Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 9, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 9, 1861 Page 3
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mr that thty "Sinjht be vimuiotl to "orin a cunatitutKO And SteH |tmnmMBt opus an equal footing vii'A the fcrtftaal StaMa slavery ?HM1 in Um 1Wrttury al U-a tin>?\ ana tbe prapoaNMa involved Booh a reaogun -on of the institution wi al once aroused tir't""* interest Uiroogb out the country. * On the l?th of February, 1818, the ulll coining before . the, Mr. Tallma^e, of New York, proposed an ?f\ amendment prohibiting slavery "uxceyt for tbe punlah * ment of eraues, and thai all ohUdren horn ia tha aaM f State utter the thereof into the Union ahatl U cco free at the age ?C iweuiy-tve yearn. r Ww puaed the 'M Hoaee, but was h' et m U*?8e*at?. Per efcfeUKiu asontba M the dtscueaioa waa ooMtmued ta both brnnoh,*^ Oon ?' gross with fc'.ai ability, and not without grwatexcite * ?m. T lina i iinmlH 1* TT~ry Plr VnliTn On th?-r?.e hand, it wati ?amends* that lb: ordinance ef 1781, ?ki?jl? ejwind'id i4*very trotu all territory no. lb weet of Iho rivwrWhio, was a patilic recognition of ttni prinol^ea of the people af tbe'(Jutted Slates in regard to tne eHUbi jtthoMt ?1 biuvury ia new ?tatts and write rtee fci that regis*, and that toe cropotal to establish it In itmoarl mm a direct violation of those ftandai. .-ntai friMplw t*a the o iber hand, It was urged that slavery was ia corporaco>i in the system of society wbeu LouisUna, which fflsmwfitoonded the territory of Missouri In 1603, w: m vurchased from the Fvench, and that os tho fait) j of the United States wssftieoged by trouty to all the JahnMiaota of that wxlo domain to maintain tboir right* and privileges on the same footing with the people of vh? i reat of the oeuniry, it would bo a violation of tbat' Milk aitd these rights to abolUh the institution of elav jry whitbout their ooufont. I1 trough tbe ecertiocH of Henry Clay the question waa fluUly settled hy a compromise, a bill being passed tor tbe adaswswet of Missouri without any restriction as to ?*htv?ry, but prohibiting it throughout tl.e Dulled Plates north of latitude thirty sis degrees and thirty minute*. It was not until August. IH21, however, that tho State waa declared an independent sovereignty. Previous to this, the people had formed a Htate constitution, one pro risioti of which required the Legislature t? pass a law ?'to prevent iree negroes frtm coming to and settling in the State." When presetted to Congress tula provision was Mrcnuouidy opoosed, but Missouri waa finally ad mitted. on condition that no law should be passed by which any citizen of either of tbe States of tbe Uni< :i should be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen ia en titled under the constitution of the United states. The vote upon the paassge or the bill In tho I louse was M to M, several members from non-slavcholdlng Stales voting for it. In tbe Senate it was passed by two to one?2(8 to 14. Thus was settled the diatracting question, am) peace once more restored to tho councils of the country, but the agitation of the subjeit or silvery then commenced has never ceased, and it is-not difficult to traee to that period, through a long line of closely connected events, the origin of our present troubles. INDIAN TROUBLES IN CFORGIA?1825. From tbe earnest periods of the colonial settlements it had been the policy of the government, by successive ^ purcharee of their territory, to remove tbe Indians fur ther and further to the West. Under this policy in ' the Northern and Middle States they had bo * come nearly extinct; in the South and West ., they still remained numerous and formidable, and owned w vast bodies of land?In Georgia, nine a half million of acrea; In Alabama, sores and a half million; In Missis sippi, fifteen and three quarter millions; in tbe Territory of Florida, four millions; In the Territory of ArkanRas, fifteen and a half millions; In the State of Missouri, two aailllona an<l three-quarters; In Indiana and IUinola, flf 9 teen millions, and in Michigan, east of the lake, seven millions. All these States were naturally anxious to get posseaalon of there lands and be relieved of the unwel conic red m?n within their limits. Georgia held the United States bound by a compact to relieve her, by which the general government agreed, in consideration of Georgia relinquishing her claim to the Mississippi territory, to extinguish at the national expense the Iudlan title to the lands " whenever it could be peaceably done and upon reasonable terms." 3ince making that agreement the government had extinguished the title to about fifteen ?IMion seres, and oonveyed the same to the estate of Georgia. There still remained 8 537,000 acres in the pos session of the Indians, of which 6,2?2 000 acres belonged to the Cherokecu and the remainder to tbe Cre< k ration. Shortly Wore 'he termination of Mr. Monroe's idiuiois tration. the State government became very urgent for the entire removal of the Indians, and at the solicit ttion of the Governor two Commissio-ens were appointed to make a treaty with the Creeks')or tbe purchase of tlr-ir lands. This was a treaty negotiated on the 12th of l<Vbruary, 182ft, th famous Chiet, General William Slulu tosb, signing it in the presence of Mr. Cro*rell,1he United Statin Indian Agent, by which all the Croek oount-y and eeverai million of acres in Alabama wore coded to the United State*. Complaints followed it to Washington us having been concluded by Mcintosh without the autho rity i f tbe nation. The ratification of the treaty was opposed, but was finally carried by the strong vote of thirty-four to four. This Function on reaching tho ears of the dieoo.itfntei Creeks product d great excitement, an<l a secret OJuncil of the nation being called, th'y resolved not to accept the treaty. The death of Mcintosh was determined on, and on the 30th of April his house wa* surrounded by a party who shot him and another chief, and burned his pre mie or. This presented a new question, onl Georgia, deter mining te execute tbe treaty at all hazards, by taking possesion of the cedo l territory, a controversy resulted between that State and the general government. The new President, Mr. Adams, b icame impressed that lite treaty had been made without doe author it?, and th%t its execution ought not to beenf 'iced, and seut Goa. Gaines with federal troops to the con (lues of Georgia. All Georgia was >n a flame at tt's view of foroe, and the neighboring Stati s sympathised with her. Moin while, the President treated tnrthor, and assembling the head uiuu ?f the Creeks at Washington, in January, 1326. concluded ?anew treaty, which was substituted for tho oli one, whereby all the lauds in GoorgU wore cedel.but none m Alabama. Notwithstanding the opposition of the Georgia dckgetlca in Cbagrees, the new treity was ra tified by the denote at the ensuing ee^aloo by a vote of thirty to seven, and the appropriations wr re made by the House of Representatives by a voto of tno hundred end sixty seven to t<n Tbus carried into effect, after a dc'ay of a quarter ef a century, and after great and Just Complaint on tho Krt of Georgia, the compact between that State and tbe iMed States of 1*02. This disturbance was In a measure renewed in 1830, when th) Indians claimel to be an Independent peiple under the treUy, but by the energetic action of the Georgia Legislature It was speedily quelled and order restored. THE NULLIFICATION TR0TTOLE8 OP 1B32. Few event* of a logislatlve character more disturbed the general government than illd those growing ont of tbe celebrated Tariff question, anil finally resulting in the passage by South Carolina of what bave since been .known as the Nullification resolutions of 1*32. The agitation of this question commenced In the year 1828, the bill introduced in Congress that year being -ohiofly tho work of manufacturers an t politicians, and designed for thebenoflt of the woollen interest; but it was ?vectually made to include a suflleient > ?rlaty of manu facturing to give It tbe strength necessary to its sueecss. Introduced in the politics of the day It became an administration measure and an Issue in the Presidential cent est between President .tackson an I Mr. Adam*. The South,'believing itself impoverished to enrieh the North toy this system, strongly manifested their opposition, sod the topic which became the leading feature of the debate wiii'.h followed, (in which Daniel Webster, of Massachu sietts, and Mr. Hayne, of South Carolina, were the cham pion speakers,) was that of nullification, or the right of a Wtate to annul an act of Congress. About this time, April 13, 1X80, the anniversary of the toirtbday of Thomas Jefferson was celebrated by a do ?serous company lit Washington city, among whom were the President and Vice President of the United States, several members of bin Cabinet and a onm areas attend *nee of the mernb rs of Congress. With the prnoinlga tton of the toasts the feeling began to spread that the dinner was got up to inaugurate the doctrine of nullltlcv eten and make Mr. Jefferson Its fathnr, ho b ius the author of the oe'ebrated Kentucky reaoh'tlSM of 1798, in which the idea was claimed to have been tnt set forth, and which have bei n herein)>efore quoted. Nnaibers left tile table, but tho company was stl'l anmer ona and>0io feetivity a mot *?s When tho regular teasta ewee.over, the I'rewldent wns called upon for a volunteer, w flate oae which li once become ln-t irical *Hiur Federal Union--It musVtoe preei rved." Under the peculiar elrcuriatances of tbe caso?ths fueling that ba< found vent in South Carolina and elsewhere in that seoMen.aad the exeited state of ti'e nubile mind gene realty, this simple sentlmotit was reoclvod as t prociosnaiion freni tko President do announce a pie*, sgatast tLe Union. The next toast ?j>s by Mr. Calhoun, and it slid sot^y my means allay Uar suspicions wbicl. ?'Xis(oa an nveiy tHeu?n It was this-. ?'The ? ?niet^Noxt to o?r liberty, the most dear: Msy we ail resBombor that it eon only be pr<*<-r ve i by respect trig tLe r?iitH I'f.'.he tit ate*, and distributing oquaily the ? h iicot runt hurtl> n of tho t'uion." in the kwgusgc of Tlmmaf ii. Hen ton, who was pre ktnt, "in? uniai touched ait the teiador parts ef the w qnentieia?liberty be/are Union?csly to be k iteervsrf. Mate rfchts, inequality of bcrthens and b?u tits Ihasw ffbms.'s connecting themselves with Mr llayne's sp?;oli. avnd with ?ro ?eedlngs fcid publica tirn* in South Oertiifti*. itnvsU-d nuiliflcaUoi as a now atol ,Cd/u net doetotne is the I nlt-d States, jum tiie exist eanevof a new party ir ' In an act trm ,i?wieTf nk h lowered ths duties or<* we articles, hut it was Gnr from moaieg the wishat ,ot Georgia aoci Ahe Carolina. Tliey regarded it r.nly as a 'oneeesion from .U?e North, and nearly rewlved to ihro?' ,r, the s^vernigt V ef the conCfderatien. A eouanitt^. which waa Mi^oiuted Is" the I^glslsi'.'re of Jr'outh <?nu'ina. rcportcf XaaC the fe<Til constitu^cti ?a-as a eomfi'ict originsIIv foraa.><, not between the peofr! i a-f the dHWent Elates as dietift t and ln*.'pendent sovc toiignties: th*t sdieu any vioiUUMi of tin spirit of ttiM aynpec'. took plac? , It wax not only jthe right of the |<e<> |Ar; but of the Statk< legislature*, te remonef r ?t<? agunst it' Chat the feitarul jjk'vernmont war re?|ioBstf>le to tbe State Iegialstarais ,w?ien?ver it aMiuned powers not cjnfet^-ed; thtt nneviiiarfinding a tribunal wa" a ipolnt e?l ond?r the e..nalttiill?i u. '!?cide oqatrovemtes where the t'nttsd HUtes w*?e party, thsrw were v*me ques tions that must oeeer Itetwcen the aosiaroniriit and tbe Bates wblab it would I* I'df ?fe '? pubtnlt to any litdlolal tribunal and finally. Iliat Niere w.'S a pseolixr pro iriety in a Ftate 1/gtelature's und?r'Sking to dwuie for itself, inasmuch as lha ^itstitutb o ha " aait vrovided auy mine dy. ?Tie exeltement sppeired to be dlrse.'^ less agnlnet the acrolDlslrHlOP, em fore. n rn'rfl njor# upon the !aw Tte(A V ig i w llwtlvi-iAreditaassent wt io MBit pnrn'tpK* ..f nuili^catlan by ft vole at 154 JU) 08 ?i the ?ln.? V'ptHrt-U to bo at huxl ahM the Uul > wa* ?bon% \o be <fas?tv?d. A obeok w?a given to tht Spirit Ly ifct. stato ol Nor. to Carolina, which, though then not lofc' avt'.ftu to ute pcicf of the tariff declared .teulf *? aiPjl all v I*'lent m< u-ures to oppwitln to it. AWHHH pro'.tsted.l-kelK.TSWte- States of Virginia, South Os.rt, ifr-ai nr.) Ckorjri.i Kwth Ca.olina, however, bor'j the Vrvint of the c<4itr?t, and though, aa above atuted. the act ffw mouth<?], tfco 1?giaUturi. wk convened at Ouium | bia, and a Colv . uiiun authorized o be held to take the i subject into e<ibstueration. On the 10th of Novum - j bcr tho a.nvntion ?m*mlled. th" Governor of 1 lie mvo bcii( ?epoi?U*l i*i ? siont, and by 1 this bcciy the tariff acta of lt?8 and 1832 were , declared null at it venl and not binding upon the mtiaena of the Mates. It was further declared tiiat if tho Uuitod : StuUf eb> ? id attempt to enforce them by naval or tnili ' t*ry force, the Union vas to be dissolved aai a conven j iH'U tailed to form a government for Houth Carolina. It : further provided that no appeal slio'ikl be p emitted to ' the v"upr< mo Owirt of ihe United it at en in any question concern u p the validity of the ordinance, or of the laws . pat fed to give efft ct Utereto. IhereiijH'n the Htatc tvernment proceeded to take the ntnet i?tn fUpa to carry il into effect, tho l<gie!i?'uie boirg convened Tor this purpose directly . alter th< a. jeummeut ol the Convention. A aong its acts ' *i( cne authorir.ii a the Governor to call on tfc* militia to j reslvt ary nMetrpt ca the part of the Koveiuinert of the I I'nlti'd States to enforce the revenue laws. Jen thousand | b'.and of anus and the requisite quantity of military mu ' n tions vrn? ordered to bo purchased, and ar.y acts d me | 1n pimtmce of that law were to be he'd lawful in tho State courts. At such a crisis the President felt there was no room for hesitation. The or'mancc, siguod by more than one hundred citl/ec* of the fri-alent respectability, was ollk'iu.'ly C inmuiii' ttK'd to Jackson in tho firm days of Deccniher, on tb> 10'h of that month be issued hit famous pf< claniatioii, m which was forcibly and plainly state') tt.c nature of the American government; the protended right of sovereignty was domed; tho su preiuacy t f the federal government di clureii, and an ex hurtation made to tho c'tiaTs of South Carolina not to persist in i> coerse which must hrinji upon timir State the f jrce of tho confederacy, and ex;>ose tho Union to tho regardot iirtiolutlon. Ai the 8ime tiui" all the dlpp xsa ! 1 lo miliiary force wiih ordered to assemble at Charleston, i and a sl'x-p of war was rent to that p*>rt to protect the j fct!oial elilcers, if neotasary, in tho dischvgo of their duty. V^auwhile Ceneral Jacksou had been clectcd to a reooeU teiiu of the Tre^i'ienc.y, and on the ooobing of the i uLgrevs immeuiiili 'y 'b.'lo^ii.R thi i event ho coinaunl 1 eatcd a inossuge to ihat b'xiy fetting forth the foregoing lacta. Tho se veral -tut' a of MaaaarhuFotts, Connnciietr., New Voik, DeUwaie, Xeiinchsoe, ludiau'i a>i Misfouri dlt claimed tho uoctrfuc of i.ull!flcation, a'ni tho .State of A'irtir.ia, while reaj-fei tii t; iho princtplrs of tho Vir glnui rcf olutioLR of 1 Tt? 3, stated iliat they did I Lot ootieider them as fanctionitig the proceedlnga of either South (airolina or tfi" Pre.-id nt's p oilamution, and eurLebtly rec?nttnciidod thit Stata not to proceed lurtht r under the ordinarco of their CouT''iinon !>ui1i>k this time there existed in South Carolina a throng ru:noi ity of the people who cai'e.t theinselvea the Union imrty , and oqually deterinin' a not to submit to the nullifying onttaaute, prepared themselves with eqaal liimnc..H and z"al to f ittain tho ledeinl authontiea. These acted is a curb upon the ions of the remainder, anil beildcfc pi eventing any of tho loicible ?leni jusliat otiH that had been threUcfted, ilu-iil^ led to a cala? r a pect of altairs. The revenue law* were carried Into efleut without opposition. No attempt was made to enfold) the provisions Of tho nulhf) tug ordinance, aod en the 3Ut of January, at a meeting of ihe le.tdln^ EuiliCeie at Charleston, it waa ryiuilvei ihit dfirlng the fet-sieu o. CuDgresa all collision should he avoije.t >>e twecn tlio rtaie and federal m it hot it ion, in tho hope 'the controveisy m'ght bo sitisiact'irily adjusted. To this ted two liumtha were Bjieni in C.mgres3 in vain debates, until he introduction in the See ate by Henry Cia) of his CoiupriiLise bill, by which Uie ifiuotlou wax settled. This pruvi'led that where the dntais cxoeided twenty percent there ibould he one-tenth put of tho excettt deducted after December SO, 1833; and one-tenth alternate year, until the 3lsl of l)j-:ember, 1S4I, when o&e-half of Le reeuiue wan to be dt ucted, and af ter the 30th of June, 1842 tho duties on all goods were to be reduced to twenty per ctnt.on a ho ?e valuation, and were to be paid in cash. 1. received the appro ballon of Mr. Calhoun an A others of hie pirty.aud patsed the Berate by a vote of 2) to lfl; the House ?>y a vote of 119 to 86, an I received the signature of the Pre sident on the 3d ot March, 1&oj The cffioi. upou South Carolina of ike compromise was pro i^e y whit Its di? tluguished author intended. It restored harmony and confidence, ai.d a conventicn protpptly assembling at the c?ll of the Governor on the 11th of March?only nine days alter?the ordinance nullifying tho revenue laws anil all other acts gtow ing out of that measure were re ?ealcd. Thui. ? Bdcd the tariff controversy in South Caru Ilia. DORR'S REBELLION. Though an i&signiflodnt affair in its natural a^pec>r, as regards either extent or influeiice, Dorr's rebellion in Rh<>de Island may be racked nmoi.g the "shocks" which h?ve i Ih?d expt r ifnco.l by the body politic ainco its crgauzition, and as such a brief history of the fame is here inserted. Tbo circumstances were briefly these:?Tbo government of Rhode Island, in 1833, was based upon a charter granted by Charles II., in 1608, and the apportionment of representation In the Legislature was greatly at variance w.ih the distribution of population. The elective I franchiso wus limited to the holders of a certain araoun ( of real estate and to their elilcst sons. About one-third I only of the cltize&n were voters. About this time I Thomas W. Dorr, a lawyer, born In rrovidence, ap j peared upon the stag'), and, being ejected a mem j bir of the Assembly, exerted himself for a num | ber of years to procure the substitution of a lihoral constitution in place of the old charter; but his movement for reform obtained In the VgisNi'ure only wv< n out of seventy votes. H'' then resorted to popu I lar rgltatlon, nnd organized a suffrage party In opposition I to the charter pwrty. Afier holding rs/ernl Urge mass i conventions in 1841, this euifrsge party culltxl a ddogite State Convention to frntn<i a new conatitutlim, which ; submltto i for ratification to the popular vile. It' re | ccived fourteen thousand votes?a c'oar majority of the cltlxens of the State. The charter party, however, con teudod that the whole proceeding was seditions, and that a largo proportion of those votes wero fraudulent. Mr. Dorr^tbought differently, however, an 1 a^'iming I that the constltmkin was tbi; fundamental Uw of the i State, proceeded in aeordancn with It to hold au election . for State cfllcera. Mr. Dorr was chosen Governor, and a legislature composed exclusively of his supporters was ele ted. to meet at l'rovidence on tli>- tirst Monday of ! May, 1.S42. The chatter p*rty aU-> hold an nhvtiin for State ollie<rs, piling 6,700 votes, while the snllriigo party claimed to have polled 7.3C0. On the Sd of May Dorr's government attempted toorgan lze at l*rovii>eiK.o and seize the reins of powor. They were resisted by the legal Htatc governaent, which assembled | at Newport on the seme day, and at ttio head of which whs tiov. Hamoel W Kinr Itoth side" appealed to arms. The excitement wus iutenfe, and tb_> pi>ple flocked to ! the r< spective standards in Urge numbers from various New 1'ngland f*tat<?s. Oov. Kthg proclaimed the Mate und*-r martial law, call 1 cd oat the nnHtia and ashed and obtained the ail of the I United States to suppress tbo treison. On the I9ih of i May a porticn of the sudrage psrty af?emh!ed at I'rovl i den< e under arms anil utt-mptod to seise th? arsenal, but | were dispersed by 4Jov. King and a military force. Tliey assembled again, to the nun l>cr of soviVnl kndrM, Ma fb, ISIS, at Cbepachat Mill, tan miles f rom ; Providence, but again dispersed on the approaoh of the HUte foicis. Three <Uys olterwa-da the aiCiir was over. ! Itorr fled from the Mate, nnd took refuge first in Con ! necticut, and then tn Now Hampshire. A reward of beiDg offered for his apprehension by Rhode : Itland, he voluntardy returned home, w.u tried, con victed of h'gli tr?n?on, and sentenced to ImprHonnvnt for life. In 1847 ho w is pardoned, and in 1868 tbele gislature reatired him to )iU rlvll rich's, nnd ordered tbe record of tats sentence to be expaiifed. He lived to see a liberal coo*) itutiou and bis party In possession of the j reins of government. THE COMrROMfBE MEASURES OF 1850. i Down to III Is period never was our country morcdis. turhod by cxcitcinent or tlireateced with division than durlrg the I< ,?igritkn which followed the M< xicxu war In If 48,IMS and 1' 50, with ref' rcnce t ) the organization i of the t rritery l< quired by that contc: t. Utah,then , under a s, irltoal despotism, and New Mexico, under a military rule. ?.>oth waitrd tbo application of the great prlre)p!c v M~h to determine thoir future govern mint and d< stiny. California, already occupied by a large and enterprising population, wbo bad imbibed I tb'tr Ideas of prognss in every section of the i 1'nion, tirid of Uio delay of Oon.rross, h.vl had gooo forward, formed a State c institution ??T tholr own and wi ro knocking at the doors of 0 pgrasa for ad mission Into the confederacy. The Pouth, h >wovcr dis appointed at the remit of ttiis act I in by the people of ' Siate In debarring slavery forever from rs limits, nnd nettled by tbe repeat) d attempts to force Opou th - tn j tbe Wilinc prt?\ iso, which aimed at the total exclusion of I tbe institution, (accept f"r crime, from a'l this freshly ac quired country, rofn?od to acknowledge tbe independent 1 sovereignty of the t ew ippitcant. It was the llr-i over tbrow of that strict balance between the two s^ctioni of ' tli<i country which had been so carefully observ ed slnre the formation of the government, ajid which would give the free States a preponderance | In -both branches of Congress, to which the ' Poath were unwill:ng U> sibmlt On thia question?tbo extension of slavery?the entire Colon was .'onvuisod t> ; it8'vr?v centre. 1 he North, slr'-njly p rmimtei hy ai-o j Jliioo atcilment, through Ite represent itlvi-s in CVngress ! refuted to recoiie from the poaltion It liad asramed. The | Hcotb.'Irritated by the diatribes thai were poured forth fman pi*?s and pulpit and halls of legislation, natin i takr ?t tbelr gru?n<i with eq<ial pertinacity. Th" piwifie rw tn arms against what snemod an lora s.oti M tin tr rights. Meetings ware bsid In nawly all aC Mat' flouthern States, resolutions were ado>!?<i iKprwaave ?j a determination to aeaont th? hiji.r, if ref*r?i(W rsaW-nothftliad, topocodo 1'rttn tbo Cnlon, ai d ns they have inknily done, establish a nWf protecting si)u federst y ** ??n. At thlr >uiotnr/'. on the 20th ?f .'anuw y, laflo, Henry Clay ngalif a?stie<k(?d upoo the flaid with a compromlae, wliorcbv tlK> ?o*od question of Kin-very wf^ Ml to the will of the people; more souctua! ajensuret ad?pte<l for tlr rcco\erv <lf fotfiuve htvos, iIm bonndery of Toxis and Vow j!c'xi<V'rt*at>li8**'d, ?*?" tbe ?rganla?Unn of tbe nev Territorial gor*??ments paovlded. In a roc rtt arttala are b?> ?< ai hided ?ore folly to tbe clreiHntMa?,o?s p,"??aiHog net foiiewiag thla a??il?the excitement i hron*-*"** the laod, ?h? crsay Onatlciun of a portion of MM pem.^ ? ?b- forth, i s^atanae tbe lawt, deflsooe of feih *?! anilrfilt aa4 o'.het acts result, leg frt m the heailstror,^ Mtey ?' sho!H?oo?M, awl a is nrmcconw y te revet .'urtlo r to ib''? io this l*w*< h i? ?um?'ent to ?ay that th. " 0*?pnm*? paur vi oil ?p.w the troubled wa er?,"and ir. <iw U?a oooni-7 w.-tttad into Its habitual qnietqde THE RKr ?^l op tue Missouri COMl'RO m? mt. I* IgM mi the Area of agitation were rekindled by politicians latent upon the Pre sidency, by a proposition to establish a Termor la government in Nebraska (toon embracing Kanaas) , and to rcicibU the Mi" ouri compromise of 14^0, whereby slavery waa forev. interdicts! berth of the thirty bii degrees and iUirt) i.ilnutes, the que? being kfl ?p<n to the decisnui of the people. On this iasuc the ct .ntry wm a* a in convulsed. Kansas < beosmo the tcene ?>f tiwiH, bloodshed and anarchy. H?e " Fmlgraot <*id r;oci?.ii< a of the North act .heir tuiuhiue rv to work to cetcnize tho new Territory with a "fr?e ?oil" population, and the people of Mfeaoorl, on tho other hand, poured ovor the border to reeent tho murders rod depredations commutet by ruffians of the John Brown stamp The virtue of U>o l>allot box vu violated and varl"Uj attempts made ?o form State constitution*, whWi wore onlv presented In Cngrcss to be rejected on tho ground of fraud |*rpo tratcd during their formation. Bleeding Km??? finally became be pass word of the two griut parties?repuM' can and riem xTatto?on which 'hey attempted to rkte into paw or, and the country witnessed during the year one of ihe moat stirring, vindictive anu dangerous presidential struggles through thkh H had ever pa?s?#i. With the election of Mr. Hnchauau. however, pcac* waa gradually restored, aii<l on the 30th of January lint Kansas was admitto a State under a free ooost?tutl >11. Tte agitation on the sir very <jm. ft wo died out, but In lit placc we now hear the groans ticl lamentations of tho starving thousands who woro d< ludea by the politic um of the New kngland sohooi lot > ilie idea thit Kaiia.ut was a land " oversowing with miik and wild honey. ' DIFFICULTY WITH D i'AH, 1858. A TerTltoriil g<>"ernmont waa established for Utah by act of Oongrera September 9,1SJ.0 Brigham Young wis ap poitiUd toe first Governor n tho 20>lj of tho month, and held the ofliee until 1868. Ho waa at 'he same time tho her d of the Mormon Church called the letter Day Stints. Hence his power waa absolute over both church and S-'ti'*?- Without detailing .he occurrences, it is s ii(lcient to remark that his rule provod bo aiblt&ry tbal all ihe officers of the United States, judlciul and execitivo, found it nec< saury for their own potsoiial safety to with draw from tho territory, ho that there waa left no other government than 'lie despotism of Urig'iam Youug. In th'd aspect of altalrs the President, in 1857, appoint ed a new (iovernor and other federal o(hears, Had sent them n milwary force for their pretotiou <tad aid, in cage oi need, in the execution of the laws Against t'uia pro ceeding Governor Youpg Btrouvlv piote&ie.!, .aid in a proclamation de.larej blr detenu .aron to maintain, at any and all hazards, his power in Hie rerriiory. He pro vided his people with thu arms uud urmitions of war; tecored the alliance of soioo of 'ho neighboring Indians, and laid in a store of provisions for three yntr*, winch, In caBo .if in cessity, he it untied one of the officers of the at my, he would conceal, and then "t.?k'j to the mountains and bid defiance to all tho poweis or tho gove.nment" Subsriurntly a stronge. Inrce was heut into thu Terri tory , but this only served to cxa^perato the Mormons than ever, nnd they retaliated by murders, depre da'loM, and the destruction of wagon trains with army supplies, whenever the opportunity presented. Finally, through the iuterpoeition of Colonel I'horuiB P. Kane, a trother of the Arctic naviga'o;', who had been among the Moimfus fot Beverai years, Coverncr Young and iJover nor Ctimtnlng were brough*. Uig-thor In Sal'. I,\ko City. Ihe aimv were neinwuile encamped with out, and at thiB confertncc, on the aseuranoe by the latter that tho object of the United ftatea government in sending a military force into the country K'uh meroly for the protection of United Slates ( fliceis j?d tlie exeention of Territorial laws, and not to irterfere with any of the local, domestic or reli gious institutions of the Territorv, Governor Young made a nominal withdrawal or his opposition t > the ge neral government, and rtcogn ied l.i*successor. In fact, however, ho I- Ftill lh much at the heat of Stat-e and church as ever, and a single worl from hitn is satllcient to raise the whole people in opeu rebeiliou. Ou thin determination of tlie diltlculty the troops were jiar tlially w'thdra n, and tho Mormon people u"e prt?gre.-.-ing peacefully in their singular career. THE DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION. Our narrative is now brought down to the present mo ment?an era, the details of which are too fresh to re quire recapitulation. Within two months s'.x Ststeshave seceded from the Union and formed a confederate govern "mentor their own, which has gone into aotlvo operation. Others are wavering. A new administration is about coming into power, and all eyes are anxiously turned to the individual *'im whom Is expected to emanate the sentiments that are to determine the weal or woe of oar country. The Inaugural has already boon given to the cwntrv, but while it is rlaimnd to be Orm and conciliatory on the one hand, on the oth< r, in the minds of the people of the South, it brratbrs naught but coercion, and has driven 11,? m to measures of preparation for defence. The prepent is d.a>k nnd lowering. The future liis not yet r< vealed a single ray of sunshine. Yet, amid all this nvral turmoil and preparation for civil war, in spite of tfce dangerous aspect of national affairs, the cry from those who hnvo tho nower to still the tempest 14 "No c mprcmlBt)." The few patriots who have urged mea sures of cast in the shade, and instead of tho rainbow of peaoe, all that looms beforo the saddened vision of the true lover of liis country Is the "magnltloently stern array" of battle?the cl.i h of resoundibg arms and tho red glare of an intestine war. Ar *dkvy ok Uttnc ?The flnal evening performance o the present r urou, which lias been, considering the cir ctim?tanceH under which it was jommonc>d, wonderfully successful, wax given last nljrht. The home was quit full and Iho opera, the "Bsllo in Miis;-bora," waa re reived, as ueunI, with groat cntlnuowm, all th-> cm being mured, the principal artst*?Ma iamo C'jlson Misses Hinkley and Phillip', 8ignori Brignoll and Ferri? were en ropport with the auditor*, win testified their ap preclatton of the performance by frequent demonstra . tiers rf i nthusiasm. To day tlioro Is to be a grand Matinee d1 Adieu, when JlitH Kcllcpg wtl) sing "I.toda" for the Orxt time. Ia th* earning, at the Brooklyn Academy, "Norma," with Madame Colrcn, Miss Hinkley, Hignori Htlgelli and Susinl, and thu Ust act of "Rigolctto,'' with Mis?es Kellogg an I Phillips, Signer! Stigslll and Ferri, will be given. A very brilliant and fashionable audience is expected, and it will be largely recruited from this aide of tho river. Bmoklyv AranniY or Mrsic.?To night, "Norma," with Co Iron in the principal role, followed by the last act of "Bgoletto," (Miss Kellogg as Gllda), will wind up the present operatic Mason. There will be a great hotuo, judging by the indications presented by the boxkeeper'a bhcot yeeterterday. The Orographicul Imperiaatc of United Italy. Our well known fellow citizen, Sign or Gsjanl, delivered a very interesting lecture on this subject at eight o'clock Thursday evening before the Geographic*! and Statistical Pociety, in Clinton llall, Astor plaee. There was a very re spectablo attendance of the intellectuality of the city. Mr. tiajani began by sa] ing that the polit leal greatness of Italy bail always dt|>ended upon her geographical po sition. Italy was independent of all other nations, having in herself the elements of national prosperi ty. The time was near at hand wh?n this land would tike the lead in once more opening" up the ancient road of commerce to the Ea*t. Italy had never been united except under the Romans, an4 it iras nearly fourteen centuries ago since she had lust her dis t.ncl nationality. But the Italians hid always felt that hey should be an independent nation. For this ilea iliey fcavo lived anil striigglo.1, ami fought and ill id. And to thu Joy of the liberal worli, (be day of Italian freedom had come at last. The lecturer went on to consider th ' state of parties ii Kuro) e r.t the present time. He considered Unit, w thin a fow year*. the army of Italy would e<pial that of France, and she would possess a navy scarcely

inferior to that of KnuKud In such a ctse Kaly would be the umpire betwo'.n the t*o great Western nations, for noliber Krglatid nor France would make war upon ? aen other without Ami knowing tho yews of the un.ted Pow.r of Iia'y. \s for Austria, *b" was no longer re gsrdeil a* a nation. Khe was only a Power coupfM'of a t.inlarof opprer ed nationalities resJy to revolt against her at unj motuen' The power of A?iMrla was no longer foimli aMe t ? the ? ai ?"> of liberty and hum n r'gli s: and all t>ho ? ould do would betoU tor|io-<e her vo'ce, wnicn the str.t gthol Paly u. v.-r could feu ( \ppla i"-.) Mr 'Jajani tLi n fpokc ol the p?opo='d opening ol the Isthmus of tue/.,und conti nd<d that commerc" : once m? >r<* to en ter ufion Its an'tint roul He very ??livjuontiy and c!?->rl> -howid Item h'stoilcal the eflO.-ts of Senstris, Alexander th>- Urea' an I Ptol tu' us and h s iiicces?<rs to establish this gr^at rotate and ho* the at ti nip's failed to be snrr> sa'nl Cl< rj ati* dlJ ever) thin*: it her power to complete the werk, but hor ? mptrc fell rein, trod th" project w,n Inleritip'ed The Bomon* fc'loweii tn tbe s-i?n; way, and Tra.iao find Adrian ?*ertod all their loHti-ioce In be hau or this great work of etarll'si'lon The French expedition to Fg>p? w<H made with thl< Idei and it was left for the present day to ooneludc a work se 4mg cm celved and debated. (Appla-iMe.) Mole'n c(f?tlzi%lon bus n i :e commerce no great itiat It ran never lie the question of rr nnji ily agitr llr O-ijint concluded b> reiorrlnj; to the tesnporai power of the !"<?;??. There c >uM be t.o deubt that U?.> Pope n temporality was ti is near Its close, and this awdifleatiem in Italian aft*<r* we.ild cer lalnly be one of the rreat ep >eh? in the hiiNiry of t'hrls tianlty. Italy wmAd yet sliow herself w irthy of oeufl dftiee ntid the sympwdi'y of the wo'l I thr iugk lis sgencr of such men as Utvonr, <1 trtbaldi aiifl Vi ter ^'malluel. (Loud applauie). Police Intelligent e? Tim Star>i?i?K Mtsnm Cast? Am.mmit .Ivn<* Scott, Miehael oilltvple an< Jnn-s lHythe. ners Ulun into wtody on Hiaradav night, by oHleer Irrlng, of .the Twentieth precinct, oc the charge of bmua lit. l?lKatntf In the BJ'irdcr of .lames Hiitehk/I', ?? the night of Ii?eejiUn^24. Hie prirouets wsrs in-'ljul br betirand Jnty >? Ui? 4tb u?i . ?pd Judge I.eoaard.ef the, '?pi~etno Cmut, MMt4 the iv^rraiits f ir Ihslr urrrvt. Ti.e,' wnre all tlitee i) pttL"r *Vd the officer pvinc-4 apoii 'i.Vm. but Ihey ofleied no reewtan-e, l . trit a'r ii I 4tf It vlt.g's rsvnlve?, wbsh/ie kept exnnt>'>d to tk?lr vie."' the wlx le s ay In tbi sttilwm house. Ve?te: <\ ly the pri soners wore tireni ht t>e'Oi? Jurtice t>na' ki.i.b ish, at tj*> j itfltiinn Ma'ket Mio?ct/"?f, ami osim tt^l for rial HIGHLY IMPORTANT NEWS. The Policy of the Administration Relative to the Southern Forts. Major Anderson and Lieutenant Slemmer to be Reinforced. OBDEBS ALREADY ISSUED FOR WORK. The Cause of Adjutant General Cooper"m Resignation. THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS. Arrangements for an Interview with .Mr, Lincolm. ? VIRGINIA AGAINST IMMEDIATE SECESSION. The Naval Force in the Pacific and Mediterra nean Ordered to Northern Ports. The Army in Texas and New Mexico Recalled. The Arrangement of the Senate Committee*, im? FORTS SUMTER AND PICKENS TO BE RE ENFORCED. Washington, March 8,18G1. The statement that Mr. Roman, one of the Com missioners from the Southern confederacy, had arrived here, is untrne. Up to this evening he Lad not reached Washington. Mr. Crawford has in formation that he left New Orleans some days ago, and therefore he is hourly expected. As soon as he arrives here it is expected they will have an interview with President Lincoln. The preliminary steps to that end have already been taken. It is pretty well settled tint their mission will prove a failure. Mr. Lincoln has de cided upon the policy he intends to pursue, and it will be fully carried out by (Jen. S:ott, through the War und Navy departments. General Scott, Secretary Holt, General Came ron and the Secretory of the Navy were in confe rence for several hours to-day. They were ar ranging matters looking to the reinforcement of forts Sumter and Pickens, and it will be carried out very elaborately. General Scotthas been studying this matter fully for some time, and it is understood, lias arranged it to his entire satisfy lion. He is of the opinion that reinforcements can be thrown into Fort Sumter easily and with bat little loss of life. Ma jor Anderson, however, is of a different opinion. He believes it would be useless to send less than fifteen or twenty thousand m>n to Charleston har bor. This number would bo able to silence their batteries aud other means of defence, and suc cessfully reinforce Kumter with men and supplies. Both arms, the Army and Navy, of the govern ment will be actively employed t>r some time to come in ?arryhig out the policy of the n?w ad ministration. Orders to this effect have, it is be lieved, already been issued; and it was for this reason that Colonel Cooper, Adj'iiant General, through whose department all orders have to be issued, resigned his position in rL- army. There will bo other resignations of distinguished officer* when this matter is fully known. The events of the next two wei-ks South will be exceedingly interesting and highly important. The border slave State influences, it i? said, are operating upon the administration for the aban donment of Forts Suin'.er and Pickens. IMPORTANT MOVEMENTS IN TIIE NAVY AND ARMY. W ?Mmn, vota tt 1M1. All the nnml shlpe tc w on tho I'acitte an.I in (he Medi terranean have been < rdcrei! homo lo enter No/thorn porta. Tbia looka a little squally. The troop* that were under TwlKgt' roran *n<l n Tcxa*, twenty-five hundred in numbiT, b ire been Ordered to Ukc up their line o" m*r>h for tho North forth with. Seme of them will oome to this city. Other* hire beon ordered to other pos's. All the troops now in New Mexico have been recalkd. THE CONFEDERATE STATl.s COMMISSION ERS. Wawowrojr, Vircb lNfll. Tbe ComirilBBkiner^frem the Southern,; onfed?ra<-y will not be arrested u traitori, but will not be reoogni/.-1. They will then report at Montpom ?ry, wbnn it it belM?vd Prenldent Paris will ord'-r fioiif'al Bsairrgard to d ?biii'l of Major Anderson tL< surrender of fort Sumter. DOINtJS OP THE NEW CABINET. Wa -KtjnTOV, Marrh Ht Ifttfl. The r<>stnia*te? General, fur the ?nronie;ice of North ern mer hanta an<i CitlaMM, will oontin le, as far as po*si ble, the mailaTTlce la ?be l**M States, miking no cLangcs of Southern pustmaste. s. mrtntimc, uxl uUtcd o itrengthen the atewsiun excMimm*. The difltcwlties snggetf'd bj lh> Bnu.o in rejrird to the colli ctton of the federal revenues In the seccJed states will prot ably be discussed in the Cabinet to mor row. nnd th< admin 1st rat ten ir.iy be driven to call an ' x tra reseion if Gmgres* for relief, IMbulIng a spoclal n vitation to the seceded dials*. Krom all apptsfanoej, coth'f g bat a call of Or ngrets will save 'is from war. INIERE8TING FACTS AND RU?OR4. TVa.~HiM.T05, March * 1601. The r?p'?blli an organisation of tho -Senate, w>th f n b cbuirmi G cf chief committees ?? Sumner, lla'e, Wl'roa, Trumbull nnd W'aJe, indicate* a radical abolition su premacy in that body which. if necessary, will drag -on 1 the a<iministration :nto extreme meisurn The arruugo ment of the committees is extremely offensive to the fotiih, especially ftsmner, snd spoils the administration compromise of Crittenden for the Supreme Court. The republican outside preeaire Is orer?helmJayly radical and defiant. Tburloir Weed s changes for the I ornliol of tho kitchen cab'net nre very doubtful. A largo crowd at the State l>-pariment this morning were much disappointed at the sbsonue of Mr. Reward, e ho la detained at hom^ by physlia! ind,Apor,Uon. The I'nlted Ststea Supreme (tart ha* art jour red ?.ver until thnraday. wfaesi ?arlru- .one will be dellveret. | ?__ W*?hi*< rwr, Myth ?. 1*M. | This baa been t dull <l?y in the p?!ltli al *u>-k roirket. It was sfitleipaied tbu tbere would boa large batch of < appointments ?ent to the Hefiite to da*. (V)ns?'|ii^?"y. ibt-re was an aratout ero v J israim<rg MhwI the S?n?u> r.linmlior for several hours, i V lo tb* b'mr of atjotirn no nomination*, however, wer announced and the irtate tfjoofferd ever nnll Monday, fhc rtpe(t- . a*?U ??r fi'sxtly d.sspp 1( ?is ki Bfbl'f *nj irsi t 1 by their do*:. t>. t appearauoe. Ttw S?w York HMD la art still WkleoK)?l, aud the cmimt vkimi hoiior HEd hotter every hoar. The ln<ll?}Mietik>n of Got. Seward delayed action to-day. Dr. Miller, hH physician, 1a for Boa me that he will be out In a d?y or tws. llo b greatly depressed. Crittenden's appointment still bsugs fire. The chiaees are decidcdly against him. Holt will probably ro:eWe it. Tlioee biftt informed lay eo. In the [Senate yesterday Mr. Wlgfail, of Texm; de clared that he belonged to another confederacy and owed no allegiance to this. To-day Senator Kostsr, of Oonnuc j tlcat, took the Texan at his word, and oil'ered a resolu- | tlon that he be expelled. Under the rulos It lays over until to-morrow, when, no dMibt, a rich sou? will oouur Either Wlgfail must ignore his language or acknow ledge it. If he Ignores It tho resolution will be withdrawn. If he acknowledges it the revolution wll| pars. Mr. Ml not ba?>o hie resolution upon tho oflicial repoi l ot Wigfoll's speech In the ffioV, as it h w not jet be?n printed, but upon his (Foster's) own Mlas of what W?gfall uaid, tsken at the time. The Senate were in scmIou but a ihort time to day, during which the committees went elected. Mr. ffcmcrcn, who baa attempted to leave for l'onnsyl vania every train dace Taosday, hat been detained hero and, although be has not ULen the oath or offics, h js closeted at the War Department to day with Mr. Hoit an General Scott, relating to important military movements Mcrsrs. Self on and May nurd, Union members of Cju grew from Tennessee, have hod a gratifying interview , with Jlr. Lincoln, at the White House, In which tho Pre | Sklent assuied them that peace should be preserved. l'h interview wis sought for with the purpose of coiumuu eating the result to the peoplo of Tennesaco. THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION. WaHiHiwiT.'*, March 8,1861. Intel' geice war. received here this evening i V wu tUe Klchmoud Convention, staling tlmt af:er a careful canvat of the Convention the gooefcslon'ntq dud telves in a minority, not with landing they have ha 1 a number of see ssioiui to their ranks since tho prom'ilga tlon ot Lincoln's inuugural. The secwlon ordltuoc will be veted down by a largo majority. A prop >sitiou bowevi r, will pass tbe Convention, says a distinguished Virginian, writing to gentlemen in this city, in favor of a border Ma'e < onveution. Virginia w!'J not go oul, he say a, until all hope of an adjustment is abandoned. RESIGNATIONS. Wahhmoton, March 8,1861. The rresiUent has accepted the resignations of Adjutant Genersl Cooper and Assistant Adjutant General Withers. Cooper is a connection of Senator Mason, and bis residua tlon Is attributed more to family than political inflames. Willing is ,i Tonuof. eosn. (Juarteimsfctrr General Johnson, it is reportod, has re signed. l loyd pasted over Gen. Thomas u< appoint John eon, who is his relative. Thomas will probably be ap pointed. Tho iJoutherncrs are muklrg overtures t) some of t^e beet < tliceis ir the tervice. It is ktowti that certain efflrere of tho army loca'od here have betn tendered lucrative appointments un-lor tbe government o? the Confederate States. Charles Joom, late of the Register's ofllco In tho T.-ea ?uiy, has left for Montgomery, to take a place under that government. OCR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. Wasiii.xoro!*, Uucb 0. 1H01. Ihe Late Cabinet Strtuwle?lhe Fight 6etixrn We'd and Grtthj? //?"<> Sexatd cams lo Pre) r the Pre mir.hifto l>l<vyhino?1ke Cr.nnell HraaAfau-Sc-nt Political Hit'ori?Concentration of turret a HTaMtong ten?The ProbaLle Knd of the Bef/i**i*fJ, <* ? Now that tbo Cabinet s<iua*)bl? is over the radio*1 republicans are more Jubilant than ever. The deligln over the Inaugural ?u but a feeble exhibition or j>y, however, compared to the furor of glorious Eratul?Uon at the pi went composition of the Cabinet. 1. w?b here they ha<l fought their hard fight and won a prouJ vie tory. Weed and his party of conservative alher nts havo been routed. Crteley and his radical fl?'lo#ers have btcomo the standard boarers of tho new a tinin'.B trttlor, und their Hag of triumph flutters proadiy in the brtsze. ihrro are Inside or whee'a Ihs bm tie baa been brief and fierce. Wc Pr? | rone to take a sutvey of the fluid of c ;ntest, and ?how tow 'he opposing Greeley and Weed force* weio first mnishalhid in opinion, how they weto dtplojid in lino, and how each party, with bri liant and C??nm mate tact, ts.v.nlo.1 Itself of ull the usual Weapons of poll tical warl'iue to ccmpaM its end. Tio bittern >s of the Sewardltes succeeding the uoiri nation of J.inoota lor tho I ?residency It still remembered Ag..iiiht the white coated philosopher oi the Ti ilune, to whom was credited the ousting of Seward at Chicago Ud the nomination of the Illinois rail splitter, a sava^ w?r was at once commenced. Mr. Seward was at Au burr. n. was vl. ited there by Mr. Kaymond, oi tho New Voik limes. The famous author of the qiiadrllator.* trial gle wa? admitted to a private Interview With th ? dlfcoomfttted Presidential candidate. A letter, dated a' Auhum, forthwith appo?red In the Tim?, announcing that the public life of Mr. Seward was closed, and rte ,-taring that tbo ex tiovornor and t'nited rt:ates Senator would, at the end of his Senatorial term, retire to hi* Auburn farm, anil divide his time thenceforward be tween ihe racing of early vegetables and h'raln anil the nare of his Arab horS'S. Full cr< deuce was g.v n to this statement, an.l moro than ouo de luded republican dropped icalding toars of regra that inerio.F.t-x'rg such noble mental gilt^ end endearing sod ? inndwM 'or th- lrreproislblo r Igg. r > ,ould mthd'aw h riiM it Iron public servieo, and leave ihe cp i,r, p i a obJ? cts of hi-1 lite loi g solicitude to got out of the ?'imrtndfng crisis" the b? st way they could. U. . Un | coin rean the letter announcing the retirement of Mr. | v jrd. An opportunity pii tented itBelf to da> tl?e burnt m ti e thing to his dlsoomUltart opponent, sn-l he ofl-ioj htm at oi ce tbo Hist place In h s Cabinet, expecting, of coin so, tbut It would be immediately Recline 1 ' 1'<1 <im liu'is, akoan unim eettful rival of Mr. Lincoln, v f itl.nd a Cabinet p'Siilon. (if the accep'anue or ? tiicrw Uc oi tie latter g- nil- man Mr. Lincoln cared very '\\?ln h Fewaid Is net a mui to life a brlllinnt oppor ti.nm He aw a chance t-> r> himself tor tin do test exreili i cid nt <*htcngo, to make himsell even with I i. iclentlets perm eulor ami opponent, tJreoley. rdiI a( Iheffcn.e t,me JnHlly hltneeU in the nycsnf iho ma r ')| IV f?i the .II I i ptnnee ol the poel'lou proffored blm ji nr I.mtolt's Cabinet. Although tb?s was doubtless ?], ? HI I listen to whih he at OU'O ar in oriler not to male his motive ? t i anii' he tided with that considerate cauix i. chvacieristlc of li s nature n? a shrewd politi run lie b- ?! Mr. Mcoln's oll?r under advisement. 1 hm l< w Weed new appears an a tor in the scene. Ho *.,! k: -(WHiil brio a conanltatkn, in tbo conise of Mliiih ihe tenner calls the la'ter's aitontlon to tho vl.? Urf r- li^o"! sgiUtlon then prevail ng at the Soiivli, and a. ^iV,:ntv a b. w policy would h.ivo to toe lr?u small d t \ \t- rernl.llcnts in the Incoming an minis tr a i'.< r n ? ("oe\ fivi'g the go-by to the rhW.ago platform, ?n.i .? ti In 'ti the nature of existing dlialfecllcn at the Cib..n watos, m .st necess..rlly be of a oonclliitory cVarne'tr H' pictured tie country !:? danger, and iiri'i d ? rx n ?tr ft ward thst his dutar aa ,i (, -r ,,f ),ls imuatiy demanded that he houid throw hinuti! ino the breach,end give the weUhtof flu. Iff iin I taier.ta to ihe pres-rvatlon ef the 1 nlon, wh. it ?rr.f n bei n <nt w..s ?erioualv threatened. ah ihlK time Mf w.e.1 believed Mr. Hewarrt realtv In ten <<J to n itre from p Utlcal Ii e, ?nd under tbb si>iy ? . Ian he further n'ge.i np>n n.iu that be wouldia*dito blstsme by hi v ii g ihe can try. Mr. S.ward b.-ewne ri i fld< utinl He In.' already ileierinlneil ui?on aoeet ilng the I i.mur-htf n tu 1-iBri.tii sCMlnet I be rea*oa <4 thlsti cepisnre ?a.-> to be |>< ooUi&ed t'leaUe to come to the reeriif this couttr). It. iw, in 'he two it waa arr.t ge<l, I iti ??v< r, thai the da* m'ltutt of Otenl"/ iuid frieaiw. orfl tie'einrilg of the fei'.erul ofln<? of Saw Yo,k aril otl i r places ?t pecuniary vatue to hi* own auh renls, hmlil lie oic ol the motivi" <?( the ac -ptance It waa ui'i.isti oil lariheimon Mr. Weed should h?ve Uie , run of the k'tcliui st the Wfclw lioose. Mr -cward accepted the pltctolbied him, an aco^pt atice utiorlv dwmayllii anl annoying to Mr I.tnc do. Ki wirg the scheming nature oi Mr ^ ward a t??iill cifcB, It w?-the rarvtMS' from his wielxs t> have blm ill bi? i^blMt And he had other oanttt for fear. At ??.en t iry ot Slate. Mr. Seward would be credited with the . "titiI'ltitir li flu*nee in the admlnlstrainin, aud. nn> i^i?t man th?t he was himself, hla feeling of ImlepMi Cemetld not rollah the eslMtnet of s ich a state of th i tit Mii-!?d by llie scribl lings of a New \<>fk tilin r, h? had btwme the victim of^ an awkward and Irritating fell No tpcape from the dilemma preaentod ittelf and lie tought none. Mr. A ward i<* k the pli.oe. Mr. I.inwin uetuitme, riouht e s made a note and tliere turned a loaf down, lo be moii. ne In future not to act I nun courtesy aod not to plate h* trust in newspapers Kewaid ?nd W?el at ooo' net vigorously at work, rot kiwu.g their ctnferenee on the liwmterthlp. Tu get the i,i eel dency In th< tVblnet waa the fmem??-l oli^-cl Mr | Wi ed *? i roe went to Springfield to tee Mr. LI MOW. ??? uig.d Uie sptailntmeet of Mr. tfcir.eron a? HecreUrv or i the Tieatuty. With Mr. Oameion st the lt|* 1 tri ssuty tl?i y could ensure control of the public futua m.o lm\ e the dlsroslilon of all the Import v. t l?,"ral | ?.|H?s. tmlnd ng lUae of K.w Ymk. 1??e reputation of | Mr. (NUicroii l>r MMtabitlly 'H ixjiiirwti , tKill panimsje would materially a?vist in cirrjlng out | their lir??kct. . _. C.H-. I' v saw the wny thefwlnd wa? blowing, ami at . i,?e t" ii.ii to *? -k aastrenu. iisly fi* tLe apta.inin.eBt ol Mr. t Iwisa lo the u nHol of the government Onanoea. pi rsuaalveeesa md pm? p'tg were unaratllog wuh Mr. Lin i ll . He Mluse'l t? wake known hie t^b net appoint melt- t.mll atur h.s miiv.I hi Weahlngton. Mi. I.ln coin r taciturnitv in this iigaid was as aatoniahlrg aa II van m n< yti g to 'he counter i<ohtlc*l tih'?r*. I t tr en i|ie IksU ? I Mr 1. uoln. afl h< left the Illinois ejjpK"1! on b.S way to t'i? fmmrel capital, were tl>e frleoi't if Mr. wee!, rl-ey pueamd lilrn to New Yoik, s?r> r' ui dert fcm at ?be.V lor Hoiee'tbrofg#'.! hie ovrtige m iHv public Itrtril, ?u l Blood ready to t> M h 9 fiat on the oo'itakrii of Inn i?epMon spewhea <ie waa >oduo?'t to bieak'uft, ?vhtl?. tl.fte, wi'.li Mmom 'I. Orinuell, and around blOl Mr. TburKv# W-?*l *i Uie h-ad wore galb ei?d a hron: of the lt? (ir f co'irer vall?e>; of your city. The whole thtag was aoionly nonaged. Hie entire party, comprising n*c> leading merchant* una old fogy repub licans of NkW Yeik, celltciivily urged lhw . .pp. .ntu.eut of Mr. Cameron u? b.-*d of tbo Tr< aaur/ , at -ame time not forgetting to |hiow out biutfl tUmt you' federal office*. A; length Mr. Lincoln reach.<i tl.ta city. Here tlie iifcbt waxed terrible. Thinking ;hit tu> bed won the battle Mr Weed art about arritnglt* for -j organ of the cor cut.tire cenu ut. Mr. Cumuungs, oik of UM loading uroprWlurg tM also one oi the ? diio'g of yo'ir ptouaoob inpm.. y, the W, rid, was lu WaehingWn, aid cixterstiindin?' 'hit Hie paper was Tor rale, Mr U ted, il M amle'sto* d, negotiated for Up putcbase. A? Mr. Camming* wua a pirronal fiitud of Mr. Cumercu, bo relished, for this t'lton ir not for po.:u L'.arj rt.ut< t'.s, ha-Wig found m? ready and U'lexp^oted a purcb. li r for liia l'uiiUnlcal I'aily. An imacou.e umoutit of religious l>Ue. <he Inspir >tl;>n of Mr. Wtod, was daly ihuwD np. Mavto;.. om,?ril Mr. (Jieeley f?r -tenator- It waa id the ileetK i. oi ilie \ uited Stat >? riaMff in pU a of Mr. &e?*td ihi?'. Mr. Wetd'a ?kite w,.c tirst " rok-n they dt'HOM.C4;d th< iri! u?? as & ci'.utnoi. *4ioet, the ad J'iliVal dei.unr'ftllOllS l>o'P|C more ib'U pkrue. Ahaitrrae the if> t'?a< dauy utgedttK -to- an iueii:' do.> trine, and wm ab >ar?ge agaiifciooaapr.'uil* ** .viaaiiio to t xpreaa i:trog?n?*a ty Hildabotrowrit from Weoster or Worcester. At last tin fVblnrt was announced, an 1 such to the afctoiilt'LtUi r.t of V, ttcd aoborru'M, Ouaae w ,h m fiigr.<-d to lLo tVeHhury. ^Tiice arc raally , C*biii" ? ? ( in velthlii tbo otb jr. Mr Rt-wwil itiv ? 1^9 with ^lr. I'Hiiierm. Mr. Uutu'.OLt of oou .noo git.i'.ude, xyinpt tbiun with iltei Orecley faction, bacaoac t'.ey mipuori i 1 hiru in ih< cbo ce of I'nrldeut Over Mont^omcrj BJal (hire ?us 11 i?'ir!li? Cglit, as Weed d#'ir< <1 Lb it Wlnve I'bvw t-bould b? rbi'rcn in Lia pUco jjUir in i mllot iipublifMU, aliboiiKh ir' in a kUvh .state, ac<1 bn a-J?c turn ocnip'etely n iltliw. iho raJicn) rump of !.b? party C?Vt> U. Smltn, th? ftwrefarr of ib? int?-fii>r, 11 >u Iba CL. p?> iiiton at, ba cOBf frr m aa .1 ij'i'inog State ar.U jg>u perfc< i>*l fi lead. It h un.!n:s?<>ou tha OidKH WclVe 'i tHiij of the Ntvr, to unilfeHed, bti frmi tbe (nr ibut Iitcela ip ki% w mAtal o? any. although b< gave tlie cw.ih->vuIitih a fair *bo?, it i* fci pptted iiMti ?ill ii;un 'hit way. So tb<5 aiily officer iti tho i\ t> up A-*ard 's Mr. Can ei<r>, acd tbe in" *0 nuny we to grind bimfelf tbat lie *. of Uniill?ient H'irtrice to Hii>bo(Jv tin. ' ib ,". :t imnortjjit cou.kiera tu l iti ttin W<itl .tie Ureeley atru^gie ?ad tho Kew York city f<der?l iftu.ra. rho tfiprp'ary of tbo Treasury i* g< uerally ai'oxed 10 till ttkrsa tfflcM, tuid it 18 10 be cxpci .ea irciu iliu. Uw'. a lin^o aa uo of tbem will hf: liliid irtm tlo tinelej faction, f'.ithcr G?irg '<)p <1vki rr iJiruni Bsrnoy It w und'.rwood, will get umj New Yoik Collcctoitblp. S11 oe tbe dci-la:ation of 'ho fkbinet tbe han hauled In lta lUignof treason, and knotted Into pie tbo tjr(-e 1 howtng fortu tno choice ealr?cta from Mr .Sflwaid'x H|ietth<?. 'I h< bhtiln in lot )tt wholly ended. Two montbii from now will i-bow a vatitly ditTereiit atateof utlura from that \ now exlgtivg. Mr. fewaid will d'>uo le<s Have retired from his pr< ?ent position and gon? t^ fanuuiK and at Unrtn g to bin Arab o.l? in eai v -";i A large iiumi>erof the cttistna of Ohio row :n Weak Ingtcn called upon Secretary CliJ?? iaat ev u;rg to pay their reepecle. Ho gtateid to thcoi thit h<* would have much preferred to rotnain in tbe ?eua'e. ll ? aw ptaoce of a mat to l<>e <'.>b>nok waa one 01 lb<i stiver'at triaia of bin life. Pntbing but tbe peculiar posilioa >?' tito coun try and th? stiorg demand of hia frieada induced him to a?Fi,ino his new position. W.H.Wood drove to the Whito Hou?e j eaterdav, and presented to Mm. Unrtln, on b> halt jt cerc^in unknowu paittea in the Stab' of NowYO'k,a {ie.u <>f apKuidid blark earring'- horses, which wer? grrcofuiiy a- teptod by her. It is i-tated that the d-mnr ib never to be knjwn. IKirgD STATED 8K\AT?. bxth\ hk88:on. Washii?<:w>"?, March 8, 14<tl. Mr. Dixon's resolution that the usual number of tbe PresWt nt'K inaugural addrers bo p inted was ailopUd. Mr. Footkm, (rep.) of Conn , offered tbe following;? Whereas, Mr. Wigull, no* Senator of luo United States from Texan, baa der.i.ned io debate Iba*. li? is u foreigner, atid c?< * no alleg ahce to this g?verctnent, but to an tiib> r -tale and lore'gn poveiLaent ; therefore, KtsoH-ed, Ibct Loils r. Wigfall bo expelled from tblfl body. Mr. OtoraMJ*, (npp ) of N. 0 , m ued to amend Mr. letter's rerolutkn by striking out &1) after tbe word "wbcreen," aiid inserting "it is un 'eit-t rod ibat the$tate of Tixa* h?p n c*< ed firm the I'nion, arlia no longer one or tbe I'nlMd elates; therefore, b? it Ketoived, That Texas is uot entitled lo be represented In this body." Mr. IVmwi said that, not seeing IIr WlcfaU in his sen'.i lio world let tb? reio'uiion lay over f<>r the preat-nt. Mr Bki'iut, (< pp.) of lnd., pretexted a lint or the stand iLg committee* wh en had p>evlously been agreed on bjr I <>>b pai ttie. On his mUiun the list wan unanimously sd?pt? d. (;n mot'.on of Mr. Iwntonv, (rep.) of R. it was? l'.eiclvtd, Thkt a noirmtttennt thine he uppolnted to cci till' r and irjK.rt what uddttknal ftrraEgeroui's and t< gelations are i icejsarj to preserve order In the gal hiks of tbe Semite. Oik m< tH.n of Mr. e'vicnnt, (r?p.) of Msss., the Senate fUTTid to the r( u.mltice < n tbe Judiciary 'bo resolution terttofore B'urniMcd by Mr. Mason t?at tlKie be paid out at tl'O foiitil gi &t fi.i.d i >ich nctiml cost as shall be in .icurred pursuant to liw, by -'lias farlton and th<w > afStcUUd with b rr,ln priwecuit< n? or civil suits now p-.d:;;; In iht Client (: n.rt of UMk'hi??ttt (gains . th? m. foul (led ir tbfir icf* In ? xccoting :i proo ?n of thi ,-ei.arr ?p.rj ,?i a c( rtain F. II Ssnhorn, ?V said state. (m uk t cd ol' Mi. '"i v^b. certain p.ip'irs :n tbj stm> r.iif not'- rlPi'Urly referr*d. Ite follow'tp is ihr 1st of the committees agreed upm ? hr'ii.n FrUt<mr?-'i rr.r er, rfca rmjn; Cellamcr, Doo llti!c, Harris11 orp'.iw, I oik Hrorktnrldi" Pratia?F?ff"ti< en, elmirnan; eimmrns, Wade, Howo HiBKr, I ciirte, Hrg>it. *'< nmerci?1 h n 1< r, < b-i ii/ion; King, Morrill, Wilson, Cl.i FDian,tiu:l>bur;, .' ?' ifr. M'litiirn .</'<??? at il U'htio?Wil?? n, rbairman: King, Buk r, Iritis, Rice, I.aL. m, Br<ckinrtdge. Aural A/'oin?title, chairman; Gitunes, Foot, Cowan, TX?,n s< n, Nicl <>Ui r Kcnnrd*. Jvdii i<ir,i?Ti i n.buli, 'baiiman; Foster, Tea Kyclc, Cowan, Bsjsn', 1 owell, Cllngman. P'i: Offioi ai-d ftif Kuattf?Colinruer, chairman; Dixon, Wade, Tri.roiuM, lilec, I'righi, I^lbam. Inllic Lnrdt?Harlan, chiirnan; Bingham, Clark, T\, Ji Iin <u, Mitchell, lhagR 1'riiat'- larA Cla.m:?Hnrrts, chairman; Ten Ryck, curr.nrr, Pt Ih, K yard. Ii.diaii Affair??I'ooMtlle, chairman; Baker, Cowan, Ten Kjrk.tcbcsiian, Bice, Necmitb. PifitkHi? Foster, di.iirman; tllngbam, I?ne, Simmons, Viiulsbt'iy, l'r>?i 1), Ml cbell. ? lb wlutiimary LTjimi?Kirg, chairman; Chandler, WU k'tiftn, HiCl'Oiron, Ninnitb. Claim. ?Clark, chairman; Rmmin?, Howe, Cowan, Bie/g, Folk. JiUvi't of Volti+liti?Oilmen, <h%lrman: Anthony, M -I i til. Wart'-, Ketrr-<iy,Oingm*n, Powell. rat'n'l? Simmons, chilrman;8umn r, Dooi^tio, Tbom Fon. Pebsstlan PuUU BuiMtnyt ?"l ?Foot, -.ka rinin; Dixon, Chnudler, bright, Kennedy, V rri'oi iff?Wade, chairman; Wilkinson, iJomuii, Bate, lwuglss. Sebastian, DrapR. 7u Ju lit ami Cm ml Ctmliri)/ n? Krp >u*? of (Ke Srt.a'/?Dixon, i fialrman, Clark, .lolinson. /?rinrtnC?Aii'bnny,chairman; Harlan, N'k;b<l>-on. 7 nprtt (I Iftllr?1 one, chairman; MorrlU, MiU-beil. ynnll'tl Hilt?Bltigbnin, Haker, ulahury. (?n 7.i'.r?rrj?I'earce, Odlamer, FrstetdeB. The Kmste iben went Into executive teesion. When tb<' dcors wore ep< ned, on motion nf Mr. Htm, (irji.) of N. II., extra copies of tic art nmenda t< r> in th?- Fateut irflleo laws wer<; erdered to be print e.1? it b< liig, he siiid. a very Important law, and fr? quent lipplit'utksis neing mads for eopi-s of i?. There being no public huatnene to transact, several In eflt? tnnl nioti'inn were made lo ndjouin; but thf?o wero r? jerted, the majority being willing t<> wait some time for Exc uti\e coinmunica'lonp. After waiting gome time, and nocommnni-at.onfl beta# f Lt In, the ?"uul>' adjourned till Monday. Obituary. UK ATII OF JACOB t.tTBV V.K. Jacob Duryce, father of t'olon.d Diryi-i, U.e of tbe ?evrnlh regiment, died in this city ou Thnr-rdny evening, at the advaiioed ?p? of sixty se*on Mr. Duryee wa? born In the city of New York In 1701 uid serred in s nwiiiary OSfMSlt/ miring tbe war of IHli llo pnssi>M'"l muny r?i;rnable vliturs both as acltisen and m pmsta hie, and held a high p nHljn among the -ne> .b.tois of our city, lie Joictd tbo Market street chorob forty y care rgo, at itti lo'iiidition, and, remaining a inembor ever sii ce, was an rid- r at the time of fata death, wliiob look p'aie from Alsease at the h< art. Mr. Mury o was gane vous aid liberal lo ifac puor, and m?uy have toad occeelon to biers bis muLiiicetit bund. In religrous lifu lie wae * /esloi's ai d exemplary Christ ian, and his death m deeply re^'M tied by all who have admired his e?clal, religieus si.d b? nev.'ient quslitiee. Tbe funeral services uko prsco nt two o'cleck to morrow aftornixin at tbo Marksl street ehurtb. MUNK>? WiU/Kl', Fjh| ,a highly est?x'mo.l oitlsen of QuHiey, Mas*., <U< d on llie Itlth ult, ag?nl *> vouty s?ven Sr nrs. Hrvimstf UieeailM |S-< lb nker Hill lontiiiKot, sird loutribui' d urg'ly to? jrj it* ereotten Th> 11 BKHieis of th<r m< umuoiit aim mil In hie In 1AV6. with tfa' hdylco ai.d ?i<l of the lite Hun. thcr II feiktne and .nhers he <'es gut. and surveyed witb h s owu h.'i d- ih? i/uiuey i.rsuitu i~ *?) , tfae Omt < ver built ie tbe United Siatee. Mr Jon* Hri'K died ?t M? t ';. C an , on tv 27th uH. In ?fce ?. venly revettfa jeer of b:? Sge. Mr. Hyde W*? llie son <S I* I'hin- ss Mv le, who wes i-rsnesen of Wll hnm llydn, one of ibe original settlers m Morwiab, iloui nnHi m?iernni side. Pr Myle was aleo granrln w of llr riieopbil is Kogers. wb i m .ri Is i Misilx-U, s?oou>i <Uush ter of WiilUV Hyde and Ann-* Bnshnnll, of Moe~?h. Dr. Kogers was sixth lo descent fioa John It >get*, tee pro." nurtyr. who was burned at Antthfteld, Feb 4,166'> William Ihde claimed <:??ceut from KM ward Hyde, Karl of CI?ren<ion. wliise ekdn?t demghtor married Jnmee th > Hei-ond, t.f Ft>Klsi?d. Il- n Dwmnr W. Hovki^s, of VtrgtnlAj died in Rlsfemond list Frldnv. He served R.imvU connty lo *beiHkU> I>egie latuie in UU '4, nud In istfi was n ec'ed to * ""nurses by th* dem> crnte Ho served In Congress twelve year*, tnd was th< t? sent by Mr. Folk as Mlnia'er to Portugal In l?frl ho was e'.ee'el Circuit Jndr<. In VliK>rle, and io l*t7 Was returned UiOrmgress. Af;cr tbe i-vpiratun nf bis term he w .? ?nnt to the House of IV'rr ??<?*, and w?s a number nf that body when be die*. Mr. Kst'sBN TaAYKiiBa, a well known ritisen at Ottawa. Vplwr Canada, dkd last wo?k, in tbe elgbiy OMtyeir or his sgs. He |??S*1 through ?n nvsui'ul life, among other otic m*iunoes bavlinr b-en prceont a', several i* the great naval battles >>( yr'mm and bemg *Ho one of those ventiiimis spirit* aceotnpaa) m g M r go Pa. k ia bis AD loan exptoratlsa. Mr rraveller wae a nai ve of Fug land. He wae crier of the eeerte of Or let a corny, Cpper C.Barls, sin. e the oonety wae llrst forme I.