Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1861 Page 2
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ffill (IF f!fV!L WAR. Immense Excitement in Charleston Arrival tf Lieut Talbot at Charleston wilii Despatches for Major \nderson. The Lieutenant Not Allowed to 60 to Fort Sumter. US RETURN TO WASHilGm. the Determination of tbe Government to Throw Supplies Into Fort Sumter. HIP OF CHARLESTON D1KKOR, KETCH OF THE FORTIFICATIONS. j 'Hhfe Final Departure of the Transport Illinois. Object of tJie Special Envoy to Montgomery. lipids to he Thrown Into Pit-kens and Somter at Ml Hazards. burial Message of Gov. (urtin, of Pennsylvania. President Ian coin Anticipates an Attack on Washington. Troops to be Ready in Penusyh&nia lor Immediate Service. Mote Vttsels of Waj Ordered Into Active Service, im 1 9 t f ? Ute events o' tho p?*. few day*, tht military .Jul ?aval preparations he?e :n be North , ani especially in mm Mt city, ,iod the tabNqKii . Jesp<i*.ch or w-xr re&nU tmd Irot ir In m (b?<j p>rt for the ?*o,itb, h-is impress :d everybody with tbo bolter tbut LiBfioia ex 1 b J Cabioci lave a' last rosom J ipon 'mraediate and extreme Wf6 m thoir attempt to cr. u'.e public onS'leace, which ??ey nave, unfortunately, no' cjjoy?*l smoo they cxao I feito pewor. Hov ta- those a[>part-.u . ene '^o'.lc oi-isuroi mil eob'-.u^.' t'j?\ard.- effecting the desired object, or to wards a e< tt'oment of the present questions tb it Uijir?i^t Ate dsuntegratei) I mon, is to an entirely problem*! oil Due laet appa-iTs mora bold thin aiy other, aad that >r that we appear Uaaieuin,; as fast aa eve?U tan c*-ry U4 towards a bloody and aaefcas Civil war, whicu wul Lot aettiatto* great qu?u Itoim [>?? involved, hot rather exaa.ieraU; h tilty be twof.u the 'wo jfT'-a. ioeti< tis oT the country, m. j i rem >ve ?MB fwtber any h.)p> < ?i if.-.V/rtitl raooacllt it i >n < if lue pobi>cikJ aiu.rt: of tho country. In ail 'he groat prepare nana wbichabavc tali' a under oar n >t.tco for the p - ft v Bays are tojogninsda des.ie on the part of the govern m?nt tflcltk to Impart a d:??ntty to the movements Vhiic unwllUn, ' > K ve tho public any d?tn:!ol inform* Will po? or coo. Probably this hubbub and bombi.'t km pVh a up lor rfftct, a > as to create a little aympitby !oi U?e ; over, mint among tho Wall street money bn;s Ito Uie aiilury mind, on tho coLtrary'. ah ?be *r> it outfitting i if war vessels and troops hive appeared wholly devoi 1 of that unity, cool d fs* atd Mibemtaa necessary to crown anjcim^.lerable Military plan wi.h saoooM. . The bit in ? out at this pert ?ltd tbe subae-iutnt Bailing of war vessels and transport vtseels ware at first veiled in mystery, but tho veil .t betoK removed , aB our intelligence yeatocdav from Charleston Mated tl it General Beauregard bad retted to ?iw,m captain Talbot, ixiror of despatches from President Jineofu to Maior And< reou. to communicate wit* Fort Banter, eoapi?d with Jther intelligence. evidently points 16e desti nation of thin expedition to Charleston. In view of tb( se facts we give in to-day's paper a full an.l ?aoctact report of CharleBton and lla defences, with a mip af tbe harbor and its approaches. FORT BfMTIK. Fort Sumter ic a modi rn truncated pentagonal fort , btult upon an aititteial I* land at the mouth of Chu lcaton harbor, three and three eight* miles from the city of Chariest /n. Tue island haa for ila base a band un I mud bank, with a superstructure, if we tnay so term it, of the refu?e chips from several Northern gran!t?<yiarnen. Theeo roeka arettrmiy embedded in the Kind, and upon them the pre**' nt forliticaiion is reared. Tho L' iand itaelf cost balf a milllou of dollar*, and was tea yearn in conalruc Mon. The fortilkmtioa co?t another half a million dollarj, ???! ut th<' time of ita occu{>ancy by Major .Anderson was so nearly completed aa to admit the introduction of its arm* men i. The walls are of solid brick and c'lacrate n aaonry , built clcsc to tbe edge ol the water, and witb ?at a berm. They are alxty feet bitih, and from e'i ht to twelve foe', in thicknew, and aro pierced lor throe tien of guns on the north, east> ?id west exterior sides. 1U> weakest point 1a m the ?outb side, oi which the masonry is not only weaker t^an thai of the other stae-i, but it is not protected by any Are, which would sweep tbe wharf. <>qcj laidod, ?a entrance may, at the present state of Ihc loustruc ?lea, be easily made: for the blinds nf tho lower embrt ?ores, though six Inchos in thu kne-n, muy yet be eailly blown awny , ajid even If this waa impossible, scali g Vdders can reach those of the second tier, which ar ? nut protected in this manner. Tbe work is designed for an armament of cne hundred and forty pieoet of ordnance ?f all calibres. Two tiers of the guns are under bomb proof casemates, and the third or upper t.er open, ar, In military parlance, en barb-tu. tho lower tier Iter forty-two pounder patxhnn guus: the -ecood tier for eight and ten im b columbiads, (or throwing aalki or bollow shot, and the upper tier for mortars and twenty-four pound giAo. the full armament of the ftori. however, had not arrived there when Mijor Aader. aoo took ikwm :*tiao. but since im occupancy by tho pre sent g.irriaon no ep.irts have bo o ppa'ed to plooe the work ,n an eHiclent state of defence, by mounting all the asrailable guos and placing them in sadont points As we befere remarked, the full armament of the fort is not In position, aa only seventy live of the one hundrel and forty inu??. rwflrod for It are now niounted. Klevcc paixhan guns are among that number nine of tbem ooimnaadin ; Fort Moultrie, which is within easy range, aud the other two pointing towards Uatle P nckney, which .s well out of range. s*ne of the ? oloakiada, tne BH?t eflbctlrc weapmi for siege or defensive operation*, are not snountod. Four of tbe thirty two pounder bar feette (ft ms aro on pivot carriages, which gives ?him tbe on tire range of tbe borizin, and others have a horizontal swe-p of tire of 380 degrees. In addition to theae wei^tier pre parations for defeuce, the wall* aro p creed every where for muskets, of which there iwe endlaer auisberi ready and loaded Tbe mifrazlce contains aeven hi.n.'r? < barrels of g inpowder and an ample rapply of 5tot, pow der and shells for one year's siege, and a large amount cf BieceUaneoui artillery stores. The garrwoc s amply ?oppUdwith water from urtlflclal wells, which are sup plied by tbe frequect showers of rata. Tn a d I'oaalve \ or strau-gioal piint of view, Fort Hutatar rat :to? u fire through all tbe channels from the ?<? at pro ?oh i i ! Charleston, and Ua*. a fu. I sweep of rar ge in :t? r> - >r ?Ity side. Tbe lor t li a '(! !eui!y oat cf rar i?e frofi. a | land artillery otta< ^ ? > ? n t all appreh"iu on? for bwhing It from <Uiat to .r a may .e i ; at reel unless by gi.o* of *i.w;of e* >r? > ? Bi'jD r.u??re of tb<' g j i.' rot ?; <jnt?r ,* .. ea o. I for i$c 'lUcC'^ITi " v*?t ' t";. ? Y'.'T .m ?> ?,?? , , , ? I THE CITY OF CHARLESTON AND ITS DEFENCES. P?an of the arbcr, Shewing Fort Sumter and Other Forts, , -e City and Suburbs. would ro<|uiro to be t winced one fcJJ nf tY?;. tt^nre. The war f arri?on of 'Jie fort ?e Biz hundred men, but only stvcmyiiiie of wbal uuinbix are -via. j im w.cis, with ?ao lab.iers? 109 all lokl. nrs *?<!!? n? nnt motT. md h? I H. Ande s n. . . . ?>. W <r? wfoni . At'Ufr L>< nbl? <iaj Truman Bi jd our Theodore 1'nbot Jeff. C. i a* in J. N. UtU J. G. e.i-wi ?! W. f?n\der. . . H R Xtad<i Kan k. n?j r . '.intiiru-nf or Jorp? lr t \rt\v. IMaaJMpB Captain.. 'siArtj .Ljuly l^lSlfllVS, ? i.p'wln uly 1, isifi I Vt. 1st Lieu' . If Ht arty 1*1 U? 'it. l?t Art y. 5d Lu u' . .1st ?n y i dulaln I bngiu'rs. Ut i it lit bn?iu ri Ji.j I. IHtfiKy. MarchlU, 1861 1'or a May ?, IH47 0. O. June 17, IStttllod. > uiv i. iR yj tt i. Ju.y 1, 1*< M. H. , Uly 1, '.Kiel V.K. 2d Lieut . Itugm'rg. ! July 1, lt;67|\&. OUioeri y Bard i;. Artillerist 65 Laborers 8U Total li)9 Tbe eobrasuro* foi musketry on tao side of the work tij oued to tbe Urn of the batter es of Cummiogs' I'oint and K>rt Jobneon bare been tll.-d with solid filled '.n with lead, and are no# ball atd bomb proof, aid log materially to the strength of ihe work, lsti.de, the maf a/.lce and hospital have been protected by atone tra verses, and the parade ofcaiej, CUMMIMJS' I'OINT IRON 8ATTKRY. Tbe nearest Land to Kort Sumter ia Cus&m.cgs Point. On this point Is erected tbe celebrated railroad iron bat tery. It consist* of a heavy framework of yellow pine logs. The roof ia of the same material, over wluch dove tailed Vrs of railroad iron of the T pattern are laid front top to bottom ? all of which in riveted down in Uto most secure number. On tbe front it presents an angle of about thirty degree*. There are threo poitholen, which open rind close with iron shutters of the heaviest descrip tion. When open, tbe muzzlee of the columlnads All up the space completely. The recoil of the grin enables the shutters to be closed instantly. It is assorted, on high military authority, that this inclined plane 111 effi * tually resist guns of the heaviest calibre? tint, because no sb t can strike it e\c?pt a', an obiuie angle, which would cause the ball to giance; s> ? ond, because its power of resistance is sutticient to withstand Ibe fall of the beanest shells. The colutnbiid guns, with which tbis novel t-attcry ia equipped, bear on the south wall o<" Pumter, the line i f lire btlcg at an angle of about thirty five degree. Thia li not, of course, cons. dared favorable for breaeb'n^; but, owing to the fact that the wall >s iiwp holed (or musketry throughout its entire length, which, of course, weakens It a great deal, the e(f"Ct of shot upon it would we think, even at tbe dustane* of 1,150 yards, effect a breath within a reasonable time. The work is in charge of several companies of the r pilar army of the Confederate States. I' employ?d to reduce fort Sum*, r, this battery will prove quite formidable. l'ORT 10HNP0N. The present Kort Johnson is simply a huire sand IsUtery ere cteil on the site of old Fort Johnrt-m of Ue\ olutioniiry memory. It is one and one fourth miles from Kort Sum ter, and at present l> armed with four heavy guns, man ned by two companies of regular artillery. The po sition of thia old fort, whit h Is of the utmost Importance as a conncctir.g point in the defence of the harbor, hits been considered by the highest military authority as the key to a'l the defensive works in the harbor. Against the attark of forccs by land, <r a boat attack by the Mono river, it tnuM be considered an ec-ential element of defea< e. FORT MOCLTRIK. Fort Moultrie ia one of the sentinels that guard the principal entrance to Charleston harbor It id opposite to and distant fiom Kort Sumter about one and a half miles. It is, more properly speaking, ahugew.iter battery, without any guns under cover. Its armament consists of eleven gunn of heavy calibre and several mortars. The outer and inner walls are of brick, tapped with stone and tilled with earth, maklDg a solid wall tit teen or sixteen feet in thickness Ibis work ha.- be. n much strength eaed recently, and present* a saucy front to Kort Kumver It is now in command of Minor Ripley, formerly of the United Stales Army, who has under hi* command several hundred experienced artlllerlat*. CASTLE TINCKMtT. Castle I'lnrkney Is a small work, siluaUd on the soathern extremity of "chute's Kolly I"Knd," between the Hog and Kolly channels. Though in itself oota\ory considerable military work, yet, from Its pMitifn, com mandiog as it does the whole line of the eastern wharves, It becomes of the utinoat Importance for it to be held by tbe Stat* authority*!. It i*, in fact, tbe immediate out work of the city, useful to innoy aii Invailing lleet should It pass the outer fort*, and to render tb*ir landing very difficult, If not impossible. In It.-* plan it present* to the south a semklrculur fao*; tho eastern and western face* are formed by the line of rampart follow ing the direction of tbe tangent to tbe circular are at Its extremity, and for a distance of twenty yards, tbe northern side ia plain; at both the nortbeantsrii and north'.vMtern angles are semicircular )>astions, tbe outer extremitie* of the are* being uogent respej tively to tho eaatcrn and we*torn s des of the fort, There are two row* of ftna? the low ?r be ng tn rtw mates (bombproof), the *mbra*ure* f >r wh' -h are about seven feet above low water mark, iind th'i upper boiog mbmtoir. The height of the rampart i* tw rty, and the width thirty two feet. The w'.dtb of th* outer wil! rind of the |*rapet ?s tlx t*et; th<> depth Of tbe ea?emitt>* : is twenty leet. he ght Un ; tit* diameter (CM I &ud weet) i of the cus'.ie is ouo huniire;' and *t*euty fefl. nieot; | trance is on the nnrthmu side, oo either side of ?rh eh are the olBoer^' and private*' qUafMrt, iiOMrooa, j Theasreot to tbe harbette Is Tnvle <>o th.t northii'tora and northwestern corners of the tstr. pi a ' ?j'Uin. la tbe c<*tre of the Utter is the furnace lor heating shot. Arouad the foot of the sr??p wa I li a irotk water, about twelve feet to Width, nor. s nitall/, wbrej has It* wrstetn s.de extended In a unseat direorloe to ^e ec'i'h. to lorm the laudirg riie landing I* protetUd by tae lire of several gm.s i?/?e?piiig its lengtb. *t!e atm?n?ent of thi* tMtle wme sts ol about twenty li " pit ex .^4 and Pi |A' in'lers. a (sw ?e ? %et 'nortar* at i*i* r ,|i mil vis? the latter not being m- nt*l. in .Ii'ttitf '/ ,e Ml ruf&cMBCy of amir.-.i r i, ioc! ' i> it; i'o 1 1* .<1 I- nr. 1 bv fefta it ht>- put at Iborn gh repair as possible. (rwing to the wmt of \? uiUsti" n and the reverberation of ihe eoond In ?n en %*H' Bf'V -he lowor ttr of guns wou.d toon btcorna useless, and the occupaots would be obliged t j report o.i, tii e' j to the barbette guns and mortars. in ths ? use lh? eipjeuro to tho enemies' direct shot would not bo great, fpr the parapet is higher than the hulks of most sbi|;8, and much uig'uer Uiac the ..lioiniog shoro. Vr to its impoitanne, although. if we possessed lorts Sumter and Moultrie, it woakl be of comparatively ttttie use, yet if an <neiu . poi 'east l It, Its p'oximiiy to tho city wourt. ? uubirT.be garrison Uj d.amage ''harleBlon e'. rki .sly. TUB IRON FLOATUIO BATTERT. This ib a novel war machine der.'gned for harbor opera tions, and .8 at present anchored u?r Castle i'lactaey. It ia coLttructcd of palmetto logs, sheathed with plr.te iron, aiid .> supposed to be impregnable ag:vin- ' shot. It la enibraiured for and mount) four gunn of hoavy colbre. It retires sixty men to operate It. Tho ilrst impression oil seeing this machine is that of immense solidity. The outer or gun side is covered with six plates of iron? two of them of the T railroad pattern, placed horizontally, aad the othir four bolted one over thee other, in the strongest manner, and runcing *ertically. The wall of tho gun Bile is full i our feet thick , constructed of that peculiar p.draetto wood to full of tlbrous material thai sixty-four pounderi cannot pierce it. Tho main dock is wide and roomy. In nineteen open chambers, on the port side of tho de~.li , we found a profusion of she'.? -thirty four pounder* - while just beyoud them is an immense p ie of sited bags', which protect an ore rh/uiglng -"if, under >vhicfc I3"tp!? placed tho hospital. This alto protects the miga,. ? lea (three In number), under which is the hold proper. There are six entrances to the.hoid, which will contain, if nccessary, over three hundred men. When moored it is kept in place by four heavy w?dg*s, driven down by a species of ram, which will hold it fafet, and provost any sway 'iig around by the tide. OTRKP. WORKS. There are other works at Badrils Point , Meint 1'lea sant, Stono, Morris ls'iiiid,? and fronting the entrance of Charleston havbor, wbn-h are con,tru-ted of palmetto lops and sand. They are all fully mauned for action with large gar/isons and gun? of hem y calibre. THE EXACT TOSTAN0M <>r THE TOUTS. Fort fctomter is threo and three e-ghts mtle* from Charleston, one and one eighth mile from Kor. Moul trie, three fourths of a mile from Conivt ices' Foist, one and three eighths mile from fort Johnson, aad two and five-eighth* miles from < 'astle Plockncy The city of CbarlcsUa is entirely out of tho r irge of the ?uas nf Fort Bum tor. *TOVO FVLJCT. SUmo l'oint is a portion of Morris Iskiud. teeing the sen coast. Stood loiet is about two leaflet from the south chacnel of Charltslon. ISctwe-.n litem lie two i* lands, viz- ? Morris Island, on which tho light house stands, and Collin Island. In !-tou? In lot there ore nine or ten feet of water at low tide, but it was not much frequented until Charleston wee blockaded in 1776, when It ua? Viaiteu by Hriltah vessels In a stragetieal point of view the landing of United StaU b troops at Slono l'oint w?uld appear to bo for tho purpose of getting In the rear of the Morris Island bat terics, which now guard the to a hpproa:h? s to Charles ton. On Morris If land the Confederate States force* are pretty numerous, and if an attempt to laud troops Is made by the I'nitod Sutcs forces the conflict will be ihort and bloody. At our lut-t ueeounts in regard to Ftono l'oint, General Hauregard had ordered an 1m tnenfe battery to bo erected at the \ fry place where It Is nlltged the I'nltcd States troops will attempt to locd. A t?abs<quetit report stated that several largj guns wore In transitu from Castle I'lhckny to that l'oint. THE CONFEDERATE BTATE8 TR00l?S NEAR CHARLESTON. COMMANKEB-IN-CIUBF. Brlj;ndt?r tienenU P. T. G. Beauregard STAFr. Co'f nel R. W. C.kbbee, Burgeon General. Vn or W. II. WhlUuy, Fngineer In t*ief 0 l< Del 8. R. Adjutant tJeneral. toll m l L. M Hatch. tjunrtorma?tor tieneral. 1 tain W. R Bogi:s, Aid dr Camp KEfJIMKNTAI. OMflANlSATfONH. Klrit roRinu nt (A artillery , Colonel F- B I/>ck, com posed Bl lDM oompanle* .Vo Mm. 1. \\a?lui<ii<iwartillery.C?pUln Walter I3fl 2. I*fay?i?|(?ictiUery, CtopUin I'ope 80 8. MartotmTliltery, Capwin King 6S 4. li'.'riuaa Artillery, Oaptalu Wagner. 100 ToUl 770 I'irBt tegiment of Rifle*, Colonel J. J. lvitijp^w, mm p?ee?l of seven oetnpanle* Ao. Mm. 1. WftehiP^W"1 ???Khl Infantry, Ctej*?tn Wmnnton . . . . U*0 2. G<th'ud Rlflomtn, Caput in Small 100 Carohua l.l?Li Inlantry .C.pialn Ptnokuey ho . Mi nltrle tiuird, Capt. Palmar 60 . M<?fber Guard, Qtpt. McCra<l?y 7? . CharWt-ton Zouave*, Capt llilpant..... 4A T. Vigilant Rille-., Cbpt. Tupi*r 106 ToUl iWtt 1 lrot buttnbou Ch i'le^uin Ktflemen. Joaeph Jotinaoa, Jr. , commandinf, consisting of fonr roinpooltw:? ?Vo. Men Company A. Oapt. Havay 45 t'?mt>in> II. Capt. Herbert m ftmpan? C, ?apt. Hoyl* ftft Company I>, < ?pt. Owmifl" 00 are (-lull? M?r r, Ttwie C"m!ti . h'.ifT f -t.K?.?l! <*?vei>t?Vi.th r>ifiiti<'nt of lma?itr? of the Hop, 0?l. .John Oil nti ((ham c iiiu Hti'lliiK . cowtpiwet if ton onrnpiujiiw ? .Vo. rt itn. (Mtt Rifli'n'en, Capt Fllkit* ao Hr?.t. li ??\.?ri|, C-qjt lUmeej 4# flermw Iwiiwn, (at*. I, *4 .-.ft Iln^Vli tinard.Cxiit .Car** ! 0 I 'clmrdMin (.natd ij?pt. P11t1.it ;o Psltn.-tto Un?rd, ?^pt M.d'lieton lji Irbh VolotitK-r#. Capt. Mwcicwh | no IP nt((.i"?r> G?a'<l, Capt. O nt or Mirnu r k'Mird, Capt Ri#e*tl 4:> M.igtiith Oiiurd, t*pt. Imr.llj ,k) tout Veiled ? '>ir|ia i?i e : ? CbarleetoK |trag<<>i'*, ,-ap? Rntle ??e j;s < fi?i 1' ft'ti I1'' R*r,ln 4rt KM h tJ'ia d, ?*??! !-wegan. M Ri.tl. 1 R' M mured Kin>-*. ''up' II n? > lit) Mm ?r. ati H ???re , <>p? . l>>rd,? ?, Uimtwt*' C?/ *???.? i ti Tot*. 3fl9 OTHER COWS NOT IUCOIMJBNT iUY I?E3I<: N'ATKi). (itvtpamei. Mri ! dgobeia ((Ifo.) RitleB, Capt Cicero Adams S3 ( inbuilt tivurd, C?pt. jofci) B B rwi <M Vitilbry Cunipany .Capt. J?bu 1(. Wlie 90 bumter Guard , Capt. .)? ha Ruswe'l 70 t^unilor Volunteer? , Cupt. J. Ji. Richardson. 90 tharieston Kill* men, ('apt. i. A Biako S3 Venice Volunteers, ("apt VL it. S'aoley 100 Darlington (iuird, Cnpl F. F. Warloy ?"> Klo.blaid Riflemen. Cbp' Radciufo 100 ?-alud.. (iuard, Capt. K. Mou trie >i~ Montgomery Hlues (of Geo ). . 73 Abbeville Guard Cap:. Jamen I'errin 64 Cherokee Pond Mmut- M'.n, Capt/ laerrtwoathor ?0 Governor's O'.ard, CSipt. W. II. Cwson 98 Columbia Volunteers, Capt. I). B. Mi.ier 10.! Colunjlna Artillery , Capt A J. Groen HI Hb"tt <iu<t'd, Capt CC. Walkor 73 riituu Rities : ou Total 4'Jl RKCAl'ITL'LATION. Fir.?t regiment artlliory, Oolont I Lock 'J70 Kirsi r> glment rifles, Ci>lone> .1. J. Pettigrew i> i-7 K.n?' battalion Charleston riflemen Ml ?'ev nieentb regiment ol infantry, Col. Conningham. Si5 Mountod cowpaaice 3<W other companies 4!H Total 2,733 lkhKlvs the above, tbero are oae regiment of volunteers from tbe up|Ksr districts of the Huto (about 300 men), one regiment of artillery and one aiaadron of cnlistod men, comprising th* regular troops of tbe dtate, which makatlio aggregate c umber cf troopa niw under arms nearly four thoimnd mm. TEK REAL gTRTTHQLK. From tho Cbarlesteu Ymrcu'y , April 0.) We will ?<-?uredly ba.'e ti wago a wur upon our Sorthem premier. But it will bo a war of politic*) e onomy avi cf mill orcia! polh y. bo "irrepretts ble" oonilict iwnt mi t ought out. But duties on Imparts will be the livid ot' battlo, Mid there w ill tbo scald of ba'.tle b-J t'lrued. Tho Northern government may ."end for officers and consult eiglseert. They ie.ay send provisions, and troops, and n < rUrs, arJ guns, and txiE.Vholls> and Mho', to sea riwy oiav pail about exte0fciv*ly, lemtorce Fort Pickeus, K". W<et a. id Tort'igafl- they may cruise about tbe Gulf, an i examine tbe British, Fu-ncti and Spanish IImu. Bit their voyages are vain an i Ineffective Rie result of tbe struggle between the North and tioutb wi.ibo -tbe-wlse determined. Tbe South has tho oumaudlng |>> ?it?oa and ran achieve an easy victory. The protective Morrill taritr ol the North h?s to mrat a revenue i-antl of tbe I'ontedorate States. Already have we observed the eiic< t upon Kuropean na'to>is, au.i yet they are as i;'n > rar.i and nearly as pr* judioed -ig dnut up if tho pj'?pl?> of Ibo North <Wi.xoreial und manufasturin* interests Iiavc cevrl ped the frkndly feelltgs ?o soon IMS 16* M.

And when, in addition to th<' enaction o: duties a<rec::9ly moderate trom the rent of tbe world, the Confederate states impose prohibitory cr.tiei upon tmpo.-t itions from unfriendly neighbors north ot Mason and Dixon's liue. the some c< nverting inllnenco will ertabli-b lt*>if in tho minds and hearts of tho foreigners near as we ba.o beheld wetkliig upon tbote a*ar%>lf. Palpable, presMng interest Will ov?ro"tue abstract thoories ab^ut Afnc;in privileges, will smooth down rallied arrogance, aid cool even the gci y desire tor a war of artuo, if it existed. In f wo years ftom this time the North, sorry tor it>e!f under tho diraFtrous oil* ot* oi this war of policy, which not oiil? must bring it lut<' stutrp competition with the (tarving labor, aboun iing ca^itRl and great enter prire of I'.uropean nations, bet actually put it at u p-xii t:ve uhd inaufmrablc disadvantsge, tho North will be giad to g.-iin tbo attitude of a frieuuly l'ower by nokn g teitrrt u ith ihe Confederate iUtes. Wo only fei . ihu seit.e of them will not be cotite?.t to euibrn- e us It will be iinneeer;?hry to seel. Philadelphia, New York -ind llos ton with t*outhcrn troops, and will be tnuch eboaprr. THE BOGUS I.KTTER FI??M PORr SI'MTGR. Iliom the KocDester L'nien, April 8 ) Tlie Bullulo a iHiiurrixl of tlie 4th lOf-tsTit eentuins a letti r purpertinp to have been written bv a private nun td McNeil in Fort Sumter, it is addressed to Ivor, master Morse, of Bullulo ; and it states there arc four met lbs provis'ouft in tbe I'ort ; Ituimit-s that there is a tnnch larger number of men there than outsider* sup pose ; and gives a m<*t eroursjrir,': account of maitois snd things m general. The Commercial sajs " there is not a douot as to the genuineness of tho loiter and tbe endorsement thos given It has led to a telegraphic synrpsis of It being sen*, all o\er tho country, and to its b'? u p publi-hed at length In many lead'rf (ourua's Now we have tbe best authority, to wit, thev-iitrr otlh*. IrU.-r. tor pioneutieing it a pure Action from beginning to end. Tbe writer pays In extenuation of his folly, that be had i.o lica ef " selling' anybody but tne person to whom it was addressed. . INTERESTING FROM VIRGINIA. OUR RICHMOND CORRESPONDENCE. Rinraosti, V*., A|>rU 6, l*?l. 7h' Promt Atfilvtle e/ Virginia ? Hove Ixrri it She to lie mnin in Ui' f'i?ionk ? Thr t'nicm Mm in (Ac Cbmmtfufi ?t.' tanaing to Escape from the Kinuig Tide </ Rtinlu ticn, tf-c., itr.. T bo rord which hlnda Virginia to the Union at this itinao t i? no -light n* to Deed liut tUo procure rH any Utile i mergency to iwap It forerw. It la fo*t yielding under Uie Drttur.il drain of Southern Interest anil South ern cj m|>athy acd any midden emergency which would abt uptly rend It would but aatlol|>at? by a few m onths a result that la now inevitable. If you o tiFkier the proverbially t'oion pentinu nt which has ulwa) f characterized Virginia, the cUinge which ha* cwr over her for the i?at month or two If more woo derful tf.an anything lb.it ha* occurred during thi* great polttl'ol revolution. The Convention in season here, n bile H ban under gone nome material ehau*;e.* of Moti on Bt organization. mi*repr<wcut* utterly the pi, Mir ?<nt'ineiit of the State at thl? time. From the Indication* everywhere manifested, | m'pht e.iHly assert that upon a vote of tne people Wj day ?? e.ecslon would triumph by a g niter majority ib?n I nion commanded tlie 4iu of Kebrutfy lift. In thla ptty, wh ch i? repr> renteii In the Convention by iwro I iili n men ?? d one a:oM*lM>iat ? the niter owing hi* election tbl'lly to pe.-eena! |i pilarlty? in a straight out tipon the Mayoralty and oj? or two other otll octp (O W tdi??i'ay Ift, th' s>"pe*,?iun cuadidali'* were ( |, cn.d fcy ov?r a thon^ard n.avrtty, out of in i ggr?g<t< vu* ' f hot*** ?' *!?*?' ?* and f'ui lO Muaud. A oyfn e* Maori it>w/ r?v<iluiHni w?* pteacMed Mm *iu?yi i?o |ii Iftotabiuf of bar cltie*, town , and e mo fit in tit HMti ltie rerolotlen 'n <?Uf r,?ibenog strength I'.i pro ?fi f * ie m''Ci more mpl.l trmn any hum in Ik ,ng c ul I h \e ?nttci|ir ted iwo m mth? pgi, M- n of w-.itii lafli?etie?, bliattMW of at! el ?*???. who ho ?' ,?.?r I it, ru put in tbe??o?> * u mnvetii. lit, are no-. ??,?> > Bint brnd ?J|il p-.rH with it. Iney Me u.vhloir but i .?< for :hi:?r lotejei-ta 'n pto ,ia t' i ?n imuo w i i. ?i ro> ? ti ttu. i* Vj??- i> **t W. h thj iuuit. rh.7 ar* ani ionB to restore tanfldenio by fixing ber destiny at onco whore It seems inevitably to tend, and thus stay an agitation wh! ..h can only protract thu existing ruinous suiponso without mitorliilly retarding the fctue. I can say now, with much confidence, founded up?n close observation and expwicoce in the progroas of events U. Virginia for some mont.hu po?t, that .^bo is .just as cot tain to secede within a few nvnths as th*t to mor row's sun will rise. I care not what network of abstrac tions or ultimatums this Convention may weave iu order to rh. ck the growing clamor for secession, th-J climax of ihe?puKtbi.8,a<m will wn bo reached, and this whole Subric will be rent into a th iu and tragmcuts 1 t< |i vo" 'he pressure or prostrate interests anl ruinca trai c is bearing so acuielt upon the masses as to cauec them to laugh ?t ultimata which require time lor their de cision The people of Virginia, in snort, realize now mlly that their uitlmato destiny la with the e?u?.h.uod th-at th" sooner they tlx it and put an end to agitation and paralyzing oncertatnty and sus.wnse the better. The fej'gbtest art of coercion on ihe part of the goneral government against the sewwod States w ill determine the issue in twenty four houis Ihe I'mon men iu the Convention, seeing the tide of revolution rapidly swelling, are eager to briog tho laoois ot the Convention to a cioso, and get beyoaa its rcach aD'i influence Scarcely a day pauses that soiue (K legato who was elected us a I nlon man Uoob not present to tbe Convention tbe proceedings 'if a meuting of his constit uents Inehucting him 10 voto ror seooesawtl. Private. td vices to other d. legates inform U A'n of rapid revolutions of public "eutimeiit in their counties, and 01 the pro oa hility of t.nelr being liiSUuotel at an early dty. To strong I'nioo men, chosen with special reference to their abiding I'Dion sentiment, such advice# are very unwel come and I bey, therefore, seek to ovado the disagree* I biodutv of voting for a ieonston ordiiMix by hurryingto I a cloee'tho lubo s of vho Contention Iu tbie ell >rt they 1 ate badly f nleo, lor It seems tho ?eeesaiooitts wee* hunting eveiy parliamentary report to procrastinate de bato and kill time. Proposition upon proposition is offered lo?vt>ry ^ocIjoo <j! tho long aeries embraced in tho majority report of the C*)?m'tteo on iodo rrl R( laUona; so that fo far but little progress Las | been mat'o even under tho ten Minute rulo, wh.ou went ! toio i>p> ration ou Thursouy laet. The belief is, accor.t ng to the progre nnow be ing made, tint tb'- Convention i win not have tinal'y disposed of the uevertl rep.rts be ? foio it in lets than two or three weeks. Meauwhllo .t is b?ip?i hy 'he mcc?8toni<-ts that some emergency will arise wbtvh will precipitate Virginia Into secession and cause li"r to igiorc r.li this inet .physical web o( abfitrac liens wnieh the Convention is now weaving. Th.s is the pr: spect ahwal, and its realization is look'-d for with con spier able c< rtainty. ... . , Theie ha* been much excitement here for tlie pvst day or two, giewing out t.f the telegraphic acoouata of the iie'pnich of troops and ammunitton for the 8otiih. I loai n i '?<m very hi li auth' rity that it Is the intention of i r<* "lent Jell. Jiavis. upw the first collisi m iKtween the Not i hern ond -'outhern troops, to march an army upon WashiLglon. This policy, it Is understood has b?cn dt teimin'd on for two motives ? lirst, to | ar<u?e the border slave States, and secondly to eaaro a divergence of federal tr?0|>e from the contemplated w>ne of action. It is i*timated oy , military lie n here iliat a nucleus of two hundred men ' deM'atrned t'ri m Montgomery would swell to thirty th.'H tat?t by the time they reached Wa-hmglon The policy is a very feasible 0110, and it soems that it is fully de tem.iutd up< n. It wanld undoubtedly efect a thorough ai d prompt union of tlio whole South, tud do it within a shorter time tht>n it would require the Virginii Conven tkn to aotpt a resolution. 1 hero are In the Convention here some eight or ten Mark teptiblicinti from Northwestern \ irgltia, whi in no i vert would ?ors>nt to separatlen; but their pulirv of uiftunlifled eubmtml) n to black repnblican rule rather , bdieliis the sci< swo cause than otherwise. Men from I l;i.-I c n Virgir.'a, who have to asisor.tato with th"m from 1 the neeess tv et their h?ld in t a negative iKieitlen in eotn ' men on oil prepositions tending to stcesmon, are heeom i itic rtisgt;st*d with the association, and are seeking new allies. It is dlfllcult to determiuo the .'.lassilica I tion of memirs on the In ion side, diner I ii.g widely us many of them do in decree; ?nd seme ef the nuaiilied secessionists, unding it dlfllcult to ki ep op ihe lite of distinction whUe voting in general with the bliick republican wing, have crowd the Rubicon and mn?l< cotnmi n cause with the secesslonisls. This sUm pent? will bo more marked, I imagine, in a day or two, wtienthe inllneuoa of an avowal made by Mr John .T. .Ia< kfon, the delegate from Wood county, that in no event wotild he join the fouthern eoufe<ieracy, Ucirtna to opo rate. The most submissive delegate in the Oonvonilon, it was suptosed, would abide the ultimatum embodied In the majorltv report, but the fact that Mr. Jackson, who leads tbc black republican fow in the Convention, means net to regard even tliat as an ultimatum, will, I nave no doubt, cause many to waive any further procedure and go in for immediate secession. Bott^ is ruling the roast here in the way of fedora i apt-ointments, people turn up their eyes in holy horror at the id?a or John Minor IiotU having the atn^tntment? for he virtually has--(?r pernors to federal oil.ci# in Mr gina. Tb'slu't glvts no slight lrajwius to the w<a?lon eai.M' Tuerc Is a report that the 1'ostmai ter of this city , Colonel Hipger, is to he removed. I Imagine his successor, it er.e should be appointed, will coLSidor long before lie pnt' rs ii|>on the bozardous enterprise of ousting the pre stnt ? flictr, who has served r?>r many >e*ra and under nil teiiiicisiiations The position of successor to any of tbe j resent toeuiribente of federal odiees tn Virginia weuld be by no moans enviable. The inati whi would accept <>llice under Lincoln now In this ^Ute would do It nt ? sacritlce oi public esteem, an t at no little personal risk. Mr. William llallird Preston offered tho following reso lution in the Convention to day ? ltotolved 1st That In ihe opinion of this CV>nventloc, the ii dcral government of this l ulou Is one of limite\t ami < rprtssly granted iiowers; I hit the constitution con fers ne power ujmn its constituted authorities to subju gate a etate or ext-cnto the fcleral Itws within the limits ot a Mate which has wlthdrawu from thu governmout, ex|-ei <ii the civil authorities o( tho same, and is in the ex' teise oi an Independent sovereignty. nd I ti?t a* on?vof the parties to t he cwmpact of govern ment, fhis ( oovetit ion has tho right to protest against any surh t xoicfeu Of coercive policy on the oart ofthe fenetal a> tl'orntes, ard they wii' never consent that the (|? m ill |<wr fhall he exi rclsed for tho p ;rp?s? of suhju ga'inti f e t?'opie of such ^ut<>s to the federal authority. ;i I >i?i a romniittee of thrw de><>gate? be appointed by ills Co? vetiti n to wait upon the President ot the l'al'?d .??tnt4 f , pi" s* nt to b m these lesalutieus, and respectfully >i?k 1 1 h m to romaiimiejite to this Convention the policy which 'be Autliorit'r* ?l the led -rtl g ivernmnnt intend o pun ?? in *t ? ?'?! to tb? ronleuer-ae M*ie< Mt J< bn II. I? .?'??ill, "f Staunton, oilers! the foUowlnn pn.Nii b e, w.u tf tin llr?t and second rosofcitloos, wbth w?- h (???litrd li/JPf^Prest<'ii ? vt i,. in.s in ill' o|i -l^of this convention, the uneer 'ulntv ?h i l> p?? ??!'* IV he pibl'C mind as to the poller tehich tt< g-ie t mi i.iv r.nient iutenns to pursue t '^rds i r M'i 'iii'.s <i* s ?< oirtreniely injurious to the industrial ??mi nun ere'al tt't" rests of Hie oouniry, tends to k- ep ut' .ii e etii U'i ti' ?h<tli 'S unlavo'able to the a JnWmeWiw ,.(t, ,i,j < the ii Hies uiid ihrotu-ns a dmturhatioe or tne i nh.ic ii au- Ih. '?{ore, I.sotvsd. k? . A?hnd?ls . pi. >i g up upon these ,.,,,,.,'l'oti I. *> m be eg ennllneil to fo o. ibiee wun beiS If ni Ihe noi ibweX Tb- h- ur Is-ini t ?.a U?? ?? , ? t ? i. v. 1 1 on adjourn* i without ?< t J I,, i, ?>', >' ' HI r ,oio;,.e b a v. te of <^?er two tmrdS, ,,,V ill .tie - f It e i onviMK'U J on. - mto.ee m??e uahf?r to tbe t Ihill ...here oto.e e* 'i I stl I, , , 1 1 00 ?|,f of the ttroiip't T n?Ofi ' , ? "oil I.eorn tlM fener I l?V ir ?hiC0 ???? | I i mm.. ?o i.i.f. e . i.hle f.SOntso ( til." ?? ? H I.e.) ... iooa-ilv o-.ng over the I L ? ,'ie h ) A I'-.'! ? u U eu tv ihe ilt.ll o . La.iiC. t IMTEKK6TING 1B0M PENSACOLA. The Prnaucol., G*+tte of the 2d says ? The arrival of no many troopc in o >ir muwt eortatnly looks squally, ?>, . "j.ru aro a i r.-at many more em route. Many of those have a ready arrived at Motile? p: im ip.uiy from ? om muiy aa *#0 arrivie^; on Friday , an<l cOO on Rjaturday. N >uc of the MidUKippi companies have yot reached Pensacola It wiM be seen by Governor Pollen*' prooUmatioo tt at a re<i')kaUtoa for fiitetn hundred n <>n bse b<*u mvo apon tli*t gdlant State. We fc?p|ic4o that the other jlsltTi] 01 the con federacy will tun, tab their quotas. Mfexl, we have htard it stated that Alabama aid louiatena ?M?M far uirh 1 600 men each; Georgia 3 000, South < Woftna and Texas 1,U00 each, and our own little State of Florida 600 men. A pretty respectable force, for any etnergeasy. Tbe distinguished iVature of the Confederate army will ho the Zouave battalion, thok first con.pa&y of which, under c naud of Captain a. Copona, arrived at Borran cue on Saturday ?ornirg, and more of tbem arc aspect cd. Their appear ante created oooaiderable of a rir* tlon among the troops at 'he barracks, aa they ?? doubt would produeo were tiiov to make their appearance la oar streets. The battalion is being rapidly recruited in N< w Oilcans, and will contain many of the veritable Zou a\ c s tbat dgurt d in tte Crimean campaign. Shot and shell, aud large quantities of provisions, are fceing fon t ntrato.i at tbis point. Ibe tand batterWs tre being rapidly pusbel forward, and now ones r?pidlv thrown up at every a^ at labia point. >otbiig Is being laft uniono by the powers that be to "conquer a peace." MUNITIONS OF WaR bENT FROM THE WA TERTOWN AKHKNaL. [Kr>iiu the Hob. ju Traveller, aprU 8. ] We understand that for a number of days puet a Urge quantity of munitions of *ar, oout*iHUug 01' b imlia, can 1 en bails and other article, have been despatched from tbe I'niud States invaalat Watertown, idiss , to this city f or shipment to tbe South. Bo great has been the c<ui?nd [or teams for t'its purpose Uwt it is dlilioult, If 1 ot impossible, to hire a team tor private business pur poses within a mile or more oi the aisenul. ? 00018 DOTY FREK. The ft. Louis K>),ubiu an of tbe 2&> ult. ben tbe f Mow ing: ? i>ery day our imponeis or foreign merchandise are receiving, by way of Mew Orleans, very considerable quantities of goo-'s, u ity fren. The goods aro tended at tbe port of Now Orleans; no Custom House notice m taken of tliem, 110 bonds arc executed tor the payment of du ties on their ariivc.1 bero, and on many articles tbe earing of one- ball tbe duty only wonld afford a handsome profit. If this tbiDg is to become peiiuanent there wMl be an en tire revolution in tbe course of trade, and New York wiU suffer ten ibly. Our merchants have oapttal enough to juMity them in making their purchases in Europe and shipping to New O.lc iiif . an J iLi that city, because of the ctlli'ieni-e in tbe tarn', goods can be bought cheaper than in New York. With tbem a-i vantages wo shall be able to sell cheaper than any other city in the valley of tbo Mis sissippi. CHOPS IN THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY. lbe Augusta (Ca.j olror.uk lays:? l*olitioal matters are coming to be diseurdcu qvw in the country, in great measure, tho greater part of the people's attention being given to their crops. We are (ilad to know that, aa a general thing farmers and planters in tbe confederacy have more land In snail grain, and more planted or pre pared for planting in ?n than 1 ver before. And, not withstanding the ui propitious weather of tho winter and thus far into tbe spring, we believe wheat and oate pro niite well. We ba.vo heard of some very forward while wbeat injured so as to fail down, but we confident ly believe from recent observation and inquiry, tbat no ; maertal damages has be.-n done by the severe frosts, immediately atier the ;u'<w on tbe morning of tbe 20th and 22) lnst. Tho fru.t, however, in Georg.i, sooth of Atlanta, has been, we think, almost totally -destroyed; at least tho poach e and common plums, which aro so valuable to the tarmoi for his hogs. Apples, pears and cherries, just beginning to bioom, are probably not much injured; but thore will doc be ono peach for five hundred blossoms. Cotton planting commenced this week, and tho crop will be aimovt all planted by tbo c'ose of next week. And for dimluicuod breadth of land wo aro glad to observe that muy aro trying to "get even" by better preparation anJ more manure? domestic and com me'c al. llie Oolumbus, Ga. . Sun says ? Wo rejoice lo learn from tbe citizens of Troup county, says tbe la Grange Be p<rler, tbat the pro?p?rcw for good wbeat crops were never more promtsiuj; and such is the news we see from all parts of tbe country. Tbero never was a time wben tho perpic needed goo I harvest* moro than at present, if we may ju'go turn tbe amouDt of corn brought to our markelR from tho Northwest. <?ur dealers are constantly loading wagons with corn. There never baa boon more era sold in Troop lu one winter thui lias been soki here the present season. We are pleased to learu, say 9 tbe Georgia Forrrstar, tbat the late cold weal her did not seriously aftect tbe Trull In this scction. Tender vegetables were killed, but tbe fruit whs unhurt. Tbo snow storm whlcn visited other plaeos gave this part of tbe country tbe go by, and wo luckily et taped lu chilling cflects. The wbeat crop of northern Texas la represented as unusually promising. A larger amount of land has been devoted to the crop :han ever before, while tbe season ha<s been highly favorable. LortMix* ? The Tbi> "*Uux Vntr/n, of the 33d instant, sayf: ? Tnc we it her of tbe past week his bee) fair bat cool. We had a white tros*. In the ea-ly part of the ?eak, but, fortunately, it was not hoav.v eno igh to do injury to bo blossoms <>u the aob and oiber fruit u-eeg, tbougl It may have young and ttnrer plants. Our pbinters a o, bowcvir, many ot them now ^ngag?d In piloting cjrn 1 If mite looks well :n this ??nion , sad promises a g xxl .yield. ITEMS FROM SOUTHERN JOURNALS. ' MA-IOF BEH JA'CULIOCJI Wc nr? informed that Hn|or lin MuCullOch, of Texv, was ft-?n emerge ymi'Tooy movnirg ai>->ut daybreaic Iron tlio residence jl a g*n*l wnau In ibe Fir-t wari of tiila city noted for hi? ci.r, plexity vi'.h the co'inaala u he rblei' foti.-piiu.tort- of the ongarchv at tnii point. On quiltiTg the hoiiM" bo mounted a hiree aland it g convene ? oily mar the d?,o?\ an <2 rode o(I'? doootlws icm the I ot>jr Drii'go, into Virginia, from whenee, we take it for urat.ttd, bp cainn to ;mv thU s ere'. intdn.gh' visit to the fcneral metropolis. W* have ov^ry rev-on to pUte im plicit eootidonet in th.s statement. ? il'usk.?y(oA SUr, .Ijin'l C CONVE0KRA1K STVI'IW CONSl'f, APPOINTED. The Columb'ib Sun ? f. Jeff. Sbclark, Eai|., tbe resent I'nitfd Staffs Surveyor for th- port of Oncinmti, as been tcndciod tbo position of Gionaul from t??e Scith ern confederacy tor th" Nonhwestern Stale*, by Presi dent I 'avis, tbe ofltc* to b* located ai CicctDRiti. ARMS nm IJKNKRAL HO r 8 PON. We And the following 1n the letter of the Waahingtoc c* rrespondont of the Richmond K*fuirtr, under date of March 31:? Governor Houston's agint pa^oi throngh hero to-day on hia way ?o Now York to puiohtao arms. Ho pays Fount' n <8 ramlig an army of two to live thou rum! in Texas, Arkansas, Missouri and Tent .usee, and will oppose- tbe jurisdiction of tbe Oomederft'e Siate?, but nltln at? ly irt"n<l? to in vane Mexico. It U oelioved here tbut he is In secret rxi. re?pond?nce with ihe Cabinet or tbe eubj<*t, and Is ucDng in r?Dcert with their plane. Pre sident Pavis may have work to do beftre long. TKI.KliRAPlI TO FOJtT PT7L AHKI. We learn, 's?>s the fiavnunah ikpuMteen of the 30th ulf.. that tho telegriipb line to fort Pulaski "will be com pleted by Monday nvontii; next, with thoox .opt.ono.' the laying of tbe cable ttcioa* s-ho south channel. TUK WHOLKSALL. TRAM OK CHAKLKKTONT. The bostBcea nu ti or Charleston aro already i>?g:nniaf to reap the advantspea <>f the indepenrent pos.ti.m which tbe- -outh has taken, in eon ?q'i?ncn of tbn re'usal or tbo North to gruut ber coast iiuttoiuai rights. H i uueaB of all kinds lias increased at r>n amazing pare; customers are thronging tbo c'tj Inn, ill ou*rt?rsoi tlio Soa'h, and the indications aro that Charleston is destined to bee nne the ch mmercial inetrojioiis ot the (Vintoderate States. In Jry gootia and fancy g-?odp the opcrUKXia liav been very large, and the purchasers, we are Inform' d, aro princl I ally comp<ped of thoee who useo to patronise New York. 1 < me hoiiAt ulone, the hu?in<'M o( whieh lwr.?toforo war. chitliy conlmed to Georgia, bis sold heavy bills to mer- i (bunts from (.errgta. Mis*i??ippt. Ark anna* and rexa?. In sIkks aU'po, th?* mil' s or the last two w?eke have amounted to upwarus of % M) 000 ? Charle%tt>n Mttcurj,. Harxh 27. THK Pt'Kl. NKAR PKNPACOtA. TLe fact of a duel at J>ort MuKae, Ha. . between St. Clair Morgan, of (Itai iciton, 8. C. . aud a young Alaba tnlaii, namtd Morrs. lite a midshipman Ir the United Hates Navy, hta bt?n noticed. The Mobile FrOmnt aajs . ? It seems ibat ?? the n*gbt of the duel the young men, with a number of comvn ea, were oft in n lioot on a rreonnolterlng party near MRt I'ie.Uens Morgan, full Of rirkless daring. pr i|??nl *|?t ihey sn-mld lan<i |0>t un der the walls ot l'ukM v hlmako *lnt dls -overiee tker t could ; but Storrs obj >et-<l, ha>!m; mat. It would expose Ibttn to iltiiMt ceiMIt caiitum end the mi.ion'y of tbe lorty sided with him. tin'. Mergan, hot tampered and ini|x:tient, repreiohed -totrs wnh timiHty. a few worek passed between them, and >be boat put back tc tlie main land. *ln ti th?y hod disembarked, terrs Mid to Motgnn that he had intimated a doubt of his etfmrage, ar.c as they hu>i r i?l? ? and Uie moon waa ahlnlnfr brtgiit ly, he eould prove it. Mergan responded to th.s propo sition with ulaeriy. rw. >iy stei? were ptced ofi, nn1 at the Urf t (Ire Uorcnn Ml* daugerourly wonuded.the heavy bell of the ih*rj?e's rifle Itav 'tig entere<l his right groin and tanged throtigti and out of the ba-ik i?.?rt of tbe tbtgh. An unfortunate nflalr, indeed, bet ??eo two fcravc young men. A I tKK CHANCE roil Frtl-CH* KBMNkDT. The t'avani ah .%<!<?? ha' a telegi apbte dee pat ;h stating that (Vmmifsioiier John F> rsj ih la lu tbiscity porAaelte snd t-hippiiig fixed carir:dgM, *c., to the ^outh. IMIt'THKItl* TKAJK. Tlie Favannth .V,m? ?-?>s ? Hi? thr^e leading millinery istublishments of Ma^'O, 'Jeorfia, have oo-eU??-d their ptli g storks ef g?<*" '? New Orleans. toit"?.l gr a; hoilb, as heretofore they b?Te drue Horrah I'or tbe India*. BALK of Nr.liROK8 IN VIH<IINt A.. At tka an'e last wi ?a m (*ibe-o<?rie c mn ? . V t , of d< ?nes belot'ging to ths ?e'ate ot" the tate \el?,>n H.n k?d%ln. -b?re were ?t?oot ftity silit ?t an e.? rwin w at > it ^600 We aeed to ta'k. >-a)S the Milol-1 *' -e*, alv>tlt tbe ?<sta?a and stitiies.'' Xow "tmra" tike th ? .if the ??sttlpis," and we ean hnrrati f.r "the s'urn and i)ars '' lx ?g may tb? y wave, I* ?? sre to b ive no t.i ?>er pette?c rt harner. We ate wil'tng ika< th" p^'mvnent govntn* n.enl mido this Item <?? lt.e work of the i*.i?i?hhi*I, kBu give u* more grsietH' bi>ih>Mi| minting- as hav ? lit "Pooltetn cti'as,'' to s?? nr !?> hi oiii ?MkLt..w of >?*trk-t trm and fealt) - lb? M?.bi)e A<fi?rfi-r m<s- The . *)ieiise ef ivtmlelii i.?ll g the goveti to iita! i ri.ii. et tn?i. Kr. Jit tu|?ei, thr city snd n utoy of Nn* >(,.i ,? b tnrle m.<ie? i?in< n li ie?.f eolla's jer 'l hat's note 'fc?i ba>f am i. i eh ?? will ra.rv ^oveihli cut of th?* on ti u y ii w tMy thri ?ih the j flu h' New tirleai.r T'*r iiltit "?<?ertn?i the T enlelan* kui? f *n\ ? nilon ss n H- ? ep ..f ??the fl'it'T 'tret a of e*ery !? -1 r.*.e fsetk'D, fr? m blear vjr& fetternlhiu w taflHr 'hi ?t > tjr." The Na'rhi /. ( If >il '?? -r ??s:? WefleiHott Cp^i the Mi?,i.rt has l?d ?? 'i 'b. uine. -it, ?h*t it t? htrdly weith wMHe to p hi-rh >h i d pe- m <t . u; v'OutMtn >|.|.|.||| ? le us** i fe ti I 'Mr the |?'0p.' jrdl hrt i in it t. IV Vwti u( .u ' ,1 ii. i JUnttlfi'l Ce.n\tn~lB