Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW liORNING YORK HERALD. EDITION-TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 18(51. PRICE TWO CE\TI'S Hie new mmr. Inauguration of Abraham Lin coln as President of the United States. Military and Civic Display and Precautions. OPENING ADDRESS The Policy of the New Administration. CLOSBG SCEB8 D THE KltR. Installation of Vice President Hamlin. OPINIONS ABOUT THE MESSAOE. THE NEW CABINET. IBS GUARD INIUQVJUTTOS BALL, ac., acv *?. W-Mnir.vr.TON, March 4,1M1. * Ibe cipital city is to-day tho scene of a life and ex ?tttment unequalled in the history of tho inaug iratious that have taken place within its precincts since the for mation of tho government. The fears expressed of dis order, the anticliiattons aroused by a thousand (lying ra sters, the peculiar circumatanooH attending and result ing from the election, the condition of the country atd the surrounding train of circumstances, all conspired to iBTtit the occasion with no ordinary interest. The day wan ushered in by a most exciting session of the Senate. That body sitting for twelve hours, from ?even o'clock yesterday evening to seven o'clock this Morning. as tho dial of tho clock pointed to twelve o'clock last Bight, and tho Sabbath gave way to Monday, the 4th at March, the Honate Chamber presented 4 curious and ani mated appearance. The galleries were crowded to replc tlea, the ladlen' gallery resembling, from the gay dressea|?r the fair ones there congregated, some gorgeous parterre of liowere, and the gentlemen's gallery seemed oar 4ense black mass of surging, heaving masculines, ynahing, struggling and almost clam boring over ?aeh others bucks in order to get a good look at the proceeding*. Soma most ludicrous scones woro the result of tho Intense desire of the out aid ew to got a peep into the Sonate Chamber, and the per tmaeity with which tbo applicant for admission to tho ove'fl iwing galleries would urge that he had come all tho way from "ludiaauj" or "Vormouut,'' or some other (dace, afforded the sea tod ones intense amusement. On the Door Mcrsrs. Crittenden, Trumbull, Wigfall, Wade,Pouglis and others ke.it up a rolling firo of debate, while thof> not eagaged in the discussion betook them selves to the sofas for a comfortablo n*p during tho sew ston, which it wjs known woula last all night. *. As the morning udvan.od the galleries and floor be sure gradually ol^arcd out, whoa, in the grey mornizy light , tho Knat > t> ok a rcceas till ton o'olo.'li to day. A few minutes after soven o'clock but few renvainod. The morn;i.g br?ko clour and baauttful, and tn<> igh at mi tisao a four drop* of rYn fell, the dav proved ju?>. eaim and cloud v ouooitu to prevent th> unus'ial h ut ot the pistfow days, aO'l 'If: whirlwind of dus., th-it wjuld owbcrwiso h-vc letidored it ewiiisiveiy nuplo isant. Tte puldin buildlDgs, srhocld, plicew of bus<neas &?? , were ci-JB-.-a throughout tlio d<ty. Tho gfcirs and 8tri|*-? floated fro<n tha Cilv Hall, Gtpito), War U oar'meni aud ?ther public butMuiga, wM'.c n >t a few of the citizens flung out Hurt from ?'io!r hotvc? or across the principal aveuu<-R From <tirly d*wn tho drum and fl'e could be heard from e?orj vmr,<r or tho city, aud the streets were throi ged with the vol mtear poldiery, hastening to t heir respec tive ruodi zvoux. With day broak the vast crowds coogregatrd hero from Ui,mi M of Ujft country b<<m to mow up and dow.i reni^ylvrtoi'v avenue. Aa early at fight o'clock A. M ihrot.g-. >1 men, w >;nea aad children Oxn/soBMd aaaom bling iu jnd .-he Cup.tol and Wtilird's Uotol, and at tea tho adj'iocnt etrccn wore literally blick wltu hu manity. Thoeo tu front of Willard's found pknty of pn time In watching ?b > passing la and out of dMtingulahed aalleih on the PrcMd nt elect and tlio marching and coun to'-m ircblpg of tunicary companies on h>rB<b?c.k and ?Toot , and hei.ee did not mind (ho dohy la the iuaugu. nation oeiemoolea occaalonod by the I tte appearand yf Preakltnt BunUawui. They jokod and laughed, converged upon tho event b of the time and the occurrence* of the ?oraenl, an I th-ir sood humor was disturbed only when ml jected to the manipulation of anldiera and policemen, who endeavors ' to restrain their movements, Speculation* bond upon tho rumor* of impending dis turbance* vj Uto inauguration were freely indulged lu, and P'.'iiy pretended knowing ones frightened the timli k; predictions of bioody iceues. About the Capitol tho a?nombied thwiti ld, of all ago*, mn*n and condition?, had nothing to foaot tbelr eyes on, ?nd grew very Impellent u tbe noon hours drew near w1Un?K bringing tbe gratiteation of their curiosity. Having to slimU for hour* oxpoaed to an unee*Jonabiy warm vutixbiac ?n'i amidat an overwhe lming dust, It ?aa not to bo wondered at thai they gradually lout their ??Bn temper and Mt greatly relieved when thn distant ?Miw or tnu?li; at list tinocnoel the approaoh of the procemton >h >rliy Iteforo or.o o'cUx.k. Mr !.tn>' >ln wan up with tho autu iao and devotod the early m rr. ug hour* to th it am 'ndini nt of 1?M ll< aaago. tMccfwltat'-d by the parage of Mr. Corwin'a resolution ia tbe Senate, >1 which he waa apprised at the e irlloat poi aibl<< m-nn.'iit. Me?*r?. Seward. Ilatc^ WMM|QMMM j Trumbull, Judge l*ivta and Mate Senator Tom Uarahill. j of Tllino'*, wore nuo <*?lvely with him until olevon o'clock, when he got hlmaelf in routines* for tlx* outJoor paifinnmrra Hrs. l.Irtooln anl b?r m?h a.id female relative* loft, tho h >tnl and wcro driven to tlio Capitol long before the procession commence 1 mnvtrg. FORMATION OK TI1B rilOCT.HRION. The procea*loo commenced to form at abrat nine o'clock, the loc<il be;t?g In front of the City Hall, at tbe miner of Four an t a Half street and tho broid I/mlsiana arenue. It wn? under ibo charge of Marshtl-lnChief H. B. French, in old Clerk of the Houms of 11. prc*?nt%tlve* ?fleeii yea?a ogo?.i OoB*tr> I'Slooer of I'ublks H.iuding* ni.di r Prt Bld.'nt fierce, hi* schoolmate, and an active c Ulan k rmrnl y of Washington In all that |>ertaini! to II* pur 1 ?: >iiXntn. ? The it*' ?h ilia were:?J. J. ('?ml>*, Oeorpa II Plant, John ?. Paxeon, Jim- -i W. Heebie. W. Krxyzauowxkl, John L. Ha yea, I^wia Cl-'phane, Albert <J. Hall,fl. A. ItuKlm, Kuat?'r fleoahaw,?bl. John 8. Keyc*, Eton. N. A. (lMtiupenri. William "MmpHon. teeidea th< i?? w to thirteen Atda, twentr-nhie \*-iFtant Maiwbale, r'pr<anting "taum and Territorlee,and elghty t*ren aaaia'ante who act?d mfaenllanoouMy. The com m?iT iialforB of iheae wote h|?<* hate, black fYo< k eoata, Mark pantal'H.nn and light by.kaktn glovea. The par- i ttcukr dealgnatloaa of the 'Marshal* Mda were Mae ?rarfu, white Maettea and blue Middle cloths, trlmmod wHti gltt. Thoae of tha Marahabi were bltw> ^carfp, white raaettoa, white aaddle elotha, trimmed with blue, and a baton tw i feet long, of blue color, with enrte gilt about ?wo iwliea <keo k The Aaala'ant Marahala wore white aeartH, with pink 1 reeettev, and had white aiddleeovera trimmed with pink. 1 Jh'J carried baton* of pink color, two feet le^with ' ^rhlte onda two mchea deep. j Thare waa also a mounted c. q.' of n iatanta 4 fk>Men. I'nttadfMata* Marahal of tlx . < ? it* J to attendance on Mr. llui Jianan. i I Ibe vWt**>on eomn>ance4 to more at Mr ve? ] pawing through Ldulaiaiu avenue to Peune\ivii>la ??? nue,thence along Pennisylviain avenue, put #lll*rd\ ' Hotel (where tbe Pro?i<km'. ele;t vcm ?Uymg)% up Fifteenth btreat, where it co'iutermarcled, returned aai j halted on rutnjyivanM avunue in froat of tho o6t >1. The military formed la Hue on two sid?y of tbs hotel, and the spectacle then boa*so exceedingly animated; ?Ufl' officers and orderlies in thea- gay uniforms aid in irsb i U decorated with their badgea, constantly g Ulope 1 up and down tbe lines of soldier* aud civilians, while bauds per fumed patriotic airs, drums beat, bugles sounded aal hundreus of standard* duttered in tbo air. Mr. Buchanan did not get through with tht signing of bills at tbe Capitol uniii a.'Ur bid term of office bad ac tually expired. At half past twelve V., be appeared hi bis state car riage, wiib liveried servants, tn front of the adia* en trance at Wlllard't, where bo alighted immediately and proceeded to bis successor's room. A brief oonveraation hero ensued, aftar which the two Presidents entered upon tbe.r brat and probably last mo mentou* common journey. 9 On appearing in tbo door a moderate cheer aro?e from tie solid wails of human beings on each side of th-) p^s sago way, wblob was kept clew to tbn curb sumo by po lieemun and marshals. Tho throng, in their eagerness to see tbe Presidents, pre~-ied forward, and *>ut for tbe stre nuous efforts of tbe police, would have subjected thom to an unootofortable squeeze. They however safely arrived a', tbo open barouchc In wilting for them, tbe military then presented arms, tbo baud played Htil Columbia, aud after a little oocfusioa tho procession commenced to move. The order of procession, hererofore published, was as follows:? Aids. Marshal-in Chief. AMk. A Vatfrmol Mag with appropriate emblems The President of tho United with itie ('resident KJect and Buit?, with Marsaal-s on tb<*ir lottand toe Marshal of the United states for the District of Columbia (Oulonel William s>?ldeu) and his Deputies on their right. The Committee of Arrantomeut* of the Senate. iri-Prealoentj of tbe United States. The Republicui Association. Tbe Juoioiary. Tbe 0>rgy. Foreign Ministers. Hie Corps Diplomatique. Members elect, Members and ex Members of Congress, and ox-Somuers of the C abinet. TIi') Peace (iwgress. He ids of Bureaus. Governors and ex-Oovernors of Sia.es and Territories, and Members of the Legislature? of tho s imo. Officers of tbe Army, N'ary, Marine Cori* and Militia, in full uniform. Officers and Soldiers of the Revolution, of tbo War of 1813, and sub-'enu>*nt p?riods. Tbe Corporate Authorities of Washington and George town. Other Political and Military Associations from the District . and other parts of the United States. All orginizsd Civil Societies Professors, PcboolmagtorH and student* within tho District of Colombia: Citizens of tbe Dtotriu and of States and Territorlei. Tbe national flag designed for ths head of the proces sion was not in line at all. The military escort was under tho command of Colonel John Htrris. Commander in Chief of marines; Colonel Thomis, of the army staff, und Captain Taylor. Ibis feature of the procession wis one of tho finest that has been seen in Washington for a long time, tbe various coinpanios having made great pre parations for the occasion. Id addition to the uniformed companies which were out on tbe 23d, the following now companies male their fir."t parade:?. , Company B, Union regiment (First ward), Oapt Kelly; compuiy C", Union regiment fSixth ward), Cipt Amoii; eon psny D, Unionregimen'., Federal Rifles (Second ward), Capt. [inbuilt: Putnam KiM<? fptland), Cap'.. Cai-ttleuvi; eompauy C, Natioual Ouard (Navy Vard), Oapt. S. \. H. ycKim; Washing'on*Ligbt Guard (Navy Yard), Oipt S. A. n. MarlrsHenderson Hoard, Gap' Vox veil, and com pany B, Anderson Rifles (Georgetown). Senatct s Baker and Pearce rodo in tho same carriage viitb the two Presidents. It may be meo<ionod as an in eident, however, that this broke down just before at cl og In a second one wore seated Ju"go Davis and Tom vtaralwO, of 111., and Lincoln's two BpcretarKB. Mr. Ruchtnan lathed very grave and ooovorse I bit I ule mi ihr way. Lincoln ^pfx-arod calm and but lit;lo iffi cwd by tbe exci'ement around hloa. Tbe people at Ihtro were but scantily represented In 'he [?rorcF'iHjn. The cj?eg uiony from tho my oral ?i ll not n> tuber ovor sevon hund od, ail told. From New ?i gloi.d 'here were about 150, Vow York 300 and ?ho l ocl 'c states 100. Flora tho entire South only ?'>out seventy-five. Separate dol-'gatioos fron too S'ortLw't were altfy?'.iier vrantiug. rh->lr ?|>arse turi it was douhil-rely attributabit; to a disinclination t? .r.Je llf-ongh knoe d*tp d'i?t The ?.ew \ oi k ere w- rw h ' ided by J. H. TTohirt Ward ? liief Marshal; D. E. Gavllt, Oeo. Van Brunt, Roht. Miury rii1 S. It. Dutrber as a?-i?iuts. Among t^e Qlo nirr Fen^fors Ferry. Fiero, McG'aw, Boll, las. Kelly, ind^e gunrkenbu?b, Jas. Korw.ll.gcr, AWerruaa Hmt'h, 'no. Salor, Councilman Ilazeitino, Dr. Kior, O. W. Bron i an anV S L. Hall. TTjo military arrangements showed th.it apsrehonsions nt a murderous plot agates' tho CresiUont cloct still ex ?tt?l His carriage was bo closely surrouflded on all -idea by marshals aud cavalry aa to hide tt from view. * shot oouJ<' not harp pi**thly been aimod at him no dense wns tbo military eti kwuro. Tl.f guard of honor was selocted rrom the mont ofllcioit -com ponies of regular troops and marines. The Utter tirmch of the service his almost invariably furniahod ?he only goveri most soldiers for tho 4th of March oero UVbltS. riatoor.? were llkewi=?-stA'ioned every hundred yards uiong tho avenue and several oompanlos held readiness at their armories to toe <l>*l*itched to any point In caao of an outbreak. Mounted orderlies were placed at every ?troct corner to giro speedy information to General Soo'4, who i essoined all day at headquarters, and ridiculous as it may sound, riflemen were locatod ovon on the roofs of tauso* adjoining the avonue to notch tho approach of tbe tupposed oontplrators. AT THK CAPITOL. Three or four hours elapsed alter tbo break of day bo fore thr e wuf llw least chance of enter In* tho Capitol, lennsj Ivania avenue wan throngod with pc >pi? wondtng < heir way to the famous east front. For four hours the ? rnwd poured on toward* tho Capitol, In one oontinous stream of old and young, nuUc and female; stUd old Qua kers fr?m Peoisylvania, going to see friend Abraham, ?nd lengthy Suckers, Boosters and Wolverines, desirous ?>f a petp at nr. linooln; Buckeye* and Yaukoemen from > 1 V.tfrirrin and Oregon, from the North, Faat, Northwest, utu a few from the border 3Ut"*. The lur/e majority, however, were Northern men, and hut few Houthem 1 srs, Judging from the iack of long haired men In the crowd, attended the inauguration. The order of arrangements as settled by the Commltteo wore as follows:? To tbo left of tho Vice President were the Committee | of Arrangements. Immediately behind them the heads I of the various Departments of the Government, Senators, | Members, and Members elect of tbe Flouso, Officeriof tbo i Army and Navy, Governors of tho Mates and Temtoriea, [ Comptrollers, Auditors. Registers and Solicitors of toe I Treatury. To the right of thd Vice President were '.he ?iiidges of the Supreme Court, Sonttoia, thn P'pkxnatl* Corps, Tx Governors of the States, Assistant Hoerotarlea of tb* Itepartmentf, Assistant Postmister ffenoral, As sistant Treasurer, "Com miss loners, Judges, and tbs May m s of Goorgstown and Washington I'mkW tt tho" arrival of tbo process'on the Senate Chamber did not present a very animated appearance. Many of ths Uulos, wattirg to see tbe d'splay, did not arrive until late, and tho ofll ;en?, whoso gay uniforms and flashing epaulettes relieve so well the somi>ronees of tbe national bla^ lc, were with the Presidential cortege. l>urlng the passage of the procession to Wiliard's Hotel snd the march thonc>' to tho Chpltol, Senator Bright killed, Hi the moat approved manner, a oertclt. gas bill, to wit, by talking tt to death This not proving very ntere?tlng, matter* waxed somewhat dull la the In I terim. (? CLOPK OF T1T1! TBTRTV-BIXTH COHORKRB AND IN STALLATION or Tins hmw vick rarsmtNT. A? Ave minutes to twelve o'clock Vice {'resident Brack ' Inridgo and Senator Foot, of the Committee of Arrange merits, entered the Senate Chamber esoorttng the Vice Presidentelect, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, whom they can ducted to a seat Immediately to the left of the chair of the President of tbe Senate. The new Vice Prrildent walked like a quiet citizen, In company with a single friend, from hli hotel to the place be took the oath to perform the duties of tho ss [Ift of tho American psople. What a ifcknt that attended the ar above him la bla As the h*odn of tb? . locV point*) to tfao h nir of t the hammer fell aa > < bo ?ocou<l stsi-nj m ol ih-i fbl'ty-sixto C?ur> bh came to u Nkl. Vice President {Breckinridge bade the Sauatra farewell la well choeen atid touohing term*. Mr Hamlin made a few appropriate rem irks. Mr. Breckinridge then administered the o*tt> of utfloe to Vloe President Hamlin. ("Ve Senate report for speeches, oaths, La.) Mr. Breckinridge '.heo announced the Senate ?<y >u?a*d, wit hoot day, aod left tho chair, to which he imtno Ualoiy conduced Vtoe President Hamlin. Hon. Hr. Clingman was tben sworn in aa Senator for the State of North Carolina; Clark for Hew UAmpahlre Ohae for Ohio, Harris for NewVork; Harlan for l?w*. j Howe for ViHOMtn; Breckinridge for Kentucky; lAie for Indiana; Nesmith for Oregon, and Mite boll for Ar kansas. At tin* juncture the member* and members el<ict of the House of Repreaen'ativee entered the Senate Cumber Ailing every available place to the left of tbe Vice Presi dent. Tbe corps diplomatic also entered tho Chamber at the same moment, occupying seats to the right of tbe chair. It wi* ? "inject of gonentl remark tha'. tbe corps never we>e so fuitv represented aa oa this ociaaten, per haps to ha the la t time all to bo ever aqaUx assembled. Tbe Ministers, tuuvlum and others numbered in all soma fifty and over, and on brilliancy of dress, the number of deeo atious, crapes, fcc., added much to tbe imposing na tO'i of the soene. Pome of tbo Court uniform, particiiUr'y, were gorgeous and attracted much attention. Tho scene in the Senate while waiting the arrival of tho Presidential party, MfWl to realize "lying down tbe Uoo and lamb toge ?her,'' or mingling oil and water. Me*srs. Cbaao, WlgfkU, Crittenden, Wlteta and ctlwrs were oppo.-ilto, hobnobbing with tbo utmoet cordiality. Senator Breckinridge conversed familiarly with the extremest 'n?n of the republicana, while iadiea of all political affinities?Mrs. Hamlin among tham?looked smilingly down upon the animatedficene below. Tbe at tendance of Senators was unusually Tub, the only ab fences noticed being those of Hon. Mr. Mason and Hoo. Mr. Hunter, of Virginia. At thirteen m'nutes to one o'clock the Judges of tho 8upr< me Court of the United States of America were an nounced by tho Poorkeeptr of the Senate. On their en trance all on the floor rose, and tbe venerable Judges, headed by Chief Justice Taney,moved slowly to tho seata assigned th?m, Immediately to the right if the Vice Pre sident. encb exchanging salutes with that officer in pass ing tho chair. At ten minutes after one o'clock sn unusual stir oc curred in the Chamber, and the rumor spread like wild Ore that the President elect was in the building. ARRIVAL OF THI PRESIDENT. At fifteen minutes past one o'clock tbe Marshal-In-Chief, Major B. B. French, entered tha Chamber, ushering Jin tbo President and the President elect. They had entered together from the street through a private covered tos sage way on the north aide of tbe Capitol, police officers being in attendance to prevent outsiders from crowding aner them. SCENES INSIDE THE CAPITOL AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF THE TWO >'M*II>KNTH. Leaving bis i arriage and leaning on tbe arm of hi* pre decessor, 1'resident Lincoln walked slowly from hid barouche to tbe thiesheld of tbe Cipttol. Following him were PeoatorsKiot and Baker. Mr. Lincoln ? joked pale and wan, fatigued and anxious. His vivacity appeared to have left him, and tbe InaUnt be pwsed tbepjrtate of the Oapt'ol of the nation bo hung bis bead and looked upon the tnirble tik* in front as if be expected tht)in to rise, and, like many of the heads of stone thv hive sur rounded him for mortbs past, offer him counsel and ad vice. There wore not half a dozen persons at th'iientr-.n^e of the Capit >1 when tne President elect passed In. Among there was cue of the Ukrald ppecials. Mr. Lincoln, wito his ihiee cornyiuiions, immediately proceeded to the l*re* tidenf) room on (ho Senate floor, and there wvs relieved 01 a load of vilUoous dust which in this d?ty metropo lis is not afraid to mvest even r< esidential robes. The line of procession from tbe Senate chamber to tbe portico was unaliy form?d in the following order i? Marshal of tbo liUtrict of Columbia, Judges of the Piip'croc Court, 3ergeant-at Arms of the Siuat*, Com mittee of ArraugemetiU. President of tho Cnjtid 8tat?s k*d Preaidrnt tkci, Vice President, Secretary of tho Senate, n^natorj*, diplomttit; corps, hoids of d?pirt meiits, Governors and others in th--. chamber. Whon t ?>* vt?rd was gtveu for Uio members of tho Route to fad luvo tl e line of the processkiD, a violent rush was m?-1e for tbe door, accompanied by lo id outcries, violent pushing and great < i?tHT banco. ' What's up?" iskod on?. "Old Abe.*' responded another, iad as tbe Hresi i?nt eis;t moved fri m the Senate Chamber to t iko bis position on tbo platform at the east f?i>nt of the Capitol tiers was a general stampede am >nrf tbo crinoline and gay y mug turn with eye g'0JSt->f. Tbe rusk wai so groat, ib-u ibe floors lea fing to the uUtform w re clos-d before lho*c officially entitled to ?ntr*u e could ob'.i'n admittance. Tbo Udieg wero particularly gTieved, and ooo wae so anfllia' us to exclaim peevishly, '?Tbcre, mother, If you bad not detained me, I could have got tbcre before tbe door closed. ' llo* disappoint ed Iboy all Kteroed. But 03W tbe benevolent form and gonial face of Vei-ator I'oot uppearc1 la tb? throng. "Ob, there's Mr. Foot," is uttered by one swoot voice. ''Mow we shall get to," and they all surrounded poor Foot, who Is almost smothered with the incense arising from tbo suiiplfcjatipg Vopee and features of his fiir adorers. But tbe Vemontor Is resolute. No chance ladle*?all full." "Oh, now, Mr. Foot, yon remembor me, don't you!"' "Yea, yea, I remember, bat this ia n> time for rtioonatrancc," and be alidea through a secret panel, known only t? Senators, and cacapee like a phan tom from bi* agonized persuaders. At thla time It was dil* cult to And any mode of egnwi from tbe Senate wing of tbe Capitol. Si one oould get In?no 'roe odd cat oat. Tbe feathers flew hitber and thither among the corridors. "Oh, bow provoking?I shan't tear It after all!" " How can we get out tit " How oan we get In?" "Where* tbe way to -hi platform? And many a fair face wu aui'osel with sadness, until at a providential j -.ncture '.be ap pearance of a memt.er r f tbo new Caiinet, .n eiinpany with a popular ex representative from Sew Ysrk, led the way to an opening outside. There was a big crowd, but tbe most quiet one for such numbers wo evor mingiej with. v After tbe profession had reacted tbe platform, Senator Raker, of Oiegon, introduced Mr. Lincoln to the as aetrbly. Mr. 1 .ircoln la received with cheers. He lays down bia manuscript, claps bis bands in bta poeksts and pells oat a pair or steol bowed spectacles. This la a signal for merriment in one portion of tbo crowd. A lusty hawk ejed fellow crioa out, "Take off them spectacle*, we want to see your eye*.'' "I didn't know be wore g>?-se*,'' rrma ke l another, ? ibey aint .n tbe p ctors, " and similar remarks kept tbe audience who could not h<wr bis voico In good bomor, until a roi*!og oheer from the Presidential pagoda <uiliate<i tb <tr attention. Tbe follow.ng is tbe address, which be road in a clear distinct voice:? THE IVAUGURAL ADDR5SS. Pbi.low CiTT/itna or thi Uhitko In compliance with a custom as old as the govern ment itself, I appear before yon to address yon briefly, and to taae in your presence the oath pre ?ctibcd by the cor?s<itntion of the United Hta'.ew to be taken hy the President before h? ontcr* on th?; execution of his office. 1 do not consider it necessary at present for me to discnaa those matters of administration about which there is no special anxiety or excitement. Apprehension seems to exist among tbe people of the Southern Ktates that, hy the accession of a republican administra tion, their property and their peace and Per sonal security are to be endangered, lliere has never been any reasonable cause for such ap prehension. Indeed, the most ample evidence to the contrary has all the while existed and been open to their inspection. It is found itj nearly all the published speeches of him who now addresses yon. I do bnt quote ft-otn one of those specehes when I declare that "I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with tn? institution of slavery in the Htale.i where it exists; J believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no Incli nation to do so." Those who nominated and cteot ed me did so with a fall knowledge that I had made this and many similar declarations, and had never recanted them. And more than this, they placed In the platform for my acceptance, and as ? law to themselves a;id to me, the clear and em phatic resolution which I now read: - Rerolved, That tbe inalotsruuwe in?' WaV ?f ibo rifbta ?f ika 3i*t#a, Ma <**oto'al|y ike r%bt of ?* jh SUto ?? ?fdrr and con?ro| ila .<wu 'IwmsVc ImuituUoin according to Ha own >u<'nainut i xoluatvoly. 1* esauntial to lint bMUi'Ott o? p??rr ob which the ptTfcotioa ?ml wv'.ur "?:? of Mr political fabric rtepctia, and wc rtcno uioe thoia ? Iran by *r>ncri *or-a of ' ho soil of any -Jvi'.e or TVf'ltorv, no mut?r '.aider what preteit, as tbe ^rav-^l of < rtm?. I now reiterate these sentiments, aud iti d >iugso I only press upon the public attention the most conclusive evidence of which the ea?e Is *u> enti ble, that the property, peace tad sWOTtty of HA Mt-.tiou to be in anywise endangered by the now .ncoming administration. t add, too, that all th?- protection which, consistently with the consti tution and the laws, can be Riven, will be heerful ly given to ail the Htate*. when lawfully demanded, far whatever cause, km cheerfully to one motion as to another. There ia much controversy about liie delivering up ??f fugitives from service or labor. The clause 1 now read ia ax plainly written in the constitution as any other of its provisions. No person held to service or labor In ono -Hate, ntder ilw Uwa thsreof, "Scaping into another, fibsll, ia < onee qut-DCH of M) law or refutation tlmrelo, (m disc turgid from ?u<Ji service or labor, but sb?U be deli /ered up no claim of the party to wnom such service or labor may be due. It ia scarcely questioned that this provision was intended by those who made it for the reclaiming of what we call fugitive slaves: and the intention of the Iiw^t is the law. All members of Con gress swear their support to the whole constitution, to this provision as much as any other. To the proposition, then, that slaves, whose cases come within the terms of tliis clause, "shall bo delivered

up," their oaths are unanimous. Now, if they would make the effort in good temper, could they not, with nearly equal unanimity, l'raine anil 8ass a law by means of which to keep good lat unanimous oath. There is ?.>me difference of opinion whether this clause should be enforced by national or by State authority; but surely that difference ia not a v< vy material one. If the slave is to be surrendered it can be of but iittlo consequence to hint or to others by which authority it is done. And should any one, in any case, be content that this oath ahall go uukept on a merely unsubstantial contro versy as to how it shall be kept? Again, in any law upon this subject, ought not all the safe Enards of liberty known in civilized and nnrme Jurisprudence to be introduced, so that a free man be not, in any case, surren dered as a slave? And might it not bo well at the same time to provido by law for the enforcement of that clause in the Constitution which guarantees that "the citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizen* in the several States." I take the official oath to-day with no mental reservations, and with no purpose to con strue the constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules; end while I uo not choose now to specify particular acts of Con gress as proper to be enforced, I do sug gest that It will be much safer fur ail, both in offi cial and private stations, to coniform to and abide by all those acts which stand unrepealed, tluin to .violate any of them, trusting to llnd impunity in having them held to be unconstitutional. It is seventy-two years since the first inaugura tion of a President under our national constitution. During that period fifteen different aud greatly distinguished citizens have in succession adminis tered the executive branch of the government. Tbey have conducted it through many perils and generally with great success. Vet, with all this scope for precedent, I now enter upon the same tack, for the brief constitutional term of four year-?, under great and peculiar diQculty. A disruption of the federal Union, heretofore only menaced, is now formidably attempted. I ho'd that, in con templation of universal law and of the constitu tion, the Union of these States is perpetual. Per petuity is imtilied if not expressed in the funda mental law of all natlo?ai gov ertitnont*. It is safe t<> assert that government proper uever had a provis ion in its organic law for its own term nation. Continue to execute a 1 tbe expre-a provisions of our national constitution, and the Un'.on will en dure forever, it being Impossible to destroy it ex cept by some action nqt provided for in the instru ment itself. Again, if the United States be not a government proper, but an assoeia?ion of state* in 'he nature of a contract merely, can it a acoutra t be peaceably unmade by less than all ti e parties who ma<i<- it* One party to a contract may violato it birak i?, ?o to speak but doos it not require ail to lawfully rescind it? Descending from these gonerjl principles, we find tho proposition that, in legal contemplation, the Union is perpetual, confirmed by the history of the Union Itself. | The Union is much older than the constitution. ; It was form'-d. in fact, by the Articlesef Asaocla ' Lion in 1774. It was mature.I and continued in tho ["Declaration of Independence in 177>>. It was fur I titer matured, and the fai'.h of ?ll the then thirteen -tates expressly plighted and engaged that it I should be perpetual,by the Arti les of Confcdera 1 tiin in 177*: and finally, in I7K7, one of the declared obitcts for ordaining ami ?**tabH?ldng tho constitu tion was to form a more perfect Union. Hut if the destruction of the Union liy one or l?y a part only cf the States be lawfully possible, the Union is lc?s than before, the constitution having lo*t the vital element of perpetuity. it follows from tliese views that no State, upon it? own mere motion, ean lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves ami ordinance* to that ell Vet ar<i legally void, and that a<:tH of violence witbinany State or Statea, against'the authority of the United States, arc insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to .circumstance*. I therefore consider that, in view of the constitution | and the lawn, the Union in unbroken, and to the extent of my aujity 1 shall take care, a* the <:onsti tutlon itself expteaaly enjoins upon me, that tho laws of the Union ho faithfully executed in all tho J States. Doing thin I deem to be only a simple duty on my part. I shall perfectly perform it, so far a* I is practicable, uuless my rightful matters, the American people,shall withhold the requisition, or in some authoritative manner direct the contrary. I trust this will not I e regarded as a menace, but only as the declared nnrpose of tho Union that it will constitutionally defend and maintain itself. In doing mis there need be no bloodshed or vio lence, an<l there shall be none, unless it is forced upon the national authority. The power can tided to me will be used to hold, occupy and possess the property and placcs be Wging to the government, and collect i the duties and imposts; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects there will be no inva sion?no using of force against or amongst tho people anywhere. Where hostility to the United States shall be so great and so universal as to prevent competent resident citizens from holding the federal office*, th<re will be no attempt to force obnoxious strangers among the people that object. While the strict legal right may exist of the government to enforce MM exercise of these offices, the at tempt to do so would bo so Irritating and st near ly impracticable withal that 1 deem it better to forego for the time th? use* of such offices. The mails, unless repelled, will contiuue to bo furnlshe<rm all parts of the Union. Ho far as possible,'the people everywhere shall have that sense of perfect security which i* most favorable to calm thought and reflection. The course here indicated will ba followed unless cur rent events and experience shall show a modifica tion or change to be proper; and in every case and exigency my best discretion will be exercised accordingly to the circumstances actually exist ing, ami with a view and a hope of a peaceful so lution of the national troumes and the restoration of fraternal sympathies and affection". That there are persons In one section or auother who seek to destroy the Union at all events, and are gla<l of any pretext to do it, I will neiiher affirm nor de ny. Rut if there be such I need address no word to them. To those, however, who really love the Union, may I not speak? Before entering upon so grave a matter as the destruction of our national fabric, with all it* benefit*, its memories and its hopes, would It not be well to ascertain why we do it. Will you hazard so desperate a step while there fa any ponton of the ills you fly from that have no real existence? Will you, while the certain Uls you fly to are greater than all the real ones you fly from ? Will you ri*k the commission of so fearful a mistake? All profess to be content in the Union if all constitutional right* can be maintained. Is it tme, then, that any right, plainly written In the eon?titntion, has Ins denied? I think not. Hap pily the human mind la ao constituted that no party can read to the audacity of doing this. Thank, if you can, of a single inatauce In which a plainly written provision of the constitution has ever been denied. If, by the mere force of nnmbera, a ma jority should deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional right, it might, in a moral point of view justify revolution: certainly would, If such right were a vital one. But aueh Is not the ease. a 11 the vital rights of minorities And of Indivi dual* are so plainly assured to them by affirma tions and negations, guarantee* and prohibitions, in the constitution, that controversies never arise concerning them. But no organic law can ever be framed with a provision specifically appli- < cable to every auction which may occur ! in practical administration. So foresight can anticipate, nor any document of reasonable I lepg'h contain, express provisions for all | poHhihle question". ><mII %iiivM Awv labor bo surrendered by national or by State authority? The constitution do-? uot cxpt'Ctial.T say. Must Congress protect slavery in the Territories? Tlio I rtoiwtltutio? does uot txpn My -?ay. Prom ques tions of this class sprbur :? ll our on ititntional con troversies, amI wo divide np<>u litem into major! i ties ami minorities. 1/ the minority wiU uot acquiesce the majority must, or the government must .ease. Thtfth no alternative for continuing the g.?-.*ertimt?nt but acquiescence on the one -.id ? ?r the other. If a minority iu such a oate will -eee.w rather than acquiesce, tbey make a precede at which in turn will ndn and divide tbein, for a minority of their own will weed* from them when ever a majority refuses to be controlled by such a minority. For instance, why not any portion of u new confederacy, a yar or two hence, arbitrarily secede again, precisely as por* tiens of the presenPCuion now elaim to secede from it. All who cherish diaunion sentiments arc now being educated to the exact temper of doing this. Is tlx re such perfect identity of interests among the >- tates to comprise a new Union as to produce harmony only .tud nrevent reuewcd secession. Plainly, the central idea of secession is the essence of anarchy. A majority held iu restraint by constitutional checks and limitation*, and always chunking easily with deliberate change* 0f popular opinions' anil sentin-ents, is tho only true sovereign of a free peop'o. Whoever reject* it does, of necessity, fly to anarchy or to despotism. Unanimi'y is impossi ble. The rule of a minority, as a permanent ar rangement, in wholly inadmissible. So that, re jecting the majority principle, auarehy or despot ism in some form is all that is left. I do not forget the position assumed by some, that constitutional questions are to be decided by the Sn prcmo Court, nor do I deny that such decisions must be binding, in any case, upon the parties to a suit, as to the object of that suit, while they are also entitled to very high respect and considera tion in all parallel cases by all other departments of the government; and while it is obviously pos sible that such decision may bo erroneous in any given case, still the evil effect following it. being limited to that particular case, with the chance that it may be overruled and never become a pre cedent for other cases, can better be borne than could the evils of a different practice. At the same time the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the government upon tho vital ques tions affecting the whole people is to bo irrevoca bly lixed by the decisions of the Supreme Court, the inatant they are made in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions tho people (rill have ceaaed to be their own, unless having to that extent practically resigned their government into the hands of that eminent tribunal. Nor is there in this view any assault upon the Court or the Judges. It is a duty from which they may not shrink to decide canes properly brought before them, and it is no fault of theirs if others soek to turn their decisions to political purposes. One section of our country believes slavery is right, ami ought to be extended, while tho other believes it is wroug, and ought uot to bo extended. This is the only substantial dispute; and the fugitive slave clause of the conMifuiiou, and tho law for the spppres eion of tho foreign slave trade, are each as well enforced, perhaps, as any law can ever be in a community where the moral sense of the people imperfectly supports tho law itself. Tho vreat body of the people abide by tho drv, legal obliga tion in "both eases, and a few break over in oach. This, 1 think, cannot be perfectly cured, ami it would bo worse in both ca>c? after the separation of tho sections than before. The foreign slave trade, now imperfectly suppressed, would be ulti mately rex ived, without, restriction in one section, while fugitive slaves, now only partially surren dered, would not be surrendered at all by the other. Physically speaking, wo cannot sopuratc -we cannot remove our respective *ections from each other, nor build an impas>-able wall bet>voen them. A husband and wife may be divorced and go out of the presence and beyond the reach of each other; but the different parts of our country cannot do thi-. They cannot hut remain face to face, and intercourse, Cithor amicable or hostile, mast continue between them. la it possible, then, to make .that intercourse more Hdvautag?">?s ?ir more satisfactory alter separation than before? t an aliens mak<! treaties easier than friends can make laws? Can treaties bo more faithfully enforced between aliens than laws can among friend-)? Suppose yon <*i to war; you cannot nglit always, and when, after much los4 on both sides, arid 110 gain on either, yon erase lighting. the identical questions a* to terms of intercourse are a^aiit upon you. This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall prow weary of the existing government, tiiey ca 1 exercise ibeii constitutional right of amending, or tin ir revolutionary right to dUiuember or over throw it. I cannot be ignorant of the fact that many worthy and patriotic citizens are desirous* of having the national constitution amended. While I make no recommendation of amend ment, I freely recognise the full authority of tho people oxer the whole subject, to be exercised in either of the mode a prescribed in the instrument itself; and I should, under Misting elrcumstancc.s, favor rather than oppose u fiiir opportunity living afforded the people t > act up >11 it. I Mill venture to add that to mo the convention mode seems preferable, in that it allows amendment^ to originate with tho people themselves, instead of only permitting them to take or reject propositions originated l>y other.* not specially cho-<n for tho purpose, and which might not be precisely lack as they would wish themselves to aceept or refuse. I understand a proposed ameudui lit to the constltution which amendment, howover, I have not feen han passed Cotign ss, to the effect that the federal government afc*ll never interfere with th* dome stir institution* of Htates, i Be hiding thai of persons ht'd to service. To avoid misconstruction of most I have said, 1 depart from my purpose, not to ^peak of par ticular amendments, so fir as to say that holding such a prevision to now hr im plied constitutional Ian, I have no objection to its being made expreas and irrevo cable. The t hief Magistrate derives n" his autho rity from the people, and they have eouferred none upon him to tlx the terms for the separation of tho States. The people themselves al?o can do this if they choose, but tho Executive, as snch, has nothing to do with it. His duty in to gdmlnister tho present government as it came to his hands, and to transmit it unim paired by him to his successor. Why should there not be fe patient contidence in the ultimate justice of the people? Is there.any h 'tter or equal hope in the world? In onr present differences, is either party without faith effacing in the right? If tho Almighty ruler of nation*, with His eternal truth and jus tice. bo on yonr sidrf of ih>' .North. oe on yours of the South, that truth and tl it jimliee will surely prevail by the judgment of ihis gn at tribunal the American people. By the frame of the u vcrnmjnt under which we live, this same people have wisely given their public servants hut little power for mis chief, and nave, with e<jnal wisdom, provided for the return of that little to their own hands at very short internals. While Un people retain tueir virtue and vigilance, no ad ministration, by any extreme wl< k< 4ne?ft or fol ly, can very seriously injure the government hi the short space of fonr years. My countrymen, ono and ail, think calmly and well upon this whole subject. Nothing valuable < an he lost by taking time. If there be an object to hurry any of yon, in hot haste, to a step which von would never take deli berately, that object will be frustrated by taking time; but no good object can be frustrated by it. Hueh of you as are now dissatisfied still have tho old constitution unimpaired, ami, on the sensitive point, the laws of your own fram ing under it, while tho new administration will havo no immediate power, if it would, to c'tange either. If It were admitted that you who am dissat isfied hold the right side in the dispute, there still is no single reason for precipitate action. Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity and a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken this favored land, arc still competent to adjust in tho best way *11 present iliflieolty. In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow country men, and not in mine, nth* momentous issue | of civil war. The government will not s-sail vou. You can have no conflict without fcelng yeprsejres the aggressors. You have no oath registered in Rf*vr*n to destroy tbo ffovertumnt, while i huaH have the most solemn one to "preserve, protect and defend"!'. I em loft to close. We are not enemies, hut friends Wc must not b? enemies Thongh passion may have strained, it moat not break onr bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle (Md and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over thi? broad laud, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by tho better angels of our nature. During tho delivery of the Inaugural, which com t"?" ? 1 at ba'.f jm?{ iso-) ./clock, tliero was maoi cfceer t's, > fp?"< u>l* lit %ay illu>K>n to tne CunTO. I'rt nkWBt llvhiDM i?d Oh ct rustic? r*ner tlntened with tuo utmostattention k>efiryT)rd ot tbe add roes, and .'I is c? inclusion t Ijh Litter julumiM(0r4d tits ntrtli, tn taking whbh Mr. Line da war vociferously CbkOlud. Tho <.hi.:f Juatl.e s?eai :J vry rnu-h agl'.it >J. and hi0 liVid, shook \ ery p. r.vpui.iy w|th qaM>eloa. no lu'iugurstnu <,J t.) Oar makes the viKh-.h .cremaBy of the kind at which tli.ot Justice t^no,bta -xSV-t vt?cft bavin# aJmlcislcred the oitb of ottic, ?M:f>?tM?my to ITt'sWfinU Von Buret?, Hirr.>wn, Ty?r, )?. k, T%ytur I'lllmore, Pferco, Buc .man sndLnooK rh? oeremouy was exceedingly iHiprcesiie. At the couclusi tu of tho inauguration cereamiee the President was eecorud tit be (Senate chamber, thence to his carriage, and the military forming a s in ih? pro c ^loD of tbu) morn1'l' tocooi|>anied him with tbo Com mittce of Arrnng-menW to the White House. <?n TracbiL?! tbo K^witrre mansion tho troops formal in .1 double line en Marine avono", and the b irouche con tuiniiig the Presidential party passed through to t*M mansion. Mr Buc V< nan accompanied Sir. Munis V) th4 main liali, nuJ tb*: 10 look his larewtU leave of him, expressing tbe hope, m cordial terms, that hii tdmloli* trution m'ght pmvti a hnopv and prooporous one. The ox Pr? si dent then retired to tbo reeWienoe of Di# triut Attorney Ould, where ho will temporarily sojourn till his departure from tbo oily to morr >? evening. On the arrival of tho proo-jaaton at tbo White House, tbo MuhbaJa of tho day were successively introduced, and thou tho lino bein,; formed tbe peoplo rtntbed In to congratulate tin.' new l'i??ld<int. Tae ruaii wan exceed ingly great. Thus ended for tho da/ time tbo Inajg 'ration cftrsmo* ni<s. Though iho enthusiasm wis not by auy means uiua to that minifSsiel on former oocasions ot a similar nature, ever} thing passed oil" quiet ly. Tbo ample, t civil and military projjara tiois wore made by tbe municipal authority* and General f^sott, to j#ori<!o for any emergency that m'ght urlec. Tlio various bodies of United fluted troops now hoio were fetutionod in diderunt parts of tbe city, the suppers and miners alone being In the procession. 1 Jeutenant General floott, it is said, win mar the C'.iplujl with Captain Barry'8 comp<Dy or Light Ar .tllery, and M^jor IbickiuM comnuiid, acting a* infantry. I'M cUlccrs, it ? ro(Kirte<l, werecjntmuallj passing to and fro, and it \i said tho Gen r ii was be ird to exclaim, "Every thing i? goiug nti poiioeably, tbuk i^il <l.r.ighty lor It." liurltg tbe day the milrary pitiol wore on duty all over tbe city, ucd tbe, groatrnt vkgllaiice was on)o'.ne<t upon anil obsei ved by tbe regulars As a mle, tbo republican aadociations were pl?>ved In the ord?r of march Immediately after the rx-t'rendent'n. This organization IluI with them a ?>rt of triumphal car dray* n by four wh te boreea, earh with a white cloth cover on, with thj words ?M'nioo" In largo letters, where in tbo word ''CoUMtitot'on" ?u on thu side, rho car wa? decorated with lulu .a ure Huge, with white, red and blue drapery, and cjnuining thirty four little girls re presenting so many ?Ui?e, and two young ladine respec tively ripnFinttog th North an,I ijouth. flie wbote ulliiir won under the eharge of ten IVwo Awakes, in full iihtl'oiin?capo, cap and all. Tlie eeouc pre?entod from each front was very One. Tlio annuo in front of tbe porticJ was t'aronged With Itofle, tbo crowd .xtmdlnf toagroat eistano?j co either tide, and rcaching tar Into the Cipito! gr<mn1s. an 1 ev.-?y available spot wus hiack with huoian b< ;ng???>oy? and men clirg:r fr to tho rails, mounting on fences and alimb lng trees, until they bant beueiih their weight. Obo crazy individual climhnd a tr<e, and. getting out on on* of tho limbs, b-'gm to tMiver an Inaugural after his owa fawhion, and while in the height of h sgbry tho brinch bioke and tbo Hearing individual ciuio tuaibll.ig Ut tha jroi.nd amW. iho loain oi the t>)slanders. On tha outer edga a cojcourio of vjl..iit> er soldiery were balled, an l slco 1 a' r> -it during too doil'/ery of tb>> hiaiiguia]. As tbo -.un tb /no brightly on the gay dre'ise l of the iadi ? an?i iho ii irs iiid st lp:a, ,ind iho 'inirorms and ghtlerin? w?-?fiot s ot the hoMnh-v, th- f-?ne was erottdin^ly ontmabMaud plctares<{ue fSe?era'of those in d' fat gible (lersous?fdiot y rapL?u.???? o oil t^o ground to take an lBpr,?nl,>u of (he o no, oue irnnr ?>r tho putico b< ir,?' occiipu-d by tbo r'juinte caenjleais, Jko. j an I a t trial! apparatus was di. ectly in fi.uit, of tho i'reel I'ent, another ut i dift'n e of on i hundred ya^dn, %nd a tbifi liugf dimon.itoim on Ins n<lu, ra.?-;d a pl*t loim built e (ucUily lor tho purple Just btforo the app. tranc* ot the main a 'ors In tho iMiiKurath n ?< no up? tha plattcrm, several iudivl dba's who w<ro exprefn. * - <>'ssion seatinieats m a boisterous manner were t iV ti <>iV. A number of N ? York, l*hi ad?>lphia an i Balt.nMMro deUetifts wort .Iguruirf all day 1.1 the multitude before the Capitol. Nc v r was there a more solemn spectacle wit.uo?ss<l th in Hint enacted this af . ruo-m at '.ho Ci^itol. rin thirty thousauil people, who with breathless anxiety lis t< n?d to th? words of iho President oleot, wore evidently trout tier ply impr' -rerxl t. nb Iho m meuto is hi'/icter of the t ecus ion. Tb re vrt?s no nols.-, na confusion, no tboiighllrv." nor Indecent -itgns of applause or dv?ppro haiicn. All n '.tiied lo Iv moved w'h the profound otm vic'ii ii that their own fate and that of their country de p< inl d on tlio devo'.o leme'its of that, m 'in <> able hour. Ibe IlliiioiMaiM no.v here will >~ali ~n mwwoa Mr. Lin coln lit liulf-prut tbree to mono v af'ertioon. <me of Mr. I.tneom's roungor sons has 0"eo con line J to bed lor the last two days wnh t?ver I1j!>, tbe Prince ->f K:iIIh. hUjMm for t'ambridHo to mr>rr iw. He la of Wa-hlngton and glad to gtt bask to his college. ! opJ.VIONSOF .MR. LINCOLN'S rN AUGURAL. WAWiBWitov, March 4, 1M|. 11k re if gr' .A coctrarloty of opinion* respecting Mr. Ioec?iU? b inaugural. Tbo moat estrone Cithern dmd regard II ah meaning war, and av; rt tha'. It will be e? w gurdtd throughout the ^ouUi, wh.lo the more coc t-erva'lvo men of the border Staloe vie * it ** ?ymciliatory, provU!? il a cabinet la c nr'.ntcted of conservative and t'nicn lovingmen. A geatlsmaa a*k?<lMr. IJ.icKai.an, who list? u <1 attentively to ita delivery what be thought of t. lie tmid be was not prepared lo expreea an opinion until be had tsaaalaad it uiore tb?r?-ghly. Thl* much bo woai<l M) , however, it wm it w?U written doromcnt. Con* rvutlve democrat* nay ih it Mr. Uaeo'a's inauga ral, In connection with tbe proponod coast itutioaal amend ment legarding siat try U> State*, n ut P??ce, and that it ?ill bold tlio border siaro States with anything Ilka fo? hearance on tbe part of Lincoln toward tbe seceding State?. Colouel B'irnett, of Kentucky, My 1 tbe Inaugural moors war. ieuora1 H milton, of Texas, *ays he feels r<ut. Mr. Kellogg, of rilinoiH, hardly known wbat to think. Mr. SptuMmg, of Veer York, cptakii crjulrncMly. Senator Green, of Missouri, baa no opinion to espre<-* about it. A prominent Miaeoe rtan also eaye every I'n'ou m*.n murt Ilka ita senttraen e. New Yorkers .'ay tbe xlea of "N'o bloodshed and yet th i enforcement of tho law," is borrowed from bte fweJe ocssor. Washetotw*, Marc h 4, tH?1 Tbe ol] absorbing topic of conversation awl spauutailoa to night is, of course, tbo Inaugural. Repiblwao" of all fbadea espr?ra tbe utmost sjtwfsction witn it. Demo > rat?, while denouncing its treatmentch* ^"uthern question, yet give the author ere>llt f'ir beaeslf, Qrmaeea and patriot ic InwntlouH Awng border (tea.* men ther? a d 'liTiuce of opinio. ?>m<? cmteod thU it wilt strengthen tbe Colon sentiment In (Mr SUM, wb'.lo Others clsmoriioaly a^rt that It wUl drive them out in Iom tl an a month. Any one familiar with Mr. Hncoin's style will at <Mte4 (K?tic< lie that the form aixl suhsunce of tha inaugural it at h<s own conception from tx.glnn.ng to end. It la now nosltivly known, Wdend, that in iu? peoptcaUen ha WtH rot MMMl by nny on* llils In le?ieod?nce of thuogh'. ?nil sct'.oo armies well for tha future la th> eyes nthin friends. _____ VIH1T OF THK NKW YORK DELEGATION TO MR. LTNCOIJL Wjuuwverar, March 4, Mfl. In jmrsnaaoe of frmrloM appotn*ment, a daljgallsa of Sew Yorkers numbering nearly a thousand, headed toy Marshals Oavltt ami J. H. HobartWard, of Sew Yerk, proceeded In a body this evening from WllUrd'a Hotal to tbo White House, to p*y their napasts to Mto. lis ooln. Among tl?> number were Tfewlow Wssd, .Tames Kelly, and Besatorx I Wry, Tl?r?( MsOaw and Bell, of the New York LegMafcu* OB 1 caching tbe WhHe tho crowd tans* Ha tows sbont the stain entrance, and a comailtlas, oosslattng 0< genators Kerry and Bell snd Messrs. Katty and Ward, was sent In to notify the I'reeWeatoftWr prasewos. Vta OONTXNUB) ok an Tim