Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 15, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 15, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW WHOLE NO. 8953. MORNING YORK HERALD. EDITION-FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. The Southern Commissioners in Commu nication with the State Department. The Administration Hesitates Whether to Receive or Reject Them. The Policy of the Government Respecting the Southern Forts. htemtiog Report! from Tem, Louisiana, Alabama ami Florida. Surrenderor Fort Brown to tho Secessionists. kdM of the taprem CmH ki Ike K? IwlruilHi ???<??? Cue. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SPOILS. The Great right for the Foreign Misiioni. Decision of the (Supreme Court in the Great Gaines Case, Ac., fcc., Ac. THE PROCEEDINGS OP THE CABINET. Wahhwito*, lUrcli 14, 1M1. As announced In to-day's Hbrald, the Cabinet met at ten A. M. , and continued in session until one P. M. The utmost anxiety prevailed in political circles all day to learn the result of the deliberations, but nothing trans pired beyond the fact that the abandonment of Fort Sum tor, and the call of an extra session of Congress, formed the subjects of protracted discussion. As it Is known, howe re r, that the members all wont to the meeting with the con vie' ten that the evacuation was an inevitable ne cessity, it may be safely presumed that they determined upon issuing the order to withdraw Ibgor Anderson and his command. The Cabinet again went Into a short session at fire P. M. , when some Territorial appointments were agreed upon. All that remains to be dons concerning Fort Sumter Is to settle upon the mode of the evacuation, and certain other army and navy movements to he made at the same time. Mr. Covode returned from New Hampshire to-day, and had an Interview with the President. Mr. C. explained to the President that the Northern people wore terribly shocked when they first heard that It was the intention of the administration to remove the troops from Fort Sumter, but that when tho explanation was made in the . Hkkaij), that their removal was a military necessity, they yielded to the common sense viow of the nutter. The President expressed his regret that such a state of things existed, but expressed his firm determination to meet and dispose of them to the best advantage of the country that he oould, and expressed his opinion that when the people become acquainted with all the facts attending the necessity to order Major Anderson's com mand from Fort Sumter, they would place the respousi bllity where it belonged Ho rni??rt?ln?a no fur In tha direction. Among the business under consideration In the Gab inc. today, has been the organization of the Territories. There is a dlOTerenoe of opinion among the Ministers ?bout the modut operanth of making the appointments and as to who the Governors, Secretaries, Marshals and Judges shall be. The President has been severely worked for the last few days, and to night looks scvorcly jaded. Unless he limits bis receptions to office stokers, -who seem to have no mercy upon him, to certain hours each day, and com pels each man to confine himself to a simple statement of his case? if he is not gentleman enough to do so witnout being requested ? Mr. Lincoln will break down under the pr *eure made upon him, as General Taylor did before him. THE DEMANDS OF THE SOUTHERN COM MISSIONERS. Wahhwotos, litre h 14, 1861. In obedienos to an Intimation received late yesterday from Montgomery, Messrs. Crawford and Forsyth sent to the Department of State tbelr official demand for recogni tion, stating that their Secretary would call at twelve ? clock for a reply. To day the answer waa called for, and the Department of State requested time to oonalder the demand. In this demand the OommlsBlonsrs state fully the object of their mission, wbicb is to arrange with tbe United Stales for tbe public property within their limits, and to negotiate a treaty for tbe settlement of all questions at tevue between tbe two governments. The administration determined] day before yesterday not only not to reoognlse, but positively refused to see them. Why, therefore, do they now ask for mors time? Tbey do not find It so easy, after all, to dispose of this Southern confederacy. Mr. Lincoln will shortly begin to appreciate Mr. Buchanan's position is treating with the South Carolina Commissioners The opinion prevails that the administration will refer the whole matter to the Senate for advice. THE GOVERNMENT AND THE SOUTHERN FORTS. WAsmmiTo*, March 14, 1861. It Is a mistake to suppose that the evacuation of Fort Sumter by tbe administration is intended as a peace measure Tbey abandon this fort because they c&anot bold it. Tbe supposition is that they will now abandon all the forts In the seceding States They will do nothing of the kind. Tbey will, if they h . v e not already done so, adopt a rigid and determined policy towards tbe Oonfe derate States, that must inevitably result in war. A Senator of the United stales wbo is near tbe Presi dent, is my authority for thi? statement. Governor Hlckr has bad an interview to day with lbs (President and General Scott to urge tbe neces stty of withdrawing the troops from Fort Sumter. Gen. ' Scott declares it to be a military necessity to withdraw them, and the President regrets that be wNI bs com pelled by ths necessity to do so It is denied In administration circles tint any unusual saval display is intended to be toads in tbe Southern wa ters. The vessels at the New York naval station are, it is raid, to be placed In readiness for transport service,, upwards of 2 6?0 troops being now in Texas awaiting con veyance northward . IMPORTANT REPORTS FROM TEXAS. WtKSimmuf, Mtrcb 14, 1861. Intelligence received here this morning from Texas furnishes some additional particulars respecting affair* there. The state troofi* have satire po-sossUn of ail Ibe i*iats in the neighborhood of San Antonio. Ths United States troops were preparing to leave the conn try. Their supplies were very sssagre, and but for tbe mildness of ths climate there must have been consider able suffering. Tlif army was completely demoralized, and tbs officers Is command found it uttorly impossible to enforce discipline or to oonocctrate action among thsaa while tbey remain In that country. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SPOILS. Wswtram*, March 14, 1M1. The crush of place hunters was again tremendous to day st lbs dlffi?rent departments But the protracted meeting of ths Oablnet during business hours cut short ' their ImportunM'es. At the White Mouse the crowd was C naii.erably thinner thin yesterday, yet It seems that the gratifying k*s in lbs quantity was balanced by the quail ty of tbe visiters. lhs President, at least, remarked to a friend, wbo congrstulsled him on the comparatively ?mall number of v*"** lor men tors, "Don't you know tl* t wbt i) be f! e? drop off ia the fall, tboee that remain tot always DiU* wore ' Anot&er fmh instalment of office seekers aarived this , evening from the West and North. The Set ate inanimously contirmed the promotion of E. V. Sumner frum a colonel to a brigadier general In the army. General Cameron remarked to day that some twenty live years ago he recommended to General Jackson the promotion of a^young lieutenant In the army to a oap talncy, and to-day he had the pleasure of signing the same man's promotion to a brigadier generalship. Gene ral Sumner leavee here to-morrow for Fort I >ea von worth to attend a Court of Inquiry, and will return here again soon. J. N. Berrien to day entered upon the duties aa Chief Clerk of the Navy Department, In plaoe of Mr. Welsh, who resigned. There la no doubt that Colonel Ljunon will be appalnte Marshal of thia district, and there seems to be no doubt that he will make a good officer. Col. Ellsworth, of Zouave fame, who has aspired to be chief clerk of the War Department, which ia equivalent at times to being Acting Secretary of War, will be ap pointed to a lieutenancy in the army ? a much more fitt tig position for him. This appointment will be made wltb reference to creating a new bureau in the Adju tant General's Department, with the idea of rendering more efficient aid to the militia throughout the Dnited 8t*tea than has heretofore been done. Undoubte lly Mr. Ellsworth will eventually be plaoed at the head of this bureau if it is created. Ex-Lieutenant Governor Trosk, of Massachusetts, first elected with Gardner, the Know Nothing, ia here after the appointment of Superintendent of the Springfield, Mass. , Armory. Tmsjnsaios to wain. Casaius M. Clay was persuaded last night to accept the mitsion to Spain, being assured that ha was the right man of all others for that place at this time. He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate to day. It is con ceded on all hands that Madrid will be the seat of tbo most important diplomatic movements, so far as this country is concerned. It will embrace the Cuban and Mexican complications, and the all-absorbing questions that will enter largely into the future policy of the pre sent administration. It requires a man of ability and sagacity, possessing a thorough knowledge of human nature, a scholar, an honest man, an accomplished gen tleman, and, above all, a man of firmness and brivery. Such a man Colonel Clay Is believed to be by his party. Mr. Clay has read Spanish for twenty- flv<^ years, and is also a French, Latin and Groek scholar, and hence may be said to be a linguist. Green Clay, son of Brutus J. Clay, of Bourbon oounty, Kentucky , has been appointed Secretary of Legation to Spain. THS I.OXDOX AXD PARIS MMWOlfS. The missions to London and Paris are difficult matters to settle. Mr. Llnooln is in favor of Mr. Dayton, and Mr. Be ward is in favor of Mr. Adams, of Mass., for London; and the President is in favor of Mr. Fessenden for Paris. If Mr. Fessenden will accept tbo Frencb mission he will get it. It is conceded that in such as event Mr. Adams will be ruled out, as New England cannot have France and England both, and Mr. Dayton will then bo sent to London and Mr. Bnrlingame to Austria. thj tasnox to nis hag re. Mr. Motley Is pressed by Mr. 8umner for the mission at the Hague. Mr. Sumner has also placed a strong letter in the hands of the President from Mr. Fay, asking to be retained abroad. Fay has been abroad many years, and tho opinion is that he is getting rusty, and a change will do no harm, especially as there are so many men who are wllliBg to serve their country. Hn! CASS OP CARL HTBt'RZ. Mr. Seward's unexpected objection to the appointment of foreign born citizens to diplomatic poets in Europe is likely to have serious consequences. The different aspi rants of German birth are said to be determined to make Ifchurc's appointment to Sardinia a test question, and are prepared to withdraw from tho tleld in a body in case of bis discomfiture, and bring the matter before their countrymen throughout the North at the earliest possible opportunity. They are evidently resolved to hold the new ndministration to its promises and pledges, and will not submit to any propor iptive lite of policy. It is thought by many that Mr. Seward's unfriendly at t'tude towards tho' German leaders will seriously affect ilie spring elections in the Northwestern cities, in nearly all if which the Germans bold the balance ofp)wer. The President is known not to share Mr. Seward's views on the subject. He informed several of the as pirants, within the last- two days, that he was anxious for a perfect equality of rights in the distribution of < flu-ee . that the objections raiped by the Secretary of Mate had never occurred t? him, but that, as the ap pointments came within the department of Mr. Sewtrd h< was yet obliged to refer the matter to him for ulti mate decision. Henry J. Raymond i? here, opposing Carl Schurz's elimination to Sardinia, In the hope to get it himself. The Catholic bifiiops of Albany and New Vork, through Weed, are exerting their influence against sending Schurz to Sardinia, hence Mr. Seward's opposition to Schurz. George P. Marsh, of Vermont, is also against Schurz, and in favor of himsolf. The fact has been made known to the President that ( ari Schurz exacted pay in bard cash, at the time, for all bis speeches in the late campaign, and thlt his assitmp ,.cn no * that he is to bo again paid with a first class Kutopcan minion is considered by leading republicans a* impudent, In bad taste and selfish. TBI M*X HJUI Mission. The ncmlration of Mr. Corwin for the Mexican mission has aot been acted upon, bis acceptance not being determined. m MISSION TO IWKMCI. The tnly nomination sent in to day to the Senate waa that of .laceb T. Hallerman, of Pennsylvania, as Real lent Minister at Stockholm. rojni r, amour to mot i-t. ffm. P Tbnysr Is st rongly backed for Consul General to Alexandria, Egypt ? salary thirty five hundred dollars ? and will undoubtedly be appointed. crvmUMATIOXS BY TBS Win ATS. The. ?enat% to-day contlrmed the following no il (nations AY. N. Allen, Nathaniel Green and Francts Rlake, lieu tocpnts in the navy; Julius Mlere, Alex W. Starke, D. M. Cohen, flrtt lieutenants, and Jot. Forney, of Pennsylva nia. and 1 >011 in M. Goldsborougb, of tho District of Colum bia second lieutenants in the Marine oorpa; Wm. Allen, lVFtmaktfr at Auburn, New York; Amos Tuck, Naval ' flier at Boston; Rufus Hosmer, of Michigan, O instil General At Fratkfort on-the-Malo , Wm P. Phillips, Col li cior at Sslem, Massachusetts; Jos. Russell Jones, Mar khal for tte Northern district of Illinois. THE WW YORK ArP01.TrMK..VTS. The fight over the New York appointments is going on with great vigor and some bitterness. Powerful efforts are being male to head off Mr. Barney for the Collector - *bip. They w'll not succeed. Secretary Chase will not reimit it. He made that appointment consult ing the New York politicians, and he will hold him tbero in spite of tbem. The radicals are also trying to get the Surveyorship for Mer.ry B. Stanton. Wakemnn has had the promise of ?his for the last ten days; but promises arc worth but littlo !n revolutionary times. Greeley demands that s'tanton fhall have It, and tho other wing insist that tbe conservatives shall havo It. The t, iime of William Curtis Nojes baa been substituted for Dslatlcld Qmi'h's for the position of I >lstr let Attorney. His friends aro rallying upon blm with great energy. General Nye holds his own yet for tbe Maribalthip. The repeated visits of I>ana. Wadawortb, Field, Kel logg, Hog c boom, Draper and others, to tbe President, have resulted In the settlement of the New York ap pointments on a basis of equitable division. Tboee con crned are loud In the rra!?e of the Solomon like wisdom and dipt retion of the arhtter at the White House. Tin! NAssiinrrAvrr* a wow asm. Tbe Massachusetts men now hero went into ? terrible rsge to nigbt,wben the Hkrai.h arrived, at tbe announce ment that Mr. Lawrence, of Maine, It to be appointed Navy Agent of Boston . after the Naval Officer of that city has been given to New Hampshire It la said that the Illinois and Mains delegations are urging Lawrence's ap pointment. The form?r delegation are reciprocating for Mr. Lawrence's vote at Chicago, and Masaichusttts la to be pan is bed for her Sewardism. TH* It lift nm APPdtSTMUrm Of all th? contests for the spolla wiged here during the iaat two wneka, that for the Chicago Post Office was I be moat animated, hut Join L Scrippa, of tbe Trilmnt, baa come out victorious. His suocess in considered a groat imti- Keiiogg triumph. Captain Schneider, the game disin terested Teutonic patriot who prot' ted ?o indignantly 1 some weeks since against being do od among the tx- | poctant8 in the Hjould, was tor en n the scramble for the same cfflce. D. L. Phiilipe will be United States Marshal for the 1 Southern district of Illinois. Julius White will be Collector at Chicago tub r.vmci) mrai nuusviutK. Secretary Chase expressed anxiety to some Senators that the confirmation of Qen. Spinner for Treasurer of the United SUte? would be made to-day, but when it came up Senator Bright objected, which iaid it over until to ' morrow, when be will oppose the nomination in a speech. This opposition ef Mr Bright probably grows out of tho fact that Gen. Spinner, some yoars ago, in tho House, caused an investigation to be made in certain land ope rations which did not reflect much crodit upon Bright. General Spinner will undoubtedly be conlirmed to mor row notwithstanding Bright w opposition. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. WAKiinnuTON, March 14, 1881. THE RATTER I1H IU (11ARI ?TO!f HARBOR. The Charleston Courier of yesterday states that the bat teries bearing on the ship channel are of the heaviest kind, and that the; are now In a high state of prepara tion and ready for any force that may be sent against them. It believes tho reinforcement of Fort Sumter an impossibility. It estimates that there are three thousand highly disciplined troops in the various fortifications. THE LOAN OK TUB S0C1HSMI RBI'CHUC. The Courier also states that olllcia! information will soon be received that tho tifteon million loan, autho rised by the government of tho Confederate Stales, has been taken at a premium probably of five per centum. DI8PATC1IKS KROM Ol'R MINI:- I'K.R-t AHRCUD. The government are in receipt of voluminous despatches from the several legations In Europe. There was no change in the aspect of affairs. The impression, however, was very general that the spring months would dovetopc a condition of things which would early leal to serious complications, and probably to general war. A flairs on this side of the Atlantic were much discussed, and the public mind throughout Europe was centered Mid absorbed respecting the events which were transpiring In the Southern States. The leadirg statesmen of Europe view with the deepest Interest the movements going for ward in this country to avert the ruin which impends. "The crumbling to pieces of the mightiest republican go vernment which history has ever recorded," writes one of our Ministers, "is looked upon and regarded as a complete failure by the liberal minded people of Europe " Official despatches received bere from Flag Offloer Bell, of the Mediterranean squadron, say that conspiracies and arrests daily occur, and that the state of affairs is ?very unsettled , so that travellers aro afraid to come to Naples and spend a portion of the winter in- that tine climate. TH* rosrucr Ct VIRGINIA. Despatches received here this evening from Richmond represent the excitement there to be mo.?t intense, and hat the strife hourly increases between the Union men and the secessionists. John Cochrane's arrival there was freely commented on, and his speech produced a most marked effect. The Union sentiment was on the increase. Mr. Tyler's speech was regarded as a failure. Governor Wise will follow him in support of hia plan of adjustment. THE roF-WMMT AJID MR. OOI FAX. Tbe impassion prevailing in certain quarters that an estrangement exists between tbe President ana Mr. Ool fax, >b entirely erroneous. The former has expressed fceliDgs of tbe highest regard and admiration for the latter within the last few days, and frankly acknow ledged that, were It not for tbe great usefulness of Mr. Colfax in the House, be would not have hesitated, in the face of the unparalleled number and warmth of solicitations from all parte of the country In his favor, to place him at the head of the l'ost Offloe Department. RESIGNATION OF FEDERAL OFFICERS? THE NEW TARIFF. Wamumhox, March 14, 1801. It has escaped notice that not only Judge Roosevolt, but alfo Mr. John J. Cisco, United States Sub- treasurer, and Mr. Sam F. Butter worth, Superintendent of tho Assay Office, at Now Yoik, all of them resigned their posit inns on the 4th of March Inst. They only retain position until their successors are appointed. The statemen of one of your papers that any of these rontlemen had named thr ir successors In their rcsignnttona Is devoid of truth. A bevy of Custom House clerks, for the purpose of showing their fares, and perhaps of retaining their places, are dancing attendance daily, in the ante-cham - ber of Secretary Chase, asking explanations relative to the new tariff. Both Mr. Robinson and Mr. Hartley think tbat no one can bring order out of the chaos of ab surdities and contradictions with which the Morrill tariff abounds, and that importers must rely on the oourts to redress all future grievance*!. THE GREAT QATNES CASE. DECISION OF THE BtTTRElfE COTOT OF TUB CHITED PTATKS IN FAVOR OF MRP. GENERAL OAlNES - TBE POINTS AT JBBUE AMD THE DECIBION. Wamdkotow, March 14, 1M1. This important cause was derided by the United Ktatea Supreme Court to day. Involving as it does U>e title to a vast amount ofjiroperty In Louisiana and elsewhere, the suit has been for some years past a matter of great pub lic notoriety and interest. It Is known thai her preten sions as heir-at-law of Daniel Clark, after long years of litigation, were disposed of adversely to her In 1852, by the decision reported in U Howard. Since then she has caused the last will of Clark to be probated in the Su preme Court of Louisiana. By this will be acknowledged her to be his "legitimate and only daughter," constituted ber his "universal legatee," and devised to her hla whole estate. This will was made the baste of a suit In the United States Circuit Court at New Orleans, In which she claimed the real property bekngittg to Clark's suocession. In response to the suit the defendant* made several ob jections, some of a mere technical, and others of a sub stantial character. But tbe ease may be said to rent upon four principal points, to-wlt:? 1. Defendants set up tbe decision in 12th Howard aa ret judicata, or authority of tlx thing decided. 2. They deny that she is tbe kgttimale child of Clark, or that he ever acknowledged her as such. 8. They deny that Clark ever made a valid will in ber favor. 4 That in ease all the other defences are untenable, the statute of limitations (proscription; has barred all right of recovery. UpoD these Issues the parties went to trial In tbe Cir cuit Court. The complainant's bill wu dismissed, and she appealed. Tbe case in the Supreme Court wan fully discussed on both sides, orally and by printed brief!, and with signal ability and skill, as was admitted by all who beard the argument. It was opened by Mr. Perin, of New Orleans, on the IStb ot February, on behalf of Mr< (laioes; it was continual on tbe 14th by Mr. Janin, also of New Orleans, on behalf of that city, and closed on the same day for the complainant by Mr. Oal'b Gushing, of Massachusetts. Alter the most attentive and mature consideration the Court has decided all of the object tons against tbe de defendants, reversod th> decree of the Circuit Court, and sent the case back for the purpose of taking an account of the rents and promt which will be realised by do fondants, received by them since tho date of their poe I st ton. Associate Justice Wayne, In announcing the decision in tbe rase of Mrs. Gaines, said It was of long standing and heretofore of doubtfiy result The record covered three thousand pages, and at least eight of the ten points had been ruled by tho Court with rgard to it At last it had been brought to a oonclusi to. The deci sion wss, that she was the only legitimate child of Daniel Clark and his universal legatee under hla last will, and, as sucb. entitled to all the property, real and per sonal, of which Mr. Clark died possessed; and the defend ant, llenning, having purchased oertain property, with full notice of ihe nullity or tbe title under which he held, she la entitled to recover immediate posse? Ion of it, with the rents and profits. Tbe Court aald measures would be at once taken to enforce the decree, and Jus tice Wayne said, in conclusion, the future writer of the history of Jurisprudence would be obliged to register this celebrated case aa tbe most remarkable. Frtm the nature of tbe controversy, the position of the defendants, ?.nd tbe obstinacy with which. they have CCblMled U ? claims of Mr*. .Gaines,. tbe matter may now well be considered as tlnally and conclusively settled. Unites public Uformation is very much at fault, lira. Gaines la undoubtedly the richest woman on this side of the Atlantic, and, if wealth could give it, ought to be tho bappitBt. M to understood tha . on the pari of the ladies of Wash ington, New York, and of Memphis, Tennessee, a testimonial in recognition of the indomitable faith and of Mrs. Game* in this most remarkable and protracted case has already been agitated. Doubt less, too, the lad let) concerned will carry out this idea as a tribute due to one of their own sex, who, against difficulties, delays, combinations and reverses that very few men would have had the moral courage to face, has thus achieved one of the greatest legal triumphs of this century. The State of touieiana has seceded; but neither the State, nor the new confederacy of which she is a mem ber, has dene anythug to break the full force of this ceoiaion. Thep-operty Involved amounts in value to, some say five, eome seveu, some ten millions of dollars, and some put it at a still higher figure. The decision in favor of Mrs. Qalnus creates profound sensation. It is the absorbing subject of conversation in every circle, and those who know that lady and have watched the uuparallt'lod perseverance and ability with which she has prosecuted her case, against the most ex traordinary combination of talent and money that has ever been contended Hgainst, are rejoiced. Since the de cision to-day she has receivod the heartiost congratula tions of her friends, culminating in a splendid ovation in the. evening. THE KENTUCKY AND OHIO MANDAMUS CASE. WjtsHWoro.v, March 14, 1801. Chief Justice Taney delivered an opinion In the matter of the Commonwealth of Kentucky against the Governor

of Ohio, Denntston . deciding it was a case of original ju risdiction, and in effi-ct one State against another, and, therefore, the court has jurisdiction under the constltu tior. it is a case to compel the Givornw of Ohio, by mandamus, to ?urrendor a fugitive from justice from Kentucky. The Court says that the demanding State has a right to have every such fugitive delivered up; that the 8tate of Ohio has no right to enter into the quest im as to whe ther ? tho act of which the fugitive stands accused is criminal or not in Ohio, provided that it was a crime in Kentucky, and it is the duty of the Governor of Ohio to deliver up, upon any proper proofB that the act charged is a crime by the laws of Kentucky ; that the act of Congress of 1763 determines what evidence is to be submitted to the 8tateofOhio; that the duty of the Governor is ministe rial merely, like that of a sheriff or marshal, and appeals to his good faith In the discharge of a constitutional duty, for the reason that Congress cannot Impose any federal duty on the otlicers of a State: and that where such offi cers are called open by an act of Congress to perform such duty he conceives to be but good sense and good faith on their part to do so. And on theeo grounds the mandamus is refused. The opinions in the Albany and New Jersey bridge cafk K are reserved for the next term, la December, to which time the court adjourned. UNITED STATES SENATE. EXTRA SESSION. I Washington, March 14t 1861. I not DISTRICT MILITIA. Mr. Mason, (opp.) of Va., oflerod a resolution calling on the Secretary of War to inform the Senate whether any portion of the District of Columbia mllltU, or any officers thereof, slnco the 1st of January, have been mustered into the service of the Unltod States, and whether any duty has been imposed en them by the department; if so, whether they have received any, and what, pay and aiiowaiico, the nature of the duties, for what time employed, and whether the same oontinue to bo performed, tic. Mr. Bvmnbb, (rep.) of Mass., objecting, the resolution lies over. tux HormsR* forts, mv. Mr. Povguas, (opp.) of III., moved to take up bis reso lution, offered yesterday, calling on the Secretary of Vfar for information relative to the Southern forts aud other public prcporty, Ac. Mr F*hkkm?rn, (rep.) of Me , Raid that it was quite obvious that this hiif n matter on which the .Senate com Id not act, as It required kfMMIOi, Mi they MN here only an an MIM MM Ho therefore dumauded the yeas and nays us liu resolution * j? Mr. Hi nthk, (cipp.) W Vs., hoped the resolution would be taken up. It interested very deeply the country, wto want to know whether they are to HNMM if war Me did not agree with the Senator from MAino that the resolution wan legislative in it? character. Mr. Cidkimax, (opp.) of N'. C. , had prepared a refla tion advising the President to make a treaty with the seceded State* relative to thin very property Whether this was proper or not, everybody admitted that the Pre sident and Senate are the treaty making power, and that whatever they do in that capacity is (inal, without refe rence to the other House. Be repeated, the true policy wax for the President, hy and with tbo advice and oon sent of the Senate, to make such a treaty. Mr. Itotoi.AS thought the major I ty ought to permit his resolution to be taken up. In order that he (Mr. Dougl-ta) might explain his object in oit'ering it, which was for the best of purposes. Mr. Mason said that the resolution called for Informa tion of very great moment, and If the majority refused to take It up the inference woutebe Viat they desired to suppress Information aflectlng the question of peace or war. Mr. had his objections to the resolution. His opinion was that It would be unwise to |*ass It; hence he could not withdraw his objections. The question wax taken, and the Senate refused to pro ceed to the considera'.tcn of the resolution by yeaa 19, nays M ? all the republicans voting in the negative. tub bxitimio.v or WKTniim; sssatorm. Vr. Fmwenpicn moved to take up the resolution oflcred by him yesterday, as follows.? Resolved, That Messrs. Benjamin, of Louisiana: Brown and Davis, of Mlsauidppl; Clay, of Alabama; Mallory, of FktrMa, and Toombs, of Georgia, having announced that they are do I on err memtxra of the Uenate, their aeata have be come vacant, and the Secretary of the Senate is directed to strike their names from the roll of members. Mr. Dotoi-a* inquired what was the first proposition on the calendar v The Chairman (Mr. Foot) replied, the resolution of the Senator from Illinois. Mr. Dnrai as remarked, it turned out his resolution being flist In order on the calendar, It was the duty of the Chair to say what was before the Beasts without ths formality of a vote to take it up. He submitted, there fore, its consideration eould not be dispensed witn with out agreeing on the question of postponement. The ChAis replied that tho refusal to take It up was equivalent to a postponement. Mr. BRsmmsuxw, (opp > of Ky. , thought the decision of the Chair oorrpct, although before the motion was made by the Senator from Illinois, It was the duty of the ("hair to announce that the resolution was before the Senate. Mr. Docoim, by the request of several gentlemen, with drew the appeal he had taken from the decision of the Chair, ssy ing ho could get at his object In another way and open the debate. Ihe Senate proceeded In the consideration of Mr. Fee senden's resolution by a vote ot 36 against 13. Mr. Kivhsrdrn deemed It his duty to Introduce the re solution as exhibiting the position of the gentlemen there in nomed. The constitution provides that seats In the Sen - ate may become vacant by resignation or otherwise After the declarations mad* hy them, and their with drawal. their reals had become vac-?nt. There must be some time when the Senate must act Mr. Batar?, (opp.) of Del., moved the following, as a substitute: ? That Messrs. tAlbert (1 Brown and Jefferson Darin, of Ml* ?luilipl; Stephen It Mallory, of Florida; Cleaaent C. Hay, of Alabama; Bobert Toombs, of Ueortla, and Jndah P mm.ol 1-oulflana, having announced that, hy the seoeeeloa of I heir respective States, they were no longer memlwtra of the Senate, and withdrawn therrfrom, the Secretary la directed to onilt their names In calling the roll of the > nnate. Mr. Batarp dented thai there had been resignations. Thosa gentlemen bad avowed that, by the secession of tbelr *tstis, they were no longer members of tho Senate, but the majority here did not recognise the sett of reces sion, but hold they have the right to omit calling their namrs. Suppose they return to this chamber, could I I ben he said they had resigned f There was no pretence of resignation on their p>rt, on the contrary, this was disclaimed by all of them Hcioe there was no oejeeslty to pees the resolution In this form Mr. Mason wss pet feet ly satisfied the gentlemen name I in the resolution were not memb<rs of ths Senate, as 4 therefore was perfectly willing to vote for a resolution endorsing the fact. He took it for granted that Mr. Fes sendee meant no discourtesy by raying In the revolution that "their name* be stricken from the roll, " He sug gested the subetltutlon of the word "omitted." The resolution Implied that seats were vacant from those 8tates. For this be oould not vote. Mr. FssFMmssr accepted Mr. Mason's verbal modification Mr. Bataw further opposed Mr Keeeenden's reeolu tlon, and advocated his own substitute. Mr. PmeKNPni, In reply, said? A seat may be vacated by a Kerator himself; as to bow be may do It, with or without assigning reasons, whether thise be good or In snfficlrnt, is a matter on the Senator's own mind and on his own act. He agreed with Mr Itayard In thejeroark that after being elected the Senator bad power over him self snd might continue a member or not, according to his will or pleasure, except so far as be might he ope rated on by this body Its. -If. It was not neceneary that the resignation should be In writing. It deprnded on no form rr words. With the reaeons of those gentle men who lad withdraws he had nothing to do. If thny wrre rat, .-fat lory to them. .they were satisfactory to him they hsve ed that Ihey are no longer members of the finale, and, having so declared, have wl hdrswn from the derate, and carried out tBelr purpose to remain no krg> r. He regirdsd that as a resignation of Ifctir seats. He had t imply tecJared th? in h.a reeolu I ton, i ho? having mat'e ike announcement and carried IV into < pcraliou. The result mi their seats have become vacant, no others baring been elected to take their place#. Tbe peats were vacant, and to be tilled. He dif fere;! with 'he Senator from IHjlaware. The *>&>? were still at the ilispesal of those states, to be tilled whenever they thought proper to do so. Oe, therefore, held to tho original resolution, which expresses the fact In proper jhraseology, and was opposed to Mr. Bayard's substi tute, because It only proposed to correct the roll. Mr. Bjtabi> in reply, agreed that a resignation re quired no pirticular r<rm of .languago, but It looked to the intent of tbe ie? gnation. Mr. Bayard's substitute was rejected by 12 against 28. Mr. Batarh moved to strike Mr. Browu's muno froin Mr. Ketsenden 'a resolution, the latter not having made the declaration imputed to the others Mr. ywn? did not know why this should be done. Mr Bataro? Did Mr Brown cay he ha<i withdrawn? Be did not open hit lips. Mr. Pknskm>kj<? He stated in a<!\ ttuce what he would do. Mr. Bavart ? He did net make such a declaration. Mr r*F*xricx ? 1 think he made u speech, staling what he was about to do. Mr Bayarp ? I don't deny what Mr. Brown said he would do, but he did not do it. The deciarstiou of what a man intends lo do does not amount to unset done. Mr. Wiison (rep.) of Mass., said ho would uot attempt to quote Mr. Brown's language, but he did mako sotn ? declaration, and left the derate. He thought the prime 1 debate would show the precise words. Alter Mississippi went out (Mr. Davis was sick, and had been so for seve. rsl days), Mr. Brown slated from the seat now occupied by the Senator from Delaware, he could take no further part in tbe proceedings, and that he had seen his col league, who agreed with him A day or two after this Mr. Davis made his laiewell s|iee< b and withdrew. It seemed that those* Senators held a consultation, at which Mr. Btown mtde a declaration as to what he should do, and Mr. Davis canto In and made a brief fare well address. Mr. Jonnsoh, (op-D.) of Tenn. , said that Mississippi went out on the Oth, and on the 10th Mr Davis made a speech and withdrew from tbe Senate. He did not think that Mr. Brown made a declaration that his State had with drawn. Mr. Coujunm, (rep.) of Vt., after further proceedings, said that the modilication of the resolution required time for reflection. Ho moved to go into an executive session, which was carried. Alter a short time spent therein, the doors wero re opened, and the consideration of tho resolution was re sumed. Mr. Ci ark, (rep ) of N. H , offered a substitute for that cf Mr. Fessenoen, which the latter accepted, namely ? Whereas, fee aeats occupied by Messrs. Brown and Davis, of Mississippi; Mallory, of Florida; Clay, of Aiahama Toombs, of Georgia; Benjamin, of ]/?ui*lana, as members of the Hen ate, have become vacant, therefore, Resolved, 7 but the Secrw'aiT be directed to omit their names respectively from the rod. Mr. Mason ineffectually proposed to amend the resolu tion by making It read the gentlemen namod "have ceased to be members " Mr. (lark's substitute was adopted? 10 against 21. The Senate adjourned. SURRENDER OF FORT BROWN TO THE SECESSIONISTS Nkw Owjuim, March 14, 1801. Th<" Galveston Civilian of March 11 uyt that the sur render or Fort Brown was agreed upon quietly between the Texas Oommtaa to tiers and Captain Hill, on March 0. The Kewt says that Fort Brown will be givon up as soon as transportation could be found Tor the federal troops? the latter to take to their post of destination two light batteries of artillery. The steamer Daniel Webster was still off Brains, watt ing to take the federal troops. Other vessels will proba bly be despatched to take the remainder. The Tesss troops at Brazos are represented to be forti fying the island so as to make it impregnable. REPORTS FROM LOUISIANA, ALABAMA AND TEXAS. Nkw Oruaks, March 14, 1801. The House of Representatives at Baton Rouge to day passed a resolution transferring the refute LaaUteM military to the gusHs?l gwrennmet. with the muni lions deomed necessary. Also allowing volunteers to take service under the provisional government. The ordinance presented in the Louisiana Convention submitting the new constitution of the Confederated States to the people, will meet witb great opposition. Jjlaeh objection is made to this course. The Louisiana delegates to the Southern C ingress are expected to return here to morrow with the constitution. Tbr constitution mw <M witb general approbation Ben .VoOsJloch arrived to day from Texas, en rnu'r for Montgomery. He reports that Governor Houston left Austin to avoid further communication with tfio Conven tion. If Gov. Houston rofuses to take an oath to support the new constitution be will be deposed. A private despatch from Montgomery to day states a bill has been introduced to create a Court of Admi ralty. The Congress will adjoulj) on Saturday. The South Carolina Convention moots week after next. Gov. Roman, Commissioner to Washington, is detained by sickness. The l/oulsi&na Convention will adjourn immediately after the ratification of tbe constitution. THE VIRGINIA STATU CONVENTION. Ri'-HMOin>, March 14, 1801. Mr. Tyler closed bts speech against the Peaoe propo sitions. He desi'ed Virginia to put forth an ultimnluin demanding full and ample security, as the only condition of remaining in the Union. He thought such security, If granted, might eventually bring back the cotton States. Virginia cannot live without them. His speech was gene rally conciliatory, but unequivocally for Southern rights. The propositions were referred to a committee. Tbe Convention agreed to take up the reports of the Committee on Federal Relations to morrow. THE SECESSION QUESTION IN VIRGINIA. PsmsRt'Ro, Va., March 14, 1801. The vote for and against Instructing the delegate to vote for the secession ordinance In the Convention was continued to-day. Extraordinary exertions were made on both sides. The excitement was very great. The fol lowing Is the result:? For the instructions 730 Against 073 Tnis Is a gain of twelve for Instructions since yesterday. To-morrow Is tbe last day of the vote, and the secession ists are sanguine. There is speaking again to night, with a procession, band of music, Ac. THE MISSOURI STATE CONVENTION. 9r. Lorn, March 14, 1801. In the Convention to-day Judge Gamble offered resolu tions to sppolnt delegates to tbe Virginia Convention, In accordance with an Invitation from that State, which, by request, wss referred to the Committee on Federal Kela tiros. It wss ordered to be printed. Yesterday and to-day were almost entirely devoted to debate on the Majority report. THE FLOATING BATTERY AT CHARLESTON. Chart**?*, March 14, 1801. Tbe Floating Battery is not sunk, nor has it failed, but Is considered a good success and Is rea<ly. _____ IMPORTANT NEWS FROM PENSACOLA. We have received information from Psnsacola of the 7th Inst. , which states that the Confederate State troop* were concentrating there In large numbers preparatory to laying a close siege to Fort rickens. The families ire flying Into the oountry, and preparations are being male for a severe conflict. The men are at work night and day putting tbe batteriee in perfect order, balls are betnj oast In the Navy Yard, and communication with the ves sels outside Is to bs cut Off immediUely. Several fami lies have already moved off to Mobile, New or loans and other places. Tbe United states "tub" Wyandot, which has been from time to time furnished with ooal and water from the Navy Yard? always coming In under a il.ig o> truce ? has been notified by the commander of the c ?nf> rate troops tbat this privilege would have to be dta continued. A very spicy correspondence was carried on between Captain Berryman, of the Wyandot, and Captain 0' llani. stationed at Fort McRea. The Wyandot was la the habit of putting herself to great Inconvenience by leaving he direct course and steaming quite close to the fort. Cap tain O'Hara wrote lo him forthwith, apprising him of thi dangerous navigation of tbat locality, to which Berry man replied, and O'Hara sent a perl reply , which lail Captain Berryman silent. He kept the channel until the 0th Inst., when the authorities told him that even the channel wet no longer safe for his craft unless It carriod different colors. ? . ? , Several new masked batteries have j?st been oora p let co. M which the troope are now placing eight and ten inch Columbians. These works oommand every point of theentranoe to tbe Pensacola harbor, besides having an unobstrnctsd range of fire upon Fort Pickens. In a few da) a there will he at least ons down different batteries, including these of Tort MoRea and Barrancas, ready to open Arc on For'. I'lckens Five hundred barrels of pow der arrived at I'ensaoola a short time ago, and was but In the Navy Yard magaz'ne. In sand battery A, situated south of Fort McRea, there are two s'ght inch Columbiads In battery, and ready for action. NEWS FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE ETNA. ? 1,260,000 IN IfBOZl. The Slave Trade in the British Parliament, MPORIOTTO THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERALS No South Carolina Commissioners to France. THE ROMAN AND SYRIAN QUESTIONS. Address of the French Senate to the Emperor. r>i?tiurbances in Hnnitary, Turkey and Poland* IMPROVEMENT IN COTTON AND CONSOLS, Ac*) The screw Bteamsbip I 'tea, Copt. Kennedy, belonging to tbe Liverpool, New York and Philadelphia Company, which sailed from Liverpool at half past eleven o'clock on the morning of the 27th, and from Queenstown on the 28th ultimo, arrived at thia port yesterday morning, bringing patsengers, #1 ,206,000 In specie and the United btutes mails. Tbe Arabia reached Liverpool at throe P. M. on the 24th ultimo. The Kedar arrived there en the night of the 25th. The following is the St'KCIB LIST OF TBI BTNA. Baboock Bros & Co ?10,000 H. D. Brookmaii ft Co 1 000 Brown Bros. & Co 08,000 B. Behrend & Co 61,000 Thomas Dunham 2,000 Tlx mas Dixon 10 600 John R. Grlflltbs 2,000 L. von Hoftaun & Co. 26,700 Hal* ted, Chamberlain A Co 1.000 Hewitt 4 Co 10,000 Mimxinger ft Pltzlpii...... .. 2,000 NecmithftSons 1,400 Scbucbardt A Gebbard 16,000 TbomaaScott 1,300 8am I. Thompson's Nephews 4,000 A. Belmont A Go., 6 bcxee goM bars ? Total, About $1,206,000 A Paris despatch says that Col. Faulkner, the United States Minister at Paris, had been officially auural by M. Ihouventl that no Megate from South Carolina, or fro i* any other leading Stal*, had tvtr been received either by the Etn peror or by kimielf. The Church Bates Abolition bill passed its second read ing in the House of Commons Wednesday night, 2M against 264. la tM Boom of Lord* on the 16th alt. lord StratfOrd do Redcllflfe moved for the production of the orreepoolecce relative to the affairs of Syria. lord Wodehouse said a Conference was now sitting at Paris to tuquire Into the tffairs of Syria, and lender these circumstances the government did not think it would be 4onsis flnt with the public interests to produce the papers. Tbe motion was negatived. In the Houm or Common*, or the same even up , Opt. J or via asked wtietlior government Lid c insidcred tbe ad visability or entering into negotiitions with foreign ma ritime Powers with a view to a reciprocal reoogi. ition of claims for salvage or lire beyond I lie Jurisdiction of the Court or Admiralty. Mr. Milner Gibson said the matter h?d been urd.T con sideration, and government felt that It was very des ra b!e to establish such a recognition or salvage cla<ms, and they would take stepc, >r possible, to adopt the mar. time law or Eli gland to it In reply to a question by Mr Edwin James, I/>rd John Rujsell said that It bad u?t been decide<t that the French occupation of Syria should extend beyond (be st puated time. The Turkish member of the 1'arU Cjnfcrenco had expressed on opinion that tbe presence or roreigu troops was no longer doc saury, butaddod that he should refer the matter to his government, if the representative* of the great Powers were instructed to recommend a "short and definite" extension of tiie period originally tlx**! This reference had been mad.- but no decision whatever ha i yet been arrived at on the <|<i-sti n. Sir Charles Wood stated that the allegod <x,mplicty of Mr. Lalcg in tbe misappropriation or the fui.ds or the Great Western Kaiiws) Company of Canada would be fully investigated, and in tbe meantime be asked the House to suspend its Judgment until Mr. I<aing oould be heard in defence. Tbe weavers of Blackburn and the surrounding district had partially resumed work, but a large number still held out fur their original t .emands. O plain l'yke, of ti.e America ^hip General Parkh <1, bad oeen murderod on bo?r<l his vessel. The sh'p left Liverpool on the 3Ath for Charleston, but when <IT Holy head a disturbance took place on board between tbe officers and moo. In the course of which the capt?in was killed, having been stabbed five times, and tbe mate was severely injured. The sblp ha 1 returned to th" Mersey, and tbe crew were Imprisoned, peuding an invest gatlon. THE SLAVE TRADE IN THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. Amrrlt an Policy Relative to th* Mnpprrs dos sf ike Africa* Slave Trade Coa iltniasd? The Right of S?anh? Th* Mont hern Confert* racy? Its Kntare Poll ()>kn|laad'i Conditional Recognition Thereof, Ac , <te. In tbe House of Commons, on Wednesday, February 27, an Interesting and Important debate occurred u|?o "The Slave Trade and the West India Islands." Tbe Subject wss brought before the attention of the House by a senes of resolutions submitted by Mr. Cavr, who moved ? 1. That the means hitherto employed by thai country (or tbe suppression of the African sisve trade have railed to a< complish that object. 'i. That this failure has maiu'y ssjrn from our hav.rg end. avored, almost excius vely . liferent th* supply of slaves, instead of to cheek the demmd for them. 3. That tbe true remedy is not to be found ,u counte nancing Immigration Into those ountries ?b*re slavery exist*, but in augmenting the working population of these la which sis very has been abolished. 4. Thst, therefore while repressive meature* should be continued, and even rendered more effective, every possible I'ttcoursgement and ssslstanon should be g ven to tbe Introduction of rree immigrants, and especially or set tlers from China, into tbe Ilr tish West India co'aoies. He argued that tbe first and fundamental resoiut. o was easy of proof , and be referred to evidence of th* number of slaves Imported into Cuba m detlance of the African squadrons He Insisted upon tbe inrffle'rnev of the remedies liltingfc. employed, and of various plan* projected far tho extinction of the trade. He then showed the large resources to be found for the supply of free laborers ? coolies snd free negroes, and .rgel that the surplus odoaJal capital, and sveu the sums expended upon sj stems or prevention, might be advantageously applied '.otbeenc >ura?emont oT rree Immigration Ate our West India colonies. lie referred also to toe late circular or Lord J Borseil rcsp?-ctlcg slave trade and tbe re ply or Mr Huchanan to that demand, and Which he cba rs'cterlred as arrogant In tone. Tbe plan proposed in that circular to suppress the slave traffic was through tbe at 4 of ioint vessels cruising along the cast of Africa, but with that scheme the President of tbe Catted States ha) Hotly refused to have anything to do. He concluded by saying that A Wand mut no* purine >me if tu>o towies? rith?r itrike at th' r>M of the tin* trad* by cutting off its ct/mmrrcial prtifi'i, or withdraw her rptadnn, Ut 1 vr olo nvi po to ruin, and continue tn the now imu '.V prrairA osiiinrr of tiaee jr>4wt in the world. (Cheers ) Ixrd J. Ri seu ? Tbe h notable g"ntleraan has msde a very Interesting, snd. at the same time, a very tempers! s speeoh. (Hear, hear ) It is worth the while or the Hous* frequently to consider this subject, and If any member of tUs House will point out means by which tbe slave trade can be more rapidly sad more effectually suppressed, our * time will not be lest in considering such remedies. (Hrar, hear.) We have happily got rta, sod we ought si all times to be thankful to God that we have got rid, of slavery In our own possessions. Cnfortunatsly 1 can remember tbe time when Mr canning came to th.s House' and msde some twelve or thirteen proposals, which wers proposals of the governsssat. not for tbe abolition or extinction, but for the mitigation of slavery In our West Indian oolonlss with a view oer taln y to Its final extinction Among those propes ttoss were seme of a most humane character, bat some months, I think a yesr alt. rwards, Mr. Canning cane down u> this House again, and said that bis propositions had not been favorably received in the West Indies, and that there was one particularly to wbfch the West Indian ookmtst* objected, holding that Its adoption would be fatal to their property and to tbe <jooMou*n$e if IM l^b^f