The sky In tha west Is all sglow with crimson clouds, and the d?ep red sun to going down behind a bank of dark foliage. SB well are the clouds and shadows managed, that you fancy you can recognise the suddenness with whish darknea* follows daylight In that region. Jerome Thompson lias been spreading over an tmmenaa amount of canvass lately. Sot Im than four large pK> lures now hang finished In ha studio, any ona of which would make the reputation of an or dinary painter. The "Turnpike Bridge" a a bold picture, ruU of rural life and scenery. The ??<*! (laken Bucket" is illustrative of Wood worth's famous song, and Is one oC the artist's best pictures. " Maty Morning" a a clever picture, representing a farm on a 'oggy morti-ng, and has some good painting In It, the landscape part especially. Tho bull might have been left out without disadvantage. be up, whose portraits have attracted so much atten tion recently, has several ;lne portraits of foioalcs, jurt finished. One of a young lady of Briatol, Pennsylvania, attracted much attention at the last reception of iha artists. Mr. I^np combines tho skill of catchiog a life like likeness with that of giving the character, so far art It can be developed, In the face. He Is a'so clev?r In tha handling of color, and bis tleah tints aro almost perfect. The portrait of a handsome woman by Uup a s?m? thing to be admired an I remembered. Rawatone, a clever young artist, just struggling nta notice, haa several pictures Cnithed anJ on the easel, representing roast scents in M.Vie, and seeees In tba vicinity of Now York harbor, all po?s.ssttg considerable merit. Letter from Kv??T?t?or tilit ?f Soath Carol in a. The following letter has btta ??at to a ?iliacn o' Boa ton ? Pefore thlH reacbeayou b'ood may b* abed to Charl?nWw barbo<\ a* the preparatioaa for attacking Fori %imtar ate iiM>-li(d, and M tt andaratood ih?t Pieatdent llinla. nun will not surrender it to th?* State an borttte*. i?ur (iVivarior ban barn denounced all orer tba State for do lay irg tl>la long, and ho cannot wait moch longer. lr< we to bava a bloody chrll war, or will tba good net** nT the r.<ina?'i vatlv? North prevail and tba South be permit ted to part with bar lata eonfe<ier%t?a id peaoe ' Thara can be no rfconatruetlan of tba lnt? Itbiob. The border Htntoa may refuae to fo with the < otton statea, but tbap will e?rntua.ly }oln then. A common dm tiny await# the whola South, and God alone known what that deetlap la. Wo may be averrun ant ronquorred, but babarta# In tba juattca af aur aauae we ooneider any wing praffv rablo to alebosor and degradation. Ifaaaaebaeette awl South Carolled ought to bo frlenda inatead of enemtaa. Maaaachuaatt* laa< a nothirg by permitting oa to bar* what instltutieoM wo pleaae, unmoleated. whila Houtfc Carolina, by living up bar Inatltntloaa, would degrade and Impovorlfb hpraolf, and Una iaaaklnc too much of her. If we bare a peaceful P-paratloe, 1 exneet mm ?1mo or other to viilt your country, and if I do will eag to see you. WILLIAM H. IW. Tn Wiunosa it m Son*?At QiarlaaUm, S. C, laat week the weather waa unuaually mild. Peach treea ?M la full bloom, green peas bad bean In bio?im for a weak, and ?rawberrle? were beginning to torn. Tbe Mtrrtm/ aatlelpatea that about tba middle of a?xt month atraw berriaa and greea paaa will ba aaaeag tba labia IuiarW ?applied to MaM iilwa at Ifcrt ftuMar.