Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. jllll OOKDVI BBKBfKTT, ElkI:OK -vSD PROPRIMUB. Of rid N. W. COBNBB or FVLTOS AND MASSAC aT9. TEX MS *m aJramn Mom* ?ml bp mm M ?W V <M thr ?< (/ it>Jsr. Jfr*4 Nrf Bjmk Wlf mrr?tf in Nru ? Kt>r4 rn f I'AjtT UKHaLO, (ko cmm prr cun, (7 ;?t nwwai, THE WXKKLF Hi.HALb, omry ."*#>? J?v. <i< lit Wiw ro.-)i or ,?x??ww. C*? eWi<f>?iii Kdiiuiit mi> RWmhK Ot 4r -W. )?? ?w, ?< ?w <" <??? c/C Hrilam, a'96 IV I'trt of <*? '>??*?>.?< MA tointiude p.mUi#e; tb* (bttinr'.u IdMrn am lM? Lrt, I It* 2)4 of tad, twwuA, <M ?ix crafe b* f <v*<. #' W /*?' <???"?. r?A fAMlir BKlUin, om VndnrnJat ml fow cmU prr (??til' t4 VOLVSTAK J' ffHK ESPUffORlfCK. amitltnuig important ? urs, mhrited /TOM 1?? yiKit tM Of tAe tcorld; it ??*l, wm// /m /.? mi"$ p&iH fc*. JUr "br Foreign Oorbk?i*o!?i>? mti ark P BflCVLABLT KBULEHTED TO Seal Ala. LEriSK* AMP PaUB i. ES RENT US. Volmmmc XXVI AMU8BMBNT8 THIS BTBNIMJ. NtBLO'B GARDEN, Broadway.? Othello, th? Moos or VEBICh _____ WINTER GARDEN. Broadway, qppoait* Bond street.? fTKABGBR-HOBElliOO*. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway.? Monkt. LAURA KKlNB'H THBaTRB, No. 8M Broadway ? Seven SlSTEE*. NFW BOWBRT THBATRB, Bowery.? The Owlet Moth >i. (Joose? Laiitte UNION THBATRB. Chatham ?quare ? W iri.ock ?r tub Olks? 1* ahii Out or I'iaci-Thi.imk-Ouih Moumain lor. BABNCM'H AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.? Day and pT.-n'ng? GiTAKkLH? Bi-auu, Bra Lion, aau Otueb Cubiositibs. BRYaNTK' MINTRELH, Mechanics' HalL? 472 Broad way ? Burlesque*. Songs, Dances, Ac ? Dieies Land. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 639 Broadway.? Bom.*, Dam'ei, Bublksqukb, Ao. MBTBOPOLITAN HALL, Chicago. ? U sswobth's Kin stuels in Etuiopiaii Song*, Danube, Ac. New York, Wednesday, March 40, 1861. BAILS FOB, TBI PACIFIC, f?w York Herald? California. Edition. The mail utenmship North Star, Captain Junes, will leave this port to m irrow, at noon, for Aspinwill. The mails for California and other parts of the Pact tic will ciote at ten o clock to morrow morning. The Nbw York Wekkit Hkkald ? California edition? soataining the latest intelligence from alt parts of the world, with ? large quantity of local and miscellaneous matter, will be published at half-past eight o'clock in the moraing. Single copies, In wrappers, ready for mailing, six cents. Agents will please send in their orders as early aa pos sible The News. The news from Washington is important. An armistice Las been agreed upon between the Com missioners of the Confederate States and the ad ministration, and for a short time at least no disturbances need be feared. Affairs at Fort Pickens have assumed a peaceful aspect, and the commanders of the vessels off Pcnsacola have been instructed to await further orders. The idea of a peaceful separation seems now to prevail even in republican oounsels, as infinite ly preferable to the assertion and maintenance of federal laws among a people who are determined to resist them. 1 The evacuation of Fort Sumter will take place on Saturday, and Major Anderson and troops leave on the steamer Columbia for this city. Yesterday fifty of the soldiers received their pay from the government. It is stated that the Con federate States will be generally recognized by the Kuropean Powers. The leading men at Charleston are anxious for a speedy settlement of affairs, but the prevailing opinion is that it ran only be ac complirhed outride of the Union, and that even the extinction of the republican party would not restore tbem to the Union as it was before seces Ko. in si on. Hie arm? seized by the New York police bare at last all been restored, and sent on to Savannah. The fact having been telegraphed to responsible parties in Georgia, an answer has been received over the wires announcing the release of the ves sels detoined by the authorities of that State in reprisal for that seizure. Full particulars will be found elsewhere. The naointion of Mr. Douglas, in reference to the forts, a r.- en '.ils, navy yards, and other public property in the seccded States, was taken np in the Senate jesUrday. A debate, Jn which seve ral Senators participated, ensned, but without 'Hking any definitive action on the resolution the Senate went into executive session. It is stated that the mission to Turkey has been positively declined by General Webb. Considerable business was transacted in onr State Legislature yesterday, some of which is of much general interest, as will be seen on refer ence to our reports. In the Senate, among the bills pas-ed were the one relative to legal holi days and that supplementary to the act for the foreclosure and sale of the Erie Railroad. The latter bill has now passed both houses. The Se nate ordered the llellevne Hospital College bill to be recommitted to the committe, with instruc tions to report in favor of allowing to the homeo pathists the same benefits as to the allopathies. A bill was introduced for the purpose of giving legal effect to the decisions of the Arbitration Committee of the New York Chamber of Com meree. In the Ass"mbly the bill giving the con sent of the State to the purchase by the federal government of a Post Office site in this city, as amend- d, was ordered to a third reading. The amendment permits the purchase of any site with in the city which the government may sclect. We are in receipt of additional news from Mexi co. In the capital and neighborhood business was * mending , and money very plentiful. Diligences were running as formerly to many points, and new roads, canals, railroads and other works of im provement were spoken of. From Northern Mexl- i CO comes a rumor of the coming di wokition of the republic. It is said, though not believed by manv, that Governor Houston, of Texas, is intriguing with Governor Vidanrri for the annexation of all the Northern portion of the country to Texas. From Yucatan we learn that the Indian slave traffic with Cuba it still carried on in the most -disgraceful manner. Advices from Havana to the 15th inst. state that the alterations in the tariff of this country were seating some excitement. linsinesswas more ac tive st Havana. Money, however, was somewhat stringent. The stock of sugar wai ?lally increasing. The Ksrnsk, from this port, arrived at Havana on the mh. We are in receipt of intelligence from the Vaciflc to the 6th instant. The steamship Uncle Sam, with the ma'li from New York of February 1 , had not reached San Francisco. Both branches of the California legislature had agreed to go into convention for the election of United States Sena tor on the 9th instant. The probabilities were that some new man, not yet prominent as an aspirant, would be selected. The trial of Augustin Har rassethy, formerly melter and refiner of the mint at San Francisco, had resulted in his acqnittal. The suit waa for the recovery of tlO.OOO on his official bond. The entire deficit olained by the government waa $151,000, the recovery of which depended on the result of the suit on the bond. The crew of the American bark Tinas, wrecked near Hakodadi in January last, had arrived in San Francisco. Dates from Victoria to February 33, and Oregon to the 1st instant have also come to hand. The civil jurisdiction on Ban Joan Island, heretofore exercised bj Washington Territory, wan to be discontinued, and the authority of Cap tain Pickett to be absolute. Agriculture waa flourishing on the island. Accounts from Nes Perce* and BimHkameen state that milling pros pects were improving. The hope;-, which bad been held out during the early part of Monday, that the anniversary of St. Patrick's birthday would pass over without the traditional stormy weather, were dissipated Dy a heavy fail of snow, which began about tea o'clock in the evening, and continued throughout the greater part of yesterday. Towards evening the snow ceased falling, and the weather became pleas ant and healthy? the air pure and exhilarating, the sky olear, and the temperature not uncom fortably frigid. The snow is likely to retard Mr. Hackley's efforts towards cleaning the much ne glected streets of the city. A meeting of the Board of Supervisors was held yenUrday. The business was entirely of a routine character, as it has been for the last two or three meetings. A resolution was adopted to the effect that the Coroners should give good reasous for making ante and poet mortem examinations, or else the bills for so doing would not be paid by the Hoard. They adjourned until uext Tuesday at three P. M. Tli" suit of Francis W. "Pickens, Governor of South Carolina, against the North Atlantic Steam s-hip Company, for the recovery of the value of baggage alleged to have been lost through the negligence of the company's servants, resulted yesterday in a verdict for the defeudants. The ca.-e was simply a question of fact. An investigation into the circumstances attend ing the escape of Captain Latham, confined on a charge of dealing in the slave trade, was held yesterday in the United States Circuit Court room by Judge Shipman. Nothing new was elicited beyond the fact that 1 .atham escapcd while Deputy M.irslial Culligan was trying on a pair of panta loons in the clothing store to which he had es corted the captain. The wills of Rev. J. C. Wolcott, Wm. Sweeney, Claus H. Farenholz, J. R. Harlow, Ann Graves and Elizabeth Schaffuer have been admitted to probate. They do not distribute large estates, nor are they of any interest to the public. The colton market was active and Arm yesterday. Th<* Mies reached about 4,500 halo*, 1,800 or which wore sold in transit. We quote middling Uganda at 12c. al2'^c., tbougb some brokers gave the figures at 12c. al2',c. The receipts at the Southern j^rts since the lat of Sep tember taHt have reached 3,103 000 bales, against 3,810, 000 in I860 and 3,110 000 in 18, SO Tbo exports Tor the same time have reached 2,260,000 bales, against 3,495,000 in I860 and 1,768,000 in 1860. Theatouk on hand amounts to 672,000 bale*, against 1,036,000 in I860 and 895,000 id 1829. Thus showing a decline in receipts, compared with last yeer, of 707,000 bales, and in exports of 231, 000 bales. The crop estimate or 3,760.000 bales has bo come on outside calculation, and many well inform ed ixrsons reduce thoir figures below this amoun'. Hour was firm, while the demand from the trade * as moderate, with sales at full prices. Wheat was firm and in good request, in part for export. The sales of corn were to a fair extent at steady prices. Pork was dull and heavy, with limited sales of mess at $16 62K "ad ?f prime at $12 62 a $13. The incle m<*iK> of the woather checked sales of sugars, which em bra <<1 75 lihds. Cuba, 300 boxes Havana and 100 hhds. meUido. at rates >iven in another column. The chief ule of rolTee was made by auction, and embraced 2,300 bags Santos, at 12*{c. a 10 '4c ? average 13- tic. Freights were steady at the recent concession, with a fair amount oOering. The Ultimatum of the Woutlv? Necessity of Its Kadoritmeat by the City of New York. The most cheering event that has transpired in the United States, Bince the last Presidential election, haa been the adoption, by the South ern confederacy, of a constitution which every candid mind must pronounce to be admirably adapted to the wants of the country, in the present crisis. It affords clear proof of the r-kill, energy, and forethought, with which the government ol the new republic are moulding its destinies; and the coaciliatory spirit in which it has been conceived, stands forth in most favorable contrast wkh the vicious, nar tow minded policy of the faction which holds the reins of power at Washington. There is no point of difference between the constitution of 1789. and that framed by the Congress at Montgomery, in which the provisions of the latter, are not an improvement upon the former. No change has been made to protect slavery, beyond such explanations, hi were needed to restore to slaveholders the privileges of which exceptional, local legislation had robbed them. The increase of the term of the Presidential i ffice; the abolition of protective tariffs; the checks imposed upon appropriation, and re movals of subordinate officers; the postal re gulations. and those relating to the Cabinet; are provisions which commend themselves to the common sense of thinking citizens, and must meet with universal sanction. The new constitution, is, in fact, ttie olive branch which i he South holds out to the North; and, what ever course may be purged by the Lincoln ad ministration. it is the duty of the people of this city to signify, with promptness, their readiness to accept it But for the imbecility, inconsistency, venality, and suicidal blindness of the leaders of the re publican party, the opening tha'. is now afforded, for a fair and peaceful interchange of senti ment, between the rival sections of the Union, would be seined upon with avidity, and a speedy pacification of differences might be looked for. The presence of Messrs. Roman, Forsyth and Crawford in the national capital, as Commissioners of the Southern republic, would be greeted as an auspicious omen; their representations would be respectfully listened to; the Montgomery constitution would be taken for a basis of negotiation; an extra ses sion of Congress would be convened to consider it, as an amendment of the federal constitution; and, before six weeks, it might be submitted to the popular vote, nnd would undoubtedly be accepted by o^er three fourth* of the States. It is not probable, however, that the present administration will resolve upon initiating a I course which combines disinterestedness, pa ! t Holism, and sound statesmanship, witli a par tial abandonment of the fanaticism that h.ui formed the groundwork of its elevation to pow< r. It 1- to be (eared that it will continue to spread gloom and foreboding over the land, by persevering in the cour-e of weakness and folly which has characterized it hitherto. I'n der circumstances ro deplorable, no immediate practical method of expressing popular opinion exists, excepting through conventions and pub lic meetings; and it is especially nece->ary that the conservative masses of this metropo lis, should take the lead in endorsing the cob stitution which the Confederate States of the South have adopted, and of signifying their willingness to acquiesce in the same. There has been no moment, when the clouds which hang over the prosperity of the Northern States, wer# so dark and menacing as they are now. If 1 no remedy is applied, the corner stone of Che future greatness of the Southern confederacy, will be laid in the ruins of the financial, agrt cultural, manufacturing ud commercial in ternets of the non-?laveholding States. Reve nue, we bid fair boon to hare none. Merchant* of New York, Boston, and Philadelphia are already making arrangements to reoeive th?ir ttnportations of foreign good*, through Chart n* ton and New Oi leans, in order to evade the onerous provisions of the Morrill tariff; and it appear*, by recent intelligence from Savannah, that goods for Tennessee, and other States beyond the Southern boundary, are permitted to pass without the payment of any duties whatever. The border States, as is rendered evident by the speech of Mr. Breckinridge, in the Senate, on Monday, are nearly discouraged, and will Bpeedily cast their lot with those that have already withdrawn from the Union. Pre pared as moderate, sober minded, intelligent citizens of Virginia, Kentucky, Maryland and North Carolina, have been, to accede to any minimum of amendment to the constitution which Bhould secure their rights, they are becoming painfully impressed with the convic tion, that the Washington government is under the exclusive control of Northwestern spoils men, and rabid revolutionists of the Massachu setts school of abolitionism, and that if there have been any peaceful proclivities, oa the part of individual members of the Lincoln Cabinet, they are being fast buried out of sight They are evidently disposed to hail the Montgomery constitution with enthusiasm, -i, as Mr. Breckinridge exclaimed; ? "Soon, very soon, from peak to peak and trom mountain top to mountain top will be heard the clear cry for constitutional justice. Intercourse, commerce, and common wrongs, will csmpel them to unite and form a mighty republic, with States which will keep the faith of compacts." The voice of the people at the polk has, re. peatedly, proclaimed the abhorrence of aboli tionism of the overwhelming majority of our citizens. Since the last election, however, such a change has taken place in the sentiments of thoee who then voted with the republican party, that probably not one out of six of those who are entitled to vote endorses its principles* Party lines have become obliterated by the alarming crisis, which is hurrying us to destruc tion. Those who have anything at stake, groan beneath the fearful contrast between the present and the past, and look forward with in creasing terror to the future. But it in neces sary that the masses should begin to act, as well as speak and think. The leading conser vative men of the metropolis should call a mass meeting, for the purpose of making known to ?heir brethren of the withdrawing States their approval of the constitution recently formed, ?nd their readiness to endorse it Some formal x>r informal means should also be taken, of send ing loi tli lYom the interior of the State, and from all of ihr central StaUs, such a fiat of public sentiment, as cannot possibly be mistaken, and v. hich w 11 render misunderstanding impossible. The time to set promptly and vigorously is ? now; for out of the overwhelming will of the people, can salvation alone grow for the re public. Tiik Scphkvk Court's Opinion ok tui: Mk utoroiJTAN Pour*. ? Some time ago wo took occasion, in reviewing the case of a somewhat notorious person who was arrested, tried and convicted on a charge of assaulting a police man "in tlie discharge of his duty," to suy thiit il the police bad really done their duty on the occasion nil the parties present at the liuie of the alleged assault, which occurred in a common gaming house, would hare been arrested, and tbe establishment suppressed. The Supreme Court, General Term, has ordered a new trial in this case, and we find our opinion fully sustained by that of the Judges. They say that the police protect and encourage gambling, and u.?e their position as a shield tor a public nuisance. Further, it is stated that the remark of the prisoner to the officer ? "Don't you see that this is a gambling bouse; you had better attend to this than to anest me''- was very proper under the circumstances. And then the Court went on to say that the Metropolitan police are not bound to undertake the regulation and manage ment of the gaming houses, and that in this special case the officer was acting simply as the servant of the keeper of the house ? that is, he was protecting a person who was outlawed by his own act, then being committed. We have several tii. es called the attention of the public to ttye manifold beauties of the present police system, and we are very glad to see that the matter has been taken up in the higher courts. The police should be made to unier stand that they are not above all law and equity. As to the other branch of Ike ques tion the execution of the anti-gambling law ? we have nothing more to say. There seems to be "a ring'' further up town than the City Hall. Tm; Ixcomi. ok tub City prom Licknhes.? We perceive, by a detailed statement of the bu sinesM in licenses transacted at the Mayor's office for the year 1H60, that the total amount received from this source wa* $17,971, of which #5,800 came from the city railroad com panies, and *12,171 from cart, express and other licenses. The aggregate number of li cences granted during the year was 10,70:i, not including the cars of the railroad comp;v nies, which were licensed a" follows : ? Sh th Avenue Kaiiroad, 40 two horse cart, at mm* $2,000 oo HixO) Avenoe Ilailroad, J) <>rm borne, $26 etch . . f>00 00 l .ijihih Avenue Kaihoari, 46 two-hone, |60 each. .2 'J10 0# I'iphth ATI-bop RaUtoed, 18 nor 1iorm>,(?A each.. 430 09 Ninth Avenue Kailroml, rio one and two horne, $30 each 000 00 Tr.Ui *&.h00 00 If the city government had tbe management of its own attain*. and its financial business was fairly and honestly conducted, the legitimate incomo from cart licenses, t'errii*, railroads, sale of street dirt, slips and markets, would cover almost the entire expends of the government, economically managed, and a good government at Hut unfortunately its resources are absorbed by the miserable set of politicians and office holders who con trol the affairs of the metropolis. Indian Pktti imtiov As the government is withdrawing nil the federal troops from the frontier in order to concentrate them on the Atlantic seaboard, the question arises, where are our citizens in those remote localities to look for protection? To carry out a policy which bring* ruin and misery upon the hitherto prosperous populations of our largo cities, it exposes small Isolated communities to the cbrnces of pillage and massacre by the Indians. The people of Texas have already demanded from the Montgomery authorities ;? regiment of

mounted riflemen to guard their borders. Does the government at Washington mean to leave our own portion of the frontier entirely unprotected T / As Extra In?IM of Ottfrew-Tkt CTtl ?fttui *T Mm So a tit. From *nr Wifbingtoa intellipeow, as well as from the necessities of the administration, it is probable an extra session of Congress will be called by the President We are in favor of calling au extra session, not to pass a Force bill, bat to devise some plan by whioh the Union may be reconstructed, or harmonious re lations between the North and the South estab lished. The beet thing the new Congress when assembled can do is to adopt the permanent constitution of the Confederate States, and sub mit it to the other States for adoption by the constitutional number of three-fourths ef the whole. This would settle the question and re store peace and harmony to a troubled nation, while at the same time every statesman and every man of common sense must admit that the new constitution is a decided improvement on the old, and there is nothing in it to pro hibit the admission of free States, as South Carolina dcsifed- -fhe annexation only re quiring a two third.- vote of Congress. The convention which Mr. Lincoln proposes is now too late. The seven States which have seceded could not be represented, and the ac tion of a convention in which they would have no voice would not be binding on them. There ib no other alternative, therefore, left tbau to take the constitution as amended by the Confede rate States and adopt their amendments. Most of those amendments were proposed in the Convention which adopted the old constitu tion, and experience has proved that they ought to hare been then agreed to. The old con stitution, without the eleven amendments sub sequently adopted, would have been very im perfect. The Bill of Rights embodied in those amendments, and suggested chiefly by Jeffer son, is more important than any provisions in the original constitution. The amendments now adopted by the Confederate States are of great practical value, and seem absolutely ne cessary for the proper working of our compli cated system of government. Whatever is uew will be admitted by the most violent abo litionists to be an improvement upon our pre sent constitution, and what relates to slavery is net new, but the old defined, explained and made practical. Extending the President's term to six years, without his bei&g re-eligible, is undoubtedly an improvement, both preventing the intrigues and corrupting influences of a President for re-election, as in the case of Pierce, and at the same time saving the country from being sub jected too frequently to the exhausting process of political agitation. The stability of the go vernment will be greatly increased, and the office, being for six years, will invite the legiti mate ambition of a better class of men than the candidates who have sought it in recent years. It is well known that It was only In compliment to Washington the Chief Magis trate was made re-eligible. There iB another improvement which ought to have been made ? a change in the mode of electing the President, either by Congressional districts, by the State legislatures, or by a majority of the popular vote. The College of Elector* ought to be abolished and the system of caucusing and party conventions cut off. The office seeking, which is the bane and the reproach of the United States, is effectually cut off by the section which provides that the subordinate officers in the several departments can only be discharged for dishonesty, inca pacity or neglect of duty; and the corruption in Congress, which for the last few years has astounded the world, receives a heavy blow by the provision which renders a two-thirds vote of both houses necessary for all appropria tions, unless they shall be asked and estimated for by one of the heads of departments and hubmitted to Congress by the President. The complement of this provision is that other one which permits Cabinet Ministers to take part in those debates in Congress relating to their respective departments, and thus subjects them to a wholesome catechising and cross-exami nation. Two other provisions against corruption are highly important One is that every law or resolution having the force of law shall re late to but one subject, and that that Bhall be expressed in the title. The effect of this is to cuttoff the foul practices of tacking on ap propriatioM to various bills, or of tacking bills to appropriations with which they have no connection, or of smuggling an objectionable measure into another measuro which is good, and thus carrying it by stealth; or of members of Congress making a corrupt bargain to vote for cach other's pet jobs put into one bill. The second excellent restriction is that "Congress shall grant no extra com pensation to any public contractor, officer, agent or f rrvant. after such contract shall have bren made or such service rendered.*' Taking away from the President the right to pardon in case of impeachment is another valuable provision; for, by the present consti tution, the President may not only pardon him pelf, but his heads of departments acting under his direction. Internal improvements at the expense of the federal treasury, the source of so much con tention in times past, are expressly prohibited. Improvement of harbors, the furnishing of lights, beacons, buoys, if done by the general government, must be paid for out of the duties laid on the navigation benefitted thereby. A maritime or river State can lay duties only on **** S?>n8 vessels, for the purpose of improv ing its hatbors or rivers, the surplus revenue ?o be sent to the federal treasury. "When any river flows through two or more States they may enter into compact with each other to im prove the navigation thereof.'* This makes that "inland sea"? the Mississippi the pro perty of the States marked by its waters. The I 'oft Office Department, too, must pay its own expenses -a consummation long de \outly wished. The provision that no bounties shall be granted from the treasury, and "no duties hball be laid to promote or foster any branch of industry'' is only a guarantee of justice to the people at large, who ought not to be mulcted for the t-upport of local and sectional interests, as they have been by the out rageous Morrill tariff. The provision which prohibits an at post facto bankrupt law, wiping out the debts of broken merchants, is another conservative and salutary check upon rascality, lly the retrospective action of the law of 1841, the bankrupts of 1837, including .lames Watson Webb, to the tune of some hair a million of dollars, were purged of all their liabilities, like dirty walls mnde clean with a coat of whitewash. Now, as to those provisions which guarantee the right of transit to masters with their slave* through all i p^o eMi'>n *" the rights of slaveown?t* in the Territories, they are deducible from the principle*, if nut the express words, of the present consti tutioo, and are explanatory and oeceasar/ for the carrying out of the original compact. The question of secession is settled by ex pressly giving the right of seceding witich in not denied nor affirmed by the old constitution. But there is a provision which balances it and will always prevent secession. Congress is compelled, on the demand of any three States, to call a Convention to ameud the constitution. Here is the safety valve. To obtain an amend ment of the constitution of the United State* is next to an impracticability. But if the new constitution is only adopted by the North ern States there would be ao necessity for a change during the next century. It is the ultimatum of the Southern confederacy, and its immediate adoption by the border and North ern States is the only way in which the Union can be reconstructed, and tranquillity and pros perity restored to a distracted country. Let Mr. Lincoln call Congrefcs together for this pur pose, and he will have taken the first step of a btattftman since he came into power. The Not (hern and .Southern Tariffs Coin. part4> We published yesterday the (wo tariffs side by side, so as to enable all readers interested to compare them. Subjoined is a table of the principal import?, with the duties of each tariff, from which it will be seen that in most cases the duty is double, or 100 per ceut greater, at the North than at the South : ? A'wVurrti Tariff. Southern Tariff'. Article*. Fer Cent. Per Cent. Ciilkry 34 16 Metal manufactures G? is OUts manufactures St IS Unen 25 to 30 16 Out ton, manufactured 10 to 30 15 Silk 90 15 Leather 20 to 15 14 leather, manufactured 2S IS Woollen manufacture*. . j j 15 Artkiesof woollen cloth fi6 pfr?t i ... tog \lt 1JC I* [ I& Hosiery SO Id <*P?" {2 "Si} ? ?? ? {"n?sr" i ? Hats SO 15 Woollen yarn 30 15 Votvet SO 15 Wines 40 25 Brandy $1 per pal. 25 Paper 30 15 Caper for newspapers 30 & Rooks, mops, kc 16 10 Brass, pigs M 6 Copper, pign>. 6 Iron, pigs f6to$15ptoo. 6 Iron bars and bolts $l6p>rtoo. 10 Iron plates and rails $25 pi?r too. 10 Steel, bars 20 10 Tobacco, unmanuf. . in leaf.. 25 10 Tobacco of every other kind. 30 10 tw.r. f 20 to <J0c. lb. \ \ fc 10 per ct. J ^ Carriages and wagons CO 15 When to this we add that gunpowder and the materials of which it is composed; lead, in pigs or bars; shot or balls, for muskets, rifles and pistols; arms and ammunition of every kind, ragp. ships and steamers, are admitted to the Southern ports free of duty; and when we further state that the Southern tariff is simple and intelligible, while the Northern is compli cated, self-contradictory, and, in many points, unintelligible, having been drawn up by an incompetent, ignorant man, who knows no thing of trade and commerce, it will appear evident to all that the great balk of tho im ports from Europe will be entered in the Southern ports, and that there will be hardly any duties to be collected at the North to HUHtain the government, though its expenses will be greatly increased. The greed which suggested the Morrill tariff will defeat ItB own purpose, and it will be necessary to inflict upon the Northern people direct taxation to keep the machinery of government in motion. Well may tho Commissioners from the South ern Congress, taking tho two tariffs, present them to the governments of France and Gag land, and say with exultation. "Look upon this picture and on this." The Southern tariff appeals with a force that is perfectly irresistible to the commercial interests of the two groa* Powers, while the Northern tariff is calculated to repel them, as it is to provoke the hostility of the enlightened spirit of the age. It is easyt therefore, to see which set of diplomats? the Northern or the Southern? is the more likely to succeed, even If we did not, take into ac count tbc argument of the hupply of cotton be iag d jpendent on the prevention of civil war, n?d tbc recognition of the indep vlence of the Confe derate States by tho two gr< at Powers of ! Western lutope. It is true the Southern tariff is not yet passed; but there is no doubt that it will be when the Congrew reassembles in May, if even a lower scale of duties should not be adopted Free trade is the basis on which Southern com merce is placed in the new constitution. In the meantime the low tariff of 1857 is in opera tion at the South, and will continue to be till the new tariff becomes law. So great is the dif ference between the tariff of 1857 and the Mor rill tariff, that under the latter scarcely can any merchandise be imported, while the treasury of the Confederate States will overflow with gold. The expenses of the Southern con federacy, on the other hand, will be small, while those of the United States will be enor mous. Economy is the order of the day at the South? profligate expenditure at the North. The duties which will be hereafter collected by the Northern confederacy will not amount to one-fourth the cost of keeping up lines of re venue poets on the Canadian frontier, the Southern frontier, and a coast guard from the Chesapeake to the Rio Grande. Then the West will find its commercial interests so completely identified with the Confederate States that it will become their most zealous friend and ally, instead of joining in the mad schemes of coercion which are now being concocted at Washington. The Southern confederacy has a mighty destiny before It, and the only way in which the Northern States can share it and be saved from ruin is by adopting the new consti tution. Bai.timokk Loyai. It seems, from the Bal timore papers, there will be no resistance to the removal of the democrats now in offhe there, provided that very moderate republi cans are put in their places. What does Hon. Msssa Greeley say to that? It is harder than the appointment of Marsh to Sardinia.' The "advanced section" of the republicans seem to find little or no favor anywhere. Lkt II cm Ai-onk. ?The Western papers are pitching into Hon. Massa Greeley for manufac turing correspondence from Charleston, Savan nah and other Southern cities. ThU is too bad. Greeley has been snubbed by Seward, abused I y Weed, had the cold shoulder from Lincoln, and been literally read out of the republican party which be created. That will do for the present. Let him alone. Sir. Lincoln's Knroptai ippolalBtaU? Tkt ( hrvaiitr H rbk la All HU Gl*r j. Considering Fort Sumter, the Mori ill Tariff hill the pte^urt- of the counties horde of oflioo tieg^bCB, ttiid other tlifficultied of the new adtoinistKitirn at Washington, it has beea eoii>g quite a* well as could be expected io the important matter ot parcelling out the spoils. Iia Etiropt-au list <>t ministers is nearly coat pie t? d, wjd. in the sppuntaicnts therein made, it is easy to discover the controlling intluenoe of the Secretary of State. Mr. Charles Francis Adams, of Massachu setts, goes to England. Ilia fdth?r, John Qui&cj Adams, and grandfather, John Aduuis, were each in b'sday minister to Fngland, and subsequently President of tbe United States; ana doubtless tbf se fact* ind much to do with this present appointment. It restores the old ltgWmate Bourbon line of succession, and will doubtles* be as acceptable to the aristocraof of England an to the orthodox Puritans of the old Bay State, though somewhat displeasing to her red republicans. Garrison, on account of 'he late cons*rva<ive Union course of Mr. Adams in fortress, will be almost sure to howl over h in an a dishonored doughface promoted !<??? otirt hw deserts. lion. William I ?av ton, of New Jersey, as Minister to France, is a highly respectable ap pointment. Mr Dayton is a man of fine pre sence and manner*, a good scholar, a distin guished lawyer, and has filled various Important public trusts, including that of a United States Senator, with marked ability. We presume, however, that the decision in his favor turned upon the point of his services to the republi can party as their candidate for Vice President with Col. Fremont in 1866. It was supposed, however, that Fremont bimself would get this appointment: but we rather suspect that Mr. Seward seized the occasion to settle his little account with him concerning that Philadelphia Convention Thus poor Fremont, after putting the party on its legs, and after leading it, as its ??l'athflndei," into the path of success, ia left <<> the full employment ,of his time in his Maripoea gold mines. N. P. Judd, of Ulinoii, Minister to Berlin, ha3 been, it appears, a great little man in Illinois, though never heard of before this side of the Al legbanies. What BoBwell was to Dr. Johnson, or rather what the good man Friday was to Robinson Crusoe, Judd was to "Honest Old Abe" in his late journey from Springfield to Harrisburg. From Harrisburg to Washington, entrusting the hope of the nation in his "long military cloak and Scotch cap" to Col. Lamon, as the advanced guard, Judd followed in charge of the new imperial family. Judd made himself useful, and Judd has his reward. Nothing more need be said of Judd. George P. Marsh, of Vermont, as Minister to v Sardinia, is an appointment which turns the cold shoulder upon Carl Schurz, the German legion, Horace Greeley and the red republicans generally. Mr. Seward, it appears, was inflexi ble in his opposition to Carl for Sardinia; and from the rabid hostility of Carl to the Pope, and from the long existing friendly relations between Mr. Seward and Archbishop Hughes, we can understand the point upon which Carl was shelved. A German rebelliou in the re publican camp is threatened, and will pretty surely colne, unless Carl sbull be appeased with another diplomatic bone, with some marrow in it. Greeley pre.tty broadly intimates that Marsh is an old fogy of a doubtful stripe; but there was not a regiment of great men to piok from in Vermont, and Vermout wus entitled to a mission. Mr. Marsh, a regular bookworm, is the very man to explore the ancient ruins of Italy and write learned accounts about them, which is about all be will have to do. Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky, to Madrid, is an emphatic recognition of the little '-irrepres sible" republican party element in said State. Cassius Is a soldier, an orator, an anti-slavery man of the church militant, a tall, fine looking maq, and a man who, in any situation, will do something at all hazards. He goes to Spain to head off the Southern Confederate States in re gard to Mexico and the island of Cuba, and as his heart is in the work, he will doubtless fol low the example of the immortal Botts in refe rence to Captain Tyler? he will "head them or die." Jacob T. Ilalderman, of Indiana, for Swe den, is a mere sop to that State in the way of the spoils. Tom, Dick or Harry for Stockholm, it is all the Fame. But now we come to the cream of the pot. James Watson Webb, our identical Chevalier Webb, as Minister Kesident at Constantinople, eclipses all his follows. Mr. Seward has exalt ed tim to the seventh heaven. His splendid court costume, got up at an expense of five hundred dollars, exclusive of decorations, for the Court of V ienna, twelve years ago, will now come into requisition, unless he has lately be come too fat for his measure of that day. The question has been asked, Will the Chevalier Webb accept Constantinople ? Accept it? Of course he will. He would accept Athens, or the little republic of San Marino, on the top of its protecting mountain; for what Webb wants is the authority to sport his splendid costume of an American Ambassador at all the Courts of Kurope. It is quite possible that, taking London, Paris, Madrid, Berlin, St Petersburg ? Vienna, Turin, and other places where there is a Court, in his route, the Chevalier will occupy a year in reaching Constantinople; for his first duty will be to dine with Lord I'almerston, and then successively, as they fall in his way, at all the royal or ministerial tables of the Con tinent At Constantinople he will be at home; for between the Sultan and the Chevalier there will be a " happy acoord" in the matter re spectively of their financial affairs, and in that love of pomp and pageantry, parade and fuss and feathers, and in various other things pecu liar to the Sublime Porte. The Chevalier is a man of Oriental ideas, and had he been born in Turkey he never would have been a Chris tian. We dare say that the happiest man in the United States at this time, and not the leut in importance, is the Chevalier Webb, and Maho m< t is his prophet The Gkokoia Anxs Oivkn Up nr the Po uch,- The New York veE els seized at Savan nah by Governor Brown, in consequence of the illegal detention of arms by the Metropoli tan polite, wero to have been ?;old by auction on the 26f,h of this month; but we learn that the Police Cominifsioners have adopted the pru dent course which wo previously suggested? namely, that of delivering up the ten cases of arms which ?hey retained to the agent of the Rtnts of Georgia in this city, by whom they bave been forwarded to the South. This pro ceeding of course led to the release of the ves sels from forfeiture. We hope that the rcpub