Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 14, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 14, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW WHOLE NO. 8952. MORNING YORK HERALD. EDITION-THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1861. _i ' HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. The Evacuation of the Southern Forts. Proposed Blockade of the South ern Ports of Entry. Ad Army of the Southern Confederacy to March Upon Washington. The Policy of the Southern Commissioners. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF THE SENATE. Call Upon the Administration to Define their Position on the Question of Peace or War. THE MftnUBtJTIOfl OF THE SPOILS. Opposition to the German Aspirant* for Foreign Missions, ac?, *f.| Wasbiucjtos, March 13, 1M1. Information has just been received in this city of the moat important character from Montgomery. The South ern administration know that the evacuation of Forts Sumter and Pickens has been decided on. Despatches from Ceneral Beauregard, represent that it would be ut terly impossible for any united force that the adminis tration at Washington could collect, to prevent the sur render of Major Anderson before the lapse of many weeks. Despatches from Washington have also assured the Montgomery government that no attempts at rein, forcemcnt will be made, and that the troops of the United Sates will bo soon withdrawn. President Davis S has, however, received the most ominous communica tions from his friends here, respecting the intentions of the Lincoln administration to blockade Southern ports, and make an attempt to collect the revenue. H? is as sured that the most strenuous and active measures are 1 being taken to concentrate the naval forces ?f the North, and that not only Charleston, Savannah, New Orleans and Mobile will be blockaded; Forte Pickens, Jefferson and Taylor reinforced; but that, If necessary, vessels will be chartered to keep up as active a surveillance as possible I or all parts of the coast, where there are ports of entry, between South Carolina and the Rio Gjande. The indignation that prevails at Montgomery and ielpewhcre, In view of this prospective attempt to carry out the threats in Mr. Lincoln's inaugural knows no -bounds. Cabinet meetings have been held, and It has been resolved, at the first appearance of hostilities, or just so soon as a single vessel has been stopped outside of | any Southern port, to put the whole available force of the tWh in motion, and to march through the border States [ upon Washington. Fifty thousand troops can bo col , Icc'.ert without difficulty, and, so far from any opposition bt'iDg apprehended from Virginia, Maryland, and North I Carolina, it is believed that the people.will rally to rein rorce the invading army, and assist them with arms as well as sympathy. The people of the South are fully alive to the exingen c es of tie period. They, on the whole, anticipate war, ?od wish, at all events, to take time by the forelock. If Mr. Lincoln provokes civil discord, the first sound of cannon may greet his ears near the White House, If be cas courage enough to stay there to hear It. Tbe intelligence from Montgomery indicates great im patience to know whether the issue is to be war or peaoe. large bodies of troops are concontrated, and ready to march at a moment's warning. THE EVACUATION OP FORT SUMTER. Washihgtow, March 13, 1861. The President did not call the Cabinet together to-day, bat consulted through the day with the various Secre tary upon subject* pertaining to their several depart ments. There will be a regular Cabinet meeting to-morrow, when the order will be iHued to Major Anderson to pro pare to evactate Fort Sumter, and to be ready within a nertain period, when it la probable that a ship will be ?eat to his relief. The fort will be entirely cleared of Its contents. The destination of M^Jor Anderson and his command la not yet determined upon. Wj*Hr?cmw, March 13, 1861. All the Secretaries called at the White House to-day, but do formal meeting was held. At ten o'clock to-mor row morning the Cabinet will meet to decide definitely the question of abandoning Fort Sumter. There is not the slightest doubt that the formal vote then to be taken will sanction what has been informally agreed upon dur ing previous sessions ss an inevitable necessity. The sxcitea&ent created here by the announcement o* an impending evacuation is rapidly subsiding. Advloes received from various portions of the free States Indicate that the Northern mind baa already recognised the una voidability of the abandonment and that no violent out Burets of opposHloo need be apprehended. | THE POLICY OP THE SOUTHERN COMMIS SIONERS. W^nnnroTwr, March 13, 1M1. There are no new developements to day respecting the ~r*sica of the Ministers from the Confederate States. They will remain quiet pending the negotiations now oing on in reference to the evacuation of the Southern (arts Ttoey wi re assured to-day, from a high source, that the administration wonld, in a few days, take all the troops out of the snoede4 States. General Scott is understood to warmly urge this policy. IAs the evacuation of the Southern forts was ths main grounds of the demands of the Commissioners, they will not jeopard this result, or the peace of the country, by standing on unessential forms and technicalities. ?> for the present we may expect repose. SENATOR DOUGLAS' EPPORT TO ASCER TAIN THE POLICY OP THE PRESWENT. WianiJotna, March 13, 1M1. f'-e introduction of the resolution of Senator Douglas, j*ng upon the administration for information respect ihs forts sad other property wltbln the limits of se Sitrit Mutes, Is variously interpreted by republican I lators. ITIi Idea la to get at the Intentions of the ad Qistratlon, wHh the hope of developing its policy, and IKow that It is <*>e of pesos. If the resolution is adopted, t will gl?e the President an opportunity to stats that he as bo power to execute ths laws, oolleot ths revenue , or ren to protect the publlo property, and that until Crm i clothes him with that power it will be impon bio r the government to make war upon any of the seceding *tes. henator Douglas will sustain his resolution in a speech , which be will declare thst It Is the duty of the ad initiation to pursuo a peace policy. Hs will show rnat there sre three parties among the republicans? a ,*re party, a war party, and a third party, who are I'Jier ?ne thing nor the other, who are for pursuing tat "sort of shilly-shally, namWy pamby policy which, If rne i out, most result in utter ruin to ths country, and a general prostration of all our commercial and Otter mterests. The resolution is a ?tep in the right direction. The ad ministration are evidently without any fixed policy in re gard to aflaire in the South, for they are front warty every day. One thing is certain, they are greatly embarrassed, and would gladly take advintags of any chance of extrication. THE DISTRIBUTION OP THE SPOILS. WAamsoTo*, March 13, 1861. To day the jam of place seeker* in the different depart menu waa greater than on any previous day. All the Secretaries manifest a great deal of caution and careful less in the selection of material for clerical and other positions, although Congressmen and other distinguished bores do not always show any great delicacy in their re commendations. The President suffered no less this day from the impor tunities of office seekers than the heads of departments. He was closely besieged both in the morning and afternoon. Many of the most patriotic gentlemen here, from all parts of the country, express great indignation and dis appointment that the President and all of his Cabinet devote all their time to office seekers in the present un happy condition of the country. Simeon Draper has figured frequently and conspicu ously at the White House during the last two days. cosmuLATiom ur tux hkmatk. The following are all the confirmation* by tho Senate to-day:? John Z. Goodrich, Collector of Boston; Geo. W. McClellan, Second Assistant Postmaster General; De Witt C. Uttlejohn, Consul at Liverpool; Win. H. Vosey, Con sul at Aix la Chapeile ; Lucius M. Forbes, Postmaster at Belolt, Wis.; John J. Speed, Postmaster of Louisville, Ky. ; George Harrington, Assistant Secretary of the Trea sury; J. P. Baker, of Nebraska, Agent for Otoe and Menominee Indians. Apponmncns. Mr. H. Berrien, of New York, waa to-day appointed Chief Clerk of the Navy Department. The President has nominated J. R. Jones as Marshal of the Northern district of Illinois. George Harrington, of this district, an active member of the National Republican Committee, has been appoint ed First Assist Secretary of the Treasury. Mark H. Cobb, of Pennsylvania, has been appointed Disbursing Clerk in the War Department, in place of John Potts, who is promoted to the Chlqf Clerkship. tkrjutojuai APi-onrrjuarrs. D. K. Carter, of Ohio, has now made up his mind to go in for the Governorship of Nebraska. Ben Wade presses him ardently. P. A. Hackellman Is an aspirant for Chief Justice or the same Territory. The well known Dr. Lelb is confident of the Surveyor Generalship of Dacotah. Lawrence Wilder will be the United States District At torney for Illinois, W. F. Sapp for Nebraska, and G. H. Wattles, United States Marshal for the same Territory. IHI FORJflGH WHHOR8. As predicted by me some days since, Schurz finds the emoluments and honors of office lees easy of access to him fh.n the laurels of campaign oratory. Native New Eng land and New Yerk, with the exception of a few personal friends, are making a dead set against him. Their plea is, that as our internal troubles will render the friendliest possible relations with European powers desira ble and necessary, politically objectionab's indi viduals should not be forced upon them as representatives of this government But this argument is merely used to disguise the native-ism at the bottom of the opposition. This morning the Vermont Congres sional delegation called on the President to remonstrate against Schurz's appointment to Sardinia, and urge George P. Marsh in his stead. But Burlingame, who never thought of withdrawing, now seems to have the best opening. ' Schurz himself confossed this morning that he considered his success doubtful, and that he would probably be put off with the Brazilian mission, which be will hardly accept. He and his friends are ?aid to be greatly mortified at the cold courtesy they are now receiving at the hands of Mr. Seward, In return for their warm support at Chicago. If Schurz goes to Sardinia, Mr. Burlingame will be urged for Austria. P. Hassaureck is now pushing his claims to the Swiss mission In person. He is backed up by Chase and the Congressional delegations and Slate legislatures of Ohio mid Indiana. He has as yet no competitor, but bis sue cess will probably depend on the ultimate disposition of Schurz. John L. Manstleld, late State Elector at large of In diana, another adopted citizen, of German birth, is as piring to the Consulate at Havre. He has very strong endorsements, and has Crittenden and C. M. Clay enlisted in his cause. E. Klauprecbt, the editor of the Cincinnati VoUcMaU, is in for some German Consulship with a fair prospect of success. J. P. Hatterscbeidt, a German Kansas politician, is after the Consulship at Antwerp. # Judge Otto, of Indiana, has been trying his chances' for various missions, and has now settled upon Belgium. Ex -Governor Bell, of Ohio, desires a mission to Central America MR. (OR WIS MC-LOTH TH* MSX1CA3 MMUOJt. Mr. Corwin declines tho mission to Mcxico. mr. clay nsn-ww Tint Mission to hp a is. Cassius M. Clay arrived here this morning, and has notltied the I*re?ident that be will not accept the mission to Spain. His friends think, as he was a prominent can didate for the Cabinet, and has rendered eminent service to the party in Kentucky, that be is entitled to either the mission to England or France. The President has suspended the nomination. Mr. Clay will be urged to accept the Madrid mission, upon the ground that it is likely to be one of the most Important to be made, owing to the Cuba complication *nd the supposed attempt of the Confederate States to > take it Spain Is also threatening Mexico with war, *hich adds to the importance of the mission, from tho fact that the Spanish government may appeal to the United States for protection in behalf of Cuba, while Mexico may appeal to us for protection against Spain. Tire saw york AiTonmnwm Strong protests bavs been received within the last twenty four hours, from leading and Influential New York gentlemen, against the appointment of Mr. Barney to the Collectwsbip What effect, If any, It will have remains to be seen. Those who are lighting him say It will defeat him. If so, it will change tho entire slate of the New York appointments. There is a screw loose somewhere. ? tub nowro* Arronmmrrs. The Massachusetts members of the House, to whqp the appointments within that State aro to be left, will meet at Parker's Hotel, Boston, on Friday. The Im portant places in thai State are fast being disposed of. Goodrich already has ths Custom House ; Tuck, of New Hampshire, to be Naval Officer, a place worth ten thousand dollars per annum, for four years; and from all accounts Mr. George W. Lawrence, of Warren, Maine, la to be Navy Agent of Boston. Ho was a dslegate to Chicago, a ad veted Tor Mr. Lincoln, and expects the President will appreciate the fact. The Boston Post Office, It is said . is at the disposal of Mr. Sumner, he being the Senator residing within the city whers It Is located. He considers that he has an elephant on band, and is in doubt how to dispose of it. JC0MISATKWI OF A rjflTBD BTaTSH trrastrsr. General Spinner, member of the last Congress from New York, has been nominated to the Senate today as Treasurer of the United States. ths oomnssiOTomsirn' or rAtrn*. There la a brisk contest going on for Commissioner of Patent* Secretary Smith flavors bis friend, S. flolloway, of Indiana, but will probably be obliged to put up with an Eastern man. Political , and not, as It should be, scisn tiflc merits, unfortunately appear to be the key to that responsible position. m* nurrrwi w i-SRummriwrr John D. Pefiees, of Indiana, assures his friends that ha is sure of the appointment of Superintendent of the Na tional Printing Bureau, established by set of the last Con Kress. Defress la the man who offered the republicans of the House of leprssentatlves, last Congress, a share of the spoils If they wowld nominate him, and they did It, but In the House he was defeated. Such a nomination will prise many friends of the administration. Arronmmm to m* variks cow*. President Lincoln to-day filled up all the vacaaofe# in the Marine Corps. They are as follows:? Charles Hlgbee, ?oo of Rev. Mr. Hlgbee, of New York; James Buchanan Forney; Carter, of Ohio; T ides and Gnldsborough of Maryland. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. WAioiuuroM, Doc. 13, 1861. m com maktxai CFoa oomhodou amotkoxu. The Naval Court for the trial of Cbm. Armstrong mtde but UUla progress to-day. They were principally en gaged in examining documentary evidence. The trial bids fair to be a protracted one. The Court to-day noti fied President Lincoln that they would call on him to morrow. jom rocmujn'H xnrao w to vnoou. John Cochrane passed through thia city to-day, on his way to Richmond. It ia understood he goee there for the purpose of an interchange of views, and to urge upon the Virginia Convention to adopt some pacific plan of adjust* neot, whfeb will h'lp the border States and aid the oon servaiive men of the S'orth to build up, not only the I'll Ion, but a peace party. rROMone* of ool. sviuikr. Oolonet Sumner, of the army, has been promoted to a Brigadier Generalship, to fill the vacancy made by the dismissal of Twiggs. WILL AX XXTBA SBHHION Of OOJWRM8 BB CALLBD? The President has been urged, by the ultra republi cans, to call an extra session, with a view to putting the country on a war footing, and giving him the necessary power to collect the revenue, Ac. But he will desline this policy, as an extra session would now oertalnly de vclope a majority against war measures in both branches of Can greets. TBS POSTAL SHtVlCB Ct THV. 8BTVKB STATM. It is understood at the Post Office Department oum u? roetw true t? ttre seceded states nave received secret Instructions from the revolutionary government at Mont gomery to continue their old official relations for the present. Only a few South Carolina and Alabama officials have thus far failed to reoognlse the authorities here. Tin SOUTH CABOLUU LOAIf, The Charleston Oourisr of llonday says that the sub scriptions derived in that city toward the establishment of a steamship line between Liverpool and Charleston have reached an amount authorizing the definitive or ganization of the company and the commencement of the work on contract. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. Washiiiutoi?, March 12, 1861. The Impending Evacuation of /brt Sumter , <H. A week ago to-day the light of satisfaction gleamed from every republican oountenance. From Horaoe Greeley down to the lowly applicants for Western $300 poet offices, they all bore an air of triumph. The gratify ing openness of the inaugural to both conservative and radical constructions, and the hopeful certainty of hav ing at last federal power and place within grasp, filled each and every bouI of them with cheering emotions. But a radical change has sinoe oeme over them. Study their physiognomies to-day. Clouds now dwell where sunshine was recently beaming. Gloom has superseded cheerfulness, buoyancy given way [to dejectedtaess of spirits. Exultations are no longer heard. All are som. bre, grim, desponding. And why ail this transmutation? The sorry tale can be briefly told. Fort Sumter is to be evacuated. The issue with which the republican hearts identified the honor and credit of their party, in the eyes of the nation at large, is about being yielded; not of choice. It is true, but of ne cessity . The step which, as they all thought and prayed, ever since secession first raised Its head in that hothouse of rebels, South Carolina, should and would be the first act of the new administration, will not be taken; Major Anderson will not be reinforced; Forts Moultrie and Pinckney will not be retaken; the insurgent batteries will not be silenced; the army or rebels not put to flight; Charleston not doomed with bombs and grape red not. In less than a week the stars and stripes will disappear from the last stronghold of the federal authorities within the picneer State in the cause of secession , and the emblem of revolution In Its stead? the melancholy end of the re publican tale of the instantaneous vindication of federal supremacy after the installation of the republican regime, oft repeated during last winter, and always full or sound and fury, but, as now shown, signifying nothing. Such, Indeed, will be the result or the first week of the existence of the new administration. It ii true, all ru mors ana reports to the contrary notwithstanding, no de finite action has been agreed upon by the ('resident and his constitutional advisers up to the hour of this writing. The head, as well as the majority of the members, is moist reluctant to determine upon a line of policy involv ing a retreat before armed, defiant overbearing treason, an avowal of the weakness of the federal government and the consequent demoralization of the people of tho North. Yet, whatever their present hesitancy and repugnance may be. it is absolutely certain that they will ultimately face the music, and that the issuing of the order to evacu ate may be expected at 'iny time tnls week. Never were inen placed in a dilemma mire mortifying than that now perplexing the President and a majority of li in Cabinet. Their own wiBhes, as well as those of the bulk of their superiors, all prompt to action diametri cally opposite to that forced upon them by the vast com mercal and industrial interests of the North, that are willing and roady to make any sacrifice of principle, honor and dignity , to avert the crushing calamity of civil war on the one hand, and the stern fact of the impracti cability of a supply of the invested fort with men, ammu nition and provisions on the other. But the members of the new administration had not only preferences, but also sagacity and due respect for, and reliance on, those true and trusty guides of statesmen? facts and figures. An overwhelming array of such, proving conclusively the impossibility of gathering a military force sufilciently strong to insure the success of an at tempt to reinforce before tbe garrison would be reduced to the starvation point, having been placed before them by General Scott, the evacuation is reduced to a question or time, and tbe country may rost assured that the near est and most threatening danger of collision will be re moved in the course of a few days. It is known that the question of supplying or abandon i g Fort Svnter was alone discussed in the successive meetings of the Cabinet on the subject. But the line of action adopted in tbis one Instance will doubtless be fol lowed also in regard to other military posts within the Confederate States yet held by federal troops. That part of the Inaugural which expresses the determination of the new President to '-hold ami possess the federal pro perty in all the States of tho Union" will thus be demon strated to have been words, words, and nothing but words. Whether equal Inconsistency of theory and prac tice will be shown in the collection of duties remains to be seen. VH1TBD STATES MBMATK. EXTRA HE88ION. Warhixrtcs, March 13, 1861. Mr. Porr.i^H, (opp.) of m., offered the following reso. lotion, wbl:h ?u read for Information : ? Resolved, That the Secretary of War be requested to inform the Senate what forte, anenals, navy yards and other public works within the limits of the States of South Carolina, Qeorgla, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, are now within the actual posses sion snd occupation of the United States, and by what number of men each Is garrisoned and held, and whether reinforcements are necessary to retain the same, and if so whether the government has the power and means nnder existing laws to supply sucb reinforcements with in such time sirlhs exigencies and necessities of the case may demand, and whether the dcfenoe and protection of the United States and their interests make it necessary and wise to retain military posses sion of such forts, places and other property, exoept at Key West and Tortugas, and to recapture and reoscu py sucb ethers as the United States have been deprived of by seizure or surrender for any other purpose and with a view to any other end than the subjugation and occupation of those States which have assumed the right to secede from the I'nion, and within whose limits such forts anil other public Droperty are situated an 1 If such be the motives for recapturing and holding the forts and other public property,, what military force, including regulars and volunteers, would be necessary to enable the I'nlied States to reduce the States aforesaid and such others as are supposed to sympathise with them to sub jection snd obedience to the laws of the Union, and to protect the federal capital. Mr. Wiiaoif, (rep.) of Mass., hoped that the resolution would not be considered to-day. Mr. PortiLAs said he would call up the resolution to morrow Mr. Makn, (opp.) of Va.,objeoted for the present to its consideration, sot being satisfied that the Senate has power to act upon it. Mr. Fsswwmw, (rep.) of Mo. , offered the following:? Resolved, That Messrs. Benjamin, of Louisiana; Brown and Davis, of Mississippi; Clay, of Alabama; Mai lory, of Florida: and Toombs, of (ieorgia, having announced that tbey are no longer members of the Senate, their seats have become vacant, and the Secretary of the Senate is directed to strike their names from the roll of mem ben. Mr. Hr*nm, (opp ) of Va, and other* objected to the consideration of the resolution. Laid over. After an executive session the Senate adjourned. SnuKt n? N?wa*k. ? Some of the journeymen masons of this olty are at present on a strike. The employer*, as we understand, wanted to plaoe their wages at $1 #8 X per day. Instead of $1 75, which has heretofore been paid. This the journeymen resisted, alleging that the "bosses," In making estimates for new building*, oom pnted their services at tl 75 per day, and by reducing the wages one shilling would pot that amount Into their own pockete. A meeting of their association was held last evening, at which it was determined to "turn out," unless tbelr demands were acceded to. Some of the em ployert have compiled, bnt others hold out. Another meeting of the association will be held to-morrow even ing, at Shamrock Ball, to further consider the matter. The men, as we understand, would accept less, owing to the stringency of the times, under some circumstances, bnt are unwilling to have their wages reduced while em ployers retain the amount of their reduction,? Ainoert A&vtrtitr. March H NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. IMPORTANT TO SOUTHERN 8HIPPER9. TO m kditok op th? hkhai.d. A despatch torn Chmpbell Wallace, Esq. , President of tbeEkst TWIMim Gtorgia Railroad, to W lUboae,

Esq. , President of ftl Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, dated Knoxvilto, 1Mb lost . , says ? " There are BO tariff obstructions on goods going to Nashville and Mwipbis this way; this may be relied upon," All goods tar this Motion of the ooun'ry shipped by the Virginia steamship Company '? steamers, via Norfolk, will therefore reach their destination promptly, and free front " tariff oMraotkas.'' CHARLES W. BISHOP, Agent. New Tons, March 12 1801. BHirWQrB FOR TRNNK8BKK. IWtr this healing *e find the following desrstch in meet of our Now York exchanges ? Kavahnah, March?, 18(1 It baa been decided hm that all good* ahipped via this port for Tennessee muat pay tutien her*, as Tenneati<-? it not one of the Southern mnfaeraoy, unlets ihn woods were pur chased before February**, and loaded lu too vessel before March 14. We are authorised by our Collector, John Boston , Hk|., to correct this statement. Duties will uot bo required on goods passing through this port, and destined for States not belonging to tie Confederate sun us. Unlesi in'truo tions to the contriry shall be received, the only utilisa tion that will be inquired, is thit such k"*his will, iugood faith, pass to their destination, and not bo stopped iu the Confederate States. Will our New York exchanges |>ub I >ish this oorrectloi Injustice to the lines of - teams! i ins ?r.i rMiitaMla leadJM wrough Suvuunah and other South can port*?? Saixntntt^MftmJdvan, March 0. THE 80CTHERN CONGRESS. Mostlsomkry, Ala. , March 9, 1841. No business was transacted in public to-day In Con gress, if we excejt the formal opening by the President, a prayer by the lev. Mr. Petrie, and the reading of the journals of the pevious day. It is well know that Congress took off secrosy from two acts In rehtion to military matters on Friday; but after diligent liqulry and persevering etlbrts copies ef those acts oouldnot be obtained, and benoe the public must wait until some other day for a knowledge of the provisions of thse acts. Montgomery, March 12, 1861. Nothing of piblio interest was done to-day. A recess is daily expeotel, which will be brought about certainly during the weel President Cobb has sent several State Conventions oeiLfled copies of the permanent constitu tion. It is expeted that Alabama will ratify it on Wed nesday. Mr. Stephens has gone to Crawfordville. Montgomery, Ala., March 13, 1891. The tariff act\ias been published, it goes into opera* tion on the 1st ?f May. Compared with the tariff act of the United SUM, most of the 30 per cent duties are re duced to 25; Ub greater portion of the 24 and 19 duties are reduced to J>. There is a large 10 per cent schedule and a very smal free list. The Alabama Convention has ratified the permanent constitution by % vote of 87 to 5. Gen. Jameson, a lead ing co-operatioilst, took a bold position in favor of the ratification. Jere Clemens has been appointed Major Genera' of the Alabama army. IMPORTANT PROM TEXAS. Gai.vbhtow, Texas, March 11,1841. Governor Ronton has refused to recognise the Conven tion. He considers that its functions terminated in sub mitting the sectssion ordinance to the people. Ho tells the Convention hat he and the Legislature (which meets on the 18th,) wi'l attend to the public questions now arising; and he favorB a new Convention, to make such changes in the State constitution as may be necessary. He opposes Texts joining the Confederacy. The Convention in reply passed an ordinance, olaiming full powers, premising to consummate as speedily as pos sible the connection of Texas with the Confederate 8tates, and notifying the State of this course. The Convention will at once require all officers to take the oath of alle giance to the support of the new government and carry out the Convention ordinances. It is reported that Mr. Clark will be put in Mr. Hous ton's place, if the latter refuse s the oath ; also tha Governor Houston is raising troops on his own account. Fifteen hundred Texan troops are at and near Browns ville. THE TEXAS STATE CONVENTION. New Okijcaxh, March 13, 1861. The Texas State Convention has paasod an ordinance to continue the Custom House oft leers on duty until super ceded by the State government, or by the Provisional government. UNITED STATES TROOPS IN TEXAS. Biusoa, Mtrch 6, 1841. Arrangements have been made for the federal troop* to leave as soon as transportation is provided. The Daniel Webster is outslle. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Riuraoiro, March 13, 1861. Mr. Summers' speech was the ablesi of the session, and produced profound etlect. Unionists consider his arguments unanswerable. There Is but little doubt that the border State Conference proposition will be adopted, but that the peace prepositions will be taken as the basis of adjustment Is doubtful. Some secessionists ad mit the Impassibility of adopting an ordinance of se cession, but say Virginia will ultimately secede unless her demands are granted. In U>e Convention to-day Mr. Tyler spoke ably again* the peace propositions, and without concluding the Con rcntlon adjourned. HON. JOHN COCHRANE'S RECEPTION AT RICHMOND. Ricmioin), March 18, 1861. Hon. John Cochrane arrived here this evening, and was serenaded to night at the Exchange Hotel by a tremen dous crowd, headed by Smith's Band. Mr. Oochrano ap peared and responded to the calls In an eloquent Union speech. He said Virginia now held the destinies of the nation in her hands, and whatever policy she adopted New York would uphold her In it. Virginia had only to present her ultimatum to New York as a final one, and New York would sustain Virginia, anil she should hare her rights guaranteed to her. He was loudly ap plauded while speaking. i THE GEORGIA STATE CONVENTION, ETC. Bavajciah, Ga , March 13, 1861. The Goorgla Stats Convention has transferred the forts, arsenals, arms and munitions of war to the government of the Southern confederacy. An ordinance has also been passed appropriating hair a million of dollars for the support of the government, and authorising the Governor to Issue seven per oent bonds for that amount. The report of the seizure of the Northern stock in the Macon Western Railway 1s denied. Tbe President of the road, Isaac Scott, Esq. , says there Is no foundation Tor tbe report. SOUTH CAROLINA. IMPORTANT MILITARY MOV IMS NTH AT CH ARL18TON. General Beauregard, tho new military commandant at Charleston, A C., has been working assiduously since he assumed command of the troops and forts at that place. He has called for four hundred more artillerists, ami has issued orders for the transfer of twenty hoavy guns from Castle I'inckney to the entranoo at the harbor, where they will be placed in new batteries, which are now being constructed. The activity displayed by Gen. Beauregard bos create! a favnrablo Imprcsilon among the troops and inspired general confidence among them. THE SUCCESSOR OF GENERAL TWIGGS. The President baa appointed Colonel E. V. Sumner Iirtga dter General in the United States army, to the post ren dered vacant by tbe dismissal of brevet Mtjor General D. E. Twiggs. General Sumner has served In the army over forty years, having entered the Second regiment of Infantry In 1810. At the organisation of the First regi ment of dragoons he was transferred to that regiment, ?est of his life has been spent In the saddle, west oT the Mississippi river. He participated throughout the war with Mesloo, and was promoted for gallant and meritori ous conduct In the battles of Oerro <4ordo and Mollno del Rey. At tbe battle of Chenibusoo General Soott paid him the high compliment of assigning him to the command of another regiment?the Mounted Rifles? although a field officer of that regiment wan then on duty with It. After the war Ge neral Sumner wan placed In command of the Department ef new Mexico, and at the formation of the four new re gin) ruts, authorised by Osngress is IMA, he was ap pointed Colonel of the First cavalry, the position which be now holds. Some rivalry arose between this regiment ?ad the Second dragoons, of which General Harney wu the Colonel. The humane services rendered by General Sumner during the Kansas troubles are well remembered. His figure is erect as ever, and his faculties, physical and mental, are totally unimpaired? tho result of an active, temperate life. He is an efficient officer, and will, be yond doubt, fill his new post with ability. NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA. Arrival of the Overland Express. Fort Kxakjcy , March 13, 1861. The pony express passed here at half past six A. 11., bringing the following advices ? San Kkax isco, Feb. 27 ? 3:40 I'. M. Arrived 23d, ship Shirley, Boston; 21th, William Bprague, Coronet; bar<s F A Rawlins, Malaga; Barbs, Rio Janeiro; schooner Florence, Valparaiso; 27th, ship Mary Whltridge, thirty nine days from Hong Kong. Sailed 23d, ships Aurora, Liverpool; 21th, Benjamin Howard, Puget Sound; 20th, bark Nohenuoff, New Arch angel, and ship Webl'oot, Iivorpool. There ???? mtm in the berth loading with breadstuff* Tor isugiand ships Eagle Wing, Jacob Bell and ltichard Bus teed. Tho ships Dashing Wave, Ocean Telegraph and Skylark are under charter for promiscuous cargoes for New York, considerable portions being barley and wheat. The ships Groat Republic, lookout, Syren and Shirley are still aneosasod The ship Mary Whltr>*'<?~ ? ???-* this morning In the snoi i Jr mui-v ulue 11,111 * half days from Hong Koug She brings a large cargo, consisting principally of sugar, rice, tea, popper and oil. The Torrent sailed for this port January ?. At last ac counts the Kingfisher, Kapld, Lotui and imperial wore on the berth for this port. The Memnon ba<i been chartered for a cargo to this port from Manila, and. had sailed t'or that port. According to the overland trade report, teas were scarce and high, with diminishing stocks. G. B Pout, a pioneer merchant of San Francisco, died on the 26th. The legislature adjourned over from the 21st to tho 26th ult. The mshious continue to be occupiod with dis cussions of I'nlon resolutions, the Broderick expunging resolutions, and the intrigues over the proposed Sena torial election. There has been no legislation of any im portance yet. The reconstructed democratic puty caucus, composed of the Breckinridge and a portion of the Douglas demo crats, met at Shcmmento last evening, only f<>rty-four strong. The legislature being composed of 115 mem bers, this was an unexpectedly weak show, and an un favorable indication for Denver. It is reported that a majority of the Douglas democrats and all the repub licans are endeavoring to induce Mcliougal to withdraw from the content, when an etl'ort to elect some compro mise candidate will bo made. Tho friends of McDougal are making great eflorts to get the republicans to support him. Accounts from -'an Diego stole that the whalers at that port have already taken seventy-five whales, and the season lor catching Is not half over, b^ach whale is worth about $1 000 The late liCglslature of Washington Territory granted divorces to seventeen dls i fleeted couples. Ti buantepec dates, received from the Atlantic States to the 1 1th lest., give an account of the choice of Davis and Stephens as the heads of the Southern republic. (Mlifornians more than ever fear a permanent dis ruption of the L'nion inevitable, and hope the calamity may not be aggravated by unnecessary war. The overland mail, which left St. Louis on the 7th. reached Los Angeles on the 26th of February . and will reach San Francisco about the 2d of March. The Butterfleld route is now believed to be free from Indians, and no further Interruptions to malls are appre hended. COMMERCIAL INTBbLIOKNCK. Transactions from llrst hands have been moderate for the last three days, with a few trilling fluctuations In prices. Butter is saloable in small lots at advancing rates. Extra Isthmus to day brings :<0c. Candles have been wanted: sales during the week 5,000 boxes at ibout 20c., closing dull and less lirm. Crushed sugar is a trifle easier; sales of No. 1 China to day at a decline. Syrup is tending downward. Sales of American whiskey at an ad vance. say 47 }*c a 60c. for high and low proof. Dimes tic spirits continue to meet encouraging inquiry for do mestic consumption ; the matket is very llrm. The bast quality of wheat, for export, brings $2 per 100 lbs. : bar ley^ |1 10. The heavy rains prevailing when the last express de parted extended over the Stale, and were very severe at some points on the mountains: and In the Washoe mining regions the fall of snow was heavy. Tho weather is again pleasant this week. Yachting Intelligence. LAUNCH OF TflE YACHT IIOPE. Thin new and beautiful schooner, of which we have heretofore given a full diecriptlon, was launched yoeter day noon from the yard of Henry Steers, at Greenpoint, L. I. A large "cloud of witnesses" were attracted to the sccne, and the presence of a considerable number of ladles, the fluttering of the club signal from the mast head of the new yacht, and the display of bunting from the surrounding craft, Invested the occasion with an aspect decidedly festive The preparations for the launch were completed as early as eleven o'clock. The Jlbboom had been "housed"' to prevent Its contact with mother earth as the parting bow was made, riggerp had done their work and depart ed, the few necessary stores, including two beautiful mahogany mounted brass guns, were sent on board, blocks were knocked away, the gangway p.nnk removed, and the tiny vessel rested in her cradle, waiting only the command of the master to glide down the sl!ppery ways Into her future element. "Are you ready'.'" says a clear voice "Aye, aye, sir," is the rosponse. Then "Go ahead and In an instant a dozon sledge hammers are driving the woigos to fasten her firmly in her place. This done, the supports beneath the keel are one by one removed, until nothing but her own weight holds the yacht in curb Mr. Steers moves around to discover the cause of detention. Noth ing is apparent, however, and he gives her the aid of a Utile Impetus. A jacket rew is applied under the bow Still she moves not "Get out your battering rams," says the bull4eiv A couplo of tbcoe are accordingly id pro vised for the occasion from some of the surrounding timbers, and with tremendous forco a dozen or twenty strosg men drive them against the en. la of the ways. They start an inch or two, and so do the crowd towards the end of the dock to see her touch the waters But the vessel still sticks. A little mere efiort, and another inch is slowly gained, and another, and another, until, in half an hour, a whole foot has been moved over. The prospects begin to darken. The cotnpnny on board |>eer anxiously over the Hide to nee, If possible, what is the trouble. Tho master too is evidently disconcerted at the idea of a failure. A tugboat is near at hand, and some one proposes to |>as a line to her from the yacht, and thus bring a new power to bear. This Is accordingly done, an<l alter a few e (Torts, aided by the running up and down the decks of those on board, the yacht Is finally star tel. and. amid the cheers of the crowd and the smoke of her own salute, glides gracefully Into the water The new fledgling is a beautiful specimen of art In every sense of the word, and the builder and owner both received the encomiums of a large number of gentlemen oonnected with the New York Yacht Club. Among others present were the Vice Commodore, Muses H. Grinnell, C. T. Cromwell, and Captain Comstock . lite o.' tho Adriatic. Broeklfl City New*. Mnrcto or nm Yotnro Man's Chri-tux Anoruim*.? The regular monthly meeting of this association was held In the Brooklyn Institute on Tuesday evening last? Mr. Robert P. Bassing, l*resident of the association, la the chair. After transacting the usual routine business, Mr. Thomas 8. Waterman read an ablo and Interesting paper on "Character, Its Formation and Relations." The building of character being the great object of human life, the only reality this side the grave, and the only thing an Immortal being can take with him to"thatnndis covered country from whose bourne no traveller returns. ' ' He then divided character into four classes. The first la essential character, of which Daniel Webster was an ex ample; the seoood may be termed Individual charao ter, of which Napoleon the First Is an example; the third Is social, or moral character, of which Howard is an ex ample; and the fourth is religious character, and desig nates a man as the oompanton or enemy of bis Creator Of this class Washington is the example, and, like every true example of this clan, embodies all the others. He then proceeded to show bow character Is formed and the mind developed, and how, little by little, the highest >le velopement of character can be reached, the soui become purified, and men be of an humble and contrite heart. The lecture was listened to with great interest, and at its conclusion thanks were voted to the lecturer. !*nuorr Cj?m to tm Paormixn s? i.v Hr. Iy>r?.? The Kemimfi JVnm of that city say* ?Mr. Charles Rigdoa, an Ingenious machinist, is engaged at the Western foundry in making an apparatus to propel the street oars through the agency of neam Tho furnace and boiler are to be upright, and placed in the front of the oar, occupying a snaoe of about three feet square The cylinder* are to be three Inches la diameter, with a nine inch stroke, aad will give a power equal to that at abdut three hornet. Coke will be used for fuel, and the stoam will be oondetieed In a large water chamber under the seats of the car, to pre veat too free escape of the steam into the streets. In the Bnn of those who have investigated the machinery, is every prospect of It* befog entirely successful for the purpose designed, the southern forts. Important Naval and Military Movements. Arrangements for the Immediate Departure o! the tinnboati Crusader and lohiwk and Steamships Bmpin City, Star of the Went, foatzacoalcos and Philadelphia. The Florida Forts to be Reinforced aid Supplied, fee., ft*, a* PENSACOU AND ITS FORTIFICATIONS. Now that the United Slates government have conclud ed to evacuate Fort Sumter, public attention will next be *? " ' ?** ? * ? ? ?? ..4. ? ? ?? secession forces. From tho latest information from tkat quarter the troops of the Confederate States were con centrating at Pensacola In large numbers, and everything being prepared to give Fort Pickens a protracted siege. We have, therefore, thought that anything bearing upon this subject would be interesting to our readers, and have therefore concluded to describe, in brief, Pensacola and Its fortilications. PENSACOLA BAY. Pensacola bay has rare properties as a harbor. It la now accessible to frigates. The bar Is near the coast, and the channel across it short and easily passed. The harbor Is perfectly land locked, and the roadstead very capacious. There are excellent positions within for re pairing. building and launching vessels, and for docks and dockyards, In healthy situations. The supply of good water is abundant. These properties, in connootlon with the position of lbs harbor as regards the coast, have in duced the government to select it as a naval station, and a place of rendezvous and repair. The upper arma of Pensacola Bay receive the Yellow Waters or Pea river, Middle river and Escambia river, eleven miles from the Gulf. Although there Is nothing about Ponsa cola to tempt the cupidity of an enemy, still, Its harbor is one of military importance for national pur poses. Pensacola bay, fortified as it now is, with all itB ordnance in position and properly garrisoned, is Impreg nable, except by a long and hazardous seige by an over whelming and well appointed land force, and It could defy all the navies of the world combined, till It tilled the harbor's mouth with the carcasses of sunken ships. SANTA ROSA ISLAND. Santa Rosa Island, on the cist point of which is Fort Pickens, is situated east by uorthweet by south fourteen leagues, and completely shuts out Pensacola from the gea. It is so low that the sea In a gale waahes its top. It is not more than one- fourth of a mile wide. The west point of this Island is at the mouth of Pensa cola bay. The latter is net over ono aud a quarter mil* wide. The Island is separated from the mainland one and a quarter miles, there being two channels for the list-sage of vowels, one on the side of the mainland and the other on the islaud Fide. FOBT PICKENS* The principal means of defeuce to the mouth of Pensa cola bay is Fort Pickens. It Is a llret class pentagonal bustioucd work, built of Btono, brick and bitumen, with covert ways, dry ditch, glacis and outworks complete. Its wall* are forty feet in height by twelve feet in thick ness ; It Is embrasured for two tiers of guns in bombproof casemates, and ono tier of guns open or en bartette. The guns from this work radiate to every point of the hori zon, with Hunk and eniil id.-ng lire in tho ditches and at every anglv of approach. The work was commenced in 182ft, and finished in 186.'!. It cost the federal government nearly one million of dollars. When on a war footing lta garrison consists of 1,260 soldiers. Its present arma inent consists of? In bastion, 20 twenty- four pound howitzers: casemate, 2 forty two pounders, 64 thirty two iwunders, 59 twenty four |>oun<ters; in barbette 24 eight inch howitzers, 6 eighteen pounders, 12 twtlve poundcrs, 1 ten inch Columbiad, mounted, and 4 ten inch I mortars, in bad order. The possession of this work, therefore, by the seces alonists Is, of ci>urse, of the first importance, for unless it is occupied by them it will secure to tho United States tr<<0(? a base of operations along tho whole Gulf coast, and keep open a road right into the heart of the South, which cannot he obstructed by any fixed for tifications. Once within tho gates of the harbor, and on army could bo disembarked at any point on tbc wide bay which It might select. It could run up beyond the Kscambta river and land many boars ahead of any opposing force which might be at Pensacola, betide placing a wide i tver between It and the latter? or even two rivers, the Escambia and Black water? by going far enough up. Hence, with a start of at least forty eight hours, it could march into Interior Alabama. An enemy holding Port Pickens could rendex vous a naval force there and keep up a blockade of all the ports of the Gulf, unless it could be met on the sea. The I'ort is only approachable by land on one side. Owing to the openness of the country, which is but a barren bed ef sand, a party attacking from that quarter would be very much exposed. The federal foroe now in garri son at Fort Plefcens consists of about two hundred and hfty men, under the command of I.ieuteaaat Sltrmmer. They have provisions for six months, and ammunition to resist a siege ef equal length. If the work be attacked it must be fey ? sudden assault from a heavy force concentrated on the island to the eastward, which will take li with a Zouave like rush in double quick time? pour ing Into it such numbers as at once to overpower every chance of resistance on the part of the garrison. Though done in the night, and with the quickest move ment , and though escaping loea from the batteries In the approach, the work at the walla will be a bloody business if the garrison have a mind to mako It so. If Fort Pick ens be taken by the secessionists, Pensacola will be the great naval depot of the Southern confederacy, from which no doubt prlvateera will be fitted out for the pur pose of prey lng .upon the commerce in the Gulf of Mexlca and the Caribbean sea. FORT M'RIA. Thia work 1b In tbc possession of the Florid* troops. It is a powerful ami castle like masonry structure, built on ? low sand pit of the mam land, and appears to rise out of the water. It la further seaward than Fort Pick i?a, of which it is the rit a vu across the channel, and a vessel entering must needs run the gauntlet of ita (uu before approaching the latter, which, however, of itself effectually cloaea the harbor against the adm*sion of an enemy of even very heavy force. This fortification ia situated on Foster's Bank, tn<l guards the west side of the mouth of rensa cola bay. It la a baationed fort, built of brick masonry , with walla twelve feat in tblckneaa. It la embrasured for two tiers of guns, under bombproof caaainatea, and ban one tier *? bartttf. Its present armament consists of? Ix>w er tier, 22 forty two pounders; second HOT, 12 eight Inch Cbhimbiada, IS thirty two pounders, In bar i>etto, 18 twenty four pounders, 3 Win Inch Ooiumbads, and In time of war requlrea a garrison of six hundred an4 fifty man. The work cost the federal government about $400,000 Its guns radiate at every point of the horisoe. It ia a very elective work. The full armament of thn fort ia not complete, but a sufficient number of guns am in battery to make a very good opposition to Fort Pisksaa, Below this fort ia a water battery, which mounts acme eight or ten guns. The interior of Fort McRm ia prcv.dad with the neceaaary shot furnaces, officers' and soldiers' quarters, magazines, Ac. FORT BARRANCAS. Fort Barraneas la on the north of Peosacoia bay, an4 dlrestly frosting tba entrance lo Its month. The work is erected on the alts of an old Hpanish fort. The fort l? absstloned work, built of heavy msnenry, and mounts forty nIM gnas, and in time of war require* a garrison of two hundred and fifty men. The armament of ths work is fully mounted, and it* magazines am In good or. der. In the rear of the fort is a redoubt, which is auil liary to Fort Barrancas. Some ?*t*nslvs repairs have recently been completed on this redoubt, and the fn-jr