Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 12, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 12, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 8950. HERALD. 12, 1861. PRICE #TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. Intense Excitement at tbe Federal Capital. ShallFort Sumter be Reinforced or Evacuated? Tht Cabinet in Coucil on the Question ef Peaoe or War. Caucus at the Republican Sena tew am the Subject. The SCraiteaed Condition ef ttajtfr Anderson's Command. Warlike novemcuts of tbe ?ot ernsnent. Concentration of Troops and Ships cf War on the Atlantic Coot, ftc., . Ac., &c. TEC tJDESTTON 'OF EVACUATING F6RT ?SUMTER. ffiwuir?*. March 11,1661. . An elllc-al letter from M-jor Anders:?, received on Satur day, nays he bad only fifteen daye subsistence and wood. T1m> question hu therefore risen with the alminir.lrat'ion whether a?einfor.>ea-cnt snail be et'.empted or tbe fort ?liw oned. Tbe latter course. it o thought, will be ?d?pt?l from inevitable neceee.ty, by cf Lieut. General Scott. The city bae been In a a'-ate of <n:en?e excitement all day by tbe rumir tbat Fort Suitor la to be evacuated. Tbe radical republicans, upon beer j?p the repsrt, tly Into ?Taming before ascertaining what tbe facte are. Seme de clare the paity r?iaed; others dercance the admlnletra tton, sayiDg itis -demoralized and djgraoed. One says *'Reinforce Anderson." He la told tbat it cannot be done; that before the troops ooi?li reach bin with pro visions be would be compelled, undor the army regula tions, and by tfee dictates of busBanity,to ealute hie flag and march hie men eut of tbe fort to eave them from -eurvation. Auctber says, "Kotlfy tho people of Charles Ion that tbe government will wad a supply Teasel there, and if she Is 3red Into Major Anderson will shell the city." The answer of tbe sidesman t > tbat ia, "Then you take up a-quarrel you did cot begin, and Irritate a people to the federal government and Inlt.ate civil war." So tbe diecuee on has been gc leg on all day, in almost every knot of people that have assembled anywhere. lbs Cabinet had a meeting this afternoon, when the select of Fort Sumter was renewed. The turning point was, that It is *>w out of the power of tho government to reinforce tfeo place In reason to save Major Anderson befere he will ie compelled to surrender to general star vation. The question .e not now, as it wao|weeka ago, a civil or political one, but is narrowed down to a scientific and military question. rbe Cabinet w*a in session four hours, but came to no decision aboutF >rt Sumter, [-re'errin^o postpone final artion (futil to morrow or next day, but that Major Ander son's command will be ordered to abandon Fort Sumter there Is no doubt. It is not yet settled how this will be doue, but it is hkely that the Brooklyn will be ordered to Charleston to omvey the troops away. Hben the CftWaot settk* upon this ocmree they wil1 undoubtedly decide also to blockade the harbor of Charleston aad etber ports, and collect the avenue. If thto policy is determined upon, an extra sess>cn of Con sr?se will be immed'.a'ely called. At present, if troops were needed lor ici-nedato service, the President would have no power to call upon ths Slates for aid, because Gonfreas passed no law authoriiiCR h m to do eo. Tbe ailmiDlstrat'.'d are yet undecided as to the policy to be pureued In regard to Fort Sumter and Fort Pickens. -The radical republ.ocns have entored their eeiomn pro test ng.tinct abandoning tho forts, and Mr. I.nooln is ?fraid to lake tbe responsibility. Thoy aro endeavoring -to f-btrk 'be matter and throw t upon the last adminis tration. This will net answer. Tboy should come baldly Tor ward, assume the reapcnaibility and share the credit cf restoring peace to th<? country. The republican Senators, immediately after tfco ad >fl iri.m< nt, held a caucus at 1 remained in fcr up wardi< of two hours. It is understood that the question ?f <ivArimting Fort Sumter was one of the questions under ^moderation. There are a large majority of Senators ow?eed to that policy. They say that it wculd be re garded as a bark down 'roan their position. Other Sena tors say they had better back down a thousand times th^o plunge the country into civil war. Wjuucbcton, March 9,1861. Tbe Cabinet "gain met at t?o P. M. and remained In acHRion lor nearly three hours. It Is brown that aft or patr-iur tlpOB a few appointments toe question of rela tor) ir.f: or nbanitooing Fort Sumter came up, ard waa the Kiibjoct of u h ghl> animated discussion; but nothing po Aittve L-ia transpired aa to the result of the deliberations. H is, ho*. -ver, asserted by tboee likely to be best Inform <<<1 on theaubject, Ibat an evaouation will be determined upon wflU'T or later. Mr < "naao Is known ta bo firmly opposed to mch a Htep, tint w <11, l?l- Ins radical colleagues, probably give away t* Ibestubborn f?rt of the impracticability of are.nforce ment with tbe present military and t3nan< lal meara of the administration Tbe i'rifidont himself is said to chafe under tbo now apparently iknTithble necessity of evacuating as much aa aty nx-mber '/ tbe Cabinet, but nispesed nevertheless to le eon vine (1 ty tbe conclusive demonstratlona of mi'.I C.r) authoritict. Me, with his constitutional adviaera, jflvally dreoiK Kie deeply rtemoml'tlng effect of a retreat ujop their party and the country at large The gloom and ,_*nortltl< at ion of the republican politl ?tea? new here c full force, at the humiliation nvolved tn the Imperiling wtthilrawal of Major Anderson, is in describable. They eey bnt little, yet feel the mere. They are n ote wi'llng to<iay to arkaowWMgo the impoas bi'lty torosl /?; their fawll# Wea of relieving the invested fort .-itt I latter down ilie arrh rebels of Charleston. Rut th'-y are ns yet, unprfpsre.1 to face the melancholy pro bability of c.n abandonaa<'nt, at an early data, of the last etrongbold ol the federal power In tha^tate that pioneered in tli? raine nf.teeession. They confess that tbe new nrimit itiiruon cm 11 n^* poalbly be placed in a worse ?jitenma. An ever'rj na^ier b?re retained the positive announce* sett that th" Pienli'ft.t h?* issued an order to evacuate Fart 8t;mt<* thl. o? rr.ti.g TWs Is a mistake. General Cottieron tok' asvenri grnil?m?>n who purposely oalled on liijt it t 'mn that no mob movement b .s been deci lad t.po? Ihoflvarnatk* of Fort Sumter bas been the absorbing question in rvery circle to niirhf Men rave until tbey h?ai tbe facts. Sonator W ,rto Is ta favor of p'aatiag one b<in<lr<d thousand rat n to engage lbs fortilocations about F>rt Si inter, in order to rr-inforre Maj'ir Anderson if ne re?sary. Tbaddeus ?teven lays he doee not believe tbe * ory nho t provision* g'vlnp out. fenstor Sumner saya, "for IMh necetsliy, ifitevsts the present adm nlstra I* rot roi.por iihlo. It Is a pa; t of the legacy of the late a' mlnlstr.ition?the rfa"nmn "danwaltle Inherl t.ii ee"? of tho Roman law. Atuopg the more conserva tive and thoughtful the idea ?>f tho withdrawal of the troops is recolved na a wise policy. Quito a Lumber of Wall si ro? t men are en hers, mak'og th< rumor* In r*gard to Fort Sumter the baala of bulling ojvratioaa. 5 ? ? I) CaI IM'T l\ \ m \f> COXFEP.KVCE THE SOUTHERN COM MISSION MRS, ETC. Wasm*. mj?, March 11, IM1. The V?p*t/h I Wnt y 1 on Frld.iy iiiglit lo re<%rd to Ibe; meul ? . th foru you may depend npon is paritaih rolla'i'e. ? > iLw??Da .? i -*-*j ?t in au? ISij freimg on ;he subject .b irterse, Tfccts having euted c:t which adicate a cr.sis x the psltcy tf the adm.cia (nt'.ia. It ? dow developed that v.eneral Scott ku had the natter usder adv .semen t for upwards of a month; that be bus rxec m ."reqaeal communication with Major An hereon aad that a plan has been maturtd, whioh only awaits a signal from the ailtessurtratloc to 'be pet into what the oM General believes would prove t-uccestful operation. To add tt '.be exc teocect, four Cabinet officers are fexown to have been and to be still la conference at the War Department, engaged tn the discussion of the future policy of the administration and war measures generally. These facte having been spread abroad, a powerful preeaure has bees trought to bear upon the government from a variety or sources, representing the great interest* of the country, net the least among which is a prayer from Wall street, with a view if possible to not only stay coercive proceed jge, but to indvoe the abandonment of the forts. I'p to this afternoon, however, the eff>rt was not euooessfui and a decision will not be had for several days. In the meantime the pess billty of such a step has teen thrown out with a view tc prepare the pufcKo mind for a step so unlooked for, ted so utterly at variance with the b.tb~rto asserted rteaiions of the alministra t on; and at the same time to strengthen tfco knees t# those who believe that :he removal of the troops w.l! t<-nd to dit^sfTOxt ard disorganize the parly. The radi cals are suvbge about ths tuppoeed caring in of the It is sn?d that when th? idea was first propounded to Mr. I ncds he laughed atit as unworthy ?f being enter tained. Whtt be may be jertuaded to ?o to preserve the country :"rom civil war to be seen. The Southern Commissicners have as .nteroew with the President tomorrow. The arrangement was made, I undereian i, through governor Seward by .Senator Gwin. IMPORTANT NAVAL AND MIUTARY MOVE MENTS. W tSHC?r.TOH, March 31, 18dl. Despatches wore received this moraing at the Navy Department from Officer Pendeprnst,-with dates from Vera Cruz to tbe 26th ult. In compliance % ith orders from the Secretary of tbe Navy he hex) left, with the tjpg ship Cumberland, for TIampton Reads, where he will probably arrive to morrow or next day. All the vessels b.-longing to the Home Squad roc, excepting the Mace donian, are also ordered to report a'. Hampton Hoais. Tbe government ere concentrating all their vessels at the various posts on the Atlantic. This looiis as though the administrate xtended to carry out the language tho inaugural, la ?te enforcement of the laws and col lecting of reverie. Orders have also teen issuod fsr concent rating all the available United fitatee troops at Fortreessn Monroe and McHenry, and largo quantities -of supplies have been shipped and are on Cieir way to the Soutfc, and most am ple preparations are going forward to put the govern ment on a war footicg. The Cumberland and Pocahcctac have, according to official advices, left Vera Crux for Norfolk. The Powhatan is on tor way to New York. This does not look like abandoning tho forte in the -South. This, hswever, has been General Scott's policy. Tho new adm n.etraClon may pursue a different one. THE SOUTHERN COHSffTSSICNERS. WamoKnt, March 14, 1881. An a uoial despatch was received from Montgomery this morning, Instructing Messrs. Crawford and Forsyth to at onco enter upon the builneso?' oegoCation with the udminlstration, without waiting for their co Commie - doner, Roman. Senator Mason '.ate this afternoon exiled upon Mr. Reward, to ascertain, vhat had boon made ic regard to tbe interview of tho Cemtx Jwucmi*3 with Presi dent Lincoln. Mr. Seward informed him Ifcat 1'resideat Lincoln would receive them to-morrow, aa 1 bear what yhcy had to say. Of oourse he reco.ves tbsia as c.tizena ?f the United States. They are aocrcdited ky President T?r.vis as a mmiss onoK to the United Static to treat or *it?otia'.o for the proper*y within tbeir limits. NEWS FOB TIES OFFICE -fJEEKfcHS. W> sHCToroN, March 11,1881. Tbe lresident was groc.iy annoyed to-day, up to tho time of the Cabinet cooling, by ospectants, *iigh and low. . About a hundred elected a hearing from Mm, con xplcuous among whom war a Tom (or win and Car' Schurz. He com plait*; greatly of v. ant of, a walk over tho grounds <cf tho White Mouse yester&.y sAortoon be ing all he has enjoyed since tho inauguration. Ee told a distinguished -Illinois polit.olan this mtrn ng that h i plac? want.;>g "rlends woull cbllge blm greatly by hold log or. a little, and that It was not very gratifying to him to sso them so eagerly apply lag for rooms &l one end of theh'iildlBg while tho other was burning. A ?iod deal cf dissatisfaction is expressed by those who desire to ilnu places for themselves or friends at the public crib, with the rulo of the cew Postmaster Geacral giving mem'oers c.f Congress tho exclusive control of ap piintniants in their several distrasts. They contend Mat It places too much power in often improper fcand>:, and gives tho honorablsa ucduo opportunities to satisfy per sonal spites. Mr. Kaaaon ?u sworn in thia cicming. All tb? departments were .yt>B besieged by place hunters to-day, tout Mr. Blair alone cd.ilged tiiem to any satisfactory degree. Messrs. Chase ml Seward <lan:ad themselves to all. Mr. Chaw is cinseiorlng the more important ap,oint ments in bis Department, and is eipectod to announce some to-norr?w. K. Siunner, his nephew, baa arrived here to tike a position under him. Jfcme of h:? place seeking Ohio fr;en<is complained considerably to-day of cold treatment. Poire tall growing la heard among the disappointed apj.l vants from Northern Ohio In reference to the Cleveland aa<l other appn ntrnenta. Tbey say tho Western Reserve .Lfluences control everythjtg, an 1 the clsims of tbe conser rativen are entirely overlooked. Ifucb difficulty will be experienced in finding proper material for appointments in tbe slave States. Any number of alleged republican msrtyrs from that section ure ca hand reaoy to serve, hut tbe record of icany of these gentry does not bsor investigation. Some Illinois republ "an* are greatly exercised at the prospect of the appointment ">f Dr. Jayne. Senator Trtm i mi's brother in law, to sime federal office. He wsa ekcled a member if the State Secate last fail by c,ciy *even rotes. and there being but one republican majority in that body, it is feared his rrs.gnat ion wlii result in its control by the democrats, oa an election of a republi an Mieeessor is hardly p-jsstb'e. Cilonel Button, of Vermont, .s nere for a prominent position in tho Post Office Depar.meot. Be ia Atrci gly backed up by the Governors and Oongrewionil delegations of New England. The s atement that Mr. Judd J putt'ng h mseif n ary way forward In urging the a; po ntment of frenla .s utterly unfounded. ntAITH Or MR. SWARP. Secretary Seward hsa been able to resume tie dut ee to day. He rode out, attendod t Cabinet, and disad the m-mbers of tho Jab.nct at bia rmdenco :h.s evening. grasp wwuv or ma omrt ctkkrim. The appearance of Governor Seward at the State Pe p*rtss?bt this morning was tbe signal for a grand rash of hordes of expectants, the pisaagn way to tbe Secre tary's room was completely blocked up. The "oldest in habitant" sajs he never witnessed such a scene. The other departments are beseigad to day in a similar man ner. ttt* nosroi* Appontrinnnn. Lieutenant Governor <ioodrl;h, of Massachusetts, wsa sent to the Senate to day by the Prelildent. for Oolleotor of I tost "O. Tbe nomination was laid over until to mor row, when he will be confirmed, without any doubt. The Massachusetts delegation were unanimous in recommend log him. Tbe President baa determine.! upon the nom'nation of Asms Tuck, of New Hampshire, aa Naval officer of Boston. Tbe Msssschusetts delegation did not act upnn this ap pointawnt, hot have under cons deration the names of Timothy Davis, ex-member of Congress, and C. O. Rogers, publisher of the Boaton Journal, for that ptaoe. tub nvBRrooi nossri-iTR. The Liverpool Onnsnlship has been assigned to Dawltt C. I.ittlfjohti, Spw<krr of tbe New York Assembly. It la the most valuable consulate In tbe girt of the President. irKinmwm. lie ttuiUt ia omut;vcse.uoci'. djf cwL'mcdIU&trl Pains District Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio. The President alto Met In nominations, which were ip rropr-ate-'y referred, of C?or(? W. McCIeUaa, Secretary of Um 8UM Republican Oossmittee of Massachusetts, u Second Assistant PostmasterGeneral; Archibald Williams, of Illinois, District Judge for Kansas; and Mr. Dole, of Illinois, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 8. Curtis is appointed Postmaster at Denver City. Mr. Bncharst has been appointed postmaster at Pitts burg, and Mr. Stockton postmaster at Mary6Tille. Ky. ran fukbk.x luanoss. None of the first class Missions, except Pmssia, hava been determined upon yet. ru? htwt or tub fouk;* irrocmcKX-m aikiuot mm It is said that some of the foreign Ministers are get ting alarmed at the policy of the new admin '.stratien in. sending such men as Kresman and Schurz abroad, wt*> are denominated Kuropeon radicals and revo lctionists. Despatches have "been -cent by the Prussian and Sardinian Ministers to their respec tive governments setting forth the fact. The argement is, that such a c mrte on the p?rt of thic government will disturb the peaceful negotiations now poing on between those t *o Powers. All such exposition is gro?ndl*ie* ro far as Kr-smaa *r. concerned. When tie left Germany ue was to* younfffo partic.pate .n political strife. He rtx'ei. ed hl<j early ro l' ?4hi:at:on m Massachusetts. from such obtu ,ia Bum ner, Banks, Boutwell, Adorns, PalTrey, and neu of that school. In v >ew of tk.4 anticipated trouble, it i? deemed wise to ofcange the prograntue of sent ing Schun. to Sardinia, and make tin M^ieter to Brasi! 'l'hls wtil .-Ynscn 6. Birriinganto the principal cscdidate fer tho Sardinian miseon. 1 learn that if any d.ssatisfcction exists on the part of foreign governments, with reference to tho appointments ?f refugeoi as repreoentatives of thin govern inert abroad, It :? comned to Prussia, and that disaffection grew out of t>h? faet|thiit It was in contemplation some time *ince to ?end a Prussian refugee to represent this government at t HerltD. I am sat-^Ced tbat no such feeling exists on the part cf the Sardinian government towards Mr. Schurz. lie is a Prussian refugee, aid is still a promt-ient candi dal ?! far the mission to Sardinia, and net to Brazil. thk rsaviTivASu rji-mi srina si.natoiwhi;'. Coventor Curtln leaves for Harrmb rg tomorrow. Be MT'oe with bvji the Senatorial resignation of Mr. Came ros. Mr. Wibnot will endoubtodly to his succesarr. The question will be Bottled in about five lays. governor Curtin called upon General Ccmeron to-dsy, and congratu! ited him u*<on h.s appointment to the Cabi net 1 am satisfied that there will be a coetest for Senator in Pennsylvania between Mr. Ketohum and Mr. Wiiaoot, -both republicacs. THK lM? i_N BOCTM InMSTV. The Cr'mi-al Court to day discharged Wm. H. Ret sell, ? who was indicted in ooncectlon with iiie abstraotitn of the Indian Trust bondfi. This judicial course was ic ac cordance with the law of 1867, which exempts witnesses before investigating committees frcm trial, Mr. Resell having appeared as such before that cf the House on the subject of Cioce bonds. hi-Secretary Floyd to day gave $fc^C0O security tor his appearance at court. THE COC RT tHJCVUi. ITON Ci'JfK.V*. fin (RM-TR8M \ Cmrmodsre Stewart, of the Philadelphia Navy Yard, arrived hers to-utgbt. - He Is Presileot of the Court Mar tial ordered on Oommodors Armstrong, who surrendered the Psnsaocla Navy Yard. Commodore Strlnghac:, an other member of the Board has also arrived. Tho Court is composed of thirteen captains aai com nodoro , headed by Gcnr.modore Stewrrt. Commodate Stewart t ays that Fort Sumter ought not ?t? be tvao<.r.:ed. thk ovat/xD MiiT am- irm. Tho contract under the recent Congressional enactment - for the establishment of a dally overland mail was sent out to-day from the department, and *fo contracture, noti fied to monM immediately from *?sc Southern t? tho Northern rou'e. Regular service wiUr.ot commence until towards the end of May. Utah ma! con tractor* ? and proprietors of the Txmy spires* will ssll their atoo3( to their auccesws. 151E SEC I3SI0N QV^STION IV VIRGINIA. V.'^HHmoTor, -March 11,1801. A geutlemax who arrived here ftcci Richmond this evening mfornr3 me that tI.o fecesstorlats are gair.log strcj,;! b every Jay. He said it was tmdsrstcod that they lacked only ?t?et.t ten voter-cf having a majority In fc.vor of curylng tbe^'wession orciaaiito. Ke says that uul^ss Lincoln purs>iesr pariilc p?!iry, which wjl give thos?b icitsi >n sis ronftc'.bing to stand upon, they may yet ba sole to bring ov ?r enough to tarry tlieir (olnt. TO E I ORT SCMTER B"/ACUAT)ON STOEl TO TBI KWTOK OP THK KKKA D. Cfc Saturday last the new^iper oorrscpondcnts and tekirrAinti o;x;rauirr at Washington gave out the story that Fort Sumter?was speedily to be evacuatsd. This p-.eoc if startling iaielligence, dgeminated far and wliii by tbc wlQg d tele^,created tnlversal actonishmont. ComiiCi sb the announcement di*!.from beadoiarters, and openly 4cclaf ed ns tfcc result of Cabinet ocui-clls, It was at once auppoced that this cour<to.had be?c determined upon by the present clminisiration as the roadiest and sorest, If sot the only ctat'iod of preventing cir'.l war and pnvlngtbeway to a r? locstructiao of the Ucion. To those belisring-the story it was ac?<yted as.{jlal tidings of great joy. In Kew Ysrk its effect his been particularly noticeable. The c o.;nt< MCC?3 of our merchants kw? brightened in anticipation of a Bpeedy inllu* of their former Suuthern patrons. Back exokacgaB ud uncurrsM .funds tave ci perieccsd muted buoyancy. In Wall street, at tbo ?tock board, tbare Jua been a furor of activity?the tnies, in magn.tode and pnoos, exceeding those of any period for wveral nonifaa paat. The knowledge of Iheeo i'aets bM not by any means boei confined to oar moneyed maris or the counting rooms of our leading bankers, but has gained rap d!y tArcugaout the leigth ao4 breadth of tbe metropolis by beiog conspicuously embianoned upon tewspaper bulletins, heralded through the streeta by the cewsboys, and i*srMM<l m tbe cars, omnibuses and isrryooata that ooontattly ply on and around the island. Thero is every gro und for thtaking Utat the allegations as to lb*- intended evacuation of Fort Sumter are utterly without foundation. <m tho contrary, there is every reason to suppose that this story has beeo concoted and published with a view to put the people of Houth Caro lina off the scent regard'ng this fort. Holding tho posi tion that th s for*, does, as key to the Charleston harbor, it is Improbable x the first place that the government, just Inaugurated jpoc a coercion basis, wouid roiinqulsh t to the Southern confederacy. much lee* to tfc? South Carolinians, its most <".p.-n and determ.ned enemies. \ga d, it is not iikely that Mr. Linoln. after his pot live declarations in his inaugural rela'.iro to the bold.Dg. occupying and ikissobb eg of *)uthern (orts, wouid so soon abandon this proclairccl policy?an abandomett at once yielding up tbe funrismental principles of the party by which he was elected to his present high position. This evacna tion st? ry, It is further believed, was originated bafore Mr. Buchanan left the White He vise, and that at the bot tom of ita concoction were (General Scott, ex Secretary His and Mr. Holt. Having matured the plan and taken the Initiatory steps for carrying It to c-ompletion, the same has been made known to President Lincoln, who has at once accepted It an 1 ia now preparing to carry out tho original programme In Its fullest details. Parties in the secret bave, as a matter of course, turned the same to their pecuniary account. Knowing that stocks would rite tbey bave turned themselvoa into >mmeus? bears, while tbe ignorant bulli are baying largely. In a few days tbe scales w'll fall from tho eyes of tbe latter, and tbe revelations of Wall s>tr<>ot speculations will be sa startling as was the flrot snnounss ment of tbe embezzlement and sale of tho stolon Wash Ington bonrts. We now pro?se?d to g've the rearona fbr indu ;lnjr tho belief that the evacuation story ia a base fabrication, got up, as above stated, for the purpose of putting feoutb ?Ca rolina off her guArd and aiding Wall street stock Jobbors. Icstf a<) of withdrawing the troops from the fort It Is pro posed to sen 1 add it ona! men and stores there. Tho great subject of prolonged conference has been how to accom plish tbe fane The first step In this direction la now boltov ed to have been the sondinr of the steamship Daniel W<v> iter to Tssss. As far back as then the perfidy of General Twiggs was known and it waa tbe Intention to so cure sons of the men under his command for farther service to the United States government. i^orL'g *,o ;JH3 (tntcus;^ "Ji'4 st^u.:r I bo nid b tre rcturnsd t. \b.* port a <tr j time *go, wber* >? the ,a dow laisuroiy criming ta ??om thorn ?tiara, 1 ?wait Mtg additional ordcru to tboee imparted duriughtr 1 oall i A Key Waal so urucb for tho Oauwl ^'uDntor aad J her prtMt whereiborts. '<? Saturday, at already reatarked, th* Ktnp'.?" Olty V /I herf>r at the feot of Warr?n street. She **ax away ??11 loaded wnb p-'^viBiota an 1 coal, aad .od'f|v,?fi Mat order*. K vo days ago ibe cleared far b? '..arjota, TTeiaa. but left la'.er, and icier oovar of ? starm pit to sea apparently in reality, however, sho U?a^ >oo'.ii - aide only a lUke way, ami now Ilea at aaohar, diufeUem ?waiting to fci joined by tbj Star of *.be Woat. The iaiter ataamsbip baa o?en chartered by tho g-^orensru-. for two months. and .a now being loaded an jap idly ac posalble with army bc?vb. ail day Itunday rfcey wero reviving cargo ou Wird,-*iiid also during Sunday uii?ht as well an last ntfht. Among tho articles shipped is a'urge numoer of areiliularojs, .em porary'hospital avtengenienta, for ttn b n?! t of thoae . wouud'd in battle. t The^Vnited Stat*' revoni. 9 cutter 'n.rriet ; ane and the guntxsl Visen ar<- :><>th ready fur sea ai'.d Mt.vo service. Hie Crusader ??*! the Mohawk are bein^ n.pidly put in readiness at the liiookl vn Navy Yard to price*! ?? one; to sea. Ir three or *>irdays it is MW?frv:od that tho vewiets wared will alict.rt down *ne*ey togottor. Meant me orders aro alia;- ?d to have hmc gl-von to<ull national tes te's in Sontlhari port.t t? be ontend at.n certain dat< off, ahc harbor at" Charleston. Ifcese shi|?s ne> to reudeev ouf's. c-tmprisiag 'ft. together |>r<?ba"ly a. flea-, of some -(la ?..)? vessels. It if! also understood that eatfli of the corvoy is ' .ii bavo on board a lar^o number of small wo?i'>*.^ By means Xt tbeso aaiK.11 boats it is caid that Fort Sum - ter wlllfce reinl'orcod. Tboattemptf.t reinforcement in to be aaad s on a dark and sicrmy n ;;1 .t, wten tho ?fc inor-s of diaoovary aro few and tho danger of the eipitacn'. I proparttar^toly lesee&e !. A smart ;iall of two b)".--i wtl) [ bring the new foroos ta iho. nited r?.ates forireae. lu :t j ' interim, should they be m??rcopteJ by the guar I be .ts cf Moulwtr, thoy ran, by superior atre^gtb, eiaily ? than. :)n a stormy night tiio battL-rlee, of cjuwd. oO j not M V/rought into play with any groat advantage. Vhr question of relnf.irom ?; t.ijor Andoreon 1:3 tl< .a aolvcti, and tho facta stated, ? irarly indicate that tb s plan-u being ateadily warked cut. Its bhrewdutaa d ? ooe ran gainsay, aad the feasib'l'.ty of placing any -cum 2?er of m<.'n and any quantity of nrovlalooa and artm at the1 iisposal of tie comccacder of the besieged' fort s ?M')y apparent. QUI VIVE. vmruD w*t?:8 sksatk. kbtoa nes^iON. WaaKXOW, Maroh 11, ZM51. ihk l'Borown ssmao.N o> mln.?tor ?hw. The Senate reatamed the .waaideration of Mr.'TVmtvr'a vsolution for tho eapulsjon of Senator Wlglall ani C:ng nan's siibatitute. Mr. Kobtkr, (r?p.) of Conn., said that be had ?ory few words to utter, boa^ aa to tho resolution and e.tbcti'.ato, cud therefore would -cot eater into any lengthy Jiscus ?cion. It was proper bo #hou! J atato tliat be of orod tho resolution on his own reapog.tlbllity, and without con sulting with any political fnoais. Be bad iireacatod it, strip; ed ol nil conHlderations, as far as tt was |>?taible to do to, that It migbt bo acted on upon Its caked merits. A scut in this chamber v. a:; held on a foendat;on higher iban party yrouiida, and liouce lie trust-. J thai the ?<'iitu<.' would rUe above all auch ' ouiideratinis. Ibe oopsiliutloa provWoa for th i qualiiloaiioc and the manner of etoction of 8cc.uora. and he road from that in atrument th>- words upon thta vibjoct. It waa no*, on tho ground th it tho Konaior from Texas wsa foreign ti.rn that

he waa liable to obier.i km. It to b-3 supiHX-.wd that bo was Dative born, and that ho was duly elected a comber of tills b-'dy, ao'l in sey.iw tbUhewasa foreignar, It wjs not to be ?upposed h", t:oiuit ho u ?s born out of the jur.s diction ot tins oountry. It, hewevor, soom>>l to ii'.in (Mr. Koaier) that the Senate owed it to itaolf cot to allow a 8''at hero t.'> one who avoweJ b> wua a foreigner iukI owod no al'egiancj to the country to wbicb he belonged, bci to a foreign govcruiui'iil, an t it that government t>ap|<?ua to utk'j up arms acain;;t this government, seufjo its proporty, and oxpols frou,:*s ter ritory Uie troops of ?h? Cmteu Statei by fore, tt b ,*me a very Serious'I'lealt^n. Waa it rojsi't 'nt to ,-kil?\v ono ao riri'umatuneed longer to hold a teat hero'' lie rnj'cuted "le had no piTSOiT*.' feeMJBg en thecubject. Heoaui I say with gri>ai propri< iy, so tar as his fertonal relat: ifiu vs ith the Senator from wmd v.a? conierned, they woro en tlrely klnu and trkwdly. the subacitute of the r'aiiator Irom North Oirolina aamiiBea that leias has a r^'u to vcede, an t It was a ia?rliir) <vinclu>-l<.>ij that in sufb < vent Hhe had no right to f uatn liore. In t lis he dltloroa from If f Senate r. He did not 'loliovc any St ile ha.<< Use right or power, under the e'insUti:tiou, to wjcodo or tike i"..<elf out of the Union of tio Statsc which fo to make up icoso of America, lie dtllore'l wMtsly and radically irufivt. ich tly ones. It was altogitther Rionstrovj that this go^i rn nteJit, one of p?merand aiHt >rity. could l>o dufeolvod. Argument, therefore, waa unrec ssarj-with those who held to a different opinion. Two men mif lit as well un deitnko to rra?on iti a forci^Ti 1 uguage -xhlcb one un?'nr steod and the other did not. That no such tb.o,; as axei-sion wus Icjiitwti tc the ccnstltution wa.: too plain to argue cr admit of a doubt. After a brief argument <in Uils noint be said whether li.'xna has . oce<Ied be war not informed. He meant by a vote of the people or some bo<ly r?presentUig thom. Ik) should 'jold that the Senator was cotitlod to his seat fur all that, on sound constitutional grounds. (Jould that State by withdrawing Tram tho Onion withdraw him from tine body:' No. lie is entitled to his seat according to the form* of the constitution and tho aulh irity of bis ,-?ale, and the State ha. no power logally or (/institution ally to w ithdraw him from this body during tho term lor wtiich h'v?a/elected. He did not tuink the substitaM met the <|iieslton. He did net know what right the S?-i<utor (Mr. Clinginan) hid t?i say tint Te*ai ha?-eced? d Vrotn the oonfeder?<;y of the Statsu and no longer belong'! to the United Stub r, tui evan if there wcaa official notice it would be a nullity. If a SUte has wilbArawn. al"t given the Senate even official notice, what right Uau they to say that ahe should lie no longer cantlid to representative*? They wore clothed tuih no eurh ?Tthority. Mr. Cujmwax. ("pp) of S. O., thought that the S^mtor fcad itti'li a (,''?<id arjrunn m against hi* own re soIuimui. If they w?to to credit t&c mwyaper-, T?ixarf hos ''ailed a coif cutton :ind |uia?od the wrdinance of aecetsvan, which it is giutod has boeti ralltlod by a la^e ?cte of herpeople, rhat la tbe opinion of tho SenstSr from Tn*a. If thai bo true, anil tht act valid, Tezaa ia ne longer one of tbe .itates. He took it for granted, If Texa," bar seceded, abc la not entitled to representatives here. The Senator from < onuoctleut sufH thai the act la invalid; U>tn the Senator from Texan Is entitled to bis Reat. unlets it bo aaid that an ?rroneous opinion dtoquakAM The opinion of the Sena tor from Texan ia that hla State bis seceded. The Senator from Oonaeotieut Ravs no. Was it ever main tained because one (Senator differed from another on a con atitutlonal question, tbat Uat was a reasoo for expelling bim It might bo suppose* that U?e Senate could expel a man wbo thought and argo?d tbat the mx>n waa made of g:f?D ebeeee? '{aughtor}?and tliat such s one should be driven out. But would any gentleman say he aught to b? driven out? Fifteen Senators have gone out, believing their State* have a right to seceds. The another of statesmen, Virginia, lus always maintained tbat opinion. If it la an error for tbe Senator from Texas to believe his State haa a right to secede, why n< t expel tbe Virginia Senators, and especially why not expel those gentlemen who declared It aoJ have gone awnyf Why ia It tbat their nam* are atlll called? They have gone away, showing an utter disre gard for contrary opinions. But the (Senator ?a) a T. ?us hss taken possession of some of the public property. Is that a good reason? It so. !t applloa with more roroe to oth< r States than Texas, why did the So nator from Connecticut allow tho name of Jefferson l>avis to be cslled aed not move to expel him' Not only bad that gentlemen's Stale pececed, but he had advised arms and forts to be seised and waa nt the hand of a foreign republic but co motit n is made to expel bim. Tbe Sena tor raid he dec mod It his dutj to make a motion to expel Mr. Wigfall. Senator after Senator had mado similar avowals. and even advised their citizens to take possea slon of the defensive worka of tho United States. Senator Toomba declared that he gave such advice. Why then single out tbe Senator from Texas? Hla friend, Mr Wlgfail, had said bis Rate Iish seceded, anj with great frankness added that therefore ho regarded him roif as a foreigner. But this did not affo*d sufficient ground for bis expulsion. lie had pursued the po'ley of < thcr retiring Senators by remaining here, and was hwaitlng official Information. Mr. CukSK, (rep.) of N. H.?He rays ho is a foreigner. Mr. Cusomak (resuming).?His friends said if they thought proper to admit bim and regard him as aSenator, be did not think proper to withdraw until he was offi cially iiottfle<: that Texas has seceeded. Tho course p*o posed by tbe Senator from Connecticut was not the proper one. All they could do was to ray that tbe Henator from rets* Is mltUken on ft constitutional and legal point. If fpta? has not seeeoded, he Is entitle IV "eat here, rotw ilhi-iaD^iog tbe opinion be expresses. Mr. Mx-.n, (fipp j W Va., remarked that tho resolution waa clearly fer the expulsion of tingtMtW flVU) T"X**j fur what he had said on this floor Tho comtltuti n on able* the Senate to protect Itself, and glres powor to ex pcl n member, provided that two thirds vote for Ihe lit n. But tbe expulsion of a 8< nator Ik punatlve in rliiirarter, and the intention of the Senator from Omncctl cut, 1* to piini?h the Senator from Texas ior what he said In debate. The Senator from Connecticul said, what the Seimtor fr<>m Texas bad avowed, wv- luooCHittcnt with holding a seat on tblt floor. The Senator had declared that he was a foreigner and not a citizen or the 1'nlte-1 ?"tiiti a, but owed allegiance to a foreign government. If the Senator from Connecticut thought the Senator from Texas ought not to occupy a seat bore bocuoso he n not a citizen of ih? t'nlted States, he ought to mnvo to nVcr th ? subject to a committee, so tbat If tbe facts wirrant, tbe seat will be declared vacant Mr. town* (inteip??ing) a?ked whether, after the Senstrr from Texas nad been dulv elected by bis State and admlt't'd as a member here, they coi'11 Inquire It to ihe l?galitv hy which he holds his seat, a now faot rising whi h did not exist at that time. Mr. Mjv.'s was Trry certain Lc a Sector wa3 L3, entitled to hw tf&t, it 00-!d be vacated wVn e*?r Imih 11 warrant aach a course ahouiJ ba ?? covered If ;t be ? punahable offence to allege ?a coa-tuuUoeal truth, than the r??<)!ution miy ?be well oimued. For .? e, be (Mr. Maaoa) recognized uo ad?giance to ibis government. He recognized and ??) ' kbo?le< pa oo ttj.egiknco to this government?n<> > ?h?iev?r adii bore bo t?ok b 4 p si:.;a alongside of tbe Senator from JVxae, Although Virgtr/a is a constitu ent of thia jptiv rnmei t, tod bo una if her repreeentativee. He owed kit* giitiic.rt to Vtrg>D a, and no one else. Did tbo jeuntoi' tinm >inncotic.ut rnv. tbo doctrine of conrtittf tonal law, and hoid thit the govern ment oi 1 be 'Jmted Stales s gtiil sovereign? if be <-id, ??<'d b'-ip him. (LAUgnier.) Aj far aa tbe Sena ur (rem '??mi' tias commut* <1 an offence by Baying be owi fl ?o alii gun^e 10 thia govern he st >0.1 by hia ?*te. Herh'vui be unfaithful -\ r? 1 a If he d.d not. !l< olc tei.d.l men of w?>h tbe relation Do twi*ro 'h(.'Bi.b)?ot md sovereign, between the vaas*! and !<ti. \ih gi'.nce b>T<> ib that which ? due from a citt a?"V?'?i|iD piwi>r H* knew of no sovereign ex libSii'-d He took it far gi anted that Ooun-iaticut .8 vie -enutoi 'a hivereign, and 15at if h> v i'Mh alio re '.o -tht? covert,mec. he la fa'thless rhe oath of ?tlegUnoe in V rx'niato 'jo taken by all who are admit ted to the p 'lineal power of the State, is faith fully rnd tiuly vo support the Comw uwealtb. If l>". S-nator froaa rejn is a foreigner, be is rot a citizen of the I'n.Ud Vitatnu. But tbat nr. btcause of ih? fac', not because of tbo allegation; for iK (X>ustMition cays that a foreigner shall cot have a seat hi this il< or The Senator fr?>m rox*s tfmd ae bo lli-wd hiwii a foreigner to this government becuase Ttxis bas separated herself from it; for tbe Senator did net tben ku< w tbe fact, nor did lie know it now unless be be'-evod tli? In'ell'gence last Dight. The senator be h? vej tbat lViBBhnn fociideJ becaaso be luww the popu kr M-ntimeiit of tbe State; and ?et because of thia ><t0'aiati0n. the-enalor iom Ounne<'.t;c<it sought his ex r'ilfi"n The-enator and nthor<, and the now I'reeident > J^claro that, the crdtnan*'^ separation is ubll. ?nd tbe Stan hoida the (imo relation it lid before the puioitg^ of the act. VTe (snid Mr. Mason) deny tt. Vug l>a deuies it. Six of the Mates as far as we trow,not only ieuy '.t.b'it have acted on tt, aun not only lave ^mfedera'ed h it formed a gov< rtimfnt |yi pur?d to eue'Aiu itsrlf If this government fhall attempt to attack It. If th ) Senator trim Cinne ti cut would >ay lh?t'*haa-:t wat'a null ty. then he held laiigmge nhl h bo (Mr. Ma^on) tboagbt, with great re Hp?' t to him, ? more 0 nr?'Rpeciful tenfold than th'> lan guuge for wli'.oh tbo ^eiiaUir says the Senator from Texas Je^rvca to bo expelled. Why 1 Ilecaose by their laigoigo tive m/itons of people and p< ven goverotgn ~i?te? are in insurrection. They rec'are th" acts of tecesaton nollities. aithougb theso States sel/.e what the7 ca!l public property. Yet ac knowledging all this they take no means to re ?ver It. In not acnes; upon the m'oruiatlon they are more repre hensible 1 hen the Senator from TYxas. How CJ'ild ho owo to th ? governnmot ' Then he must obey tbe orders or thin government In preference to those of his own .State. He wa-t sworn to s. pi>jrt tbe constitution aad not the government Mr. Hcntvih, (opp.) of Va., regarded thia movement aa tval 'ilaied, to be duugerous. l'he resolution proposed to censure a member I >r a mere expression of opinion. The Beaatij Iroro Texas had done nothing m-jre than declare hia belief in the doctrine of fec.jes on, and that his State had seceded; but that unci ho had the evidence of this be would sit here. other State rights men ho avowed that he owed okedience to the constitution and laws, but aot allegiance, .til, then, he had said was, '?As he believed a majority :i all the Southern States >vh.< hold to the right of secession hold if right was exercised the. State placod itself in foreign re lation with the rest of tbe Uni n. If thia waa a cause for expulFlon why migbt not a t<ena!or b ( expelled for other d'tfcrcncea or' declarationa of opinion? Bow long might It be before it would be obnoxious to defend slavery, and perhaps a two-thirds vote obtained for upholding that in at'tntien^ The power of expelling a itemior was ne*er given for such purposes. Members could be punished .wording to the rorutltut on only for disorderly coaduot, and according to all writers on par l.a.TBt-Btary law it la always to be exercise 1 with great caution and care. If a man waa to be punished for the expreasion of a roero abstract opinion, where waa the uenge to end'/ He tna.ntaine<l, aa tbe Senator from Texas bad expressed no opinion that had not been ex presiad by all tie senators of the cecaded States, if ho waa to be punished, then they, too, must be expelled; for the? have g.ven a practical proof that they are to relunera, from the fact that they have gone otVaod eatab llshed another government. Ho agreed with hia col leagno (Mr. Ma?on) tbat ihoy owe allegiance to their SUte an 1 obedience to the conatitntion. MV. C.?bk moved that tfco Senate go into an Executive sewien. Mr. iUmxi submitted whether the reaolution pending wis not a privileged question. Tlie Cu.iiK replied that it wis, but It waa in tbo power of too majority to change tbo order "f busioeits The ques'I-. 11 waa taken, and tbo Senate went into an Exf cutlve Beasi in?28 aga'.nM 10. After a short time ipent therein the -'.oora were open ed . and tbe Senate adjourned. T1JE RESIGNATION OP ADJUTANT GENERAL COOI'EH. TO TBE BD1T0R OF TUB NKW YORK ITEKiLD. Wasa.'M T'iv, March 10, IStll. Tbo unexpected resignation of the g.illui t Col. Co>>jN*r, A<ljutaat (Jeneral of tbo I 11 ited States, was roceived like a thunder c!ap in a clear sky by hid numerous fri todg They at once addressed themselvea to the task of ascer taining tln> canee, but n'om the Colonel they could learn noth ng satisfactory. He was non communicative; ap|ia rently an "mlmrgo had been placed 'i|m>ii li s lips. Die cause of resignation, bowvr, is understood to be this:?1're.t dent l.incoin called on <iencral Scott to know bow many -soldiers were necessary to reinforce Fort Sumter. TL ? General, as a preliminary step to such movement, euui'estod that all orders to that end hud to pass ihrougk tbe Adjutant general's ollice. and Colonel Coper havini,. rnarrud a Virginia lady, it might not be prudent to retain him in that responsiblo'post, as It would be nect-mary to inain'aln inviolate se>recywith regard to all orders lo<)k ing to tbo reinforcement of Furl Sumter?wliereupou Colonel Cooper was politely notified tbat his Excellency President l.inx>!n was graciously pleased to extend to bim tbo privilege of resigning. As a further conilrtnaiion of this stab" of facta, <t ia said that Odenel >'>V)p<'r had not the slightest idea of up to live 4til ol" March. MORE ANON. ADDITIONAL NEWS FBOM EUROPE. Arrival of the Niagara at Boat on. Howruv, March 11,1841. TLc steamship N.agora, fr)m Liverpool and Queens town 7 .a Halifax, arrived at tha port at ftveo'cl^cic this afternoon. Tuc Niagara hu $175,000 in specie acd sixty-two passenger?. She report* having enc metered strong westerly galea the entire paaaage. February 29th, eighty ?lx mJrm wit of Gape Clear, pawed a teaman ip Kedar, from N?w 1 ark 14th alt., for Liverpool on the 8th I cat., off Sable Island, passed the ateamahip America, from Boa ton via Haifa* for Liverpool. The folio wag ia the latest by telegraph to Queena ,town>? Katt*!, Feb. 22,1841. The property of the religious orders which have been appended baa bnn taken possession of by the govern nMOt. Tf o garrison of Oaeta being preoners of war have be"* cot to the Neapol tan Island The Papal Zonavf r have miaaacred Dr. latru acd his little daughter, aged eix years, !n the village of Coilalto. Tnu?, Feb. 23,1841. Admiral I'ersaus has arrived ,n the waters of Messina t? .itunnMi th-> > ommander of tbe c tadel to surrender. General Cialdini remiica at Naples, but will Join Ad mint Peraaoa in case ths commander refusea to comply with tte demand. Rista, Fab. 22,1841. About 1,004 brigand.*, with artillery, under the com mand of IXmot Christ* n. have atlas k*d Oar*oll. Tbe luiian volunteers retired light rg. On receiving thla news Colonel Maa! and Maj< r Niaceuttni hastened to tbe spot and energetically attacked the enemy and pur Rued them aa as urrlcola, killing many moo. Marxk.mjh, Fob. 22,1841. ratters from Rome to the irtth inat. atate that a pro elamatlon of tbe Nati ma) fommlttee announces that vic tor Kmanuel Kill soon b* prccUimed King of Italy at the oapitol. Ih same proclamation expresses tbabks to Franco for her reserved attitude In Rome ,tho French authorities hvi taken poaseaalon of ths k?ys of tbe Capitol, in order ?o prevent the ringiog of tha bells by the people. Tb'i Papal government has exiled several persons, amoi.g whim was Signor Tltoni, a rich merilwnt who was anrp>cted of having promoted the late pol.tical m uil ft-statinns. Mguir Paaasglla had returned V> Home. ViasvA,Feb. 23,1S41. The Pf-itf says ? A report is current that a convention bad lately been concluded between Austria, Russia and Prussia, fur acting in common in esse an Insurrection should bruuk out to Po land or Hungary. Psbth, Feb. 22,1841. The .Judicial Conference has by a considerable majority decided against tbe re establtahment of the Hungariau laws relating to inheritance. 8t. Pmnnu, Feb. 22,1841. The project of a new tariff of import duties of Eu ropean good*. ;?s drawn up by order of the Kinperor, wlil shmtiy bepub.lshcd .n th<- boittn /touw.y, at .it. i'etcrc ><?!? Son Arrival ef tbe Ktsa Sasdv Hook, March 11, IstJl?II P. M. Tbare are no signs of the ate*m?b r> Mna, due off tbia point with Liverpool datea of the 27th. Wind south, clear. Tha "Tlaer" Ball at Ho?toit. IVwii v Man h 11, 1841. Governor And'ew and staff, Onl L T'Tts, of tho New York Seventh Regiment, Major Newton, of th? deoond Halt a Hon, Ma} >r K. item, Major Wi?ht<nan, and other dig tirg'iisiied irilltsrv men and elvtiia a wre preMht tbi!? ?vi nnig nt the b ill of the Tigon, which wji s brilliant aflklr. Markets* Nan Oiw:ih, March 11,1841. Cotton?Tbe market, Is lirtn; srles to dny, 8,400 biles; "ilddllng. U>,c a 12c. fug, j steady; fair tn ftnv fair. 41fc. nfc'jc Mola.'f>e?, 24j. a 2*C. Flour?Ohio, ti 'i ? a ?5 vQ ,.?,lKr attlcl.. ate k.~ m$Wl(r4 NEWS FROM THE STATE CAPITAL The Poat Offlce Site?Call of tk? House?A Committee to Relievo the LefUUtve? Motion for a Grinding Committee la the 8?aate-Cuan BnUdlng Act?Meeting of the Railroad Committee on the Brond w?y Bill?R. marh< of Menn. A. T. Stewart, Ilalght, Battle y aad Other*, tici, &c? Albas*, March 11,1M1. The Poet Offlce bill look a torn on Hatur day ermine but little anticipated by the frleads of th? measure, and will perhaps learn them that a straightforward course h the end will roaull to their beat tnUresta Whilst the lobby tn favor <>' the bill had left their posts under the Im pression that it would not be touched until they returned, and that it waa mfe for a few dnys at leaal, the other taking the advantage of a thin attendance of the third house, bad It referred to the Judiciary Committee. Let not ita friends raise the cry that the advantage of a thin nouse waa token, for there were as many member present until about ten, when the bill waa referred baok as there was at the time it wan ooosidered in the Com tnitteo of the Whole. The lobby, 1 will admit, waa very thm on Saturday evening. Mr t'ozans moved thm tbe bill be recommitted to the Judiciary Oomaittee, which wai carried, fbis com mittee, or at least a majority of them, spoke against the bill when it was in the Committee of the While hence it is fair to hii|>[xwo that nolwithstand Iuk tbe earnest and untiring edorts of Fred, l.ittlejohn with them, that unless it is changed so much that, its present fathers will not know it, tbey cannot bo prevailed upon to report it This is in fact the committee to whom it should have been re ferred in the tlrBt place There arc legnl questions in volved, und should the original law have b?en passe I, no oitlcer or the Stateoould have served a summons or even legally noiltied a witness; but it is now where it can be changed to suit either, and it Is to be hoped to suit Sew York as It Is to day, and not as it was tlfty jews ago. Ibis is tbe point that we want the eom-nittee to conaider. The session of tho Assembly opened this morning with a call of the House, tbe tlrst that we have had this win tor, only sixty-four nu mbers being present, one less than a quorum, ah usual under such proceedings tho?o waa a liveiv time, with plenty of j >kcs, and several members still absent who forgot to got leave of absence before leaving on Saturday will be marched before the bar of the 9oute as soon as they make their appearance here. Tfi>? committee to relieve tbe legislature was appointed this morning under tbe resolution calling this committed of five Into existence. They are to devise somo plan through which the long list of bills that liavo been presented can bo passed within tbe constitutional term of one hundred days. The com mittee will, therefore, bo expected to report to the Bouse whether, in their judgment, a Grinding OommKtee, or some other mode will be best calculated to advance busl ncHf-?that m, make just as many laws as possible '.n a given time? iiood, bad and mdlllereut, all the same. They are not to cocsider tbe question whether we want any more laws passed or not, bnt have an algebraic problem to solve?nothing else. Perhaps, how ever, tbey can do It by the Bimplo rule of three. We will say, for instance, the Legislature has twenty seven working days to sit before the ax lira ti<>nel' their hundred days; a grinding oommltteo will put through so many bills per day; how many will tbey lie able to run through their mill in twenty sovea daysf 1 notice that this Legislature has a peculiar faculty of re ferring bills to committees to report complete, in nine cases out of ten without their ever being printed or their contents known to more than two members of the House. A giind'ng ootnmlttee, with all its evils, is far preferable to such a mode. t-enator Ferry offered bis resolution for a committee of e'ght,or a grinding committee, in the .Senate thu morning, and has put in a provision thu no claims, tails appropriating money or city railroads shall be oansidared by them, (he resolution was laid on the table and prob ably considered to morrow. We arc constitutionally op Ked to grinding committees. The great evil of the day lie much legislation; the State and nation are cursed by It, and eujwlally is tho city of New York inflicted with it; but we must say, with all frankness, that any mo. lo is preferablo to the unanimous coBseft and referring back to report complete system practised to ho great an extent tn the Senate, and, In fact, both houses. ]t has got to be one of the standing rules, made so by custom in the Senate, that a man, to object to a bill, must bave the unanimous consent or two tblrris vote to permit him to raise hts voice against it. Whilst we oomlemn the grinding committee as a nuisance and unenaurable evil, yet me muat say that It it is pre ferable to the custom practised to a great extent this winter. Bevsral bills were ordered to a third realing in both houses this morning, but nine 111 the -*en?te of any pir tioulur interest to New York. The bill to incorporate tbe Kclectic Association, however, was reported complete, and ordered to a third resiling. Tbe bill to amend the I'nsafo Building sot, passed las', winter, wss ordered to a third reading In the Ame nbly. Ibis Is to coafer additional power on those administering that law. It seems that as ths law now stands they have no power to order a landlord to chango his building to make it safe. DlirnMlon on the Broadway Railroad Bill, ilkc. AutAirr, March 11,1861. We?<l has lust arrived from Washington, In bad bu mor, and states that Speaker LlUtaJoha has boon ap po'.nted Conaul to Liverpool. He Is receiving the con gratulations of bin friends to night. Th<> Assembly Chamber was about two thirds tilled to b^ar the arguments on tho Broadway Railroad bill this afternoon. A. T. Stewart was tho drst speaker. He had hoped that be would not bo called upon again to appear before a committee on that subject. Hie agita tion on a railroad In Broadway commenced homo eight years a?o, anil a grant passed the Common Council, which hud been declared unconstitutional by tho courts. Ue wished the committee to bear In mlod that Broadway had changed very materially in tbe taut few years. There were uo linger any dwelling* there, and the t'me was not lar oi.- tunt when that |iort:on beio w Four teenth street would be devoted exclusively to wholsale business, and with a railroad the necessary receiving and despatching of K'xxls for that class of business won Id be so interfered with as to make them almost impossible. The track, with car', which ihis bill contemplates placing Id Broadway would tnko up sixteen feet, leaving only twelve feet on each side for the passage of vehicles and tho discharge of freight. A railroad would run the street. Bo bad read the bill carefully, and confessed that he never saw a bill drawn with such skill to cover up the real nigger In it as this. He had a pride in Broadway. It mar be possible that he bad lived there so long and grown up with 1M greatn< -<s that ho an affection for it that others did not have, and ho hoped that he would nover live to B(e tho time when It would be desecrated wltb a ra Iroad. He then prococdedto give the width of the street at diflorent points, and stated that the franchise was a valuable one. If tho citizens of Ve? York wanted a railroad there, It should be put up at auction and soli to the highest bidder. But ho believed that a majority of the citizens wore opposed to it. Mr. liaight then spoke against the bill. He stated that ho opposed It not for pecuniary motives only, but partly from pride. Vew York was the queen city of the continent, destined to be the queen city or Um world. Broadway sis the brightest jewel la her crown, and ho did not wish to ice an Iron dagger run through her breast. It appeared to him liko robbing the grave of his fathers to build a railroad In that street. T C. T. Buckley, tho attorney of the opponents, then followed in a lengthy argument against the bill, an ? re ferrrd at much length to the rights of franchise of the city of New York. The bill had a very Innocent (Option; but us soon as passed it would bo found to contain provisions which would make It on<> of the greatest monopolies that ever come out of a cru cible ol modern legislation. It not only gave them the exclusive right to Broadway, but gave them the right to pui cl ase all other roads and to run on all tho streets of tlie city. It would permit them to swallow up every (?mi Ibus and stage interest, and to rim lateral stage iii.< s and to have u sleigh ng carnival after a snow storm at the expense of the city. Tb?y propose to negotiate wltft theOammn Council, but till know what kInd if arguments are reported to be used there. He alluded to the past attempts to get a roc I in Brnaewajr. A railroad would not not regulate Broadway but ruin it as a highway, by driving all carriages out of the street. Referring to past decisions, he argued that the r<ght of Broadway below Fourteenth street did rot b? long to the Common Council, bit to tho property ho|< eis, and then proceeded to show the bad effects of a nsd there. aLd the legal objections to the bul In a clear and lucid manner, Mr. Ward next replied In favor of the hill, and criticised the diagram pro s' n ed by Mr. Halgbt, wttn a rahrued in operatkm, and tl ought it better than I'umdi and the beat oomks paper In existence. He alluded to the accumulation of wealth of Mr hie wart, the merchant prince, and spoke in terms not very creditable to himself, and which, to say the least, would have been n?uci. better unused. Personal, ties nf that k.nd can only reboond upon the author. Mr Kullsrvon, his st orney, tl?si said thai ail the con venience of travel up town w?s sot sufficient to accom moiiHio the public; and why had not >he other side, ?h?m objecting to this suggested some nf*lo of relief. A telkf they must have. Now what sh >uld It be* It nm the duty of tho Legislature to dispel the Idea of thcKe gentlemen that they owned Broadway. Tbey not own the street, and If they consulted t^ebr title Wild Onl It so. It was free I<f li and belonged to the 'Ity. But the hill provides 'or nut only payirg the city, but the property h< ders, lor all the d itnagn that they prove It is to them. <h s ? esture mane th? bill coastttotlonal, and he would venture to say that the sum rolled up against the com - I anv by the latter, would startle them. If tn reference to the purchase nf th<> omnibus It was not clear enough, then amend it. One bad referred to the iron dagger, but they bad more to fear from the golden dag*er. He qujted Mr, O'Ccnor'g arguments, to show that the osruerah'p of Broadway below Fourteenth street ?as m the cotporstion. made so by the legalising of all seta of the Dutch by tb>< Kngtlsb, when they rstwa<i>?ereo the province The bill, he said, was drawn to oavlato the ohjrctlons raised againit all ", ??. pains, tiaio or ability bad been spared to makelt rlght. The a-gurnet, t then closed, and ^***Tj" *** hive a s. smen bv themselves, so 1 A*** will report the bill or not. Avrth-r bill w ? the committee as a *ubsMtut*.C.A^ Marshal lh ads tint of >?