Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8941. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 3, 1801. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMTO&TMT FROM WASHINGTON. The Ontgoing and Incoming Administrations. MMriDg Scenes of the Thirty-Sixth Congress. Yhe Tariff Bill Signed by the President. The Reason Why Troops are Con centrated at the Capital* THE FATE OF THE PEACE PROPOSITIONS. THE NEW CABINET. Seward, Chase, Cameron, Blair, Smith, Welle* and Bates. The Inaugural Address of Mr. Lincoln. A Coercive Policy Towards the South Resolved On. Financial and Military Preparations of the Southern Republic. VIRGINIA ON THE VERGE OF SECESSION, list ef the Resignations of Army) Navy and Civil Officers. Tie Programme for the Inauguration of the President and Vice-President, Jtc., *c., fcc. THE OUTGOING ADMINISTRATION. THE NEW TARIFF BILL A LAW. W-AamnGiox, March 3,1801. The President was In great doubt for some time as to whether he would sign the new tariff bill. He said he ted examined some of its more important features, and te regarded it as a very Imperfect and loosely drawn hill. Be yielded, however, to the persuasions of some of hi* Pennsylvania friends, and to-day signed it. THE PEACE MEASURES BEFORE CONGRESS. WAflHUNnoir, March 2,1961. As I predicted everything with regard to the peace measures would depend on the action of the Senate on Mr. Bigler's resolution repealing the rule forbidding the reading of any bill or resolution more than once on the name day, so it turned out. The resolution was resisted hy the extreme men on both sides. But It prevailed by four m ijority, and hence the resolution of the House, known as the Cor win resolution, may and probably will te adopted, and even those of Mr. Crittenden or Mr. Big ler can pass finally. But the indications are that nothing wlllbedone eicept the peseta; of Oo-win's resolution, which is regarded as amounting to nothing. A SPECIAL MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. THK CONCENTRATION OK TKOOP8 AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. WASffixcrog, March 2,1861. The President sent a message to the House to oay, in compliance with a resolution qere -ofore adopted, as to the reasons which Induced him to assemble so large a number of troofis In Washington. He submits that the force Is not so largo as the resolution presupposes, its total amiunt being six hundred and fifty - three, exclusi ve of the marines, who are of course at the Navy Yard, as their appro priate station. These troops were ordered here to act as ? poste ctmitalus, in strict accordance to the civil au thority, for the purpose of preserving peace and order in Washington, should this become necessary, before or 11 the period of the Inauguration of the Presidentelect. What was the duty of the President at the time the troops were ordered to the city ? Ought he to have waited, before this precautionary measure was adopted, until he could obtain proof that a secret conspiracy existed to ?else the capital? In the language of the Select Commit Aeo, this was "In a time of high excitement, consequent upon revolutionary events transpiring all around us. Ite very air was filled with rumors, and Individuals were inducing in the most extravagant expression of foars and arrests." Under these circumstances, which the President says he need not detail, as they appear in the tsstimony of the Select Committee, he was convinced that hs ought to act. The safety of the Immense amount ?f public property in this city,and of the archives of the government, In which all the States, and especially <tte new 8tates, in which the public lands are situated, tere a deep Interest, required that he should do so. The peace and order of the?Ky itself and the security of the Inauguration of the President elect were subjects of such vast importance to the whole country that I could not hesitate to adopt precautionary and defensive measures. At the present moment, when all Is quiet, It Is difficult to realise the state of alarm which prevailed when the troops were first ordered to this city. This al atost Instantly subsided aft or the arrival of the first com pany, and a feeling of eomparatlve peace and security has Since existed, both In Washington And throughout the utry. Had I refused to adopt this precautionary mea ?ore, and evil consequences?which many good men at tbe time apprehended?had followed, I never should have forgiven myself. JAMES BUCHANAN. THE CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF THE SOUTHERN REPUBLIC. WArai*?TO!t, March S, 1801. Intel licence received to day from the new government at Montgomery, Rhowp that It Is proceeding with groat vigor. By the 4th of March It 1r belie vol the entire flf .teen million loan will have been taken. Thirty thousand voluntoei* are now drilled and under -?anTa/*, awaiting ordnrs. large army provieien sup pile* of all aorta have been purchased recently tn Chtca go, fit Louis and Cincinnati, and sent to Mobile and Sew Orleans for distribution. I Od the 4th of March the new postal arrangement* go tnto effect. The die for the new stami* has boon made, and tho old contractors continued In the sorvce of the Confederate States. Fy Monday next, a?yr a leading citizen of Mont *omary, the new government will be Independent in all the practical details of administration, and prepared to .Snake good tbelr separate nationality against all comers. Tho present tariff Is doaijpted to be merely provisional 4U?d temporary. 8o soon 'as practicable a mw syatom ?111 be adopted. T1U5 POSITION OP VIRGINIA. Wuusotob, March 2,1841. , ..ntelllgenco from Virginia la rather discouraging tfar the friends of the Union la that State, It is positively jMMrted ttmt If ?ongreaa adjourns without passing acme jJan af agistment Virginia wUI iota Uer slater Htatea In floulfcsrn confederacy in lees tliaa thirty days. 1*1# iL-iarjcatloa .somes from the submi^aieoia'.e In that State. CEN. TWWOS DISMISSED PROM THE ARMY. Washibmiob, March 2,2.M1. The Secretary of War recelrad, late laM evening, the order of fiei./wlgfa anrreadmg the forte aad pablie pro. party <f hit vfeidi was the flra\ authentic ?formation receded by tlw government at bis treachery, and thereupon order rftsmiaelng him waa immediately made. It appear* tf>?t <?e?wral Twiggs ordered the troops oil of Hi* barracks *' Antonio, which ware Imme dlately occupied by <* !>**?, the United Mates troops in the meat ' Une .?ncn-nplng upon ground out aide of the town. THE CASK OP CAPTAIN POPE. * Washington, March 2,1M1. In justice to th? President and Secretary of War, It is proper to atate that the conduct of Captain Pope was a manifest violation of the fifth article of war, and It was a matter of course to order a Court Martial to investigate the charge. In answer to the imputation that this was a fling at the President elect, it la proper to state further that neither the President nor Secretary of War, at the time the Court Martial waa ordered, had any knowledge that be waa with the President elect on his way to Washiogton. Captain Pope has been notified that he will not be re quired to appear for two weeks. This looks like sn ac knowledgment on the part of the administration that they were hasty at least. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. Washington, March 2, )M1. THE APPROPBIATION RIUS. The President has signed the Army Appropriation bill, and a number of private bills. The Civil and Diplomatic bill is not signed. The House took a recess from this evening to ten o'clock A. M. on Monday. FAREWELl TO THE PRESIDENT. The officers of the army and navy, in seperate bodies, waited on the l*resident and the respective Secretaries of their branches of the public service, and formally took their leave of them. Brief spenchee were made, and mutual regrets expressed. RESIGNATIONS IN TIT* ARMY. Forty-three army officers have resigned since the passago of the South Carolina ordinance of secession, several of them without reference to that subject. Lieutenant Colonel G. W. lay, Virginia aid-de camp to General Scott, resigned from the I'nited States Semite to day. THE RATE OK POSTAGE TO AND FROM THE PACIFIC. The recently passed Post Route bill contains a section requiring ten cents prepaid letter postage to and from the^ Pacific coast, without regard to distance. All drop letteFs are hereafter to be prepaid with postage stamps. T1IE CASE OK COMMODORE ARMSTRONG. The court of inquiry in the caso of Commodore Arm strong has resulted in ordering a Court Martial, which will assemble In this city on the 12th of March, and be composed of such distinguished navy officers as Commo dores Stewart, Shubrick, String ham, Nicholson, Jarvis, Gregory, Paulding, Merwin, Reed, &c. The Judge Advo cate is Allen B. Magruder. EVBINESS AT THE WAR department. More than double the amount of business has been transacted in the War Department this season than during a similar period for eight years past. TOUCB ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE IN A UGT RATI ON. Captain Dunnlngton, of the Capitol police, is very busy making a selection of proper persons to act as specials on the day of the inauguration. A numerous force will be detailed for the purpose. 8WARMINO OF THE OFT1CE SEEKERS. Regular and extra trains still pour in curious and ex pectant thousands from all parts of the North and North west. The arrivals from the South are comparatively few. Brown's, tlie Southern headquarters, is the only leading hotel not yet obliged io refuse guests. There are at least twenty Northerners to every Southerner here. Over a thousand Illinolsians are In town. The Springfield friends of the l'resident elect are on hand in full force. Special trains are run in every direction. It is a motly crowd, and remarkable for one thing?its intense ignoranoe of the prevailing troubles of the country. Some of the fresh arrivals, seekers after responsible positions under Mr. Lincoln, still consider secession a joke and ahum bug. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS, THIRTY-SIXTH COHGHBSI. BECOh'D SESSION. He sate. Washington, March 2,1861. Tte Senate met at the usiiul boar. A Urge crowd was observable in the galleries. Mr. Pkarck, (opp.) of Md., reported from the Commit tee of Conference on the Indian .Appropriation blU. The report w as agreed to. Mr. Kino, (rep.) of N. Y., presented a large number of Itttitioni, mostly agamBt compromises. Messrs. Sim***, Wilkinson and Caxxkon presented peti lions of a similar character. A communication from the President was received, transmitting papers in relation to the extradition case of tbe negro Anderson, whish was ordered to be printed. A number of reports from the Committee on Printing were adopted. The report in favor of printing Mr. Simpson's survey of ihe wagon road was laid over. A number of private bills were passed. Mr. Sucier, (rep.) of Ma**., made a motion to cor rect the journal, where it said:?''The resolutions from the Reuse were read a first and second time by unani mous consent." He contended that tho when resolutions wvre read a second time he himself objected and others near him. Mr. Dovolab, (opp.) of 111., claimed that the amend ments were read twice. The discussion continued some time. Mr. Foot, (rep.) of Vt., presented the credentials of Jacob (A>llamer, re-elected as Senator from Vermont. The journal was corrected?yeas, 24; nays, 17, and the resolution from the Bouse read a second time?yeas, 30; uays, 6. Tint rnopomnosi of Tira i-kaii ronnitH. The special order being tbe l'eace Convention proposi tion it was taken up. Mr. Lank, (opp.) of Oregon, returned his remarks, ?peaking against the proposition, and defended himself against the speech or the Senator from Tennessee (Mr. Johnson). He referred to the withdrawal of several at tbe States, and declared that Virginia would aleogotf nothing was done, and join tbe great Southern Confedera cy. He also argued at some length in favor of the right of recetsioa. Mr. Pkamb, (opp.) of Md., made a report from the Conference Committee on the Civil bill, and the ri^ort was agreed to. Mr. \js*continued, commenting severely on that por tion of Mr. Johnson's speech advocating coercion as a settlement for tbe present difficulties of the country. He (Ijine) was In favor of a peaceable settlement. He claimed tbat tbe republican party would not let tbe slave .<<tsus go into tbe Territories with their property. The republican party will not let tnc Southern States etay in tbe Union nor vet allow them to go out of It. Mr. Lane spoke for nearly three hours. Mr. .Tommow, (opp.) of Tenn., then rose to speak. Mr. liK.m, (opp.) of Pa , wished to know ir It was tbe iMention of tbe Senator to put off* action on tbe great queftiots before the country? If he cbose to do so It was In tbe power of any Senator to put off action until It was too Me. Mr. Jonnao* said that he would only occupf a short time. He said he bad been attacked by those who favor disunion. Personalities towards him bad been indulged in, but he (Mr. Johnson) felt himself above pertMtualltiee. As Mr. Johnson proceeded he was applauded by tbe galleries, when the Chairman, Mr. Polk, ordered the gen tlemen's gallery on the rifcbi to be cleared. Mr. Docola*, (opp.) of Illinois, moved that tbe rule be suspended. S. me debate took place on the motion, when Mr. Lam said he hoped that tbe gentlemen In tbe gal li ry would be permitted to remain and applaud as much as they pleased, (t did not make any (inference to htm for lie was standing up for right. Mr. IUik, (rep.) of N. H., said tbat those in the gal leries were probably new comers snd had got their Ideas the Senate from the newspaper*. Be inou^kt they bad better be excused. j Tbe discussion lasted for nearly an hour, and severa motions were made and withdrawn, until at last Mr' Nmglas withdrew his motion, !t being considered .out of Older. The Oun then suspended order to clear the gallery and Mr. Jobnsos proceeded wltfi .his speech. He aaid he thought be might talk about treaaon as tho fatbsra of tbe country had uikod about It The conatltntl m detinni tieaton aa levying war against the government an* aid Ing those who did so. Show him (*fr. Johnson) those who niske war on the government and firs on its vessels, anil be would show you a traitor. If bo waa President <rf the I'nlted State be would have all snob arrest, d, and, If tried and c?avictcd, %y the Kiernal Uod be would have ?them bung. Mr Johnson then referred to tbe action ef Tennessee in regard to secession. K seemed as W the Senator frcm Oregon bad not beard the news Mr. Johnson refsnedto tbe votes on tho resolutions o la* session, wben tho Senator from Oregon voted againat tbe rosoluticn tbat It was necessary to protect slavery. But tbat was before a Presidential election; now it ta a titer such sn election St* States hs?? gone out of the t/etoa, bnt the people h*v? not passed an osdinance of secession. Conservative men have been osorpowered sad usurpation haa trfempfeod. The stars and stripes are ifcatged, aid the Pataietto, the Pal lean And the ttaiilesnake run up In tbelr place Mr. Johnsoa cloned wMb an eloquent appeal lor tbe flag of the Unfcw. ex pressing flie hope that It might aver wave over tba land of tbe lies, and declai Ing that Tennessee w<wJ4 ever r? malp in the I'nion Applause hioke out in tlie gaBeriea when Mr. Johnseo closed. Ihe Chair ordered the galleries to be cleared. A few hisses followed, whsn tbe w I to la crowd roae and borst ont with m ist tumultuous applause, yelling and ?heating, and julminatirg in three roaring CMCrs for tbe Inion, causing the greatest uoUement. The Qui* ordered the 8erpreant at-Arms to arrest uy one canity a dtaturhance. ' ^Itr^KwMDi (opp.) of M4. asked that the doors be krtSTww? -l?*red, the doors u 8?nats proceeded in their business. o("HE) of Ky., moved that when the Hjoorn & tomorro*, even it wu Sunday, circumstances rendered it neoea *jfcl^iPari1'' ^'eP') > B,1fg**ted, that they might adjourn to seven o clock Bun da; evening. k ' J (*eP-) Minn., said, in relation to the dis turbance, he hoped the Senate would do something to pre vent such crowds in the galleries. Mr. Kkxxkdt said he hoped and would move that for the residue of the session the gallery doors should be Melted. He thought the disturbance of to-day was the greatest insult ever offered to the Senate, anl that it was like a market house mob. Mr. Polk, (opp.) of Mo., spoke against meeting on Sun day. Be taid he wuld not oome here, and hoped they would sit till theyniad tlnished the business and then ad journ. "? Mr. ^nsosr, (r#p.) of Maps. | was also in favor of re maining till midnight or to-morrow morning, but not to make an order to meet on Sunday, unless it was ne ? _ tiik ARMY BIU. ir'p ^ of M''> m*de * report from the ^ Conference on the Army bill. The report was agreed to, and so the bill passed. THK INDUS BILL. ?,,.r PruH, (?rP) of Ohio, reported from the Committee of Conference on the Indian bill. The report was agreed to, and so the biU possod. ? TU* P4TKNT mix. Mr. DormiM reported from the Committee of Cbnfe ?? the Patent bill, with an amendment that all patents hereafter granted shall remain in for re seventeen prohibited ^ exWu8ion of ,uch Patents shall hereby be This report was agreed to. niK awoi kxiisst. The question was then taken on Mr. Crittenden'! 5' hi?w ien U!e,8*?atc 'M'jouni it adjourn to meet at half past twelve o'clock on Sunday. Several objections were made against it. ii i , m?J*DEJ' 8,1(1 'he roa; question was, Senator* ?lLin?^wtf ^ .? the resp meihility of voting on tho resolutions, and wished to put it off on the plea that they could not be read a second time and passed the ??~> day. CreP ) of N. Y., said he thought there was Sabbathhofy aU that H wa*botter to keep the K?.?fI.^rnfvDB,-iio,y! They would keep the Sabbath by "Ting the countr*from Ihe motion was disagreed toby yeas 16; nays 21. ih^riiu,,?f^??ved 10 t?ke upthe resolution to Buspend the rule which prevents bills on resolutions to be read MKKS&&" *,s rcl*tca *?"*?'?? could nKsr5?de5e q,,e8ti?n 01 orJor^ tho rules 1?PPJ ?{^a->Mked for the continuation ?itin? ?r lh6CD IS. * Senate?which was the propo Sd interfoT O0nVentiOn-*nd thal no "We motX Discussion continued on the point of order, when it "ur H. that Mr. Bigler's motion was in order. insert "repeS?" Chrried!'6 ?Ut the W?T* "eJ*P?ud" ** "^that it waa now proposed to change -hi L 1 regw<1 to amendments to the constitution! which require more deliberation than any other tho?onowlDg?vroilEiUMl0n the rC80lull0n "??*??? by rSSSp&k wCldM#*"' PoweU- Vx,sh< RU*' Simmons; j N-***?Messrs. Bingham, Clark. Chandler Durkm ^Mr. Bright, (opp.) of Ind., moved an executive session Mr. DoroLAS moved to postpone prior orders, so as to take up the joint resolutions from the House "iT1 th5 S??ator t0 * hat time he proposed ^Kt bestited 4 * 'luostion of order that the The Cni? decided the motion in order, and said that if It prevailed the proposition* of the Convention would come up immediately after. r?n/i'JrA^N.?.l!j0c v tho Pr?c?lence of tho Peaoc Con vention resolutions being taken from them. Hr. Dor<iLi8 said that he was glad the Sonator frnm vention* ,??/rltndl> to the measures of the Peace Gon S?S5;JJft,05?.,1"ce he heard his voice denouncing ' I?. now 11 ta different In tho fear that he Eisgr**10 vou> 00 u,Atw,u p^to Mr. MiuoK?The Senator from Illinois never heard me express approbation of tho reaolutlons of the Peice Con ?Uteb?taken ifiS"0 tb?Ugbt tUl Pr^on^ ?honld Mr. Cttrmnm said he thought it strange gentlemen Bhcu'd^waPt^to take up the resolutions simply to strike a Mow at ikfliasiiMaylo Uukd underfoot, it m ctei.t, from the opposition to the r?ohitlons of theTuoe Oin erence, that they could not be passed, but gentlemen ousht to let something be do re. Mr. Douglas' motion was agreed to, as follows ? Yk^j?MeRgrp. Blffler, Brags, Bright, Clark Collamor chi teoden, Dixon, 1 ouglaa, F^SndJ? Grimw,' Hunter, Jf'hnfoiiiof Tenn., Kennedv, I.atham, Marrell IVarr?* ' K,CCl 8,n,myD?- Eyck, Thrnifwon, vfd' ^s^^lesSStst^Ki^lir^ Mr. Iusk moved that the doors of gallery to the left of the chair be opened for the admission of ladies onlv Agrr f d to. '' Mr. King moved that tho doors at the rivht l>e also opeced. e Mr. Utiiam moved to adroit ladies only. Mr. Fran protested again it the admission of anv cen tlemen after the insult received to day. Mr. K*n.v*I)Y said thet the Senate bad been insulted in a manner unprecedented, and be would not sit here and be insulted any more. He protested against the admis sicn of any men. <m motion of Mr. Ci mowjr the motion of Mr. King wai laid on the table. 6 upThe joint reaolutlons from the House were then taken Mr. Pn.H said the resolutions were shocking bad gram "Mthorted 10 "nend b>' BtrIkiD* 0Jt the ^cds rilfk *lTi**wr" ?*y,rd. B'ogham, Bragg. Bright, Chandler ( Magmao, reyenden, Foot, Grimes, HunU-r, Johnaori ton^ wT?Ss^-M? ' TnunbuU, Wade. Wlgfail, Wilkin ^Wavs?Metsrs. Baker, Bbrier, Collamer, Crittenden Dlion Keunedv /IShm" ?' Jo^oaou of' Tenn * ' PeWW' ,,0"eU. ^tlan, ten pia being a tie vote, tho President gave the oastmg vote In the affirmative. K you' DolaM"?PI**'0"110 "me Senator to change his Mr. CnmnnDr moved for a reconsideration of the voU Agreed to. Mr. Jomww of Arkansas, nald that he considered this Pr?Pw,ttl'? yet made, and he be livea that Southern men were sacrificing their Matea and giving up their righta. He (Joha ioa) would not vote for any half way moa would not vote for any measures that will not bring back all the Statea, and rustore the I'nioo Me considered this proposition aa a delusion and calculated to divide the South. Mr _6wb said that be waa in favor of a measure that would do justice to both seottona and make a settlement. He did not believe that the passage of thia resolution would satiafy the country. resolution Mr. Baku advocated thepasaage of the resolutioii. He dW cot suppose II would effect a settlement, but it was a step toward It. ' Mr. Ciiaamjk moved that all the doors be opened in tho gallery. Agreed to by yeas M, nays 19. .Masses of t>eo P1' tn 00111 the galleries were crowded. IheMcs I "resident Oirected the Hergeant?t Arms to ?rau'd 00 1,10,0 P?'80" 'han could be comforUbly Mr Km* moved that the Senate adjourn. During the call of the roll Mr. Mason ?td it was evi dent the Senate waa under the control of a lawless mob and should vote to adjourn. ' Motion lost?Yeas M, nays 31. Mr. Baker continued bis remarks, urging the nasstuie of the resolution as a wieasure of coocdlauso. Mr. Gwiw again objected to the resolution as notaatia fsctory. He wanted something like the Crittenden pro position*. Tlte discussion rocUhued at some length. M'. Pi ciii's motion was disagreed to?yeas IT noay* 20. Mr. Pvonthen moved to amend, by substituting the Crittenden revolution*. Mr. WtuiiMox fatd he should neither vote for the amen< ment nor the original proportion. Be was opposed to all subterfuges mri compromises. The people hail ripen and hurled I mm power a oorrupt aid ilebauohed administration, whose oflliers. to save themselves frrm the indignation of an outraged people, bad taken refuge under the black (lag of treason. He contended that the will of the pe pie must rule. He would not vote for compromise nor surrender any prin ciple. He had done nothing wrong, and he bad nothing to take back. He referred to a speech of Governor Wise * bin he spoke of the oew census as further dwarfing the power of the Southern States. He (Wilkinson) sari that was the true r*aeon of the trouble. But tbe Increase of the free State* could not be adopted. They were a mighty power Tl e Northwest and his own State were ready to perform all tbe obligations that were due under the constitution, and nothing more could he asked, and be would not give bonds for tbetr good behaviour. They would never s'ib to tbe restriction of the navigation of tbe Mississip pi river?never. Mr. Disiuttik moved an amendment to Mr. I*ugb a ametdmeat. lie said he was willing to tnnke any sacrl fleet; but, If be did so, be wanted some security that thev would save tbe I'nton. TVie amendment is already published. It declares that oo State has a right to withdraw from the I'nlon. Mr. Porm ui said be hoped to be allowed to take a vote Ifcey were speodirg the night In talking, at.d preventing action on valuable bill*. It was now half paat ten o'elock. Mr riujinim referred to the remarks of the Senator from Kentucky (fowell) and asked If a oomnromise waf made, would he go for ttia enforcement of tbe laws In all the statM. Mr J'owaii said that he would eoforoe the laws In all the MaUs of tbe I'nion, but he was oppoaed to all coer cion in any of the State*. He thought civil war would desfcwy all hopes of peaof. Mr. Oust*hi replied, denourcing all compromise with traitors. Tbe question wis, whether we have a govorn ?nest or not T |f we hive no government here, he (ChMMller) would emigrate to ?m? other place where t t*ybada government, even to the Qunanehes. lie pontended that the I'nfcin sentiment would ev>-ntanlly triumph In the South, and overthrow the very men who tow bowl against l uiou. Tlie South will fain no benedt from disunion, ii will only bring a Cfcnada lo their own borders. He deprc?*tcd oivil war, but anarchy was still worse. Be ?n willing to yield anything to true Union men, but nothing to traitors. Mr. Wwriu replied. He said it wan strange thaUmea my they mean nothing personal, and yet make whole sal* charges of theft against n party. Unfortunately the North did not alway i send men here who were either ! gentlemen er Christians. When he (W.gtall) called n man a scoundrel he ni)>ant what he said, and held him self responsible for it. He hoped the Senator (Chand ler) would not turn himself ever to the Ooman ches. They sugercd a great deal already by oontaot with the whites, (laughter) lie (Wlgfall) declared that the navigation of the Mississippi would never be impeded by the seceded States. , Mr. Itif* said the people of the Northwest knew their own rights too well to suppose that the navigation of the great river will ever be impeded by anything exoept ice Mr. Wkmu. An<l low water. (Laughter.) If tb Senator will put that In, 1 will accept of his amendment lie predicted that Mr. IJncoln would leave the Chloag Platform and go for peace; receive the Commissioner* from the Confederate States, and, instead of making war, would withdraw the forces from the furl*. Ho did no: think there would be war now. Mr Rin was sorry the discussion had taken this form, lie did not believe the people of the Northwest would vote one dollar for coercion. Mr. continued, Haying he believed that nothing short of~the acknowledgment of the right of secession would satisfy the South. As to the propositions of tl Peace Conference, if do ether ream existed, if t were adopted, all the States which were not gone wo,..a immediately go out. Mr. CnrrmsKn said he would like to submit a few re marks, bnt aa It was so late ho doubtod if it was b< st to go on. Mr. Horn moved that the Senate take a recess till tomorrow (Sunday), at seven o'clock in the evening, and at ten minutes of twelve the Senate adjourned for re cess. House of Eepnsentatlvei. WiinraGTON, March 2,18dl. The Snun laid before the House a letter from Thomas n. Ford, resigning his office as printer. The struggle on the part of members for a recognition by the Speaker occasioned the greatest confusion. Twenty or more members sometimes vigorously sprang to their feet, holding in their outstretched hands the pro positions they severally strove to offer. The chorus, "Mr. Speaker," was deafening. That officer bore this infliction with becoming resignation. Mr. H4BKJS, (opp.) of N. Y., from the Committee on 1'rlntinjr, reported resolutions, which wcro passed, to print 20,000 copies of the abstracted bonds investigation; also the same nombor of Mordecal and Delaiicld s report on military operations in the Crimea; also 2,000 copies of the Morrill amended Tarill bill. PASSAUB on THK POST Om<1 APPROPRIATION BILL. The House then proceeded to the consideration of the Senate's amendments to the Post Office Appropriation bill. The House concurred in the Senate amendment by a vote of 117 against 43. It wss presented there by Sena

tor Wilson, and annals the present Butterfield & Compa ny's mall route to California via ? Pasa, which now coats f?00,000 for aaaml weekly letter service; bat during the remainder of their contract time (three and a half years) gives them the central overland route in lieu of the other. They ate to carry It daily at $1,000,000; to deliver the mails at Denver and Salt lake trl weekly, and to run a pony ex press semi weekly, carrying live pounds each trip for the government free or charge, and to reducing the cost of Fetters by ssld express to one dollar per half ounce. If Butterfield ft Co. tail to accept this before the 26th of March their present contract is to be absolutely an nulled, and the central route contract Is to be let to tho lowest bidder, not exceeding ill,000,000. The entire letter malls to be carried throush dally in twenty days, and the residue in thirty Ave days, with tne privilege or eending the latter by steamer in twenty-live days, at contractor's expense and the latter to receive two months pay for damages for the change of service from the Southern to the Central route. Hut the Butterfield Com)?ny wore required by Mr. Colfax's and Mr. Sher man's amendment to enter Into a written agreement to bo filed in the Poet Office Department, and to be Incorporated into their contract agreeing to carry six hundred pounds of mail per trip, which will take all the daily papers be sides the letters, and also relinquishing all claims for dam ages provided in the Sonate amendment. The bill, after debate, was concurred in exactly as It came lrom the Senato. So it Is now a law. It reduces the cost of the mall service to California front $1,437,000 to $1 000,000; increases the service to dally; concentrates the mail carrying on one line, and abrogates the Butter Held contract without incurring any claims for damans. rat ooujicnoiv or tiik kkmcm-k at tiik oulf pom*. Mr. HmoHAM, (r? p.) of Ohio, moved to tuke up tho bill reported by him providing for the collection of tho c?Mmon ** ^Hoard in the mrmtot illegal combination* or other obata'cli s to the execution of lb'* IBtflWKJ MM, and authorising the President, If ho deems It noce sary, to employ the army, naval forces, Ac. Mr. l'lhcuw, (opp.) of Mo., objected to its considera tion. Mr. BiMiitA* moved a suspension of the rules Disagreed tc?1U3 against 62. not two-thirds. cksm rk or sacasTABT TotrncY. Mr. Paw**, (rep.) of Maw., called up tho report of the select committee, concluding with a resolution that the Secretary of tho Navy, In accepting, without deUy or Inquiry, the resignations of olllcers of the navy who were in arms against tlie government, when ten it-ring the tame, and of those who sought to resign that they might be relieved from the restraint imrosod by their commissions upon engaging in hostility to the constituted authorities of the nation, has committed a grave error, highly prejudicial to the discipline of the service and injurious to the honor and efllcleacy of the navy, for which he deserves the censure of this House. Mr. Dawks moved the previous q lestion. Mr. Braxch, (opp.) of N. C., moved to lay the resolu tion on the table. Disagreed to, 67 against 96. Mr. Bkaxcii, as a member of that committee, In asmuch as tho testimony had not been printed, and as tho facta proven In the committee would not sus tain tho resolution, asked Mr. Dawes to allow the majority and minority reports to be read. If the gentle man would not oonsent to this theu let the letters of the t ecretary of the Navy bejread. Mr. Dawks said he had no objection to that or a state ment of the chief clerk of the Navy Department being read, if the House desired It. Mr. Braxob?That's all we ask. Mr. Dawib, hewever, refused to withdraw the demand for the previous question, saying the report waa printed In the Globe a week ago. Mr. Su kirs, (opp.) of N. T., said that the resolution was a disgrace to those who would vote for It. Mr. Klobbhcb, (opp.) of Pa., considered this raeolutkm as stabbing a man m the dark. Calls to "Order" fretn the republican side. Mr. Wisslow, (opp.) of N. C., said there waa no evi dence to justify such censuie. Mr. Ki looks, (rep.) of Ind., oould not consistently vote for too resolution unless tie could nee the evidence. Ibe resolution wu niopted?06 to 02. TRACKS TO Till HJ'KAKKR Mr. Piwji? offered a resolution, that the thanks of this Bouse are due, and arc hereby presented to Hon. Win. Pent Idkton, the Speaker therof, for the faithful, courte ouaand impartial administration of bis duties during the present Congress. Be moved the previous question. Messrs. Ri mi and Cham.s. (0|>p.) of N. C., objected, but the fptator pro. Um? (Mr. Branch) decided this a pri vileged question. Mr. Mavsamu, (opp.) of Tcnn., raid the roles of a roe? lutlon of this kind depended on the yeas and nay* bclnjc called, and made a motion accordingly. The House ret used to order tbe ayes and nays. the resolution was adopted wlih several objections. }<i |> ris fit m Oonferencc Committees were from time to time concurred In. TUB MM A* ArTOorRJATJO.V MIL. Mr. Bowash, (rep.) of Mich., mide a report on the dls ?grreinK amendments to lbo Indian Appropriation bill. Ik ralii ibai instead of allowltg a million two hundred tbcueat d dollars. ?s proposed by the Senate, the commit tee on tbe part of the llouso bod reluctantly consented to allow tbe Choctaws $500,000?one hilf in money, tbe other half In bonds It was necessary to p^ss upon this matter now, olse tbe bill might be lost. Mr. fmoouji said tbat the House had twice rejected this claim. He would rather see tbe bill defeated than be foiccd under tbe report from the Committee to thus agioe to It. This was an entering wedge to pay live mil lions to the Choctaws. The House could pass a bill, pure and simple, leaving out the Choctaw amendment, and ceoii It to tbe Senate. If the bill was lost then, on tbat b<idy would rest the responsibility. Mr. Pinups hoped tbe Bouse would ndbere to tbelr dis agreement. If tbe Senate desire to let the bill fail, so be It. Mr. Snvosox, (opn.) of Ky., during this spirited de bate, Mid bo did not know what Mr. Phelps had ig*Lost tl.e < h< claws Was it b< cause be links his fortuur* with iho Neiih? Be had sanctioned objects as unjust m this, hlJ jot bus claimed the obligation of plighted faith in tbhUining them. Ho could crush under foot pllghtod faiili when it suited bis views. Mr. rmi.rr?I do cot know what the gentleman means. Mr f*rs\KM?ox?1 will explain what (I mean and prove what 1 ray. Mr. Ptti if?1 bavo pursued the course of duty I feit Incumbent upon me. I do not know to what the gentlo man reiers. Mr ;?mMSox?I will explain all. Mr. l'nei tw?I have raid tbat If tbe Cboctaws were in a si fftrirg condition I would donalo them two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, but would notsanction or rsosgnise Ibis Choctaw sward. If this Is hostility, tben tbe g<*ntle msn bas mistaken friendship for hostility. Mr. who*? 1 ?ay that tho gentleman from Mis soui i bas urged on Ibis lloor tho purchase of a public pilnttBg house as necesaiy to carry out the treaty is a stigma on the public faith. Mr. Pn*trs?one word of expiation. That was to carry out lbs law for purclissing a public printing office, Um contract having received the approval of the Printing O mmitecs of both Houses. I had voted against ths bill, but when tbe contract was made I was for carrying oat the puhilc faith. Mr. HMMmeoff said the money now proposed to be awarded to the Choctaws was pursuant to a solemn pro mise, and moro than (hat was due He then explained and lecalled some language objectionable to the gentle man from Missouri. Ibe excitement soon subsided, and Um report of the committee was agreed toby nine majority. At seven P. M. the House adjourned till Monday morn ing, ten o'clock. smcB or ho*, joiw oocwuim, or mnr tom, on ths mmm BILL. In UN House on Friday, the Force bill being under con sideration, Mr. Johji Connuxi, (opp.) of N. 7., spoke as follows.? Mb. Br&iKSR?I'pon the heel of an Important vote of the Houae, auspicious of conciliation and returning har mony, I am sorry to aee this measure of coercion again pressed upon its attention. The language profusely be stowed by its advocates upon the arguments they have pressed in its favor, is significant of what are to me sin gular ideas both of the nature and of the powers of our go vernment. The opinion seems to prevail on the other ride of the House, that oura is a government of central ized powers, and absolute military as well as civil force. The extremities, composed of sovereign States, do not appear to have attracted gentlemen's attention, because, perhaps, of their geographical removal from this Interior point, where evidently Is supposed to reside a govern mental organism provided with all the appliances of ab solute sway. It is not my purpose to contend against this singular delusion, save as the argument I hope to present against the constitutionality of the | ">pesed law may expose its fallacy. First, however, It may >>e well to recur to the state of those :'.,rg, the regulation or which It is designed by pauBaije of this bill to accomplish. A convi u a* remarkable aa any the world has ever witnessed bus cost from their federal position several of the Stales of tUo Union. The confo deiation which recently numbered in lac', thirty-three States now has attributed to it but twenty-eight. Six States, therefore, have severed their connection with tho central government, and assume to direct their future career by their inherent sovereignty. Others are con templatuig a similar departure, and tne probability is that a tow months will witness a further dismember ment of tke American republic. It cannot be surprising that events of such magnitude should have excited the public mind to its severest tension, and have ultimately Involved In distempered disorder the opinions, the feel ings and the habits of the whole people. Rumors of oo erclon and resistance, and menaces of sanguinary con flict irritate into alarm and contribute to the unliappl neas of the country. It is to such a state of confusion, at such a time, that tlie measure of the gentleman from Ohio addresses itself. It is proclaimed, to be sure, to be a measure of peace, a leu lent pre caution of defence. Sir. the true intent of this bill If we may judge from its Inevitable effects, is war. Not a war with foreign enemies, lodged by successful Invasion in our midst, but a war agatnst our fellow citizens, our friends and Kin. In a word, civil war. The additional contingency expressed upon ita face to be that in which the President snail be authorized to invoke the aid of the militia, and to accept the services of volunteers is "the case of insurrections againat the authority of the United States." There can be no question that tne authority of the United States government is repudiated and defied through nearly all our Southern borders. Its property has been violated, its jurisdiction assailed and spurned. To redress these declared wrongs, It Is evidently the in tentlon of the friends of this bill to apply its provisions. Tho cases of insurrection referred to in the bill include the acts above recited. Indeed, the resolution of the House under the authority alone, of which the gentleman from Ohio was enabled to introduce his bill, refois dis tinctly to the protection or tho public property of the United States. This resolution empowers the committee represented by the gentleman from Ohio to inquire "whether any further legislation Is required to enable the President to afford adequate protection to the public pro perty." 1 need not, therefore, Mr. Speaker, argue from such a state of circumstances, that the intended destina tion of this bill when it shall have become a law, is for the invasion of the soil of the Southern States, and the reduction by the power of arins of all resistance which shall Interpose between the army levied for the protec tion of the public property and the possession of that property by tho declared insurgent States. I think, therefore, sir, that I am justified in the assertion that so far from this being a measure of peace it Is a do nunation of war; so far from providing the means of de fense It denounces a hostile invasion for the eventual purposes of subjugation. Uut we are told that this is but a re enactment of the law of 1706, and, therefore, cannot be obnoxloul to constitutional objection. If it is but a reenactment It most confessedly be unnecosaary, and should, therefore, If for no other reason, be abandoned. But it does not partake or this harmless character. It proceeds just ono step tn advance of the law of '96, and It Is exactly at this point that the objection or unconstitu tionality Is levelled. It will be remembered that the con stitutions! requisition is, that the President " shall take care that the laws he faithfully executed. Another requl Bitlcn most familiar to all ia that the United States shall protect (ach State against "invasion,''and upon the re quisition of the specified State authorities, against "do mestic violence." These are dutlos plainly Imposts! by the constitution; and to discharge these, and only those, the congress is Invested with power "to provide for call ing forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress Insurrection and repel invasion." This power of congress was executed by the enactment of the law of 1796. Therein provtsirn is m*de for calling out tlie mili tia by the President in cases of Invasion, In cases or oppo sition to the laws of the United States, or obstruction to their aneotkM, and for repressing any insurrection or domestic vtotonoe in any State upon the constItntleoal requisition of the specified State autocri nes. Tlie ee were all the constitutional requisitions provided for; and thus, In case* of insurrection cootemplui<>d by the constitution, wax tlio mltitU and military forces of the I'nitod States subordinated to the civil arm. It is to be observed that tho power of repressing insurrec tions within the constitutional prohibition Is bestowed for the of the State governments, and that tho federal government is vested with no unconditional ?r absolute power cf procedure ng&mst insurrections any where. Another notable root is, that the execution or the laws, by both constitutional and statutory provisions, is re'erred primarily to their operation uimn individuals, through the instrumentality or tho ministers of justlco and the enginery of tho law. And only after the failure of the ofllcer to execute his writ, and of the posse of the country to enable him to do so, can the aid or the land tnd naval forces he invoked, under the Uw of 1807, to the aid of the follod civil authority. The paramount power of tho civil arm Is discl<ised throughout this brief statement of the supreme law of the land. Its superiorly and the subornation of the military to It w*s ecured through the simple constitutional pro vision for executing the laws upon individu als, ttuoOgh ihe coercion of the magistracy, rather tbkh upon political communities through the coer< ion of arms. Had this last pewer been confessed, the constitu tion would have empowered the suppression by the mili tia and army of any and all insurrections, however for midable their dimensions or oxteusive they might be. in such case, too, would the proposed law htve been consti tutional, and Its obvious Intent to constrain seceding States to federal ft ally, havo violated no organic provi sion. The effect, however, would none the less have been civil war and sanguinary conflict. Such were the powers with which the central government was entrusted under the Articles of confederation. It was but a league, and to be e fiective the force of the central body could be applied only to Independent members. But the attempt to enforce the power would have precipitated Internecine strife, and the execution of the law could have been but at the expense of bloodshed. It aatmlsbes me, Mr. Speaker, that one of the chief object loos which operated to the abandonment of our former confederated system should now be claimed as a derivative by political char latanry from our present constitution, ordained and es tablished, among other things, to correct this very evil. Gentlemen Seem to kave forgotten, when proposing a method of correcting the disobedience of sove reign states, that it was the existence of this very cower, under the articles of confedera tion, which chiefly paralyzed the government they creat ed. I might enlarge, sir, upon this subject, with benefit to the aigument. But I refrain, ibe temper of the Bouse does not justify It. nor will my remark! materially miner by the omission. 1 cannot omit, however, to preen Into my service the controlling authority of Hamilton, directed specifically to this very point. He says, In tbe fifteenth number of the tedraJLi* "Government implies the power of making laws It la essential to the Idea of a law, that it be attended with a sanction, or, in other words, a |Hwalty or punishment J r disobedience. If there be no penalty annexed to dis obedience, tLe resolutions or commands wlach pretend to be laws, will In fart amount to nothing more than ad vice or recommendation. This penalty, whatever It may be,canonly ha indicted in two ways: by the agency of the court? and ministers of Justice, or bj military force; by the coercion of the magistracy, or by the coercion of arms. The first kind ran evidently apply only to men; the last kind must of neceesity be employed against bodies politic, or communities or State*. It is evident that tbere is no process of acoutt by wfci h their observ ance of (be laws can, in the last resort, bo enforced. Seiitencei may be denounced stalest them for violations or their duty, but these sentences can only be oarriei Into execution by the sword. In an association, where the genrral authority Is confined to the collective bodlos of the communities tbat compose It, every breach of the laws must Involve a state of war, and military execution must become the only instrument of civil obedience. Much a stale of things can, certainly, tot deserve tbe name of government, nor would any prudent man choose to com mlt his happiness to It.'' Again, he proceeds infche tlx. Ucnlli number of I he Irralitt to say thtt 'roe ten deLcy of the principle of legislation Tor Htates or oommu nlties In their political capacities, aa It has been ex emplified by the experiment we have made of it, Is equally attested by tbe events which have befallen all other governments of tbo confederate kind of which we have any acoount, In exact proportion to lu prevalence in those systems Tbls exceptionable principle may as truly as styled the parent of anarchy. It has been Be<in that dellnqulnoies In the membersoMho I'nlon are its rat oral and necessary offspring; and that whenever (he) h;' 'pen, the only constitutional remedy is force and the Immediate effect of the use of it, civil war. It remaics to Inquire, how far so odious an engine of Beminent, In Its application to us. would even be capa of answering its end. If thsre should not be a large army, oouatatitiy at the disposal of the national govern ment, It would either not be able to employ force at all, or when this could be done, it would amount to a war between difcrent part a of tbe confederacy, concerning the Infractions of * league, In which tbe strongest com bination would be moat likely to prevail, whether it con stated of those who supported. or of tboae who resisted, the general authority. It would rarely happen that tbe delinquency to be redressed would be confined to a single member, and if there were more than one who bad ne glected their duty similarity oC situation would induce them to unlta for common defence. When tbe sword la once drawn, the i>aeslona of men observe no bounds of moderation. The suggestions of wounded pride, tbo Instigations of irritated resentment would be apt to cany tbe Stales, against which the arms of the Talon were exerted, to any extremesnecessary to avenge the affVont. or to avoid the disgrace of submisalon. The first wsr or tbls kind would probably terminals In a dto solution of lbs Union. This may be considered aa the violent death of the confederacy. Whoever conaktors ?'ogiTauhTiSi!!!?Btreo*Ul 01 ?**eralof these 9Ute# they wtu b?J?i!T? Ju?ctur?, and looks forward to what will It ?Ten " ">? distance of half a oeotury, vfloaary any tchLe operate upon ihen^Ti^L their movements by law*, to be sxecuted bv m f|~'lr collective capacities, and to capacities \nr<w^^\app'ICttbl? *? them In the same ffiie monaiSrtL^1^ ^ a heroes and demigod* of\3Jjl? ^lb?Uld W the fllbuiou* abonld multiply authonuL 2. JJi. " m th*t * of Madison ? no lemexp"* ?Lb^\ T* UnfM?* the inevitable consequences of an atu^n! .? .^ ply the force of arma to the ?5wLJwL ? insurrections inoivil oommunitiea or Htatdi to the history of the formation of the constltaUon tJSS! its to the same result, rhe rejection of both Rando'Sf! and Patterson's propositions for compelling refraciore States to the obeervanoe of the laws, is conclusive against the assumption of the powe*. Mr. Madiaon 0b! nerved, "that the more he refloated on the use of force the more ho doubted the practicability, the justice and the efticacv of It when applied to people collectively and not individually. An union of the States containing such an in; red lent seemed to provide for iU own deetructlon Tbe ueo of force against a State would look more llksfa declaration of war than an Infliction of punishment, and would be considered by the party attacked as a dlssolu lie hoL'n ?hCT'0U8 P??P"cU by w??tch it might be bound Me hoped that such a system w>uld be framed as might render this resource unnecessary, and moved lhM ?* ? 6 .^,P?i'ed- Thli motion was agreed to newt. 781 Jo"rnjkl- Ur Madlsjn again said. That any government for tbo Uottod Suites, loroxtfd on the supposed practicability of using force against the un constitutional proceedings of the St iles, wonld prove an y'?(ry,r'Dd ?u1IucI?ur ? the government of Congress." i ' subsequent period, held the fol c^r^ion*hrUf ge"Force> b? wb'< b he understood a coercion of laws or a coercion of arms. Congress have not the foi mer, except in few casts In particular States this coercion is nearly sufficient, though ho held It in ??es not entirely so. A certain portion of military force was absolutely necessary in large Massachusetts wns now feeling this Phi*?- r^htlu ,makr!nK I Provision for it. (The rebellion.) But how can this force be exerted on the States collectively? It is Impossible. It ^o^lllm,ta^*f.!>etWeen tlle f>art"'8- foreign Power? also will not be Idle spectators. They will Interpose, the ^Kn?8'?D r J""?"' Md a dilution of the (Son will i.T ,?T 7 V ? ?Journal. iniJee i, Mr. Speaker, there is no room to doubt that whatever the disobedience of a ' ~te or a political community of Its constitutional obli gations no power has been granted to the government of the Inited Mates to restrain the disobedient member by the coercion of arms. Now, the law which extends the power of the President to call forth the militia " to the case of insurrections ugainst tho authority of the I'nitod states, proposes to confer precieeiy such a power. If, therefore, the coarse of my argument has successfully established any proposition, I think it is this, that the Dili under dlscutslon| is unconstitutional and should be rejected. I am encountered, however,at thia point with the inquiry -What power, 11 your argument is Sound. has ye goverpment to protect itself against insurrectionary violence. I answer, precisely the power of Its physical ?tftn?^ln i S?l8tituli0Lal 8^rongth it has none; for oon ?inn?i R?r cxert0<1 only against unconstitu i? , ? "*e right of secession in a State oon sults no political charter. It is extra constitutional and revolutionary. It is not necessary to undertake hera the "oration of tho opposing doctrines taught in the opposite schools of a national or consolidated government ??"l a , confederated government or league. Whether either, or | both, or neither, is quite Immaterial, becauac of the "lie11111 ?rt?clo of the amendments to the oon "i,t"ti,on- T?.18 ?ri'c,? provides that the |>owers not dele . States by the constitution, nor pro hibited by It to the States, are reserved to the States re 2?nVi^ the P*?Pl0- An Inspection of the con stitution satisfies mo that it neither confers a riaht of se cession upon the States nor prohibits it Oonaequentlv. If there be any right, it is reserved to the MfttMor the people. But tbo secession of a State from the Union to an destructive of the confederation of states as the rebellion ol a people ia subversive of their governi _ jt. Both are equally violations of the organic law, anuwhether called secession or rebellion ate equally revolutionary in character. But the violence which la re volutionary can be resisted only by a kindred force y'z : that of self preservation. The opposing bodies, therefore, when thus withdrawn from the pale of con ventional law, arc remitted to the arbitrament of arms; In other words, with the stronger will remain the con ceded right, whether it be witn the rebel who has as serted his power to assail and capture, or with the go vernment which haa defended nnl protected itself. Thus sir. does it at last become evident that the question oi resistance to a State In revolution Is one strictly of expe diency, and in no manner a question of right. But. un constitutional as I think I have demonstrated the 'pro |H>sed measure to be, It remains to consider whether it can be justified as an act pr<mpte<! and demanded by the transeendant law of human happiness. There la, sir, un queatioLably, perceptible in every |K>lltieal society iho instinct of perpetuation, the lust of power and tho eflort for aggrandizement. Ibis is it which communicates the impulse to control and the desire of empire. Its vaga ries are none Iho loss perceptible hero in this ago than SESrJLtt" *?**' T,lla h<irdeB<,d the heart of . I nara<b, that he would not permit tbo Israelites to de part. And Its determination of the I'haraohs of th? pre | sent day to restrain the departure of the Southern i. mi' possibly occasion as great national calamities. It will be madness to launch iii?>n the ensansuined ex periment of war. It will be criminal to court that final appeal which is announced on battle fl?i?la amid carcase and blood. I*t the success of numbers he for a moment presumed. What shall wo say for the equality of that republic whose lecurity Is established in the oonqoeat of a portion of its citizens'' What palliation shall be in tec, US? 2 ,K ,f.01 ?Ut faDa,'csm which, to Tree four mil Ins nf .bnlhi. r8< eight and a half mil J^c race- But the cnflict will not be con n? th< Tlie 'liverilty of public opinion at the hW! .prec plUl? m?"8nant divisions there. Anta S Hfn Vr. 7i.f 71 ''"lame, an.l ambition ma<iden the ?r ;n?i ? ^rn "';ld* wi" w,,n*" the armed tramp of ^ . /n '""arts animate its hostile array. I do |? Penetrate the veil which conceals so dreadful .. . W tbmt v'" 1,8 ro,lt? 1 know tb>Vl f>om the vast desolation will be seen the powerful ' rata Of Nswjf OTIC Iserenely arising to tbe full grasp of WJeS? J '.v from the Atlantic to tho S' r^L? and the lakes she extends a base oomir ^.aui i11M, aionir interior teas and retts the apex of . KTneSrt^Tr,ca^'lhC^- Ar^SSSJtai t^m wTth the rib^i ^ ^ *r?versel with railroads, pours forth the produce. From her hills the vallel s of thft j w1ilch irrigate and nourish the her ii*o?-. i. "^qaehanna and Delaware, and attracU to eon m/.*- u return of their agricultural affluence. The ami JiH 1 continent flows through ber arteries. 'Citable way to tbe groat eatrepot^ v*7 seeka Uie expectant marta of European >rafflc. .Vlm li.D*Ter to bs too much deplored rfoT^r S^,e?f'?n,pt^n ?J^ UBtoo ?Bd tb? ?^ir .ti^ h- tflT wh(ch ,??POse It, the SUM of New i ork will be less seriously affected by Una* conse quences than bar sister States, throw in* her gateaVide open to lbs currents of trade, she will aspire lo Stir bene flcett and Judicious control, and moving stead I It and with confidence along her familiar paths of empire, while seekto cooperation with none, she will yet gggSTSggg ?Kgfcaarat must reject this bill. But let It become Vww?2 fa^ asssRsr- ^ ??u THE WORK OP CONGRESS. LIST or BILLS PAAMP. (Approved up to Feb. 9,1861.) norm mllh. A bill for the admtfwkra of Kansas Into the Union. A bill for the relief of O. F. D. Fairbanks, Frederick Dodge, and Pacific Mail Steamship Company A bill to provide for a Superintendent of Indian Alia In for Washington Territory and additional Indian Agent*, A bill for tbe relief of Moees Meeker. A bill for tbe relief of David Whiting a bill for the relief of Mrs. Eflsa A. Morohont. widow of tbe late First lieutenant and Brevet Captain Char lea 0. Merchant, United State* Army A bill granting an invalid pension to Elisabeth Reevee. A bill authorising tbe Secretary of tbe Interior to laroe a land warrant to Daniel Davis. A bill (ranting an Increase of pension to William 0. Bernard, late a t-oldler in the T'nited Slatee Navy. A bill for the relief of Richard C. Martin. A bill for the relief of Sampson SUnilll A bill making appropriations Tor tbe payment of invalid and other pensions of the United State* for the year end tng June SO, 1M2. A bill making epproprlatimi* for the anpportof the Military Academy for the year ending June 30,1800. A bill for the benefit oftisbriel iohn?*>. A bill making appropriationa for the legtalati vs. execu tive and Judicial eipennen of tbe government for tbe rear ending June .10, 1803 (Ho* under consideration, Feb. 11, and likely to be paused I A bill for tbe relief of F. M. Beanchamp and Beteey D. the relief of tbe sasigroe of tbe late David C. Broderick decested. A bill for the relief of Franklin Torrey. A bill authorising a loon ($36 000,000.) ?KHATB 11111#. An act to authorise the extension and u?e of a branch of tlie Alexandria, I/nidnn and Haffipahtre Railroad with in the city ot Georgetown. An act to amend the fourth section of the act for the admission of Oregon into the Union, so sa to extend the ? ime for selecting salt springs and contiguous lands la Oregon. An act to authorise the Inatttntion of a milt against the United States, to teat tlie title to lots numbered Ave and six in the Hospital square In San Francisco. An act for the relief of Jeremiah Psndergast, of tbe District of Columbia. An act for the relief of Major BenJ. A Word, paymaster United Ftatea Army An act for the relief of Shmoei R. Franklin. _ An act for the relief of Lieuteoant Oeorge I- Hartgnff, United 8tatea Army. JOtHT MSOLFTIOW. uorsa. Jelnt resolution autborisiag the Secretaiy of the Trea sury to change the nhme of tbe schooner Spring Bil to that of I'nited Stales. Joint resolution sxtlbdlog the time for taking testi mony on the application of Cyme H. IfoOormick ft* the eitenakm of his patent flMMk A resolution authorising the Secretary of the Treasury [OO.NTDH KD ON HUBTD I*AO*.J