Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 8, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 8, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERAT, D. ?WHOLE NO. 8977. IE WE TO HAVE WAR? :ial Government Envoy Despatched to Montgomery. Naval and Miliary Preparations ?f rbe Ciovrmwriit. Rations at the Brooklyn, Philadelphia and Charlestosvn Na\7 Yards. dpments of Munitions of War on a Large Scale. COTITY AT THE TROY ARSENAL IPO RT ANT FROM WASHINGTON. IEATEMED TROUBLE IN THE CABINET. IE POSITION OF MR. SEWARD. >rt Sumter Probably to be Evacuated To- Morrow. HE VERY LATEST, SPARTURE OP A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL FOR MONTGOMERY. WA8irw(!Tj*, April 7, 1801. I A bigb official of this government left here to day for ontgomery, Ala. Tbe object of bis visit is merely con ctured. One tbing, however, is certain. He has gone i a mission from this administration to that of the Con ^derate States. lie will be courteously received by resident Davis, and whatever this government may have i contemplation, either of peaceful or warlike character, ^111 be properly and duly considered. t"HE EXCITEMENT AN!> RUMORS IN WASH INGTON. Washington , April 7, 1861. Tbe frantic excitemcnt created by the hourly increas es probability of a civil war continues unabated in the Serai capital. Most people here have their all Involved such a calamitous emergency, and they are terribly Exercised at the gloomy prospcct before them. They link, talk and dream or nothing but war. In the ab. lenco of authentic information as to the plans of tho dministration and of all news from the South, they in hu'ge in a sort or seir torture by feeding on a variety of vlid rumors or a most extravagant character. The movements in New York harbor are being watched lith special anxiety. Much wild Ulk and guessing h*s occasioned by the secession visits or half a doicn iovernoTS of Northern States to this place. Some know ing goeeipers claim that they come here to con full with President as to the expediency of recom ^ tondors men and means by the l>rgielat ares of the reepe. tive States they represent, semblance of truth was given to this pre option to day by tbe boasts of some members of It be 1-ennsyivania legislature to the effect iha' an appropriation of Dye hundred thousand dollars would be mmcd lately made by the body U> which they belonged I for tbe purpose of arming ten thousand men. But al though the condition of public affairs and the intentions of tbe administration were discussed by tbe President I and his gubernatorial visiters, I venture to say that noth Icg in the way or calling out the State militia and open log special credits for warlike preparations will bo done until after the revolutionists will be actually found in arc rexs i on to the authority of the rederal government. It is certain, at all events, that tho principal object or the present journey or the Governors was to provide places tor brothers in law and other relations at the public ^It is now universally admitted by the friend? of the administration that Secretary Chase made a grave mis tmke by rejects the bids for the now loan at ninety three and above. No (jpc believes that he will be able to obtain money on any description or government socurl ties on more favorable terms in the face or the threaten ing bellicose denouement or the Southern imbroglio. Some lind the explanation of his determination In the p. em. sos- which must appear rather singular from his doubtless prescience as to what the policy or the adrain Istrfticn would be-in the bolier that a movement ,, going on aiming at an a Ivance of all tbe moneys l.kel, to be needed to carry the federal government through the present crisis by the several free States. Strange as it may appear, it cannot be concealed, that the bt Her in an Impending attemp to reinforce >ort Sumter is not weakening, as might be naturally sup posed in view of the progress or the offensive prepara tions of the revolutionists , but is steadily growing. But 1 *tlll deem It Incredible that the administration has any idea of wiping out its post sins of omission by such an enterprise at this late hour. A dozen pieces ol small ordnance Tor boat service> were shipped from here to New York yesterday, with an immense amount or ammunition. Among the pieces were two rilled twelve pouuder*, tbe first oT the klndln troduccd into the naval service. Tbe Tort or this ship ment furnishes strong evidence or an intended demon ?trallon In one of tbe Southern harbors, and is cited as such by those that still believe In an attempt to reinforco Foit Sumter. Tbe horse companies and sapper* and miners and one hundred tao??e joiners shipped Houtb it is confidently aa ?erted In high military circle* ore not destmei Tor either or tbe places named, nor at Key West or Tortugas, but are bound to Tex*s to restore peace to that distracted Mctionor our country. Pickens will be hupplicd, never theless Tbe army and navy officers appear, in common witli tbe public, to <>o unacquainted with tbe military <loslgus or the od ministration, so cautious are executive u-.tho rttlen in this particular, but from the best available sources it is almost. ir not quite certain, that the groater part of the troops leaving the Northern ports are desi nod Tot Texss. to operate on the frontier for the protection of the inhabitants again. Indian in curs Ions. Tbey will occupy the rort. on the llio Grande and sc orulug to official representations find a e ,rdial welcome among the Mttler.,|wbo hav been drive,, by the savaaee from their homes. The President, the Secretary of War and the Se relai y or I he N.vv were in consultation at the White House tuls morning The Pnwident subsequent* attended ch irch at tbe Itev. 1*. Pvnars. THE POLICY OF THE ADMINISTRATION. W4*aixuM?, April 7, lHfll. Tbe Pr en dent does not attempt to disguise the fact that It l? hi. determination to hold, ociuuy an 1 posses, tbe forts and other public property of tbe Vnned State*? tbe policy announced tti Inaugural. from his ' ni- ??rn> tlons with d?ITer?nt gentlemen, within a wed . b- hi* n variably asserted tbat from the day he took the oath of office he hsf been approached by tbe !>est and h bleat nvn North and South, representing the great In^lneM a:id M'lltijal interests of ihe country, wivb anpoals to blm not to take any active step? In tbe direc tion or su enforcement of the laws In the wn?*l-d H*4. s. seoompsnied always by aumraocc* tbat If hi* a t? minirtrsti< n ?"uld pursue tbl. course in ? very short Hire corfdence in bis ? .meervatisn. woeld be obtain d nmorg the people of those ?atra. ?n l the wtoritm of fraternal feeling would be reeio'ed It was not found to be a h?r,? matter to allow tt?e u? verify t w est ,r?n., in.irrnnrh ss the new sdmln.siraf'on, when it came power, found CVp'"*"* tb? goye.uuieui >aal hm?i every dep&rUmnt. and representatives abroad who 1 not on*> did cot sympathize with the republican policy, and won* openly tiueiile to U, but in some instances were believed to be secretly tiding the secession move ioeui In the South. *>pe> itlly wa -; it true that in the rarks of (he army and navy were found a lariro number of uvowtil secessionists. This state of things hia com pelled the administration to take time for the pur|weo of reorganizing U>? government at home and abroad before i.ttempttog to actively inaugurate its policy. These ev is are viewed by the administration as an en tailment of the two previous administrations. I'oor Pierce inaugurated treason as a part of his government, ucd submitted it to Mr. Kuchauan, who suddenly found traitors in hie vory Cabinet. Mr. Lincoln has been at the head of the government more than a month, during which time he has guarded against making the usual military aad naval demonatra tiens customary in times of peaco. During this period the President and his ministerial advisers have beon busy slftuig traitors and their sympathizers out of the various departments f>f the government, and in pre ] taring instructions for our new ministers at foreign courts. After pursuing this quiet, conciliatory po licy for more than a month, the President, according to his owu statement, instead of finding that such a course is properly received and appreciated, or that there is the slightest sign ot re storing friendly feeling, the do-nothing policy of the ad ministration has been taken advantage of and their good intentions have been misinterpreted, and the country, in the eyes of the world, is fast acquiring a reputation that it does not deserve. During all this time Southern men have been nattered by the public and private declarations of Mr. Seward that there would be a peaceful settlement of our internal difficulties. It is said that the Confederate States Com missioners now bfrre assert that they have had assurances from Mr. Seward that It was not the intention of the administration to reinforce Fort Pickens, but on the contrary to evacuate Pi< kens and Sumter both. I am authorized to say that if Mr. Seward has had any communication with the Confederate State Commissioners whatever, that he has done so on his own individual authority, and that it was never the in tention of this administration to abandon any military imst in the United States unless it became a military ne cessity to do so. The administration are now determined to pursue a vigorous policy, to tlnd out whether we have a go vernment worth preserving. Whilo doing this, it is not the intention to pursue an aggressi. e policy. The President claims that it is not an aggressive act for tho government to pursue such peaceful course concerning the public property as it may deem advisable. It is his sworn duty to protect it, and he intends to do it at every hazard. He will not make war upon any State or com munity in doing so, unless such State or community make war upon tho government. Then he will act promptly upon the defensive, and not until then. The President recognizes General Houston as the executive head of the government of tho Slate of Texas. I Governor Houston calls upon the President for federal troops to aid In repelling the invasion of the Mexican Ampudia, or the bandit Cortinas, or in quelling insurrection, he will be obliged to respond. That such a demand has been made, and is already being responded to, is most likely. No sensible military man supposes for a moment that batteries of fly itg artillery are needed either at Sumter or I'ickens. THE POSITION OP THE CONFEDERATE STATES. Washington, April 7, 1861. Despatches received here to-day from Montgomery, render it perfectly certain that no attack will be made by the Confederate troops on either Fort Sumter or Fort Pickens. President Davis is determined that this ad ministration shall not place him in a false position, by making It appear to the world that the South are the aggressors. This has been and still is the policy of Mr. *. It: coin. It will not be suc cessful. Unless the Lincoln administration make the ilrst demonstration or attack, Resident Davis says (here will be no collision or bloodshed. With the Lincoln adminis tration, therefore, rests the responsibility of precipitat ing a collision and the fearful evils of protracted civil war. It is a notorious fact, however, that the black republi cans who are most anxious to produce a conflict are those who have at different times been clipped in the face or otherwise insulted for their insoience or indecent language, and who had not the courage or nrinbud to resent it. They think that by the a*d of the govern ment the republican paity will be able t > c mquer and subjugate tho South. These miserable men are the verv last persons that would tight when the day o' battle comes. It ha; been observed that all the line officers reo' nth ordered to the ships now tilting out are -ntirely from the North. The adminisliation scorn to be distrustful of their officers. They ca'cuhte the course they art pursu log will tend greatly to force from the servic in both the army and uavy all the otticers from the border glav<* States who are as loyal and true to the United States as any men in aervlo?. THE EVACUATION OF FORT SUMTER. Wasiiiscton, April 7, 1S61. It now appears that sr. understanding has been agreed upon between the adm.n:stration and <>ov. Pickens for the evacuation of Fori Sumter, and that the order will probably go forward tomorrow, the difficulties hereto fore existing in regard to the manner in which it should take place having l>oen satisfactorily arranged. This was the result of Lieut Talbot's mission. He will probably carry the order back with him The Charleston < ourvr of Friday* last, received here, says; ? "That, from best informed quarter*, there is rea son to believe that v.n a few days leave of absence will be granted for an indefinite period to tho entire command at Fort Sumter.-'' FORT PICKBN'ss \V ash lmjto.n, April 7, H9t An entirely erroneous impression seems to prevail a-t to the condition of Kort Pick en*. The highest military authorities here deny that It* ts Id any real <lan ?er. They claim that the revolutionary forces oannot possibly prevent a ready and continued supply of the post with men, ammunition and provisions by n?'?n of. war. The nearest batteries of the besiegers are over one and a quarter mile from the fort, and hen^e c?n hardly do It any barm at all. tt Is now known that much of the exaggeration of the Kjecutive policy is due to the constant appliances brought to bear upon the President by a few Wi*terti Congress, men. By calling on him , and arguing, remonstrating snd entreat.ni.', dnv after day for weeks, they dually sue j ceeded In producing an impression. Their efforts are I suppose to hsve been made under the direction oi Postmaster General Blair. 1 THREATENED TROUBLE IN THE CABINET, j SKIRFTA*Y CHASK'9 t.OAN? RICOOMTION OF THK I SOC1HERN CONFEDERACY BY ENQhAND AND 1 FRANCE> *\ ashim.ton . April 7. lS'il. The fatal resolution to reinlorce Kort Pickeus, and thus Inaugutate < ivil war, which has unfortunate!', beoo takon by the Lincoln Cabinet, Is producing a degrea of commotion in the capita! which ha* u<> ptr.tlql In any of the events that have preceded it. It ts an indisputable fact that lHrtb the President and Mr. Seward are pledged id honor to the Southern Commissioners not to alter the >taX at '/mo of.Ove weeks ago., No explicit, official promi e has been, perhtps, made; hut the understanding has oeen noie the less complete, and the Commission ers have. therefore, hsd no hesitation in saying tital uo sgnrcssiv e movements against the Gulf .Mutes were in tended They have been deceived, aud, eveu if it were tine that the large f0n es which are being despatched to some oiimsibly unknown destination are not in ton led for the buy of Pensacoia or th? mouth of the Mississippi, it w?s the duty of government to make their intentions m exphc.t sod t nmlttsWeable. Mr. Reward is tIK ensed at the course which things have isken Fe feels that he has been trilled with and 1 used a* a est h paw l>* the i 'ministration. and that the ,tt. >? ,rir .|?'i ibe pnhiu . and underminingcon r.nen. and ihe r.ati'.t.a' pri"|?-rlty. He doe* not hesitate in press! h em :re disapproval of a Coercive policy, and te -?sy tbKt he iv not reepmsihle for any inetsure which I f >>)>. >d t ||- , lorev r, been compelled to - ? o-.?. before the sup- ri.ir we., lit of Messrs H'alr and f who ri le the Cabinet Nei'her .- - ward nor Came rvn n retuin their j iscee torg. Ihv latler ni?y not re sign at <D".e , but lite former will Cud his position un- ; tenable, and be forced lo do so before tbe lapse of many weeks. He looks paie and haggard, and is woru rot by tbo acnety of mod he baa lately endured. H.b want of moral courage and slowness of decision are greatly to be deplored. Had lie 1 tbe energy to step forward into an independent poe lion j and denounce tbe trtachery by which be is surrounded , 1 be migbl still make himself the rally ing point of sucb a conservative party in the N'ortb at) tbe ex.getcies of trie perKXl requires. Chaio Cnits himself in a very false position. 1' s re fnsal to accept bids below W will probably keep 1 (be treasury in a comparatively depleted state for some i time. Advices from New York represent that capita! ists will net lend now at a n.ghcr rate than 91 a 92, and Treasury note's cannot be advantageously issued. i Tne Morrill tariff will, clearly enough, product) no revenoe, and tbe frantic efforts to blockade Southern ports of entry that arc being made, will cot prevent goods from being distributed, via New Orleans, 1 h&rlee tou and Savannah, throughout tbe North and Northwest. Tbe canard tbat Kngland and France are favorably dis posed towards tbe Nortb bas deluded no one. Tbe feencg bere is that the independence of tbe Southern confede racy will be recognized, and that a speedy ommerciul alliance with tbe European Powers will be rendered in evitable by the interests of tbe latter. A revolution both in England and France would be the consequence of thfir not doing so. Proposals lor the Treasury notes to the amount of near ly $6,000,000, are to be received by tbe Secretary of the Treasury until Thursday morning at ten o'clock. < 'tier* ha?e been privately made of an centum premium for the entire sum, but it is deemed proper to alford a fair opportunity for competition. WHAT HAS CAUSED THE CHEAT COMMO TION? Washington, April 7, 1861. After canvassing this city and conversing with a cum her of )<ereons? as everybody is now talking about tbe present threatening aspect of aflair.---? I have ascertained tbe following points, which are '.he controlling ones with tbe administration with reference to its sudden change of policy. Tin) belligerent a'.titudoBo unexpectedly assumed and tbe indomitable secrecy maintained with regard toth'j movements of troops, have led to all sorts [of apecilatkin in the barrooms and club rooms of the Capitol, but tb< knowing on* s have come to tbe conclusion thai tbe ren sons for these sudden movements are. ? First. Tbe result of tne municipal electians in St. I-otiis, Cincinnati, and other parts of the West, and in New York; and the loss of two Congressmen in Connecti cut, and two in Khode Island Second. Tbe ellorts of some of the Western politicians to infuse backbone into Lincoln, so as to satisfy the Northwest thai the government is determined lo secure to them torever the free navigation of the Mississippi, which they are afraid ol losing. Third. Tbe tear of tholr being compelled to repeal tin Morrill tarifl in consequence of tbe importation of foreign goods being made through tbe South under the low tarlll' of the Southern confederacy, and the consequent loss l > the party of New Kngland and Pennsylvania in the total annihilation of tbe principle of prott'Clion. Ihesearethe propulsive forces that are driving the | Lincoln administration to Fort Pickens and tbe devil. TELECRAPHIC INTERRUPTION. W-iaiiLXOTO.il, April 7, 1861. Tbe telegraph wires south of Petersburg, Virginia, aro reported to be down, therefore we aro unablo to rec.tiv j any further advice*, other than those in this morning's paper, from the South. j ACTIVITY AT THB TROY ARSENAL, on TROY CORRESPONDENCE. Trot, April 6, 1H01 . Activity al the United State* Arttmlal West Troy ? Vetej Irom the Headrpiarters of the Eastern Division oj U,? I'nited States Army ? Iastik Shipments of Armi, Muni tions <tf War, <tc.*-How the Officers 'Jalk About tA; WW .\>k?, (fc. Never since the Mexican war bos there been .such an extraordinary activity displayed at the United PUte* Arsenal in West Troy us at the present moment. A few days ago despatches were received ordering J Jen tenant George T. Itnlch to forthwith repair to Fort Pickeua and report himself at that post for active duty. la accord aico with orders, he immediately left his past hero, and is now -n rottle for bis place of destination, lie is an ae. complished and energetic oflicer, and ranks hs one of the lirst heuten:mta in the service. Maior llordecal, who has command or the arsenal, is a Virginian, and is now abseut lu his native State. Thi comment!, therefore, devolves now on I.ieut. Strong, who is the oldest otlicer now at this post. Lieutenant l'ortcr is the only other commissioned oflicer now here. De spatches have been received every day, aad are con stantly being received, for the preparation and ship mcnt <>f all kinds of mumtious of war. 2 be works are kept going uigbt and day, no intermix pion of any kind is permitted, and the Sabbath day evc.i is entirely disregarded. I succeeded to visiting the works last night, about midnight, and lound erery de partment in full operation. Large numbers of meo wens engaged, with lanterns hanging from the ceiling, in Oiling up six, twelve and twenty-four pound cartridges, whisb, as soon as tilled, were transferred to other parties, where they were placed in boxes for shipment. In another room I found a large number of men busily engaged in charging bombshells with powder, dt tiers* engage! in tilling shells with bullets and running them full of melted roein ; the latter were taken when tilled to another room, and there, with machinery, a bole about three quarters or an inch in diameter was drilled into the bullets and ioe!n then they were taken to another room and charged w itb powder. A very ingenious fuse completes this death dealing projectile ftt 1s made o! lea/ 1 , of a sire just to mi the aperture in the snella, and is re gistered into sec. nds, so that the exact time that will elapse before expiation, after leaving the gun.^au be es tablished to a second. Taken altogether, this ahot is a most ugly looking customer. I saw, also, large quantities of canister and grape, rifle and musket balls and all other kuown implements of war being pr? l*rrd for shipment I visited the grounds again th s morning, and the energy and activity which were so apparent last night were more evident to day. Two hundred thousand rounds of ball cartridge* weie be ing plared on board a barge lying near; numbers of teami were bi ny drawing to the boat cannon balls, canister and grapishot, grenades, bullet and rifle balls, car trldgea, guns and i?un carriages, mortars, and, in fact, every article used in war. What struck me as remark able ? as the large number of siege guni and carriages that were gotng on board, as I could not concave of what possible use t':.ey could be in the Soutb except to the secetstonisU, unless the administration had deter mined ' to carry tbe war Into Africa, and (?capture tbe fot ts in the Soutb held by the secessionists. I endeavored to gain tome information from the cera at the post; but they were either very di -creel or else they knew nothing. I ln< line to the latter opinion. They pretended they did not even lat"w the destination of all <>r auy of the munitions oi war which the g >vtu ment had ao suddenly ordered from what 1 csu'd gi ther In conversation, and from m.v observations as to the character of the supplies that were going forward, and having a little knowledge of military matters? 1 once belonged to a militia company? I have my own theory, and it i? this ?The destination of much of the shipment Is Fort Pickens, and 1 judge the government hnve determined to make that fort a gsner.il ren le/vou ?d supply atation ; having determine 1 to hold tt at all rarils, they wltl tl'.l It with men and mu nition- of war. and from that point all the ope rations iuainst the extrcmf South will bo con ducted. The siege guna and carriages, which am of no use tor detence, and are only used to reduce for till* I places, will b? stored In Fort Pickens for future use; or, ? bat is probable, they may be deetine<l for Tetn for the support of old Sam Houston in hin attempts to keep p. ssr'sion of the government of his State. You m*y reat assured, from what 1 have se-n here, that civil war la about to be Inaugurated. There is no mistaking these indications, and a ortngbt benee wid fee the republic plunge I Into a contest which will only terminate with the utter -thsusti >n of botli parties, with nothing gained and everything lost Truly we hsve fallen npmi evtl times. Demaiinguee h?v - uaurped the placi s of patriot*. r;od save our c mntry. ItECRI lTtN'O FOR THE ARMY IN HOC M BflTER. |krom the Rochester t'nlon, tpril 1,1 The recruiting party under the command of Lleutemn Marshall, who latelj ovcoj ted the premises No, 1Q Mil street, have removed , and are now located at No. lit State street, id lb* city , where they have more spacuxM accommodations to go 't their varkms m.litary purposes and to entertain the numerous applicants who are Oa y soliciting admission into the army. Having visited tv premises yesterday, we observe 1 a most ma^uiflc-nt pole erected, from the top of which was suspended the stars and stripes, waring in all the majesty of national inde pendence, i-iid on enter xg the quarters we wore k oidly complimented wit an inspection of the otli f.ern' books, containing a geceral record of ?II the enlistments and rejections since the 29th of March, IP CO (the date on which the otlice was eitab lisbe<i), to the 28th of March, 1801, during which i?cnod 224 men have been enrolled into the army, and 721 men rejected for various cause*. Of those enlisted 106 were Americans, 66 Irishmen, 14 (Jermans, 10 Canadians, 10 Rni<ll*hiuen, four Scotchmen, four Switi'anders, three 1 rencbuien and two Italiaus. The usual inducements ure still otfere<t to all suitable young men who are accepted by the recruiting officer, and are so forti.nato as top<88 the surgeou'B examination? pay from $11 to $22 per month, together with board, clothing, medical attend ance. and all the necessaries of life grans. Upon inquiry we have been informed thu 600 men of the requirod (loai C-Atiocs are wixted immediately at the recruiting office, No. 143 State ctreet, in this ci:y. INTERESTING FROM TEXAS. Ot'B lNl'UNOLA COllKKtPONDKNCI. Iamasoui, Texas, March 30. 1861. Ihe Vfi-CTtitrt of i ii< fel Statu Iroupi for (A' A'ortV Sinee your p^per, of all others at the North, that 1 have tees, seems best to comprehend the existing state of .-.flairs at the South, and as yo are at the greatest pains and expense of any to to obtain the earliest and most reliable information in re gard to passing events. 1 consider it the duty of every citizen to aid you In this laudible enterprise by every in* ans in his power, and when in possession of any im portant or interesting news to communicate it to you. You will doubtless have to w:pe your glasses and refer to scire modern atlas or gazetteer to ascertain the kica

lily of this place. But if you will take your departure from the mouth of the Mississippi, and follow the Gulf coutakng 360 miles, yon will come to an Indentation, noted en tbe map as "Matagorda Hay,'' the en trance to which is through I'aw C* hallo, and about eighteen miles up this bay is located the town of Indian via ? a quiet, unoMrusivo little place, built upon a clean, white shell bank. But, as small as it is, it sports a line of tirst class stoumshi|>s, plying between it and other ports of Texas and New Or leans Ave times a week. It is, in (fact, the entrepot for the entire trade and commerce of Western Texas, and its importance has been somewhat enhanced at this moment in its having been selected as the place of the nmbarka ti< n of tbe troops of tbe old federal army stationed at the different posts on tbe frontier of Texts; and the iuforma tion 1 propoee to impart to you Is in reference to tho movements and departure of thoee troupe. You have already hoard of the peaceful surrender of all the posts ami tbe government propci ty to tho .State authorities. Fort Brown, at Brownsville, was the last to give u,">. Captain Hill, in commanl there, thiuk lng to emulate the quasi valor and heroism of Messrs Anderson and Slemmer, held out for a Few days, but finally, his good senso prevail lug, he yielded to a " military necessity.'' (Juery ? Will tbera not be a good many concessions of the s imo nature t?y the valiant Wide Awakes before theso milters are finally adjusted' No reflections, however, uro in tended by this remark to apply to the roAlly gallant ofh cera and men of the regular army, whom every Texan kti jws and respects, and parts with with great reluctance and unfeigned tor row. Since the surrender of the pists the troops bavo been gradually making their way to the coast, with tbe view of embarking on the steamers Coatzacoalooe, Star of tbe West aod Umpire City, sent by tbe government at Washington to take them away. These steamers arc now ly ing off our bar waiting for them. The steamer Fashion has been charte.-od to con vey them on hoard. She has just left the wharf with the following com panies on board. ? Companies H and 11, Second Cavalry , from Camp Cooper Company B, ?' ?' ? Camp (Xiloraio " ft " " " Camp Verde. Companies V and U, " " ?? Brownsville. ( ompany B, First Infantry, " Cuinp Cjuper. " J " " " Camp Verde. <4. p " " ? Antanlit OMakl.-f-l*fjmti y ? OapUios King, Caldwell and Car penter l.ieuteoants Mower and Sherbourne. Carjlr, ? Captains Palmer, Stonemai., Brack. ett and Jenifer Lieutenants Cbatillss, Kimmell and Harrison, officers CAks and Whiting, Company K. Companies G and K came up from Brazos Santiago per steamship Arizona on Friday last. The artillery com panies ordered theie embarked on the steamer Daniel Webster. These troops, 6'?0 In all, with the aliove named officers and tbeirfumllies. will embark on tho Ooatzicoalcos if she can take them all. If not, what she cannot take will go on the 8t*r of the West. The other ship, F.mpire City, will wait till more troop* arrive. Their destination is said to lie New York. This is the news of to day. Tbe comments and rejec tions which suggest themselves In regard to all these pro ceedings I must reserve for some future communication, since the New Orleans steamer will leave in a few minutes and I wish to mail this by her. THE PHILADELPHIA NAVV YAW). VERT LITTI.K DOING IN THE YARD? GKTTINH THE 9TIAMKR W AT Kit WITCH REAI>T ?OR SKA. OCR ITULADKLPHJA OOmULSTOMWWCS. Philadbu-hu, April 7, 1H61. Though Mr. Lincoln could have chosen no litter piaoe for the conducting of his warlike preparations with gecresy, it is a fact, as stated by the paper* bore, that there is no activity whatever at tbe Philadelphia Navy Yard. Your reporter has visited the station, and found tbe operations very limited, with two hundred meu em ployed in all the departments? som- twenty having been discharged last evening. There are only three vessels lying in harbor, tho i rigate St. lawrence, which is dismantled and could not be placed in serviceable condition within a month, the sloop of war Jamestown, ready for equipment, and could be prepared for sea In ten days, and tbe little Water Witch, Lieutenant Rouehaiiderl, commanding, which will go in commission to morrow (Monday) , to nil In the course of the week, destination unknown, but supposed to be for the South. She will have a crew of about seventy sailors and marines seemingly too many for her capacity, as she carries but three guns. Besides these ther>< are somi small craft of the surveying service which have arrived during last week. There are only about a hundred and seventy five marines in the yard. Ihe I'hiladelphiana are complaining severely at this neglect of their naval station during thi? warlike period. In the piping times of peace, during the (Jong resworn* I eiection campaign, the yard war overcrowded with seven teen hundred mechanics and laborers. These men are now clamoring for work, | MILITARY AND NAVAL MOVEMENTS IN NEW YORK. ' The Prevailing Kscltemrnt? Mysterious l)olng>-Ostwsrd and Visible Signs of Coming War? The Available Military ? nil Naval Forres. 4m-., (tc. Since the close of the Mexican war there has been no ! tb.ng to equal the intense excitement which prevails in this city consequent on the military and uaval move meets ttiat have characterised the last two or three days. The coiiff ntration of troops at l'o?t Hamilton the Inces sant sound of the bugle, and the fre tueut drills it Gover , ror's Island, the mar< huiir <>f a company of I nited States aitllleiy through the streets of Brooklyn, and their t ii tMi Watloo en beard the hired eteaiuer Atlantic, j aitb a largo number of soldiers belonging to other > brunch'* or Service the unusual activity displayelat 1 the Brooklyn Navy v aid, caused by the sudden commit a ion in/ of the toiled States sU-amer Powhatan, and bsr tujt) | (reparation for aca and su Men departure the In j cream d efluits to liaalen the repair aud equipment of the ! frigate* Roaioke and Wabash, and the brig Porry, and lb" air tf impenetrable mystery with which the military aud tia\al authority endeavor ti enshroud th^se move nitula, an! to Ignore the signs of preparation for war hat are so palpable to the mist careless observer, all poiut to the stern fact that the I'nited States arc fast drilling into a civil wur, the end of which it Is fearful to cmt'tnf late. Nor is it in New York alone that these unwonted signs ?nd token of war aie risible in the North. From Boston we !?;irn tli it at the Cliarlestown Navy Yard a degree of activity prevails equal to that manifested In the Brooklyn Yard. We are told that eight hundred men are thore ac lively employed that tbe brig Rainbridge Is roady for sea. and awaiting herrrew,and that the steamships Mlnneeo to, Miiiitsippi and Colorado arc nearly ready. Wucn, ia*l dition (O these stlgrur'H ant facts, it m re men bcrod it*' m mense quantities of gunpowder, rcund ?tot, thell. (Tape, cannlster, and other destructive misaile" knowu to m ?lern warfare, together with light bow, turn ?.? -t ttyrng art.-iery , are being taken on board each v?*tiel, it >4 ?o parget to the meanest capacity that warlike operat.ons by land a* well us by sea aro intended; for tt is prepos terouB to suppose that these last named weapons are in tended as part of the armament of veesels of war, wh.ie the iLiinUkjiiB of war already shipped, and to be jot taken on board the ioverul vessels intended for the South, are In far too Urge qum'ities for the mere etji. 1 went of the re?|>ectlv6 ve?els. Then there are those mystcrkraa l>oxes marked ?' Capuiio J. Vogdee, Fort Pickens." All these, w rtpcat, are slpi a ok visible as the nose upon a man's face that war is it tended. In order that the full significance of ibis urm ?ukaMe fact may appear, we here present a 1 capitulation of the military and naval prepar&i ots already mane and in progress bere ui the North. The following ip a licit of the vessels ordered to sea, and that cai. be made available for purpa-us of war, together w.th the names of their commander* and the armament of o&ct Mt?SKL? Of WAR. Jtanu. Captain. 11 ""4 ' Gum. steam frigate Koai.oke ? 40 !-t? am frigate Minnesota .... G. J. Van Brunt 40 Steam frigate Wabash ? 40 Susam frigate Merrlmac ? 40 S team frigate Colorado ? 40 Cr.gate "'ab:ne H. A. A lams 60 Frigate Potomac ? 80 Sloop of war Cumberland. . . . John liars tea 21 S.oop of war Macedonian JameH (ilyiiu 22 Sloop- of war St. 1-ouis C. II. Poor 'JO Sioop-tf-war Jamestowu .... ? 22 St earn sloop Brooklyn W.S. Walker 26 Meau. dM M.PF;ns.ppi ? 11 "ti'um Bioop I'owbatm H. Mercer 11 Steam sloop l'awn<>e H. C Rowan 4 Steam kIooii l'ocahontaB S K. Hazvd 5 Steam Bioop Wyandot ? bner Reail 8 Steam iloop Mohawk Loutonant Strong & steam sloop Crusader Lieutenant Craven 10 Cutter Harriet lane John Faunce 6 Steamer Water Witch ? 3 Prig I'errv ? ti Brig Dolphin ? 4 Brig Ba nonage ? 0 Total 471 COAfcT HntVl tV K1KKT. Steamer Corwlc J Wilkinson 4 Steamer Bibb John C. Pegrtn 4 Sti-amer Vixen. Thomas I.. Phelps 4 Schooner Varum Charles M Fauntleroy.. . 4 i-Vhi >oner Crawford J. P. Bank bead 4 Sob ooner A?a?iz ? 2 MM nor Ha Oaf ? 2 Schooner Bow ditch ? 'I IfciBB? f Isssns Tlmitj ? 2 Schooner Dana ? 2 Schooner Arago ? 2 S? kNMT Toucey ? 2 Schooner.). Hall ? !4 Schoontr Ben Pearce ? 2 Schooner Caswell ? 2 Schooner Meredith ? 2 Scbooi.er Gerdes ? t Three other eohooners, names unknown 6 Total Coast Survey 60 111 if? ill II Ship Supply Alexander Gibson 2 Ship lienor Benjamin Moore Dove.... 2 Hark Release James Mad '..-ton Frailoy .. . 1 Total storcshipe ' & KKnil'ITVLATIOH. Number of guns of ships of war 471 Number of guns of Const Survey lloe> 60 Number of storeships 6 Grand total of guns. : 526 The vessels of the Coast Survey, it must bo remem bered, are not war vessels, but thoy are capable ef being fitted up for naval purposes, and might be made useful in a variety of ways, in working in shoal water. KTK1M TRANSPORTS. Nat nr Captain. lannag*. Coat-/acoalcos Oapt. Wilson 1,600 Empire City Capt. Hawes 1,030 Baltic Oapt. Pearson 2 8t& Atlantic Capt. Geary 2.846 Daniel Webster ? 1 036 Illinois Capt. P. K. Terry 2128 Star of the Wtst ? 1500 TBI TROOPS' fin 1 on. There is considerable difllcuity, in consequent*) of the cloud of mystery in which these movements have been purposely Involved, in forming an estimate of the num ber of troops shipped on the Atlantic on Saturday. The only company of which we have any certainty is Com pany A, Second regiment, t'nited 8tates Flying Artillery, commanded by Cbptaln Harry, and which numbered sixty men. The other companies Vere Company C, Captain Allen; Company H, 1 'apt. Brooks, and Company M, Major Hunt, allof the Second artillery. There are also same com panies of the Third regimeut. A company of Sappers and Miners, under the command of Lieut. Balch,from West Point, also embarked. The total number of these tronp has been moderately estimated at live bundrod meu. Then there were a number of soldiers of the line from Fort Hamilton whl<h cannot be estimated at lees than three hundred men. The artillery horses were seventy eight in number. In addition to the above troops, the Powhatan, 00 Satur day evening, took on board a company of artillery from Governor e Island and another from Fort Hamilton. THE 8TEAM TRANSPORTS. TlIK ILLINOIS TO HAIL TO-DAY? ACTIVE 1'REI'AKA TION OP THI BALTIC? FINAL PEI'AUU RK OF THE ATLANTIC, KTC,, ETC. The promptness that hu no far characterized the war like but mysterious movements of the government, which took tlii'ir tlrst delinite shape in the departure on Satnr day of the sloop of war Powhatan and the sleam transit Atlantic . wti* followed up yesterday by the active prepa ration for h i of the steam transports Illinois and Baltic. TUB ILLINOIS Was hauled ro md to the foot of Canal street yesterday morning, and taken into the dock recently occupied by the Atlantic, where she bad steam up during the entire day. A large number of stevedores, longshoremen, rig gers and workmen were engaged upon ber, getting In the cargo, which wu lying upon the dock and on the lighters alongside. A couple of horses. with hoisting blocks, a? ststed the men in their labors. The cargo on the dock consisted of wme fifty or sixty rases of m> skets, labelled with the address ?"Captain I. Vogdes, I'ort Pickens. Horida.'' These cases were not shipped on the Atlantic, as previously stated, so that it is very |>robable, whatever the destination of the latter steamer may be, that of the Illinois is Tor the reinforce ment of the fort mentioned in the address on the musket cases. There were Ave hundred barrels of Hour on board when the steamer w?? chartered by the government? a portion of her intended transatlantic cargo. They liar ? been retained on board On the port side of the vessel ml astern of the wheel house a lighter was moored. She was heavily la Inn with provision*, which were hoisted over the vessel's side and deposited in the bold. On the same side of the steamship and forward of the wheelbouse another lighter, with the letters "l\ 8." on her stern denoting her governmental character, was anchored. Her cargo was cannon, gun carriages, car louche boxes, tent p'Jes. tent canvass and camp equip nsents. all of which were bo.sted Into the Illinois and de posited in tbe steer age bold. A large magazine an I several foraging carts were taken In In the afteruwn. The above seemed to be the otiy outfit which yp>> ves rel wss taking on board If any ammunition, powder, ball or shell was cn board, It must have been conveyed there in the sectecy of the pr.'vioo* night. At least no ttigns of these articles were to l.e found In the vicinity of the steamer yesterday. So extra ar rangements appeared to have bseu made for troop*, as there was an absence of bedding and sleeping ac commodations, beyond the ordinary ones of the ship, and the entire outfit consisted of arms an I provisions The surmise is, then, that the Illinois is bound on th miss Is on of reinforcing with additional supplies some Of the Southern forts now In po*?e-<sl->n of th* government forces? undoubtedly Kort I'lckens, as the telltale mus kcU aJludt'd to would indicate.* The Illinois it is expected, will sail to-day at an early hour W hen In the bay , the troops to be oonveyed by tier will be placed on board by a steamtug. rtlK BALTIC. Is lying upon the upper side of tbe dock at which the Illinois is stationed. The samo active preparations to get her ready for tea are observable on board and on the wharf. About two hnndred laborers or all kinds were engaged upon her and Mie Illinois, and tbe wharf re sounded during the stillness of tbe Sabbath day with the hum of their work. Threeplghters, with coal, were continually moored at the Ridw of tb? Baltic, diaclMrftBg their cvyvM* through th? poiibows, while a number cl hers s.m.iurly freighted, Ij'Dg near by lit the river, took iho.r pU < t as ?r.ca ;ui the liret were emptied. The provision* were pluo ?! on board on SiUirday, aad yesterday was occupied in tiktng in, in addiio i o jths coal, the nedc! ;rg for the Midlers berths. home live or k hundred of which Uav c been constructed balween decks of rough boa/da. There appeared to be no shipment of arin^,au>'.iniiri> ?<? or powder, making it prooibie that ibe iWr. i .vul ,.ury soldiers and prov.siotu; only. A mi at significant and suspicious fact in e nmdi >u * with ibe outfit of the Baltic w.is ihe sh:ptnenl of loi.rtwu Laval >awl boats or launches, su.n its would be umxI hi land.ng Ion >e from a war vesat I for an atu k on tl.o sliore. These boat*, each capable of holrtinr from fifteen to twenty men, and provided with from tentolwelvo oars, were brought from the Navy Yard, acd near ou their sides aud sterna the designations of tho veeieic-of war to which they belong. Some four or Eve of thess boats liave also been shipped on the Illinois. THE CROWDS AT TBI VHAKK YESTERDAY. The notoriety which was given to final street ?kck by the report in yesterday's HKiuuifof the departure from there of a warlike steamer, bound, perhaps, on a hostile mission to the Southern States, invested that locality with no liUlu interest to tb?i people, and crowds took advantage of the leisure tlma allordej by Sunday to pay a visit to the spot yesterday. The wharf leading to the dock, beyond tho gates of which, however, they were not allowed to pies, was thronged? during the day. A barred window alongside the gala served as one of the means by which the S)?ctaior* sought to satisfy their curiosity, while others went around upon a neighboring dock, upon tho strlngpie* of wbicti they stood gazing across at the work of rttt ng out tba I steuDccrs, heroically indifferent to the exhibitions arising from the muck heaps in tho vicinity, rivalling, il not sur passing, the farfamed odors of tire city of Cologne. Tba passengers on ibe Hoboken terry boats, passing In and out of the slip at Caual street, crowded to the s.de and watched with a curious eye what was going on. Tba crowd coutiuued without abatement until the evening came on and shrouded the preparations in darkness. FINAL DKPARTl'RE OF TI1E ATLANTIC. The Atlantic got under weigh at five o'clock yesterday morning, and left her anchorage In the North river, where she bad remainod during Saturday night. Hio moved down the bay, passing the Narrows at six o'clock A M . and then steamed out to sea. BROOKLYN NAVY YARD. The yard authorities aro hurrying up mailers to come purpose. On Saturday afternoon preparations weru made for Moating tho steam frigate Roanoke out of tho dr?f)ock, but it was believed that she could not be got out. until to day. Towards evening, however, it was deter mined that it should bo done. Tho lloodgattw wero ao" cordingly opened, aud the ship tloate.1 out into the batiin, where sbo will be soon p>it into a seagoing condition. To-day the Sav.innah will be taken into the dry dock, and undergo a thorough repair. The Wabash has received & coat of priming on the outside of ner hull, and begins tn look quite smart. The gates of the yard were closed yesterday, and stranger* wore refuted admittance. T11K KKPARTt'RK OF THE STORKS HI I' RELEASE. It) 'HIS MlimK OK T1IS IIKHA I II. U.mtkii Sr.iiKN IIahk Rk ka.sk, I BKIIUhLY.V, April 4, I Mil. t Accompany ing you will please tied a list c f officers at tached to this vessel, hound to the (iulf with supplies for ? the squadron, aud which sails th.s afternoon: ? l.im'.tnant < utMHandiny- ? las Madison Frailey. LusuttnatM ? Joseph M. Bradford, Henry Krt.cn, Jr. iltixUr?Hy ron Wilson. < timmaii'lrr i lUrk ? Wm. 1*. Klagrove. I'aijHHutcr'i t'trrA? Hugh Jones. MATTKR8 AT THE CH ARI.E8T0WN NAVY YARD. [From the Boston Traveller, April 0.] Orders were received at the Cbarlestown Navy Yard yesterday morning to have the steum frlgrto Minnesota, curying forty guns, fitted for sea forthwith. She hw been lying at tbe navy yard a year asd a hi'.f, since her ????turn irom China, and has been overhauled and repaired through) i>. Her ?tgine is all ii'ndr,ui)tiii? pi UKjifii] repairs were completed some weeks stuce, and she Is now to be rigged, equipped, aul her stores got on board with all possible despatch. It is thought that she eon be fitted In about three weeks' lime. The Minnesota is to be the flag ship of the home squadron, the command of which has been given to Csptain string ham. He will proosedat on ye to the ?;ul/ of Mexico, with sealed orders. The fol lowing officers hare been ordered to the Minnesota Com. Silas I). Siring hum, flag officer; J. O. Van Brunt, Captain; A. I.udlow Case, Commander; Keed Werden, J. M Wa.nright, o. C. Badger, Watson Smith, A. W. John son, J. 1'. Foster, and J. U Mitchell, lieutenants; C. I Franklin, Master: T. A. Jackson, Chief Knglneer; 6. W. City. W. W. Iiungsn, Kirst Assistant Knglneers; U. 8., Bright, C. II. I-evy, Second Assistant Kngmeers; W. llus-' grave, K. I- Talbot, J. T. Tucker, (i. W. s*nsser,Tnlrd As sistant Knglneors; j. O. Bell, Boatswain; P. Barry, Hail maker; J. G. Thomas, carpenter. Captain Van Brunt formerly had oomman'1 of the ord nance department, but for a year past ha? been ea tba retired list and stopping at bis home in Itodbam. Captain Stringham is expected to arrive to day or to morrow to superintend the utting out of the Minnesota. The repairs on the Colorado have also been nearly com pleted. She Is cow in about the same state as the Min nesota , an<l could he fitted for sea in two or three weeks, if required. Tbe r< pairs on the side wheel steamer Mississippi are going on, and she could be n-ady to go m o commission ,n about live or six weeks. The brig Bainbridge Is In good condition, and could ha be fitted for sea at very v bor t notice. The recent orders in relation to tbe Minnesota have led to an increase of the number of workmen in several de partments, and business generally is now very lively at tbe yard. TAI.K ON 'CHANGE IN CHARLESTON. I brum the Charleston Msrcury, April 3. | Most 01 our dealers in the ilapic h?ve become Katmtierf that wc arc bound to have a abort crop, and that tbe de ficiency before the end of the year will reach rwvr a mil lion '?( bales. There is the present reason mi uniformity in tbe weekly statements of the papers at Charleston, Savannah and New Orleans. The last prices < urrealmada up at New Orleans to the 22d, make the deficiency 716,421 Savannah to the l!Sth, make the deficiency 702,064 \ Charleston to the 28th, make tho deficiency 748,060 The New < >r leans price currsnt deduct* the mere? ? la Mi mphls in the overland shipment* and tbe CbMlMXiq I prices current, add in their Virginia receipt* oottoo r*> | celved from Charleston, Savannah, Klorida and by the ov< rlsnd route from Memphis. The following notice of this fact attracting attention elaewhere, we find In one of our exchange pper*: ? Some <if nur Houihern cotemporaries have addrd to the re - ceiptH r.f Virginia a large amount of eotton received at Nor folk We have not Included these figures In our table, a* we think It probable that a conndeianle portion of it was re ceived from Memphis. ' barleaton and Havannab, wksn It bad been already counted. our prices remain firm, especially since tho Horussiaw news Sellers have a decided advantage in all sale* of qualities from middling up, a* freight* are now very low to all poinu, and sterling exchange ha* a decided upward tendency, 109 being paid to day for a very large amount. Cheek* on New York are declining, and to-day were sokf at 3 V, a 2\' per cwnt Whilst on the subject of exchange, we i^an not but call tbe attention of our readers to the no tice of the Secretary of tbe Treasury to our bank* en tho subject of their furnishing coin or osln certificate! to tho Mfc ? ribers of the loan to the Confederate States, and to the talk of their agreeing to some arrange met.t with our merchants to supply tbem with coin, or the i-qiiivaient. for the payment of (tatle* to our Custom House Charl?suxi and Savannah will otherwise be more expensive points to import at than New Orleans, in oonae - quenoe of ?ur leeislatsre having legalised the suspension of our bank*. The talk on these point* la dailv becoming, more frequent, and excites the attention of all interested in the new lonfederacy, and In the prosperity of our Southern commercial cities. The last reports from New York reports (140.000,000) forty millions of ooin m the vaults of New York, and near ($20,000,000) twenty mil lions in New Orleans This will soon be scattered, and the S<>uth will have Its sltsre. Rice has been in good demand and at full pi lc?s, and we hear of some sales of rtoe straw, [?k Iced in bales, by one of our factors, at a prlca which some of our planters said would pay mora thin tbe rice crop, If all could be sold. In sugar ? ud molasses there has been considerable doing, eepeokl ? ly in tbe latter article almost all of the cargoca received duritg tb? past week having been sold by the importers to Mr lonbers, who arc scattering it n?r and W !e Bun ny cloth has stlfleoed some at the North, and prices both tbere and here have an upward tendency. Our wholesale traders in Hay tie and Meeting streets ara still uomg a heavy business. 1bc stocks <>f heavy and stapli kixmIs are tuliy e((rai to the demand, and late arri val" have sil ted very ciclderably to their ssaortmsnt. Alabama, Tennessee, (.corn. a. North Carolina and our own State, are sll taking their supplies from here, aad we have seen three ot foursome of European bouses soil citing orders for fall supplies. Thun everything looks bright for Charleston, and we are only waiting to see our tlag floating over I'ort Sumter Phoi'osvt' Amsminbyt Of nnt CwmmrTiiw.- In Dm Massai husetts Senate, on Wednesday, tbe Oosamittes on Federal Relation*, to whom was referral the IMMM of Congress recommending an amendment of Um aon Stitution of the \ into, i stves. made two report*. 11m ma loritj? Messrs. Northend, of the Senate, and 8. t. Davis. Phillips and Rsroham, of the House? favor the proposed amendment and recommend the pessage of a resolve axk ng Congms to call a convention for tha pnr pose indicated. The minority? Messrs. Whiting, of Ui' Senate, nnd Align *? 1 Robvns of the House? are uppoasd to the amendment. The reports were ordered to bj