Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1861 Page 3
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^^8 ov<-mmoi?t party !? polttlw. to that tome m ;h'. tb?V 0?m. Jones tu a cukt vatire or botouge t 10 poriy. I fe^lMve he in no' s<*id to belong to auv p ir |t, b t preset t?b astral neutrality. fhou^b Mir are apt to say you belong to tbe opp wiu? [Mtrty to n? you say you are not a member of. So jeal>io? *u<l j It ha* party spirit or rancor Munu that it ts difficult . partisan to believe that uny one if) cip-ible of ir.t' .raltty. I will merely add that tbe treatment car ister reoeives frow the people here fully justlih* the uage of i he editorials. mast k ty a word about tbe pretty girls here, who are Hi abundtne. Kor eye.3, oomplexton and rtiby lips they Hmost defy the world. Indeed, as Tom M.uore says? ? Tbe aaar: ltpa a ad eyes ? Tbey wear on earth ? W Uf serve In Pa?mala?. ? 1 have seen several foreigners bore who tppou- very ?much bew itched by tbe rich and rare c bee leu and eyes ? which they see at the bakonien every day ahont Ave P ? M Hut I leave tbe subject, as too far trausceadiug de j learlption cf pen or pencil. EVACUATION OF FORF XCMTKR . * Highly Important from Washington. HEETIM8S OF THE CABINET. The Withdrawal of Major An derson and His Troops j Decided Upon. t mmmemmmrnmmmmm -------- mm Opinions of Generals Smrtt and Wool in Favor of the Plan. 31m President Refuses to See the Southern Commissitaers Ac., to., *?. Washwgtw . March 12, 1*61. The .abomto despatch in this moruing's H&rau>, pro * Bouncing the sucoesalve reports of the impending eva cuation of Fort Sumter both a stock jot/hinpnch?nie and a f rtuse on tboipart of tne administration to cover up move ments aitnlag at a secret attempt tc reinforce entirely misses the mark. It is true certain WaH slrt opera tors have been figuring here for some days, and bulled and beared on the strength of reports. But the other part of the story '8 entirely unfounded. Tho President would eewn the employment of tho tmpixod insidious means even to ao^ompllsb the desirable ecd of relieving the invested post. l am tbw to state positively, on the contrary. teat tht i aband'^ mml of Fart Sumter has Uen iletcmUnol Uj?m by A? Prtiuleft. and hi* Calnntt. An order to tkat taw, how(r?,r. not yet been issued, and may not fee for some days. Tbe can so of the delay is not waut of reso Jtion. but simply a desire to prepare the >forthim mind better for tb-_ no v inevitable emergency. Tktu is tho caee in* Dut-sh^I. Both Gen. 8cott and God. Wool hare givwi, jpon Mor.sst, their opinion advising uu era-na tion. Ih'* enlteBBonf and indignation of the majority of the at* ?.t iho humiliation in qtorc. lor tbem can tinaee to be* imwoiwc. The hotel parlors anil hails are pneiisn*. w <tb 'their corses. But as most have some /v/or" to i ik or the administration, their wrath will doubtless s: b?.rt? Inafew'fcvs Ben. Wade is uud to do as ta-Kt as a> tyfcodj in the e*: raring line Strange a? :t ? sound, it is now p'*itively kninn that Secretary thaae unexpectedly came out advocating the (\vacuaftig in 'the la?t Get i net meeting, and thU Mtssts. Cameron aaC .Blair were most reluctant to t Mr. <_h?e .? pres. uuV. to have ? Uen inllu- noed by Kew York financiers. The case of For t Ciunt^r onfy requiring immediate action, nothing deb has been t'eciled in reference to tho other Southei * posts. With the precedent I ?s'.?bHstel. however. nLcir surrender wll! probably be only a question of time '? V'.uaiBKm>*, Karch 12, 1S61. ? The order has not j b?mn giron U) evacuate Fort -vmt"r. That t will be, i wilU in two or thro.- days, r on sure The profer<ucc-t of no-;, i,..r the policy o:' p irty mo pr?"-"nt it. It U ? it*.rn> that con: pels the act. ami is ljovond i fc*' c>*tr. ! o:' r? rty I&v.ot ?? Military e^ioucc will govern thojvlniiimi'ra'.ion. I am c?rtnin that, !f the President \ ?? su.-c tUat.Ji.or And<-r >or had pro\ txiob ? uud fuel er." *?? 'ast out:: re rfure ? ? ui< nt- one Kl r^ach h.m, they wov V. ?* aoi. . i_ . attci a' * hat 0(w< . Nobody regrets the ox. sting Stat V <of >5ftcts ccte'ruing Mvr Ocr* >n'? pot-ition more tha n 4ha President He | bad no part in th< work of crcai t?*' thorn, bu at 'he lane tluie, .-omlm nto power with* Uioa. sUrlu^i 'm in tiio fae he <U?s no' p.-oposo to ?brinJc frJtr &e responsihV'.ty 01' meetu* them, and * ill ?%?st ae prompt ly ?s the oportanct of llic subject will a.\m;:, acJ a. I at Tise.y u^on tbem as ti&e and the facts *'ii? &?>w. I loire to-day, from iin official source that cauiot he ij qa<*>tiuned, slj4- no vessel Jrcwlnj more than six feet of ' water e*n eoter *h'i harbor o* Charleston. ThedMW-I, r'ofod up time sine* vi'.'ti sunken tcsao'is. s ?til I ! eloped. ^ My despatch. 4*<od 8th oat. ,?t*A ng th it Major An?:*r son had but iMmb day* supplies. :w?l rofaei, was strictly I true, ?o far as the f?ol is conotrnai, b it was sli^htiy in : accurate a? to the |>n vision* VL-. .?format on received i ?s rom Major jtndersw four days age showed that he hid :w?nfy days svpp!i?s W'-n, so that Trca th s date he has only about fifteen iVff rjpplies. There Is another fa?t .2 f too m"ch *a*portu>c? to ov^r- | rJOk. My despatch of tax 9th, ret >rr*i to.Jtatad thit li j woulJ require t?n thou? an m*n to invast anl-ongag# the various batter cs on 8u'll\'?* and Morn* 'al?cds. <j;*w.Md tored^ae Kart Sumter and v^fc^-rit its re|tfTCea?nt by tho l'n:tel states govrrnrr.ei*. T m*do the statement up^n f&M authority , that Mich j was the t stimito of General ScJtt. To day 7 ha; o oiflt^l j m.'rrmat1 je that Major tndersoc it as ht> op tion ! ?.hat i*. would require twenty thousand troapa ? t:jak? the reinforcement a?ucces*. fro n the fhet Ih tt th? st mo-ocaer.t In that direfit ion wov Id call 2ato the fi?M at least flft?.;n th naand Wt in'ia'.ered frou theseoad,. g Mates. Frery ooo who knows ?;^tliirg a'ao'it the otH.'ion i i of the fej.-ral troops :s ?? je that it *011 II bo ut teriy imj-eMit. j to throw oee tboe<wn<l troopa in'^J Iharlestou hvhir wlth'n Kt^n, twon'y or thirty days, much less twenty thouaasd lliere is eo a^th'irt 1 i* u^" M*t?s for troops, Ccngroaa having ad-_ J w!thou* har ng giren any ?J "h auih)rity. More " n,? nionny or auth>rlty.prar'd',l f.>r recruit ;ng *<n the regular ?srvlce. 1 (A ?ir .<u"f "-hese fact#, what can Mr. 1 iacoln all i his *''T ?*?< the question at oaco by re mav* * ^?en frotn Port fc?mteP an 1 loaviDg ?to f*wth C'arililj^^f with their powerful batteries to go b.oie mspatchea were sent to Cliarktton arm ? days ag t, 1 ut tmg tb^ajthoMt?? there on 'h?,'r g i*>-d. a? It wis :n dar stood the goraramer.l were conitdering the pro. prist y of rslnfor^irept, ajMl tlut the re\ iort? of avacua ?nn migbt be C'fhmg mjre tbiui a sn e e> -rap :h?~i W'l'y G crri! Pwi regard, oommandlsg tho forces, teirg'aphcl fcero as follow r? ."iVc ate preptr-'d a' all pr d'.i, and tfe'y th?? m rtiaf'-roo'.er.-' REFUSAL OF TUS ADMINISTRATION TO RECEIVE THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS. W??hin?. rov, March 12, lufll. Yetteidaf Air S<. ward Ini'ormed '.be Southern Com mifelonert that h<: wcuhl see and ooofwr with them, and wasgUNl of the opportunity, and that he would iHfrwra them tkia morning of tin* lime aed place ul mWrview. This morning he ?4<*r???e4 them a brefly written com nrnit-atkm, "talir^ that upon reflection , and for polili tal ions id >. rations, Ue must decline toMetbm. It ap pears that in\h? meantime he had conferred with the Cabinet up<? the subject, acl that they had c hange t their policy. The Commissioner* will new tddreea an official and formal commuuicatiofi to Secretary Seward, setting forth the character and purpose of tlieir mission. It ia believed that this change of policy on the part or Mr. Lincoln, lo declining to receive them, grow* o?t of the fact tha* he has got to abandon Fort Sumter, and that la as much as, and more than , the republican party can it laud at once. If the admin iftia'.ion abandon Fort Sumter, it by no means follows that they Intend to abandon the public property within the limits of the Confederate States. Th> y * ill pursue a policy towards them that will lead o c nnplicatiets and difficulties innumerable. MOVEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT VESSELS AT THIS PORT. WHAT TUB UMPIRE CITY AVD THK STAR OF TUB WEPT MB TESTKRDAY ? WARLIKE APPEARANCES AT THE NAVY YARD. Till KM P IKK cm AMD 8TiI OF TH1 WW. The steamer Empire City now Iks at anchorage off Quarantine. No one la admitted cm board ef her unless by special permission from the army autberitlea here? a facl, 'of itself, proving con -lusively that ?he baa been chartered by the government. It In true, as stated, that the cleared tor Indianoia, Texas, having 'taken out her clearance papers several days ago. At the army head quarters a remarkable reserve was miintaino-l so lor as related to giving positive information ae to h<>r future movements and the precise time when eke will lift anobor and put to sea. It was known, as was ascertained before she left her wharf at the foot of Varick street, that she wan ?oaded w ith gevermueut stores. She is a side wheel steamer, of 1 751 tons register, and was built in this city In 1848. She lias two decks. She has a side lever en gine. Her length is 240 feet, breadth 48 feet, depib of hold 28 feet 81.6 carries three masts, and is schooner rigged forward. She draws 14 feet of water. Her owner is Marshall 1). Roberts. She lias had pretty hard usage, and although a tolerable seaboat, would not stand live minutes' cannonading, l?er sides not having been con structed to 1*081 *jt tbe impinging weight of hostile cannon balls. II .8 true that Che Star of the West hoe been chartered for two months by tbe general government. The steamer still lies at hor dock at tbe foot of Warren street. She cleared yesterday for Brasos Santiago, Texas. At sundown she hauled off into tbe stream and dropped down tbe bay. It Is highly probable, however, that on rcachkcig Quarantine she let go her anchor, and will remain tbtire in company with the Empire City, until Joined by the Harriet Lane and Vixen. Her cargo is said to consist entirely -of government stores. This steamer has already achieved a notoriety for having once attempted to make her way up the Char jston channel to Fort Buster's docks. She Is no better prepared now to stand a raking flre of cannon than at the time she received tbe unpleasant 1 salute tendered hsr from the masked batteries of Morris Island. She is a lighter vessel than the Umpire City, being 1,172 tons burthen and drawing twelve feet of water. She Is a sMe wheel steamer, has two decks, and was built in this city nlco years ago. Her dimensions, are 228 feet length, 32 feet breadth, and 24 feet depth. She is also schooner rigged forward. She is owned by Commodore Vanderfeilt. Captain McGowan, wbo was in comman' <?f her on the occasion of her recent unsuc cessful ti v to Charleston , Is still In chargc of her. TBS x avt yard. | AI the Brooklyn Navy Yard things wear a busy an ; pect, although it is authoritatively asserted that no orders concerning the movements of the vessels now statlonod here have been received from Washington, with the ex ' ccption or tne store ship Supply. This vessel has jus 1 taken in a large stock of provisions and will sail for the Gulf of Mexico to day to j oin the United States sqvadron ! there stationed. Commodore Breese, tbe officer in com mand of the Yard. Is at Resent in Washington attending | the Armstrong court mar%l. Captain Foote is actlng i commander during tbe commodore's absence. Alongside the samo dock lie the gun boats Mohawk and ('rupider. Both these vessels can bo got in readiness for | duty at hail a da> ?s uotice. They 'have heretoforo beoc ' Httacbei 1 3 the I". S coast survey. Tbe Crusader, former lj tbo Cromwell, arrived last moeth at this station from ubo wfeet Indian waters, where she had, like the Mohawk act Wyandotte, acted as one of the Cuban Coast fleet, whoee duty it is to Intercept slavers. She was not put | o>jt of cooinirfwion, but underwent eomo needed repairs of ao unimportant nature. Annexed is a list of her I otfloers; ? lieutenant Commander, John N. Mafflt; Lieu tet Autfi , James M. Duncan. James E. Jewett,A.K. R. Ben | haw Master, !t. it. Wallace; Surgeon, J. W. B. Green li w 1' if>t Acs^Unt Engineer, J ? A. Grier; Captain's Cltsk , Wm. IJtUejoht. | TV. te.iov ing is tbe force of light draught vessels now at tbe faxi av.aitiag orders ? IVassto. 7b vs. Of. ?f Um. Cw IV. Mohawk 400 m 8 3i Orusatsr ... 380 94 8 92 Cor win. -'!00 80 4 24 Bibb 820 83 4 24 ier/y 280 not mscned. ? 32 'and i ff the RU'-ory ua'thc Hsrrlet lane*. 880 ?2 ? ? vixen 380 <H> 4 24 tr r aaaarai tAi?s hae rccn iy '"e?* pliood in p rfoct order for active ser vice Her 'jrl^'xal wnamect insisted of Tour twenty -five poutid Itoolgi'D gumt .:nd one thirty -two pounder. Bo oci 'lj sir - recsi ?d ur -.dditlon to ber powerful batteries I lii " o sbai'rt ol thr-v* lonp U. rty two pounders The ' iaigt-r {-tins s.r? plaoed it tb? .port* about thr paddle- | s. the t?- only- four pousdeu are fixed aft. Her; c^asi-'t merit of ?mal! arms it very stroog and of tbe best km> I cm sists of Mjile rifled .muskets, Sharp* 1m "9f ?>i*'o)s. Coil's wtry revolvers, navy boarding pic tola um* tbe tropr<ved nary cutlass. There Is also on j bo.ir1 ii f Wirt pcund froat howitzer, fitted for th? la inch. T; is i<\ - ' r ordnance has ?? field carriage attached, so Uiv' gut '!>r-. Ss r "siov*-.! from the Uunch and In sUatly flt'ed on to the can age to be csed for land s*i- ize The f .:! .wing is t list?f bar officers and arew:? ,1'jbn i ..tin.'", Onmander; P. 3. Constable, Fimt 1, teuton ant: O.I) ! hom^'une, .ve-oc 1 I <?it<axnt: II. O. 1'orter. secotnl liatltenant-. Th unaa M Dungac. Third Liewtenant; .1 Jf. rh<t he", Ib)r< ? .'."ufenant; Unracc i JamMe, Tlilrd L. -u^uaht' Jii'^d R. Dry berg. Ch;#t' Engineer Walter Scjt', Klrst l^gtnner: 'Jha/ies <J. Hals, Rngin*er, T. F. Til!* 'er, KDginecr sear en, firemen, co*J puuterr, sUw arss, 4c.; it ^11 nn ty -four persons. THK VIXR* Gained no'ori-aty lur'og the Mexican war: Sha Is aow en gaged to tbs r. 7?oue servloe. -Jhe is ready for sea a*, a moment ? nitico, a. statml. Tbe Cjrw.n, Dibb. petry hm> Wabafh are at tba yard, had n k-arlmn Uages jf preparation for spee<iy service. a e schnouer ilary r . Pudson abo sailed yesterday for ^o-t Johnson. Her osrg-3 'Ossst* of cannon and pro via whlcb ?ho took '0 fi irn .Vivernor's Island. Tbare Is aiie loading at (Governor's Is.'an< dock the schooner N.iry Perter. ?he will uk? proviitc*r and ordnanoe to F'Tl Jeilarson. it otjicr ponrs. Informal'**! pubiisheii roiat:ve to other sort i Inads to ihe belief *ha! In addition to ibe Ve m York f. et, about a d isaa rnnar erst"' a?e ready, or nearly ready, for sea ? S'. 'ha/ tbe Uttbt draft coast ^' .ird may b?f said to he tins ost o?gari-*ed. iMtlctai advloes state (hat t4M Cumhor land ari l I' cahoiit&i h i ve 1< *f Vera (>uz far .VfrCj ik. -m l ?bAt tbe batjii ts *io v ol her w\y to this po*t. Thus ?hi as-t'iikin tlia* there ,'s s condensation of naval r.r* being cff<vj?ed, ioonis corr boralad to the letter. THK EVAniATION OF FOB T fiUUTER. 'From the Kashlig'on lut?ll!gon^r, March 12 ] We fin ' the following *tnp'irtant Announcement in the .Vjtios I If'iuVioan of yesterday, a loomal which Is the oigan of tbe rrpubl!"an t?r>'r in this city, and which we pitS'im* to b? W"ll Icformi'd in all thtt reKles to the p'i?p'i?es and policy of tbe now administration ? i^te list evciing we learned that aCabinot me"t.rg on Hat'ir<1?y it was Jeterroioed M eva;>*.ate F >rt .-'utnVr. 'fth?ntws s anthes Jo? 4f which we hwe no rea?on tu rt msr ? th's m? astir ? has been taketi .is one of C-iacMlalioo to the ;w>rder "'ates. The fort has no strategic imp ir *?ere, ai d it may ^ave fceeri supposed tnt'. th^ vicloins a p 'Int of pride to HciubCft'oltnadoulJ very well he aflbroiH hy s ft eat gcrntr.mor.t , Touid aa' .afy tbe oiintry gone r?l'y cf (fle pt^tlc pojlr.jt pf U11 ivdoilBS?-at! -0, xQ'l on?bV3 ' witho.ft \h" appearance of coeroton, to be more BlrirgeLt tc tbo enforcement of ibe revenue H?s. We oe-d not tny that we rcct.vs this icutiupbco with great s?tii>r*ctk>n, which is tnhuncid by the reason as slgued in explanation of ihe division to which the admin istration rp fa id to have conn- in tbe premise*. In miking such a eonceetion to the eaii?e o* c .n- ilWtton and the preservation of tho public peace. ihe fvieral government will etrengthen iteulf in the hearts of the people through out all the States .n which a spirit of apprehension now prevail!. NEWS FOR THE OFFICE KEF.KEIW. WA?mNi.n>v, March 12, ISfll. It la ki.onn ihnt the Intention of the President Is to lirst till the vacancies which on?t, in,' which must he tilled during the present seesion of the Senate. Excepting in a' few instances, other appointments wlU be deferred until this is done. In the meanwhile applicants are re quired to file fbeir papers' in the pr?*>er departments. The Poet Office, Interior and lYe isury Departments' were again thronged with expectants to day. Messrs *'base and Hlali gave up their 'Hire time to them, Much to the detriment of the regular business of their depart ments. Judge Davis expects to adjaurn his court of place seek ers tine die to morrow and g* home. He will be sadly missed Jy the many, to whm he proved so useful. Senator Trumbull is severely denounced by Illinois re publicans for urging his brother in law's appointment as Governor of Dacouh. The nomination of James Speed, i*? Postmrater at Loultvilte, gives a good deal of diasaiiafactiob. The friends of D. Gallagher are especially chagrined. D. G. Rose will be appointod United States Marshal for Indiana, John L. Scrlppe Postmaster at Chicago, d. I Jones at Terre Baute, Ind., J.M.Stockton at Majsvlfle Ky.,aod J. Cor win at Hamilton, Ohio. The last men tloned la pne of the many cousins Old Tom is having taken care of. Jamos Tyner, a State elector, has been appointed Spe cial Mail Agent for Indiana. The only nominations confirmed to day were those of Archibald Williams, DUtrict Judge of Kansas, and Wil liam P. Dole, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, both of Il linois. The other nominations, including that of Mr. Littktjohn, of New York, as Consal to Liverpool, were re ferred to the Appropriate Committee. A number of ex-members of Congress aro stoking themselves especially obnoxious by imperative demands of prominent appointments. Messrs. Johnson and Etheridge control the Tennessee appointments. Secretary Cameron will retain the present Chief Clerk. Mr. Potts, for the present. PS'day Mr. H. M. Cdbb, of Tioga county, Pa. , was appointed Disbursing Clerk In the War Department. Judge Edmonds, of Michigan, is a prominent candidate for Commissioner of the General I.and OAtoe George Harrington, chief olerk in the Treasury Depart ment under Mr. Cor win, to-day entered temporarily on the discharge of the duties of Assistant Secretary, at Mr. Chase's request. Mr. Hodman has returned to his former position as chief oleifc. George E. Baker, of Albany, N. Y. , has keen appointed to the disbursing clerkship ia the State Department, vice Stubtos, removed. Colooel Sumner feels greatly elated at his promotion. Major Andersen is expected to get his epaulette. we aw vork ArpoivTuawm Moscef*. Odell, Appraiser at l^argo at New York, to day tendered his resignation to Secretary Cuase. The Niew York appointments are not yet nude. It is umlerstool that there will bo no removals in the New York Navy Yard other than subordinate posi Hons, including 'he Custom House, he. , for some two or three wooks yet. The present t arioal force In the General Dost Offloe Is entirely Inadequate 4o its requirements. It la altogether improbable that the maill service wil' be discontinued in tho seceded States at an early date In pursuance of Ootfax's bill. Action under its provisions will only be tai en in case of an aggressive attitude or the inauguration of an independent mail system in tha Southern oonfederaacy. niK iiofrroit oruJtrrorujiw. In executive session of the Senate to-day, Mr. GooJ rich, Collector for Boston, was reported favorably on and laid over until to cuorrow, when It will be confirmed. This place was oooferred upon Mr. G. without asking, in return for the active service he rendered In the cam paign as a member of the National Republican Com mittee. The appoU'.ment of Amos Tuck, of New Hampshire, as Naval Officer at DoeUm, has produced great consternation in tbe Massachusetts delegation. Many of them have left in high dudgeon. Mr. Worthlngton, of the Boston TrancUer, tna been here to get uppomfed Naval officer of that city, in com petition with Mr. Rogers, of the Ronton Journal. Tbe President having c initiated Mr. Tuck for that place, Mr. Rogers will probably he Surveyor of tho Port of Boston, and Mr. Worthiugton will he s< st to the Kojee Islands. THE APPOINTMENTS TO FOREIGN MIS SIONS. W^smxGTOs , March 12, l^fll. The appointment of Thomas Corwm us Minister to Mexico, B'-nt to tlie .Senate to-day. surprises everybody. He wok induced to take this position by Mr. Lincoln and eJe udminlitrntion for the purpose of heading off at one any moveme nt that may bo in contemplation by the Mexican government towards recognizing the .Southern Confederacy. Intelligence reached here a day or two ago that Mr. WHIer, who is known to be a warm personal friend of President I'm is. was likely to os<' his ( (Torts to procure a recognition from Mexico of the Montgomery govern ment. Mr. t'orwin was at once J*xed upon as a proper roau *>>? circumvent Mr. Weller, h ving known him, and ranvaesed Ohio with him. nnd defeated him. This is re garded A3 a shrewd dodge. Ihi< leaves the ooaat clear for Cbartai Francis Adams as MicieUr to the Court ol St. .lames, Mr. Corwin being his principal competitor. Tom Corv in had a carte Mart. h?. of the foretgn missions, and scleoted Mexico, as the complications expected to arise froo: .he secession movement are likely to make it a poet of .griut Importance. The Presldvit also nominated Rufus Hoemer a? Consul General at Kr-aoLrfort on the Main. t'aoslus M. Clay's appointment as Minister to Spain Is t\ ariously inter prated. Ho !? an exceedingly conservative nun. He tu net an applicant for the place. There were, however, sevaral applicants Irom New Kngland and New Vork for Uitsjxieltloo, who. w%en they 'mar ?f the appointment, will swear considerably - the mission to Spate was given to Ml. Clay , la accord ance his own wiahes. Mr. Kelson, of Indiana, makes the l>e*t showing for Braz!'. A strong reconaaendatloo froor Kentucky, In his fat or, wa# presented to the President t >d*y. Mr. Crlt t? mi'n is anxious for hie sjvointment. Carl Kofcurz is still working i'ke a bea\ vr for the Sar dinian The appointmoct of Car! fiburz to Sardinia; is oppowvl by m <rj rep ibltc^nB, upon national ruther tl <u> personal or party grounds. Clurles p'umner <c very dssircus of having t. te asiarlon to Kogkibd oftered to h.m. The same Is also ti "tie of Mr. lepaenden, for Irsnoe Mr. Itayton har th* Inside trark for the mU ltea te > t'gi.on<l. i The (eldshneM of the >aders of t&e ropnbli< an pi. 'If jc ?Merely censured. MISCELLANEOUS AFFAIRS. WMUi><nof, March 12, lHfll. k ii H tin. WEST'S HKH1I.X4T10V A* Wl <4* It-Mi CAI'MLM. Cimm store .Stewart, just before the 'Jose of the late admin Hration. returned to Satretiriry TW:ey hie com ml-?'on as Senior Flag Capte'a of U?e Navy, dated In IhM ? a step which he contemplated sfecrUy after the passage of the set which conferred this naarlt of dlstinc tton upon him. While Cummodona ytewrart highly ap predated the frleadly feelings whWli su| wlndueed this expression of nailaoal esteem, he looked apon 'A as in tended to ameliorate the wrong infllotei upon fclin by the Naval Hoard, but it sctfms he prefers that, Irrespective of the nongrecaiontl reeolve, his dlstingawtbed asrviaea to his country shall be hlfl bee', defence. i.ntbsi rsw triMKv Tu* a sir. o?>k ttw um Tim iksshikst The offlceia of the army net at the VTar Department at noon to day, and, In oompauy with Lleu.'Msat (Jearra! Pcott and Secretary Cameron, proceeded te the White House, and formally paid their reapects to the President, nmmraw mrrwim ramma* or th* jtjivt a?b tk* nisn mc*T The off! er* ^of the navy canted upon Mr. * ' ties for 'he -am'- purpoM, and by him #ere introduc f d to the Presiden* Id the ?ame minncr. imt (iirsT lujtr.w or oamwnoiui a nMsrROV. Tie Court >r the tr^l o* Ojtnm ?lore Ann#*1"0"* upon ebargee preferred ngnicst him far surrender. H ifle Mry Yard at PeosaceU In the authority* of Fid r ?!.?, rr**V7?d thk tpor' ng. Vho Cfrwrl Is a ful t one, c>r'p**e<l of thirteen conMnodora* ? Cwnmedere Stewart, President? m follows ? Commodores Re^d , 3bu brtck, Gregory. Strirgham. Murvine Cratfce, Paulding, MoClunay u4 Jar , is. and Captains Vtchokwn and Hull ? 4. B. M^eiruJvr, Judge Almtt*. Tlie C uit in composed moktly of Northern n,? and the lrnpr aslon Is that the Court win oonvict him ut' the charts preferred. AhTAUiS AT TUX KM'tH. Prominent gentleman arriving here to-day from seceded States represent the condition of commercial affairs there us most deplorable, and that a powerful reaction lu favor of the federal I'aton Is Ukiug p(aco am ing tbe mercantile and agricultural clarscs. TNK POKTaI tBVKl 19 TUB mOVTH. The returns from Host masters In tbe Confederate elates com* in more promptly now than ever before. Applica tions have keen received from citizens of South Carolina, in distrtcta where have been discontinued, ro questing tfieir re establishment, and indicating the names of Individuals who are willing to serve as postmasters in conformity to tbe reg? latloos of the department. nil FKOIOHKD Km.-IO.K OK 8K.NATOB WIOKAIX. Tbe republican* this morning determined not to press Senator Foster's resolution expelling Senator Wigfull, but to refer it and Mr. Cliugman's substitute to the Ju diciary Committee. Tins is a virtual defeat of the matter. The republican Senators saw at once tn it Mr. Foster bad ntsde a mistake, and urged him to with di?w it. THE (XVSl'H MARSHALS. Superintendent Ketnedy, of the Census Burean, de clines to pay assistant marshals from Sec Med States at present, unless they will receive drafts on depositaries in those States in full satis faction of U?e<r accounts. Tbe ressou is because the authorities iu those S'.\tes, having seized government moneys and refused to I mor drafts of federal officers, this seems to be the only method of obtaining security. thk ?wr om'W ?>* mauMi. Immense numbers of applications are tiled dally for postmaatevchips in l'eunsy Ivania and all the Xorthweat em States. Those now on hand will require weeks to report upon. Piobably four ai'tlis of the present In uin bents will have to go. tub uw ovioujimd rneML sskvks. Tbe oontract with the ''ostm9-U?r General for the new overland service closed to day. It provides for a daily mail ou the central route. Sundays included, in sixteen days, and a pony express three times a week, in eight days ; also, a mail overland threo times a woolt through 1 os Angeles, with a blanch to ?an Diogo. This important service was accomplished through tho infiueno of Sena tor Latham. It gives to California all the ma:l facilities which she requires, and which she has ol ten demanded, but until now has failed to get. It goes Immediately into oiierntion. tii* onto rxrntt) skates s*rATOR=Hir. Judge Tllden represents that the statement that bo was co operating with others for tho election of Mr. Gurley, of -Ohio, for tbe United States Senate, is untrue. TBSTWOHUL TO WR. ( KIWISIlll. The municipal authorities of this city to diy presented to Senator Crittenden a nopy of tho joint resolutions in

respect to him adopted by the City Council. In acknowledging tbe honor he said that bo should rotire from the toil of public life with Urm confidence that the nation would soon come out of Its stiiiggles, and bo able to look book with a thrill of joy upon the dangers which had cemented them more firmly together, and wheh had made them a happy, peaceful and glorious ptople. OUR WV8HINGTON COttBEsrONDENCE. WaSHISUCOm, March 8, 1861. 7*? Pr.tiilthl s J irti Public Levte at the W1*U Hwit. The lirst levre t.f President Lincoln w is given at the White House to night. It was a moustor gathering. The oldest frequenters of the Kxecutlve mansion declare thit they, do not recollect ever to have seen so many people l?e? through tlio House at any previous levee. Some of the officers of the Bouse, who eerveil Mr. Bichanan and Mr. Pierce, sty they never saw anything app.oaching it In bum bars, and that it was never excelled in brilliancy. .An hour before the doors of tba| ware opened the great driveway was blockaded with carriages, and the Mdewalka and approaches to the White House were thronged with ladles and gentlemen, anxionely awaiting un opportunity to enter and pay their respect to the President and Mrs. Lincoln. At eight tfclock the doors were opeoed, and the house was soon tilled. By half past eluht the crowd inside was so lnlmao tliut it boiug impossible to |>ass out of the door, owing to the irg> numbers outside waiting for admission? it was found n? ceftary to pat,s the ladles and gentlemen who desired to retiic out through tho windows. This mode of exit 1 tet ed nearly an hour, especially for the gontlomcn. From eight until halfpaat ten o'cle*:k Mr. Lincoln took the position usually occupied by the President at rr-Mo tioiis, and, during the whole time, did not have a n-stWg *p < !' of ore n. mil", but shook bum's continually, a large portion of the time shaking the g'utlomm with the ri,:bt hiaid and the lady with the left at the same time, or ? as the ease might be, in order to facilitate the move mcms of the multitude. It was evidently a new sens ition ft* the arms of the renowned old rai'spl*ter But he V,re it well. < ol Lamar, of Illinois, one of Mr. l.lnoln s su,.e and a prominent candula'efor Marshal of th" Instri.t occupied a position on the Immediate left of the President' and when people Insisted upon stopping to be introd.iced by name, be executed that duty courteously an 1 with oef patch. M rB. Lincoln occupied a position to the immediate right of the President, and pext to her hut-band, was the target for all eyes. Pr Blake prcs-nt Commies 'oner of Public ' liuikl ngs, d led his usual pov ti?.n of Introducing to tm< gueeu r.f the White Ilouso such as desirod tj bo presont ed. Mrs.< oln bore the fatigue nf the two and a half hour siege with great patience. Sho appesrel r<-mark.t bly well, and performed her put of the honors, m re, sponso to the grand oxation paid to her as well i? to her borored husband, with ,bat i>ropn ty winch consi-it<*ut'v blepeis all Ui<- graces with an unreserved d'go ty , and whh hm much moro b ooming tho wife of a republican tres:>.eiit loan it would be to attempt to ape the eyco pbantic, huuf ht> manner >.f Europo-in c .urt?. as ?;?* bo- n done in the pan. Ittstingoisheil among the gu?ts we'e Mr. ami Mis. I> igln, lhe Interview between them ami Mr. and Mrs. I.ucoln was very cordial rbe members the new Cabinet were all present ex opt Mr ,-iewa/ j ? j, > was ill. Hiarles Sumner appeared ihe first tims Tir - x dress"' 'B W;C "n?*t tt',,ror"? ,tylB 01 ^'- h eveu'og The diplomats corps and the officers of the army and BSvy were see ii mingling in the gay throng, their dash Irg um or a, n?*bu,g m the light of eh-rideiier?, and only erupted in bea I ty by Un brill .ant aid var-'yr. I costume* ot ihc, rlrbly decorated with <lUm od? ? nd pearls and other precious gems, or ny the tnor" a ' tractive aLd ' ii^/.'iiig it,lliteiH?s oi the many young tti'l beautiful ladies pie* . i.t, wlewc HWtikliag eys, I >> e!y faces and genteel foims were the tb mo o; .? >nvor* it m. Rarfcfer ha i- there ever be? n witn? "f. d more beauty .it a I reKiCfcUtial let oe. I lie dUc <ji Wisbltg'.'n s?icioty .vas not only fully represent- d, but. the wealthy and fatM. a abie t reios of nearly evory State m tbe Tnlon. Trom Maine to Louisiana, froui 11^- >. u ? tho i'ac, I Indeed, with ildls|*niging ..theri;, it n ay be siid wah truth that one of Uie t?elies. if n th? o> He of toe even leg, was from tlie Gold, n State, the w.fe ot an ofli< or .u the aimy. At half past ter -i *kv;k Mrs. i. r. o|:., leaning ui n tho aim of an -x m '??r ..t Congr** ri..m Ili n ? , i? t, k> tn? chacrtn o eiwUir- and r?|M-esentatires, wlvi wre dreffe.1 and dj lnff tohav.- that honor ti,i?i?*,i*.v? pr , c?e. . d through th< Hiue t/v, m to tho Kast ro .m :t.e I tesi.j. nt followed, atU,ude<J by of h:s yo-ng.-r s .tis, 1h?^ crowd 'in the fiwt run. altb ni^fa very grei- . m.t,t? way for h.s Kxcellenof and lady J>d sulie. ney pa^. U the room onoe, the h<wl of the Pre^.i-.m pe-r nd all the rrat, so that be could bo dtotmclly wr J any tin.e from any point. He *?< dr<v<so<l ti piaio bla -W br<>a<lrloth ? his tiang'iral suit., manvfacvirod hy H n' /n Ai I'wul, of this city ? and wote whit^ k.ds. Mrs. Lincoln was attir-d In a rich Magenta oolored broc^ie silk ii.b raistd ngure llounoes, trimmed, not extra-, igaa'ly wi'h rich point iuce. Her ornament* were ehi ::ly diamonds and pearls. R. bert L neoln was net present , hav ng r. turned t > t n ccliegiaf studies at OimlirMge. Hie universal tmprennoii u>. that Old Abe a tirs'. public reception at the Wblto House ha* t>een a trluopban' auc cess Kv^-voody seeir- pl-a^d. e? .?p-. those ? :>o g t ..fully i'|U??2ed In the crowd, and a f?w who lost tholr ooata and baU or got them ex iJUiged, aa is aUaya more or leas tbe caoc at the l?,e?s. WA-aivwr..*, v?rch 9, 1801. Cotnpulticn of i % Y,,o CMn.l?TKe K^rtJL Pro,rr*ii 'M Jou ?? tUrn* "f ttliUrttiQih ? TV St utksm F tltmy? toward ?an<[ Onmmn Again* Imme iimm ? '??nrti ' ? rotdi >n y Mr. J.r.'-t /V /i. incii of On Sptilt IwluMry ty ?!,*_ Cmhi iui Jt'mUn, Jx . <fx. Tlw 'iatiMst fabric constructed n the honest but !n experM *<;ed r x rallsp.T.tT, after protrtctod, ass duo is and p?rjU<v;.iDg Ub.w?, baa aa yet standing uk> short ty to aJtua of any <l>i|ln tn and conclusive esp ??ssi'ju of opinion an \a iU wortr^og capacities. Tho timber of whleh It b) "ui da up -s aot to be sure, of a homogeneo is character. Tha k.trinnlc ditfarearea -n form and sub stance of its saw different plaafca Jo not appear 'o reo der a lasting caajunetion very pr*h*ble. Signa of poal tlve disiointm. nl m ?t not, of be lo-4ed ,or at this early date, when the members have hirily had time to settle in (heir new positions. B>.t t Is rr re than likely, nevertheless, that the struotu** *11 ?.y>0 krought to a full test. Th? practical p*tt tyf 'he s mthern i Imbroglio? that is, tbs holding and rscovery oi" the :"ede ' ral property , an l the collect >o oC d>. lAs In ^e ssceded ! Plater? w?i be the weV'ht tl?t will establish ??tbv"1 Its c> j huenre or dlwnance In tho comae of rh, n-*t fea days The mle?!on of ihe embassy from the new cotton. ?n I federscv will Whiles* eut short tha further .* t.onof?h. main, .mady heretofore m* hy the friers I ff ?bc new aiv.r'rret n tha ?rWment or tb< sa-sa I skm question? vis procrastination. Tn tb? fleet of 'be avowed determination of the revolutionary autbcrit'Wi ?t Me\tgomery to take by force wtau vw mibtary p *'.s within the dominion of ths Confederate of Amerl ca (ball not be voluntarily surrendered, and the implicit assurances of the inaugural, the question >t preparing for the emergency of an attack of the forts stlil occupied by federal troops cannot fail to be brought before the Cabi net as soon a* the three commissioners (ball make their demand for the surrender of the forts by treaty or oth< r wise. A (chum Is then expected to beoome mani feat. Seward and Cameron, both of whom repre sent, in a way, the great commercial, in dustnal and financial interests of the East, that would be utterly prostrated by the inaugura lion of civil war. are. acc ording to the best authorities on. the >ub)ect, disinclined to advocate auy mease ros likely to bring on Immediate conliict, while the majority, head ed by Chase, will insist on and carry their |Kiint of send ing reinforcements. Tliey will do it the easier, aw the ('resident in known to > onsider himself in honor and duty bound not to surrender the torts and abandon tbeir defenders to the mercies of the revolutionists, and wirt not. Ihere seem? to be an impression abroad ihat Mr. Date* will vote with !-ewsrd and t'ameion on the question of re inforcement. This is a decided mistake, lie is as firm at, d decided in his declarations that the laws shall anil will be enforced, and the federal property protected, as ever. Ihe newspaper badinage, that the distribution of the spoils umong the friends of the members of tho Cabinet alio prom, -eg to disturb its harmony, is without any foundation iu fact. An understand tng arrived at in reference to this point, at tbeir last formal meeting, precludes the possibility of any dissatisfaction or dissension on that score. Accord ing to it. no head of auy oepartraent is to make any writ ten or verbal rcconimtnduions for subordinate positions in other departments than his own. The heads of tbe War, Tre?sury, Interior and Tost Office Departments have been asked by thousands ot applicants for their endorse ments, with n the last three days, but invariably re fused. All the members of the Cabinet show a good deal of ear nrstorrs In the discharge of their newly assumed duties. Not one can be said to nsvu had auy previous experience n Irs respective department, and hence all will find themselves considerably embarrassed until thny will have acquired the routine of business. The will is evidently not wanting; but whether they all possess t ie necessary capacity for the creditable I ulillinont of tbeir several high trusts, the future alone can prove. The -lose scrutiny and careful selection of material for appointments, -bowu thus for, augurs wel! for a prudent management of matters. Wmwix.ton, March 10. 1801. Dftlctaile .State of AfToirs a' W txiKington ? t'm haTratstn-ni i >f the A ilministratun ? Seward on the Stool of Repent anct?Vie Vaj.rXy of the Cabi?H fw Cordon? Th* fbrett of the yonh. and South? Weakness of the 'Me and Vnity of the. Oth-r?Vieus of Gen. Soctt?Oouglu awl the l't trident ? The VbjU oj J-hntm-S-.riout Oompli aUicni, (/?-. , ?fc. , die. TJiere Is n gloom end sorrow in Washington? anxiety, uncertainly und tears aa to the future. in this c:ty w as "tee tfct capitul or our uatijfc? a Tow month i since the eapitnl of thirty-three sovereign and indopendeu' States. All joy, nllhopo, is lied. The fu?uro is dark aod unpromising. The tew Southerners here from the cotton States gaze upon our perplexity with stolid indifference. Their States have passed the Rubicon, and they seem de lighted at the escape. The present ad ml nit -ration and its party are in tribulation. The radical republicans ro ioi;e at the prospect of evil, in the overthrow of -davery in the border Stares. The office soek?r? are .callous to e\ery consideration >>tber than self agi^niud /anient. And tho Incumbents of p>wor are sorrowful and dejected. Tbey gnzo up n a br iken confederacy which they have uot the moncs of reconstructing. If (hey acknowledge tho integrity und independence of iho sscoded States, Ihey only confess their own weakness ir they attempt to cnforce the laws or cocrco them back into allegiance, they will only increase their embarrassment and dllllou'ty without succeeding in tbeir design: for then . s oirtain ?* the sun .-bines to day, Virginia, Maryland and other States will ro>ist. And if they do not, at tb> least, undertake ??the enforcement of the laws ' they will stand before the countrj with broken faith, pledge? and boasts. Sici. is the posture of artuirs. This is what has sickened Sewaid. There ar* no doubts entertained by re?? ?iaMc men but that he loves the Union better than ho does the Chicago platform. But evil councils prevail and preponderate ic tho new Cabinet. He would I belitve. willingly sacrifice his past? all his incendiary doctrincs and teaching?? upon the altar o. tho country and the Constitution if that would restore the *a/i? ,,uo But he exorcised the devil: he created a party, and that party, with bis doctrines, ti iumphed over Justice und the constitution. Ha sees that the fruit of his life labor is d- all? po.yi nous, eternal death? to the unity oj his country; and thesi^ht tnd acute oaaac.!ousucr>s of it- him He reloi.ts when it is too lute. Ho called the devil up, but ho cannot bid him down aurain. He is ignored in the Cabinet. He ft eM it, mid is disgusted Tho disposi " u of majority in Lincoln ? councils Is toward coercion and a . ivtl strife, Tho Chase ind HI ur (act ions, backed by r Scott, ore rabid? crazy. perhaps would be abetter word. But they geom to have some con i ctoupness of their own comparative impotency. The go vernm. nt i? not pr. pire i, ey. n if it had tn? legal rVb* od. clare war. And the bravest and mart experienced fllcers of the army aro opposed to such a, and will immediately resign upon its :n;twti *>. Dissltisfao tion an J discontent, it not dcwrtlon, will so n demora I. re ihe rank und file al.-o (>n the ooutrary, the Southern si mv will be composed of brave, retoluto and de'orm ne ' men, who are Urea Jy revolved upon conquest or deUh. will fl^nt ;ib no otb?r men in the innvn of nave Jcight before, ?iace tfie memorahlo defence of Ther mopjle by th' Spartans. Waen the first gun is fired sgki:..;t them, tho a' cumulated wrongs an I In-ulvs o' twenty live years will crowd upon their minds, and en' v. n. m their bravery and determination. Kach man )l dtt< nco ol hi 3 h- nor and hi* hom?>, aa f :minor t uty upon earth aa<1 repoae in heaven depended uuon h<? ? on alone. And ths army will be officered by skilful ^ by men of wuon. we wero v, f.K h ",n'ou- in llD'?" ie*v!ni< u> tho Worth but two name-, known to fame? Wool and Scott , 18 B P':4'tlv? fsct. I *'o<dd gl\e you names and par tl. ulais, wtre it not inconsistent with propriety, 'iet sir t.ui. rsl Scott and Mr. Un c In s Cabinet are lipaMeni to rjommen :.) the "gaturnalia" of doath. The i .rmer ihinkH that he can reinforce Fort Sumtc-r mm 4e j?ir '""i"?* rtve "r 'lx of war tv ( Urleston bai bor, and by marching tnrougb Virginia or Nor'f Car> lii' n. ur by eftectirg a landing "omewhere :n the vicinity of the afore?*ta harbor, lo simultaneously altacs Uie 'or iiircations of the en. my m the front and Ths witd'in of this line of action is ouesiiooel bv tho sjgs^iousol Mr. Lincoln's advisers, and lis success fat ! ? mpt<>d .cr oosly doubted. The,r con ond tha . every thing U t > hi- gained b> time while much m?y be r,sk?-d hy celerit, action, .'hey *tsh lo neutrailzs. r not defeat, Iho tne/g) of <h.< secessionists In the border j H.U lb. i :s tU'j pf;hcy recomm -nded by Iwuglisand I 1 Joh'in U00' m "e . The 'wmer -etms to sUnd J high in the ioi H >? nee ot the I resident at present On I Friday avmlt g ia*t himself und wile held a levte in one ! cejiartnn nt ol the W bito House, while l.lnc/.in and 'the ^ho^k ol the Presidency ' h? Id their levee in another. I: | was rettaj keJ that in the Senate during his r.-cent .'cbate ; wilh senator Vlgfa)' ? one of the tmsit brill'ant men n ! i?!8 indicated to ttio republican | side o* the loute \shat ho'.ld be Its iiollcy, v r ? fti call : extra '.^lon ol < onirrr*s to place the whole V >rth , upon an Inuneoiate war toitlng . and to vote one or two : hunored thonmud men luio the neld. \ot? ihaiandiu* | he tfe<;iared thai he wu foi |sarc, when ask.'d bv h:s dexterous saratoniM if he mould favor the withdrawal ill the tckcral ir.aipe irom KorisSuniUi- and PsA'nns iiaioa.| l>" rea.lze.1 u> senate l hut hn p 'sse-K. ii in ene head the la air' char ?c t eristics ?>f Andnutab S)?yk and tho Artful f lodger, but ibat he and JobiiMiu. ol Ti Locssee, are lahid and unoom pi ..miif'.g ?oorsioois?^ i? an Indisputable fa< t and woil understood; y?t tbev ?refbre?d srd dangerous men b.U>?rUlth7,T^d l'i'' y ,,h,C,, t0 1,0 s^op'ed' I r? l thl",'UI7,'>t'','r men ia the rspubllcan camp I I ?"U ,f f!coU ??t<,n?ptcd to marc? an nvalirg si Foy oo.n South Carolina, tor nigh the ,ery sound oi b,s bugle would bring thirty thousand' h'ls nr. Ti.'s?'P"ri ' l"*" ^ t0 b;lrra* 'curd his prgnst. ria> know, t-w, thai If ho ou'd other wise efl.-ct x Bp,* u,,, goll of tb? f ; ? and inaugurate bis policy of. oercion, tha*. the m'liUrt spirit of the border -uus would be ar .used anithf f h.',h^ib'U' tbo^ter,one h,ndr i ?h ^ i f iheir sons would r>e ready armed In the iiej | fjenc , .heir policy |r to procrastinate the issue, todos'io n' &"t?s an'i" 111 *** or ?"h,,r <f th.-se of divlc n. the ^ ^"mLn"DOe " ?> * vie* oi 01 Tic tng tii" p. oplo by arraying tb" resldeu' n,.n s ave j. dders aga.nst|*.he slu\ e, proprietor leu. 'ohns.n vi; comnonce this programme next summer n u<lern "en ne.seo It is his intention to arraign rbc%.u.??n'?e pub :c for ;ls -..t. template. I resolution of e?ilud .. a 'roni _ts confeucracy ai > non ?iaveholdlag Stv^s. md to deduce from this action tho theory that tt is their 'ntaminu ? go a step farther and t x lude from citlzen?hln all n(m' "" ^ thus a piejulfice^ n Uh> srrw&rr ra-sawra JS&SftV* "v"n^ thT tns.eTv , (r* m i^t ' . rr"""r ll,m pitiful among the .-hlval Ini ?-ii . ? ",*t" ^?verthelesf, ho is audacmiiR *"1 ?" ??ry out bis bbssly plan. Iho nine | "icy will be puruu. d by Douglas .in. I his friends In w. dern \ liglnin, sod by (Jot. Hicks, Winter Hmvia AO>. in .Vaiy land But ibesn cah ulalleusand conspira. les will be <oon rlously dlstui bed. If not 'eslroyed. I am in possession of pri\nle ta ws of the most reliable natur.. from V'rgi nla, Wcrlvd ?iu .-e tho commencement of this letter Ihe majority of the reprc- nta'.ives < if that <ti'e, now lA > onvi rtioti. will It Ik positively HTerred. piisi, the or dlntnco of sr. esslon. 1h. e<|it.,r? of th" AVuwiwI tntfl r havo aeffa edef t irgtnai, they regard heras'a ne eded Stste. Jbt> have received pri vale let lers fn.m Richmond to thai . r.-o? u?i as \7rgm,a . ? w?e tiKir. "C'lM , n',|";hnK "I'd I >ela or.K: ' Lt 1,0,0,11 havsto sva Bsthi-a- ?rru. the nsw* fVo. Virg,,,, we are upon the eve of ?Mi'-h ev -.Inn ? -enta us wd' id lb? end acciiupiitli siuulnr loaulta. I'he Coiiiaiisai osi ers uow here friin ?ho '? < ?.n|. ?l?ratu Slat.*' will not be officially recognised by th? Pns id?nt : and Immediately upon their reuirn a formal taaund will be made (or the surrender of Fort rfumter. if not rxai pliMl with it will be taken. were ten thoQ Kbui men to parish u> the let. rhen will *n be inau gurated, with all Its stern aspects and fearful real.' ?a. Ihe militia and young men generally of the birtfer SIMM will jut u the Hou?im army . they will carry with them the j?r . the h?pc*. tbe sympathies of ibe olit rn?u and "f the women and flbailv the slave States will all te burnt* < into one homogeneous confederacy. lb? hearts of ihe ^lutbern people, however they ma? Jiflt-r upon questions o' policy or expediency , beat aii, t r nearly all, in evmpatbe'i ? t.urmony wlwn It romea towaf and tLe unii^nation of a common csuae. jtod I nosr urgeit? not as a Am'hi ncr, but as a citizen of toe o:ty of N't w Yoik ? what w ill b? learned heieafier and when It will be too '.ate. that if v*>sdom ruled the Oftbwet of Mr Lincoln. the troops would be at once withdrawn from Forts buniter and i'i : <?-lr . und the n le|ientienoe of tha Southern republic r.*cogniztd an i acknowledged. W 4 night thus rtmain une people, in sympathy at leaf albeit of two nations. But let bkxxl be sh^^^nd re venge and animof'iy will ever after ruutiu in pW> ttiua of the he#rta of the people .f both sect! xm. You will perceivc that throughout this letter 1 have re frained from speculation. What I havo written I know to be true, one will come to [wic, if sot prevented te 1 suggest above, so certain m the sun seta to night. U.VITED STATES SENATE. EXTRA SESSION. Wahhikoto.v , March 12, 1801. The Senate took up Mr. Foster's resolution for the ex pulsion of Mr. Wigfall, whan, on motion of Mr. Stomikm, (rep.; of K. I., it, together with Mr. Cltngman a nibet. tute, was teinrreil to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. Tbcmbvli , (rep ) of 111 , from tha Judiciary Com mittee, to whom was referred Mr. Mason 'a reeolatior.t about Carlton and Sanborn, reported back tha resolut.-or , with the rtcommeni'aiion that It. ba ppatp?eJ t..l the third Monday in December, which was agreed to. Tho Committee deem it premature to order payment a$ this time. The Senate went into executive session, and afterward* adjourned. OUB HARTFORD CORRESPONDENCE. Rtimnnn, Conn., March 10, 1861. Skrtt h of the Lift of Hon. Gideon Welltl, Secretary of 'K4 .Vaoy? Hit Early Political I'rodioitia , and Final Aban donment of Hit Democratic Friends, <f j. Several days ago I observed in the EThkitd a brlaf bi ography, among others, of the new Secretary of tha Navy, Hon. Gideon Welles. Several facta In hia car:? history, however, wore doubtloaa inadvertently omitted, and as we Conneoticiu people deeire to hive fill justice done to our townsman. 1 have prepared the follow ng history, which embraces the principal ponte of hia po litical career : ? Mr. Welles waa horn In Glastenbnry, Conne*. licit, July, 1602, and If therefore lifty-eight years old. He read law first In the otdco of Chief Justice Williams, and subse quently in the ofllco of the Hon. Wm. W. Eilavorth. L'o assumed tho editorial department of the Hartford Timet in January, 1820. In 1827 ho wa? elected to theLec'rlature. Upon the disorganization of the old republican and fedtral partly, he, with the late John M. N.tea and others, took independent ground and organ. the de mocratic |>ai j which supiiorted Andruw Jackson. The limrt was tho ilrst j urna' In New England which sup ported h*m for the Presidency. Mr. We'les con xnuod to edit that paoor until near the close of J?'ksonto adtcicie tration, and wm or..* of its principal contrbul >rs until the repeal of the Msm>?ur cmprom.rf. He waa re peatedly eiecied to tho I.i*g>ld'urn until 1835. *oen he lectlveu Ironi tbe General .uaembly the app i.oiment of Com pti Oiler of the State. During all this pur lot I Connecticut waa represented .a ('<n>Rie>.B by (ippuiim-ts >T <JfcDoiu. Jacltsoa. Mr. We.ies was his coLtloeniial advl-er and fiiena durisg Dia wbn<m of Mr atlniiu'strati' n I pon tbe transfer of John M. Nilrs to tbe Seiiato, Mr Weiki was ap^iointed to succeed him in tbe I'oet (mice at ll.trtfurd. then one jf the mo* t impoi iimt dlatribuiii>g iliceu in the '"n on. Pe remained in thiR t.ftl- e until 1841, atid acquired a large enperi ence. in 1842 be was cle teil Comptroller of the . late by the peop'e. that ullice havli>g be -n made elective by an alte ration of I ho constitution, ;>nd contnued therein unt.i ? chaiige of parties in 1K44 His administration of tha du ties of this ot!lc<* ? the chief linanc^l ^ne of the state? : was maiked by distingi.itihed ablflty, Atid gave aatisf ac tion to all patties. In 1840, une xpecualy to himself. Mr. Welles waa tendered by Mr I oik tha oflice <>t chief of One of the naval bureaus, and be conti&ni <1 there njs'l 1H49. when, by a change of law, ilvilianii were exalMeit fitm nil tbe naval bureau*. on the adjustment 01 the tlnarcUl tjuestiot.s during tho administration of Mr. folk, Vr. W' lies cousiderett the m listen of the old parties a', an end ? nothing but the.r oigHni^itiors and the pr juds;. ?? and autagonisn.! engt-ndeied rom.A.uuig In I meantime new questit ns ansli g rt to tlie T 1 tor *kl policy of the gov?rt>nient, as con'i' ct* d tbar?with, Mr. Walks, ad btTlng l?i his otigluul print pits, maintained the JetT?r ?onian doctrine that savery waa 'be creative Of local law, 'ltd should not b? nwoiWi Into the ^erritoriea through 1 he sgenuy or 1 y the iustruincntUity C the fede ral povortiirent on the of the M ssouri Cim prumne. loilowed by the Kaosas sggresaliLH, r>jndar.c?; tbe mstltut'on of a new party organ /ation nec *sary. t' u r< pub.'icaii |mriv spring into ? Xisteucj. Sy mi' a tins mov iiitnt, Mr. Welka took an e.rlj and ao' pu* 1. In f onneotici't. and was the republican canoidatL r>i* Uovercor in 1H6C. I'I cm tho day of its Inct'pMon Mr. Welles ha# b-rwo his whole jwwit fnto the republlflai nr.oveninr.i Hewai appomlel by the Convention in Philn-ielpbii in 1850 t nn iiiIht of ibe Kepublii'an National O.mui'uee, ann, ** one <1 Its exiHsutive members from tho commaac'tn ? it, wnfc cb?iriuan of th': 1 mntcticut de^gition tj tb^ Oi -ujm OmventKin. For the last thlity years Mr. Welles ha' be?c 'jj active and prolitlc ;s litical writer, and hs essays ba-<4 'armly ontiibnted to interest to sever il it ilk. % Journals and chancier to "he ;sil t.-sof the ciartry. Am i k these papera, bts?id^s th.?se jf hit own -iUte, b>v>i bem ihe 6'iu6- and tne C*ntj? at Wafhing'ain, and Ib'i New Voik Evening Pot'. Tbe of ort..:itffl on '.he history of nuiliduation. wli ch appeared r?cei i!y in '.bo last named journal, exh^.l tis hMtorioal knowledge .j. 1 statesniaiihlp. OUR CHARLESTON CORRESPONDENCE. Cu-tRuwro* March ?, J861. Hot, in (\rretpon<Un'i in Cha/lfi-tn ? Accid'nt a' 'it OVm ming't P?inf /liter/-- An Visitor ai fVr! Sum'rr ? Major Anilri >u .Tfcoi at hit ? ? -n-r. 1 Beauregard, ftiW <l?r ?/ CiMrltstnn Hartir? nuK of 'hr SwtHern Amy ? Riinftrcing toy. iumtrr, 4t , Uc. There are many of yonrcity -iperp wn ch * r> few have -orirapoudictn so ? Uiriev.ou, but ? In very - ear to any oi>?- actually in our ci'y ilia' i :h r. ot r<??y tbn case. Votir paper ib ono of the few tt-a*. w .1 p.b..-b the truth. '.I al'orded th" opportunity t; done un<l tfax its vail ciraulatioc and tear xrore is abie 10 be ?l r.*;r meet of imineliie g?x}d. Your aOstrai. let from our p.perg five jrior :'.fcd??ti a \ cry fair notion oi i vents Unit are tricxplrir,*, hot tb?oe are occurrence which nine bit y or own correepocaett can rightly '.nforu. you of. Yesterday an acilen' occurred at the Cutnicior. s JViut buttery, which wit, d ub'.lees, be at a r-'p'tcctud Id the N<>r:b?rr pipirs. A k. of r-'f Un fioo. the regulars of tbe flo::n Carol Itia army, wore practieitg a: tlw heary guca of Stevena ron battery, rb~ jr :na *ere '.cteuded v* o? tiied with u'ank cjirtrl Ik ?? 3ome person or pemnt, accident ally or itberw'ae, plioed la rauioc. S 3 a ba I car'.r'.ilgo The order ?v u ?e 's> loal an '. Pr? tbo gut a in their or ler. No. 1 tired, No. 2 flred, and '.ben No. 3 ilr ;d. It w?* noticed by the mmand ng oflW et to*-, tee recoil from No. 3 *m e"i'?:d??ably gr-ater that 'rom tie other gur* ?'tiepeo'.iu? s >rr>afh 'j# wrong be 'rotr.* dlan'iy jiimpiid upoa the top o I the ha'.lery to ??>.'? Major XPdrmr'ii that th<> >ho*. va* air. dental. "he re* t <>l tl ? fbot could c tally b? *een from Mtt!* bUnd. It struck near (he gitewav, and 1 i hotbe'.t. d Dto lb" water behind. 0ooa alter the ? hot was rtrad Mi, >r todor* o 'intr>a?ked thr<e if hie guon b<ur j g >o lb'; Cumin ? Point balteiy, but aoob |Mt<?ilf'.iig ttiat the ?b. t m.Jt purely accidental, be rh-> p<>rt hole* and male no furtlier riemoDitra'. oo. A boat, a? i<N>n po'i'btfl, wm de?pa ched t<> fori Sumti r, b'''rin^ an officer, wb: aiq'ia.cted \i%)or Ander son how the acoltent occiiried, :in<< who conveyed th? d?.f.p if grot th* rommaud tigofllcr felt at the occurrene. 1 h> Major rn-nved thf ? xpliuati >n 'n gOO<1 part, an! tf .?? I* the Utepl- f?r.t oi tbt who't matter, which for a tmo cr?-at<M ft coa*t<t<-ra) e ftt'r over '.be city u><! harbar. (i< n- ml Reuutegnid, the <'.^-nm%'jder of the h*rbor tf ('l)iiUftoo, acpoiuteo by the Son ta-rn confederacy, h.vt Id "ii lu the o.ty lor fonr or live dayn. S;eoo bM arrival he h*? inspecied nil the for'i 'cat iw ?rect?d ?idco *b 'ierr <>. ovhoiateii K?ri M< uiiri*. au?l e* p.- h.maaif *? pulmfted Wit? the Tlgi r and an v:ly eibibltoi in tbe> cinalriicti n Ihe K<*neral lit a ?.in of meJIum heigh , with <pnto a id litary apiiHiram.-e, /u?d ? undoubtedly *'i flr ompl^bed . Ill ?r *nd >ut *h j kc.wa tacroughly wt*? he !itf to i-o ?t would .utonfcih one to 'ee how rapMly the men yrc poe;i K ihe r. gn a rr "f th? xou'.h t.iarolloa ar>ny harebeeo coiitn'id 'ion <reeii ricru'H Jito well dr.lM sold. ?r?. Tb^ ink. r* arm rri.-n i?."n imh':"d with quit# a m'.l!U'?r an or ?iki u ? to thel' work w tb a w'll wt."h w'll alwi\ t i on ii aid ?<ic?>?e ^f we are forced IdV> a flgbt th > ? ii opt ? li certainly b.ittie unto the death. But ii r maitif ? ntlr?Jy with the anth ir ilee Waoh.ngVw to le urmine wb?t ahail t?e the r-Mult, whe her peace or w \r. The people are i'et> rtn. io^, bu*. "iisy are Mi raab, iad all apveitioTi* Pi'^he .xitriry o>' w itbatand -g, a morn law kb<uing, otderly p?opi* do not ailat :n Ux? lace If tbe n'<4e. Since Ihe OMHaaaoetnent of tie pfeient drfB|uUy no disorder vt mob m>yt<v n?i't h?? ever b?*i. nvie. Kvery aoKon baa baen ui>i;er ihe coi'tii l tf ihe proper ?**.%ta a ltbsr.ttee, m-t th'?e piprra who ba?e male dlflfamnt tuiemenui tive prou?|i.ied ba?#> alamHra again**, the Southern peojJe. The ? dltu? iai? of 'he hava attracted contfdera We att? btion In oor oKy, and n great mary co;l?e ar ? (ovi'bl for, rren ^y tb.wa in htgh piacee, and the ? ew? Bovubi ed in >our p?i>-r are geteral!y o*noede?l to ba a: ie and Ju?l Telegraphic rumot* aid pr.r*ta int?Jir'a:e report that n oho-*, menti will b" actit '.i -ofi + rtar. !t w I ceriaihi; b?* a loolieb atlt-mpt. Cotrpelect a. Itire talMi are of th" opiaun that thi oalterlea diw b. arn 'B the iiieno*l <an a tkanj veeifcl or veeaaa r t? ' nlteit .?tat?a Savy. Rower ?r, I ?uppa?e 't ? :ort#. .if rpinion an<l the onl.i pr f wt.'l be a tr a). *uppoeo li me nf tho nioet arren' CoefC net* b? fent ,t c' ? i t l J t|ie a'tetn'it |e trade.