Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 22, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 22, 1861 Page 4
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JVEW YORK HERALD. J i NIC 8 GORDON IKINlTT, EDI IX (K AM) I'ROPKIETUB. N. W. COftKKB or FULTON AND NASSAU ST3. TKHSS m*A 4n a***** *ml Hr maO wfll ft* of rUi. ot Uv mm/er. AW tnd bank Wis current tn If** York rn* pj/i r bkrald, i%m> prr tun, $7 <w*wh. /tOVRKTISKM&NTS rrxrvnl rvery ibiy a,tvrtc$fmn<t- ?*. htMwiJk W uut li kSALr*. Kami lit IUkald, ami i? ca? CaN/o' ntu '???' t'wnp*nh KditiOH.%. JOH P&lNTim ttz-uUtl uM niui/Hms, dieapnt? and d* tfMkA AMUSEMENTS TUIS EVENING. MIBLO'S U> RDEN, Broadway.? Ki?g Lkak. WINTKR GARDEN, Broadway, oppoalM Bond ilroet.? lotw UD JUUIr-OUTm Twiat. WALLACE'S THBATBh, Broadway.? Ksiuhts or ma Boum> Table. LAURA KEENE'H THEATRE, Ha 83* Broaiw ?y ? Bzvx.li SuTku. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? T? Owi.IT? MOTUIU QOO'JK? SMCUiLKK'S Daughter. BABNUV'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.? Day Md Even ng? OiiARBLU? Bkabs, Bka Lion, and tttmui Ooaioumxs. BRYaNTS' MINSTRELS, Meohaniea1 HalL? ?T2 Broad way ? BUUL**<1U*3, SuilGS, I>ANC?.S, *0.? DlXJII luM). OANTERBVRT MU8U) HALL SB Broadway. ? Ti a a r Ron, Sonus, Daho**, BuuutsouBa, Ac. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 868 Broadway.? Bokqa. Di^cu, BcKUMouita, Ac. METROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg.? Ethiopia: Bonos, PASCua, Bum. Kaunas, Ac. METROPOLITAN HALL, Chloa*o.? Unswo*tb's Mw iruu in ETBioriAii Bonos, Damcki>, Ac. New York, Friday, March !i'4, lttdl. The New*. The reports from Washington respecting the evacuation of Fort Sumter are to the effect that the troops will be removed immediately. There were rumors in circulation in Washington yesterday of an apprehended collision at Fort Pickens, but they were universally discredited. The State Couveution of Louisiana yesterday ratified the constitution of the Confederate States. The State Convention of Arkansas on Wednes day adjourned, after passing an ordinance of se cession and co-operation resolutions. They are to be submitted to the peop'e for ratification or re jection. A despatch from Mobile announces the seizure, on Wednesday night, off Pennacola, of the sloop Isabella, Captain Jones, laden with supplies for the United States squadron. In the United States Senate yesterday the con sideration of Mr. Douglas' resolution in relation to the Southern forts, Ac., was resumed, and Mr. Bayard con< luded his remarks in favor of recog nizing the independence of the Confederate States. In onr State Senate yesterday, the resolutions reported to tLat body some time ago by the Com- I mittee on Federal Relations, in reference to the national trc bles, comiug up as the special order, their consiueration was indefinitely postponed. Considerable business was transacted by the Senate. In response to an inquiry from a Senator as to whether any reply had been received from the Metropolitan Police Commissioners in answer to the resolutions of the Senate with regard to their sending numbers of the force out of the State, the presiding officer stated that no reply had been made by the Commissioners, and that there was no way of compelling them to reply unless they should be declared in contempt. The Assembly passed a number of bills of more or less interest. Governor Morgan transmitted with his recom mendation of their adoption by the Legislature, the joint resolutions of the Thirty-sixth Congress! known as the Corwin proposition, for an amendment of the constitution to prohibit Con gress from interfering with slavery in the States. Mr. John Sherman, member of the United States I House of Kepresentaii.es from Ohio, was. on Wednesday night, on the seventy ninth ballot, electcd United States Senator, in place of Salmon P. Chase, appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Lincoln. The pony express, with San Francisco dates to the 9th inst., arrived at Fort Kearney last even ing. The steamship Uncle Sam, about whoso safety fears were entertained, put in to Acapulco on the 19th ult., having broken her shaft. Her mails and a portion of her passengers had arrived at San Francisco on board the steamship San Francisco. The Uncle Sam remained at Acapulco, bat was to be towed up by the Golden Gate on her next upward trip to San Francisco. The Cali fornia Legislature met in joint convention on the 9th inst. for the election at a United States Sena tor: but up to the latest accouuts no choicc had been made. By the arrival of the Cahawbaat New Orleans, we have newB from Havana to the 17th inst. The sngar market was dull and freights much de pressed. Prince Alfred had arrived at Hermnda, and was expected at Havana on the 1st of April. The yacht May Kingsland, from New York, has been wrecked on the Florida coast. Our latest advices from Port au Prince, under date of the 17th of February, inform us that Cap taiu Pellitier, of the American ship William, had had a charge preferred against him of trying to kidnap some of the nativea and carry them to Cuba, there to be sold as slaves. The principal witnesHsn against him are his own crew. It is stated that the progress of the country in encou raging, and that it has not been so prosperous as at present for thirty years. The science of agri culture is making rapid strides towards perfec tion, and all the conntry wants is an influx of emigrants. The opening day took place yesterday, and al- ! though the weather was the worst we have had on this occasion for many years, and the crisis is rather unfavorable to the modistes as well as all other business classes, the display was both brilliant and varied, as will be seen from the ac count which we publish this morning. William Abaon, convicted of the murder of his wife by poison, and sentenced to be hanged there fer, committed suicide in the Jail at Hudson City, New Jersey, yesterday morning. Abson was no tilied on Wednesday that the Court of Pardons had refoaed to commute his punishment, and was Advised to prepare to suffrr death on the 10th of April next. The convict retired at the usual hour, ! but la the course of the night the keeperi were attracted to his cell, and there found liim is the agonies of death. Ab^on had con- | trived to secret* the blade of a pocket knife, with which ha cnt the arteries of his left arm and seek. Soon after the keepers entered the cell the prisoner expired. The wife, of whose murder he Was convicted was his second one, and it was charged in his defence that she was a woman of immoral character and addicted to drink. He was aentenced to death on the 17th of February last. The number of persons in the public institutions of the city at present ia 8,882-a numerical failing off smce last week of 1W. The number admitted during the past week was 1,801, and the number Two <U,ch*r?8<1 0' transferred was 'IT**' roo,lnu<*>fl"n and active. J ??*? bal?, closlng on ^ the L ll" T?" u^n ?? Thfl In. leniency of J ? Ch"rk in ?w, wh^tbs demand was good and pri<** flrm. wh-t is good export demwd.aad flrmw ? wm Orm and in Atir demand , with mim fw , for eiport at Mil pr Km Pork was <,?*? |w mess, aad at $12 60 a $13 75 for prime , * f * d??d wbue .He, were checked by the uTrnl^ U?e weather, The transactions ombraqgd about m hhiU Pstto Rk?, 110 do. Cuba, aad W do. mela-lo, ?t ratcj *'r?a ia another column. Freights were heavy, and tower f jt grain to Liverpool. Room f? won r?M? hrmd ?hippon. Th? Policy of tkc Administration? la It CMitloa or Conciliation J The tenor of the telegraphic despatches from Washington, within the last few days, has been peaceful. Mr. Lincoln and his advisers are desirous of again fostering, for a while, the hope that government has resolved npon a con ciliatory instead of a coercive policy, towards the seceding States. They want money, and they also require time to mature the aggressive schemed that have been tesolved npon. It has become clear that the Mon-ill tariff will yield no revenue ; and, unless Wall street can be hoodwinked into advancing the thirty-seven millions, of which the late Congress authorized the loan, the treasury will soon be depleted. Our capitalists and moneyed men, eschew the thought of civil war, and will not lend a dollar to perpetuate Inter-State discord. The com pulsory evacuation of Fort Sumter, has afforded an opportunity of making capital out of a retreat, of which the administration is, there fore, glad to avail itself ; nor, as the prepara tions for {reinforcing' the Southern forts, and collecting the revenue by means of armed vessels, are incomplete, does the President imag'ne that he Is lcBing anything, by a time saving course. " Everything," he said, in his inaugural, " is te be hoped for from delay," aud the republican journals of the North, are still at pains to announce, that an eternal ite ration of honeyed phrases is all that is nee led to deceive the public. To fathom the intentions of the Washington govei nmc-nt, it is necessary to consider their acts, and not their words A retrospect of the eveuts of the last three weeks, muBt convince every observer that its affectation of moderate views, ifl hypocritical. Mr. Lincoln's speech at Indianapolis, In which he maintain d that it "would not be coercion to retake forts and properties, or to collect duties on foroign im portations," and that it "would be no invasion to march an army into South Carolina;" the menacing phrases of his inaugural; the bitter prognostications of members ?f bis Cabinet; the absolute power that has been traasu '. red to General Scott, In the War and Navy Depart ments; the proposed distribution, through the South, of the troops from Texas; the recall of our land and sea forces from the Gulf of Mexi co, the Mediterranean, and the Pacific; together with a thousand unexplained and uncontra dicted causes of distrust, have engendered an agitation which the administration could have allayed, by a single authoritative utterance. The fac' is, that, with every disposition to be coercive and vicious, it has been physically powerless to display the venom it is possessed with. It desires war, but has been, thus far, l compelled to pursue peace. It would have gladly sent provisions and men to Fort Sumter, but, having been forced to relinquish the at tempt, it declares that it would be "cowardice not to reinforce Fort Pickens." It yearns to fight with the cotton States; but it shrinks with terror from the prospect of being driven out of the District of Columbia, by the militia of Maryland and Virginia. Mr. Seward may be individually anxious for conciliation; but he is thrust to the wall by his colleagues, who havo I practically overcome his proclivities for peace. The people are not deceived by the vague, unofficial dicta of irresponsible persons in the national capital, whoee declarations will be disavowed, aa soon a? it is for the interest of the administration to throw off the mask it bas assumed. The prospect opening upon th<? North, never was darker, gloomier, or more desperate, than it is at the present moment. North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Arkansm, and Kentucky, have been, heretofore, held in check, and prevented from joining the cotton States, by the assurance that their reasonable demands should be granted. Not one measure bas yet been adopted, however, by the Lincoln government, to satisfy them Seven members of the confederacy have been driven from the republic; Arkansas has taken steps to join them; and it is probable that seven more will follow, as soon as they shall have learned that I they have nothing to hope for. but deceit and I cajolery. They are already discouraged; and the speech which was delivered by Mr. Breck inridge, in the Senate, on Monday last, proves that, prepared as moderate, sober minded, in telligent rfen,ln the border slaveholdlng States, are, to accede to any minimum of amendment to the constitution, which might secure their rights, they are becoming painfully impressed with the conviction that Washington counsels are Inspired by rabid abolitionists, of the Mas sachusetts school of politics, from whom no good can be expected. "Irrepressible conflict," has thus succeeded in developing the outlines of a fearful shadow over the land; and the important question now Is, whether it shall be permitted to acquire a bloody substance. It has still to be decid d whether the patriotic, upright, order loving masses of the North, are prepared for the con tingency of internecine strife, which shall bury their prosperity in ruins. Are our com mercial, manufacturing, financial, and agricul tural Interests, to be sacrificed, at the beck of a few fanatical demagogues In power? It la , cltaras noonday, that not one out of ten of the voters of the non slaveholdlng States, endorse the Infamous policy which was Ini tiated by the Wades, Garrisons, Fhillipses, Sumners and Tappans of the North, and which is being carried out by such men as Lincoln, Chase. Blair and Welles. They shrink aghast from the double tongued hypocrisy, which cloaks Its Intentions with sweet words, in order to gain means of deluging the land with blood. They see the country gradually drifting towards a fearful conflict, and between whom? Natural enemies? Those who must make frlenda eat < irtha>jo a maxim of political neces I sity? On the contrary, where there are no I really discordant interests, and the exigencies of national economy and growth, involve a peaceable, instead of a vio1 'nt transition. In the annals of history - In t. darkest periods of Rome, the Italian republics of the Middle Agefl, or even of Mexico ? there exists no parallel of a nation, at the height of Its glory and happiness, plunging Its destiny, wealth and fair fame into so hopeless an abyss of desolation and misery, as appears to await us, under the suicidal mismanagement of the Lin coln administration. Trchttno in ths Union AND KKI'INQ Thkir Powt.er I)rt.? The volunteer companies of Caroline county, Virginia, hare been armed with rifles and carblnee which "will kill at a distance of one thousand yards." The politi cians of the Old Dominion hare evidently taken a lesson from Louis Napoleon. They think that peaoe talk ia more effective when one party ia yu a wax footing. Proposition l. til. Scaate to iuknow ,he of tke C?l Mertto lUtri, In the Senate, on Wednesday, Mr Bijard.of Delaware, gave notice of a rather startling proposition, but one for which the country is not altogether unprepared. As a choioe of tWo evils, it is undoubtedly the lesser, and In every way to be preferred. That is, the acknowledgment of the Independence of the Confederate States is far beMM fcan civil war, or such attempts at coercion as are likely to result in that greatest of national calamities; and if the government at Washington and the republican party are not prepared to accede to the ultimatum of the revolted State*? the con stitution adopted by the Confederate Congr then the adoption of the policy set forth in the proposition of Mr. Bayard is the vary best tiling Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet can do under all the circumstances. We do not, however, agree with Mr. Bayard that ''reunion is impracticable." It is at least due to the people of the border and Northern States to let them have an opportunity of voting for reunion or against it on the basis laid down by the Congress of the Southern confederacy before either a permanent separation is consum mated or the country is dragged by an unscru pulous fanatical party into oivil war. Mr. Bayard thinks "there remains but one of two courses to pursue ? namely: war with a view to subjugation, or the acknowledgment of the independence of the seven States as a se parate nationality." There is a third course which would solvo the question without de stroying the interest* of the North, and that is the acknowledgment of the principles of justice and compromise upon which our present constitution is founded. These principles are developed, explained and made practical in the amend ments adopted by the (''ingress of the cotton rctafederaey. Let an e*ira session of tho Con gress of the United States be called, and let the constitution so amended be sent to the se veral States to be voted upon, instead of call ing a convention of all the States ? a proposi tion which involves too much delay to have any practical effect, which would exclude the representation of the Confederate States, and is really un ingenious device to evade a pre sont difficulty, by transmitting it for solution to posterity, when it will be too late to bridge a gulf rendered impassable. Mr. Bayard well observes that, ' whether the right of secession claimed by the Confederate States be among the reserved rights of the States, or revolutionary in its character, the fact of a new separate government is indispu table, the enforcement of the laws has become impracticable, and war cannot restore these States to the Union." It in quite true that war cannot restore them; but it is equally true that peace may, and will, if followed up by the' adoption of the amendments to the constitution which they propose. It is worthy of remark that Mr. Bayard holds that secession is not among the reserved rights of the States, but is revolution, organized by communities and by the authority of the people of the States in whom the sovereignty rests. It is in the old sense rebellion, but not in the -modern Ameri can sense. Insurrection in a State may bo put down by law, but you cannot meet the act of the collective people except by war or peace ful negotiations. Out it was not designed by the framers of the constitution to substitute the military for the civil power, and thus, though there Is no provision in that instrument for the secession of a State, there is none to remedy it byVorce of arms. If it wore otherwise, then citizens would be placed in a dilemma between their allegiance to the federal government and to their State, and while the Union could hang them for obeying the State, the State oould hang them for obeying the Union. In all such cases the law of the domicil is necessa rily of paramount obligation; and hence, when w hole States secede, the allegiance is withdrawn from the general government, and it is no longer "treason" on the part of the people to stand by the action of their States. If it were reason the constitution would be absurd; for there would be no means of punishing the crime. With secession the federal magistracy is gone, and there aro no district attorneys, judges, juries or marshals to execute the laws. For instance, if Governor Pickens, of South Carolina, or Governor Brown, of Georgia, were to be tried for treason against the United States, they must, according to the constitution, be tried respectively in their own States, where the offence was committed. The idea of trying them is absurd, and it is evident that it is im possible to execute any laws of the Union, even tho revenue laws, in seceded States. The authority of the federal government, how ever, remains as to the other States the same as beforo, and the Union still exists, but with the number of its stars and even its stripes diminished. The proposition of Mr. Bayard is, that "the President, by and with the advice of the Senate, be vested with full power and autho rity to accept the declaration of the seceded States that they constitute an alien people, and that he conclude with them a treaty acknow ledging their independence as a separate na tion." There is no other alterjative than this except disastrous war, which could only result in the same thing, or the adoption, by at least nineteen of the border and Northern States, of the permanent constitution of the Southern confederacy. Tiik In-jtokd Innocents or Mr. Bucua man's Cabinet.? Home of the prccious beauties of Mr. Buchanan 'a Cabinet are still engaged in the uphill work of proving themselves disin terested patriots, honest public servants and much injured men. The immaculate Floyd bas thus been whitewashing himself, and now appears to be undergoing the process of an other layer of whitewash from a whitewashing court at Washington, where they do all sort* of washing by the dozen. The lato Postmas ter General, Holt, subsequently Secretary of War, has been pitching into Jake Thompson, late Secretary of the Interior, and Thompson has been firing back upon Ilolt If w? may believe the opinion of each concerning the other, they are both disreputable character!, unworthy the confidence of honest men, and, for all that we know, they may be each more than half right. Ilolt was a domineering Cabi net officer, very bold and firm in his demands and views, but very stupid withal, and ineffi cient as Postmaster General, or such things as the Fowler defalcation ceuld not have been going on for many month* und>r hi* very nose. Thompson bad his own peculiar views of pa triotism in trying to prove that one man could serve two masters; for while acting in North

Curette* m the accession special ambas sador to that State from Mississippi, he oould see nothing amias in holding ob to big position of a member of the Cabinet at Washington. He returned to his department only to find that the strong boxes thereof had b?en plundered of several miliioas of dollora, and then," imitating the indignant virtue of Floyd, he left the service of the administra tion in disgast because "Old Buck" would not oonsent to the policy of leaving Major Ander son to be starved out of Fort burnt yr. The chief of these shining disunion lights of Mr Buchanan's Cabinet, that extraordinary financier, Cobb, did hia wosk pretty thoroughly. When he took charge of our federal treasury be bad a handsome surplus at his command ; but had be directed all his energies, ingenuity and resources during the time he held the office in question to the squandering of the public tundB und the destiuction of the public credit for the benefit of a Southern conspi racy to overthrow the government, he could not b;ive achieved his taak more completely than it was achieved when he bolted for Geor gia. The Confederate States have not made him their Secretary of the Treasury, because, perhaps, they think be is not to be trusted. What, a happy old man " Old Buck" must be in escaping from this happy family of his at Washington. We hare one satisfaction left, to wit: that "Honest Old Abe's'' Cabinet, even if disposed to sieal and squander the public funds, cannot do much in that way uutil they shall have saved something. Mokv: Secmhion? Thk Bokimsr Slavk Status.? By a telegraphic despatch in another column, it will be Been that the State Conven tion of Arkansas has passed a secession ordi nance, to be submitted to the vote of the peo ple. Arkansas is likely to go the way of Texas and of all the cotton States. By the news pub lished yesterday it appeared that the secession ordinance was defeated by a vote of 39 to 35; but on reconsideration the ordinance was passed, subject to the popular vote, which will probably be for separation. The revolu tion of late is rapidly gaining ground in the South. It is a great mistake to suppose that there is in any of the slaveholding States any conside rable number of men who are in favor of the Union at all hazards and under all circum stances. With a very few exceptions, the only Union men to be found are conditional Union ist*? men who have been prevented from se ceding by mere hope that Congress, or the new administration, or the Northern States, would take some action which would lead to a recon struction of the Union. But as soon as they found that neither the Northern States, nor Congress, nor the new administration, did any thing calculated to heal the breach, but on the contrary much to widen it, many of thorn bo* came secessionists; and it is very evident that ever since the promulgation of the inaugural, which proposes no remedy, but threatens coercion, the secession movemiat has gained gTound in Virginia and all the other slave States. In North Carolina, out of a vote of upwards of 93,000, the majority against holding a secession Convention was less than ax hundred. The mumont Mr. Lincoln commenoes his coercive measures, he may be prepared to hear of every remaining sUve State seceding, one after an other. The telegraphic news from the Missouri State Convention, which we publish elsewhere, indicates not onljr what that state will do, but all the other slaveholding States, In the contin gency of a collision between the federal gov ernment and the Confederate States. Though the secession ordinance was voted down for the present on Wednesday, yet in yesterday's ses sion the following resolution was adopted by a vote of H9 to 6:? "That it is the opinion of this Convention that the cherished desire to pre serve the country from civil war and to restore fraternal feelings would be greatly promoted by the withdrawal of the federal troops from such forts within ?fc<> seceded States where there is danger of a hostile collision; and we recom mend that policy." This is a very significant hint by all but a unanimous vote of the State of Missouri to Mr. Lincoln and his administration, and to all fanatics at the North who are arging him to coercion. The border slave States are only resting on their oarB. They are waiting to see what the President will do, and what the extra session of Con greet, which he is expected to call, will propose to the country. If Mr. Lincoln should proceed to collect the revenue from the seceded States by force of arms, or to blockade their ports, and il the extra session of Congress should not propose the new constitution of the Confederate States lor adoption, the Union cannot be reconstructed. The cotton States will not come back, and the border slave States will have to follow them in sell-defence. The beet thing they could do just now is to adopt the ultimatum of the Confederate States; for the result would be that the freo States would, one by one, follow their example, and we should soon have, by this simple process, a reconstruction on a permanent basis. If the New England States should think proper to re main out in the cold and not come into the new Union, the country oould manage to get on very well without them, and there would be the more harmony In the relations between the States. Ctriocs Poijck Statihtics. ? The annual re port of the Metropolitan Police present# some very curious feature* with regard to the arrests made in this city during the past year, and ac cordingly we publish in another column to-day the list, embracing the occupations of the several parties arrested during that time. The total number arrested appears to be 65,809, upon various charges, from "miscellaneous mis demeanors" to murder, and the classification affords some very singular facts. For ex ample, we find, among those who fell into the clutches of the offloers of the law, twenty-two policemen, six deputy sheriffs, two deputy United States marshals, one alderman, two hundred and one artists, five editors, eleven reporters, and only one baggage smasher, one emigrant runner and twenty-eight gamblers. It is somewhat strange that the proportion of those employed in peaceful, legal, and ? as in the case of the policemen, sheriih and mar shals ? even law-enforcing occupations, should be so much greater than that of the baggage smashers, emigrant runners and gamblers; but it is perhaps not a more extraordinary instance of the activity of the polioe than that this list should contain only two hundred and twenty one professional thieves arrested, to one hun dred and seventy-six schoolboys, whose heavi est crime wss, we presume, spinning tops or rolling hoop* in the street. Tb? Starvation Hombco d. Ka> -us.? We publish is another column ? letter from Ker. Mr. Pitcer, pastor of the Presbyterian church of Leavenworth, Kansas, concerning the ter rible reports of starvation in that Territory which have been industriously circulated all over the country, and for the relief of which about a million of dollars in cash. proviaions and clothing, have been subscribed in various quarters. Of the writer of tbii comntunica tion the Leavenworth Herakl pays: ? H< has oorre* ponded and conversed with the mission ary agent* of the American Bible Society and Sunday ^ch< 01 Union, and with Mr. Coil* court-, agent of the 8oa tan Keiief Committee, who have trav t !lo<j all over Kan (ru*, K'il tier tog information; wtttMtototOS aid elders of hid churcli Bcattetgrf all over the State, and has, perhaps, u a much knowledge of the facts in the oase us any mau in Kansas. Mr. Pitzer says that theie were only two re ported deaths from destitution in the entire Teiritory, and only one of these could be traced out, which proved to be an Indian, who died from cold, exposure and want of suitable food. These facta are given on the authority of the missionary of the American Bible So ciety, and of the Boston Relief Agent. "The whole thing," says the Rev. Mr. Pitzer, "has been horribly exaggerated." Ue states that there lias been, and still is, In Kansas, want, destitution, privation and suffering; but "there has been no starvation, nor is thore any fear of such a thing." He admits that a great deal of good was done by the relief contributed, but 011 the other hand that many accepted it mere ly to make up for losses in (heir business, and that many who could have lived without suf fering by their own exertions have quit work, and are living on the Relief fund. Moreover, it appears ? as might be expected ? that the politicians have used the ftind considerably for their own purposes, and no doubt it was for this that the great outcry was got up. The letter will be found very interesting. The Sim mcrrr or tub Morrill Tariff. ? A very fair example .of the complication!) of the Morrill tariff, and the difficulty which will be set the Custom House officers who are to inter pret it, may be found in the mode of levying duties on the simple article of ootton goods. Here is the modvs vprrcmdi In the discovery of what cotton goods are to pay : ? Cotton, manufactures of, wholly of cotton, not bluucLed, printed, painted, colored ' nor stained, not exceeding 100 threads to the square inoh, count,. ; the warp and filling, and oxceoding in weight 6 02. to the square yard 1 et. pr. sq. yd. Cotton, finer or lighter goods of like de scription, not exceeding 140 threads to the gcjuaro inch, &c 2 ots. pe? m. yd. Ootton, do. on goods of like description, exceeding 140 threads, and not exceed lng 200 threads to the square inch. 4 ots. per sq. yd. Cotton, do. do., &c, exceeding 2C6 threads 4 cts. per sq. yd. Ootton, if blcached, an additional duty of. . ? ct. per sq. yd. Cotton, do. do., If printed, painted, colored or stained, in addition to all other duties 10 per ct Ootton goods, not included m do. , and cot ton goods of every description exceed lng in value 16 ceuts per square yard. . . 26 per ct. Ootton goods, bleached, unbleached, print ed, 4c. , not other w it e provided for . . . . 80 per ot. By this schedule it appears that cotton goods are divided into eight classes, and that the ap praisers will have to ascertain by a variety of processes? commenslpg with counting the threads ? to which class the goods belong. They must find out whether the article has 100 threads or more, or 140 threads, or 200 threads, to the square inch; whether it is bleached or unbleached, printed, painted, 4c., Ac.; and whether its invoice price is more than sixteen cents a square yard, before they can affix the duty upon a piece of manufactured cotton. There will be no sinecures In the Appraiser's department after the 1st of April. The Mor rill tariff very appropriately comes Into opera tion upon Ail Voola IW?jr, for it will a*ko loola of all the Custom House officials, from the Col lector down, before they comprehend fts pro visions. r Rewards for the Fighting Politicians.? One of our black republican cotemporaries is delighted at the appointment of that distin guished statesman and valiant warrior, the Hon. Anson Burlingame, as Minister to Vienna, the place which our doughty friend, the Cheva lier Webb, coveted. Another journal of the same stripe sneers at Burlingame, and thinly that his party services have not been of any such great account that he should have a first class mission. 0ur readers will recollect what Mr. Bur lin game's ?'services" were. He invited Preston 8. Brooks to meet him at the Clifton House to be shot at. Brooks declined to go so far on so trivial an errand, and Burlingame. after having vindi cated the pluck of his party, subsided. Since then he has pursued tho buffalo on the prairies of Kansas, and has obtained leave from his constituents, some of whom are slightly preju diced on the subject of duelling, to stay at homo. We think that these "services" are suf ficent to entitle Mr. Burlingame to the Austrian mission. The Chevalier Webb had the same mission as a reward for similar "services" rendered to the old whig party. Latterly, however, the Chevalier has not fought nor offered to fight a duel. His latest demonstration was a general declaration of war against the South; but no one paid any heed to that. So he goes to Turkey? u 'Tower'' which is alwajs on the point of going to war, but very rarely doing so. Cassius M. Clay, another fighting man, goes to Spain; and it Is purposed to re ward Mr. Lander, a democrat, for his "services" as Potter's second in the Pryor affair, by mak ing him Governor of New Mexico. Well, there in no sort of objection to that Mr. Seward evidently wishes to inaugurate his peace policy by sending all these fire-eators out of the country. The idea is not a new one. It has been tried before with eminent sucoess. The democratic party was always careful to reward its fighting men first, and the republi cans show a laudable anxiety to follow in the footsteps of their Illustrious predecessors. In this connection may we be permitted to ask If anything, and If so what, is to be done fsr that distinguished republican, Thomas Hycr, Esquire? Ahead of Kennedy.? A gunsmith in New Orleans advertises that by means of direct Im portation from Europe he Is prepared to exe cute orders for Enfield rifles, with sabre bayo nets, in lots from 100 to 10,000, complete with ball cartridges, caps, extra ammunition, Ac.; artillery carbines, with sabre bayonets; caval ry carbines, swords, belts, boxes, Xc., complete for service; Armstrong's riflod guns, from two and one-half to seven inch bore, com plete with cartridges, shot, shell, ammunition, Ac.; Whitworth or Clagg's breech or muz zle loading rifled guns, oomplete with round or hollow shot, ammunition, Ac. From this and various other Indications it seems probable that before a great while the cotton States will be provided with arms of English and French manufacture. Verj bad for the Hartford and Springfield workshops, that How do they like the practical workings of bl?ck republicanism so fart Prinrcunpx or BeajlEstat* in Tun (f itt. ? la alluding the other day to the depreciation of real estate in thia metropolis la consequence of our politic*! troubles, we stated that "a mansion on Fifth avenue, rained at (45.000, was sold a day or two since for $20,000; and one of the magnificent stores recently erected upon Broadway, with the expectation thai it would be rented for thirty five or forty thou rand dollars per annum, cannot now be lot at fifteen thousand dollaie '' Thewe facts har? been denied in various quarter! ; but we are prepared to verify them by a dose inquiry which we have instituted into the circum stances, and we now repeat that a splendid mansion on Fifih avenue, near Thirty- fifth street, valued at $45,000, was sold sot many days ago for u (taction over $21,000; and that a new and firet claw store on Broadway, for which a rent of $35,000 was asked and offered about a year ago, while it was in tbe course of construction, cannot now be rented for $15,000. It is useless to deny these facts, and abs.ird to try to conceal them, for they will make themselves known before long. It is better that people should un derstand the practical effects of the political disaster which republican rule has brought upon the country. These two instances of de preciation in property are only indications of the general state of things which must inevita bly result from a polI:y which can aim at coercion and revolution, and which can Inau gurate such a measure as tbe Morrill tariff. NEWS FROM THE STATE CAPITAL Auia.sy, March 21 ? 9 P. 1L The afternoon session of the House was inkon up 1* third reading or bills. Among those that passed were Senator McLeod Murphy '? bill relative to the S col* Life Guard, the bill to extend tho term of office of tlis Central Pa*k Commissioners, and the bill to authorize the Super visors of Now York to lev/ taxes. 11m county tax lev/ has not been reached Tho Post Office bill was expected to be read, and its friends were on hand to the last; but there were some half dosen hills ahead of It when the .House adjourned. There seems to bo a nlggor in the MU yet Ihcse skillod in the law Bay that it can be construed to confirm tho present contract. Secretary Seward held a meeting yesterday with the two Senators from this Stats over the appointments for New York. It is not known in Albany what waa the result, further than an impression that Greeley's state has been broken and Barney upset. Weed was tele graphed for last night, and loft this morning for Washing ton, accompanied by Governor Morgan. Draper Is here, and the whole all'air looks as though a now deal was about to bo mado. No one here appears to be able to conjecture who will turn up this lime. It Is reported that K&ns. Van Valkenhurgh, one of the Harbor Masters, has been appointed Secret Mall Agent. This reported appointment Is denounced horo in the most bitter terms. The appointment of Bradford R. Wood to a foreign mission gives general satisfaction in Albany. It is still snowing at a rapid rate, and the wind is piling It up into small mountains. This is the naost severe night that we have had this winter. NEW YORK LEGIgliATIJEE. Senate. Al&aat, March 21 1841 A number of bills were reported favorably f? standing committees. Among them were the following^! ^The bill in reference to the Central Park, extending it. The bill to incorporate tho Bellevue Hospital Colic** The bill to widen Main stroet, Brooklyn. to ftuanDENT presented a communication from Wm Curtis Noyes, in relation to the erection of a monument commemorative of the signers of the Declaration of In dependence. wiii maooccBD. By Mr M*.v)hwz_Kx tending the laws for thoinoorpo ration of Are insurance companies in the State over all Br If. ombl. u>. .Supervisors or New ?wrasse ss-.stss* M ?- , _ , A , I nun PAflPK b. Relative to the dividends of tire insurant , To amend the charter of tho lew Education of Poor Children. ' Society for Lho skta^0?*"* COmp?naU")n <* State prison phy To facilltats the trial of civil actions. Tw resolutions of tlio SdccIaI *_ Relation* coming up as t w Fed6riU ^St pj^-srajsttsbass considered. u Prob*oly be rs J. McLcod Mi'riut Inquired if anv k.j . made by tbe Police Commlwionors^ th? fT1 beMI Uke notice of tteSU^Sru *"* ? in con tempt ' *T~^0n?' UDleMU? declare them The subject was bore dropped AMMthlfi Auujrv, March 21 1MI Governor Morgan, through his private secretary Mr Doty , transmitted a Joint resolution of Obngresu proms' in? to the several State Legislatures an article amenda tory the constitution, providing that no amendment shall be made to the constitution which will authorize or SZLIOmrf""' 10 or lttt9rfen 2TJT domo-t'? iMt'tutlons thoreof, including thai of persons bold to labor or service fturh imui i 55*^"" """ "n^e^^Smi0? iho re#olutio?M the Governor says--. fJSSSt SUSSSS avowed thed^trlniof the rtgh7of Ihey ' jud??mPBVC lMtlt,,"on? "> WcH ?5??2 happiness7 Jwff:e sil'TStt and the institution of slavery within w ? -^^7 ."rpasstf to uawilllcg to submit bordnra, and is VX''?'rMr'sui.7 ?"? SSSST'cT'ttJ ssss KKrsr L ?*** ? ? JMr. Oosajvh, by content, introduced a bill for the 1b^Kni^TT#S2 ft0<1 Kane' <* Ne* York. pJJ* b"> to amend the Brooklyn Bnwdway Railroad act Also a bill to amend the law relative in ing.runi.tora of the Gospel from taxation Mr. Itkw.hx c tilled from tbe tabid tbo bill tn nrsnt _ i5 P,'vilo'e* ?? tb* Southside Railroad ??r" Mr. Trraiix moved to strike out the enactlne clause sswssnsi alone he voted against th. bU] * ?? *T0Qai ??rt .k^kmi00 10 ,trlke oul th? enacting clause was lost ?nd tbe bill passeo? 71 to 87. was tost, 8okMm of *1 sio l^* Cemm Iss kio on the Claims of the Jawusssaa."1- "? ? ^ 3?? A^fmbly re assembled at three P. M. The following bills were passed: TbeMU to legalise the action of tbe New Vnrk ru? mon Council in relation to the appointment of - gers in tbe Bureau of Cnsafe HmlduSs f mw*N,n The annual Supply bill ' " ch2urblU 10 am,*d Quceo" QH,ntJr Ba;.< tJS.10 lnoorporMe th* 8cott Life Guard, of Central *Park? *"*"d the *Ct f0r lh? regsUtlos of tho r^w s saras - the oommittee to Insert two hundred 11, ^ '"?lr?ctlons to d0"?r" f?r tbe Harlem bridge, having bee- <2f UK>u*an<1 ??. Ir ftM b, ,bl?^r. ?'|L ",?2? ""I. ?? Mr. m-cKinn offered a resolution slon of the Assembly to bTdtT dll^.i^ P*rPMu?1 ihlrty-lwo members eJh .K-**1 ^J? four *??obsnof lleved in uTrnTv ' h? fTrf watob" ?? bo ro .11 1 members always in th7 Ho? ***** alaM^ clar'rg?"Wr** ? P^^ble and resol.Uoo, do ^WedrP^I^^"N,c tb#f^or*. ^ uZlr. 1^? "Nitons b< abolished. *?d Wood* err also offered moletioee