Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 8, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 8, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW WHOLE NO. 894?. MORNING YORK HERALp. EDITION?FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1801. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORT ANT FP^k WASMMTON. The Administration in Consultation. THE FIRST MEETING OF THE NEW CABINET AFFAIRS AT FORT SUITER. Interestlsg Debate in the Senate on the InangoraL Speeches of Messrs. Wigfall, Douglas and Mason. Ttalt of the MplMUtlc Corps to President Lincoln. THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SPOILS, Hie Candidates for Prominent Positions Under the Government. Ipooeb of Mr. Crittenden on Our Wnttoaal IWcnlties. THE NEW TARIFF, *s., in., *s. AFFAIRS AT FORT BUMffER. Washington, Kerch 7,1M1. A despatch wee received here to day Btatlng that an attack os Sumter was shortly anticipated. This change of policy, it is understood, is not caused so much by the feftngnral ae from the fact that Chose and Blair are mem ken of 1'reeident Lincoln's Cabinet. The Inaugural, taken in connection with the construction of the Chbinet, is regarded as a declaration of war. So says the intelli gence just received from Charleston. I am informed by an otiicer of the army that Inform* lion has been received from Major Anderson to the effect tkat It is useless to send less than twenty thousand sol. diers to Charleston. Lees than that number cannot enter Ike harbor and destroy the batteries on eitlwr side. This Information, it Is said, is also in possesion of the govern ment. The Charleston Courier of the 5th iDSt. states that Bri gadier Goncral Beauregard has expressed perfo. t confi dence, after viewing the fortifications in Charleston h%r bor, that Fort Sumter can be reduced. He says tint it is only a question of time. VTjusiu.ncito*, March T, 1801. The War Department today received letters from Major Andersou dated the 4th, but they contain nothing of especial importance. The moat friendly feelings cxi?t between him and the South Carolina authorities. Post U facilities are still open to him, and privilege* of in?rket *>g, to a limited extent, continue. THE COMMISSIONBRS FROM THE CONFEDE RATE STATES. Wahucioto:*, March 7,1861. An Informal communication wad borne by a dietin gcishcd Senator to too State Department to-day, touching the m'twion from the Confederate State*. In the event of aon-reoeptiou ot the Oommiasicnere, Uiey are luetruotel I* retire and re tern at once to their goveruaeut, wbea hostile relatione will at <vce exist. The Southern confederacy deeire to cultivate peaoeful relatione with the present administration, but are pre jmrcd for the exigency of war If this government bo will H. THE NE?V ADMINISTRATION. WiacMNi, March 7,1861. The Cabinet oflicers severally toolc chage of the d. partmeuts to-day. At one o'clock the Oral formal Chbinct meeting was held, and lasted two hours. The ('resident Immediately after closed his doors against all visiters nJtil eight o'clock, notwithstanding be had appoint metts with a large number of personal friends and die tinguisbed citizens from different p irts of the country. This fact gave currency to numerous reports, which spread like wildfire through the city. Everybody was on tip too to know whether the nomination of Crittenden was withdrawn, some of the radical republicans having caucussed last night against him; hether Sumter was to be reinforced, and the captured property of the United States in the secession States was to be retaken, or whether Mr. Lincoln was preparing a new batch of appointments, or Issuing a warrant for the wrest of Crawford and the other representatives who are here claiming to bo accredited from an inde pendent confederacy created by gwotalfl gulen Within the Union pf Q,, TV led States. In short, fell sorts of speculations were indulged in. There !? no doubt that among other things the Cabinet had under' consideration the present sUte of the postal affairs of the country, and et>j*clal]y In the seceding States. The reorganization C tko government by re moving as soon as possible all the representatives of the Buchanan administration, and A fling their pLvae by new appointments whs also a subject of ulscusslon. Th?a is no doubt but tiie absorbing question wits the considera tion of the country South, especially with re'or on :o to Texts and tho free navigation of the Mi<<s!aslppt, and the proprfc ty of lssuiug a procreation for an extra session of OongTcq; but It is cot known what coaclufion was arrived at, if any. An effort is making by tho admin .xtraUon to avoid call. in*r an extra sock!on of Congress. It will not bo done unless It Is found to lie actually nocessafrj". This looks like peace. The President Intends to All tlie existing vacancies in the government beforo tho Senate adjourns, as it cannot be done in the <??**. There arc a large n naber of this clfuts In the navy, army rutu civil deportments of the go vernment. other appointment! will be made as soon after Senate adjouas a* to consist ant with the other duties of the adaU ftpp?J=*ttoa| Will be referred in the heads of the several departments to whhA Uiey bilovg, am! tbey will he held responsible for a faithful dlstrl >utien of tho patronage, Without governing their judgment by relationship, friendships J or personal spites. Tho President Bays he shall see to that himself. CALL OF THE DIPLOMATIC BODY ON THE PRESIDENT. Wahki-kitoh, March 7,1861. The diplomatic oorps, in full oostume, this afternoon paid an official visit to the President,by previous arrange ment, as la customary on Ute Incoming of a new almlnis tr*i ion. They wire accompanied by Secretary Seward to the Whito Douse, who first presented to the President Commander ITtganlero, the Minister from Portugal, and the longest* la diplomat', o position in this country, who made an address In French, a translation ot which had previously been furnished to Mr. Lincoln. It was of a complimentary character, and expressive of the good will and feelings of their re spective governments towards that of the United States, and for the success of the administration. All the diplo matic corps, be said, entertained the best wishes for the peace aad prosperity of the country and for a oonMnu anee of the friendly feelings now existing. The President briefly replied with much warmth, heartily reciprocating, both officially and personally, the friendly sentiments ?l pressed. The commander, Figaniere, then In trod need, reepe<. tively, the other foreign Ministers, and then the several foreign Secretaries of Legation. This part of the cere monies having been ooc-luded, the members or the cn blast, by invitation, entered the reception room, an I wot* ttt.-r>dto the dlplo?M^I$ oorps Mrs. Lincoln was afterward* presented, and for i?m? lll(,r'' TV a general aid unrestrained aotjal conversation. APPOINTMENTS UNDER THE HE^r GOVERN MENT. ^jear^tos, March 7, 1861. h la understood that Cta", Franc s Adams la to soooed Mr. Dallaa at the Oo^t of St. Jum. Peaseodsn and Oorwln have both mu spoken of in ths same connection. There has Ixien a fierce onslaught made up an President 1 iar^" to day by the radical republican 9enators and members against the appointment of 8?oator Oitteuden to the Supremo bench. It was positively determined y esterday to send this appointment to the Senate to-day. Whether he has yielded to the radloals remains to bo seen. There was an almost universal feeling of approba tion among all conservative men here when It was given out by oertain members of the Cabinet. K was regarded as a grand stroke of policy, and as ooenhat weald be re ceived as a peaceful construction of the inaugural It is now asserted that Secretary Holt's name will be sub stituted for Unit of Crittenden. This is the last dodge. Lieutenant Governor Goodrich, of Maasachuastia, wil bo Collector of the port of Bosion. TtaJ whole Don grcssional delegation in caucus have agreed to pr<w.?nt him aa tliq host man for the plnco. All other llas^1 'hit Belts appoinMmts are to be held within the State. Thoy t declino to act upon tliem until som<i tluvnext w-ek when they will meet in Bo ton for that purpose. Geo. W. McU-Uan, of Cambridge, Ma**., has been ap pointed Second Assistant Postmaster General under Mr. Blair. Wm. I. Dayton, of New Jersey, is spoken of and urgod by many of tlie republican leaders for the mission to England. Colonel Fremont, who was on his way to Kuropo, stands a good chance to bo appointed Minister to France. Cfcrl Sehurz, of Wisconsin, will be clothed with the ! powers of a first class mission to Sardinia. Tho President did not send any appolutmenta to the Senate to-day. Hence that body held no executive ses sion to day, and Judd, Kasson and Kreisman itiU lay in (he Senate unconfirmed. Mr. F. 9. Cleveland, of Hartford, Conn., who accompa nied Mr. Welles, Secretary of the Navy, to Washington, returns to Connecticut, accepting no ofllce under Mr. Welles. A. B. McCalmont, Assistant Attorney General of the United States, tendered his resignation to Mr. Bates upon his assuming the control of that department of the go vernment. The Attorney General politely requested Mr. McCalmont to continue to serve as Assistant until his successor was appointed, which Mr. MoCalmout conscuted to do. John Dcfrees, of Indiana, has been appointed Superin tendent of Public Pointing. ? John A. Jones, of Illinois, was to day appointed Su perintendent of Statistics in tho State Dei*rtmcnt, vice H. C. McLaughlin. Nothing definite has transpired in regard to tho New York appointments. They are awfully mixed up. New aspirants are springing up hourly. Nearly all the (Hate officers jre here pressing their particular favorites. Bar ney, for Collector; Wakcman, for Surveyor, and Henry Bennet, for Naval Officer, lead their competitors. The 1 "resident to-day stated that he intended to fill the vacancies before ho made any appointments. Thero is a large number or appointments which the Senate refused to ooiiflrm, made during tho last two mouths of Mr. Bu chiwan'K administration. A son of John W. Forney was to day appoiuted Second I.ieutenint in the marine corps. Tuck, or New Harapfchire, has be?n tend,-red the odlco of CoramiMou. r of latents. His frlond* say ho will una ?coept Tb<- department- wor<' crowded to-day with place hc( l>eis from all parts of the Union. The dltlerent heads wer?- aU subjected to their importunities and received armsiult or applications and recommendations for oifkie ! during business hours, lu the General Post Office tho jam was to great as to compel hundreds to watt vaiuly all day for a hearing by Mr. Blair. Several thousand pe titions for postmaHtcrshipa and mail agencies are al ready on file. Senator Lace, of Indiana, is untiring In his effort to provide for his needy friends. His great, gniut form frequently darkens the doors of the President and m< m bers of the Cabinet. But he is not always successful, last night, on presenting ri monster petition, signed by nearly all HoestfTdom, Infav?r of tho appolatmont of Ew M. C. l.nmback as Minister to Berlin, ho was a little hut prised to hear from Mr. Lincoln that the post bad already been assigned to Judd, who, to use th.> President's own words, was, although not the oldent, yet so devoted and pcK sacrlfic'tig a friend as to make the distinction of an early nomination to that mission a well due trlbuto. llettcr success will prebably crown tlie Indiana Senator's appeals in behalf of Thos. H. Nelson, the well known re publican American of Terre Haute, for the Brazilian mis slon. Nelson is strongly backed by republican traders of Western StaUs. Cassius M. Clay has written a lettor urging his appointment. Stburz's chances for the Sardinian mission are im proving. lJurlingame is said to have withdrawn, but the report Is bardly credible. F. Hassaureck, of Cincinnati, Is up for Minister to Switzerland. He Is endorsed by Chase and most of the Ohio leaders, who say that he has done as much m, tr not more than, 8churz for the cause. Robert C. Schonck will consent to be Minister to Paris, tr not elected to the Senate by the Ohio Legislature. Captain Cook, or Illinois, is anxious to be Consul at Valparaiso. Wm, D. Dole, of Illinois, i* a prominent applicant Tor Commissioner or Indian Affairs. Judge Davis supparts his claims. Wm. H. Wallu'o will be Covernor of Washington Territory. Dr. Jajne, Senator Trumbull's brothorlnlav, Is uiutnl moufilj recommended by tho rcpubll. an Congressmen of Illinois for Governor of Dacotah. Col. Thomas. or Chr^on Valley, and Gen. Larimer, are the |irobable Governors or Nevada and Colorado Terri tories. Dr. Evans, of Chicago, will be Governor or Nebraska. Ex-M. C. Theoker, oT Ohio, and Dr. Chaffer, of Spring Held, aro leading < andldatee ror Commissioner of Patents. A remarkably large number oT California ofllee hunters are here, attending to their respective interests with much Industry. Ira P. Rinkln will be Collector of Cos toms at San Francisco and Jos. A. Nunc* Purveyor General. Dr. Blnkely, of Sacramento, is working faltht ully for the Honolulu Consulship. SPEECH OP SENATOR CHITTENDEX ON THE UNION. Wji-Rwmx, March 7,1W1. A Urge number of (be cjtiK'na or Washington, and other*, desiring to testify tbeir respect and high appre ciation of the sorrier* of the reusable statesman, Mr. Crittenden, they till evening, accompanied by a full band or music, waited upon him at hi* quartern, and tec deretl him a serenade. After one or tiro stirring airs rrom the band, he made hia appearance and mJdrceaed those aeeembled aa follows Yiijow OTt/r-w or Wahttxim*?I am moat happy to i7w?Ct you. I have4>een with you ao much In the court? oi my 'If* tJbat I foci quite at home in your praeen-e. I (Ml Uiat I (Un w:th you as a neighbor an.l a friend. (Apptauee.) T am aboot to quit the public service, and about to bo soparnted from you. That sepa ration, I aesure you, gives m?> pain and concern. Not that I regret the lorn of public ltf?. but that I regret the srrarstloa from aasociatlons to which I have been so long uled and a?cu?tomad. You have been always re spectful and kind to me. 1 wl.-h I could oall to mind mnny more aerviees that I had rendered you. I beg you. however, to believe that It bis not be^n (Tom srant of any good will on my pin. I have owe! you nothing but obligation from my Srst aoqUAlntiSOe and Intercourse with the cfty of Washington, and It has been a long on?? longer than the vears thai many of you hare liviu. It U time that I should quit the public service. I ran quit that without regret. I can look to my d4s tnnt home in the west as the piaco of repese and leisure which I look to now with more interect than ever did to any public employment. I Khali always re member you. I shall always remember my country and Its great Interest*. (Applause.) As long as I have power to do it service, I shall be proud to perform that duty. (Applause.) In private or in public life the ?luties of a man are the same. By this 1 mean, not that hit principles are Uie same, hut that bla duties to his country, to his neighbor and his friend, are always the same, everywhere and In whatever condition he mty be. /AppwuM.) I have sought In my public life for nothing bnt to do my duty. The proudeet reward that I have ever hoped fbr was the approval of my countrymen. (Appteuee.) You are now giving me erl lea'-e that I have not Indulged that hope in vain. You are giving me this proud and gratifying token that yon think I have served my country at least faithfully and well. (Loud applause.) And for this approval on your part I mike to J on my moat slnoereand oorlial acknowledgment*. I ?wtt Fx*h<n<r from U3 7 ^ountrv-m<*n now but their r>od wU?b?rt the r appro\ al. "JTew h?T? tbftt always.'') 1 seek no farther public employment?uooe?? none. 1 nave served Vooger than a Roman veteran was rtqoired to serve. (A votee ''Yw, you have, aad faithfully.") Thirty yean* sorvlce ?u alone required of htm, and imd he mi permitted to lay by hla arms an I enjoy a quiet and peaceful life. I have served forty years? (applause)?ten yaars more than they were ao cuatomed to serve. (A voice?' An booeat man la the noblest work of God.") I hope I may be permitted te retire, as far as the duty of a citisenwlU permit him, without any reproach that I fall In my duty. (Applause.) Our country Is In grest distress, sad yon, I know, feal a particular interest, as it Is bmtural for you to do. (A voice?"Who will save Itf") I traatthat tbo people will. Oosgrcaa baa failed to save It, and It la now in the banda of the people. 1 am one of thobo who believe In tbo in telligence and virtue of tbo people. I believe when they take this buatutas in hand that they will do It. (Orieo of "That's it") their hands are strong enough for tbo work, and tnelr hearts are patriotic and virtuous enough for the work. (Applause.) I bavo seen, throughout the long struggle that we have had in Oongreaa, from every part of tnia country thousands and thousands of plain citizens turning aside from their own aft airs to oooalder in regard to the Union, and to sign and send petitions to Congress ol' earnest prayer that they would take care of the oountry, and settle its dilllciiltios, and restore our pea^e and our Uaioo. let tbem take it in band; let tbolr great and mighty vo>oe be heard in the Capitol, and all will bo safe. (A voire?"We wil do it with the Crittenden resolutions.'') Let tbem adopt them, or those of any of my friends like them, and we will have peace. Our people do not want to aeparate It is the little petty politicians run about from cross roads to cross roads. (Applause, and cries of "that's it.") It is they that load and misguide the people, anc it is thev that try to make us believe that we bate one another. It is falte, false! yea, it must be. We do not hato one another. For petty little schemes, for party purposes and party politics, It is found convenient aud protitabic to these little politicians to force that impression upon tbo minds of the people. (Cries of "That's it," and applause.) 1 have boon in the North, I have been in the West. 1 nave been with you, and from one part of the country to the other 1 see no such feeling exhibited, and I do not believe It exists. (Applause.) 1 have seen nothing and received nothing but klndnesa wherever I have been. The people are rightly diai>oeod. It Is only the leaders that are diceatistled. Cries of "That's' so." ]<eave the people to themselves, and wo should live in union, in fraternity, in freedom and in greatness all the days of our life and our children's lives. (Vociferous cheering.) 1 hope it 1b yet In reserve for us to under stand one another from section to section. Thai as day spesks unto day, night unto night, section will speak unto section, and that we Bhall come to understand from one end of the country to the other that there will be no question oh to the perpetuity of the Union. (Enthualas tic cheering.) There is not a mortal man, thors is not a country in all tho United States that can dorive in myjudgment any benefit from separation or disunion. (??That's so.") To stand together is to strengthen our selves?is by our united might to work out etch others greatest possible good, too vision of dlaunion is anarchy, disorder and ultimate war. l'bon comes des Stism, and Instead of Congresses and free represanta m we shall have some monarchy, or some despot to tax and burthen and rule over the people. ("Hint s so.") Fellow citizens, I cannot undertake to make a speech to you. "(io on;" "go on. "1 I?t as if we cau take care of the Union and the Union will take care of us. (Loud applause.) Vow that's it. In a word?and I coukl add nothiig to that if I were to address you for an hour?do not be deceived, let no delusive scheme or glit tcrtog hopes that may be held out of advantages to bo derived from our separation?breaking up into littlo States?let no idea of that sort deludo you for a single moment. The people?the working people?the me chanics of the country?the bone and sinew ol tho land?Is withered and wasted In a condition of that kind. War cornea?you are colled upon for taxes?you are called upon for military service. Armies concentrate In your little village*, an 1 you are made the pack horses and burthen bearers in time of war. That's so. Liberty Is to bo found aud en joyed only in pcuoe. My fellow citizens, there is a rest lees class of people among us who are fond of disorder, and take pleasure in living upon the honest labjr of others, who thrive by disorder and by war. But you tonest people, who live by the proud earning4 of your labor and ^ the'liberty and freedom of this Ian I, c m bold up your lienfi with as much pride as the proudest nabob In the land. You are men who desire pence. That's it and applause. These other characters that I have al luded to can only live by eating up your cr,distance. (Isnghtrr and great applause. Tlint is the whole aoMunt of it. Vou ihould preserve the principles of tho Union; Jon should love this Union, for hero i? the seat, tho vary eart of it. ucd always will. Vou in iy not voto?and by the way 1 nave often heard it said by residents of Wash ington w e have no vote?but thank God we have a voice; and with that voice we proclaim the principle* of Wash ington the principles of the constitution of this country, and by tnem we will stand. (Applause.) That Is your true position. It Is in the constitution and tho DnalblttW saf'ty, your success lu llfo and yoi.r prosperity de|K-uds. Be not deluded from that. It is tho ark ef your safety; therein are your real hoi*>8 and you real fortunes traaiured up. Seventy years has proved this to you. Wus tin re ever a country whli !i haa gr,.*-n like this, ever a people multiplied and prospered like w have in that seventy years? No. Vou are no* on1* of the grcuteat nations of the world, and will you coi.r ixt to break tbla Union up and be acatlaaaa Uk the pr>thea-<:s ?r the earthv Is there ortebf yo.. b n what would be ashamed to be nueetioned in foreign \ iqti lt bout the present conditi >n of your country/1 Not ?me of you. 1 have bud some thought myself, some little cu riostty to l<?k abroad upon foreign lands. I am a uatlv Uirn man from the Western woods; but so help me God if any one ubould "iter to bear my rxpcuxos now I would not go to any civilized nation of the world to be question ed about the condition of my country. I woull b ashamed to answer. (laughter.) Fellow citizens: I shall be led into a speech presently. (Co on.) Let me offer J on my alnoere and most cordial ack no wkxl em> nR 1 am gilng to part with you. I thill be often buck to see you. I never parted with a friend in my lifetime in any peril and danger that my heart did not swell with the hope that I should meet him again. Providence permitting, I aliall often tee you a^ain, an1 all the while I sli ill wish for your prosperity and wclware. Accept my cordial acknow ledgments for this kind vleit, and my 1'arewclL After various cheers for the Union, the constitution and Senator Crlttunt'en, the serenading party procoodod to the residences of General Scott,Senator Johnson, Sena tor Pouglus, Senator Baker and one or two others, by all of whom they wcro briefly addressed. MISCELLANEOUS WASHINGTON ITEMS. Wakhivgtox, March 7,1MI. President Lincoln said to Soutborn gentlemon, who railed upon him to eight to know bow bis inaugural wm to be understood, that It meant peace. Adjutant General Cooper baa tendered bis resignation, lie has been Induced to thla course owing to the p >lltioul troubles now agitating the country. Ool. Cooper is bro ttfer-in law of Penatar Mason, of Virginia. Capt. Whither*, of Texas, has.also resigned. Uc is iu the Adjutant General's department General Cameron loaves hero to day for rams yl v;inia. He has not yet qualified, and will return probably on Monday. In the meantime Mr. Holt, by request, will continue to discharge the duties of Secretary of War. Joae Marceltno Hurtado, late Intendento General of the State of Panama, and so distingulahod for h:s activity and energy In support of the federal government of New Granada, has been appointed Commissioner for th* Ceo ventkm under the Caas-Herran treaty. He is oxpectod here by the close of this month. Judge Campbell, of the Suporme Cte irt, hi* not resign ed , as reported. I'atssd Assistant Surgeon Carringt"n, of Virginia; I lea tenant Simons, of Soutb, anl Mldsh.pman Hall, of Georgia, all of the navy, bare r?e'g-.od. There is to be a public reception at tto Ex tivo mansion to morrow evetrng IJIITKD STATES SBHATIB. EXTRA SKSSJON. Washtj.i r Mirch T, l'-fll. The Vic* r?*mr>*.iT la: 1 before tbo a lettor from Mr. Chase, re?.galng bis seat as Senator from Ofclo, an 1 asking him to hare the goodness to make Uk< to the Senate and the Governor of Oh.a. On motion of Mr. Lwi, (rep.) of Ind., a ocp7 was ordered to be furnished to the Governor of OL o. The Senate then resumed the conaUUrat.on of Mr. Dixon's resolution that there be prlnt-xl ths usual num ber of the President s nangural. mr. wnrm'i *?hcii. Mr. Wkfui, (opp ) of Texas, ?n d that as Mr. Doaglss yesterday had entered into a d.scussion of the meaning or Mr. Ilncoln's Inaugural address, It was proper that his (Wigfall s) construction of it should also bo given to tb? country. It was impossible for on administratis dealing In generalities, whether glittering or not, to give peace to tb? ountry. It Is a fsct that seven (Hates bare withdrawn from the Union, entered Into a compact, an I established a government. Though the fact Is not olilcially aunounood the whole oountry knew that the representatives of the Southern confederation are now hero, prepared to bo re oelved at this court. Waiving all questions of regularity as to the of their government, they are here to enter into a treaty with the federal government, and tho matters in controversy most be settled either by treaty or by the sword. It Is easy to talk about enforcing the laws, and holding and occupying and possessing tho fort*. When yon ootne to this, bayonets and not words must settle the question, and he would here say that Forts Pickens and Sumter cannot be beld much longer. IV Csent administration will soon be forced to nonstruo the ugural. Forts Monltrts and Johnson and Castle Pi nek ney are In the possession of the Confederate Stater, but the Confederate States will not lesrs Fort Sumter In the pnssf ton of the federal govern ment. in reply to Mr. Douglas, be (Wigfall) ile nied that the Union as It was formerly now exists legallv and constitutionally The evil la upon us; tbe disease {? seated. A bine pin at night and a oup >f coffee nest morning may relieve the liver, but when the 4lM?a? It oo yon, blistering and bloodletting is Mae tints MMturj?end when the patient diet, It ta aary to *?? a ooffln, very deep, a funeral service and things at that sort. As h<i said the otner algbt the oily question HiWkr there shall bo a decent, qolet funu J, after the Protestant form, or an Irtab wake rt?a Untui Is dead as* has to be boned. If yon want a Protoxunt funeral in can have It; if not, in can bare aa lrl?h waka Mr. Wlffall proceeded to apeak of the dlfft .ally of twfSWEg the reveaoe laws, adding that trouble* an to this will aavtvou joa all arouatf. Bad you not bettor deal ortth this question practically? Unfortunately, ?r. Lincoln will have bat a brief period doruu which to daoMo the question. If ho supposes the ro inforeeiaent if Port Sumter will lead to petce, ha eaa ?alto the experiment, and so as to roc*ptar ing Fort Moultrie. If be abould not remove the troopa Srvn Fat Sumter, they will bo re roared for hiu. The adoption of the Crittenden compromise proposition might have adjusted Uio difficulties of the country: but it oaly yHatred nineteen votes in the donate. The Sena tor from Illinois (Douglas) had (aid that "war cannot preserve the Union." The Union, however, is dieso!vo<i. Haven States have formed a confederation, and to tell? as the President has done?that their acta or secession are as more than pieces of blank paper U an insult. Bo repeated, there is no Union left. The xaceded ?ta< es will never, surely, come back. They will not now o jnn back under any circumstances. They will not live under thin administration. Withdraw your troops then; make no attempt to oollect tribute, and enter Into a treaty wl'h these States. Do this, and you will have potion Send Sour flag of thirty four stars to ithor and it will be fired ito, and war will ensue. Will you divide the public property and make a fair assogsnient r f the public de'it. or will ?ou sit stupidly and Idly doing nothing, until there snail bo a conflict of arms "because you cannot compromise with traitors)'" Let the ro malnlng States reform their government, and if it is acceptable the Southern confederacy will enter Into a treaty of peace and amity with them. 11? you want peace, you shall have it; if you want war, you shall nnve it. The time for platforms and demagogueism has passed. Treat with the Confederate States as iadepen dent and you osn have peace. Treat them as States of this Unica and you will have war. Mr. Liuonln has to remove the troupe from Forts i'ickens and Sumter, or they will be removed for him. Ho has to oollect the rove nue at Charleston, Savannah and Now Orleans, or it will bo collected fur him. If he attempts to oollect the reve nue resistance will be made. It is useless to bi nd your eyes. No compromise or amendment to the constitution, no arrangement you may enter Into, will satisfy the South unless you recognise slaves as property and protect it as any other species of proper ty. These Stales withdrew from tho Union be cause their propf rty was not protected. The ro publicans have preserved an ominous sllenco ou the subject of tho inaugural. Tho spoech of the Sena tor from Illinois (Douglas) was calculated to produce the impression that Mr. Llnooln will do uotliinx But tho "masterly inactivity" policy cannot prevail. Action !

action ' action! as the groat Atbonlan orator said, is now necessary. You cannot longer serve God and Mammon. You must answer quickly the qiustion, "Under which king, BesonianV' You must withdraw your flag from our country, and allow us to have our own, and entor Into a treat? with us. Do this, or make up your minds for war In the sternest aspect and with all Us accumu lated horrors. Mr. Doi'GIjuj. (opp. > of 111., repeated what he said yen tcrday, that no had carefully analyzed Mr. Lincoln's inaugural for the purpose of ascertaining distinctly and certainly what was to be the policy of the new admin s t rat ion, and he caroo to the conclusion that It was tho wish and purpose or the President to pursue a peaceful policy and to avoid war. lie was rejoiced to be able to arrive at that conclusion. This was tho whole su>slanoo of what he said v eater day, or desired to say. The Sena tor from Texas thought that the expression of this opinion or conclusion was calculated to have a bad eflbct on the country, but It struck hup (Douglas) If tho oountry could rest s ecure In the belief t hat thoy are to have peace, no ; civil war, no armies mustered into conflict, it would liavo , a happy cfltoet. lie was sure that every man who lovol thin gluiious Union?lor it was glorious and even dearer to him now than over be'ore?ovory man who loved his , kind and was proud of being an Amorlcan, oi.^ht to rejoice in the - belief that poa>o can be MMM If ho were allowel to judge of lb" various sprochrs of tho Senator freai Texas (WlgfsH), he was masd to the otadSia that the Senator did not icgard the question of pence us lie did. The Henator had U id them inoro than once tU it they could take their ctmtce between peace and war, and that he did not rare, but he (Douglas) rand. Therein consisted tho difference between the Senator and liim?clf. Because he was desirous of jtoacc he was anxious to as ceitain what was to be tlie policy of the new a lmiuirtra tion. lie liad arrived at hU com lualon candidly and fair ly, and had expreefed his gratification at the rosult. If ho had arris ed at the conclusion tliat the inaugural mo?nt 1 war he would have denounced It. lb' was with the I*ro sk'ent as far as the President was for peace, and would . b" ;t ainel him wlun he departed from Urn hue of i policy. The Senator from Texas wua right when he | -aid words will not answer much longer. Wo may i iih well look at the facia in the case Ho feired { that forts I'ickens and Sumter could not remain in 1 j<*SSSSk>ti ol the federal povei ninent much longer. flicre wss a time when Kort Sumter could have been ro | inforord. He b?dl< tvd It rould not be rclnforr *d now [ without I be i?c ol at 1< oil 10 GOO Men by lend ami soa I There wire but few men to serve the guns?who would | soon be exhausted?Uiey bad not bread and f it i enough to k.*i fuadhlrty 'ay*. fh re must be >r.m\p notion is the tiircetlon of peace. How Rhoukl it bo C<>uo llo thought the President must mean peace, or it w,i lime for Congress to be In nation aud I wo hiaiitrei thou suid men in the Held, and that arrant ctncni" were m.i.l for war It' peace we can all rejoice, but if war b" could not conti uiplato or predict what will be tbo slat* o( the country. The Senator from Texas paid he romiincd hcie because his name continue* to be called; b<it, ac cording to his own doctrine, he is a foreign If , III ailections were with his own country, while he (Dou glasj vtpie with bi? own. Mr. wl i-ai i explained iliat why he remnlned bere was tliat he had no ollicinl Information that Texas had nbollshed the office of United State* SeuaUirti. When he nhould be so notlded ho wiuld j lllo notice of his withdrawal at tho desk, and If, I after being so informed, his name should continue to be called, he bhould answer to It if It suited his convenience, | and 11 called upon to vote, he would probably give his reeaoas for voting, and regard this as a very resectable Cublir meeting As the <ynalor lrom Illinois seetned to I e speaking lor the administration, and as "masterly in activity" would not do, he wouhl ask whether the Sena tor would tho withdrawal of the troops from l'orte Sumter and I'ickens, nnd the withdrawal of the fed'ral flag from the borders of the Cmfederato States, and tuat no oUort be made to levy tribute on foreign goods? Mr. Pocntow replied that bo was no part of the administration, nnd therefore bo could not speak for It, although he hoped ho spoke the same sentiments which animate It on this subject. Vat, wbOe he waa aot it ite MMMMI or confidence, bo should not tender It hiH advice until It was aaked fbr. (?'iippreesed applause in tbo galleries.) Whenever the administration wile ted the advice of the Senate it would, doubtless, ask for it. He (Bouglas) did not cbooae . to proclaim what his policy would be, In view of the fact that tbe Senator from Texas did not regard J-lncotn as the guardian of his section of country. It would hardly be the part C wisdom to ptato what his policy might bo to one who may so soon be In the oouncila ot tbo enemy and commander of an army. ft Mr Wkifatx (interpoeii.g) sild that the l^enator from Illinois made a speech at Norfolk List ajtuoon, in which it was reported that bo rtraaiked tha*. he would hutg a "good many people of the South. Aa the admlnistratliu may be aitmn n thji pr -rplo, and as ho (Wigfail) did not bclier* that tic p.ourd, pe .ulne, slmon pure consti tutioa loving and omat'tutldB understanding peoplj of the South s>rop:.tliiz frith H? neb sentlnout, and as "masterly ieaetivlty" will not do, ho trusted that t.he 1 Per, itor from DIlnoi? w >ul 1 give them a new revelation. The revelation on Mount slnai amid the mctusring of tbun or aL?l tho .Ufhu.g of MgMlilaf, re- ogniaad aUvfry. Th-' Cn-uB made a remark having reference to slight disorders iu the galleries. Mr. remarked?You w'J' be fortunate If the r" rl"? do not i>tr tho Hecate boftore I'.ng, -nl Jlkte is one th Ing win b reeonc.les me to a eh mge of tha governmen'. would tho Hotintor fr-m Iiliaots support tbo administration In wlthd-awing tho fedoral trot p* from Forts f-jmter aj-d 1'-kens? It would no doubt strengthen tha backboneoi th? adv. in strat'.oc. Mr. I>< i ? i.vs? Ar. t-> withdrawing tbe tro pa as 1 advis ing the President what to do 1 nhould have no hesitation In ar.?w ring, If the Senator from TV tub, like mys' f, felt hlmm 1'ao'in ! to snpporl the roDatlt-it^ri and two tact-uiJ defend the hoo.r j' tho country, 'nitead of Wishing to bf-cme po? mid of informat.or which m'ctit be ;r<vTagainst ua. An to my Nofwjbar speech, nee no reason to change or modify any sftiaenti there'n exprceel. 1 believed then, as 1 do now, that I atprtned the sirnd com;'.itut onal rr1 ti ckles on wb'eh alo*>? the government <-?a ?* n. Aa to hanging the f^nator, be ? as under tome nl? pi ra liecsion, or his mind saems of t. character wb 'h rztgni Acs one man to two men. 1 only spoke of hane'ng ena person, and that In a certain oontlogeucy. and 1 did ray that If Mr. Lincoln should bo elected Pros !oi?t .-vcocrdltg to the constitutional forms, he must bo taat gi,rat*d, and under my cenatitutionaj duty I would aus'alu him la tha exercise of all the legitimate duties of the Station. 1 then said if, after be w aa cketed, he should Y'ctate the conptitution of tbo country and commit crimes against tbo laws of tbe land, 1 would be for pnnls.lng him ac cording to tho laws, and If It was the penal'y nn<'"T the constilutlon to bang blm,' he wouM, banc him higher than ITaman. I would have ta d tho namo thing of any other man who might thus abuse tho trust r?i? ?'<1 in him by tha American people. I assorted U as a general principle. Mr. WKfUij,?The Senator (Douglas) then ww no', oor recti* reported. Wa were to t>e b;ng If wo du? lred the Lnlon, and Lincoln, too, if ha woakj not carry : ;t tbo constitution. Mr, Doriitjka?t beg pardon, the speech was reported In the Norfolk papers. I said no ac:h thing. Tha alteration waa made for partiun purpoaee at a distance from where tbo speech *M made. I am car tain there waa no such report until I saw iue petvffUu extracts from tbe speech. But 1 will not enter into any controversy M to the Norfolk speech, nor with regard to tbe l*te canvas? I have long sinoe repeatedly -aid let " by gone* be by gonea. " I am only looking to tbe line of polky to save tbe country flWB ??Til war and cooaict, and I am preening on both side* of tha chamber and on the Lxecuttve, and on every cltlaen wbnae heart and mind 1 ran reach, tha pursuit of such a pacific. policy aa will am at tbe further destruction of tbe goreru?*U and prevent rftll war, and lead to a reunion *r*n of tboM States which have withdrawn from the I'aton. Mr. WiarAU, waa happy that tho Senator waa willing to let "by gonea be by gone*," of which tha Norfolk speech j was one. He wa* Wiutng to meet the Senator aa to the Mr. Dnrntaa replied that he had no other motive than I ta deal with tha future, without ortmlaaWon or recrlmi^ nation as to the poet. Fur (ho future he advoo>u J a ptAiftr policy. Mr. WMiriiif?All I *nM to my wm, that I did not desire that TVnas should be pot in tbe Arte position of making a war wImb aba la net doing tt Mr. Masoa, (opp.) of Va . said tbe debate bad boon in pro gresa for two (Uti and yet no man on tba republican sWe Bad made a single comment on tba Inangural. tba tteoa tor amm Illinois, after giving It a careful perusal, bad made tba proclamation ibat It waa a decUr itioa of peace. Be (Maaoo) waa surprised to bear tble. He bad read the I docnm*nt and beard tbe reverberations of tbe publlti praaa act only of tba South but elsewhere, and tbe Sena tor from Illinois (Douglas) waa tbe only aourcn from which he learned that the Iuaugural could bo Interpreted aa meaning peaoo. Tbe Colon la disintegrated. Wo have already lost seven States. Senators have retired from this chamber after tiled the ordinances of secession. It ia known aa a historical fact that these States have confederated, established a new government, adopted a Hag and provided for tbe collection of the revenues. The government la complete In all its parts. Provision baa been mado for land and sea forces. In fact no foa tore necensaiy for a perfect and stable government has bean omitted, rho States which have separated embrace five millions of people, three of them white. In this condition of things and in view of these facts, the President sajs that "the Union "i unbroken." But bo at. Mason) wished to arrortam what the Southern tea are to expect from the policy of this administra tion. Not only the Confederate states, but the others which necessarily xvmpathi/.e with them irom alloc lion, Intercourse and alliance, and, more tlian all. from tho great bond which can never be broken and which holds together the great social fabric. Ho repeated that If there was any man wbo had found In tho Inaugural what the Senator from Illinois had found, namely, a peaceful policy, he (Mr Mason) had yet to hoc him. If this peaceful policy had been found it would have been pro claimed In tho tongue of tho trumpet of tbe oountry. Mr. Mason then pro seeded to oxamlno the irg to tho conclusion that it is a proclamation or war. The President bad left out of that paper the tlmo when force is to be employed. He had omitted the fact that tbe Union is brokeu Ho should have admitted it. He should have recognized tbe separate existence of the soco ded States and withdrawn the troops from their forts. As to Virginia, ho could say that if any attempt should be made to use the public foroe, under tho poltov of execut ing the laws or of taking possession of tbe forts and arsenals, under any other policy; and if tho President should order a hostile army to march for such a purpose, Virginia will, by the unanimous consent of her people, become a partv to the war the moment the first gun Is flred. In further discussion of tho subject Mr. M'Mcn argued that Mr. Lincoln regarded the Chicago platform as his law. Mr. Doi'cias, replying to such parts of Mr. Mason's spee< b as referred to him, said the simple reason why an attempt would not be mado to reinforce Fort Sumter was that It was impces.ble, while be had no knowledge uf tho views of any body connected with tho government, hav ing control of tbe que tlon a<? to Fort Sumter. Ha look It Tor granted an army as large as would be required 1 could not be got together for some months, as the ruining I of it would require a session of ?ou?rees. Mr. Mjion?Wh.a would you do with the fort? Mr. Doc<il>.??If the Senator had voted right last No vember I would tell him what is to be dono. I must ro fer him to those who have the control of con?titu tlonal duties. Tho revenue could not be collected with out (inthcr legislation, and this Mr. Douglas proceeded to show, and ho raid It was not designed to do so by means of military force. Aftor tho arrival of tho Pre sident elect the force bills were not pie-sad to a vote In Congress, and this was for a patriotic purpose. Con gress, which could have passed them, withheld the iiower to do these very things, even if tho President nad desired to possrss It. No doubt not only tho Pre sident ia in favor of a jmciflp policy, but also tho repnb ; llcnn party, believing such n policy, under prosed clr | cumstsnces. would be the best. If tho administration anticipate the use of arms wo shall soon see a proclama lion for an extra session of Congress, in order that ltws may be pulsed Increasing the regular forces, and calling volunteers into tbe field, to such un extent m tho mili tary authority may estimate to be necessary. Without further action tho Senate adiournod. THE NEW TARIFF. Th* official c?py of the tariff has boon Issued, imil hi denominated as "I.iwt of the United States (t'ublic, No. X.'.") It varic* in several Instune'rt from tUc lengthy document pubflebed la the IIkram> of Wednesday, 1 ibruary 27. lo tho first section the dateof reimbursing money borrowt d by th* United Statos on loan I* IlioU at "two'' years Instead of "ten," and the words "without notice" hnve been entirely rxpuuged from tlie eu'l o| the same section. See. 4. And be it further enacted, That In cutie the pro |s>pnls made for sail loan, or for ho much thereof ius the exigencies of tho public service shall require, elinll not be tat I : K lory. tl..'I'iculdi'iit of the Co ito<I States Phillhn, and liettby ig,acthor>zcd to decline toaeocj.t such offer if for lorn than the par value ol tho taad9 constituting tho italj st< ck. and in lion thereof, and lo tho extent an I amount of the loan authorized to bo nuilo by this act, to Ichoc Heihtiry ni.t< * tor rums not U-rH thin titty doll>ra, bearing interest at tho rate of six per centum jur milium, invnblo a< mi onntuilly on the l? <!ays of January and July in each yoar, at proper pi iter* of "payment to b< pre f ci ibed by tho & cu tiuy, with the approval of tho Presl dml:amt, under the Ike clrcumstitnens nud roulitloos, the Pr-sldf nt of th' I'nited Suites Is hereby nuthonxod to -nbgtlti'to Tr<.vitry notes of Cnuul am nint for tho whole or any part ol any of the loans for which ho In now by law authoi l/.ed to oaitiact and iosue bonds And ihcTre . ory n U? so Wued under the authority herein glV'U shall be rcninel In |?j ment tor all dcuts doe to U e I'nited States win n oilcreJ. and In like minuor lull be given in pajm nt for any feuin duo from tho I ntteJ states when payment lu thai mode Is roquet-tod by tho person to*h in |?yincnt Is to bo mode, or 'or thcl'r par value in coin And the faith of the (Jolted S ites is hi r<l>) pledged for tho due payment of the Interest aol the red<nipt ion of tho principal of the itoek or Treasury note* ii hi'b may be Issued under the authority of this act, and the ?uei of twenty thousand dollar* in bcrofcy approp-lated out of any money in the treasury not other wise appropriated, to iuy the expenses of preparing tho certificates of stock or Treasury notes borein authorized, to be done lu the usual mode and under the restrictions as toemployment and payment of officers contaiivd in the laws authorizing former loans and Issues of Treasury notes; and it shall be at the option of hold, rs of tho Treasury notes hereby authorized ny this act to exchange the same for the stock herein authorized, at par, or fur tonds. in lieu of wblch said Treasury notei wore Issued I'rovidod, That no certificates shall be exulianged for Tressury notes or bonds in sums lees than itvo bundred dollars - And provided ferther, That the authority to Issue the said Treasury notos, or gtve the same In piyment fir debts due ftrom tho I'nited States, shall bo l.mitoa to the 30tb day ef June, eighteen hundred and sixty-two: and that the same moy be redeemable at tho pleasure or tho I'nited States, at any lime within two years after the patfeige of this act; and that said notes shall ceaso to bear interest after they shall have been call" 1 in by tho Secretory of the Treasury under tho pnvisloas of th.s act. In section ft, first clause, th ? duty "on raw sugar, com monly called mu ovado or brown sugar, not advanced beyond Us raw state by claying or other prolan ? has been fixed at "one cent per pound;" an ! the followng words have been struck from tno en l of the same clause:?"on molasses twocerU per gil!-?, on oonfeo tlonory of all kinds, no', other* It* provide d for, th.rty per centum ad valorem. ' The following clause has been added to this section s'eoond On colK, tao c.-nt tmd a half f?r pannd; rm tea, when Imported from ?'.a7 pert or place beyond tho Capo of Good Hope, four cots per p. md when Imported from any point or place this tide of tho Capo or (!<**! Hope, oth r than la tuo country where produced, fonr cer.t* per pr;nil, and In addition theroto ten per cent- m M r ! That wherever the Tre.ttoury notet and tools of the United ?l,itoH wh|i.ii lutvo be n or ?h.J 1 be .ssued under loo authority of any laws or imrte 0' h *.- ,pa v I bi'.**Cfli th" Itl. "1 of Mar -I: *? mln" e;ght(or hundred and fifty roven, tied th'' 4th <!ay of Mbrch, asno I1- mini elfbtoen htuhlrod ai.ii sixty 01 o. sba'l be redc<ci' d ul;' puld. Ih; I rosld ml of tl\o ru;te4 HUtss Is hereby a-:thor>cd to tna'.-e prochaiatlM that the oforcald attlc'es rf ten aad cofl'ee ma;, be imported IuU'j the I n?e ! Sutes a:< ar f -eo fror.i tl<e sroeific duties horein Impoeoil.'.'ro :sd, Thit the dntles on tea and 00fee hereby lmpoee ' r.-i* ?o(j*o frr-.i and after the DOth of June, 6!gbtecr hun irr+l ar 1 slxtr throo. In section fl Ibe w.rdi "oa >A ai kinds, forty j>er cci.tum a>i valorem," h*-ro b< en ".truck r -it of tlie Urst clause, anl In tho eocrcd els; sc of i"<c'!cn !0 th'' weds "or Hatred" arr Inrmed. for tho c' uror deila.tlou of the d' ? Jat goe<l Ihe ccmmeeeenent of tbo first ciauro of section 13 shou.d reaO as fellew*--Fl'St ?m Wilton, -'ixony and ^ubusson Axm'niUr patent velvet , Tournay velvet and Upidtiy, vtlvrl carpetr at.d cn-potlag, Hrustels carpets wrought by the .'Mqaaiil mnchlao, a::d all meialHon or wbolo carj'Ots, valued at cue 'ioilur 'tnd tw> oty fivo coats or under per rqr.aro yard, forty verity per tupiare yar>l; valued at cvei one u^llar and twenty-tire cents per square yard, "Arty cents per square yard;" provided tnai do ..aixct or rugii of tl.0 ahovo description shall pay a duty or less tbau '.wcn'.y 2re per oontum ad valorem, Ike. Section 14 has been so far nmeedod tbat the additional duly of tea per cent on "printed cottins" is not now made''ad valorem," tL-jt words hiving boen atr-ick from the Qrst clause, aprio fourth clause ibe words "oot bjUaoc canv*??." have beon altered to "oot hot terns." "Sulphate of ammoi'a" and "caustic soda" hare bi?n taken out of the list of speclfled artSclos ia sections 19 and 20, and the "oil ol cul??bs and tho oil of cloves " from lotion S??c. 31 should now read aft follows ?And be it further enacted, That from and after the day and year af ireet ?, there s^iaJl be le?l?id, oolieoted sad paid 00 oopper ore and diamond", camtos, mosaiua, gems, p**rlt, ri9tm and other precious stones, when not set, a duty of live per centum ad valorem; "on the same when1 set In^go! I, silver or other metal, and oa Im.utioos ~ Mfcer jewelry, twenty live per ^ontum^ bai'Cloth and Wlr seatlngs, and ?Ur^h?r_^ 12 of hair, not otherwise provided for, twenty Ove par "'ft^tfon <**?n" ^ b6?n m0r* c,wur IT reflet by the words "boat blvJt" betng Inw^l pt r*nthetleally after tbe deoominatloo. and ' wearing ap parel and persona! effects" of LmmlgraaU are aot to In clude ?? merchandise^' ______ CARL SCHURZ W IHUWRY FQB A FOBKQJJ MTMIOff. Eom the Washington War, March 7.] ra, of Wtoetmsta, the well known German pertnatetie orator of the Presidential campaign, la now < here. He is said to dement the first class mission to L Sardinia, as his share of the spoils, prettr much la the mi?tin Wisconsin. demanding to be made a commleekeer in lb? Peaoe Convention, aa follow*, rl*:?? "Bund (\>mmle?tonere; me one at then, to *tre our tide " Mr. Schurv. w IwireW aeltlzen of the Palled Btatee. HH is ani eiti^ from Austria, id to have fled hla eountry I* avoid 4 proaccmion for aiding and abutting Uhe escape ot prisoners. SEWARD'S PEACE POLICY. [Wasblngten correspondence or Charleston Mercury. | Washington, Feb. 28,1841. Seward'i Grand Plan uf Hmon>tr^ tion. The patchwork compromise has uot pimtrl yet, nor la It likely to do to. Indeed, the chances are quite tha other way. Howard himself vena to be opvneed to it. Po likewise tbo strsigbtest Southern m.n In both housee. Pewarn's Idea, as I bear from a reliable source, Is to niva no settlement while Buchanan la in power. Tbo m?iii?n.> be la dethroned peace will be proclaim^], and tbo honoc of savlngtbe country will redound, not to the republic inn, but to the new I'nton party which Seward Is forming, with the help of Bell and Dougl?a, Letcher anl B>tia. Peace restored. and the Confederate States roogniiei. the next step will be to call a National Convention. TiIh Convention will remodel the whole structure of tb? g? verniuent In such a way aa to bring bank the Receded Stated, nml place the Umoo on a permanent and enduring* foundation. *uch Is tbe grand projsot which Seward eon template*. What Is to become of tbe "lrreprewnhle con Uk t" between free and slave society be baa not vouch s.ded to Inform us. A tammy or The admin-re of Verdl'B charming opera, "l'n Hallo In Maichera," will not forget that it l? to be given for the very last time this evening. Oj Si turday, for the Matinee J'adieu, "lioda" will b J R im; with Miss Kciog? as tbo heroine. Hiiooki.yn A? inmirv ok Kmc.?Tomorrow evening there will bo a urand gala performance at tbe Brooklyn Academy, for tho bcnollt of Miss ninkley. Muduuio Cbl Ron will make ner lirst appearance on thla occafiou in tbe role of Norma, and will bo supported by Miss Hiukley and StgnoTB. Stlgelll and Suslnl. Tbe laat act of "Rigo letto" will be given afterwards, with Miss Kellogg in tho role of Gllda. The attractiveness of the programme an<ft the fact that this wiU be tbe last night of tbe se iaon, will no doubt cause a more than usually full attenlanoo The Orcot Change of W?nth< r. FBKEZINO IIVKB OF THK Hl'DUON?SNOW Sgi ALL? HTEAMEit AOROCND?TUB WEATHER BELOW /KK'>? fTATK Of T1IE KtVKK, ETC. , Since tho sudden chango of weather on Tuesday noticed in our Hudson river report the following iay, I has suddenly grown colder, with the exception or tbreo or four hours on Wodnesday afternoon, when tho ft on abated; but at six o'clock P. M. a sudden squall of scow came on, which brought tho thermometer to within a few degrees or zero. The wind waa sharp and oold, blowing a gale all night. At different polntn along the river, from Albany to New York, the squall raged more or less fury. Snow did not fall long at each place, departing as suddenly as it came. It reached roeksklll about liftecn minutes to nine o'clock, and from Rhine bock to tliut vlllago exceeded any storm that baa pre- * ccdrd It this winter, so thick and fut did the snow fall. Tbe (round was scarcely moro than oovered when It lett for furthtr south, keeping pace with the expretm train at Iludscn, P.lilni berk, Flsbltlll, Pcckskill, Yonkors anil New Yoi k. In the latter city it arrived at a qwtor past ten,and by half past Ion the snow had ceased to fa'l. The cold continued to im-reaso along tbe rlvurall night, and yesterday. At IludFon an<l Albany tho thermoinetor yestcruay niornlug at six o'clock varied irom zero to Ova dcirreog below. Tbe steamer Oregon, one of the Hudson boats, loft that city on Wednesday night f<>r New York, with a nu ubur oi' psssergors on bo!?rd. Sha was struck by 111 ? squall about hall r>n*t six o'clock and driven aground between T1veM ai.d rthuiebeck Tho ? uent of her Injurtm o-ir re porter could not learn, m he only saw her as the train parsed, ntid Icarr.ed tbo other nartl;ulars at II , Isou. The Fcnth America, the other Hudson boat, lies at the dork, at Hudson, having weathered the storm in K.ifoty, though flu' lock<i as if eho bud u rough time, her pildlm being thick with ice, and tbe sides of her wheelhov on on each side covered with Ico, so that tho name (tooth America ci.n scarcely be seen. Aloig ibe dock at Albany lay the migutflccnt stoamor Now Wtrid all right, with Mags living from every mast, Htid steam up, ti gHber with two propellers, aleo Hoaat ibg. I r< m New Voik to Albany our reporter did not ob - ?orve either steamer, schooner, sloop,or even a row boat. Tho Mver is very rjiikh. Ice in considerable quantities, formed U.-I nigh', is (lotting,-or driven along the shore ay the wild. Irtin I'oughkscpfelo to New York, and In msii plucis btlnttn New burg ur.d Pimghkeopslo tho river M full from sboi e to tboro. Frem the I titer piaoe to Hudson it Is full orl> o, much of M bolus stationary and fi -n en tirely across. It lucks all bndcen and jsggod, but U a eoJin mass? the roughues of tbe river at the commence ment ct its formation causing It to look thuA the water at.d cricks alt ng shore aio frozen over, and Ibe buv at Hvdata (MB cn Wednesday anemoon, and en TnosUy perfidy free o ico, was fro/. :i ovi r so tlruily that when the exprefs p?F(od that city yesterday morning at elevo o'clock, :ii.ine eight or ten men and boys were skating uprn It. From [Hudson to Albany (at lhe same lima) tho river lo. ket at It a large steamboat ha'l cut lis w it through the ico unite recertlt . a.<* in only two or throe pi tree wtu? it over, while below this la the case for miles be tween Hudson and l'ougbkeepsle. The rlvor, however, between lhe fotmer cltv ?nl Albany Is full of too, s >mu of It being very thick, caused by the wav s throwing cake upon cake. In front of Albany the ico ia m oving down with a s'roig ti 'e. Many of the cakes are very Urge and thick, und oti'rr considerable resistance to th? lluiifon and (toston lUtllrad fcry boa's; but after a littl? msnn uvrrlag snd loss of tlino they manage I i- VW If tbe weather c? nliuu 8 another day aa 11 U nnw (two o'clock r. M.) tbe RkHM nnd Mohawk rhers most b?? closed their entire distance, and Albauy aund a good chance to have another frsahet. Whra the train left Albany last evening at flvo o'clock the weather was about tho sn-no aa at two P. V ?from three to five degrees above aaro. The ice in tho river had materially tacie.iaed during that time. Coroners' Office. BoT'T Rktovbuid?Si-wkio* or Fori, Piav.?Th*> body of an uLknown man, very mnch decomposed and some what mutilated, was found Hooting in tho North river at the foot of Christopher street yesterday miming. It. made fast to the pier by the police, and the Coroner w?s notified to hold an Ini'icst. ttiibeoquootly the bn |v was Identttlf'l as thst of Hugh Diitr^, who has !> ???:. miu^ Itg from his h"iue Tor several months, and In regard <o 1MB suspi. li n of fml |Jay had been entertain ed. Co ron?r fchirnoer, on beln< nntitlod of tho aifalr, or deed the lemains to be rent to the deadhouse at llelh vus Hospitil, whero an loquest will be held this morning at nine o'clock. I)eceasi>d was a eiaehmsn. In the employment of Mra. I'a'ieli. of I'nion square, and lived with his wife at No. I I'ni n ceuri. The boly was discovered by a man lamed Andrew Ualllgan, who gave Information of tho fart to the ferry master a' the Hoboken ferry, by wliem It whs ma-'e faat to fio pier. Daffy hail been misting ?ince the .T0?h of Deoem>>er last, and wh -n Inst, s." n alive he was In tbe house of a friend In Ninth ave nue. Tho investigation to ibiy will probably clear up tho mystery attending the death of the unforUmate min.amf show Ihxt but little foundation exists for thn many nr ts v lil h have been circulated regarding his dlsap pearanoe. Fatal A?iiwo?t os SmeitOARn.?Coroner Schlrmer h^let an Inquest at the New York Hospital, upon the body of a rigger named .James lelgh, who died fross tho effect of ii juries accidentally received on Wednesday afternoon, by falliag from the main topmast rigging of the cipper ship Sea for pent, at plor 20, KUst river. Dec-vised wm ongiged to lowering the main topgallant mast tithe deck, when he missed his footing, and falling below was so severely injured thai bo died In a short while afterwards. Verdict, '? Accidental death." Leigh was a native ot fngiund, forty two yoarn of age, and lived at No. 7a I/>wl* street. Kiujto Wiuiit Fitcki Hn Krm?Thimas, a laif about ten years old, while flying a kite on the roof of bio dwelling, in Mott street, a few dtvs ago, missed his bal ance and fell to the sidewalk, lojurlng himself so serious ly that be died yesterday, at the New York Hospital, in consequence. Coroner Schlrmer held an Inqiieet on lho body. Verdict In accordance with tbe abovo f*cts. Arrivals ami Dtpartnws. ARRIVALS. Brswss isn Borrn??rros?8t?am?Blp Bremen ?Mr Bmtl omneke and lady. Mr Frederick %eller and Udv. John n Set ?.nn. A lhlckud. Mre Fy sad son ?:aptaln V Croeher. Mrs E Shtpman. Fpenoer W W lndh*m, B LocknU, f)?orge U W.*>dii, lidr and child. Ilenrv L"b?e andtasaUy, Hy St^ge. c B Habi-nicht, M Audi* Fred Kem, *red Onadlnaer aa<l r*m'lT, MIks f^hoff. Miss Volh, Miss MlebeaMk C t Oldnwy er A R W Kotsenhe g, Mr Lueanns. Jobn Staffer, Mra Ma-y Ann Penfnrd, Mrs Oeorse Cnllle. Mrs Mary Tyrell, Julius Jahoniet and daughter, M J fttauper. Henry Turtle and l?dy, Kraii/ llafsendeubel .lac Fnsba, C Q AdM. Otto Aden lean Larnnitn, Peter Bergsr, Pierre RevatW, FransU lAplulr, I llerson, H * II Tayae, John Hlldebrandt, (leorge llewwl majer, Andrew Hnrat, Valentine von Hansen?and ]4I In ibeslSSfgB. Ricrmosp. *0? Bteam?hlp Vork'own? O Rlssox, J F Holoe. F Barron, B F Bobinaon, w F Brans, V ft least, J Keteknm, t> Petty, Mra Von Herring and t ehlldr^n, Ico and 0 K Ramiall, R Bvans and lady, Mlea Lee, two Mlasse Wattsra, Mrs Mo Mel lon and family. O W I'alaaore, A Ryan, V R Brainard, A A Allan. A 0 Hhafer, Mra Campbell, Jas UUflsars-and V in tbe steerage. Rt Tsomt? Brig Sparkling flea?Theodore ? Beroff, Oapt T Ward. lJBPABTTBF.fl. ? , _ Lmntroot?Stsomahlp Amerlea, from Beato^Mrs J r Pics, Mrs flarnh Wilson Mis* Ann Seed wll fBoston: Mrs Wm li Barnes, of rrt^'tb, NH. MrO (-apt Kelley of Bath. Ms: Asdrew of HWiMcin. laMfs?tl,wtf? and ^ ? Bngland: * ^rhmeasTllioo. ef Boston. Mlee fltaiblrd. John St ar1, an tnhnatone and Tkiiate Van y.-i?ia Total. W