THE NEW MORNING YORK HERALD. "? EDITION-SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. NEWS FROM WASMMTON. The Cabinet and Gen. Scott in Council. Tie Question of Evacuating Fort Sumter Under Discussion. The President's Policy with Reference te the South* I ANTICIPATED TROUBLE IN BALTIMORE. \ IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS SI TUB SENATE. j^oeetb tf Bemrtir Douglas on the Bt igsi of the Republicans. Voreonal Biffleulty Between Senators Douglas and Fessenden, &o<) Ac., THE CABINET AND GEN. BCOTT IN COUNCIL. Washington, March It, 1801. General Scott was In conference with the Cabinet for Mae tine this morning. The quidnuncs are in great trioulatien to know the why and wherefore of this con aaltatton. A few days will, undoubtedly, deveiope its parpoee. It undoubted)/ had reference to the policy to fee puraned towards the seceding States. Tbe principal business transacted to-day had reference to the Territorial appointments. Washington, March 1ft, 1801. Tiro protracted Cabinet meetings were again held to day, in the course of the morning and afternoon. A por tion of the eession was devoted to the consideration of Appointments, but the abandonment of Fort Sumter was the principal subject of deliberation. The bare question of evacuating having been docided affirmatively at previous 'Meetings, the when and how formed, the burden of the * discuf sions. The urgency of early action was fully re cognized, but the necessity of making preparations for the tafe removal of the garrison made it incumbent, on the other hand, to postpone the issuing of the order to evacuate. Icstructions to that effect have not yet been sad will not be sent to Msjor Anderson until the measures about to be taken to insure a sesure and expeditious with drawal a> e carried out. Some members of the Otblnet are anxious, for the sake of pollt cal eclat, to effect the retreat of the federal troops by land; but it is moro than probable that it will eventually take place by sea. It is absolutely untrue that the federal authorities are collecting naval forces, with a view to aggressive steps towards tbe seceded States, all the preparations at tbe Northern navy yards aro made with a view to the removal of the disorganized troops in Texas, and the supply of the military poets yet held in the rebellious States. While the purpoee is to continue a strict defen sive, neither the President nor any of his immediate ad visers have as yet entertained the slightest thoughts of surrendering any of the posts still under their control, axccptiag Fort Sumter. j IMPORTANT STATEMENTS OP THE PRESI DENT. Washington, March IS, 1801. A member of tbe Virginia Convention called upon Pre sMsnt Llnooln this morning and had an exceedingly satisfactory interview. The President assured him that no vet so i B bsd been sent South with hostile intentions. The vessels lh*t had been despatched contained only pro vteior ? and supplits for troops in Texas, and also for the Borne Squadron. lie stated, further, that there would be nothing done in regard to alUirs in the Sjuth for sixty d*> s, and that it was hit purpose to restore poace and ji i v<-Dt the bhodding of blood. line Virginian left fully impressed that President Lin coin woe a peace man, and would not allow himself to be drawn into adopting a war policy to please a few radical republicans. RESISTANCE TO THE FEDERAL AUTHORITY IN BALTIMORE. WAflHtiOTOit, March 16, 1861. Prom Intelligence received here tth!fl morning It is hlgh'y probable that tlie first resistance to federal au thority will take place in the city of Baltimore. It ap pears that thoee men who favor secession have deter auttl that in the event of the appointment of aay one of those who voted the republican ticket to any permanent office, such aa Collector, Postmaster or Naval Officer, they ah?U not take possession of the office, and that thoy will resist them to the last. Thoir purpose la to bring on an "lrrepresalblo conflict." It la understood that the President baa been Informed of thla determination. Governor Hlcka expresses considerable uneasiness aa to the result of the lntrlgnsaof the sscsaalan sympathisers to Mary load. SENATOR DOUGLAS' SPEECH ON THE POLI CY OF THE REPUBLICANS. WA.TO5GTO*, March 15, 1861. Jndge Douglas forcibly and ably demonstrated, in hla speech tc day, the fallacy of blockading the Southern parts. He showed clearly that the President had no power or authority to do ao; neither baa the President authority to aend revenue cutters to Southern porta to ? ootlect revenue. The idea, therefore, that Mr. Lincoln Intends to pursue a warlike policy, he eald, was [pre poeteroua. Be moat drat convene Oongreas, and If they gave him the power, then he might adopt a war policy. The speech throughout waa a severe commentary apon the course of the republican Senators and the republican party , and is conceded to bo the ablest ever made by him. The paasage at arma between Messrs. Douglas and P?s seoden, which occurred in the Sedate to-day? brought out by the remark* of Mr. Wilson, of Massschusstts, la reply to Mr. Douglas' speech? wss not only bitter and personally offensive, but will probably lead to an lnvlta Uon outside of the Uiatrict. Tho laaguago used on both aides wa? undignified and angoctieir.anly, bettor adapted to a potbouai tban the Senate Chamber. Such aoanes are disgraceful. Creat weight is attached in political circles fo the declaration of Mr. Pestenden to day in the 8anaie that 1 (be administration contemplated a policy of peaoe, and vmul I exorcise no aatiwrity not strictly in accordance with law, an 1 sot until ample time haa been taken for an .examination ot the queatloa in all its bearings. THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS. WAMmit<m>w, March It, 1861. Th" admlnlstraUon have not yet replied to the demand ?f lb>< Son i Ikt u Cwn ssionsrs. They request store time. Th">v sre as ursri , bowrver, that the matter Is under ?Kialderrftloti, and will be definitely decided on in a few day*. ih <'om miss Ion ts from tho Confederated Slates do tx I f\ptct an answer to their cooimtini ration for soverai 'ays It |t under-doid the matter of their em bassy II now engaging the attention of the Cabinet. In tlx meuntlme, M< nsrs. Crawford and Porsyth are vatcblng the oonrso events, and keep their gjvsrn advised of wint is going on. Ths other Oosn.n miunrT, Mr. Roman, is expected to morrow. MiHCKI.LANKoUH MATTERS. W jMcmtTuw, M ?rch 16, 1861. fill Ctl IU KflAI. 'IS f?'W*OTV ,!is ?UirTRll?(l. fjm evi enc? thus f ir elicited Wo*e ibe Naval Court, |o tf?e case of (losi motors Annslro. g, shows that this ?Mar, h?twiUw?uadlag that he b*i the means at hi# nratH. decHoa.1 to aw 'lirm to prevent the property un (>r litssoinmand Iron railing into h > ban is of ati< > HtaW anth?ritw. TbS' as scatnstCoammtors Ai m?tioug wilt bs prally atmog, Jarfgki* Irun tb? evid nee already gl/en SxrovT rsv-i or-t ?. (Mixl I'Vi'ff, !?> ifnand I H e l'i ?aonl? S >r ? Yard, itiformi rt ill" < m wander of its Brooklyn, .>n the ?th lit . ffcat tf (v< M (<-t ii mw fatfcrer ' ai at tha1 gUuoa I ton* ooanun's Noraaom. Baa. John Ckckrut arrived here to-day from Rieh ?owl. He will remain hers for MTeral days. OCR MUmM WITH no 10. Mr. Barrada M here, and It IB understood that tba object ef his visit is to forestall any aettoa hy the now admia istratlsn in relation to our Peruvian diiUoulty. to casmuL aionucaa runiForaimjjtT. ? Mr. Molina, Mlntoter from Oosta Kloa, will present nis credentials to the President to-morrow in the advanced grade, as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten tiary. Mr. M. will then hold this rank from the three separate governments of Oosta Rica, Honduras and Nica ragua. MM. LiSOOUl'S IKKrnoN. Mrs. Lincoln receives ladles, and gentlemen aooom panying them, each day, from two to four P. M. She was obliged to dscllne receiving calleri yesterday and to *?T, in sonseqoence of . the Illness of the t?ro youngest I sons. IJjey are convalescent today, and receptions will continue to-morow. THK OHIO rxlTKD STATU RKN ATORWUP. Telegraphic advices from Oolumbus represent the de feat of John Sherman before the republican caucus a a probable. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SPOILS. Washi*?oton, March 15, 1801. The fact that, In contravention of precedents, the Pre. sident claims the Initiative in appointments of minor im psrtaaoe that law hsrsteflwre been left 4itb the heads of departments, excitss much comment. While it is urged, on the one side, that this deviation from custom shows an. auspicious independence of aotion, it is con tended, on the other, that it greatly obstructs the neccs sary despatch of business. The guillotine is kept in lusty motion In the General Post Office. ? very large number of removals and ap pointments in Western States were made yesterday and to day to gratify members of Congress, who are anxious to get home. A large fraction of the Indiana Legislature has ad journed higher, under the command of Governor Morton. They work hard for a share of the federal pickings, but find it rather np hill work. Tom Oorwln la still confined to his room, and has not jet made up his mind In referenoe to the Mexican mis sion. J. H. Wheeler, Ex-Minister to Nicaragua, has been re moved from the position of Document Clerk In the In terior Department. The Schurz imbroglio remains In $latuquo. Mr. Cameron has reinstated Architect Walter, dis charged, without authority, by Opt. Meiggs. It was decided upon by tho Cabinet to-day that David P. Hallo way, of Indiana, should be nominated as Commis sioner of Patents, and John D. Defrees, of Indiana, as Superintendent of the government Printing Bureau. Dr. Ihomas, of Dubuque, Iowa, has been tendered the mission to Bogota. Ex Governor Gregory, of Ohii, aspires to the Governor, ship of New Mexico. T. K. Garter, of Ohio, has been appointed Gorernor of Colorado Territory. The President has nominated Elisha C. Crosby as Min ister to Guatemala. The only confirmations by the Senate to-day were those of Geo. W. Alexander as Lieutenant in the Navy, and James T. Harrison as Surgeon. THE ?t*W TORK UTOINTMKTS. The Now York appointments still hang "r?; tli<- slate still remains unbroken. Lincoln listens to a'l the com plaints of the disappointed with great p itionoe. Mr. Pans, of the New Yoik Tribune, has had an inter view with the President, and, irritated by the appoint ment of Mr. Littlejohn as Consul to Liverpool, demanded to know about the New York appointments. The Presi dent told Mr. liana very plainly that ho should not re cognise the oxiitlng quarrel in New York State; he hid consulted with Senator Harris, and tliut gentleman sus tained him (the President) in his view of the matter. Mr. Dana informed the President that neither he nor Se nator Harris had any right to control the appointments in New York; that the people, through their proper re presontatives, In and out of Congress, were the parties to be consulted In deciding who should havo place and power conferred upon them. The President gave Dana no satisfaction. The New Yorkera were thrown Into a state of eooatar. nation to-day by the announcement, from the highest authority, that no appointments will be uiado In that State for two weeks. A large number of orders havo been given by New Yorkers to be called in season for the flrpt train in the morning, when an evaluation is ex pected to take place. The fact is, that the Presl lent and Cabinet have de termined to make no appointments except where vacancies exist. Then the Senate can adjourn, and the regular re movals and appointments can go on without the unneces sary expense to the government of keeping the Senate in session. From the present appearances there will be no quorum left in the Senate at all. In that event they can do no business constitutionally. to: juTonmnerrs. The Mtssaoh use Us Congressional delegation in Oongress met in Boston yesterday, and the attendance was so small that they did not interfere with the appointments, but adjourned to meet again. In tho meantime they ire receiving curses by the score every hoar, for while they are figuring in Massachusetts, the best offices in that State are being absorbed by other New England States. rjtliPOMU AJ WVrXKYTH. There Is considerable feeling among applicants from California at the alleged attempts of Senator Baker to control all the appointments In their Bute. Messrs. Sullivan and Stanford seen to be recognised In the De partment 8 as the proper authorities to be oonsulted in the distribution of the spoils of the Golden State. Tint cask ok oewksat, *r?<noL In executive session of the Senate to-day, Severn1 army appointments were made. Three sergeants tn the Miners and Sappers corps were promoted, each to a lien tenancy. Tho confirmation of General Spinner, ef New York, as lYeasurer of the United Stated, came up, when Mr. Bright, of Indiana, objected In a speech growing out of certain charges made by General Spinner, when a member of the House, live years since, against Bright and others, concerning certain land operations. Mcsar*. Mason and Hunter also opposed General Spinner, on the greund that he had stated that he hoped there would be a slave insurrection in Virginia, and If there ahonld be he would aid It In person. Ganeral Spinner was defended by Senators King and Harris of N. Y., Kescenden, lVraglas, Johnson of Tena , and Cllngman. It was conceded that if General Spinner would say that be never made such a remark, they wo'ild believe him. At ihlx point, after a debate of several hours, the 8nmte adjourned. I'pon aa investigation of the all?gM statement of Gen. Spinner to-night, It appears that the witnesses referred to by the parties who made tho charges In the Senate ilo not sustain them. Gen. Splnnor says himself that he never made any such inhuman remarks, bat that he has oald, and believes now, tha*. If Virginia goes oat of tha t'nion there will be an insurrection la that State. He ('.. ..lares this to be all be ever svd.and that any state ment to the contrary la false. mucins auirast* fohsnis itrwiojm. The republican party leaders and the admiofetratlon seem determined to profit by the fatal errors of poor Pierce, who bad the misguided weakness to app*>tct Soils and Belmont, and other foreigners to mission*, to the detriment of our natloral character abroad sad the ut ter disgust of the patriotic moral sentiment ef native American lam. REPORTS FROM CHiULEBTON. W Aroin?? tow , March 10, 1M1. Intelligence received^ here tbis morning from Charlea U n ctalee that there exlsta % pretty rtroog party la South Carolina opposed to ratifying the Montgomery constitu tion, and It la understood that they will rueiat It at every point. Tb" announcement in Charleston on Tuesday laat that Kort Sumter waa to be evacuated, produced tho moat In tense excitement. Work wis for a time suspended. Then lame IntHligenae that this report was Intended as a mere rt.se < D part of the republican!, and that attempts would be tna-ie to secretly throw reinforcements into Fort ?umier. Then again was heard the busy hom of prepa ration to prevent the attempt Thoy immediately doubled thew harbor police force, and the strictest watih waa at <n>r? Inntttuted. >ce?.un s from Charleston say tbat Govern.* P Irk ens ????! General Beauregard have decided oa erecting 'ortill attons at Hlaus, and at hU tha nlets leading to that 1- arbor. 00 B WASHINGTON OORRK8PONDHNCE. Wiaawiw, March 14, 1M1. OmNm It aft American JMvyo AmUutador?Uota Sort Mto An (ht Up im WiMngim* TV EMxyo>i IXxM ful GMmt tmd More Doubtful Pupuhvity ? Good Ad vit*, 4c. lMl even tog an sxtra lantern vu Ht tn front of tbe wooden lager b?cr shanty on 0, corner Sixth street, whan oar anticipated mm e*Uo*e Anbunulor to Sardinia, cltl- ! sen Ckrl fUrari, In would be Mirtl style, has put up. It j waa whispered among the lowly about the smoky bar- | room, where "meerschaum" and similar luxuries are out j of tbe question, that a grand German republican demon- , ?tration was expected to come off, dramatically to repre- : sent an immense outside pressure for tbe claims of this Napoleon of tbe rostrum. Jbe people itself was to step on the stags, interfering like Fate in a moment decisive for the objects of unbounded ambition. On bearing the noise of drums, we stepped outside, and saw solemnly and slowly approaching what we took to be on Irish wake. However, they stopped, thus bringing our dilem ma to * speedy dose. We figured up the accounts and counted, besides half a dozen of musicians MM ft grand glee club of nine voices, a crowd of nineteen sons of ffttheriftbd, the dress of whom told plainly the tale of their honesty, and their Just claims for offtoeon that anti Floyd score. The^and commenced the melodramatic performance in a style for which tbey deserve credit: the; struck up Btigelll's crack song, "My darling, whit wtuldat "bou have more," aad expanded thereby tbe breteis of all office longing patriots present. Bat, "la tbe midst of life we ftre in death," and mindful of the old proverb, the glee ehib reminded all hands that though appointment is probable, disappointment might be possible, and lang a piece, tbe Dutch of which we did not exactly comprehend, and which we believo to have heard before at a Dutch neighbor's funeral. After they had got through, a somewhat diminutive seoond story window, properly enlarged by hammer and chisel, was o.ientd, and an orthodox member of the lager bier church introduced and buttonholed before the masses below, the hero and orator, Carl Schurz. An enthueiafltio youth from below talked up to him at onco in eloquent strains, explaining the meaning of this nightly street visit of himself and co-patriots. He said Carl .Schurz had gone to the full length of tbe principles of freedom in general In 18-18 in Germany, and was up to that mark yet; that undsr the influeroe of his mighty spirit the chaos of this oountry would vanish before free system* and systemat c free dom. Thus he went on, surpassing Lucy Stone in bold, ultra sentiments, finishing up by saying that he was sorry be had nothing more to say. Carl Schurz replied in a lengthy speech, in fluent Eng lish, to this German harangue? thus showing that he was directing his buncombe to the west end or Pennsylvania avenue, ftnd not to the modest germs of a grand miss meeting before his eyes. His excuse for thus disregard ing the "German masses," composed of a miscellaneous gathering of say a hundred people, which had bean at tracted, even at thin lonely, out of -the way place, by the sound of the drums, was certainty as lamo as his other excuse for the modest and dictatorial despatch he sent to tbe Governor of Wisconsin demanding to be appointed a delegate to tho l'cace Congress. We pass over tho "Irre sistible logio" or the Dutch Demosthenes, as there is hardly any demand for it in the New York market, aulour republican catch penny piper promises to bring them to morrow "done up" in full for the benefit and Instruction of tbe "church triumphant" about tho White House aad la tbe St natc chamber. After Mr. Schurz had fiuiahe i, two !? gged tekgraphic despatches Jumped about, passing the battle cry, "Has?aurek!" to wh'ch the mosson willingly responded. Thi.' gentleman, however, who is said to have been a prominent Presidential elector in Ohio, did not sec fit to come forward, and so the calls changed to "iJerhnrdt'' (a fat man, wno keeps the beer shop round which all this pa* nod). lie, too, kept his light obstinite ly under the bushel. So the band struck up tbe "Mar seillaise," ana the nino singers Joined in a soul stirring air. In tbe meantime the wirepullers of tho "meeting" had come to tbe oonclution that tbe Heronoue would gum in ret portability if they would just go and pi-tenado Cas sius M. Clay, at WUlard's. Ho, for Willard'Hl And there "My darling, what wouUlst thou have more?" once mve elect r tiled tho actors and bystanders, set them a moving, two full scores o* them, if wo count in tho boysaui leave out tbe mulatto dam?ols. On they wont, down Ptnr.gvlvanla avenue, increasing and multiplying two or even thiee told, until tboy had reached their p->rt of en try ? WitiardV ? where the tragicomic end of the mrlo dr'iniat'c performance took place, and where, besides the lawful calls for "Clay," irrogular ones for "Dlxio's land." "Woodley, give us a !<ong," ? Beau Hickman,'' and fo on, playtd a most prominent part, se tuat a rcu tlcni.tn l'ron the balcony of the bow saw fit tc advise the noisy gathering to purchase the Nsw Yhhk Hmui r> next moinina for live cents If they were anxious to hoar all sot U of nows. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF THE SENATE. UHITKD STATES SKSATE. EXTRA ?M820N. W.AHniNonM?, March IS, 1661. nn rnrriHT forts at tits cajtial. Mr. Masoit, (opp.) of Va. , offered the foHrwtag pream ble and resolution: ? Whereas, the pretence of a military force ooocentrated and permanently quartered at the neat of fcoveriuniut W a departure from atl former usage of ttie govornmont , and 'lanK'Toug to the rights and liberties of the people; therefore, Ronolved, That the President Inform the Senate what nurrber of troops of the army are quartered In this cttjr, the respective arms of service, and the purpose for which U>ey werf brought here, and, farther, that he Inform the Henate when said troops are to be withdrawn, and If not !? ho withdrawn, for what purpose they are maintain* hac, and whethei It Is Ills purpoee to increase sakl force, and to what extent. im rxwoui raormrr a rm so rm. Mr. Docglaij' resolution In relation to the forts, arse sals, n mry yardn and other public property In the se ooded Stales was then taken up. fhe resolution la as Mtoni? IUsoWsd, That the Peeivtary of War be requested to Inform (the Senate what forts, arsenals, nary yards and other public works within the Untile of the Rates of South Carolina. Georgia, Florida, Alabama, MiBSiSBitipl, Louisiana and Texas, are now within the actual posses sion sad occupation of the United States, and by wl<at number of men each Is garrisoned and held , and whether reinforcements are necessary V> rnUlr the same, and tr so whether the government has the power and mews under existing laws to supply such reinforcements with in such time as the exigencies and necessities of the case may demand, and whotber the defence and protection of the Ualtod States and their interests make it necessary and wise to retain military possession of such forts, p lares and other property, except at Key West and Tortugas,and to recapture and reoccupy such others as the United State* liave been deprived of by seizure or surrendor for any other purpose and with a view to any other end than the subjugation and occupation of throe States which havu assumed the rl^ht to secede from tbo C'ulon, and within whose limits puch forts and other public p*oprrty are situated ; and If such he the motives tor incapturliig aa<t holding tue forte and other public property, what military force, including rsgulats and volunteers, would be mroaaary t> enabln the Inlted States to reduce the Htites aforesaid and such oth'TP es are supposed to svm(>athtsc with tbem to sub jection and obedienco 10 the laws of Uto Union, and to protect the federal capital. Mr. Cl*ak, (rep.) of N. II. , ?'ur??V <1 ?n amendment , to Htrik? otit all after the word! "Inltc 1 StAU*.'' Mr. Dor?ii A.? raid ho could not aocedo to the iimend m*nt. It wai> mportmt to the peace of tV* country that tbe resolution ahonld be anawred, aa in both nectlona tbo Inanguralla construed na indicative of a war policy. If lb" approborKion i* allowed to rl|>cn Into tbe conviction tint the administration meditate m ww 4?ollcy to rednoe ibe orcod'd h'Utee by milltftrv force, he feared we would have I he Ueor precipitated upon iim In a eh >rtcr tt?e lb .111 w imagine. fie did not believe tbe policy ia war. 11m ><inatru> tion in dleputed on tbe democrat le tide, while the republican remain muto, cilrnt, neither ftHHfiitinif nor dlaaeotlng from hia interpretation. In tbla atxte of the rjee, lor the purp?iee of qnoiing the appro beualon of tbe ountry Uuit the admiawtration doea not meditate war, and nxmndly, tb it bo hai* no mean* O' prneecutlng *ar even if Mr. I.lncln deatrcd to do no, he <I*oi>Ria*; had brought In his resolution for the purpose of &MaiLit)d Iniorrontion Important to bo hnown. An attemp made to prevail Ha '-onaideration. It waaaumfce'ed that iiiacuaak n, if not improper, would bo lnl"rtou?. Bo what bad rtlfecta could reniilt If It wan neoennftry to have the information netitredV If the policy of the admlntatra thn be peace, It will relieve "idling approbenalon*. ro More ooofWcn<e and oauae rejoicing throunhou tie length and breadth of tbe Und. If on tl?> oontiary, tbe polioy be war, it ia due to tlie ppoplo of the country that the fact ahould be knewo lie repeated th?t Mr Uaeoln doe* not medltat * war. Certain bo wet that under oxlaiiog lawa the Presi dent cannot cnrawl. rOely with hlaoatb do anything to prod ice a collision between the Receding -tntoa and tbo federal government, It the Or?t place be baa no powor under tbe e\tatlnr law* to collect, the revenue on ship board, aj autttt'ed by partisan newapapera. The law aiati ta Jest iw it did when J* kf on oaliod oo (ifigrih* for additional leu lalatlon to collect tbe reve nues at tbo pert of Charlie ton. He had no power to order a udkcttoa anywhere n|?e than in thoee rUcen doigonted by law. Congreaa panned a law well i own to tbe country aa the Force btU. It ww panned In Starch 1(14.1 and expired at the end of tbe next seaston by expreea limitation. What waa aad la true an to Char. l?at m, In true aa to all the oth- r porta of the aecede-i fitatca There waa, therefore, no danger of oolllaton, un leaa, aa flrnafus aupp-<ee, the Preaktat ia going to violate the iiwa and do that which la forbid lea With rd to hlockftdlng there waa no more authority o bkichadt New Orleans, Chatkwtoa, or aay other I of the parti to Um steading State*. tou New Tork or Chi oaf*, Ihey kad been told tbe President tu grmg to rntmm the laws k> the a^oedmg states. How ? By callmg Ml the militia, and Um iro; tad ut]? B it ibe PiesKieMl eeuld act employ them without Um an'.tio ritj of law. Thsee and the jweoeuliw point* Mr D>u< u proceeded la mil, What oauae waa there for Um *p pfbenataB ltd Um President la going to pursue a ?t r I? llcy , aalsee he shell call Cod grave togetiier for that pnrpjse. I* Mok H Ibr granted the means for m&k ug war, ?r to etSMl Ule rsvenus, or rstaks and possess th? forte, or MMsvee the laws wlibln thsee iedlng States will not be ?oulened by fs?gnsa. Hacaiue to this conclusion from the fact that while the President's political frlsodH had tbo power to cloth* him wKh iboee mediums for ibe Uat an week* they declined doing so. Mr. ?>?, (rep ) of Me.. Inquired If thero waa a single d mf darkig the laat session wben the republicans had a o tioltj) Mr D>*.'?i~ae replied, hn choso to answer tho q'lestion in hie ow? way, and repealed that tna republicans had tbo power to paeii Hucti me^nuren th> ough botti House*, lie bellefed they twid 'h? n, t.iorlty in consequ<<non of the abwuea at Messrs P igh una ~aui?bury. And the two Senators from Texan would not bavo vo'ed against tbnm. One of them so staled. Tbe Hoiee h>ul the power to pass a force bill, Ml pvatp?ned It from lluie to time till tho Pre sident ei?ot reached bare, and the ? put it to sleep at oooe and new allowed it to breathe tbo breath of life, rhe Senate foatd no difficulty in ptuvtng a law authorizing tbo Poslisairter General to eu>>pdiid ibn mails when ob pti noted In Um acceding btates. If it bo Um policy of tbe admls titration towtl? war power to collect the reve nue, hlockate the ports atd recapture tho forte, and execute tie lawa In the Breeding Sta-.es, why not say ?o? Be ( Douglas) had taken bis pesiiion as a Uuioo man and friend of pcaoa; and if be bad given a wrong interpreta tlon to ths inaugural, why not le. us have tbe President's answer? Why were tbe republicans thus sensitive if bo did not give a correct int. rpreia'.lon of thn inaugural? No Senator but vent-ired to deuy bis interpretation. No oi.e bad veLtured to say tbo President's policy waa not peace. He ventured to say that no one was auth.iri?>d to contradict him on thesa points. Why did the republi cans remain silent? Burners Is partially suspended, commerce utrtrcjw, ot^i'ibg gs iu t)iD one word from the White Houso would Save many from ruin, une word from tho White House woild gadden every part of the land. IM that word be spoken, and let the word bo'- pence,'' and thero will be such a shout of joy resounding through thia country as baa not been board since tho IK) jlarat.on of Independence, rhcro wore other reasons why this Important word should bo spoken. And tn this connection ho mentioood tbe fact that the elections arc oomitg on, anl in choosing m'cmi>ers of Congress, tbe people have a right to know whether the polloy Is peace or war. The States in whose limits tbe forts arn located are entitled to bold thom unless there is something jiecullar which requires them to be possessed for uat tonal purposes. It to happens as to tho latter with tbe torts at Tortugas. They are eesentlal, without reference to tbe seceded States. It was Idle to endeavor to avoid the question. It is no longer as to the collection of re venue or taking care of tbe public property, fbe question is whether we are going to reduce the Southern
confederacy to subjection or not. De presumed tbe Senators are convinced by this time tnat that means war. We cannot deny that th. ro le a Fouthnrn confederacy de facto in existence, with the capital at Montgomery. We might regret it; lie did most profoundly; but be oould not deny the fact, painf oily mortif) ing as it is. But If tho republicans, aftor meeting in caucus, could not silence others, they kept silent them selves, as tbey were divided into oompiomisors and non compromisers, disunion and union repnbl.cans, war and peace republicans. Mr. Fuw&dks Inquired whether tbe Senator moant to intimate tbat the republicans In cnucua ha 1 reeolvod to kfep silent? Mr. Docola* replied that be did not mean to Intimate. He said fraikly be beard it rumored and s ppose 1 it to bo true. Mr. I?:s?cn>i? said it was untrue, from beg ex ing to end. Mr. Dormjs? But it comes from your Bide of tb? Borne At any rate, yon arc silent ovor there; eilent, whtn the conn try may be wreeked on a now npprehon sion us to tbo policy of tlio admiaistration. Be desired to ktow whether tho administration meant, poaoe or war. If war were designed, It will require a large army. Rumor says tbat tstlmateq have a! road y be-.n made, and that 240 000 men will bo required, whl;h will liivclve an expenditure of (310,000 000 annually. He member, the m*n to bo called for In tbo olghteen free States are to light those ui tbo fifteen slavo Statos. Aro we prepared for this line of policy? Silence Is criminal whtu we are on tho evo of event*) like those, ilia opinion was, wo must ch'xwe promptly one of three lines of policy : flrd the restoration an t preservation of the Union by such amendments to tbe constitution aa will inenrc ricmrxtic tranquil ity, safet) and equalUy of all tho states, anl thus restoro pe<u:e, unl'y and frat>r Lily io tbe whole country ; secondly, a pea -eful d'.ssoht tlon of tbe I'lKd by recognizing tho Independence of tbeie States, as they refuse to remain in tbo Union with out such constitunoLfti amendtoents on wil1 secure their lights, and iho < stahnshiueut ef a liooral system of oommerce and aoclsl intercourse with them by trea ties of ooruuwro and amity and thirdly, war ? tba view to tb"tr subluxation, and military ocvipatiou of i hose Slates which have ?<?oe led and may > ? ?l from he Union. Tbo sooner the choloe Is mudo, the better or you and for every lrwnd of iiDerty una ooni'.ita K>n*l government throughout the w >rld. The first preposition is the best, and the Uet Is tbo worst, llr. Ixiugias proceeded to argue in favor of the ilrst pr >? position. Raying that if the proper amoadmon.s bo made he border States will remain with ug and the 'Sulf States r? turn. Be congratulated the republicans that In ovv nizlig governments for Nevada, dolor ado and Daotah hey omitted the Wilmot proviso, thus abandoning their aggressive policy In the Territories. They had coajeover it him. I (he caid) recoirojou with kinduose. (lough tcr ) I welcome you; I forgtv., you all asta of ankic 1 new and Ingulfs and slanders heaped on m? devoted head. I forgive you all for thui one act of devotion to your coun try. 1; la our duty to adopt such amendments to the constitution as will insure domestic trauqutmty and give equality to all the States of the UnUin. IK> this and the I' n km will be rest<*od and preeorvod to all generations. Mr. WtiJtow wild the Senator from Illinois was a nun of anxiety Ten days rgo this administration cam* Into power. There was treason in the navy; treason in tfco country. The President delivered a patriotic, kind j rid nenlal Inaugural address. Hardly had It been (.ashed over the country, before the Senator from Illinois stepped f'tfth unasked, to givu an Interpretation to it. Nobody on this side of the chamber has unler taken either to sanction or disavow the interpretation. But 1 he Senator was not content to stand even on his own Interpretation. He was not eontent that the Presi dent and Cabinet, who had just taken pjsse-sion of a government and country In ruins, should have time enough to cast about them, and see what principle and patriotism require shall be done: but be rushes into this chamber and brings in a resolution, asking the adminis tration at onoe to declare to tho country what it intends to do, and the Senator struts here before the Senate, and talks about what be shall not permit. Now, I beg leave to say to him before the Heasto and oountry , he Is not clothed with any power to dictate to us or any other cx sldorable body of men. He stands here quite alone. I want to say to him , and want him and his friends in the oountry to understand It, this administration will take its own time to declare its policy ; that it does not solect him as Its exponent, and wlfl in due and proper time de clare Its policy and sentiments, and that through men in whom it has confidence. I tbiiik the Senator - speech was mischievous, wtoked and unpatriotio. He talks about tho alarm which pervades the oountry. X think tho Senator for the last few days assumes to be the alarmist of the country, and the only man who is alarmed. The oountry this day and hour, the greater portion of It, are coming to look at ths questions which distracted the country as they are. The slumbering patriotism and Jodpmtot are being aroused to meet the wants of the ooossloa. The Senator tells us we arc mute and sit In slk-i.ee. We choose calmly to survey our position: to act ss patriots who love their country, and who am ready to save the gov ernment and country in harmony with the princples oa which it wsf founded. We do not choo*o to rush In here to m.tkc a doclaratten, and do not Intend to be taunted Into them. The gentlemen talks about rulnoos and "lr r< ptess ble conflicts " I know nothing about them. The Senator knows more thai taken place in our ranks and the country. I suv to the Senator, tl.e republican party which has.iust taken po? session of the government are looking to duty, and there are no heartburning* amcrg us. What does the fVnaior propose? He asks ths administration, on'y ton days in power, to come before the oountry and make a declaration and calculation whtoii the administration Is not pre pared to do; nnd the Senator must know it at this time and untder the circumstances of the country. The Senator talks about whaLwo ate to do, and Indicates the policy of the country. Now, 1 say to him that we shall eliooee our own line of policy. If he assumes to dictate bore and be our exponent and teacher I say we do not accept bis lead and dotation. 1 shall vote for the amendment of tbe Senator from New Hampshire, but I sm against the wbolo resolution, and for laying it on the table. Mr. I on. las said in reply that ho could pardon the petu'ant remarks of the Senator , th?y on'y showed tbat he is hurt Iho -Senator had talk*l about strutting. Tbis merely showed that ho sought to make a persona! attack, U>ft?adof nnrworlng tho arguments advimoed. He was rejoiced st wbst the Senator had said, so far as It related to tbe policy of the administration. He wis g'ad tbat the Senator had spoken , the country would thank btm lor * hat bo had raid, although not so much as they would like. Tbe Senator said that ten days was too short a tine, and that lbs ad m.o titration wan going to wait and act calmly , and would take ietscre to Investigate. Herein be (dr. Itwjlss) wss right In hta orn*'.r<istion of the mnugnral. tbe Senator did not prTsss to know what the policy would bs; there was not time yet io ascertain It. Tbls sbrwed that he knew as much as the Senator did, and the Senator did not know anything about It. Ilence, the Senator had not en lightened the Sonato much on that point. After further remarks ho said that he would take the libsrty of endorsing whatever good Mr. Linooln (hall do. wb? ther tbe Senate did or not. If the Sonstor has nsvor endorsed the set of s political opponent that was so rea son why bs should follow his example His object was to cesignate tbe war wing and the disunion wtng to which the iterator belonged, and therefore be (Mr/Wll son) was not authorized to speak for Mr. f. ooola's policy. HIS (Mr. Douglas') policy wss to preserrs tbe Union He did not understand that to bs tbe Hemtt r's. Hs meant to preserve the pssoe He did sot understand that to be tbe object of ths Senator. He knew there were Unionists snd <ii* unionists on thst side of the chamber, bonne be did not expect ths Sssator to bs In harmony with the Pen* tors en that side of the chamber. As for himself, he wosld act with all Union men Is America, forgetting everything like party, for his coustry. Ths remarks o? the Senator were petulant and irritating, ns tmlbemi sncostsms* to raeb for a long time Mr. FMhusii (la his seat) remarked that tbe Senator J bad made ft mistake In speaking of tbe Senator from Matte Mr Doc?Ltf dwM thl*. GUi remark *11, "wherever th*y came" which ?m mtsnnderatoftd. Mr. rmwn f**bed? rhe cfenator ?m understood, In bis vtsiaity, as sayiag "tbe negator from Maine" Mr. Doc?L*a reliant Ml hift remarks, audtng? Yoo can not understand the troth when it ? told to you, and that court* ay required, when a remark ?u mad*, bat not un dt-uiocd, a gentlesan should accept U>e correctioo * hen be reae to speak, the tienaio* from Maine thought he meant to allude to htm. That Senator attached more importance to himself than others did. He waa respecta ble, debated very well, and be sometimes ttateued to mm with pieaeure; but be assured the Senator tnere were other Fens tore here, hrnoe be should not Infer that h>- al luded to him when he did not meet km hia name it ??i ki own to the jjenato and otmotry that yesterday there wan n atmbinat on ?a the republican axle of the Chamber to deprive him of thi power of speech lie wa* ruled out in ft manner thai bad no pi ecedrnt. But '.be g?g game cooki not be pl?ye<l successfully, nor be submitted to farther than tbo ml* ? are uop* ranvo Mr. Fwmtu ea d be interrupted thi Senator with tho v*w of calling hie attention to tbft f?oi tlia'. be said "the Sesator fi< m Uaxo," wnon he meant the Sena tor from MatFochuBRtte. Mr. liocoiac? Ihe gentleman '.8 mistaken; but It waa impossible for bim to acknoale<<ge bw mistake Mr. Fi?km>vh ? 1 supposed it 10 t>? merely a slip of the tongue I took no exception to it I make no pretence to being ft gemleniftn. My idea is a gentlemen docs not mske pretences. Mr. Dov<il*?? When I make a correction, is he not bound to accept tbo correction? Mr Kf?!*k*d?k? If the Senator would admit tbat by ft slip of the toigoe one thing was meant for another. Mr. Doi'uLar ? I don't admit it, because I say the state ment Is false, and he knows it. (Sensation ) Mr. Fu*bid? said the denator waa determined on ft persoaal quarrel. Tbat was ike deliberate use of laa I u?ge unbecoming ? Senfttor and gentleman, ftud no gen tleman would use It unless on tho proper provocation. The senator should not elicit from htm a response or tnM character. He had laid nothing to which the Senator bad a right to take any exemption lie had only said tho Se nauir made use of the words the "Senator from Maine," itstead of the "Senator from Massachusetts." If be giatcd what was false, the Senat >r from No* Hampshire (Mr. Claik), his (Mr. Fmsenden'a) colleague, an<i tho Se nator from Vermont (Mr. Collamer) were also deceived; but neither of tb>m supposed the Senator's mtsUko waa Intentional. Imuad of making an explanation, the Sena tor denounced hini as utterli g a falsehood. The Senator had spoken or him with an air 01' condescension, saying ' the Senator from Maine Is a gentleman of respectable talents, aqd sometimes I listen 10 him with pleasure." And then (raid Mr. Keesenden), looking down? although ordinarily he has to look up? (laughter)? tbe (Senator called the attention of the country to his (Mr. Kessen cen's) bumble estate, a* compared with his own. He (Mr. Ktsdeocen) was content with the responsibility. He did cot compare him as the magnificent Senator from Illinois. Ho was willing, however, to admit that ho Wits great, as he supposed himself to be. But ho could not admit him to bo a gentleman, because the Senator did not use the language or a gentle man. Be did not think it necessary to reply to the labored and prepared speech of tho Senator. Ihev all understood him. They were not to be drawn Into controversy about It, but were willing tnat he should take his own cjurse. But he should not place them in a position they did not oocupy. The Senator rnm Masoa cbufoim said that be preferred calmness. The Senator from Illinois acsumtd, betore the Resident fairly got warm In hla seat, to be tbe exponent of him and lite policy. Tbe Senator made a speech and said It was a peaceful inaugural, and that he to cow-truei it; not satis fied with that, be came back with another speech and said thai tbe republicans had entered into a combination to prevent him from speaking, as tlio Divine Provi dence hat given that Senator the power of speech, no thing but Divine Providence can prevent h m from speaking H a powers of lungs are beyond those of any other man In tbe country and he never omits an upportu n>ty to spenk whether tbe people wunt to hear him or not. (Laughierj As tbe Senator from MaMS?:b<iaeiui said tbat the President lias made a peaotuladdnss, which can be regarded a* a declaration of pekoe, for the Presi dent distinctly says bi mean* peace, that he will mako n ) war, but If war follows it niost bo commenced by O'hets. Why not be content w.ih it? The Senator from Illinois believes this to bo truo. Whj no*, let It rust tberoY If he believis it truo wbv does be follow it by a speech whether we permit him or not? Tbe tendency an" design or tbe Senator's speech was to produce the belief that the country is to bo plunged Into war by an act of tbe administration. Whydotu be call upon the Secretary of War to -ay how many men it will require to subjugate the Southern States, and as-iert thai two bundled and fifty thousand men would lie nec> aary , and an annual expenditure of over three hundred mi UIoqs of dollars to support , arm and equip them/ Where did ho pel the Information from/ Has the coumry Imen told by any auiborative sourc?, from any direction, that the dtslKnof tb? government now, or those who represent it is to plunge tho country Into war? N ) such declara trn or inttniu'lnn bit" be<n made There is an iclutely nothing on which to found the de:larat on. 1h.it Is the object oi tho speech ? this derlurnt. jn of patf iotieBi snd love of country, and tho in >re than in s in nation tbat on tlie republican si.le are men who desire and design ihe dissolution of tht t'u'on. Whit wa< his obje? t bar to luflaajo tho su'pic'ont: of the people **ho em now about being lulled into ainep by lv- peaceful yot Aim couiteof tbearim'ototra'."?ij* Why s. ek to lutlimo the -lumbering an"n< sit las be: ore tho ad n initiation has had time to leilwhut it is g > r (t to d'<; un<l of whit avail was the rea<tlallou wben the s-nate, being In exocatlvo s<??k>n, lias no power t'> act * why did th < Senttor criue here wl'h hia roi lution, s-und.ng 'in idle rumors which be picked tip in th" streets, i-iumli.g danger to the coun try by b' i.g pluug'd uitj >\ar. when he says th 'Presi dent men,* v>eaee and ho believes It V But h? says tbe republicans do not answer. and chnoeo to lie silont. Are wo to be thnwn into a flame by the ravings of every politi.-lan who w'shea to get up an excitement? Are wo to think his words are so potent that ' wo do not care to hear bim speak nn Inference is to lie orawn to his dl .favor? Wo d ? not tb>nk the country hangs on bis words. The people have elected a Presi dent. They are willing to wait to see what he will do; tbey have waited to hoar what fce has to say. I am rather dlspo'ed to give bim t.mo to do some tb:ng. becausn I choose to (peak of his policy, and I do knosr us much as the Senator. He knows nothing, and I do not profess to fc;ow more. It wis a mistake to suppose the resolution was to get in formation; It was to found a speech. Hie Senator as f mies tbat tbe republicans tare come over to bim and placed themselves under his banner, and ho congratu lated ua on tho fact. It strlkss me that the p ut of a magnanimous man is to rema'n quiet; and supposing that public opinion hm fettled on bim, and that he li the true exponent of constitutional liberty, and having if tiled the I men, leave others to sing peens to lis praiao. We have carried out our palley so far as we have anr. Wo hope hereafter to develops our policy to the country. Mr. Vwskmiiw then proceeded to reply M other ptrt" of Mr. Douglas' speech, detyitg that the republic ui* had tho majority to p*>? force bills, adding tbat Lho President bis declared hn will not make war on anybody. He has declarod bto intention in esecuto the laws of the land; and ir the Senator from Illinois supprwes ho means peace and meant-' to legird bis oat a, he moans to execute tbe laws legally, anil wbon there are not legal means, he will not attempt !t In an illegal and unconstitutional manner. There has b^on no declaration of war. Mr. Doraion replied that be had nothing to say as to tbe personal remarks of tbe Senator; that he applied offensive language purely from the fact that the Senator bad applied to bim 'xnguage he did not utter. And even it he did utter It, the rule of courtesy al'oes a gentleman to interpret hie own language Tbe Sena to - sa:d three or four times be spoke of the Senator from Maine. In his speech be asHailed cobody. He left the record to say whether tbe two speeches of tho Senators from Massa chusetts and Maine have not boev morn of persona! as sault than meeting htm n the issue. It might be thought they uould promote party purpose* by crimination, be cause, having the power, they may violate tbe usages of courtesy. But he asked for no favors. He stood on bts rights Aa the Senator remarked, tne matter could be settled elsewhere. H* ha.1 nothing to say on that subject. Mr. Kas<<SM>KM replied that he aid not say so. He said [ be bad nothing furtter ft say thwr he had sild here, un less he should lose his t< rr ; er and reply in a tone similar to that of tho Fenator. He trade It a rule in this c.ham ber to instill n^ man. nor to use ollensivu langusge. Ite left bis Owgrespienal life to speuk ror h'm, esp.mlaliy with regard to ^entlf-mrn wtio hold reltl.onx aa to the eode of honor. He did not know whether tho Senator was one of them or not Mr. Don.-.^f? You will be Informed .trhen yoo mike the inquiry tn tbe propor way. But 1 do not seo the pro priety of the question. Mr fMwtiri raid the (V nator's courage was so well known he could not think of doubting It. He mount the Senator should not apprehend any pneibls m-nsage from him. He did n it say he would settle m Iter elsewhere, hat wcmld snswer here. No gen tie nan w mid deliberate ly Insult another; but If he does, and finds he is !n error, be will apologise. If be doeo not, he remains in precise It the same category that be was. He would noi call on the gentleman, although he had ueed language which, scoordlng to hl? code, would nquiro eometh.ng m >re He repeat eo,uo gentleman will deliberately insult another If be bas a proper regard for himself. ir he does he most take the consequences of his act in nubile opinion Mr. DSI'OLAS, while not controverting Mr. Keaeenden's opinkn, said he barl many times made hasty romarks but after reflecting, he had risen and voluntarily with drawn th? m The Sen. .cor bad seen him do this. Mr. Fkmkiln. ?j?? I don't recollect It. Mr I<ot hi a?? Ihe senator controverted my veracity. Mr. > ?FSK*nic* ? Not at all. Mr I'ocoijib replied that he oorrectcd the Sena tor two or three times, but the Senator did nut believe him, and It was not till then tbat ho (Douglai) used the offensive laagu^ge. The Senator sttribufd to him what he did not s/iy. He could appeal with tru h to the record o' fourteen ye fs in this body Uisb iw tba he nerer made a personul ae smilt on a Senator exempt by retort or In provocation. H? rete> red lo tho speecbi'S to day to ?how that they were Intended to be personal and Irrltalirg He did not eh >ose to snswer the Senator's qneetMi as to the oodo of hon->r he relied on. No man bad a right t<> his opinion on tne suhtort. . . Mr. Hut said he recognised a ncrtl.ni of the enna<ire of tbe Senator from Illinois sa intended for himaelf. Ho fennd already prep-u-ed for htm a little sooerh which i^ to be found In an old fcook, Mfteaotii chapter, ss foi k<ws ? ? Absalem said, moreover, ' O that I were made a i>iitge m ib< land, that every smi. which hath day suit n cau?e n i?hi iome unto me an<l I would do bim J s ?(. e. ' " ( Una hter ) This spfeeh he preferred to his ows crude ideas. Mr. poi-ntu*? ^ That question would have great weight tt only ? bowed tl,a< it waa read to tvoti) argu nent and rom?k? a |>ers..imi att? k mion him Hen e h.< ?v.ini.i .? ? me or i mke attvk after attack -get yo r,o tatiuns Is advarne. I am ready to iu-hI yon. ft-u n r?a. tor from Massarhusetts 1*1 oft in a miserable ptwwul at Uck? ih? Senator from Maine followed ? then Um "n? lor rroni New Hampthire mm is wnb what he sailed a written aperh. l expect M>iraih?H mUmmi mm trouble duriig tble session. I taow their whw? 1 do not mean that they ?b*il break op the Dnioo tod draw the oooxi try Into war (Applaane In the galleries.) A Senator suggested the KaJlerea be cleared. Mr. Ducolam? as Um galleries will not be quiet I will M.v do more. He abruptly took hi< ml. Tbe Senate then went into uwMin seesioo. after which it adjonrneid. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. THE SOUTHERN CONGRESS. MoirrooroiY, Ala , March 14, 1M1. A bill was introduced Into the Southern Congress to day to establish an Admiralty Court la Mississippi, the JuJgo to reside at Vk-ksburg. News has been received here, apparently from a relia ble eouroe, that Ave United States w*r vessels left New York on Tuesday night, well armed and with a large number of marines and ample provisions on board, fee* lieved to be destined to some Southern port. Monti. o? bit, March IS, 1M1. The veto message upon the African slave trade act haa had the Hecresy clause removed. The President otyecta to the sixth section of (he act, which authorises the sale of Africans to the highest bidder, an being la op position to the clause of the constitution forbidding sash trade, and the mandate to iegislato effectually to prevent the same. A vote was taken on passing It over the veto, which resulted In 10 yeas to 34 nays. There was nothing interesting in the public session to day. The Congress adjourns to-morrow. OUR MONTGOMERY CORRESPONDENCE. MoJTHOiamv, Alabtmi, March 10, 1801. 7 Ac Military McetmmU of the Southern (WidsraMow Occupying (As torti, <6e , <fc. This new government is working wonderfully. The Cabinet of President Davis is a very able one; there Is no common man in it. Energy, ability and work cha racterize it. The builtst department ie, of oourse, that of War. The Secretary, Hon. L. P. Walker, although new in this sphere of life, works cm amure, and thus far has proven the President's foresight in seeding him. He is never setn out of the department, an i rarely thsre. 1 have been here a week and have not yet laid my eyes on him. But I have learned some of bin movement*. Be hM very quietly, and, aa be no doubt ibou<ht, secretly loo, reinforced Fort Morgan with a thoj sand men, Fort Pu laski with a thousand men, Forts Jackson aud St. PhUip with a thousand, and haa flvo thousand additional troepa stationed at I'ensacola, under toe wmman l of "a tittle more grapo, Oaptaln Bragg." This Captain Bragg la now a brlKtdlet general, au" ? aplonoid artillerist. Ho has also superseded the South Carolina authorities, and transferred tho command of Caurlestou harbor to Major Boauregard, of tho Ruflnoer service, now ? brigadier gene rul, and the best officer In the army This you will say la pretty good work for one week, done, too, by a man who as jet has no organized department. Let liaooln look out. Some fine morning be will wake up from a comfortable snooze, made sat o by the presence of <Jen. Scott's body guard, and find Forts Sumter and Pioksm In the band's of the rebels. Tbe truth Is, Greeley k Co. cm never be mado to on- ? derstand these Southern people. They are called Idle, and bo they are wnen tbey bav? nothing to do. Bat gtve them an object, and the devil him*?it is not Mora in dustrious. Thoy am a unit too ? ibo'e Is no dlviaioa nmoiigst tbem. Reconstruction is thrown overboard, and with such a man as leffltavia at the hoad of the new confederacy? clearsighted, calm, resolute and ttrm? in twelve months it will be tlrmly establish od as one of the Poweis of the earth. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Richmond, March 15, 1M1. Mr. Ounun advocated the majority report, and main tained the legal right of secession, th ugh policy woold be to mako proper demands for omen imenta to the oonitltution-, and bo believed tbe North would aacede to them, lie said he woold make these propositions In a future report, and he bad no doubt tbey would be ac ceptable to the Convention. NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA. Arrival of the Overland Poay Kx press. Fort Ksarst, March 10, 1M1. Tho California Pony Express passed this place at four P. M., bringing the following summary of news:? &*.-? K ram wo i, March 2 ? 3:40 P. M. Arrived lit, ship Sierra Nevada, Now York, flail ill February 28, ship Richard Bus teed, Lonloo; buk Daniel Webster, Shanghae, 1st Inst, steimer Cortex, Paaama, with eighty six passengers and 1729,000 In treasure, of which $6Kfl 000 is for New York. The principal consignees per Cortez are: ? Wells, Fargo k Alsop&Oo 124,000 I'avh'son 80,000 Bar rot 70,009 Rather k Church 04,000 Strauss 60,000 Coleman 80,000 Ibo following are first cabin passengers per Cortes:? Mrs. Valentine and Infant, J. H. Richmond. r. Dougherty, lato I n i ted States Consul, MI' harl I'rice, Honolulu; Alex. I 'rice, Ben. Toppan, Henry Adler, J. R Hoieway, J. & Nobles and servant, H. Kuxten, llev. Kobt. Keller, Kd ward yallhnrd C. T. Stumoke, wife and child; Wb. O. Butb, A. 8. Uel), Wife ?o<l child; A. Powell, Jr., John L. Ininn, C. O. W. lVnd, Mrs. laygon I^eonard and infant. Tho 'hip Dashlag Wavo has cleared for New York with s miscellaneous cargo, comprising 1 200 sacks of barter, l,?QO racks of copper ore, 2,000 h tone, 300 flasks quick - sllvcr, 140 barrels Ultow, 87 bales of wool, 1,600 bags guano, A-c. The steamship Toole 9am, with the New York UMlls of February 1, Is now o\ crdue some six days, causing much anxiety. Tbe Pony Fipress, with dates from the Atlantis Mates to the 15th ultimo, la Ulegrspbed from Carson Valley to day. The ITarrasret cue. for alkNWtl <kf?l9?twp la tbe Ssa Fraaeisco mint. In I860, la on trial In tho Statsa Circuit Cbnrt. A. Austin k Co. , retail dry goods merchants, rrceatly reported as failed, have resumed boslneM. Horace Smith, who killed the printer named Newell, la San lranci*co, cn tbe 1st of January, being refused a change of venue by the Court, hss peti tlonoil the Legislature, alleging that be sanaot have a fair trial In San Francisco, and asking tbs pas sage of a specif 1 act removing hi* trial to Plaseri ty , bis pbee of residence, thus virtually ask tag tbe pri vilege to select his own Judge and Jury. of the Legislature have granted the prayer of tbe peti tioner by more than a twe thirds majority. There la somepnopect that the Governor will veto tbe set sad throw the responsibility so the Legislature of paaetaf it b/a two- thirds vote. The Chairman of the Breckinridge SUte Central Com mittee has called a meeting of tbat body at SScrt on the 20<h, to consider the perilous crisis la oar I affair*. He urges lbs following reaolutlona for tbe i Ins ? let us bave, union If we can, peaceable dlaoiotlaa If a e must, but conflict never. ir ng reeable dissolution romes why should California remsln with tbe free Stately If a bloody separation, why should she not establish a Pacific nationality* la abe wil ling to be dr.ifged ,nto a war ai(ainai a *>uthern confede ration of ber sisters, should such s confederacy be irre vocably esfaMiabedr Ought she not to demaad s t tbe other free States to consent to a peaceable separattoa, If any must rime, ss an unyielding coadMtea of her remaining with tliemt' Does not Lincoln's fersahadewed CI Icy of eiecuting the laws in tbe ceded Statee Imply -co, coercion and war t Are our people really to ptuage Into sntrcby, and suffer tbe ravages of such swarf Three are the momentous questions to be ooosklered, on which It is feari d will too so-m require action, tberetore, a full moeting of the commute* l? r< ? nested. CTI \S l.tNDLKY, Chairman. There are no new feature* In the Senatorial election question before the legislature Tbe Senate yesterday amended the Colon resolution previously pa*?ed In the .tseemMy, and adopted It la tbe following f. rm, by a vote of 20 to 0, the negative vote being republican ? ? , .. , . Resolved, Tbat we hesrtllv endorse tbs plan of settle ment for the listing difficulties in the Atlantic Mateo aa Diopeised by the Hon. J. J. Cr ttenden In the Beaato eg I he In I ted Mates .lanuary 8, 1801, and tbat we oondsaan the use of a m.iiUry force to coerce the people, i n endm* conciliation and e. n.pn mlse rather tt nod complin ?" rather than disunion from tbe < parts of the Male*. Tbe mining news la about a s usual at this MOMS of tbe year. Tbe recently discovered silver mines m Nevada county, near Grata Valley ^are proetieottng well, and experienced miners from the Washoe district have great eouOdeaoe in them. In commercial aflhirs during tho paat tbreo days, business has not varied from tbo oulet ibarscter and limited extent heretofore fwnhmf There was not enough demand for money on tbe steamer day to create tbo leant excitement. Ooal srd coffee were drooping under ihoreoeat heavy rsoefpto The dry goods trade la aaaumjtg a morn healthy ap I earance. Candles and crushed sugar ware steady at the last quoted figurea. Tbo ?lomsstlo liquora recefrad per the sierra Nevada are not in g<>?< I deman l. A ? a parcel of American brandy real. ted 62^0. , tbe 1 of LB * Co. lard lOo. Spirits turpentine 76c. a 77c. Tbe eatlro cargo of Malaga ftuita per tho E. L. Raw lins was sold at anntwm yeaterday, aad the rates brought weie generally satl*f>etory to tba las pot tern. Ilsisins though b ought materially eoduoed prtoaa. The market foe harlev and wh.?t is htes astlve, but prices are well sustain^! m>otit 260,000 inabeta wheat purcbsstd for ex|?Tt awaits tbe chartering of lultabk) yT" "