Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS 6 'UUUfl ???? MTT, BHTOK AND PRWHIKIOR. rrics *? w- wabn** ur itultom and naiud stm. TKKMS iwk HidrtMw, il mry W ty mail trill i* at tht fil it at' I i? *en*im S'ime >mt Hani toil's current i? Nne Y"'k OA tit BAnuiti, Hnniilliw(?*,|7p?f ?m??. TS* WKKKLY II fU it ?. #?#?? &U?r<fo*. .? ?V, .*??? tola, ?r &1 i?r urnou. tAc Eurupnm KdUio* tfr' -2?* edntmlay, afit I o?*i? |?I <**?*, $1 annum to amy ur .<7 flt? > *' *?g? (lM lilt aay w?- I <v ?A- '?..?.<.??< ?** *> *?**? P"***; ?*? (W^rau lifijU. u. i he M </ ??* ^ ?? ?nk per (Up*. or $1 6.' pm ?? 1 ' i, - Volaue **??? Mo. 90 KIBLO'ft (IaRDI N, Broadway.? Aftsrnooa? Nixon's RoTAL ClKOLS JSVrUIIH? YlBMltllUA WINTER UAPD'N, ? r??d? *)* oupouie Bond (treat ? Babk.i ik TiiK Wour? Ttk.ninu nS Tablm W4LLACK'* THKA.fl! 8, hruaJwsy.? lAurmiiTTB ? Por *1*0 TUt QUKkTiO* fiLA0RA KKENh - TH KaTUK, No. IM Broadway. - ? lASNlM k AMKrw. A < MUSEUM, Mroaaway.? ltay and Ktoo1ii? -Woh?*mio* Ku?in:i<>m? Hutu Oam.kt? Ifi.Aiis, Ska L-?* a*? ' ????isrnas ^ BRTAKTH' Mint?Tttl?t>M, Mwcflanlca* Hall. ?H Broad way ? UoHUHiin. <(>n?h. Dmcu, *o.? Dixik* Lind. NIBLO'H 8ALO' N, Broadway ? Llotd's MimrnfcLS in B'julksquxh, Bono*, 1>ancks, he ? l)ixi*s Land KKLODKON CONCERT 1IALL. No. 539 Broadway.? Box cut, Oamcu. nr?-L?n?CKS, Ao. CLINTON HALL a?t* "laoe ? Lbcturk ?t W. O. Dix O* A. JOVKMSY ACBOSS THK AKlltLi. WASHINGTON HauL, Wheeling ? Ckbttobth's Uim mu I* tfmii or: a* -owe*, Dancks, Ao. Hiw Yoik. IHuBdkf, April 1, 1861. fk( Hew \?i U Herald ? Edition tor The Oiuard mail st. amship Canada, Captain Anderson, frill leave Boston, on Wednesday, for Liverpool. At nails for, wilt oiote in this city to morrow ?fttraoon, at a quarter -past oue and at half-past Qvs ?'cloek, to go b? >? 'r> *d TBI Evkoikaa FSinriM or not Hkrald will he published M eteveu o'clock in the morning Singlo copies, in wrap part, six oeots the oontentu of ?><? kthopkaji Edition or ma Hrrau> will coinbli c the ufvr recive ) by mall and tolegrapta at the office during the previous week aal up to the hour of publication ? AML'hhM bNTS THX8 BYENINO. MAILS FOR EUROPE Karopei ?All * ??* TBI Picmc. ??W York < ?tlfor?*l* Kdltlon Hm nuul Steamship Aru-l. Captain Minor, will tare this port to-lsy, ai nooi., for Aspinwali The oaaila f 01 CUlitarui* <uut other parts of the PaoiDc WiD ekise at toil o'clock tUt* morning. Tbe Naw Voa. Wrbkm Uoulji ? OUiforriiu edition eoutaiuiu# the !?<??' <titoUigonce from all par '.8 of the world, with * li Rf qu.<ut:ty of local and miscellaneous matter, will be published at half past ei*h< o'clock in the Morning (Uuglo oootes, m wrapper*, rejdy for mailing, in route Affects will pleiuw sand in their or dors u early an poo KM* Tbe News. Our despatches received an Saturday niffht an nounced that Mississippi and Texas had ratified and adopted tbe constitution framed iu the Conven tion representing the seceded States, at Montgome ry, Alabama. Five of the Beven States have aow ratified that inatrument, and in the following or der:? , Vote > Stale. Time. Vtat. Way* Alabama March IS, 1861 8T 6 Georgia March 10 1?61 96 6 L aiaiaaa March 21, 1861 101 T .Mississippi Much 80. 1801 TH Tsxai March 26. 1861 W % Two States, Booth Carolina and Florida, are yet to adopt the new constitution. There Is little need of conjecture as to the part they will take in ratifying and endorsing the action of their breth ren. Ihe Convention of South Carolina is now in aession, and that of Florida meets in a few days, and in a week or two, therefore, the final action ?f the confederacy will be perfected in regard to this important matter. The steamship Africa, from Liverpool on the lGth, via Queenstown on the 17th ult., arrived at this port early yesterday morning, bringing three daya later news. The flow of specie from Europe continues. The account now foots up as follows:? Received per strain hip Africa $680,000 ITaviously retried 22,400,000 Total received sin* Dec. 16, 1860 112,060,000 We publish this morning particulars of the mas sacre of the captain and a portion of the crew of the American whaling bark Superior by savages in the South Pacific. The tragedy occurred on the 14th of September, 1660. We publish this morning an extract from the London Port? the government organ? which fore shadows the policy of Great Britain in reference to the recognition of a blockade of the Southern ports. The Port Hays that a blockade, to be recog nised by England, must be supported by an ade quate force. The news from Warsaw is not important. The substance of the Emperor's reply to the address o.f his Polish subjects is published. The Fmperor says that he ought to consider the Poliah petition as null and void, but, nevertheless, he graciously consents to regard it only aa an "act of enthusiasm." He devotes his whole attention to the reforms which are necessary throughout the empire, and his Polish subjects are ?a orach the objects of his solicitude as are the Bossians. But he has a right to expect that his sentiments and intentions shall not be " misunderstood or paralyzed by inopportune or immoderate demands, which he could not confound with the welfere of his subjects." He will not tolerate any serious disturbances, and " nothing can be raised on such a foundation for " aspira tions which ahould there seek for support would condemn themselves beforehand." A despatch from Waraaw nays that the Polish deputation was " astounded " at the tone of the Emperor Alex ander's reply, which has not abated the prevailing exettement. Prince UortchakoflT unofficially told the deputation that an imperial manifesto would ftpeedily grant reforms, and received from Count Zamoiaki the answer:?*' We accept ; but we are Ur from being satisfied." A despatch from Paris states that the payment o( the Turkish drafts on M. Mires has been guaran teed. A notice to that effect, signed by Count Oerminy, the provisional administrator of M. Mires, is published in another column. The Bank of France had reduced Its rates from 7 to ? per cent. The Duchess of Kent, the mother of Queen Yiotoria, died at Frogmore, near Windsor Castle, on the 16tS ult. Our latest dates from the city of Mezico are to th< 10th alt. The condition of things throughout the republic was as wretched as possible. The roads swarm with banditti, and no traveller is nail. Foreigners are especially obnoxious, and assassinations of numbers of them in all parts of the republic were of daily occnrreace. It was the intention of the foreign residents ia the capi tal to give the remains of Mr. Ogden York* a most imposing funeral. Captain Aldham. and the Frencii lady who was also wounded in thi same rtillgea?*, are recovering. M. de Saligny, resi dent French Minister, officially recognised the Joares government oa the 16th alt. The dismem }ie?ment of the country and the formation of the ncrthcrn ptrtion ii to a "bkrra Madre republic'' are measure* caid to be determiwd oo. Ho par- ; ticulaia of this m? u.o\ emcnt haw ria- feed u? a* yet, Steer Lerdo dc Tejuda is convalescent from j tin- attack of typhus fever which it wait feared > would be fatal to him. The I'ro^ tiO of Vera Cruz state* that informs tioti had been rect ived concerning the condition of aj i in Aldhaiu, of her Blitanuic Majesty's Meaner Valorous, who waa recently wounded by a baud of thieves. The wound had increased in severity, and, in fact, it waa considered so dan gerous that it waa supposed amputation of the Captain's leg would be necessary. The lady who waa also wounded was still in a dangerous state. ilie eotton market was firm on 9?wrday, with a steody 1ir ihl.j^il - ' " al about 2, TOO bales, cl<?ieg wiUiia a 12Xo. (or middling uplands; the Utter figure for good grades the flour market wis ii active and the sales moderate, white price* , were unchanged. Wheat was heavy, white a fair business w?s dot j>? , including some aUee for expor.. Corii ?a* lea* buoyant aoU active, and dosed with the tura of the market in favor of purcha sers. roik aiu h Id with more Urmntea, while aties were limited, at SIS 6 t}i a $16 87 for mesa, and al ft) BOa $18 for piinit" Sugar* were active aad firm, with aaiea of about V.KC ! hdc ani 344 boxes, at ruil price*. OoflVe Wi s (irm, with salea of 3.COO runt* of at i8\c , sad , C" ?:i lots or Kio at fail rates P'eivbU were sleazy, will u-o cinte eigagemcbts at unchanged rites. 1lM l'a o K?voiatloaary 0?veraiaeat? and i'hotr Leans. Tt-u frtow is the last day for the bids for the loan ol eight millions atked for by the government at Washington, and to-day the new Morrill tariff goes into operation, which will bhut out the ordinary sources of revenue. In a very brief time w 11 be required nine mil lions, the balance ef the twenty-five millions authorized by Congress to be borrowed, and it is probable the first proposition brought up in the extra session of Congress will be a loan of at leHst twenty-five millions more, on the appli cation of Mr. Chase. The government at Mont' gomery will offer for sale on the 17th inst. five millions of a fifteen milllonloan, to be paid for in full on or before the 1st of May. It will pro bably soon call for the remaining ten millions and if the threatened war should break out be tween the two governments, this loan will be lol lowed by loans upon loans?loans without end Now what are the circumstances under which thet-e loans are asked for? In the first place, both governments are revolutionary, and are preparing to plunge the country into civil war, against the will ot three fourths of the peo ple. Neither represents a majority, aad neither has tu.y right to drag the c juntry. into war. Neither, therefore, has any legitimate claim for a loan, nor any right to saddle it upc,n the community; and it may be a question ? ere:ifter whether such loans shall tot be re pudiated by a future government representing ?he wtole people instead of belligerent fdtc hoi;h. In the secoud place, the States over which th<-*- governments are prepiring to exercise the iron rule Of dictatorship are >drtady tufflciently oppressed with debt with out cew burthens to weigh them down. The rtbbts of the several States of the Southern con federacy sum up in the aggregate nearly eighteen millions ? a much smaller amount ia propottion to population than the aggregate debts of the States of the Northern confede racy, which reach the enormous figure of $174.000,000? which, added to city, corpora tion and ratlroad debts, makes a total of $600,000,000. To this fearful sum must be added the debt of <?e Union, which will amount to $100,000,000 when the whole of the $25,000,000 loan shall hare been taken. The total debt la thus, in round numbers, $600,000,000, the interest of which, at six per cent, is thirty-six millions per annum. Thus are we rapidly following in the wake of the bankrupt governments of Europe. The amount now due by the seven States of the cotton confederacy is comparatively smtll; I but their new federal government has taken measures to nearly double it in a single loan, which, ifwa>r proceeds, is a mere trifle com- | partfl with the debts which will be accumu lated in a very short time. It must be con fessed. however, tbat the Southern confederacy has greatly the advantage of the Northern in point of revenue and expenses, as well as secu rity tor its loan. For the latter it has pledged a tax cn every bale of cotton exported, and the coupons will be legal tenders for the duties on imports. And while the expenditures of the Soutfern government are comparatively small for office holders, it will receive, owing to the Morrill tariff, the great bulk of the imports, thus giving a tremendous impetus to Southern trade, and it will receive neaily all the duties which heretofore constituted the revenue of the Union. It Is now receiving, it is paid, $60,000 per day, or at the rate of twenty millions per aunum. What will its receipts bo when the Morrill tariff comes into operation? Tn the event of war. as the North would be the invading party, the expenses of its government would be ten told greater than those of the government of the South. The President, however, of the Southern confederacy, and the Commander in Chief of its forces, haa decUred thit he will become invader in turn; but his pUn Is not to burthen his own people with the cost, bit to levy upon the rich aud populous cities of the North, where there are ample Btores of provifioDS and accumulated wealth. In the In \ asion of the South, on the contrary, a Northern army would have to take all its provisions with it. for in the Sooth it would find ao stores of food and few cities to sack. The South is agricultural, and its population is ?par?e, but its chief product* cotton and tobacco? would be of little service to a hungry army. It would co't, upon the best calculations of military men, one hundred millions o< dollars to equip and provision for one year an army sufficiently numerous (say 100,000 men) to make any im pression upon the revolutionised States. Where is this vast sum of money to come from? It ia true that in the vaults of Wall stree there are some forty millions of specie. From California, sinoe the election, New York re ceived ten millions of gold; lrom England twenty two millions for cotton and breadstuff*; and if it were not for oar own insane quarrel*, which, In a few months, have made our govern ment a mockery at home and an object of con tempt abroad, we would now be the moat pros perous and powerful people on the faoe of the earth, llut the money depoalted in the banks cannot be safely withdrawn but for pur poses of trade, and if the capital of the country be consumed In gunpowder, the commercial and manufacturing interests, and every Interest depending on them, must tnmble down In ruins like a house of cards. The banks themselves would be speedily over thrown If their specie were removed. Mr Chase may perhaps get the loan taken to morrow at a discount of from $800,000 to $1,(MM).G0C, which w wo-ee Uihu a dead Itoii t<? ?he cuua'ry, btciuwe six per cent k'<r<tt Las Uj be paid on the low, ?In# tfc'wtag that the optional securities in a lew OiOi lbs, owing to the advent M bit uti'i fliv? ry po*>rrnDet.t to power, have be?n <1e|>reciaU>d twenty five pet cent. Bat b<<w msr-y more p'unilar loan* will be be able ?o ge? on any terme? The stales!"?""*"* ??gacify of liie government ??4 M?e leaders of tbe republican p?'J >? strangely evinced by the derafcJ of a loan at the very same moment ?bat the Mon ill tariff comes into operation. The m?>ni!eft effect of that tariff is to drive away iropoit* biid revenue from the North to the Foutb, and to necessitate other loans very soon to keep the government afloat Another carious evidence of statesmanship is to be found in the w arlike prepaiationsof the government conoen tralirg shipa of war in the vicinity of Pensa cola Bay. and announcing through its organs, at the very fame time that It is compelled to evacuate Fort Sumter, that it has issued or ders for the reinforcement of Fort Pickens. The- only explanation which can be given of this policy, short of downright Insanity, is that it is intended to affeot the New England elec tions by keeping up the courage of the rabid republicans, and, what Is more important to cur stock jobbing government, to reduce the viarket value of their loan, so that their friends can buy it cheap and Bell It at an ad vance, as they did the last loan. For, when the loan is taken, we shall probably learn through the stockjobbing organs of the government that Fort Pickens Is to be abandoned, like Fort Sumter, and that peace is the policy of the f government The effect of taking the loan will be to enable the government, while they pretend peace, to prepare for interneeine strife, money being "the sinews of war," and to draw the country insensibly and by degrees into a sanguinary fra tricidal Btruggle, whose result will be in tolerable taxation. The taxes of the English government before war became its policy were less than ten millions. For many years they bave been upwards of three hundred and sixty millions per annum, or about a million for every day in the year. During the present year they amount to the crushing sum of three hun dred and eighty millions, and that patient ani mal, John Bull,8ubmit8 to the infliction, though not without many groans. How could it be otherwise when in one mad war the expenditure for a Bingle year was $660,000,000 ? Instead of learning wisdom, then, from the follies of other nations, shall ye imitate the had examples they have set us? Shall Uncle Sam permit his agent, instead of attend irig to the vital interests of his thirty-four farms, to set the people soldiering, to the ruin of their interests and the destruction of the propei ty accumulated in many years of toil and industry? Neither the government at Washington, therefore, nor th^ government at Montgomery, ought to receive a dollar from any souroe unless they renounoe their nefa rious rohemes of oivil war, and agree to a peaceful eolation of the questions at issue, upon the basis of mutual compromise laid down by George Washington in his letter to Con gross as chairman of the convention which formed the constitution. Anothbk Mexican Exil*.? The perennially disturbed condition of Mexico renders it fruit ful in distinguished exiles. Divided as it is into a number of States, we find a leader spring ing up continually, here and there, who aspires to the chief rulership of the republic, and some how procures his election to the Presidency, always, of course, according to the constitu tion. But, after a term of offloe extending oyer a few week 8, sometimes perhaps a few months, and after fighting two or three battles, he iuds away, and comes to this country, en route for Paris or some other European capital, there to enjoy a fine time after his brief career; or It maj be that ho seeks a quiet retirement in the neighborhood of Cartbagena, to look after the cock fighting interest, after the manner of Santa Anna. Miramon, the latest Mexican hero, arrived in New York on Friday, on his way to Paria. Miramon is a young soldier, and made a pretty good fight for supremacy. Unlike former Mexi can generals who left their country in a state of anarchy. Miramon retired into exile leaving a government established there, and he comes to this country now to find the government and the republic all up?et, divided and verging upon chaos. It was the custom heretofore to comment upon the visits of distinguished per sonages to our shores ?whether they were the victims of foreign revolution, like Louis Napo leon, Santa Anna, Comonfort, Arista and l'aez, or mere visiters for pleasure, like the Prince o I Wales? as affording them an opportunity Of "studying our institutions'' and "observing the progress of the United States;'' but it remained for Miramon to leave his own country with an er-tablished government, and to find in the country of his temporary sojourn, under the rule of Abe Lincoln, a divided nation, two go vernments, and a condition of things which is rapidly hurrying us towards the uchippyUteof Mexico, unless wiser counsels rule the admin istration, or the people be permitted to settle the present political difficulties as their good nense and paUiotism would certainly direct them. Important from Enqland? Evoi.tsh p0 ucr in Rkoakp to thb 8oirni.? By the mills received yesterday by the Africa, we learn Horn tfce organ of the British government, the I<ondc>n Post, of the 14th of March, that England will only recognite a blockade of the South eo long as it is supported by ade quate force. This is the doctrine of the treaty of Paris, and is European law. A month ago we announced that Lord Lyons communicated such a policy to Mr. Buchanan as the course which bis government would pur sue. The republican journals denied the authenticity of the news, nnd now we have a confirmation of it from the special organ of the British government. The words are ef that cautious diplomatic kind which might be expected, but their mean ing cannot be miitaken unless by ninoom poops. " Even in these days of non interven tion, and i then it is the practice, to rccognise de facto government a, England could not refuse to recognis * any blockade, which Mr. Lincoln might choose to declare, so long as it was su/ /ported by adequate force." Of course the converse holds; and as the government at Washington has no adequate force to maintain a blockade of a coast extending thousands of miles, the mean ing is that any declaration of a blockade will be utterly worthless. A bright prospeot for carrying out the Morrill tariff, which oomes into operation April Fool's Pay. Thk B*oocltx EAi-nov To-Morrow.? Through (be enterprise nr our reporters we oc casionally beer ofjoteir a place aa Brooklyn, and, inde*?rtt>w and then that AmMAm cl*?" u#k.r f 'b. little sensation for itself ??r*cts the attention of the w--1-1 *t large. For in stance, the*>fU"r a*J the Brooklynites opened BP c^era House, and actually made an operatic Beaton pay expenses ? that was something ? and now it appears they are going to have an elec tion. The leading characters in the contest which comes off to-morrow are the two candidates for the Mayoralty ? the candidate of the republi cans, and the candidate of ever so many demo cratic and Union committees. Several other candidates were nominated for this oflloe; bat they ill backed oat, leaving the field to two only. Brooklyn is considerably exer cised about this election. It is the first time that the republicans hare had any spoils to offer in a municipal contest, and how shamelessly they are tiring their newly acquired power for pur poses of bribery and corruption may be seen by the following paragragh from the republican organ of the party oandldate, to wit: ? We L are been shown a letter from the Collector elect of the port of New York, written yesterday, In which be h?>h that he has not yet received odlclal notice or his ?i>l<<'.mmeut ano will not In all probability oe able to cm nu< r applications lor place at least in ten days. We ma> state also, in this connection, that no applicant re siding In Brooklyn will have his claims considered until

after. the Mayoralty election, and theu the ward casting tne lursrst number oProtts for Frederick Wholes for Mayor will have the Urst and greatest claims upon his attention. Now, which shall be the banner ward? This is about the most unblushing piece of im pudence that any party in this country has ever perpetrated, and it only showB how the re publicans regard the victory they have acci dentally achieved. It is the spoils, and the t-poils alone, they appreciate; the safety, the prosperity, the dignity of the country, they care nothing about. Brooklyn, like New York, however, is a democratic city, and we hardly think that even the temptations of the Custom House or the Navy Yard thus openly held out ? ill succeed in placing a black republican in the civic chair to morrow. The Operation of the New Tariff. ? The Morrill tariff goes into operation to- day, and to-day the perplexities of the Custom House cffloials commence. But that is the least part of the mischief which this measure is to entail upaa the country. The new tariff Imposes a duty upon imports ranging up to a hun dred per cent, while the tariff of the Southern confederacy puts a duty upon them of from ?en to thirty per cent ? the latter figure being i he maximum. The Southern tariff continues in operation in its present form until the 1st of May; but when the Montgomery Congress meets tgain it is Intended to make twenty per cent the maximum of duty ? breadstpffs and munitions of war being free; and in time there will be an average duty of ten per cent upon all foreign merchandise? such being the ulti mate jdesign of the Southern statesmen. Wo one can doubt what the operation of thefk two tariffs will effect. Already we may conAer importation into Northern pdrts virtu ally It an end. Foreign goods will henceforth seek me ports of the South, and a magnificent system of smuggling will be inaugurated on the borders of the two confederacies. "The smug gler,'* as the London Tirrws says, "will redress the errors of the statesman." It should have said the politician or the fanatic; for, alas ! we have no atatesmen new. The revenues of the government at Washington will fall away to almost nothing; and as to the future prosperity ot the Northern Atlantic cities, we are almost afraid to contemplate it Ocr Diplomatic Representatives Hasten ing to Evrope. ? The new diplomatic repre sentatives of both confederacies are hasteniog to Europe; the agents of the Southern govern ment to open negotiations with foreign Towers for the recognition of its independence and the establishment of commercial relations, and the appointees of Mr. Lincoln to represent the new rtgime inaugurated at Washington. On Sa turday two of these diplomats sailed from New York? Dudley Mann, the representative of the Montgomery government, on the Europa, and Mr. Sandford, Mr. Lincoln's Minister to Belgium, on the Arago. Mr. Mann's colleagues, Yancey and Rost, were to have left New Orleans yes terday for Europe, by way of Havana; aud the administration at Washington are completing the instructions of their other ministers to Eu ropean courts as rapidly as possible. Mr. Mann will be the first Southern representative in Kurope, if we except Thomas Butler King, who is already there, in behalf, not of the govern ment so much as of the cotton interest. The Southern people are contemplating the supply of cotton yarns to continental Europe, which hitherto -were provided by the machinery of England, and for that purpose BrtlWels has been selected for the headquarters, and it is for this that Mr. Mann, who represented pre vious administrations on the Continent, and ha* much experience of that quarter, is now des patched to Belgium Mr. Sondford is accordingly hurried away to the same country by Mr. Lin coln, no doubt to head off Mr. Mai n if possible. In a short time the diplomatic representatives of both confederacies will be assembled at all the European courts, and, in consideration of the Northern and Southern tariffs, It Is easy ta foresee which will meet with the more favor from the mpective commercial nations of the Old World. The Sot thern Transatlantic Steamship Com pan v. ? The newly organized Liverpool and Charleston Steamship Company, intended to establish a direct trade between the South and Euiope, is likely to prove a success. The entire amount of subscription called for was $350,000. Upwards of $300,000 has already been taken; and we are reliably informed that the first vessel will leave Liverpool for Charleston about the middle of July, to be followed by a second about the 1st of August. The ships will be of the largest dimensions, built of iron, with water tight compartments; the motive power will be on the auxiliary screw principle. Messrs. Laird A Co., the celebrated Scotch shipbuilders, own a large share of the stock in the new com ply. Am Extra 8er*ion of Conorkjw ? Can any one suppose that, under the present state of things, and with the prospect before us of more embarrassing financial and political complica tions from day to day, the government at Washington can keep its legs till next Decem ber without the a<?slstanoe of Cocgrcss! No. There must be an extra session of Oongresf. It cannot be avoided; and the sooner Mr Lincoln's Cabinet act upon this ide* th?* h???ter it w ? 1 1 b? .for the administration, and. we hope, for the country and the Union. "Tiu: Daws or Jaouomk' " iet TON ? The taoe w*k California delegation at the Wv"- uoum ob Saturday brought oat .wise of the "latent Jackaonism" whieh Old Abe's friends rejoice to claim for him. He "pat hi* foot down" on that occasion to some pur pose, completely snubbing a fussy little fellow named 8imoaton, whose connection with cer tain investigating committees in Washington some time ago, when he was correspondent for one of Mr. Seward's organs in this city, will be remembered. Simonton, it appears, protested against the interference of Senator Baker, of Oregon, with the California appointments, and read a "se vere and disrespectful" address to the Presi dent, In the presenoe of Mr. Baker, dealing very hardly with that gentleman and his friends; whereupon Old Abe, with the firmness of a Washington and Jackson combined, crushed the manuscript in the hollow of his hand, and cast its bruised remains Into the flames, using, at the same time, some very Indignant language to the awe-struck Simonton. The protesting Californians were thee politely invited to take ' their leave, which they did, headed by little Simonton, feeling no doubt uncommonly like a whipped spaniel just at that moment Meantime the California appointments are to be disposed of at the discretion of Senator Ba ker and Messrs. Satterlee and Stanford, the discomfited Simonton not having a word to say thereon. Being disappointed in obtaining any of the New York spoils on a previous occasion, despite his extensive lobbying, we fear that the utter loss of the California spoils now, which he thought he had In his pocket, will seriouriy affect the state of his health. The New England Elections.? The Connecti cut election takes place to-day, and the Rhode Island election will come off on Wednesday. These events are regarded with great anxiet> by every friend of the Union, as indicating whether there is any return to reason in New England, or whether it still adheres to Its action, and will let the dissolution of the Union and permanent separation of the States go by default They have already suffered enough in coneequence of the distress of the population arisiog from the breaking down of trade and manufactures, and the want of employment of the population. Are they prepared to allow all interests to go to utter destruction? We bball shortly learn their determination. Fort Si'mteu ? Southern Independence. ? It appears that the people of South Carolina anti cipate, from the evacuation of Fort Snmter by the United States, a strong moral efffeot on the other side of the Atlantic in behalf of the inde pendence of the Confederate States. This is not a bad idea, and it may, perhaps, explain the painful reluctance of the administration at Washington to abandon a post which it must abandon, or from whioh It must very soon be ignomlniously expelled. But why should "Honest Old Abe" hesitate, when "nobody is suffering and nobody Is hurt?" Trial off the New York and Havre Steamship Illinois With Dlnmorc'l Feathering Poodle Floats* Tte steamship Illinois, having been laid up during the past winter to receive new boilers and the addition of an upper stateroom saloon, the opportaalty was taken to attach to her paddle wheels Dinsmore's feathering floats, In place of the common fixed floats, and the result of a trial trip made last Friday, out to the light ship and back, proved to be a succens exceeding the anticipation of the most sanguine. The Illinois backed out from her moorings at foot of Eleventh street, East river, at eleven o'clock, came down the East river under a low pressure of steam and pro ceeded to sea by way of the Bwash channel. Subjoined are particulars of her trip:? Time Distance Oocm- in yau %? H. M. pitd. ccU Milet. ! "acted Governor's Island at. 11 3T //. If. Passed Quarantine 11 M 0 10 6 l awed Sandy Hook light, due weM It 46 0 40 11 Passed light ship 1 13 . 0 88 7 Total _ 1M 24 Average freed per bour fifteen knotn. Returned by way of the snip channel. l'aseed light *hip 1 17 I "awed Sandy Hook, due west 1 66 0 30 8 llused southwest spit buoy.. 2 06 0 10 2 I'aated Narrows ,.. 2 49 0 43 9 Parsed Quarantine 3 02 0 13 3 Governor's Island 3 25 0 23 0 Total ? 2 08 28 Average speed per hour 13 knots. Going out she contended against a strop- Creese dead ahead, and returning she bad the ?U stn ^gth of the ebb tide and the North river freshet ? together at least four miles per bour? against her the whole distance. This performance in the then state of the wind and tide la unparalleled, and clearly demonstrates the great snpert urity of the feathering float over the common fixed floats. The average pre i*u re of steam, cutting off at hatf stroke of the pistons, was eighteen pounds, and the average number of revolutions of the paddles twenty per minute, though for a part of the time with steam at twenty five pounds pressure the revolutions reached twenty three and three quarters per minute, and the *pecd of the ship eighteen knots p^r hour. The prin ciple of the feathering float, or eccentric paddle wheel, is not new. It baa been in use in the Old World for more than; twenty years; but the mode of getting It ?p has been so complicated, of such eoormous weight and so costly, that the drawbacks more than offset the ad van tages|Bought. It rtmained for an American mechanic, Mr. Pinsaaore, of Albany, In this State, tooveroome theeedlsadrantages, and which, by a rare combination of merfcanical aklli and perseverance, be baa fully succeeded In doing. Nothing oan be more simple than the present Illln>la wheel. In weight It does net ex seed the old wheel, while in strength and Seffloieney It is one third superior, and la at the earns time perfectly noiseless and free from jar In Ha operation. The Illinois baa been refitted la the ssoet thoro-igh man ner in every department, has iron bulkheads, absolutely water tight and fire proof, and now takea her place In the European line as one of the faateat, most elegant ano safest of ocean steamer I. She will sail next Saturday, 8t*i inat , under com nind of Captain P. E. Terry, an experieeoed and abl? ae icnin. The Virginia Btote 4'wnventloaa. Rk iimono, March SO, 1M1. In tlie C. nventlon to day Mr. Wise offered a eerie* of aim nilmentF aft a substitute to the majority report, whi-.h were referred and ordered to be printed , but w. re not read. It is believed that they embrace the propositions ol hi* min<rity report. Pome entertain the opinion that the Convention will ad.t' urn In about two weeds from this time. iTe agricultural portion of the Convention are getting anxious to return home. Rhwuonp, March 31, 18#|. The Ho'ipe was in session ail night, coueiderlog the joint reeolutlrrs relative to the movement of troop* ui i aims within the cowmen wealtli, growing out of the pro pored ti under of guur from the Heliona Foundry. Var'otis amendments were proposed aod rejected amid an exciting debate. The Srnaie'a amendment* were finally pamed, modified by authorizing ihe Oo ret nor to call out the pit4lc guard to arre*t the contemplated removal, and directing htm to employ the te? dfui f o>ce to rest* any attempt to re . move Ihe same be] end the reach aid control of the State grveri lueiit. A r> ncentie occurred jeaterdav at lie IUIl*<-d House Hugh L ?.?llaher. the contractor itl the Kip Rape, lire ) at Jcseph Oegar a member of the legislature. The Itall parsed through hie coat, and Hegar was unharmed. Ual labrr to-day accidentally shot himself, and la expected to die. The Secession Feeilag la Norfolk. Norhkjc, Marvh 31, 1K01, A petitKn numerously signed, not? -ting Mr FUow, a del< Bute m the 0ot vi niioo ttom this city, to vide ror lm midiate teceniton was i'rw?nt<-d At a and enibnr.aal'C mealing held at Wa*hlny ten pi let, resom mh were adopted loatrneitng lh? de ?gaWs mm Nerlilk count* to vote ( iimne.lot srcreetoi. the meeting ais?> appointed del gatei to a Oit ventx r t. I>e heln on the Iftih of April, at Suir?lk, t > I n mate * se.'?-t tn,* cat", 'ate f?>* ('.igriic, In osr. 1 Virgin* MiOuld . ?. rcaUi 'u the I't i-n. Tfcc t ?'?" Tc*m aftb* Law moBMODtt a wzcw AT rm. costom GOODS lMFOk HTKr) "W* BCIKO* atih-iii^^H Of SOLLIU v ^VOLV El?. ?tomamU tmJmm. "'** sasruhaato ???<?< to<^H hmii7NiM?lkn beaaawaia that invasltgal^M *"* f^g sa at the Ouk * How lu relatioa to uiretd^^H miMi imnn Hi k1**1 c*""?- u n uadmatos^M that tti following, wbicb appaarad hi tfcaBaaaias^H DMMBkwM.UN.Mpri tt. e Custom Hosas aolheri - W tie* an ths alert: ? 1 HOfABMHnk^M ' BMMi)i?umol (Hi no || III' linn Mill asr arroba), which, el 98 98 ourreuey mm ImMmb, eteMS 22ceatssa board, whoa it la Icnowa bHtt wool* <x?Us? over 90 cento par puuad are aatoeot la an Impart JoyTor 98 per eent in lb. I'aKed JStateTthJ eaa*?L 7m plained by (be ?aci tbat al itelMMMlMOMHI certificate for Invoices are gtv w al iki rat* of Mf cur rency to a silver dollar, *bwk would ? tt ao^w that the doubluoa ia worth $400, iiatead of 1998 sun m ry, which baa bean tha average pries af narrmwi Ike laat three month#? thua making the caat a f tha utUa 16 per cent lower ihan It la In reality, aad at tha aai lima benelttiag tha merchant at tha eapeaee at tha re venue of the United State*. Donbl*ons hare no* haw worth $400 since Mar oh, 181ft V* understand fully tha meaaiag and iapsrtsasa af this extract, It la naoeaaary to know that, by law, aw importer of foreign merchandiss Boat gtr* tha Poll enter an invoioe of the aaaM, made la tha ooualry where lha marohandla* la produced; aad If tha value of that eur rency la not fixed at apeoiflad ralaa by statute, aa it la ' fixed in tha oaae of a pound sterling of Great Brllaia at M Mt or a franc of Fraaoe al II 8-18 oaata, thaa tha lo re toe moat be aoeoaapanied by a Onaiiiar certificate showing tha value of auoh currency la Spanish or United Stelae silver dollars. Therefore a Buonoe Ayres paper dollar ia certified by the OoaauJto he werth only tear oaata of American money, aad dutiea are estiaiated oa that value, when 11 1* worth, la (hot a greater sum; It will be aeen that the revenue a?be a loaer, aad wool wbicb really ooata mora thaa twemy oeati a pound, aad ao liable to duty, might under the preaeat tariff, be latro duoed Into consumption here free of duty. All the olreumateccee, as given to ua by parties late* rested, seem to indioate tbat the above extract from tha Bhuld furnished the information aad led to the investi gation now pending before the Custom House authori ties. At all events, unusual attention waa given to Bue ncs Ay res importations, and eminent oouneel are engaged by the government on the one hand, aad the merehaate interested oa the other. The fleet vessel overhauled on luaptcloa was the brig Mary Wilkiae, oa board of whioh w?a merchandise to the amount of about $100,000 consigned to R. W. Rope* k Oo ? a most substantial and rea pec table hoMe la New York. The whole of the Bifetoeo were seised (Or fraad ulent undervaluation. This created a ooasidarabie sensation amongst the importers. DeputetiOM of the trade went to Washington, but the reauM was that there could be no is Inference with lite regular course of investigation. Uuneral Dix sustained the OM. lector. Ships were arriving every week wtth similar importations; the Importers were greatly perplexed ; they knew nothing about the (bets stated la the Haaau>, aad they suspected that the article was prepare 1 in Buenoe Ayree by persons who sought to drive a tna* purchasers of cheap wool out of the market; that they knew that the invoices they presented gave the solual cost of the goods, aad that the CoMolar certificate pro duced was not only a statement of the government's own agent, which the^ merchants could not oontroi, but was correct in itself,* Mid they are utterly at a loss to know upon what ground the Collector has aaads the se laves. IMs being the first Monday la the t"? tha April tern of the law courts will be ooeameaood, there beteg no Intermission between this aad the March term. The Court of Appeals is now is session In this city, aad most of our eminent lawyers are draws there, so that the business of lbs other courts will be comparatively light for a few weeks. The Court ol Oyer and Tsraakter will be in session for ths disposal of criminal business, amongst which the celebrated case of young Jeflbrds, charged with the double murder of Walton and Mathews, will bo uqpd on by his oouaseL The Supreme Court Circuit, pert first, will be occupied as Oyer aad Terminer? part ascend will be opened aad adjourned to Mosday aext. The Superior Court, OBaasaoa Pleas sad Marine Charts will each have two trial breaches, besides Chambers aad Special terma. The Superior Court will also hold a General term Mils month. Chief JusUoe Beswerth has returned from ths South very muoh improved In health. Chief Jastlos Nelson will preeide la the Uaited Steles Circuit Court to besr appeals la admiralty, bat the va rious government esses pending before the United States District Court will probably remain la Mjfeept*, as Dis trict Attorney Roosevelt, who feeis in a state of "suspend ed animation," doea not feel die posed tooOmmencs oausei which may have to be finished by his successor. It was currently reported oa Saturday tha Mr. K. Delafield Smith, of the firm of Martin, Strong fr Smith, aad the au thor of the Common Pleaa Reports, had received the ap pointment of United States District Attorney. During the ooeupaaey of this office by Judge Roosevelt several i la vera have been condemns 1 and a vaat number of cri- ? minal and revenue cases have been disponed of, those la defstigablo Inspectors or dectectivss of revenue, Alex. Isaacs, Brown and Archer having, within a few years, made seizure* to the amount of over a quarter of a million of dollars, a considerable portion of whlci , after invee ligation in the courts, was oonfisosted to the government. The immense seizures of goods im ported from Buenos Ayres, now undergoing appraisement at the Custom House, will furnish considerable labor for the federal courts and United States Attorney for sne time to come. Marshal Bynders is 1 liks a hen on a hot griddle;" be does not feel easy In a ay part of the building, aad is continually looking towards each corner or the street for his successor or for a telegraph to Inform him when he will be relieved from the duties of his office. The First Deputy, Joseph Thompson, who baa hold tbat petition for some nineteen years, baa be come an Indispenaable portion of the machinery of ths deportment, and from hh intimate knowledge of ths taxation of costs and the keeping of accounts, Is sasa to be retained by the Incoming Marshal, whoever he may be. Ix>reUBo Ds Angriis, the ts.oood Deputy, who has terved two apprenticeship* U> the business, will, doubt less, be oontinueo if the Maiwhsl elect dt-slree to bars the work of ths department go ssaoothly - en. All the ' Iters, active aad Intelligent as they are, muat give way to Uss hungry aspirants whom the republicans desire to find piacos for. OALSMDAS FOB THTfi DAT. Srooors Cocst? -Part 1 ? Court of Oyer aad Terminer. llrt 9? Mtete and a<ty urns to Monday, April 8. Pension Orcsr? 1'art 1-Nn* MT, sol, 103T, 1849, 1041, 104T, ifitO, IMS, 1(17. 1M0, 1008, 10M, 1040, 1071, 1079. Part 9? -Nca 10*0, 1190, 1190. 1118, 1111, 1190, 1149, 1144, 1148, 1180, 11*9, 1184, 1180. Oommos Pi kas ? lid I? No*. 841, 988, 794, 780, 148, .'M)0, 640, 497 7W, 800, 801, ?0J, 808, 800, 807. Part 9? Noa. 4ftf, 637 , 2900, 400, 808, 741, 701, 709, 9J0, 489, 639, 887, 140, 780, 390 Army laMllfeact. AminUit f-urge m A. J. Kotrd, ifedteal Department, ? aiaigued 10 duty at Kott wue, Kuui, aad will raport accordingly at tbat poet without delay. Lieutenant A. 8 W?hb, -tnoood artillery, aow am dirtf at the Military Academy will be relieved, and ordered to join hi* com*ny. Afairtaat Surgeon* H R Wleti and Kodoey OUaao, Medical Department ar? wie-cd to b? relieved from d?4y in toe rvpa-towiit of Oregon, then to repair to the eHy of Now York and report by tetter to the dargooa of the arm) . (Vmpanlea A,B and .1 Third artillery or* under imnn to lai< poet at Fort Point 8m Kancinco htr*or: XAim leoasl L. Kip, Third artillery, is directed to repjrt Mr dmy with three com pan ten An ecteaeino of It-are of abaeona for four moo Dm la granted Ije?u>?ant J S Marm?duke, Seventh in ran try. vi) pxtrnpioa of leave -or Mx month*. ft* (be bianfc of hi* health, ia alao granted Captain H. 8. Etroll, Klret dragoon. Market*. N'aw Oauutaa, March 28. I8M. Tho holiday produced qu-etiieea Oat?on? nalea to day bale? mil dllng at li^fc. a !*>.; aaleeof tn^ioo btica; receipt* la*t week. I, T? balea agalnat S1.0I* beie* *hb? time last year; receipt* leaa than I tat year, 310 600 bale*; rcceipu at all Southern porta tee lb ui laat yea r 740, MO balea; export* 44 MO balea. Mai eipm ta to date, 1,014,000 balea. Stock la port, 91R 0C? bale*. fY.ff.-e at 10*C. a 18c. : aalee of the weak 11 ,?4.0 bag*; atork ia port, 0.000 bap, agalnat t* COO bags iat? time last jear. Fietghts-Orttoa to Liverpool S<< Kavr (Mtuuaa, March M. m Cotton raloK tortay, 8 000 bale* middling at UK? a 18c Pogar firm at ?c. n 0e for fair to folly fair. Iftoar ntrtal ?t ft a $A 10 ft* auperline. Freight*? Oattoa to Liverpool, m. 8o. Mowrut, Mareh 8*. Ut?A Cotton ? Hair* of 1,700 balea at Ittfc. tor oaMdnog. Ibe market ia ancbangr-d. Arilvala and Deparlnrrt, ASRIVAt 8. Ln Kuroot ? Ptram'hlp Africa- Vlaeoaat da Woara, Mr atad wtrant, Mr and Mr* Oal?r%y, Mlaa ? ialway, Mr norhmu* anO Ikc'y ? apt J .1 Woed, Capt i eha. Capt tan Icy, U*f j, t?r? children and ? errant, Mr* Bawdon and two 'afaata, Mr I)< uglan ard wife, Meew?to"h? Monro, Jax r cotL Uryfeea. (jiham, (? Prent, It F Podge, Thoi Malayeua, J Hafney, W A Krumley, A It ^l*oa, J"abnry. L N Renin*, Ptegbnviw ' d? Tnifch <>tto Holer and ?rn, 1 Wright, w Hparrmr. M Mtriert, 1 an lei w H loi e*. tl K Idler an? J Bafea*. Total, tk. a*v*nw*H? bteamehip Htate of Uortte-M Mro??"?, O fMwoi, H Agn?? and lady, J li *nk#?. ttavldao*. r M?tlh<lo? and toll, M*V it !'?ik*r aad i?dj[,I?a??> KiW, altart Morale, K Me7*r.*, ?b? K .la mm, A Wertie. P Prwiaaa, m 1 eete J U Miada, W O S?llfdara, J Ue0b|. St Hayder ar.d OP la t'ecrag ?? Kit i anati? ^traoiaidp JainMrte*?- f) rt>i?lt> J h liait. r B Oarrte .i i l*?rt?, ' H <hi?ah_ k K r 1 8ot?. M kohMiao?. > k.a?T'"e aod U In Ihc tie* ?ge r5^