Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8958. MGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. An Armistice Between the Northern and Southern Confederacies. PROSPECTS OF A PEACEFUL SEPARATION Ail Extra Sessioii of Congresg to toe Called. Ae Douglas Resolutions in the Senate. Bebate Between Mem. Clingman, 6rimM, Clark, Bale and dandier. THE APFOIHTMKHTS TO OFFICE. * Official Notification of the Gorwin Amend ment to the Constitution, Ac., Ac., Ae. AN ARMISTICE AGREED UPON BETWEEN THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE CON FEDERATE STATES. Washington, March 19, 1861. The government are not ready, it appears, to decide upon the questions submitted to it by the Commissioners from the Confederate States. An armistice of ten days has been agreed npon between the Commissioners and the ad ministration. The present military status is to remain, and peace is, therefore, to be preserved Cor that period at least. Information has been received from President Davis to the efieet that affairs at Fort Pickens had assumed a peaceful aspect, and that there was no danger of collision unless the government at tempted to reinforco that fort. The administration, it is understood, have in structed the commanders of the vessels off Pensa eola not to make any move until further advices have been sent them. This is a decided and em phatic change of policy. It may be the object of the administration, in asking for this delay, to gain time, with a view of perfecting and arrang ing their plan of operations. PROSPECT OP A PEACEFUL SEPARATION. Wi-suiN(jTo?i, March 19, 1801. The close observer of men and matters in the federal capital will vainly strive to rid himself of the tmpressiin that a growing ditlldence of a restoration of the Union to its former integrity, and of the pnrmanency of tbe adhe sion of the slavehoklitig parts still attached to it, prc ?aUs^mong the leading repablioau minds now gathered keu. T he Mea of a disintri g?-.iot tuto two confederacies Often the btftta of ? strict division of the two antagonistic labor systems of the country, is becoming moro an J more familJir to them, and many of the wisest coufxier its re allzation only a question of time. I am able to state, and I know whereof I affirm, that it ha* crept into tLe Cabinet, and has two, if not three, represents three, wboee counsels weigh most with the Pre sldent, in that body. I ran say, furthermore, that the executive acta bearing upon the Southern question will be largely influenced by a belief in the probable con tingency of a separation, and a desire to make it a peace able one. While it is deemed due to the honor and dig nity of the government , both at home and abroad, to vindicate its authority in the seceled State", and w hi] blows will be struck If necessary, it will be only to re deem the credit of the federal power, and not to perm* nently maintain its authority over an unwilling people. The ultimate decision in this matter does not, of course, rest wl'h the administration; but that a peac Sable part ing is thought infinitely preferable by the mast trusted of Mr. Uncola's immediate advisers, to the assertion and I maintenance of federal laws in the South, is certain EVACUATION OP FORT SUMTER. Washiwto*, March 19, 1861 It is ascertained from a reliable source that Fort Bum ter ia to be evacuated to morrow. The order has already fone forward. THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS. Wamtcw rot, March 19, 1861. The Commissioners from the Southern confederacy ex pect no answer to their official communication for ten or twelve days. They feel oonfld?*nt that In the meanwhile there will be no collision or cbange of tho military Mat 'a in the s*coded States. They have telegraphic assurances from Montgomery that arnplo arrangements have beon made to avoid all treble Tor the pr .- -ect at Tort Pickens. THE EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRESS. W?s*i*i,r>>:*f Mirih 19, 1M1. There Is no doubt that the President will cUl an extra ses-i^n of Congress, to take plaie at an early day. There is alrealy a dlfflculty a'HWt toe tariff, It having pnased in a loose form, beiiles he President mus*. hive ! # ? th -|ty to collect the revenue, aadincre ise the navy M l army, in the event <jf any attempt to res^t the fede ral author ,ty by any power ms.de or outside o ( the Union. THE APPOINT*! EN TS TO OFFICE. Wisruje rrm, Uarch 19, 1861. pouor ?? nut jj>Misi*Tu?rioi? ah im uirm Ajwrrsn ott M Cfcrl Hjhurz w ur Informed at his '.aet n'ght's lnt?rflew with the President th*t le wo':ld b*ve the cb >toe of the Portuguese or any Sooth *ner:jan miisioc. Ke wiii probably take the firmer, la order to gain a point oa Seward and bis policy in rrgarl to the app i.ctr.eat of foreign born c'tirans to funfM tnlstions. The preaer'pflon views of the Secre'iry of State have not beon submitted to the Cabinet Council for endorse ?< nt. if printed at all, tiwy will be voted dawn roue: decisively by Blair and the Western members. The Prrm er s Intentions to?r*rds adopted oitlsens are said u? be modified to o-? wiueace of toe f irWrns clamor of opposition raided by W?*t?rn politic *ns. He , has oert?lnly lost his former p'ipularity among the (?er j mar rep<ib;icans, the organs of whim aro n > ?rly all out against him. Tlie missions f n Fngiand an ] France w"re tiled so early by the administration in order to enable it to 30unt?ract the etTerie for recognitloi jii ? tr.mer: tal treaM"* abent belnit lu^de in tboao countries by the repr?9?'ntati?<?e ef the seeoded mates, rhe 'not that apprehension exists la ftdminint-ation oircliS of their auooasx h> France " inno; t>? ynceaied. ? Mr. tflay , Minister to Spa n, left here this afte-aooo 'or his borne to Kentucky. H i will ritorn hers :n season to rae??*4 iMtnMtMBs from tho iY>si.i?mt uo m from New Yolk In i he Vra.a on the 2Uh ?>! April. Colonel Cisy his receive J \ perfect ovatioo at h.? quar !*rs at Wiilard's every day since U.a orr v?l here. The importance 'if his miss. 'in m admitted cm all ban<l> to be the greatest U;at attend* a- ? of ?be MttMters wh ' will represent ili? present ado mMr*t><ni 1. Mr. Isaac .^varinoie of Cambridge, MaosajfcaMta, | father in law if Mr. Burning :^iae, has been an applicant for Postmaster of Boston, but tuj withdrawn all bu pa per* for tha; offiott, m order uut to taierisrs with Bur lltgUMl'S CiaiBlB. The Senate In executive seai-i m t?duy received aevural uii important nominations from the President. Mr. Hallow ay , nominated (fir Commissioner of Patent*, Uac been suspended, tbe ptaco having been promised tJ George G. Fogg, of X. H. Tbere is considerable opposi tion among tbe Senators to Mr. U&iloway, mainly from the fact that Mr. Fogg war unfairly dealt with. The President will right the matter. Mr. Burlicgame will go t> Austria, notwithstanding the fact tha' Mr. Adams gores to KngUnd. Mr. Sumner las worked to this point with unc a .<ng fidelity to his friend. Haasaureck will be provided for in South America. Kelson, of Indiana, is the only prominent appli :mt for the Brazilian mission, and will probably be sppoiated. Bias W. Leavenworth, of New York, will dotibtless be appointed Commissioner uniei; the Convention with New Granada, and Charles W. Pa vis. decretory. Calvin Husin, of Xew York,<-? oaamisst.'wier nnder the Convention with Costa Ric* fc r the settlement of the claims of citizens of the United .-nates against those re publics. The following named gentlemen, It is undtrstood, have been nominated for Postmasters ? John Lock wood, Milwaukee. Sidney F. Van Bcunherst, Pittsburg. William A. Oaines, Frankfort, Ky. Cluus. Howe has been nominated for Collector of Cus toms at Key West; B>" jaminO.^Farrer, Assistant Treasur er a: St. Ixiuis, and Samuel (Ixug, of Illinois, Consul at lAhaima, Sandwich Islands. Defreeze appears to be under the bac as Superintendent of Public Printing. His nomination is surprising. Colonel F. W. lender in not, ana has not been, an ap plicant for office under Mr. Lincoln. He would like to see Mr. Whether low, a noted pioneer and Indian fighter, ap pointed Agent of the Pah-Cte Indians. Col. 1-ander has been favorably spoken of as Governor of Nevada Territory, 011 account of his success .n putting a stop to the Indian war in that country last year. He leaves soon overland, with blood homes to stock his ranche in California. Mrs. lander, late Miss Pavenpart, will visit her frienis in Massachusetts before she returns via steamer to California. Mr. McXair, Sergeantat-Arma of the Senate, will be removed to-morrow or next day. There are several ap plicants for the successorEhip. TROUBLE ABOUT THE NEW YORK APPOINT MENTS. Wawnxarox, March 19, 1861. The contest over the Xew York appointments is fear ful. Another party from Xew York arrived here this morning, and presented strong protests against Barney's appointment as Collector. Xew candidates are hourly coming into ilie field in the hope of killing off the old ones. It is understood that they will be taken up and disposed of this week. The President to-day made the highly consoling and definite declaration to an applicant, that the Xew York appointments would be attended to as soon as ho should find time. A prominent politician of your city remarked to Mm thlB morning:? "Mr. President, 1 am surprised. We are not at war with Turkey. Why, thou, send a warlike man like Webb, whom we want bo badly at home, in the peaceful charac ter of a Minister to tha. country?" General Xye considers himself done for as to the M\r bhulship. One of bis friends found bim in bis room lo usy studying ferri'.orial coles of laws, which may be looked upon as a confirmation of tbe report of bis proba ble ap|ioicunent a a Governor of a Western Territory. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. Waskuiiw, March 19, 1801. cohwt ;'s iiiKTD'ucf r. Hip State l^pertinc-l U aot>ut transferring to the mvi ?ul Hu?i 8 a njtltlc 'f lu of the jtuwaps by toagress of t an following p'opa-:"! amendment to the constitution, whi b shell become v.iini wl.eii ratified by thtee fourths of tbo UgUIaturcs. v.? ? Vorni- nuiuetit siiull be wads to the constitution w hloh hi',) ku'h rixo or gi<m to Cin<rft? the power to abol.sb cr intrfefre within any -Ute with tha domestic iMtltut'oni thereof, incl i ling t bit of p^moca hi Id to labor or -~rvi '<> by the law* of tb? s.ud State, run >ia?ni.?-/rs a luunaong. My dospatcb fining the 8 ec'?-s nists' plot to re?ist the federal laws Id ibe city of Baltimore, stirrei up a hornet* nest, ami by brought over from that city a lar/e delegation of republi cs, who hivo had freqjent inter views with )lr. Lincoln up?n tbo nb.iect. fh.;se gentle men ussort that such a pa: t> does cx.st there, and that it is led b> a disunion new paper of that city . no: Er.iorK.Af mails via ranuuro. Detroit, Chicago an J Portland have been constituted exchange ofl coa for the ?ench us well as the British mails, to be conveyed vn IVriian) and Liverpool or River du I /nip and Llvorjo.l, to tike efle<"t on the 1st of Apill n^xt. The Western po-'*tr latere will accordingly seed letters lorKraroe to the Poet Offices of the cities first above mentioned, Id* ead of to N'ew York. Awtnt* n srsxico isn cnrrPA'. avouch. Iv^patches haw been received by the government from the City of Mexico wltt dates to March 2. Affairs were gradually assuming a peu^efal attitude, and the povernment of .'wires setting d'xn to perm*a incy. The oont**t rer Present Wli probsb'y result in no choice by the pe>?ple, in wh -h uv?nt Congress will elect. The difficulty between ibe Fr:noh Minister and the Juaret goverrmont, growing out of the removals of the Nuns from the oonvetts, is in a :'alr way of ami sable ad jjstmcnt, and t\e Trench Minister will, it Usa<d,soon recogtii.?e tiki ex t.ng gov rcmont. The political c-ubs of the City of Mev'oo and Pueb'a sre very i^t vn just now, acd are de;ermlned to exact of the government a tnil enforcement of the laws of reform. The political difficult)** tnvsspirlng Id the I'nlted Stites excites a good Jm! of at tent en in Mex.co. It was under stood tlist the govertr rLt wowid Uke no action at pre ^cnt in rogvd to th>j recognition of the Confederate States. A-TATON W vrw 6&AXADA. Advice- * ore reced ed tbis morn.rg with late dates irom B?gut?. The stmggio between ftlio contending forces under Osr'naand M w-fieira was rlgorouily pur sued , iind the ultimate result was regarded as doubtful, Several unimporUint battles had be*n fought, and Mos quetra was advancing opon the c'ty. The oondition of affairs was ntnmaiy critical The obrtruction of cotninu uication between Panama and Bogota was still very difficult. KJt OOTTjV IX 03OTA MCA, The President of Costa R.ia writes that he was abo'.t to submtt llr. Sanford's 1-itter on free cotton to the co>ji ctl of government, w.th a view to action by it to rac ii tAte such cultivation. nis orwj*n nmsx. W. H. Rufsel!, Pres. lent of the Central Overland Gait. 'orniA and Plks a j'eak llxpT<*s8 Cc-npany, an 1 founder of the puny express, has oonciuded a cot. tract with tbe< )ver land Mail Compiny, trauf erred by the last Congress to the Central roote, to run the mail and pocy from the MtswAirl river, oonte t ug with the OrerUbd Com (-*nj ?t Salt TAke City. own o? to* ?xwwrmuriu ?TAri?. aoooun'.t of the Cer.sun Marshals in tbs Oonfele rite ~'ateS have not yet b?en se'.teJ, as the latter w.tb bold tho p ibl.3 mmey frem which Uke government <le Rires to make the payment. how x>tr*. ojiNiw 'AtM tki Mrr js o? ronmm. Mrs. Galu?'S b^ws her honors with bsoomlng dig n tv. r'he has no idea of oppress -ig .ho people who have been h'?b? by the decree of the .Supreme Ocrart. While Get ^ra' Isln's exacted S pie-lge rron. her a few hour* before he <ii?J. toat sbs wrj'.d not oomr omlse with any 1*? ties *o ca Ue c-tas. she can now. ha -Og -oipl.ed * ith the dytog req .est of her b isband, xakeaayar ran4'?si?nu ?h<- iii %j deem joat, w th hon>r tihersol/. UITEI1 1TATE< SKMATBL SXTRA HMMOI*. i^ASn si row, March 1?, JSOt. Th r > ti t mtiglaa, 'ji fsfermoe t- ".he fcrts, arsenalt1, navy and nhir pub.ic rr perty In the .'?H<ednt ntat"?. ww ?kso ?p. Mr. CV.N.i* <??. opp.) of * C.,said thit !t won'd be rs ?'???15c ' ?<i thai i en is resol- t'oa was >ffhred In print the ls iai nutiOer cop s of the Inaugural aldres*, he Mr. ningman) eip-s*ed ?ha ->pini m that the atter ni \?t war, and that the ]>?>>/ of the ado. r strati n, ' e*rri*<l into efltct, would * ad to war. II; ba.1 wva h-po that on the array of facta presented by the Senate r from Illinois that tbe policy of the administration wis not cal culated to involve on mtvltitlilf m civil war. Bat there was one difficulty m the way. if tho Senator from N'ew Hampshire would relieve hie (Mr. (Iingman**) mini on the subject be would be much gratified. If the polKy of the administration be peace, why should it not be an nounced? Everybody knows that the oountry is sutH-r inf. Commerce is paralyzed, matufaclar<-earea?prenaed. stocks are down, and general distress prevails throughout the iai.d. If, as th* HSMiW tNB Illinois said, the l-re*-i dent would aiaiounce his policy was peace, it would help as out of our difficulties, hut if, on the other bind, a diflc-rent policy be intended, be could well iindersi aid why the administration would cot proclaim it. lie re peat so. "it is the set' led policy -?t" thoi-? iu power to in volve us v*ry boon in civil war." Their siienoe was proof c<l' this to bis mind. Nodoibt ordeis Lave gone to the Mediterranean and other distant, siatijui to t>rlug home our ship*. Why was :b s K) ll' the |< >h<y of tne adminis tration ix peace) Why it) there an immense armament at New York larger than lor the last twenty years, if they wire to believe the ntwspapers and private corres pon Ict-ce? k.'r. tiKims, (rep ) of Iowa, said ships have not been ordered from the Miditeriunean, us^he bad Kerned on iaquiry. Mr ru.M.MASi replied that it w:is so stated, nud a ked the Senator fOrtmes) whetner ho bolteved thai other distant ships had not been ordered home. Mr. GMMkHxald be had no knowledge ol such a tact, having made inquiry only as t>> (hat particular case Mr. Oii.Nnm.N nail there could De no doubt that troops are being thrown into d intact stations, and that a num bef of (.hips were taking in supplies. It tho policy of the administration In war it would, of course, t>e concealed until there was readiness to strike. From information be had received within tbe last two or throe days, there Uro reinforcements uno heavy guns gjiug So.ith to tako pos session of the forts iu North Carolina, Virginia and OMt where If to he should regard it as a purpose to make war. Mr. Cijbk, irep.) of N. H., said thai allusion having been made to the republican side as remaining mate, be CMr. Clark) wished to say he knew ofuo person among the republicans win* tuts any information on thai point. Be bad reason to beileve nobody knew anv more toan what appeared in the inaugural address. Gentlemen oo the other side could put their interpretation on tbe inau gural. Mr. ClekOUM replied that it was extraordinary that Senators occupying such political relations should not know what the inaugural meant. The country has a right to know wliat to expect. Was it to be supposed for a moment that if this government threaten the Confederate States they will wait till it is ready to organize armies and pounce upon them? Mr. Ci ark? If you will look at tbe Ina'igural you will see the hri s-i>lent fays there can be no assault on any one. Mr. fiHHiiMAji ? But the President saysthit he will occu py and possess tbe torts in the Confederate States. The Senator Lods his head. The President says to them there will be no bloodshed if yon submit. Be (dingman) wished t? state that he could not adopt the viovre of the Senator I rem Illinois i Douglas) while all the facts point to wares collision and w r. Mr. Hal*, (rep.) of N. B., In reply to Mr. Cllngman's allusion to hiin, said that he (Bale) knew no more what the administration meant or intended to do than the Sena tor himself. Ho presumed tbat the Senator bad been as frequently and intimately consulted as ho {Bale) had been, and had given as mush advice to the President and heads of departments as be bad, and hid heard ai much from them in return. Mr. Cijjkihu? replied that he had not eomra mlcafsd with them either vorbally or in writing, an l if the Sena tor was liko b mselt he was very distant from those gen tl< mer Mr .Hale said that it was so with him. He had cor ret ponded neither verbally nor in writing as to any step of public policy, or to a single appeurtmcnt that has boon made. Mr. Cijxrmax thought, In all sincerity , that his (H ile's) r< marks indi cted greut want of Intelligence on the ptrt of the administration that tbe Senator from New lliinp sh.re had not been ponsulted, for his position and vast acquaintance with government aflVura would give the ad ministration great weight. He (("lineman) -aid, with ro grei, that this showed a want ol" ?MSMMMh% on the part of tne administration. Mr. H HI agreed to tha;, (laughter) but :t evident ly true. Be was hero as a representative of N?>v Ifampshire, not of the administration, and presumed he should sustain the same relations to it that the Senator would, namely, to gtve his oordial sup iort to all patriotic purp*eg which may commend themselves to his judg ment. Be (Bale) would endeavor to do 'the same, and they would in that case belong to the same party. ( Laughter. )g Be said thin to relieve the Senator from the uecessru 01 his ever c tiling <^?>n him to know what the aumini&tratien means If the Senator wanted to knov what his constituents uw.ir he eon til te'.l hltn. lie sail this for the p'irposo of putting himsel; right and to answer frankly the m; -rrugatory wh'Cl; tbe Senator i r j.n North Tar- lina propounded. Ho intended to support tti adnno strut n whore it deserves support, but wh-nlttoo* a couise which be deemed contrary to the interests and honor o.' tbe country it should not have bis support. Th PmWwt has fcaoo overwhelmed iiy friends. (Laugh ter.) I'liey have boeu th^.uguig tho avenues of tli ? White H use to pay tli-i- respects 10 him, and ft was sup posed the same w a* I rue as to the be.tds ot departments It was Just to himae f to siy tliat t> this day and hou h< was lntio< eut and lgnoriet of whit tho adminUtrntio i Int. nds to do He (H<l->) hid not passed a word with th ? met hers of tboOidlnet He ha i not put his cyt-s "o thai (j'l-iit ai d leading m'nd (Sewar !) as the x>nato ra'led him." He presumed thai the President ba- th 0" rur" i stem all the storms asMllieg tbe ghip of statu This waa ihe r uson why 'he I'res dent had not i?one out s'de 'ho circle of bn constitutional advisers. Ho aouglu oo aoviee elsewhere Mr. Cnasdubi, (rep.) of Jllch. , .-nid ih.il the Senator from KeutixV. y yesterday inaue a remark about "blood lettix>K> c*IJe?l it his (t'handler \s) iloc'.rino, or words to that f tle?t tin ^"handler) via cot tbe niitbor or that doctrine. It was * distingui-h' d son of Virginia and Kentucky, for the latter was then a part ut the former state, who pro mulgated the idea, lie alluded to Joileri-ou, who, In i writliin tiom 1'nrW, B?io that "the people cannot always j be well informed , an.J that tlie trou of liberty muit be I refreshed by the blow] of patriot# and tyrants." It was the naiorci manure. There was whi!re he (Chandler) j obtained the Idea. The doctrine ol tho ''higher law ' I and the ''ir'opreH?lble conlllct-' ?an nA?ign<-d to Mr. Seward, and the Senator from Illinoi- tiaJ said Uiat Mr. 1 tncoln inaugurated tho doctrine. U the Senator hai 1 read the liible be would hare found the doc trine was not on!y held Itetore Mr. Seward was born but beiore the Maytlower crossed th 1 At lantic, and before the Saviour was born. It was illustrate*: n the history of Pharaoh and Moses, as ho proceed*! to show. The Senator from Kentucky had ?*en for that and other Stetes. and had argued to j.rovo ' propriety of abandoning the fort -i and giving up at tempts u> enforce the laws, and had said tli.it unless tbia was done hentu k? would go out of the I'nloo. The peo ple, on the tttb of S'oT-moer, sat en this great Issue and rendereo a verdict. There were four pr-sidentiul cmdi ?later. Th" aggregate votes for linroln, Dotiglaa and Bell we*-e :?,8H;J17 votee.an.l In the platform* r?spective ly of these parties there was a clear an1 emphatic de- i clarat.oc for the maintenance of the Union and tli? con stitution, and the enforcement of the laws. Tho fourth presidential candidate w?s tbe Senator from Kentucky,, with what the Senator from Illinois called "a disunion platform of a disunion party." He reeeHo.] MS, 000 votes. This showed him that the platform was repudiated by throe millions of voters. The 9ena tor now proposes to reopen a question which ha-t thus beer, nettled, and to Insert his putfonn, naked and simale, In the constitution of the I nited States, not with ? itmiU'C th. ;un ?N roM a?caUi?-t him. It wis too late. The thing caiibot be done. The people have rondered their vrdic'. rhe question cannot be reopened. Ho bnlleved thai If the r itti'-oruike banner were raised In Kentucky It wodM be bailed by but few *-ipport?rs la that ..Miiiint State. Jlr femcKi.nuont, Copp.) of Ky., explained that what he said yesterday wan witn reference to the failure of all schemes of reMB<'illattria and adi'i-turtent, and that tho border slave Stato; wo-.ild UK" tuetr own course, unili , terred by Senatorial tli.-eats of "bloodi-ttUig." lie did Dot re''"r In bis aMe<'h to wlnt aid tv*en said on this | floor. Be bad Kit boar* the Senator's former remarks. i He referred t > the senator's letter, In winch It was | fad tbst "tho l n on was not worth anything i with > it bloodletting " As to tin l.inguage <if JetlVr - .n, it * i* n> i at a)' applicable to preeeut affiirs. if tbe tenguafe w*s rot original with the Senator (flan il'.erl be b?i misled him (Breckinridge) by not p itting in the qu nation marks. Mr Simsoiw, (rep) of R. 1.. offered tbe foliowtag amend 1 men; to Mr. Douglas' roioluti on j ? Strike out all after the words "resolved " and insert, "Tbia ' :h??'oi"ni t?e n the judiciary be Instructed to make tbe ! foUoWtM inq'lirie? Plr't? If toy >iate or fltates within the limits of the ('ni ted state* jf Ani'Tic* have changed or medllied their law* j respeAlna .he oath namiei lo N ukn by tbe members of the I-eglsm ire thereof to iiwh an eitent ae to disqualify Its | memV r? *s electors of a Senator of the I nited ."tales ae . oirdlng to the provision of the ^institution 1 Pe-ont ? If ?nv senator, now .Jaiming to be a member nt the "?nale, i>*s b*-en eie. . d by the ie'Slnlat'ire of aof bt?.? J." m> iiib'.'.-s .vhereoi w?r? thus dlsqualUI"d ? f'nrd? t*ha? ?a<--?nc1?s, If any there are, In the 'J-nave to whi^hthe l'.i?"mtl\e ,t anv rttav has a oon?Utntional nght t > ma?e tenifofary tpvolnim"nt? t fill* An<i that 'Od O'immiiteo report '.be nsult of their Inqul lies to lbs Snate, Mr. Pmv.iM g?..l t*ls wss * proper subject for tho Jen*te le act ipon. l*bey should aacertalB what -vtates ar - competent to fill - a-' uncles, either by tiie l?gt la W??s or apn-ilntcjent, acd w'jetaer say Si n* tors have t>e ui elected by those who wero not oompetent to vote tbctJ. Th? erator from Kllno'.s had ?a'd he w mid give tbe rviubll ans tcao trouble, because he ktew wo a' ihelr schemes were. Vow bo (-'inmons) did not knew that bta brother ?' inators had any I hsiui. I. The senator dtd no*, think It possible that Lbe majority ofejld perf rm tbe r duty without some Ktaime lie then repti 'd to some re>narks ?thk)1 dr. lineman hvl '.ncider tally mado'.n the tirliT queition, and in r^poCM to a q-ieethjn by that g^ttlemaa ?*M ho n?r?r dreamed that th?" hob -paj meat of dutie# by tbe Confederate States wou'1 make any f 'nsibie difference. Mr. CtJSona>? Will ?<w let them go" Mr. Pimvonk? They n ?ve goc i without ask' eg. lam not disposed to 'wee ?b?m ba,ik. I p-eenme they will be ?!;h of th"lr vxperiineot within ? year. Mr. Cit><mai?? That rema ns to be tested. Mr reeumlBg, said tbe eonntcy lc si* nxwU.s wo ild tettle mailers .d *pi w> of the reeth-'t pilstlcians le bad no nore idea toat the adtnlnis'.ra'.'on cititompii'. sd the '.Bvsnoti <>f stst" ? ghts toy more than he '^m niM) lid. He b?l.e?ed *.ht# was (fetting to be wefl on ders'nod at the Smttb, ao1 hri. te new iseoee and (MM were male u d ne sr poei'.ioia taker. Certa n goo tie nen are tt ? wonderfni h-irrjr to eetUe ereryU rg beforo il barren"- (iMfkltr.) W* shall conMii'>-t t" oo>l?^t he

revruut- , ah hertiofore, or the sum seuiug ap for t o^m KelVfS Wl'l C"44fcu U) hav>' iDV biwmoM. Be l>ehev 9d .h 1 Prft>td- i>t b*? as kind aa>1 pacifa int- ntwm* to -wards thou* Kiaies w any I'randtLt tner had. He believe 1 but ; for the agitation bor>< and el??wb*re they would u-> ilxnt their every day avocations. Mutilans. (wwrer, m;?t b? agitata*. Tliey never produoe a dollar and nevoi wilt. (Laafbicr.) I Mr. CuiuMai replied, and ar?uod that tbe adra uistra tkin rouid not support itself from toe tariff law, '?oiwider iDfi that trie Coniederate State* have one -nueh k>?er, of which ihe merchants of the West wll *.-a'.' tbom twelve*, be. The ?Senate luen went into executive w?j. u, and shortly after w*r is adjourned. rilESKNTAllON OF THE NICARAGUA* M IN ISTKR. Senor Liiw Molina. who has so ao-eptaKy, taring feve i ral veara. reprotenwd the republic of 'mu. Rica and Vioaraguaat. W aabuigtrn, bv> been proi/ >t.*i by the ro pubi'.c of Nicaragua to the* nuilt or MtVOy Kxtr?> d.miry i and Minister I'lenipoteutiary. no Saturday List h- win formal)) receive? by '.be President. Ou oem* (rwiuri I by the Secretary of State, be a?l iresecd thi Prisld.jot as i follows:? Mr. Fhkotup* ? I have the honor to reapeetfu!'.y ^r^aent 1 to year F.xcellenry tbe letters which a -credit me as j Knvoy Extraordinary and Minis tar IVniiovuclary of Nicaragua near the I'n.ieu Statos. Tho high r r.uik th is conferred on me Is intended as a token of the frreat regard of the govornment an.' the itvipie of Nicaragua toward* this cuntry; of their lively senate of tbe paramount iuip"run?-<j thoy attach to Itn amity; and of the.r constant dealre to secu'.> and strength*!) this upon tho nolid basin of Justice an 1 recl ptoelty, which cannot but bring to both c>?:utrnw incal culable advantages. A long residence la thw country, durag which I h*. e personaliy i\peri?u.e?i only kiudnees at the hands of the people, enhanc- a the pleasure it jt my fortune now to etijoy of giving utterance to the e irunat. good wishes of the l*retid< ut or Nicaragua for the per sonal happlnosa of your Excellency . for tbe aucoet < of your administration and lor tlie peace and pro *rity oi" the free people over which your Excellency so wnrunly presidss. Sharing this yentimont, let me opo th?t, b*iu& reciprocated, I mas contribute to i>romooe r, > desirable au end and be acceptable to the government ot tbe L'oited ritaUs. ' To which the PHfcn avr replied ? Mr. Moixsa? I am hippy to receive the le?t.-rn yo'i present, and to rece^uiae you, ?.ir, .n Hivny Extraordinary and Minister T'lentpotenliary of Nica ragua near the Tutted St ? tee. In C'Hterr.og a higher rank upon you us a UA.-n of re gard on the part of the government and people of Nica ragua towards this country, they have done our <oreru ment and people au bouor for which wo are du!y ^rate ful, while they havo also manifested an iui-reasod con fldenoe In you, which wo can a'teet ie d?aerved. and thereby have done you a distkiguiahed honor, upon which we cougratulaie you. on behalf of the Catted States I fully teciprocate t > wares your government and l>eoplo the bind wishes and frlondly purjuwee yo i so ge nerously express towards ouir. l'lcaao oommunio?te to his Kxcelleucy the Prt Hident of Nicaragua my high es teem ana consideration, and my earnest wish for ka.ui health, happiness and long life. Bo afeurcd, sir, I do not allow myself to doubt that yourpublU duties and social Intercourse here will be so ronouuted aa to b<> entirely acceptable to the government and pooplu of the I'nited States. THE BUCHANAN CABISF.T ?>C?LEH. HEI-LY OK MH. THOKTSON TO MR. HOLT. KEl l * ut -? oxnJW), Mim , March tl, 1M1. TO TH? Kdttoim thkK^,:1 fZ!i" a**)S?r of Hoc. to torch 6 which wafl read by me {SSJEWSS JRf? " rogatories from Judge Ixwgitrwl, tei*r*obed to Sooted Cbrtotrtii and ai nurnof ??fg???iar, him no relnforoem'BW ha* authorities and, in my oplB?*, ?ene wooM wj sen fort. - ^ v*1? T S2^"sSsSt hold the Jlrat "T0 , je 0f me 8 ib tho Oonf%:ution made. On *l?*rraphtc despatch trm Sew uew*pap? oontainea a win* <*v" > ^ from VorktW the ,T?1 ^onh^dltrifor Fort that port with ? ? ??[ ?lMllwl?oo I had received from any ?wur 5SS5 U3? known to? mo. Whil^en? s.*.reWtry ot SUV., m (ho pretence o( rjedge Btoc*- ? ? 1<liu^ri^, making a ili-t patch waa !CTtlZLj^P the -U' ? ' tb- West with a^^s^jSrss,1: a - i ??" r' "ro?m nw> ?" 1 ^SSi^rx? b< cauh Wr. , k ?' h1 "\oi <hne!o?<^ to th *" in opo y. t ft m. niber ? tb? t ubl. .?. ?> ? ? ^m,,a which I ntollln aga.o* the lotted *Ui'.h 1 hold its&gZttJZrsspr r. agnation and the ' lt??, ?t tiio Star of i r~w" srtSK-?K as : ""?fltS.-iSS ^S^Ws! "? " 1 rotlgB ofcoiuse 1 ?J . tf ^ , woU kD4w the Aitmg he hail oxpr?*? d hinite-1 ^ ^ cru-|, out thowe ^?orftATy ot W ar ? id '1i'5 ^ ,!? n ?? ?|o roady to whom he the PrUklrnt to justify wi/c up^ti any 1'^"' e*F ll0ll ?<? o??d. rtcitt which hinif'-lf in ftdOjitii'^ an) . j n0, choose to s?7Sriffrtr-Ks:a assssg^ssaR x?c"St ?arJr * rrtalorcrm< nt?> U> Kort fOJn~J 7" ' ? rMul< and L^yinfa^pMwnfr^t^^ ^rent bythe u-uc (?.bdltio^?nd ? *>, thift conclusion was roBrtwK* to be .^Wj^Ti^ber of the Cabinet. As reached.aaadniitudbj ) ^ ,* tbe roply of the >oot> nn tbia quwtlon ^ ^..n up, roiul and ro turned. After that ui th t "reiolorrmneota if the SSTSStSither J?d?o Black, B,U8i S mviilf r.Tthe retnark. l"how are the Gov. ThomMnrtrmy*" ?> ? wltb wuom T have had rmly two membor? ot tho ( aJHXitt w ivu bjcct lt a a?P*_W &^roJyof War , or r tain, ^n..rHi ^oott MA inaugurate ih\* wocrot roovtrfi upon bjr ^ ih? bol.e! that expedite "f into Fort bo ounl'l throw two bun ? cerUtn (bat the Froaldent huiuU;r by ?toKlth. it trr-'W to b?' arrentod, aad ?n Uu"' d ZrTrjm ??t l^lh0^^'^rr?i?'ntn?.w parties ha?l prom|Hiy awcuirn ^ ( ^ Woyt m.t '?in tb?t it aid no lia['P?n ihitt , .n(1 and it i* 4u without receiving tbo ? "^.t C'TW1U ^."Ve" t B^taS. I 0-ul 'o all thai itb.' "r*" ? ln^)lv?i in thelraor with th'f^'VnnW c. i^aiti th^t huv.ry w.U not record action. Hiafortb r o> brilliant atratfgic ran? thl? "P?1 mMk th^Tilitaa ? ut u*uiJ' STiJSii^fiS t ? ?2^?? ^ " Mr- Ji^ tin- *vmi?.ttiiy of tho I 11 loo men of the by an api-a? to wjjymp thoir ooaiidora South. Hi ban forf him their t,oB, and ? . , Wind ncn^denoe. ha# ^ thry wil) r? I i.cw asd j2J2iSllk dtidaln wbon ? tftnmH them jeet blaanr??'>h^ with dt^un* , M -y are "to I tha' in r'rj^ ._ ^,^,5 thtx m .1 goTornmeet of ,-oo np.-n reboUhm Tb y u rth?r b? hn ? iv>~wn , ird w? .' bo Kept U.aoin rj ^ SMlw| a? I'm h)> <>f iu'wd'T and I w *-? ^ lh0 ou,up<Kt whi.;a ?o^iarate and P* , lh,t (-0b State nan be tormed the gewrl.jyr^r^ h ,lf..v ,f rinht toaweri ber ind t neithor coajmiM ro I SSSSJrcy!?'^ . . I VCi- - ihrtHf mbiw men . A ..r, ,j througbou' tho Mr Bolt f?rther*ay. ** ,, offlc-, -ho re c , th alBo. ly and 1 ' -ilely ' Jrf ' . . \ow if Ikd be fuaed to biark'n bH wol wUhi?r| /? uf him twe, tho ^th 1. y??; but ^ V pr vVte ci??-n h SLS^CA'!^ ??&?. m Waw*' rrw, Jan. 10, 1881 I Hit Fa -.or*** Usm B. > - o-s.iv- i >?t ^ ^ Ub!U54 y? r reply to ?r 00. ? of the , W? U-Uot, SPOT) SSCWaSf r?mf ,rc. mrnta that I (you) tboigtt y w (1) ,wl*a ihtt my 4-tloo would have beonp^.'lyl^? un, watjod on .hat day that ym, W d?TjTVhaT? T??arded the dltplay >f a n; ^^ij^ted f^rW." ,or along the ao cojjtby W Z utfi 11 'MUBnunl to var Of iW optoW? ? . !MM? n,f ?'l* a^aMVhe CbWret bate b?en ivlt-viDf aiirb wowil ** ami hare ieed ?? SS l -.. A; ?r,v1r admiol?t?atl?n from precipitating tho country Into an Inevitable eontint, the ei>d ??!' which no human botug could urease. My oouiae* bi.\? nut prevailed; troopa have b*eu i?ent; and 1 bopo j? t ibat a kind Hrjvtdonco inay avet t the ooana quel cee I have apprehended, and that peace will be main tained. 1 am tow a privaio citizen, and an Hitch I am at U'>o t y to grve expression to my private feeling towaril* yoi personally In all myittcul in lem ur *e wvh you, thou*!, ot ten overruled, 1 have been treated with uniiorm kiouues* ai d consideration. I know your patriotism,) our bmeaty ac<' purity ol character, and aCia.ro your hijfti qiilltinj of bead und heart. If n o can link a t lb* otrawmalaMV'S atU tdii g tnta unfuriunat* order for reuttotc mii- uta, on wbicb though we dlfler, yet 1 am willing to*d <\ii ?hit Ci an> as conscientious *r 1 claim to be, you h m e\ ?r n ft ink, direct and oontiding in mo. 1 hive never been g'ibjei led to tbo llrst morui.cali <ui or i-ulort?med for a moment tin- lirst unkind feeling The. e facta Jewr mined mo to stand by you aivl your admuu?traM>?u m long as tb< re waa any bow led tbat oui prob< ui uitticii ti*-e >.ould iin<l a pturctul solution. II tho onuaeelat of t iQio members of jour Oabue t prrvad t ?m uiu? i . without hope. Kv< ry duty you b?r imputed oo me baa been ' i?ch?rged witb hci upulou* Ikleltty oo m? put, au^ I it. would give me mm lie pain even to stispect thtft you are not - at If lied. Whatever may be <mr naieotitt fut m a, I shall ever bo your per? -tiul rr i-nd , and shall vi?>dl cate your fame Mid j oar administration, of wblcti 1 h?ve t>een a part, and shall ever n membor w (tb gratitude too any I a voi h and kindnetsea heretofore shown to mo and 'ne. I go hi DCe to make the deatlnv of M<*ai*alppi my 'If* tiny. My life, fortune, and ail I bold mw' d- ir sb?ll bo dovoted to her cause. In ooinn th's 1 believe, Ho ro (iod, I am serving tbe ends of tru'h and junto* and good government. .Now, as ever, your personal Irleud j. rauMraus. Wintmnmi, Jan. U,1H61. Mt lix.ut Sm? Without referring to any receut political questions, your favor of yoeterdav baa afforded m<~< tbo highest iTe^reo of satisfaction. You know that for mauy yearn | bavo entertaiued ? warm regard lor you, and ibis baa bet n k really Increased by our oltlclal and puraooal In tcroourso since you became a membor of my cabinet. No man could have more ably , honestly , and tfliciently per lormed the various and complicated autl- 1- of ih? intori * Department than yourself , aud It has always boeu my pride and pleasure to < x press this opinion on every ?uit-i hh> occasion. 1 regret extremely that the troubl** ot the times have rendered it ieo< s-;.ry for us to pirt; nut, whatever maj bo your future destiny, I sb ill ever feel a deep interest in your welfare and happiness. From your friend, very respectfully, JaMHS HL'CUAMaV Hon. Jjicob Thompson. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. The Evacuation of Fort Sumter. Major Anderson and His Forces Leave on Saturday in the Steamship Columbia. Probable Keeofnition of the Confederate States by the European Powers. THE FEELDIG AT THE SOUfH. Surrender of the New York Vessels by the State of Georgia, ltl*f Mi) ki' CiitlUBfroN, March 19, 1S61. Paymaster Hutton, of the t'nited States Army, visited | Fort Sumter this cm Ding under a Hag of truce, and paid oil tifty United States soldiers. * Major Anderson sunt to Quartermaster 11 tlch, oi the Conftdcrato army, desiring to know by what couveyance bis troops can be transported North They will go by the Columbia on Saturday. The ab.indouiueut of the fort is hourly expected. H)o Southern IVufederote Slates will bo rtMvniM4 by the Kiench Kmperor and the Spanish government. Tnc British government is not expected to do s<> immediately. Russia, Sweden, Den<nark and the Italian oafodurucy are all favorably inclined. No reconstruction, consequent even upon the extinction of the republican party, will restore the South to tbe ? Id tlii ion. ( omiTK'dDri IngraUam and Captain Hart-tcln have ielt i Charleston on secret service. The Montgomery tarid is acceptable to South Caroiint, and now works ah oady commenced m consejuenoo. Charleston Ik thoroughly efficient in all mllltiry point*. There is no danger from bombardment. Were Anderson ho disposed, he has no war implements that can throw shells into the city. The principal people here are desirous or a -peedy settlement of affairs; but all look to ttie attainm jnt of that object outsldo and not Inside of the old t'nian. I hate just left Governor I'ickens. Home excitement was created this ev <'iiing by the ap pearance of a steamer from the North ?b/< of Kort Sumter. The Oonfedorate State* steamer Kxcel le"t her moorings, with an a<ldition?l force, to reconnoitre, aiul lend assistance to the fort ifieat ions if necc-sar) . Beauregard h>s the tonAdense of both the Mat* ant) Confederate States governments, and if ? -rking wltii wisdom and great military address. OUR RELATIONS WITH OKOWJU. TO* AHMH BKTTltXKD BV TIIK I'OLICK At'THOKI HKH, ANI> TBI NEW YOHK VKS-KLH RKLKtUS BY TUK UOVEKNMKNT OF UKUWitA. The whole of the arms seised by Itoucfca Kennedy on board the .lonttcello, m iwb to Hava'auah, have at length beon restore 1 by that olBctU. Tbo loibwin; is a copy of a letter sent by the owners of the Martha Ward, seized In reprisal by the fleoff ia m'horitle", to Mr. Kennedy, and which doubJors, in ?uiuie lion with the fact that the vessels seized by tli> vitb"i I ties were jdver Used to be sold m the *2Hh. helped to bring about the desired result. ? UHm vhok jams k wast) * o>. J. A. K*"?!??i'V , Hsq.:? IibasSik? We are the ownon 'if the ship Marin* J. Ward, now uiider selsure at HaraM >ah, as ? tatsd, in re prisal for th<> a -me aaHMi by yixi . e luv-< nwie ev jry oftort to navo our proper' y, value 1 a*, over fw 000, and i uid tha with ?it yoi.r frwudly si I we Rhsi! 'm* unable t j <io so, and must sut mil to sve h eir. minu If, in ? onslderatlon of our unfortunv > )??it on. yoo wilt deliver the nrms to us. we w II Indemnify v> >K<iu4tall da nice* aD'j c?U which may be recovered agouti you I k -"i h seiiure. ' JAHK- ? W \Kl> k 00. The before mentioned Indemnit) roads as fallows ? CTWUBBM. Tn consideration that J>ihn \. Kennedy wlU . at O'lr re quest, dehver up ten case* of armii in hotrd the steamer M'>ntlcelhi, ud In oobS id eru ton >f oo MKT u> <? paid, we horeby acree to pay all Costa and dimag.>< sno expenses that may be recovered again*! him for mich Minn. l<atC4i this loth day of Mar< b, lidl. JAMM K. WARD At cn. The above indemnity was required of the owner) ?f *h ship Martha J. Ward, sewed by <iovernor Brawn in r?pt i sal for the se i rare of the ten casts of mnakets hero by Superintendent Kennedy. It la understood that the low of the owners of that ship in freight almeU between four and five thousand dollars, besides detention and this Indemnity, which may bo as much more, I'poo giving this indemnity the arms were delivered to the ostium of the rhip, who transmitted them to Savannah on Monday '?st, v> be delivered to Governor Brown. THX RX1 >1AKS OS TWS 1 SSSST*. In connexion with this matter, some private tel t tpsphic correspondence hss takes place betwsen K'Wsro a D. Babcock and John A. Parker, of this city, to the one band, snd ??w? H. Brtgbam and K. 'Aiher#, of -.iTsni ah, oo th< >thsr hand. The r>wult >>f thene J? ? patches is en br^ed In the following telsgraphic oom* uowdence ? 8?*at?v?, Mar h l?. IW. ?fjMisn. D. Bas--'** ain> A. Park us, ^ssw Tons _ Ynwr le-pstch*^ of ve'terd>?y r?co -??t. til skips nave beer rehsss it by 'U-: attUmrtMss, in oonstderatl<>n of reieas# of th ' arms b/ the S?w Y->rSt i*>i x H BRlflH** an1 ft appears that *n armeal had ^en mads t tout Fefcre iry 36. to ths cVtWBfcwkiBsr* of I'otiee, to cmtrql Mr. Kennedy. They, ho #sver, only Mfertsd the matter to attorney*, of * j?m no r,p|?jifnj htd ^ in mi . *d, <?/? after ? delay <*. c>v r tw> w?"ks, rr i 'n:ly to vrmu tho 1 point in question, and tacitly to confirm what Mr. Ken body bad INTELLIGENCE FROM KEY WBBT. Kjtv Wiffr, March iii, iHi? Tin t o are i?o \ttuli <if *n- at iu< pr :scut inoii?- n. v ? tiuccd at Key W'eet. The city is perfectly ijuiet. aud Un pi ople sei m di*p?+ed to calmly await Uv- den - >-ni-ni of ? vents. The federal authority* bolu.uif '?*. Iwa.'-cUiui a will u?ve undisputed s?ay. The Coast surrey scboout rji A?-u? .% .r. t iM.:?y tuve tir'vod ut Fort Jedbreon. luey *r? ? ? ?. ju isir ;oo North. MaJ. Towers, of tbo lulled State* Ki.g uee.-a, a-.d Ueiit. Oilman, of Fori licked fame, arrived from 'Wv ai? tb > 5.1' Ufct , and left in tbo trau.^p >rt ecu <>u 'i T- r'. .g.n fo I <>rt JcU't'i.-ou, ou l lie Ikli. Lieut. (illiuau ta en roitu to ' "it I'lckena, l'eusucola I in I'micd .-tales revenue cutter Appieton, Ijtui. Ran <i'l[>l. , nailed tor Havana on tbo 4th, wild C?pt. if. F Sr-ittt, l uitcd Mate* Topographical kogtneer?, aa pu.1 tteiger. llki I'lIN St it tea schooner Florida, Lieut. Plokerlng, I'niU'U Muled Navy , saned on the 4th 'or Havana, wit D .fi ige lioiigiaa as paem nger. Both vesaele at e now over due at tint port Tb? garrison at Fort Taylor remains a a hut reported , to good health and spirits. Ihey are looking for rent .'???cement* by the luniel We-.sior irom rexae. me mi amers limn New York aid Fortress rfouroe, with (be .umamcntaof Forts Taylor and .lefleraon, are now over due. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. RichM'I.nd, March 19, 1M1. _ The C mmittee on Federal KeUtiona to day reported llie propoaed amendments to the coistit'itlon. It ia Frankltn'a substitute chicgod by using the exprosaion " involuntary servitude" in place of "person bekl to thtvery ." Tho rights of ownera are not to bo impaired by Congressional or Territorial law, or the pre-existing l.iw of Mexico. In territory hereafter acquired, Involun tary servitude, except lor crime, is prohibited north of tiilrt) six degrees thirty mlnutee, but shall not be pro hibited by Cong r o*s or any Territorial Legislature south of; that line. In the third section there are verbal alterations lor the somewhat hotter security of property in transit. The tifth section prohibits the Importation of slaves from places beyond the limits of tho United States. The sulh aec&in makes verbal change b is relation to remuneration of fugittv) t> by Congress, aud i icises the clatue relative to Fccuring privileges aud Immunities. The seventh sec tions forbids the e.ecltve franc bine and the right to bold otiicc to perrons ol African race. The eighth saya none of tliei o amendments, nor the third paragraph of tbe second section of the llrst article of the oons.ltutlon, nor third paru graph of the second section, second article thereof, shall be amended or abolished witho at tbe con pent of uH the Ktate*. The taxation qii' Ftlon was up and debated, but no ac tion taken. Mr. Kf ndolpb concluded hj> speech. MISSOURI STATE CONVENTION. pt. Louw, March IV, iq?l. M:i> ( r Wright occupied the entii-e time of the Oboven t ioii yesterday in a live hours' speech in favor of tbe majority report of the Committee on Federal Relatione. F.X GOVERNOR HELMS, OF KENTUCKY, ON THE UNION. Ijortsvti lx, Maruu 19, 1801. Kx Covrrnor Helms, In a letter in the Cburfer, adro ratis the union of all the slave Htatee to prevent eivil war. i MANUFACTURING ttTERESTS IN CHARLES TON. [I rom tb.i Charleston Mercury, March 14. ) | imr readers throughout thn ?'ootedern.ie Mutee will be cradled to leatn that thnpeopieof Cbarlcxton are making streanous ard succostul etl'ons to OHiaOiish ihemaelvoe iiidep< ndent of the North, li husine^s as well ax political ri.Ui'inns. it is too well known thin ever* article which adorns the outer matt, from his but to his boots, baa bitber o been manufactured in a s<*non wiiu wbich we now held foreign relation*: but H m e^nu'ly ? "II known that wo hire tiie melius, the facilities aud cnte priae to manufacture there articles for ourselves, aud we are re j;iic?d to pee that ihey ur.? hi Ing Tilled into rmj ilattion. Mieady we have mentloi e<l that a cbirter was granted bv i fie |ygiPlature to a conifwny tor th-' manufacture of boots urd (hot s on u large scab An extensive hat fac tory is also Fpi ken of. auo on yoatercay we were ta feiir.ee ihat the la; go clothing bou.% of >l??ar*. Mathlna Fen, O'Hara A Co 1st '.run err-<? ch ???>t?: ?* 'naoafactar 'ug Interests freni New York to Muscity. "bis bouse, es tablished in 1N26 when clothing for the 'rade ^aa made up in t biriottei), continued u> numutai'tiire h<we until IWJ, when, to < ? miD'e wi'li other llo'irn-h'rg cstabUah ments they were compelled? ttiougtt theitst in tbe bn siuerB to y e:d to the ue< "n-nti ? n. open a braech houae in New Yoik for the purpose of tn diu aHnring their Kisvis with more economy tlw Ni w York branch nrw, how ever, no longer exists onti Messrs. Mathiost<en, (Vllara & On. , the last to yield in 1h12, aro tbo dr^t to return la 1H*1 Mersrs. Mathiet-sen . O'Hara & Co. s manufacturing roonr are located In Ha* el street, near King street, and in a lew day* wtll be in full blast, with u?wa"la of one bundled eperattvea, when wc may again recur to thia and oilier praiseworthy enterprises. OnrInt*r>SUI? RoUtlou. l.OTEKNOK rit'KKMS OF BOITH CAROLINA HCTSS KOR LOHT BAUOAtlB. tURMS UK'RT. Before Hon. Judge McCarthy. M ah. u 19 - /?Von- u H'. I'icktm 7 Ki S'/rth Atlantic SOaiiuhxp Company ? The plaintiff In this cane ,? Governor of South Carolina, and cue* to recover $250, the value of baggage containing wearing apparel and a musical inatru ment, which, it ia alleged, were lost through the negli gence of the defendant* agent*. The defendants deny the allcgai ton of negligence. It ap pears, from the statement of plaintiff * coanaei, that the {?aggagn of the Southern Governor war, placed 'c charge of a tailored porter attached to the steamer Adriatic, in which the plain till and his tamily returned frem Bo rope. I |> n the arrival of the vessel the colored porter waa 41 ted U' bring the baggage to the Fifth ween* Bote), where Governor IMokons stopped fn rutfr. for rjouth Onto Una, <m hia return from Kama, where ha had been American Ambassador. 11.-. V. H. Taylor, ootuxel for ?; jvemor Ptek *nc . read the depositions of plaintiff (under the ssception of Mr. Ijaroqua for the dorenflS). Governor Vicken* slates that he mailed ia the Adriatic from -tooth ;.mpv>n on the 'JOth October, 1800, and tha'. at Havre be placed on board sever *1 articles of wearing appareJ, am sical t? * and toy*, amounting to about ha did not receive them when he anive>i at New Yo. W ? ha saw a* I the articles on board, and saw them givon in charge of the colored porter. Mr. l<aroqtie claitnod that the case wos a very ordinary one, notwithstanding the status of the par tie*. By tbo evidence it did not appear that the Oo\ ernor had acted towards the company with that h%h )?hrie of courtesy which was extended by geatleoMB in bin capacity. No cialm was ever made upon Mm defead anta till the service of the summons upon them. Be contended that the plaintiff c >uld at any rate not re rover for the musical box, Inasmuch as that was no baggage, could not be transported as i tch, and If brought over, must be brought over as freight. But aa he was Instructed to say, tho musical box was never seen on board. It was n > part of the btiaiaeas of the company to employ a jKjrter to carry tho baggage from the vfH?el to tbo b <tel. The d?ty of tb* porter was only on board, and not elsewhere. P>o porter waa loaned to the plaintiff by Ciptaiti < oiiifttock, but not at the risk of tbe company. Tbey would however, produce She shtp'a t?trter, who wottld show that stibmipi -ntly Governor Pickens took tbo article* from the prrter. aod gave them in ehsrge of the Ifeapwtcb agent and tbe tjovernora Wdy servant. f'aptain Conuptock, 'or tbo defence, testified that he iiev? r had any musical bot on b-wrd b? told the >?over nor that the porter war. a i^rtectly reaponslble party; did not iwo any of *.he b>igt uf after Ute v-esel came to this port the porter * dun to receive the piaaaagara' > vg?K", and take chorf- of all thf. was in tbe psaaaa xsra' rf-otm had s ooovr-atton with ?r. fcvior, who told wltnesa that tbo m . ai b >i com aome thirty odd dollars Cross examined? Did not ree any musiaal Instromsa on b-wrd; a great mau> >f these lnatrtjru.>n:s oould be pirkert aarsy without w-tness percoivmg them; it ha* n<en .it-reeo betw>-en wrmss sn<l cjvns"! that Uat .li.iiild on tiiow-' to ??.r h tor the trt tea, which was done the plaint Id eam? <i..wn and a-ked the oaptah^ to ^nd out the potter thn the captain did no; do, aa the p. rtcr could not b? round he saw the twrter for the lira limn on Krlday last, though be (the p> ner) had bean la the company's m?ttioc over tu.ee; tbe Adrlatle waa laM up at? ti?'Xt voy-^{??. ? >th' r t. at'itr ny ?w given to show that Ute bagfage wss Rtven into the custor v of the colored man. .Indge McCarthy charged the jum that tha caaa was <<impl) a question of far*, if tbey round that tha goads were placed on board the defendants' veaael, and had ' ?en received by their atitbtslsed servants, the platatitf wss rntitlrd to teeovtr. It they believed that the asas pjny had >sceived tl.? goo>ls, and had coavtyed them la s ifety to the plaintiff s agentn, than the defeadaata ooakl not l>e held liable for the leas. Alter an abaenee of two hours the Jury brought la a \ rdlct tor the defutidAnia. Halted M fates Dlslrlst Coart. Bet'ire Judge sbipaian. Mvitmlt.? ffltutmem * al ?. 1%* <Kp*ap Vwmd.fcer TatM*,* ? Hie atguoients la this ease wsra closed today. It will be r?m *nb?red *h*t the c?sw aaa tor the wages due them at the time tber w*re tacsa <wt of the ?hip in U?e Indian <>esan. Dec si m reser*sd ?Jir tbe libelants, ex Iti 'g- ^be and V- .|g?^y Cbr the 1 r"<pm teats. Bnadict, Burr A UsaaaHI>