Newspaper of The New York Herald, 11 Mart 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 11 Mart 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8949. MORNING EDITION-MONDAY, MARCH 11, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. aiEBESTHG ntoi VI8BD6T0I. The Progress of the Southern Confederacy. PREPARATIONS FOR WAR. Fifty Thousand Troops to be Put in the Field. Condition of Affairs at Fort Sumter. The Qoestien of Reinforcing the Geverment Forts* Rumors im Regard to the With drawal of the Troops. THE NEW YORK CITY APPOINTMENTS. TKB SQUABBLES OF THE OFFICE SEEKERS, ??., *e., Ae. TOE REINFORCING OP THE SOUTHERN FOfcTS. Washwotos, March 10,1861. Follticul circles were feverishly excited to-day by a report that the evacuation of Forts Sumter and l'lckens had been determined upon In the Cabinet meeting last night. Although nobody could glvo any positive au thority for this exciting fever of news it yet obtained general currency and was eagerly discussed at all the botels. At the Washington House a sort of In formal Indignation meeting of Western politicians was held this afternoon, and the presumed backing down of the republican administration commented upon in anything but complimentary terms. I aao able, however, to state positively that no sooh conclusion has been arrived at by the new regime. It is certain that the subjeot of reinforcing the forte has largely occupied the attention of the President and his constitutional advisers, and that in the face of the opinion of General Scott and other authorities that, in the present status of the military forces of tho government a reinforcement is impracticable, the question of abandon ment has been raised; but the President and tho Cabinet ?know that in the eyus of their party they are in honor and duty bound to hold the posts, and that any other line ef policy would raise an overwhelming storm of in dignation among their supporters?hence, evon if they favored an evacuation, which the President and the ma jority of the Cabinet do not at present, they could not act accordingly, owing to the desires and expectations of their party. THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE RELIEF OF FORT 8UMTER. Wamhwitow, March 10, ISfll. The Cabinet meeting, called suddenly list night and contlnaed until a late hour, produced quite a sensation throughout the city. When it was ascertained that, in the absence of Mr. Seward, Mr. Weed was counselled with by the Cabinet Ministers, >t was generally believed that the meeting had reference to the New York appointments. That subject, however, was not considered in any manner whatever. Intelligence was receivod hero last evening at the War Department that Major Anderson was with out fuel, and had only about fifteen days' supply of pro v?tois. The President deemed this information of suffi cient Importance to require immediate consultation with his mtaisterial advisers, hence the Cabinet meeting. The whole subject was freely discussed. It appears that the actual condition of Fort 8umter is much wor^e than was represented by the recent administration. The question discussed and to be settled by Mr. Lincoln and his advisers ii whether Sumter can be reinforced, and if so, what It will cost, and thirdly, what value will it be to the service after it is reinforced:' These queries are met thus:?At the time South Carolina passed her secession ordinance, Fort P'ranter could and should have been reinforced. Mr, ?Mhnaan neglect*d to do so ; secondly, to supply Fort Sumter with men and provisions now would require ten thousand men at least, and more naval ships than can be brought into immediate requisition, a large expenditure ef treasure, a great sacrifice of life, and the initiation ef civil war; thirdly, would the administration be justified in making such reinforcement at such price In view of the fait that such a terrible con dition of affairs at Sumter is only an entailment of the Buchanan administration upon the present, and not pro duced by any ant of tho party now in power, but against Its well known policy, especially inasmuch as Sumter would be of no value whatever to iSe government in the present condition of affairs If it was reinforced. The present administration has had no quarrel with Booth Carolina, and is not Inclined to assume or engage in any complications that the Buchanan administration may have become entangled in. It will pursue a policy of Its own, and not follow that of its predecessor. Ii clear, from the evidence now before the President, thai Major Anderson muat have supplies at once, or be ordered to salute the Unitod Stale* (lag and evacuate the place. To reinlo'ce him under all the circumstances would only be viewed as an attempt to humiliate the p< opto of .South Carolina, with no food remitting to the federal government by It. The ait would also he con sldered an aggressive and wilfully coercive, because the j fort would be us> leaa if the South Carolinians were anb- J <iucd and the federal forces became the con . qaeror*, as they eventually would. Mr. I.lucoln'a | administration la not Inclined to be put In this f * loo position, and believe that the present complicated atato of aflfkira hat beea produoed fey designing men to entrap the new powora that be. MM>r Anderson and his men have done well; thoir ser vices are needed elsewhere; they can be ordered to an. other post now by Mr. Lincoln, because be has not been thn guilty party to their present condition, fie can re mm? tbean uninfluenced by m< uare or threat. Tbey naimn* be reinforced short of incurring the expense aaas-'d above, and starvatton would overtake them be fore provisions could reach them under any rireum ?Waiys. Hnmaaity, th.-n, demsuds th.-ir removal. I an care these consideration*. briefly stated, are the main point* now unJer discussion by th>' President and Cabinet; and I have no doubt the retult will be the removal trom Charleston harbor of all oauaes for futaro quarrel la that dir? otlon, to lar a* th* federal govornmont k< con oe neil. If It m ist be djr.e It will be done quickly, pro j fosbly to morrow. fc> much for the Cabinet meeting lis Might. Thomas V Trot*. of Connect lout, a sixteen hundred j Mbr clerk In the I 'nrt oflire I apartment, "aft yesterday promoted by I'ostmaslcr General B'.tlr to tbo place o rto?>f sletk, at Iwoaty-two hundred dollara salary, ta ?*l*d by Mr. HcmeuM, of Mississippi, resign*! Adju I taat toBoral Cooper's resignation in the army had n reference whatever to any duty lie was required to pf form, nor did it originate in i*litics, bat was wholly the r?snit of Uit Tcrts of strictly a private nature. Theie aro aT sorts of rutnora to-day In regard to *?*??? wlth'lrawa1 of th troop ? at Fort* Sumter and t'iefc*ne. I roilorito th" points In my desp-itfb of yesterday, tint Oeii ,-V?>tt, Secretary Holt) Mr, Oam<ron mil tint Sicrotary of the Navy taavj had the rotation of reinforcement under ad rlsem?nt for seviial days. It ta known to government that Major Anderson'a mtppllrs will not last to exceed tfclrty days, and tint something must be done, and that !?? spoc lily, to relieve him. I fier. Scoti s kuowa to |M. m fa*..r of throwing rein fore ai. i.t- inn. ti.otfe (.?.? Ti? , ,y. ,,ib>r<>, it Is said m'.nheii of I tnroln ?? Cibioet, who unt'nr tho clrcnm ?tanres wo; M p- ' ? r v. ;e tt ? tr..#i<h IraW rather than plung" I tie wintry int.. 'ivil was. This latter party ar.< however m a uu< r>/. lum,-utc-llj tba wig* policy which this administration coukl pursue would be lo abandon these two forts. They are the only bone of contention. These ou> or the way, the administration ?A-ould have plain tailing for several months. Several republican Senators are quoted to-night In sup port of the policy of removing tb troops from Fort Sum ter. They have repeatedly stated to-day that such will be the course of the President. Several leading demo crats from the South have dl'cussed f e report to-night, and do not hesitate to say that if It Is dono It will be a master stroke of policy, and will do more to bring paaco to the country, pacify the border slave States and remove the Impression in the cotto i and ether slave States that the repub icans intend to be overbearing and agressive than anything else that can be doue. THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY., March 10, 1841. By intelligence recelvtd here to <lay from Montgomery, it appears that the new nationality Is rapidly approxi mating to a substantial and permaneet government. Rav ing the experit nee and wisdom of our government for his guide, President Davis has put tho whole nisehlnery in successful operation, and in loss th in a month, kujs one of his Oabinot, writing to a friend here, "We shall be in full tide of success. We have already inaugurated an elaborate war policy,and will have in the Held before the first of April over fifty thouxand well disci plined soldiers, commanded by able and expe rienced ('Ulcers, most of whom belonged to the t'nited States Army. We have intelligence also to the effect that at tho moment there is a clash of armsMbetwcen the sections, our noble army will bo largely swelled by botn officers and regulars." The black republicans, he says, appears to be a good deal ex ercised aj to how we are to raise sufficient revonue to support our government. They will learn In good time. A syptem or plan is already matured which will be ample to carry on our government, even in timu of war. We have several propositions before us looking to direct trade with Europe. European capitalists are ready and willing to embark In such an undertaking. They have not made this move without consulting their govorn merits. Lincoln's inaugural Is regarded as a declaration of war, and we are preparing to meet it. Wo expect that the commission now In Washington, for the purpoeo of negotiating lor the public property within our limit*!, will prove a failure. The language of the Inaugural fully Fettles that matter, unless Lincoln backs down. Tho first clash of arms will probably take place in Uharlostou harbor. THE RUSH FOR OFFICE. W isnn.iuiojr, March 10, 1861. The horde of applicants and hungry offlco seekers are beginning to leave the city. The trains North and West this evening were loaded with them, and the hotels are thinning out considerably. Now that the New York appointments are pretty well settlod tho disappointed are packing their carpets bags and preparing t'o leave in the next train. There has been some huge swearing in the last twenty four hours. Several of the Northern and Western delegations threaten terrible things against Lincoln. The appointment of Barney to tho Collect" irship of New York has been a fixed/act ever since Mr. Chase went into the Cabinet. It was this Influence that persuad ed Mr. Chase to ac;ept the position. I)elatleM Smith will probably get the District Attorneyship. Tie) Marsbalship is not fully settled. The other appointments remain the sarno as indicated in my despatch of yester day. Tho heads of Bureaus and other officers of the govern ment arc preparing to give way to tho victors. Tho Third Auditor will probably bo the first removal, as the pressure against biro is strong, owing to tbo fact that he was mixed up with Cobb and Clayton, and was bitter against tho republicans. The conservative men will be permitted to remain some time. A sharp contest Is going on here among the Illlnotians about tho Galena Post Office. Mr. Washburne, the mem ber of Congress from that dlitrict, wants the place for a Mr. Jones, while another Interest backs a man earned Simpson. After Colonel 1-amin Is appointed Marshal of the Dis trict of Columbia, as he no doubt will be, no more ap pointments will be made In or from that State for two weeks. Mr. Lincoln has so notified the Illinois Congres sional delegation. ? Mr. Judd has obtained his commission as Minister to Prussia, but lingers here to punish his enemies and re ward his political friends at lbo expense of tho p-trty, much to the dissatisfaction of the leading republicans from Illinois and elsewhere. Mr. Butler, the present Secretary of Legation at Berlin under Minister Wright, has been recalled for reasons, md Mr. Kreismaa, recently sppointed to that position by Mr. Lincoln, will proceed to Berlin forthwith to anume the duties under Mr. Wrigbt a month or two bifore the new Minister reaches there. Joshua R. Glddtngs Is be re. He is said to be after the Consul Generalship for the Canada*, the latitude of that position being northerly enough to suit his abolition pre dllcctions. J. Cow lee, editor of Um Lender, will be appointed Post master at Cleveland. Mrs. and Miss Edwards, accompanied by Ckptatn Coo* and Senator Marshall, started for their homo in Spring Hold thip afternoon. Mrs. Edwards will return In a short time to relieve Mrs. Baker, who will assist Mrs. Lincoln in the interval In doing the honors of the White Hooae. This has )<een a day of unusual quietness at the White House. None but members of the Cabinet and a few in timate friends were received by Mr. Lincoln. Secretary Seward has so far recovered from his slok ness that he will to morrow reeume his duties at the State Department. A number of prominent and subordinate officers have resigned, and others are preparing to follow their example. Tho Charleston Omrier of Friday is credibly Informed that Got. Brown, of Georgiu, has attacbod the Northern M'ck in the Macon and Western Railroad, amounting to about one million of dollars. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. W^MWiTti*, March 8,1841. /Voce or War??The Policy qf the Adminu/t aUon?WiU the Southern Communtmeri be Receipt * <tc. Whether Id ? pool or bad cause, boMnaes and prompt i.cph of actlou hardly over fall to exact admiration. We may have little sympathy with the recent revolutionary proceedings of the cotton and nugor f'fctes. We may de nounce them as racb, reckless, seditious and treasonable. Wo may accribe them to both fully and wickedness, fanaticism and demsgoguory. But we cannot help re cognizing tbe drmness of reeoluii^t and energy of execu tion that characterized the ?rctnou movement fsom its very inception. True to their threats of consequences, the restive communities of Statea promptly nsjpndcd to the result of the 8th of November, by succeaslv4y sever ing the federal ties through proper sovereign agondes. rbey did not omteut tbtmaoves with a revolution di paper in (be form of convention*! and legislative resolves ard enactments. Thoy were as ready ID action na In spoken or written words. 1 hoy practically annulled tbe federal authority by superceding its mlnistor*?assuming and exere ling Its functions, and sweeping their respective domains as far as practicable from tbe last vestiges or Its existence by seising upou Its real proj* rty, trasuro and armnments. Nor did they stop hero. Ilicy raised irald, pflt re?l not only passive defiance, but sggresuive r<sust HN, to tbe mandates of the felersJ administration, and now they are about attempting the lut -tep bxsarla ab< 1\U" sovereignty, by peremptorily dem tiding of tlio (T"vrrnmeiit to which thoy have ienonni>>'"l alleiftaaoe, through their represoutntlvi , the of tbe Indcpeudmoe <ie fact/ . If not iej?--. thay h;?r? ur"vt pllfbr ! fine* Nov< mhri', andYromlsiiik an /?i>|?? ?;U toumi* in ?asoof nor, compliance The aJront of tbe Commi* loners of the Oin States of America hi W.tsh tigUm is an event, the powlblo eon**t|Wiie<* of which should, one wotiM bolter*, give it all absorbing lm;H*rtaaoe In the cmh of every one intere-?t?'d In ptblic life. B'it the tun the K*iid patriots now congregated in (his . ity evidently labor under the profound conviction that thoy hare mat t-r* to attend to moracon*e?pie?>inl. if not to thooomt. trv, st I. ?st to then: Tlves. I p n tho it Hr igglo for plsi the federal capital tbelr mind .ire aoMy beat, ii I all ether Interest? weigh n< thing in tho soaks of tl Ir seinshtif '. Ai?l thus it happens that, beyond th fflct of their presence In tlio city, nothing Is thoightof in connection with Ihe monrntous visit of tho bearers of tho ultimatum ef the se?-edeo Mates by the htilk of the L^aibarlraa eager sollgitort of place and profit. But this iadlfforeao<) of tho majority of tho pol ileal leaden that lift el the present regxme into power, snd are bow enraged in the patriotic taak of dividing th? flrulta of victor/, to tbe contrary notwithstanding, there is yet no doubt that head of the n^wiy insta led administration and his ministerial council are fully aware of the weightineaa of i he lraae that will be foroed upon them by the South ern embassy within the next six days, and are preparing to me jt it. Will any one oontend in the fkee of the inaugural of Abraham Lincoln and his well known keen sense of duty, and conscientious regard for the cotatltutkuial obliga tions of his office, that he haa ever for a moment enter 'araed the idea of receiving and reooKOUing the repre sentatives of the disloyal States in their official capacity? Most likely not. The revolutionary mission will, Indeed, prove a lamentable failure. Its^kembers will not be able to bold any official communication, either written or verbal with the President or any of hia advisors. But as to their arrest on the charge of troaaon, it is ourtain thtl fuel wilj not be thrown into the secession furnace by any such irritating however justifiable, measure. Tho Oumrnis sioners will be absolutely ignored?that's all. This line of policy will not only Insure the maintenance of the dignity of the federal government and the con sistency of the administration, but also enable it to oou tinue the defensive attitude upon which it has resolved. The Commissioners will return and report "no progress." If any action be then taken by the self constituted power they come to represent it must be by aggrceaion, which the Executive will, of course, resist with all tho means at his command. Thus the question whether there is to be peace or civil war will be referred back for ultimate decision to the Southern Congress?at as far as tho' holding and possessing" of federal property in tho secodod States is concerned. Should that body bo In fat. iti d enough to attempt to settlo It with the sword, anil order an attack of the forts still hold by fede ral troops, it wiU at once unite the North In tho support of tho administration, and strengthen the Union feeling throughout the border States. However martial the dis position of the President of the Confederate States may be, ho has foresight enough to divine these c fleets of aggression, and hence is not likely to counsel it. The lurid clouds of sanguinary internecine strife, then, may not, after all, bo about spreading over the political horizon, and the supposed harbingers of war now so journing in this city turn out less fatal. Whether a con flict can bo averted altogether oaunot well be now fore told. But for the present thero seems to be no rca danger of an impending collision. Washington, March 9,1861. i The Frightful Scramble for the Spoilt and Plunter?Gen. ScoU't Great MiUake?ffe Preparet to Kepel a Southern, when to/ the Cfity it Cajtured by a Xorthern, Inoatu.n? Sweeping Descent of the Gotitt and VamtaU unth their Carpel Hagt, dx., die. General Scott is a prophet, and yet be hag been the victim of a great mistako. Months ago he was convinced that Washington, before or on tho 4th of. March, would J be Invaded by a hostile army, and would be captured and revolutionized, unless prevented by timely precau tions for defence on a formidable soale. He urged the din ger and the necessity for action upon Mr. Buchanan, vi ho, relying upon the militaiy sagacity and discretion oi tho iirst soldier of the age, gave hlma carte blanche. General Scott, accordingly, proceedod to muster his infantry, dragoons, artillery, engineers, sappers and minors, so that, on Inauguration day, his disciplined army and hia arr.macments in Washington were adapted for the ox pulsion of an Irregular hostile force of fifty thousand men. And yet, with aM his precautious and admirable de fensive arrangements, Washington, on inauguration day, was captured by a revolutionary mob, which has revolu tionized tbe government, and which remains in occupa tion of the city. General Scott's mistake was in regtrd to the section from which this Invasion was to come. His Idea was that it would ootne up frrm tho South; and thus, making all his preparations to rept l the Southern Saracens, ho left tho Northern side of the capital completely open to the f.'oths, and they have entered and token possession. Had General f-'cott directed his efforts to the ekpulsUm of these Goths, and had he succeeded in sending thorn o the right about face, the citiz?ns would have honored him with a Roman triumph, and the whole country would have had occasion to sing the choicest i'aalm-i of 1 David. * I But here they are. The Goths arc in on upation of Rome. The welcome which they receive ftom the In habitants Is tho weloomc of a subjugated |>oople to a horde of barbarians. But there Is no help for It; General Scott has been taken in the rear, and all his well laid plans go for nothing. Our Northern invaders have him, as they have ua, completely at th. ir mercy. And such a horde! It Is sail that tbe Crusaders, under Peter tbe Hermit, went to tho Holy Land little better than savages, and came back with enough of the civilization of tbe Kaat to begin the work of redeeming Christendom from bar bar ism. Perhaps theae Cruauders now In Washington may serve some sucn office on their return to the rural districts and backwoods whence they came. During the paat week they have given to Washington a moat strange and motley appearance. The oily rests oo a light, sandy soil; Ha streets, laid off at right angles, are crowed and cut op la every direction by great are nuea, some1130 and some 100 feet wide. The latter n <nre to the width of Pennsylvania avenue, the Broadway of Washington, its coarse from the ObpHol Is almost due northwest to tbe Treasury Department, about anile; and to the stranger this division of this great thorough fhre is Washington; for wttkln thjs Interval aU Jur chief hotels, stores, Warding houses, refectories and gambling dens srn located. Tbe paat waek the high winds of March, from the northwest, sweeping down this brovl, dry, dusty, unswept and unwutered avenue, and doirn and acrots our various other drv and dusty streets and avenues, have given the city the appearance of a dusty desert, lilted up to tho skies in a dense cloud by a whirl wind. "The avenue," ns it Is called, thus enveloped in dust, has, daily, since Monday last, been tho scene or ln pourlng detachments of Northmen; and they, by hun dreds, each with his carpet bag and shawl, and all covered with dust, have appeared to us, through this dusty medium, like a procession of poolers going to a fair, or a moving camp of Tartars in cast off Christian Clothing. Again: A Urge area of the groat West repose* on a limestone bun*. The solution of lime with which the water thereof 1* charged, taken Into the human system, KOta Into the bones; hen< these Urge framed, raw boned Western men. Hore they are, an army of thom?a uow Invasion of office beggars?and more suggestive of tho demoralizing influences of the sp^ris tb;>n anything clue In our political history. Heretofore this "wild hunt for oltloe" has been limited almost entirely to such Institutions ms Tammany 1U11, and the primary election clubs and cliques of our priaclpal cities and Uwns. We have been accustomed only to a lew scattering untutored otilce bogging rustics here and there, the mass of the spoilsmen b<>0% . orne what trained to U0 usages of towu nn<! city life. But tho election and inauguration of " Old Abe coln," a repree? ntatlve man, has changed all this. The mat* of tln-f o republican office seekers are rail spllttors, great rawboued, s tapping fellows, each with bn carpet hag and abawl, inxi cacti ui such a hurry to get his ofUco that he makes his application before he lays down his carpet bag. Tnke a spesimen, ns drscrihxd to as )>y a ci. rk of the Treasury Department tho other day. -tald he, " These Western Yahoos would astonish old 'Inlllvor. They arc h* impudent as the devil, and si ignorant of all notions of politeness and etiquette as a jacluss. <>neof then, sir, called a' my <i< sk the other day He a.-'ked if he could set down his carpet hag behind my desk tor a day or so, for he thought my place would suit him." 1 What sort of aplace Is it you want, Mr friend" ' Why, sir. one of them places that they call, I think, a si na cure, where they don't hive murh t > do, and git good pay.' ? Well, my frlisd, this place won 11 not suit you, f? r 1 have to work si* hours every day.' 'Then. Mr. Clerk, kin you tell mo where I'll And one of ti em placcs, and bow 1 am to go shout fitting it? I don't suppose they'll keep a feHow hero w.iitin' more n a day or two, nny how; but if 1 could See the ftnsrttary I reckon he would give me Huneitpng r?kh* aw ay. Just In pay expenses, ynu know. We've got Old Abe ondnhls men in the big ptuces, and, oy h?ky ! they fiust ?bell out the little onet.' And so my visiter, eiarpoi bag u hand. ;jtart*J otf to lo)k up his 'si nacure." Tlii is t ot an "xtraoniiiiHfy od?e. There enthusiastic Nor Hi western Wide A waken, carpet bag in hand, pour lulc# the several departments Id shoals, ami naively |n qtrtfe ot this or that clerk what sort of a place he has, Utw long he works, what klud of work be Irts to do, bow much pay, and how a new man r.oesab ut gettiug such s p'nee Then these ?S-dters,enrpet hug in hao?l, in the tir?t ron\ en lent corter take out their bread and cheeso, erita <-naih. and then, carpet big in hand, march oil'to si me othoc department, or to the White House Itself, Ml see what "Old Ab"M can do. And thus, after marching ?b?Miltw<. or three <Uvs, carpet ha* in hand, the irre yviwlble of c > seeker of the new r^/iwv, out of mtoonjr. c*e,.pt bis ra lwny (Ire, and out of nuenoe, having Die I Ills impers, marclies off, ca'pnl bag In hand, for the rail way station, homeward boucd, meeting on bis way others ot the ttafcie ki< ney, ejtrpct bag in hai?l, just dining la to r ui the mme gauntlet. Ni w, with the streets of Washington and the ilspart. menfs swaiming with these carpet bag>, and with the outgo't g and Incming Northern tram* niled with these carpet hnits, what is k> be ihe up-hot of thU Northern Invasion of ifliee beggars wnb their carpet bags' it is erisy to tell. The npsbet will be the tearing of this re publican party to p|. ovs for if it Is so demoralised hy ibis monks lor the *poito on the vegy outsat is to excite the dl'gost of all sensible people, It will surely est itself up Mor<U??d of the year. Thie would be a mull ?? Ttru" * VwUs wAt ^ 'erasers of the S*'." wtthhi the reach of booest industry st heme, the inference follows that be spolfc ?Lour P0111^ W>rio,?nd ?E.TI! 5?,^opukr ??itutioM from going those cup* beg* Pandora has been emptied into ^ . Amended Tariff Act. . Ii?<IT?lltl?L*!ipU,>ai07 ?r **? Unn' *^ch became -Jf.T.y.j**.?"* d*y ^ the ?easion striken out three 2^ ?E55T3',.KS^ w ?" "*** -"?? *? ??l ln the Hal of articles exempt from duty "Wool, unmanufactured, and all 7^, f ?Jpaca and other aoiaMls, uamanufac- i k ?alue whereof at the last port or place from wh.mce exported to the United StateTshall beTeiaht^ cents or under per pound " eigaieen J Strike out section 24 in these word*:?''And be It ?**?? ">V ?U goods, ware, and me?haodlse which may be In the public atorea on the day and year ther^ tha^^f the ?Tm?U3 nooUl,er dul' UP?? entry ^MhatdTy - wer? ^Ported respectively f 8. Strike out, in section 13, these words ? 'On wnnibm 1?^. T>"1 KhaXl *? ?he chief compo ssirs&s an'1 v-'teueee become necessary to give .onsiatency to "???1 IaUUlf?ic?, 81'BCI.AL COJtBKSru.VDXNCK OP THE llEKALD. Vxka Ckcz, Mexico, Feb. 23, 1841. Tfce American fleet at anchor here, consisting of th flagship Cumberland, steam frigate Powhatan, raxee Macedonian, and gunboat steamer Pocahontas, celebrated the 120th anniversary of,the birthday of tho Father of his Country by dressing in national flags and firing a salute at meridian. The Commodore held a tovoe on the flagship, MiUZii ?fTv.1"rM' w^f honor?<l by a full attendance of Sj5j2?*hl **r ?bips of Frsnce, Spain and England toy^e ceh!braten0r8 lDg *nd gunpowder to the .1 wl2SS^aSi.CwW' are *" weM- If lhe Kovernment at Washingtonibad been apprised of the ieeky condition rnr H/wi^i t?' tho itnmediaie demand

w_ d y?S ' *'%. ,*n army of cauikort, at isew York or Boston, she would doubtless ^".ri^fit^ 6 in3,ett<1 of the Cumberland? a perfect ship in every respect. The Kittery Navy Yard "^WOi y c15fur.ed for nef'eot in tho lilting out of ike Macedonian, but tho ireezing weather in which tho new department so injudiciously ordered h*r to l?e fitted out is a puliation. H was Impossible to caulk a ship properly In weather that drov^e mercury Into the temoteat corner of the bulb. The I'ow ha tan and Cumberland will leave here to mor row morning for New York and Norfolk TheFbcI hontM, Capt. Alec Murray, steamed out yesterday bound to Norfolk, via Havana! ^ '> , The change of chief clerk in the Navy Department ? looked forward to with pleasure by the whole navy, with scaicely a dissenting voice. The appointment of A Thomas Smith, Kb<) , who formerly served as chief with such entire satisfaction, or that or Charles Winder, to, , a gentleman of acknowledge0 ability and wide navy w 4CC<>pU','e and ^ the Cm. Picket has resigned his Consulate and taken leavo city of'l^exico Amwlc;ul Minister Welter la ln tho is swelteringly hot In white clothes, and radish*a. oranges, bananas and pineapples are our break last meats. t'.vmci) ?*tatim Ship Maori h\ia;?,> At Axruoa ur Vmu Ornx JUnmm, V Mexico, Feb. 23,1861. j After cruising for forty-eight hours oil the harbor of Pensacola, not being allowed to enter that port, tho Macedonian set sail for Vera Crux, arriving hftro on tho 20th inst. Her crew have been constantly drilled on tho guns (twenty-two eight inch sixty ??l^ht potmdors) on the gun d>'ck and (two eleven inch u'uoty eigat pounders) oil the spai deck. On our arrival at this port wo found a large fleet of national vessels at anchor in tho harbor? the 1 nited St-tea ship Cumberland (flagship), Commo dore Pendergast, tho side wheel steam rrlgate Powhatan of jHpaneau celebrity, and the st'?n proi?eUer ?vk*hon tas, all beiougltig to tbo Ilomi aquaaron. oJ thw" ue eeven?two Fa?IUh side 1 steam Mgatos, two French vessels and three Hpanisii side wheel frigates. I have juat heard that tho ( mberland and Powhatan with Commodore 1'endcrgast, will sail on Monday for Hampton BoaCa. ' "Mr Havana Correspondent'e> Havana , March #, 18?1. Pnnee Alfred?rrrparaiicm?Engineer Ofictrt of the | United Statei Army?1 heir Movement*?Po'Mial? Maik-ts?Health, tfc , 4c. By the lait Spanish mall packet we have received orders to uke due care of tho St. Goorge and her noble passenger, Prince Alfred, who is to receive tho honore of a prince of Spain, or the family dominaut. His residence is acsigned and prepared in the I'alnce of the Intendencia, on tho north side of the Plaxxdo Armaj, now being fitted and organlxed with attendants, guards, ouwine and saloons neccsKary for regal comfort. Count General Crawford and his lady havi their arrangements omwae ilfmu for hin reception and entertainment but oroourse the preference must be aceorded to tho autbo rltiis of the place, while tho ho*piUJity and ''freedjm ?(i ik ^'2 be an<1 ln8'''e or the walls, and all the social channels and tides will till, ebb and ilow as may nioet consist with the en.ioyinent of the young' u are, 4,1 ? to see this scion of British royal stock. By the (junkor City rnun/'miT0?' a lBCOK ' two engineers of tho Lnitml states Army, on their way, it is said to tort Sumter; which la nonsense, as they are probably going over to the Key Weet and Tortugas forts by some T?rr.:QCh ol'ler conveyance aa mayVmUy be obtalaed. If it ie necanary to send offlbers aov wbero akNDg the Hcutbern coast of the United .States, they had betUr send them direct ln yachts or small s'.oamors, and they can be safely landed, and no exposure. fJ2 'rrive<1 tbe slightly frosted leaflet ' ?k i out to bloom again In our '"^""ting noto taker of this blooming ru .cbwr* wlth ber '"teilectual fervor: waters ?r health which flow from fount Christo. and tho fresh air of the royal palms which cover tfie plains. goats milk, quiet and inspiration. Sucb are tho th^fr J4"!L<le"ire !1 Prot<*t and cheer on their llfsjpath, devoted s9 much to the enjoyment of othsra. We send you by the Quaker?the nobleat ocean ?teamer afloat?lots of humanity. Tho nameless "ihithand W. M., K?<j , besides and theoourteous A. J. Maguiro wbo f w?rk ?uic"y. well, andUoff siraln. Holland and his ower youog wife?devoted aa usual to benevolcnce, and to that use of hie Immense wealth which asay most conduce to human happineea?himself for all Ue world-all the world blmaelfl^^Tth W ^r-Uve ??n" to New ^lelT ??'t la at Madruga; Miramon here- n \ 'Sa>rfl- Kentucky?l^xington?the man who doea ,?r?'n ?ib*r~ln the West; having nocbll drtn himself, there are no orphans whore ho lives Rboughl Cod wiU bleas the goo?i old man John Ckrtv slO1 lady, Thos. ftolan, ; Mrs. Fishbaeh. Mm OidlSw of his party, at the Hotel Cubano R W Ttvlnr .mi la ly, of Providence or Worcester F H {>>vce m " v'lie, Miss.; John Claccy, New Vork citv nerir A, CtourtwrightCrli^en and lady, John F. Slelm and tedy* oi ?^Na,i7aW^TJtU0B; Pr,C?* for ?">? tZ?8!H "u,l ,'North' *7 p" hhd. fjtb.ingc.?Londoo, 10 per cent premium New York par to 2* per cent premium. New Or "*nt,Va I cent prerilum. ' u " I"?' Health good as the best. Tr??l? la Canada.. From the Toronto Lewder, Marofc (.I for the llmi time In the history or Canada the export* bavo eicoed'-d the mporld In value. The year 18?o will be remarkable m the lint In which the balasen of trade ban been r favor of the province. In tbo prevloi* ynar the 0|iiiteii stood?import*, $33,666,161; export*, fH T?0, KS1. In 1H68 the (inference was as between $JW UO"l,UO? 8(1(1 e&i.tOOiflO. Hi round figures, in 1807 tha dlvsrget co na* much wider, the value or the Imports *m $.70,430, 6t>8 and tlatof the exports $27.007,AM Whatever may be the th?#ry of tbo balance* of trade, certain it >? that every couwfy fee.'* at liberty to congratulate Itaelf when it baa a farorabfc trade balanou fheet to ahow a', the end ol the ytar We were among those who wore not without appreheo slons that II r. ?a:t'e tariff might divert a large part of tho trade of Toronto to Montreal. This question han?i conned to b- speculative; and we are rww enabled to net tle it by comparative facta. In 1868, the year before Mr 6ait'a t;.rill was pnaeed, the value of tne import* of loimiio wn i $4 70* !?34, while those of Montreal reached $I2,SM(<71. In ltflo we (In i the in porta of Toronto sua tHiiiiug nearly the nan rekttoo to tii >eo of Montreal; the former bang $4,048,468. and those of Montreal $16,334 101. About three fourth* of the customs' revenue in de rived I rom articlrs wbteh pay a duty of fr-m 15 to 20 per CeSt. tat of $34,447,936 of goods imported, $10,662,486 paid tio duty at ail:? Value. Duty. floods psy'ng Sfeelfle <kj?y and M0 pei cent, 40 |er ceBt, atrd ;io per cent ?l valorem $241 072 120,719 37 (?root at ?0 per cent, $6 per cent and 20 per cent ad valorem 3,064,464 787,866 27 Goodt at 25 percent ad valorem 2?0,ui>9 01,040 01 (ioocs at 2* per cent and 16 per cent ad valorem 18.064,900 3,344,010 48 Goods at 10 per rent and 6 per c<nt and 2yt per <*nt ad ???oren? 2,382.111 338-382 86 free ?o?m]? lo,N)8,4Hi ? Fort Ian reprictiof British c> py r?|?ta 10,314 ? Totals $34,447,936 4,768 406 42 The increase in the revenue in 1M0 over 1869 is $310,019 03, reaililpe the retimats of the Finance Minis ter, ana proving tne fallacy of those prophets of IU otnen ? ho ssserted with great confidence that the revenue of !HM> would fell far below that of the ptevtons year. On th>'whole, the returie eh'rw that our commerce and re venue are in a sound and oatlafactory condition. Th? Ha?d*y Uw Crfrntrownf. AMOTHKB MASS MEBTINO OF OMMMAH8. Tbi? meeting, which was held on Sunday evening at the Cooper Institute, was designed to be a demonstration of the better portion of the German community in favor of the Sunday observanoo, as a counterpart of the demon stration at the Stadt theatre the Sunday previous, where resolutions demanding the immediate repeal of the Sun day lain were paaeed. The object of the Cooper Institute meeting laat night was to pass resolution? to the oontra ry, to protest against the scandal brought about by the Stadt theatre demonstration, and to give expression to the sentiments of those of the Germane who were opposed to the nullification and violation of our Sunday, Theatre and Liquor laws. The arrangements were perfected at a preliminary meeting, which, it seems, was helda at the as lance of some members of tho Sabbath Committee, the gentlemen of the Sabbath Committee feeling evident ly a great deal of interest in the matter. The Large ball of the Cooper institute at the appointed time was about half tilled by a devoted Christian assem bly, amounting to about 2,600 persons, who soon in creased to three or four thousand. On the platform were a number of leading citizens?Germans and Americans? clergj men and members if the Sabbath Committee. Tbo proceeding? wore opened at sovon o'clock by prayer and singing by the congregation. Mr. UvsTavbSciiwah took the chair, who briefly ad dretwed the assembly, alluding to the labors of the Sab bath Committee since Us organization, the speaker taking the ground that during tbo last fifteen years the public morals have been gradually degenerating in couvx|uoi)oe of the constant invasions made hy tho liquor and lager interest. The ooject of the Sabbath Committee was to amst the dt cay of publl ? morals, and to restore the ac customed quietness of the American Sabbath. The spe de er relerred to the various attempts mado to secure the object In view, the first attempt being made in sup pressing the noise of the newsboyi In the streets. Tho nest was tho suppression of the liquor trallic ou Sun day, which was secured by the Liquor law, although )hc police failod to cnforce It until I ho police went into the hands of the Metropolitan Police Commissioners. Tho next effoi t for securing ?quiet Sabbath was made by the passage of tho present Sunday law, tho nullilication of whlrh wa? now attempted. The object of the assem blage was to let their legislators know that they had been misrepresented, and that tho existing laws are demanded to remain in force for their protection. A petition had been presented to the legislature asking for tho repeal of tho law in question, and the managers of this movement bad even had the gratification that the legislature re ferred tho matter to a committee. The remarks of the speskor were met with approval on the part of the audi ence, although several times au attempt wus made by some pai tt< s in the rear to create a disturbance. The audience, becoming irritated, were assured that the police wore present in sufficient numbers to protcct then). Tho congregation were then addressed by the Rov. Dr. SroBiMiNs, pastor of St. Mathews (Gorman Lu theran) church, in Walker street. Mr. R. 8. Cook, the! Secretary of tho ?abbath Commit tee, gave a reviewer the labors of tho Sabbath Com mittee, and made certain statements as to how the pe tition demanding the repeal of the Sunday laws was gotten up The majority of the names, in fact, were not In the directory, and it was his opinion that on such petitions all the law* on the statute book could be repealed by our legislators. The assembly was further addressed by Professor A. RirSTBidBCBB, of Rochester, and Professor Hipohoock, of this city. The following resolutions were passed UDanlmoiialy:? Hesolvcd, That the rights of laboring men to a weekly sea son of rest, of Christians to a day 01 worship, and of all citi zens to periodical exemption from trallic, care and noise, aa secured by tat laws of thH and other States, are among the Inalienable and most precious rights of freemen; and that eveiy attempt to Invade or pervert them, by making the com mon rest day a period of trade, digitisation or folly, tends to subject labor to capital, to debase public and private morals, to weaken the restraints of religion, and to undermine our free, sell governing Institutions. Resolved. That we therefore earnestly deprecate and pro test against the repeal of the enisling laws which protect the civil Sabbath from the most dangerous and offensive forms of popular demoralization?the Sunday liquor trallic and beer garden theatrical exhibitions. Resolved, That the oftioers of this meeting be requested to present these resolutions to the Legislature of this btate aa the sense of the law abiding Germans of New fork. Superintendent Kennedy, wit a a forco of the Seven- i tcccth ward police, wore in at tendance, by request, it is said | of |Mr. t&haub, who presided, but it would have been as we,Q had llioy remained away, for they worn tho means of creatiBK nw>ra umn tho mUuto congrrga'.ion put together. Tbo least attempt of expres sion, on the part of those opposed to the meeting, was tho means or Mr. Kennedy's parading himself upon a scat and crying out that he would arrest every one who made the least noise or disturbed the meeting. Undoubt edly Mr. Kenneay wan very anxious that he should be known, as he was continually msturbing the audience, appearlt g first on one side or tho house and then ou the oth er, and singing out at the top o/ his voice the above orders. Police were Blationed at each door and tvery person who entered ordered to removo his hat. A poor German, who oould not understand Rngllsb, was in a most bruta manner carted oil to the stat ion house for not obeying the request <?f the officer, tome live or six arrests wore made, ail of whom wero looked up in tho Seventeenth ward station house. 1 bey gave their names an Charing lielimaunn, Augustus I'ecKuie, Joeeph Hull and John L. > ieldmun and Benry Hermtu. Iitiru.g the meeting a gen tlcman who entered the room was seized by an ofll .er named Jobh McUermott (No. 1 6R9) and ordered to throw away a segar he held In his hand. Tho gentleman said ho was going immediately out and put his segar is bis hat. Ibis did not seem to salt tho officer, and bo again ordered the gentleman to throw it away Finding that the officer was determined he should not keep It, notwith standing it was not lit, he threw it upon the floor, but hid bo sooner done so than the officer seined him and ordored him to pick It up and carry It into the street. This the gentlemen refuted to do, wheu he was dragged out of the building, the officer using the most obscene language lo blin till he had got him away from the building. Tho officer, when asked why he arrested the man, stated that it was the orders of Mr. Kennedy. The Condition of the Street*. We have but little Improvement to note in the condi tion of the Btreetn. Broadway has, us usual, been kept passably clean. I'ort of Nassau street has been once swept, but in fast relapsing Into Its original dirt. Fulton street, and the open places ab >ut South, Fulton and tho Williamsburg and Hohcken ferries, have !>oen cleined. but arc disfigured with heaps of mud which cm easily be re moved. lho streets about the ferries, however, and the cross street* generally are full of heap* and pud-lien o mud. The tatne may be sold of the s'roets intersecting Broadway, Grand street and the Bo* erf; anl up town, thougn the thoroughfares there are never so tllthy as Rooms veil and other down town str?ets, yet they are bad enough in all conecienco. Mr. Hackley b in d?ne some thing;, bnt at thin "low rate we shall never have a clean city. The public have sulfa red loop enocgh, and e-in be contented no longer with a few clean show streets white the rtst of the city is left in the mud. fL : (lanugo done by the dust during the few days preceding the storm of Sat urday would a'moet have paid Mr. ILuiklev his {'279,000. and we may reasonably expect more of theso dnxt storm* which make our city look lilco the Sahara daring m simoom. This is not wh-t thejpsople want. They say that they can see no iraprovtiuntiW yei, and that our new contractor will do better than bin predecessors There must be ?"mc truth ;n .such t;enenil complaints. I<et us have the forces concen'.rated an I an entire ward cleaned, and kept clean while other wards are being woiked upon. Miat is what p.-opln wish, and Mr. Hackley liae hud time enough to orrauge his forces to aecnmpllf-h It. We are sure he mnanx well, and thnt the public generally have no conception of the amount of labor beccfiiary u> cleanse properly th<> streets which have heen left so many y.urs unxwept. Something should be dene spei>dlly swl ? (To lively. The question now is with the people whether Mr. Muelf.ey is to be the Hercules the Hrkaiji st> Us him, or whether he is to fol low the example, of former- ooiitr:?tors, |iocket his $27V,0<0, keep liraadwav r. usoi?ibty cl'-au and lot the remainder of the sip els go atcsM tor. Tho people have had dust in their eyes so ?. ni: tliat they intend keeping a tharp watch upen our no * H "cules. Personal Intelllg* nee. A. F Brown, ol Mississippi; R. Tofty, Vow Ortenns F. B. Hsymour and family and I,. C Wo-Klrud", Huflhio; J. B. Knowlan, Halifax, Hon. K. T. Johnson OosMJtlcut; W. F. Reynolds. Indiana and T. titbson, f?nn"S8ec, are stopping at the St. Nicholas Hotel. K. Molyneux, of the British Army; J. R O. Morton, I'mted ftales Knglneer; T. A. Jem Us, Providence, R. I.; Samuel Noit,Haitford, Coon., and B. C. Butler, Warren county, are stopping at th? Brevoort House. Colonel II. D. rtover, of Massachusetts- 3. M. l/tcke, B Francisco; Charles I^essine, North Carolina; H. L. ley, Texar Capt. J. Orowell, steAmer Florida, anl I). I Ryder, Rhode Island, havo arrived at tho Uifarge House. Dr. Berrien, Tolled States Army; D. Robt>, of Illi nois; W. 8. Halsey, California, T. F. Baker, Cin cinnati; F. M. Johnson, Nashville; Thwvm r;ato, Memphis Hon. J. C. Butch and family and Mop T. J. Hensby, California; Colonel J. B. Stewart, vifchlBgtoo, n. C.; K. 8. Smith, Chicago; n <ti. 8. ?. Obx, Ohio; K. ('. Re?ipg?r, V. s. N., W R. Alexander, AtflMra lia, and W . S Frutlelgh, Bt. jWph, Mo., aro ??oprtnf? the Metropolitan Hotel. In the Hbui n, yesterday, under Mio head qt " News from the Pnr.tfle," in tho aoronnt of the gres* I'nion Oeisbrttfta at S an Franpl?c >, th< name of KugenoOsSSer ly, one of the spealfr* at tho meeting, Is incorreotky prtnW-d F.utr? no fhriidv. . A**m<->\ in |/>?nmt??. F l>. 0,-fTbrd, Virginia Jam<s(1. Wleori, rait.m ? '. Hale, M. Itramhall, Masmich sets, V. 'Ulam-N. . 11 v"* Vork; B. W San den, Mlt'Sifstj! Edward M. lUitrsk'i), Philadelphia, Robert tiray, n n*. Pa. Burner '*n fuii tn-MAv KfisirrsY.?On tho 3d lost, a Inn entabie aflair co tirrnd near KHzabethtown, Hardin ooi oty, In which the lire# of II- wmd Dnnoan anl Tbomat H. Huacan, brothers .juid tho ? n of lho former, wrrn | r< b*hly saenllod. II. Duncan, a mer chant of nisahethtown, proceeded to tho rosldonte of bis br iber, near Htephensbnrg, and became involvod to ?a altercation with htm in regard to the treatment of thsir sged and invalid mother, who resided with Hewson Ihini an, who ordered his liro'i?\r to leave, threatening b m with a shot gun. TIioitum H. Dunoaii then shot his brother through the neck with a revolver, whose son , then caught np the shot gun and bent his uncle terribly about fee head, and wis shot in the abdomen by hi I ubc>e. it was expected that all tires woqM din 8ketch of M. Mire., the Celebrate* Wb iIm Banker* The news we published yesterday and UM additional particulars given to day of the commotion la Um c^al world of Europe caused by tho of X, Jules Mir^s have naturally enough Induced aa Inquiry into the antecedents of this remarkable trtnkHir iM iininclal operator. If all the fear* of the Parisian pub lid are justifiable and torn out to bo correct, the MirAi fraods will totally overshadow tho gigantic operations of Had* son Kedpeth and others. M. Jules M.res la of a Jewish family, and waa bom a* ltordeaux, In France, about the year 1806. Ia the year 1848 ho was only a merchant broker; but after tho revolution of February he became director of the gaa company of Aries, and was associated with M. Millaud, another celebrated banker, la a number of oaterprises. One of these was Un eetab' llsbment of tliu Railway Banlc, of which he wan (M sola director in 1863. They soon after began tho critical ex amination uf tho writings of M. Uunartine, which wad published In the ConttHler du Ptuple, and afterwards continued iu the Cinlua/eur and the I'ays. Aortly after >1. kit es negotiated tho loan of the Seine, and at a subse quent period operated with Messrs. Solar, L. Jourdan, Blaise, 4c., in many of the bold speaulatkuns which have occurred of late years. He was at one period the Director of the Collieries of I'ort*'s anil KeuAchas, ns well an of the Society of the Portos of Marseilles, latterly ha wuh at the head of the Roman railways, and his administration caused aonw curious relations between the Jewish banker and the cardinals, who wero shareholders. M. Hires has written some articles on financial economy, and gavo great publicity, through tha press, to some of his speeches delivered before the Board of Shareholders. Be has a brother with whom he passed his earlier years at Bordeaux, and who, through bis In fluence. has become tho manager of the G/rutiturtwvl. M. Mires has hitherto lived in the most superb and elegant style, and not very long ago bis daughter waa married in Paris In a stylo of ceremonial state and ex travagance scarcely surpassed by the celebration of tho Rothschild In London some time ago. Tho matter of expense waa s small thing to M. Mires, and he, therefore, got up a display of the utmost m .gm licence. For some timo past there wero expectations that tha crash of his affairs was at hand; and, consequently, tho Tutkisb loan, which he bad undertaken to negotiate, could not progrexs as he desired. M. Mires could not (latter and cajole the old women of both "exes, who hold bags of Qvo franc pleees and pis* thorn stockings, into parting with their certainty for the very great uncertainty that holds sway over the Otto man. In the mean time tho necessities of the Turkish govern ment had to resort to a local loan of ninety-twomlUiOM of piastres at eight per cent to keep tho crumbling empire from falling to pieces. Tbe Liverpool Pott, of tha 10th o( February, first contained this startling intelligence:? A private despatch waa received yesterday In Liver pool, conveying Intelligence, part of wbich cannot be be lieved, and the rest oi which will require explloit con firmation. It is to the effect that the Bank or France ia about to suspend oash paymeuts, and that M. Minis, the tlnancler and contractor for the Turkish loan, has already stopped for 10,000,000 francs. The former part of the story, In itsell incredible, is discountenanced by the fast that monetary matters were easier in ]<ondon yesterday, although tho Stock Kxehango settling of to day had, by anticlpa'ioo, a perceptible Influence on tho market, a. Mires is not in good odor, and queer stories hare been prevalent respecting him; but he is so well befriended that things must be at a strange pass if he has been allowed to succumb. We mention these rumors simply because they are too important to be passed over; bat have received no confirmation of them, and ws know of nothing which disposes us to put faith in them. There can now bo no doubt of thni ?hia relates ui tira vr ai. <vi tuo information received yesterday was to the effect that the Oaisse doChemin do Fer of M. Mir.s liad stopped payment until the Inventory of the state of tbe bank was completed. Constantinople bills on Mlrts fell duo on tho 20th and 21st of February reaching ?280.000 sterling, and wero not met. The ex citement in Paris ran very high, and several persona who are said to have been concerned in the Hirls trans action have been arrested. The complications to result from this affair will be greutly ramified, and wo must await further advices to ascertain tho full extent of the peculations. Yachting Intelligence. Our yacbtsmcn urn beginning to nuiko preparations with a view to tbo approaching season, which, from pre sent prcrpects, promises to bo of tho liveliest At Nortbport, I>. I., Mr. Charlos T. Cromwill, tbo pro prietor of the champion yacht Mannerslag, is having built a fine schooner yacht of ono hundred and twenty-tuna measurement, and calculated for somuthlng more than tbe smooth railing of tho majority of our pleasure boats. Her dimensions are ?Itoclc, 80 feet; beam, 22 feet; depth, 7% feet, and she la modelled apon principles and lines original with Mr. Samuel Hurt, her builder, and now to tho club. Great expectations have consequently been formed of ber speed and beaaty. Whether tbeeo are well foundfe remains to be tested, but from the experiment* borJ^R fore mado by tho constructor, it Is believed that tbo yacht will stand A No. 1 among the aquatio fraternity. She la to be christened "Nettie," after a daughter of Mr. Cromwell, and will be launched about the 1st of April. At (ireenpolnt, Mr. Ivea, or Providence, la having built, by Mr. Ilenry Steers, a schooner yacht of one hundred and thirty tons measurement, which will take her ranIc among the first class boats of tbe squadron. Sho will be ready for her element on Tuesday next, when, Providence pcr^tU0!1launch will take place about tea o'clock in the morning'" has been chrutened "Hope," an emblem of the feeling p.^^Wt every yacht*, man s breast from th* time his pet leaves tbo ^ til she baa been beaten beyond all redemption. Her dimensions are as follows:?Length on deck, 91 feet; beam, 21 feet 0 ? ~hes, depth, 8 feet 3 Inches; length of masts, 74 and 76 feet; topmasta, V feet; bew sprit (outboard), 14 feet 8 incbea, Jibboom (outboard), 15 feet, main boom, 63 feet; fore do., 3? feet. Below, her fittinga aa regarda both comfort and ele gance are of tbe most substantial character. Forward are six bertha for ber crew, witb lockers and ckneta for the disposition of their wardrobes, and a dliisc table abaft the foremaat. This apartment la separated Oem the kitchen by a bulkhead. Tbe culinary department la of the moat commodious character, embracing besides a range a four hundred gallon water tank, a refrigerator and proviaion locker, a tlwaaanil con venient little drawers, corners and crevices, which no one can use or apprec.ate aa well as the oook, or, in mari time parlance, " the doctor." In the rear of tbe kitchen, and on either sfcle of a passageway leading thence to tho cabin, are statesooma and the pantry. Two of the former are fitted up aa tastily aa a ladies' parlor, are a* large as many ef our crack hotel attic bedchambers, and embrace all the oomforM of a iloublo bed, stationary waabstand, drawers, cloact, mirror, ike ?no mean belong logs to any craft, the reader will echo who has lived on shipboard a month <# six weens. In the floor of one of these la tbe opening of a tank whith holds six hundred gaHona of water. On the opposite side of the |>.tasageway la tho capUIa'a stateroom another of similar dimensions for extra oom pany, and a pantry. Tho last inehides an Jeo box and arrangements An- Jtshes, silver and all the parafhsraalla of what will readily be understood by tbe term ef "a good time. ' The cabin ii aivge apartment, six feat two inches high, furnished In white and gold, and ffWrtalWff (bur b< hs, with supernumerary arrangements fat im proving as many more. The da?n?IIOM uphol stery are not yet oomffletc, bat thsy are far enough ad vanced to tonvay Iho meat miggeathro Ufcas of coraflwt and content. In tho some yard with the tbovo, M* Dcaaett, Jr., baa on the stocks a schooner yacht of ono hundred and fifty tons measurement. Sho la built by Henry Steers, after a model by Mr. Tucker, who rihaped hi* prsseat yacht Rebecca. The new yacht will bo naased Henrietta All of these boata will bo splendid upeehnana of naval architecture, aa neagly perfect in their exterior confor mation aa ia pcaaiblo witb the present sTperiseea In the art?el*fant within, and replete with tha m?t Im proved contrivances for ooavenience, oomfcrt, hunry and speed. Tim Wnut Chop w M.?HTt.*m?The St. MHrya states that the wheat Ciop is Beginning to "?ani r?st?' iU"If otde' th- genial tailuenoe of the past week a weather. It looks h <dthy snd v'go ous, but it Is appre hended that it Is a little too '< rwarj. tcl'-aa it should turn out that the winter in b.\k u.