Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1861 Page 6
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD. J&HXI GUUUON hkhnktt KL>I '1 >K AN'H 'ItOMUKfOR ornct H. W. CORKER OF KCLTOV 4ND N4?3Air 8M. TAX MS cat)i t? juh?*mcv. H"H-y rm! If/ w???U nt O* rlttr tfc, an Lr>. *IW W ??If -I'-mt 4* AT*... J'or* to^pn. ri/F J* HKKALtK rw r#n/4 Am, $? p?r annrxnu TUF H7/A/ ?' H KM A If* m*rj, .^r%, at r?/? i*-r <*T?, "* $*>?** *-?'*"?? Kurofxnn. EdWnn every Wnlwbty, 11/ #?* l*' "V*. u/inuw tu any j?*rt ipf Gmti /<?#<??'?, or $& to a%7f }<xi* ??* f/!c ftfifforr*'. (W?<A fc# 4t*h*U !???*.*/#?, ttw (kUi/anati t<htum tm thr L<, l!*/t uitd ?lff <fc.' mcmiA ckn^, of ?i< ?i*r m/t,, e?r $1 50 jeer ir?u*">. THE FAMILY HFUAt.Ji% $m ll'<*ir*s+.tay, at four c**U per Cfpy, V9 %'l t*" *??***?? VOL I'S'i A H >' IJiiUHfXirOA fffcAY/J?, <vm&mitr7 important sotuthvl / i?m any quarter of the vrtrrid; if tuwi, vi'l I* ttt+Hjtp jrtiti jm . e#-\M!U KohL-IC* Co**-*fOMI??NT* *?? PiBT'Oni.AW.T Kicoi'KSlKf/ TO SfcU lifrTAU au 1'iCK* lati ??*>r oft JVO NOTICE 1af,*r of *??><.* ,/v. WV <&' rrtwtfi otlmfihmUifHi*. Alt V?HriSHMt.MTS rt.?urt imrry Jam: flfii"""nU M Tlrd in (Ae W mUlLV IlkH ?<.!', Kauilt IlKkAlu, ?"<< wi <Ar (feM/unWu un<i /.u> o/w fUitutu Joli rulSTTVii axrrvM un."i r*urnt. ?*??/??'? mnd <!/*? fVUrK. Volume Wo. 53 AMtTSKMBBTP Vf (3 KTBKINO KTBI?0'S OAltPKN, w?j. ?l'.Nuuan (>r?*A?Boiik *i>h (tiki. WTKTB* 'MftflKS ?r<?vi^*r. Kmontte ?uul xtrwt ? Oraeixo-KATWiHiii* and Pkruvctiio. ]M>WRt<t THEATEK. 8ti*t?r>.?A >'ioMT iw Wo*o** fOUA WALUi'K'H TH&aTBK. Brokdvkr -Ostk.c fiu LAURA CF* NK 8 TliEATItfe. ho. 6M tlroKiwa;. Scuii K'.stkb> M;v BoWKRV TTIEATRB. *<>v.ery.? Afiprnoon und Bvenln*;- f aisi?i. thv Wkii- ?l nvtm J n it?lt?i Afuk i?k Wxi'iimo? Nick or tu? THBATKlt rk*p(?:?fS. No W Brona ???.? Lr- KsrAJlTf TtKHIUI.W? llrKTUASn kt U? ion. BABNl'an s AJIfSKU AN' MKSl'.HM, Hn?l*?y ?,)kj .tail ET?ulag?Won** im WinTk?Livi?i: Ci'kio?iTi?At. BBVANTH MTNSTKEIA M.-otumtW Hk'.l. %Ti BunkI W?J ?RI7KLK.HUITKS OlK' l-. 4C I.CU C?l>* HOOIJCT A CAMl'ReiA'S MINSTREI^, N'bio < Broad-vky.?liTyior-m soai.s. 1>jlw ti, Wt'ki -,0ui ub, A. .? Thv Mmvituk IBVIK(J nALL, Irving pluce?Cohikkt or .N'.triottr (OKIil. rANTEKBifRT MH8I0 1AXU B-'alwHr.?Tigut lohk, NIM.> ()<?cltN Hr'K .'Sti'M, All. MELODi- OS, So K? B.-okAwky.?Wongs, l>ANr?. Bua 1 LIMOKk. A I. WASIIINOTOh' IIaI.L, Morrtktown.?C-imsTy's Min ?Tkki* ift fcTiuoriAA Sonus, Hukli>vjik-, I<?n. i Ac TRIPLE SHEET. 9?w , ftbrnftr) Ml, 1 lie Kin<i. The difficulty between the Klatex of Georgia and New York still remains un-et'icd. A despatch ftom bavaunali states that ISywrnor Hroivn, of Geongia, on Thursday seized the siip Martha J. Ward, the bark Adjuster, and ihe brig Harold, all belonging to New York. These vessels will be de tained until the arms saiw.%1 by the New York po lice are gn en no. We continue to chroniclc the progress of Mr. Lincoln stirt suite. The Pre-ident elect yesterday morning hoisted the American fla.^ over Indepen dence Hall, at Philadelphia, amid the cheering of u vast concourse of spectators. Subsequently he proceeded to Ilarruburg. Along the route the people turned out generally to wel * come the party. At Harrinburg Mr. I.incoln was received by the l'ennsylva; u Legislature, and addresses were delivered by the presiding officers of the two house*, ai d by Mr. Lincoln. The President elect will reach Baltimore to-day. There are some symptoms of a demonstration at Baltimore against Mr. Lincoln, but the police arrangements will prevent any indiguity being offered to hitn. Mr. llamlin, the Vice President, reached Washington yesterday. The one hundred and twenty-ninth anniversary of the birihoay of Washington was yesterday, in accordance w ith the recommendation of the House of Representative#, celebrated as a national holi day. In this citf the military display was ex ceedingly brilliant. The order of United Ameri cans celebrated the day appropriately, at Niblo's, where Hon. Horace Maynard, of Tennessee, delivered an oreiion. In the evening the republican*- partook of a dinner at the Astor House, when speeches on the con dition of the country were delivered by AUstrs. Lvart* ana t'onklii.g. At Wa hington . there was an unKTiaiiate dillirulty. The troops stationed there had been ordered to parade Id honor of the day. Several Southern members of the Peace Om^recs waited on the President and htated that if the troops parade <' they -h ould regard it a? a menace to the South: whereupon the President count* rmanded the oider. This caus d consult table eji u< ii.ent, and a i?troi.g pressure wan brought to hear on tue President to du e him to rooke ti<e laet mentioned order, flic Fri sideLt was linalijr induce i to r? vohe the order, and lite paiade. wuiih is -tud to have been highly attracti\e, proceedi d. The l*eace ( ougres* at VV i^ilr.gtoa ye terd.iy were engaged a j ortion "f the d >v in debating the application for adni-aion fa d'.V /ate from Kan sas. The subject wa? refcrr-d to the ('oin nil'ee | on Credential.'. Th< t'ongre mmeneud voting on the tar ou* prop' Htlon b fore it yewlt rday, ! and the Crittenden pu.n wa? rejected, a id it i< not 1 unlikely that toe Guthrie plan Mill - hare the -aae late. The republican Commissioners appenr it solved to agree to nothing but n ca 1 for < National Convention, and it is not ceiti'n tbt they are har monic on ti.a point. We ptib'i-b n t< -da*'* pa;?er :iiru|?oriaut ??(H rial rep >rt on the progres. of t\e sece* i-.n m .. . nient . 1! i So itK I' * j- e >r..iannt< a'?"I t?? t'on? gres>- . . lli'ii iu*t ii? Air. i>i\. '.'??? secretary of the Ilea my. it m bri.e. 'n lollotving point.*: 1. The mpediiueat-t to comnere ? ?? u-uroing contro! id tee p< rt* of Al< bu. . t har! ??ton, t"'ii-a coia and N< w Orieans. 2.?Th- control of the commerce of the Mi -is nlppi Valley by requiring the duties on nil good* entered at "*ew Orleans for delivery at St. Louis, Nashville, Louisville and Cincinnati to b<- paid to ; the State of I<ouisiauu. 3. ?The a#-i/uri' by Louisiana of all United States nonttt, as well a^ t u.*i of private lep .?i- ( tors in the Mint and Snh-Trea-ury at Sew Orleun* and other places. 4 - The seizure of revenue cutters l.y arrange meat between their commanders and the Collec- I tors of Mobile, New Orleans and Charleston. f>. Th? expulsion of the sick and invalid pa- ' tients at the United Hta'es Hospital at New Or- | tenas. in order to provide accommodations for Louisiana troops. In CoTigTew* M-xtenlay the Senate disensaed the amendiuei t to the Post Ttonfe bill providing for the overland mail serviee, and the bill making ap propriations for th* suppression of Indian hoatlll tit s in <MtJonas, ihe V i-celiareotis Approprla- | tion bill ??- taken up. and Mr. Gwln renewed the proposition u> carry out the e.,u1ract respi ting the Chiriqni Mhn.nv, but no a. tlon was take i on it, 7be House ?a? net in sesaion. Mr Van Wy.k, memb r of Congre^, lroin | New York wa? a^uited on Thursday nlg?.t in ' Washington by three fei>?ir to him unknown. Il? was wounded with a heavy knife, and wnlle d> i-? perat*l> resisting, was knoched dow n. Ing himself somewhat, he discharged his pistol at bis aaaailants, and believe* the thot to >k effect upon one of them. The party then rM^Med. Mr. Van Wyrk reached his hotel in a weak, bnt Dot dangerous condition Th? tipper branch of our State Legnlature wan 1 not in M*Mk>n ytnii ril?y. The Assenbly met. but traoiiacted no bosincHx a <|?Tortiin not being pre wnt??nd sojourned to Monday at seven P. M. Tlic Spanish war steamer Velasco,from Havana, arrived below at a late Lour lanurht. The mail* bj the Nova Hc.iian, at Portland, reuched here yeeterdsy morning; tutd the arrival of the America at Halifax gives iih news from Europe to the evening of the 10th in*t., fuWy two days The moat important items urr the ful'iiiviDg: The new Piuehian government declares, in regard to Italian allairs, that while adhering, to a certain extent, to nou intervention, Pruitia cannot, ajrainst the interest* of Germany, ad> me the ces sion of Veneiia. The ceagiuu of the Principality of Monaco to Prance is an established fact. A line of steamers ia to be at o ice established between Belgium and the Southern United Steles, the contract in regard t<> which hu.> been made be tween the former country and the State of Georgia. In regard to the Anderson ex tradition ca*e, I?ordPnliucrston lais sent an order to the Canadian authorise* not to aurrender Anderson, Hi* lor I altij. expressed hia doubt=? whether th" hub. is en ? pus writ of the Court in England woull Ijp obeyed. Spain ia represented as becoming \erv uneasy in regard to ihe secession movement. The proxi mity of her valuable West Indian po^o .--ions to the aecedcd States^ which she regards a* so many filibuster nurseries, ia the came of her un^ie'.y. Within her own borders rumors of <'arii. t con spiracies are rite, and trouble is expected. Strong bodies of Sardinia!' troops were on their way throrph Umbria to Gauta, where the si continues, but rather irregularly. It was expe. t ed that more regu'ar siege operation t would be coimm need about toe lOthiu.-t. Syria is again much disturbed. Parlies of Pru-es r,re in arms, ai d wme frightful scenes have O' *urrcd. The Porte protests against thu continued trench occupation of the country. At latest advices the cotton market ai Liver pool war tn'. f or.fol- were quoted at 91 \ a 92. The ste.ii hi;.- iiienville, Captain llulloch, from New Orlean- :.i.o Havana, arrived here ye-terduy afternoon, with dates from the latter to the 1 ith. Senor Pacheco had lef. IIa\aau on the Velusco, but it appears General Miramnn is still in that city, where apartr en.- Lad been taken lor his family, who were ex; ? ci?<l rum Vera Cruz. The exiled Mexican bhh?>is had arrived ihre from New Orleans. The sugar market wa; heavy, with a downward teideney. The Conr is loners of Kmigration hi Id a meet ing yefttruay t- consider the annual roport, w hich, however, was not ready for presentation. In another column will be found a communica tion from a well infir.i.ed correspondent, on the effect of the increaed duties on steel propos d by the Morrill tariff, 'ihe writer contend^ thatshould this measure be carried, it will inflict incalculable injury on our cutlery and sharp ed^c tool mann factun rs, as experience has shown that this best qualities of steel cannot be made in this country. The C?rr J.\cha. ge was eloMii y l-- Iji da>, au-i no tr >>le of muo'i it m breuUslutiS wits transacted. Th-! few Sikv* made w ere outeicie operations, au.1 at figure? which <Md not Vaiy tnaurudly troai the previ us Uty's pric-n. Cotton w.,8 uumti 11' inc-r iu?d active, with salt* of 4 ooo tn.ler, auout 'I GCO of which wore In transit. n><- n.rk t clot-ed on U<e Iku-ih i f 11 \c. h 12c. tor miauling u^iaaos. Iu frt ights tne bns.uof was l.ght, while rates tvere uu changed. The Bloody Proar amine of tlie ltadlcat Hi Whatever may have existed before a* to tie intentions oi uie leaders of the republican party, there cannot be a shu low of doubt now, and the most skeptical and incredulous cin no longtr htbitnl- >a coming to the conclusion that the?r policy is war against the Southern States, war iio> to bring tb< in back iato the Confederation, for they are well aware that it ntver con'd be attended with any such efl',?ct, but war to the knit'c to exterminate the white race in the South, and pet th?- negro fr?-? in every State from the. Ohio to the llio Grande. The ideas aud designs of a party are best known, not from individuils here ai.d there, but fioin the declarations of its reoojrnized or pant-. Of nil the oig inn ot the republican p ir tj the > w York lYibunr stands at the hi ad. It is true it i? more immediately aud specially the oigxn of the radical and wing of the republicans; but f'om all appearances that is row the strongest elt meat 111 the party, and will force the weaker und conservative element with it, juet as in the cotton Stated of the South the secessionists ^ ""Ml and carried wish them the I uion mtu, .?*> t . it now there m but one party in the mx Confederate States. What, then, does the Tribune announce with authority a? the p.-ogramme of the republican party? Heri a'e the brutal and bloody words:?'*lf war between the sections once be gins in earnest, it trill bf of necessity a irar to extinguish slavery, aj being fhe cause of our national disorders in the p wt, the threatening disturber of the ra"onal peace in the future, ard the caufce nr *> itself. And this war *ill not be coL-i.,c?e?l on the soil of the free States, according to Mr .feff Davis, but on that soil where the evil stands which demands re mot <ol." ??It will be of necessity a war to extinguish slavery." So thaf a fei all, it now appears that the repudiation by republican leaders of John Brewn's method u overthrowing slavery had a mental re.erva'ion in it, and the mean ing w.i* that the iinrf. tiicf and cutthroat assassin wbo headed ?? t?n ?! raid into Vir ginia for the our^ose ot Modb g a servile in sat rection wa< only a l?tMe pt? .nature?a few months ahead of the time. What he did was only imprudent as '? tvr ~?i h>m?eW; but so far from being wren. ? *??.?< llv'? work?the prelude to th< i ? ti \ ?' .if wdch it it de sign* d to con.metre w??t t e inauguration of Mr Lincoln. The Tribune says, "11 ,?ai between the sec tions otiee begin*," th< n it will be ,i war for the destruction off In very, l><it It ia the inten tion of the nul cai republicans 'hit it should 1 egin, aiid their |.1 n , r tj-in^ng it on is by an attempt ? 'e forts under the pretence ot p ?' ' * !. ? ral property, and by an attempt to "?,aw of this confi> deracy in St it^s which u. * belong to it, to collect tribute by an army and aavy from Stales wh vh are no longer represented in the Congress of Ibis Union, well knowing that such pfWOOdillgH wj" ' bly lead to a bloody collision and to .? e - ' ?? w .r as they did ai the time of the first '' *v'???vn. whtm an attempt to euforc .' the la>?~ ' collecting a tax on tea when the colonies were not represented in the Lritish Parliament resulted in a seven years' struggle and the achievement of their inde pendence. In no oilier wvj "-mi a war with the colionStates result,? 1 >" icnl republicans know it They do ne desire to bring b ick the cotton Sia'es, r-r to r *'n the border slave HtaW, for the, .n< ? -t he first shot flrod by the Icderal pow?-r any whore south of Mi?*on and Dixon's line will be the signal for the secession of all the slave States Already the States of Virginia, North Ca rolina, Tennessee and Kentucky have an nnncd this fljtod purpose 'hrough their Governors and Legislatures, as wA\ as their T^ntatives in Congress, and tier- can be no dunbt. tberwfure, of the result of th* oper* oi tb,> Fotc* bUl now before Congress, tt?d of the other coercive measure* in preparation ut tin radical republicans want in to drive out the border slave States, in order that "war <l\?t.u t Ii?? bee lions may begin in earnest,'' an that slavery, wherever it exists on thi* continent, ma} be destroy at one fell swoop. fht persistent re'ussl to make any compro mises. to yield anj concession*. to 10 anvthing, b> word or deed, to conciliate the Southern ?.tates, io but the result of a conspiracy to ^ui,e a war or extermination against them. Hut let not the editors of the Trihirv lay the flattering unction to their own ?ouU, or to the bouL? of their reader-. thai, this war will be conf.nvf to the South. Far from it. It will rape at the North, and no State w ill be free rom it How noon it might be cabled into he streets of thi- city none cu I tell Wh. u e conflict begins the Southern ru my, cvlcu luting upon large sympathy una mpport ut the or.h s,,..iu*t ihe abolitionists, would be -tire to niufdi upon the free State,, and thus fright ful scenes of carnage wonld talo- pl*cr in the verj luirift of us. That the radical revolutionary republicans desire to keep out the cotton Stale*, and force out Ihe border blave States. is further evident, from tke language of the Tribune, ia boasting oi the chaoge Mat has tukea place in tin. whole tone, aspect and atmosphere oi public affairs at Washington since the seceded left." Their policy is "to make a solitude and cull it peace." "The rial interests of the nation," the Tribune, "me to their due place, from which we ieel them to have beta crowded bv the vast ircubu* of slavery. There seems to be row a homogeneous-new? of representation." It is thus the settled determination o! the party to have no negro slavery in the Union - to have U no longer half slave und half frt e. but all free, lience they will not yield an inch, and hence the President elect himself de clared }? fcterday, in his speech ut Philadelphia, that he would rather die than yield; in oilier words, he would rather die than carry out the constitution; anj yet the republican presses and orators have hither to pretended that their battle with tne seceding States would be for the constitution, not against it. To attempt to destroy slavery in the Southern States by the aword is to de stroy the constitution, which guarantees the protection of slave property. Hut thut is a small matter witU those who regard it as " a covenant with death and an agreement with hell. ' "The institution," sa>s the Tribune, could be overturned in a day in any State on which tho federal power chosw to plant an a my. It the federal power at Washington lely upon any such delusion as that, it will find out its mistake too late; but it shows the hopes and the animus of the party. "The war will be waged,' says their oigan, "to crush the eggs of the reptile that has hutched the brood ol traitors and revolutionists; they seem b it the brainless spawn of some malignant iu lluenoe rushing upon a certain and a frightful doom, as excited animuls rush into tne destroy ing flames.' \\ hat but ferocity unparalleled can be expected in a war waged by men with such sentiments a? these? If, therefore, the President elect adheres to his platform, and a change doe s not come over the spirit of his dream before the 4tb of March, and if he does not announce that change in his inaugural, aud if he di?es not, with4 the advice oi Mr. .reward und the conservative men of the party, imin< diately call an extra session of tho new Congress, who will be different men fr -m thoj-e who are now mining the col tiy, to adopt a satisfactory adjustment for a recon struction ot the dilapidated Union, there is every prrspeet of one of the bloodiest wars ever recorded in the book of time. t biation ok Wash iso con's HmritoAi .? All New ^ ork was alive ye -terday to celebrate tlie ()ne Ilundre d and Twenty ninth Au.tlv0r.4arv ??f the natal day of him who was "first in w<*r first iu peace, nnd first in the hea-ta of his f.J low country men." The people turned out r* m<iss<, tin- military looked splendid, ami the city wore a most brilliant appearance, quite in contrast w ith the gloom tint overshadowed it on Tuesday, when tho second Washington, Mr. Lincoln s parasite's call him, passed through Broadway surrounded by armed police. Tut President elect will do well to ponder over this circumstance, to recollect that he has jet to make Ms reputation, and to pro> e that he i* re ally w ortby to sit in the chair ol Washington. Now, the commercial metre poll the 1,-ari of the Union, has no faith in him. but shows its attachment to the l nion by paying marked respect to one who wa? tried and never found wnitinjr. At Phila delphia Lincoln declared that he would stand by the doctrine,, 1 culcaUd by the patriots who met in Independence Hall. If b?- will do so-and wo hope that h? will-his memory may be honored above that of uny President Since the I'aUr J'otrio-. Lincoln mu.U cut the poIitiCiSi. first, however; otherwise he will be mined. If he intends to b. the second Wash ington he must obey the voice of Ihe .people not 'he dictates of party. AliVANflK MI NTS I'OH niKlvAl 'it RATION Our adrioii lr<?m Wa- hington h.ive led us to suspect thai the prnnd ball to celebrate the in nuguration of I'rtsident Lincoln would lie a fizzle; but il uppcars no*# thai a sufficient num ber of tickcta bus been taken to insure it? snece* <. The Committee of Managers includes four members ot the Cabinet .\ie?ar?. Ill ick, Dix, Stanton and King; twenty-eight Senators, ull from the free State* excepting Johnson, of Tennessee ; l'owell and Sauigbury ; sixty-five reprcFCiitatives, including many endorwr.4 of the Helper Took, side by side with Hamilton, of Texas; Winter Davis, of Maryland, and Bou littny, of Louisiana; General* Scott and Wool, of the Army; Commodores Stew art and Smith, of the Navy, and a very large number of "citizens." This list hi cu rious. Edward Krerutt, Robert C. Winthrop, Daniel S. Dickinson, Kererdy JoLison, Horatio 8ejmoiir, Marshall O. Itobort*. J. U. G. Ken nedy, J. 8. Wadsworth, Thurlow Wood and other prominent persona are mixed up with the Chevalier Forney. Dean Richmond, 'Bray Dick inson, George Opdyke, Whwlbarrow Poore, Montgomery Blair, A. M. Clapp, B. B. French. Lewi* Clephnne and other odd people. It

would be a splendid (right to nee a* this ball all these philosophers joining in a furious galop, or pllotlug each other through the of th<i Gorman cc illon. It U a beautiful party alto gothor; no let the ball go on. Tl??. Prrilrtint Elut on WMhlngion't ^ In InUrprudrnrr Hull Tie I resident elect. at Philadelphia, in sove rnl HpiM-rbri too delivered, hns made a de claration or two calculated to produce a pro found impression npon the public mind Id a cpeech on the 4 st he aaid that he might be re quired to "set down his foot (Irmly" in his administration of the federal government, and in a speech on the 22d, tb.- anniversary of Wsuhington's birthduy, and in Independence Hall, Mr. Lincolu, speaking of the lin mort.-il " Declaration'' of 177fi, said that (he issue involved ?' was not the mere matter of toe separation of the colonies rr..m the mother land," but it was that sentiment " which gave liberty, no alone to the pt ople of this country, but 1 hope to the world, for *11 future tiin?. It was tha< which gave promise thai in due time the weights would bo lifted from the shoulders of all tin n;" and he furlhormore <-aid that "if this country cannot be t-sved without giving up ihnt princi ple, 1 wiwj at>ouc to ?ay I would ra?hcr be aa sassfnatrd on this spot than surrender it.'' Now, in the?*- emphatic declaration? of Mr. Lincoln, wt hare not the evidence for a posi tive interpretation. If by "setting he- foot down firmly'' no mean? tuat It is hi? purpose firmly to takf his pr.-sition n behilf of n peaoe fnl policy for the restoration of the Union, he is entirely right; but if he meat's the policv of a warlike subjugation agaiurt all parties repu dialing his executive authority, h?is all wron* Ia his Independence Ilall speech, however, n". af&urcs us tha , "in m- view ot tho preset, t an pectof affairs, there t oed be no bloodshed or war. There is no necessity lor it 1 am not in favor of such a course, and I may say iu ad vance l hat there will be no bloodshed unless i> be f, reed upon the government, and then 11 will be compelled to act in self defence. ' We are thus encouraged to hope for a con dilatory policy on the pail of toe incoming id ministration; for these outgivings of Mr. Lin coin &re substantial} uose or' Mr, Muohanau's annual message, and of hi* other cotnuiunica tioris to Congress o.i the same subject. We iu j fer that, like Mr. liucLanan Air. Lincoln uoes j not intend to strke the firsl blow in (he ovn j act of wa1*; and. if so. the probabilities are in favor of ?he maintenance of peace, which is | now the first and paramount question. 15ut. touching this sentiment or principle of I the Declaration of Independence that "all men I are created equal," Urn' "they are endowed by their Cm tor wiib certain inalienable rights, cnioug which art-life, liberty and the pursuit of huppiuoss, ' we art- left somewhat in the dark as to the precise meaning of Mr. Lincoln's pro testations. The principle in question, he says, "gave promise that in due time the weight would lifted from all men's shoulders,'' ttnd that sooner than part w itn tins principle be would part with his lile. "All men created equal.'' "The weights trom all mea's shoulders." Docs the President elec t Sj ettl; of "men" in the aggregate a. a nation or a community uspiring to nationality, or does he refer to man in his individual capacity?white, red, yellow or black'' According to the Illinois campaigu speeches of Mr. Lincoln of 1858, he moans the individual mun, and his interpretation of the gieat document iu question puts the white and I the black un the same footing of natural [ equality. ? If this be lie true acceptation of Mr. Lincoln's i Independence Ilall speech, then his idea that I ' in oue time the weights would be lifted from the sbouloers of men," means nothing more nor less than the progressive steps of Africau eman cipation to tne full couoummation of the work. l?ut we are not disposed thus to construe the extemporaneous remarks under consideration without further tight. We are promised, in the forthcoming inaugural, a deliberate exposition of Mr. Lincoln's views anu policy in regard to this revolutionary cri?'s under which the ship of^'ta e is drifting before the winds and waves of faction and revolution. We must exercise a little patience; but meantime, from a general r< view of these little ofThand speeches of the /'resident elect, we are really encouraged to hope for much better things yet to come. Tuk Itai.ian 1'ulut or I'io ssi v. - An iute i rt sting debute took place on the iust. in iu> Prussian Chamber ot beputie? on the occasion oi' the follow iug amendment bi-iug proposed by M. Von Vincke:?"That we do u..t consider it to be either in the interest of Pms-1'.i 01 of Gei many to place obKtttClil io the way ot the cju ?olidatien oi the unity of July." This wa^ cur lit (t by a in ?jority ot thirteen. iJaron Von {tcMeinltz, In opposing tte amend incut, said that the Prussian government. baa no re.ifcn to'tnpeijo the development of Italy; but, w'uhout underrating th ti Uior.ul idi a ot tbal movement, Ibe FiuiudHii government could not attribute to it such a high significance, and that, although tt did not consider tbe principle oi nou intervt ntion binding, it b ui not actively intcrttied ;n Italian aJI.diiw !!?? considered thatYeoit'a war, in a military and strategic point of vkw, too Important lor Austria, and indirectly for Germany, to aliow of its cr*?ion bring advised by Pri sma. AuUru and but din ia would remain on tJLo d'dVtuuve, and, through the influence of all the great Powers, he believed hostilities would |><? post poned. and perhaps entirely avcrtd. Ihe I'm sian govcromeat v\ ould abstain from active interference in Italy so long a t'-<- movement* there r? ina'ned uatioiial, without .tciniring ?ucb dime nsions and aignBeancn, by i cat-on ot their extending to the federal territory of Germany, or involving a claim to any potion thereof, a* i to render such interteronee imperative aeoord ing to the public law of Knrope Wo may cieaily infer lrom ibis that i nm.-ia will iiiipow no check upon the legitimate emancipation of Italy under the governiacut of \ itlor KmtnueL Tuk WostCM fou tiik I \rov.?We hare re ceived eoplrs of a memorial to Congress, "pre sented by Kmma Willard, in the name and by the authority of the American women," who are impelled to address the legi.-datire branch of the government by "intenco nnviety tor the 1 fate of our beloved country." The fdgnem pray that Congress "will not allow party or ' sectional prejudices to prevail over a Hpirit of mutual conciliation."' The" Women'smemorial" tn endorsed by a number of highly respectable pomons, wboae name* are invariably upon pe'itlons, committee*, memorial* and so on, from saving the country down to giving a ; charity balL The "memorial" can do no great good with this expiring Congress, nor will It do any h?rm. Tb?? right of petition is a i acred one, and there 1* no reason why the women should not c* erciM! it a* well an the men. Iliit why do they not cend directly to Old Abe Lincolh * lie i? the man of all other men who has this great question in Lit hanus. lie can barm-mize the country upon ib.- Crittenden plan if he see* fit fco to tin As be is h gallant mm, and luke* the advice of young Udies about hi# whiskers, ii is not imp K'-ible tbat be may pny b0me attention to the vi?-w* of the betfer sex upou M* policy At h[,y ra?e, it will du no barm to try bim So let the wotuen send their petitions direct to Abraham's bosom. IIa I II on the Cottox QUESTION.?A. writer in the Anylo African of this city, <?* foikts paper, conoucted by cullud lolks," as we have hoard it described,give*, iu a lon^ article in favor of toe emigration of our free blacks to HaTti, tfae following f<tc's:? 1,1 r"r " ?b,n?rt?nco thin tbe Ot V> .! U'"" Hil <l"' " lilt Pultlvatiou HI r I t'Ulil up hi taiiufcust# ?a Cur in li.,.., ri< ?. "'t>hemp, cutke, ul. *r.w T! P'U'llfiou !U I tin. Cut ton 1H lliO [ZZZyt"11"1- ?"tL *>> for -u I it"' laiiuwio rrnsou o2t> poun.1- ol coitou (in tjjo HCW1, pwuc-re; htir iitnut is a p?> } ?e?tuii?, jitul c*jt* U.ivti cue. ?# MU. ut-t p'tti ted .11 cotton tmu cro,? 2r year "*d 000 P<.ua,, ,o e?tii c op lbv ^ "g i< in.iul, but lime care, mid grow* to tho tu-.ifiit or bf>ei?j iM-t. iw , ..ntttt.jH ?i, ,?t ?o tot. ?i *#e U tuU r.l n ^ ti'dj uru H ull adupit*i! to cot t mi* T'ie V A , pu,L,U give? "%ei ?Wteen "crw ot taut laud U. <*.!} WW 14 U I.lilt Ilk *tio Will g: ?b-r? ,,U.| T ?'???? a IU cotloa, ?hut iV v \ 'f,lu"J <1 "u tti^ island ruu tun.-a wild ... tie Nf? Wk uibikei at UeeuU ptr pound. Wha noum be ibe roMi'i to . neb individual t in !? ? r? a<li)y c u 1 coliiluti li "''"I' Itii k to lue hi-ud oi u ..imiiv a a in j C/iufot about ('^,000udi.unlly. Amntlmg to tbis statement, the coHon landa i 01 hayti, under lull cultivation, are capable of 1 yielding threw or four titnt* aa much per ttu uum us tt.e whole product of our Southern ritat.e. Su^ar, too, and "rice, tobacco, hemp and coffee, ull grt.w iu the utmost profusion in ?he ihluiid," and the mlanj has nearly u milium iiihabitautb, hluck and mixed. Ht.w'is it, then, ?hat this prolific i*lttnd in all the j^reat stajile.^ of tb.- t> o|. ic?- hus so long bten ruuning to waste? Wty l8 u that sne exports little or no cotton,, sugar, rice, hemp, coffee or tobacco? Ih' answer is very simple and easy. It is De cause the bet it-j' pan ol the islat d is r the absolute control of tts black populatron; it is because iht- blacks are tneir own masters; and because, as Cut Ijle h*8 suggested. ''Cuffee. as his own master, will not wo-k." JSor does 1 resioent G?lli;trd's ?inigratioa iuoverneut w ake an> bop.-lul p-ogre-s. The better class o' Iree blacks wnogo to liayti from the United dates are apt to ret olt at u.e barbarous habits ol. the natives, and,i? we are not nufttnkeu, quite a number t.t our "free colored Ameri cans," tempted to Hayn by the fiue promises ot the new goverumeut aod or iJedpalh, hate nlieadj returned, disgusted wi>h trio exjieri u.ent ot a communuy "where dere L-? uotUiu' but nigger--, and no wuite i^lks lo keep em in oroer." An icva.icr like tV'illia.a tho Con queror, enslaving the natives of liayti, and setting them to work, might soon as'oatsh ttie wt rid with bis commercial producta; but while t uffte is hn? own muster there, and can bask in tfce sun, ?.r snooze it. the shadn. from day to ?my, without work, t uffee will still doclin-- to his original Alncaii barbarism, and the island will still inn to waste. This iact comprehends the whole philosophy ol African slavery, for it is a system which take* care ol Coffee avid turns him to goo iccount. Lincoln s Rmjkitiov is I'lin.Ai.Uu nu?Av tniiKK Trtbi ij-;m Mob?Our neighbors of the City 01 IhotLt rly Ljte are unror mute in tneir attempts at public receptions. In .Xe# iork ?nu other latge cities gieat masse* of the peo ple can turn out on exciting occasions and con duct themselves in an otdi rly fashion; but in like circumstances in 1'fiiladelpuia, th*t staid Quaker city, a gathering of the masses gene rally resolves itself into a mob. When the Ja panese were there the conduct of the people was dlfgrucelul, and was b.truiy excelled by that oi 'hi lau ous rowdies of iiuliimore. At the reception ot the 1'rince of Wales things were not nmcli better. During Mr. Liucolu's visit on Thursday the l>hjludel|.h.'ati'i made a -au blubder ot the affair. The co?,f.isio.i in toe stieets was like a Beiilam let loose than un orderly reception of a distinguished ptrson uge. According to the reports, member? of the l'reaident'b suite were bauled out of their oit risges Without ceremony, through the blunders of the managing committee. I'o jrOlu Abe was lelt sitting in an open barouche iu the cold until he was half frozen to dc*tb, b. fore the i>i ocos.-ion could b. got to move; and when b" attempted to make a speech not a word could be dii-tiiiftni^hed above the clamorous cri?w ol the nuilti'uue. (^ir 1 bil idoipbia friends, iu shod, treated the President eKct about as roughly as tie wa setved in Huffalo. It is very cuiious that the usually quiet ttu,| Uln,. ibbabitant- of the Qua ker City cannot behave themselves decetitiv under a little excitement Canadian Lawtbrs Io.nohanck ok tiik Amkhi CAN CONSTITUTION A\U LaWo The principal point urged by Mr. Cameron in favor of thy discharge of Anderson before the Canadian Court of Common Pleas was Mil?*:?1'-The dUte of Missouri a ks for rendition of u fugitive slave upon a charge which wan murder only within a municipality of the United Mutes, Hie law of murder in Missouri w.?s Dot the law ot murder in the United Slate*. It was contrary lo the constitution *' Nottb.g c.m be further from the truth than thiH. The constitution ot the Uuitcd S'atea e\ pressly provides tor the rendition ot tugitivo slaves, and if ary Sitlwl of New VorK, for ex ample, should lone his lite at the hands of a fugitive slave from Mif-ouri in attempting to capture him. that crime would be clearly mm der in this State atid in every other, for U is the duty of all good citizen* to carry out the constitution, and ?h> law of murder is Uie mish in every State. Again, Mi Freeman urged that "the churgo should be first laid in the United Stales by federal officers, and the evidence don no show that any ciiarge has been laid thorn against Anderson.-' If Mr. Freeman under stood our political system a little bet ter he would have seen that Anderson committed no crime against tbe federal laws and could not be charged in a federal court The crime was commuted within tli" jurisdic tion of the State of Mip^onrl, nnd it clou r,y ccrnts under lie provinlon-s of 'he Aslibnrton treaty, by which the federal government, a- the general agent of all the Statee, is authorized to claim certain criminals escaping from any of thtin Into the British dominions. If the federal goveromont eonld only elaitn criminals who committal offences within the federal jurisdic tion, a case ot that Kind would seldom or never occur. For only if tbe oflVsnce was committed ( on the high seas, or in the forts, arsenals, nary \ yard" or ths IMstrlct oi Columbia, wonld It be in the "ederal jurisdiction, .ind If Mr. Freeman's 1 point ware good for anything it would cut both 1 j-ijr and involve this consequence as rejtrd* England and British North America. It' an Euglbbuian or a Canadian, having committed murder at bome, escaped into Missouri, or *ny of the thirty-four States of the Union, he could not be reclaimed, because none of those Statue iu within (be federal jurisdiction of the Uniu*d Sta'es. Truly Canadian counsel, when the, undertake to expound American law, oug!?t to make themselves a little better acquainted with it, and when they pronounce anything to Ihi agairst the constitution they ought first to take the trouble of reading that very plain and very simple instrument. But there is little chince of making other nations respect the rights ot Southern St?t(* till we learn to respect them ournjh ea. I'llOttU1CSS Of THK SotTHKllN t'o.VKKDKIWCY. We publish to day a very interesting account of the progresn of the Southern Confe deracy, including the inauguration of Pre sidtiu Davis, the utterance of his sen timei'ts to the people, and the proceod ii?g# ol the Congress at Montgomery up to the tweiitnduy. Thus tar the Southern Cont ode racy hat* borne itself calmly and with d?gnlty, constructing its government on an apparently firm basis, and conducting all its operations with coolness and an evident tendency to moderation and peace. Ithaw adopted a constitu tion with which nobody, either North or South, appear* to tine fault. In its presiding officers two nu n hjve been chosen?Mr. Davis and Mr. Stephen?who, although resolute in character, aieiio' violent or precipitate. The language ot President Davis, as will be seen by our re port of hi- a<iorecs, breat'es peace and a desire tor friendly relations between the governments and people North und South. In the selection ol h Cabinet, loo, much wi-doiu has In1 , dis played, the extremists and lire-enter.5 mv;.ig' birn carefully excluded. Even Mr X..., the S' cretaij ot Slate, although considered by ?irir.v very violent in hi* opinions, wjih in favor ol the perptiinuiion of tbe Union, provided suf ficient guarantees were given for the protection ol the South. Some such plan as tuat em bodied in the Crittenden-Guthrie resolutions, tor example, would be satisfactory to him, while Mr. M? maiingcr, of South Carolina " 0 Stcr? taiy of the Treasury, represents tin l> ni?.n scmiinent ol that btate, as lar as it can be said to exist at all wiUnn its borders. Upon tbe whole, then, the progress of the Confederated' State* of America in the formation ot their go vernment Las been marked by a good deal ot fit mm SB, decision and moderation cum hi and, trom which we argue that if a spirit of hos tility sliouid nri?e between the two sections of the country it will not emanate trom them. Sjcnrnoji in Rt:ssn?(Kir readers will recol lect that at tbe close of tbe Crimean war the J-.ijperor ol Rnsbi t decreed the prospective m ancipation of tho serfs. The intermediate period is at?out expiring, and some of the ?-lTt-cr? of this important movement are de scribed below:? '?r- l'mnnsmnn, Jan 12,1861. inr scrt qo sMun is the great and all absorbing u>o'rj ucic A :r.. iid f.t mit.o c iin^ id from in* eauuu lav. .A Pu'iig, i.n(* vaystl'f proprietor* arc leaving lor tho ' ? a cit .vw k. iLeir|jimt!i?*, boiipviuj that ail who romw ?ill be list?kvi??1. MjuieuiihiS left Uis oversoer iu charge, hru 1:1:1. i;inBt'-v the estate will b?' niripp'?i of twij i-ove ib e iLtk The hm" iix?d by ttiu iiu|>"riol ?.?'/viiuBfttht fur tb<> freedom if the s- r.h. is tb.< IPtii V- b' i,?y (O a.), tb ? aai ivniMiry or tho day ,Ucpie ; h/'.pemr at-reudta th> limine. All wiii bo'rfa'* w, .jj clMo, I'Wiiig to tin miliary iind the fort:if u pjpula'.iun. It will be seen, by this extract of a letter trom Ku.-s'a from a reliable source, that we in tLis country are not, alone in our troubles with tbe servile question. Even imjierial go vernments do not esccpe its consequences. The FoK-rinrwnovs of Washington.?We leain, lroUi an English paper, that about the lib ot last month "Geneial Scott was fortify ?ng Washington with increased zeal," an J we presume ihat our foreign friends irr n ..hat t>y this time the capital is in a state ot sieH-ee*id under manial law. They will b<* gratified* to 'tain that Washington has not bet n ' fortified," in the proper sen-o ol the term, aud that Gene ral Scott's army of occupation?locil militia and all?i? nothing more *hsn a pi -cautionary force numbering less than two Lli m-and merv ii tin re ever has been any reason to anticipate in at uck on the capital, which wo s.-rio.isly d'ubt, tliere is none wha'ever now. Thj bor dri -lave States are the only fortifications that W listing ton r< quires just no#, and probe' ' ? ho only oik^ winch that city will ever have. The Qt ksumn ok thk Day Thk Fctoui ! Growth a\i? S?mr or OoTron We coll at tention to a lull unit 8onpr?b?nive article, in another cohuin, on the future growth ami Mipply of cotton. It will 'repay 'he tronbl" a caret ul j'. uiMil by th^ao deAirooa of unc - landing tfw qi.enliou in all ila bearings. It will l>e teen <Lat the attempts hitherto made in India to rival the United .-:a"en in ita culluro ha\ e failed. and that the intertropical regions of Africa and other countries promiae no betUs** micco*. All tin? facta go to fliow that t only n imble cotton region to be found In tho world in toun<l in the United State*. No Sionk or a (Jomfromjmi between Tliur lon Weed and Horace Greeley. Weed baa tho iniMdc track for the White House kitchen; baft Greeley u suong in the runl dbtrieti, and i,'ib? appear* to be understood by '-Old Abe.r* Greeley, therefore, is calmly defiant, while Weed ii? only moderately hopeful. Will W ?.d get into the kitchen? Doubtful. Let tho Hqu?b ble go on. Diuii.'ou ? Benll ix Mrkom.yr.?'Hi la 'aworlte tenor hit l)i ii< fit tonight at the Ttrooklyn Academy jC Mask. The "BaDo in KmsIkt*" wtU be givea for the M i wid an.! probably I ml time on tbi* oa?Mon. hi w. on ion 11 his chum* .is u huxu pim.n tnd u reliable iu lint, ^tgitor BrlgftoH I* nitltM to a geBarou* Rapport from too jjrt< klyn fakllo fur the liberality with which . iMt plr t?w?rrt* the FkttMMlc Aouiatp, iu r?,. i hi acrcpt auy remuneration f<>r hi* aarvin ?* nt tin, ? concert which they save at the cloae of tht ir g. .uwxi. Iouiuit or Mi ?>*?.?The porfoinanc" ef "t'n P.nllo In Marcherh" laat night Attracted a full b< me, tho roryipta buing unmewtiat Iu tiMMtrir thOM of Hi in-*<Uy, wtinn tue l'realdnnt ilMtaUnuM IbKlfMiilix th' Qfat timn Inhlnlife. The <?pera wm pr?< e?|nd by r performs apropos to-tbn ilaj. The uat'<Q4i mthem, "TtieSw.. S|uuiKle?l Bajiner,'' w*? *uni( hy ih ? wl.oMrnnomy, |flrM>a rhllllr' and HliikU y *iti>rn tttojj tho nolo*, an auca<MUcntly tho orcb<?tra play el "Uuil Colombia." Ibe aodi?BSe cncorcd (lie' rflir ^pAn^l.vl Ruin^r,1 aad the arte"* rrpc.ited the air. The performance of :h* ?>H* " waa iheu prtx'Md?d?ith. "Cn TVillo ta Mn*'bera,? will be h'iu*; at the Ifro^klfB AtnVny to night, aad K will repented ?n trrfri'. pin e m\ Vimri.iy. On Wadmm diy Ml?a I/it. <a Kellif ? will ta.iK'* lior delwt a? ttkkJa, in "IttgoleltA,^ Cai(r<t fltatci OtitrUt faart, Hefm-e Hon. Judge Hetli. J ut. I nit',I ?fcxfey ra 'V n?rk A'afci?T>n ve ml ?.?an ertiifl nM being a rlarer. The enu> w.c h"inl i'f me lime more. The .imtrte, tn ?J? elaborate nplnl >n, roacludwi b:' aayitiR that be waanf oplnioa tha? th" libel ant* were "entitled t > it nnle <in<l cnndetnnatl,>n i?r tho \??eel nnd catgo, and directed a dnaee tn be entervd to that (Owt. .