Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1861 Page 4
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JVEW YORK HERALD. Jilll GORDON B K S N KIT, LDITOB AM) PBUPKIKU'R ?i nci n. w. oobnrk or mrw and sasjad are. TKAK/i, nuA in adnanm M-mrtj ??.'/ fcfr mnll iciil brailA* rW of (Ac jemier. Hone hut JkiiJt kill* current w. A>w 1'or* lafcrn. r//r DAILT It, tvo.????a>p?, $7 ainuiR. ri//.' WKT.KLr HlhALO, rrr y "f *i.v ??/?? ton.vrt&pe, amum; (Af Atorifw/m Acitrtm <-in| (J/, <tf W /"???? >y?r nipt, $4 t* r <> n? mm In uny part of Hi Mil, or lb <o un|/ ???> I of the Omti* I, *>"1* t" inrliuU p<tMt w ?/? 0>^/<>ntto |A? lx. 11*A ttui -l?' of ?i< A month, <U MX mn/> ?**? orax/, or $1 Mpei annum. THE FAMH.y HKHALI), on IF?|iMsday, ai four cent* per rtpy, or $t in VOLUNTARY OOMHKfiPOfWENCM, rxmtax?iingimportant newt, ?UrUnl/iom any ?/wrter ru the wot hi; if u*?</, wi'V hr hberitily paul lot Hf < 'CIl Koki.ign OOBKKoKON D v 3 T.l nil PABTIODI.ASLY RBuUBSTkD to SSAL ALL LbTTBBS AMD PaCB aobs Mttrt n 1HO NOTtCM Uiken of anni.i/m'rus eorretpondence W -do not retvrn rejtcted eommuniattwnA. Votuu XXVI Bfo. 58 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. NIBLO'8 GARDEN, Broadway. ?Kac lish Oci?a-Tub Souk abmullht WINTER GARDEN. Broadway, opposite Bond street.? Olitbb Twurr. BOWKKT THEATRE, Bowery ?A Si out W WoNOKt Wobld. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Br-iadway.?CtfKTHAL Pabk. Ul'RA KERNE'S THEATRE, No. 024 Broadway.? ftcruN blTEHA NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.-Who Kpvaks fiaa*?HssiiW J *??W all to*. THBATRB FHAWOAIi, Mo 685 Broadway ?La Tk^ta sixvf ua Gibodot?La Count Skmsiblb. BaBNITM'B AMERICAN MDhEUM, Broad Sea 1.IOM, AID OTHKR CUKtOMTIBS. AT ALL 11 (1IJ US?T tfV Dhaka, Wouab 111 White, at 3 and 7'j o'clock 1*. M. BRYANTS' M1NBTRELB, Mechanic*' Hall, 472 Broad way ?BuKutaaoka, Bonus. Damcim, Ao.?Jack Cads. HOOLET A CAMPBELL'B MIN.- i KEUS, Nlblo's Saloon, Bruadway.?Ethiopiaji Songs, Dam-es. Buulbsuum, Ao ? Bcenes at Phalom's. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, ?*3 Broad**y.?Tight Borit. Bodua. Uamobs, Buulbs^ues, Ao MELODKON, No. 630 Broadway.?faosci, Dance*, Bdr fcfcsnuia. Ao. WASHINGTON HALL, Ailorio.?^'hhistt*? MiHtTKtLl in Stuiomak Bohu?, Bdblk?udb*. Dascbs, Ac TURO nAJ?L, Harlford.?OitMr'>KTa'? SIinstkki^ ik Ermoriaif Bonos, Dajiou, ttc H?w York, Thortday, February 98, 1801. ?AILS FOB THE PACIFIC. Hew York Herald?California (Edition. Tli? mail steamahip Ariel, Captain Miner, will leave tbia port to-morrow, at noon, for Aspinwall. Hie taaita for California and other parts of the Paclflu will clone at ten o'clock to morrow morning. The Nkv You Wkbxlt Hkkalo?California adilloo? eonUUutof: the latest intelligeuce from all parts of the world, with a large quantity of local and miscellaneous matter, will be published at half put eight o'clock In the morning. Single copies, In wrappers, ready for mailing, six conta. Agents will please sond Itt their 01 dors as early as pos sible. The New*. The Peace Conference at Washington yesterday adopted the modified Guthrie plan of adjustment, as publihhed in another part of to-day's paper. The vote stood nine to eight, New York, Kansas, Indiana and Missouri not votiag. The Conference ?rdcred that engrossed copies of the adjustment be sent to both houses of Congress, and then adjourned zinc die. The Senate ap pointed Messrs. Crittenden, Bigler, Seward, Thomoon and Trumbull a special committee on the Peace Conference adjustment, with instruc tions to repoi t at one o'clock to-day. The com mittee were engaged on the subject last night, and will, it la supposed, report a bill by which the plan will be submitted to the people, there being no prospect tt its obtaining a two-thirds voU- in i ither house a| Congros*. The action of the Peace Congress, atffl the proceedings of the House on the report of the Crfria Committee, to gether with onmistakeable indications of the con servatism of the incoming administration, have created a general feeling of satisfaction. The proceedings of Congress yesterday are nn nsually important. In the Benate a number of pe titions relative to the crisis were presented, and Eeveral private bills were passed. A motion to postpone the consideration of the Army bill and take up the Crittenden adjustment waa rejected by a vote of 16 to 27. The Tariff and Patent bills were both passed. The Army Appropriation bill was then discussed and passed. The adjustment adopted by the Peace Congress was read, and, on motion of Mr. Crittenden, was ordered to be print* ed, and referred to a select committee, with instructions to repot at one o'clock to-day. The vote with regard to instructing the committee stood 26 to 21. The Senate then went into execu tive session, and ordered the correspondence be tween the governments of Great Britain and the United States, relative to the fugitive slave Ander Bon, to be printed. This subject will be one among many important questions respecting our relations to foreign countries which will be turned over to the new administration for settlement. In the House yesterday the report of the Select Committee of Thirty-three on the Crisis waa taken up, and the voting commenced on the varioua pro positions submitted. The question was first taken on Mr. Burch'a substitute, being a joint resolution recommending the calling of a Convention of all the States to unite upon a plan of adjuatment. This waa re jected by a vote of 74 yeas against 100 nay*. Mr. Kilgore, of Indiana, here moved to lay the whole subject on the table. This motion was ne gatived?14 yeas against 175 nays. The question was then taken on the proposition of Mr. Kellogg, of Illinoia, to amend the consti tution by reviving the Missouri Compromise line, prohibiting the interference of the fedc. U govern ment with slavery in the slave 8tat< >, securing the return to their owners of fugitive slaves, and Against the reopening of the African slave trade. This wan rejected?33 yeas against 108 nays. Mr. Crittenden's plan of adjustment, proposed by Mr. Clemens, was theu rejected -80 yeaa against 113 nays. The question on the adoption of the report of the Committee of Thirty-three then came up. Mr . Sherman moved to lay it on the table. This was voted down?66 against 124. The declaratory resolutions of the committee were then adopted, a vote of 13? ye as agafn*tf63 uays. The joint n ?olution recommended by the com mittee, providing for an amendment to the consti tution, so as to prevent any amendment of that Instrument except said amendment originate with a slave State, and requiring the assent of all the Etatea to make it valid, then came up. Mr. Cor win moved as a substitute that no amendment ahall be made to the constitution which will authorize or give Congress power to abolish or interfere within any Kt?u> with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of perHons held to labor or servitude by the laws of M?id State. This joint resolution, an amended, was rejected?120 yeas against 71 nays?it not receiving the nereatary two-thirds vote. A motion was made to recon nider this vote, pending which, amid muc h confu sion and excitement, the House adjourned. The I legislature at Albany yesterday transacted considerable business of a varied character; but nothing of particular importance received final action. In the Benate, among the bills introduced were one fur the sale of the Vuliriil'tine gro.indn; one to limit the fare on city railroads to >.liree ennu?; one to amend the charter of New York, ?ulwtituting for the preaent Hoard of Couneilmeo a liftard of Assistant Aldermen, and making other changes; and ene for the creation of a Metropoli tan UtalU) loouDiMion, auuilar to the bill here io'crt introduced in the lower home. In the As sembly a number of reports were made by ttie standing committees on bill* under cotuiderution, after which the Capital Punishment bill was again taken up and discussed till the hour of adjourn I inent. We publish in anot?.>T column a soccinct history of ihe tariff system in this country from the year 1816, which, in connection with the Morrill Tariff hill, will be read with interest, and will vhow the principles which guided our early statesmen upon the questions of revenue and protection. Letters lor Europe will be received at Mr. Ca nard's office, Bowling Green, to ten o'clock A. M. to day, to go forward per steamship Jura, for Liverpool direct. The Liverpool, New /ork and Philadelphia Steamship Company are now building jron screw steamer of 3,000 ton* and 600 horso power, which is expected to be the finest and fastest vessel of her class on the Atlantic. She will make her first voyage in May next, and be called the City of New York. The steamship Florida, which left this port yes terday afternoon for Savannah, had the Georgian State Hag streaming from her masthead and the American ensign from her peak. First Lieutenant Jacob Read, of the United States Murine corps, now stationed at the Brook lyn Mai me Barracks, resigned his commission on the 26th inst., and accepted a captain's commis sion in the Georgian army. Lieutenant Read was born in Georgia, and received his appointment from that State, which dates March S, 1847. He lias perhaps seen more sea service for the time that he has been in the navy than any other officer, having been nine years at sen. He leaves imme diately to join bin brethren of the Southern Con federacy. The Naval General Court Martial reassembled at the Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday, and the evi dence of Lieutenant Daniels against Commander 'Value was completed. Commodore Armstrong was next examined; but the hour for closing the court arriv<-,| before his testimony was ended. The examination will be proceeded with to-day. In the Court of General Sessions yosterday the counsel for James Shepherd, who was convicted of arson in the first decree, moved for a new trial, which motion was denied, whereupon Recorder H<ffniun proceeded to sentence him to imprison ment for life at hard labor in the State prison. On t:h<- 10th of December, 1858, Recorder Smith, be fore whom Shepherd was tried and convicted, sen tenced him to be executed on the 8th of February, 1869, but his counsel bronght the case to the Conrt of Appeals and procured a new trial, and another effort will be made to get another trial. George lUehter, a young man, indicted for firing the build ing No. 3811'earl Btreet, on the night of the 23d of January, pleaded guilty to an attempt at arson in the second degree, and was sent to the State prison for four years and eight months. Andrew Fyan, a well known receiver of stolen^oods, was convicted of receiving two bags of wool stolen from Mr. Boardman, and was remanded for sen tence. Charles H. Wilson, charged with stealing 1100 worth of jewelry, pleaded guilty to an at tempt at burglary, and was sent to the State pri son for two years and six months. A motion was argued yesterday in the Supreme Court, General Term, for a new trial in the case of Charles D. Morrissett, convicted in the Court of Oyer and Terminer of arson, in setting firo to a store in Greenwich street, in which a man named La Rochelle, supposed to have been an accom plice, was burned to death. The decision is re served. At the meeting of the Emigration Commission er* yesterday, the veteran President of the Board, Gulian C. Verplanck, was re-elected for the pre sent year, and Cyrus Curtis was elected Vice Pre sident, both elections being unanimous. The num ber of emigrants arrived here during the last week, according to the weekly statement sub mitted to the Board, was 464, which swell* the , number since the 1st of January te 3,940. The balance of the commutation fund now in bank to the credit ef the Board ia $4,221 82. Beef cattle were active yesterday, and half a cent per pound higher, ranging from 5%c. to !?%c. for inferior to prime. Cows were quiet. Veals were unchanged. Sheep and lambs were scarce and 50c. per head higher, with sales all the way from $3 50 to $9 12%. Swine were also scarce and higher, 5%c. a 6c. per pound being the range. The total receipts were 3,233 beeves, 84 cows, 587 veal.s, 5,425 sheep and lambs, and 4,710 swine. The cotton market yesterday was firmer and more ac tive, with sales of about 3,000 bales, included in which I were 1,200 reported In transit. Prices closed on the basis of njje. for middling uplands on the wharf, and 12c. for do. in store The recoipts since the the 1st of September last Bhow a decrease of 017,000 bales compared with ilkose for the same time last year. The ex porta also pi hiblt a decrease. Flour was less buoyant and active, while sale* to the local trade and for export were mo derate. Wheat was dull, with the turn of prices in favor of purchaser* Corn was plenty and also easier, with a fair amount of sales. Porlc was steady, with sal<wof mess at $17 86, and of prime at $12 60 a $12 75. Sugars were 1 about Xc higher, with sales of about 1,000 hhds. Cuba and 25 a SO boxes and 212 hhds melado, at rates given in another place. Coffee was steady, with limited sales. The defeat of the proposed duty tended to take the starch out of both coiTe<> and tea. Freights were steady, while on gagements were moderate. Important from Washington?Final Ac tion of tht P?aee ( ongreii. The Trace Convention, which has been in iM ?*ion since the foarth day of February, has at last adjourned, but not, however, before ac compli?hlng the initial object for which it was Called < ufiber. It has agreed upon the plan of settl ent published in the Herald of yes terday !i nlng, and which we republish this morning - , tt -he people can understand the questiou m<? li is now presented to them. The first article, which relates to the rights of the people to the Territories, was adopted by a close rote of nine to eight, lour States, includ ing New Yotk, not Toting. All the other ar ticle? were agreed to by a vote of sixteen to eight. The proposition in its present amended condition, and as adopted by the Convention, is a compound of the Guthrie and Crittenden plans of adjustment, and embracing many of the best features of each. THe first section provides that slavery shall be excluded from all territory north of the pa rallcl of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes of north latitude, while south of that line no change shall be made in the condition of persons held to service or labor. It also pro vides that there shall be no interference on the part of Congress or the Territorial Legislature with the right to take slaves into such terri tory. When territory north or south of the prescribed line, aud within the boundaries fljrtd by Congress, shall contain a population equal to that required for a member of Con gress, it shall be admitted into the Union, with or without involuntary servitude, as its consti tution may provide. The second section is to the effect that no territoiy shall be acquired, except by dis covery. for naval and commercial ;? poses, .*c., without the concnrre&oe of a m,ij<uty of all the Senator* tVoni the slave States and a majority < ; those from the free States. In the .?a* of all territory acquired by treaty a ma jority ol the Senators fiom each class of States i* required as a part of the two-thirds majority nec?-**try for its r.< flcation The third section wtutus the right of tt&usit * with alftfea from any State or Territory to any State or Territory where dtrary exists. This right, however, does not lmtnde that of transit through any State or Territory which dissents therefrom. By this section Congress is prohibited from interfering with slavery?either to regulate, abolish or control?In any State or Territory in which it is legally recognized. This prohibi tion also applies in the case of the District of Columbia, unless with the consent of Maryland and the owners. The sale of slaves in the Dis trict of Columbia, or their introduction into it, to be afterwards transferred to other places for sale, is likewise prohibited. The fourth section provides against the mis construction of that part of the constitution which relers to the delivery of fugitive slaves through due process ot law. The fifth is an unconditional prohibition of tne African slave trade. The sixth provides that sections one, three and five of this proposition, aud the third para graph of the second section of the first article of the constitution, and the third paragraph of the seoood section of the fourth artiole thereof, shall not be amended or abolished without the consent of all the States. By the seventh and last section provision is made tor compensation in all cases where fu gitive slaves are rescued hy violence. The foregoing form the basis of nttlement thus preeented by the 1'eaoe Coarmion, and after its adoption, that body being seized with a strong and laudable desire to finish their work at once, had two copies engrossed be tween twelve o'clock, the hour of its passage, and two o'clock, and sent one to the President of the Senate and the other to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. These copies were immediately submitted to both houses, and the Senate appointed a special committee to report at one o'clock to-day. What is the next regular movement in this question? It is for Congrees to adopt this plan of adjustment by a vote of two-thirds of both houses, in order to give it the required autho rity, ho that it can be presented to the people in accordance with article five of the constitution, which provides that whenever two-thirds of both houses of Congress shall propose amendments to the constitution, they shall be valid when ratified by the Legislatures or Conventions of three-fourths of the States. The country has now reached such a crisis that the conservatives of the republican party have evidently found it necessary to have this question settled with as little delay as possible, in order to save the border States; and now it will require decisive action on the part of Mr. Linooln and Mr. Seward to get this measure passed through Congress. But will they do it? We shall see. Ttae Bltnntlon of the Country-THe Policy ot U?e Incoming Administration. The definite selection of Mr. Cameron for a place in the Cabinet of Mr. Lincoln, settle* the U- "'P?cU?e'le P?lll!JtoJe by the incoming administration. A conserva tive programme, concUiatory to the border States, may be considered as having already been inaugurated. Whatever may be the final result of the action, yesterday, of the Peace Convention, Mr. Seward has evi dently decided that the republican altruists, under the leadership of Fewenden, SumnerandGreoley,shall be thrown orerboard and that the two or three hundred thousand voices in the North, in favor of coerclonand involving the nation in the horrors of civil war, shall be henceforth disregarded. Over a mil lion Union loving oitizena in the States of - ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Marykmd !nd Delaware, will rally in their support of the government which wiUa^sumo the reins of power next week, and a new par y will arise out of the rains of those that wil have ceased to exist, from which ^ch good may be augured, if its plans are conceived with prudence, sagacity, and an unflinching, unex ceptional eye to peace and amity, equal y wards those States of the confederation that have MJceded, an to all others. The tone of the articles which begaa to ap pear lathe Albany Evening Journal, in Novem ber last, and the speeches that have since been delivered in the Senate of the United states by Mr. Seward, have rendered it evident, that, from the very beginning of disturbances m the ore f.r,iChWd ?Uu,men.n the republican ranks, have counted upon divisions in the South, to enable them to per fect a ftiture scheme of action, which contains many excellent with some few dangerous ele ments Recognizing that the border non slaveholding and Blaveholding States hold th I balance of power in their hands, they have ? ' d^med U indiapeoeeble to eallrfj U? ?l?>? ?' Hence they have carefully fostered the ioace SoreocL, looked* tho r?ut of their proceedings for the germ of a ^lement, in the course of time of our national difficulties. Should these fail, their policy will not be changed. Whatever is asked for by Virginia, Kentucky, Tenneaseo, Missouri, Maryland, Mr. Seward, or rather, Mr. Lincoln's administration, is prepared, with due show of resistance and a proper coyness of expression, substantially to grant The recent elections in the Northern slave States have confirmed tfiis determination, and no effort will be wanting to consolidate, in an inde structible bond of union, the interests of the portions of the confederacy that have remained , true to their allegiance. i So far this is well, and whether the Critten den amendments to the constitution, ttie propo sition of Mr. Franklin of Pennsylvania, or even the less satisfactory measure ot Mr Adams, to erect New Mexico and Arizona into a State, and thus take <the qn^sUon of slavery in the Territories out of the cognizancc of the fede ral government, shall form a basis. from which negotiation shall begin, It will matter little, so long as a result is ultimately arrived at which nhall be deemed by the South to be fully aad entirely adequate to meet the exigencies of the

present crisis. It mu?t be remembered, how ever, that patchwork will not answer; and when wo hear the professed organs of Mr. Seward declaring how much or how little may be done without a "sacrifice of principle/" it i savors strongly of a return to the Chicago I platform, and of seeking to accomplish aboli I tionist objects, under a plausible dlsgulso. The scheme of Mr. Adams, which Is said to be highly thought of by the future premier. is lauded by him mainly, because "no risk I. in curred by it ot extending slavery. If this Is the proposition to be presented to the Southern States, it may be reasoned from, but can scarcely be acceptable, as it stands, to either Virginia, Maryland or Tana wee, and it wfll certainly be nuatlafactory to North Carolina. Again, while the in oat honeyed phrases are poured forth in profusion towards the repre seotatives and people of the border glare States, a sterner aspect is assumed with regard to those that have withdrawn from the Union. We read in a recent number of the Albany Journal, in an article evidently written by Thurlow Weed, that " the time approaches, thank Heaven, when efforts will be made to reinforce Major Anderson. God grant that the relief may not come too late. To have neglected Fort Sumter so long is alike criminal and cruel. If that strong fortress should be lost, or its de fenders sacrificed, a fearful responsibility will rest upon the dishonored head of a betrayed nation." Coercion sentiments eould hardly have been expressed more strongly by Mr. Greeley himself. It is the old hue and ory of " vindicating the dignity of the American flag," by inaugurating " battle " as the last resort for the settlement of our inter-State differences. It is a catering to the fanatical paBgions of the worst school of Massachusetts abolitionists, which, in its effects, would be aa fatal to our national prosperity, as any measures that could be conceived by the anti-" brainlena spawn of Home malignant influence" furiates of the Tribune. In addition to this, it is freely de clared by the friends and pseudo-confidants of Mr. Seward, that Fort Pickens as well as Fort Sumter is to be reinforced; the harbors of Charleston, New Orleans, and Pensacola block aded; and the revenue collected at any and every risk. A thrill of hope has vibrated through the public pulse, within the last three days, at the prospect of an unconditional abandonment of coercive plans. The reaction which would arise from disappointment would be terrible. The destinies of the country are now in Mr Seward's hands. He will be the master spirit of the incoming administration. His behests will, in all probability, be obeyed. The cring ing crowd of office seekers, will, ere this, have taken their cue from his lips, and will re-echo us oracles every one of his utterances. It is well that the vast interests which are at stake, should have been placed under a man so able to control them. But he cannot be too careful in his proceedings. Let him trust to time, and to time alone, for the rebirth of that Union feeling in the seceding States, which is tempora rily destroyed among their leading men. So muny officers in the army and navy; so many Senators, representatives and federal officers, would never have resigned their posts, and sacrificed every prospect under the general government, unless they had felt Bure, at the time they did so, that the disseverment was to be perpetual. To trifle with such ? spirit, would be dangerous in the extreme. To at tempt to subdue it, would kindle the flames of civil war within a month; and it would require but a short time longer to engender a feeling of discontent in the border States, which would lead to the overthrow of what conciliation might havo accomplished, and cause them to take part with their old and natural allies of the last seventy years. The country is still on the verge of a precipice, and those who would urge the incoming administration to oppressive measures, or would even induce it to leave the task of conciliation incomplete, are neither true friends, nor disinterested in their desire for the welfare of the land. Rathkr Refreshing than Otherwise,?Our Albany correspondent gives a very touching description of a pathetic scene which occurred in the State Senate on Monday evening. A rural Senator, said to be " three sheets in the wind," became very much exercised in hie mind as to the whereabouts of two of the fathers who had deserted the chamber. Finally, the Serjeant-at-Arms was sent after them, and they returned to their seats. When interro gated as to what they had to say for themselves, one of the truants accused the bibulous Sena tor aforesaid of " gassing," and of heading a " nonsensical, gassy and factious opposition." This irate Senator was excused. The other recusant was from this city, a shining light in the Coal Hole of Tammany before its lights were all put out This patriot made a few fit re marks. When he saw the rural Senator dis gracing the angust body, " his mind went back to his childhood," his "heart sunk within him," and with "feelings of dis gust and sorrow" he departed. It is quite un necessary to say that the Senate was dissolved in tears, and excused the New York Senator by a unanimous and lachrymose vote. We pre sume that the rural Senator will profit by the good advice he received on this interesting oc casion; but it strikes us that the morals of the country must be irightfully deteriorated when its representatives behave so badly as to shock a graduate of the Coal Hole and Pewter Mug. Toixtct'h Courts Martial.?It strikes us as being a little singular that the Secretary of the Navy should have been so prompt in ordering a court martial upon Commander Walke, who brought away from Pensacola the exiled go vernment employes, and so dilatory in the far more flagrant breach of discipline committed by Armstrong, the Commandant at the War rington Yard. Walke is tried for disobedienoe of orders, in not returning to Vera Cruz as directed by the Flag Officer commanding the Home Squadron, and is also charged with the same offence in ignoring the authority of Arm strong aft i r the latter had handed over the go vernment property to a mob. That will never do. Let UH have fair pl;ty for all hinds. New Tariffs, Sorni and North.?The new protective Tariff bill passed by the Congress at Washington may be a good thing for the facto ries and foundries of Massachusetts and Penn sylvania, but it is not likely, by any means, to be accepted as a peace offering by the Southern States. On the other hand, after the lapse of a few months, between this new Northern tariff *nd the new tariff of the Southern confederacy upon a lower scale of duties, the seceded States may expect something from England and I'Ynnoe in the way of direct trade. New York, pel baps, would do well to prepare for some uiing of the kind. A for OmcE. - In the French Revolu tion, when the ultras wanted to purge the Ja cobin clubs of the lukewarm and all who were not up to the mark, the test question put to the members, by order of Couthon. the friend of Kobespierre, was: "What have you done to -le wrve death, if counter revolution should pre vail " 11 the member interrogated could not point to some deed of this kind he must "walk the plank.'' Greeley and the radical revolu tionary republicans are urging a similar tent lor office under the incoming President, In or der to exclude the moderate* and mate the new regime a* red a? possible. Uu? laurati ?* Ou CUy tm ty H??d? J ?r MM Mm* ?t AU?**r?Will TA?f j CMTv Di B Charter A* usual, W9 find all manner ot btlU intro duced and reported by the committee* of bote branches ot' tee State Legislature affecting the I righto and iotet eeta of the city of New York. I The usual amotuit of tinkering and pate a work seemt> to be <*uag oa amongst the small try politic <i;u? kiibide and outside of the ihree legis- I lative b-vIW at A'-bany; for we have turee I house* the third more powerful thaa the othei j two. It nan beru (he custom for several years J puBt for the jobbers, peculators and pHee J seekers of our city, as sooa as they are de I feated in their project* here, to retort to Albany, | and there crowd through bills which, if rightly J named, would read, "An act to place Jotin Doe or Richard Roe in offloe." Arriving at the State capital, these philoso- I phere, whether emanating from Tainuiauy or I the republican camp, place themselves under | the protection of Thurlow Weed, the king of the third house, and commence at once to worn I upon the sympathies ot the rural member* by I ' expatiating upon their sufferings, arising trom J being "left out in the cold." By exercising I ? great deal oi energy in this line, aided by an 1 application of more substantial reasons, tney I hare succeeded in turning our city affxirs I upside down, until everything is at loose ends j in almr-tt every branch of our city govern- j ment, the citizens daily plundered and left at J the mercy of the marauding bands that infest I the City Hall. If we happen to have an houe-t I | official in one department, a desperate and I combined effort is made to defeat all of his I attempts to bring order out of chaos; if it can I be done in no other way they start for Albauy. I Thus far during the present session we have I escaped any very serious damage from that I quarter; for which let ua be thankful. From various symptoms this quiet is but the I lull before the storm; and the last half of I the session promises to be fully equal to I ! its illustrious predecessors. There are now a I ' seore or more bills relating to our city, in the I I shape of amendments to our charter, rerao- I delling the several courts, &c., all of which | should be summarily disposed of. There is I only one bill among them all that is needed or I asked for by a majority of the citizens, and I that is the bill introduced by Mr. Ar- I cularius, to appoint seven Commissioners I to prepare a charter to be submitted to the poo- I pie for their approval. If the rural members I have any compassion upon us, and wish to atone 1 for their past sins and raids upon the rights of I New York, they will immediately take hold oi | that bill, and perfect it by striking out some of | the politicians by trade now enumerated there- 1 in, and inserting the names of practical and 1 substantial men, and then pass it at the very 1 earliest moment 1 A change in our present charter is absolutely I necessary for an honest and wholesome govern- I ment; but we want no more of the piecemeal I patchwork so long prevalent at Albany, neither I do we desire the Legislature to frame and enact I a charter; we ask for that privilege ourselves, I through a highminded and trustworthy com- I mission, such as the Legislature can give us if I they will turn a deaf ear to the regular mem- I bera of the third houae, who are interested in I keeping this an open question to feather their 1 own nest If our lawmakers assembled I at Albany wish to earn for themselves a I good name they will not listen to the ap- I peals to transfer the Bureau of Assess- I ments, City Chamberlain and other fat I jobs to the finance department, but give us I a responsible commission, and let the citizens | of New York take care of these peculators by I overhauling the whole structure, razing it to I its very foundation, and erecting thereon at I least the frumework for a more reliable, honest I ! and efficient city government We could point out several instances where our charter needB remodelling; but it would be impossible to make those changes effectual without an entire now charter?no piecework will answer our present condition. All that Is asked from the hands of the Legislature is to be legally enpowered to tear down the present decayed, dilapidated and rotten concern, aud to erect a new one in its place. Will those as sembled at Albany as lawmakers grant us that much? The Legislature for several years past has been helping those engaged at rob bing the city treasury to thrust their hands still deeper, and we have been constantly going on trom bad to worse. For the eake of a change in the programme we trust that this body will do something to help the honest portion of the community to cleanse the Augean stables and inaugurate a new order of things in our city. Thk Wit thk Conspiracy Against Lincoln Was Dwoovkkkd.?We have at last got a clue to the way the terrible conspiracy to assassi nate Mr. Lincoln was discovered, and it cer tainly reflects great credit upon oar police sys tem, which we shall not be slow to accord to it It appears that there were two sets of most effective detectives sent to work upon the mat ter. Mr. Fonche Kennedy, of New York, at the instance of Thurlow Weed, despatched one band of detective police to Baltimore and the interlying points between that place and Har risburg, to ferret out the plot, and the Vidocq of Baltimore bad another band employed in the Ramc localities, neither chief being aware of the action of the other. If there wu any thing to be discovered this efficient combina tion of detective talent would be sure to find it out; and so It did; for It happened that the de tectives from New York cani? lQto frequent communion with the detectives froi* Baltimore, and, not knowing one another, each opposed that be had found a conspirator in the otbis party, and forthwith commenced to hyniptithize with the plot and draw ilia communicative com panion out, for the purpose of getting informa tion, as these wise official** are wont to do; and so between them they unravelled, if tli-y did not concoct, the whole terrible conspiracy ugainst the life of Mr. Lincoln, which compelled him to resort to the Scotch cap of the Came rons and the long military cloak, in whi b un dignified disguise he reached the federal capital with a whole skin. No sooner did Mr. Foucb Kennedy succeed in discovering thin aivlul oom>piracy than be turned up at Wasidngton, in search of an office, we suppose, to which he is undoubtedly entitled at the hands of Mr. Lin coln, whose life he so miraculously pr?*snrved. But there are more plots against the new President which it may require detective saga city to discover. Mr. Fouchf Wee,, and Mr. Vidocq Greeley have each their detectives' at work to discover a conspiracy u^mtut tlm po litical existence of Mr Lincoln, and whichever ol ?h'- two finds out the plot wfiettier it he got up by the ultrsw or the moderate* ot th*- p*r ty?will, of course, be entitled to t?*e spoils. *7'hh Tuntumk; \mi Ito " Hkixoc H'mummm.'*? Id re^^y to our articb-s charging tin? Tribune with inciting the North to a rovoluuouary war arfHiuht the douth, wui a view to tue establish outfit of the freedom o' the negrotw by means of a servile insurrection, and th* extermina tion of the white race, r?>oi au>t branch, tun writer bays he merely " ?1tbw aside the curtain that reveals the hell of bun on th*i li<*s in the path of civil aud uervilo war, and instead of desiring to retract or qualify anything he has said, he rejoiced in it" It is perfectly usel an lor the writers of the Tribune to tell us that they gJoat over t-ia scenes of carnage in their bloody programme, of which they have given us a giuuyw by lift ing the curtain which separatee oh from the future. They gloried in the atrocious and treasonable deeds of the hon?e thief and cat throei John Brown, elevatiug him to the place of a martyr for the blood he had shed at Harper's berry, and for hat intention to shed it more copiously had bib success in hid first attempt to incite Um? slaves to revolt been only equal to bis hopea. All they regretted was that he failed. Th^y are now resisting every effort made by the friends of peace to effect a reconciliation be tween the two sections, in order that their fiendish programme may be carried out, that the South may be invaded on a larger scale than John Brown's raid, and with the autho rity and power of the federal government, backed up by the arms aud money of the abolition Stakes of the North. Thus they hope to accomplish the destruction of slavery and "the eggs of the viper." Not one of the republican leaders denies that the policy of the party is coercion and war Yet the Tribune writers call upon us t* assail Jefferson Davis for threaten ng to invade the North. Now, he has never threatened to invade the North, tfnless war should be waged against the South; and in that event any re monstrances to him from journals at the North would be idle. Neither Jefferson Davis nor any other man at the South has any idea of in vading the North, tf the North will only let the Southern States alone. The true course, there fore, for those who desire to avert "tbe hell of horrors that lies in the path of civil and servile war" is to do all in their power to prevent Northern invasion, under the pretext of re capturing or reinforcing the forts, or of "en forcing by the army and navy the laws of the Union'' in States that have declared their in dependence. But the r.idical republicans will neither agree to concede to the Southern States the rights guaranteed to them by the constitution, nor yet permit them to separate in peace, because the extinction of slavery in the Southern States, with all the attendant horrors, is the "foregone conclusion" at whioh they have arrived. If their policy should un happily prevail, they will find out when it in too late that they will utterly fail in their main purpose, that war will desolate the North as well as the South, and that those who instigated it will become its sure victims, by a swift de struction for which they are not now prepared. Political Nkws and thk Stock Market.? Wall street just now reminds us very much of a mau who has been dangerously ill, and is boiug brought around by nourishing food and careful attendance. His doctors say that any excitement may throw him back, and that therefore he must be kept as quiet as possible. On the contrary, it sometimes happens that a little ray of hope acta as a stimulant and brings him up. This is the Wall street practioe The political doctors shake their heads and say there is no hope* and down go the stocks, some of them almost out of sight. The next day somebody thinks he sees a gleam of light, and the market rallies. Then comes a statement that Lincoln is in favor of concilia tion, and stocks take anoiher jump up. Again the bulls are horror stricken by ihe announce ment that Greeley has breakfasted with Old Abe, and the market becomes sickcr*than ever. Lincoln says something pleasant to a South erner, and the street feels better- So it goes on day after day in the most curious and amusing way. Who can tell what a day may bring forth, especially in Wall street? Out siders will do well under such circnmstanoes to let stocks alone for the present. Gr??ijst ix a Back Skat.?According to our latest advices from Washington, " Honest Abe Lincoln1' has turned the cold shoulder upon Horace Greeley and his belligerent in structions, and has manifested his conservative tendencies by the addition of the conservative Cameron to the conservative Seward in the formation of the incoming Cabinet. It would thus appear that Thurlow Weed has been work ing up his "statistics" on the subject of coercion versus conciliation to uome purpose, and that his chances for a full run of the White House down stairs are splendid. Poor Greeley may, perhaps, have to stay out in the cold. Weed and Seward, after all, have caught the white coated philosopher in bin own trap. But the end oi the battle is not yet, and "Providence," says Napoleon, "is on the side of the heaviest artillery." Rbitbmi an Flnancikrlvo.?It is estimated by the republicans that the new tariff will pro duce about five millions additional revenue. One important element has been omitted from this calculation, and that b the cost of the frontier customs servioe. As many of the duties im posed by the schedule amount to a positive prohibition, there will be such a'premium for smuggling that it will require an immense re venue force to protect the boundary line. Most of the heavily taxed foreign articles re quired for Nouhern consumption will be re ceived vhrougb the Sout.H; tor any blockade that may be attempted of its ports will be im mediately broken throogh by Kngland and France. Thus, us we have learned by expe rience on the Canada frontier, th?> cost of col lecting the UutieM under the new tariff along >he boundary ot the teceding States will he ho great that the incoming administration will de rive but little, if any, aid from it. Thk Nkw Tarikk Bn.t,.- The new Tariff bill s looked upon with ur-versal discontent by all classes, with the exoewion of the millowners of New Kngland and the ironworkers Of Penn sylvania. It is essentially a -eoiional measure, affording protection to the manufacturers of cotton and woollen good-* and of iron nod steel, and is decidedly Oppressive to the great m?ss ol consumers Its enactment at this time tnuat prove an additional ouihe of ?Ka<peri?tion to he South, not oiii <>1 the inter, v.* of Uin South em States being Advanced by Its provisions; iUid in this respect it ? mnot b?* reg ml -d other wise than untimely in the present ? >n<liti ot the couutry, with the recollection ol the uuliifl