Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 21, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 21, 1861 Page 4
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new YORK HERALD. JAIKS OOKDOS BKXJUCTT, KDIIOR AND PSOPRl^UfL orncM n. v. ooBicim or tvltox and Nassau bts. Tr/iMS, nut M ?<i aim Mommi mid by mat wiM b? at th? rut ? (><? mm4m. H<mt but IkinM billi cmrrmt in Jfm I'ork | 1HK DAILY BBRaLD, two tmi* ptr copy, $7 par omiml THE WEEKLY BERaLD, n+iy Smhmlay, at ?ir mi<ip?r n7>y, or $J pr? attntm. On European JUititm rvrry W+lneMlay, ? ?J ?? amiua. to ,iai v,irt of Or rat Hrilain. 7 Al 1 AH 1 ' V/I "UOf l/ili/XViii. jjt wnwn>?ny mom, mhrilri from any quarter of ikt \torld; if tuf>l, will hi frUrally pant /or- W Obh PoBBIUM CuBBaarOHDK MT* ARK r*nnct'i.*Hi.r Rjkjviusted to Hkal iU Lcttkiu amp I'au* iau KKH? c* V(> ti'tTH'K talrm of nmnnyn iou.< rorrejfMMuiau*. TPe Jo no* rrrui ? riirciod nmtiuminiMofu. iJiV M/iTIsm KXTS renewal M-*ri/tii?: adm timntiil* in 1,^1 ... Ih, WklKLT lUkil.P, KaMILT UatlAJLD, Utui ill Uli Ci'i/ornia a??f Pun>pfa*< KdiMons Jbtl FUIKTISU axe> utai with n?i titeu, cheapntu and tit upatrk. Volamr XXVI Ho. 7U AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. AOADRMT Of MUSIC, Fourteenth street.? Italian Or** a? Macuitu. NIBLO'B GARDEN, Bro?<lw?y.? LA BayadcU? Tu Au tomaton WTNTKK OVRDEN, Broadway, opposite Bond street.? Boaxo awi> Jouet. WAX. LACK'S THEATRE, Broadway.? London As SflkAUCK. LAtTRA KEENE'B THEATRE, No. SM Broadway.? Sky x!t Surras. NEW Bn WERT TnEATRE, Bo wary. -The Owlet MOtllf it GOOrlk? SnUaiiLKH'I Daucutui. BARNTTV'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Bradway.-nay and Bvrn'ng? Oitahklxi ? Beaks, Ska Lion, and Otukk COtUOSITlU. 1RT\.VTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall.? 472 Broad wa> ? UvKLKouiKs, Bonos, DiM'is Ac.? I)ixm Land. M*LODEON CONCERT IIALL, No. 639 Broadway.? Dunces, Buulksuuks, Ao. W fROPOUTAN OPF.RA HOUSE, Williamsburg - BTtroriAt. Songs, I)im;is, BcKLtSQUts, Ac. MKTROPOLITAN HaLL, Chicago.? Uksworth's MiX STltl n EtUIOPUN SONUS, DaMCKS, AC. K?w Toik, Thursday, March ill, 1801. HAILS FOB. TBI MCIFIC. lew Tork' Herald? California Edltloa. The mail ttieaniBhip North Star, Captain Joues, will (?are this port to ^ay, at noon, for Aspinwall. Tha mails for Utlifornla and other parts of the Paclllc will oIom at tea o'clock this morning. The Nkw York Wbklt Qbbald ? California edition? ?entatning the lat?st Intelligence from all parts of the world, with a Urge quantity of local and miscellaneous natter, will be published at half-past oight o'clock iu the ?anmtng. Single copies, In wrapi>en, ready for mailiug, six ccnta. AgenU will pleo?e soud in their ordors as earl/ ajt ]ki? Bible. Tlie STewi. Our despatches from Washington this morning reiterate the assurance that both the Lincoln ad ministration and the government at Montgomery are disponed to preserve the peace. It is stated that the Commissioners from the Confederate State* have the positive assurance from tho ad ministration that no movement of troops, or rein forcement of forts in the seceded States will be permitted for the pre-ent. On the other hand, the Montgomery government will do nothing to di turb the existing condition of affairs. The two indictments against Mr. Floyd, late Secretary of War, for conspiring to defraud the government, and lor malfeasance in oflire, were yesterday dismissed by the Court at Washington as untenable. In the I'nited States SenAte yesterday. Mr. Hale offered a resolution, which Ilea over, that tho Sen ate adjourn without day at ono o'clock on Satur day next. Tlic consideration of Mr. Pouglas' re solution in relation to the Southern forts, Ac., was then resumed, and Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, made ? speech on the troubles of the nation. He con sidered a reconstruction of the Union impossible, and there remained bat one of two courses to pursue, namely, war, with a view to sub jugation, or tho recognition of the indepen dence of tho Southern republic* He indicat ed a proposition which he should offer, investing tho President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, with power to accept the declaration of the seceded States, that they are an alien people, and authorizing him to con clude with them a treaty acknowledging their in dependence as a separate nation. At the conclu sion of Mr. Bayard's remarks tho Senate held an executive session, and confirmed a number of ap pointments. We publish below the nain*-s and salaries of the variou- Ministers and Consuls thus far appointed by the Lincoln administration: ? MiNianxgi fl' litre to Com pen. EnflU|ii>? Rsside. tat ion Mln Ptsa., Cbsrlts K. A toms I/*kdon $17 500 S(c o( l<n.,T Billow Uwrnriv I mdon . J 6*6 AiS't ??c. of Legation ,John Adam* Lod'Ioq ... 1 too Mis. Pics , WaJ I.. i>ayton Paris 17,500 ate. of legation, W.1J. Fiy Parte. 2,fl-5 Mia Kiwi , K, 1*. Jurid Bdrtlfl 12,000 ?itec. of Lo^iion, H krciseui id. . !44,l?.iii. .... J;*O0 ? Kin Kes , <?eo. P. Marsh Turin 7.600 Tuskkt? Mid. I(m., Jinrs Watacn W bh CjristantiaopJo. 7 CO) Anmui M.n. Ilea , Anson Hurl.ugamc... Vienna 12 000 f?H'? AMD MoKW*T? Mln. R?s. , .lacjb T. Haider man .. Stockholm. ... 7,600 rauu Mln. Res , llradfwd It. Wood Copenhifen ... 7. COO Haim? Mln. Plen., Thomas H. Nelton. .. . !Uo Janeiro.... 12.0C0 BauHi'H? M'n. RfS., Henry S. Sinford Ilriwete 7,600 POSTCO*!.? Mta. Res , Car! Fchurz ?*... Usb?a 7 500 8t\if ? Mln l"en.,(^sr.us M. Clar Madrid 12 CO) Sec. of Legni.oo, Green Claj M.< Irid 1-0) Svimiu M)o Hss . KMstu C. Crosby (iiaiemala ... 7,'.t0 Pomii n a i Stathk- ? Mis. Kos . HuTiis Kin*- line 7 500 COWL*. At v Kat Face A'<ime? Oomprtunticm. | I/iadou Freeman U. Morse $7,500 Ilof J<>a?j* C. Dnvteson 2,000 i IJvertwl l?o Witt C. MUleiobn . 7,500 ' Havre I arms O. Putntni ti,OCO : Alt la Charlie ffm It. Vrsey 2,500 Vrsnkforl mi tbe Matite. . . Knfog H<*mer 3 000 AlMaudrta, K41 pt W. Thnjtr 8 000 COMMIffSIOKE*. Stodwtch Islands Thomas J. Dyer 7, "<00 The necessary measures to ensures strict ob servance of the tariff laws and regulations have ! been pot in operation along the Inland routes, j At all the railway connections between the con federate and border States revenue officers have been stationed, and similar precautions hsve been taken to prevent smuggling on the Oulf coast. The legislators at Albany went through an ex tensive routine of business yesterday. Several bills were passed, various othf*s reported from the committees, and a number of new one* intro duced. Much of the business transacted, how* ever, merely related to local Interests. In the Senate, among the bills passed was that to regu late the sale of intoxicating liquors, the previous vote on the measure being reconsidered. The fol lowing bills also passed.? To amend the laws estab lishing regulations for the port of New Yorkj to provide for the punishment of the Crimea of murder and arson in tha first de gree, committed prior to the 4th of May, 1*60; ?nd to revise the map of New York. A re port waa made on the Chamber of Commerce bill. In the Assembly a minority report of the Railroad C'on.tnittee was preaented against the Broadway P i !r f\d. and petitions In favor of the road were al-o presented. A large portion of the day waa takn!i up by the Assembly in the discussion of the Albany and Susquehanna Railroad bill, #nd it wai foallj laid go the table. At the meeting of the Emigration Ccmnk^Ioaers yesterday the Standing Committees of last year, were re elected. The number of emigrant* re turned as ai rivals for the put week was 1,3 >fi, which makes the number since January 1. 6,131. The amount of the commutation fund in bank at present to the credit of the Hoard is #3,56G 01. Captain Caffrey and two policemen of tlv? Fif teenth ward were arrested yesto on a warrant issued by Judge Alker, of the Mai me Court, charg ing tliem with the false imprisonment of Ilu^h Clark, a liquor dealer. They were brought before Judge McCarthy and held to bail in the sum <>f ?500 each. These cases are becoming very nume rous, and frequently occupy the attention of the courts. The report of the City Superintendent of Public Schools was presented in the Board of Education last evening. In our report of the meeting may be fonnd some statistical extracts from this document of an interesting nature. The business transacted by the Board was of little moment. The demand for beef cattle was fair yesterday, but the receipts being heavy, prices were about half a cent per pound lower on the average, though the range was about the name. Milch cowb were plenty, but steady. Veal calves were nnohanged. Sheep and lambs were slow of sale yesterday, at a reduction of 26 cents per head, but sold all through the woek at previous rates. . Swine were without essential change. The total receipts were 4,555 beef cattle. 153 cows, .r>9:i veals, G,703 sheep and Iambi and t,.">39 swine. The cotton market yesterday was active and Arm, with sales of about 6,700 bales, Including some lots In transitu. Prices closed on t ho basis of about 12>?'c. a 12*fc. for middling uplands. Hour was firm, whilo sales were made to fair extent, including some purchases for export' Wheat was Arm and active, with a good deaund for ex port, while the market Closed at full prices. Corn waa better and In active request, at prices given in another column. Pork was dull and heavy. Salt's of mess were made at $10 6 2X, and of prime at $12 02 St a $12 75. Sugura were In fair demand, while the Bales embraced about 9C0hhds. at prices given in another column. Cof i foe was in fair demand, wltb sales of 3,260 bags Rio at [ 12c. a 13c. , and 160 Mai acalbo at 13 !^c. a 14c. Freights were taken to a fair extent, without change of moment I in rates. Gradual Developcntcat of the Policy of Mir. Lincoln's AdiuUiUtrRl lon?Iuiptnd* Ing Anarchy. A fit parallel to the Imbecile conduct of the administration, in the crisis which threatens to engulf the prosperity of the Union, is to be found in the riotons intemperance of sailors, who abandon the care of a vessel menaced with destruction, in order to gorge themselves with liquor, and drown conscience und fear in brutal self-indulgence. Out of the contradic tory intelligence that is received, from day to day, from the national capital, it is not difficult to perceive that the Lincoln government is al most exclusively occupied with the apportion ment of spoils, and that it has adopted no set- I tied practical policy, respecting the great ques tions that agitate the popular mind. It has shown every disposition to pursue a fanatical, antagonistic course towards the South, and I would have, ere now, drifted the two sections into a bloody civil war, but for sheer want of courage, and inability to carrv out the aggres sive instincts that inspire it. In directing the evacuation of Fort Sumter, not even a pretence has been made of desiring to conciliate the se ceding States: nor were the wishes of the bor der slaveholding States taken into considera tion. The solitary excuse given for the recall of Major Anderson and his troops, is. that go vernment is physically unable to give him any assistance. Previously to the inauguration, it had been hoped that Mr. Seward, and his I friends, were inclined to a "magnanimous" line of action; but the indications have since been, that, through lukewannnens, greed of place, and an overweening desire to | retain popularity with the ul train ts of New England and the Northwest , they, also, have concluded to take no efficient step to ward- peacefully solving the difficulties that embarrass the country. The proclivities of the administration, therefore, are for disunion and such interstate hostilities as shall accom plish the Wendell Phillips programme:?" Dis union is honor ; disunion is gain." The craftv indecision which characterizes its cour-e -now flattering, now blustering? is simply the result of the doubta government entertains, of its ability to carry out its iniquitous designs. The election of Mr. Lincoln to the Presi dency. was the result of thirty years of per petual agitation, upon the slavery question, with the direct and avowed object of ruining the country. The constitution was declared, from the outset, to be " a league with hell, and a covenant with death slavery to be ?? a crime." " a cui?e." and "the Mitn of all villa ges; and the calamities and disasters which should flow from the destruction of the Union, subjects of triumph and rejoicing. -There are -cenes of tremendous horror I could smile at," exclaimed the great champion of aboli tionism ; and he has lived to exult over the success of the schemes, projected by himself and his colleagues. The active system of pro psgandism which th?-y inaugurated. ha>- already culminated in the elevation of their candidate to the Chief Magistracy of the country ; it has driven seven members ol the confederacy from the republic; eight more, it is believed, will follow within a few months ; and the guilt lies at their door of the most terrible blow that has ever been aimod at our political, commercial, financial, manufacturing, and agri cultural prosperity. If civil war comes, the republican party, of which they constitute the vital element, will have brought it upon us. and it is frightftil to perceive that the greater number of those who surround the President, and by whose counsels he Is guided, are disappointed, and apologize for the delay of an internecine conflict and its attendant horrors, which they believe would stereotype antl slavery facaticism In the North. Meanwhile, the people of the North behold with terror the gradual descent o( this lately happy land, towards either a military despot ism, or a worse than Mexican anarchy. Intel ligent citi/ens compare the President that Is. with the Washington of three-quarters of a cen I tui y ago; the founder of our liberties who was our first Chief Magistrate, with the destroyer or the integrity of our nationality, who bids fair I to be the last. They groan beneath the con trast, and only seek for an opportunity to pro test against It. The lea<fcrs of the victorious party, know, however, that their tenure of power is owing to merely fortuitous cauaes, and that flvesixtha of tile voters of the Union are opposed to them. They have, therefore, intei poeed their authority as a screen, and have gagged down the popular voice in tho N?rth. so that a period of several months must elaps*. before it can be effectively heard. The faction* opposition of the republican majority In Con gresa, caused the defeat of the Crittenden amwidraenN, which the people would have gladly MWplaA. The bill of Mr JHgler. wli ch simply nuked that an opportunity might be J given Of icformully testing the strength of par t ea, was thrown overboard, because It would have sealed the condemnation of the fanatics in power. The propositions of the Peace Con fertnce, insufficient aa they, in many respects, were, might have been regarded by the South as an olive branch, aad public feeling clamored for their adoption, on thin account. These, also, were treated with aoorn by the House of ^preventatives, and were crushed by Mr. Seward in the Senate. After the 4th of March, the duplicity of the inaugural, and the victory of the incendiarist sectioa of republi cans, in the formation of a Cabinet, convinced every thioking citizen, (hat no good could be expected Irom an inherently rotten source, and that the worst fears they had entertained, were sure of being sooner or later realized. * Under circumstauces so deplorable, no im mediate method exists, of expressing general condemnation of the policy which is gradually developing, at Washington, from bad to worse, excepting through conventions and public meetings; und it is especially nece.-wary that the conservative masaes, everywhere, should begin to act openly, instead of conflning them selves, as they have hitherto done, to private utterances of opinion. Means should be taken, of fending forth such a flat of public o|?inion, as cannot be mistaken, and which will render misunderstanding impossible. The South should be made to know, that it posse^es the empathies of the central State*; and the ad ministration should become aware, that it will be held to a bitter responsibility for its shame ful mismanagement of the public interests. TjIK MKTROrOMTAK Ei>ITOItS IN Lt'CK LTm?kr Oi,i? Abk. ? Tboro is one thing in which Lincoln and his administration appear to have im proved on the democratic regime of the la.st eight years. However the imbecile rail-split ter and hid Cabinet may be in other respects, it cannot be denied that they know how to ap preciate the press. in the reign of poor Pierce every twopenny rural editor of whom nobody ever heard, and who barely knew his right hand from his left, was gent upon a mission abroad or fattened upon a good office at home. Every third and fourth cousin of his was well provided for. Under the administration of Mr. Buchanan it was not very different. But undor the new re publican rule, and with the advice of Mr. Sew ard. the enlightened and educated metropoli tan press are selected for reward, and every republican newspaper office in the city will send forth two or three men to serve Uncle Sam, either on a foreign mission or in a fat do mestic office. Some will go to France, some to Italy, some to Germany, some to Eng land, some to Turkey, and some even aa far as Alexandria in Egypt. Mr. Seward estimates the press at its right value. He knows that the metropolitan journals create, control and modify tho public opinion of the country: that New York is the centre of light whence facts and opinions ra diate to the rest of the Union, and that the poor devils of country editors, equally without brains or education, are dependent fupon the metropolitan press for their very existence. In taking care of the New York journalists, and throwing overboard the hungry, impu dent and ill mannered swarms of country edi tors who are now bux/.ing around the White House, the Departments and the Capitol, lite rally darkening the air with their numbers and deafening everybody with their noise. Lincoln and Seward are showiag more discrimination and sound judgment than they are doing in re ference to the mere objects of government Tiie Nmv England Ki.imtionh? Prohahi.k Kraction in IVbijc Opinion.? In the late elec tion in New Hampshire the republican majority was reduced from the vote of last November to the amount of five thousand three hundred, and in the recent elections in Pennsylvania we had a similar result, as well as in some of the town elections of this State. In the early portion of next month the elections come ofl' in Rhode Island and Connecticut, and wo should not be surprised, judging from the re sults in the other States alluded to, if a more complete reaction took place in those contests, even to the extent of sweeping out the repub licuns altogether. The people there are beginning to wake up to the true state of the case. They are getting to understand the policy? such as it is? of the administration : a policy half cowardice and half coercion; the policy, in fact, of a coward and a bully: for tliey are synonymous terms. It is beginning to be understood that tho re publican party attained power by falsa pre tences -by assuming to be pure and incor ruptible while they are now doing nothing but handing out the spoils and paying tht>ir stump orators with offices, at a crisis when the country is awaiting some settlement of its pressing difficulties at their hands. The ad ministration is doing nothing ?nd promising nothing, to extricate us from the present com plications. Yet the question could have been settled by the last Congress if it had submitted the Crittenden resolutions to the several States; and it could be settled even now, in six weeks time, by submitting the Montgomery constitu tion to the people. The present administration is destined to be the most conupt and disastrous one with which the country was ever afflicted, and its course up to the present time must have con vinced every one that the most fatal con sequences to the whole country are certain to result from it. Thus we shoidd not be at all surprised if the expression of the popular will at the approaching elections in Connecticut and Khode Island- States that are more in terested in the Southern trade titan any others in New l.ngland should be dead against tho administration party. Tiik I'omct of thk Administration is lln oard 10 tiik Soithkhx Forth. ? It is now defi nitely settled that Fort Sumter is to be evacu ated before Saturday night. The administra tion is so full of fears of the damaging effect of this movement upon its own party, that it ha* determined to retrieve itself at Fort Tlckens. which Is to be "held, occupied and possessed,''

as Lincoln phrases it. In the Albany,/ew>?a/of Tuesday evening. Thurlow Weed says "Tho signs of conflict are pas-dog away from Fort Sumter and gathering about Fort Pickens. The foimer cannot be reinforced. The latt?*r may be. It irxmld bf folly to hob] the one, and sh*tr cofordict to obaudon the other.'' ft is for Fort Pickens, then, and a blockade of the Southern ports, that troojts are being col lected from all quarters, and ships-of war sum moned from distant stations, and thither public attention must be now directed. A Urn days' armistice, and what then ? The administration fays civil war, and we might as well look the fact squarely in the face. Tile Chrralkr W*M Don't Uh* Twktf Wkat CM We D? Iter Htaf The Cheratter Webb dont like Turkey, does not want it, and will not hare it The following positive declination we Had officially set forth in the Couritr: ? Mlnivi-kk to CoN?TANTiM>njL ? W? chronicled y rater - day , ia our drapttcbeu frcm Washington, the nomination >f Central Webb, the senior editor of this paper, as Miowter to Constantinople. Oeoerai Webb is now labor ing uiider an attack of Mckueas which confinta km to big residence. near Tarrytown, but we are iuformed ilut on setn. (? i bo announcement of bu nomination in tlie momiug papers of ) etterdsy, he immediately tela graphed 10 Wu^hlLgton that in no event would he ac cept of such mi appointment U tendered to him. This L> decisive; but we must remember it is the edict of a sick mun. We are sorry that it is; but a man in the Chevalier's condi tion w spt to become somewhat difguted with the fripperies and follies of this wicked world especially if he has had a surfeit of theui. Calmly counting up the ocat, the Chevalier has doubtless arrived at the Bound conclusion that Turkey will uot pay. Wobb is no chicken to be satisfied with Turkey. The "sick man'' of Turkey is not the man for him, at the petty figuie of seven thousand five hundred a year, and a veiy Hnall margin for "backshish," or perquisites. Very true, Webb may be play ng the coquette, like Cassius M. Clay with Spain, and Tom Corwin with Mexico, and when be gets better he m?y change his mind, and ague to a four years1 exile among the houris of Constantinople; but we doubt it. We apprehend that upon the important item of the ' financial and material aid" required to meet the Chevalier Webb's magnificent ideas of u foreign minister, sick or well, he will resolutely turn up his noBe at that paltry sum of sevi n thousand five hundred a year. We 1. now from his p&Bt history that Webb is a resolute man, and that when he puts his foot down, like "Honest Abe Lincoln," he "puts it down firmly.'' So it was in that negotiation with the United States Bank in the good old dajs of Nick Biddle. Webb put his foot down for #52,675 37%, and Biddle bad to come to it So it w as in the matter of the general bank rupt law of 1841. The Chevalier put his foot down so fiimly in favor of that law, in order to get the benefit thereof, for something con siderably over fifty -two thousand, that he got into a duel on the subject with a member of Congress known as Tom Marshall, and thereby got into the penitentiary, from which he was released by Governor Seward's pardon. We ail know, too, that on a previous occasion the military intrepidity of the Chevalier Webb, and his terrible mahogany stocked pistols, at Wash ington, drove Gen. Duff Green into a rage, and 'almost upset the administration of General Jackson. When a man of this decisive stamp says I "No," lie means no ? making all allowances for a sick stomach. Upon a financial basis of fifty two thousand a year, Turkey would do Out cannot this thing be arranged? Mr. Webster once went on a private commercial mission to England on an outfit of sixty thousand from the merchants of Boston, and spent it like a prince. Webb can al60 spend money like a prince, and hence, like Webster, with fifty or sixty thousand, he hus always been hard up. Our funds, if wc are not mistaken, have been occa t-ionally used for his relief, without our know ledge of it. He has been very ungrateful, but we have been, and still are. disposed to be very generous. We ask, therefore, cannot Constan tinople be made acceptable to our military chieftain? To induce the Chevalier Forney to take the Liverpool Consulate, and so get him out of the way, Mr. Buchanan, or his friends, offered to raise him a pony purse of thirty thousand; but Forney, having had a taste of the White House kitchen, peremptorily de clined. Now Webb, we know, has had a smell, but he has never had a regular good feed of the fat things of the kitchen; so that this temp tation does not hold him back. Provide him, say an outfit of fifty-two thou sand, and we think he will consent, for a year or so, to try an official residence near the celebrated harem of the Sublime Forte. Webb has an eye for the beautiful, and a sweet tooth for con fectionery; but he is like little Ullman with the Opera: he must stop if he don't got "der monish.'' Now a man from this side the At lantic. who is a lion abroad, may occasionally, to raise the wind, consent to play the .jackall. Thus Mr. Bryant, the poet of the l'ost, having a European reputation, in making a lion of a rich but comparatively obscure travelling companion, in a late tour of the Continent, made the lion only too happy with the privi lege of footing the bills; for there were bills to pay- because poets, even In Italy, are death on mutton chops. In the same way, we think, Mr. Fillmore, ex-President of the United States. travelled extensively, free of charge, in lioni/.ing the Washington banker, Corcoran, as his travelling companion. Cannot the Chevalier Webb do something of this sort.' lie has had a surfeit of military and diplomatic honors, at home and abroad. He has breakfasted wilh General Ca*s. las dined with Lord Clarendon, has supped with the Prince de Joinville, has been officially recalled from Vienna, and has shaken hands with the Prince of Wales. He has fought his own duels, has had another man to do his killing for him, be has been pardoned oat of prison, and has .joined the church. Such a man can speak the "open sesame" for himself and travelling compunion at all the Courts of Europe, especially on the strength of his mis sion to the Sultan. He wants to go like a prince, and the money is the difficulty. What is to be done? Let him apply to his old friend and colaborer in the vineyard of democracy (before Nick Middle weaned ?AT our cotemporary), and let him ask James Gordon Bennett, who has the sinews of war, if he will not agTee to accompany the Chevalier on this Turkish mission, and as the lion thereof, with the privilege of footing all the bills inside of fifty two thousand a year, and who knows what may happen? In dnfank of some such expedient, we know of no other mode of meeting the princely notions of our magnificent Chevalier than in a fair division between him and the Reverend Thurlow Weed of the marrow bones, the spare joints and gieate, and odds and ends, and old boots, bottles and tuch?of the White House kitchen, which may be made to reach even twice fifty two thousand a year in these piping times of spoils and plunder. Turkey or no Turkey, something must be done for the Chevalier Webb. An imperial vermilion fdict. Let all men cause it to be respected. The Broapwav If.ui.wun SwiKM.*. Ac cording to ail accounts from Albany, the authors of that most outrageous swindle, the Broadway Railroad, have "fited" the Assem bly, and hope to man?g?> the Senate. The next thing to be accomplished If the purchase of tft ? New Yoik Common Council, and thru there is, m the corporators imagine, no obstacle in their wn jr. The bill proridee that the grant for the road & hall be oonveyed to the persona named In the preaa-ble, and that they shall hold it exclusively, making snoh arrangements with the municipal authorities as shall seem proper to both parties. We hare no hesitation in de claring, in the first place, that Broadway ought to be preserved as it is; and, second, that if a railway is needed in that thorough fare, the franchise should be offered at public auction. Broadway belongs to the people of New York? men, women and children. When we have anything to show ? a crack militia regiment, a foreign lion, like Kossuth or the Prince of Wales; a stylish equipage, a new coat or bonnet, a big safe, or any other thing out of the common way? we display it in Broadway. It is the main artery of the great city, the canal through which the very life blood of New York ebbs and flown, like the tides of the ocean. And we can tell the Le gislature that however they may decide the matter, their masters ? the people of New York ? have made up their minds that Broad way shall not be spoiled by a railway. We have bad, in the Metropolitan Police act and other ' bjectionable laws, quite enough of Albany le gislation for this city. Notwithstanding the course of the black republican journals here abouts, we can assure the Legislature that there is a very deep, indeed we may say unanimous, feeling on the part of the public against this scheme. Laying the rails for the new road will be, we opine, rather a difficult operation. Thb Mexican Policy of the Ad min i.stbation? Mr. Corwin's Mission. ? By our telegraphic advices from Washington it will be eeen that the administration have deter mined upon a policy with regard to Mexico which they suppose will head off any attempts on the part of either the Southern confedera tion or the Texan Rangers to encroach upon Mexican territory, so as to add to the "area of slavery." It is stated that instruc tions have been prepared for Mr. Cor win, who, it is believed, will accept the mission which has been tendered him, looking to the negotiation of a treaty with Mexico, by which the United States shall guarantee the inde pendence of that country and the stability of its existing rulers. The governments of Eng land and France, it is further alleged, are to be asked to join in this guarantee; and it is argued that, in view of the large Interests the British bondholders have in maintaining the present status of Mexico, and the repugnance which exists in Europe to the extension in any Way of slavery or felive territory, there will be no difficulty in inducing them to becomo active parties to the agreement. With the ex istence of such a treaty it would become the duty of England and France to lend Mexico all the necessary assistance to repel an in vasion on the part of the Southern States, and thus the Texan Rangers or the army of the confederation would find themselves face to face against these European allies. We thus see that the present weak adminis tration is rapidly hastening to the adoption of the same policy which has preceded the de struction of all republics, and which has made those caricatures of governments? the Central American States ? the football of every adven turer who came along, and objects of contempt to the civilized world. In order to try and clicckinate the designs which they attribute to the Southern confederacy, they do not hesitate to enter into "entangling alliances" with the most powerful military governments of Europe, and to give those governments not only an ex cuse but an invitation to occupy territory upon this continent with (heir armies. If the Amcri can people can quietly submit to such a de parture from the teachings of the founders of this republic, from the advice of Washington, and in defiance of the warnings of history as to the natural result of suoh a policy, they de serve the fate that awaits them. Undeserving of liberty, they will dwindle into the mere serfs of a military despotism, or revert back again to the paternal care of Great Britian, as people who had not the capacity to enjoy the liberty their forefathers bad achieved, nor the courage to defend the inheritance they had left. Mr. Corwin is a fit instrument to carry out this policy of the administration. Distinguish ed in 1847 as the only man who could be found in the Senate of the United States to lend aid and assistance to the enemies of his govern ment, who did not hesitate in his place to pray that American soldiers might meet with "bloody bands and hospitable graves," and that the flag of his country should be humiliated by Mexico, he will worthily close his career by paving the way for the occupation of the central portion of this continent by European soldiers, and re ducing bis country to the level of South Ameri can republics, which exist simply because of their iasignificance, and are only tolerated from their obscurity. A Nmv Government Loan. ? It is said in many quarters that the Secretary of the Trea sury. Mr. Cha*e, will soon want another loan, the money raised by the late one being very nearly exhausted; and It is intimated that this new loan is to be contracted for privately and secretly. There are, to doubt, many men in Wall street who would be very glad to loan money to the government in this secret plan, because, as the bids could not be scanned by the scrutinizing eyes of the public, they could make as much as they pleased out of the operation. But if a loan should be raised secretly by the government, it will not only be a thing without precedent, but it must be regarded as a corrupt job, and a gross swin dle upon the people. Emecr ok tub Svocmh of thk Rctvbmcavji on Fahhions.? ' The opening of the spring fashions, which takes place to-day, will present a great falling off on that of previous years. The modistes and milliners are among the greatest sufferers from the general business de pression which has resulted from the success of the republican party last November. Re trenchment and economy have been inaugu rated in every household, and a general reduc tion in domestic ex pens?s of all kinds is the consequence. Even fashion, which, under all other circumstances, reigns supreme, and is sub ject only to her own capricious will, has suf fered severely. The orders to France h*ve undergone a large reduotion, and high price articles in the millinery and dressmaking line will not be so eagerly songbt after. An un mistakeable indication of the change wbieh lias taken place in this rfspect is to be fonn<l in the great demand for low rent houses- parties that paid two, throe :?nl four thousand dollars last year being Mtisfied with residences for a thousand. In fs?ct, economy has now be come the orier of the da/, and until the arri val of better ticnedthe fickle goddess will b? obliged to succumb. The Or*mt Hctadal Case la Irriand-ia Kuaplt ?? Profit By. The latitude which is allowed to young un married ludie.i in English society has Wen long and often consented upun by the French as countenancing impropriety, and by the more straightlaced ot their number it is regarded as little less tlian a reproach. Custom is, how ever, eve?ry thing; and because the French im mure their girls in convent* till their education is complete and they have reached a mar riageable age, that is no reason why the whole British nation should do likewise. Neverthe less, there is a limit to the freedom of single women in England- a conventional barrier of 'which none can plead ignorance and which ought not to be passed, and can seldem be pasted with impunity. We have an instance in point in th? V elver ton trial at Dublin, which has disclosed an amount of weakness on the part of the woman, and heartlessness and perfidy on the part of the man, which is almost unparalleled. It was perhaps to be ex pected that a young lady who, like Miss Long worth the her<>ino in this case- had received her education in a French convent, and boea consequently removed from most of the little vanities and temptations of life, should, on finding herself outside the convent walls, be moro liable to errors of propriety than one schooled In the world. Not only would abe have to contend against the natural tendency of the female mind to escape from the tram mels of propriety, according to its conventional interpretation, but she would have to resist the double impetus arising from her former isolated mode of life and the restraints which It imposed. A lark Is never so wild as after being released from a cage, and every one who has been deprived of his liberty for a time feels strongly disposed to make the most active use of it when restored. But unfortunately there is a growing tendency in England and in this country also to violate propriety, as a thing fit only for old maids; and among no class is this more conspicuous than in what are called fast young ladieB. Wo distinguish be tween propriety and prudery. The former ought imperatively to be observed, but the latter is as objectionable aB a violation of the other. It was a violation of propriety for Miss Long worth, when returning to Boulogne by the Dover packet boat, to sit up all night on deck, sharing the same plaid with Major Yelverton, whose acquaintance she had just previously made on board. It by no means followed that she would afterwards contract a secret mar riage with that individual; but she did 80. and she has since reaped the bittor penalty, by his openly repudiating its legality and marrying another lady. A more villanous course of conduct was never practised by a man occupy ing an honorable position than the trial to which we have alluded has so far revealed to us. And yet this man, who is heir to the Avonmore peerage, has had the audacity to come forward and confers, under a rigid cross-examination, to all his baseness and shameless selfishness. We have nothing but contempt and disgust for such a man, and we sincerely hope that the result of the trial, which he might have avoided had he not re fused to pay for her support, will be to prove his first marriage legal, although we cannot but feel extreme pity for the one with whom be contracted the second alliance. We must not, however, entirely overlook the fact that ' Miss Longworth was to blame in negleoting the proprieties in her relations with Major Yelverton: and young ladies had better take warning by such an unfortunate example, and remember that to be fast Is not to be sure, and that retiring modesty is always more graceful and wins more respect than the affectation of that abandon which miny of the rtelug generation so foolishly cultivate, thought less of consequences. Nkwsvapkk Forukriks. ? The press, here ui elsewhere, without distinction of party, has ascertained, at rather a late period in the day, Ibat the black republican journals of New York have been indnlging in a series of forgeries of the most flagrant character. These forgeries bare been imposed upon the public , in the shape of letters dated at Charleston, Sa vannah, Montgomery. New Orleans and other places in tho South. Long ago we saw through this game, bat did not think it worth particu lar mention. The letters seemed to us to bear on their face evidence of their utter falsity, and we did not believe that any man of com mon sense could be deceived by them for a moment. One of the bogus correspondents, al luding to the fact that work upon the new South Carolina State House hud been sus pended, locates the edifice at Charleston instead of Columbia; while another announced the arrival of President Davis at Charleston* when he had never left Montgomery. So gross was the ignorance of these writers, and so en tirely unacquainted were they with the locali ties from whence their letters purported to have come, that they utterly failed in th<*ir put pot e. They were all cooked up from tho newspapers by literary Bohemians who do od4 jobs in the offices of the black republican newspapers, and they were intended as means whereby the people of the North should ba humbugged as to the real condition of things is the South. Promptly detected, and as soon ex posed. however, these newspaper forgers have not been able to do any particular harm. They have only succeeded in writing a very largo ' quantity of bosh to no purpose. Th>: Sk.natoriat. Muitks ox thk Crww? Thk Poi.ict or thk ft nm iiinn iTttr Lbajl-i Oi r. ? Kvf ry few days some Senator presses the republican party in the Unilod States Senate as to the programme of the administra tion?whether it is peace or war -and the re sult is that, notwithstanding the studied reservs < and the effort to keep silent, the policy ef the government is leaking snt now and then, ami bit by bit. One day Mr. Douglas draws est the republican Senators; another day Mr. Breckinridge applies a sharp lance, and bisod, flows. On Tuesday Mr. Clingmaa stung Ahem into a reply, which, though intended to b?* evasive, discloses to every Intelligent m'md the designs of the Lincoln Cabinet. Mr. Simmons raid " the administration had no idea of in vading State ritflit* hut it wouJd continue bo collcct the revenue as heretofore, and tke SM'-* srtihii/ p for themsdnta trill was* lo have onj Itii ??." The soesniog of this h obvious, anil only re v ?-i. la wh U we have heretofore p'onouac <1 th?T priif ran, me of the government to be. Thei' 1itent;<iit !-? to blockade the pot ts of the Con it Jcratj* no ui io prevent ?n> Import* or