Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 23, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 23, 1861 Page 1
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THE:NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLB NO. 8961. MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 18(51. PRICK TWO CEXTS. TIE TROUBLES OF TIE liTHML KTERESTIN6 HEWS ROM WASHINGTON. Condition of AflUn In tlie Sontberq Republic. The Reply of the Administration to the Southern Commissioners. The Cabinet Seeking a Peaoefal Solution ef tbe Pending Difficulties, IppeintMCBti and Conflrma tteu to Office, a*?, fts Im. THE PROSPECTS OF THE SOUTHERN CON FEDERACY. WASancroa, March 22, 1801. MKf Mann, one of the Commissioners appointed by President Davis to visit Europe, arrived hare to-day. JJhtra at Montgomery, he states, are progressing satis factorily. No apprehensions are entertained of any hos tilities, they feeling perfectly sure and able, however, if Attacked, to defend themselves. They have no doubt of ? speedy recognition by foreign Powers. Arrangements have been made to take the entire loan. They are cheer fcl and oonfldent of the future. tte object of Colonel Mann's visit here Is to oonfer with friends respecting affairs between the two governments. He remain only a few days, and then depart for Burope. Colonel Mann has assurances from the directors, that the Great Eastern will arrive from 1st to tbe 10th of April at Hampton Roads. She will avail herself of the Southern tariff by landing coastwise at Charleston, and unload into tugs off harbor. She will then proceed to Norfolk, and take In cargo for Liverpool. THE REPLY OF THE ADMINISTRATION TO THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS. WisHiNoia*, March 22, 1841. It is understood that the administration will reply to the Commissioners, in a few days, stating that they have no power to treat with them; that they can only regard them as agents of a dissatisfied people; hut that, unwilling to lake the responsibility of deciding finally on the propo sitions, they will refer them to next meeting of Congress, protesting against any intention, in so doing, of reoognia lag them la any sense sa ambassadors. In which event, the instructions of the Commissioners are not under stood to contemplate an abrupt withdrawal from Waahiagton; but, on the contrary, it is more than probable they will await the action of Congrees. The fact that the Commissioners are engaged in selecting a house confirms this supposition. The CABINET AND THE QUESTION OF PEACE OR WAR. WasHniGTo*, March 22, 1891. It has leaked out, through semi-official channels, that Ike administration is, and has been for seme days, oc cupied in arranging or devising some plan whereby a so lution of the dlfficultiea impending over the country mty he solved without resort to arms. It was for this pur pose, it is said, that an armiatice of ten days or two weeks was asked for and assented to by the Commla S toners from the Confederate States. It is extremely problematioal whether the administra tion will be able to accomplish anything tangible. Thero are some impracticable men in the Cabinet, who hold to the doctrine enunolatod by Seuator CSuadler, that a little blood lei ting Is tho only ofloctual method of settling the difficulties which menace the country. There are others, however, In the Cabinet, who take a vastly different view of affairs. Both Mr. Seward and Mr. Chase do not hesitate to state that tbe more practicable way would bo forpeaceabls separation. They believe such a solution preferable, far moro so, than one ?f force. This Is the question that occupies the attention of tbe administration. They cannot postpone it much longer. Hie time Is nearly up when they are to render a decision. Tbe Confederate States are watching the issue, and arc desirous to know whether it Is to be peace or war. Vir ginia and the other border States are anxiously watching tho course of events. The rumors of the non evacuation of Fort Sumter are Supposed to be put forth for political efl'ect. It is posi tively certain that it will be abandoned speedily. It la equally certain that Fort Pickens will not be reinforced. All the signs are favorable to a peaceful solution. THE NEW TARIFF. WORSE COMPLICATIONS THAN KVBR ? INSTOCCTIONS f ROM TDK BKCKKTARY OP THE TMAftUHY ? THE WARJtUOVBINti CLAL'HK, BTC. , ETC. Tkkahi by Dktaktmmt, March 30, 1841. Bat ? As numerous inquiiies htve been made respecting various provisions of the Tariff act of March 2, 1801, It is deemed proper to state, for yocr information and govern ment, as well as the information of others concerned, the views in part entertained by this department on the ?abject. All questions of liability to doty, or exemption there frcm, of merchandise imported under the provisions of the new tariff, and questions as to the rates of duty there - an, will be determined in accordiAce with the provisions c i the fifth hoc t ion of the Tariff act of 1867, which section will, In the opinion of this department, stiU remain in force on and after the 1st proximo, unrepealed and un modified. The clause In the Tariff act of 1801 repeal tag such of existing laws as are repjgnacl to tts provisions, is not considered to change or modify the warehousing or appraisement laws and regu lations now In force, except in one particular, which is Uwt In esses where a bill of lading la presented showing the day of actual shipment, oer tided to by a consular aCBcer of the United Slates, such date, In lieu of the "pe riod of exportation" presented by existing laws, shall be the date at which the foreign market value of the mer chandise shall be estimated and ascertained by the ap praisers, in order to tbe iMcesment of ad valorem duties. la the case of merchandise actually on shipboard and konnd to the United States on or before tbe 17tb last., and of merchandise on board of vessels la port on the 1st ef April next, where the vesnels have been regularly en tered at the Custom House, the owners or Importers of ?wh merchandise will be permitted to enter for conaump tton or warehousing, at tho rates of duty now existing, or tf tbe rates of duty on the merchandise are leadened by tlx- tariff of 1801, they may, at their option, enter at the lesser rate*. The same privilege will be extended to all nserchaadise In public store, unclaimed on the 1st proximo, when en lernd for consumption or warehousing In pursuance of law; and all merehan'llse In warehouse under bond on the lPt proximo will be entitled to entry for withdrawal at rates of duty now existing; or If the rates of duty on tbe merchandise are lessened by the Tariff of lH0l,th? en try thereof may, at the opt Inn of the importer or owser, be marfe at the lesser rates. la allowance* on aocount of tare, draft, ko., on gooda subject to specific duty under the new tiriff, officers of ? the customs will be governed by the provisions of the ?fty eighth and fifty- ninth sections of tbe Oeneral C >llec Uon act of March a, 17PO, which are ngaid bmogMlnta operation. T am, very reep*>otfnlly, 8. 1'. CI I ASF, gocretary of tba Tresacry. . ArnCTTrs Bnrnu , Ken. , Collector , %c , New York. M ISCF.Ll, A XEtt 1 ft If ATT*ERS. Wahw to*, Mireh 22, 1801. nis republican Senators in caueua l^day resolved to aaperseds tbe pre*?nt Her?teant-at Arms, Doorkeeper find Assistant Doorkeeper, by a new election. They are taaily t? determlrio on the candidates to morrow morn toff more is no deterioration In vlftilnlotrati >n circles re lativs ta an extra session of Congress. The atoartersd vessels wbl'b recently left New York ? fer go ernnfcn; purposes ss. led with sealed orders. Amim ijsr rsm??jni.s. J.ieiitoruit Cr?f.f1^ey arrival h?ro this evening, wit despa*ch"n to the governmen from the commander of the Broollya, ? ffPensac a. Affairs tt ere were quiet. TBI SAX JUAN DimCTTTT. Tte President ha* tubmltted to the Senate for It* ad vice and consent the 1 rop iition of the British gjvern ment to t. far t' e San Juau question to the arbitration of 8wedes, 'he Nether auis <r Swltieriaad From these it la fir the United State* government to make the selec tion. The Committee on Foreign Relations has made a favorable report apon the subject, and recommends the choico of Switzerland. The matter ws a, It Is understood, debated In executive session to day without oomtog to a conclusion. Senator Nesmlth, of Oregon, Is opposed to the proposition, not being willing to agree to any plan Involving by po? sibility the surrender of the island in dispute. rax oo*Dmo* ok the saw. Movements are now golpg on in the Navy Department looking to a thorough reorganization of that arm of the service. It is now completely demoralized. Many of the most efficient officers have already resigned. The gun boats of the African squadron have been ordered home. A portion of the Mediterranean and East India squadrons have alio been ordered home. The veasels are of light draft, and can enter any of the harbors on the Southern coast. These movements are regarded as significant. THE CANADA OONSnAT*. The radical republicans and abolitionists here are greatly rejoiced at the appointment of Joshua R. (Hi dings as Cooaul General to Canada. It is understood that he is to reside at Chatham, for the purpose of superin tending the runaway negroes and looking after the under. ! ground railroad. 1WS PRMSErt'a IJtVMi. The President's second levee, given to-night, was a crowded and brilliant affair. Although the President looked careworn he was exceedingly pleasant and talka tive, and Mrs. Lincoln was especially attractive In per forming the honorable duties assigned to her. She was elegantly attired. TUB saw OHIO IIIIIU OTATKB SEIATOR. John Sherman arrived herp to-night from Ohi>, a victor from a sharp contest, and will take his seat In the Senate of the United States tomorrow. He has received the warm congratulations of his numerous friends at WU lard's, where he quarters. THE DISTRIBUTION OP THE SPOILS. Washington, March 22, 1841. According to present Indications tne nomination of Mr. Holloway for Commissioner or Patents cannot be con firmed, the Committee of Patents not having reported on the subject. Therefore It will probably be withdrawn. Col. Alfred M. Barbour, Superintendent of the Harper's Ferry Armory, tendered his resignation to the War De partment to day. Arpoianiiwre (osramro. The Senate to day confirmed the following nomina tions : ? j. W. Nye, of New York, Governor of Nevada. Rufus King, Minister Resident at Rome. Bradford R. Wood, Minister Resident at Denmark. Anson Burlingame, Minister to Austria. Olsha 0. Crosby, Minister Resident at Gautemaln. j. 0. Putnam, Consul to Havre. Freeman H. Morse, Onsil to London. Jas. H. Anderson, of Ohio, Consul to Hamburg. Francis H. Moody, Roceh or of Public Moneys at Little Rock Lieutenant Hartsuft, Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of captalii. John J. C. Cochran, Postmaster a*. Lancaster, Pennsyl vania. Warren H. Huntington, Postmaster at Galena, Illinois. Ed. E. Davis, Postmaster at Dubuque, Iowa. Jas. F. Abrahams, Post master at Burlington, Iowa. Sidney F. Von Bonnhorst, Postmaster at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. l)a\ id 0. Rose, Marshal for Indiana. Wn. F. Gurley, Attorney for Iowa. Geo. A. Nourse, Attorney for Minnesota. Aloxander C. Sands, Marshal for the Southern district of Ohio. Herbert M. Hoxle, Marshal for Iowa. N0XJNAT10S8 BT TH* l'SSBlDEXT. ' The following mm mat lens have been made for the Ter ritory of Colorado:? Wm. Gilpin, Governor; Lewis L. Wells, Secretary; Benjamin G. Hall, of Now York, Chief Justice; 8. Newton Pettis, of Pennsylvania, and Charles Leo Armour, of Maryland, Associate Justices: Copeland Townsend, Marshal; M. L. Stoughton, of Michigan, Attor ney; Francis M. Case, of Ohio, Survoyor General. Marsh E. DunneU, of Maine, Consul to Very Cruz. Joshua R. Glddldgs, of Ohio, has been nominated for Consul General to the British Korth American Provinces. Tbos. Cor win, having withdrawn his declination, was to day confirmed as Minister to Mtxico. Tit* StTRXM OOCKT It is understood that the administration has signified Its willingness to tender the Supreme Court Judgeship to Hon. George W. Summers, of Virginia. It Is not known whether he will accept. ins poRSKi* AProwmmfl. The present administration will perfect Its foreign ap pointments with despatch, In view of the fact that too many of our foreign Ministers are In sympathy with the Southern secession movement and cannot bo depended ! upon. Hence the delay in other appointments. Mr. A('ams, Minister to England, and Mr. Dayton, Mln- j later to Frazce, will depart at the earliest possible con veniei ce after receiving Instructions. Wm. 3. Tbayor, Consul General to Alexandria, Egypt, will sail from New York on the 27th of April. Mr. Burlingame's nomination of Minister to Austria was confirmed to day. _ nr. mtxicAS mission. Mr. Corw In to- day acceptod the Mexican mission. His goo ha* been appointed Secretary of Legation. He will not leave for his poet for some time yet. Tits NEW TOE* AITOWrWfT*. It is understood that the Marshal ship and District At torney will be sent to the Senate tomorrow. Captain Schult* will probably get the former. The latter Is still undecided, It being narrowed down to Wm. Curtis Noyes, Pelafield ?mUh, JuJge Blosson and about a dozen others. The doz^n have the Inside track to night. The New York and Pennsylvanlt appointments are dif ficult things to manage. Weed and Grlnnell have arrived to take oare of their friend Schult*, for Marshal of the Southern dlstrlst of New York. If he Is appointed it will be the result of a revolution In the Executive. 1.11TED STATES II5ATE. EXTRA SESSION. Wahhwotos, Much 22, 1961. Mr. Hit*, (rep.) of S. H. , offered a resolution that the Senate proceed to the ? lection of a S-rgeant-atAnus, Dt or keeper and Assistant Doorkeeper. Laid orer. Mr. Powau., (opp.) of Ky., called up bia resolution di recting the Secretary to pa; to the committee elerka of tne last session of Congrese, excepting thote of Finance, Claims and Pensions, th? usual compensation for sixty days. Mr. T? am; u., (rep ) of HI. , looked upon thla aa giving a gratuity of three hundred aad sixty dollars to sa<:b clerk. As the republican wai a reform party he was for meeting abuaes at the threshold. Mr. Clvuiia*, rfnpp ) of S, C., was glvd the Senator (Mr. Trumbull) hail taken that course. Ho (Mr Cling man) had n? doubt that very many clerks could be p> o wired at half of what Is now paid without giving exti ft compensate n. Mr. P'iwhi said In reply that persons could alao be pror tired to act as Senatois for half the moaey now paid i to them. Mr. Ciikomai replied that argument had been thrown , at him when be waa a m^mb.-r of tho Hong*. but he would not n?w reply to it. They rou'd, however, got men to fill the clerkships faster than a regiment could shoot them down. Mr. Powkix f*ld that he meant no Insinuation In whit be bad eaid. He h ??< ao doubt that there were hundred! of men wbo wo< Id take tbe public offices 'or lean than la now ptld. Any n.e who had observed ?ho thousan I* of m<-ni tore frr the K?t three weeks m ist be ra' laded of th's r?et. inhe nfflc s wn e put up t> the lowest hol ders, i here Would h i pl< nty of th o?. Rut Uitbfal ofltoer* ought to be 'paid j if t c>moen?*(lon, and so he prop wwhI in bis res^luttor , th- clerk* b-in* detained hern w settle up aMMBtt When -<en itors ->n the republican side t-i'krd of eeon"tny and retrenchment, 'hey thould re member that 'b' y ho! Mud for bills appropriating mil. I Hons of i'ol Mrs Incliul nv that for the Pacifls Rallrotd He locked np n the efVnrt to ctit <.ff 'bo e impeaaatl m of the conmittee clerks as a miserable spe^ios of eco nomy. Mr .<'? said f a' '.he fsaator from Missouri h.wl rejfa'e^ 'he o|.| a'g Tf-n! ?nd he (Me. i l n<man) In siMed that the> bad so right lo etve mwe th?n w*s ne (wssary to eecre e?irn|?t?nt men. but here It wm pro pu?ed nit to give tho Mai oompensttloa, but six dollars a dsy for sixty days, The rsso 'itiPB wss r-Jerted the vote being 12 to 20. ?s o ri!i.?a' HSu rnrn. Mr. Douglas' resolution, cal' ug for infomatton in rt gird to the forte, navy j ar ds, Ac. , In the acceded 3tatet , ?u takes up. Mr. Bavako, (opp) of DeL. resumed and concluded hie renuu ka in flavor of recognizing the Independence of the Confederate Rates and arguing that there la danger of n collision unless a treaty la negotiated. We cannot bring them back to the Union by coercion of arms. Tf we do not recognise the independence of these Statue , foreign nationa will, and thia would be calculated to pro duce a conflict between the two aectiona of the country. Mr. Hown, of Wis.. appose 1 the reeohitioo, Orel, be oauie it aeemed to him. ao far at least aa the mover of it was concerned, to be wnoUy unnecessary , for :t uppearel to him from the Senator's (Mr. Douglas) argument that he already poeaenaed the information he sought to obtain. Be (Mr. Howe) waa also opposed to it for the reason that he waa not satisfied that the Secretary of War tofl the Information desired. But a short time had elapoed since the Secretary had entered oo the dutiea of hia office. He waa not at all certain that the Secretary of War ha 1 nil the mlLute information which the resolution called for. It would not be a very remarkable circumstance If ha had not. It waa a little peculiar that this Information should be railed for in the very morning of this adminis tration and not In the evening light of the late adminis tration. He was opposed to the resolution for another reason. He was not entirely convinced of the wisdom of giving to the country the intelligence which the resolu tion demands. It was said that the condition of the country is critical and we are surrounded by danger*. He (Mr Howe) knew that imny parts of the country were alarmed. He did not and v take to know or say bow serious the danger 18. Tliero was too much of It He believed it wss said the dan ger is no leas imposing than n hostile UMl H a threatening attitude, and the assumption Is as to whether we are to have peace or war. He was not prepared to say in what possible contingency it would be wise and prudent to publish to friends an 1 unomie* the very minute Information which the resolution called for. It', aa had been said, we have a public enemy confronting us, would It be the part of wiadom and aolld statesmanship to pnbtiah for their Information what forts we have in our pes sees ton and by what foroe we con hold them, and In addition, what additional forces and sums of money will be required for this purpose)* He had been In formed that during the late administration snob intelligence was very Iree!y privately imparted, bat he believed it had less regard for appearances, and did not communicate It to the public. He old not think we had better be more partial to our enemies. It might be judicious to contine this knowledge to ourselves if we have it. While he doubted the wis dom of oommunicating this knowledge to our enemies, he was not entirely sure it would be prudent to Impart it to their friends. The government has friends; the people of the United States are not all epemles. The country had been accustomed to our government as hold ing a respectable position among the nations of the world, and as having a fair standing among the families of the earth. It was looked up to with some reipect by the people of other countries and ourselves. Its autho rity was not questioned at home and not k raved abroad. No Power presumed to brave its arms ? no Power pre sumed to insult Its flag. Was it so now? It was said a government which braves and defies It baa sprung from ourselves? a rib of our own, taken from our body in n horrid sleep ? and that government is ao powerful that, as the Senator from Illlnoia suggested, It would require two hundred and eighty-five thousand men to 4 hn In ? a It! inst. nnvilnn nf tha How happened thla If it Is a question which the people are putting to themselves to-day, and have been putting for many days? They are deeply curious to know now this happened. It Is a strange event, and if bo, it shows that they have not been fairly dealt by. How happened It ? He did not think we had better hurry up the answer. When this great and much trusting peoplo were closing their nostrils at official treachery, it tos not a proper time to respond. They had better keep to the by ways, and It would be veiy prudent to ride with the visor down. He repeated that he dld not think it exactly Jadi sious to publish the information to their enemies, and not quite prudent to tell It so early to their friends. In political as well as other aflklrs, It was aa safe sometimes to fall on one's intuitions as the most carefully studied oourse. They heard every day remarks showing a deliberate design to belittle the government and people of tho United States. They were told the nation Is not equal to this emergency or that enterprise: that you must abandon that post or that section; you have not foroe enough to hold It, kc. Aa the 8erator from Kentucky said, you must abandon all the States which have abjured the authority of the nation, because yju have not foroe enough to maintain your authority tnere. and only enough to Irritate. It seemed to him this was strange language to be used by reprearn Natives of the United States here or elso where. It would do for our enemies to say these things; but ho hardly thought, with due respect, It was becoming to our friends. Wc are not accustomed to how It. We have been in the habit of hearing that our government extends its authority to the utmost limits of the country, and defends itself against any nation lty of the world. This has been the proper American idea. He hoped In a very few months it would again bo the universal American idea. In revolutionary ve met the Biltlsh regulars In the deld, and the irregulars, too, who were not found In the lice, but lurking r tho hedges. and tired at our troops from behind old bouses. Tbcv lure Ished arms to our enemies, and tlso led tbem. The friend* of tho republic got from them n > huppoi t whatever. He waa r> minded of this passage in our history by iho sp<>c. h ef tho Senator fron Illinois tho other day. U waa not bin own fault, Red he hesitated not to say the reminder was the fault of the speech itself. We have now an administration. With it has been proclalme 1 an oarnest desire and fixed purpose to maintain the authority of tho United States, and no*, the authority of this or that section merely , by peaceful means, if peaceful moans will suffice. This is tho settled purpoffl, as he understood it, of the administration. Was it not a purpose which demanded the best energies of every oner It seemed to him. the Senator from Illi nois was not furnishing the great aid be could have fur nished with this view Instead <>f helping to hold up the bands of the government, tbat Senator was confronting the government, not by arms and the application of force, but with objections tbat the administration must stop hero, then there, and must not un dertake to collect the revenue, kc., and it seemed to him (Mr. Howe) this furnished aid to the enemies, and not to the friends of the country. He would admonish representatives that if another revo lution is to be thrust upon us wo should take especial care that the future historian shall not be compelled to record tbat with tho friends of tho United States were found the s< mblacce of thocosboysof the Revolution. Ma (Mr. II. "s pari} had done nothing to creato the fever ish apprehension alluded to by the Senator from Illinois. They were in no way responsible for it; they have no purpose to trample on a sin ale rieht of any individual in any portion of tho country. The Senator from Illinois arg'.ed that the Information asked for was to allay excitement; but did not every such suggestion from so rcspsc table a source tend more than all things else to Increase and continue the excitement ? To allay exoltcment all should unite to tell the cjuntry they have no purpose to trample on any one's rights or constitutional privileges. As to Mr. Douglas' proposition to amend the constitution, be objeoted to It for the admiislon it contatned ? namely, that fraternity can be maintained only by adopting certain amendments to the fundamental law. This Is not the proper method of bringing about fraternity, for if approved tnly by a portion of the people of the Union, It would be disapproved by the remainder. ? constitu tion to be satisfactory mo* t receive the assent of tho whole country. We have gotsu.ha constitution now. Why should not the people continue to be satiafled with ? Without concluding hia remarks bo give way to a mo tion to go into executive session, which p rev tiled. The Senate afterwards adjourned. THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY. Nkw Okixa.ih, March 22, 1M1. It la understood that the Confederate Commissioners to Europe will not leave till the 3lst instant. By proclamation of General Bragg, all versels are pro hibited to furnish supplies to war vessels off Pensaoola or to Fort Pickeas, under penaluy of forfeiture to Uio con federation. * PROCEEDINGS OP THE MISSOURI STATE CONVENTION. Sr. Lorn, March 22, 1891. Tn the Missouri Ptate Convention yesterday Mr. Hci dwo*, chairman of the committee to which was referred the communication of the Commissioner from ueocgia, presented a long report, declaring against fteoeraion, and eihortlng Georgia and other seceding States to dealst from the revolutionary measures commenced by them, and unite their voice with ours la restoring peaco and frater nal relations between all the Mates. The report t'oea not materially differ from that of the Ommittee on Federal Relations. Mr. Bis<h pretented a minority report, denying the le gal right of Moesslon, but recognising the right of revo lution. It sddc? ? While deploring a sectional dlsrogird of duty, we will not despair of jimtlce till our complaints have been specifically and unavailingly submitted to the Northern people. We declare that property In ilaves Is a constitutional right, and If the federal government Im pairs that right ibe Msveboldlng Statc? rnould be found firmly united In Its defence; and In such events as may legitimately follow Mlfsouri will xhare the dangers and the destiny of her sister slaveholdlng Butt*.'1 Roth reports were ordered to be printed, and were made the upeclal order for the third Monday In De oemter. Thi i esolutlon providing for the election by the Oon vet tlon of seven delegates to the Border State Conven tion wss then parsed, and the Conveatk>n adjourned. In the Convention this morning a committee of one fr< m each Congressional district was ele cted to call the Convention logeUx r ptevtou* to the third Monday in I)e cen.ber if the public exigencies require It. Ibe fol'owirg gentlemen were elected delentea to the Br rder States ' ?nventlon ? Hamilton R. Gamble, John B. Hmderson, William A Hall, James H. Mom, William Douglas, I.tttlebury Hendricks and Wlllinan 0. Pom?roy. A resolution was adopted Instructing the President of the Convention to transmit a certified copy of the pro ceedings of the Contention to the President of the United States and the Governor of earh State. Adjourned till the third Mnndsy In I>ecember The followirg, from tn editorial in the IlfpMicvn, is a v"rv far rm MM of the proceedings of the Convention ? The v >loe of Missouri haK boon! spoken through tAe ? ' n'-entlon railed for that purpose That Voloe pro nwM'il that further cncenslone ebon d he made with a view to the reetnratUn of the t'nton f the states, and definitely that these concsseior* rhouM have the Otttend.-n resolutions for th- Ir bt*|s. That volon lelkffS that a reunion would he Im per lied by the use of

frc* on the part of the federal (overs sent agvm; thf people of the seceded 81a tea, ao<1 upeclally advleert ih the f? deral troops be withdrawn from tbe Statee wh ro . collision threatens. Firm and isteady In ita ex ' preaaion it diclaiea lor a national convention, in 1 tbe hope that its deliberation* may result In : meaanre* which will secure th?t object. The same voice dine latently prooounned that there is at pre sent no adequate cau*? tor retiring from the Union, an t refuses at tats lime to plelRO Missouri to seciesion even in tbe trtjt that the rest of the border State* s*o*?i?, or that no plan of adjustment will be aco?ed?l to by tbe North, tbo inferenoe to b? <lr.t?u from the action of th* Ounvectwm is thv. Missouri is m favor of < very r*'asonat>lo mod* of adjuat mtnt calculaud to Cill bun k tbe s* ceded ^laus, m-l in default of obtaining such measures favors atepe for bruig log about a peaceable separation between iheUniouand the Southern r?oy and, also, that her mind is in a state of aurpe&H ? as to the queetion of re tring from tbo I'nioompon tbo happening of tbe contingeuciue which have been meai'ooed HEWS FROM NORTH CAROLINA. Golmboho' , N. C., Ma> oh 22, lHfll. A very large and enthusiastic meet ng of the Southern rigbta citizens of North Carolina wan held to-day at th Court Bouse, on which tbe ^outberu tlag ?u honte-1 Boa. Weidtn M, Kdwarda, of Warren, waa oi tho r assisted by i.i Vice I'rtiidenis. Thx evening speeches were made by Hon M. J. Moses, of fkraifc Carolina, Edward Ruffln, of Virginia, and ^sn Young, of Mecklenburg, N. 0. There ia a general outpouring of the people, aud the mee'ing is wild with enthusiasm. ?11 the dwtricte oi the State will, It ia reported, be repreeemed by to-night. Tho meeting adjourned at live, to reassemble at seven o'clock. No compromise ia wanted, but all are for immediate About a thousand delegates are preeeut THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY ARMY AP POINTMENTS. Auevma, Ga. , March 33, 1861. A long and corrected lilt 'of the Army and Navy ap polntmenta ia published in the Montgomery Afrxrtutr, of yesterday (Thursday). Nearly all of them were formerly federal officer*. Tbe liat pubiiahed oa Wednes day laat waa incorrect. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Rhtoosd, March 22, 1861. In the Convention to day Mr. Baidwiw continued hia remarks, apeaklng three boura. Be considered tho t'oaee Conference's propoiltions sn acceptable basis of adjust ment, bat thought the majority report from the Commit tee on Federal Relations in some roe pec la an improve ment. The other proceedings were unimportant. THE MARCH SNOW STOEM. Heavy tad Continuous 8 now Storm? Tfc? Damage Done on nU Sldoa. n>epeltlng?now?tonn with which New York and lta vicinity ware visited oo Thursday last waa one of the heaviest and moat coatinuoos that haa been eiperieuced for a number of years. Tho manifestations of tho storm began to preaeat themaelvea ao eariy as Monday evening last, when thero waa a light and raihar .pleasant spriakle, accompanied by lower ing cbuds and an atmosphere th?,t was totally obscured by the presence of the feathery par ticles. Tie snow continued ta fall sightly all Monday night, and on Tuesday morning began to graviUto fast ud heavily towards the earth. la fact, shortly after the breaking of the morning the Indications betokened tlio arrival of the long expected equinoctial storm. But, between four and Ave o'clock on rueeday afternoon the www, of which there was several inches on the grtuud. ; suddenly csaaed to fal!, and tho warm sunshine again shone out bright and cheer in fly. But the grand display of the Storm King was re served wtth mathematical precision for the very day of the vernal equjioi, the 21st of March, which whs Thursday last. From early dawn tho snow fen In thlek flakes and with astonishing rapidity, tilling the air with myriads of minute atoms which floated about and chased each other !n a kind of dancing frolic aa they were driven about by the light morning breeze' It soon became evident tlat the snow did not Intend to hMd .Um ? A' ib* d*y lho ^ ^rew heavier iiu tll at night it came down In a perfect shower. Tho condl ticn of the streets was intolerable to pedestrians and tl.? urforturate stage horses-wtose position Is"ot, "fadw , 7 circumstances, to be env od? certainly hid their I burdens aud their Miitli ringg frl*htfully increaseJ i->?m ten o clock to mnimght of Thursday the SwJwth unusual violenc e. \ d.arp an 1 bittag WerivTjo ? ? AT i^ l*Tn?,lta' Bt'>feof tLe evening. Bright Are were In demand, at d tho coal dealers felt happy ni.<1 ejaculated brief He# jiga on the .?anjt of llro.\l<itjn Heights, who had previously l> enin the darkest of their bla-k books Ti.o only regret that u,* d aT? KtfSBSS rc;jecli0? ll? ?ow WU now ??*?5 XJSTll had during winter. The spring of U%t year waa guiated with a visitation o:' dust? th* ai<it ^ terrlb'e that had been seen lor Wn, , SrTfi^ was no snow at all. ihe caper- of in'o dU ?d w^S tTsad uUu 'Un(?K ,h0 C'f imitic cominuni bfe ^D;Tly' *2 ElKSXS?'*2 w?d^?.iro^r ';c9 Ed?^F aw most zjg have been. The spring openings of yesterday were ? fnow^LnV^^r1' lh"V,ih n,t , >r lt3? ""no reason. The SSTaSlrmd* w?e*r"ad^s 'and'a^i 8hn>''Dt* ?f lh? 'ead"r8 of 'ho??? tbere Ss^^^S" C?,i"t'y' f?' Wh?m Hn, e the year 1S4-I. wo believe, ihe ejulnox has never 1 ^h Wrh a Vk^rl ??" *orm (* Mavcli of thxt year tho mimamn^ea /,<* Mnir M were during the inlt nauo' aS: h ?f ,he ,,m? monUl lbo cilml naUci, blowing diwn a number of houses destro^n. "1<1 ?criii.;iiit' several llvfs It was declared then to bo one of tho heaviest ?n i* stoims that tver visited \e?r York, where 'tannears it 11,0 h'*h WInd whWl r?Kw,*tvhe time made it worso, causing immense dr ft* tha'iii.. w. ro s"derMth^t Me" L?W" 10 !"'B0 8'ree* th0 ,lr rte thrnn.h .1' , w w wer0 obliged to dig tunnels 2SSjai ?""<? ? ??!" ?? ?e?il?2fX.^?MeK?(,u:?octi,a 8lorm has not been so KS-'SiS sn.: I^If Ur0" ' J 'uf tC / *r,lT?d: ,h" '? toteade.1 to be ? m e .P ^ ilu now P'>ing Niweeo this i?nt ?nd K li g? ti n, Jamaica. All of those vi -?< la reixiri vprv heavy weaibor outside, and all tbe mptaTni ^ if S opto, on that much damage has bees done to shipping The packet ship L< ndon, Ckpt. Hurlbut. arrived on IlVh? ? mlT^ tr'm i'0n<l00 "i> tho night of the t<? ilm ,0 0ff K r* 1,4l*ldj wi"> ma II yard to tbe man, wy run into 'iy? New Vork hark *h rh carrwd sway the munyard, main topsailvard' star cb*in P: Un" foreaa.i aft and . ,?"', P"" -bits, rondering the windlass aluwethnr tspt. Huilbut also reports that on the 4th ln;.t d,o??/ * Wh' f !'ul"' fel: r' ra tbe Jibboon ? l wi uiownea V\ jb<*n off Bartu cat Charlrw Mrn? ?n ? c le.1 f. . m e?K#u,o uX weather WD' * ?eMWn' (apfsln Un.bett, of the bark lames Dmimi rfo^'i^^1 'f ,hf'e ? the lot i hit, bark wss In oonu< ' with a largesino which ff "*"7 ,h* howiprlt of the iam-i isnr?pU aii Ibr gear attac hed . also cathead, MZr m^yaVd *,. n Iiaj ninkftH the following report ?let) 1? Ui ' in 1st. 40 dl trees. Inn fi5 (it a eea "Ml min h/r'[in'i,e^n*Ln^mM'IP' ?W*r,nl|y abandon od, wi'h ..n k ' ?n<. mlzan gone, ;i r??l shipping water ?i the SSAft.';1- 1 -'i S ?/. i? i? ^ A'Ufiot Tenterdny rtates (hit ' fmm Hud li to .A I(m.i. v tho iiver is one mom ,f toe, (with Uie ? t i ' | l ii r. ef ii fi w 0| entng* in Hie rlianne, ,md wii>r?th? '"?'^tr.-ksand stream, ?n?t, Into ? ) m iTroJS " 'bore the entire dt?iance Judsim? r im wbirh It li i Z " W?e fT*; ,b" """" m"<' "VT . Wr un% lh. 1-1 ' fffiat ia * I'baa y ? n'^N e w Vo^T?" ' ,?d '"^twe ?' w h?? ,i ork for u,? i res.<tit stot,i?v) mil. S'tiJtV.'T:', *"t ; SSBSfJTAwSS S?8 the deck. Voth ih? o "? 18 "^e'r to were bonnd lor Altanv but m ti! M ' ^'"aderbilt hows were turned low^ds NVw T^'I tb' ,r probsMy the Mil 1 _J ?r trip to Rrn lnut *ie?da? ^ t '.k b,,r re*" tylpa at tf e -iork in *'*bt. ss ph? wss oMei vs>| iL itLi " J1 ??* "'?* on Thorslay morn ? Ith abo t t?.M J n P" Rh,n*>,>'< k tho Wr? . h, - s -Nw virrj! , r"nn' * *" baige, low! 0< ? von w!|h hliX.'^1'' n'' nor,h- At If ei?..n the ..rvM'lT,. ? Tb'T >0W ^'"ehing th. ,!o Ic, w ? ob morait , r,!,mvllv I city sotae time on rh' r?dn ! ^ ? N,w T0'k. Further above, near Castletoa ato><t Mr pan .1. V. U \ si , 'he ?t??amer Bero ?u seen id i he Hn?dl- ?f 'bo rtT*r, slowly pi>?ghing her way ihuugli the ten wbK-b siiriounded b?r ou IWJ Sld?, MM n her tracks the little ttnorr Ouastitutloii. In front or it ts city tho ice is In vary targe quantities. bat the ferry t< at* nonaged to nioes on ihuraday witb safety and but liu'e I" >? i>? timo. The N< w Yoik and Erie Ka*lroud Company experlenoed tie Din?i difficulty frmti the morn , which extended over the whole length of their r-ud. Tie train which hit ih s city at fifty minutes past tbr? e o'clock on Thursday aturuooa ran as far aa Turner, a dlt-tatiCe of forty seven miles, and could not proceed furtler. Bttweeii here aim Ltraville, a distance of one hundred ai>d flfty thiee mien, the storm raged fearfully, banks of n.ow beiLg dilftid to the height of fifteen feet and ui wards Tiamx numtwr Ofteec and twenty ene, freight trains, areblo<'k<d in at Soutlitleld, iu consequent of which tia:s numbers one, thne and seven, all passenger r& Lf , are unable to pn cod further. Number three left New York at five o'clock on Thurs day fvenlrjf, carrying the mails and passesMra. 1be traits > omtng east, due here at half past twelve Fr iday moriiliig, arrived at twelve o'clock at noon. lie company nato that this has been the most -ilen siv? fall o< mow on ih< ir 1 ue for years. This day's tra'ns cava at the regular hour, the tracks being pretty well cte&ied. The Chmden and Ambty Railroad met with n) deten tion, the boats aiming at the usual hour. The ilmtbon Klver Railroad Company were not so fortu nate The train which left Albany at five o'clock on Thursday afternoon arrived in New York at 9 05 Friday morn irg, ano bad to stop at their upper depot at Thirty ilrst street, the cars being unible to reach the tower depot. The express train leaving New York tl the sun" hour as the last mentioned, with the malls and passengers, ar rived at Albany at nine o'clock Friday mornirg, being detained all along the route by heavy snow drtria, tbe pasfenurs suffering severely from cold and from want of fuel and provisicns At some places the snow packed to a great extent, and the passengers assisted In extricating the train. . The New York and Harlem Railroad Oompiny reiiort that the express tralu leaving Albany at half past Tour on Thursday afternoon, was fifty live minutes behind time at Chatham Four Corners und arrived here at six O'clock Friday morilng. The mhk and freight trains bad not arrived up to one o'clock Friday afternoon . The quarter to five eipress train leaving here on Thurs day afternoon, arrived In Albany at ono o'clock Friday morning, being four hours behind time. Hnow to the depth of eight to tea feet, In drifts, ia re ported along the line. The company have sent out a number of snow ploughs and a gats of one hundred and ttfty men to clear the tracks. The trains yesterday wore running regularly. The New York and New Haven Rallro id Comp.icy were not exempt from detention by tbe storm. Tbe Boston mail train, which left Boston at eight o'clock on Thuisday evening, was at Worcester at ten o'clock Friday morning. The night express train, leaving Boston ataquaiter put tlireo Thursday afternoon, arrived at half past three Friday morning. All local trains are from ono to two hours behind time. Ibe mow is very deep, drifting badly, and in many cases extinguished the tires In the locomotives. Ibe shore line is all right, and trains are only % little late. Tbe steamboats evidently experienced very rough weather The steamboat Empire City, Oaptaln Brown, of tbe Fall River line arrived at eight O'clock Friday morning, being tbe only Eastern boat arriving at Now Yoik. t-'he passed the Norwich boat on the Sound, laboring heavily against the wind and tide. Tbe Bay Mate and tbe Norwich boat bad not made their appearance at one o'clock Friday afternoon. On tbe Long Island Railroad no train had arrived cp to hair past twelve o'clock Friday afternoon. Ibe trains of the New Jersey railroads experienced a great deal Cf difficulty on Th irsduy nigh'., and conse quently were somewhat behind time Friday forenoon. The conductor reports the storm this side of Trenton very gevrre, nnd at tiroes bo was obliged to prooeed very slow. In many places along the line the snow bad drifted to the height cf live feet. On the Northern Railroad the track wii blocked up In several places. Tbe down passenger train Fridty morn ing was obliged to stop when a few miles this side of riermont and remove the snow which hal drifted across the trark during the night. The train, which Is due in this city at eight o'clcck, did not arrive until nearly ten o'clock The reports by telegraph te the Jersey City offleo state that the storm was exceedingly severe. The trains would experience great difficulty in getting through. Tbe track this side of Port Jervis was blocked up for revsskl yv<)son Filday morning, but tbe large engines, after *e*eral attempts, succeeded in forcing their way through. The milk train, which usually arrives In Jersey City about one o'ekx k had not arrlv-<d at eleven o'clock. A despatch at half-post ten o'cloek lUted that the Cincin nati expri ss was considerably bahfnd time. Tbe Jet ley City horse railroad was Mocked up for neatly two miles on Friday morning, and It was cot until half pest nine o'clock that the first nor care through, preceded by a Riiftw plough, drawn by four horses. Tbe dfck bunds on board the Jersey City ferry bjats report el jn nioin nK? that they had not experienced sueb severe weather for several years as during tho pre vious night. Tbe mow fell so tbkk as to render navigation danger ous, and the boa's accordingly were somewhat Irregular ia asking their trip*. Several canal boats lying alongside tbe piers near tbe canal basin, at the foot of Hudson street, Jersey City, slipprd their cables and camc In oontact each otter, causing cccs. lerablo damage. TELEGRAPHIC. TBI STORM AT THE KABT. Boards, March 22, 1941. Tbe snow embargo on railroad travel Is rapidly being removed, tbe ctorm having ceased at noon. The three o'clock morning train from New York yesterday arrived to day at noon, and tho night train arrived oarly this evening. The steamboat train via Stonington arrived at four o'clock this afternoon. Tho steamboat train loaves via Fall river to-night. The train f?om Portland bad not arrived up to ten o'clock to night. The snow in very heavy eastward. Telegraphic commu nicatkn eastward has been suspended slnoa eight o'clock last night. Many trees is Boston and vicinity have beon prostrated by the gale and tbe weight of the snow. No set ious marine disasters aa yet are reported. Rltl|hlag Lift. ON TBE ROAD AND IN THB PASS? TBI CNrSTAL KNOW STORM? BOW NEW TORKHJtS TOOK ADVAN TAGE OK IT, ETC*! ETC. A h'ftvy udow storm in March la ratber a rare oc currence, and the one that baa lately visited ita is of so unusual a character, that many persons assert It's like has not been seen since the Inauguration of President Harrison? just twenty years ago. On ono or two occa sions we bare bad snow on tbe ground at even a later period of the year, but so sodden a change from a beauteous spring to midwinter ?, thanks* be, a rarity. But rare as It la, tbe Gothamltes know somewhat bow to make the best of even so bad a bargain , if we may jut'ge from the LIFE IN TBB CENTRAL PARK. Dreary, dull and desolate this pleasure garden looked la Its dazzling cloak of wbite. The young grass had appa rentlj less Its verdant hue, for to the visiter It was an "invisible green." Of tho aforesaid visiters the pedes trians were but few, although at early morn and during the whole day the horse snow ploughs were set to work to clear from the sidewalks the superabundance of scow, which after thta operation presented walla on either side, In many instanoes as high as tho chest of a full slx?d men. Although this quantity of snow did not e\!st ill over the I'ark, bu? mostly where the light mnterlal had drifted to, still ther" was a good surface every where. On tbe drive there was enough to make fair sleighing, which, If It could no*, have been called su perlatively good, yet there bad been far worse Instances durirg the past soiieon. Tbe visiters during the morn ing were few but sel?-ct. Several four In hands, mu sically decked out, were on the drive, one set oooetating of four blood bays, belonging to 0. L. Bellows, another of four Mack hor?<s, another dappled gray, these ware li\ ail cases attached to family sletghs. Several double ard ali gle cutters were on the Park.H during the afternoon, tbe former drawn by very handsome torn*. Occasionally might be beftrd the energetic "g'lorg" of some infllvi lui out for th. day, which oontrasted rather stroagly the sedate and silent st Whose of the black or white Iherled servsrt, who seemed to think It "beneath his b g butter-'' to o|>en his mouth to his horses The num hcrofsb lghs that yostirday visited the I'a'k may be estimated st over TOO? the re '.urns not having been mtde by the gate keepers when our reporter lelt. Tho lake wis coyyeU with a soft Icy snow cnist, ex copt in a small special place chosen by the swana whose rr.o\ erncnts ki pt the surface of the water clear. On this enst might have been seen (locks of scow birds, who a'so, In company with torn tits, robins. blaokbirda.and a few, but very few, bluebirds, flew about the park, root ing <<ccaf tonally on tbe leafless boughs of tho trees or twigs of the bushes. TBE LlFk ON TBE ROAD to High Brl <ge *a? of a far more exciting < haraoter than In the Park. The number of vehicles on runners might bare been estimated at from fifteen hundred to two thOMMUid. The sleighing from down tow a to Fifty, ninth strict wu$ far fmm good? It waa positively bad; but as the cutters proceeded northward the surface became bet ter not being so much cut up. Krom ManhattanvllM V> ll vh Pi'Jf" the drUe waa churning and tavlgo rsilng, an) although the sun's rata during the afternoon erre very warm, still ihey hnd bu' ootn pvntivrlv little hMnoe ?n the MOW there collected. A very little fr-> t would make this a charming ride The uiual ?i?eellan??" panorama of charaotertatlo ve hicles presented lift If Poring the early part of th* day the aide s'ltstt wore < Is ted try the milkman a, groeer'o and o'her b 'atosos sleighs. tb.?e Individuals I mag always the first ? lo-ibt use through tcoeaa/.j ?to take advantags 3f rumtta. ARRIVAL #F TOE OAM. THREE Bill LiTEK PIOI KSMPt THE MORRILL TARIFF. The Engllih View of the Two American President*. THE P0PULA1 MANIFESTATIONS ? WLUD. THE MIRES OEHOtfCHKaT. Verdict for the Wife i* the Yet verton Case. COTTON ACTIVE ABD ADVAICKD. BREADS TUFFS QUIET. CONMOLH DECLINED, 1,1.. t|.. a m ?? ? ? j mil The tteomrhlp A rago, Captain Ltm fi m Southampton on the 6th of March, with three days later mwh fr o Knr< pe, arrived hero yesterday forerooo. The Arago brings the following? arxciE li nr. Schucbardt k Gobhard $124,000 Lolrelr 4 Cto 30,000 John A. McGaw 7 464 Robert L. Maitland *Oo 10 *X> Imtilben k Feeser 31 JmO P. Parmony's Nephews i. Oo 10 KM S. M Fox & George Mackenzie 16 000 W. W. De Forreat & Oo ? 000 D. Bbam k Co 4,000 B. Berend k Oo SO 000 Bogert & Kneeland 17,116 BeJlin & Kunder 44 000 J F. Wurthner 1,100 Staple a k Adams 4 713 Matte w Morgan fc Oo lOO.OUO Total **10,763 The verdict In the Yelverton caae wan gtven oo the 4th Inst. , viz:? First, that the jury had found the Hootch marriage a valid one; and seooodiy, that there was a good Irish marriage. In the House of Commons, March 4, Mr. Hennessy called attention to what ho termed the active Inter ference of the Secretary of State for Foreign Adairs In promoting the Pled montese policy . and to the effect of that policy. Be charged Lord John Russell with deliberately concealing Important despatches relating to tbe trade of Tuscany and Naples. He appealed to acts on the part of Lord John Russell which amounted to Interference in Italian affairs, In spite of his professions, and be reproach ed btm with a breach of international law, and with de stroying tho confidence of European statesmen In the honor, tbe honesty anl the integrity of the British Foreign office. Mr. Lay or d was of opinion that the policy whkh had been pursued by her Majesty's government in regard to Italy was In accordance with the sentiments of the largo mass of tbe English people. Italy united would bo a strong Power, and though disunited It might be French, united Italy never. would be French; but ail the support we should give to tbe Italians was a moral support, and our cordial sympathy. BlrG. Bowyor denouncod the p il'cy of tho Foreign Office as fatal to tbe interests o I titles csuntr/, and ahlch in the end mast lead to wtr. In tho Hoose of Commons March 5, tbo motion of Sir J. Elphlnstone for a select cammittoe to Inquire Into the promotion and retirement of offloers of tho navy wan carried by a majority of flvo against tbe government. England, France and Russia have also demanded that Denmark should lay before tbe Ksiatis of Hoiatein the budget of 1801. in the French Chambers the follow iDg amendment to tbe addiecs was proposed . ? " The hour has come for ap plying to Rome tho wise system of oon intervention, an I by tbe immediate withdrawal of tho French troop < I > leave Italy mistress of her own destinies." A despatch from Turin says Count Cavour has, in a di plomatic way, brought under notice tbe necessity of set tling the Roman question. Popular political demonstrations are continually taking place at Rr<me. Tbo Empress of Austria, who is at present residing with the Portuguese Governor or Madeira, baa obtained much advantage by the change of climate. The weather was exceedingly fine, and the vine season ii likely to be prosperous. Tbe London Him says:? The total oost of tbe new bar racks at Colchester la estlmatod at ?60,000. Upwards of ?83,000 have already been expended in the purchase of lands required for tbo proposed building*. A vote of ?10,000 is to bo appliod for this session for Warlej barracks, Brentwood. Tbe Ixmdon <M*ertxr says:? The stay of tbe French con. tin gent in Syria will probably be extended to May 1. From a recent debate In tbe British House of Common* it appears that tho total expense incurred by Great Britain for the military defence of Its colonies amounts to about four millions sterling per annum. Doducting the suma lavished upon such settlements as Gibraltar, Hong Kong and Malta, there remains, according to the statement, ?2,300,000, which is absorbed by twenty eight other colonies. Tbe London Nrwt says ?"The Guarantee Fund for the Internal lonal Exhibition of 1802 is being very rapidly signed; more than ?1?0 000 have been signed for. So soon as the deed of guarattee is signal the Bank of Eng land will advance ?250 000 and the Coaamlsetooen will sign a contract, and then the worlcs will cimmenco." The approaching marriage Is announced of the reigning Prince of Lelcbtenstetn with the Princees Math tide of Bavaria, sister of the Empress of Austria; also, that of the Count of Meran with the Princess Leicbtenstein. The City of Baltimore arrived at Quwnstown on Tues day evening, March 8. The Oonqueet (ship), from Mobile to Liverpool, in ashore in Caernarvon Bay, and likely to beoome a total wreck. Ocean Guldo, from Newport to Galveston, wan abandoned February 14? crew saved. The Morrill Tariff la B?nm. [From the London Timet of March 6. At a moment when the destinies of tho (real American 1 ok n are tn-mbllng In the balance, and tbe ropublK; to menu o I with the worst caUAtroph.s of clril war, Its Lep istature la engaged upon i msesure it A i< A $temi caleu lalrd at imct to olienatr foreign natutu, to embitter do mestic strife, and to provide *n inexbauatible ailment for tbe antagonism unhappily subsisting between the two wet tori of the oonfedi racy. The bill called the Morrill Tanfl bills an act for tbe establishment of protective dut'es on a most extrsvsgant scale. If It were designed to conti* n,n tbe rery princlplt-s of free trade, and to Intro, duce ih< m- of protection, as forming the only true theory of inierr ?ii?oal 'omroorce It c >uid not be more strongly ft amid Ihe duths imposed by the bill are not <? ly nmoderstehr blgb, but they are lee ted upon n ports of the first necessity The articles Uxod ire not mere luxuries, or commodities entering into tM ion of tbe opulent none. It la upon cot tor goods, woollen goods and hardware that the impost* ^ 111 fsli, end so enormous are the duties proposed that rrtuU run fcr Ml t iKort of alm>luU prohibitum Cutlery i? to be taxed upwards of 60 per cent in tbe lowest in* ?tares, In tbe highest nearly 2M. In addition to this, | i b<- >dll enacts so many complicated arrangement*, and throws such Interminable obetruotiooa m the way of huslntss, thst oommetce will be neit to IsspeailMe unde ct odlth ns so dtflkult. We need not enter Into the aar'l i ciilars of tbe set, which is said to be scvo?:- tateiifcihie ever to Americana th.roselTis, hut we mm eenrey a rory grod Idm of its character and purpose by observief. tuat if It should be passed ? will a>m*t pe..A iJW oUI i mpt* mM tAe f hit* I Siatft /Wst tnalt tm4, m?4 firsts as. Thst. snd no k ss, Is the effect anticipated from the mea sure In New York Itosli'. Of < or own position under sorb circumstances we shall pres. nth speck, but, as the coo ?equences cf the measure wt mm) he felt moat deeply by 'h'- \trei lean-' themaeWis, we may give them the prece dence In our retraik* upon the sulyei t. It las bee? seseried in some quarters, with OOMMera I le imphasls. tbtt Kurcpe haa entirely tmeappreSesued the controvert) beiwe-o the Northern snd ^outlwrn sta'f s of tbe Toloo We are assured that 'he slasery ine?tl. n ? oes F ot I >n-t!t.otn th?> ?ss*?eo ?f the quairal; that it hnti n merely 'iitr >. u. . d as v bMn I. or a* an lt?lmm<nt of pron cation, and that the real point if eon testktii iua in tbe nattoMl tiMif, W? do n t b?Me*e In ibis explanation. We are coir 'need that the '.ratsst ft? terriHry It ihc rft al eonfit he'ween Vorth and -?o>th;