Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8945. MORNING EDITION?THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM WMJUNOTON. The Troubles of the New Administration. Probable Reconstruction of the Cabinet of Mr. Lincoln. Appointment of Mr. Crittenden to the Supreme Court. Initiation of M jor ludenon as Brigadier Genera), vice Twiggs, Removed. Important Speech of Mr. Douglas in the Senate. Kt Views Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural as a Pacific Document* Tine Army of Office Seekers at Washington. fhe Commissioners from the South ern Confederacy. Xjist of Acts Famed by the Last Congrem, fee., fee., lie. NOMINATION OP MR. CRITTENDEN TO THE BUPREME COURT. W-iaHixcTojf, March 0, 1861. Mere was a well authenticated report this afternoon that John J. Crittenden's nomination for tho Supreme toach would come before the Senate to-morrow morning. 1 have traced it to reliable sources, oat think it never tbalwe premature. It la alau said that the matter waa Wore a Senatorial caucus this evening, and that Senator Trumbull aud other radicals strongly disfavor the ooml HtM. THE NEW CABINET. WAsniMJTOH, March 6, 1861. The commissions of the now Cabinet officers have been algned. Mr. Seward was the first to eater upon the da Mm of hie office at the State Department. Mr. Skw-ud already looks boruc down by the weight ?f his responsibilities. Bo his a sad and thoughtful countenance, which Is significant of serious impending trouble. He would urge masterly .^activity; bat the Southern government, with its low tariff, is drawing di rect trade to Southern ports and a promising revenue, while our Treasury wants the money. Seward, thore fore, willbu compelled to act speedily for peace or war. Tke Southern Commissioners will fo-ce this issue, to brliig the border slave Slaws to action, and a general convention on their part will soon be forceci upon them. Mr. Chase did not signify his accoptanoo el thi Trea sury to the President before ten o'oioclc this morning. At eleven o'clock last night be was still undecided, and to d his friends that he deiirod to consider the subject a tew hoars longer. His rooms were crowded this morning with congratulating radicals, who had been g'Oatly ext-r eis<-d all night lest lie should decline. It was expcctod that Secretory Dix weuld vacate his office to-day, but at tfi<> request of his successor, Governor Cbnse, he h?Ms over 111 to-morrow. When Mr. D\t en tered upon hlsdot'er the Ireanry was literally bankrupt. Thero were requ.aition4 on the table froji the depart ments which there wure no wears of paying, oxceodinp $1 fcOO 600 fishing bounties unpaid, amounting to no*rly $4&o 000, and Treasury notes overdue, amounting to about $."60 tOO?in all $J,700,000. Tbo*e have all been paid. Yesterday the accounts were stated in expectation of Mr. Chase's entrance on his duties, and they show bal ances In the bands of the Treasurer anl disbursing officers, appltoob'e to the current etpens' a of the government, ex ceeding $6 000 000. These, with the current receipts from the custom?, omenntmg to about $80 000 a day in coin, H ts believed, will enable the Incoming administration to sustain itself without calling for further loans for a con stderable length of time. * Cameron, it is reported, would rather withdraw the troops from Sumter and Pickens than plunge into a war to reinforce them. But Chase, Blair, Welles, Smith, and even Bates, are for stroog measure*. Before the end of the week the question will probably have to be decided, upon a requisition from the Southern confederacy. Ihe new Secretory of 8tato to-day Ir.forw <1 th? foreign ministers that he was roady to receive them, and it in understood they will be formally presented tu him to morrow. The f nt'.ro diplomatic corps are hero. There haB been no formal meeting of the Cabinet yot. The various mintnterlal advisers called apon the I "resi dent, but busino:? was not ? nterod u|<on. A nweting for basinets w'Jl be held to morrow. W*nnww?, March 6, 1861. The new Cabinet oflioera calkvl at their several depart ments to day. Mr. Seward entered folly upon his duties, and his son was to day nominate I and confirmed by the Senate as his firnt asslataat. This was the only confirma tion made to-day, inasmuch as the commltteea, to which all nominations are urtally referred, were not oon strncted. Tho prompt Domination of Mr. Seward's son, without llfimat, wns intended *s a compliment to Mr. Seward, who was so recently a member of the Senate. Mr. Chase has sent his resignation as Senator to the (sgislaturo of Ohio, scd will enter upon his duties to morrow. In the meantime General Dix will act, by re quest of Mr. Chare. Mr. Cameron visited the War Department to-day, and was cordially received by Mr. Holt. The latter will oon tinue to act as Secretary of War for a day or two, until Mr. Cameron goes to l'onnaylvania and roturna with his family. Be left this afternoon. Mr. Welles visited the Navy Department to day, and wsh received by bis old partisan friend from Connecti cut, Mr. Toucey, very kindly. Mr. Welles takes formal possession to-morrow. Mr. Smith assumed control of the Interior to-day. Mr. Blair, of tho Poet Office Department, and Mr. Bates, aa Attorney General, entered upon the performance of their duties to-day. ______ Wakhwotow, March 6,1961. It ia duo to Mr. Chase to state that he yielded hia pre feronces for the Senate only to the most urgent and per sistent ap;>'iale of radical loaders, who believed that h? was wanted to prevent the control of the Cabinet by 8ewar <, Cameron and Woed, and that the consolidation of the party and the success Of the next administration depend on It. Tho fear of a partial distribution of the spoils doubtle -sly also stimulated their efforts in bringing ahmjt his acceptance. I can state poaltlvely that his re luctance to accept waa likowlae due to a groat extent to U>o distinctly expressed wish of Mr. IJncoln to pass ilti matoly upon the loading appointment, In the Now York sad Philadelphia I'oat Offices ana Custom Houses. Op dyko A Oo. did not like thia condition to the offer of the Trtasury to their man; but finally yielded the point, aa Mr. I incoln was inflexible. The new Postmaster General has given It out to day that be will require all applications for office in tus de partment to bo endorsed by tho members Of Congress from the respective districts, and that tbey will he held responsible ft r the appointments. THE FEELING IN NEW ORLEANS. Nsw Ori.sjwi, March 8, 1861. Tbs opinion or leading men hero is that Chase and Blair are the roost objectionable men In Mr. Lincoln's ffchinet. Great confidence is expressed that Mr. Seward, from his avowed opposition to coercion, mill Inaugurate ? peace psltcy, drey hia Impressible course* principles, and inurortalixe aimoLf. Catr. if on la rldloilel ai vho Mr* f?rt;Bg"-?o of 'be War !;r>rjar.'_>?nt. In ti? Convention, vbe reaotatjoia lutro"-jceJ otu?ctln? to lie taritf further than to ?i?curo nvjeuo, w alto ihat securing tho public J.iauun to lh>; Slate, are no; mloiideJ to throw obstacles 'a iho way of ?.ho format nn of a Southern oocfoderacy. THE POSITION OP SENATOR DOUGLAS. Washjwi.to!*, March 8,1S61. T!w defence of Jr. Lincoln's Kiaugnra) todiy by Sena te r Douglas in the Senate, aod tho declvaljoo of John Bell to Jay that he "houli! accept Mr. I.inooln'8 !naugr.rrj a* apeac?o:Verint, uutil by Homo act it vu pro to J that hi* meant otherw'^s, ar> received as good omens. Mr. Pouglas' spt-xh to-Jay Is regard*J as car.-ying him nyt-r to I-inoolu's aomin^tration. II- was I^noD.'n'a right hand mvi ot the lnnu?ura:iou, and Mr*. luncolu i com panion at the hail, end Is regard'*] la high favor at boa.1 qiutrtcrB. ck'ino sa,7 iMHiglas may yet be advanced to the Ctoiaat; fcr it 13 ?l p-icUvd that thia yuo will toon full to ptO fS. Douglaa m.'o riay popnlir sovereignty had hocn established Is the three now Territories orgaaU>>d by the late Congrifs, and that llnooln'a inaugural opens the door to full adjustment. Bell n>f n, Douglas men and moderate republh-aas are evidently coming Ugether to defeat Gro*<k>y'a pro gramme. THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS-PROS PECT OP HOSTILITIES. Washington, March 6,1861. Two of the Comer. Ip&tonera from the Oonfederate States have arrivbd bero?Messrs. Crawford and Forsyth Mr. P.omas Is hourly espectcd. The two that are bero will take no actkn until the third arrives. Their mission will soon be terminated, for It la well undsratood that they will not be rccognized by President Lincoln la any other light than aa citizens of the Umiod BtAtos. Be will flatly refuse to enter into negotiation respecting the government property, and refer them to tho language of bis Inaugural upon that subject. "What will President Davis do in that event?" asked a republican of a Southern Senator to-day. " Issue a proclamation to tho Confederate States, and Immediately proceed to capture all tho public property within the limits of those States." It was given out here by some of tho knowing ones that Sumter and Pickens are to be Immediately rein forced. This la a mlstako. The now administration are not now going to act hastily. And what is more, Major Annerson has requested, within the last four days, that no reinforcements bo sent to Fort Sumter. He will pro bably explain to Mm new focretary of War In a low days his reasons for this. Tho new Secretary, General Cam eron, Is an able, discreet and cautions man, and will act with great deliberation and prudence. The reinforcement of Fort Snmter will be brought bo fore the next Cabinet moeting. Tho President desires it, and it will certainly be determined upon. Washington, March 6,1861 J| Messrs. Crawford, Forsyth and Roman, the Commis sioners from tho Southern ronfederacy, are in Washing ton, and, it is said, will make known the otyect of their mission to tho President on Tuesday. PERPLEXITIES OP TIIE NEW ADMINISTRA TION. Wahihni.ton, March 6,1M1. VTtthin tbe nest forty-eight hours Mr. Lincoln, by positive action, will bo culled to interpret bis tnaogunU. Martin Crawford, of Georgia, and John Forsyth, of Ala bama, special commissioners from 1'resident Davis and the Montgomery government, are waiting tbo first chance >o lay their business before tho Secretary of State of tbo United States. They will d<mand tho withdrawal of T'nitcd States troope and authority in every shape from the Confederate Plates, and they will require a specific rnswer. They expect a ilat refusal. They think it pos sible that they may be arrested as traivors; but thoy in uind to make the issue. The Southern confederacy is fixed. If rocngntetd here, there wiU be peace, if repudiated, there will bo war?and war, perhaps, within ten days. Southern men sav we ?hall have, at all events, a practical interpretation of the inaugural within forty-eight hours, and we expert war. The prevailing apprehension here Is war, and oar swarms of ottice seekers arc accordingly struggling for tbe fpo'.ls to day as if dmbtful of any chance to-morrow Ibe tp<c<a ie is Fhocking to behold. Serator Bayard will Introduce a resolution Into the innate to morrow to, the efl >ct tliut the federal troopn oujrht to be withdrawn from tbe f^rts In the South, and that tho Southern confederacy ot: ;/ht to be roccgnixcd, in order to preserve peace and avert civil war. APPOINTMENTS DNPkR THE NEW AD MINISTRATION. W.?-hc?;t<)*, March 6,1881. Tbe country will be glad to learn that President I in colo has nominate t Hon. John J. Crlttendon,of Kentucky, to the seat on tho Supreme bench made vanuat by tbe late Judge Daniels. The I'resident is about taking a'?top that is 1 koly to add immonavly to his popularity. lie will to morrow send to tho Senate the nomination ?>f Major Anderson for the Brigadier General ship lately hold by Twiggs. His Intention to distinguish the gallant Major in so signal a manner be am known this afternoon, and produced a thrill of de light in all hl? friends that will doubtless bo responded to througbont tho Union. The promotion was formally Muggaatcd to him yestciday, but it is now known that he contemplated tt ever since tbe dismissal of Twiggy. Sew ard strongly favored it, and Cameron says that it mast bo made. Oolonol Snmner wrs anxious to succeed Twiggs bat h-wl to glvo way under the popular pressure for Anderwra. The Senate to day unanimously oontirmed the appoint ment of Fred. W. Seward as A^lstact ?'<-crotary of State, to his father. The lYesident has banlshod poor Jud'l, of Illinois, to Prunsir1, as Minister to Ber<in,ard doomed Hormar fvreis rr.an, of Illinois, a German by birth, an abler man than Judd, and late clerk under Forney, to keep his company is decretory of legation. Those nominations, with that >t Joto A. Ktwin, of Itcsmolnes, Iowa, for Plrst Aseirt ant Postmaster Genera!, wre sent to the gnu to day; bntas th ^mmittoeo wero not framed to which thoy must be referred for investigation, they will be laid over They will not be acted upon until day after to-morrow, un less the Senate elect committees to morrow, In which caso they will all be oot Armed. Judd's success is wrongly considered a great trlnmrh of the Illinois radicals. His nomination wan cot deter mined upon until after a .ong consultation last night be tween tho President and Judge Davis, ths loador of tho morn moderate republicans. Schurt I: making vigorous strikes for tha Tr.rln mission. His high talents and thorough ac quirements certainly qualify him as well act any other man for that post. But the oppo sition to him teuru certain quarters will nevertt - less be great. Native prejudices will operate against him, and tbo fart that he is a refugee is also urged to his dis advantage. Tbe Irrepressible pro and antl Kellogg ocnfilct lately raging between the two Chicago organs, tbo Journal and TrSbunr, I* transferred to Washington. Three odltors of the Tnbuwv ore now here battling against the chief cf the Jeurnal. The prase of the struggle Is tbo Chtoa#o PnotOmoe. Jobr. n. Kssson, of Iowa, has bo?n nomln&tod by tiie President as Flirt Assistant Postmaster General. It Is humiliating to see members of Coogroes, \hom terms of office have Just expired, puttlag themselves for ward for poeltfocs under the new administration. 7T?rro Is pcaroely p. member but Is an applicant. Pierce first Initiated Ihls miserablo policy; Buchanan followed tt to a certain extent, but tt Is hoped that l.lncoln will avoid the fatal blunders of tho last two administrations. It l? now understood that the Poet Office in New York will go to the radicals, sad the Custom Bouse to tbe oon servativos. In Philadelphia It win be vict r*na. Judge Kelly, of Philadelphia, was remarkably arduous in bis efforts for Ctuun. It now looks as though the executive guillotine was to begin wnrk at onoe, and not to stop until tbe liomooratio heads are all taken off. Tbe more Important appoint ments will be rapidly made at all the courts. H>e effloe seekers arc exalted over tbe prospect of a speedy admission to the federal pickings. Tbe New Yorkers sepeciaPy are already complacently licking their chops. During the eat iro fore and afternoon hungry "row* ?n? hooglay ait the loportmeDts, is ?b-> vam hop* of b?uig ols :o U? ll?vr *iinta "cm the imw Cal/itt rnakM TUB N)TW YORK APPOINTMENTS. V4wj;m,tun, March 7,18*11, A ami Meit.ng ranram m n progress for tbe Now York appointments. It is understood Umj will not be considered for seme dajs yet lliram B?r?ey is coo ceded to have tbo inside track for tho sollnciorshlp. Thj? has bees secured by the triumph of Cbme in Ob tain is g the Vttuurj Department. His claims are warmly j disputed by Joe Jtoxle. for Naval Officer there in a boat of candidates. General | Webb hoa*Lj tbo list. His main reliance for support ia open himself. Treasurer Dornboiner w warmly prewed, j and ban very strrmg credentials. Henry Hennet. for- ' meriy member of (imgress from Chenango, irf iUboasirang ; candidate. General Spinner Is also mentioned. For Surveyor, Abr.un Wake man ban tbe boat show. He is bucked by a host of warm friends, who are deter mined not to be disappointed. General Nye is said also M> be pressing for this place; but his Poiieo Gommlsaton ership record is against b!m. Camp, of Westchester, ia also pressed by Greeley, as a rowar J for his devotion to the phik sopher at Albany. Of tbipe three important offices, If i lam ay gets tbe ?llectership, the other two will probably bo given to Seward wh'g*. Tbo I'ost Office is held in reservo, and may be given to Boxia Tbo District Attorneyship is in doubt. Kvarts ia here to press Deloflekl Smith, and will throw all bid influence for him. Ch&unoey Shaffer is makiig strong headway against Smith, whilst Andrews tbirks be is beyond the roach of both. Wnik-t these parties are pressing with great clamor, Van Vorst? formerly Judge Harris' law partner, but now out of New York?if quietly but effectually pressing bis claims. & C. Nott is also asking for this placo ns a reward for hia not .to on Mr. Lincoln's Sow York speccb. F?r Marshal, all ia in a muw. This is a rich placer? good pay, little work and slight responsibility. This to the'place for Gen. Nye, and don't bo surprised if bo gets It. Seward has informed hla friendB that ho will not inter fere in any manner in tbo distribution of the ?poifc{ln his State. This announcement hoe causwl groat conster nation and dismay in certain quarters. OPINIONS OP THE INAUGURAL. Wawiwgtov, March 0,1801. Senator Douglas' speech to-day in the Senate upon Mr. Lincoln's inaugural, construing it as a pence document, is much commented on this evening. Wigfhll will reply to it to-morrow, and it is his intention to get an avowal from the republicans as to its true meaning. The debut* will be an exciting one, and highly interesting, for he is determined to know whether it means poaoo or war. Tbe news from the South on the reception of the l*rcwi dent's inaugural is more favorable than was anticipated. Many Union oi*n in Virginia ore placed in the attitude of condemning tbo message, in ordor that they may bo able to retain the control of the secession movement in that ritnlo. ARKANSAS. Foht Smith, Ark., Mnrch 0,1801. This city, heretofore strongly Union, has, since the' re ception of Mr. Lincoln s inangural, quite reversed its po lltical sentiments. Citizens consider it a declaration of war, and prominent men hitherto Union haveadvteod members of the Convention to go for tbe s-wesnion ordi nance forthwith. y DETROIT. Drtwrr, March 0, 1801. At Isnsing, on the receipt of tbo inaugural of President Lincoln jtsterday, tho Legislature took a recess to hoar it read, and 100 guns were flrcd in honor of the senti ments enunciated. ?ISITS TO DISTINGUISHED PERSONS. Wakmisc.tok, March 0, 1S61. Tbe Vermont delegation called to-day on (ieneral Soott, ami Mewf. Seward, Dix and Hales General Scott ravie a speech, in which he thanked Vermont for her Pr<*idm tial vote in 1662. Tbe Callfornian*, ;no hundred and forty-four strong, called upon the Vrrsloent this afternoon. Motif. Eugeno Sullivan. Leland, tit/infoid an>l Or. Ratio, r on) art toe on their behalf. hitrodi.oed tl?cm to tbe I'reeident. Vr >m tbo WMte floiwe tony prowled to tbo residence of Senator . of California, who invited tlmn Into bis tpt?C:Ont parkT?, snd after a toast, ii California ?inc to himself tnd wife, ho made a stirrteg Uttkin : peech, closing by tho exprerwion of tho hope tint all his vlutein would get offices. This was received with a hearty concurrence. They then called on Senator Baker, Yke Preside-it Batnlin and Senator Johnson. Their visit to Genoral Scott is doferred tilt to-morrow. Tbe delegations from Inciana and Maine severally paid their respects to the lYesident this morning. In rospon.?o to their greeting be made brief but ovidcidly satiatanto ry addresses. Tho Kans'tf aid Indiana delegations will ctU an Mr. I in eoln this morning. Numerous othw State delegations wcro cngagM in visiting to-day. General Scott was railed npon to mike two speeches in the co>-rie of an hour and a half. REPUBLICAN SENATORIAL CAUCUS. WAHHnroTon, March 0,1801 The republican Senfttorr caucussed this morning, an ? abl> to adjournment Senator Fesnendcn, chairman o the committee .iprpciaux) y ester day to cwutruct the standing commltut'8, reported them on the p al of th republicans. The chairmen of tfco Important commit tees are ar follows ?Snmncr, Foreign Affairs, Fessendon, Finance; (V.Umcr, Pent Otflce; King, Military Aiiairs Hale, Navy. Trumbull, Judiciary, Doolittle, Territories; Chaailsr, Oommerco; ismmons Patents- CL-.rk, Claims Wilkinson, Indian Affairs; Anthony, Printing. Mr. I'umnor and Mr. Seward wero the oaly republican members of tho Finance Committee of the last OomToas. The latter going Into tho Cabinet, leaves Mr. ftamner tho only member cf the Senate entitled to It under the rules of court**y usually practised. He is probably one of the most ac complished hngu.sU In tho United Slaton, and his pre sent relations with the fcro-gn minsters are of the high oft social order. Mr. Foescnrton, who !s cons. Jered the ablest d ebater In the Senate, by accepting U? chairmanship of linance, becomes the recognised lead' r of the Hotute, tho ploco Just occupied by Mr. Hunter, of Virginia. Mr. King steps into Jefferson Bar la' shoes, and Halo takes Mailt ry's place. The committor will bo tilled on the part of the demo crats, and probably subletted to tbc Sonato for election to morrow. MISCELLANEOUS WASHINGTON ITEMS. Wa^rtotow, March ?, 1861. ?n or Iteforo the 4th of March Lieutenant General Scott and others reoelved a telegraphic despatch, eau tier, ng them to bo on the look out for gunpowder plotr at the Cfcpitol. In eomoquence searchci wore diligently made by ttto police at that buildlsg, to satisfy those who had ordered such an examination that there wits no dan ger from clandestine combustibles. Tho Presidential relatives Intend V> make an excursion to Mour.t Vornon to-moriow morning. A number of Udies ao4 gentlemen havo been invited to accompany them. Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln will receive the first forma' call of the diplomatic corps! at olnven /. M. lohn R. Flo; 4 has returned to this city from Vlrginli, for the purposo of appoarlng before the Criminal Court t<> answer tho Indictment found against htm In the mat ter of Uie stolon bonds. Ills friends espress the greatest confidence not only !u his ability to establish his in nocence, but in his power to divert all the blame for the bond robbery from himself to ex-Secretary TVompeoe. Mr. Ho't, ex Secretary of War, in a far "Well speech to day, made a magnificent appeal to Paiionee, Peace aitd Compromise. He exhorted all to stand by the I nion, and in patience seek redrew from grievances within tb it Union. Atk neon, the third auditor, who offended somo of the radical republicans, during the Drecklnridge campaign, in uttering diran'on sentiments, Is trying to be retained, and has enlisted several outsido parties to aid htm. Mrs. Mnooin continues to have a lar?o number of call ers, both ladles and gentlomen. She had an elegant re ception betwoen four and six this afternoon, "to morrow she will not receive, in consequence of having aooeptnd an Invitation from some of her intimate Illinois flrlends to visit Mount Vernon. On s^Uay over tag, from tight to ten o'clock, Mr. and Mrs. Un-wln wJI fivi Uvir drst pabhc l?-?ea, which pro wk<M to he a bt ilhant affair. On Saturday Afternoon M/h. l^noxta will r?welv? v. .is from two to feur o'clock. Krank 1'. Blitr, of Mwjri, John Covodo and Mr. Van Wy?k, all lumber* of (.toegrov, u<xom|Mnto?l by ?? luan Mars ton. M. 0., ot' New Hampshire, loft hero thw after noo* for a stumping tiror in that State. Jeftri-wu Davw baa ordered Ocuoral PeUir G T ?'?eau regera, recently major In the United Ktave U?imt Corpfl, to proce.-d to rbiuWsum at onoo it nil take com mand oi the fore*.-! now ruu-od and to be raifitvl for iho investment of fort Sumter. 71le police autborlth-1 h?re gay thai tbo reo?u' imugtt ration was far morn orderly than the four preceding. Ttore wore much li s* druuk?uocHS ami rowdy lain. A. M Mapp, of the Buffalo Brprttt aeoi mpankxi by Mr. f^puulding, called on Mr Blair thi* morning -J?d Uiid his claims to tbo Poet Olflre in HaAaJo before turn, He was told that ho could rest easy, ac ho would havs the place. Clapp Is h?ppv, and will start horot< tomorrow. The republican Senators eontomplUo boUiag a cauefc to agree on new officers for that body A number of m< mtwrri of tho late Oincresn ?>ft. lhia city todty, among th?m ox-Stnatoi B'glnr, for Phila delphia. CWITED STATES SKSATK. EXTRA MK8FTON. W aabdmtor, March 6,1861. On motion of Mr. A vinos t, (rep) of K. I., two thou sand copies of the Tariff bill w*ro ordered to bo printed for (he Ufa of tho .'Senate. Mr. Wiir-os, (rop ) of Miint., nvn-od that whon tho Senate adjourn W bo until Monday. Mr. 'Dram, (opp.) of Va., hopxl tho motion would not bo carried, as ho and others wero onxswM to get homo, and, If poesiblo, to start on Monday next. Mr. Polk, (opp ) of Mo., acquiesced in that view. Mr. CiwrjMAN, (opp-) of !f. fl., said that they could i<o on regularly, hot that If business coulil uot r->?ularly presented he preferred to adjourn until Monday. Mr. WnaoN said ho made his motion at tho solicitation of several Senators. Ho had no idoa when he should bo able to get through business. Mr. Puos, (rep.) of Conn., off?red a resolution that tbo uanal number of <x?ples oi" tbo Pros'dent's Inaugural bo printed. KPKK<31 ?K MR. CIraOVAM. Mr. CiJNt.xuN said, In voting for tho resolution, ho did not wish to be un^Vrstood as endorsing tho position of tbo inaugural, ii" understood it correctly, for all to It woe dark. The purpose which seemed to stand out oJr?rly and directly, if carried out, would load to a war against the Confederate State*. Tho policy Indicated was therefore unwise, aud should bo avoided. Tho Pre sident expressly declare* that he Intends to treat the State# as if they wero all in the Union, and regards tho actc of accession as uoro nullities Certain Staton claim to be Independent, and if tho i'resideet acts as ho enun i uit-'H. there can be no result except coil if km between them nnd the fodoral gorornmrut. It is plain and uu mlstakrable that ho intends to hold, oocnpv and possess ttto forts, arsenal*. &c., in those seceded Stitos, when wo know thin can be done only by .!^possessing tho State authorities. Tho collection of tho revo one therein mu?t airo lead to a collision of arms. After wo de.-l.ired our independent of C'r. ai Nr lain no body supposed the colonfs would pay taxe <. In fact, they refusal to pay before their IKrlaralion of Inde pendence. Fa repeated, if tho President's policy b? carried out, there mu^t toevltably b? war proem ok nit. doccub. Mr. florouts, (opp.) of 111., could not cdocant tli*t tho Socator'n remains thculd go ont unar.nwered. Ho had rer.d the Inaugural carefully, with a view of UU''.ireland ing what the policy of the admlntatration L tflbo.ua therein vindicated. It la chnracterircd by gr'at ability

aiid with great directness on certain po.ntj. A criticul analysis is necessary to arrive at tho true construction, lie had partially matfo an analysis. and hod como to the coiK.luflton that it waa a jx-ar.! rather thAn a war men rage. IIo had examined it ctndidly and crlti.;dly, and thought there was no foundation for n different opinion. On the contiory, there is a dictlnct |?led<*? that the policy of tbe administration stall be conducted inclu sively with reference to a peaceful ssif.toa of our national difficulty. It in true, tbe President indicated a certain lin? of policy, so to b; co: I ctad a , to lead to a peaceful solution, b-1 ft wa not as espHsH as he (Douglas) -!? *lr- d. JI then qurfod from tin) ina-ignroi io pori ?f bin poei thai, *-a>irpf, aid.-;*! tlio n> un? be fiirnk<ii 1. U Piesidea' ?Innt *t>ct!te the ik?v, He tboogt* tii i ?resKeut is bfc remarVson thia subject ??? referring to the future ac tion of Conrress ;?tvmg him power to enforce otx;dic :H-e to thrm Tbe ."resident inr-it have beer. awa*o that in 1MS a Ihw tmsas d to enable hertimat lurk. >>n to enfore? t>io revenue I-we In tho port of Cbartestoo. fbo act ex pired In two years. W;js it to he supposed that Mr. Un <-"1ti thought lie bad mere i?ower without than (."en. Jack son had*with"tbe aid ff 1-gielnttari t repeated, when the lTeeii'eEt plf!pen himself to colln t tho raventw and enforce tb? Saw unless Congress wit.bholdi< th-j requie.te means, is he not to be understood that Ma net ia depen dent ou tho future cotusc ef (JorgceM!/ He thought that was the proper construction or the irumgcral, for the I'rcHkirnt sajs:?"Hosiiaii fv-rform hlsduty .so far an prac ticable, uni"i<? bis rightfi? masters, ihe \oi-" . an people, .?bail withhold the ro<[U!?ite mean* or in some authorita tive msnn?r direot the cuntrary. " Tho fTnldont fur ther ?ays?"Tb^ p( wer conlid.>l to mo will be used to hold, occupy and ponses the pro'vrty, and places belonging to the government, and to ooU? ct the duties ana imposts, but be;ond what in ij b< necessary for these obj*cta thorp will be no iiu iskir, no using or force against or nrnoog tbe peoplo anywhere." Tho President dore not say he will tal'e possession of tho forts, bnt that be will ho'.u, occupy and pomes* tbem. This war ?qn!vocai language bo*, lie did net oundemn tho President for it. Beyond what may be n<v:e*wory for there objects, there will be no invasion, rv> urin? of force among the people any whero. If it is tbe tluty of tbe President to enfor o the revenue laws, it Is his duty to enforce the oth.-r laws, 't cannot be Justified that the rcvenoe laws shall be enforced, and ill other Uws which atford protection as a oompenHatioff Tor taxes shall not be enforced. He thought there w< re two points In which they could find a solution of fhe*e doubts. The lYenident iajS'?" Wber hostility to thj I'nitodSUtes in anv ir.u> rlor locality shall be so great and so universal us to prevent competent risidert dti/ena rrotn hol'iinr the federaJ ?0oes, (tier*' w.ll bo no r.tt<mpt to force obnottous strnnceir amrmg the people for that object." The Proeidont dnwi a distinc tion betwocn the exterior and tho interior. 11 he haa power m ?? ' c j>? he ha.- power in tbe other. If It is his duty in one cage to enforce the iaws it Ihis iuty jx the othT. Thercv. as no provision of law whicli authorise? a (imtla jtion in this respect between place? In the inte rior RT-.d on tbiu-rabourd. Thit' brough' bim to the con ?traction of another cl.vse?tho most iuiwrtant of all aDdtbok"yto tho on tire policy, n it bo waa rejoiced when he read it He invito ! r.tiention to Itaa showing coucl.isi>ely thr.t tin ltesident l- piedgixi to a policy which look* to a peaceful aohition f our dithculti'* and spainst all others. Ho says tbe course here indicated will be 'o.lowrd, unless the eurront or .rvents acd expe rience shall sbow iiiodiflcation or change to be proper; ond in ovry caue oxlgoncy my besi discretion! willjp>o exercised, accord tog to the circurasian; es usually existing, and with a viow aud a hope of a peaooful solution of tho national troubles an i thn rontoraUon of fraternal sympa thies and A'fections. In other words, ibo I resid' Di says If tho coll" Monof therei-eoje will lead toap?ja?ofuleo!uflr.n, tben It will bo collected. If the abandonment of that col lection has that efloct, th> n it will be atMndoned. Ho of tho i'arte a: d arsenals in tho Beceding States. Ho will re capture them or nnt recapture them, and will reinforce or not relnforc - Porta Pumtor ail Pk-kcns?pled .fed in either ^a?o tc a pen dui policy, aud ac ting with this view. If thiR is not the true oonxtmctlon, why wan there! not icsertod a piedge to u>e coercl ,n, retake the" forts, recaptvre the arsenals, collect the revenue and enforce tho laws, unlert there was attached to each ono a ottiditlon on whi>-h tho pledge was to be carried out? but the pledge la only to do it in order to a peaceful solution, ind Cor no otber cause. Re submitted ^rhother or not tho fri->nds of peace havo not much to retoico at. The inaugural wa;; much more conservative ?har. ba i.ad antli lpav d. It wm more pa c.Bc and conciliatory than bo hart predicted. He repeat ed, after a careful examination aaci anaiysia, ho was clearly of tho opinion that th aim.n.stration stands Me<1 to a p-'wei il solution, rnd wdl do no act that will to war and make do change of policy unless noceasnry to preservo peace. Ho thought .iio (residetit had statgd th' cause of the troubles e'early and in linated a remedy. The I'resldt nt, in a manner peculiar to bimaelf. prooaed." to show what ild not prud'ire the trimblos. Mr Ixniglaa hero quoted from the 'n.iur iral. adding tfen^MMfdlag t> th s.it was the attempt to prohibit slaxoryor protoct slavery in the Territories in tho absence of an express co;i.ititutional provision for e'tLer mirpoee. If tho Itcci >1 ont baa truly statod tho cu jik', what is the reined}? It in to adopt a constitutional provinlon ou the subject Tie President speaks of s.ich amendment* as to define the power of Omgresa ov?r tho subiect lie gives so to under stand tliere never can b? peace tiotii the que- tion ia aet tied. and that it cannot b? settled e ^oept by amendnnut to tbe constitution. The ."resident lands pledged u> lot the peopio decide on the mo<le of amendment. He will not Interfere; he wi'l not oppose it. If the people say that Ooogrshall protcct slavery everywhere, the lYesident m pledgod not to oppoeeit.. and so, If tbe pooplo say nlavory shall not be protected everywhere. If the/ shall inc rporato the Crlttendua propeaiMon, ho will not oppose it. Ho is in favor of such amendments as will nettle the Tioetton for ever by ex press provisions of tbo coostitutlrw, leaving to the peoplo to dedde what amondtr nts HhaU l>e (made, and will ac cept them choerfuliy. Taking this to be the meaning of the proposition, he (Douglas) found in It much cause for encouragement. In the first place, It waa poaceftil not aggressive. The lYeaidettt win do no act of aggression; but all his conduct will be with a view of peaceful solu tion. la the sooend place, as the difficulty In owing to the absence of an express provision on the slavory quea ttoa kg Um Territories, fee wlU adrocato tat the tvoplo ^bai g>- luctruiTi?M by express pro?h?h'o Wbttover a?pirlB7? Mr iws marie froga hmptrlf pkuforu vbuald bp taken w an act of patrtoiu-m, aa-J oo; as ?n act of Uiiioulity. If be undaraiood huj. Mr. Lincoln had 8J3k the par tisan !n tho patriot, ?Ld ww ?utiUeJ i v tiiiH U> the thankd of alt acuMrvatlvo J?**3 '" "ijwt u to !>?? Uii'cM*1 thai he Hjiapn ? ? tw w KiiNtuistnrma, or in a.iv ooctlngenov J?* *? ??i 'ba i'rie; k-ol would bo asw)?at<*l. Ho o* :,i L .kuw^*" ^ ^'nuujWtrttt^'n i a those groat prtnol "?Paratro the pertha in former tltuo.i; but na 11,0 P^'valton of thn ['m m bv s^*?\ h M*UaOM?nt of the subtoct of a ?Jh1 >Ut "" ???Mt?utl?i, if tw liU'lor IteMtoidfc!!?!?" J'M< h? was with him. ulrirt nf i>? " p ,a p," per ""??"????i?o ip?n item ?f,* ,? . loaugnral. He belied the Pr-,1 ent w " 10 v'' "P 1,1 't Ihi woiriii not surrendnr ihls piMdD until th"r? should be rossoon to ehanre ;t Tho h\ bkMvi*1 T' b0 ,',,0H?rv?d by w*r 1 cannot bo in 1 iititinod n '\ 7^ w'*"? be '*** by peaceable mean - "id fu PI?'diitxiiltata ?'?L be prevented only by const totiinal i hBirDi'BNUla to ??'Pttle the ulavery h*thJ?pZ: Th> two remedies arechvu-ly marked out by tin- PrfhhJ. oe m inaugural. Ho would vk thu J? 1""5 ?L'10 lhe |ID* ot P^icy ben. m.11 ll m tekin<t any political advantage tin w,lT?'na lhe *??none of htgh patriotism, 'wbdo b< dj.nDt.-rt fiom the ?'resident, ai,d woald maintain his own opposition on all ether questions. ,n r,,P>V,ld' ? the main points of the k l?WM "" 0b8cur,ly at alt, for the P,esidout ?L'iJ&?nn????*? In view of theoonstltu tlon and I bo Uwh, tbo Virion is unbroken, and u> tho ox e^'i^,ii,y ?ah<ai taku?? ??ur?sr,a ,^'^f up,D Bu- lhlt ??>e lawn of Uhj Union ?tall bo faithfully uiecnWd in all the Statce " Cu. anv ?blJ? be moreeijilicil Own thaty How dot* the rVfwi dent eicruto the laws in VirKinl? aud I'enMy v^nUJ* W 1 2> .r?ltB an'1 arsenals, and collect the all tL 18 'hat h0 h0 wU1 do in nava if [hi! rwwii But th? Senator from Illinois fiaya if iho people will not givo h:ra tbo now?r then lio cannot do it. How ptanda the caae? The l'ri"ti ,1? 000 mon- 111 ">? o?n'?? or a f-'-w we<ki^.ono half of them could bo concentrate. Would y ort?Vl l?i lUf? ?rmy ^ nuvv to r< Uk? hort Moultrie? 1 be lauguagaImplke thin. Ib" President rt jrardB the taking or the forta and arsenals as lnsu-reo tlinary and revolutionary, and to make th-' matter th? S^'ined ?toCb d?i a>H ?" p<>w*'r con?We?l to mo will bold, oc< upy and possenn tbe proporly ami In i^.^ ,rf, r,J.t0 *ovornment and tooolk? t tbe dutioa and imposts It ia true, ho saya, ?' beyond what mav be f, f"r lhe,,!, "''J0018'there "HI bo no invasion^ n<> But wh?t"ram,,n? ^0 people anvwhero." But wb.t dot?p th;n tnenny It means th%t the Wesidont *ll1 ?ot ufe fort'? ?o obedient men. Be would rot do thin er. v'hJ^L^f, <*luD^ mC? :or^K e\erj body to obeillenca The Senator from Illinois know* very well iho Mates which have Beceded claim tho rlcbt to oocapjr tbe torts, but tho President eays wUl c/fm P0' lbf" ^ P?y taies. *c. If tboy sobtnit of course tliere will be no bloodshed. IJo (Cliajrmau) mlpbt with tot?d u.'SSflf n/i"*7 10 lhn Benator fro? Iilinoia, " I w? ,!? , r d "cnPy y0"' bouse, b.it r Will c*?c no wltL Z V^*!vc? lf, Zou "ublDlt-" Now, the KRcedtnc States regard their right to the fortrt as dear to ibem as a K } ?w.a .t,nuM- anJ don't agree to be turn* out. Snr^u ii"rw?,or ?'Koe these points. K*f?ry 8en rvom iimS ^"" ru M woU M h" 60,11(1 Tbe Senau.r ? **/* bo 1>TtHl<,?>nt ? willing to acqulesoo in ^^t"ocm<!n the cotl,tiUll*'Bl*A<t in tbe Crithvnden Ik,rc,1,-AH Plained that ho did not ?i> Kr. I4ncota wonUI a. qnleace, but that Mr 1 ino. In would have ioT jeotionto the people ana-no ing the c.onstitutkin T,Z;^r?rV'l*De-?< 0D'y "feet ^ that Mr Lincoln will not intoi;fero to pr?^vont tb?i uoonin from amending tbe constitution. ? from I?cSedoi?girH0 *" ,1,,Clar#d he ,n r'VCrof CL'^i"*y ramming, asked bow Ion,/ would It it took'siv^t Bd th'\ CCD,,l,,ul',? v He boliovod I rtnturv ??f i.i at U"1 oomme'v en.ent or this ot niury, an?i did any man Scjiujoho Hvu?h ,imon,i i nitiits could be mode during the u-tbi of thia u<i BlnMr.j ??* Bnt here was a prs?i^ rme,^' ! As to the proposed amendment recently passed i,v j < onpresa, would :t bo : atln'actory to tbe South' The ! - *'D?ior from lUlnoiH ruutic a strong Htutera.-nt Jubi h. foro ; wb^ refemn* u, the ? vUv from iur ni?? "ward) and the republican p-rty IJo 1 !{?'? r^,1" regar-ied It as forcible and true lor ff'ci Thll h2S?" Wltl1 ?rc,lt ' ;iad , v -,r . Senator, on the oocaaicn referred ?o said ? >?w offer to amend thn conatitutfam by declvuij thiit no amondinent nhall bo mado nmpow? rin/f Oonuri n6to in tar | fere wnbalavery in tho If yo^ ostaS " ,nr 'trcreasltg tho apprehenrtlons and in Ibmliig the pn -^ioBSof the South with a view of <lrivin? m'nll1. ^,?revol,">?- ^ere was nonobetter cal uUted to .'!n "L :,n 000 10 *??od tho couatitn. iwrtaTt ti 1 vHi7 rhwer? tottnitely mor., ,m Miu ff. !L ' *l?vcholding States. Tho >uator from 'iibn ? r e,,0Ct 01 thla langiiaire, s?tvs to ibe I're comtolR out ,or th'8 amendment Ld re,e?tlna and In-Je^-mB ,T',mtUn,y lh? P?aaiota -C tho So-.tS SflcS"' thr;r af1Preh?n.k?8.'' r -o ? a*t a Mr. wovid say now, if Mr. IJ( ,ir ,?i ,i? ? i.f<l for that Hmendn.ent alone onl airau , ,11 ufit^te^beshowed that he wm not willing to give ?: 'is szxz rs -at o.nr.U'pJ.* . tberejfl UOBO, he takou bliMOir out Of the t >y, ituu r? xh as the fYi-stiient oovera the ?"> u.. ''"\fr \v h" 04,1 IUhl'J t"h- o;, ,^hn " Mr. >V no'mx, Tit irr, , ald ,f the PreaMeti' bid ? ut fum s^lf on >afe nr.-.tmj he wouu, like the Senator frOr Iiii noli1 ex, !;,In what he thl;,k. will h , U, - ?-?ct o. the n'lud 1:1 "onee^uenco of f iagr'** having ro luf o H,iy .lud every other amenamout . tho <?1(; ll" ,N-nat.,r nau woukl Inlkme tb? Southern mm] " Peare r?. W,th uUnr ocn!<,n,Pt wLnf is eUled the the ..rl ,?^TBC' prop^Ui'r'8 '' what ia taiW ?no ( iidoit atnemlffioni" recotTerl nniv nir vo'7 'D ? which in the contompluii n of 'a.v has i? \i ^ '?na,OM on ,1"', "<?'? ^IIo m, ant aoft'dtaT ? r f'Mvra^i.^ Oelrod only twenty four vot,-e, and tl.r,, r rUw ^ ^ not ro sfcund.n ^ SH S Mr. ;ioc<, rrmsrkod that be ?, oi mni 11,0 r(V"P'?? or the outer,don md other |m'udmerits would Imve an unf.tT'/rable effect on tho Niutle-rn m,wd. lie regn ttod that a ,,ro7?K?n covertM ihetc con Id not be secured. H?, b< v- vi-,- thought ?k5 r%T-\lh' went fart-, rc Iv 3^ it. ?!.1!?1 Aa Ui the Crittenden pri>rxeu>on rooclT e?r oa\?'voteB' wLile 11 ^ tni'> tfc it the Iat ter fiumbor to in tbe coototnp)a>ion of u>s i-tw n i lf(fa pottionof tbo Reaaiorn ws^abM^t r, .) .!! m ft would hiVO boon ni'iCh lar r??r I*' -ill ?ll4 , 1 thttOcoarir.n. wger L aJi .a !>wn protect od Mr Ciiv.-m^ rviiromg, W|-J Mr |t , fine .lui. niin,. ni. and none other Tbls silon - in su-n.i c'.at Hr-kn w that tbo ?rittend. n ,v?..r,di ...uiSvil. jMctfiJ ruQfe ati- tban anv oth^r in I * l* hom* Slate Wislatures plated mltnt >ni fU.ur" ' 'f "ta r?*>tt>iae:?.is on' o ?> aI;,.r,,: ment, . tid not ftbera. that ui sign.llcaut. 'lol,x. uharod ever, amendment lik-Jy U. give ptW >. uoi. .?|, t^, ^ tbe' taiti rUg( t up ! K%waid^em^rV rori.Hr"ot:on ,"??? " >??* pUwsi "n ^,!5> ,tfwUk* Ul" forU.?"" ^ oolli. ... a, 17nlte^ir,t to collect the revenue, or not' It will;.??? 00 to ?ait two or four nun for a Oonv -rtion to sr.*;. 1 t,;,e ,,4l t ,! ? r Z ,rT '7 a l',nT n 1 tli.? -;iititn'i>n If the ITesld-nt oaea the power la , wav he m i ?, wo raniit have war. If he' ?.,ro a fre^^f tte P?^i<^t ??^4?Jviaa him to wlthiiraw 1, ir?w ^ >orls Sumter and Vie kens fb- o-.)v , ,J k?'^5 them thero is lo ?rrltate tho Horth , 1, t?us win ,0 irrit-.t,- the Hor.il, 11 tf ,< n Will th^U allow this condition of th.ng,. to ? ,n ,,'tu r!L ^ tUti^ rMrlh0lr00'M k'" ' " ? - ?' t"? ne'rtv ?eilotT10" M0^' lhal ^ * ?? +> ' -K) oxocut vc ^ ?? ^fSrsa MSaSffi wh? ' ,3- '"to exoca jonrned? when tue doors w.'r-- g?m o^n^i ad TIIE BUCHANAN CABINET TROUBLES. BKCHPTARV TllOHrRON *Mi HKCHKTABV HOt.T. W.* rvmvi, Mar. li S, 1H61. To my Edttoiw ok nor Natkwal I-.tki ,u< w-tji:? In yonr mv* of Saturday Uet you pabUabad on attract from an &ddre:M recrntly ma-io to tbo iicoplo of Mla?la pi PI it by the lion. Jacob TSoir.peon, Uto Pocretwy of tbo lot rlor, >o which the following ian*; .ago wcuri:? Ai I wm wrltlru my realimall?n I wot a dmpatcb to twig* Lonjmreet ih?l the Star of the V?*l v. *k o .mirig with retn formumK The tro<im warn ibux pat on their guart, and when thu Star of the Wcat mnimi ih? is-olvnd a w?rm wel retne from boemliw eannoo. and noon baat a retreat. 1 wm reioleed the vrMwl wm not lunk, >iut I w*< ntlll mom m jolTod that the concealed trick, fli t?>aenired byilenrral R<"ott and adopted l y Secretary tlr It. but rmufcinnainlH by the TreeJdent when 'on '.ate, proved a failure. We have here a distinct and e* lltant avowal, ob the part rf tho honorable flocrctary, th.a, whllo yota mem ber of tho Cabinet, ho dlacloaed to thoee in open r< bollion ??a.n>t i.b? l'n:ted StatoB informj'.ion wh?'Jt !i? "l-vl l" rived from bm ofitrtal position, uid *hl. b I s 'ioid un<i< r tho eeala of a oonfldencc that, from tho beginning of our h.. U>ry an a nation, had nev?r boon violated Tlili^tep not merely endangered tho hlghcrt pabllc 'ntereeta, but putin Imm inent Jeopardy the live* of two h >:i Iradanl flft.y Innorfnt men, wbo had nevor wronged the honorable Se cretary, and who in proceeding todwleaton harbor wore ulrnply obeying the lawful command of their mipertor oitlcera. The araed enemle* of tba government ho wax nerving, under the eolomn aanctwnn of an oath, were, aa he deelaree, "thua put upon their foard." and the frail towel that w?e bear tag "uocor to It#friend* "reoelved a warm welcome from booming cannon." It could not be le?m tl an offensive to the heart and to the Intelligence of the American people to oommetit gravely on thli hu miliating transaction Its true character haa already been determined bv the public voice, and that voloe WkU doubtlcea tnd ita echo In the pidgmeat of hiatory. Tbo refer* noe In the eooclud ng eentonoo of the para graph in not to Um reinforcement whfeb had keen on. temp'ate.1 >/ (he Droahlya, 1>?4 la that whieb waa at ?euip't'ihv the W.ir of tbo West TJji" '? deo'.*."**.! ?'at .uceale'i trick, ilfnt cov'*''l>" ?' by 0>!?er#| tt, in aoopteii i f online With a ten*1 of "by t*orel#y Unit," aM Ibc tftiKWWWP. l?:'t UW miu<i o" tbo loader x\ 11 at as wo ua ti'O I'm'tlst ?"? ct.me hww.ro of the "trxk" it was c>untnrma!>.i?'i by Uim but too tui*?. U it wat not d<it kgned to m.ika 1 U'.fl lUipitP'-' OD thtn ;hn animadversion of *-ho booorahi* t>?,"To,ar> would lose n?'St if riot all 1 s polat, M it **' h>l fiTldM't pur o?e in - hirpt u hie coo.eird of General Fcott unit myself by l< uvwg it to ho Iufarted Utat en" notion bad been without the sanction of the P'taidont Ah the i ftt'rt to reintorc. Koit ljumur wtw ih> ' KV.t r spot-sibl* act of tlM W:?r l>< iMirtmini d>r:ug uiv brio. o till* ct*' n wi'h its aumlt wtration, it m one a it ?? to the public a lid to my owu reputation ihn" the calami sra* iai potation cast upon it by tho paragraph <1 musd should be piompil) mot and rt'futed. That teiuiatWm will be far nithen by ttie following cowipnuenco? WiiHi niTON. Ian M.IM1. Pis?It U with eitreme regret I h#/? jupt learned that *d illtlnr nl trums hare be?n ordered to < harlnston This sublet lis been Irrquinl j diacu-sed In t aOinet cooneiL and,?im on Vondav night .0.4 of December ultimo, the order, I'or re lalorcemoDts t- Port R?mUr were eouuiasmaaded, I dUUar'. ,Y understood fiom youth* no order of the kind ?wOit bn nrndr wltbnut bring previously ?rnaWwfd and MekM it Cabinet. It t? true that oa Wadne-day, .Ja?17 .J. this subject was ici'd ilinruMifit In ' abtnet, but certainly no ii nrlutirn ?w rrwhrd, and tbr War Deportment no* jt ?;'bt d in oidrrtiif relnlorrement, without sosnelhlaf mere than ??> thin ??id. I learn, however, thin Mrnbifc ior tho lim time, mm the iimmrr N.ar of the West snlled from ''ew Yoik lorn Sktuid y nlpbi with two hundred *ad mly ?"-n, under lieutenant Msrtloit, boiind for Kort HumMr Under tl crr etmin?tunr?H 1 feel miwlf bound to reatgn my u.l>?lon,aa one of your conalUui tonal adYtamw, to to your baudR W iib hlih reapeet, your obvedrnt aerr*nt. J. THOMrtiOH? Ilia EicellcDcy Jaaxtt Bccuanan. Precidant of the United Htaten. . ? W viiiihctow, Jan. 9, lWl. Pin?I hsve pceelved and aiioeptea vmir rtwlgnatioii, e? yea tetd?y. ol tbr office of heeietar) of the Interior. On Monday evening Slut DrovroNir, l?0U, I auapended the ordeia which had b?i n 1?noe<1 bv tho W ?r and Navy 1 >? purtm- uta to tbe Brooklyn wlih relnforoemeuta u> f ort Humter. Of tiila I ini'i inn d sou < n tbr name evonu.g. I ? ated to you my rea fou for ihi, fuapenaton. which you know, fpai If nature, wt unl be yet ilify rem< Ted. In cooaftqueDae ef your raquevt, hi * ever, T |.r miwn lhai iheat- ord< rt, ihould not be renewed * wllbout b< lug previoualy considered and de.ddfd In ( aM uet " 1 lilt- pumiiar wm lulth'u'Ii obnerv- d on my part, "i ordar tooariy It into rffnet I call' ?l a npectal Caoloet meetlns ua HFilnrMi';, 2d Jtnunry, IH6I. in which the qu'Mtten 'f frnd'nrt leinlorermenta to rort -uioier waa amoly diaenaeed both by youini 1' and other*, the decided majority of ort niona wae aKxtnit vou. >t thla nuxu- nt tho ?nawer of ute houtb TaroliTia "t'ommlaaioneni < t > roy communication to them of 3'at I coember ??? received una re?d ?*>daoetl much indianatii'D among the m? mbcra ?f tho OBBlet. Af ter a 'urtni r brief eonreiantlon I employed the foilowiup. lanminge?It is now all orer. and reinforcements moat e MDt." .ludao Black said, ut the moment of my decision, that aflor this letter the Jiahlnet would be onanlmoas, and I hi ard no dicaentinf rolee Indeed Uie spirit and tone ef the lc ter left no dmibt on my mind that Kort Humter would bo liriiiediai. lv ? t tacked, and bare ibc necessity of sending re Intorwmen'tfl there without delay Whilst you admit *%bat on W ednesdnv, January 2, this subject waa affain dheusaed in Cabinet." you aay, "but oorUluly no eonciusloo waa reached, and the War Ilepa-imetit vva- not Ju?tlfl?d !n ord* r ing relntorrementa without sometbliiK mom than waa then suVd," \ou arc cortalnly cilalakcn In allectn>{ that "aooon clcV n was leachcd.'' In thla y.mr r?eol6s!U<.n Is entlrelT difleii n' fr< m that of your lour oldewtcolle<niu>*s In -he t abl net. Indeed, my iamruBKe was ao unmistakable that the Hee retariesof War and riavy proceeded to act upon it wltbout any tunlier iuterrourso witn m??elf than what a?u heard or might hare heatd me say Yauhail been ao emphatic In op iHietng llicse ietntorormenls tpal I thought yoo would nwlgn In conaeqnctice of my decision 1 deeply regret thai too hare been mistaken in point of fact, Iboutth 1 firmly bell?ve hon estly mistaken St 111 It is certain y<ii have not the l?ea been m,stakeB. Vou?, m, BUCHANAN. Hon. Jju-o? Tbompsw'. NotblnR can be adde<l to the forco and dlatlnctaewi of the testimony thus borne by tho ("resident and the four oldoiit motnborH of his Oibic< t. lo far from tho move ment for tho reinforcement of Kort Wmeter having b"?o a " concealed trick," it wafl ropoOodly ami frankly dl? enwod in the Cabinet, and whez, a oonclualon was lluaUjr reached the ronotation of the I'res Hen t wan annmineed in U rma as omphalic on be p. ^Nihiy over addrosecd to ceo of bm f-'ecrttark's. " H ir now ail over, and rmiiforo m' tiif musl ho gent," wia hi:< mntiuage; and tbo*e words were apokir >a open council, the honorable ^ocrotory of tiio U:;.r>or htnisdt b?^I ok prop, nt It w? In strict ac ?(.Mancc with the command thus siron that tho "tar of the Wo?t w.m charUrod and tbo ri? ajforoementa sent for ward. In all tbeM clrcum*ia?i?>n the public will look in vain for atiy trunen of ?' trick ' ori the iair?. of '!en. "Scott or of thep^'cretary of War 5t m true that in tho hope of avmd'i g n waeto of human ill", an endeavor j,ca madi to ?'con. o?.l " the ezpedlUoo fr^mtbo hoetilo rn)0)'? in ohargo of the forts ami br.ttorioH in Charleston harbor, but ihie oiiUeavor the zeal and vigilance ol tlv) ?VxireUvy defeated. Ibo "connteiinand" sjeken of was not rooro oor d'.ul'y MMttoncd by Ibe President tlian it wm by Gena rat 1-rott and mj ?olf. It wua given not becauso of any duvent irrm tbe ordor oa tbe part of thi Preaioent, Dot becaupe ol a letter receive>i tbut day from Major An dornon, stating, in oilocl tlv.t he regarded lduifleh'aa (moiiti in bla | wait ion, and \et more because of In toilvcunce which lute on baturday evt-ning reacbt><i tho d 'i>urimout tnat c heuv> battery had !>? . n erected among the a?ntl htllsi at the entiaoee to Charleston harbor, which would probably destroy ai;y nn aimed vessel (and such war tho -tar of tl.' srlooh might attempt to mako lt? wuy up to Kort ??'imter. ThK important thitirmation ?.itt-li'd tbo government that there war. no present nocewlty f'?r aomiing reinforce menta and that when aoiil tho., abouMgo. not in a v<v<sel of ot mn.orce, but ol war. Hom o th - eonn'erroaud ??v u, rte-ipot' bed by b letrrapb to .New Vork. but Ihcyi.tssl had Hulit d a ehoi I* time before it reached the elis or to whom it was addressed. TliiJi plain ftntement ir suIiilhusI ia th ? beliof that, before an intelligent and candid public, It will iiftird a eomit'eto vindH' ition tif my eo;imet, as well as of th* cououctof lha? UlusTiOoi |>atrli l .n-i ?soldier?I.i? uk>naot tjei.eral soott?whose Halnit-in" luiin* certainly needs na defeiire at my hands nfra.m-t tbo a?peraloii? of the pre sent or of any other a^wuinpi. It . well kno.tn that a i?>raistsi>t fall ideation of tho p<dky ami efHidnct of th<> late armiiiMtratlon, In Its rwla t tor:j to the South, has ;irovoa :i |>oIent insirumeotaiity for !tit1 imitig tbe popular mind of that dlstr.i to?l portiea of our country, and thus g vmg an ever iMreuMtc 'miie t tfl to the revolution; and the fail, that tho telegraph and the press have been untit i the abeoluto directam of thoeo contrcilling this movement bis rendered resistance to this lnotrniiei.tality impracticablo. What"ver purposes, tbarelore, were ejperUd to be accomplished by the circulation of the pa ragraph wbich has been expowed, will probably be at taint d, sinco the antidote n >w otiored <:*iinot posdibly pursut tl;e poison into all it/ratr.ifiejitKiiis If, however, this explanation shall satire to me tie rot iMeoc- of those true hearted patriots who still love our I'nion bi tter than all ibe spoils and poner w'uicb revolutioii can promiee, then 1 shall little rcji.trd tbe condemnation of men who for the last two montlis have inc?.ant!y don ced mo throughout tho rsouth, simply ?nd solely b'CH iae 1 hare refubtd Ut biacV'U m> soul w ith perjury by ootri) ,n^ th' /overnracnt of my co'jitry wh.K. in its servic<\ J HOLT. TMfc WORK OF CONGRESS. th.!: ..-cond soman of the Thirty sixth Onagr-'M, in* ; .totr of wlik'b were brought U> & Ok*- on J4<irxl?y lust, ??( I stand recorded as profe I'.tnf tbu mc?t roinarkabls pK< ta the history of the legislation of tho Pi<tuv States. When it opened ibo thirty thr?' Htatos of the tbfu existing confederacy were represented by tholr re sp?cftvely il'-cW delegate"; whoa it erpirod, not only did the IU1I of Representatives present forty three va cant seats, and that of tho Si-nato twelve, but, m.>red*< tlorublc stiU, six States of Ike Union represented by Iho ab e ntoen had thrown off all connect Urn with tho federal I'nkm an<l declared tboir indrpea U.noo ixrpctual. When tho pesskm opetntd men's mindji were perturbed with anticipations of but Conventions, threatened ordinances of ??er?ion and tho attitude of stern Indifference to the hosim-as of Uosjrr>M from the first x?sunv>d by tho member* from those Ht *t>* wt 'eh were deemed most llk^'y to verify tho predwtions of their representatives durtug the stormy dubates of lbt> previous tension. The ev<nt then ind-cutod as that which would b? tho signal far a disruption of tho ties which bo^'t the Southern Statin to the Tnion had been accomplished. Tho warnings, Oissandra liko, had paused anhocded until It was too kits to recall the post or to aateikl the ovil that liad bern dona. The withdrawal of six State* of or orso hr\ I ? materia effect upon the amount of business c"m.n,t before 0>s grrss. While It added to the Importation and gravity of nome of the measures to b?< dtncnu.-ed, It le*??n<*1 vnry considerably the numbor of bills to bo deposed of. Ths follow.ng i? a correct list of the public nod private bill* passed:? BILL* ArmovKP. KKN ATK BUI waking an appropriation lor the pay moot of th expenseo incurred by the p. <plo of the Territory* o Oregon and Washington m the suppression at Indian hoe tilltice therein In the years 1X66 and ItiM. (Apwova not sent In March 2, but believed to be approved by th ("resident. | 2 BUI for the relief of Sitnoo de V tenor and Jose VM 'anil<ra. of New Orlmw*. 3. Bill for tho relief of Rlobard Cbenery. 4 Bill for the rellof of Aaron H Patm?-r. 6. Bill for the relief of .lohn Peebles. ?. Bill T( r the relief of Jam* * Smith. 7. Bill for the relief of Bandall lvpg. H. Bill for the rslief of Angustus If. Klvans. 9. Bill for the relief of Annie D. Reeves. 10. Bill for tho relief of lAura C. Huirber, widow of Charles H. II umlx r 11. Bill for the rehof of Mary K. Guthrie, widow Of Hesley N. Gjilhrie. 18. Bill for the relief of Tuwnsend narrls, or his hsir# or legal represrntHtives. 13. Bill ror the relief of Mary Walbash, widow of U? late Brevot Brigadier General John Us B. walbaoh, Uaitsd Htates Army. U. BUI U> provide for a temporary gorernoMDi rer tM TerrlU ry of Colorado. 16. An Set to provide s temporary government Ibr 41 Territory of ttocotah, nnd to create the oflcs of iHMf " Oenernl therein. . .. . 1?. Bill to change the name of the Khoonsr AsfUte to CVil (Vwlt IT. mil to earry Into effect contentions b?(WSM tho (OONTLNllOi ON KUiim fiOfcj