Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 26, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 26, 1861 Page 2
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OUR NATIONAL DISRUPTION, j ttiaton of the Country to the Latest Hon by lfail aid Telegraph. Meier Anderson Transferred to Newport Barracks. Arrival ?( the Special Ebtij tf the President at Charleston. Interview of Col. L&mon with Gov. Pickens.. Tte Army and Naval Officers of the Confederate States. tOSTAL ARRANGEMENTS IMGHAM YOUNG ON SECESSION Isathera Trade and Southern Manufactures, as?^ as. *LAN8!T OP NORTHERN MERCHANDISE THROUGH THE CO* FEi)ERATK 8TATB8. We publish tbe following act, adopted by the Gongrcati a# tte Confederate S'ates on tbe 16th inst. , relating to ?tvttMTB gocds through tbe Dew confederacy : ? Am M0 1 TO JITHCRIZl Tins TRAJCWT OF MERtHANMSr TI11U>C<.I1 ?K H>N>KIillKATK liTHl The Con^ro? enacts that goods, wares and mercban Mae, Imported from ;4jv foreign country into tbe Confe derate State*, defttined for any foreign country, may be 4 entered and bare transit through tbe Oonfo lerute Stales fcee ol duty, B-ibject to such r?> ulatlons o-h the Stxrotary if the Treasury from timo to Lme shall make, and thesai'l Secretary of tbe Treasury stu.ll have power to mike su.sU Mfulatione at be may deem expedient for the safety of Mi* reveuoe and for tbe public convenient), which regu MtaM may be enforced in tbe manner prescribed by law, te other regulations In relation to the revenue. I'uese l March 16, 1881 . WE POSTAL ARRANGEMENTS OP THE CON FEDERATE STATES. We subjoin two circular letters iasued by the Postmaster ?ewtrai of the Confederate Slates to bis tsubordinates, them instruct! :>ns how to oontinue the discharge sf Ibeir duties, and to whom to render the ir accounts. IN tafer from the tenor of the letters referred to that Wm mi department Is maturing a plan to do tbe work lives, which, when it shall have been fully deter - i upon, will surpersede the present system: ? CIRCD.AK LETT KB NO. 1. On.NFEDKh.lTK 8B4TH OF AMKinn, ) Po*-T 0' >KT IIWAKTMh-VT, llOMTOOKBiY, ltd. ( Sbm ? It. is the wish of lbs government tba alt po? ?fitre and other employees m tbe p.* '.a I service should ?Miiaue to po 'firm their duties m sur.h, and render all tbeir accounts and piy ail moneys to tho order of tbe government ?f tbe I'nited States, as they have heretofore deoe, until tbe government of Che Confederate States ?ball be prepared to assume the entire control of its pos tal 4 lairs This w'll be tone as soon as practicable. But tbe causes of delay incident to the or the Bepsrment are B .i;li an to place it out of my power to de termine definitely when tba new will be substi tuted for tbe old. Any attempt to mix tbe employees of tbe two govorn ?Mis in the name service would be wholly impractica ble. And no removal or appointments or potrmastern or ethers in tbe pmU. servi.-e w.ll be made by this de partment, nor will it receive returns relating to or ??saey* derived from tb-i postal service, until it snail as tmme the entire control of the service. If tbe gOTtrnmcnt of tho I'mted States should caaee to earry ?s> this Willi Mtarw tb la lnpartir.'u: nhaj be or pmJaed and prepared to Lake cha'ge of it, no great sfio-k te ilio public nit re- ts wjl be produced !>y such a oou.-se, Mike PoetmiK'or General .? authorised to conftnt.p, pro ?Msaally, by proclamation, tbe present poetmvteri and ?taers in tbe postal ?er\ ise in office, and to continue ex tstiag contact* for carry tot tbe mails, antil new appninl mm'-f and new ca&tracU* can be made. ||V< must regard tbe carrying of our mvls, at this time, ay that government, an a great public ne.-eesty to the peaple of both governments; resulting from their taut Intimate political, commercial and vtlattoir, and aUko important to tlio preserva Hsb of the present interests of tbe pxtple of Mb ?ouiitnee. And while that government, by its oc ttat, eonmlts such considerations, our government aad peatie should act with the same high regard for great pabltc interest-'. Such a course ot our r*rt, sprlngi ig >ssi such motives, will preserve the character of ojr Beep* without impairing tbe dignity of our government, aad may lead to the trar.-i-r of our postal servioe from Ibe ecalrol oT tb?; old to that of the new government, wKb far tess injury to tbe people or bulb, than would ne cessarily flow from pre^ip tate and moons .derate action sb tbe part of either. I am, very resp*cirjlly, your obe Alt servant, Jolts H. RE \QAV, Postmaster General. CIBU'LAR LKTTBR NO. 2. Oo.nh I'SR/tk -^rancn or%*KHii a,) P< ?*r < >m< k 1 1? kktm Mm , V M?>vtt.o*vht, Ala , March 19, IHfll | ? His ? Tbe government of tbe Confederate -4ta*>s w ill not mlei Hii e with any existing contracts entered into be > the |MMM nt oi" the I nited States and tbe pro entraclors. until it asaumea tbe entire control of It* i ail ?.rs Tbistouree is rendered necessary by the impracticability of mixing the employ-*! of the two government .n the MM service. Tbe question as to whether tbe government of tbe Con federate States will assume any liability to present con tenders before it assume* the oostrol of our p-**.al atok s involves tbe idea of liability on the part of this government for the obligations o' the United Su'os, which cannot he entertained by this department. But if tbe government *f the 1 ni.ed States sb. u. 1 aband n the mail service .n the Coni'ederate States before the depart ment shall be orgiuiiied and ready to enter into new con trasts. I am authorized to continue existing contracts, psovieionaiiy . by proclamation, until new contracts can be entered into. Very respectfully, . J OILS' U. RFAtiA.V, Postmaster General. INTERESTING FROM TEXAS. out t> ALVESTON COBRKtirONDENCE. GAi.vnrtiiM, March IS, 1861. \(,f Cntinl Salts Juritiiir'urri (At 7K <is ? J uiM -i Nm? of the f'deral Troop* ? l\f Way the Revolution U Tinned in Thtai ? TV Spa Gmf?irr*.y'* CvnttiUUion? tta fhtftnoruy Over That of the Xorthern CmfaUracy?Tke Mmygeratinn of indi?iilu<U Rights i J the Priu\ Re pub Mean School of Fh&?*>phm?Th* Trm System <y So rvfy . rfc. Tbe government of the United Rtat^s may be said to bare formally evacuated the stato of Texas, and given up al Jur iodic t ion over it. Its troops are in process ot em barkation at the seaports, taking with them their side arms and one or two small batteries of artillery, in token of untarnished hosier ; and the old banner of tbe stars and ?tripes has been hauled down with marked acta of respect ?rem all parties, and the sew colon of the revolution bolated in tta stead, in the midst of the greatest enthu Wever was revolution consummated more perfectly or WtU greater honor to all partis*, and when tbe history of tbe treat* of tbe preeent d?y shall have been written, aader tbe light of future agee, tbe magnitude of the abangetbat baa been made without tbe spilling of a drop ?T blood will ooastltute tbe brightest and noblest attii bate ef sur system of government. We may already form soae idea of the magn<tudo of that ' bat (re by a contemplation of some of tb" provisions elgtbej no* constitution of tba Confederate States. Our aid 'government Mood for a period of seventy years Amnded at k time when tbe Idea* of tbe French phlloao pbsra were begisnlng to exercise their ripest iniiueooe upen the mltds of men, aad before tba destructive nature of the fkliaelea they contained bad been developed bs^fraace, tjigbnd, the British West Indies aad Spanish America, 'our system imbibed luISctsat of tb* French a??secratlc philoat^hy to plant the germ of It* dissola tlsn. The system of rotation in office wA fostered by **rty spirit, until executive patronage penetrated every partioa of tbe body politic, and corrupted alike people ?ad placemen.^ Two mighty armies of conbetaats for tbe pahllc spoil* were arganixed, and every other motiv* ?f action in public men w?* ovivabadowed and destroyed Tfce very alms aad objects of government were degraded to sueb a degree th?t all who havs had any insight Into tbe manigement of our pnhHe affairs, during the last thirty years, have been forced u> eoafess the Urrible oor mption that had sprung from the system of vaat execu tive [*tronage, combined with our practice of party aan.xatlon on tbe basis of the public oflVee Tnis Is y one Of the major evils that have rrept into tho State but It is sufficient to Illustrate the condition our politi cal system before tbe preeent revolation It is already evident that this has been made In a demo cratic, conservative sense <>neSor tbe most remarkable provisions oT tbe new constitution of this confederacy stipulates that with tbe exception of Cabinet officers and foreign ministers, no officer of tbe government that has bam appointed with tbe advice aad consent of the Senate: vt*il be removed except for cauas, tba reason* for which rtmil be sasigned in writing. Anetber of the evil* in our system, which originated la lb* ideas of Uw French philc*opbers, was Ua? fftntftoa rt the h|WtUr? ud executive branches. By UitM harmony ?' act. too between them was muuered 01 difficult attainment, and when attuned its eilijimuy ?u otwni>B>? destroyed. The executive b?anoh *>?" denied All vo w la the !ef telatnre bails, and hence we nave ire queut v teen, of kite years, Ckbmei officers, an ' part"- j larly tbe Secro-arv of the frsHsury, struggling >u the ktb by amid a horde of patent right seekers aud j b -tchenors, to carry ibrough Congress mea?Qr<? vital i t! ? I. (/nor aad oven to the makiug of the government, l'ne m?* constitution gives to the executive branch a ??*?<? on tbe boor of Congress, thus enabling it to present rf pi 1 and the reasons therefor, to the knowledge oi iro p > in tbe open light of day. In the revolution that la now being consolidated I t Ibese Southern States there la another coninr > vd atovement that is worthy of deep consideration. U i?g cards tbe evil of an elective judiciary. Already ib<. State Convention of J Louisiana has acted on thi? question, and It is a movement that is meeting the general appro bation. Thus it will be seen that a movement which sprang brat from a determination to protect society , in these Southern States, Irom the revolutionary failures 01 tbo French school of republicanism, which have destroyed alike government and society in St. Domingo, tbe British West Indies, and tbe Spanish American repiblic?, is vin dicating ite wimj cfloservaiism hi other bran -bos loan that in which it wm tits', brought into astiM. The*) things are worthy the deep consideration ' four Northern brethren. If ibey do not l>ear them in mind, and pre s-rve tbeir o? n governments from the socul aad |x>l iti eal fallacies which are beginning to prevail among them, their political system will continue to degenerate, at it has degenerated for the pist thirty years, not I they fall Mi piects, and society seeks protection and preservation under other forms 01 g ivernment. 1 he exaggeration of ind'Vidwil rights w.iich tb< French republican school of philosophy pressu.* in the universa1 brotherhood iaea ? woman's rigbtswm ? t?ie dcuiaiups> ciety of the right to pmish ennx ,t numbers naai> be the note nominator ?t public ruiers and judges, and the m?ny other fa lucie? whioh naturally spring from the idea that men and women eh ill, at all times and In all tnirgs, b? considered as equal individual entities, aad not as members of a lax&ily? is utterly destructive of real freedom, and leads rb only to '"ourieriem, which makes man the perfect slave of a system. All prosperous society and government l. ice tbo world was formed han been founded on the t'-iam of the fam.iy. To the family men owes his ex.Bt^BCB and his mutin ied prem-rvtitcn, and in the family there is no fancied "q'^v lity of rights and power. To endeavor to establish it would be destructive of tbe fiinilv, and evcxtually of man himself. Society Is fanned of collections of fannies and not ol collections of individuals, and ill lbs family the members have pomtKms wideiy varied in r:gb'< well as in power and < apacity. This is the iJea that u?s at the bottom of the Southern revolution, and tti nacc?s? till dev^fcemen' must exercise an Important jillueaos on the North. Neither Puritanism, aboi t on.em, nor any other arbitrary fallacy con boil a community img la gether? under their rule ilisso.utlon is inevitable. THE STATE CONVENTION. In tee Texas State Convention, on the 7 th inst. , ttie Select Committee to whom tii assured tbe duty of re porting an ordinaece to define and pan lab treason, sub mitted their report, which in substance is as follows ? After a careful and critioal examination of tbe defini tion of treason embodied in the constitution or Texas, which is at follows: ? Treason utta.ast ilie Stale shall oou sist only in levying war against it or authoring to it* enemies, giving tliem aid aid comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on tbe testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act er bis c wn confession in open court. Tliey therefore recommend tbe pa?<?ge of a law embodying these views. In secret tession, Mr. Rogers, Chairman of a Special Committee appointed to wail on Governor Houston, un der instructions of the Convention, Hid s?k bis executive action on certain Batters that tVy con sidered necessary to give force to their acts, submiUod tbe following communication from that gentleman as bis answer te tbe demand ? Ejbcctivk Pre-'muerr, 1 At kiv, Texas*, March 6, 1801. ) M?'f>er8. W. P. RooSSS, A S. Rkoaddiw, &.? ; ? ?itv'TiKMsw? Tn reply to communication of the 6th, I can only say. when the Legislature authorized iho Convention to submit the proposition to tbe people of Texas, on ehe subject of secession from tbe funeral go vernment of tbo I'mte'd States, it was understood thai tbe performance of that act, when done, wo-ild termi nate the existence of tbe Convection, "(lie Executive approved tbe -ami-, with a protest against tbo rbcrinees <>f the time allowed, owmg to tbe great limit* of our State. By a subsequent set of the I egislaturc (t wm required that the returns of tbe vote should be made to the office of the Secretary of Pta;e, and counted in tie pr> sence of the Gov err or and Attorney General. Tbe v )tos were counted, ard tbe result declared by proclamation ? th it a majority of tbe votes cvt was in favor of secew- ion. By an act of tbe Legislature, tbe Convention was em powered on'y to submit tbe question of secession t a % vote of tbe people. The Convention performed the tunc lions assigned it by Ue Legislature, and, <n the opinion of tbe Executive, its powers were then exhausted. The Executive will i wind to tbe l/gtlature, which is to assemble on tbe lSth inst., to tako .a to con sideration tbe important issuiti or., . n# cut of the seve rance of our connection witb tbe I'm led State*, wub such recommendations ai.d suggestions as he may taluk proper in the discharge of this duty. It will men be in the provino" of the legislature to take such action on tbe subiect as it may tbxk proper, and also to call a Con vention directly from the people, wbo Will fa rlv repre sent (hi r'.s an! opinions, and who will have au thority to make Si-ch cba&get in tbe ccnstlmt'. -n of tho State as ber present and future relation to the wcrkl at large may require. I atll then it w.U be the duty of the Executive, as well as all State offiocrt, to continue n ;he lawful discharge of their fufictioxiS, cvniiaing their aci<en to the f; here uf alone. l'be Executive tenders bis respe-ta to the gentlemen of tbt Cen\entlon, aniKtssures you, gentlemen individually of his esteem. BAU HoCSftiN. A motion was made to refer the report and concmuokn tion to a soluct coRiin.ttee of ten. This was amended by a substitute, which waa adopted. It la a? follows: ? Whereas, tbe Cbnven'.lon hav rp receive-! a comrruni ration from his Excellency, Sam Houston, of tbe dth .nst., through a cvmm.Uee of th a bedy appo.nted to wa.t on and comment sate oith bim, deem it proper to detent from the tentiuients of said comm inioa'..on as to tbe powers of this (Convention, and take this occasion to do c.are that this body Is the repreeetta've o' the pecple, <n their sovereign capacity, being sbxtjd by tfco sove reign people in aaccrdancc with tee B.ll of R.gbts, wbicb (?< ? Ur?K that all power is inherent in tbe tropin, and they have an inalienable right to change, abolish, alter or modify tbeir form of government in such macn-.r as they deem expedient; and the people having elected this Coo vent on. and the Leg^iature having accepted and adopt ed it, ami the people having aga.a responded to ita ac tion by a ratification of tbe ordinance of nfMinu by an unprecedented maior'ty, ttla Cooeent'on will not shrink from the responsibility devviig upoa J it aa a convention of tbe "overr'rn people of tun State, clothed *11 the power tut tbe people could confer. The Ccnvent.on regrets tbe conflict between the Governor and the people: but, aa in all oonflct* between the people and individuals, tbe latter must yield, so in th s case bis Excellency ir.ust yield and bow to tb sove reign ty of the people; and the Convention w'!l accord. eg 1> prepare an ordinance suited to tbe emergency, of which the Governor will be duly not' lied an sot n ax tbe necessary ordinances can be prepared , the refpri, Received further, thai said communication iw laid upon tbe table, and tbe Committee on the < onstiiut oc be instructed to prepare and report an ortLnance sv ^eu to vindicate tbe majesty of tbe poopio. <)n the following ''ay the following preamble and reeo 1* tions were unan moualy adopted ? W bereaa , a letter, bearing date March #?1861. tas been read before this Convention, written by the ?x<icu.ive of the State, addressed to a committee of this body, in question tbe purer of ibis Convention to do more than subnet the ordinance of secession to the people of Texvt ' for InXr ratification or reiectton; and wb' ress, 1! is lm ' pc>rtant that there shall be no m^utdtrstano-ng on tbe si.bject. KeBolved, That this Convention do now declare '.hat it cot only had the power to paaa and subm t its ordnance of secesaion, but alao that it pnsseestw ar 1 will exercise tbe right, on behalf of the people of Tears, to d- what ever may be Incidental to the tame and that mar te ne cessary and proper for the protection of (he rights of tbe people and the defence of tbe State :n tbe pre?en' emer gency; and that it will as speedily as pra:ticab e c? susnmate tbe connection ef Texas with tbe provisional government of the Confederate J-taus of Acer: ca, wb se constitution has already been ratified by an crd.ean ,e of this Convention. Ke solved, further, That this resolution be oo maun 1 si ted by tbe Secretary cf tb s Convsntion to :ce ree(-ective departments of tbo State government. ALABAMA. ClTR MOKTNOIfKRT OORRfSrOKDFVCt. Mcrm^ojciXT, Ala., March 1>, 1861. 7%f Capital if <A? C<mf<4erau gtatt+-Apr*%*#vb in Ou A rm f?l\4 Work A cvemylu Vd bj Cbwfrsss? A M? ue Lain em a Tour of Fleaiuv?FkUb. Hbr<ri Fight, 4c. 1 havs bees sojourning for a abort time at Montgomery, the gay capital of tbs Confederate ^talsa, and have boen a oenstant observer, slnos I have bean here, of the cur rent eveata of ths dsy; and, aa> friend ef tbe Pjduu?, I thought 1 would drop you n line from the -ouUMra capital. 1 have observed that much work has been accom plished by Congress, and grsat energy and n spirit of dstermmallon have eharsr.ter.tsd its preceej cgs. Gres* activity pervades all the dJfereni dsrartmenta, and busi ness I* being hurried through in a rapid meaner. Congress adjourned on Saturday night after a at* ses sion, as you have been informed , to ir.eet aga.n .o May, unless sooner oonvsnod by tbe President. There U7" as yet bees only a few appointments to clerksh'ps, he. , la the civil departmrnts and in tbs r<nr'!ar army, be sides the appointment of Hardee as a keel cf -he First regiment ot infantry Tbsre have been sense few ap peiatssents of lieutenants. In a short tias, kowsver, all the appoiatmeats win be mads known. This elly , ss rou ars aware, Is In ths heart ef the srt um country asd of tbe grsat sla*s repsbhe anl b?rs, perhaps, the d.Mtolise of ths sJavs IS at IS higoest point, not you will look in vnln for the sadden*! and tearful countenance of ths poor slave, wh oh some ef your freedom ahrisklng cotemperariss are wont te por tray in their columns with se much puritanical path' s If numbers of the fsmtshing Wlds A wakes of tns Vorth could at this moment exhibit ths happy and chesrful countenances of these well fed and well- to-do slaves which I And in thte section, there oould be no hard and gloomy times with these now. I chanced to wander to the steamboat landing hero yss fQ, Where I found 'he 'Vmthern Hep h: ac e'egant learner, j^eparmg to oave with passenger* ai,d freight forMobi e. Wi< hal on m?rd a ?,n*i.ierao.e l cnber cf passengers, and curiosity prompted me to ro cn l??rd. My attention very soon after wsa occcp ed by the ap pssrance ?f a wtUdmsed, fins loohisg, orange ?/lsssd womaB, whe, with ? sprightly hUle boy >Ml white servant girl, bad jaat mm aa boKL their baggage *" oouaist iag of four trunks and a good sixed dry goods bm, and I inquired af a friend with me who the woman wm 1 was informed she wm a faithful slave named Sanaa, be longing to a gentleman of this place; was raised by Mum Betsey Haywood, of Raleigh, N. C., who is a mem >rr of a distinguished family of thai city, and had been owned by her present owner some fifteen years. She hail "roved a valuable and trusty slave, and waa well (bought of in the community, and w.ih now About to ivnku a pleasure trip to Mobile and Ne? cleans, with an e\ttin.-iv? wardrobe and a full purae,to visit some friends at Ui<we tilaces. Her little son , I was told, wan named P?-k Jobnson, alter the celebrated Ool. Johnson, who klTWd T This, 1 am told, is but an instance of the m.mer in which faithful slaves are generoualy re warded by heir indulgent mas tern Can your crowded and overworked far fortes exhibit instano* of equal gene- ' rosily, and are tbetr indefatigable laborers ever so re waruedr There occurred a sad street tight on Friday, between two residents. One gave a blow wilb a suck, the other fired a pistol, the bail taking effect in the breast of his opponent. The wounded man waa earned to his home, and expired next day. The volunteer military corps of this city are numerous for its size, and are exceedingly well drilled. AFFAIRS IN VIRGINIA. OUH RICHMOND CORK KHI'oNOKNCB. Richmond, Va. , March 23, 1801. fnertnest of the AdmmittraHon? TKt Otjectt <j f Ike Inau gural?Hi TrrrilcrM Policy Bated lri*n a Mretage o f Jndreio ? T\e Roqu iremmtt <j the North and South- The Tariff! and Thetr influence- DatrucHon of At FolUi&il Equtlilrium?Mr. Seward and Hit Dutiu in the Preterit Critil, ?fe. Your Washington correspondents are evidently troubled by the mystery observed in the departments of the go vernment. They may console ihemce>vea. Their per plexity ilces not arise from their lack of capacity to dis cover anything which has been resolved upon. They are at fault only because the admin.stration has no fixed pur pose. Its members, ether than Mr. Be war J, see no clear path before them. They arc waiting events, trusting that the Confederate States may commit some error which will prove fatal to their seeming uni n and etreegth. This ia the whole meaning of their policy, and ibe more classical among them esteem it Fabian. When Mr. Lincoln was preparing the first draft of his inaugural message, he looked upon the proceedings of the Southern States as so many local Insurrec tions. Two modes of suppressing these out" breaks suggested themselves to his under standing. The first was to call to his aid the Union men of the border and Gulf States, and to organ /e, hy their aid, a party which should overcome, by shesr agonal strength, their " discontented fellow citizens." fbe second was to corf- n himself with no alliance beyond his own party, and to rely upon the physical and moral power which he powet'sed as execu tive of the nation to suppress tbene revolts against leg; t.mate authority. He coold not pursue the line of policy first indicated ; to do It tffoctually he would have been obliged to give pre pondet anco m bis Cabinet to men who had ne rer acted with his party. He would also have been cons'.raincd to take his officers from a clars of men In the North and Sonth who were moderate In their opinio is, even if they could be called republican converts. Against the baro intimation of such a policy his domestic frionds, themselves anxious for place, first rebelled; and they readily created a pressure of opinion, beneath which he ga\ e way. But while bo relinquished thifi idea, which was in conformity with tho suggestions of an f-wy good nature, ho resolved in his own mind thai he would enter aauiiously upon the mere dangerous ruth which lay open to his choice. Taking into his oounaels advisers who possessed tbe confidence of the republican pajty, he set himself to work to revise his inaugural, so that he might accom plish several ends. First, that he should assert in the clearest manner his fealty to the principles of the party which had elccted him; second, that he should imply , in language satisfactory to his party, his purpose to ex eeute all the powers confided to him by the constitution and tbe laws, thirdly, that he should gain time by cast ing upon his party , not then able to act because of the ad kmrnmeni of Congress, tbe responsibility of originating by law aU measures of aggression or coercion; fourthly, tbat he should restore to vitality the territorial policy of h>* party, which had been seriously damaged by the de cision of the Supreme Court. This last object ? which It waa most difflcnlt for him to aercinplii-h in a satisfactory way? he thought bo could attain by adopting the reasonings of tbe meenage sent by AnUiew Jackson to the Senate, on Tuesday, July 10, 11132, in the veto of the act modify ing and continuing the rtiartcr <>i the I tank of the L'mtod States. It delighted him to think that he could plead Jackson's authority for his theory that the opinion Of tho ijtweme Court In tho Dred Sooti ease ought not to oontrot the Obagress and the in their legislative capacities even if It covored the whole ground of any law proposed upon tbe subject. Therefore we may ooo<y?ive the Innocent but rcif""hev.ous glee with which he inc>r prrat-d in bis message the words almost which had been used by tbo potent Tennessee an. Mr. Linen n came to Washington believing that this portion of hj) r.esfaue had bound the old democratic party to the wheel* of bis chariot. He thought, we have no doubt, that the wh<ile fabric Of his carefully constructed men sago tvouid i ndure the ragiiig of ail the party storms that might beat upon it. According to tho lights which his experience and edu cation afforded bim, Mr. Iiocoln judged well. But he erred after all. because neither be nor bis advisers com P'ebe tided Ike case. Mr. Seward seems to have hesitated to tell them the whole trutn. Accustomed only to the strife of national parties, and believing that tho demo cratic orranijation existed, they accounted tbe disturb ance at the South as Its work. They believed t hat they ouid defeat :ts ?jaehtnations zy an appeal to thai under lying lovo of tbe Union which they thought continued to exist in the Southern States They erred in both ways. The democratic party bad ceased to exist, and all ap peals to its ancient maxims were made tn vam. The love of tbe I'n on no longer controlled the iJouth The success of the democratic party in the last I Yes den tial contest would only have delayed for a aeiaon the events which are now thronging upon ns. Whether climatic sttluences ? which, of themsolves work radical changes ia the character of naVons ? would have alone in time have made our continue i union jn possible we cannot rav. But we may accord with certain ly rich influence* to difference In interest arming from d 1( rent products of Industry and differing sorts of lab r. A ti'tfj, a league, a confederation between States requir I jig free labor tor tbe cultivation of their soil, and states return* slave labor (tor the same purpose Is (osslbie and may well tend to the prosperity of both classes of -States; but al'nion which in any way eitends the legislative power et the one claw over the sj stem of labor necv<*ary in another class ia. we fear, from henceforth impossible. The schism which now exists has c>mpelled men to re cognise the incongruities of old relations, and the inher ent inapplicability of any general system for their recon cilement I lie cotton SUtM require slave Ubor, and free tnde for a full (levelopomont of their resources. Tb? Northern state* demand for the name object free labor knd a pro tective tariff. Id the cotton states tabor la property ; m the Northern States it la potlt.cai power. To the cotton States free trade* wealth, to the Northern State* poverty; wh'le a protective tar ill enlarges Uio wealth and com merce of -h# Nor thorn Stat.-*, it .litointahoa the recourses and mark ota of the .Southern States. Between Interests eo diverse there 1* no middle (round which both Interests i an occupy a their several advantage. The e Kha.stve arguc-ole and .ngennity of statesmen for the put thlriy *li years have enabled them to arrive only at conclit * on* whloh justify them, in their view, io maintaining tba' th-' penoral intcree ts of the rouatry are advanced by the adoption of one line of policy or the other. They lave not alloc ted to* soainuin, with any show of roa?>c. that the proeperity of the respective aeoMoos ould be equally advanced by the appllcatl, n of one theory evlho other to both aectiona. 9c long as a certain equipoise was majiU.ue l U With i k'.. n? ao long is the rhifting* of political opir.ion threw po cor alternately into the Northern and -VHiiiioro scant? br.h sect.onx. angry but interested, submitted to the ar bitr jjnent of the ballot bo*. But when, as of late yeirf, the weight of political pewrr Inclined, and flna'.'.y in clined, to the Northern scale ? when the train grow. eg -Pate- of the West, influenced by philosophic, more man ly industrisl views, of the negro question, a ided their weigut to the aum of Northern Influence, the deed was dne. Thia t'nlon fell apart, be ng broken along the very lino which every economist mlubt have marked out as being tho true natural boundary between alave labor and producta and free labor and pro duct*. Ind?ed, one of the isothermal linea of modern se'en^e will, wa think, be found hereafter to be as noar as the conformation of eiiatlng States will permit, the certanjy debited Northern boundary of the (Southern re public. For struggle nn we will, we onrseivas, and all the world, are at tho last, in character, industry and na tionality, creature* of temperature. Tne thermometer is the vUim? ratio of our institutiona. Why do we make ourselves, then, unhappy about tho inevitable? Mr Lincoln haa confidence in Mr. Howard; him take a leseon, when the offloe seekers give him leisure, from the philosophic reflections of the Secretary cf ?tate. In hi* speech, delivered in the .Senate on the 29th of FYbraary, 1M0. Mr. Seward peae ?rated some of the esaential dlffbretsvw wblsh maik '-he internal Uvea and rrowtha of the fre aid siave Htates; and although he was plowed that speech, to say that It would be an over flow ui euro* ef shame and sorrow if we should fall to mtks an adjustment of diflferences, yet. bis whose reasoning showed that thl* adjustment, in the Union, was impossi ble. He reasoning wisely, went straight onward to the very border* of the conclusion at which the country lias this day practically arrived, but to the very conclusion, .n plain words, he did not come. White he led his party fr.?nd on to the point at which he saw that a cuastn would open which no man could bridge, ho fortioro to alarm them by foreiell ng Its e?irtence. Ho contented h'mself with picturing causes which inevitably Indicated th?'r *ppr<a< h to such a chasm Rut he and they stand now actually upon its brink, and yet we are inclined to believe that he is almost the only man of Ms party who sess that ao human art ran make free passage oyer It, asd thai no second <onvul*>?n will obliterate it from exist ence. If he IS wise hq will break silence and teaeh Mr. Lin coln and his own fellow* in the Oaolnet the onnvlction of ki* heart. If he is wise be will make them, under the Influence of such counsels, withdraw the troop* from all Southern fsrts, and so regulate their own action, pr'or to the assembling of Onngre**, as to show that they are prepared to aubmlt to the inevitable. If he Is wise he will make them, under the Influence of such counsels, so set that as assembling of Onsgres* will be needed only to adjust and sanction the detail* of such a separation as has already taken place. He seed do no more than this. That Congress, when It meete? SO issger otutrglM by political hatred of Slavery, because thai issue will havs csased to e*l?t ? will be obliged to legislate id such muii?r as to preserve tbe commerce tad mautain the necessary r ? sourcec of tbe country. We shall then, for tbe tirat time lu some yearn, see natural causes swaying and influencing the conduct of Western members. The representatives i 'I the agricultural districts of the great West will make common cause with the representative men from the sea board cities. Under the inluence or these united loto rests tbe power or the New Rowland oligarchy will be con trolled by ne MM restraints. Its members will be taught to know that the harvests uf Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa and Wlsoonnin, aro not gather-id into supply only the wants and proiits of the villages of New JCngland and their factory lords, but were meant to ilnd their way across the seas for ths nourishment of the world. And New England will learn, in ths house of her friends, to be ccntem with that measure of encourage ment which her own industry and capital can secors for her, under tb? operation of laws which do not favor her industry at the expense of the West, and of our metropo lis and all seaboard cities, but shioh give her only an equal chance with these to develope her resources. BRIGHAM YOUNG ON SECESSION. BRIO II All YOrNo'S GREAT POLITICAL BPBBCH IN THB

TABERNACLE? HIS PRIVATE OPINION OF M BASKS. BUCHANAN AND SEWARD ? THK NATION IRRBTRIB V ABLT SPLIT VP AND ANOTHBB GOVERNMENT TO ABlftB. Ws have published tbe breathings, murmuring*, threats, consolations and prognostications of tbe leading men of all sect iocs, parties and political crseds on the state of ths nation. Brother Brig ham, the bead, chief, president and prophet of the Mormons, only remained to be board from. At length we bear from toil * hit happiest style, free from ambiguity and buoyed up with undying confidents in the ascendency of his own national star. Last Sunday Brother Brig ham delivered his great speech on the state of the nation. The Tabernacle was crowded, and hundreds were forced to leave, unable to get even standing place under the shelter of the outer roof. Brigham, in referring to the national crisis, stated i that were he alive Jo Smith could save ths Union. Be | then referred to the disintegration of the States, and con tinued: ? Some b ' ?-".d, "Will they patch op the old gar ment. >' i apply their new cloth, if they piaase. Mr. Cruti h e. i r^iienBd a patch to put oa tb? old gar ment; let ui' lu put it on, and the rsnt will be made worse. Let them remain as tbey are, and the garment Is worn ont. Is the form of tho government ruined? tw its form become evil ? No; bat the administrators of the government are evil. As we have said many times, it is the best form or human government man ever lived under, but it hat a* corrupt a set to aJ minuter ii at God met per mitted to disgrace his footstool There Is the evil. Cm tbey better the condition of our country ? No; they will make it worse every time they attempt to do so. What Is the difficulty ? Brother Osrrington says there is no noble minded master spirit to load out, one whom the rent will follow. They are all master spirits. They are all smart men. This is the difficulty. They are too wiso. Thi y will prove by their conduct whether ihey aro ca pable of forming and sustaining a government for the Southern States that have seceded. Ikere it no more a L'nittd States. Can they amalgamate ami form a govern ment? No. WCU then haue ability to farm a gow'rwnent and continue it f No, they will not. Hear it, Jeui and Utn tile. Suppose there Is a division between the North and South, and tbe fifteen slave States try to form a perma nent government, can they do It? I tell you thay cannot. They are too smart. South Carolina Is taking the lead, and ways she, "we will sit as kings and queens, or revolt inin you.'' Savs tieorg.ii, "we have as smart men in our State as you hivfe, and we will have a President for our State." "But you can not," says South Caro lina. How long will it be before some other State, perhaps New York, forma a separate government? And if a State hat a right to tocede, to Xat a TcrrJory. and so hat a county from a State or lerrittry, ajrvtl a toum from a county, and a family from a neighborhood, and you will have a perfect anarchy. HH OPINIO* or MR. HKWARD. Brother Carrington alluded to William H. Reward, of New York. Be is considered by many as one of the smartest men that ever was In this government. Were it not that be had the advantages of t?e learning and wis dom of one of the best men in the government ? had he been a mechanic or farmer ? I doubt whether bo would have poHsessed an extra amount of knowledge. Whit of his natural abilities? I do not consider httn a man of great ability. He came to Auburn, N. Y., t> study law wltb a gentleman I well knew. That gentleman took Mm into his ollice and house a boy, and mode a consider^olc, of a man or him. He did bis best to make a mm of him. He was one ot the most influential and best men in the country; be was a man of brain and heart, and he took all tbe paiiis possible to make something of tbe boy. Alter Mr. Sewa d had been with tbe Judge a few, be began to be locked upon Or> one possessed of a oocsiler able degree of smartness. What would he be if he was tbe President? Judging from ltis late speech, as received in a despatch, I would suppose that be hardly knes enough to find hii way across *.h<- little city of Washington. like prospect of his lofty position appears to have nearly ruined his brain. sot much oosrwunro about xn. unoou*. What will King Ab- aham do? I do not know, neither do 1 care. It is no difference what he does, or what any of them do. Why? God will accomplish his own pur poses, and they may do or not do; tbsy may take ths road that leads to the r'ght, or they may take tbe road that leads to the left, and whichever road they do tike tbey will wish they had taken tbe other. What Abraham do? King James says that if Mr. Lincoln takes theoithof office and enters into the administration of tbe government with as great pleas ire as to resigns his official duties be will be a happy man. If I oould odviso K:ng Jam s and have htm take my counsel, it would be to resign to-morrow morning, and let Mr. Breck nrldge be crowned king for three weeks, that another king might come before King Abraham to see what the ad min.?tration of be. I do not kniw of anything better that I Could adviso fcim. "Mormonissa" will live, and God will promote :t; but will we be prepared to be promoted with it? That is the question w th m i. It is in my thoughts by day and night, shall I be pre pared lor the things that aro coming upon tbe earth? I will try to be. and if I have an avil appetite I wlil over come it; if I have a disposition to do Chit which is mo rally wrong I will reject that disposit on. I will subdue and overcome It. will you? Then you who drink, lie, steal or do anything that is morally wrong, or break the commandments of (Jod In any way, or injure your folio* men, cease to do that evil and learn to do well. THE aMKHICaX HiTlO* BOOKED FOB 1*00 Bl*. I exhort the brethren not to boast over our enemies' downfall. Boast not, brethren. God has come out or h * hiding place, and his commenced xt torn, (Me ruitum that hat rejected us. and he W0 tias it with a. tore nantfsn. It will not te juti-Ked up ? it never can come together a gxin?bJL it wOl be sifted with a riser of ?anity, and tn a sKurt time it wiU be like water ipMed on the ground, and like rhaff upw% the tu miner thrething Hoot, until those wicked stewards are cut off. If our present happy form of government is sustained, whlrh 1 believe it will be, it toOl be don* ,'v the pecjle I am now looking upon, in vwnrcticn with 'Mir t 'Oth ri, and their efftftring. The preset t constitution, with a few alterations of a trifling nature, is just as good as we want, and if it Is sustained on this land of Joseph, it will be done by us and our posterity. Our national brethren do not know how to do it. They are not capable of coa trollirg their own passions, to say nothing of ruling a nation. Bhnt is the reign of a king who cannot control his passions? Will not bis subjects sorrow ? Yes, tber will feci the weight of his wrath, and their barks will aohs, and thetr heads will ache, and they will receive the laeh frc m a heavy hand. ntK norm's mus of oovervmit. We are serving a King who can control h.s passions; and who, as brother George Sims remarked in the fore noon, can be touched with the feelings of the infirmlt cm of the weak. Who can be urns touched except those who havo suffered in 1'ke manner? None. And no t e^ig knfws how to control ?r govern on earth in'.ess he has b**n a subject on earth. No being is Ot to rui<>, govern and dictate, entt 1 he has Seen controlled, governed ar.d dli titled ? has yielded obedience to law And proved h'.ra sstf worthy, by magn.fying the law that was over h.m, to be master of that law. We are serving a King wao w isely controls himself snd h's subjects. L' we are per mitt< d to rolo, govern and cooir^i, in tbe first place wi must control our passions ualll they aro in perfect subjoet-.on to us. When wo have controlled i>oe *nd got It perfectly eiastered, wo will be prepared to osatfQl two; at. 1 If we can propsrly rule over two, we can relga over two tbousan l, or over lkms as well as two. If you can control one, yo-i ,^ro then prepared to control your ; and If you are pre pared to control a, the;i you are able to ontrol a city ; and if a City , Uien a nation upen the same principle. That is the way that God hith oM&ined his p .wer, acl that is tho way that we w 11 obtain powr. Let truth bear sway, and true integrity shed a charm around fur w bole being. Rise up for the right in the str rgth of yonr own ability. God has bestowed upon y >i thi p.wer to r^jsct tbe ?vll and receive the truth, tbe good, 'he light and tbe virtuous. Cleave to God with all your hearts, that we may be ready for ths day that is fast ap proaching. May tho lord bless us. Amen. CONFEDERATED STATE8 ARMY AND NAVY NEWS. Col. W. H. T. WsJker, late of the United States Arvaj, bM received an<l accepted the appointment of Hm.or General, to command the ten thousand voluntoero tot* rslf-ed oy the State of Georgia. The Charleston OovrUr of lueslsy say* that Oomir o ilore Ingraham and Captain darts t<n, in p?s Mice of orders iron MonUoniory by the Secretary of tbe Navy and Secretary of war, took their departure on U udas . at two o'clock P. If , for the above place. They beta b?tr Important despatches from General Beauregard and Governor Pickens. fbe Southern volunteers of Washington bar* ooe hun dred and fifty men enrolled for service under the -kmth ern ossfederacy, and are holding in r sad In ess to await the acceptance of ('resident Davis. Oiptain H. Oladearskl, of the ardesnoe department, Confederated states Army, has been ordered to proceed from Baton Rogue to J'ensacola, for duty at :h? latter place. * tt is reported that Pres.dent Davis wi:i shortly umuc as order for lire thousand volunteers for Pensacola Of this number tieergla will furnish perhaps two thousand. Six large iron guns, from the Tredegar Work- , Rlrh mond, Va , arrlvtd at Savannah on the 18th. They are destined for Fort Pulaski, at tbe mouth of tbe t-Araciukh river. Tbe Ravannnh Rtpublva* of the 10th inst. says ? Ws bad the p lessors yesterday morning of Witness ng tbe trial of tho twenty four pound bowltser justcoatpie'*<l by Mr A. N. Miller. The tests to which t was submitted were a double < harge of powder and a solid shot. At the first fire the shot penetrated a solid bank of mud, ten feet In thickness, and passed some .KIA yards the other side. At the second Srs the mu<l was prttected by plank measuring in the aggre gate twelve inches in thickness; the shot passed through tbe wbolo of then and was stopped by a brace These tests were entirely satisfactory, and tho gnn will be re ceived by the government. It is quite a triumph for Mr. Mllisr that bis tirst effort should be such a decided sue ceM. We learn that be will proceed at ones to the nana fsrture of pieces of larger eallbre, and he is eree.t'.ng S new furnace for the special purpese. Tbe iron csed ts from Rome Georgts, and is pronounced more tenacious ef fibre than that obtained front any part of the world. IB pawing through Mr. Miller a shop wt okserrtd ? large <u*aUty of shot u< shell of every sis*. from a six (*ot d?r to a lOlacb columbiad, made far the state of rioub CkftUu. Tto following advertisements appear to one of the Geoigla papers Winn, For the Georgia Naval Coast Guard, one hundred able bofied imb. Rate of pay for seamen, $18 per month. Kale of pay for landsmen, $12 per aaonth. Apply at No. 76 Ray street, up stairs. Office hours from 12"to 8 P. II. C. MANIGAULT MORRIS, Commander, vuno, Two thousand able bodied men, for the service of the Bute of Georgia, to serve for three years, unless sooner discharged by competent authority. .Said recruits are needed for such defensive service as the public security In this or neighboring States may demand. They will receive the following pay and allowances, to wit:? From eleven to twenty one dollars pay per month, and In ad dition thereto will be entitled to clothing, fuel, quarters and subsistence. Musicians required as above. Apply to the recruiting offiftr at Oglethorpe Barracks, Liberty street. A new foundry baa just been started at Holly Springs, Mississippi, for casting cannon of all calibres. The Stale authorities have just given the proprietors a large order forguns and missiles. The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin of the 10th Inst, contains the following intelligence from tho forts near the mouth of the Mississippi, wbich were taken posses sion of by the State troops several weeks ago:? We bad the pleasure yesterday of meeting Major J. K. Duncan, who has been for some weeks in command at Forts Jackson and St. Philip. The Major was on a dying visit to the city, and returned last evening to his post. He represents those forts as being now In good condition, well mounted and well manned, and ready to stop thu progress of all hostile vessels that may attempt to come op the river. The trees on tho point below Fort Jackson have been out down, by which the range of Ore in that direction Is extended, and other Improvements made which have much enhanced the efficiency of the forts. Messrs. Frederick B. Brand and James B. Anderson have been appointed by Governor Moore, and confirmed by the Senate, Captains of Artillery. Captain Brand was formerly an officer In the t'nited States N'avy. Tbe Warrington (Navy Yard) correspondent of the Psn saeola Observer Informed that journal on the 12th that "two men, who were found reconaoitering the works on tho beach last evening, were placed under arrest by the sentinel, and taken before the officer of the day. They gave a very dubious account of themselves, said they were from Fort Morgan, but could tell nothing of the fort or any one there. They were brought to Barrancas bar racks, where they are at present confined." MISSISSIPPI. STATE ARMY IHTELLIGBNCB. The Army Board of Mississippi was in session the first week in March in the city of Jackson, and adjourned on Friday last, having made the following appointments:? Charles Clarke, First Brigadier. General Alcorn, Second Brigadier. General Matt, Third Brigadier. General Richard Griffith, Fourth Brigadier. General Km. Barksdale, Quartermaster General. Colonel Beverly Matthews, Adjuiant and Inspector Ge neral. Colonel P. F. Liddle, Assistant Adjutant and tnspeojpr General. " ^ Melancthon Smith, Horace IT. Miller, Isaac N. ffcyiSj Jr. , and John McQuirk, Adjutants and Inspectors of Bff gades. SOUTHERN TRADE AND SOUTHERN MA NUFACTURES. The people of the Confederate States, now that they have a bona fide national existence, are looking about to see how and where thoy can render their little nation in dependent of the Northern State* in other respects. It Is well known that the bulk of manufactured goods hereto fore used in the South were of Yankee fabrication, and the New Re gland States have wrought and grown rich from a portion of the profits of the Southern staples. Were statistics necessary to support our af firmative poposltion in this respect, they oould be.l readily adduced; but we presume that every schoolboy knows that the manufacturers o Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, have been patronized principally by the South. But this no longer promises to be the case. The Southern capitalists, It would appear, from our Southern exchanges, are making a great effort, from one end of the new republic to the otbqr, to set up manufactories for themselves, and be, In future, not only politically alienated from the North, but to be entirely independent of it for the farming utensils, cotton goods, boots, shoes, brogans, carriages, &c. In a former article we noticed the fact that already In Georgia and other of the States of (be new republic, cotton manufactories were being built and com petent eng Jaeers were prospecting with a view of de velop jig the water power resources of the South. In this latter measure the published reports are highly lavorable. New organizations are springing into action, and in a short time Mr. Lincoln and his party will discover that a few thousand mechanics in the New England States are "hurt" from the competition manufacturers of the South. We subjoin a few advertisements, taken at ran dom from the Southern papers, to show bow fast this Southern domestis manufacture is being carried by the popular sentiment of tho day : ? BOOTS AND RHOB9. Somrrxji E^rmiiuaE asd L* i> iwr v . ? Ltd ies , yon should all paiioclze tlie store o: Thomas. 144 Broughton street, for bo intends manufacturing bis sto-'k here. His store ia tue Southern boot sad shoo store, 144 Broughton street, smMk. Wr ?bf SomntRvv-Rfl ikd orn F>miKfl ark also ? that is, Alexander Hill and Wm. K Johnson ? and we are now prepared to manufacture ladles' and g?nt'.em?n'c boots and (titers; alec, children's 'hoes of all kinds, which we have not been allowed to do heretofore. Our customers may depend upon tiioir orders being tilled , and that by Southern workmen, a a we will not giro work to any nan that belongs to a society? we won't, we will not? an w? will not submit to any combination by any body ?f men.? Ami r. Hii.i k Co. I bare now Ln my employment the beat of workmen that can be had in '.hla city or elsewhere. What builds up a city? A schoolboy can answer the question Manu facturing interest. What has built up the Northorn cities)1 The same. I am intcrostci in the city of Rich mond and the State of Virginia. I care nothing about the ! 'resident, his Cabinet or subjects. I will give the Preai dent. his Gib nrt and subjects a supper at the Kxchango or anywhere else that they may name, and at any timo, for th< hou r of the card that appeared on the '28th. It has done xe more gcod than any other card that has ap peared In the daily papera. AI JCX. HILL, Richmond. P. 8.? I stand on my own platform. A Later Richmond. Ya. , paper says:? We stated a few day* ago that we unders tood that II was not a contempts t'on to establish a boot and shoe factory near this city. We have r ince learned that tbe enterprising gentleman who haa the object In view is our fellow citizen, J. W. Burcb. He contempiatse estabhsb'ng a tannery and shoe factory about live miles from the city. The Evening Dirpctrh (Richmond, Va.) of yesterday also announces that his Honor Mayor Blodget will soon eatabliah a boot and shoe factory in this city, and haa en gaged rooms over Mr. T. S. Metcalfe tfflce on Mcintosh street for the purpose. Both enterpriaea have oar beat wjihea for their sucaess. BornnresSHoaMAjrKA'TOUjKjCbir'AjrT. Depot No. 22 St. Charles street, New Orleans, factory Nos. 19 and^lSt. Fer dinand street, are now matufactiring a superior quality of pump, weir acd Joubie soled oak tanned russet shoes, to wiicn they Invite the attention of those having to purcbaae this article. Theae shoes are branded on the, "Southern Shoe Factory, New Orleans." and can be citauied only at the depot or the company. OBOROE H. ROZET, Secretary. DRY flOODft. t"->ra<oa Sommw Tmas ? Do so, and espeMaliy if you can obtain aa desirable goods w.tbout naymg any more fir them than tnetr actual worib. The Crenshaw Woollen Oompaay, of this city, organised last year, and la order to make suob g:>ods is wcV.d not oompete with, but would rather aid other Southern manufactures by furnishing grades and styles of goods that have never heretofore been made in Virginia, they ailed their mill with machinery of the best and finest quality. They are sow manufacturing fine cas ?I meres and sloths of every variety, from fine Virginia merino and Mest'.so wool, and solicit the attention or the trade Is the South to tnelr goods. All whe have seen their arm? cloths, manufactured at first expressly for tbe Virginia M'l'tary .institute, pronounce them at least equal, if not superior in quality, to those they b?d been buying heretofore, and quite as cheap. The Virginia Stato and Central Agricultural Societies, at their flur held in this cttr tn October last, awarded to this company a gold me dal for their exhibition of woollen nods, which included some beautiful shawls, blankets, he. Purchasers may rely upon every piece of goods maaufartured by us being what it Is represented, and under no circumstances wiu this company be induced to work shoddy In their goods, nor wMl they card any cotton with their wool. Lewis D. Crenshaw, President, Richmond, Va. 4aos?ji r*,-n na.? 20 ba ss Oolumbus fssfttonsi :0 bales Richmond stripes, 30 bales oottou Osnaburgs, 10 bales heavy brcwn shirting , just receive I and for sale by Nsvltt, Later op k Rogers, Havaanah. PANEL DOOR?. Skibki M>*r?Aort **.? a lot of Georgia pine panel doors, of (tonrgia manufacture, for sale at John Ottrer's, Mo. 10 Whitaker street, oorner of Bay lane, S?vanr.ah. I'PHOUJTERY AM> FrRSTTTfi'v ^ormaiw Mkin rAPronv or t i-BorsmiT ajto Fnturpw, P. Maiiard, 55 Rfijal street and 77 Bienville strnet. New Orleans, informs nis numerous customers and the public generally that in consequence of tbe organization of the Southern c nfederacy , he has rewdved to increase his fa cilities for ths manufacture of every description of furnl tjre. Having had twenty years experience in the manu faoture of furniture for tnls market, he fsels confident of succeeding in producing an article far superior to any article brought from the North. Always on hand, from his manufactory, bedroom, parlor, dining room, hall and library seta. All kinds of furniture made on drawing, i In conjunction with the above named bnsiness he will aiso continue to keep on hand all descriptions of foreign goods, from direct Importation, for foraltars, draperies and certain stuff*, ho., window sbades, oomteee. carpets mattjigs, upholders' trimmings, artistic bronzes, clocks! candelabras, lamps, fancy china and blscntt articlm china table seta, Alfenide and plated table ware, Vemtlan mirrors ol all aizea. artificial flowers and flower baskets too. Furniture and carpets stored and repaired. ' ?H QLOTH INO. Ri.asrwD C-ontwo MAsrrArrrwv.? The subscribers have on 1 and a large and compete assortment of Southern manufactured goods? cloths, casslmerss and vestlags, of all gradee, from tbe folkm ng noted mills ?CYenahaw Mills, Ricb?ond, Va.; Miliar * Co ? Milk, Qulpeppar county. Vn.; Kelley, Ford * Co. '? Mills, K>ed< ? j Va. ; nomas 4 Aunt* Mills, Marian, Smith ;? < Kock Island Mllla, Charlotte, N. 0., which pared to make to rkaaure at Us abor teat not the latest and most approval stvls?? goods thai ? ; pare in every respect with the Mrt Northern lured goods, and many of the Crenabaw goods < j quality to French, there oan be no longer an ea k buying goods manufactured out of the .Hato. In 1 we keep always on hand a stock of French and cloths and cassimere?, not to be surpassed by at. E i in the city. We have the beet of cutters, and a "1 workmen not to be surpassed by any house la the ' . with a determination to furnish our patrons with ] ern clothing? material rained South, goods wove fl cut and made South, and we trust to be sold ai. ll South, as ws are determined to do all in oar pov 1 push forward Southern institutions. Spenon a clothiers and merchant tailors, corner of Mala and teenth streets, Richmond, Va. machinery, eic. Hows F-N-nmi-niHK.? C. B. ChurchiU, P. H. MoOrra Lathrop. Natchez iron and brass foundry. We ? pared to make steam engines, saw mills, elate , sash weights, lamp poets, cotton carriers, cotton pr grate bars, ventilators, gas retorts, bitching posts, carriers, bolts, and wrought iron work or all kinds will also furnish to order Aker's boiler alarm (n si dicator of low water) , steam and water gauges, an ry thing required on a plantation In the shape or ma ry. Churchill's improved cotton press, which t ceived the unqualified approbation or all the planiei have used it, is manufactured and sold by us. W make siphons, of any diameter, for draining par which is the cheapest method of draining where cv are not allowed. Having the patterns of the "P. Press," we are prepared to execute orders for ) having the patent right. We will furnish & wrought iron railings and verandahs at short ? plates or which can be uegn at the foundry. Jofct nil descriptions in our line done with despa'-ch. Churchill & Co. Mhomuppi Focwnnv Agkwcy? At the American Mi Depot, 44 St. Charles street, corner of Gravler, Ne leans. During tbs present year beautiful pattern* 8, 9, 10, 12, 14 and 10 inch cylinders, stationary, 8. 7, 8, 9 and 10 inch portable engines have been pieted and are now offered for sale, together will mills, grist mills, shingle machines, brick machine* ton screens. and other machinery, comprising the b stock ever offered for sale; while, at the same tune of Southern Invention and manufacture, and of a and quality on equalled by any Northern imports^ Illustrated catalogues sent to any .address by mail muel H. Oilman. WATCHES, CLOCK8~ JEWELRY, EPC. Hon* Mam tact-thick. ? E. A. Tyler, 115 Chaal ? New Orleans, dealer in One watches, clocks, jewetn , ver and plated ware. Manufactures to order silver ? and jewelry; diamonds reset, watches, docks and j ry repaired. Fine French and English ranoy goods, | ware, &c. PAINTS. Socman* iHbsrvmncB? Teh Rkhi-lt op No* A(wmH05. ? The undersigned having been appoint* agents for the South Carolina White Lead, Zino sod Works, are now prepared to furnish the Southern | with a variety of brands of the above purely home i facture, warranted equal to similar grades of Nor manufacture, at a less price. As this in the only i factory of the kind south of Philadelphia, it has no claims for encouragement upon the Southern p Orders solicited. A liberal discount to the trade. Purse & Co., sole agents, West side of Monument sc opposite the Pulaski House, Savannah. FIREARMS, ETC. A. E. Lorn & Co. , 176 Congress street, have jo oeired an invoice of fine laminated steel guns, mat tured expressly to their order, by S. A, Goddard I and Hollis & Sheath, Birmingham. They invite stiff of sportsmen an others to these beautiful guns, as to their assortment of rifles, double and single pistols of various patents, powder, shot, gun wads, 1 pouches and sporting apparatus, of all kinds. Rept done with neatness, at 175 Congress street, M square, Savannah, Geo. * j Military Nones? Arms tor V oujiussm. ? Volt) companies, and counties desiring arms, are herib formed that we have made arrangements for a supj the beet English and American guns, Including the nie musket, English EnQeld rule, rifled muskets, either angular or sword bayonets. Fine navy p n Also, French cavalry sabres, a superior article, at Sice. Samples of the above maybe seen at our i tiers respectfully solicited. Also, on haul our large variety of officers' swords, belts, sashes, epaa* passants, gloves, spurs, 4c., together with buttsns, ' bindings, and all necessary trimmings for on i" Mitchell & Tyler, 108 Main street, Riohmond, Va. Mrsinrm, MrSKsm, Mrw*rn.? The undersigned tborlzed by J. ScholeSeld Sons and Goodmaa, uf B ham, England, to take orders for the direct impc of the Enfield pattern rifle muskets, viz.: ? Enfle musket, as used by the English army: fttfieid rifle musket, brass or iron mounted. Those wist < contract will find it to their advantage by calling?) McLaurin, 34 Bank place, New Orleans. WOOL HATS. Sot THKR* Map* PtAjrrAno* Hats. ? One hundred < Ci Ice wool' hats, from the Warriors' Manuilsct pany, Tuscaloosa, Ala., just received and tors* J. B. Valentine & Co., 61 Common street, New One* THE IMPREGNABILITY OF CHARLB8' HARBOR. [Charleston correspondent (March 18) of Hartford TV I had an opportunity or visiting the forts vo M Island, touching at Fort Johnson, on the w?y dowi harbor. The part mt James Island, near Fort Jotonst now under martial law, as is Sullivan Island, fhli measure of precaution, and Is wise in fact and bene in restrft. I landed at Cummlng* Point, nearSte iron battery. The contriver and builder of this bai Is Clement Stevens, Esq. , the intelligent and este< cashier of the Planters and Mechanics' Bank of ih.s i hough active and faithful in the discharge of hie i uties, he finds time to give his State the berefct c ? nglneerlng ability. Lower down upon Morris If a sand battery, erected by Major Stevens, who is c ed with the military academy of this cltv. This for bears the name of its builder. I examined the i*ot tery.asitis called, with the arrangement for op the iron port holes running out the 8 inoh colum" and clot-ing them alter the discharge? also k zine and the covered passage ? to proteot the Men * not in action, and which goes by the tame of the hole." On a line with this strong work is a raert* tery; (larking this is a gun battery of sand, wit ?-Inch columblads; to tne right or the Iron bat' another sand 8 inch columbtad battery, and fto> SDlut down to the end of Morris Island there are ha ?hind almost every sand hill. A vessel with rtii menu approaching by the south channel win t pass within a half mile of a Hoe of batteries flour In length, and in face of Fort Moultrlo and the san1 terles on Sullivan Island. It may well be said ttpt . take 20, 0C0 men and the navy sf the United P'-ai place reinforcements in Fort Sumter. It must U* given up; but will it be evacuated as was Ptort 1 trie, after burning the gun carriages and destroying public property ? If it Is, and It has been hinted this course will be pursued, there will be a storm all parties such as was not raised by M%|or Andert first exploit. THS WAT CHARLE8TONIAX8 TRKAT TBIIB 11* BBOTHBBB. (From the Boston Traveller. March 21.] The steamer Massachusetts, Captain flaitpaen, . 1 Charleston, a C., 10th instant, arrived hare this fc with 2 033 bal< ? cotton, forty six tierces rice ac<. , packages merchandise, and seven passengers. ail the pawengT* wcra three gentlemen of Wisur4, i| went from here In her Tor the express purpose ef "M< with their own eyes and hearing with their own e& the great commotion of the fire eaters. They state t when they went to a hotel they booked their names Boston, ' and upon every oocasion when thsy wero tr winced to distinguished citizens they invariably fp< of themselves as Boston lan* , yet their reception wkr' that they oould hare dee (red They worn not dot yec they had reason to apprehend from the tenor of tho r,' received here, nor did any one ask them impertx question*. There was plenty of soldiering, march ing i| counter marching, but they saw no rowdylesB. Pol clans spoke freely to ihem about tho aflfcirs cf the on try, but expressed no regret about secession; on the c trary. the people seemed determined to hit re ac tL more to do with the United States. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. GOLD TO ? COIMD FOB TBI SOUTHEBN CONF1 BACT. Wa Adsrstand that a considerable amount of gold foreign oolnagn has recently been forwarded by a N in New Orleans to a Philadelphia bank for the imt having it convsrtel into American coin at tie Unit Stales Mint in this city? the reason aalgnad for traaan ling It here, instead of having it ooinad at the Now ? leans Mint, being a want of confidence in the latter ic< tution sin< e it has fallen into the hands of the seceoa i tain ?PHUtd'Iphia Preu, March 23. TBI TBIBD 8TATB OF TBB BOCTHKKW COKTKrWBiC The follow ing is the ordinance to adopt and ratify t constitution of tbe Confederate .Mutes of America ? Be It ordained bv the people of Georgia, in Cbovecti assembled, and It la hereby ordained by authority of I same, That the constitution adopted by the Oongta* Montgomery, in the State of Alabama. In the year of r lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty one, for tl "permanent federal government'' of the OMfMera States of America, be and the same ia hereby adept* and ratified by tbe State of Georgia, "acting in I sovereign and independent character." Adopted March 10, 1861. *TBSI8*IP1?T BTAT1 HOVP8. . Governor Pcttua has advertised in ibe MmUnrrvv notice to "tbe people of Mississippi," that treasury a?: and bonds of the State bearing ten peroent interest" now ready for delivery to any and all persona w>h!e invest In the same." BOCTHIBW AWT) VORT11KRN V*Wgr*r?R?. I nder the tariff law of the Confederate State* the ?. on printing paper is twenty four percent. This adds av portant item to the expense of newspaper establtehmen' the South, and Is another gross discrimination aca Southern papers and in favor of Northern sheets. "n? true, becauae Northern papers, circulating amenj are published where labor la cheaper, and where are exempted from this duty. It would be perfe right and ;ust for the Southern Congress to remote tax on paper for the present, as there are no paper m in the Confederate States; and they should also impo> tax of one or two cents on Northern papers, for the , conrsgement of Northern literature. TOe tendenay the South ia to extend the circulation of Northern pnp? In the North such a thing as a Southern paper at a B? depot is almott unheard of. Southern literature can thrive without encouragement from Southern peal much l?ss can It be expected to sustain itaelf ags k poaltive discrimination in favor of Northern paper* V trust our brethren of the press will give this raafs tbelr attentffe, and hy their influence have a corr*ct 1 applied at oflce.? VicJcttmrj (Mis*. ) Whig. MARTI ?NO TOltntTm* OFF FOR Cn ABMCPTOW. The Ba timore Ameriean of the 30th says ? Over oof hundred [ recruits for the regular army of the ate States Ml here la tbe Norfolk boat jester day