Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 21, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 21, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. "WHOLE NO. 8969. MORNING EDITION-THURSDAY, MAROH 21, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. TIE TROUBLES OF TIE 1ATIOE MTERESTING NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Reiterated Assurances of the Pacific In tentions of the Administration. Tie Southern Commissioners Satisfied that Peace will be Preserved* TIE EFFECTS OF THE RIVAL TARIFF LAWS. The Inland Routes tarth sad the Galf Peru Cloned Again*! Mortfcera Smugglers. Ito Appointments and Confirmations to Office, aoif ao. TOE PEACE OP THE COUNTRY TO BE PRE BERVED. Washlngtcw, March 20, 1M1. there ia a perpetual fever of excitement and a work) ?f inquiry as to the policy of the administration towards the South. A new rumor captures the city every twen ty-four hours. It would be well, however, that the pub Be understand that these rumors are started for specific purposes, sometimes to constrain the administration, but Msrs frequently to Inspire with madness the population af the border States. The concentration of all the available naval force along the Southern coast Is regarded as very significant. 7 he Southern Commissioners, houievr, have Che positive assur mmoe from Che administration that no movement of troops, or rttnforotments of forts in Che Confederate Stales , will be per mitted fir the present. Ihe present status is to rematn. The Commissioners do not believe that the government of the United States will violate that pledge. However they keep Uielr government at Montgomery fully ad Tleed, and the commanders of the several forts In the Confederate States arc on the alert day and night, watch tag for the vessels that recently departed from the North ern porta. The administration is aware of the significance of the actio* oT the border slave Statea, and of the con ?rol which Virginia extrts over them. They have heea assured that this veteran State Is In the hands of the conservative, Union loving and con stitutional right exacting men of her citizons. Nothing, It Is said, will be done to embarrass their sanatory action. The inllammatory and unauthorized de clarations of the Hales and tho Chandlers do not repre sent the views of the administration. Mr. Lincoln says If the laws can be executed they shall bo; if they cannot, they will not. be. They will not be executed to the pro duction of war. Amoiig the foreign Mluisters on the floor of tho Semte this morning, were those from the Confederate States. They attracted considerable attention. OommlMiocer Forsyth has loft for New York, where he will remain a week or ten days. Himself and colleagues are firm in the opinion that the public pea:c will not bo broken. Ttaey have assurances from Montgomery that there aLall be no collision while they remain in Washing ten. Their policy is "masterly inactivity," awaiting the ptaaaure of Ute administration. Powerf- ! Influences lwvo been brought to bear on the President within the past Tow days, in favor of a pacitic solution of the question. Washemtoji, March 20, 1801-9 Much curiosity is manifested respecting tho action of the administration relative to ailuirs In tho South, and various rumors prevail in this connection. But inferma tion derived from authentic sourc e w arrant the assertion that whatever movements maybe In progress they In volve nothing whatever of a hostile design. On the con trary, they are in the direction of peace. It is generall/ freed, hoicerrr, Chat the military stitus of Che Gulf foiiinow held by Che federal government uill be preserved. The Commissioners from tho Confederate States wil' wait leisurely for the action of the government, (.rent efforts are being made by distinguished gentlemen to effect a peaceful solution of tho Southern complications. The government at Montgomery have no apprehensions of a collision at Fort Pickens. It is said tliat the accounts published are gross exaggerations of the true oondltlon of afikirs In that quarter. Tho Commissioners have in formation thiii the best of foeling exists botween the federal authorities and the ofllcers In command of the OoLfederate troops, and that no danger of a collision Is entertained. 1IR. CORTTIN AND THE IMPORTANCE OF HIS MISSION TO MEXICO. Wasedtotoh, March 20, ISfll. I learn from an undoubted sourco that the adminlstrn tion has determined upon tho adaption of a rigorous policy in connection with Mexican u (lairs, anil that Mr. Onrwin. if be will accept the mission, will bo instructed to repair at once to the city of Mexico, and commencc ne~ gotiattCDS for a treaty which shall guarantee tho hide, peodetce of that country. Tho l'roaidcnt believes tltat one of the oarliest stcpe which will bu takou by the Southern confederacy will be to eucouragc a foray upon the adjacent Mexican States. It is understood that Col MoCnUough, the celebrated Texan Ranger, Is now In Rich ?tond purcha* leg armi for the purpose of organizing a large Bill ary force to march across the Rio Grande. The leaders in the Southern confederacy avow their intention of extending their territorial limits over Mexloo, and no time is to be lost in ;omuicncing the movement. The ad ministration believe that this filibuster campaign can only be eflirctuaily checked by entering Into a troaty with Mexico, guaranteeing ber independence, and inducing KDgland and lYsnoe to join in the project. If Mr. Corwin is fcuccessfi:! in his misai n, it is believed Col. MjCuUouflh will find a more formidable antagonist than hia oi<l friends, the Mexicans, and that be will be obliged to mea { ?oro swords with troops alroiuly inured to warfare In the Ouncan oaupaigns. THE CASE OF ?OVERNOR FLOYD. WAsm.voTwr, March 20. 1*61. The two Indictments against Oovoroor Floyd in the co irt here ha\e tM-en dismissed as untenable. The first was for conspirlrg to dofraud the government. The IMstr let Attorney stated In open court that there was no ovidoncc to suiUln the charge, and, with leave of the Oourt, entered a notie /irotofui. The tecond was lor malfoaaance in office In Issuing ac milag acceptance-'. The act of 1867 prohibits a prose cution where tho parly Impiioatod has tostifled before a oommlttee of Congress touching the matter charged. This has been decided to not a privilege of the witnest but a niandiite of law, nod tho case would have oome to an abrupt termination or the fact appearing in the oonrpn of tho trial. On the fact being submitted in ad v*n< e to the Court, by ou'irscl on both aides, tho Indict meut was ordered to be <iuashed, aa It could not liavo boen maintained. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. H!*, March 20. 1901. rn>: ?r?T of run rival tawto. Hie most nor i <ms Teat re of the national difficulty, and ?which tro'ibl?* tho administration as much as anything etao, will bo imparted by tho dliierence between the two tAr^n.'. New ork cannot survivo the drain upon her traflln. An extra sec ion may be ncce sary to rrpoal the obn -xio is Northern law. JOHN i .KWii *??.!'? ms?io* TO TIMDM. It is reported from Vlrgiota that John Cochran?# visit there was timely ?nd serviceable. His eforts herserl 4e ,t'y arc ,.n behal:' of a policy which shall strength' n the cause <4 tho I uxm ail ovr tin I'dImo. nm vac. sit ?!* ni* n sw*r?. .No o- e i* y?t <l? iunntej for tlm f ipreme court. The ?.ltl?a ri pnbltc uis l.avo por-nad- 1 M-. I..n->lr to abandon Mr. Ok ittaniler. Intimations are, howev-r, imp*, thai Virg hj Is h* 3* evplor d fcr a 90*iMrvatlre, <? n ptitutimtl Jtwver. TPt ?* r unu: ?s n-nt, rb-rs Is a [." fh" now ha.'s ujgro-* |mas a Uvt declaratory that *11 port* in the seceding States arc not port* of entry. This will not only removo the difficulty of collecting the revenue la vessels, which the Attorney General thinks would be nnconstitutioaal, but would be highly b<neiicial to the State* of North Oarolina, Virgins, Maryland and Delaware. There is every reason to be lieve that arrangements will be made to have the whole of the thirty four State* of the Union represented in the next Congress. A Senator from New England la against making any appointments in the North until the seceding States are pacified, and the Southern appointments are all made. II 3 will be removod to the Insane Asylum to-morrow. TUX MTKAX StOOP-Or-WA* PawsD. The Engineers of the steam sloop of-war Pawnee have reported her as being weak; that her excessive work ins, owing to some error in construction, throws the engines out of line to such an extent that It is .mposslbi* to keep them in order. The subject has been referred to the offi cers on board, and the probability is that a beard of na val officers, constructors and engineers, will be ordered very soon to examine the Pawnee. That the result will he condemnation hardly any oaedoubts. kssu.xajtow or anirr omii*. The resignations of Captain Prasier, of Misstetpfri, and Lieut. O'Bannon, of South Carolina, both of thu army were received to-day. ?m* ok cmtjRMm to sh < As I telegraphed last night, an extra session of Con gress Is inevitable. THE ACTUAL AND PROSPECTIVE APPOINT MENTS TO OFFICE. Wakulvgiyi*, March 20, 1801. The .administration Is showing its hand to the satisfac tion of some of the lucky, and to the general oonsternv ticn of a numerous crowd ol' the disappointed. The fact is that for every office there are forty applicants, and, of course, thirty nine of the forty are of tho disappointed perty. APPOINT KKVTH COSITt'.MKn. The Senate to day confirmed the following nomina tlon* : ? Charles F. Adams, Minister tc Engltnd. George P. Marsh, Minister to Sardinia. James Watson Webb, Minister Resident at Constant! sople II. S. Sanford, of Connecticut, Minister Resident at Bel gium. William 8. Thayer, of New York, Consul General to Fgypt. Patrick J. Divine, Consul to Cork. Green Clay, nephew of Cassias M. Clay, Secretary or Legation to Spain. Fiancis Queen, Postmaster a*. Niios, Miihigan. i Henry Shomo, Postmaster at Fremont, Ohio. i The Senate also unanimously confirmed the nomination > of John D. Dufreee, as Superintendent of the Public l'rint lng. This appointment Is popular. He will immediately tako po session of and organize the new government Printing Bureau. NOMmnoss jiy in* prwipknt. Among other nominations to day were the following:? An bod Burllngame, of Massachusetts, Minister to Aus. tria. RufusKing, of Wisconsin, Minister resident at Rome. Thoe. J. Dryer, of Oregon, Commissioner to the Ha waiian Islands. Bradford R. Wood, of Now York, Minister Resident at Don mark. Jas. O. Putnam, of New York, Consul to Ilavre. Ex Congressman Freeman H. Morse, of Maine, Consul to Ix>ndon. J. W. Nye, of New York, Governor of the Territory of Nevada. mis Ai-fTiuAji tamos. To dny the name of Anson Burlinrame, of Massachu setts, was sent to the Senate as Minister to Austria, vioo J. Glancy Jones, rocalled, us indicate d in my despatch to the Hrraui yesterday. TI1K PKOfJ-WTS OF CAR! HCHT R/.. Owing to a difference of opinion between the President, Mr. Seward and Carl Schur*, about a point at isrue, the nomination of tbe lutter for a first class mine ion to Portu gal was not sent to the Senate to-day, but will go In to morrow. TLIs appointment of Curl flchtirz will ?x? a tirst chips mission. notwithstanding tlv policy adopted by Mr. jovard, that bo would not consent that any Eur >|?em refugee should have a llrft class minion 1 1 Kurope. run M!*.-ion to na romncAi. .? r '.tbs. General llufus, of Wisconsin, who made th-> tour of tbe West with Mr. Sewarl bit-t fall, has b'H'U npp itn'.od Minister Resident to Homo. This will prove satis.'actory because the General Is popular with botii wing) of tbo party. THK KKl.iUN M!SRI>N. Mr. n. P. F-anford, of Connecticut, appointed Minister to Belgium, is sajd to be an anti-republican, ami bis nomination gives great offence to some uf tbe republ. cmii. lie may yet be defeated. Tins Rr*-H?? XI*:-IOX. It. Winter Davis, of Maryland, is talked of for the mission to t*. I'etersburg. thk covmiroitsmp or ksvaba. General Nye, of New York, another personal and boeom friend of Mr. Seward, who accompanied him in bis Western tour, was to-day nomiuted Governor of tbe Territory of Nevada. While this will aflbrd General Nye a rich opportunity to display hi* chivalric propensities in rcalptng every one of tbe savage i'ab-l'te Indians, who were so gallantly repulsed by Culonel Lanier at tho bend or bis wagon road party last summer; yet an Nye fpecinily contracted for the Governorsh'p of Colorado, he is not inclined to accept the pleasant position In which the administration ha placed him without so much as pay ing "By your leave, sir.?' However, Nevada, being p" r.ear to the Golden Slate, and so rich In soil and min eral products, may Induce the (Joneral to wave tho mis take, if It Is one, and accept tbe appointment. nm OOVFRXORMUP OF DAOOTAH. Mr. Irving, member of the lart Congress, from New York, bas been nominated Govern* r of Itecotab Territory. Tltl! OOVaBMUOF Ot" SERRASIUt. Pnvld K. Carter, of Ohio, who anmounood a change of enough votes in his delegation from Cb&so to Lincoln, at Chicago, to decide the election of tho latter, was to-day n*>minuted Governor of Nebraska, vice Black, broth or of the Into Attorney General, removed. TO* GOYKRMORMU F OP CTHORino. Wm. Gilpin, of Missouri, is mentioned for tho Gover norship of Colorado Territory, and will probably get It, if General Nye consent* to go to Nevada. ran ooMnxoiuwir or **w irsxioo. The selection of a Governor for Now Me \ loo Is a diffi cult question to settle, am. perplexes the administration. A man of ability and plusk is required to begin with. Besides, the spm selected for that posi tion must have a thorough knowledge of tho evident Intentions of the "Confederate,'' or secoded States, and rawt be a ehrowd diplomat to do justico to the administration. It Is believed that Mr. Seward will be in favor of some yielding, antl lighting diplomatist* who will sooner permit tbe soil of Now Mexico to be tbe parade ground of South Carolina Olibn ters tb in to stanl by the government, execute the laws ami forbid any at tempt to acquire any portion of Meiloo, un'ess It is done peaceably and by the fod?ral authorities of tho United States. Great indignation Is felt at the report that Mr. Seward Is In f?\ or of Mr. Otero, the Isto democratic dologate from Territory In Oonpress, for Secretary of tbo Territory, inasmuch at bo was the author of tho Territorial statute of Now Mexico recognising the eilstenoe of slavery. It Is also known that some of Mr. Otero's family ar? South Carolina soces. slonists, which fact, while It does not roll t particularly against Mr. Otero from his standpoint , m v towed by lead lng republicans ae a monstrous prop* sit ion, coining from Mr. Seward. Mr. higersoll, of Kansas, formerly of Mass., la re commended hy the New ling land interests for the posi Hon of j-k)cr? tary of that Territory. Col. lender, a democrat, Is urged by many republicans for Governor of New Mexico. THT ?rw YORK CTTT A PPOT VTJnvTB. A consultat on was held this morning by Got. Reward and the New York Senator" upon the i'it>j?ct of the Ne? York elty appointments. nit ni ?w roniTnoujsR or ruiA-mr. i ' Governor Boutwell, of Msssach'if- tts. hvi decl ne! to e cn t the post of First Coirptr ' lor of Uij In Vod ?at<s Treasury. _ nm * uwutNhr ro hviisis. Mr. MeDtWii:, Hi Iliiuois. Is a card. late fof M&r?bai . : Kins**, TK? p *rm?r TL ? Kass?ch-i?>tta lUlegst.^s la Coagrsaa fc*v? tfioei ' to meet at Boston o* the SOU) of April, to settle the ques tion of appointments. This dilatory utica strike* the Massachusetts republicans here as singular, aa It will af ford the Postmaster of BoeVon, on the lat of April, aa op portunity to collect five hundred dollara In advanoe for a quarter's box recti. Besides, the administration, while they agreed to give the delegation time for a hearing, did not give then the power to sure off appointment*. HHCKXTAJIY or LIGATION TO WGLASD. It 1> understood that Blgelow Lawrence, of Boston, will go sa Secretary of Legation to England. to rhkil Col. Thomas H. Kelson, of Indiana, will probably be j sent in to-morrow aa Minister to Brazil. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. i Wahhin?.to>(, March 19, 18dl. Ike Evacuation of tort Sumter? ImpatiaKe of , at ike Delay uf ?b*cuti ue A UUm? ffc-- Oaute of tie Delay? ' A Perplexity Dilemma? Dangers of Pncraslinatian, rfc., etc. It la now oyer a week since the ooontry was electrified by the anMvaoement la the Bamti.ii of the intention of the new administration to abandon Fort niter. When that humtting piece of iateBlgenoe first lashed over the land, a shook of indignant surprise waa experienced throughout the r* publican North. Angry excitement and wrathful disappointment became manliest on all sides, and a sweeping storm of opposition appeared imminent. But a second sober thought prevailed In the end. Facta and figures benumbed the stinging sense of wounded pride and deep humiliation. Gradually, though reluctantly, the rank and file of the republicans grew reconciled to the idea of giving away for the nonce, from inexorable necessity to treason and rebellion. To bo sure, to withdraw Major Anderson was to them like re nouncing an article of their political faith, and abandon ing the ardent hopes anl reoa ling the fervent prayers of many months. Yet the do*o of mortification, com pounded for them by Mr. Lincoln's predecessor, hwl to be swallowod, howev or large and bitter, and hen-e they set about preparing their mindB for the omergency. But, although the majority of Northern republican* are evidently ready for the consummation of what they have learned to consider inevitr.blo? nit hough they aro ready to vouchsafe, If not their activo approbation, at least their passive tolerance, of the most unpopular and yet necessitous step the govern ment of their election could ponsibly take? they loathe to be kept on the rock of suspense. They intend to abido by the action of the new administration In the premises, but they desire It to net with promptness. They want to be rid of this demoralizing Incubus at the earliest possi ble moment. They yoaru to be relieved of the taunts, jeers and ridicule tho sorry evaporation of thsir promises and pleJges, boasts and threats, In regard to Fort Sumter have heaped upon them. They know that the only plausi ble argument in Justification of its abandonment by order of the republican Executive was its "inexorable and Im mediate necessity,'' and that it was losing for:e by every hour of delay. They feel that boldness of resolution and energy of execution are essentially indispensable qualities with those in power at the present juncture of public alUirs, and heuce they cbafe under tho indecision and procrastination that api?ear to characterize the first at tempt of tbo new retrime at the practical construction of the Inaugural phrase "to possess, bold and occupy the federal property." DiurnalJy for the Lost ten days the Cabinet has lial pro traoted meetings. At every session, it is known, the question Of what was to be done w ;th Fort Sum tor and the other poets In the speeded states still occupied by the ledcrul troops unfailingly eamo up, aud waa the sub jeut of long and animated discussion. Tin counsel i of such experts as Hon. Scott, Col. Tottcn, Prof. Bsche, an 1 oilier military and scientific ominenoj, were sought and obtained upon th ? weighty matter at issue. But although not only the lYceident, but alro overy member of his ministerial COcncll, yielded their political objections at an caily moment, bcfoie the conclusive demonstra tions by those authorities of tho impracticability of a reinforcement, except at a foarful suerliice of lu'o and property, rooofrnlz'd the inevitability of an ab.m<l<mm -tit and determined then to submit to It, they concluded not to act upon the resolution. The get era! impression apnoors to be that tho evident hitch arrived at tn the treatment of this subject is the result of indecision .-is to the mere determination to evv ru.ate. But the roal ibatructlon lies In a dltteront direc tion. It is the ?iir-ation how to ettbot the withdrawal of Major Anderson anil his small baid with safety, and with out compromising the honor and d unity of the fedrral government, too much ot' which will aircidy be yielded by the surr-ndor of its pi jpeity and armim-nt* to rebels snd traitors. RIO ftiriln r, In deltbcratlu r upon tuts point an entirely new. and not tho toast perplexing, ph tgo of this imbroglio presented Itself to theCibinet in the shapo of anthem ic lui urination that tho commander in chief o the revolutionary forccsof the cotton confederal) hid in-:tru' tol (Jeers! Beauregard not to allow tho jvaco ful withdrawal of the garrison of I ort Sumter, without first obtaining by express stipulation socu rity not only against all run s, but a'so tot tbe delivery of the poet and all Its appurtensnco< in an Intact condition. This intention of the red chiefs to dictate terms to tho legitimate government may be bold; b it, unfortunately, tiny seem to h ive the power to reatirc it. Their command of all tbe inlets to < 'iiarlc.ston harbor itself is so absolute tluit ne.ther the safe ajproacn of auy federal vessel nor the safe embarkation of thog irri Bion would be pratti'.able without their consent. What, then, can the federal Executive do in case they shall presume, in their consciousness of the impracticability of a reinforcement and t) c impending reduction of the oc cupants of the post to-4be starvation point, to allow tho evacuation upon the above conditions only? Nothing but either to bind itself by advance stipulations not to at tempt a sv althy rciDforccrr.ont while pretending to be about evacuating, not to spike tbe guns, and not to bum or blow up the fort, or surrender at dis cretion. As both horns of thi.s dilemma imply as indirect recognition of, as well is a most hum bliug submission to, the revolutionary authorities, both the iTcsldent and tho Cabinet lo ithc to touch elth t. and their reluctance in this respect h:w contributed h* much as nnv other ra ise to their manifest hesitation to art definitely relative to the evacuation. W batever the ultimate solution of this difficulty may be. It is certain tbat the administration lias nothing to gain by delay. Tlie entire nation considers the question of the Southern forts tho most Important i^sue before it, end the sooner they decide it, either one way or the other, the bettor lor itseii and all its friends. Symptoms of a reaction in public opinion as to the absolute neces sity of the abandonment of Fort Bumtcr sre a. re id y au dible in the form of loud growls of many of the republi can leaders now here. Ihey ask If It m<iet be done, why not do it at once, and express themselves unable to un derstand how so much time and attention can be be stowed upon the distribution of the spoilt, and matters of such vital importance apparently neglected. C5ITKD STATIC* SKVATK. UTKA BK84ION. WMumnm, March 20, 18f!|. Mr. IUim, (rep.) of X. H., Stored a resolution, which lea over, that the Senate will adjourn on Saturday next, at one o'clock P. M. , without day. KTt. nCroLA*' EWOICtrnW. The Senate then resumed the consideration of the reso lution of Mr. Douglas, calling for Information relative to the forta, arsonals, navy yards and other public property In the seceded Plates. Mr. Bayard, (opp.) of Del., said that he had at all times endeavored so to giuird bis coarse that do wjrd from hia lips should have a tendency to lucre*** and foe ter alienation and Reparation between the different por tions of the confederacy. The issue which he had long anticipated bad now culminated In tbo withdrawal of nevon State* from the Union. He conceived reunion t3 be Impracticable, and there remained but one of two courses to pursue, namely? war with a view to subjes tion, or the acknowledgment of their independence as a separate nationality. He then indicated a proportion he intended to offer, which In subsUix-e sets forth that Beven states, by the action of the people thereof, under a claim of right, have withdrawn from the federal I nion. and ordained by the same authority a separate govrn rornt. styled the government of the Confederate States V< hetber the right claimed by th"ro Sta* < be fucicg t to reserved ritrbts of the States or revolutionary in its character, the fact of a now, separate government is ln'ib|)iiub)e. Th' MMMMIl tholawihas become Impracticable. War cnenot restore these States to the 1 nion. Tho proposltiou cone' de? with n resolution tb it the President, by and w ith the alrtce of the -leuatc, be vested with toll )>ower aril ai;tb>rlty to accept the k-cia ration of ?he se eJed States. tint th-'y c -nst.t t<j in a!-en people, and that he eon.-I'i l? with them a treaty acknowledging their tSlepSBdeSCS ie a xeparate rvt on. Otherwise the other alternative will ?::;r.clva war, which should be thus avoided. Mr. Bayara ma le re markp regarding the relations between the S;at-s and t?ie federal |Over?m??t, in the oour of w! eh lie said that MOfSton l? no* among the reserved rgbt? of the ?*tvt?*. It wai revolution Vy r-jari/o-! ?!) moclt aid by the authority of the people of the ut?tos. a wliom the ?ivs retgnty r-'Bts. Its met Is the s4in? w h"h r re.uoticn #r> or Weil. aatneiy >- the *uap?nm.?r. s< far is they ir? c. neS'Dtd, of the operation of the *w? y the f**?r*> ??>v?rm>ett. It Is in the old e"B*?. reiel.'loc, b ot b i s> !>; the Bitot mom. Wha* in a rev I ! 'v " '? tiat totm cf gmrair.ev .n w\ eh ? t<:> ,nty li v I ' Meg-"** ?*>' 7 of wc'.rtr! p ?ie at r>- M ?flm,fet?t<w?a oy them tb' >3ffc re; '<-*<? -uf tes Mttnx flfcje (uilt' (heir pi- :sa u re. ."w s>rt an H I I rz-jn it 1 it og gov! b^tiv it. fie t of the trajs-flty ->f < vlsty Should he c. ae'"!,r? evjJir "e of Hi* ?> ? ho wh >le The i > r|f -?a 1 r.g.:??> % "lf? and "fcusge la all fres gov 'nm tot*. ]1MMt fse n ? 1 hf i h of ocr. ja"t th ? i ?*. *'tl'? aecej "'"l", V> ' * breach ,'f cvop* * ? wl t.-e | wMt of t^e fide-al fiver. n?et ;? a:tial r?v ia liOD, feat at the sams tune K to a revolu tion inaugurated by the people thamselves ooNsstivsly. Injur rectloo and violence in a State ma; be put down by law, bat you cannot meet the act of the eolloctive people except by war or peaceful negotiation*. When a 8Ute withdraws itself from the Union, the unavoidable result is, the federal mag istracy u gone, there being no federal omoers there to carry it into efieot. It to the result of revolution, but at tho game time it to the act of an inde pendent oomaaonity in their collective capacity. It to like a treaty broken by one party without just cause of war. The federal government remains as to fee other States just as before. The act of the with drawal of the several Mites abrogates the co erctoa of the people by the magistracy, rhe altered . ondltton of afla:rs Is with the consent or the governed, though revolutionary. It was not designed by the framsrs of tbo constitution to substitute the military Tor the civil power. Wb-n revolution comes it cannot be without the law of treason. Allegiance to due to the State as well as to tho federal governnunt, and the law ol? domicile must necessarily govern in tho cue when a ."MCTtas separated itseJ from the federal government. mccnn KannioN. ? Tbo SenaVe then went into execu .he session, and short ?ly'aitorwards adjourned. IMPORT ANT FROM TEXAS. OOTt ?ALVB8T0N COKRESrONDEVCtC.

Cai vsstom, kU: ~h 12, 1W1. 7ft* Governor and the People ai Loggerte&s? 4 Delist to Depute Umutmor Kinder Him Politically l'uuxrltts ? Financial Petition of the Country, 4c. , rfc. The Convention of this State reassembled oa the 2d inst., and have come Into collision with itoverncr Hous ton, who assumes that that body exhaustod its functions on passing the secession ordinance and Submitting it to the people. This action of the Governor has tended to irritate and embitter in a high degree the great majority of the cit Irene, who voted for secession very nearly in the proportion of three to one, and should ho in the course he ban adopted, the result will bo a revolution In our 9Ut* government as completo as his been tint in oppostt.oo to the federal authorities. It is now stated that Houston op n y labors to prevont Texas from joining the Confederate states, and wishes the State to remain an independent republic. In this hs Is in direct opposition to tho irresistible current of popular opinion, as lie was in bis course on the secession question. 1 ifteen years of political union with the United States has added largely to the then existing popular majority against independent existence. A Hood of immigration has poured in here from the other slave StiU>s, and these new comers all cling to the memories of their o'.d Inmes, and will not con temp. ate a political severance from them. It is believed that a large majority of tho State Conven tion are desirous of a rea&onabla pretext for deposing Houston, and should one present itself they will seize upon it al once. The belief now to that that absolute and Irresponsible body w ill not adjourn until they have ren dered tne Governor utterly powerless to oppose tho union of Texas with the Confederate States, and a majority of the Legislature, which meets on tho 16th instant, will probably act with thein. The condition of the people Is bettor than it has been for years. A succession of short crops renders it ditilcult for many of them to pay their debts, and the political complications add a favorablo reason for at king deUy. Trade is almost stagnant, and tbo country being bxre of goods, crops and money, economy and a general forbear ance wiib each other prevail in the community. In addi tion to this a favorable winter and abundant ra'ns give, In all sections of the State, hopes of bitter crops than have been made for years. All these causes combine to make tbo revolution popular, and should pullticil events 1 not bring on a state of civil war, the condition of tho ' people at the end of the present year will be bettor than ft has been for many years ba :k. and their forced econo my will enable them to pay a large portion of their debts. Such are the popular influences that prevail to day. In the mtnds of reflecting men other Ideas operate. Re gret for tbe loss of tb? Union founded by our fathers is bssed on something deeper than reverence for tho pat or a lovo for the old order of things. That political i Bjstetnbkd an adaptability to all communities .unl li'.i I tudos. The scheme of local government by s'ji'.es, in j accordance with the necessities of soil, climV.e aai xaccs. , and a foderal government without reference to any of i these, exhibit the highest degree of political devolopo mcnt . It to equally adapted to tbe colder regions of tho ! North, with a homogeneous people, the temperate lati tudet, with their changing pop ilation and interacts, and j the troplaal countries, with their necetsary diversity of I races. Under it the communities w ith a pure white au<J I free population; tieec having Africin sUvery. aa in the 1 Smtli, and Indian peonage, tut in Mexico, could ail pursue I (tali Bepaiate career of deve opement in peace and har ! mony, and to the advantage of all. Oa this was founded tho very life of our nati >n.V greatne -s an I prosperity I But what em result from sectional etSorts to conH'i.ute a homogeneous onipire? If ' the North insists I upon a system which excludes African slavery, ' Indian pe* nago and Chinese coolie contracts, it M chides Itself from establishing prmperous I and harm uious c immunities, governed by the . / ior intellect of the white race in those regions f wbme large nimbers of whites and Africans, Indiaos or Chinese, reside toother. It does more than this. It ] establishes an actual conflict of races, in wfcich'the white I must destroy all others, as it advances over the conti | nent. Tills prac'.icilly exclude* the Northern concede j racy for a long time from many portions of ths Amine in continent. So, too, with the Southern confedenv y. Ifltinsitts that Afiic-in slavery shall exist in every Mite almlttcl to its political union. It adopt* a law wh.ab must ! mit its own growth. And even more than this. Ii founds it* existence on a principle at war wiih some of the highest natural laws that must govern -vimmunltl" on this con I tlr.ent. Tho climate of the Mississippi Vailey will n >t per mit profitable negro labor hi some puts or sa.owhito i labor in others. This is also the cue with th" varied altitude and climate of the country below tho thirtieth j parallel of latitude. On the high pi iteau running through its centre down to tbo city of Mexico, the African race cannot exist and labor profitably; while in th' hjtcoun tri<-s that line the shores of the <.ulf of Moxico and tbo 1'aeii c o. ean the fever gifted brain of the white man cannot be exposed to open la'ior In tho I Add. Thus the new ideas which prevail in the North and in the South accept an inferior primary idea to that which underlies the old Union, aud restrict . their prosperity and greatness. More than that, ?r millet j of interests to established which may never be quelled. The people of tbe northern portion of tho Mis?\s;ippi Valley, and the communities which will eventually exu;t on tho high central plateau of the continent, must have access to the ocean. All these requirements arc met in the old scheme: but neither the new scheme of tho North nor of the Sotitn Is adequate to meet them. N> sr Ornnv, March 19, 1461. Tl?*> latuct advice* from T'las Kt.itetb .tDu feus an entertained of a collie x>n b< tw?en tho Houston ilea and secessionists. Further advices from Pensacola rcpr< sent that m titers ''here are still In tkUu quo. Hon. Kn. L. Yittcoy , Commissioner t > Kan pe from the government of the Confederate StaWs, lin arrlrod la | this City. THE LATEST TEXAS NEWS. Nrw OMfttM, March 30, 1*H. Indiaoola advices of the lfltli hivo been received. It nil stated tliat Lieutenant WilllMns had resigned. Colo nel Ikmncvllo, of the Third infantry, Ute In cmraaud at i'ort Clark, had arrival there en route to St. I/niia Two bad arrived from Ban Antonio, and were awaiting transportation, while oth?rs were expected. Lieu tenant Washington, U. S. A., remains to act an Quar termaster and Commissary until tbe federal troojie ha\ c left the State. Kiw Osuuir?, March 20, 1881. Galveston adrlcea of the 19th are received. Governor Houston and the Secretary of State r^fusod to appear on the 10th before the Convention at Austin when nimmoned, after a notice, to take the oath. Tho other State officer* took the oath. Lieut. < .<rrernor Clark was to assume tho Oovonier's powers on the 10th. It was not known what o< vsrnor Houston would do. The Convention was rapidly maturing a defensive force for the frontier. Indians In large numbers were on tho Western frontier. Colonel Ford was organ. a military force to protoct tbe Rio Grande. The Convection had passed an ord nance continuing In the Stato government the officers who tort tho oath. ENFORCEMENT OF THE SOUTHERN TARIFF LAWS. Qui r>mt, March 20, 1S01. Measures have been takeo by tbe Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Memm.nger, to prevent the Introduction o goods by tbe nlanl routes. At all raLwa/ conMotlons between the CocfoUerote and border States oflv. -* L*re been stationed tJ enforce the decrees and tar. if regu^tiou of tie Con fclora'.c But oe. The same pr**utlons have teca taken to prevent smugging on the coast line. FORET ;n goods free of ptjty arriving AT ST. LOUIS. ?r. 141-14, Mo., Larch 30, 15C1. V j r? ?i goois are beg tn'jsg to nrrUe at tils ; W-, >et ftntf, vliKsw Ifkaas. NF'WS FROM Kl' Y WEST. N< w 0*i ? uw, Marc'; 20, M6fc Hv'c* !? >rc Kiy Wejt -"pm no war vssWs ".bo*. He cMy wns ? ajst tad 'he ;??)plo were jaijjiy I sg th? of ev ants. at?ai-w frma V w lorkwHh tb? a-n-wn? )'4 f t Fottt T jkir and Jsffttsoc, was otsMjs. THE ARKANSAS STATE CONVENTION. LoctsvillB, K/., March 10, 1801. Advices received from Arkansas aay that the aeoeesion erd.tace has been defeated by tbe following veto:? In fat or of It 36 Agsintt it 3U \xx Brut, Ark., March 10, 1MI. The p?opl< of this piaee are firing a salute of thlrtynine g una, from a cannon dug op on the battle field of Trenton, to the honor of the thirty-nine member* of the Conven tion who voted down the ordinance of immediate sooee a ion. N^amiui, March 80, 1891. Great excitement bac prevailed at Little Koclc, Ark., following the rqjeotion of the decern km ordinance. A compromise baa been male that the people ah ?iU vote oc the firet Monday in August next for oo-operut.ou or becesticn. Den gates are to be scot to the Border State Convention and report in the reaw mbllng or the Con\ontion on the tt.i-d Monday in Adgurt. K.iRi Smith, Ark., March 20, 1801. Thirty-nine guru were fired in thla olty last night in honor of the vote In the Convent ion against secession. There la great rejoicing among the Untou men. IMPORTANT REPORTS PROM NEW ORLEANS. New okiruib, March 30, 1801. A J' h patch received to day from Montgomery an nounces that arrangements have iveen made with the Commissioners of the Confederated States at Washington to await the withdrawal of tbe federal troops from the fortifications before opening negotiations. Mr. Miles, of tbe Loulriiaiui Convention, to day opposed the constitution of the Confederate States, on the ground of making an army of lifetime office holdeis, and allow ing Cabinet officers to appear on the floor of Congress; that no duties should be laid on exports, except in i.ace of war or invasion. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Rjoinuvn, March 20, 1861. In the Convention to-day Mr. Holcombe, of Albemarle county, delivered an eloquent speech in favor of the withdrawal of Virginia from the Union. Tbe resolutions relative to taxation were taken up. Mr?Bammond made a speech. ('ending a motion to table the resolutions tbe Conven tion adjourned. Mr. Carlisle will ofler an amendment to the report of tbe Committee on Federal Relations, embodying the Fronklin substitute entire. THE GEORGIA CONVENTION. AI'gvstj , March 20, 1841. Nothing of Interest has transpired in the Georgia Con vention, which bedy will probably adjourn In a day or two. Speculations are Indulged that the Montgomery Con gress will soon reassemble. THE MISSOURI STATE CONVENTION. St. Lorw, March 19, 1801. Major Wright concludcl his speech In the Convention this morning, after which the first and second resolutions reported by tbe majority of the Committee on Koderal Relations were passed; the first with but one dWseuting voice, and the second unanimously. Mr. Hough moved to amend the Second resolution, as follow 6 ? That, wUhlng in restore fn to oar country, we detire the f<*1or?l go* rrnmniit to withdraw tho troops firm the fort* now occupied by thorn lu tbe ??'c? dcd Slates. The amendment was laid on tbe table. Mr. Po6t oiiereil the following as un addition to tho third resolution:? A nd that. In tbe even' of a refusal by tho Northom Ktato* to ici'ic to such an adjustment of the slavery question, and our slater border slave Mate* shall decide to cbanm their r? latlous wl b ibo gen 'rat government, Manourt will not hesi tate t o take her stand In favor of her bouthern brethren. This was lost by ayos 'J2, noe- 68. Three other amen. 'moms to the third resolution wero then laid on tbe tablo and ordered to be printed. They will come up after the resolutions are pissed upon. A special despatch to the Prmocra/, from I.lttlo Hook, Aik., Bays that the secession ordinance ??? voted down to day. THE LOUISIANA STATE CONVENTION. N*w Oeuu.ih, March 19, 1S01. Ibo Louisiana State Convention took up tbe iwrin&nent constitution today, but alter some opposition Its oon ?iteration was postponed. Baton Roi'?;e, Mvch 19, 1861. Tlio Governor has xigaed tho bill for the traustor of the tioopK, arms, kc., of tho .State to the authority of the go vernment of the Confederate Slates. The legislature will adjourn ?i'?e die on Tliursday. GENERAL TWIGGS DECLINES A POST IN THE SOUTHERN A KM Y. N'kw Omjuxs, March 'Jo, 1801, General Twines has declined a Goneralfhlp In i the army of tlio Confederate States on aocount of feeble health. THE KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. I/Ot !S' in*, March 'JO, 1861 Tl.c legislature reassembled to-day and then adjourned till to morrow, to allow the <iae of the Legislative H ill to the Southern Rights Mars Convention now in session. THE OHIO UNITED STATES RENATOBSHIP. Con Jftuw, Mtrcb 20, 1861. The folk>wkig Is the result of the fourth ballot ? I Sh< rman .'2 ] sebtnek 17 | Dennison -J , Scat tor lip 4 j Necessary to elect. .. . ... 43 Coroner*' lni|u< <i<. 8l)U<tc ? OnronerO'Kcefe hold en inquest yesterday, at 1 p)( r 36 Kaflt rircr, upon the b xiy of James Henly, a na the of Ireland, aged forty flvo yeai", who committed I suicide by drowning himself. D<cea*ed, it appeared, I . v. in an intemperate man, keeping an oy ster aUo n at No I 183 Mott street. About three week* ng< > he threritenel > { to kill himself, snyiiig be would not be alive t > wittices I i St. Patrick'* 'lay. No attention v. as paid to the threat, , however az.d it ?m not intii MoutUy la't, when de ceased d .-(appeared from his borne, that the fatnilv bcj'tn to grow <inea^y. I'pon inquiry it was aieertainod that at a late hour on Sunday ni^lit an unknown man waft ob served to jump overboard at the foot of CvJurine street; and although a r >pe was ih-own to him by a private watchman, he refused to accept the proflerod av.afauce, and sank. The body of tho unknown man, will -h was discovered yccterday, prove 1 to be of the miming Hnaly, and the body w:ia taken in charge of t>y tkc relative*, 'fho Jury renm red a verdict of ' Suicide by drowning." Fatal Ca*?<ut or Dtasi 9th: r.? Information aras re cited at the Coroner*' ofllce yenter lay to tho afreet that Mr. N'nzalrc Htruelens, of the flriu of Htraclens & Palmer, confectioner*, of So. 68 l>uan* str> "t, had b' on killed by falling through tho hatchway. The accitent, which oc cuired attont noon, was not wltneasfd by any 'if the hands In tho eatablishment. Kothugv.ijt known of the atiair until one of t!io clorka stumbled p"i; the Hfele s bodjr of deceased in tho sub-cellar. Mr. Strurlenx had be< n up In tho third "t/>ry a short l.rne nr- vioos, and h" la suppoaed to havo fa 'ion while react: inz forward to catch hold of tho rope attach' d to the hoistwiy. It is only about a month ago that the elevator In thia establishment gave way, killing one of this workmen nnd injuring deceased ao severely that it waa thought be won d hirdly recover. Mr Struoleni was a nativ- of iHgium, and wss forty Ave years of ago. He lived at No '130 K,aet T"nth street, and wm a widower. Coroner O'Kcx fe to-k tfu case, and will probably investi gate the matter to day. Knxau i'Y a Kj?u ? A>ign^ta Heller, a native of Oer many, aged thirty-four yea/ ', died yost -nlay at hli rwl denoe, So. 9!' avuue . from the et.tnta of l^| irl<a nocl dentally received by falling down stairs. lie accident ooc .Trad on Tuesday trttxnlng, tho da.;- "d lingering entil yaatafday , whsu fcn otp'rod. Cuv.u -r <? Koofo held an t on the body( wli"?i th ? )n * re n hmi a verdict gr "death .rom :ra< ;uie ot tha afcwl, n-< 'deniaily rc ceiv >d." The Halrlde In hlapenatrt ?.fr<rt. TO IDE IDITOR Of TIIB H?B W.l?. N'rw Tan, Ma*ch 20, 1991. 1 ?aw ar. account of the suicide of Mr. Henry, at \o. 48 Lspenard street, in to day's Heu t>. Mr. Henry was a warm frlead of ine. The cmm of h s death w? tfcv? A Hoit two years ago be married a young lady, whi was th -n llr'ug at Chicago. He broatht h- r to this city ib > it a year ago. Phe had been here mt a short time whan ?Ho left her h .abend and went frith a ??r turn Wail Mi act broker, who opaoea a hrm*a of pr>>s t tat: nfo'h'r. rhla su preyc! i|?w his m.od that h> ?<STor?l t u?s t/ire itexKd to MMat auloilo, and ?i laat :ie haa djoc it. Re*tw- t uJIv yo .m, 11. F. Vav al Infrlllgrarr. i n'.ter big for tte CnltV *?? s<iaadn . ia the r?ist isd '?? wlU bo tt via up at the Jyc?u7i, tVooklyn, t: k ??t n a vesaVi to ra : the :at of \pr "ho tesaela V 1 ? ? |uailf'in aro th? Htr'ford, JHz ' d?r?, Vib U ?a aad bc.m. Drraitfnl Railway Accident at Ha*k?s iack Bridge. TiiR locomotive site i? twenty or *ro IN riiB Rl V KB ? THE ENG1NEKR HEKIOI'SLT IN jrunn? KMC APE or TUB riHEMAN, KTC . , ETC. At ball put eleven o'clock utui uight tlx* particulars of the above calamity reached us, which we subjoin ? At Uio hour of eight o clock . the Jersey City ud Haok cDRftck railway tram was com. eg forwurl to the lltdiai huck bridge, but no signal light being exhibited and tho draw bridge over the river being opened, the loeoaaottve ran headlong Into the river, dragging with it the Mrs, Ac. The engineer m precipitated into the rlnr, aad when taken out of the river wa? foun4 to be dreadfully bruised in th> lega and other parte of the body ; the fire man saved himself at the risk of hi* life, by jumping off the engine. on Mr. flay lor, the Superintendent In Jersey City, hear ing of the accident, he immediately tiok a special loco motive to the scene of the disaster, and Hading the locomotive about twenty feet in the mad of the river, eudi-avorcd to do the best be oould under the olroam stances. Tbo engineer was pot Into a special oar and Mat to the depot is Jersey City, but the Superintendent rn? Inert behind to give direct loos roxpootlug the danger of tbe ojiot ami having the locomotive rem >ved, so ai <tjre vi ot other trams sharing the same fate. Ala Wfca aO i hut could bo done until a late hour this meraufff, wtwn our dos|?tch left. City Intelligence. PRWCAtlOM OK 9r. PaCL'8 4JERMA.V LcTHEBA* CtaCVH.? ? Tbis new church edifice, situated at the crner of ttxtb avenue and Fifteenth street, was dedicated yxterday forenoon with the Impressive lore monies of the Oaman Lutheran church. The dedicatory sermon was preached la German by the Hot. Mr. Welden, who took his tat from tho uuxrv th realm, verses 1 ana 2. In the afternoon tha Rev. Mr. Krotel preached In English from tho text, So mans x., 17, and In the evening a sermon wsa do livered in Uerm<u> by the ltev. Mr. Raegner, who took his text from Romans x. , H? 18. The church, which lf> under the pastorship of iho Key Mr. Gelssenhelner, la built In the Gothic style with Nova Hcotlao stone front, and was commcncod In the ivtrly part of laat summer. It is lllty feet wide by eighty foet d< ep, with a capability or accommoJating about 1,000 persons, and has a large Sunday school room In the bssomnnt. Tbo c??t of tho rburcb, exclusive of the ground, has been over $26,000. The solemnities of the dedication, which wore attended yesterday by a largo number of the c MgNptM , will be continued to-day. This Nkw Cori'oratiox MxnAiA, ? Theee emblems o." offi cial dignity have been completed , and were duty delivered yesterday at tho City llall. They are of solid gold, oral In shape, ubout an Inch and a quarter long by three-quar ters of an inch wide, and contain a representation of tbo civic escutcheon, around which are ongravedtbo names of each member, the number of the district he lepreeenta and the year 1M1. Koch badge will oost 912. New TxuEt'RAi'ii Oi-kratur ? Mayor Wood hM removed Mr. Thomas Halpln from the office of telegraph operator, and appointed Mr. Manfrod A. Morton In nla place. Military Fteekal. ? The obsequies of Mr. Auguato Bar bier, a member of oompany A. , Fifty flfth regiment, took place yesterday afternoon from the Into, residence Of tho deceased, in Fulton street. Tho entire roglaM&t turned out in full uniform, and accompanied the rwkainfl to Calvary Cemetery, whore thoy wore duly Interred. Thh Kt -serai, of tbs Rxv. K. MoGea*, pastor tt Bt. Augustine's church, Sing Sing, wi'l take place to-day. A solemn high mass will bo oclebraied this morning la the church in that village, to which an invitation ia given to tho friends of the deceased and the clergy. It appears the remains will not bo brought to tbis city aa prertooaly announced, bat will bo interred at 81ng Sing. Trains leave Chambers street at 7 :30 A. M , in time for nuaB, and at 11 A. M. , in time for the funeral, returning at 0 18, 3 CO and 6:21 P. M. MoviaiRNTs of iMmiNuriwuni Pkbhovaoiw ?William Mul ligan Esq. , paid a visit to the 1'ifth Avonue IIHei y ester day, &nil treated a select party of friends to ??drink* all round.'' Raving imbibed, tho dtetlngu .shod party left for an airing on Broadway. Kirk i* Carlisle Strkst.? Between ten and eleven o'clock yesterday morning a lire occurred in the tinsmith ship, No. 7 Carlisle street, owned by Timothy Flynn. It originated from some roofing composition taking fire lroin n stove. Tho damage to tho stock will amount to about $100, no insurance. The buil ling la owned by Mrs. Pctcrs<>n. It is damaged about 126 ; no lnanraaoo. Fire is t)ik Bowery.? Between two and three o'clock yctdcrday morning a fire broke out in the grocery store No. 381 Bowery, owned by James Harper. The firemen quickly extinguished the tiro. The damage to the stock will amount to about $400. Insured for $1,260 in the Hudson County Mutnal Insurance Oompany, of New Jersey. Tho building if owned hv R. L. 8cbeflin. It 1* damaged to the extent of ubout 950 Insured for $8,000 in tbo Bower\ und St. Mark's insurance companies. Tbo origin of the tire is unknown at present. FiRKne iH* Buwkrt. ? About half piat stx o'clock last night a Ore occurred In the sbow window of tha fancy goods store of Hugh Call, No. 308 Bowery. It waa oaaaal by the rarclexennes of a clerk named Hillings worth, while lighting the gu<*. The taints were trm extin guished. Iiamape to the Rtock about >600. Insured for $2,000 in the Market Insuraace Company. Bo art I of Kdacatlon. Tli in Rcnrd held one of their stated m'-etinge last ere fling ? Commissioner Davenport in tbe cUilr. Columns inner HTorr informed the Hoard that t)i<' am eclicol house, No. It In tho Twenty firat ward, la finish ed, and invited th> members to vlllt It on the tttb iaut. The annual report of the City Superintendent, Hat U| tome two months ng", waa prcwnM in th^ printed form. It is a very voluitiinoua doc'^nont, ami tbe fol kfflibg is an abetrrct from one of iu most intereatlug sections ? There are, in Ihe city of New York, fifty one Gram mar schools for boys, liftj for girls, fifty primary de I iirtmeutr, and forty primary schools. a freo academy lor lx>y h ; throe uoim.J school* ? one for femalo t'-aoner- , on'' l?r mule, niid ene for colored teacners of both n?int ; twenty bree evening school* for males, twenty for fo mulee.and two for colored per ear*. male ami f- mai-; II nd tea corporate school*, sharing in thouietrihctloa or l h< ' I'liMli money. The wliole number of teachers In the several sehoola, under the jurisdiction ol tho Hoard, ts 1 ,.">18, of whom 1,368 .uc ft males, ai.d 1W) train of this number 173 bold State certmc.ues of qualiflcatloa, S7 are graduates of .-'(etc Nvimnl schooto, una the remainder bold oert>:i cnt<F from lids ilTpurtu"*0* The whole number of pupils in these* w,v<>r*' '?Mtlt'> tfons (exclusive of the Nortal schools) on Ihi October Inst, was 105.2*0, viz ? Fiea Academy. 8.'o colored aehools 2,21)1 Boys' gram w.hooto. 25 &.I3 l.vrning ecb/wla..., 1IA07 Gills' grnm. tehcola. 20 070 Corporate schools.. . 7,000 Primary deptotm s. fiO 42*. ? _____ I'Tlmaiy achcols.... 20,917 Trial 106,236 Tic li u on increase of 3,298 over the number undor in struction during the preceding year. < if this nt.mb'T 3-^067 Irive attended school daring the entire r< hool yenr; r7,(40 for eight months and lees than ten. IB ;:?4 for si \ months and less than eight; 29,008 for four mcr.tiis and 1 *s than "It; 20,072 for two montlM and less than four, and 32,004 for a period less than two months. Tbe average attendance of pupils In tbe serorai Gram mar, I'limary and Corporate ; -chools, tho peat > ear, .is itrei tallied In the mode prescribed by law, wea (>7,462, or about 39 per ccnt., beinr an Increase over tho average attendance of list year of 2 30?I. Tbe actual average of attendance, as contradistinguished from tho statute average, would probably exceed 50 per ocat: tho lornicr being based on actual attendance, exciudlcg every day en w It i< h tbe school, for soy reason, waa not tn *?* *? ion, acd dividing the asgrcgato by the number of day* or of sessions? and the latter by adding together the at tendance of each ? cheoi session of thruo hours, aid dlvl dlr.g by 4l<0. or twice the number of school Jay* during t he j ear, exclusive of stated holiday*, without taking Into aoco ut tbe actual number of days taught. Tlie subject of building i* lire proof library for tho I ooka of the dipartm nt, which was tb? special order oC the evening, cuno up, and after being well mutilated was laid over till the second mee'.ing In April. Commissioner Qunther's resolutions, to eqcaiiae iha salaries of teachers according to the number of puptia under their - are, was brought up, and after a long ilia cuMik-u laid over. The B ?ard then adjourned. Thr Morrill Tariff and Wagtl. TO TUB KPITOR OK Till IT Kit A LD. rii.inxvuia, Cbertar Oo , Pa., March II, 1101. The rhonl* Iron Company, doing buaiaeai at thla plnrc, sun one of the largeet iron manufactories in tba I'nlted Rules, have Just given notloe to thalr employee, mini' erlng from l.'-OO to 1.MM men, that their wagea would b" reduced from ten to twenty fire per cent on the l?i day of April, the wiiuc day the Morrill Tariff bill toe* int.) effect. A WoRKINOMAR. Thr Wheat Crop. The St. Louis MjiilAican save.? The farmers of lUlnoia liave ? very reaaon to be aatlsfled with the appea/anoe of the wheat crop at this time. We h?re reliable in'orma tion from more than twonty oountlea of Southern lUfiiJia, giving aseuraacee that during the paat ten years the m heat fit Idsl n March have never appeared M promlelng ;is now. The grew th is adn irably well set, oovers tha ground well, la healthy and etrong. encouraging largo expectation* of full granaries at the close of the ?eaeea. The amount sown laat fall waa unusually larg?, *i)J 1 1801 ' ids fair to be as dieting islied n niinoia for Uw aAlusnt v boat liar v *t as war 1800 for the plethoric cm crop U> Central and Northern TlilnoH. <*iur> FismBmei rx Noimt Cis^inii.? are infirm s?f by gentlemen from tut section tb? the ?b*d ^.isriee eT North Ci'olina sre t n'isually ftadaatlTO. sela# broeght In si ?ee haul ' ne da? list week one th ? ><iaa4 and live bundred shad. The herring 0sli?'iee seem to have fallen off entirely, and slud **???? Vj have ukea tlii? place of tli t ' ace numerous e'vi at tish !? tbe t**'n pi a waters of th Old S 'rth -'ate ?A' r/M i 1