Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 9, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 9, 1861 Page 4
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TBMBU8 OF i CABUET OFFICER. The Acceptances of the War Department. miliWT OF BMECRETiRY FLOYD, JfcC?y **? TO TBI PUBLIC. The best men who have ever held office In the govern ment burr been traduced by the foulest calumnies. Where Speech ud the preas are free, undue censure of public men is the natural result of high party feeling an* bitter sectional animosity. In my own experience I hare found that the moat oommandable acta of my public life bar? been those for which 1 have been most slander ously ast-alled The only reliance of officers thus set upon by party ran car is upon the .tustlos of the people. Before that tribunal I present myself under accusations of peculi.'u malignity. I some forward as a private citi zen solely to defend my character against a widely or ganized sensation preas, which has allowed Itself to be made the instrument of manufacturing public opinion against me for mauy months; against a triumphant coa itioa or parties Hushed with victory and bent upon de stroying every adveisary that has ovor stood In their path, and against a portion of the expiring administra tion, who vainly hoped to propitiate the incoming Moloch by ottering me as a sacrifice. So loug as these accusations were oonflned to the press I endured tbcm with resignation, for It Is the prerogative of a free press to criticise official conduct with uoro strained liberty. I reconciled myself to this silence by the fact that the charges of the newspapers were too vague to admit of definite comprehension, or, when spe cified at all, were too extravagant and absurd to be credited by a sensible and discriminating public. I re flected, too, that much better men than in> ?elf had boon more foully aspersed, Insomuch that Mr. JelfcrRon wrote as early as 180T:-^'Nothing can bo believed which is seen in a newspaper. Truth itaalf becomes auspicious Uf being put into that polluted vehicle. I really look with commiseration over the great body of my fellow citizens, who, reading the newspapers, live and die in the belief tbat they kiio * something of what has been passing In the world In their day. The man who never looks into a newspaper is better Informed than he who reads them, inasmuch as he who knows nothing is nearer the truth than he whose mind is tilled with falsehoods and errors." Venous committees hsve been appointed by tho domi nant party in Congress tjr the punxMse of editing in ques tion and condemning tho official conduct of the executive of Beers of the government. Their reports were sgreod upon hofnre the appointment of their members, and their Inquiries have beon directed to tho establishment of fcregone determinations rather than to the extraction of truth. Wholesale charges of corruption and unscru pulous defamation, in the absence of facte, were to form the staple of there reports. It was a party necessity to call in question the integrity of thoir opponents, and the cry of corruption was to inaugurate them Into power. I have recently been honored by tho appointment of such a cminittee to oondemn my official conduct, all but one of its members opposed to the political sentiments I cherish, and be (Mr. Thomas) taking little part in its proce?ditgs and no part In its report. Its labors have been Industriously aided by members of tho Cubiuet lately disbanded, who were exasperated at the c >urso I pursued in regard to the Southern foi ls: and they have also been actively stimulated by a strong popular senti ment against me at the North, excited by my ordors, making a more equal distribution of tho public arms be tween tho sections. Ihe report of this committee, stimu lated by sucb Influences, is of course full of virulence,and is levelled st me rath?r than at tho persons retlly and confessedly connected with the abstraction of the Indian trust bonds, the subjcct nominally undor investigation. The report of this committee was submitted to the Bouse of Representatives on the lith ultimo, by its chairmso, (Mr Morris./ and Its rev el it ions excetd all precedicg performances of sucb oommittees, in the sen sation sought to be produced. If tho mere lrn'tors oou taineu in it alone were concerned, 1 should troat it with silence, and Wt it, like a nine days' wondet, dio of its own falsity aad absurdity; but the 7utiii official source from which it projiods gives it official imnortaucc an 1 demands of me a formal reply. This reply is ihe more imperative from the failure of the committee to bring up the repert for consideration, debate and refutation It was merely thrust upon the House and scattered broadoasr over the land, and there the ma tcr stopped short. All the harm was dono mo that could be effected, while actiou ceased at the very point where my defence would have commenced. I have been tried in frcrat, and condemned without a hearing. The course of the committee has been like that of the bravo, who sub* In the back, and disappears when turned upon. This is not Anglo Faxon justice or Americtn fair play. 1 desire to be heard. My appeal Is to a fair dealing people. Before characterising the extraordinary proceedings of this committee, I will examine and refute thoir chirges against me In every case In which they have ventured to redaoe them to speclUc form. And, tirst, In regard to TUK lJM.AIJTT or THK AO TQTA.M which I gave to the contractors for army transportation over the Wt*tern pialne. The committee allege, without a particle of authority in fuot, that I confcisod to Mr. Benjamin they were Illegal, anil assert that they wore given in ' disobedience ?(law." I could never have con teaeeti they were Illegal, for I never believed they woro though I never pretended that there was exp-ess law au tborizing acceptar.cee by nutne. They were not without precedfit. At different times almost every deportment of the government has put out paper In different forms for negotiation. burn g the war with Mexico It was for perl<vl? the practice of Quartermasters to draw upou the Quarter master General in favor of creditor* of the government, and for the latter officer, In the absence of funds, to ac cept the orders; whereupon the paper wont Into the bands of capitalists. 1 suppose these acceptances amounted to millions of dollars, for it has been cald (though doubtless with exaggeration) that the Mexican war was carried on by this means. It is also a notorious fact that, within tbe 1ft year or two, claims upon the Poet Office Itepartmmt to a very large amount have been put -into form to be made the subject of negotiation. Going back to an earlier period of the government, It will be fouud that tfeis practice was very c.irly adopted. In deed, paper precisely of tho kind Issued by me, drawn in the very language of the unconditional acceptances which I gave, ve in r< pe;ited instances ps.-ised even the ordeal of the courts unscathed. 1 Miring the administration of General Jackson the I'ost Office Department Issued ac eeptancee, unoondlttoanl as well :ie ronditioi.nl. Not only (lid It accept in favor of contrac'ors to whom it owed money, but It Induced coutractors. who enjoyed high credit with the public, to draw upon it in order that H might accept and raise money on tho ptpjr for its own uses (See p 19 of the Record of ca'e So. 177? in the Court oi Claims.) One of these contractors having aft t trarda died, tbe settlement of bis accounts with the government, Involving teveral of these acceptances, be came the subject oi adjudication in Pennsylvania In Una suit tbe Ouart allowed the acceptance to be esti mated as valid; and ou its decision being endorsed by the Court of Claims, Congress afterwards parsed an act approprlUiijg the amount recovered against thu govern ment, thus recognizing tho validity or thnpapar. (This was in the cise of Rrende's ilxecutrix ) Th to ?u al?o another suit instituted In the District of Columbia, turn leg spec ill rally upon th<> nlldf ol this precise a? of drafts, and toe juigmentof the court rrc/gnned thotr validity. The case went up to the Supreme Court of the United States, and that august tribunal mllrmod the judgment below, in an able decision, not one dissenting (See IB Peters, 377 ) Some three years a??o the Secre tary of the Treasury claimed the right to offset some pay m?nts that had been made by government on acceptances of this sort, agtlnsl an appropriation of Gongress in ravor of the representative of ? party to the paper. The Attor ney (leneral gave an opinion against the propriety of the offcet, based on many reasons, but, among alt the reas >ns assigned, it did not occur to that oftlri%J to allege tho il legality and nullity of the paper in support of his conclu sion. (Ckse 1,778, Cmrt of Claims) Thus, a court la Pennsylvania, a court In the l>istitct of Columbia, the Court of Claims of the United States, the ^jpremo Oourt of tfce United States, and Onogn ss, hivo all recogaixed this precise claks of paper as valid and legal. If this be so in tbe rase of the l"net Office Depertmrot, ? fortiori, it is so In th?t of the War Department, tsblch Is expressly authorised to contract, without tbe authority of speoilc law for the case, by the act of 1830, In these words ? See. e. And be it further enacted. That no eentraet shall hereafter be made by the secretary of Slate, or of the Trea sun.or of tb ? Department of War or of tbe Kavy, e inept aaasr a law authomiag ttie mme, or under .<n appropriation adequate to lt? fillftlnx-ni, ami excepting alao, contract* for U>e suhsistenoe and clmhing ot tac army and nary, and con tree's by the Quartermasters Cepar men I, whiej may be made by the secretaries of tW.- departments Here the Secretary of War Is espresely authorized to make ran tracts for tbe Quartermaster's department without the antboiIty or express law, au l i accordingly dismiss tbe charge of tho committee lh*t my conduct wss in disobedience of tow. I will now explain thermsous which dictated titx oRAjrrwci or lorsrTAjrrw This wu an act of merit for whick I deserve tho coin mediation of the conntry rather than tbe nenrure of Congressional oommltteea. In the history of the world there U nothing for which cabinets and generals have besn willing to make greater sacrifices than tor the safety of aml<* against any want of provisions; and under similar ctrcumataneea I would do again for the com ort and security of our army in tbe remote Weat, dependent for its existence upon the transportation trains, what I did do at the expense of so much unjust slam or and Vl t any at tea. The transportation for this service required an immense outlay at the outset for wagons, teams and periehable stock, such aa few men of established capital would Ten tore upon, and none but men of extraordinary enterprise would think of risking. The stock thus purchased, to be nest out into the dlatant wllderneee to encounter raultl piled hasards, itself furnished no basis of credit, for it oould not be insured and the very fact that men embarked their means and credit in such ad ventures, tended to discredit them with caoi talista, a clan proverbially timid and cautious The outlay, moreover, was all required In the Siting ant and starting off of these trains, wldle the earnings oould not be ooHeeted untU the train* had tra versed Immense diatanees, occupying several months; nor until tbe bills sf lading oould retrace the same tedi ous journeys la returning to the posts of the accounting officers of government. Tbe tervloe was peculiar sl?o la MS immense magnitude, Involving millions where other contracts of government only Involve thousands or him deeds of thousands. Russell, M^ors and Wsddell were the only bidders for this dangerous contract, and*r th. advertisements published by the department Thus. In the heaviness of outlay neeewary In the ouisei in the dangers encountered by the stock employed, from stam p?dr\ Indian attacks and accidents of flood and field, rreitertnp It useless as a bieis of oredlt; In the extraor duiary lapse of time req'tsite for collecting the earning* (?Opt the expenditure vh mule to the magnitude of Mm I nixJei taking it golf, and in the duticulty of obtaining eon- , tractois at all, this service differed from any other ever before ku?wu iu the hixlory of military 0|*ratl<*u or (.oYuri/Uit nt contract* Under this wholly anomalous flute < r things, the quebltou ur<iM m the vwy beginning, si d continued to present tuieir In the progress of the ser vice?how ahaM three urn be eoabled to antloipale their earnings thus unusually delayed, deprived aa they ai e of the meat a or obtaining crodit upon tlielr stock from .t? perishable character, and the extraordinary hasanls utUmdiUK it at every at?-p r It was plain that tney oould I optain crtdi '? only vjxn tKeir contract; and the acceptance! I gave seemed the only mode arallable of providing them ! with the mean* necessary for tlMtr operations. The ; house oi Rutuei. Majixi and Wad dell was universally ! esteemed throughout the West aa Inferior to none either ' in capital, credit or character. Thta firm had, by iti promptness, efficiency, and fair-deal lag, won the oonfl (lftwe of the Uovcmmant, in whose service it had been Eluee 1848. It was, therefore, under the circumstance, no imprudenee even to oo&nde to them the important trust of Uking care of their own ONdlt. At the time the first of the aooeptances were given, there was a deficiency of funds to pay for Uie operation of the Quartermaster's department for the fiscal year preced ing that of my coming into office- besides which faot, an extraordinary outlay, inadvaaoeorappropriations, waa ne cessary for the expedition to Utah; and these tlrst accept ances were given to meet the emergency thus presented. Moreover, trains of these contractors, laden with army sup plies, bad afcout that time been destroyed by the Mormons, in respect to which catastrophe the accounting officers or the government were bound, of course, not only to refuse payment of the transportation money earned, but to withhold alao the value of the supplies on hud out of other dues of the contractors, who thus lost, not only their earnings, hut the value of the goods for which they Lad WSSlpUd, as well aa their teams an1 stock. This lots, resulting from the act of the public enemy, and juitly chaigeable upon the governmoat, could only be tnndo g< od by Congress. The contractors have always eninihtei its amount at about (140,000. It has never >< t been paid. It very seriously crippled their resources at the outset of their operations under my administration end threw them into the market as borrowers of money at high rates of Interest. The interest thus entailed up on them for upwards of three years, added to the princi pal. represents now a loss of more than half a million of dollars Iho country cannot have forgotten thas, at the time those acceptances wore given, an actual rebellion was on foot in Utah; that the whole United Stites force was in a most perilous condition from the fear of starva tion. The troops were a thousand miles beyond the limits of our settlements, in a desert country affording not a Miliary supply of any sort, and annoyed constantly by an active, daring enemy, who hung continually arouud them avowedly for cuttiug off supplies. The country re collects that our army was reduced to suoh extremity that only a single week's provision saved thein from the mccssityof eating their mules. Wli:it woul I have been the censure of the country upon mo if I had fiom any j Cause allowed the army mere to suffer for provisions I was bitterly abated for the risk Iho troops wore exp'ised to?what would have been the ju?t condemnation heap -d 1 upon me U the impending dangers had actually befallen them? I have thus slated the controlling and accumulated rev I sons which compelled the department to pursue a liberal ' policy in affording the contractors fscillties of credit. | The cor tractors, deprived of capital in the mtuner I have stiiitd, found themselves constantly under tho necessity , of anticipating the earnings of their trains; and I found j the same reasons for affording them these facilities con stantly repeating themselves. I believed tbey were legal, I and 1 willingly then, and would freely again, take the re : spcniibility of granting them,determined as I was to en , sure tho certainty and punctuality of the service, which I did secure and winch never failel. Tho com ! plaint against me rnw is, not thill tho service | failed in a single particular, not that the artuy fell short ] of supplies for ii single day, not that a single soldier, or | any ol the people constituting tho army and its attend ; arts, of the ten thousand potted in the western wilds, | nideied want or privation in the whole four years, but i that the men enguged iu a disastrous contract have be>-n i unable to meet punctually all of the tcceptanens which I granted them in tho excess of my solicitude for the ser vice. The 1 resident, Mr. Buchanan, was right, and said truly to Air. Benjamin, that if Mr. Floyd had given these ac ceptances they were, no dosbt, right and proper. 80 they were; they wrre in strict conformity with law, and thoy enabled the War Department to ensure the maintenance of the ui lay at points more than a thousand miles b-yond the borders of our white at ttlements with as much cer tainty ai-d regularity as if tliey had been stationed l/i ordinary frontier j*?ts. And I aEsert, without fear of contradiction, that such regularity and certainty, in fur nu-hlug supplies of evory sort to largo forces so remotely posted, at rates bo economical and under diill -nlties so imposing, were never witnessed before in the history of any military movement on the globe. Mr. Buchanan nu^ht w< II say the transaction was right and proper. 1 think the p ibltc Is now preputed to understand why Tim AMOHST OF niK ACCTTTAKI M negotiated during the four years for the purpose ex plained, corresponded substantially wUh the earnings of tho contractors. I Fay corresponded substantially, be cause the service was subjected to too many contingen cies to admit of any but oonjectural estimates of earnings for specific periods. None could estimate with accuracy wbat they would be, even during a given year, as this would depend upon the movements of troops dependent upon ome> genotes constantly changing. Thus a Quarter niDSter might conjecture that tho earnings for 1861, for instance, would be half n million, while the riecretary of War might place the estimate at double the amount, fcltiil fr< ster uncertainty would exist as to any given month, quarter or fraction of the year. But notwith standing the variable nature of the earnings, the amcunt of acceptances negotiated to anticipate them did substantially correspond with them Thin matter was lett In charge of the chief clerk of the War Department; whoso instructions were to lterp too amount of the acceptances within the proper limits. The total earnings of the years 1868,186W, 1800, ai>d those estimated for 1861, were (6,040,763; which is exclusive of claims of an extraordinary chirwtor which t'< ngnss aloce can allow. On the other hand, tho occep tanees which I gave to anticipate these earnings, exclud ing those which were retmeed to the department unused and cancelled, waa $6,339,3*6; or $3GO,OCO less than the earnings. Thus tho amount of the acocptanoes that were given during the three years is due solely to the unpre cedented magnitude of the service performed. The com mittee. for fere-ation purposes, endeavor to produce tho lmpriffion tli the-e acceptances were all outstanding at one time, and are still outstanding, liable to come up against the government for payment. As well might they have collected up all tho bends which tho government had issued from Ks beginning, including all that bad been paid atd cancelled, and declared tho grand total to be the debt of the nation. They bad abundant proof l>o fote them that these acceptances, for which the government bad at all times security in the an.ounts accruing to tho contractors, wore all paid by them as they matured until September last; and they confess in another part of their report that, deducting those which were put into the hands cf Bailey by RusseH, &i d which I immediately cancelled on discovering the Errversion, there were but 1675,000 of them outstanding nown to the department; which would of course receive notice of them all. (Deducting $870,000 from $1,446,000 UaviK $tT.r, 000.) The committee were bound to admit this tact, but they cover up the admission in disuigeui ous verbiage which conceals it from the publlo. The c mmitvc-c could also have ieirned, If they had pursued their inquiries far enough to embrace the whole truth, that the outstanding acceptances had been provided for by the contractors in an Uhsignnient of property believed to be ample for their protection.and that no ultimate loss to the government is likely to ensue on account of then, Incce'i that a large portion of them ha 1 been sccur<>d b> double alignments. Thus tbo committeo's magnificent bubble of tox or seven millions of acceptances, likely to fall upon the government, collapses under the touch or truth to Uss than six hundred thousand, accural by assignment of property amplo to cover the debt. In less voluntarily ad vancel by Congress not one dollar of loss can fall upon the govornm< nt where the committ?e report six millions. If the government sh ill poimit the earnings of the trains for 1861 to be applied to these outstanding a<cept*nce*, they will be put off without reserve to the assignments. (Hiring the monetary troubles of the last fall and early winter, which diminished the resources of the govern ment, I is.-ued conditional acceptances, contingent on thoir race upon earnings to the amount of $798 000, which were given on the condition that they were to be substituted for previous ones that were In the course of maturing for the purpose of extending them; and upon the declaration to me that the holders of tho maturing paper bad sgroed to receivc the conditional as collateral. But I have already explained this In my letter of the 27th December last to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, every word of which I uow reiterate. l'pi>n the facts I have now detailed, 1 submit tho pro priety of Issuing the acceptances, under the exigencies whi< It pressed u|?n the department, to the judgment or every enlightened man and patriot. Whatever may bo the ontcry or a too easllv misled pre-*, or the clamor of packed committees of Congress. I claim that It was an ectol merit, for which 1 deserve the conmeodatlon of the country. THE Af< "!'yTH. Tli" committee criticise the manner in which an ?o count i f the a< reptmcea was kept in the War Depart mi'iii; but ita ' barge* in this partii ular lire falsified by the records of the <lepartnvr>t, furnished in their own volume of c\ I1''nre. These contain a minute of every fart in relation to the paper, ex< opt Its payment at maturity : and as to tne payment It waa the arrangement that the contractor* rbould provide for ami pay it aa It matured. This waa their stipulation, not only with me but with the bo! lei* of the piper, ami therefore it If Riilticlent to nay that it became incumbent upon the contractor*, whon they obtained credit upon the ptper, to protect their own engagements. It waa for them to keep accurate account* i>f it* maturity, as It was their duty to pay It, and *uch account* I am sure they did keep at their office in Lea venworth , but If they did not, It waa no fanlt of mine. A full and accurate recount of the acceptances that were nejottateii wa* kept In the War Department aa they wore issued; anil a* to >ho complaint thit they were not enter ed In bock*, but only on sheet* of paper, I have to aay, that while It la the custom of merchant* and shopkeepers to record their transaction* in bound books, It la the ge neral practice of government bureaux to praaerre them in the form of paper* tiled. MK14RATIOM TO aa. SRPUIWN. It It charged that I promised Mr. Benjamin. a year or more ago, to Issue bo more a< ?? ptarcea. I could not have made a promise to restrict my official discretion in a matter Involving the existence of ten thousand people. 1 simply expressed to Mr. BenJamla, aa I would have ex pressed to any other gentleman and friend, aa Intention to sceept no more, which 1 entertained at the time. The policy waa always Intended to be temporary, and waa re p??led simply becaoae the neceeslltee (tor doing ao repeat ed themselves. I oould very easily have explained to Mr. Benjamin, or to the committee even, why the deter mination I had come to not to give further assistance was changed. The contractors had a claim npon the govern ment amounting to a very large sum, as already shown. It was brlieved that Congress would direct Its payment If no, they would be in fundi to execute the ne*t neaaon't work without help The appropriation failed. Hie sea son for tr*a*porta*.ion came on. Their embrrrassmeuta o>ntlnued. and the credit of their contract, In an avail* ble 'orm, became ewntlal to them In order to enable tin m to supply the troops npon the plains. Tor these reasons 1 again anorded them tlio aaaistance asked for. The committee> own citations from Mr lienjamtn'S testimony do not Huatnm the declarations to him wh ch they put Into my mouth. Wif LAST AOCBT amm wto !Soo *sgyUaM*ta *?***? to **U into the ^b*??' ??""*?>' bT ** ??-" J p to Mr. KusmU during tall, conditional ? .y^y "trtf?cy <f last tall, conditional tn*.??**7"trtf?cy * 'ast At his request, I afWwa^?J^. <* tHijm. lor fwi^oo.ftSrSES g^-^.'^WoetpUnM ^.sxsai^syssSt^S -p --s?s? &r ?^x^sffirasseF''-. "??? i enouia bave been officially *" P.i.' retire from the Cabinet Th. ?S?J5^. have ^ 10 were demanded by the interS2S?^f?" w#re leg*'11,1,1 The protest would hare beeL pub,ic 8BrTl#e' subjected the transportation but further than that th* mimnil - ?Marrtatment. have boon an ^er stoJX- ?*pl6 con<l^u??oe would sr.? ssS "Xr/iS.i? imputed object of the ahatntinn ?? ?u ~""ft. rhus the to be fallacious; *>ut still the abstra^ti^0"1 'K?*'a proved u? SK^ysssct'Ar h-sks ing, is prominently adduced h^tiu B'r 14' 8ta?*l rot that Mr. KSX^SiStoiJ I.doubt sincere, imaginary aa th^w?rf?u ^n,ih0/ubj?cl were 'ook ?> exag^ra^, vtel ?r :.hbUt f4ct thU he could hnvtLhiui no convention i?.i, C*8? P?!?8 Uwt ** and^^hoaywuhZ^TutbSiS? 00 ,heeubject bondg were taken in ,alf Mr Kuw>e)l with itli!!^^ n0?8 wer? nwt ?'ep tsited by the bulkrf SSbJSKUSLft ?;s, terrtajlS? " *"?W?i to hwealtoJSl Xl? any knowledge oT the abstract,on place i? S .CptT?1t'" U' *** deposited In their miUee wholELw^Ei? ^ lh1 worl,1>t,B8i(leK "lacom motifs* lor' tak$T ssvab-'m^ ."JXS. ';r.t and'd^, ve, v of i?? ?Prf8^y Incident to the protest SSCTaawsM^tra# or'wa8minhBomoVm l^Tbl ""**??*''l" tlaS^ , 88 ln B?n?e indefinable manner corn** t?ri mth it Sf,rr:rr;S'f= p.? ?Kr rer z v? ssrrjr r, S^'"?;^r2?r^ jusuncaiicn or extenuation of his <? taking" the bonds, when tfcev irnow ?i <? . * ilKally SSOTK??sr,o uik oi p?S .jr "dkcovort" lr.,nu r in<iiS v ,<!'em to UH" ,ho w"r 1 ui?coter> .-iiiiplj for the pur|^>se of inhlnuatine tli^t thrro Wu8 P. ine con, ,ulme.it of the tr^?iou atu'mD^d '?Hu'd In ii,r ^ y ba'',h" filct bofo^ them, aiiJIiavo Mated in tint- t^ine report that "iu 1^58 tin- S-orpinrif of t'^t,iBH,,e t.rg,nK their purch.Vof6 '.ho^of tKXi?!1,11 ''^n Keuerally known In commercial whu h iiJ,. e.}0#Jf- lhus th0 ammitieo Plate a fact m^Je by th^m !n fh? i601 '? lh? ll'8'nu?"o? previously HVH n?i??h T b? ^mp ,elK,rl- "" 1 wl'lch iiiBinuaticn imputattos agtt^? ttnd Waa P? ^ Jt muhi bo home in mind that duricc nil tho lint fr?.v t& nloy^d b'/such a'u'nder K to dovw thought riiHtj ol iutimlSir 'JllV"^ rJ)?racter? doing for Ife piou-ctlon. B.^dea thiB th h" *M knew, ..r coi.ld have known t?ya?kiui iL,t'""1,tt6? sort oi inilm.ey wtatevcr bctwl? ui ^ I * 7"" 00 8< lf; ' n tbe contrary, that our association w?0^ra? m^' formal kind. J did not eren kHTlfnui "6m,u8t clos< d h<8 defalcation to mo in Deoember^a?f tJ.y?t h? occupied any sprcial [X# It ion of trutt in the iniVi, r!? I p.rinuit. I old not know that s 'ch tli, i?,? ? ?-wufly. < r even ,n .he office of .he <iZnZut Thi? ' was n< t a solitary circumgUice between ii* of a ?nr? whi h usually b n.l men together io bonds of frwn.ishln c.' potion, oflical or private, no mwociitfJo' un. -,? W ly Mr- imperil hiTfharac^r' Prf?l,ect? in hfi forever for Ihsm^SoM Of shielding mo from a dai.err whi^h h*,i n\ V '.ij' P^0 A very h!gh ai,<l noble motive was it certain]r to rtk hli feme and repuiati'n and incur the r^of tKnimL.f a criminal act to save a mere ar.i.i...,t.??? i/Pnaiiiee ?f ysi :rK?r,i,vs -?? -STSW ik. ssl* as!:uys^*a s^'"i?">?? wordXS^^ ?vZii ali 'r h SS; "^^sssaa israi *Ii th 8iUy ?* be could (1? on tne face of tho (?i thv It i aasr^.Vs^s? percentl< n of tt? n '1*"efc'b'c 11 should escape the percepti? n of tbe mt'?nest comprebentiion Whv ihr n ' rtain<''thfl fari*Were D"'Vt'<ll by "D desire' to as cciiain the fifctfl ronnecttMl nith tho utatrAof ion nf th? Kfcr.rsrr.s,is'i;'s isS won BCbfiO hi 1 rvt^ t? ' IaClo, or com< Tho c< miEiUoe rerort tho fact that Vfr n.iu,. ?a cafe me In & t?TJSton^UP??.l<! 'mpli sssr.^r,ij eno,,?b in ui1 th* SK It semis that there wore but throe men who knew of the tnkii g of tho bonds until it wits publicly disclosed ?hey have declared that I know nothing of the trau?uc Hot!, ?Ld that 1 wm tl.e latt |K>n ..n they would have al lo??d to know of it, thus |> ot ing the nog*Vlvo to regard to any knowledge on my part. Are these wUnestee to be believed? The committee must vouch their credi bility, for it in frcm tneir testimony alcne thnt the only circumstances against tne are drawn. But apart from this consideration, there are other farts and oircum stances which establish my ignoi nnce and disconnection with thii> huslnes* as completely, probably more com pletely. than any positive testimony could do. Mr. Ilailey's letter to me, dated the lttth of December, revealing the fact of the abstraction of the bonds, and his possi-sston of the scoeptancrs, beam upon ttn face, In ?very line and syllable, conclusive proof that he was re vealing fuels to mc that he knew 1 was ignorant of. That waa the whole object?that wits the sole object of this letter; written for any other object it would have been nonsense. No m.m on earth woul.l have written such a lettir us this unless to another ignorant of tho subject dl>cl'*cd, and bo every honest man will decide. Mr l'-ailey, in thin letter, asks for a pen-onil Interview with me before I should make any dlsclieures With this letter to me he sent a copy of his proposed letter to Mr. Thompson?In which be determined to eonceal the trsnpsctlon until the close of the administration I in tni-dlut-iy niter his Interview with me, which took place according to his request, he determined to disclose the transaction at once. If I bad known anythiog of the abetiarti' n, or had bten Implicated in Uie alightest de gree In it, or felt iuiv Interest whatever In coo'Maltng It, ti"W < ssy and natural would It have been for me to urge Mr Bailey to persist In his plan of concealment? And a*, at that time, the commiUce assort, ' Mr IWIley, la the exerclse of forethought, prudent to avoid detection, tus'ie up hit stock arcoutit for Ust tear, showing ou its face that the b?nda were safe in his custody, nothing could have been more easy than to continue the con c**iment But immediately niter this interview, Mr. Bailey charged his previously concerted plans, and made his di.-c'csuie. Mr. Bailey does not lea to the reason for this charge In his plans in any doubts He said, tn Ins conversations with various witnesses and others, ?'that he never would have chanced his plans of concealment but for the conversation be hoid with me." I would not consent to f>e the depository of such a secret, and therefore Mr. Bailey concluded vory properly that farther concealment was utterlv impossible; and, ronse quently , f n the very day of his Interview with me, he directod Mr. Wagner to deliver bis letter of confession to Mr. Thorn peon immediately on Mr Thompson's return to the city. It was not owing to Mr Bailey's Inability to arrange his coupon accounts with the Auditor to any ex tent, or In say part, that caused the "early disclosure," and this the committer knew perfectly well. The com mittee knew that Mr. Bailey had gitU? Mr. Thompson, the flmetary of the Interior, to certify that his accounts were all correct [ss an Instance of the committee's ne glect or indisposition to bring out the whole truth, they have omitted to record the material fact that Mr Thorn p son did give the certificate, which was tiled on the 14th December] and that the bonIs were In his possession at he very time wheo they had been abstracted. But for the knowledge of this b'isioess coming to me as it did on the 30th of Itecember, these whole transactions would hsve been as completely concealed now as they were st any stage of the proceeding. But the committee knew snother very Important fart which they liavc not thought worth while to allude to la their report. They knew that I took every means In my power to Induce Mr. Bossell to come at once to Wsahlng ton immedistely upon discovering the abstraction of the bonds, snd his disposition of the acceptances I had glvsn him. Mow can that fact be reconciled with the Idea of conspiring with him on my part? If there had been the least knowledge on my part of his transactions, much lees a participation in them, nothing could liave been more important to me than his absence from the coua ?hit why should I continue this formal refutation of cobweb sbsurdlttes? I lesve the sinister Insinuation* of this committee to the Judgment of all |uM and honorable men. Ths sensation prees has teemed with stories of my Im mease wealth to publio plunder, and msgaiikeot deposit* in the banks How easily could all this lure been eatab li*hed U true, by this secret oommittee of detacUv**, vested wltli all the power* of Congress, and endowed with taatea and capacities low enough for the miassat riMarcbM. Thoee who know anything about my alkln know that It la growl? and cruei/y (Use; know that I go out of office a poor man; aa could readily be proved to toy scandal monger In Cnngrsaa and soaveoger of the Ci who delights In such Inquiries: and this fact Is the lusive and honorable voucher I hold against all their brutal charge*. nut oosdcct of thk oomtrrnoL I come now to the oommittee itself, and how ahdl I characterise the course It hat pursued towarda me? I

venture to assert that, In all the history of secret loqusl tioos, there baa never been an instance la which heavier imputations were Insinuated without being charged, or hated upon so utter a destitution of evidence or a grosser suppression of facts. And to what end have they brought all their defamation of ma? Have they propoaad any ac tion proper for the case imputed Y They have proposed nothing, they have done nothing. They have not even deemed their own labors worthy of consideration by the House of Representatives. They have not dared to sub ject their report to discussion in open debate. If, as they leave the public to believe, there are sis millions sf ac ceptances outstanding in the hands of bona (Ule holders for which government is responsible, It wss their duty to bring forward eome legislation to save the innooent from loss. But they bave not doue so, and their failure is a confession that their whole statement on the subject is a baso falsehood ; it is an admission of what is the real fact that neither the government nor a single Innocent ltlxon will lose a dollar upon these drafts. It will not do for them to say that they have, by ex posing their "Inviolably secret" proceedings to the Ursnd Jury of tbe 1'istrict of Columbia, and by the ex ercise of Indecent peisonal industry, procured my Indict ment ftr malfeasance lu office; for tbe law positively for bids tbe prosecution of a witness for any art or fact touching which he (hall bave been examined and have testified before a committee of Congress, and they brought me within the operation of this Btatute by sub .)?* ting mo to a tedious pettifogging examination. Nor was this prosecution a proper proceeding for an offence of such broad scope as official malfeasance. It is impos sible, under the strict rules of pleading unforced In cri minal courts, to embiace su.'h a charge. and impeach ment is the only proceeding which, by Its freedom from technicalities and latitude of range, can meet the emer gencies of such a trial. The oommittee lmve not ven tured to subject the fallacies of their report to such an ordeal. Nor have they brought forward or pressed to pnssage any law to guard against a repetition of the beinoua offences they Impute to me. Thus, by their omifclons of self defined duty, have they stultified themselves, falsified their report and proved their whole proceedings to have been a wretched partisan a tempt to fly-blow and discredit a political ad verrary. To bave made a report pregnant In every line with libel upon the head of a department, to have ordered several thousands of copies of it to be printed for circulation, ard to have irstltuUd a mock prosecution, serves vary effectually a political object; but what groat et.ds of honest and patriotic statesmanship are acoom? filishf d by stopping short here anil trifling with a pub ic duty'; If they were determined to single out a victim for a political offence, against which there Is no law, and for which, In the minds of all Jual men, there ought to be no censure, the oommittee ought, at least, to throw aside the hypocritical garb of indig rant morality, tinder which they bave not scrupled to perpetrate a forgery In the name of truth. In this report a forgery is committed In the testimony of Mr. Iintikard, and for the word "annoyed'' Is substituted the word "agonized," simply to create the inference frcm the supposed intensity of my feelings about the nor payment of rtie acceptances, that I would consent to abet a telooy in order to prevent a protest. I can scarcely resist a feeling of despair when called upon to defend myself against a committee of Congress, operating through the machinery of that powerful tribunal, and re sorting besides to the wenpoua of forgory, committed In tbe teciesy of a privileged conclave, amenable to no law and subject to no c? usure. The very last phase of depra vity and corruption, the moat pitiable exhibition of a meanaud drspicable nature, is, with lofty professions of virtue, to use an accidental position of publio trust to give circulation and point to calumny and falsehood. With tbe parties Implicated, perfectly known and con fessed, this committee have turned aside from Investi gating tho cantos of negligence and maladministration which 1< d to the offence, or which rendered such a thing practicable; and have consumed six weeks in attempting, by the suppression of the real facts and the establish merit of falsehoods, to implicate a political adversary. Tbe great course of public justice has been abandoned, the interests of the country forsaken in a malignant' att< nipt to wreak vengeance upoa a political opponent in tbe name of Justice and public virtue. Tho whole con duct of this committee in their inveatigatle>n convicts it of a vindictive spirit and loteution. Charged with grave judicial functions, it has dlaregtrdr-d Its obligations as an impartial arbiter, and perverted the judgmont bench into a position from which to shout forth Indecent defa mation upon my head. It arraigns mi before Congress in the style and spirit of a prosecuting attorney, making the public records the vohlcle, and the public archlvos the depository of Its invectives. The whole tone and language of Its report proves that the relation it assumed towards mo was that of prosecitor rather than that of Judge. Nor will there be found in the mauy hundred pages of testimony It has taken, a single Interrogatory designed to elicit any fact tending to my vindication, or the whole truth in regard to any of the muter* under Inquiry. Nay, more, where the true reply to questions propounded would have brought out facts in my favor, tbe witnesses wore oftenor than not cut short la their statements with demands for categorical answers. One of the initiatory acts ot this committee was to adopt a resolution enjoiutng "inviolable" secrcsy as to ail tbeir proceedings, and yet there was no evidence elicited st any time tending to prejudice me In the pub lic mind that waa not forthwith published over tho land in the sensation press?as ir It had been Intended, by educating public sentiment for six weeks In advance, to prepare It to accept with unquestioning credulity, the monstrous fictions Anally brought out la the report. Even bis very document was published at the North before It wss submitted to the House of Representative*, and garbled portions of the evidence surreptlttenisly printed n a volume before It was laid upon (he clerk's desk ot bat body. The official document of the evidence is not yet printed, and 1 have only been able as yet to examine it by proxy anil In the meet cursory manner I protest that this investigation, so tar as I am eon cerned, has been conducted against every t ule of justice and public decency. The Christlaa mvtim, as old as clvillzatioc?"hear the other side"?has been ut'erly disregarded. The time honored rule of common law? "l?| man shall be held Innocent until hi* guilt is proved"?his been reversed; everything has bean as sumed against me, and the onus of proving the negative tbiust upon my shoulders The opportunity for con front irg and crocs examminr witutsses, or even of kiowing the charges to be inquired into, Las not been afforded by this Star Cham Her Inquisition, who have not even allowed the witnesses supposed to entertain friend ship for me an opportunity ot correcting the proof sheets of their testimony. Rut these proceo lirgj only prove what is already too well known to tho public?'.hat these investigations of Congresa have degenerated Into mero engli.es ef partisan warfare?Infernal engines, plotted In secret for indiscriminate deatructiveness. tew meu of character will uw take pa't In them, and thoy have o< mo to be composod of person* of tho basesi Instincts? worse- than assassins of flfo?assassins of character. For these reasons 1 pretext against the validity of the report of this committee for any purpose, so far ax I am concerned, except to prove tho malignity of It* authors and tlielr unscrupulous industry as sc inlai mongers and dotectivea. I protest against their whole proceedings In regard to me as a brutal assault upon every sa'eguard of public and private character, which modern civilization has been wont to cherish ss sacro 1. I denounce them as utterlj unworth* to pronounce judgment upon any politi cal s<!versa;y. and I repudiate their accusations against me ss the malicious aspersions of partisan opponent* and personal enemtea. ronrn'gioif. A groat fact i-lands prominently out Id npite of all ra lumny auil detraction. It Is this?that I have a< mini* ten d the War Department upon the appropriations made by Congress, and Dave askel for no deflcioncy bill to p iy off arrearages. The expenses of every year hare been kept within the appropriation*, although the m .mates of the Bureau have lw>ou moat materia'!/ reduced by Con gnan, under circumstances calculated greatly to eml>ar ra>R the service. These appropriations, it must be borne In mind, havo ail l>een made upon specific retinitis for each branch of the service snl for every item. Obngres* coi;U not f ill to understand thoroughly and miniitoh everything they were doing. Th > expenditures wore mad'1 in coni>rmity with the estimates and the appropriations. and every contract and everv order for a purohu ?, specifying the aitlclri coctractcu for or bought. the exuct sums of mo ney expended, and the nam * of tfie parties to the tram nrtrms. have alJ been regularly transmitted to Cortgr? -'f. flo thut a |*rfect map of the whole transaction.* of the Department hax been regularly laid beforo th.it body eTery year, and not one ay 11 tble of censure has errr yet been uttered against a single transaction. I arrogue nothing when I nay that s greater amount of service wan never rendered before the l olled state* for the aame luu of money. The army haa, during my whole term of office, been on a w*r footing, aud .not that of peace, and have been carrying on active campaign* from Texas In the Pouth to the British iteeaewlona In the North, whilst the transportation requlri-d aud performed baa been be yond all pr< cedent greater than at any form' r period. I Hiring ail this time, amid all tho dlfllcul'les arising from a distrustful and hostile coarse of legislation, not one doilsr has been expended beyond the appropriations of Congress, not one dollar lof-t to the government from fraud, peculation sr theft. There a tan 5 the arrrtunts, plain, clear, distinct, Inviting Investigation and defying bonrat tcrutiny. If these facta, which neither malignity nor falsehood can overthrow or a hake, are not enough to shield mefrom the cuckoo err of fraudulent contracts and cjuntu tn em bevz ements, U will be owing alone to the fact that Con gress a hall lend ILaetf to Ul? propagation of such reports aa are the offering of fifciood and inalgolty, instead of perfotming the high and noble dutjr ot upholding the public Interests by sustaining, or at least shielding from tnilust arsault, those who have been faithful to their pub lie trusts. JOHN B. FLOYD. A bum won, Vs., March 4,1901. Notice* ef Ntw Books. Hand Boo* or Activk Hekvick, ron m* Daw or Voi.tTNTr.KHH. Bj Kgbcrt L. Viols, late of the United Btatoa Army, Captain Engineers, Seventh regiment. D. Van Nostrand, Ho. 192 Broadway, New York. I vol., 12mo., 252 Pf? This is aa sxceUeat treatise or manual for the volun teer or regular soldier, comprising, as it does, many valu able bints and Illustrations to troops who are liable to be brought stiAdeoly into the field, and who, by following out the directions sad advice lald.down la this work, would obviate unnecessary privation and per tonal suffer ing. This bonk tresis in s familiar sad original manner of that line of onnduct to be pursued la a campaign which will en*bio the soldier to husbsnd bis physical rroourcss, and at the same time reader him most effective In every way for any duty. Not the leant Interesting part of the work are the chapters on food and the manner of cooking It, the manner of conducting a march, laying out a camp or forming a bivouac, with a chapter on Held fortifications and s manual for light and heavy artillery The work is amply Uiustrated, and will prove a ratable acquisition to a military library, Vim or Randall'* bland. MMTBOOTION of TBI 8B0K BAMUr ACTOBT?LOSS ABOUT $20,000?ABBUT OF OMI OF TBS BOT8 OB SU8P1CION. Bstwesa twelve ut ou o'clock yesterday morning a Are broke out tat the oeliar of the shoe manufactory oa Randall's Island, connected with the Houie of Refuge, and under charge of ike Society (or the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents?John W. Kstcham,Superintendent. The building wae three stories in height, ud about 36 reel wide by T6 feet long. Owing to the lack of proper fire engines, the fisaaes spread with great fury. Several stream* of water from hydrants were directed upon the flames, and a email fire eagine from the upper eu<l of the ialand was dually got to work, but the Ore hid gotten under such headway that it was impossible to sUy its ravages. The entire building and its oontents were destroyed. The loss oa the building, whieh Is owned by the city and State, is ettimated at about 90,000; fully insured in oity companies. The business of manufacturing shoes was carried on by the contractor, J. O. Whitehoune h Co., of No. 1S3 Cham bers street. They estimate their loss at about $12,000; insured for $2,600 in the Kings County, and $2,600 In ths American Insurance Company of Philadelphia. The building burned is the one uorth of the main building. There were about two hundred and fifty boys employed in the shops, and nearly 17,000 pairs of shoes have been destroyed. It appears that (in some way yet to be as certained) one of the boys got out of his room during ihe night, and entered the oellar of the building, turned the tap of a barrel of aloohol, and set Are to U. The name of the boy we were umable to learn. City Intelligence. Ouarmmf to the Hon. John A. Drx.?The friends of the late Secretary of the Treasury intend to give that gen tleman a flattering reception on his return from Washing ton. A meeting was held yesterday, when it was arranged to give Mr. Dix a public dinner, nt which proper ?expres sion will be given to their approbation of hie course dur ng ihe brier time he occupied the responsible position of Secretary of the Treasury. Cbmcubaticn of Sr. Patrick's Dat.? Our citizens of Irish birth or extraction are making preparations on tho most extensive scale for the celebration ef tho birthday of St. Patrick, the patron of Ireland. The 17th of March falling on Sunday this year renders a postponement of the rustomury exercises and festivities ncceesary until tha day following, when there will be, as usual, a graud mlli itary and civic par ado, besides many agreeable dinners and reunions in the evening. The Sixty uinth regiment will turn out under the command of I.leutenant Colonel Robt. Nugent, and we understand that the civic display will surpass an) thing of the kind that has taken place on a similar occasion in this city. The Rt. Rov. Dr. Lynch, R C B , will deliver a lecture on the evouing of Hunday, the 17th inst., at Irviug Hall?Subject?"St. Patrick, the patron Saint of Ireland.'' Tin Nxw Law fob thk Beiticr Govsrsmknt of tuk Fire Dh'artmknt?During the coming week a special meet ing of tho Board of Representatives will be held at Fire men's Hall, to take action on the new law for tho better regulation of the Fire Department, passed by the I/>?(?? lature. As tho Common Council has been deprived of all power over tho Department, a new Board of Fire Com mlssioners and a Board <if Appeal is to be elected. Tho number of men allowed each company has also been re-. ducedEngine companies to fifty men, hook and ladder companies to forty and hose companies to twenty-five. Already there are quite a number of aspirants in tho field for Commissioners. It Is presumed that most of the nconibers of the present Board of Fire Commissioners will be re elected. Mr. Henry Wilson, President of the Coard, is spoken of as one of the candi dates to be put forward for the Boird of Appeal. He is an old flroaian,and will no doubt be tin1 unanimous clnice of the department. It Is certainly important that immediate action should be taken, for there is hardly a lire in any portion of the city but what is attended by a most disgraceful tight. At ono fire a few days ago there were no less than ton companies engaged in fighting. Chief Engineer Decker, has boos untiring in his efforts to secure the passage of the new bill, and is determined that no cotnpmy shall go unpunished if they in the slightest way are oqgaged in any riotous conduct after the new law Is in force. Tkix Pouts Commission krs yesterday roceivod the re slgnatlon of policeman W. L Ostrander, of the Third precinct, and officer Murin, Of the Fourth ward. Several bills wore passed by the Board and ordered to be paid? amorg them. $481 for board for the inmates of tho House of Detention. The new House of Detention in M >tt street will shortly be completed, and it said that it will be taken pq^setsion of on tbe 1st of May There is some talk of Increasing the number of the Broalway squad and havlrg a portion of them on night duty,to attend places of amusement, In place of the members of the Twenty sixth precinct. Tux Aixep.mamo "Ring" Clique ?An enthusiastic meeting of the members of the Eighteenth Ward Union Independent Democratic Association wos held on Thurs day evening l*st. There were no leas than 360 members present, and the utmost unanimity prevailod. The do sign of the association Is to break up tbe Influence of a clique of Aldermen known as the "Ring," and to estab lish the principle that Aldermen are to be eleotod by the people, and not by themselves. The meeting was callod to order by the lTeaident. Mr. James Irving, and the fol lowing gentlemen elected permanent members:?Presi dent, Ilawley D. Clapp: Vice I'resldents, Patrick Roots and John O. Hearn: Treasurer, Daniel Gillespie; Secretary, T. A. Rancher. WUlinnubiri City News.. amors Fun ?On Thursday evening a Are broke out In a large frame bouse, owned by Mr. Richard Berry, and occupied by Mr. Cameron, in First street, between South Tenth and South Eleventh. The building and fur niture were injured to the extent of about (1,300. There was no Insurance. About nlno o'clock on the mime evening another Are was discovered in a frame building in Ainslio street, between Eighth and Ninth streets. The building is owned by Mr. A. H l'unly, and used as a stable by Messrs. Meeker h Myers Two valuable horses belonging to the latter gentleman, together with the stable, were burnt up. A third horse escaped with a few slight burns. The total loss is about $100. The property is not insured. Will another Are broke out at about htlf pist ten o'clock, In the Washington Hotel, Kent avenue, owned by Mr. Adolphus Frack. The flames wore oxa*ioned by the explosion of a fluid lamp which a young lady, named Amelia I.*rnes, was endeavoring to light. The flames communicated to her dress, and burnt the poor girl in so dreadful a manner thdt it is thought ahe can not recover. The carpe s and furniture weie damaged to the extent of about ?50. Nxw Yo?k Bmu Bocnrv.?Tho regular monthly meet ing of the New York Bible Society was hell ut the Bible House, Astor place, on Thursday evening, March 7?the President, William Alien Butler, E^q., in the chair. The Committee for the Supply of the Destitute Resident Popu lation reported the completion of the visitation of tho Twelfth ward, showirg an aggregate visitation of S,034 families and a distribution of 0ft4 volumes. With a large Increase of population the ratio of destitution had de creased The Marine Committee reported distribution durirg the month of Febiuary among the shipping of 164 Bibles snl 1 021 Testaments. Reports were received from the other standln| committers. The subject of ja creasing the force employed iu lue work of systematic vi. Nation and distribution among the resident popula tion, with a view ta complete a thorough supply of all destitution In the city every two jetra, was discussal. and a resolution adopted authorising the employment or an additional agent The Board adjourned to the first Thursday of April. Americas Brout Socnrrr?The stated meeting of the managers was held on Thursday, the 7th Instant, at half past three P. M.?Hon. Luther Bradish In the chair, as sisted by James I?nox, Benjamin L. Swan, Francis Hail, and Polatiah Perit, Esqs Rev. Dr. De Witt read the ninety seventh peala and offered prayer. Seven new auxiliaries were recognised, of which Ave are in Missouri, one la North Carolina and one in Texas. Oommuuica tions were read from agents giving nn account of their labo-s: from the American Railway Union,asking books for their depot at Chicago: from Colonel Tronohin, Gene va, giving an account of the operations of colporteurs and distribution of books m Italy under the supervision of the Swiss Italian Committee; from Rev. Dr. Revel, Florence, is reply to a letter of Inqitlrv from this society In regard to the demands for the bible In Italy and the practicability of increased circulation? the answer is very favorable ahd encouraging, from the Rev. I. G. Bliss, the society's agent In <V>n?t.'in tinople. stntlng the unexpectedly large demand for the Scriptures in the Fast, and increasing circulation, and asking appropriation* for printing the Scriptures and supporting colporteurs and sustaining the de|Kxitory at I'era; from Rev. J. L Maokey, missionary of Presbyte rian Board, West Africa, with regard to printing tlie Gospel by Stark In the Ih-nga tongue, from Rev. Mr. Tor rey, missionary to the Cherokee*, and Stephen Foreman, translator, respecting the continuance of the work of translating the Scriptures Into the Cherokee language Grants of tx-oks in various languages were made for dla trlbutlon in Chile. 8. A.; in Ilaytl, W. I., to thuCo'omx.t tion Society. Philadelphia, for Africa; for distribution In Kansas, snd Welsh Bibles for Wisconsin, in neighbor hoods where there is no auxiliary, with many sm lUsr grants, and four volumes In raised letter* for the blind, and 110,000 were appropriated for printing the Arable Testament at Beyrout. and completing the Arineno Turk ish Bible in imperial quarto, and carrying on the work at Constantinople. Dust, Dntt, D?st. TO THR KDITOR or THR HKR4M>. Nothing but dust. Eyes, mouth, ears, property and health, all must suffer for the want of a little water to allay the dust The sprinklers arc ready to do their duty, but say that they are debarred from using the water un til after Ute 1st of April by the city authorities, they fearing the loss of the water for the purpose of extin guishing Area, while morn property and health are de stroyed during the month <K March than the loss of half a dov.en Ires when talcing In their ratio. It Is a com plete stopper to ail business; the ladles will not go out to shop, and the shop and storekeeper will not leav homo to make purchases, and by general consent all business is st a general stand still, will not some of our leading dry goods men, who are the greatest sufferers by thi* in tolerable nuisance, make a move In this matter and ob tain permission for the use of tho water at onoe, and if not, cannot the sprinkler* be induced to draw the water from the river, In which event none could bo so uarea ponable as not to allow a fair equivalent for their extra services- To eff-ot this object during the present mouth is to e<ft*t a good greater than can possibly be derive 1 from such a course during all the other eleven months of the year A RSAL tiUFV&tKK. AFFAIRS IN M0M9IMAS. Oar Bells* CorTMpoHdtar?, Hxuzk, British Honduras, Keb. U, UM Meeting of th< Iffi*lat*r*Surji\u Bermm?Ptmfttt gf 0 frotractnl Stttitm?Bay Islandt Ifot yd Surrmdend * Honduras?Drtad tf Mibufterf?Murder tf m Amtri cam Otiive* Lots of Veads?OuUtum tf Trade, rf;., <fc. The Legislative Assembly of British Hoaduras oesa mmetd Its annual seastea on the 2Sd alt. The report of tbe Public treasurer show* the publi* funds to be la a very flourishing condition, there Mag m balance of $30,000 la the public chest after paying lk? ttuae loan and all liabilities against the public. The session bids fair to be a rery long one, as OkS Superintendent has already seat la his twenty-sixth bm sage, each one of which la tha forerunner of an eaast meut. In addition t) these new measures the different members bare brought forward half ts many mora. Ihe Bay Islands are not yet glren up to Honduras, ?or is there much likelihood that they will be, as Guardiola sad his friends thiak they will be more plagae thaa profit to the State; so ihey are oontent to let them aloaa Mr. liorin, the magistrate of the Bay islaads, is here. He has heea ill, but is now batter, aad has brought bis family here la order to send thsaa hosw for their health Ho has receired the appointmsat ef Public Treasurer at Belize, and will enter on bis duties aa soon ss the Bay Islands are taken over by the Sta'e ef Honduras, or when his auoeesaor arrives, should tba i olony of the llay Islands be reacted by the Stat* ?f Honduras. Guardiola is still in great dread of more filibuster*, and-continues to watch all citizens of the United States who oome into the State. He hopes the secession move ment will succeed, and expects if it does to see tka United Statte in the tame situation as the Central Ame rican States aie now. An American citizen, named Duffy, formerly from Mis tourl, an ambrotype artist, was lately murdered on Us return from the capital of Honduras. He had about 92,000 In cash with Mm. I will endeavor to obtain the partiea lars, and if successful, will forward them in my next. 'ihere have been two vessels recently oast away at tha Swan Island. lb* Swedish bark Louisa went on shore on the night ef tbe 3d inst ?hc was on her way to sea from this perl, loaded with mahogany, and at tho time wflS In charge of hm) or our pilot*. Hopes are still entertaiaad that she will be got off, as several vessels have been seat to her assistance. Captain Seely, of the brig Ana Kltab beth, of New York, wrccked on Swan bland, comes oa tba Honduras, with his passengers and a portion of his crew. They came near four hundred miles in a smaM, open boat, to this port, in a heavy norther, while every thing they had was snaking wet and completely spoiled. Tra^e continues dull. In fact, since Walter took Trux lllo, Belize hi* had little or no trade with t'.o interior* and, what is much worse, the debts due from the interior tben are due aow, and I tear will always remain due. The same apology u now made by the people of No trade, no cash, and we can't pay, say they. Walker Is ibe excuse of the poor and of tbe knaves, and the latter are ten to one of the former; but so goes the world. TROCBLKS WITH TTTK CLEKCJY IN KKOARD TO LIBBBtV Olf CONflOKNCK?TUB. BAY ISLANDS NOT YKT UK rO&8B?t*ION #F HONDURAS, ETC. Ihe troubles between the government and clergy of Honduras grow out of the provision* of tbe treaty ef cession of the Bay Islands, by which non Catholics ara permitted to worship according to their Individual noUoos and pleasure. On the death of Bishop Fiores, which *s curred about tbe time of the oeeaion, tbe Vicar Capitular of the metropolitan diocese, Don Miguel del Cid, actuated by his apostolic zeal and hatred of heresy, published a deorie of excommunication against President Guardiola and a'.l his aiders and abettors, for the alloged renew that the death of tbe bishop and the free introduction Of hot fBy were the work of the government. Ihe decree oi excommunication wai pusted all over th* capital and distributed throughout the republic, causing profound sensation In tbe miods of tbe people, calcu lated to produce the worst results for tho peace of th? country and tho perpetuity of the government. Presi dent Guardiola, therefore, felt himself called uponflp issue a decree depriving the Vicar of his function*, ban ishing him fiom Honduras, and ordering the doitruotloa of his obnoxious publication. The following is a transla tion of the government decree:? Article 1. Ihe publication of the excommunication ftd uiinated by tho Vicar Capitular against th? Presides* and others is prohibited, aud is ordered to be torn dowa from tbe places where it has been alllxed; those oppiaiag to be treated as seditious, according to law. Art 2. The said Vicar, lion Miguel del Cid, is to removs from the country, aud the Apostolic See shall be plasad in poeaeseiou of those of his documents which justify aad excite rebellion, in order that it may be in a posiUaa t* proceed justly and properly. Art. 3. After tbe publication of this decree, all inhabi tants or the republic are prohibited holding communica tion. direct or indirect, of any kind soever, with the said del Cid. Those who infringe in this particular shall ha treated as guilty of treason to the country. Ait. 4. The venerahlo ecclesiastical chapter will be called upon by the government to revoke tbe appointmsat to the vtc&rship of the said del Cid, for the very proper reasons which are presented; and that it proceed to ao minate his successor, if there be no obstaole In tbe way. Art. 6 exacts obedience from all olllciaU In the *xesa tion of the decree. President Guardiola publlshos, with the above decree, a I reclamation, or rather a letter of appeal to the people, xplalnlng his past conduct and defending himself from he charges made against him by the Vicar, that he per secuted the church or was guilty of sacrilegious spolia tions of church property. In regard to ine death of Bishop Flutes, tbe otUciil OateUt of Honduras, la a re view of the Vicar's "oensure," shows conclusively that the bishop died of cholera morbus,and produces the tes timony of Or. Holland, wbo attended biin at the recom mendation of several eminent respectable persons, whoae names are given. In abort, the various charges are re futed uriatxm. Notwithstanding all this, however, th* matter may yet cau?e a great deal of trouble to the go veriment of th* country. Supreme Court. W\Tlion B Laurence, Jr. w B K. 3k i <retii?Motv/n Is let cuitle tale of prvjxrty ?n Dey itrret Umut ?Sutherland, Justice.?On tbo question whether at the time of the entry of the judgmont in this caM there ?u oyer $1,2M of rent due the plaintiff, and whether aa to Iho amount of the judgment beyond that sum it was intended merely as security lor rent to become due thereafter, the papers aa the part of the plaintiff arc by no means satisfactory The defendant, Sbarretts, swears positively that ooif $14250 ef rent was due when the judgment was given, and tbat as to ibe whole of tbe Judgment beyond that sum tbat it was given as securit) men ly. This allega lieu is conlirmed by the aiUdaviU. o his brother, Haines Van Winkle, and by the pialatlfs RMM. dated Nov 9, 1SM>. and by other circumstances. Tbe plaintiff swears tLot the judgment (which is tor $7,240 M) was given for rotit lu. .'ii ? i lu <>i tea's, unu n >t ?<? ?"c iritj f.>r rent te become due. and his l.utt affidavit contains a stat -mont at Ifcs MNM making up the $7 ?.!?? "4. as he alleges; bat this statement is by no means satisfactory. According to this, >1 (HO was Tor balance due on note for $2,600 due June 4. 1*51, which notei? stated in his first affidavit wsa given fur rent. The items of the balance of tbe judg ment, $6 249 04, ate stated as amounts of rent unpaid between or ou certain subsequent days up to tbe 1st day of January. 1WQ, licliisiv?,?btit there is nothuig to show when tt?JJ dvje, or for what period or periods It accn ed; nothing to show ?*??<* ?? not Han d over and over again ss reii. unpaid^ nothing to eipinin the extraoreinarj circumstances th?. W* else sum or ltex of $'J0A & I stated as rent unpaid on tbe first day of s>x different months, and the sum of $833 3$ on tbo first nay of two different months when tbe rent paysble by the lease was $426 monthly. The states**! cetlamly looks as if it mlgbl have been made up arbitra rily, for the mere purpose of making a statement of figures which would toot op, Including tne $1,000 balaoM due on the note, at the precise sum of $T,2I9 M lbs amount of the judgment- But whether the judgment was in part given for rent actually due, or meroly as seourltp in whole or in part for rent to become due, a* this mot lea now stands, is a question of little or no tmport?aee. When the first order to show cause was obtained, tbe re lief asked for was a stay of execution issued on the Judg ment. The execution was temporarily stayed by the oroer to show cause subsequently the motion was dbsa doned and tbe sale on tbe execution took place with the consent of the defendant Sbarretts It Is quite Immaterial whether Matnes had or had not authority to give the sM pulation to discontinue or abandon the motion. The sale la fact took place with the oonsent of the defendant Sharrets* and is according to hi* case In pursuance of an arrangement between him and the plaintiff. The ground upon whloh Nhanetts obtained hts second order to show cause, and upon wbloh be now asks for relief is, that be was frau dulently induced by the plaintiff, and others acting (? concert with the plaintiff, to enter Into th*s arrange ment ti abanden the first order to show cause and oast sent to the sale, but the allegations to show the laet alleged fraud are very vtgue and unsatisfactory, and tbe fraud Itself, If any would appsar, te consist of a breach or apprehended brendh. on tbe part ef the plaie tld, of certain promises, to the effect that ths sale should be a friendly sale, sn t should In tbe end be used to pro mote tbe advantage of the defendant, Sfearretts It appears, too, by tbe many papers, tbat toe plaintiff has fulfilled one, st lesst, of his alleged promisee, npon which h* ob tained the oonsent to proceed with the ssle, as to dlsooa ttnue the suit upon the $<26 note. Without adverting to the plaint lira papers In opposition to the motlna, which deny all the allegations sad circumstances of lb* alleged fraud, I do not see upon what ground I een give the defendant, Sharretts, relief o* this motion In say view of the case he is (*> late after the sale to obtste any relief by this motion, bat must resort to an aoUsa either on ths plaintiff's alleged prosshes, or for his * leged freed. The motion mast be denisd, bat, uadar the r Irrnautsnors without costs, ?rseklya CMjr Wears. Ijssttjrr or Raojumd Ookimntim.? In Ute Circuit Osert ysst*rday, before Judge Brown, Theodore & Kdgsrfcm brought aa actio* against the Harlem Railroad Compter, asking for $20,000 for Injuries sustained through the smashing of a car on whtoh the plaintiff had take* pm sage. Mr. Kdgerton, the plaintiff, wht> is e taerohaat de log business la Broadway, New York, but rsslding la Cypress avenue, New Irtts, took a through ticket te Albany on the 2flth of Fsbruery, ISM. The plaloMff changed the passenger car which hs had taken tor a "caboose" ear on a freight traia, the rear part of whlrih was smashed at Chatham Four Owners, and the plaintiff thrown off and Injuied In tbe head nnd legs, forced to gs upon crutches, and partially prevented from attending to his business (or some time. On a former talal a verdlet was given for the defendants, on the ground that the plaintiff, by getting on a wrong train, had contributed te his own Injuries, rhe case was takes up, and a new trial allowed, and thlg tUac the plaintiff wsa awarded. $4,f>0Q damage*