Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1861 Page 3
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J to ratify it, bat placs it before the people for option or rejection (as t most assuredly ought to do), I will publish it with ureal pleat)"" , !n order that the t?>le may judge of its merlUs i>r*rm<-r|ts before voting; if Uie Osuvi-titioB thrust -t upou the people by inelr a and sole act, then the people o?n *s well learn what and rule of conduct their fcovereigoa impose on them lu the publishul codes and bx kn of edicts, which (hey buy at their leisure, and not at our expense in palter, ? anil ink. be Havaonah Republican NV8 ?The advantages of ed oy ~avau 11 ah to those merchants of New Vork. who ^ve heretofore enjoyed a monojioly of the Southern , it* apparent, and will be taken advantage of. We 'yh'-aror some si* or soven rich and extensive tai.-.-s, iKi'.h in d*y goooa and groceries, who will open Kitie*s here on a scale that must attract buyers This all now needed to make our city increase In population r.d wealth, anil an impetus once given by capital well [imaged, our prosperity will astonish ovoii ourselves. The Columbus, Ga , ln>/uirer, tnak'w war upon .letlerson avis' av inviFtMiion because tho Bell anil iHjugliut men >vej>een ent rely excluded from a share in the admin I'tr&tion of the new government. ? !lt is reported on Information apparently reliable and irect, that a large error ha? been detected Lo the olUcial Fp>rte or the electioa for convention in sumo of tho < stern counties of North Carolina. The correction of le error (If our. report Is right) would change the result, ' at least leave a tie. The Savannah KrjmMican announces with gratification at the banks of that ctty have taken Ave hundred thou i dollars of tbe loan authorised by the Montgomery porgress. .* Tbe Grand Jury of Greene county, dlorgia, have Issued i presentment, requesting the legislature to eutct a law oy which any citisen 01 that county who subscribes to he New York Evening Pa* and IrtJbune, the Cleveland 'laindealtr, or any other publication of a like oharacter, ay be fined and imprisoned. A day or two ago, says the Louisville Courier, William | 'heater was arraigned Before the Kenton (Ky.) Circuit nurt, charged with passing a counterfeit bill on the ate Bank of l/raisiana. After the evldenoe was heard, ounne 1 for the, prisoner claimed that as the Stale of ooiaiana had seceded the court bad no juris iiction in the to. Judge Moore, however, ruled that as neither the resident of the United States nor Oongress had leoog 1 secession, the trial would proceed under the laws 'Kentucky; and it did, resulting in the jury awarding lr. Chester three years In the penitentiary. Tho Saton Rouge (Louisiana) Advocate says:? In pursu-* nee or a recent act of the Legislature, the elegant Ilishment erected at tbe Garrison grounds fur the resi dence of the commanding officer of tbe Ordinance Depart ment of tbe late United States government, his been fitted pp and appropriated te the Governor for a residence. The Richmond Whig says: ? Wc are gratified to learn that 223 packages of boots and shoes were brought to this city last month by tho Central Railroad, from the factory recently established at Stauatou ? the commence ment, we trust, of a prosperous business. Tho people of this section of thu State should give every encourage ment to this enterprise; and If they fail to do ho lot our friend - ot tho North come forwurd and patronize a new branch of Virginia industry. NAVAL AND MILITARY MOVEMENTS. [The Steamship Ocean <?ueen Chartered the Government? Farther Mysteri ous Movements? Steamtugs also Char tered to Proceed to the Gulf? Their Pro bable Destination and ObJcct? Govern ment Officials On Board? The Harriet Lanr- Pinal Departure of the Steam Transports Baltic and Illinois, ifcc . , Ac. The expedition of steam transports deep itched from this port is to be furthor increased^ it would seem, by the ad litlon of the steamship ocean Queen and several ?learnings. TIIK OCEAN QfKEN. There Ib now scarcely any room for douht that the steamship Ocean Queen has been chartered hy the go vernment for a purpose similar to that for which the Atlantic, Baltic and Illinois tiavo been engaged. Rumor d'lrit g the past few days has spread tho intelllnetico, snd facte now would seem to make tho matter certain. The ocean Queen belongs to the Southampton uad Havre Steamship Company, at whoee office, No. 5 IVwling green, our reporter callel yesterday. To his inijuiry regarding tho rumored chartcr of the Ooean Queen tho agent replied that be was not aware that such was tho fact and could giva no Information recanting tho matter. Notwithstanding this, curtain it Is that the large hand bills or pouter*, advertising tho Intended departure of the Ocean Queen on the 4th of Hay nest, which were affixed to the bulletin board Ir front or the office of the company on Honday last, were tern off yesterday morning BfThe advertisements In the daily papers, announcing tho same fact, have also bocu with drawn. After leaving Ihe agent our reporter paid a visit to the tteam-r Itself, whlcii he found lying ut the foot of King street, North river. The dock was entirely deserted, and no appearances presented themselves of the shipping of either a commercial or warlike, cargo. On board tl?o stoatner nil was quiet, except towards the bow, where a couple of workmen were engaged in making some repairs. The ? .Ulcers and crew were on shore and but two or three per sons, connected with the minor departments of tho ves sel, were on board. If she has been chartered, the go vernment appears to be somewhat tardy in fitting her out. The Ocean Queen li a largo side wheel three decked steamer, with a vertical beam engine of twelve feet stroke, anu was launched at the yard of Hcssrs. Wester veil k Mackay In 1867. Her draught Is sixteen feet. She is 2 802 tons burthen, and Is constructed of oak, with four water tight bulkheads. Ber dimensions arc 827 feet length, forty two breadth, and twenty two depth. She was built for Cornelius Vanderbllt, snd is rated as >1, with good security against Are. Several passages were made by her betwoen this port and Southampton and Havre in 1859. She was hauled oil last year and remained at her dock until the company again determined to bring her into service, an her next passage was extensively advertised to take place on the 4th of Hay next. Cli cumstances Peom to ih<>w, however, that an alteration has been mado In tho programme, and tb?t she willerelong follow the expe dition of munitioned and provisioned transports sent to the South. STEAMTVOB DESPATCHED TO TT1E OCI.F. In addition to tho steamships already orderJd to some Southern destination, the precise locality of whl-.h is ?s yet ft secret, the government appear - to havo adopted tome new policy In sending stoamtugs to tho uuir The object of these is, like that of tho at unships, S)mc what enveloped In mystery Rumor and conjecture, however, give the matter two solutions One is, that tho steaming* are Intended to act as tenders for the landing of troops and provisions from the steamships at points where the superl >r draft of the latter would pre * vent ft rloce approach to the shore. TV; other Is, that they are to be employed In transporting and transferring troops, stores and t*oTlsions between tho various naval and military sutiots slorg the Gulf. Both surmises seem very provable, ftid It may be the ease that these vessels are to 1ms employed In both capacities. THE HrEAMTVG YANKEE. left this port on Honday evening, and went to sea in com pany with the Haiti# She was chartered for ftn object and destination which her owner, Russell Slurges, Ksq. , is under obligations not to disclose. A government official ?r moMenger Is on board with sealed despatches, and she carries fuel for over two weeks' consumption. He owner assured our reporter that a few dsys would clear up the mystery of her mission. Tho Yankee Is a very staunch sea boat, and has been employed in the 8andy Hook towing business. She Is 375 tors burthen, with a dratt of six feet, and a cn*s h?a t engine of eight feet eight luches stroke. Her material is white oak and h icmatack , and dimensions 140 feet loug'h, twenty five broadth and ten depth. She was launched tn November, 1H67, is rated A1X, and Is commanded by Captain Hennessy. THE BTEAMTt.O THOMAS FRKRBORK. Stipulations were entered into by the government for the chartering of this vessel, to leave at a moment's no tlce for some destination unknown to her owner. She appears to have been destined to accompany the Illinois as the Yankee accompanied tho Baltic, but at the time the request came for her departure ihe wa out at sea engaged In her employment of towlog, and did not cTtne up to the city until yesterday morning. The Freeborn is ft stoamtug of 300 tons burthen a-v ? feet dr?ft. She is constructed of oak.wiih a beam engine of 8 feet stroke, and Is rfttod A2 She Is com manded by Optain Morrill, and was launched In lKfiO on ac -omt of her Inability tb comply with the order for departure, THE STEAMTTO IXNCLE BEN was substituted In her stead, md proceeded t) sea on Hondny night. She returned again unaosount ably yesterdsy morning, fer some reason which onr re jK rur was unable to ascertain. He made application a', the r Itlce of her owners, but they were unable to en I'gbten him. TOE STEAMTTG JACOB BET.L. Application wns also made a few days since for the chartering of this vessel, to go npin an errand similar to that of the Yankee, Freeborn and l ode B?n Her own ?rt, however, feared that the large quantity of coal ?*hich It would be necessary to carry for such a voy igo srmilil inerenxo her draft so much as to render a trip dun j "reus In a heavy sea. TttK AUKNT or TOR OOVgRNMKNT for tl>e chartering of the various vessels ii Colonel Keys who located hto head<r?r?rt?rt at Uw Quartermaster's oMoe in State street. Our reporter called there yeeier day, but the abeeaca of Colonel Key a precluded hi n rro? the obtainance of any Information. In an apartment a 1 Joining that of the agent he found the United jutes Army Paymaster, who was busily engaged In counting j out into small portions a large quantity of gold coin, un doubtedly the wages of Uncle Sam's soldiers. THE IIARKIRT LANK. The sudden departure of this revenue cutler >oo Mon day morning, apparently with the purpose or taking part* in the warlike events foreshadowed by the movi mcuu of the past few days, has mated* no little gensition The Interest with which she Ik now surrounded induces us to give the few following facts in connection with her:? The Harriet lane was launched on the Mth of Novem ber, 1868, and is officered fro si the revehue service Her model is faultless, and hi.s made her the theme of much admiratioji. She is a side w heel steamer, 180 feet long, SO feet wide and 12>? feet deep. Herawinainent c insists of five gunsou each side, in addition to bow and etern shell guns. * THE BALTIC AND ILLINOIS, after moving out from their docks on Monday evening, anchored at Quarantine. Yesterday morning they agaiu get under weigh ? the former at seven o'clock, the latter at six o'clock? and steamed out to sea. THE BROOKLYN NAVY YARD. . The sloop-af war Savannah hue been secured in 'tier berth In the dry dock , which has been cleared of the water, and a large forCe of men have been set to wo^k on her. Yesterday, a stream of Kidgewood water waa directed at ber bottom, to clear away the impurities which had oailected there. The water tanks were being hoisjed into (he Wabash, and stowed away In their pro per place?, having first undergone a thorough scraping inside. Tfie men who were engaged in this dellghtfu] occupation mutt have had a nice time of it, in their con* ' fined quarters. The rigging of the brig Perry was progressing; top- ' masts were up, and topgallantmasts wire being sent up and secured. A number of gun carriages were taken alongside and placed on board during the day. MILITARY MOVEMENTS. A TRIBUTE OK RE8FKCT TU MAJOR HOLMES ? DULL NESS AT THE FORTS. Sluce the dcpirtort) of the United States staamer !'ow but tan, and the transports Atlantic, Baltic and Illinois, the excitement at the military posts ha? died away , and our forte do not present the same scono of buatlo and preparation that we have described within <he past few days. Our 'forts are nearly empty, and with the exception of a few raw recruits, sVaiioned on Gover nor's Island, nobody is left to defend our hirbors in case such a thing as aiJ Invasion should take place. Of course we hero refer to the foderal army, as our militia would more tban comp nxate for their ab sence, t?a>no<) as they have boen to the circful fcaolHng of the heavy guns of our hurbor fortifications. One or our reporters yesterday visited the different forts, and found there a moat peacea'.lo appnaraow. Everything was as quiet and unliko p-eparations Tor deadly conflict as the most timid could desire. governor's island. The force at Governor's Island lias been greatly reduaed in consequetce of the many Remands upon its re*ojr>vss to supply the transports above named. Nearly all the men on the Island aro fresh recruits, and. aa a matter of course, know nothing of the use ef arms, much lew tha' more serious matter, warfare. Yesterday afternoon the drill sergeants of the Island were trying to initiate about one hundred and fifty nun into the myutones of U?e " manual." They wire all fresh men, having been on the Island only a few days, some of them having arrived the evening before As we bafore mentioned, the force has beeu greatly woakened: thenum ber now. counting the new additions, does not exceed four hundred men. Fresh recruits are received evory day , and before many days the present force may be grobtly augmented Lieut. Woods, who has superseded Major Ilolnies in the command of the Island, has been busily eng;iged in seeing that all things aro in proper order, so that he may give the proper receipt to the Major for the government pro perty under hie charge. ? The following Incident occurred at the Inland, which will no doubt be read with interest by the many warm frlcnc'B of Maior Holmes -A large number of North Carolinians residing in New York, accompanied by friends from Virginia, South Carolina and Oeorgla, also residing here, paid a vleit yesterday aftornoon to Major llolmes at Governor's Island, which poet has been under his command for the last two years, for the purpose of irunifesting their res]*ct and cordial approval of his course in resigning his late position in the army of the United States, lhe meeting was an exceedingly pleaeant and affecting one, displaying much warmth of feeling and emotions which do honor to aU mankind. On the arrival of the party at the Island the Major was eloquently and appropriately addressed by John Potte Brown, Esq , to which he responded in a very affecting manner, giving his reasons in detail for taking the important step to whom we have just alluded. Whilst referring to the crisis of affairs impelling him to resign, he remarked in the most patriotic and feeling manner that, during his thirty one years of service, be was not aware of even a suspicion of dereliction of duty against him, and that as long M he could with honesty and wholeness of purpose serve the government, he ralthfully discharged his duty but cow, tha'. be was called upon to lnatruct men in the art of war, and perfect them In the science that they might cut the throats of his fellow citizens, be felt hlmseir con strained to throw up his commission, although In doing so ho sacrificed all pecuniary interests to a sense of duty. Every one present was struck with the hardy and soldier like appearance of this distinguished ofllcer, giving cvl dence or hie twenty odd years of active service west of the Mississippi. The eompany were thon Invited by Mr. Kendall, at whose residence the above took place, to a collation hastily prepared, und while toasts wore being drauk to the health and future prcsperlty of Major Hulmoe , tho representatives present of the different States wore called upon anJ respouded wltb enthusiastic feeling. Among the number Mr. P. A. Moise of fouth Carolina, made some vsry eloquent and appropriate remarks, highly complimentary to Major Holmes and to the Old North State. The Major ac cepted this entirely unexpected vltit of hie frlonds as a high evidence of their appreciation of his coutie, en I wae evidently much gratified with It. We have been credibly informed that immediately after the |above Interesting interview, des patcbee were received by Major Holmee? one from the W ar l*p?rtment, at Washington city, authorizing him to pro-eed to North Carolina and there await the acceptance of his resignation, another from hie friende at Wilming ton, N. C., desiring to know when he would arrive there, and tendering him their hospltalitiee. On Monday evening the band belonging to the island complimented the Major by a serena to, which affected him verv much, as It showed the affection with which ho lB ana has b.en regarded by all with whom he had been brought into contact. Major Holmes *as to have loft for tho South yesterday, at 6 P. M. With very few ex-eptlona the soldiers sent from (fover nor's Island are recruits, entirely unacquainted with military tactics and not able to endure the fatigues of an extended campnlgn, and, together with that, there was a diBlike on their part to enter Into a warlare with a staler portion or the country, at least one or thj men so ex pre?sed himself and intimated that he but re echoed the almost universal sentiment of his comrades. Afterjeav Ing the Island our reporter betook himself to FORT HAMILTON, where he found matters even mors quiet than at the point he bad lust left. The gate leading te tho rort wa* wide open, notwithstanding an order on the same te ?< please shut the fate." Nobody was visible, and with the exception or an evil disposed lo-king dog nothing obstructed his passage. At the end or tbo leng dock two or three persons wore engaged in fishing, and to them our reporter bent his steps, and was politely informed that there wae no one at the fort but a few old women and two or three slek soldiers, that they had nil iioen removed to supply the wants of the departed vtssPto- _ . . A rumor was in circulation that a comber of men had betn placed In Eort Hamilton jesterdaj from one of the Lciglibortr.g forte, hut a personal investigation proved the contrary. FORT LAFAYETTE, <- tuated immediately opposite Eort Hamilton, is In a like f-ituai ion an regards the number of persons within Its walls They have all been removed, and there remain bo. few to lake charge or It. No doubt tlvro will bs a f,.,ce or men rent to garrism these forte at an e?rly P0r'011- MtnLOB S ISLAND. The rort on Bedloo's Island is no better off than the ether,; the sudden demand f?r soldiers has left hut r-w on the islat d, probably not more than one hundred men Everything ll quiet, and will, no doubt , r<tntln so until nrther orders are received. f THE LATEST NEWS. Highly Important Reports from Charleston. Active Military Movements of the Secessionists. Six Thousand Troops on Duty at the Batteries. .Three Thousand Alabamians Or dered loto Service, Ut. ' t* \ . Cii akleston, April 9, 18?51. At last the ball has opened. The Btate authorities last night received official notification that supplies would be tarnished to Anderson at any hazard? peaceably if force if necessary. Immense preparations immediately were "com menced suitable to the*em?rgency. Orders were issued to the entire military force of the city, held in seserve, to proceed* to their stations without delay. Four regiments of a thousand men each hare been telegraphed for from the country. One of these, from Kershaw district, under command of Cdl. Rion, is formed with the understanding not to be called out until the tight wan positively at hand. Dr. Gibbes, Surgeon General, was ordered to 'prepare ambulances, and make every provision for the wonuded; and in all departments were ob servable the admirable system and discipline with which the State is prepared for this exigen y. The community has been thrown into a fever of excitement by the discharge of seven guns from Citadel square, the signal for the assembling of all the reserves ten minutes afterwards. Hundred of men left their beds, hurrying to and fro towards their respective destinations. In the absence of sufficient armories, the corners of the streets, public squares and other convenient points formed places of meeting, and all night long thq, roll of the drum and the steady tramp of the military and the gallop of the cavalry resounding through the city, betokened the close proximity of the long anticipated hostilities. The Home Guard corps of old -gentlemen, who occupy the position of military exempts, rode through the city, arousing the soldiers, and doing other duty required by the moment. Uuudreds of the citizens were up all night. A terrible thunder storm prevailed until a late hour, but in no wise interfered v^ith the ardor o the soldiers? merchants, lawyers, doctors, students of divinity, clerks, mechanics and laborers joining shoulder to shoulder for common defence. The Seventeenth regiment, eight hundred strong, gathered thus in one hour, and left for the fortifi cations at three o'clock this morning. The vessels in the harbor necessary for transpor tation will be called into uervice by twelve o'clock to-d?y. Three thousand men, in addition to those in the harbor, will be under arms. A fleet of 6even United States vessels has been reported off the bar. Major Anderson dis played signal lights during the night from the walls of Fort Sumter. South Carolinians are anxious to meet the enemy at the point of the bayonet, rather than stand off and exchange iron compliments. The latter is a too deliberate style of fighting to suit the impetuous nature of the most desperate set of men ever brought together in a hand to hand conflict, which will be terrible. No attempt is likely to be made upon the city. Officers acquainted with the calibre of Major An derson's guns say the longest shot will fall short three-eighths of a mile. Hundreds are here from the interior watching the progress of events. The calmest men in the community are those who have control of affairs, and every movement dictated by Governor Pickens, Jamison, the Secre tary of War, and General Beauregard, is marked by the same prudence, ability and judgment which have thus far characterized every official act of the confederacy. Advices from Montgomery state that offers of volunteers from the border States continue to pour in, and that tenders of seven thousand men and two thousand Indian warriors have been received from the West. A brush at Pensacola is daily looked for. It is believed by many here that the fight will commence at Stono, about twenty-five miles south ward?the batteries along the coast being attacked and silenced in tnrn; and that, having cleared Morris Island, on which is the last of these forts, the republican army will cross to Fort Sumter while the latter is engaging Fort Moultrie. If so, the fighting will be wicked. Captain Talbot and R. S. Chew arrived here last night, bringing despatches from Washington stating that Fort Sumter would be supplied with provisions at any cost. The former was deaied admission to Fort Rumtcr. Both left at eleven o'clock last night. There were no improper de monstrations. C'DARLRsroN, April 9? P. M. The affairs in this city are culminating to a point. About 800 men left the city this morning for different poipts in the harbor. It is estimated that near 5.000 moil are stationed at SullhM's and Morris' Islands, and along the coast. Companies are arriving from the interior, and the different forts will be further strengthened to morrow by near one thon-and additional sol diers. The greatest' enthusiasm prevail* ftimng all classes. THK LATRftT FRO* CHARl.ESrON. Charleston, April 9? Evening. Everything is quiet on the surface, but there is a deep feeling. Prodigious preparations are pro gressing. Senator Wigfall is serving as a common sol dier. Rifled cannon are rapidly arriving. Secretary Jamieson delivered a farewell speec to-day, aed complimentary resolutions were adopt ed. The adjournment of the Convention is ex pected to-morrow. No war v easels are outside, so far as known.

Lieutenant Talbot and Hr. Chew returned at eleven P. M. Permission was refused to visit Sumter, and also to allow a provision ship to euter the port. The city i* under arms. TUe 'surgeons are ?raljed for. Martial law is expected to be pro claimed. Lieut. Talbot was detained at Florence, "and lost twelve hour*. The eighteen thousand ipen just called for by Jeff. Davis are intended for operation against the North. The Commissioners at Washington have tele graphed to Coventor Pickens .that war is ine vitable. * | IMPORTANT NE#5 FBOM WASHINGTON. ? WADuat.niN, April 9, 1861. ? My dlxpatob Id to-day s Hfjudd, ditiuloein*, for the' drat time, the military and naval programme, created the moat intense excitement In this city upon tho arrival of the train to night. The deejf mystery which has veiled the active movements of the administration for mere than a week was removed, an 1 men seemed to realign the fact that they were in the awful presence 6f civil war. The correspondent* of the Hjolald were Immediately sought by all closes, old and young, male and fe male, to learn the news fiom Fort ?&mter. *"Hav^the supplies arrived}'' "Can the vessels get into tho har bor?" " How are they going to do it?" " Will the *e:es sionists Are upon tbe government vessels. '' Were among the numerous questions propsunded. The greatest anxiety existed on the part of tbe govern ment, during the.ear'y part of to-day , on account of the raging storm here; but deiipa'chos from Richmond gave assurances that it did not extend to the coast, hence tbe belief is that the fleet destined for Charleston and tho Oulr Is safe. ? It is known that six er seven war steamers are laying off the harbor of Charleston, but tbe latest despatches do not announce the arrival of tbe supply vessels. There does not seem to be any disposition to cut off the tolegraphic communication between here and Charles ton. The wires have been working all day. Merchants here receive their bus.uess despatches as usual, but it Is almost universally conceded in them that war Is in evitable. ?? * A cypher despatch, received this afternoon from Charleston, announces that Captain Talbot watt not al lowed to return to Fort Sumter with despatches from bis government. It is believed tha', if ho had not been allowed to return to Washington before an attempt was made to throw provisions ipto Fort Sumter, that ho will be retained as a prisoner of war. Tbe fact that tain Talbot did not reach Fort Sumter will make no difference in the action of Major Anderson in the event that a vessel bearing the American flag is again fired into. He has a general order on that subject. Bosides, while tho Charlestonlans have cut of) bis supplies, they bffve not cnt off his mall communication, from fear that their own mails would he stopped. Robert S. Chew, a clerk in the Stato Iiepartuient, was despatched to Charleston by the government on Saturday last, to inform Governor Pickens that if Major Anderson waa deprived of purchasing supplies in Charleston market, that the government would take immediate measures to furnish them. The provisions have been re fused to the garrison by Governor Ticketis, hence, the necessity of the government to supply thorn. Wasiiikgtoy, April 9, 1861. I Order* left here today to have tho Wabash , Vlncennee I and Savannah, at New York, and the Jamestown, at Philadelphia, detailed for Immediate scrvlce. The administration la still vigorously provocating its plan of operations. The military and naval Heft now ordered will be the largest and most imposing ever fitted out by this government. The administration think that this immense demonstration oil' the harbors of the Southern coast will strike terror into the heart" of the secessionists, and soon bring them to terms. The hiRh official who left here on BunJay morning for Montgomery will, it is said, lay before I*resldent Davis be objoct and purpose of the government in sending the military and naval fleet along the Southern const, and the policy it intends to pursue respecting Forts Sumter and Ptckeaa. It Is said that th<y only ask that supplies may be landed. This will not be granted. The administration will then attempt to throw, not only supplies, but men and munitions, Into those forts, for If they succeed In the former, of course they will In the latter. The administration believe they can do both. There will be no move made until the ad ministratis hear from their messenger wbicb, however, will not be many days. There are a good many military men now in this city, belonging to and acting with the government, who do not hesitate to give it as their opinion that the ad ministration, with Its present limited force, cannot throw reinforcements into Fort Sumter, and that, under the circumstances, It would be a wanton sacrifice of human life to attempt It. They cannot believe that the admin istration will make the attempt. General Beauregard was officially notified last evening, by Mr. Chew, or the State Department, for President I incoln, that Fort Sumter was to bo provisioned? peaceably If possible, forcibly If necessary. This is In accordance with the arrangement between the adminis tration and the Commissioners, that the ttatui quo of Fort Sumter was not to be changed without prior notlfl cation to the Confederate authorities at (Charleston, and tallica with the purport of my despatch ou Sunday, that an agent had been dispatched on a similar errand to Montgomery. Instead of one, it appears there were two sent U> each of the points The announcement of this intelligence, it appears, has produced tho wildest excitement at Charleston. The whole male force of the city Is under arms, and when the attempt to enter the harbor la mide, a terrible scene of slaughter will ensue. The Southern Commissioners are preparing tbelr re Joinder to Secretary Sewarn's letter, which will close the correspondence. It will be able, dignified and states manlike, ebhlbltlng in the most unfavorable light, how ever, the duplicity and vacillation which has characterized the entire course of the administration respecting the questions at issue. They w.ll show that, soon after tholr arrival bore, they addressed a communication to the government, through the Secretary of State, stating in plain terms tho object of tholr mission; that instead of giving them a prompt and decisive answer, so that they might understand the policy of the government towards the Southern confederacy, the givornmcnt, through the Secretary of State, by a series of parley Ings unusual In such cues, delayed action until they were led to believe that a peaceful solution of the quegtioas at Issue wa really Intended by the administration Assurances were more than otce given that there should lie no change in the military ptstus In face of this, the gov ertimeut were secretly tilting out a military and naval exped.tlon of most elaborate proportions, evidently In tended to operate in the harbors of the seceded States and until they insisted upon knowing whit &U these ?wnnNti meant, did they receive the reply to their note informing them that the/ could bold no oommuni cation witu them If thin is the real itate of the case, the administration will uot occupy- a very unviable posl tlon . ? George K. flinders' stusation drspatchoi to tho Tiibunt, in _ which he charges I 'resident Davis wilh urging an nggrcpptvo policy on the United States are utterly untrue. The Commissioners have repeated %ssurances from President Davis that he meant to act only on the defensive, and w is sin cerely anxious for peace, lie urged ttiem in private letters to exhaust every resource to effect a peaceful so lution \)f the question, and to do everything p<?jible to avoid war. All the public buildings, Including the White House, are Dow nightly guarded by extra Watches. -The Trea sury Department is the j^rtlcular object of measures of precautiqp. The Sjuth Carolina malls will be stopped upon tho first sign of hostility to the fleet of relief. The Virginia Committee of Three will tare n^ better than tho volunteer delegation under tl^e leadership of John llinor Bolts. The 1'ryident'wlU receive them cour teously. but will tell them that, although he desires pea?e. he will not stek to secure* It hp the violation of his constitutional duties.* m WAsmictKm, April 9, 1801. Extensive as the nilitaryand naval preparations are, it is perils tently stated In administration quarters that they mean defensive purposes only, and that nothing Is intended not strictly justified by the laws, which it is tho duty of the President to enforce to the extent of his ability. If resistance by made to bis efforts In this prrticular, ar>d bloodshed be tbo result, the responsibility must faAl on those who pro voke hostilities: and the assurance of the inaugural is repcatee, that the administration will no be the ag gressor." Various theories or reasctiH are given in the newspapers for the present military demonstrations, among thorn, that they were only rocently stimulated by tho result of certain State and municipal elections; but this Is known to be an error, for at the very com- , menccmmt of tho administration the . President and Cabinet entertalnod the idea of reinforcing both forts Sumter and Dickens; but owing to the condition of the country at tho time, and a non acquaintance with thejricans at the commaud of the government, tho pro secution of the plans now progressing was Impracticable. In other words, It was noccssary, first, to ascertain the extent of tho effects boqueathed to tha . present by tbo lato administration. As to the secre sy of tho objects of tho military movements, this wan deemed absolutely necessary, especially the sailing of vessels with sealed ordors under the late administration were persons who clandestinely commun icated its purposes, from timo to time, to tho secession ists, and as frequently occurred, beforo thoy wero ro duccd to ofll> ial form , and according to a remark of an ex secretary , the administration thus always found It self embArrcssed at the threshold . Tbo present administration, however, with a full ap preciation of such obstructions, has limited an actual knowledge of Its purposes to the members of the Cabinet and perhaps several trusty officers, and taken such pre cautionary measures as render it next to impossible to Improperly acquire the forbidden Information. The administration, while constantly doc lor log its policy to be peace, claims that It can only be held by strict accountability by the people, and that, however variant and speculative may be the publications respoct- | Ing Its movements, It Is under no obligation to announce its purposes and plans. In other words, that the admin istration should bo judged by its acts. That Fort Pickens has or will be reinforced, admits of no doubt; and with regard to Fort Sumtor the adinlnls tratlon will do all in Its power either to relieve Mujor Anderson, or to secure his evacuation of the post, If needs bo, without dishonor or committing the government to the acknowledgment of any right claimed by tho Con federate States, or In any way to re coguize the doctrine of secession. Tho proceedings in the Gulf, beyond the relief of Fort Pickens, will be governed by circumstances. The above has been prepared from reliablo sources; with a view to show to some extent the basis of the present military operations. REPORTED CHANGES IN THE CABINET. Wishdiot ?*, April 0, 1HCI. It U reported to-day, on high authority, that Secretary Chase will go on to the Supreme flench, in place of Mr. McLean, that Mr. Cameron will take the Treasury Do partment, and that John Minor Botts, of Virginia, will bo appointed Secretary or War. Thla ia important, If true My authority is a Virginian who holdH Intimate relations with Mr. Botts, who Is now here and has had several In t?r views with Mr. Lincoln. It is authoritatively assorted that Mr. Lincoln would have invited Mr. Botts to a seat in his Cabinet when ho drat muade up his slate but for John Bell, who advisod against It. WAR MOVEMENTS IN THE SOUTH. Moirrr;oMmr, April 0, 1861. President Davis made a requisition to day on the Uover nor of Alabama for 3,000 troops. The Mlssluslppi brigade, 1,800 strong, arrived at Pen saoola on the 7th Inst. Three hund^d and seventy Georgia troops for Pensa cola have pasted through here within the last forty night hours. HOW THE WARLIKE NEWB IS RECEIVED SOUTH. WILMINGTON, N. 0. Wiljhhotos, N. C , April 9, 1861. The Charleston news produced Intense excitement here to day AC0C8TA, OA. Alofwr* , Ga., April 9, 1461. A report is in circulation that United st* tee war ves sels are ofl Charleston, but is Is regarded as bogus. NKW ORI.KANH. Nsw Oblbans, April 9, 186J. The new* received here from Charleston Is the all ab sorbing topic of conversation, and creates universal ex citement. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. Rhuxoxd, Vs., April 9, lv)l. The Convention went into Committee of the Whole. The tenth resolution came up. Mr. Conrad moved an amendment to strike out the word "authorities,'' and Insert "believing the federal au thorities have no power to deal with the subject in any way." Rejected, 114 to 13. Mr. Win* offered tho following substitute to tho resolu tion ? The people of Virginia hereby declare their consent to the recognition of the separate Independence of the ee reded States, that they nhall be treated m independent powers, and that proper laws shall be passed to offoct their separation. The substitute was adopted? 12H against 30. The eleventh resolution came up. Mr Wickham offered an amendment declaring conft drrce In the justice of the people of the other States, ap pealing to them for * satisfactory adjustment by tho adoption of the amendments to the Constitution hereto sppended, and declaring the deflnlto refusal or neglect of the ton ataveboMIng States to aoesde to such amend n ente should and would result in a total and final dis ruption of the I'nlon. Mr. Goods submitted an amendment declaring fu rthe n such event that Virginia will foel compelled to resume her powers and throw nerself upon her reserved rights. KejeeUd? 64 against 70. Mr Wickham 's amenoment was lost? AT against 68. Mr. Takh moved to strike out the last sentence of the eleventh resolution, declaring that the Rtate will resume all powers, In the event of a failure, to receive satisfac ton- r< sponsss. Rejected ? 64 to 70. "Hie (Vmventlon then took a recess, ifter which the el< venth resolution was adopted, with a slight aniood tient. The twelfth resolution came up. Various amendment* were proposed, pending which the body ?dJourn<fl. Private advices state that a steamer was seen at the mouth of Charleston harbor to day, and that Tort Sum ter was to be reinforced at all ha**rds This produced a grrat sensation In and outside the Convention. IMPORTANT FROM NEW ORLEANS. V*w Orijuvs, April 9, Ittl. The steamer lirofrt, t^pt. Merrick, arrived here wday from I ?!i.:nn fur a ear/a of cotiou and piMtengers, When ascend r.g the river nhe tiken for a wir Steamer. wh.h gave r.?e to ekcit.og reports. rental ion despatches fr.m V.'aahlagtoB and New York centime to be reoc. ,ed. All I* excitement here, cauted by ad view fro rt to the 4th lust , v%:. cli elate the expeiit-.f.n v>r i&e annexation of St. l>JUiingo to ^paiu bai ? i on tin 11 h u'l. Salutes wore flred in honor of the departing ships. Great joy and en'.huKUHHm prcvu !r i a! Havana. Ocmmander Berryvui'i funeral wig atteolei by 'Jon. Brafrg and a la'go proceMiou ol the Confederate <t it. ? officers of the gar.'tson. liofpitalitks were interehinreo between the federal navy and army oinoern and t'i >???? .r the Ccstederate StiM. The beet feeling between t Ne ? h . forces prevails at IVruuoo'a. No* apprebenvioas a'? eo tertaiued that a rupture Would take . * N?w Orijums, April 0, 1?1. The city ?m tl rown lrto the highest state nf > xr. ta mest by|a despatch reoei red from Charleston , th*'. tmvd ral war vessels nad ikpp? ared ctl Charleston hi rntr ibig moralng. atd were outside the bar waiting the tide to go %p , and would probably make the attempt tvuifclit l'nboundo-1 excitement prevailed In Churl' s'.ni All ? the reserved city force* were srdeUd to thii ba'teriea. and torts. Country r eg. glints had b"en summine I by telegraph, and were pouring into Charleston by every train. Hut thousand men woul<4 be uuder arms u> right. The authorities are said to have reoeive l oltl i 1! aott ilcation that Kort Sumter would V> provWone!? peace ably If possible, but foroibly if accessary. A conflict is cocsldered'cerU'n. Another aesjiatcb, from Montgomery, this morn'ng, states that the C>l?not a*t- rniil. 1 yite'.erday with regard to tlin hi'H lie design* of the Lincoln admin intra' ion, nud came U) th unanimous oolnion lhat war is inevitable. A call wan accordingly made by the War PepartmAit on each of the Confederate Statea fV three thousand volunteers, excepting Florida, which wilt tfe called on for 1 ,i00. , The Commission^ rs of the Confederate Stated ??, Wash ington have announwd ihelr rejic iou toour government, and their intention to icturn home at once. evidence is Bupposed to be in their 1 >'_>#*(*?? iou 01' the treachery of Mr. Luico'.u, and of the inieulUu to lind troope at Kort Pickens and elaewhero. Recruiting is going on rtpidly in New Orleans. The .military ? uthuslasm in at Its highest poiat, and troope continue to pour iuU) I'ensacola. The liar. ird of bloody war is imminently critical. An open and immediate oflicial disavowal of intended hostili ties to the South i>y M \ Lincoln will alone save such un issue. THE WAR PEELING IN TIIB NORTH. Wauhj? otoi?, April 9 . 1861. The mofct startling evidence of tlio sudden routing of a sweeping warlike spirit continued to arrivo hero by mill ami teiegrupli irom all parts of the Nurta. leading men of all ptrtl'g express tboir re Klines to star: <1 by the federal government in the present trial of itH stroneth, In tho most enthusiastic and encouraging termn. It is evident tliat tho loyal feelings or the North ean people havo been ho deeply outraged by tbe reckleHa usurpations of 'he cotton States that their pa'.l once Is exhausted. Th< y will no longer allow the Uws of tho lanfl to be trampled upon with impunity. Tbe ilrst shot tired by t tin revolutionists upon tho vessels now bringing relief to Mtjor Anderson, will solldily unite all friends of the I'nion in tlie sjpport of the meas'iri s taken by the administration for the maintenance of the federal authority, and kindle a blaze of universal Indignation th it will cause all past diversions of p ,rty to bo forgotten. Tho nssiuances now being received by tho resident I'rom leading political opponents leave no iloubt on this head. Gov. Iiecnison of Ohio, started for Columbus this afternoon. Upon his ret 'rn ho will immediately send a a special m< ssago to tho legislature, which is still In session, reoom mending an appropriation for the arm ing of the State lie think* Ohio will have fifty thousand men ready for service on Short notice. The Governors of all the free Slates will doubt lessly forthwith follow In the wake of their colleagues of Ohio and Pennsylvania. In New York and MassuchuetU the militia forces already In working trim arc thought to be sulllelent to meet tho drafts for men likely to be made upon those States. ME88AOE OF OOYF.RNOR CfRTIN TO TUB PHNNSYL VAN1A LKOIHLArt'RB. Kwmvi CitAMiicR, > Hammbitio, April 9, 1881. J To TUB &KXATK a Mi HoI'M OK KsrKKHK.VTaTl VliH Of T lit Co* MOAWKAl.TH UK PKJOSYI I7M1 ? the period fixed for the adjournment of the Legielatuie in rapidly approaching, I feel emu trained by a sense of duty to call your attention to tho condition of the military organization of the State. It Is scarcely necessary to s<y more than that the militia system of tbo State, during a long period distinguished by the pursuits or peaceful industry exclusively, baa became wholly in efficient, and tbe interference of the legislature is re quired to remove its defe.-w, and to render it useful and available to the public service. Many of our volunteer companies do nit possess the number of mm required by our military law. and su-p? should be forthwith taken to supply those deficiencies. There ate numerous companies, too, that are without tho necessary arms, and of the arms that are distributed but few are provided with tho more modern appliances to render them serviceable. 1 recommend, therefore, that the Legislature make immediate pjovlslon for the removal of tneso capital defects, that arms be procured add distribute to those of our citizens who may euter Into tho military service of the State, and that steps be taken to change the guns already distributed, by tbe adoption of such well known and tried improve ments as will render them effective In the event of their implojment in aetuat service. In this i onnection, 1 rn oru-nend the establishment of a Military pup an at the capital, and that the militia laws of the Commonwealth be so modified and amended as to Impart to the military organization of tbo State the vitality and energy essential to its practical value and usefulness. Precautions such is I have suggested are wise and pro per at ail times in a government i ike ours Hut especial and momentous consi lerat ions, arising from the condition of public affairs outside the I mits, yet of incalculable consequence to tbe people, and demanding the gravest attention of l he I -cg alat urn of Pennsy lvanla, Invest tbo subject to which jour action is Irvited by this communi cation with extraordlnaay Interest and Importance. Wo cannot be insensible to Iho fact that serious jeal ousies and division" distract tbe public mind, and that In portions of this Union tho peace of the country, if not the safety of the government itself, is endangered. Military organizations of a formidable character, which set m not to be demanded by any existing public exi gern.y, have been formed in ceataln of the Elates. On whatever pretexts these extiaordlnary military prepara tions may have been made, no purp-?? that may con template roaistance to tho enforcement of the laws wlU meet r mpathy or encouragement from the people at this Common wealth Pennsylvania yields to no State In her respect for and her willingness to protect, by all neelful guarantees, tho constitutional rights snd constitutional independence of her sister States, nor infidelity to that constitutional union, whose unexampled bene fits havo been showered alike upon nerself and them. The meat exalte d public policy and the eNiarest oblige lions of true patriotism, therefore, admonish us. In tho existing deplorable and dangerous crisis of afDUrs, that our militia system should receive from the Legislature that prompt'attention which public exigencies either of the State or the nation may api?ar to demand, and which may seem in jour wisdom host adapted t<> preserve and secure to i he people of Pennsylvania and tbe Union tho bUstlng of peace and the Integrity and stability of our unrivalled <? ostlt^ional government. The government of this State was establlsoed by lto illustrious f nirder ' in deeds of peace " Our people have been framed and disciplined in those arts which loea lo the promotion of their own moral and physical development and progress, and with the brightest regard for I he rights of others, have always cultivated fraternal relations with tbe people of all tho States devoted lo the constitution and the In ion, and always recognising the spirit of conc ssiou and compromise that uiiderliea the foundation of the government. ? Pennsylvania oilers no counsel an 1 tak<s no action In the nature of a menace. Her desire is for peace, and her object tho preservation of the personal and political riKhis of citizens, of the true sovereignty of States, and the supremacy of law and order Animated b> these se ntiments and indulging an earnest hope of tbe speedy restoration of thoee harmonious and friendly relations between the various members of this confederacy which have breiuglit our beloved country to a ceinditlon of unequalled power and prosperity. 1 commit the grave suViectof tbis oemmunlceUao to your deliberatiem. A. 0? WsrW. Fx-Treasurer Sllfer says that no Stale loan will be re quired to supply tho half million for war purposes. PENNSYLVANIA MWISfATI V* CAt'CCB. lUaswsi sun, April 9, 1H61. At the republican caucus st both Houses to night, Sen ator Smith presiding, urged that that party should at present take no other grounds than thoee already taken. Mr MoCIure urged the adoption of the constitutional aiftendmnet proposedfto Congress. Mr e.eirdon, rerposcntative of tho House, opposed ts adoption. Mr. landoa, of tho Senate, declared that he would no V vote for It. Mr. McCIure rejoined warmly Mr Go*r?>* again spoke in opposition to tbe amend meet and Mr AKMsnv>*<? speaking In favor of it. The caucus is still In session. No rote will be taken tonight. The democratic members will bold a canon* on the Military Appropriation bill to momw morning.