Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JUKI OOHDOI BKKHKTT, H?I OH AMI I'ROfKO.TOB. 0TIIC* K. w. Coa.SKtt OK KULTOW AND NASSAU ATS. ruur& OM* 4a I? < ?II I JTomt mm ty mmM w<B tm at lAr t\,i ijthc awh. Mm M JUk* Mb currt*/ wA'? JTorfc *?? DAJl.T lUiMMiMMran, ffjWMNM. IM WXf.KL y BKliALU, irrry jaturjan, at Wji rmU Mr mrlSrrMm.. (V w KdtMtm m-. v ?< ????* jw napii, <4 (?? iimhb h> <mv J*vi ^ O r(u< Hrilain pr |4 11 to Mtr PU'< <>' "* Unrt-md, VoM M UvIhU pothiat, tKr dUfrmia Edilvm on (*< l< U'A owl ILtf ?/ mtA m?uA, at tit tmttvur ow. ?r ?1 ??p? ????I. TBM FAMILY BKKALD. <m WOmmthm, X/Wmkt mi*. TtlWM xx? KMKNT8 THIS BVRNINQ. Kit,. <1 ARPKN itratdvtT irtARbcoo ? Faibiim A?o?o the Flowbkh? Tbb Hbuouibrs. E?eoiug? Voowu Dubctabtb? Illuiioh m Bmbtiu*? Toodibb? dMuooiABB. WINTKK OAKDRM, JtRMdnj, opposite Bood MnM. Tu* Htmou-liOH Oumi. WALLACE'S THBaTKK, B?a4WBJ.-L0Ki>0? Amu BaBCK. r.AURA KRBNB'H THBATRB, Mo. 04 ?roadway.-' Bk?u fcunm NBW ROWRRT THBATRR, Bowotr.? Afternoon? Hav lbuvio Jn'i? Tktiho it On. Kr?nlnc? 1'ibats or tub Iitm-rucK LoTuu-Vaunm *?u UBtto*. UNION THBATRB, Ok ubbib atiwt.? Konuf Ouuu? HlliMtU liLIID- 8Ta(.S fTBUCB ? RoBBBT MiCilU. TIIBATBB KRANCAI8, 685 Bruodway.? I.'Hokneub bt L'Ak<.K?T. B ABBOTT* AHRKIOA* MUHRUM, Broadway.? Day ui Rvrainf? Oitbxblu? Rkaju, Ska JLiob, abu otkj&b COBMMtTlBB. BRYANTS' MINHTRRLR, MMfcAjHM* BaH, 471 Broad mf.? BuauuKtvte, Hobo* Dabcb* Ao.? Dixib* Laxd. CANTERBURY MUHIU HALL Ml BroadWBT.-Tioar Bora, Bobbb, Dabcb*, BnuNni, Ao.? Dtxiai Lam. BBLODKON CONCERT HALL, Ho. EK Broadway.? torn, Oaucbb, BfiLiNW, A a. HERMANS HALL DMroH.? PlWOBH'l Mixmiug or ImoriAi Somob, Dabcbb, Ao. How York, SBtwdAf, Horth 10, IH61. The N?wi> The government of the seceded States has ap pointed Hon. William L. Yancey, of Alabama; ?lodge P. k. Host, of I<onisiana; Col. A. Dudley Mann and T. Butler King, of Georgia, special CommiMsioners to proceed to England and France to obtain the recognition of the independence of the Confederate States, and make such commer cial arrangements as their joint interests may in npire. Hie Cabinet and Gen. Scott held a protracted Conference yesterday, partly on the subject of evacuating Fort Sumter, but mainly upon the dis tribution of the spoils. There was a report in circulation in Washington yesterday, to the effect that the Baltimore sympa thizer* with the secession movement will be the first to offer resistance to the federal authority. They are, it is mid, determined to oppose to the last the appointment of black republican ? to ofllcc in Bal timore. The proceedings of the Senate yesterday are of tin usual interest. Mr. Mason offered a resolution calling npon the President for information as to the number of troops quartered in the District, when they are to be withdrawn, for what pur pose they are maintained there, and whether the force is to be increased, and to what oxtent. The re lO'ut.ou was laid over. Mr. Douglas* resolution, calling upon the Secretary of War for information in relation to the forts, arsenals, navy yards, and public property in the seceded States, whether the administration intend to re capture those in poises ?on of the secessionists, and if so what military force will be necessary, No. 74 Ac., was taken up. The resolution calls for a de tailed exposition of the policy of tlie administra tion with reference to the weeded State*. Mr. Douglas, in advocating hi* resolution, said that, the policy of the administration being pcace, he tlosircd to relieve the apprehensions of the country by obtaining a reply to his resolution, which he believed would give quiet and restore good feeling among the different motion* of the Union. He argued that the President has no power to collect the revenue in the seoeded States, nor call oat the militia to re capture the forts. To carry on a war with the Southern republic would require an army of two hundred and fifty thousand men, at au annual coat of three hundred millions of dollars. In con clusion be advocated such amendments to the con stitution as would hold the border States in the Union, and thus secure a reunion of all the States. Mr. Wilson said the administration would make known its policy through gentlemen in whom it liad confidence. The debate was continued at con siderable length, and finally degenerated into an undignified person.! 1 quarrel between Messrs. Douglas end Pesscndcn. The steam frigate Powhatan, which .irrivcd on the 13th instant from the Gulf, was laid alongside the dock at the Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday. Mo orders have been received from the Navy Department respecting her, but it is expected that she will be disman'Jed preparatory to refit ting, and that in the meantime her < row will be went on board the North Carolina. Much business, of a diversified character, was transacted yesterday by the Legislature at Alba ny. In tli< Senate, among the bills reported upon favorably were ihosc to establish a nauiicil school in New York harbor; to authorize the New York Corporation to construct a basin in front of the Battery for the accommodation of the Statcn Island ferries; to incorporate the Bellcvue Hospital Modi cal College, and that to facilitate the trial of cases in the courts of this city. The resolutions insti tuting grinding Committee were adopted. A bill was introduced to extend the Central Park from 106th to 110th street. A new measure was also introduced for regulating the sale of intoxi cating liquors. In the Assembly a nnmber-of peti tions were received and many bills reported npon favorably, among the latter of which were seve ral relating to this city and Brooklyn. The Com mittee of Ways and Means reported the Annual !Tax bill. Another project for the amendment of our city charter was introduced. The annoal t ity lax levy was presented to the House in a commu luxation from Comptroller Haws. The third annual meeting of the Alumni Asso ciation of the College of Physicians and Surgeons attached to Columbia College was held at the re sidence of Professor Smith yesterday fvening. There was quite a large attendance, and it was the occasion of a \ ery pleasant reunion. No busi ness interesting to the general public was trans acted. The following officers were elected for the rnst'ing year: ? President, Dr. Thomas W. Match ford, of Troy; Vico President, Dr. II. i;. Kissam; Secretary, Dr. J. H, Vedder; Treasurer, Dr. H. B. Sands; Orator, Dr. David T. Brown. Another terrible calamity by fire occurred in Brooklyn yesterday morning. A hoop skirt factory in Orange street canght fire, whon a girl named Susanna Wilson jumped from a five storr window in her fright, and died in a few minutes after. A woman named Anna Trcnor narrowly ?scaped being suffocated by the smoke. A young derman named George Albrecht was arrested on suspicion of incendiarism, and stands committed to await the action of the Coroner's inquest, which adjourned to Thursday next. The Police Commissioners were yesterday to batre reenmed the case of detective wu tiamson, charged by Superintendent Kennedy with disobedience of orders, a report of which was given in full Inst Monday; but owing to the absence of Mr. Kennedy at Albany, it has been postponed to the Md Inst. An association for the purpose of entering goods at the SnvaiiLi h Custom House, in aocordanre V'Ui the revenue law* cf the Southern coofederv cj, Lai been started on a somewhat e xteri?ive scale. It is expee'ed that the execution of the Morrill Tariff bill will compel Northern merchants to do their importing at Chariton, Savannah and other Southern ritlea, and the broken ac 1 ktorage men down Bouth are making their ar rangements according'/. Tbe o itco market ?->< Urn reste-dsy, but not active. Tbe salt--. embraced about MHI a 000 bales, cl isirg on the basis c-t 11','c a lie. rot mtddllc^ "p'^oids, with tittle to be bad UD<ler the latter figure. Tut advices from the ftratb aaiiioue to rppretienl ? faNl-iR off la the receipt*. Many e?>ttm?u* or th* crop have settled down to 3,760,000 bates, or SiO.OOO below the yield of tha previous year. Tbe market for Hour waa decidedly firmer, with a good UemuxJ from the trade, including some purehaaee for ex port. *Vhe*t waa told with more firmness, while ssles were made to a fair extent at full prices. C>ru Vaa In good demand, and prices firm. Salea were pretty free!/ made, at quotations given la another place. Pork was unsettled, and prtoes irref ular. halt* of mess were made at |16 a $17 , and at fit 60 a $12 T6 for prime. Bujrsrs were steady , and aales of 1,600 hhds. Cuba were reported, and a email lot of bexea, at rates five a la another column. Octree was quiet, and sales limited. Freight! were unchanged, while engagements in the eggregUo were to a fair extent. The Hon therm Treaty Commlet toners to Eaglaad wad grant* anil Their Mis sion? Feaxfal Times Ahead. The new federal government at Montgomery, Alabama, ot tbe seven seceded cotton States, has appointed Hon William L. Yancey, of Ala^ bama; Judge P. A. KoBt, of Louisiana, and Col. A. Dudley Mann, as special Commissioners to England and France, for the purpose, first, of securing tbe recognition by those great Powers of tbe independent government of tbe Confederate States; and, secondly, to propose such Southern commercial reciprocities as Eng lish and French statesmen will not be apt to decline. The Hon. Thomas Butler King, of Georgia, baa also been selected by the cotton States to visit Europe, to make arrangements for direct trade from the Continent to the ports of the South. Upon this important mission we understand that Mr. King bas already sailed, and (bit his associates will soon follow. What will be their reception in London and in Paris? According to tbe oracle of the new Northern rfyime at Wash ington, these Southern Commissioners will be contemptuously ignored abroad, as the vagrant representatives ot a Dew Tower among the na tions which has no ac'ual existence, but which is only the more jack o' lan torn of a fleeting exha lation. But tbe intelligent observer of European affairs in their relations to this continent will have discovered that among the statesmen and politicians of England and Franco, the rise, ex pansion and develcpement of our Southern se cession movements into an independent con federation are more and more regarded, from week to week, as momentous revolutionary events chailengiug a serious consideration. "King Cotton," in this matter, stands be fore my Lord Talme:ston and his Itnpe. rial Majesty of France as a veritable potentate, whose demand- cannot be sot aside The necessities of the cotton mills of Manches ter, when put to the u st, will supersede the uboliiion love leasts of the l>uchess of Suther land. From tie necessities of and advantages to England and Franco, thus sug gested, it is bj no means certain that these treaty Commissioners from our new Southern contederacy to thoso Powers will be as cava lierly treated as the Montgomery ambassadors to Washington. On the other han<l, upon the single issue between the new hi^h tariff bill adopted by the government at Washington, and the low tai iff schedules of the Southern confederacy now in force, French and English interests will appeal 6trongly in favor of the South. On English iron, cotton and woollen manufactured, and on such French productions as silks, laces, wines and brandies, the differ ences in the duties iaiige from len and twenty to litty und sixty per ccut between our new Northern and Souihcru tariff laws; and as upon tho;e imports from ten to sixty per cent duty can be .-aved by taking them intoCharles ton, Savannah, Mobile or New Orleans, instead of discharging in Boston, New York, Philadel phia or Baltimore. the reader will comprehend the force of the argument in favor of direct European trade with the South. The saving in ti e mere choice of a i-eaport of ten or 111 teen millions of money upon fltty millions of their good?, destined for the Rftrn<s consumers, must exert a power ful influence upon the governments of France aud England iu favor of the Southern confederacy; but when its Commissioners shall propose to enter into still more inviting com merc'id reciprocities by express tre.i'y stipuli tions, th< y can hardly fail of a Fucccsful Lour ing. Appn hensive, us matters now stand, of serious los. es toiUs treasury from the diversion of foreign imports to the Sou'h, the govern ment at Washington U mustering a fonnidable hC'iuo squadron of war vessels for the purpose of enforcing in Southern ports our Northern tariff law. To overcome this difficulty, the Southern Commissioners will say to Lord Pal merston and Louis Napoleon, you have only to recognise the Independence of our new con federacy. Then the blockade by the United Stales of our ports will be nothing to you, until the government at Washington t-hall have de clared war again: t in, and. as in that contin g< ncy, seven or eight other Southern States stand ready to join u?, you need not have any fear of the final issue, or of the suspension of the cotton culture by the march of Hostile armies over our plantations. Upon the case thus presented, we think it probable that England and . ranee may choose not to pay thirty, lort,y or fltty millions a year in the differences in the duties npon their goods, North and South, to sustain the go\ em inent at Washington and our Northern manu facturers. Let our Northern manufacturers, merchants, financiers and men of capital and real estate, and our industrial elates of all descriptions, prepare, then, for the full prac tical develop! ment of this Southern political revolution iu the transfer of on immense amount of our Northern Atlantic trade to the South di rect from Europe, in addition to this, our Northern manufactures, under a Southern tariff, taxing alike Northern and European im ports, will be absolutely excluded from the Southern confederacy, and thus a home mar ket of many millions in value to our " Yankee notions" will be closed to us; for England, Franco and Germany will supply it. We have thus pretty broadly outlined before us an impending Northern financial revulsion of the most fearful magnitude ? a revulsion in which banks, merchants, financiers, stockjob bers, corporations and individuals, high and low, rich and poor, will all be prostrated, from N<*w York westward to Han Francisco, and northward to Hudson's llay. But, still worse, a thousand times worse, we ate menaced with all the calamities of eWil war and Mexican anarch) . And what are the crhoMfor wh'ci we ar? threatened tuch fearful penalties? The cHnice of a mock philanthropy, of a r<'ckl-*a fanaticibm, of a peiuiHrnt lutfratdiillog in our neighbor*' affaire, of religion* hypocrisy, ot bad faith to our political brethren, of political corruption, ot brazen f*oed demagogueiam, ami of a moibid demoralization of the Northern mind upon thitt thing of Southern ulaverj , which hatt brought about the disruption of the most prompt-ions, and promising, and naturally the richest country uneer the sun. We have had some experience in financial revulsion* from time to time. But they have resulted from the exhausting processes of a war with tome foreign Power, or from the overthrow of a financial system like that of the United States Bank, and the substitution of bhinplaBtere ; or from exoeesive overtrading, speculating, stookjobbing and swindling, as in 1867 ; but we have still to experience the more terrible pressure of a financial prostration te tubing from a radical and comprehensive po litical revolution. This is the troubl* with which we are now menaced ; and as we look in vain for any manifestations of wisdom at Wash ington equal to the exigencies of the criils, we can only admonith our fellow citizens ?f the North, of all pursuits, all conditions, and all classes, to prepare for the worst We leive the Southern confederacy to take care of itsef. Important to Office Bkooars ? Some rf the black republican papers in the Weet have been very much exercired about the conduct of the administration in the matter of the Southern forts. We were the first to announce that the evacuation of Sumter bad been re solved upon, and our despatch was at once sent to all parts of the country. We are now re ceiving the papers containing the intelligence, and It is a little curious to see bow they take it Some chime in, reluctantly, with the adminis tration; others say nothing, while a third party declares that the story is all gammon? a sensa tion despatch made up In the Nkw Yokk IIfkai.o office. These chaps hiive probably found out by this time that they have made a blunder, and so must pitch into the ad ministration instead of us. In like manner, several of the administration editors hereabouts affect to discredit our despatch to the effect that an advance of the Southern troops on Washington would be, in a certain contingency? the adoptiou of a coercive policy by Lincoln? the next move on the part of the leaders at Montgomery. De feated in enterprise by the IIkrau>, these phi losophers immediately resort to the stale trick of declaring that we manufacture our news. We beg to assure our cotemporaries that no journalist or other man can serve two masters at the same time. So let them go on with their office begging, and leave the newspaper busi ness in our bands. We have nothing else to do but that, whHe if they do not look sharp the Wcetern Vandals will have carried off all the spoils worth having. Old Abe still wears that Ilarrishiirg disguise ? the Scotch cap and the long military cloak? and he is bound to puy up his debts to his friends, rela tive* and neighbors, keeping his mouth closed at* to the real policy of the administration: that is, provided it has a policy, which seems doubt ful. While this squabbling for the spoils is progressing the South is preparing for war, and if their government is not recognized, the un t-hea thing of the sword seems imminent. Then comes the attack on Washington. Where will Old Abe's friends be found then T A Significant Itkm krom tub South. ? Sine* the establishment of the Southern confederacy there have been a good many manifestations of it? progress as an independent government; the latest, however, being the adoption of the clear ance system in the New Orleans Custom House tor the river steamers running on the Misgls sippi to ports in the States which have not en tered the now confederation? Thus we find among the New clearances for Satur day, March 9, the following steamboats, bound to cities in the n on seceded States of Arkansas, iii.-.-our i und Kentucky: ? CLEAIQED. Ream beat Jaa. John boo, for Nafhvllle, Tenu ? B. Duf fiew. Mcoo-.bokt Kr* No. 7, Moore, for Camden, Ark. ? Mas for. ct?nin(K*t Hmin'bal, Ixe, for St. I ouis, Bio. ? I. 1) Ful kervo htuimbnal Fcrd Hen&eM, KHe'y, for t*t. I.-mls, Mo ? 1. I> I'uikerw*. M4'?tobr?t T. 0. Twtcholl, r helps, for St. I<ouiv, Mo ? I. l>. FulkvrH'di. . tUiunboat I'ojUma, I .rye! en, for Louisville, Ky ? Tt. A. iu ;i h Co. This L? the first time that river steamers on Western waters were obliged to obtain clear ances; but an Uich> boats are now looked upon in the light of vessels sailing for "foreign" ports, of course mch an obligation is consider ed necesaary, and it is very significant of the cli Tinge which hat already taken place in the relations between the two sections of the country. European imports arriving at New Orleans, or any other cit) within the limits of the South ern confederacy, and paying tho low duty pre scribed by the Southern tariff, will unquestion ably be shipped by these Mississippi boats to all points in the Northwestern and the border States, without any regard for the exorbitant provisions of th? Northern Morrill tariff, which t ikes effect on the 1st of next month; and how will it be possible for the government at Wash ington to prevent ifcY What a complicated Custom House system on the banks of the Mls aiMppl, the Missouri and tho Ohio rivers would be required to intercept this traffic, or to collect Uie Morrill tarifr duties on foreign merchandise entering New Orleans or Mobile, before it could reach all the points in the Northern con federacy. as far North as St. l'aul. Minnesota, and as fur Kaet as Pittsburg. There are no re source* ut the command of the country equal to tho maintenance of such a revenue force as would be necessary to guard thi* line. It Is evident ihat the West and Northwest, as well a? the border slave Slates of Tennessee, Arkan sas \JL-,8oiiii, Kentucky and Virginia, will re ceive (heir supplies of foreign merchandise subject to Uie moderate imposts of the Southern tariff, thus contributing to the revenue of the Southern government instead of to the North em, and the profits on importations to the Southern merchants instead of to the importers of New York, Boston and Philadelphia. A Spfctal CoaiiMroNOEvr mo* Loviwn ExntcTBD in Thi? Cocntrt. Wo porceive by

the KnglLih papers that Dr. Russell. the Crimean correspondent of tho London Time*, who was al. o the correspondent of that journal during the terrible revolution In India, is Coming out to this country to describe the revolution going on here. This fsct shows what a deep interest our revelntionary pro ceedings pot^ess for the public mind In ' Europe. Thar low Weed on the Xrrr pr?Mlblc Con flict Ihwmi Ik* Tw# Tariff*. Already Tburlow Weed seee Mm impracti cability of the new tariff, the impossibility of collecting the revenue, and the dead lock to which the government is reduced. "The exe cutive aim," he Bays, "is paralyzed. There are no lews at all adequate to existing exigencies. * * * In the present condition of the coun try its embarratsmente have been aggra vated by a complicated tariff. Congress ad journed without passing the laws necessary to enable the President even to collect the na tional revenues. Greatly as extra sessions of Congress are to be deprecated, there seems now to be an overruling necessity for one." Such is the humiliating confession of the imbecility of the republican government made by the organ of the chief member of the Cabi net The duties on foreign goods, he says, will be all collected at the South, and the whole trade of the olties of the Northern sea board will be "diverted" there. The duties on foreign goods reaching 8avannah, Charleston, New Oileans, Ac., amount to more than $20,000 per day, "and to this extent the general government is practically pay ing tribute to those in open rebellion against its authority." Yet we wore assured by all the republican journals that in Mr. Lincoln the country would find "a man at the head of affairs, and be would soon pro v* to the world that we have a government." But now his utter impotence is admitted, and an extra ses sion of Congress is culled for to give him "backbone" and to stiffen his "weak knees." Dy the time fixed for the new tariff to go into operation nearly two millions of dollars, says the Journal, will have passed into the hands of thof-e who have thrown off their allegiance to the Union. Nor is this all. "After the 1st of May, the rates of duty will be much lower at the Gulf State ports than elsewhere. The dif ference will be so great that the entire North west would find it to their advantage to pur chase their imported goeds at New Orleans rather than at New York." What, is proposed to be done? A blockade? Not at all "There will be no blockade," says the Journal; for "as tbe law of blockade is now constructed, block ade is nearly a practical impossibility on a coast line of thousands of miles." What then? Has the government no authority on the land? Just before Mr. Lincoln's inauguration his friend and representative in the Senate, Mr, Trumbull, declared that under any other go vernment than that of Mr. Buchanan the Com missioners from South Carolina Would have been arrested and hanged. Why does not Mr. Lin coln arrest and hung the Commissioners from Montgomery? Weed has now discovered that "in holding Sumter, an isolated fort, the autho rity of the government could only be vindicated at a fearful expenditure of treasure and blood." No republican journal made this discovery while Mr. Buchanan was in office. On the con trary, it was unanimously agreed that he was nothing less than a traitor in not vindicating tbe government at that very point It is only now they have found out that "the executive arm is paralyzed." But Weed consoles the party with the idea that the authority of the govecpment can be as well maintained "by collecting the revenue on tbo quarter decks of armed frigates, to be stationed at the entrances of the harbors." "This," adds the Journal, "will be a legitimate exercise of authority. If bloodshod shall re sult frcm it, the government will not be the ag gressor. There will be no invasion. It will involve us in no controversy with foreign Pow ers." Thus the cowardly government, know ing that the Confederate States have no navy, will invade their waters, but not their territory. It may rest assured, however, that if it pursue that course, it will soon bare to defend itself on land, or make a precipitate retreat from Washington. And are the Cabinet so silly as to imagine that this plan will not involve the country in a controversy with foreign Powers, and that the British and French governments, far example, will permit the armed frigates of a government de jure to levy tribute on the high seas, from their mer chant vessels, on goods which will have to pay a second tribute to a government de facto, when they enter port to pay, first, the Morrill high tariff duties, and then the low duties of the Confederate Stales? The supposition is ab surd, and any such attempt will lead to a war with England and France, who will not recog nise the authority of any government over ter ritory which it L* not able to a?eert by land as well as by sea. " If this much of ' coercion' is not prac ticable," says Weed, " then the government is at un end." There is no one knows better than the editor of the Evening Journal that it is not practicable, and that the government is really at an end lu the Confederate States. Such is the pit * to which we are brought by the elec tion to the office of Chief Magistrate of an igno rant, incompetent man. There is no statesman in the Cabinet ? there was none in the last Congress-- nor is it likely that any will turn up in the next Congress capable of grappling with the difficulties of the situation in which the country is placed. ClNDTPATHi KOK For.KION MISSIONS U\I>KK IIonkkt Oijj Abe. ? For the last five or six years all the republican journals in this city, and a great many of their followers outside, have been putting forward the name of James Gordon Bennett for a foreign mission under prerious administrations. Some of them namod him for the mis-ion to Franoe, some to England, some to Sardinia, some to Russia, some to Austria, and otlfrn? the more good natured ones ? to Plum Gut or Salt river. They of fered to recommend, to endorse, to puff that gentleman for any of these missions ? that is, many of them did so, and a few did other wise; but most of them did not do otherwise. We begin now to see the motives of these kind individuals in recommending Mr. Ben nett for this distinction, for we perceive that every republican newspaper office in the city has a host of candidates for foreign missions and consulships. The Tribune has half a domsn; the Courier has as many more. The Post has Its aspirants, too; for although it attempts to conceal the fact, yet it sticks out very plainly; while the whole Times office, from Slgnor Jenkins Uaymond down, is in a wild hunt afler foreign appointment Thus, while they wore urging the appointment of their cotemporary. as a member of the press, at the hands of former administrations, they were only thinking of themselves when the spoils should fall wltbln their grasp. Ti >y rosy make themselves perfectly content, h w c\.r, about the foreign appointments, for the first cousins, the second cousins, the tbird < >u sins, the fourth cousins and the law partners of the leaden will get them ail. Tax Ckmiusj or Tbajuk to ok Etuiorxn t.? this South.? Tte forcible revolution of com merce, brought about by the fauatica aod uu principled political demagogues of tlie North, will result in diverting the whole trade of the country to the South. As if the disturbance naturally resulting from the secession of the cotton 8tates and the low tariff thoy hare established were not enough to damage the Northern States by cutting off their own trade with the South, and by drawing away from thorn the commerce of Europe, the late stolid, bluu dering Congress capped the olimax of their euicidal folly by adopting a high protective tariff, which in many instances amounts to a prohibition ot imports, and in all cases tends to drive to Southern ports the commerce of the world. Already the merchants of New York who are not yet utterly ruined are preparing to establish importing houses in the Southern cities, for the triple purpose of supplying the local trade, of sending goods to the West by the Mississippi river and other channels of com munication, and of sending the merchandise over the frontier of the Southern confederacy to New York, thus escaping the duties of the Morrill tariff. Dry goods palaces here are being offered for sale, without purchasers, at half what they cost, and leases of warehouses can be had at a little over half their former rent The merchant* nay it la impossible for them to do any business under the new tariff, from tlie delay in pw&icg goods through the Custom Uoupe, owing to the complicated calculations of the duty. For instance, in the case of linen, the number of threads in the square inch must be countcd, and narrow velvet must be calculated by the square yard. To render the matter worse, the Custom House will be filled with new hands who know nothing about the business. The embarrassments will be over whelming and litigation endless. The importa tion of carpets, blankets and other heavy wool len articles, on which an enormous duty is levied by the pound, is in effect prohibited. The same observation applies to steel. An other of the absurdities of this tariff is that the duty on unmanufactured tobacco is far greater than on manufactured, thus striking a deadly blow at the segar manufacturers of the coun try. Such is the consequence of entrusting legislatiou to the hands of incompetent and selfish men, who destroy the very interests they profess to serve. The result of this tariff, coupled with the revo lution and tariff of the South, is to remove the centres of trade to the Southern States, giving that section not only the whole commerce of the country, but the duties also upon wiiat goods may reach the North, via New Orleans, Mobile, Savannah and Charleston. It is perfectly idle for tho federal government to attempt to collcct the duties outside of the Southern har bors by means of ships-of-war. They have no legal power to do so. For instance, a largo portion of the goods would be entered in bond. Where would be the warehouses in which to store them? Then if there is any disputo or any fraud, a court must dispose of tho cose. Where are the judges and juries to be had? A Force bill would be neccssary even to the attempt at collection ot the duties, and it would utterly fail, because impracticable. There is no possi ble way of surmounting the difficulty by torci ble means unlets by declaring war against the Confederate States, first acknowledging their independence, and then placing a block ado upon the whole Southern coast, which to be valid must be complete; otherwise it will not be acknowledged by the Powers of Europe, liut to render a blockade of such an extent of coast complete and effectual is out of the ques tion. It is thus clear that Northern commerce is in a fair way of being utterly ruined. Such are the bitter first fruils of the success of tho republican party and its elected head. Tiik Coiaju-pk of thk Gukat Mrtihs Bi'u bi.k. ? Bubbles must buret, and uni-brooms cannot flourish long. Therefore it is not sur prising that the '-Caisse General? d<a Che inlns de Fer" should have stopped pay men ., that M. Mirers should have been consigned to prfcon, and the Governor of the Bank of [?'runcc deputed to administer Its affairs. We are not going to dwell apou the htato oi society which proved so favorable to M. Mires rising in a few months from being mi. erubly poor to having po.- session of ini mense wealth, and the influence arising from his being the bead of a great banking estab lishment; but it ii interesting to observe by the transactions of the hou.-e bow much the government of France itself has been mixed up with stock jobbing, and how much reason M. de Morny and others tipulty eminent may have to regret the disclosures which will shoitly be made Well may all 1'aris, and not alone all Paris, but all Kurope, gossip about an affair of such importance in the financial, and not less the political world. People talk openly everywhere about M. Mires having been so closely connected with the government that its reputation cannot but be comprom;>ed. We must of courro attribute to the failure of tie Turkish loan the immediate cause of the break down; but transactions of a very varied nature will have to be folly divulged and explained before a just opinion can be formed. It would have been. perhaps, better for both the high official* of the government and M. Mires himself if a friendly settlement ot hi* affairs conld have bceu arranged. He endea vored to do this, and was at first sanguine of success, owing to the importance of hi* numerous trnnsnctions with those in pow er. Being disappointed, however, he un wisely said publicly that if he fell he would not fall alone. After this it would have betrayed fear for any one to have exerted him self to avert the catastrophe. The scandal about this event will increase rather than di minish with the revelations which are expected to be made. It is somewhat remarkable that in a city so notorious for the suicidal propensi ties of its inhabitants as Paris a prominent mem ber of the Committee of Superiuteudeuce of the "Caisse d<-s Chemins de Fer" should have died, as was alleged, of apoplexy, immediately after the arrest of M. Mires; and we are there fore not surprised to hear that th. Parisians be lieve he took poison to avoid a t imilur fate. Repoi's are flying about that various public men have fled or are about to tiy the country, and the popular mind centinnes in a feverish state of exeite m< t t pending the antieiim'ed di.^Ius, Hoiiapurtism i* notori'-us for n*s>>ciatin$ itself with financiers of tlie Mires stamp, it has jiired itself in popul ?t > jnnii.n tner<-by. itnJ he governroeot Is one with th-1 Frenrh p?> 1 <j In thh lore of dabbling In speculations. Ererj F cncLui*a worships ihe aliaiglity fire fianc piece fi; Qiorc thau ereu the Yankee do es the dolltr, jud money getting appears to hare btccm*1 Ue kI* object of hU daily life. In tke inin;<'iti.e iojury which the iiire? failure will inflict upon individuals e<i>ecu*lly, we may compute it with tbr dimtrov fiuancial coosequetctd of the rv volution iu our own coon try. 8aijs oy thk Anriatio ? This siiparb steasa er has departed from our short*, never te return with the star* and stripo# at her mtaen. After surpassing everything afloat in sp?ed, aa well ae comfort, this last aud triumph -mt effort of the lamented Steers ? who at'ain-rt a world wide celebrity by hi* construction of the yiflkft America ? it now on her way to be natnrsllaii in Great Britain, where she will haul down her flag and run up the Harp of Erin or the Croat of St George, as an emigrant ship from Galway. Under the command of her popular master. Captain Joe Comstock, this vessel proved suc cessful during the past summer, and reoeai changes in her machinery give promise of * greatly increased speed. Yet she is sold out to British owners for less than half her original cost State after State secedes? a nation is lopped tranquilly off from the Union? our fleetest steam ers and clippers are sold to foreign countries at panic prices, foreigners carry oar mails and goods, and finally, when our taxes are paid from the grans grown in our streets, they will perhaps occupy the country, aud drive out the nation which is fast earning the reputation of being efl'ete. The glory of our flag and Union is fast passiug away, and this change of owner ship is humiliating evidence that Americas steam navigation is at an end- We shall go oa in our downward career, and past redemption, unlets the people rise up in their might and rid themselves of the huckstering politicians who have so long been permitted to govern and misgovern the country? forced to admit that our boasted republic is a failure, and that, notwiilistanding our enormous resources, we are incompetent to carr/ on either government or commerce. We must then take our place on the roll of nations by the side of Spain and Holland, and our country may perhaps revert, h? distracted colonies, to tbe protectorate of the Bri iibh empire. Thk Decision in the Gaines Case ? The de cision of the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of Mrs. Gaines is the first of a long series of legal embarrassments which must arise out of the hostile relations of the Northern and Southern confederacies. Al though the claims of suitors from Louisiana pending before tlio United States courts were exempted by a specUl clause from the opera tion of the act of secession passed by that Slate, there is no doubt, from the immense sum involved, that efforts will be made to evade this provision. So fur as tbe property in Mary land and Tennessee is concerned, the decision jutt rendered U final, and would be equally so in regard to the New Orleans portion of the ostatt; il Louisiana were still in the Union. It would bo too bad if. after the heroic struggle in which Mrs. Gaines has been engaged for the last five and twenty years in the vindication of her mother's honor and of her own rights, tbe fruits of this hard earned victory should be onger withheld from her. Her'*, however, will, wo fear, be only one of a great number of cased in which justice will be postponed or frustrated, in order that the republican party may keep possession of the spoil? which they have so ingloriously won. Nepotism and Favoritism on a Lakoi Scai.e. ? The rank and file of the republican party have been shocked at the nepotism and favoritism which are displayed by the Lincoln administration in the distribution of the spoils. In the history of the Crimean war there was a curious episode, the commander in-chief being especially commanded, by telegraph, to "take care of Dowb." and not knowing what to make of it. It turned out, however, that " l ow b" meant Dowbiggin, a relative of the Secretary at War, and "Dowb" had been sent out to the Crimes to bo taken care of. " Dowb" i? in Washington just now. " l>owb' is related to some number of the Cabinet, or ho hv been somebody's law partner, or hta wif' is some body's cousin, and so he ?nujt. he taken care of, without reference to capability or party ser vices. All the fat placet are to be distributed on the nepotism and fmrorit.'-?ra programme. After the Clays, Corwln1*, Juddsand bciiunea are gorged, the scraps, cold meat and bones will be given to tbe rank nnd file, bad news, that, lor the rank and file. It is a< true as gos pel, however. The Hen Po<tms*trri Am it m^mi to be conceJed on *11 ha>4s tbit Wtlttam B. Taylor, Esq , In to be our Postaaa'tcr for the nsxt lonr It may be well to stale, for the tnror.n-UKwi of those who know but IHUe of tho history or tb*t gentle num. Uwt be has bees connected with the New York post ?X1 toe xinre 1810, having In that bocn appoint <M to a clerkship by <}?Ber*l Theodortw Batioy, at aaalu-y of j.,00 He had b?:rtii a clork for lonr years provwumy in tlie New ttrunmlck, N. J., Post tMlJos. At ih%t Mb? U.9T0 were but |U per* employed to tbe New VorV of, toe besides the Postmaxter. There were also si* tat tor carriers. Tho locUion of th. othoe was U.W In ?s/ den street, now Excliarge plar*. Mr. TajU.r ban there - f0Jt. hf.-n Identified with the practical bu*lne*a of ihe Post Office for forty two yews. War ing of court? become perfectly lam >Ur, no* m.:, with the elm leal duties of tbe oflios, I but with the location , Ac., of business ilri-is, ?ad tho standing and occupation* of tbe groat mass of tho?s bavins correspondence through the malls. thU kn >m\o4gm and experience ban bees of immense advantage not onljr to the public, but to the different Postmasters who haro I bold the office and retained Mr lnylor* l^rrioss. In 1M8 bs was an applicant tor the office of r net master, oil tbe accession of Gen Tsy'or U? the riualdeocy, hi* appl'catMm was ba*ed by the names of upwards ef slxtesr i.undrcd of the b fit mercantile li.nw, and of bail' i- sad other public Institutions. In this oily. Th? President determined to give tbe place to hi* aam'vaake, tbe papers were actuary made eit, aui Mr Taylor w*s telegraphed to rook, out for the wm and the bro*<l fsal, whsn lo 1 the p^Ulcians, oft fu ther ocwmltatlon, found that sat'af.ictory proving rculd not be made for ccttaln other worthy gcnilennw ?bo had a mors distinct and Influential political rsc**, nalsss our modeet friend's claims wore r-issod over tbe tbe t me being; and tbe n?m" of William V. Bra4y was, ut the la*t moment, substituted foe that of William B. Tsylor. t nder Cen. Jackaoo Mr. Taylor Iwld 1V> offlce ?f Despatch Agent for eigh' yenre wi?. n <;*?!.. Pi i aiviMcd tho PwltaaatcrO-iip he a)* ,K?nt. d L m Assistant |V*tmnstsf. Iu t'?s Mr. Ti.ylor .a what U cui i ! >ld wb'g A'th gh ? >t a very >ct..' pew: 1 1 ? a C'l-rn and c-'w1- ' ,r.t "<? > !''?? :1, 4i v,.t > : i- ? ' ;is t) . ncy Ai'tr-s, as<. .? ha eno was L ? i f. . :i >.>< 1. . -/la " Th" 1 ' 'n b* ^ I.I tii.vt . ra' itj 01 ? - l> . ' ? r'M'n "f ?' * \ ; v c ...ic . o,. . ?? tbst . . ' <Ws?'s "u,n ? , V T , -r. in ?.?* ? ? .<>????? < ":wU f. . h ., ? ? tir - 1 1 7 Mr. a?'uv