Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. "WHOLE NO. 8968. MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, MARCH :?0, HOI. PRICE TWO OR VIS. '(ICWS FROM WASHMQTON. Evacuation of Port Sum ter Agrn-d Upon. ie Question of Abandoning Fort Pickens. IE PEACE POLICY OF THE G0VBRN1ENT. MministrattM Preparing for a Peaceful teparatiai tf the Confederacy. EKE FIGHT OF rH? FACTIONS OVER THE SPOILS, 1H1 EVACUATION OP PORT SUMTSR W..8HWOTOK, U&roh 90, 1M1. tbe Pnihlnt summoned tbe Cabinet to meet at ten ck , aod tbsy reman ed Hi three hxira. The ?ipal question discussed and decided was the evicua |ton of IVrt Sumter. It appears (hat OoUoet La moo did care to exere'se the discretlo >ary power givea htm ^y the Prtsirent, but returned and reported the facta to Prestcent. lite latter, to whom the whole natter mce left by the Cabinet, preferred to consult with i aga'n, after hearing the report of Colonel Lemon, oh, it ii oald, ?bowa that it is utterly impossible to etntor?e Fort Sumter, and If it In not dons within (bur ay* Im w II bo compelled to march his troops out to pre rent them from starving. K then becomes a great military necessity, in the face which the PresUent and tbe Comet have agala do I to isste tbe order to Major An erson to evacuate. Tbe order will be issued as soon as the Secretaries of Far and Navy can pcrfeot the necessary arrangements. (HE QUESTION OP THE REINFORCEMENT OP FORT PICKwN*. Wawhimotos, March 29, 1861. It I* positively denied thai any order his been Issued Iky the government for the reinforcement of Fori Pickens. If >be e<mini*trat<on has issued such an O'der, after ihe poran- e g v?n to the contrary to the Southern Oomnois " t>ooeis, and other difitUguithod gentieintn from Virginia hod ft-Lieseee, it is guilty >f the g osrnm deosption. > 'he understanding baa be>n all aloi.g tbat th< present m'Htary tiatut should remain, ai>d that no reinforce mouis shou i he bent to any of the 'orts lu the seceding States, bupplles in abrindance have been sent,n>t ooly to the troops in Ttxas, but to vsseels off tbe ha Dor of Poosocoia. Tbe impression is very general that this story of rein f?wo?men>a waa s orted (or the purp se of sffectiog the N?* Eiginno elections. They were in'ormed that the abollil .i. wing wers threatening to go against the repub U?*u i otuinptR, In the event that the administration abandoned Forts umter and Pickens., and hones thU now fcpecits of political tactics. THE POLICY OP THE ADMINISTRATION TOWARU8 THE S -CEDED SI aTBS. Wahuinoto.v, Mtrch 20, 1861. There is no real ground for any apprebeosioas of civil war, at tost not as far as tbe agency of the administra tion will go. Fort Sum wir is about being evacuated. High authorities a?s*rt that no order bus been Issued to reui'orce Fort Pi<kena, notwithstanding the statements M tbe New Yoik organ. }fo attempa will be immedi ately mads to collect the revenue In tne seceded States by men-of-war. In One, nothing will be done likely to yreclpitato a coilllct. 'he belief In a vol tntary return of the seditious Stales to the Union has been abandoned, and the in> practicability o t, f>rcing them back recognizod by the administration. Tbe Executive and his consutu tlonai advisers well know that the assortion of the supro macy of tbe federal laws, vt a ami*, within the rebel lious states, would lnevl aoly Involve the federal antao rttbsinawar of subjugation, in which the^have no desire to engage. They are anxious not to piaco any obstruction In tbe way or what tbey mw consider the only bloodless so ulion of tbe Southern imbroglio ? peao able separation. I can sttte positively tbat such a denouement Is not considered unavoidable by all tho ad ministration, and tbat it will alT-trd a Icey to all the exe cutive aevs bearlrg upon the Southern question. The rary sectionalism exhibited in the selection of Kortaorn ma'eria) exclusively for the kaolng diplomatic, Territo rial and other offices, meat.* nothing less than preparing for the Impending formal da nteg atl >n of tho Union, and the t act that even tbe border slave States were a!> bat tver ocked In dtsp using the federal patronage, only goes to prove that the possibility of retaining them In tbe Union Is not by any moans ilrmly believea Is by the ad ministration. A bloody Internal strife ran only be brought on by di rect aggression of the revolutionists, or by demanls, the fulfilment of wh'Ch tbe constitutional obligations of the no ministration will sot allow. If the revo>utl wary au thorities abstain from either until the proposed National Ouavent'on, or Gongri as will have opened the way to a Separation, no bleod win be shed, unlets unre?sonable terms should be insisted by the South upon the final , settlement. THE FOREIGN POLICY OP THE ADMINIS TRA HON. WASHincra*. March 3), 1801. . Mr. Reward (a busily erg .god to preparug tnetructi >ns for the newly appointed representatives of the g ireru at* tit abroad, all of whom urn expected to repair to tbolr reep?ctlve paste at tbe earliest poeet lie moment. Those of ibe MliiMeis to Europe an - (entral America will em brace lb*- question of tbe reeognlti >n of tbo Confede ate Vletes by foreign Piiwcrs, wb'cb will be protested a^i'int nntil ibe l?gi?l atatua of ibe Confederate SUtcs trill be avki.owle<!jjeO by tbe pa-eut government. THE SECESSION FEIjLING IN VIRGINIA. Waumwiwi, torch ??, lifll. Tbe news from Richmond to-day la very dtsoouraglnf to ib? conservatives. Tbe locunato^laia a-e g.iinln^ atrip^'h tverjr da* . and the be tef i* ~ner*J thii taey Will unlainteiy triumph It ?tipe,?r? that tho c >nserva Uvea have aMniranoea from the admin utruton tha' evcry tbi g would be oooe tbat coull bo to strengthen Uietr baidn, but aa ) et there baa h> ea uo act on the j>a< t of ihn MouiMeiradou iu lc it i g a utapoiitioo to al l tbcm On Ion ontr'irj , toe adailnM'rattoti in coboemrtting Vo>p<i witbm 'b? lr border* ?n i fitrergtheuiog tb -tr forti(Jc?tt ?w. H?<- <niy the ai rival of ordumce in Kebmina from the Bell t>a Kouni'.r) caused Ibteuee exritement, m toy of tbe ritlzeiB being ap,>reboti?ive tbat K.ey wuie to bo seat to Fort M< nroe,aiid iuat tuts movement w?s accented by 'be pierent o< neiti' n of Houtbern ^ifura Hit- truth k, a* werUUiPd it the Oidtanre Bureau, tiat the cm ?oij wf-re etmirac oil for ttiree ycara a*?, andthuthn ?nn'.rnuir merely deuv?r<-d Itiem at the plaoo agreed ?pen lb or.tet tJ receive Du pay. MISCELLANEOUS Iff ATTBRS. WansnroN, Uarch 29, 1881. on* rjcla novs with raw. II la understood tiiat tbo Peruvian question 1* to be (?ken up and dt*po?*>i of by the new udmioMtratioo very ahoitl} , and it la cetiildsnMy h >ped <nd believed tn.it Mr. Heward w U Wke g.oo ra>eo( the lit. roet* of our ottlceaa, ?otwlib?iai>d.iig tho ?0?ria ot Cera to biii tha g?r?re ?tout atid defe.it our eta ma by m ana of tbe yrWI and * paid att?>rn?? a. It M known here tbat tbe President of Fwo mi) b he will defeat ibein if money will da It. TO* MAM. MtfKA - The Poet Office Department, under the provisions of tbe recti ly enacted law. baa r?? ored tha t,?ail aervlce between Georgetown an 1 Lexington, MUaourl. Tn? ser vice te to be si* times e week. TH* AHHrTIWiftf) COURT M.\*TTil? ? Tbo trtnl of C?p a.n Arn.sU-iXig for th i surrender of thd Per par .u Navy Yai d is s'lll (irngre-stng. The furore OMtil In* sent t-i Honda for wltue^cn rnii ?eer bion w war, *rr% Mt?:h m xti t) t" rtp ra e l r*?c*> : |n< tod d'Atrlbnflon ef the buildtng of the aeven ateatn etnofi of wa- orde-e < Wj -l*L I. - *i|l Wwt 4b XHMU J.m. I on the subject ; besides , tbe appropriation far that p ir pcan will out be available asU afu-r Urn 1st of July. The reeoip'S into the Treasury the last *wk were ?ear )) $600 000. The net nalac.ce on baud la $1 .6*0,000 Lieut. Houtoe H. Harruton, of the United &afa? Nary, i 41e<l bore u><ay. 0. w Lore, recently cooftrmed as Judge for the Nnrth ? em and Southern district of Alabama, will, It la said, en deavor to hold * is Oourt at Athena, In (he Union part ef that Stale. FIERCE STRUGGLE FOR THE PUBLIC PLUS DaR. WiiamjTox, March 20, 1861. The Oabloet were in session to-day upon the California appointments. Ad soon aa these are dinpoeed of, the New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore appoints ?nts will be made. In regard to the latter, thor ? la a fierce struggle be wren the radical republican* and the old conservative whig element. Tbe political cauldron Is babbling here worse than the witcbee' hell broth in "Macbeth." The President is kept in tlx' dark aa to the true merits of caudldates for office, fiom the uttor impossibility ?hat exists of his getting at the facts in eath case. Hurii g tbe late siecutlve session of the Senile about four hundred nominations were confirmed, nearly flfty of wh?h were sefit In by the President yesterday. r?-e Pieeidebt and tbe heads of the Departments have reasm to he gratified at the adjournment of the Senate, as the senators claimed most of their time, by virtue of then* positions, tor the benefit of nesdy fr ends The departure of Congressional backers wU* con. pal office seekers to rely on their reeouroes henee furth. Hwarma of them are still filling the ante-rooms at the Wbite Bouse and the Departments, tbe chance* grow irg beautifully ke? every dav the are growing desperate. Tbo determination of tbe different Secretaries not to be In a huiry with clerical appointments proves a source of great distress. Many have entire exhausted their funds and are pestering friends for loans decretory Cameron left here for Pennsylvania this af ternoon, to return on Wednesday next. The tflioers d the lately organised Territories will be required to anume their futct ons without delay. Tbo inhabitants of Colorado, Nevada and Dacotah, have great ly 8U Hired rem the anarchy under which th~>y have beretoirre been compel od ti live, and are very solicitous to see law ami order i stabUghed in taelr midst. General Wm. Hickey was elected Assistant Secretary of tbe Berate, and not Secretary, ai erroneously stated In the newspapers. As bury Dicxens retains the latter position. w*w tobk arponmnom. Thi New York managers thus far have had it all tbclr own way. Tbe mighty struggle is for the possession of tbo New York appointments, to be used in building up and tea> ing down [A- ties in that State prior to 1865. Greeley Is (!e ermuiod to head oft Seward and Weed. Unfortunately for liim, a lesoiunon has been passed In the Cabinet to refer all appointments to the members from each Stite, consequently Seward secures all tho Important ofUoes save the Collectors hip, which was given as a "barren sceptre," toGreehy. The strife over the Marsualshlp and District Att rueyship is so doaJly and bitter that Rynriers and the other officors may hold on for some time yet. THE BOSTON ArPOINTMEYra. The subject of the B ?ston Postmaster was also consl dcrt d*ln Cabiuet. The recommendation was left entirely to Senator Sumner, tgnorii g not only the Congressional dole ga ion generally , hot even tbe Boston member*. This hat not been tbe cate heretofore. Mr. Hay don was appointed Postmaster of Boston by representative Winthrop, ag riant tho protest of Senator Webster. To-day Mr. Sumner re commended his personal friend, John G. Palfrey, of Oacn bi idge, against the law cited by Postmaster Blair, and the voice of tbe great business Interests and p' opto of Boston, and the Cabinet and President have sauotiocod tbe act, and the latter has appointed Mr. Palfrey. Deettttches received hero this afternoon say that great Indignation exists In Boston at this oontlnued evidence of an intention to Ignore Boston entirely for ail toe oifk-e . within her bruits, and a public meeting is contemplated to protest against suob a oouise. THB FIKST COMTTROUJUtSBIP OF TUK TRKjlSfRT. Secretary Chase received a letter this morning from Mr Whittlesey, accepting tho position of First Comp troller of the Treasury. This is ratnor uuwelcoaao new to tbe sharks horcabouts, who expect to batten ofl this administration. t'?ina> htatw hutrkt ArroKMrr mi wvr jtrjurr. The correot name of toe person appointed ft> fill the above office is Anthony Q Keasbsy, not Anthony T. Kea?y. as mentioned in tbe 3ut<u> of Thursday ? 'he error occurring during the pamnge of the namo over the wires. RWIC.HATTOX OF MAJOR 1UWMNR. The roport that Major Edgar 8. Hawkins, of tbe Reoond regiment of Infantry, had resigned his commisslen, is not ootrect. Wc have been assured that he has not re signed. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. RjtfiMoan, March 129, 1801. In the Convention to-day resolutions were lntiod<ioed for terminating debate In the Commlttoe of the Whole after Tuw day next. Tbo leoolutions were violently opposed by Messrs. Morton, Ambler snd Staples Tne mitter, it is thought, will be compromised. Tim. Hires spoke to-day seven hours in favor of the Union. No action was taken on the resolutions, and the Ceo vcntlcn adjourn oa. Personal Tatrlll|?n?(. Captain Ohcnan, ot' Russia; II. Wbiitemo'o, of AMwla; Mr* 8. M. Davis, of fviacusc, Mrs. ruman and Mrs. Montgomery, oi Philadelphia, are a topping at the Claren Uun Hotel. Barton ntll and wife, of Baltimore; 8onor Oe Alva, of Cuta; E. W. Corner, of New York; F. Correro? nod J. Uteuni , ol Havana, arc stopping at the Lafarge Boom. lOadford R Wo"d, I'nitod -tat.s Minister to Denmark' ? 8 Pennington, secretary of legation to l'?ri?; F Woodruff aud tamily, and F.N I *w ??<??, of Flushing! E K. lUrnum, of I aontiry , and J P Kimball, of gcliouec lady .are ?v> pplng at the 8t Denis Hotel. fl. 8 Kanford, I'nlUxT dtates Minister to Belgian; Judge Ijirr, of ohl'i: D4|>? W. F S?i>h, and Charles H. frum bull, of tb'i Pelted stales Army ; <Jeorg? llwighl of 8p' ing field, niid M B Jenkins, of Provlueuce, are Btappior at the Bri vooTt Bouso. v. Or. Kogots and wife, cf Albany; Capt Moluig in, oi tie Vig?; thr Cbilrts and w.fe, of fit atleid, kn-s .1 r aud wife, of U.*t ?, Mr. Bowj-.of Liverpool, ana K 8 B.o>ton,uf Uk?, are Mopping at tlm tvt retl House Hon 8 L of Wtli Ca'Otlna; Dr. n. Lortno, of var>iui<d. F Fui'er, iif (nlctuia, Dr. A H "*raith, and A ttMl CiiTucu-e. of rb'.iadui^ma, l.ieut. W. C. False and wife, of Fort ^cbtijler, <oo ue FUrrett, of New Ifork D. 8. Emery, uf Port nd. Me , W. C N S*ift aodfunliy, of !? 1 w C?-rfrrd; *ai"" H yaynard. W.J lt< ?. n > 1 ? m t J. IT. ?h'"e in r<?tr>n,i nd u. P. Panaey, of Buffalo, are '.'topp'Pg at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. ?;? Kial L M. Tt ><! d , Uaik ??1h<?ld.n, E W. Le-?vtrd and J. 8. Hemilre, ? f Ctiif ^hta; CapMlti Field, Oi the Cn'ted ;,h ca Aimy, N I. O'Rrnn.ol lulumore, 1? 8 Miliums, o' >"Ofth r?rolina; J I/n.oln or tv?ioi- ; J <? Meooa, of Vuglita, L. C MChb rn, of Texas, 8 B H-nrr.ofPhl lidilplita Pr. T. F Bert">n, of KugUud, no 1 J W. >V hit Matt, ot D< luw.tro, are stopping a. tin Metropolitan Hotel. t Ti cmain.S Ft liartmond tnd family, and IT R. Rath' -one of Mli.it)? . * !? Kuoaiu, of foront ?; 8. C lUi Hey . of the Ceiled SUUs N??y; R W. U I ar vis. of HurfrU, Owen on'--' and J C. <>>x, o T'ennsv it una, K , li 1'll iiiy and N (>tse. of Hartford; f. T. Btrn??s, of Wellington; 1). Curie *nd F. C. Mi.dmy, ol Virginia, arc rtoppug at the St Nicholas Hutcl. (Jon Suni&er and Capt i"!Wlrn'i?'r, o ' the T'nlt?d Ain.y ; Judpn B*ic m, Bt?ghamton; Capt Jos. Lawlone, New orle'ius H A ti-*) y?-*i , Now tlavun , H?>n. D Clark ant *lfn, New liamoabirr; 8 Harlan, Jr., Wlimlngtoo; I'IMItp .lui?*oe, J U A A l< n and F. Blddle of F'h'iadxl pM;T. J. Y(ir>e nod M FWyard, of New 'ersoy ; I* E. ('bittetrtn, of Vermont; Tyier, of FJoi'r*- 8 W Hitt *rnl A. atd J. Mr^a, of Onto: B F. Re*'ort, of New York, ant rhvM-s I'leraod. of HulUlo, are atopping at the Astor Uour* John B. Flojd -ind -cnator Wisfall w*ro sorenad'Ml In RkbMi on the 27 Ji in*t. rhey botn resp?adod in t [? ccbcs on se'xwton. \.\ ?oyi inor Banks will a on rial'. Boston Honey AfTalra at Plttabarn F'rrnm mi, Marci 29, 1181. The nerchantB and buslnoas mfln here generally are ! Maudmr Ormiv against rotttlTing ? oprocia'eo currency 1 except at brokers' ra ca, Virginia and. Iluuourl bills be. I leg cc'mvo- at four por Ci-nt dlroonnt Tne farmers will . not receive It at 'all, as It w worthless to pnrrha?e pro dnce f om first hsnda. tadlcatl m*are tbat this city will ! t,e rafter t>e n pir pott t, Miiry inanufacturura now p*y ' their iuuie.8 pat m n?v Vglinrrl nmi ftnaprnalnn*. 11 p-io< March 20,1^1 y>n E-. vn Hull*** * list of the clung.* in fo." MM of O n I t.ia."1 "**??* ?'ve? seren failure# and ?t>si*B*'< s in F1nf".n, ? V,,D Yo'k, ?'* 'h Ma tl in >19 and two y. three Other jilaC'K? a tauil Of tL*. a.-k. THE COB FEDERATE STATES. What They Hay D?? Krmiat ot MhU?h oi Ih Kx?'k CkntlU* 4<?M C?>*i >UB?? A UUli rc ?? Iter ?t Ai4i<iw'a H?<uru? kit .( D*<uiirr??lc I ht !V??v York H?fd Hh?ni? 1 11 >?aic ? ? Nan U tiarvlia*, Md H?r Hilluiy ?>? rintatUl Kkkiuk ?? Ti nt )?? i o< itkr Hi <ip'< About (be Mom Ktm?s<i?b of For* lt?u?ur? of I kd<>>? lmpo<l?B( ('wwuirfdki and Miluaiy laulllgtiiie, <&c. ( P K CHARUWTON tiORRRdPONDKNCK. i&uauerron, M 0 , Itiritl M IWl . The Stat- Convention mot pursu?t t? a<>>>'iramiot, in St. A' drew 'a Hall. ttua >'ay at oo o ? J<?i. lta?i>t K. Jiidim d in dk chair. Prl-w u> tbe b > lv b'jtt< cn>?d n 0 >.er, yrettli ga among member* wer? int- rcbanged. aud td?'> wer e moat enthusiasts and eordtal K?er > ma n ber of tin C nventio ? and tb? tali *a< crowded, but few F|?i iaurr being pr* on ? ?? amed aoimau^ by a comia*>i> p< rpoae. a d r ady t ? ac-.t>de '-oa'm -s' any p n ponltloii t>at would >ld In t >e grea movcmAut iu'tia ?d by r<ouib Carotin* and adopted by rix others o< 4m lat? r?-<erul t'nt u The Idea of a r? construction of lb* old I'nli n was not 'or a n meat entertained by oao of th? members pr? r*nt. TV y were ail actuated bj acittmiB pur pore, and 'bat * aa the *>> xrss at lbs n? w con+wierac * . Your'ccrrtapon<ient bat attended tnauv piihb mkhs blag< I, but ??en tbe collect**! ?isdom of *b? nation In the -<enaU> CUanilwr of tbe United b'Utes, in th? Hall of the House ot RepreHentaMvee, m the legislatures of ? number of the l'a-i> rn, Middle and W. s'ero -*tat?? lie tun per roin>e<1 official duty In tin United Mates Senate, in tbc Bouse, in tbe Legislatures of Maine, New Samp ?hire, MaHfaofcuaettfi, New York, New Jersey, I'euti gylvaita, Ob ?Dd Illinois, and in tnnnmerab'e out) lie conventions; and candor compels bim to say be n? ver beheld a body of men in either of th *e a?eein bi-gts that ooald surpass , ciliectlvely, in personal ap pearance, in dignity , in thai solid aud clAti ictive attri bute of tbe American charac'er ? uidependeooe ? the body be has this day bebeld a?setDbied for th? purp so of adopt id g tbe constitution of the Conf*dorate state* of Amtrica rbere was not a m<an looking man among them. The ph> slognomlos of the tower, tbe sp-u>ith ift, the braggart, tbe thoughtless, the dolt, tbe demagog u?, could oc where be leeu. It was, in ?b ?rt, a bviy of men who were born, who were edueatod and who were desgned by Providence to achieve great things. They ?ere not an statesmen, alth 'Ugh there were antay; tbey were not all politicians . altaongu th?re wwe many of tbat clars. tbey were not all planters, al.ho tntny of t at c usd; they were not all law>trs, or m tcoauta, or soidie's or manufacturers, or mechanics, or d -clors, altbougb tbeie were several of each cluss; but, as a holy, tbey presented as fine a coiubUu ion of tbe true Am >rl can character as w-is ever oongrcgated wltblu tour wills on tbe American continent. Tbe deliberation* or such men must bo attended with triumphant rueultg . ami So itb CWrulma, wi>h the members of this Convention as her repten n'atives, may well rank among the Qr*t iu mind, as she bos bo n th? first in fact, in ibe revoiut on which but- secured the Bccond Independence of h?f own and SiFior Males Tlioro ar>; Bome pleasant reminiscences coriuectel with St. Andrew's Hall with which your readers a; >- Joubtlese tumUltr. It was, you remember, the b- a'i<iutrt-rs of one of tbe wings of tbe New York dcmocrm- , ? -.he h*-d sbelw, tbe Dtoklnscn, the out m^-out. g> uhnu 1, u >c *w promli'o wing of the democracy of New York ? when the fatal Uenocivtic N?' lonal Convention of l>fiO met in Charleston Here wore tbe caucuses aii'< toe coteries, the deviltries and the iioveitrieg of th it snbnmo polities failure held ud batched, and tha plans of tbe enemy thwarted. The delegation were all strong fri m is or the South, and, apropos, there is an exceeding approprlate ii< t>3 and a vuiy neat C"iui<l iu<T.t Indirectly paid to that dolegattdn in tbe South Carolina Convention selecting tbe game hall l'or tbe purpose or taking tu al action in a mat ter which was in Apt 1 1 , 11-60, toiestuidowed? namely, ttie eMttbltt>uu?ct cf a ikmiheru conteaciacy Mid the adoption of a (itstisot iuoerui ooiuattutien. Ibe ufual routine nmtt. ru over, the flrit business o" Importune* was tbe presciitatloa of a cerilflud copy o the Mnnrgrmory constitution A programme was pr rj"*' od in reluiion t<> amendment* that might bo offer?*!, rhi produced a response whlob indicated tnat, al. bough somo lea members might wl?4i to intoipolute to amend or t> add >o ib< (T'ginai instri'mint, the majority wcie ia fa Torof cord In 1 and harmonious act I in and the unanimous adoption of tbe constitution as it came from Its tramers at Montgomery, Tbe next mutter of importance was the introduction o' a resolution, tbe adoption of wh rh would Interdict the courtetlts that h<d be' ctofWe boon extended to M^or AnnerKon bv lamodiatoly cuttim off tbe supplies he received from the city, hia mill facilitlee ami favors of that description. The Convention, by a very decide) ex pessicn of sentiment, r< fused to Lako Immediate action en tbe resolution, and It lien over uotll to-morrow. At this distance It sroald tx Idle to speculate upon the probable fate of tbe rwolutiou, as y m will doubtless loam all about that by telegraph beforo or as sen as this will retch jou. And in the meantime the fori may be evacuated, an : all d?eu?sion on the pviut obviated; for It is believed that Onlonrl I Am an will return here from Washington with orders for tho evueu. tlm aa soon as he h.-is taken a h-<sty puu> of soup with General Pcott and Undo Ano at ibe White House. Tbe res >i itisa for stopping supplies came from a (At; lee ton member (Mr. Khtcglw). In this city tbe reeling in far or of im mediate a< tlon in regard to the fort groatly preponderates among the active population, and it t* gaming st-ength smorg thane who have heretofore favored a different policy. Tbe dilatory mbvemenU (/the government at Washington, in legvd to the evacuation, wtuen hia been from day to day anticipated, and from day to da> postponed, are arousing a feeling of resentment that bus a 'meet r> ached to exasperation. Kirwt a Fox comes cunningly along sees Gov Flckcnn, and by permission sUrU at eight o dock at night to s^e Major Ancersoo. He returns to the city after a brief interview, and takes the s line night's train for Washington. Next the bosom frieno of the President of ibe Uni'eo States comes In an equally foxy manner to th* city, likewise sees Governor Pttkens, goes to Fat Sumter, Ulks with Ma,r>r Andersen, and that AmbMsador Extraordinary takes tie next train for Wai-hmgtoo. Nothu g m done: nobody la hurt; every thing will come right by and by. That seems to be tbe po:tc? of tbe Wash' ngU*i government. but It is not tbe policy, n?r the wish, nor UM Intention of douth Oaro ina. ?he Li ik the means to demolish the fort within forty eight hours: and she deems it an essential point of honor tnat she should enter into the iiond of onion with the Confederate States ol America with no foreign Hag llyug over any battlement within her dominion*. At this momert she has not officially surrendered her State Fovoreigi'tji to the Confederate Mates. But a ono vcii t ion o( her btit citizws is now in council, wiling to do so at tbe first praotlowbks moment Delay is therefore danger* n? Piocrsstinatloo will only result in a>t attack up< n tlx) fort and the effusion of blood. If tbe policy of Lincoln be in rrailty pewr*. let tbe order for the ? vacua ttoh of Fort -turner bo gtven with >ut delay. If be de sires a conflict. x>t bim cm'limo to send envoys who luive Iwen clothed with power to do nothing except to cause delay, increase ibe public excitement, arouae further ? oubts and surpielona, and In the end produce a crssnrons ootiilifl wb>ca cannot result in good to elihor the o?e si e or tbe other It msy tot be widely knewn. bat it Is a fact, that South OsmiiDK scctdcd f'oiu the oil L'nion with scarcely a pound or powd> r to deft nd berstir with, flie has now five bandied thousand poi n..sof powder, ordnaaco and offlrni.! " *tirce i? super abundanoe. and Is hourly In crissitg bet Je'foc-s and Migmeotlng her acuities to aseail. Her peop'e are all Q with mil|ii?ry ariof. She hs? money, not by forced luauft as has been lyiagly nsK-rted in Northern abolition prints, but by volantary sulifcrlptions and by a system of taxation wbl.-.h is not rtfaroed *s ofcerms by h< r populatteo. Here, again, we roe* partieularly deny the ropotis in tbnee bum highly ooMefl Nortf-ern prints lo rotation to certals spoeitied Silkies of tinatlon. ""lavos, for lnsttnce? and the* are a pptcies of texaMe proper y that will exist in tin Hate to long as any government on IMl r< ntln?ht endure*? hai o been r?ted at $3 per head, wb< n the ratio ta hut tl 20 In other ptrltcultrs bts th huii- be?!n tqually mt?repr sentod in relation to h.-r t j rum of taxation homa law rcp-irt of tbe Soe.retary Cf the rreasury of the SUM, your crrrcspondent was ena bled to glean a few particulars nbout the financial nundi tton of ibe Mate tl?t are not only luu r sting but impor t*nt. Fri m ti ls rt port It Is a'certjtlned that the chief sources of revtnne of the "t?te are from slaves and lands v?n liutieted otMltis being the assumed averag*; value o I t-luvcH tier bead, snn ffl pe- scie th" sversg" value of Itui' S in the S'ato the foll<>? log exb.bit is pro m rat:? .'ihh 000 h sves, at |700 per bead 1^70 O 0 000 17 .s-t-O (00 ?C es land, at #6 per acre 10ft 000 OOtJ Other subjects taxaole 7". ooo otxi ToUl fits noo.oco The mte o* luxation provided by tbe set of lafll Is ea I muted to yield 1*00 COO, wbicli nukes an av -rage of 17 cent* on every hundred dollars of the value of the property ah ch Is taxed Tbe deposit of tbe roiflvT Mut? s sm plus revenue Is included in tbe assets of tbe Sta<e, he jiinei it is eertaie thitt it wl 1 never be demand ed of at y o* the rtutes The term "deposit,'' when the money whs distributed, was well known to be a mere disgoife if the transaction, the design of which was to e ntlnue tbe flagrant oppress on of the sgricultural into rial foi the pr?t?ri|i n of Northi rn man if?ctnr"r?, by n tailllcf duties which greatly rxoefined tho expenses ??* the government The ritate will suffer ni los? by Its sua rstiti e of ibe ralbond botids of the State, being securud ssaltst tbat liab lity by a first lien on the roads and all the < fieri i- of the companies; and hut few railroads have turn re< need to so d*s|ioraie a condition ?s not to be worth tho ci*t of In* and e<)iilpiT>?nts The fl>st ratl-oad cat tb?t ass run in the United -"iites was run on tkmi FOnth Carolina insd It has been suppneed tbat the Mate war not Interested In (Vmee lc mannfaotures, but llie i n-9 SI (i(A bs'es <( her own raw material iti the man ii acute of cot i n 'nhrva But lew States of ? v i r : .ttcTaTSft: TIf tc* -h-ret of . cK t onl I Htuli >!??? *"u?h rVn>Mn?, ?hil? the 1-nmenae inootne it m t u> b?-i | f ?at ?wle u< ?!?<' r su e t alt iru *a ? bui I ?W ?> It ? 0< MilOltil MMt tbt) lunuf M Ol HrtUh'r i, ? til ixtpuWtH.u ?uii ? huge ik?r? to ?-ipmd (ur tl > r it*, ? arm Mil n Hrtit^nc ix h r mikIii rs (, U? in ii'fiHwi i?'oriin(i? took p'*ce d the < it ? *> iiirmi m? a?.c >g?. u wa* t'ie u? ?>? Cm)* * t>> ?.< u? ?*> B*??" niwil, noil vim *tU'i""'<i w ' b g??t pa' ?'?0 by MiUie foqr ih ?'.?"I'l ItoxipMl T a wu f fVnmuiaia !??-??? p earn ted a belter Hivn'on-e, hi '4 ??f? b'gti > con.u<t(ntMe<t by General Hiiut- g rd foi 'bur M.kiiterly m*;n g fbe?e ?5* h>?h are i?HH|> mod 0' ili* i? b> material t" m.ike Rip'd f- lrt ? s ?OMI LikH.?Tfc M-Iiw' N9UI u IM TUB Col'.HKY ? NKW YORK I'll A HI ftfIMN ?butt) Ht tl<? N?>r>b iifliiwHt.l, inu pervewl.' ? ), of thtf ?*?*? uf Imti k at tlx- Hoiitti have ? *c tbeo vi pomteians, to t? ? sjt ?ii?f of u?? sordid citft, tbo pr?8? t counttien u< x iiib rli ?rctlii rnt iifllriiliD oar itad?>ii ?ltU <11 li.?ai<eio be ottrary ? ?n<i t * i?n rnie .i luuun ? Ui I n ciir to iba oeaei ?wr In Uu? wo nu erw y oa? ? I atiigive j on *n ?cc<iibt ot * mA I ti*i wti a i up C HI Iri Bi> > h-lH, wbu ( OOS I ll'l U>? am >I1HIIU{ lO p i liai ? t fk00t> pel II.UV-BB I n lit bin at 'tie I'avntou B*'ti kfp. b> M ? j?* Bui'O 'Held ? a ppi -rwvi ?p-mvowh ?f tm. -KpiriKi Ni w Hatupsij'e p *DTU) You wlU meet at U e Pavili m a cut* p?*vl? ,<nt will u>i " couu'or M ?I her tin- Utile H"h#' r ttm Chiitfesvou Botai Tb?y are On win tn**ii of tfca m?Tt r Aftrr.i i-w ?*>tA f ooromonpUce on venation, our up riiun' y irn B" pat-1 he win ao> u all "H' >ui tio-i at -he tin.li itnl- y Ht reelutg in lavor ot the varfedo -at? State i m l Lni h tu a ??WbjJ" L " * hv nir thorn t? Wftt a woman In flvo In my towu ?bo wo- Id not rath** (rt*? t)iU>?Hi p?r seut more lor n*r jptXM y it puiiba"**1 iB Cbni li Htob, than If b m^ht N irttt K? dealer cm ill' , ftrnda to Ills cimtomni a, nvi-n If h? h?-ii? it. #o oluup^r, tV *. ii- Utiiiwn that the ctiie' profits gn Ui <h?< Nor ill. lb* i iitlmpiitHiii auinig ibt* wotnoa Is ? vcd gifBt? r tb?o a?K>n* .b? m?*D. 'hoy take ax iuuc . ttiieii'Kt in pulit cat attair* a a the men, uutl bo im in a bad

<r?) lor BiK'-evii in any fotuuiiun unrtfrtok iag ? I uietn a di* riRii'iilal tllianeo, or puci-.-bb in any biiBicBr in whn-b *i bub have aii Intereat ? M h? t-sp Mines the cauae or die Ninth .ir uiieoupis ui ?* I Noi thorn gooui". Wo all rinnoe ii, lie j" | auit iiii fiotn Uie S* ? ih We dou'i'ifrt# 1 1 p > liticil frunmoDt ? for our negroex are a political don>l nii'i t. ycu iuu?t acmit " We dil. ?< <berer?re, tbo Bore tie North treads upon our toos, the ooie we must resist. Isn't that to?" 0< i.oui p? it waa. " W ?? bave long vatitcil to be re[wrat#d from 'he Xorth. We l ave jow got It; ?by ?hoald'nt we keep tti" bfll-pretervatMO fco "cp??ktD(tor fe anortf whv Rbauldn't Charleston become an n-e*t a naport an New Yoral" fbi h?n't gut the harbor . '? l e h?H w?U?r eticufb in the harbor to fl a flee v Uk? v>w York, sbe bef two rivers, to the right an ? i < New Yki k b*n hrr fist aiid Norib risers - Charleston has t>ei apIiIi) an 1 1 o.per rivets. Hiuy all ttow Into acotu m n nce?n, don't ,i??y?" That War so ' W.n uen, all ?bfW tlniifs being eiual, why ihould p< 1 1 h i lee oti nx r?apr ui hin-moi s, a' d In time rival New Y< rk id c -rrmi-rota to'po-tai o-r ? ell me " "Veiy true, very tiue; the tariff m a question tlia'. kLickK tUem ail eve* ibe mugors although tha h pr- iu Itiut aua in now aneail. But mark my woril-. *ir: "he cay will yi t be seen wbeti. with fr?o trade Siulh, under Ibe f< D'ti orate hta' ??" , ai d t li<gh tariff North, under the I'Liieo ,-tat<s. C'barKjiton will j ct bo one of th * blgg<_Mi Wttis in anierka " We agreed wlih ht?a. It may not be generally known that miice ibe Old < bai i>et was partially and temporarily ntiK'ri c'Mi. D- w iidob uav-- bi-ou oiacovontd by ibe lnJe ?fat g ible exi rtionn ol tbo Ch?rlMt< n pn<>t- ? on? of whom U> t aptaij Evlu'?, a Mew Y??k?r? a <1 tbo harbor is tiovr as tree or t.eer than it aver wax for the introduction of meriluuit vt8Bew?uawliig not o,er eighteen feut water. GoH?lp About th* Convention? Important Commercial Ntw?. Uuiti-BTDt, March 38 ? 8 P. M. The arrlvml of th? members of the Convention lua im peiU d additional liveliness to our streets and hotels. Hie city Is ciceedlngly lively, and everybody appears to be happy, eiocpt a f>- w members of the O invent ion, who Willi to amend the cmstnution. In ordor to ro'>ppn the slave trade The potnt will not be carried, if pressed. No war newp of Interest Things will remain in Mtfu quo ?mil tlio return t>f Colonel lAtn<>n. Ex Gov?*raor Adamt, one of the first Poath Carolina Cimmisil'ioefB lo the thm gmoril government unler President Buchtnan la*t winter, Is a member of the Convention. Ho regard* Lincoln's position as id&tlcal wuh that of liuchaoan s? that IS, Le If bound to collect the revenue, hold and pro tect tbr public property, ana yet acknowledges his ina ol fty to no ei.bi.i-. Ot n *?'. r bar Mils* haa arrived from Montgomery, wl b U<i first ' fntoQi rato .state flag, which will prooably thk? an lnturwit'iig uirt a tbupirrrerioe-mgor evaluation ii'ii oiuiltt at For<wiBtof, llncHjgb tbe Iiiailluin o the lair LiU'Cis Of M?? Ftckci ?. uuugn.er at tae Govornor, uuleFi tbi- h utli Ctrollniuiis liave tbi honor at proaeuting the fort to tlo ' on edi rato States under the flag of Lhel own M*'c K'vereigDty. ? Adan 8' Kxp> eps ? Wee in this city Is now used at a bo boed wi>riboupe 'or ail goo<ts .omlng tbl* way from ti e in erior. The b' rder levenuo guard b*vo uot yet Ix-tD ?ppoj)ted lI'Trncr and Cluster, & C , Daitoo,Ga. ; He, natido and Ilouy Springs, UUs. , and four other plarie, bave bevn designated .-is ports o? ei.try In in the border un<i United States. Ail ?' o ir, Including pa?s< ngi-rs' baygage, wl.'I have to i.nmigo the Mn>e i-xamination at t&nse iniani border siaU<M s, when fully or ublisbed, as it they bad come ticm Er.giniio or ax.y other foreign corn try. Until t* eae revenue offioers are appoln ?d at the inlar.fi Btat. ins, Ai-gnirta, Go., and Cbarii j?on, H. C. , have been estab lwind tut the frontier cue tor.. hmiKes. All fteights coming by i ail oad into the Confederate States are bold by too collectors at Angupta and Charleston until the duties am paid , tbo -erretary ot thcTrca*sry having appointed iboae officers loliectors of Mia port as well as inland stations No inland collector hss been appointed for Havaonah, and gio s by railroad for that point and othors South are stopped In CfcaHeeton until the payment of duties, or are forwarded In bond. have, t??t 'named fron^ol table authority that the Oonfeoeraic Sta os govemmofft have made a requisition on the several Hutuo In Uie confederacy tor a certain num ber of men. for some unkown purpose, the quota of one of the Ptftes is two thousand men, who are ordo ed to ba p'epared "for the campaign." the moveimiat has a look toward th? defence of I'onsaoola In oase of Invasion by tbe United States force*. Til* Latest Reports from OtarlNlm. CnARiJKTtm, Mirch 2t, 1M1. We hare no expectation that Fort Sumter will l*> evacuated on Saturday. 11m delay M worrying the poo pi* here greatly. The Stai* Convention has a majority for peaci, but mot without the evacuation of the fort. A messenger from Washington was expected here to day but did not arrive. Governor Pickens say* he m ready for a fight. The reports of visits of foreign fleeta create no disaatls faction. France and Spain are now tho ascendant Powers Id the Southern confederacy. Interesting from Peniaeola. We hfve received despatches from P*n*acola wfth in formation from that point up Is the 20th instant, at which time the utmost activity was dlsptajed by General Brnfg with tho Confederate Mate troops under bis notnm*nd In the MSteitemcnt of Fort Pickens. Be expressed Uio ut most confidence that In a few days from that time b? would be able to resist an attack from any comminution of military and naval force theUn'ted Slates coal l bring there to attempt to raise the s1e*e. There are five bun drtd negro laborers engaged in erecting new saad bat terles to command Fort Pickens and tho ex'orijr points of the harbor. Gen Bragg has positive Information ot the tme c?n<tltloo ef matter* within Fort PlokwM rh" armament of that woik by beon wonderfully mis-cp e seated, as It appears that many of the guus are of infe r\or calbre, and the mortar ba'tery coaa*ts of but rou> ten-Inch moitars Fort McRoa is con*ide?r l n mitcb aloce for Fort Pickens, without rpetklng of Fort Goran ns ami a dot-t, email batteries thst will bo served ?galiiSt It If necessary. As erroneous lde? prevails io suppostrg tbU a fleet of r?f.?"'s of war csa sal into IVaaaoola baj without any great fetistaMs rrm the land baiter.es. let them try the ex perimrnt, and the Ntxt hern confederacy will lo-te c . ery vchmI that mak'S the attempt. They w >U hive to wlthm fix bundled yards of Fort McKea, which p<*ef>ente a bold fruit o' thirty two and forty two pnundor guns rbott?d for art Ion Even supposing n n istlkj fl-i-t *h mid l*ss tli* lsltor named work, U)?y will ouly h*ha pout lion w tbln half rai go of three f><rsiidat>ic sand hatttrtrt, 'm si' es the guns ot Fort HarruiC ts. Tbe (juarw- muder Hiid Omnilmsry Gecerols at I'onsaroU art< muxg ?mpln arraDg> tnenta for quartering a d supply Ir g with food Ave thousand troops dov under orJ*rs fr >m ?srk>us points of the coufs'srscy, destined for I ensscola. The engineer corps are working NssiduouMy tn prospecting from varlwss points and dotermlnirg up n plans to r<sist an attack from a naval or land force, everal liglit artllii r> bitter es were daily expoc'ed at I'eixfaecia at the da'e of oar a<lvices rtio Mi w Orle*p? h uave ri giment, consist Irg of five hundred active young mac, under tbe c< mmnnd of M*Jor fiustave Cbppent,* wr?dn?te ?f tbe mil# sry tehrol of Franca, were ejtp>-ctm1 ?o arrive at reasacla *n Uie 23d. (T.e h e..lui depart n>?rt Is bring ? rgiuii/wl Tbe sft? of a tompwary hnepPal liss beet, determined upon and a ooepa of n?rse* lo ailed lot duty. A warm time wa.-i >ai l> e?i<*rioi. Cspt Thom-'S M. JeiiSe, who recently rcstRTi?><i his pnsi t on in tbe f'irted i-'uits ti mi , nrtlv. d a? IVn ?r la on ? be IPtb, and repnrtotf liin.wH to Geeera1 Hr?*K. ? oi< p the commission oi Captain ami Assistant A? hit uit riirral of II sarin) Of Lnm?l?i a 'I ? 1 1 n -luc's rtc ol fh?' lg'h has the following!-? r - ... ... " tb ? " ? h? ui iu? < ??> r?rr *r?-". V ? ?vr Ia..,sau -t JivbJ.,l?a?w notified lo hoK) thru ?fhr?p Iq read'nem U? pr?<c#?*1 *? New Orleai a Wo hope t ? c ha' g' ?>f ? w 4*. HlM-qUA- TW<* Th>*'PM UUnran?K?n ^KTW, I Nkak l'Bwjti? la, Kte , March 18, 1*61. / OKMkKAi okhkm ? so. 4 The Cn d mam u g (>t neral I urn* with surp'tM and r? g?*l that v'Uji' of oor ri zona are rg|???4 n ibe b BttB of >urii 1 li'|i supplies ut fuel, *?er tlid pro* hi im I* H i arn ?d viumIii *l * lv?. lliitwl itates, uow oc.up> uig a tin t uu-iiii |i ?.i? <bu bar'mr That wo muMinderrtanet g may ?ii|i on ibis subject, it to ?Dt>< utio u t? all n>aM'ii?1 that thu? truffle is tit'iciiy ?or^x'rttD and all such iupp|w?s wbicb may be c-tptured lb uai'ttt to mid tomm i<r to Fort fH k? t>s will on cou fl?e*t? The nnrr ctnaliv to rrtorre this p obibitinn, no b at W v?F? I wtN b?- aik'WtMi to visit Art I'lcken or uuy I ti-i (1 oavai v. s?el wiitxut special sanction lot J?Lu M VVjrtiey aet'lig Iwpe. t-ir <}?.i*ral. will O' |iuii aw ui i fi.i K iil luc bor police lor the enforcement of tlir.ni air. b> innD?i d ?>i Brigadier (ienerai MRaX TON BU\<;0 H> iokt C Woi n, A8"iaiaut Adjuian (jenerul (ioiti the Warring on ?orrn'pon 't'lico of the abtve paper we ulf ihete par?g- upb- : ? W'^KrixiT-N, Match 10, lrtfll I iuh OKMct-vm- ? Tlie Inhab >WatS were all artMUM-'i at an ra ?> bot<r iiODt their beds il In m< ruifg b) M9 llriag ('I a lulnte liom the foil* m honor . o< the flag ot hn Ootl'mwi. e Matw wbrh was hoisted for 'JM tin > tine >o day U'Ug M) It wave i.Mk h?pp? ?oduastd Sou m 1 learned this moment thu tno la'tles of p. nsacola w? re to present a 11 -g to the uooce ? ta toned here aod at Pari HWtia to day an? thai aiM> o-s?. were to be d?livered by Me s ? runh, Rull?ck and otuers, of a very patriotic aim it.ine> t>ag character. A company numbering a*out eighty men arrtvod ^ere last ui|fl>t from Mobile, by K-booner 1 have not learn*) i bo i anit'H til the officers, but will try lo Hud out an>i ?eud Hem 'otiu latimatiB wore made ymterdaj of the amount oocna rnry >o i on p etc ibe rteamer Kulu>n, which is now lying in U 1a yaid; they a e t > bo forwarded to day to the Huo. 8. R Mai lory , bccrolary of the Navy, at Montgomery. IMPORTANT FROM CUBA. AritT?l of the (luakrr Ult}?k|grM?lvc Dluvenirnti of th? Kuaaltb Oevrrnntenio A St. Doailago to b? Forcibly Aaatxcd t Vpain-Haytl aad ntilro AUo in tlk? Pibgrammc of gpaa>>h *|grandl?? ?nrai? litpariurc of upaaiah War V?a aria frum Hat aaa wttit Truopa for 4t Dtim In go? Slate of tbe Havana Mar krta, iVf. , &v. The s'lamttbip Quaker Oty, R. W. Shufcldt communl* log lef ? Havana at no. n of tte 25th Instant, ana arrived at bt-r vrharl hero last evonmg Great i xoitt meet existed in Hivana on the subject of the Hpani^h annexation of St. Domingo It ?ppoa> a thu during s mo time pi?t a proo-rs ot colonic ttion bag boun goli g on, by the Introduction of large bodies ol? einl grants into the island, with tbo view ot p omotuig Spuu U>h <nteres*R, and oon?equeot dlntD'ooti >n towa ila cue npubllcnn govor nnicnt, ao(l , at tho flrpt elgn of ri'aift ance on tho part of the native population, to invoke th - ai*! of the ?p.ulsb gnvernmoiii This wot accooiplidhoi) on i ho 10th UiBt^nt, when the Spanixh ilag wis bo st d, lurch to tbo consternation of tbo blaok and nut' vo in habitants, tho Hpunmb frgate Dlanca was Oc.ipalch d tri m Havana on the 23d, lnnnciialoiy en ih? n ooipt of the above tows, fully armt-d and tqti'psed, with a la'ge nv ruber of regular troops on board, to artist in thia Spanish protectorate, or, to other words, annexation Tho t-crew steam frlgttoe I'etronolla anl OarciguoU were to follow as eoon aa pns?tbie with atxuu 5,000 ui' the regular aimy. A largo adoitlonal nival and military fcrce, including somo of the largest war vena -Is at?') about 10,009 regu>ar troops, m also repi>rtAit as oa tho way from Spain to Cuba and the West Indiea By an arrangement w.tU Prance, already x>utumm .ted, It Is said that Hay tl Is to share the fate of Its t inter fopubllc. The Dutch frigate Vesuvius, Commander Tuktna, ar rived at Havana on the 20' h. Tho Uolted Stitos ?tetcn;r Mohawk arrived oil the harbor on the 2iih. All well. Business continued in a depressed state. $1,'J00,000 arc said to be on their way from Spain to aid tho tn<i tallic circulation of the Island. The sugar market wis quiet. Frc'ghts dealibing. Htock on hand 247,000 boxes and lfi,tC0 hogsheads. The <)u?ker City brought etghty-nlno passengers, In cluding Utncral Miramon, Kx Prosideut of Moxlct, family and suite; Col. Pamuel Colt and family, of (la'trord, O>o uectlcut; M^jor Patterson, bearoref de?pa*cl<"? from St Domingo to Waahlngton; Mariana Alvares, dpatian Con sal General at St. Domtngu mi bunw nf iii-tftiobw for his government; E. V. Murt, Esq , Belgian Onvul Gone ral to Havana; IJeutonant W. R. Terrul, Cuited itatoi Army, Messrs. C. T. Jardelia and K i wards, l uitel Eut? 0(?at^urvev; Mile. Judith Sylvle aadritgoora U>MI nod family. Unr HavaM Comtpondence. ILiTAjiu, tfarch 2ft, 1861. Drpeertvre of Spaniih VeutU-of War for St. Dwixngo? ? JVir Uitrion the ForrUAt Annewation qf On Dominican RrpuUic ? Haiti in the 1'royramnw for Spwritk or Jrmch Alaorptiun ? The Grajptng t'oliey of Spain ? England Indifferent on Account qf her Uotton Microti ? Ike V mlcd Suite*' Internal DificulUet S/xtin't Opportu nity ? Mt rico to Succeed on the i*rogrammt ? Arrival of the Veiled State* War Steamer Mohawk ? IHuh of an Eminent Merchant ? Suicide* qf Oooliet ? Arrival of Vet Kit in Havana? Departure of Mtratntm for Spain, via Tfei v y<rrk ? Market*, <fc. The Spanith steam frigate Blanca. villi a full compli ment ?r sailors and marines for active sorvice, left her anchorage in our harbor Saturday ovonlng last for rit. I> m ngo, havli.g on board troops to euforco Spanish policy and to defeat any apposition that might be maun by the Kfvan mmt or people of the Dominican republic to tho protectee jurisdiction of Spain. If my thouamda of psopia ware upon the whwf to cheer tow enterprise for the acquialtion of new territory and the diapUy of Ppantsh power upon their ancieat domain, where were impressed almost the first fooutc-ps of the pioneara of Wratern civilization. To day leave for the same desti nation the Spanish steam frigates Barenguela and Petro n. lis, with complete war fittings, munitions and m?n drawn from the army, to compel row poet to Spaniih power and to Spanish dictation. It is said that fire or six thousand solduvs are to be sent to revolutionise or to finish the revolution intuit**) by tbe *pani>h government, by a quiet intro iuciitn of em'grnuts, instructed in the game, and paiit for their seivicea by gran'a of lands which were tube acquired through their ouplloliy and treachory to tho gotenment wt??JC thty pretend to sock homos and pro lection Every detrrna'rattno undtng to territorial acquisition en ttc part cl Spain in HI. Horn ngo, from tbe fraud, de ception and tricks of the -tpai.ndi Consul irgovla In *t. I'< n.u.R i city, to defeat the policy of tha t'mtixl SuIks? causing tbe iclusal of confirmation of a treaty ma in in *oodfatih with the I?o?n (im rrpubt'C. thro igo their own crmmiaxioDors under l>gal autho Ity, aod at thuir owl supgi stli-n , after the fame b ?d bt on 'borough! / dm ti?sed and maturely considermi on b.ith sidm, and ratified by i be vcnaie or the chief of the high contracting portiea ? the United suu-t ? to tfco inducing tide of Spanish hired (initial on to toe iv minican republic, oonduc?d by -|-t.nrh efflct-rs of h Kb ra> k in tbe aimv and na-ry, ao irnnspoite-i f re ru various .l*c<? in ?mel vessels or tbe c cv- ii, f< r Uiepiirpoae of futtue action to construct * case for ^ptinUh iiaiiofc*i intervention? has been already re cordtd Although the fact*, views and dodactiona of your cor d? i t have beoe subsequently fully verified *'jd ? sotbllfhed bv tbe investigation testimony and offlcai it-ports of ag*nts enpiote.i b> th?t.'nii?<d Mate*, yet n-> ? llcctual Step* have been *akeo to check or prevent the matuwny (! Spaneh ( Mp ?*. uow ui u pM^pwous fMtl ?4 Irti'iiiD ihepp di monairaUons of a 1* >wer yom p< ople ?.?? v?? been elevation in political might and n% ,.8>j b> their own dies. moons are of grrau importance o iheni, a& well as to all iialloui int?rci<t-<d In theCi'ise ui bun an xglits and <reedom rbe lummnn republic, with I s while, biack and tcixed population of fr^ouiui, is al'Mov in tne iHinoage of .spam May tl is to f<iU>i<* I ttc wake ol Spu Ms h policy, by provlnw iindeiswuiiiin, wnb ttie T'etn h Ktrip?Mir. 1 ngiunn is leic t, nrder q'liet view of ?lrant\ge f ?r tb< p> i dure of her looms; Knglatid is ttoil, under th inflb* n< e of her ] aras, when k tree p?opl* ptae tinier the doni'ta'li'ti Of an arbitrary, H>?OIU*0, siavenoidlnir po**r, when slave let- or and altve tr-tdic are to b> clicked and' curbed. (Vide dle?iission 27th fet?r o?r> Houte of r?Bim< D*? Ionia John Rurce I and I'alroe. ?t. n) England ?Ca rtlll, witn toidod arms, and s?ys n ?tnmrf w 1 1 " n*iiii absorbs nati?>nalitie? rcognizen oi ifll civi. if d ccnittiunitu a of the world, (or rea# o? ? h oh can t*> n.udipli'd tor the national adva- tag- b> mi'inms, per hat#. B?w will It be with the g'oari"# pr ?oerity and p wer oi the nation, Just emerguiK 'rom ?e moulMng ooa ? ition ? f a half century, win* r'pain goee down witn an ? r atr < rg'h to annei Mexioof She is ooly hslii in restraint ow, or di r the impn-ssion tnat fiom tbe valllt* of the 4isi> 'Hit|'pl thonaaiids woulJ "ow toward* the sierras o? Mculpo Mi |??vent the acquisition. the political disiorbaoceii in the 1 a I ted ?taten showed bst i be iin.e was up* for the ngg eeelve porpo^ of -iiain at I In nee 'he prompt aavanwge taken of it. Bui s til's tno'imty to pass unrebukedi' Are net all the lam ia or out of I b< In ion l<ii.u?ted in heoaoaeoi I,, rtj_in pollt cai and ?ocla' r ghw^ *nd is there not gareaata gifrLgth et?u?ih In tlie Union aa It stands to ? . n.p* i tbt- n ?p?i't of foreign l*0?eis. Hon" M sp-iMe nust be u ade to tbese things Who la 0(1(1 ll< Hie colored race will CM aloud If -4ptln CJO ,ft,s the whole island of lUjtt. as sha la hound to do. iti>i phi all' rot be likely to reeiyniae any Irsa negroee t* ? r eta sa a- quire 1. IL. VlMti luui Tfi-" ,.u? Us* ' P? it lk*< rveutrg ud cnvnarksM with Um ?bara ky ??.,u in n. wut?i i*? all wniJ. We ban w topi are Ike 'two- III Jairve IDrlcllill ?f r|*v?n* fW wnnj tfv.n i b?l-ved and remeouxl k; *11 who kurw &!??- a ?M.k H.uied **bero?a BwUkmM. Be 4M * u e iw< d?)? kiiii r ? tbr i?on ry. The cai-u a ut kui. t ? amm g ihe Aaialtrs Still Oadmi. K? cm ?!) a kH o< ban**, dm|N*i) i 10 order far Mtrmat, (?fill III nmM, mmt- ui>ru?rrnl ob a hill Bear lbs inste ol Jull*B Kuiin-ia. w*? had ntutu; lakng a I qiiwi |??iii, and b> a* i-i mmi No eXaalnaUaa (post on rti ni ) had lo ??yi i>m ilin mun used ATI lYSd 1 1' the 20 h >h? Holland war I'nil ffrlgaia Visnvins O BiBiMii<it-r Fukliu*, f i mi Juutloa, >11 a?k M ?iflnril Reports >lMt Hi lure Allied am Ihi iloof Hit mu t. Tin Quaker Ci> , t u? ui 10- moment of um for antvft an- d"i-a-ii?a k?? at 1*4 M to oay , havtag ?? noai d a< Bit- r ch patiiuuei, p>'h*?w. but with a goodly k'l mug m turn, uiri d'i h ii?U' r? tfiraiu ?, faauy aad hiim? hi i- ui* li>r i"i a a, liavmii ? floneo lor the mumil till- plant- ot su b ton ai d n injn- Ht Ainvali-? toward l*>ai>u. l-xj., John A. W??ka, Esq. and lai'J , nl Ni ? Vo>k, b uo for UM Vuaurt; W. P Vai ltl |j>l-rUi I nl? Mill, J % Ma hixio 1*1 . Juba > Bttoiii', * F K ii-- 'b, i till ? ' elvinia , J.Z Itwohm-ui, Pr?>+'a. H K Rat zi-r, New Y?v I ; M Kulp, bmltod, I'lkkLi) , K?) Win; K A rookxr, I R; H 1/10 bar w, l<nii on. K hraikn-r, v.-w Y-rii ; Wai M -inith, Va. A. Ulie, and Jnbu K ranner K?q , ol Kiebatoao, who Ml ob the poiLt oi owkm* a v?iuMit oo-tra la, and a lrr ?U|p'? II g i tie -inilmi, ?' r deraoy witn o-ilum timop ai d other dnii-M-'vu OKlmlal, Im mil bo ukcy to fuinl>h BiuiUiab ?rai LaU with aome hw at-ni valuabla ? ai K"<> *? ?be si-gar market the puit week waa mora quiet, an. moet or ibu HbluiiieulH ami o ?? r-- f ir account of planters, ?nd the lias 8 ui.tnnwB 11 and Htill q ?it?d attain AH r uis net a-toim. block 247 000 h?xea. ? gull Hi 1KI .000 ii x? laa \ ear MoUhmw ? No antiiio of n inque ce 1 >? to ' ruU at ut porta. |i>aH(hM? With l?ra iii-uni-o an lo ??tawul-ann in iba migar mar ket, rhubtly dw'liued t'i impi ivii wiih r?newM aotaio with oui p on i ch ( xci.%i ^i.h ml , ?? 1 1 0 a acuut H-mtily of on ne> lor burn oMirLmliiiiiB 10 to 10X *ivm , New York ale Not b< in i it io* Ji>3 d" . v#? In l??iua. eluiri ai<ht, 6 to 0 do ; I'm f t'j t*'/1, dl-co-mi, 1'niU-d slatm *uld tiiil<a at 4 l" 6 premium ai ?! in ucni-u-d. rbo M nth of Hivmaaid >h- o- uuiry i> Ko d; the waatkor eul and lel't?hng ? lietoi mom i elicWi-ia aiin n uy utruf ri ii n a all ? to ??*>)> >t;li??f i-m y.wr daanp apriug wou tbir aiid tprtng politic >1 r. luti- ll.mae atcBk^a. vtiucb 21. l?i<J\. Continual f\iQurtt and Bankrupt ift?Tte iuga- MmM, <fr ,'db- , itr. TbcBfws or tbe r>tmcr?/in nontlmonM aod action of tba nt w PifBidotii of the rer'ni Haiea ai auiorlia haw bad a rompi bidr art> ct upi u Cub?n boitm, and tba dreama of faca trai ralda upon our patcornl domain hava puMi d with the Pbiidow* of (hn nigbt i/lrcum-itiuioea ?i ) conipel bltn to t*> p do>ng just ?o. W? have bad a good man) wmuil ??Uure8 fnilowiog In the trail of aura oiaanitkint bankruptcy, and ibw work will proOably vlod up a good many moro on toe saoe string; f*t tbeie 1b aiinndance ol inonev for tbi*a who am abls ta take it The tmni i hh cm-l enco ?in<mt' tboae IntoresMd Ii roa-meio' wl'h 'le Pnlt d i-te- ban ver? much im pri VeO fill co out stmni ir - ivalH I oi> Himar market e vol e actit e, am dSati'i ieam p~> vmb-i baa ixteu rea lize)' ft" go?' m '' Btn mi No 1{ -t -ck. here and at Ma Ui-zaa '?& 000 hn> in and io,<M)0 l-bda Mo latui a >a n no b-t-ei deoiaud at 1 a 2 reals per |ft> ai d ibo dviaiMt I'iBt" mi i 'i i at out p ^is, aad vary liti 'O I'emaud Funfcir dtcll f ?ntl ipato . hblpn-euu- of m gai? ui d un-lait-a to a conmderab'e ax unt tiavi >feti n a<ii oi. piai toiH' account lu ihd laat two ?>ika FfixliU ? le?B d- iniii'd in doc'inlig, but will in prove a itb n criaen'i act- n 1-. the >a, ar aiarket. 1 In- A?Ta?l*|M nail OliMianuK'i of intniti* with the NoutHnn Loafcdtra l y ? I ill |iui tw u t louHliltialoaa [ Vtiuiaint. u i'U. i iii' Ui*' 10 i.o lit Ma i'.a, a f Bavua, Ma ch IT, for trie Naw Vork Hkhuji) Tho or ? h winch we give i??u?rb' re, ukou f'uRi Ameri can periodical*, In rega d to tbo measure* edopted by the C- agieta oi i hi* CcDli-oeraieu Southern s atea. with re h |? ot to oceun &o< co?Bung litt-rcoii an, in uf g'i*t tm l? rmt re, ukd contra a our Id on* of ih" attractive policy *|.w h ?<" supj>t?ei weuld guide tn? conduct of th* new t avimuient. it camot, m fact, bn more liberal nor, coi -? qii< i lly , hefer accommodated u> tbe *>oulttooe of a tew iia'lotj wblcb aapi-es t? f?t?blifh its mla'tooa Abroad ids basis ot remarkable wtdtb aici eiiendeu viees, a* Ditch ao that b?pp?-aiBg o .utet?por*oe.'nBly with tbe tar ir reform lately approved by ib.) OnorftM at Washing ?? b ii contrast is p rveoted which muat exercise in tbe North to tttle Influence in tavor or tbe *>uth, with tb<*? 4H.r?' ris not otncilv mter?a'ed in tbe bn cbes oi trudu which that tariff uroucia with duties wnkih must be cOLSidend evtn pruhloitive, principally wMh le apt ct to troll Tte meanuio wh'.rb declares ihe ooaat* ot tbo omfedo ration open mi lrov trade ? that h, auu-*t (nm Cupo fetr, ? n tbo Atlantic, to toe Kio Oral .oe, on be Hex -Can Oulf, abile < n tbe ono part It *eM?(li? Northern *h'pouiMec?, by leaving tin ni an inutb an pnwlble io a puel ton ef m rterwbtlnioe, and oomple .ely ettwdee tbo wishes uf ICng l*h shipbuilders, or what unoiM.!* to tbe name lb tag , mo compiittaa 'bo object to nvgetiite which Mr Uudaay c^moto Washington last yea', although, naturally, waur a n bin tie linaita at the repuwic ot tho Ooufsdemm Built 'hire it, then. In that meaau <e a g-eat motl n for s>m puthy with tnoeo stau* on tbe part <if itnoruu as iraU ax Eu^li A i>Mp*raildur8, aud thorn* alti of otoer ron.it. let wh" may bo euablMi V> p on. by tbe libe al oouc-aal m granted, amoi g wbiob our* must be most especmny rtxkoni d from Uie moment In which a euooo'i me%iar* niclares tbe d'lftircnttal ting autnw ami abed, dattos wblcb, fine* 1834, kept tho tyanisn (lag froaa tbe porta of tbe entire American oontin- in We do not really beliero that Ihoae reaoluUona of tbe Montgomery Cor rera will need any el*bo ate ex planation, in oroar that all thair Importaaoe and the ?Lfluenre tbe> muat exercM over th < oomaereial reia tKiiic oi ibi* taWnd witb tbn territory of toe new eoo feceratiou, II tbla latur Bboul I proceed wMb rta p vtcetble cetabliebment, may be umieretuod, but it d<ma appnar to ub of utility to Bpeak Io tbia pltce of a qvteat va whtcb at prewnt to a subject of dtocua.ou among toe ouaioeaa men of our clrf . ?o wh?t extent may a speculation be oBdertaken to-day with the object of profit nig by tb ?e privileged, authorized b> tbe meaeuree *p>>k<-n of, wltbout rtaoger of ItBbilng completely frustrated r Are there within tbe limit* ot law airaui of luauruig the In teres la of sueh a b peculation? If log io sufltoed to re?olTe qneatiooa of ?ich a Data re In tb* ocmain of practice, the vi^wa we hare ooitnttxied to o|. r would certainly preMbt fewer difficulties thaa thoM wbicb In reality aurroood the aolutlou. Ihe Moutgomery gnreri Btent la, under certain aspect* , not only olo <U fwh but cr jurt Uousiituted in a regular mat ner by Mate* which b?:l<<ng?d to the old coofsdera thiB, they hare separated themae'res In perfect iran 2 uilnty.. without aiy an finite de^aratton Daiagaaadeoa tie pai t of other Power* w th reapuct to tbe legality of their proceeding*. The fieoatora and rep eanniatlvea ot tboee Mate* took leave of Ooogress, puoirciy and ofl)*ially , with the ibteotioo of ratuentag to their rtapectV* States, n. cla tog the absolute right of *helr eonetitu*nc>ea to recover tnelr looepsuden.vi, and all thl* and various aota besidee ? among Hhere the risiatiatioM of doutlicrn army auo navy ofBcora, aooaa pilebco with tbe ktowledge and forbearance of tha gor eriment, winch, on tne other hand, baa also anon, un moved, that tboee name rttatae ba>r ptxseaaoi th?iaseivea of ii'itrfy all the feooral e*iabliei.ni'nis within tbelr bordeif; so that tbe government of Mootgomnry really el it la, and the Cong res* legieiat-* In tbe f*?rcise of a perfect sovereignty oonaen'e i to b| tbe Cooaraa* and government at that pUce wblcb was formerly Uietr oie ti of ml Is, to such an extent tb.t neither roainoroe aor psvigation betm-en tbe porta of ooe or otber asction a t the old ooafeoeration sulf-ra any luterruutioa Why, in fact, where should we go to and a definitive Ceclai atioa of legal authority in regV ? to tha UagUl macy < f the proceediuge oi tin {Southern eoofadrrwoy ? In Mr Pn< baaan'*maa4agestotV>ngieas> in Mr Uaoom'a 'tiaugtiriil uddreasf In oeiibyr or.s nor tbo other bus tbere been anything more than discussion and opwroa, and n<- ihw lias Congr?M, for its part, made any decisive de otaratton. in.t if all this tie true, the connivance we have spoken of can none tbe leas be oouetdered a sufllelent reaaoo tor us, an Inoivtdua s, to asaert that tbe lelationa between rmioos and their oomeoilc government* are changed, v.hdi' theBf latter wnhoid their n cognition, until wbiuh, io uidlvtdtial can right uliy count upt? tbe protection of lii* tountry In support of tbe internets he may chooiHi to Jeoparciae In his speculation*. This, oiibUera, I* not tbe doctrine practised by the eir imerfcnn govemmmt, whtcb, under sttnnar itmci, if not at^tuaiiy dea'Uig with perwiHi declared it belli'iiB by their lawhil governtnants, has ventured to fiend tb>' arts of 1 a own citiseua, mud ?vwi oioounted oi na own forces actuig aa aiiinurK' wi r?netlsia; but we start fr? m tbe doctrine iaore un'veiaadr admitted; and arciroing to It wblle we h?lle?? 'btt tb" oommttree ?I i be world uaea a perfect rlgbt m g dug to the port* of tbe confederated soutb?-rn statin ? not r.kawd by tbe g .vi ibuot.t of tbo UnKH.? that .ommerce could aot ualiy ciaidi the benefits trflnTcd by the Ooi.grees uf tboee States, if wbile in tbe act of enmvNig them tbe goV>rnmeBt of tbe l'bit>n so. mid here reeovereil ??a ai.tbo'lty In Umse ?? ports by re establtah ng tberein its former poeer. *bieb mean* that, in our humble opio.on. Un ee who inay n|?< uiaui now In the fit* of tne Hotnbern oonlnderaoi wit be imiik a ,NTi>cl r-ght, whue i he govnrameutat Washington re mains Mjeot nn tbe legality et tbo autboritiee who at present g< vern that section of the c ntlueot that while that sib nee cont'bnes, they can tinioi the rvoeflis wblch tre tbe Issue of the local legislation, but that tbey Iwaysrun s r>*k of not en> yl?g those benenta, be ?use if, durlnc tbe period ot speculation, the fonner ? atmnal antnorlty should be re-e?tablahed. tbere woull x?t no tight to claim from It that wheh I . bad aot . flered. nothleg whb-h may not be found beyond the limits o( its ftscsl legislation ttueh a eon iltlon of aflhirs, however, canno^ontinns. v either the state ot relations between the North sad Sou h would permit It, nor w mld foreign nations accom modate themselves to It, and either we are much ma aken or we muat soon know what oourss we muat pursue. Han-Arrival ef the Ksrth Aswrfca. Pmnun, March ? ? 11 P. M. Tbere are no signs at the steamship North tmerioa, which left Liverpool 1?M> and fiondonderry ltth Inst. , lor this nort. DsSth ef ?? Ii-Oengm?aia?. Baii.wi*Miu.s. Marah 19, 1M1. t?r T> T JitlW, M wcmb?r rf Amseein and a dtaite , Mua ?- -v, wiet. am Mtos *****