Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 15, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 15, 1861 Page 4
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new YORK HERALD. JABfKS GORDON B ? N N E T T, lfl>I OK AN1? PROPRIETOR. irnci K. W. COKNEK Of fVLTOS AND NASSAU 8TS. TBRN* o**" *" arf<?i?K?, k by omU i*itl b? at Hi 11.1 IJ -hi -fiuUr. A'uair '.u< cwrfciU in Ifew akfi. TlIK PJlILT RfhAtf>, n.n ?v -a* ve* ???, |/ pr annum THE WKtKLY Bt'RALD, arry ><<?.><*?*. at *ix v-il-iw Npfttrttf*' i EWro/vnn K-litvm tivri IMuMny, ?/ rtJ t? ;*r <??>!*, $* }*' a ?"? t" u?iy (urt *y" Vrnttf Hritain, p $6(|> anyfi'! if' tA' Omtinmt, MA to indole /*>?'.!>/?, lA* CUfy?r' u jjaiMo* cm iht Im, lit1! a/?i ilw ?y" &trA nwntfi, at ,ix cr*t* t*r rnFV< *? tV """'"t. VOLUNTARY OURRKSPVNDKNCM. ftmtaininf impnri.1 V r??M, r.J*-itr<l *-om niy qna-trr of <hf world; if uW, will Ut. Itbrralli jxjidfor. W <Hk Korkium OokBksroNDkNTi PaRTIOVI ?IU.T Kk<4l't>T?P TO Kl?AL ALL LkTTBIM AND PaOK AtU KWT D?. Volume XXVI Mo. 73 AMCBBMENTtl THIS EVENING. NIBLOS 3ABLKN. Brc*"*?j -Damon and Pythias. VIMTC.R OARliEK, Broadway, opposite 8<>nd .weel - 9 Uk tSTIUKliBB? Lovk OlIAMi WALLACE'H THEATRE, Broadwky.? Road to Ruin. LAURA KEBNE'ff THEATRE. Mo. CM Broadway .. fJliVBM SlJTlW NEW BOWERT THEATRE, Bowery.? Robin Uood? Bat ArrtR tub W'i d dajco? W h t klimq Hail ONION THEATRE, Ch.tutun itrsat.? Factobt Girl? IIbbmit or tmk Roun? Paddv Milh Bor. BABNPM'8 AMERICA^ KUflEITM, Broadway _3?y and Brfmiuf? Oitamblli? Bkabs, Sba L>io.h, auk otukb UOBMMlTUUk. BRTANT* MIN8TREL8, Meobantoa' Hall, ?T2 Broad w*#.? Buklilhidils, box ue .Da?ck? &0 ? Dii'-BJ Land CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL M3 Brrmdwiy ? TiaaT Bora, boma, Dajiobs, Bc&uuwm, *o.? Dixiaa La?u M BLOI'EON CONCERT HALL, No. 039 Broadway.? Bon oa. OmuEs, Bdblab?oa.s, Ac. FIREMAN'S HALL, D'troii.? Ukswobth's Miwstbklj i? Eruioptui Sonus, Dances, 4o New York, Ftlday, narcb 15, 1H61, The News. The Commissioners of tlie Southern confederacy, now at Washington, on Wednesday eeii' a com munication to the State Department requesting recognition by the government, with the view to the opening of negotiations, at the same time stating tb&t the Secretary of the Commission would call for an answer at noon yesterday. At the hour designated the Secretary called at the State Department, when he was informed that the administration desired time for further reflection on tbe communication submitted. From New Orleans we are informed that Capt. Ilill, commander of the United States troops at Fort Brown, Texas, agreed on the 6th inst. quietly to surrender that fort to the secessionists. It is said that he would evacuate as soon as transporta tion for his forces could be procured. The steam whip Daniel Webster was still lying off Brazos, awaiting the embarkation of the United States troops which she had been detailed to carry off. In the'United States Senate yesterday Mr. Ma son offered a resolution calling for information as to whether any portion of the militia of the Dis trict of Columbia has been mustered into the service of the governmc nt. Mr. Sumner objected, and the subject lies over. The Senate refused, by a vote of 16 to 24. to proceed to the consideration of Mr. Douglas' resolution calling for information relative to the Southern forts and other public property. Mr. Fes*enden's resolution declaring the nests of Senator* from seceded States vacant, and directing that their names be stricken from the roll, was discussed at considerable length. The resolution was modified so as to direct the Secretary of the Senate to "omit their names re spectively from the n il,"' and then paased by a vote of 24 against 10. In executive session a cumber of appointments were confirmed. The names of the appointee.-* may be found among our Washing' on despatches. In the points at issue (the great Gaines case) in the iate appe*' of Blrs. General Gafcies from the Circuit C< urt In Louisiana to the Supreme Court at Washington, this Court of last resort yesterday rendered n decision in her favor, which, according to the statement of facta published among our Washington despatches, makes tho successful party the richest of her sex this side the Atlantic Ocean. Her numerous friends here, and in every other quarter of the country, "North and South, will be gratified at this decisive victory after a strug gle of so many years, in which she has contended, single handed, against hostile combinations almost unlimited in numbers and resources, but against which she has always looked to thia final issue. The United States Supreme Court yesterday de cided adversely in the Kentucky and Ohio manda mus case. While announcing that the Governor of a State should surrender fugitives on proper proof, it held that Congress cannot impose any duty on a State officer, Ac. The steamship Etna arrived at this port yester day morning, with European dates to the 28th ult. She brings 11,265,000 in specie. There are no tid ings ol the Australasian. In the British Parliament, on the 26th ult., an interesting dt bate took place on the slave trade and the Southern confederacy, the moat striking portions of which will be found in our news columns. The British Courts have put a stop to the making Of Hungarian bonds in London. Capt. Pike, of the American ship Gen. Parkhill, was murdered on board his vessel when off Holy head. The crew arc under arrest. The ad>'ress of the French Senate in reply to the Emperor's opening speech was read in the Senate chamber on the 25th. and that of the Corps Legis latif on the 28th. We give the former in full. A Paris despatch says that Col. Faulkner, Unit ed States Minister to France, had been officially informed by M. Thouvenel that the South Carolina Commissioners h*d not been received either by the Emperor or himself. There is nothing new in regard to the Mires af fair. Difficulties between the bishops and government of France seem to be brewing. It is said semi-offi dally that the French troops will not be with drawn from Rcme, notwithstanding reports to the contrary. On the 20th nit. the Senate of the Italian Par liament paused , by an almost unanimous vote, tho bill conferring the title of King of Italy oa Victor Emanuel. It is said that a Piedmonteac brigade will enter Rome during the present month, at*} that strong diplomatic effort* would be made to have the French withdrawn. Serious disturbances have occurred in Turkey, Hungary and Foland. In China the rebels had got possession of Woo? sung, and were murdering indiscriminately. In London, on the 28th, consols closed at 91% to %. The cotton market in Liverpool was quiet and prices maintained with difficulty. The steamship De Soto, from New Orleans and Havana the 9th innt., arrived at this port yester day morning. Amde from the preparations for the reception of Prince Alfred, there was no news. Business waa Improving aomewhat, and money a little easier. We have advices from the city of Mexico to the 29th ult. On the 26tb, Mr. Mathew, the British Minister, officially recoprnited the Juarea government, and the difficulties with the British go vernment are In a fair way of adjustment. The quarrel between M. de Saligny and the J caret Cabinet in regard to the Sisters of Charity con tinued, and his recognition of the government had in consequence been delayed. The demolition of Convents in the capital bad commenced vigorous ly, and many were almost completely raard. T-ere rrwe itili a number of prmed parties rvviog 1 tl.r jcgli the country which arc likely to gi?e the government considerable trouble for aome time. The entiri American squadron had left for the United States. The flags will be hoiHted over the City Hall this day io honor of its being the anniversary of the liiitbduy of President Andrew Jackson. Hon. John A. Dix held a reception yesterday iu the Governor's Room. City Hall, on which oc casion a short address was offered by the Mayor and responded to by the General. Home of the merchants of the city wished Mr. Dix to accept of a public dinner, which, however, was declined. In another column will be fjund further parti culars relative to the peizure of the sch oner Restless, sections of the acts pertaining to the matter, and a description of t'ie vessel. The proceedings of our State Legislature yester day were interesting. In the Senate the Bellevue Medical College bill and the Harlem Bridge bill received favorable reports. Among the bills in" troduced were one tor a railroad on Tenth avenue, from Forty-second street, through various streets, to Wall street ferry, and one to establish a nautical 'school in New York harbor. The Brooklyn Arse nal bill was ordered to a third reading. Our city Post Office site was again under consideration In both the Senate and Assembly. The Assembly also gave another airing to the bill in reference to the Finance Depurtipeut of this city, and pro gress was reported o# it. Similar action was taken on the bill providing for the better organization of the State militia. The Supply bill again occupied the attention of the Assembly during a consider able portion of the evening session. The Board of Aldermen did Dot organize last evening for want of a quorum. The Board of Councilmen met last evening, when a resolution was adopted requesting the Mayor to tender an invitation to the Hon. John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, to visit this city and be come the guest of the Corporation. Inasmuch as certain parties are urging the passage of an act by the Leginlature ceding to the general govern ment jurisdiction o\ er the present Post Office site, a resolution was adopted that the Post Office ought to be removed from its present cramped, inconvenient and almost inaccessible position to the City Hall Park, or some other site not lower than the southern end of the Park; and that the representatives from this county in the Senate and Assembly be reqaested to use all honorable means to defeat the present unworthy attempt to pro mote private interests at lie expense of the many, and to secure such a site for the Post Office as will be acceptable to the whole body of our citizens. In reply to a resolution, the Corpora tion Counsel submitted a draft of a memorial to the Legislature, praying that dnties on sales at auction be paid into the city treasury. Mr. Bron son says that the duties are now paid into the State treasury, the whole amonnt collected for that purpose to the present time being over seven millions of dollars, only a very small portion of that amount having been returned to the city. He states further that for the last nine years this city ' has ]>aid two million of dollars for the support of schools in other counties. The Common Council accepted an invitation to review the procession of the irisli societies on the 18th inst. The Comp troller scut in a communication stating that the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund bad submitted a memorial to the Legislature to pass an act to close Manhattan square, and requested him to submit the paper for their approval. A resolu tion was accordingly adopted confirming the me morial. A report was adopted in favor of build ing an extension to the Eighteenth precinct M ition house without contract. The communication from the Comptroller recommending an amend ment to the law providing for additional expen ditures for the ex ten. -ion of the new reservoir was concurred in. An ordinance giving permission to persons to peddle wares abont the street, who can lurnish the Mayor with evidence of good character and pay a fee of fifty cents, was adopted. A long debate ensued upon a series of resolutions offered by Mr. Orton last week, remonstrating against the passage of certain acts by the Legislature, which were finally laid on the table. A resolution from the Aldermen in favor of appointing a committee o urge the Legislature to submit the resolutions of he Peace Conference to the people was laid on the table. The Commissioners of Charities and Correction held their usual meeting yesterday, but their re' port contained no intelligence of public interest more than tho fact that the institutions of the city are in a satisfac torv condition. The nuAber o' persons at present in the institutions is 8,937? a decrease of 124 in the past week. The number admitted was 2,017, and the number discharged, transferred or who died was 2,175. The annual commencement of the Medical De partment of Columbia College was held at Irving Hall last evening. The exercises were of the usually impressive character, and consisted of prayer, nddresses and the delivery of tho diplomas to the graduates- The President of the College, Dr. Edward Pel at', eld, delivered the charge, and the valedictory was delivered by Dr. Lyman, one of the graduates. The awarding of prizes, and an address to the alumni by Dr. lilatcliford, closed the exercises. Tlie inciemem y of the weather yesterday tended to check operation* in some descriptions of produce. Cotton tu 1pm active, while holders were Arm at the previous day's quoUt Ions. The sales embraced about 1,200 balos, in lots chiefly to spinners, (lour was in fair request, acd supei fine and medium grades of State and Western were tirm, while extra Ifrands, though somewhat irrcgu lar, were without change of moment. Wheat was in good demand and at firmer rates, with sales to a fair extent. Corn was higher and ia good demand. In part for export I'otk w?b unsettled, while sales were made to a fair ex tent at $17 a $17 60 for mess, and at $12 60 a $12 76 for prime. Sugars were steady and In fair demand, with sales of 460 a 600 hbds. Cubas and 169 boxes, at rates given In another column. G>ifee was quiet and sales limited. Freight engagements wen liuilted, while rates Were without Important change, though less buoyant. Exolish Fuliko Towabiw the Socthmn Cokfk dkragy. ? The disposition of the English people to recognise the now government of the cotton States as soon a? possible may be gleaned from the debate in the English Parlia ment on Mr. Cave's resolutions la reference to the Blare trade. Even Mr. Buxton, the well known abolitionist, had no objection to offer to its recognition, provided the Southern con federocy bound ltoelf not to reopen the slave trade. As thin has been alreadf done? not merelv by a dtause in the constitution, but by the veto by President Davis of an act intro duced into the Montgomery Congress render ing the slave traffic a misdemeanor instead of piracy? no further opposition is to be antici pated in that quarter. The conviction ex pressed by republican journals, that the Euro pean governments, bnt particularly that of England, would hesitate long before they acknowledged a Power with slavery m its basis, ia therefore about to be falsified. The English are too sensible and practical a people to sacrifice their material Interests to a philan thropical abstraction. It Is only in this coun try that fanaticism ia pushed to su$b fjulQid^ extremes. Important if Tuns.? The Montgomery cor respondent of a Charleston paper says that the appointment of Mr. Mallory A the Secretary of the Navy the Southern confederacy was the only Cabinet nomination which gave the slightest dissatisfaction. What delightful unanimity. Don't Old Abo wish that the same remark cc aid be truthfully made in regard to i bid selections? | The Impending Commercial I*?ue U? twttB Che Worth and the Month. In the midst of the "rumors of war*" which agitate the public mind, it seems to escape at tention that the most pregnant source of trou ble between the slaveholdlng and non sluve bulding States, must inevitably grow out of the foreign commercial relations of the two seo tiors. With every deposition to pursue a fa natical and vicious policy, Mr. Lincoln has to evidently been wanting in backbone, in the matter of Fort Sumter, that it is doubled by many whether he will attempt to carry out any part of the aggressive, coercive policy, Indicate! in his inaugural. Active efforts to collect the revenue by a blockade, or to throw troops into Forts Jefferson, Taylor, and Pickens, would be Regarded by Jefferson Pavisand hii admlnistia tion as a commencement of civil war, and itieay be questioned whether the President will dare, in defiance of public opinion, to push to such an extreme the unconciliatory measures that he and his advisers have lately Initiated. Such a ' "beginning of the end" of the national drama enacting in the country, may, therefore, be postponed; but it will bo impossible to stay the ivalry which must grow out of the tariffs, that have been respectively enacted at Montgomery and Washington. They are the open bids of adjoining republics, independent of each other, separated by a frontier of fifteen hundred miles, for the commerce of Europe and of the world; and it is not difficult to perceive which of the two muftt he the gainer in such a contest. The Montgomery tariff has been framed with care and skill, upon the model of that which will expire in the Northern States, on the 1st of April next. The rates of duty it imposes upon merchandise are reasonable, and compa ratively free from objectionable features. The Morrill tax iff, on the contrary, is a monstrous conglomeration of absurdities, concocted for the benefit of Pennsylvania, the manufacturing districts of New England, and New Jersey. It can never be enforced, but will involve end less litigation, and eventually be of benefit to no one, excepting lawyers in our federal couits. Its intent was to double the rates of duty hitherto imposed, and, thereby, to in crease the revenue, and the patronage of a republican adminU (ration. Its authors may be m ceesitatod to provide means that do not now exist for. carrying out its provisions; but in the pecuniary advantages hoped for, they will be disappointed. Even were there no extraneous difficulties, the incongruities and contradictions of the new tariff would render its operation ineffectual, and call for ita repeal be fore any great lapse of time. The fact is, however, that the superior advantages of fered to commerce by the South, and the certainty that foreign goods can be transmitted, by rivers and railroad, to any part of the North, at the lower rates of duty in the Mont gomeiy tariff, will necessarily divert importa tions from New York, Pennsylvania and Mas sachusetts to South Carolina, Louisiana and Alabama, and a blow will thus be struck at th<* local prosperity of the former States, the offects of which it is impossible accurately to calculate. It has been over and over again demon strated, that every effort of the Washington go vernment to prevent the free ingress of mer chandise into the Southern ports must prove abortive. The united navies of England and France could scarcely guard such an immense line of coast. Were our small maritime force to attempt to collect the revenue, at any par ticular point, instant resistance might be looked or from both England and France, neither of which Powers will permit their trade to be interfered with, on account of onr inter-State squabbles. In all probability the independence of the Southern confederacy will have been recognized by all of the European courts, be fore the middle of this year; and it is more than probable that such recognition will be succeeded by commercial treaties, that of themselves will frustrate the insane coercive ' policy which republican leaders have flattered themselves they could with impunity carry out. What will then become of the NorthT Where will the importers of the central States be. and what will be the fate of our manufac turers? No calculation can be made of the pro digious and lasting damage which their interests will receive, and the evil will be withoat a re medy . as our Southern brethren pot seas abundant shrewdness to retain the vantage ground they will have secured. Neither can any system of border inspection, shut goods out from the Northern States, that have been once brought into the South, and, thus, the new confederacy will practically collect duties for the whole Union. It is no wonder that the conservative masses of the people, look with indignation upon the course that Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet are pursuing. And the time is not far distant, when the North will hold them to a bitter re sponsibility for the shameful imbecility and fa naticism with which they are betraying the in terests of the country. Light Wanted in Pink Street. ? We under stand that the officers of the revenue are quite in the dark as to the meaning of certain sec tions in Mr. Morrill's famous tariff act. If they are mystified, what must be the condition of the appointees of the new administration, men al together inexperienced and new to the duty which they will be called upon to disoharge ? The Secretary of the Treasury, after he has filled the places in his gift, will be compelled to establish a bureau of Instruction? a sort of adult school. for Custom House offioers, where in the meaning of the new law may be explain led in a series of easy lessons. We nominate 'the illustrious Morrill for principal of the new school, always provided, of course, that he knows the meaning of his own bill. If he can explain it so that it can be put into practical operation, he will bo the greatest man of the age. _____ _______ Vert Li kilt. ? A Pittsburg paper, radical republican, states that if Old Abe is humbug ging his party in the matter of the Southern forts, "the people will hold his administration to a fearful account." From the very remark able way In wtych the administration has begun its labors, we opine that its "accounts" will be "fearful" fa toy event. The question as to the oOUthero forts is unimportant compared with the revenue collection difficulty, made still more difficult by the absurd, inexplicable and ruinous Morrill tariff. A Ferttnent Qcehtion. ? The Charleston Mtr

cury declares, on the authority of a Virginia I correspondent, that "everybody in Richmond is in favor of secession." Does our sanguinary cottmporary include Botts in his sweeping as sertion T If so, we may as well give up all hope. A? K2|ra NimIm Of Con(f re?*? I U? #???? ?ity of thr AdalalitntlM' We cannot perceive how the new administra tion at Washington can avoid an early call of an extraordinary meeting of Congress. The general policy marked out in Mr. Lincoln'* in augural, in the absence of Congrats, in, to ad/ practical extent, out of the question, with the limited nwane and powers granted the Execu tive at the late session. The bill authorizing him, should any ex gency require it, to call for volunteers and upon the militia of the several States to aid in the enforcement of the laws, was lot. Upon this and some other proposi tions of a similar character the republicans, In the House and in the Senate, appeared to act as if dc-siious of reducing the Incoming admin istration to the alternative of an extra session. Our opinion is that Mr. Lincoln has no other alternative; and we should not be surprised to hear at any moment from Washington that he ha- lstued his proclamation for the assembling of the two houses before the end of the month of May. The Senate of course is ready, and a quoium of the new House of Representatives Las been elected. Excepting Missouri and Ar kansas, none ot the Southern States, we think have yet chosen their members; but a margin of some sixty days will probably be allowed, for the purpose of making their elections, to all inch Southern States as may desire to be re presented in this extra session of this new Con gress, should one be called. The financial revulsion of 1837, resulting from General Jackson's destruction of the United States Bank and his substitution of the pet bank system, compelled Martin Van Buren to call an extra session of Congress for the re lief of the federal treasury. But the Sub Treasury and other expedients of that extra session did not relieve the administration from the revolutionary pressure of public opinion, and Van Buren uud the democratic party were swept out of power by a perfect tornado in 1840. The succeeding administration? Har rison, one month, and then Tyler ? was driven to an extra session in 1841, when Mr. Clay's National Bank measures and Tyler's vetoes, and the Texas annexation agitation, worked out the defeat of the whig party in 1844. So there has been a prevailing idea from that day to this that au extra session of Congress is pretty sure to result in mischief to the party invoking it; and so, we presume, Mr. Lincoln would not call an extra session if he could pos sibly avoid it. ? But how is he to avoid it? How is he to manage the sectional conflict which is already upon him, in the matter of the new high tariff law of the United States and the new low tariff law of the Confederate StateB? Nay, more: how is he or his Secretary of the Treasury to set our new high tariff law into operation with out the assistance of Congress ?? for no man is able to reconcile the crudities and incongruities of this law with each other. It is a thing of shreds and patches, which, to be useful, m\ist be patched over again by Congress. Above all, in this matter of the enforcement of the laws in the seceded States, Mr. Lincoln needs the advice, authority and assistance of Congress, and he will not be able to put off his necessities till next December. Unquestionably the assembling of the two houses of Congress at Washington would in crease tenfold the swarms of office beggars which now infest the White House and the Executive departments; and we are quite sure that Honest Old Abe is taxed now by these office harpies to the Jtu?L degree uf his strength and forbearance; but "what cannot be cured must be endured." The higher necessities of the administration demand an extra session of Congress, and Mr. Lincoln will act wisely to issue at once his proclamation for it, naming as early a day as will be compatible with a rea sonable margin of time to every Southern State, lor election purposes, that may conclude to send up its contingent to the House of Representatives. The pressing exigencies of the day and a sound discretion suggest alike the saving expedient to Mr. Lincoln of an extra session of Congress. When the ship is among the breakers all bands should be called to the rescue. OnsIACOHT BY TOE ClUEF ORGAN OF THE RA DICALS ox Major Andbksox. ? Yesterday, for the second time, the Tritmne contained an attack on Major Anderson, as folio war Evidence Is rapidly accumutaing at the War Depart ment going to show that Major Anderson haa boon play ing a deep game for three months, and one which lias de ceived his military superiors. For many weeks the ?toady tenor of his daily despatches has been, "Send no reinforcements or supplies ? I nee 1 neither troops nor pro visions, therefore let uic alone." Suddenly? .lie moment that Mr. Lincoln takes the rs'.ns of government ? the tune changes, and now Anderson cries, "Send me supplies, or I starve ? send mo moro troops, or it will be impos. |i>lo to defend the fort. ' Why this sudden changer It is at sted on very good authority that Mr. Holt admits at i.aat Lon apparent discrepancy between Anderson's for mer and his later despatches. The whole people of the North hare given Major Anderson credit for preventing the in anguration of oivll wtr at Charleston. For this he is now denour d and condemned by the frantic organ of the rod radicals, But if his conscience, God and his co^utij approve, he can afford to despise the malignant attacks of a disappointed, bloodthirsty malice. Tuk Chevalier Wkbb and His Mtokkt.? Some time ago, when the drat murmurs of se cession wore heard from the South, our old friend, the Chevalier Webb, declared that in cane of rebellion ?outh of Mason and Dixon's line, he would personally march, with his mus ket on his shoulder and his knapsack on his back, to put down the traitors who should seek to destroy the Union. Now, it appears that there is to be no fighting, so far as the North is concerned, and the Chevalier Webb's musket is altogether useless. If he is spoiling for a fight, however, he may be accommodated by and-by. If the South invades Washington, Chevalier Webb will be, as a matter of course, in the front of the battle. We advise him to keep that musket in good order and see that hii powder is dry. Falmno Off oj the Srm.\<j Tiuds. ? The first rutb 01 ipring trade in the metropolis is now over. It has been the mildest kind of a rush. Very few Southern buyers have appear ed, and the principal houses have had only limited orders to fill. The Western trade has been very light so far, but a revival is expect* ed in April, when the canal and river naviga tion is fairly opened, so that preduoe can be moved forward. Our merchants are just be ginning to feel the effects of the secession movement, and the worst remains behind. That we shall have a very dull summer and slack antumn trade appears to be quite cer tain, and unless the new administration takes immediate steps to settle the pending political troubles one way or the other, the city of New York will be the scene of a financial revulsion altogether unprecedented. Wtiltrn Clvllixailoa Traniplaatcd to Jmpmm. There is no more aggressive race in the world than the Anglo-Saxon, and by no other race hare the primitive inhabitants of iMa world Buffered so much. It has been suffering to the death. Look at the British colonies in America, Africa, India, the Pacific Islands and Australia, and where are the aboriginal in habitants, or what is their condition? They are either extinct or dwindling rapidly towards ex tinction, and as wretched and degraded a* the vices of civilization can make them. And what did civilization? that vaunted civilization of ours? ever leave behind it among the commu nities belonging to savagedom which it sa vagely invaded? We say savagely In no un due haste, but after a careful review of the links in the long chain of crimes which is grimly traceable throughout the his tory of colonization. The river and region where the city of Melbourne now stands were only discovered in 1835, at which time the country swarmed with aborigines; yet of the three tribes that peopled the districts for fifty miles around net a single Individual remains. Their closing history is melancholy in the ex treme, and at the Bame time it carries with it a burning reproach to th<* colonists and the civi lization to which they claimed to belong; but their conduct was unworthy of civilized beings, and such as in the land of their birth would have led them to the scafl'old. The natives were Bhot, poisoned, driven from their own territory to make war on neighboring tribes, and finally, after beiug tainted with the vices and diseases of the white man, left to perish of hunger and exposure. The same wonderful tale applies more or less to all the British colonies, and not those only, but wherever the white man has encroached upon the domains of aboriginalism. We can hardly compare the Japanese with the South Sea Islanders, North American Indians or New Zealanders; but we perceive with the ut most regret that our own countrymen and Europeans resident in Japan are invading the rights and prejudices of the Japanese in a manner which, to use the mildest possible lan guage, is highly reprehensible. Our remarks in the present instance are suggested by an article that appeared in the Paris Patrie, and a translation of which will be found in another part of this day's issue. We might unfortu nately quote incidents enough to shock the phi lanthropist with respect to the condnct of Euro peans and Americans in Japan, and even those accredited by their own govern ments as Consuls. We have heard of the proceedings of the British Consuls at Jeddo and Kanagawa with as much surprise as indignation, particularly as the circum stance of one foreigner committing crimes or indiscretions tends to injure all the other foreigners in the country. Every intemperate act committed by a European or American is a good argument in favor of the conservative party in the empire, which is very hostile to opening the country to foreign intercourse. And where the intemperance is displayed by accredited officials the effect, is much greater than if committed by a private individual; for, the Japanese would say, "if the Consuls re spect neither our property nor our persons, neither woman's honor nor the sanctity of the altar, what will the adventurers who are under no restraint or obligations whatever do when they crowd upon us?" At present, we must admit that religion, j notice uutl decency huve been outraged hy foreigners in Japan; and this L an in justice to the Western nations, disgraceful to themselves, and as fooMsh as it is sinful. The day may come when the Japanese will retaliate in wrath, and we could not say that they would not be justified in in flicting the chastisement. We know the ag gressive, domineering spirit of the Anglo Saxon; but let our countrymen and the Eng lish in Japan take warning in time. Lawless ness and libertinism may bl carried a pitch too far, and a fearful retribution be the result. Those who forget the better principles and customs that regulated their conduct at home when they go abroad, and who neglect no op portunity of making themselves obnoxious to those upon whose protection they are de pendent for their very lives, are enemies of their country, and can have no more respect for themselves than others can have respect for them. Formal" Constitution or toe Kingdom of Italy. ? The Turin Chambers bare put the last finishing touch to the work of aational reorga nization by the adoption of the necessary mea sures for the proclamation of Victor Emanuel aB King of Italy. This has been done under circumstances which exclude the idea that there is any serious danger in the fature for the new monarchy. Tho French government has, in the recent pamphlet of M. Laguerron iere. indicated pretty plainly that the settle ment of the Papal question will be left to the Italians themselves. This removes one of the remaining obstacles to the consummation of that grand scheme of unity which has been the animating motive of Italian patriots tor the last half century. So long as the intentions of the French Euiperor in regard to Rome con tinued involved in doubt, any attempt to realize this object by parliamentary measures would have been an unsubstantial formality. Rome and Venice are as essential to the national reorganization and security of Italy as are the Pyiennean departments to the government of France. To consent to any compromise which would have the effect of keeping them per manently separated from it would be an abdi cation on the part of the Turin Cabinet of the grounds on which it commenced the war of liberation. The recovery of Venice is merely a question of time, bnt that of Rome has been of quite another character, owing to the equi vocal nature of the policy pursued by the French government The recent declarations of the latter liave, however, removed all cause for anxiety In regard to it, and Viotor Emanuel can assume his new title without feeling that there are limitations in Its application which deprive it of t be territorial importance that it implies. There is another circumstance which gives to this last solemn act of the Italian Parliament a weight that it would not have had from Its earlier consummation. We allude to the pre sence of the Prussian Minister at the delibera tions at which it was agreed upon. This fact p^pves that it will not be easy to enlist the enlightened classes of Germany In the cause of Austria, thouid an effort be made to render the Venetian question a federal issue. There remains but one formality more to consecrate worthily the triumph of Italian nationality, and that is the corenatlon of Victor j^aauel in Borne. If the speculations of the Bishop of Orleans in his bitter reply to M. Laguerrocjere are founded on a correct appre ciation of the inteir<ipns of the French govern ment, another twelve months may bring about this desirable event 'Put Crrr Ciiamberuus at Aijuxt. ? Our readers will see by the despatches of ?wr Alba ny correspondent that a strenuous effort is being made at Albany to legislate out of offloe the present City Chamberlain, and to make that important office a part and parcel of the Comp troller's Department of oar city government Our State Legislature, urged on by the lobby, have for several yean past been continually at work frith their charter amendments and spe cial act* relating to some portion of this ctty, until they have got everything at loose ends in almost eve ry department Not satisfied with what they have done, they have now com menced an attack upon the treasury itself, and are trying to t 'ndermine it and open its vaults to the hordes of speculators that stand with open hands wak thing for an opportunity for plunder. In both national and State governments the auditing departmen t is a separate and dis tinct branch from the treasurer's : one has no more contrt 1 over the details of the other than the Executive has over the Judiciary. They are essentially differ ent bureaus, and it is wh 0 that they should be so. It places around the fuQdfl a greater safe guard, and insures better protection for the money that the taxpayers contribute for their own. protection and gora rnment We see that an earnest, and we f?ar a success ? ful, attempt is being ma at Albany by prominent politicians, ie and outside of the Legislature, to remove ttek ' protection re lating to our city government, and place the city treasury under the control <4 the Auditing Bureau, subject to the caprice ot 'that officer, let him be who he may. In tk effort the Weed republicans and the repress itatives of the old "Coal Hole" of this city are again striking bands, as they always have do ne in like schemes in the past. Side by side in t ^ trea sonable effort stand the Albany Jt nta and poor old Tammany, as they have stoat 1 in all iniquitous and corrupt measures heretoA >re> Our Albany Solons should bear in mind that the City Chamberlain is one ot the important, if not the most important, offi cers in our municipal government L t is not alone his duty to take charge of the city funds, but, by virtue of his office, ha is one of the Board of Commissioners of fi Sinking Fund? certainly a position of great in v portance to a city like New York; and to mak> * that officer a mere appendage to, a deputy or ? ? clerk under the Comptroller, would certainly prove a sad and deleterious blow to the true- in terests of the city. The passage of such an art, would destroy the independence of the Cham?! berlain, and make him the creature and tool of, the Comptroller. The city might not suffer any loss whilst the present Comptroller hold? his office; but his term is drawing to a close, and who of the wise men behind this measure' will insure us that some escaped convict wiiL not succeed him? Wo had hoped that we had reached the end> of the raid against our rights by the Legisla ture of the State; but we fear that (hey have only commenced, and with the present symp toms the past is no comparison for the future. All the citizens of New York ask from the hand* of this Legislature in regard to th? Chamberlain is to confirm the present incum bent and place it beyond the power of the Common Council, or any one else, to turn Mm out without juBt cause. Further than that we implore to be let alone. Can we hope for that much mercy ? Test Don't Believe It. ? If we may judge by the Western papers, Old Abe will soon have a hornet's nest about his ears. One irate re publican journalist in Michigan declares that the report that the Southern forts were to be surrendered is a "bait for gudgeons," "a mise rable imposture," gotten up in the office of the New York Hkkald. Out advice to these country editors is this: Keep your tempera until you get the spoils, and then turn abeut and pitch into Weed and Seward. Meantime, however, if it pleases you to steal our aews I and call us bad names as well, fire away. S CKRENDEK IN O THE SoVTHEBN Forts ? An Army Ready to Hand. ? The radical republi cans pretend to be very savage against the administration tor the contemplated surrender ing of Fort Sumter, and as an excuse the President states that be has not sufficient forces. Why does he not send down the thousands of office seekers that are boring his life out ? Major Anderson says twenty thouaaad men can relieve him and reinforce Fort Sumter. There are over fifty thousand patriots now at the command of Mr. Lincoln waitiag for office. Send them along. The Reai. Friends of tub Neoro. ? See the list ot office seekers now at Washington. News from Havana. ARRIVAL OV TOT? DK SOTO ? BV 8 IN ESS SLIGHTLY IMPROVIBO, ETC. The steamship De Soto, Oapt Johnston, from N't* Or leaoa 0th, via Havana the 9th Inst., at four o'oiock P. II , arrived at thtf port yesterday morning, with merchandise and passengers, to Livingston, Oroche roD & Oo. 8th last., latitude 23 40, longitude 82(5, parsed (hip Merrle England, t<oond north. Same time, t xcharged sigaals with a brig showing Marryatt's num bers 91 67, second distinguishing pendant, also bound north. March 9, latitude 80 20, long Itude T9 24. signal ized a bark showing a bine, white and red signal, with the letters E and !', bound north. Has had heavy north to north northeast wind*, with heavy head sea from Havana up to Cape Hatteraa. March 18, at 8 A. M., iMiwed a propeller bound south. Aside rrom the preparations for the reception of the Prince Midshipman Alfred, there Is nothing of local late reet to communicate. The health of the city aad island la as good m usual. The sugar market was improving la activity. No 12, Crod and strong, is held st 3t<r.; stock on band 100,00# Dies. Molasses (ro sal*,) is nominal at 1 X a 2 rials pur keg for clayed , and 2X a 3 rials for muscovado. Freights plenty, and veasels wanted at previous rates, aad better than per last advices. Exchange on London, 00 days, pu i ]ou premium. Northern citiee,l a S do. South, era, short slfht, 4 a ft Money a little more easy for bou nces purposes. Political l?telll?e?ra. New Hawmukb Eukticw ? We compare the vete for Governor In some of the counties la New Hampshire with that cast last year:? 1800. 1801 Cmmtiet Ovdwin. Oat*. Brrrp. Star!. Rook Ingham . ... ASM 8tr?flbrd 2,717 Belknap 1,918 Carroll .......... 1 .380 Hllistjo'oiigh .... 4,989 Merrimack 4,447 Cheehlre 1 64t? Puilivia 1129 Orafton 2.S15 Total 24,608 if, 707 22,048 18 M4 F.i si r i'H ix P> hamw ? The republican Jerry rescuers In *>ricit!>e hnre el<-rtn.l their Maw>r by a email m^t<?ri. ty. Tlie Ooremo- QuitK.0 t? a tie. ('< w vyfov ? ' Ttie mi^tor'ty in Arttaasas il f.lV"r Cf fl WMoCXrtlVrLti'Wl w?? 11 MS