Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 10, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 10, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, 18G1. nrnmwc FE01 WiSBdGTOI. Ofleial Reports from Army Offloers in Texas. DESTIII'/TE CONDITION OF THE TROOPS. Anttaipated Attack on Fort Brown. Important Reports Respecting Affairs at Fort Sumter* THE NEW YORK CITY APPOINTMENTS. The Wild Hast for the Spoils from all Parts of the Coutry. The Peculiarities of tke Office Seekers and What is Said of Them. A, Chraphic Description of tke Presi dent's Levee, ? JfcC*) fcc<j kc> KPORTANT DESPATCHES FROM TEXAS. Wabbihuto!*, March 0,1861. Captain Cband'er arrived here this morning, direct from San Antonio, with important despatches to this government. Colonel Waite, who la in oommand of the department, had endeavored to reorganise and concen trate the troop*, but found It impossible to do it, and Is compelled to carry out the orders issued by General Twiggs. The condust of General Twiggs had completely demoralised the entire force. Captain Chandler repre sents affairs to be in a most deplorable oondition throughout Texas. Notwithstanding there had been a large and valuable amount of government property seized by the State authorities, it would not prove to be of ttuoh value, as large quanti ties of the stores, supplies and mules, had already, been stolen and carried off by various parties. Ool. Waite was at San Antonio, waiting Instructions from the War Department. The troops would shortly be in a destitute condition, scarcely having supplies to last them until they could reach the Atlantic coast. The War Department have just received intelligence from Capt. Hill. commanding the forces on the Brasos. Ho was at Fort Blown, an 1 at the time of writing it was antici>ited there would be collision between the United States troops undor his command and those belonging to the State authorities. He had been restrained from making an attack by the interposition of friends. It is believed that nearly every poet In Texas is by this time in possession of the State authorities. REPORTS RELATIVE TO FORT SUMTER." WiSHiNi TO.f, March 9,1801. Important intelligence has just been received at the War Department from Charleston. A messenger who left Fort Sumter on the afternoon of Tuesday last, reports that salt provisions remain for only fifteen days, and that only a limited amount of vegetables is leit in the fortress. Supplies of all kinds are running very low. Major Anderson, however, was still able t3 procure freah meats and butter from the Charleston market. Rumors are current that General Scott will make a re port to the President stating that the supply of wood at Fort Sumter is nearly exhausted. Also, that their bread, salt, beef, Ac., will be gone by tbe first of next montt . and that rupplies obtained at Charleston catmu* toe itopeoded npOD TOT the iraimiatuivc of the garrison. To reinforce tbe fort and Insure its defence will require large land forces as we'l as a fleet, Involving, probably, the less of thousands of live*. In a military point of view, weighing advantages and eflbrts, it will be advistble to evacuate the forts, and to brevet the officers of its garrison for heroic conduct. THE NEW YORK CITY APPOINTMENTS. Wiftiu.vrjTOjr, March 9,1801. Mr. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury, informed m Sena tor to-day that tbe Collectorabip for New Vork had been deckled. Hiram Barney is tho lucky rain. The other New York appointments will be made oarly next week. Wakeman will be Surveyor, Webb Naval Officer, and iiuxic Postmaster. The others have not been settled. It Is believed that General Nye will get the Marshal* ?hip. IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR OFFICE SEEKERS. WxwnjroTrjv, March 9, 1M1. A Cabinet meeting wss held this evening, but owing to the absence of Mr. Seward nothing of importance came op Dor action. One of the rales agreed upon In reference to appointments is, that Is the Southern States the psrty test shall not be strlotly applied, but that all applicants shsil be required to furnish evidences of an unconditional Unionism. It Is now certain that all vestiges of tbe de funct administration will be swept out of the dif ferent departments, those especially la which peculations were carried on will be subjected to a thorough cleaning out. Quite a removal of subordinate officials wss made In the Post Office and In terior departments to day, but the heads of bureaus are as yet left untouched, In order not to interrupt the routine of business until suitable material will be found to All their plaoes. Tbe time of the Cab.net officers continues te be princi pally devoted to the consideration of tbe claims of office seekers. D. K. Carter, of Ohio, will be probably nominated for Ifao District Jndgshlp of Nebraska. There is a strong combination now being formed tore ts?ecure the election of John A. Gurley,M. C., as sue eewor to Mr. (Ttare R I'rtne, .lodge Tictoc, and scno Of Bea Wade's friends favor the movement. .lames Elliott makes the best showing for Collector a OMwll. J. Varuett. sU>p son of Judge MoLean, will probably be MBiwV'l District Attorney for Southern Ohio. I). A Rawllngs, Chief ef Police of 8t. ! ouls, '.s strcngly prossec for I'nlted Htales Marshal. Appoirtments In the Psciflc States will cot be reached until tfee latter part ef the present month. Judge Hlnck ley has a good opening for tbe Marshaish p of Northern California and U. H. Parker for the Post Offlco at San Pranrisco * (lea. Hro <w King, a relative of ex Governor K.ng, Is working industriously for the Mllwsnkee Post Office. Governor Randall, of Wisconsin, desires to bo Com missions of Ike land fXRce. IVi illness ef Mr. *0aM will prevent any further actios in regard to tbe fors'gn missions until asxt week. Mr. Be ward has labored very h*d of late, and sub jected himself to a st'v ere cold, which con does him to his home. Hs friends'Ji nk he will be able to get out en Monday. Mora's friends say he will be nominated for flarllnia early saxt week. The timber of asplrawto to consulships !s stead'.'y In creasing. There is an avemge of at least twenty appli cants for each plane. A committee of three Ksnaas lawyers came here to-day to claim the District Judgeship for one of their number. Tbe Jrst news they got here wss the nomination of Mr. Williams. Their chagrin la atense, and ventilated la rather indiscreet expressions. The several thousand aimlioaiioas for office received during the winter Is Spring Held and brought on here, will aU be turned over to tbe respective departments, nip tmumt cm ma >??*** ssn<-n. T1i?r? Is no truth In the 'latem^nt that Mr. JTo!t, ex. hecretiry of War, Is t*lke?! ef l,y th<s# :a authority to flU the vacancy upon the Puprtms bench. DtCl iKnWTAI iTTATKH. ??overnor Curtln arrived bar* to4ay from Harfisb?rg, and had a private intei >iew with the President and Mr. Welle?, the Secretary of the Navy. Mr. K&roon, First Assistaat Postmaster General, was at the Post Office Department today, and assumed the duties of his office. Mr. MoClellan ia not yet oonflnnei u Second Assistant. The Secretary of the Nary hui made no removals yet, nor has the Secretary of the Treasury, except two clerks, who were incompetent. Mr. Cameron enters upon his duties on Monday. The Postmaster General was stormed with applicant* from abroad to day. He his made no changes among the lubord nates in bis department yet, and will not for the present Tire "Hnrrwo srroujrrwiwwcT. There is no truth in the statement that John D. Defrees, of Indiana, has been appointed Superintendent of the Printing Bureau, recently established by act of Congress. THK rRBWDKXTLU. TKU' TO MOTVT VKKMOH. The Presidential party were disappointed aga.a to day in their proposed trip to Mount Vernon by a severe storm BOW TKB SOI THJOLV l()*lf?10.fnw ARB TO HE RH'BVID. Mr. Crawfurd received a despatch from Mr. Roman to day, stating that he would reach here by Monday. There in no truth whatever in the statement that pre liminary steps have been taken for an interview be* tween the Commissioners of the Southern confederacy and President Lincoln. The latter will hold no counsel with those gen lemen, nor Nvill he recognise them except as violators or the law of the land. m^onourana So preliminary steps have been taken for reinforcing any ef the Southern forts. All stories to that effect have been made to excite the public mind, and are false. xsk uaooLM's LEVU. Mrs. Lincoln was denied to all callers to day. She de termined to-day to hold receptions from two tj four P. M. each day of next week. THE RELATIONS BETWEEN SPAIN AN3 MEXICO. WiHHixGTox, March 9, 1801. By late intelligence received here from Europe, and also from Mexico, it is believed that Spain intends hostile movements towards Mexico, growing out of the dismissal of the Spanish Ambassador, Mr. Pacheco. It is stated that the Spanish fleet bad sailed from Havana to Vera Cruz, which lends credence to this statement. Mexico ia prepared and anxious for such a hostile movement on the part of Spain, as it will tend to divert attention from the internal feuds, and have the effect of concentrating the constitutional government. The question of the recognition of the South ern confederacy has already been talked of at the capital, and application made for a legation to that confederacy. The new government, how ever, had taken no steps in the matter, and would wait further developements before doing so. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. WAainxiTov, March? 0. 1801. The Republican Panic and t*T?cautions for the Safdy of "llonat Abt Lincoln" at Wcuhingtyn?A Chapter of Mar tial Law/or One Day?Public Indignation and Despond ency?Xo Signs of. Pea*, but Mmmianl Symptom of War?Descent of tAa Northern Go'tu ami Vandali upon Rome, dc., ttc. Stirring, startling and terrible times these lc Wash ington. IK> we live under republican institutions, or is it an Auitrian despotism ? What extraordinary revolu tion hag thus overturned the old established order of things? The citizens chafe as if under the yoke of a foreign Power. The parly advancing nto th"? occupa tion of the goveram? nt comes with all the despotic pre cautions of an overwhelming force of regular troupe, a strong regular police posse an<l a b wt of disguised auxiliaries among the people, as detectives, and spies, and reserves, armed to the teeth. A few little facts tf Lincoln's inauguration:? Surrounded by horse, foot and artillery, he wa? escort od to the Capitol. He wm so covered ami protected tha no regie idal pistol or rifle shot, band grenade or Oram bomb coald possibly rea> h him. Toguard fartuer agains any popular emeuU, at different points along the lino of man b tbe house tope were covered with troojie, over looking the procession. Yes, there were troops on lag h<*m? tops. Arrived at the Capitol the Pres.foot elect won lii kte W i* walk some fifty yards or ao to roach tbe entranee on the aide of the Senate Chamber, where he would have beet exposed to danger; but her*1 ho wad saved by tbe wise precaution of a sort of tunnel made of pine boards, naied closely together, and in this covered way Mr. Lincoln passed with a whole fkm into the Capi tol. A similar arrangement protected his egress from the Eastern central portico after the delivery of hie Inau gural. Meantime the whole Oanitol was shut on every side ?gainst all visiters, except the ladies, certain government officials, and policemen and soldiers, detectives and spies, whose name was legion. But as traitors and conspira tors are full of expedients, they must be met at every point. So in this cum, as there might be a Guy Fawkes with his thirty six barrels of gunpowder under the por tico from which Mr. Lincoln was to deliver his Inaugu ral, the chief of the Oapltol police, on the morning of the 4th, made a careful examination under the platform for fear of accidents. But he four.I neither Fawkes, nor gunpowder, nor any signs of Onrinl shells, or of sapping and mining to blow up the new dynasty, and he reported all safe. ? But for all this, on coming out on the said platform, Mr. Linoolo appeared very pale anil a little bit nervous, while our poor old friend, Mr Buchanan, sat looking at his own boots, like a man disgusted wttn the part assigned him in the play, and anxious to curse anil quit, and go home. "It was a sorry sight.' This platform elevated Mr. Linootn some twenty-five feet above the mass of the people In front, and securely boar led him 68? from them. But your correspondent, passing In among them, frxm discovered that Gee Scott s wonderful conspiracy, and Senator Trumbull's board partitions and tunnels and causeways, locks and keys, soldiers, polnemnn. and special constables, afforded much disgust and not a little amusement among the people. Roger A. Pry or came la among the crowd, accompanied by two young men. looked up at tbe platform and left In contempt. He la the one who last fall, kt was reported, promised to play the Eirt of Brutus for Old Abe. Gov. Wise was mm rtt. The nights of the Golden Circle were missing. Tbe Southern revolutionary army of ten thousand, if present, was outumbered, two to ene, by republican office seekers, ready to tight, if need be. for tbe spoils. They applauded whenever Greeley gave the signal during the reading of tbe inuaguraland they rually appeared much relieved aad very thankful when Old Abe stood before them, sworn into office without being biown up to tbe moon. or shot by an air gun, or quartered by a bowie *n 'e, or spirited off ?'Away down South to Dfcie. ' bv the Knights of the Golden Ghcle headed by the terrible Gov. Wise, or Gen. yuattlebum of South Carolina. Bat the precautions in question served only to remind one of Parisian timmirt sod Jacob sis. or of the exhibi tion of some wdbderful wild neast, and they were, altogether, exceedingly a'>surd. Worse, they were offensive and Insulting to this community, wh.ch, though posseting some ruffians and very low vagabonds, is a community which does not ffce to be treated as a mass of vBgtthunda, ruffians aad assassins, fhe iimple truth is, that General Scott s formidable pre cautions for the Mim of the Capitol frightened the re publicans out of their w'ts, Mr. Lincoln among them, had he, on inauguration day, insisted on expwing him self rreely im >r., the people, on walking through the crowd at the Capitol, or manifesting his confidence in tbe good faith and honiesty of the multitude, by mingling with them, a la louts Napoleon, he would have achieved at once a large measure of so'ld popularity. He would have been admired and applauded as a man of cou rage ind strong faith In the honesty of th? people, and this idea, diffused through lb" country, would have limn a positive triumph to his administration from th?> very out'of. Hut this smuggling.* President into Wa*fi.'>g'on M l Into the Capitol, and out of It, has done m<ioh to alienate the respect of this community, and to banish its hopes of anything good from a dynasty thus coming nto Uie government under tbe shelter or bajoncts a id < ?n non, and board fences and detectives, and with !'"?r> and ?nsptcions tr dangers and plots ah<t bands of coosptr.<tor4, created by the false alarms of wlcko I fellows. wl> mu -uWy object was to raise a republican pan* and lutvi a latitat over it. Rut this naururatloo trouble In all over. Old I luck has retired, and old tbe has hew regularly install 'l mf the master of tbe White Bouse, and "nobo-ly has been hurt" by e4)ber a gunpowder, or a Rye House plot. or bv an In fernal machine of anv description, what next? liod <,tily knows Mr Douglas translates the Inaugural as th" harbinger of "p<ace and good will to tn.ai " We shall ?oon Vuow wha* it mesne Meantime, th? radical anil Klflvery ccmp!e?lon of the Cabin?t is ominous or war. 'h<* city swarm* with republicans, chiefly rawtnned Western m<n,of six feet blgb and upwards Jt Is nn in 1 usion of He genuine Goths and Vandals, stalw irt fellows f:em the backwoods and prairies of the North and West Who have come down with Atllla Into Urn occupation of I nn.e Never belore, on such an occasion, was there ?li b a swctscle here as this of the ibeolute ascendancy of i h* North and the positive expulsion of the *o>#h fti m Wsshtngfoo The few straggling Hmithorn men who ate hoe appeir like ex'ks In a strange Wnd. Thev say thry have on voice nor lot in l?ral, and that tbe worst Is yet to nine, Sarentitided by these swarms of Northern an.' We 'ertt ?epubiicnns, wbn believe in Greeley uni "('nolo To-n s lal> In,'' what bepe ir ihers for peace from this fc'minig tntion t Vkts GUidings beoomes again a iuan of powej I at Washington, as he walka Um street* unlay, what hope ; m iher* of pMN*Hb the Sooth? In truth, the general ] aspect of things but is uitremcly diurnal. A week or j two hence H 1b swppoeed Um Senate will adjourn, and j then the few remaining Southern men will toon disappear i from thie Northern multitude of wrangling oiftee beggars, and then, what than? But we need not go so far for tho point of dancer. Within the present work a bombshell may explode Mrs on this Southern question which will rally all the Southern .States under a common (tanner, aod for a common cause, and which will compel old Abe te call Congress together. The day, we fear, la for off when the hulls of Wall street will kick op their heels for joy. The very atmosphere of Washington a Charged with sul phur, and war is sure.y before ns if there be anything reliable In the usnai signs of a gathering tornado. WjumiMiTOM, March 7,18fli. IV OotKt and Vandal! A Set of WtxUrn GiinU?HjUI Kteptrt Amtued and Hook Drivers JHtgusteti?"Oil Abe' and the Southern Confederacy?The Question Com ing Home, 4c., <fc. There is room on Pennsylvania avenue to walk ont-o more without being pushed by the Goths and Vafcdals into the guuer. In fact there has been sincr Monday an astonishing exodus of the Ooth* and Van da la to parts un known. Two classes of theeo dUtiuguishe! strangers since Monday have left In large numbers; lirst, those who had spent all their money In getting bere, and se condly, those who had none whon they loft us. Some, also, have left because they soon disc nvered they were on a fool's errand; and some under the belief tliat, hav ing Wed their papers, vouchers and endorsers, tbey had nothing more to do than to go home and wuit for a letter containing the lucky prise of some nice oflJee, with plenty of pay and nothing to to. The new Cabinet officers harfrg entered formally into their several departments to-day, it is supposed that tho guillotine will be put into active tervico to morrow, sharpened and greased, and well provided with baskets in which to carry off the heads of ito victims Mr. Seward chopped off a head or so to-day by w iy of experiment; but Chase, It 1S said, will roll up his sleeves in a day or two, and, like the premium sheep butchers of Now York, will dress off his victims at the rate of twenty an hour. The pressure upon every department is tremen dous. The great surging mass of tho Northern barbarians has gone; but hundred!, yea, thousands, still hang on. Tbey are, too, like the Patagoniana, giants in stature, and being regular matter of fact backwoodsmen in their way of doing things, are not to bo trilled with. "Old Abe'' is their man?tbey elected him, they are bound to see him, and they walk into and explore the White Houbc as sous of freedom and lords of the manor. They reoonnoitretha departments with the coolness with which Cromwell's troops would examine the curiosities of aChtholic church. There never has been anything here bofore to compare with this descent of the Northern barbar?ns upon this devotel capital. They cross-examine the poor clerks at their desks, inquiring what they do, how much they gat, what sort ef learning it takes to fill such a place, how long they write every day, and how a new man wanting such a place goes about the work of getting it. " It Is an invasion of veritable barbarians," said a Southern man to us to-day, ''a gathering of rail splitters, woodchoppers, flat boatmen, cattle dealers, crossroad tavern keepers, country grocers, wagon drivers, Journey men farmers and village editors lawyers and black smiths. strong in the cause of humaiHreedom, and delude.! (?f'the n/nl ?mcea' fine houacH and all ihe luxuries of the Caliph of Damascus or the (i/eat Mo*ul " r ,/ ,^ hotels and boarding house keepers fu.v thft ??,?? r lug souls, broad shouldered and sir foot fmr Iw aHp visions like the POH8 Of An*"?d d?l tSg?K champagne or extras of any kind." The aitonUhf.i men say ? those black republicans are d? ?k" they are all walkers. They walk to the Whi?? n' tney walk to the Capitol, they walk to th^ v'"^' they walk to Georgetown, they walk the aventtn ? 11 ? and then walk to a ball,'andwTnThoiLIS' other walk after they get there to8Ua?gh " t?fr before going to bed. Such cham are ir.5>,i rUr .l/i- P* ere, but a poor set for the hackmen. One of t^STSS" ne chickens can walk down any hack in p. Gum they *n walked in here from California* * Th? backmon, by these powerful walkers with their tong legs an! broad shoulders, are completely ^tW Ney.r saw such a set in Washington berore K-w, and rail spiliters. Generally they mv- hut calculate exponses here on the scalo'of pri?? of " We? ern yiUage and so they fall short. Two hundred of them" took d.nner at the public soup house the oii.fr day. And all these glgintic office nnoir?.r? working and wrangling for U>e spoils as *r not idy was hurt" and -nobody ?u suiL-irJ' ^ lDd0Zd' thc p'?!^nt, Irts Csbiuat J2d part, leideraqpd managers here ;?pj?*r to be uter/y p^SSrTW7,iMH **?? .i?.u,to ???,S.U.S;;5?"~' ard ib gett.ng it through his hair that if ho can't nm this Southern ,onf?dera. y off. it must bo acknowUdgeTor nur down. IMtwoen the republican nartv on ' ! the Confederate States on the other the ^ tag home. The Commissioners7r?mZ Kvcrnment are here. They are drawing m7 .h^ r d?aB<H?U Ahw n prc?ent ^omselvet beforo Mr'Sew ?rd and Old Abo for a hearing and what thpn? win these Commissioners be received ? amC*ido? 7m zens or traitors? .Vice question. This da^S lebate In the Senate, especially the facts laid do?-? .J S ln Wigfall, will serve to edify the bead and hi* ?nh^ ^nttor ?f th? ^ministration. rtey cvM^Uy th ji overhauling of the Inaugural in the ScwJ unH.^ Southern exposure, nay do much fnw#pHo ^ * Abe that bis*Eg Tlrokea^'^^S 2? fore he .an proceed on his journey. mended be WaiaiwoToji, March 7,1M1. ? rr&ident ? Portion*-- WW. the South JVaii to be At toted??lhe Itrue Soon to be Drcidcd, Mr. Lincoln has not yet realized his position. He has not d.scoyered the imminence of the danger that bseets the country, or the need that exists for prompt and dcci * * Continuing to cherish the delu ?ion that ? nobody la hurt," and that ? the crisis i. .rtJ.' f l ' ?? d*"y tbui to decide, and would fain j*rsuade all classes that thing, will soon be right if they be but left unto themselves ' There i. another hypothesis, less damaging to Mr. Lin oota ? sagacity, but seriously compromising his good " A*un3lDK be appreciates the peril, it is urgedthat he has his own method of dealing with It; and that the strange mixture,* badinage and pathos, logic and poetry, svsston dogmatic, composing his inau JE' W 000 tMd 40 "??lTe ?? Sta. men ta the border States, and on the other to smooth over the ^Terences which prevail in the ranks of bis own party On this supposition the Pre.id.nt is a mere Juggle^ Jd h:s address a mere piece of legerdemain. ' But though the President's conceptions and mm* are veiled In doubt, the estimate put upon hi. hardly admits of controversy, me Vorth sees 'n It . pledge of fldelity-not to the C'nion, as designed by the fathers, ww to the rons'ltulion, as l.terpreted by the hupretne Court, but?to the Caioa and the cn.nl 7 *pria*' wbolJy from r?t!san ,onroes. The an jtause is, ?>d is designed to bo, tt*timcDy to Mr. I in ooln s fidelity to the principles and alms of the party that made him ITesident It >s not that be has anaou.ee! an intention to initiate a conciliatory policy, but that he has proclaimed hmr-soiv, to <.,Bfor(* the laws> it |, not that be regarda tho I'ti m as sn aggregate ef states hell together by t?s of brother, feelinga?d eomn .n interest bnt that ho acoepts It m the old -PBW' as a bond to be upheld l*y force, and wh eh he is prepared to uphold bv all the force that the repub' 3an majority in G tigress may choose to ?anction. There'ore the republican press approves the declara'l ms w"h ?i*naliied his advent to pown'r And the Soutli inKthiotively catchei the full force .f ih?*? uturancts Hur.rjed words have no charm <"or l a dry dlecusskm of abetrsct rel*n.,ns. or a va<r-e nr. of personal kindliness has no attraction ^r^ate-That have er.ure.1 ... the work of revolution, ??! are^u the lo. ke.,t for a practk*! solution of in,pen ling dSeSuieT ti> HUto so situsted the reiteration of the Tnd an ii*>lls fe. eisl'sn. is a ?hvtowli.g forth of war-tbe renu"i ^ n !C.lT"' ^ of secession Is an intu n atf??ii hat w?r mupt rone udHui LhAv nhan.i m h oftbelmtoB" shall b* faithfully -i ecu ted in ailX Mates' fc. a promise only to bo fulfllled as a oonSeo imSre ?be avowed determtHatloii to r uk. and p>'Si*i??< list torts snd arsenals and to aolisct tbersvenui Is ns emphsticall/ a deO'Srstion of war as anything JJin bv h .rt of actu.il hostilities. anything can .,hp JHr ?r lh" ^?-Hsnt IS quailed only by th< fatuity of the r?publi"aos. He aud ihov alike refuse to recoguHie the fsets as they exist IV, ?u me* not b,i".!?y| by l>a/t ^b p .hey ?re pUin ^ *hU To the sutesm. i, and iourn?hsts of France and Borland the, are as apparent ?,? tbeugh they ex sted at their Very doors All these distinctly see that, asi.ie from th > ,rv the f ston Is slrea.1, broken; that seven -tatee have wl'b draws from the c> ofe?lerse,y; that the country is drlftii u rapldff into civil war, and that only immediate .md vl gorons a.11011, irrespeeilve ,rf parties and platforms, ran avert the threatened ruin In their hungry str i?K|. f?r tio^2 ?r lh" r"P"bl|c?os heed nomof the? t Urg They do not pause to attentate the value of * *h'," the troisury is empty and th > credit of the *??Tl 'l*" b" RO,'H rh'^ ?"t to2s Into ar j In" w"irth . f 6fllossn.ldlgn.tr, with civil ron II :t fhl , Ih " ,w' A?" Mr to ?'tnro thej ih.ught.< tsj.efs, He still refuses to beilove in th^ reality of seossalon. Ha persists in proceeding on the assumption that the (even seceded cotton States are en (aged in * sort of practical joke, and will In doe tunc quietly subside into obedience to his author'ty. The misfsrtune ia, then, that the President and hia party. andar the pretext or "taking time" to arrivs at i definite daaiaion, are daily rendering the v< od iueati'jn worse. For their delay proceeds on the gr 1 that the bo cession movemer t la a delusion that will? its own cure; whilst iba standing threat of coercion ia an irritant whioh renders the likelihood of reconciliation more remote than ever. And all the time the South ia placing an unfavor able construction upon the sayings and doings of the new Executive. With what reasonableness could it do other wise/ It haa been threatened ; and here la language which more than sustains the threats. It has been held up to ridioule ; and here ia an address from the hlgh*?t officer in the land, decltring that the Southern people have no just occasion of complaint, and that the measures of self defence to which they hav? resorted are " insur rectionary," and therefore not entitled to consideration. Thus, the gulf between the sections grows wider and Wider. Nor Is the Lincoln policy of unlimited delay [Hiwtble in the circumstance*. The s-'outh will not wait in iefln.tely for a precise understanding of the relation in which it ia hereafter to stand toward the lulled States. It WUI not defer action until Mr. Chase shull have solved the problem of collecting revenue, and Mr. Cameron shall have determined bow to "occupy and posses* ' the Torn and arsenals within its boundaries. Still less will it be disposed to tarry patiently whilst the battle on thn 1'or o bnlH ia being waged in an extra seasion ofOingress. An other question must be met.preliminary yet decir.ve. Will the government at Washington recognise the government at Montgomery? Will Mr. I.incoln, administering the gov eminent of a Union which, he nays,'toes not acknowledge the right of secession, receive the duly delegated reprosen tiutvea of saoaded States? In other words, will h Presi dent Who affirms that seconalon is ?'insurrection or revo. Intioa," pay any regard to the Coaunisioners of inaur g'iDts or rebels J Upon the answer to Uiis question every

thing depends; and it may come in one of tliree forma. Mr. Lincoln may courteously decline to holl communica tion with the OrmmissionerH, save as private citizens; or he may seize them and hand them over to Gen. Scott, or tne hangman, to bo disposed of as traitors; or he may avow lus readiness, individually, to recognise the Con federate States as a neighbor and an ally, wubject to the approval of Congrew. lhe taut of IklWllMHHIfii lg the only one compatible with the maintenance of pa ice, or with the ultimate reconstruction of the Union. Kithir of the others will be, in ell'oct, a notification that the Southern confederacy <tan expest no favor at the hands of the present administration. In a few daya Mr. Lincoln will be compelled to show his hand, the pencrulitles of the inauguration mnst make room for a specific revelation of tho manner in which be proposes to meet the great issue of the day. * Washuhitos, March 8, 1861. Tht l-'irtt PMic Evening Reception of l*Triidrnt Lincoln at the White Home, with, some AccoutU of the Strange, Sujgeftiw and Ominous Spctacl> , die. The first evening aaeeption or levee of the new family of the White House rame off this evening. Advertised os limited to the two hours between eight and ten, It continued nearly two hours longer. It wis a jun, It was a rush. It was a cram, It was a crush, It was an omnium gatherum of all sort* of people,'an "Irrepressible con flict," a suffocating pressure, an overwhelming mini festation of private interest and public curiosity in tho sew dynasty, without a precedent for comparison In the hlBtory of this government. Wo do not refer to mere numbers, for on frequent occasions this establish ment, under General Jackson, Van Buren, "Old Tippe canoe and Tyler, too," Polk, Taylor, Pierce and "Old Buck'" has been Invaded, wo daresay, by us large a force as this first public turnout in honor of "Old Abe." But this affitir stards without a precedent In its predominating elements. To an old campaigner in Wash ington it Is a new thing under the sun?a strange Inva sion, terribly suggestive of a great revolution in poli tico , parties, principles, and marking the beginning of a new epoch, a new regime, a new order of things, of hopes and fears, and tl ubts and dangers, and exultations and n;.nrehensions, involving the tremendous results of re union or disruption, peace or war. In this gathering we see the official installation in tho Whito House, and the popular recognition of the national triumph of tho anti slavery sentiment of tho North. I/>ok at It. So late ae the administration of poor Pierre, a certain William H. Seward at the President's receptions walked about among the visiters here like a man under the ban of ]>ublic opinion, anl tolerated only because of his position as a Senator of the United ;3tatcs. Bis ((artisans and admirers were "few and fa between,'' an I, always the subjects of reprobation, were atiil Uio subjects of pity from their mcI/iochoJy isolation. Now what do wu behold? We see this man and b:< o jt iawid caste of anti slavery agitators In full occupation o' tL.B U< ?se, this city, this government, and we know If !#r. Seward were here lo rlfbl be would bo "tbe oyno sure of all eyes.'' We know this from the throng of worehippoiB around our new President and the members of bis Cabinet. We see that the fountains of power and spoil* have passed into new hands, and that this fearfu anti slavery agitation of forty years baa. step by step, advanced Into the occupation of the citade! of our politi cal institutions. What means this overwhelming multitude, this tremendous mass of humanity press ing in and bloc kins up every accessible foot of space w.tbin this late roomy, not to say gloomy, establishment? The night is oo .1, the win lows are up on every side; there are no Area to create this oppressive heat; and yet, while feeble women are fainting from the iutfocatlng crowd, and while strong men are perspiring at every pore, as If they bad just been splitting rails upon a waper, ote would suppose it to bo July with every fur nace of the house in full blast. What senseless folly is this which brings all these silly people here, pack log themselves together like herrings in a barrel, and creat ing an atmosphere with but a trifle more oxygen than the black hole of Calcutta? Curiosity largely does this work. The ladies are dying to see how Mrs. Lincoln (Ills the plsce of Miss lane; how the new divinity of the office seekers fills tbe place of "Old Buck;" how Madame is dressed, how she looks, how she will do; what ladies are assisting In tbe honors of the occasion, how they are dressed, and how they will do. Then there are many persons who come to pay their re spects to tbe new household, sa good citicens, or as duti ful officials, or as obedient servants of the government. The diplomatic corpa, the cabinet, members of Congress, officers of tbe Army and Navy (though we don't see General Scott among them), anl clerks or the several de partments, are among this general class. Hut there is a third (lass which overwhelms all the re it. and bears down all resistance, and carries everything before it. This is the advanced column of tbe grand army of office seekers. Tbe supporters of1 old Abe" and "human freedom,'' who are here arc sufficiently strong to absorb one fifth of all the offices which "old Abe' has to bestow. In fact, this is the republican office seekers' leva??their carnival and their jubilee. They come to pay their re spects to Old Abe, so that he may know them when they call again, for every man of them has bid axe to grind, and "Mahomet is hia prphet." Here we find, too, tbet republican members of Congress are do longer at a discount, but that each commands a premium ranging from one to five hundred per cent above par. freston King La a power in the State. Charles Sumner, Fessenden, Hale, Wilson and Wade, of the Se nate, advanced <*u ii from the tall to tbo head of an Im portant Senate oom> litfoe, have become the next thing to Cabinet Ministers; whfle John shrman. Chairman on ?ays aad Means of tbo Bouse, stands before these ad miring Wide Awakes a veritable lord Halmerston. Among these strange faces may be detected something of all tbe isms and kinks ?nd cr >tche? sf our Nortaern re lormera, aplrituallPta, free speech, free soil, free mou, fr?e love, free farma, froe ronts, free offices, fr<?e ncgroea, women's rights, bran bread and patent medicines The intellect ual call or> > of this office seeking crowd, a b< stile ano bigoted party man would sav, is not above the aveiase of tbe village postmaster, indeed, !t la apparent that the rural diatrtcta are largely >n the ascendant here, and that for every post oftloo in the Northwest $i*ro ?re ere, two, or half a doaen or more oand; iatea In this happy family around us. B it here we are la the presence. After an hour's crushing and purbing and suftbcatlon in th.s energetic mib, fteth and strong from the body >f the people, we are rewarded with a propulsive movement In the roar, which nearly precipitates our whole part? office into Abraham's bosom. Oar ladies blush with stuime and ta rt I c nation ; but promptly recovering their pelf pos-'jsakm, th y sre introduced to Old Abe, who shakes thslr haeds coroially, smiles graciously, addresses them familiarly, aiid we pass on to Mrs. Lincoln, wh<\ nearer the centre ? <f tbe rcom, rairihlns her poeltloo with the stead W n< ?s of one of the Imperial Ouarl, She io neither tall nor slender in her figure, but rather below the medium height, with the well rounded proportion of a wholesome littlo Western matron c.f?yea, betwien th.rty sr.d forty summers of indu'try and tho unobtrusive so cial life of tbe ^ta'e capital of (innaia?dressed on this or anon in what tbe ladles call a Mag, nu (brilliant red) watered silk .with n lace cape, and with her abundant light brown hair tastefully relieved by a half-dozen red ar>i white janotilcae in a wreath fceh.nd the eais. Her sister, Mrs. Edwards, Mrs. E.'s daughters and Mrs. linker formed an agreeable b->dy guari to -sur amia Ide an! s'Cla ilo hostess, ant were n_ne the less at tractive trom the unpretending slmplic '.y cf ther cos tumes. Tbe dtbat of Mrs. IJncotn was pr nouncet satis fsdory by tbe ladt*s competent to decide; and by the ntianlmcus voice 'if the rougher m x she w is declared il faw. In person, <iress and deportment. tier round arid pleaamt face, without affectation, expressed a generous welcome to her vlsltets, an l a charm ug do ???!? confidetce that their lodgment would be !n her favor. Tba reception room Is Og'es' famous elipticU saloon, and with its large, costly and luxurious cha rs ?nd l"nrges, its Japanese curioattlsa in t*e vay of parlor >>rri?metita, its plentiful rupplv of natural nosers, Ac., is elegantly furniihed; and, when not overcrowded with men, Irit conveniently (V.Hof beautiful women and Unto ful costumes, presents a charming picture ?r''h Its mingled fasclnatlota of nature an i art. Such wa< the case rn tb s occasion when the r*>ti(las party entered the sa' ?n. This party consisted of Judge ai.d M?s Dcu*l<s, her father, mother and some other persons. Mrs. Douglas was the admitted belle of the evening. Io bar simple dreea of white, hertaJJand symmetric*! agurs' ap pearsd in fine relief among the darker oolore wooed her It ia nsedtem to say that (be and the Judge were most kindly reoeived by the President and the Executive family. And, aa among the women, Mrs. D. waa '' tho bright particular stir,'' bo among the men, the "Little Giant," next to " Old Abe" hlmaelf, waa " the lion of the tribe of JutUh '?that Is, the republican party What means this evident weakness of Mr. Douglas for Mr. Iineoin? Some are uncharitable enough to say that the Judge baa aa interest in the tpoiia which he ia cultivat ing; bat It Is more probable that he la playing a deep po litical game for the conservative sentiment of the country. Should Lincoln's policy prove to be war instead of peace. Douglas wiU(not suffer, but will be in a position to bead the conservative* against the administration while, on the other hand, should "Old Abe" prove |a pacificator and a Union saver, Douglas may fall heir to the prophet s msntle, and stand ilrat in tho administration line for the succession. He ha* j,n at faith in the pacific Inclinations and patriotism of Mr. Lincoln, and will not believe that he intends to be led into the gulf of destruction by thav dangerous Jack o lantern, Horace Oreeley. kWe have board an intelligent l*dy support a similar view of the inaugural with the argument that there is a power behind the thr.>ne which must not be overlooked, that Mrs. Lin oln, a Kent nek tin by birth and in sentiment, sympathizes with the Mouth, and that sbo would be more or !? as than human if sho did not, with two Bisters from the South, who are out and out ac cess ionitts. But, is that Thurtow Weed, Who^e solemn face Is just pussmg into the Ka?t room? It must be so Me holds on with a desperate tenacity: but Greeley has him on the hip. It is the radical republicans who now rule the roast In Congress, In the Oahtnet and in the general camp, and who have taken possession of the Wnlte Ho-uso. They read the Triton*', believe in its teachings, an l are ready to fjlk>w Treeley to Charleston. It is the irrepressible conflict' which baa invaded Washington and taken posses sion of the Capitol and the White Botis->, and war U close behind. They talk peace; but they are quietly preparing for war. This ban been a very remarkable Presidential reception, almost as soot ionul as the vole by which "Old Abe" was elected. Our Northern and Northwestern invaders have had it all their onn way, an 1 they are not tho men to statu' upon ceremony. Many of their wives and daughters graced the lioat Room without removing their bonnets, while many a Wide Awake, not finding a place for his hat and overcoat, oarried the one aloft in his hand and the other on his back into the dense mass of uncomfortable wor shippers, and round and round in the heaving current, till compelled from exhaustion to boat a retreat. Very few. inuecd, were the familiar Southern faces of distin guished men and beautiful nnd accomplished women ws have been accustomed to meet on such occasions. Their absence made a lamentable vacuum In this reunion, re ducing it almost to a purely provincial assemblage. The ladles of the Cabinet and diplomatic corps and of North ern members of Congress accustomed to such things,and other Northern ladies who have seen something of the world, thougb present in respectable numbers, could not supply the vacant places heretofore so charmingly tilled by the chivalry, the statesmen, the politicians and tho beaut; of the South. Again, notwithstanding the un usual military forces in tho city, there was a de tk-lency at this levee of army as well as naval officers; and, notwithstanding the dependence of this city upon the powers that be, the fashionable circles of the city were but slimly represented. The peoplo Here regard the advent of this alministration with distrust and alarm?they regard it as tho harbinger of war, and as threatening the ruin of themselves and their families with tbe apprehended destruction, at no distant day, of the city itceli, in the conllict 01' battle between the North and the South. Our new President, like Saul among tho sons of Israel, stands a head and shoulders abovo the crowd. Ho has a moet amiable expression of countenance. He is fond of fun and can crack a joke with anybody; but ii4 does not look like Gen. Jackson, a maa with a will of his own. Ho seems to bo rather a man who would like to plnaseevery body, and who is himself so muon pleased with his now position as to forget its great responsibilities. He seems to be absorbed in the honors an 1 powers with which ho is invested, and exceedingly grateful withal for hi* elevation. Dut he Is believed to be Arm only in bis hostility to Blavery and tho doctrine of socession, luid hence It is feared he comes to Washington the herald of disruption, wnr, anarchy and general ruin. Let us hope that Mr. Douglas is right, and that we are all wrong. How many thousands were present at th'.n levee to night no man can tell. It is en .ugh to kaow that for three or four hours the White House wao filled to the point of suflocatlon, and that hundreds retired from the vain *f1ort of gaining admission. H'lt for all tills, it was a monotonous affair. ?These strangers, on their good be haviour, walked about in comparative slleaco, but all eyes and ears in tho midst of the strange spectacle around them. There they were, a powerful detachment of the powerful i?arty which ha* brought this adminis tration into power ; but they were like tho foreign aocu pants of a conquered city, ia tho inidst of a subjugated people, doubtful of the ilnal issue, but resolved upon the ?polls. LETTER PROM ONE OP UNCLE BUI'S SOL DERS ON DUTY JN WASHINGTON, D. C. TO T11K EDITOR OP TfiK nH1*AM>. D. C., March <5, 1801. A few weeks ago. wh.Ie roaming au article in your valuable paper on tbe anomalous position of Mr. Lincoln before It* country, I noticod a ?ut!?noe to this efloot:? That bis mange,ration was to take place through the agency of an armed force, and that while be took: his oath of ofllcc the artlliarynvin would stand by the side of their guns with alow match and portfire ready for action. At tbe t:me I was inclined to consider this sentence an instance of that hyperbolic vorbiage which is common in political warfare, aud wondered why any person should exaggerate bo much. Recent eveC.s, how ever, have demonstrated that the wr ter of the above parignph, whoever he may be, Is ;nore of a prophet than a partisan. The guns bave been loaded, the artllle. rymeu have stood by their side, and if the slow match was not lighted It was only because Its place has of late been supplied by a more effective contrivance for the purposes of war. Sunday morning, March 3, the follow ing order* wore issued to our commander . UtUnaOARTKRH A.RTIU.XRV BiTTAUOK, I Wasiiuvotok, D. C., March, 2, LHfil. t An precauilonary mea*ure? the gaards of all the stations will to morrow evening at sunset be doubled, tbe horse* of tbe batteries will be kept during the night harnessed, and thoee of the dragoons saddled. Tbe oliioers will not leave their respective commands, and the enlisted soldiers will be in read I neaa to act at a moment'M warning. Patrols from thedrafoona and the West l'oint battery will be sent svenr hour during the night; the former to Tlstt the different stables, and the latter to go round Judicial square, examining the streets In the neignDorbood, but without entering them. One-third of the West Point company, besides the guard, win pass the nit tit at the -.table*. The signal from Oriff n's battery, In ease of an alarm from that quarter, will be (!/?? ball*. By c-<mm%nd of Colonel Brown. TfluMAH C BCLLIV t!f, Keeond Lieutenant First Artillery, Adjutint. Hkaimjimbtir* A rtjj. f.sRr IJamAg, > Wi Hill KOTOW, D. O., March 2, ll^T S By command of the ileneral-ln-t'liW the rotlowtng dispo sition of the ir-ope of the battalion and of the West Point detachment of sapperx and miners will be made on the 4th instant:? 1. The detachment of dragoon* and of tapper* and m'ners Will Join in the procession; the former will lead the esonrt and the latter imsaediHtely proofed the flag, which 1* carried in iront of the V resident. 2. Barray's battery will, at ten o'clock, take post In the im mediate vi-initT of the quarter* of Haakln*' rom[>any, on B street Griffin'* battery will lake post in line Immediately In front of the City HallaleleTea o'clock, or as soon as the street la vacated. Try's batterv will, at the name h<mr, lake post In line on <1 street. It* head resting on Seventeenth street. Harkins' company will aupport Barray'*;t Allen's, tlrtflin s; and Brook* Fry's battery, and will be plaoed in their Immediate vicinity 3. In cane of an alarm their yvnpontes will at onee proceed to tbe sceae of actios, except Rlxey's company, which will remain as a guard of the Treasury building*, while the dra goons, whhout delay, will proceed to support (triilin's and (wo volunteer mounted companies, to be designated by Major < ieneral Welghtman, to support Hurray's an 1 Fry * batteries. By order of X'o'.inel Brown. niMVAh C. MULL!\AH, Se ond Lieutenant First Artillery. Adjutant. All thla locked warlike, but to tel. tbe honest truth none of u# soldiers eoul.l comprehend the exact drift of it; for a moro pca?:oablo well dmpbeed community than ex ist* in the Ptsfrlct of Columbia would be difficult u Ond. Towards even.ng, on the nigbt or the 3d, however, a report *a# circulated that a l?rge body of the Baltimore "roughs," numbering perhaps (ivo hundred, had arrived n Wishlngton by railway. This fact afforded a probable cue to the above orders, and perhaps Justified '.'crural Scott In maklt g the necessary prepirat.onsto quell a riot. at seven o'clock wo proceeded to our utables In rear of tho City Hall, harneseed up our horses, after which tb?ee men who were totalled for that purpose mounted guard or stretched themselves on some loo*e Htrasr that was scattered In an adjoining outhouse. The remainder of ua then returned to cir quarters. At nlto o'clock 'tattio" ?-all wan sounded, when we answered to our nam's and retired for the night. fJte meet of his comrades, your humble servant took off bis oat, rolled a sUgle blanket round him and then lay down on the soft fide of a plank .which Is tho only bod wo have .'Bjvyrd since our arrlrM bere. Custom, however,nutkns second nature, and in a few mlnutee moat of us wore several miles in the land of dreams Atelevea o'clock an officer c?mo and awoke us, saying that be wantod u to load otir pistols and proceed at once to tbe stables. A good deal of confusion Dow ensued, but as we got our arms in working order we were sent over in Hjuads of six or eight to join our comrades en guard Here we lay down < n the straw, but sleep waa out of tbe question, lor every two or three minutes one of those ??intelligent" oorporals who abound in the service came ro>md and would awake us up with an ?? Are ye loaded*" ?Are ye loaded?" and whenever bo Bet an unlucky wlgbt that for some cause or other was behind band in his military preparations, a good "blast yer sowl" was given, and tbe man w?s forthwith despatched to the quitters for pwwder and ball. To make every thing right tlW fllrer of tho day finally got one of the bowltxers un limbsre-l, ?j as to be ready for immsd ate action la ease of so attack. All tbU appeared very d ^proportionate to any real dan ger in existence, it ws*, !n tact, breaking the butterfly upon a wheel. So alter waiting for an hour or two in an ti?t).stion of an onslaught, and seeing nothing coming, some of onr more comleai members began to ridicule tho nonsensical arrangements fer which we were got up Whenever tbe "intelligent" oorporai came rounl with bis "Are re loaded?" some one would shut his eye and *sk him "if the moon waa up?" or "If the battery was fsken yet?" But as.all these quest.ona were deemed bighly insulting thsy never drew forth a reply, gone times tbe lieutenant ;s charge would slug out "Silence th. le," when the noise among the sol liers would cense for awhile, but would eventually be renewed by the cor potal Main starting his old inquiry, "Are ye loaded, there snd then 'he hum would recommence. And thus passed the eventful n ght. Next m rmug, however, brought us relief, and showed ua that we were all no. harmed and unscathed, and ^*' the guns atlll remained in our possession. on the whole It must be admitted that General Scotts arrangements for the afhir bear a striking resemblance to the frothy efltarts of Umm poets of which Horace writes ?'Parturiimt mcntm naiCUur ndiculut mm." Rut our troublea were not yet oyer. Next morning, after tho procession which accompanied Mf. I . n hiia passed, we took our poet m front of the City Hal), and there we r?malned during the whole of tho live-loof day. Nothing la ao unpleasant an inaction to men >t th it ardent temperament which la uaually found in the s >kdiers ?f the west i'olnt battery', and henoe ii; was that our din contents were sometimes uttered In rur us not loud but deep. "Ol'1 Abe" got hie share of our b'onaings. We heard the I at of the drums and the noiao of the crowds on Capitol Hill, but the only thing that wo saw to divert our attention during the bom wo were on post wan a very pretty carriage, with the word "Ooastltoti?" with out and thirty four ladles within, who. I suppose, repre sented Uio thirty /tour dltorent States of the Union Towards evening the battery wae dieailsaed, when, being very huigry and w<Jl covered with dust and mud, we took our departure to the soldiers' home. Thes ends tho ama/.ing history of the attack on Washington. F. R. THE SOUTHERN C01fMT88K)IfEB8 TO WASE INGTON. [l'rom the &feblle Advertiser (edited hj one of the OMb misslouers), March 3 J It la stated that ex-governor A. H Koman, of Ixmlsie na. bus drcllned the prollored appointment of a Commis sioner to Washington. The Commissioners are not accredited to the adminis tration of Mr. Huchanos, nor, if they were, would It be porsiblo for them to reach Washington in lime to ooaanu aicate with him prior to the 4th mat. Tbey are these fore expected to treat with tho new admieistratton under Lincoln, and Iho reasonable inference la, that until be shall refuso to oSmmunlcato with them, or their mia aion should otherwise prove barren of good results, no attack will fee tiunl* upon any/artreu now held by lAt United States, or no act of war be wvUrtakm, unless, indeed, which is highly improbable, the new administration should be Inf ano an J wicked enSngh u> disturb the existing status) by hoetlle demonstrations against us. Ono of the Commissioners resides in I/ouialana, one In Alabama and the ^hlrd in Georgia liefore tbey oan all receive their commissions. obtain uiBt-uctiona and arrive at Washington, the Inauguration of Mr. Lincoln will have taken place, bis address will he before the people, and a fair idea ot bis determined policy will have been obtain ed. Then the strategy of diplomacy will involve more or less delay, so that if none but the Inevitable difficulties occur, it will be some weeks, at loast, bnfore adelnltlve settlement of the momontoas question involved can be certainly arrived at. FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Niagara at Halifax and the Prince Albert at St. Johns. CONDITION OF THE MARKET!, Ac., Ac., Ac. The News by the Niagara. Halifax, March 9,1801. The steamship Jilagara, from Liverpool on the 23d via Queenstown on the 24th ult., arrived here at a quarter past throe o'clobk this artcrnoon. The news is not very Important. In tbo British Parliament the government had denied tho charge of Invading the rights of Canada, In regard to the case of the fugitive slave, Anderson, and It .wae stated that the Governor of that prov!nco was instructed to consult legal advisers before acting on the writ of habeas corpus. A bill hid been Introduced In the Italian Parliament for making Victor Kmanuol King of Italy. The steamship Groat Britain was to sail for New York again Iu April. ? The sales of cotton in the Liverpool market for the week footed up twenty six thousand bales, ef which two thousand were to speculators and four thousand to ex porters. The News by the Prince Albert. St. Johjth, N. F., March 3,1861. The Galway Company'; steamship Prince Albert, which left Galway on tho evening of Tuesday, February 36, arrived at this port, en route to New Vork, at eight o'clock thin morning. Tho l'rloc? Albert a dates aro four d*ys later than those received per steamship North Briton at Portland. Tho Uuiiard steafcslilp Arabia, from New York, arrive*! at Queenstown on Saturday evnning, February 23. The steamship Niagara sailed from Quecnstown on Sun day afternoon, February 24, at four o'clock, for Halifax and IV*ton. Political news is unimportant. Tho Prince Albert brings no news of the Australasian. The nhip Hiawatha, reported ashore at Plymouth, had been got off. The ahip Ceres, from New Orleans for Fleetwood, put Into yuccnstcwn about the 26th, with lonof four man and jlbboom. Tho Weamis and C. B. Wright bavo been oondemnsd and sold at Gibraltar. COMJUCRCIAL INTELLIOBNCI. Ijvntroor., Feb. 26?P. M. Cairo*.?The sales to day have been 8,000 bales, 1? Atdlng 2,000 to speculators and exporters. Messrs. Jaa Hewitt & Co. report an advance or one-eighth to three sixteenth of a penny per lb. alnce Friday last, the market closing Arm at the advan:e. Bhka iioti'fks ?The market is generally d?U. Piw?vim<>.\h are dull. Lomww, Feb. 20?P. M. Consols, 61,',' a 91 for money and 81# a 91X for ac count. A*r*ir\n Stock*.?New York Central Railroad 73 a 76 Large Fire at Sandoiky. SAXDrwKT, Ohio, March $, 1861. A tire thia morning destroyed tho bnildlnga occupied by N. O. Olds, aa a machine shop,and Norcroaa k Upp, as a chair factory; also the large building oocupied aa offices by the Sandusky, Dayton and Cincinnati Railroad, the Toledo, New York and Erie Railroad, the New York Oen tral Railroad and the Express Company, together with the Drovers' Hotel and several other buildinga. The prin cipal sufferers are Pitt Cooke, 116,000, insured lA^KM: Norcroaa k I'pp, 910,000, tnaured $4,000. R. B. Hubbard, 94,000; Sandusky, Dayton and Cincinnati Railroad,90,000; N,<J Olds, fl,600, H. Colton, Drovers' Hotel, 9?00. The total loss Is probably 966,000. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. PuLADBi.niu, March 9,1891. Mocks steady. Pennsylvania State ft'a, 88V; Reading Railroad, SIX; Morris Canal, 61Long [aland Railroad, 10X; Pennsylvania Railroad, 40*. Sight exChangs am New York par. Pine Arta. The "Cinderella" picture, by Professor Mao Lcrtua, wbich has been in Philadelphia for the last few weeks, is again on exhibition at Srhaus' gallery In Broadway. The Brooklyn Art Association will hold its second re ception in April. If its members will only bear atcadly in mind that theirs is an art and not an artists' associa tion, that It wu not intended to bo made an advert Is lag medium for local talent, howover remarkable that tmj be, and that its object, If we read Its prospeotus right, Is thp promotion of the Interests of art generally, It will ren der permanent the success that attended its llrst reception. To Insure support from the art its of New York, the latter must be p'aced In every respect on an equal foot ing as to the number of pictures received and the space for exhibition allotted with 'boa* of Brooklyn. If Uy other oourse ho adopted, resident talent will be left alone in ita glory, which will hardly comport, one should tMnk, wigi the objects which the non pnfautonal members composing the great majority of tho society have la view. Bkookitw AciDurr or Mvwc Last night, the most brilliant of the season in point of attendance, was, in an artistic sense, anight of mishaps? MadameColson,who va* announced to sing In " Norma,'* and Madame D'Ormey, who was put down for Magdalena, In the last net of " Rlgoletto,1' having both been withdrawn on so count of itineas. Madame Bishop undertook Ooftoo't part at a few boura' notice; and If she did not equal her in freahness of voice, gavo tho audienoo at least the searenirs of a One artist. M*s Hiakloy, for whose benefit the performances were given, acquitted herself most satisfactorily In the roi? of Adaigisa, aad at the end of the opera she waa called before Ue curtain, and presented with a huge bn*k?t of flowers aad a aaag nlflcent diamond cross?s eadta* from some of her Brook lyn admirers. In place of the last act of Risoletbv,' Miss Kellogg sang simply the beaut'f il wla, ami ore*',ad quits a furore. On Monday the troop goes to Ifcston