Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAKKI OOBDOI II1I1TT, BHTOR AND FKOPBIErOR. 0FKICB V. W. COBNBR OF FULTON AND NiMiU BTS. TERMS. nut in adnt tnre Maury tent by mail %eiUhe at the ri* of the tender. None but Bank btUe current in Ne w lor* Jntom TBU DAIl r HEM A L D. two rente par m, fT per annum. TBK WEEKLY HEJt tlD, eeety Saturday, at etx rente per MM, or 93 per annum ; ?*<? Enropeon Edition men/ W?t needay, ml Am emu per i -opy. 9* P" ?? ""PP0* <if ? r?ol Britain, at $i 13 to any r?'' o/ the Continent, both M tntfude pot tage; the OMfornia EfitL, on the let. Wh m.d 2U <? ?** moiWA, a< rfcr W%XFAiCur7oOii?*SI,0^0*ArC*; containing important r etre. solicited from an* Ifwjrr of the world; it need, teilt be ? .berally paid for. S9~ Oub Fokbiom CoilHraiDUm iB f AUIOVLUU.! BlttHMTUTOllUlU Idtiiiaui Pacb iMavin. NO NOTICE totem of anonymous correspondent*. We Jo not t eturn rejected comenynicatione. ADVERTISEMENTS renewed entry day: adoertisemenf in ?rtod in the Wesblt Hiuld, Fuui BlUU, and in the t Mfornia and European Editions. JOS PRINTING ?cwatod with neatness, cheojmtet and dt VMwae XXVI. .Mo. S3 AMUBBMENTS THIS IWIXO. idiWWT or MUSIC. FoultMBtfc BlrseC-A VlQMX ur Wonaa ^ Would, NIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway.? Damon AMD PTTHLAJ. wnrrXK OARDSK, Bm4*v, awnWi B*ad Mmk IImm H a?e? Son or mi Barvai.14. WALLAH'S THBATBB, Broadway.? lu STOOPS TO CoNaoaa. ______ LAURA KBBNE'S THHATKB, No. BH Broadway -Bmi IlIMM ICBW BOWBBT THBATBB. Bowery.? Libbbtt Bors or '7fr-BAOOb? Wakloob or the Oui. THBATBB FRANCAIS, W Breadway.? L'HoNKEVB ST Jj' Abuent ? Canotieb DC la Seine. BARtiUM S AMERIOAN MUSEUM. Broadway? Day Bad B reolnf ? O it ah elli ? Beau , Sba Lion abb Other Cubi OHITIEA. BUT ANTS' MINSTRELS, Mcchaniaa' HbU, 472 Broad way.? BoauMaoia, Sokoa, Panose, Ac. ? Dleiu Ions. CANTERBURY MUBIO BALL, MS Broadway- Tiobt Bora, Sonus, Dance*, Bublbuciobs, Ao. MBLODEON CONCERT HALL, U0 Broadway.? Soxes, Dakcu, Bpblesques, Ao. METROPOLITAN OPBBA HOUSE. No. 196 flrand Straet WlllUunakurf. ? BruioriAa Sonus, Dances, Bcb UU4UB1, Ao. ______ SMITH A NIXON'S HALL.? Uinrosn's Minstrels IK ?moriAN Bonus, Dances, Ac. Hew York, Hoaday, Hanh ?5, 1861* The New b. It was believed in Washington yesterday that the programme of the administration, in regard to the evacuation of Fort Sumter, had been altered since the departure of Col. Lamon. It is now re ported that the evacuation is to be conditional. Col. L. is to examine the stock of provisions on hand, and if the supply is not sufficient to main tain the troops now there, then he will deliver the President's order to Major Anderson to evaouate the fortress. The gevernmont is said to be in re ceipt of advices Btatingtkat the independent State of Texas has sent Commissioners to New Mexico, Arisoua, Souora and Chihuahua to induce the peo ple of those States to cast their fortune with the Southern confederacy. Their mission is said to be fhvorably regarded, which, if true, will tend ?till further to complicate the embarrassments of Mr. Lincoln's administration. Despatches from Fort Pickens state that the gar rison there is Bhort of provisions, and can hold out but a short time longer. None but official commu nication is permitted at Pensacola, and the squad ron can neither reinforce the Fort nor furnish sup plies. Appearances indicate that before long the government will also be compelled to abandon Fort Pickens to the secessionists. From Texas we learn that both branches ?f the Legislature had taken the oath of allegiance to the new government, a few of the members under protest. Governor Houston and the Secretary of Btate ha vl retired from their offices and delivered ap the records. Gen. Houston had issued an ap peal to the people, in which he severely denounces the action of the Convention. By a despatch from New Orleans we learn that tbe commissioners from the Confederate States to Europe will leave that city for Havana on the 31st inst., where they will take passage for England in the British steamer of the 7th of April. The steam frigate Roanoke, now at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, has been ordered to befitted for sea with an possible despatch. A large force of me chanics and laborers were pat to work on Satur day, who continued to labor through the entire day yesterday. The Georgia Stats Convention adjonrned on Saturday night. Before adjournment the Conven tion adopted a State constitution to be submitted to the people for ratification or rejection, at an election to be held in July next. In this day's issue we give a list of the appoint, tsents made, up to the present time, by President Lincoln, as far as is publicly known. It will doubtless be found interesting to all who are in search of an office under the present administra tion, as they oan thereby perceive what offices are taken up. We give this morning some additional intelli gence from Europe, received by the steamship Canada, from Liverpool, at Halifax on Saturday morning. Affairs at Warsaw remained quiet, though large bodies of troops continued to arrive in the city. The blockade of the citadel of Mes sina had been officially announced, and hostilities Lad commented. The Mires affkir in France was aaid to be assuming a more serious aspect, snd no person was permitted to hold communication with him. Tbe Spanish Ministry have pronounced In favor of the temporal power of the Pope, and re pudiated the idea of tranaferring the Papacy to Jerusalem. In the Liverpool cotton market prices bad slightly advanced. Breadstuff* quiet but steady. A letter from a correspondent at Port su Prince, dated March 3, says: ? Our markets have suddenly changed for the better, owing to large orders from France having been received; consequently prices are higher. 122,000 bags coffee are to be landed ?t Raehelle on or before the 20th of April, 1802. Logwood is coming to market in large quantities, and the stock is accumulating, owing to the trade With the United States being checked by the blood less revolution. The country is quiet, healthy and prosperous. Commodore Je<*e Wilkinson, of the Unitad Ftates Navy, died yesterday at hia residence in Norfolk, Va. There was ft large gathering of citizens at the Rtadt Theatre yesterday afternoon, on the occa sion of a lecture by the Bet. J. L. Hatch, on the f ubject, " A Festival Sunday and OItU Prosperi ty," daring the course of which the lecturer look o< c anion to refute the argumenta contained In tka hddrcM of Mr. J. W. Beekman to the Sunday Law Committee at Irrlng Hall, on the 17th ult. The jury in the caae of John Renter, charged with the homicide of John Hughes, brought in a verdict, late on Saturday evening, of manslaughter in the third degree. The prisoner waa remanded for sentence. Owing to the character of the foreign news by the Ca nada, the oottou ssartat waa leas buoyant tad active, al though hoMees manifested no desire to prees salee, while prlesa were not qooteblj voww. The traaeactfcma eat fcraeedl abort l,ttO a 1 ,600 bates, Is loU, at 18 X?. for middling op lands, though worn* broker* quoted price* ?i l?He a l>He.? the same u the prerVcwi day. lhe let* accounts of the heavy decline la the receipts at the South, though to a ceanMarable ?xteat discounted here, l:td not reeched Liverpool. fhe City of DaHlnore, which had arrived out, carried advtees of pretty full raoeipu The flour nwket pib'bted mere animation aad Irmaeaa tb? aaiee were tc a fair extent te the doeseettc trade tad for export WWiwii tai (tod draud ul adraaced about lc. p?r buoM. with toler.bl, free aataa. Ia com the ttrmaeaa Of hotdan tended to otieck aalee; ?amd* "w at full prtoee. Pork waa more aclive, with aalee of meae and of prime at $11 SO a $18 T?. Beware In fW or a?o hhda. Porto Btoo aad Cuba, and 2M do. Porto Riao, at aootloa, at ffclr prtoee. Iaooflbe, aalaeof 3,?00 bafaRio ware made at aootloa, at ll*c. al3*o -ar*ra?a lS-TOa ; atoolotRio,tottietiade,atUXe. rreigfcts inn with out change, aad engagement* quite limited. Tka I m beetle Policy of Mr. Uatela'i AA - ?elmletraUom? It Portomda Pemaaeat Dbaalea. It is beooming a comparatively easy task to fathom the immediate tendencies of the Wash ington administration. The timorous, unoffl dal, douMe-tongued dicta, with which repub lican journals ere instructed to sound public opinion, respecting what It is contemplated to do, or to leave undone, hare stereotyped them e?? already, as a prelude to every govern ment programme. They are the fog-bells with which, for want of chart, pilot, or compass, the blind and bewildered offloers of the ship of State, seek to avoid ooUision with some South ern breaker, or Northern' iceberg, strong enough to dash them to pieces. A critical 00m pwisouof the words, with the acts that hare falsified them, of Mr. Lincoln and his advisers within the last few weeks, proves that the most shortsighted, misdirected instinct ot self-pre servation, is their highest standard of states manship and patriotism. The last planks tkat hold the nation together, are being rent asun der; material interests are becoming every hour more imperilled; political differences next to impossible of settlement; yet the administra tion fails to take one manly step, or to make a single explicit, authoritative declaration, calcu lated to relieve the pressure of anxiety, that weighs upon the minds of good citizens. From I lack ot honesty, manliness, and courage, it con | tinues to grope in pitiable darkness, while the last hopes of a reconstruction of the Union, are passing away. Such a blow is deseending upon the commercial, manufacturing, aad agricultu ral prosperity of the Central and Eastern States, as they never have received before It threatens to prove fatal to the interests, not only of New York, but also of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New England; but government practically reechoes the hope, expressed by Wendell Phillips, that "four out of every five men engaged in Seuthern trade, might end in bankruptcy." Would that the evil might end even there! The latest shuttlecock, tossed backwards and forwards, by republican organs, for the purpose of preparing popular sentiment, is the expedi ency of convening an extra session of Con gress. The administration deplores the neces sity of such a measure, equally with the exi gency that compelled the withdrawal of troops fromlort Sumter. It paves the way for it with just such cowardly, hypocritical excuses,' as were used, before the latter step was deter mined on. Its shall I? or shall I not? are the weak, querulous preliminaries of the inevita ble? I must The President would gladly have avoided an expedient, which will transfer power from himself, to a legislative body he will be unable to control. He would have preferred either drifting where tide and current might carry him, or else carrying into execution, with the twenty-five millions of dollars which the last Congress authorized him to borrow, the abolitionist principles that elevated him to of fice. The rapid progress of events, however preclude the poesibility of inaction, and the financial calculations of his republican friends, have embarrassed government, instead of emancipating it from immediate responsibility and supervision. The Morrill Uriff out off the prospect of revenue, and there Is no proba bility that the loans authorized, will be taken. And, even if the seventeen millions, yet to be issued, were In the treasury, not one of the In famous, coercive schemes that have been so fondly cherished, ean be carried out, without such legislation, by Congress, as has no paral lel in the history of the United States. At any rate, bon gr(, mal gri, there must be an extra session, and, as the constitution directs that the "extraordinary occasion" shall be specified, which compels their being convened, it will require an unusual amount of shuffling and tergiversation to avoid an issuo of some kind at last. There are three reasons, oat of which the ad minlatratioa will be compelled to choose, in assembling Congress, at the present time. These are, that it may provide means to collect the revenue; grant power to coerce the seced 'ng States; or consider amendments to the con stitution that maj heal up our national difficul ties. Neither Mr. Lincoln, nor the majority of his Cabinet, will choose the last. It is true that a new-fangled organ of the government has, recently, declared that the Crittenden or Bigler amendments, would, now, be accepted by repub" Ucans, In the national Legislature; but this is a lure, held out to deceive and mislead. There is no disposition, on the part of those holding power, to be pacific. They desire war, although they have been compelled to pursue peaoe. They would gladly have reinforoed Fort Sum ter, and, having been constrained to relinquish the attempt, announce that "it would be sheer cowardice not to send troops to Fort Pickens.'* With every disposition to be venomous and vicious, they have been physically unable to display their bloody propensities. They yearn to fight with the cotton States; but shrink with terror from the prospect of being hounded out of the District of Columbia, by the militia of Maryland and Virginia. Therefore, Congress, in extra session, will be summoned to delibe rate, either respecting the means of coileoting the revenue, or how the Southern confederacy may be reduced to obedience. The two shI? jects are practically identioal. Invasion Is Im possible; three or four thousand soldiers, more or less, thrown into Forts Taylor, Pickens, and Jefferson, would be a display of weakness rather than strength; neither Fort Pulaski nor the defences of the Dal bee could be retaken, if the whole navy of the country were arrayed against them; and beyond authorizing such in effectual annoyances, against which the South, from Maryland to Texas, would rise as a man, hi armed resistance, legislation could effect but little. However great the seotional animosity of Congress may, therefore, be, it mnst exhaust itself la endeavoring to force the Morrill tariff upon the Sooth; whether it can de this re mains to be seen. The ninth section of the first article of the constitution, provides, that "no preference thall be given by any regulation of oommerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over , those of another." This excludes any legis | lation by Congress which would clot# all of the ports of any State? much more of all of the seceding States. The threat ban, however, been i made,' that prominent ports of entry shall be blockaded, or the customs collected by a steam er at the entrance of the halter. This, la prac tice, would involve endless legal obstructions. Not only would the Collector, and Judge of the distriot, be necessitated to re side on board of auch steamer, and a "jury of cltlaena of the oounty" hare to be kidnap ped, to try each separate case; but new laws, requiring merchants to enter their goods with in three miles from the shore most be enacted, and, if they fail to do so, warehouses and public stores for the purpose of receiving them, must be erected on the high seas. Whatever Con gress may resolve on, aggressive measures will, of course, be resisted by the withdrawing mem bers of the confederation; but it is of higher importance, that England and France will pro nounce against us. Foreign ministers, at Wash ington, hare already had occasion to observe, that the governments they represent cannot re fuse to recognise an independence whioh the Lincoln administration has itself acknowledged, by the very act of abandoning Fort Sumter. To interfere with their commeroe would in volve us in conflicts which the administration will shrink from. Seven States have seceded from the Union; Ar kansas is about to follow; and, so soon -as the Southern confederacy shall have been for mally received into the confraternity of nations, the border States, called on to choose between New England abolitionism, and their allies of seventy years past, will east their lot with the latter. The central States are shaken to their foundations. The republican State govern ment of Pennsylvania, terrified by the reaction ef the last three months, has despotically legis lated into office the whole oity government of Philadelphia, in order to prevent the record from going forth to the country, of the immense majority which conservatism would have received in that city. The Northwestern States, lately buried in free soilism, exult in the prospect of receiving foreign goods duty free, via New Orleans, and revolt against the principles they so lately upheld. In less than two years, unless a reaction shall be produced by the omnipotent voice of the people, New York will be on the verge of ruin, and the false calculations of anti-slavery despotism will be seen in the prostration of trade, commerce and manufactures, in the States between Cana da and the Potemac. Meanwhile the masterly statesmanship that has been displayed by the Montgomery administration, commends itself to the world, and the prosperity which the North has thrown away is being rapidly trans ferred to those who, a short time since, would willingly have been friends instead of rivals, but from whom the folly of the administration has alienated us beyond return. Thus the Lincoln government has succeeded in developing the fearful substance of "Irre pressible conflict" into a policy, which menaces with desolation every vital interest in the Ncrth. It has still to be decided whether the patriotic, sober minded, order loving masses of the pedple, can devise no remedy to save the country from internecine strife, and themselves TVom ruin. The Second Instalment of the Twenty five Million Loan ? What is Wanted with XHe Monet. ? It is a curious coincidence that on the same day on whioh Mr. Chase, the Secretary of the Treasury, issues his call for the second instalment of the twenty-five million loan authorized by Congress on the 8th of Feb ruary last, he issues also a circular giving directions about the Morrill tariff, whioh comes into operation on the 1st of Anril ? which are about u incomprehensible as the tariff itself, and con only render the confusion worse confounded. The edict about the new tariff is destructive to the success of tho loan. An administration organ in this city declares that under this tariff " there is no prospect of revenue to render the loan safe," whilst another organ of the government here an nounces the intention of Mr. Lincoln to rein force Fort Pickens forthwith, no matter at what sacrifice of life, such reinforcement to be followed up by the landing of an overwhelming force of militia to defeat all the troops the Con federate States may assemble on the sands of Pensacola Bay. This announcement gain? confirmation from the fact that the two frigates, Wabash and Roanoke, are ordered immediately to sea from the Navy Yard. Another confirmation of the war policy of the administration is to be found in the character of the men appointed to office ? men of the most extreme abolition sentiments, such as Joshua R. Giddings, who would think he was doing God service by cutting off the beads of all the slaveholders of the South; and we have no doubt he has often wished, as Nero did of the people of Rome, that they had but one neck, that he might get rid of them all at one fell stroke. It is under these circumstances, and whilst the English press proclaims that the Morrill tariff amounts to a prohibition of imports to the United States from Groat Britain, France and Germany, and whilst propositions are being made in the British Parliament to recognise the independence of the Southern confederacy, onr insane government are calling for loans to help them inaugurate civil war. Such fatuity in without a parallel in the history of any civil ized nation. Who will be so mad as to advanoe them money for so criminal a purposed Will those who have money to lend risk it under such circumstances; and even if the loan were secure, will they lend their aid to destroy the land of their birth and make blood flow like watei* Some of the republican journals are calling fbr an extra version of Congress; but the radi cal paper of this city wblch reflects most accu rately the opinion*, the principles and the poli cy of the government, holds that It is not neoes sary. It says: ? It la the taw of tlx) t'nltel 8Utr* that the United HtaUa ?uthi.rliiw" r>h?JI hold tha UalU>d Hutaa forts. . RotiMlaocn to ft boHtita mlllUr* fore* attacking than la the only mode of enforcing that law and thut, under I hi rrisfing law. the Vrrrident cm ad without calling Otmgrmt together. Lett Congress, when assembled, should, like 4he last Congress, reftise to sanction coercion it is deemed best that the PresMM himself should take the responsibility and his Secretary apply to Wall street for the sinews of war, which must ,be furnished on the 2d of April, the very day after the new tariff comes into operation. What answer Wall street will make to the proposition remains to be seen. Sot tiikkk Trapk. ? The port of Charles ton, according to an article from the Mercury, which we publish to day, appears to be doing it vary fair spring trade, as things are going. Ships will go where they are wanted, as onr republican friends will discover before

this Mowffl tariff is a month older. Omr iMtlun C??M*rMf U EmfUuU ??d >ww .Ihglily ?ifirt,? I Maws. It Is not only ? 1*7 remarkable coinoidenoe, bat a very significant fact, that on the 4th of March, the day whioh ushered oar now admlnla t ration it Washington into power, Mr. Gregory, in the British House of Commons, ''gam notice that on cm early day he would call the attention of her Majesty's government to the expediency of a prompt recognition qf the Southern Confederacy of America." Thus, while from Washington the indissoluble character of oar old Union of November last was proclaimed to the world, its disruption was formally announced la the British Parliament, and with the view to the official recognition of that Independent govern ment set up at Montgomery, Alabama, which Mr. Lincoln's administration theoretically ig nores. . Mr. Gregory is from Gal way, and a director, we believe, in the oompany running the line of steam ers between that port and New York. He had doubtless been considering the subject to which he refers in Its commercial aspects, and we are free to conclude that his proposition is from a convictien that the great interests of British capitalists la American trade will* be best sub served \>y "a prompt recognition" of our Southern confederacy. Perhaps Mr. Gregory has also an idea of establishing a line of steam ers to ply directly between Gal way and some one of our Southern ports; but, in any event, his proposition shows that the new revolutionary government of our seceded States is beginning to be understood and appreciated among the ruling commercial classes of the British islands, and that they re cognise the expediency of adapting themselves to the new order of things amongst us. It further appears that "a special messenger from the British legation at Washington sailed^n the Cunard steamer from Boston on Wednesday, with despatches for the British government, giving a full statement of affairs at Washington and in the South; also, copies oi the two tariff*." "The two tariffs." Here we have that last parcel which breaks the camel's back. We have shown that between the prohibitory da ties of our new Northern tariff and the very low scale of duties of the tariff of the Confede rate States, every drawback exists whloh Is cal culated to drive away foreign trade from our Northern ports; and every inducement is of fered, on the other hand, to attract foreign trade to the ports of the South. The London Times declares that the European operation of our Morrill tariff law will be the almost abso lute suspension of "all imports into the United States from England, France and Germany, that it is a measure "calculated at once to alienate foreign nations," and that from the pressure of said law upon foreign Powers the argumrnts of President Jefferson Davis, in fa vor of his Southern confederacy, "will reoeive an enormous accession of force." Depend upon it, that when England discovers her old markets closed in our Northern States against her, and new and more inviting ones opened in the South, she will not be long In discover ing her line of policy. Next, we find that the organs of public 1 opinion in France are beginning to, compre hend the commercial issues involved in this disruption of our late Union, and in this " irre pressible conflict" on the tariff question be tween the North and the South. The Paris Moniteur says that this "new (Morrill) tariff ehftnld be one of the first sacrifices made for the reconciliation of the South; otherwise win end by seeing only a fortunate event In a separating wW?ti aha ?* #??' deplored, and it will beoome not only a right, but a duty for us (France) to recognise the independence of the new confederacy." The ContfUutionnel broadly intimates that if things Bhoulo continue as they now stand between the Norti and South in reference to foreign imports, Wopean trade and sympathy must inevitably b*. diverted to the Southern States, in spite of theii slavery system and pro-slavery institutions. From the moveiumts and manifestations of public opinion in Roland and Franoe, thus grouped together, the rt?der ^11 perceive that the idea of the recogniion by those great Ferrers of the independent (government of the Confederate States has already loet the cha racter of a miserable delusion. 1-* statesmen, leaders, organs and orators of the -slavery party now in power at Washington h.ve been boastfully ringing It into our ears that v, com. mercial considerations could induce Bn&imd or France to recognise this Montgomery government, organized, as it is, upoi the basis of human slavery. Bat these philosophers forget that the government of the United 8tatee was founded and re cognized, has continued and still exists upon this basis of slavery. The differences now ex isting upon this subject between the constitu tion of the United States and the constitution of the Confederate States, both Lord Palmerston and Louis Napoleon, we dare say, would pro nounce as of no consequence whatever to Eng land or France. French and English abolition philanthropy would have revolted against our Southern con federacy had it declared itself in favor of the revival of the African slave trade. This was the point to which that philanthropic member of Parliament, Mr. Buxton, addressed his appre hensions of this Southern pro-slavery revolu tion. But Monsieur Gallairdet, of the Paris Prt9*9 , writing from that city, says that "the Southern confederacy, by prohibiting the slave trade, has forestalled the moral opposition of Europe/' We have no doubt of it England and France, particularly, with their extensive cotton manufactories dependent for the raw material upon the slave labor of our seceded States, have become too practical In the scienee of good government to be controlled by their anti-elavery abstractions when the subsistence of millions of their people is at stake. We are drawn, therefore, and irresistibly, to this conclusion, that Mr. Lincoln's administra tion must prepare for the speedj abandonment of this Morrill tariff bill, or for the recognition of the independence of the Confederate State* under the pressure of their recognition b y Hog and and France. A Dibcnion Government at Wamiunotox. ? After considerable delay the Lincoln adminis tration has decided to give up Fort Sumter to the authorities of South Carolina. This is a vir tual recognition of the Southern confederacy, and must be followed by negotiations with the representatives thereof. The powers at Wash ington are thus preparing the Northern mi ml for the Inevitable result of this imbroglio ? th-u Is, permanent disruption of the old Union. Ua der these circumstances It follows, accord ma to the beet black republican authority, tturl Lin coin's if a disunion administrBtioB; that he and his Cabinet are traitors who ought to be im peached at once. Can the Tribunt escape from ttii dilemma? . " Honbstt Abb Lincoln " and Spoils ? The har&es of vampyres that have Infested Washington sinoe the advent of " Honest Old Abe," in hi* "Sootoh cap and long military cloak," have kept him very busy in parcelling out the public plunder. For a new hand at the guillotine he works it with great rapidity, averaging, big and little included, perhaps not lees than twenty heads a day during the last Ifcree weeks. "To the victors belong the spoils." Under this rallying ory the first regu lar descent in foroe of the spoilsmen upon Washington was in the wake of Old Hickory from Tennessee to the White House. That was the beginning of our modern spoils system. It worked smoothly for the democraoy till 1840, when they were swept out of power by a popu lar tornado. Bo in 1841 the victorious party, close upon the heels of OMTlppso? os, aad Tyler, tea, sent from the East and the North, and the West and the South, a mighty multitude of office beggars, which no man oould number, and within a month they had worried poor old General Harrison into the Congressional Ceme tery. Tyler, then, being read out of the whig church, was relieved of whig office beggars, and had, if we are not mistaken, to go begging for patriots to take his offices, on the condition of their joining the Tyler party. In 1845 the democracy had it, under Polk, all their own way again; but the Mexican war acted as a safety valve, and Polk was not so hard pressed for petty consulates, poet offices and olerkships. In 1849, under Old Zack Taylor, the hungry and Irrepressible whigs again came forward. Old Zack was tough: but they were too much for him, for In a little over a year they had killed him. Next came poor Pierce; but as there was always a smaller proportion of captains among the de mocracy than among the opposition, poor Pierce lived through his four years, though he broke the backbone of his party with his divi sion of the spoils and his adoption of the Kansas-Nebraska bill. Next came "Old Buck;" and who has ever survived such tortures as his excepting "Old Buck!"' He went into the White House in the delightful realization of his dreams and hopes and labors of thirty long years; he went out of the White House pretty much as a sensible prisoner goes out oi Sing Sing, resolved never to come within sight of the horrid establishment again. But the advent of "Honest Old Abe" eclipses everything else of the kind in American histo ry, or any other history. The great Northwest, en masse, has followed him to Washington The regular inhabitants of that city are as much astonished and disgusted with this overwhelming raid of republican spoilsmen as ever were the Romans with a "grand into their capi tal of the Goths and Vandals. And "Honest Old Abe" and his Cabinet are doing what they can to feed their five thousand men with their five loaves and two fishes. Tha regular old abolition leaders, such as Joshua R. Gid dings, and such heads of the Buffalo platform as Charles Francis Adams, and such republican knights of chivalry as Burlingame, and such redoubtable financiers, diplomats and military chieftains as the Chevalier Webb, and such fuBsy, fidgety little cock-sparrows as Mas ter Jenkins Raymond, and such regular un washed Jacobinical Bohemians as Carl Schurz, and such men of the good Man Friday breed asJudd, and ? bust of camp followers and Bouillons from rural Wide Awake clubs and country newspaper offloes, are already among the rewarded patriots of the grand dis union republican victory of last November. Horace Greeley, the founder and builder of the republican party, and the man of all men to whom "Old Abe" Is Indebted for his lodg ings in the White House? Horace Greeley, we regret to say? while Tom, Dick and Harry are coming away from Washington with their car pet bags full of bread and cheese? is the man who seems to stand hopelessly out In the cold. Mr. Seward is a very amiable man, but he has no bowels of compassion for Greeley. This will not do. Let Mr. Seward remember what Forney was to Mr. Buohanan,and what were the consequences of "Old Buck's" turning the cold shoulder upon Forney. We suggest that, as the Chevalier Webb has declined the mission to Turkey, It be offered to Philosopher Greeley. He is conversant with the system of Fourierite phalanxes; he has paid a personal visit to Brigham Young and his harem at Salt Lake City, and has had a long consultation with Brigham on polygamy; so that Horace would not be altogether a greertborn In Turkey In V? matter of the customs of the country. Be siwfl, having exhausted the discussion of Ame rica.' black slavery, Massa Greeley, in Con- j stanttiople, would enjoy the,ncw field of in quiry Uat would there be offered him In the very interesting system of white slavery which is the peculiar pride of the Sultan. Caanot "Honest Old Abe," therefore, re buking the Ingratitude oi his Premier, do the generous thing In detailing Massa Greeley to the Turk? Thk Insatiate W*st.? 80 far in the distribu tion of the federal patronage Mr. Seward hi* provided for his friends hereabout, and the Weat hu had all the rest of the fat. New Eng land, wh?re the real battles of the republican party have been fought, g eta next to nothing If somebody don't take something, like tho dis tressing case of our friend the Chevalier Webb, it goes to the West Agals, some Yankee is told he canhot have such aad such a place, because it has been promised to the West. It is always the West. This may be accounted for by the fact Out three members of the Cabinet are prairie poMcinns; but there is still another reason. The low Southern tariff, and the probable re. turn of Western trade to its nature channel, the Mississippi river, place the administration in a delicate position. The Morrill tariff will be particularly obnoxloun to the West, which is a producing country, and which never could see the propriety of enrich ing New England and Pennsylvania capitalist at the expense of the agriculturists of the j South and West. So it is not unlikely that un less the Western politicians are kept quiet they will commence a movement witch might result in the secession of seventi State*. It is the main idea of Lincoln and bis adrUevs th*t tho spoils are ihe chief considerations wit.li orery. body iu the country. Th?\ M the true Albany policy, the original lobby idea. The only trouble is, that the spoils are n*rf *ufflei?iit to go round. I^et us see, however, ho* the thit^ i will turn. The Chaka?tk* or thb Ajlbabt Lobby as Db 8CK1BKD BT OnB Of ITS DutCITLBS. ? Daring fee put Are or tlx jean it hM been freely stated in those column, m well u in thoee of otker journals opposed to the black republican party, that there existed at Albany a corrupt combina tion for the purpose of selling legislation aa beef and mutton are disponed of in the market. It was further alleged that the operations of this lobby had been extended to Washington. The latter statement received official confirma tion. Through the treachery of one Slmonton ? t correspondent for a black republican paper ? the country leaned that certain members of Congress, headed by Matteson, had pledged themselves mutually not to rote for any bfli involving the expenditure of money unless they were first paid for so doing. This matlsr was investigated by a Congressional committee, and the fruits of their labors are now part of the official history of the nation. The corres pondent referred to above is now at Washing ton. The executive as well as the legislative department of the government has fallen into the hands of the friends of Matteson & Co., and it hi more than probable that a gigantic lobby scheme has already been arranged, to be put 1st working order at the earliest possible moment The people of this oity have been made the especial victims of the Albany lobby. Under the pretence of arresting the tide of corruption which flowed from the operations of the ward politicians, the taxpayers of the metropolis have been systematically bled for the benefit of corihtry politicians ? vam pires infinitely more rapacious than their pre* deoessors. The same system is still In working Day after day the Albany shackles are rivetted upon us. That gigantic swindle, Broadway Railroad bill, is the latest and the most out rageous attempt of the lobby to plunder the taxpayers of this city. We have called the at tention of the people to this odious Albany legislation over and over again, and only rest ed from our labors when we found that it was impossible to rouse the opposition against It to an effective point Certain developements of a journalist, who was at one time an especial pet of the lobby, induce us to refer again to the subject. The person referred to is Mr. Samuel Wilkeson, who was engaged several years sinoe in the publication of a newspaper at Buffalo. He afterwards migrated to Albany, and pur chased an interest in Weed's Evening Journal. In consequence of some difference about money matters, Wilkeson withdrew from the Journal, and now, having been assailed by Weed, re plies in a long letter, which contains oharges against the lobby a great deal more heinoos than we have ever ventured to make. After declaring that his quarrel with Weed is "wholly of a public nature," Wilkeson goes on to say that the former has exercised a dictatorship over the whig and repubiioan parties in thin State, that' he has "seized upon representative interests/' and managed the representatives of the people. The writer then proceeds to walk into Weed after this trenchant fashion: ? Bear with tne while I complain of 70a that without a single equipment for the dictatorship of a part/ of pro gressive Ideas. save an extraordinary talent for organisa tion, you have for years engineered the power of a Ma jority of the people of this State, to the management of of Its legislation as yon wished to hare It managed ? te 1 be filling of ita offices as yon wished to hare then filled? to the disposition of the public money as you wished to hare It disposed of? to the shaping of the pub lic policy as you wished it to be shaped. Had you 1mm an arcbaigel, yon could not hare been safely trusted with this power. Disqualified by your organisation from exercising It either an a statesman, a philosopher or a moral la t, yoar administration of it hi? filled the political life of this great State with a mass of evils that genera tions of viituous labor will Ik required to eradicate. Legislation la sold at Albany. 1 And again : ? Indeed, 1 shall be charged with calumnious written when I My that, under thai fatal influence which hu transferred responsibility from the people to a tingle la cividual, to create job* lor the reward of partisan servi ce*? ? to ordite new offices for needy favorites, and to In crease the salaries of old favorites? to chance settled laws in tevor of petted interest* ? to permit the whole surface of oar statutory system to be toesed and broke* fiom year to year, according to the pr*vaienoe of Influ ence and In disregard of system, all this const ituti* le gislation In Albany. Once more, with a word for Seward Again, I shall not bo charged with random speech wben I complain that it is the effect ? to be foresees easily, but not to be avoided? of transferring responsi bility from the people to a dictator that oonfldeooe la the stability of the laws is gone in New York; that oon tidence in the security of corporate property in New York is gone; that ronBdesce in the faithful administration at the luads of the state and ite intert sts Is gone. It mm Ibis seme of insecurity, very general in this State, and industriously communicated to the delegations of other states at the Chicago Ckuventkoa, which was fatal to the hopes and labors of the friends of a great statesman, who was popularly supposed to be under jour influunco. The final shot ia as follows;? fo youf I do confess myself hostile I think that the power you possess ought to be destroyed, and the office you have usurped ought to be abated. so long aa I shall remfcln In the profession of journal lf>m, I will Improve timely opportunities to impress upon a freo people, In a free State, th%t they should deliberate in convention without an engineer, and assemble for legislation without a director. It must be remembered that all this comes from a man who has been inside the ring, and who writes from his personal experience. It is this same lobby legislation which has made po- * litical morality the exception in this republic, and brought upon our government the scorn and contempt of the civilized world. Is it not wonderful that with all these evidences of cor* ruption well authenticated before them, lbs . people will still support an organization whioh countenances, in fact authorizes, wholesale venality and public plunder? Spain and the Sijivc Tradk* ? It will be re membered that a long and interesting debate upon the slavs trade reosntly took place in the British Parliament, and that in the course of that debate Spain was rather roughly handled, especially by Lord Palmerston. We now leara that in the Senate at ifadrid, on the fth of March, the Spanish government announced that they had resolved upon stationing cruis ers along the cosat of Africa, whioh craisere would be authorized to visit Spanish and Eng ll*h vessels for the purpose of preventing the slave trade. The ministry at the same tinse availed themselves of the occaaion to repel the accusations of Lord Palmerston, which accusa tions they stigmatized as unjust It is amusing to see Spain assuming this position of injured innocence, and perpetrating such a gigantic sham as sending a fleet to cvuim for slavers, as if she really meant to suppress the obnoxious traffic. We know that siaoh a course would only be in aocotfenen rfth the terms of her treaty with Britin; but nations hsvs learned from expetVance that Spain is no reipeotor of trrM.ie* She simply evades while presaudsag to re(*jecithem She supports the oalyi ?Uave market <n the world, and allows CubfW wflk-al* to areas* 4rg? fortunes by conniyief at th?? "lave trad*. Yet British atatesansa arw con stantly reproving this eopntry tut vrnitianing the use of slave^abor where ulava VvWm is lu dlepenssble, whlu allow Spats te> c*rrr on her undetband *?*?*) of -smaUiug lh * Cuban market with many m 'oe island requires. The ?h,\> eftsei ni statmutr ; thf-se cftiHera *lou? Afrlciw* ins* *tll ?? * tn establish trouble biibery,or, in *th't word-, to t\act w. expos', as w?<U M au tui|?)rt du?y