Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 12, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 12, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. TOOLE NO. 8981. MORNING EDITION?Fid DAY, APRIL 12, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE IMPENDING WAR. |ghly Important News from Charleston. >rt Sumter Summoned to Surrender. of Major Anderson to Comply. |;otiations Reopened and the Expected Hostilities Deferred. IT ANT NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Bids for the rive Million Treasury Wotes. iparations for the Defence of the Federal Capital. ? ARMY OATH OF THE VOLUNTEERS pponse of the Southern Commis sioners to the Government. lilt DEPARTURE FOR MONTGOMERY. ports Relative to the Expe dition to Fort Sumter. |ws from Savannah, Pensacola and Texas. cession of Arizona from the Union. 'unteers from the Border States for the Southern Republic. | rival of United States Troops from Texas, he., *c., Jm. THE NEWS FROM CHARLESTON. Charleston, April 11,1861. formal demand for the eval uation of Fort [nter was made at twelve o'clock to-day. No believes that Major Anderson will accede, hting is expected to commence in less than I slve hours. he New York steamer now being twelve irs overdue, it is believed she has been zed by Northern vessels outside the harbor, 1 made a cover in which to throw troops into > fort. Charleston, April 11?P. M. | dijor Anderson has refused to surrender. Ilia >ly is to the effect that to do so would be incon I tent with the duty he owes to his government. Hundreds of persons have been waiting far I urs on the wharves, and other points of obser tion, to see the beginning of the conflict, among m a great number of ladies. The people are out on the house tops, watching th feverish interest for the first signal of attack. I The excitement in the city is intense. Every train brings throngs of citizens and sol. ! ?rs to town. Twenty-two car loads came from dumbia to-night. There are no signs of the supply ships of the ?et as yet, but it is rumored that the Harriet ine has been seen by a pilot outside, i A call has been made for three hnndred mounted ' dnnteers, as an extra patrol in the city to-night. ! ver* one thousand have responded. The Six enth regiment has also been ordered on duty, his embraces all the militia of Charleston not ready in the army. Major Anderson is said to have fired a signal gun iring the morning, for what object has not trans -red. He has been busy all day strengthening s position. The movements at Fort Sumter arc plainly visl | o with a glass. ! t no lias tliorouchly prepared for the event. | he supply of ammunition and artillery i9 ado uate to aDy emergency. The confidence in his bility to do all that is attempted is unlimited. Fire signals arc now burning in the harbor. Senators Wigfall, Chesnnt, ex-Governor Man ing. of 8<>nth Carolina: lion. W. P. Miles, es lcmbcr of Congress, ami I'ryor of Virginia are n the staff of General Heauregard, doing duty to light. Advices Just received state that Georgia has eafoy fifty thousand men, armed and equipped for ervfeo. Stirring times are at hand. The ball may open .t any moment with great slaughter. There have been no mails from tlio North for wo days. They are supposed to have been stopped it Washington. An officer, Just arrived from Sullivan's Island, nfttrms mo that three steamers hung off the coast or a long period yesterday. Major Anderson iretl a signal gun at 10 A. M. Business is suspended. Tty Citadel Cadets are guarding the battery with Hlavy cannon. Thousands are waiting to see the it tack commenced. One thousand monnted men ami two thousand patrols heavily armed are guarding the city. ScBfttvr Qteg'-aiP, thcspcsJal pnljCTit Col. Chisolin, and one of (Sen. Beauregard's staff, have just returned from Fort Sumter with the re ply to the order for the unconditional surrender. Answer at the present is refused at headquarters. Every man capable of bearing arms is called out. Absolute secrecy is still observed as to future movements. The demand for the evacuation of Fort Sumter was made at two o'clock this afternoon, and Messrs. Chesnut, Chisholm and Lee were depu tised to carry the message from General Beaure wjmrd. r'UMHV4 ?f reople assembled on the battery tliis evening in anticipation of the commencement ot the tight at eight o'clock. Immense crowds are now at the different news paper offices eagerly watching for news. The community are greatly excited, and are ex pecting an attack to-night, bnt up to midnight no demonstration has taken place, and probably no attack will be made to-night. The military in the city arc under arms, bnt all is quiet. Auother regiment will arrive here to-morrow. It is estimated that between 6,000 and 7,000 men are stationed?on Morris and Sullivan's Islands and points along the coast. General Beauregard will leave at midnight for Morris Island. It is currently reported that negotiations will be opened to-morrow between General Bcaur gard and Major Anderson, about the surrender of Fort Sumter. Oflicers commanding different posts in the har bor and coast are on the alert, expecting an at tempt will be made early in the morning to provi sion and reinforce Fort Sumter. The Harriet I.ane is reported to be off the bar, and signals are displayed by the guard boats and answered by the batteries. TTIE VERY LATEST. Charleston, April 11?Midnight. Negotiations- have been reopened between General Baurcgard and Major Anderson. For this reason the respected hostilities have been deferred. _______ NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. WAR DECLARED. fFrom the Charleston Mercury, April 9.1 Our aut critics yesterday evening received notice from Lincoln's government, through a special messenger from Washington, that an effort woull be made to ?upply f ?rt Sum'cr with provisions, and that if this were permuted no attempt would be made to relnlorce it with inon. This message comes simultaneously with a fleet, which we understand is now off our bar waiting for daylignt and til. IOBO!nnt BOlllUlT domiuUM ot? tadMor loon In on. bay for over_mr.o months after the declaration or our independence ot tbo United states, 'tne object ol that self humiliation h-ts been to avoid the i llusion of blood, while such prepara tion was mm R to render It causeless and useless. It seems we nave been unable, by discretion, forbearance uml orepara ,ua, to clloct the desired object, and thit now t'S l cattle is [to bo forced upon u. The w in thrown li wu, and wo accept the cha?mige. We will meet ihe invader, and the God of battles must decide the issue betweeu the hostile hirelings of abolition liato and Northern tyranny, and ihe imople ot bouth <>rol'na |J* fendtng ttelr trtedoro and their nomes. Wehnpesutha blow wi'l be atauck in b'bxlf of the South that Sumter snd Charleston harbor will bo remembered at the North as long us they txist as a people. THE END OF NEGOTIATION. Much surprise was created about six o'clock yesterday evening i>v the announcement upon the bulletin board of the Af> that Lleutt nant laibot?now-Captain Talbot of the I nlled States Army?had returned to Cbarl s on by the cvwing train, anu w? then at the* Hotel it appears that he was atouaipainc I by Mr. K. 8. ( hew the confidential secretary, wo brieve, of Secretary Ciiage Captain laibot came a ' bearer OT dies t Maior Andersen, and upon man lug knowu hm million W General Beauregard, was peremptorily refused |>erniis. s on to communicate with Kort Sumter Mr chew, we underaUnd, cam" as special raceeengor to the authorities here, with an oflicial notification from the liiiC'ln government that Kort Sumter was to he provis ioned?peaceably, if practicable, forcibly, if it is almost needless to add that Mr. Chew recalved no information of a very consoliog nature. Both be and Captain Talbot departed on their return to Washington bv the eleven o'clock train. , , During tb? afternoon despatches had been received of a nature to warrant the belief that a formidable naval force was off our coast. Subse luent dmpatcbee oon tirniiog the l.rst reports, it was determined to -end down aduiticnal troops to the harbor fortifications. before midn'gbt the < itv was startlrd by tlie booming of nuiel Green-tbe signal tor the must.nog of the Seventeenth regiment. In a lew minutes the ws;, misty Btiects were all commotion; volunteers could l>e -ten hmrying to and fro U> Join thc r respect ive coroma.i is. and the ncighberho-slof the City Hall wis speedily thronged bv the citizen soldiery, woo, like trie ?^minute men," hat left their beds and hastily donned tb" knupsnck and tbouldered the musket. As company after company filed silently down m the boats, the occa^ sionai llasbf ? of the lightning 111 up their bright bayom is and giazed kept', raid nothing s.v e the steady measured tramp of the men disturbed the solemn stibness. Col Mom's regiment, from Kershaw, wa' sent tor yes terday, and Is expectsd to arrive this morning. Ample provl&n has been mode for accommodation of the troops Before daylight this morning the force at the threatened points will be fully doublol. REPORTS FROM NEW ORLEANS. NlW Ori.kass, April 11,1461. A despatch received to-day from ex Governor ltomun, Commissioner from the Confederate States at Washington, nay a Forts Sumter and rick ran are to bp attacked, but doubts whether Immediate war will follow. A despatch from Montgomery, In this evening's Delia, rays It hH boon resolved to make an attack on Forts Sumter and Pickens Immediately on the approach of the l"nlted State." fleet. A resolution was offered at the Board of City Council to appropriate one bundrel thousand dollars for the protection and defence of New Orleans. It was referred to tbe Finance Committee. The bight st excitement prevailed throughout the city to day; the military enthusiasm is at tbe highest pitch. Recruiting officers and sergeants, with filet of mooi marching to the lap of the drum, arc met at every turn. A large force is at work making gun carriages for heavy ordnance. Another detachment of troops left today for Pcnaa cni? I'hre cmriptnie* of the First regiment infantry and the New ' 'rleans Cadets, left hero this evening for I'enaa cola. Sevrral companies efVew Orleans militln hate volun teered thr'r k v v ? nn1 will leave shortly for Psnsaoola. The atlttsry eofhcsiasm ha" reached its highest pitch. Ilccniiling w progressing rapidly. NEWS FROJl BAVANNAH AND PBHSACOLA. fygvslnsn, April 11, iscl. Orders were issued from tho Adjutant's o'hee yester day at Fort Pulaski prnbtbitlrg ves-eis from Fort Puisski without prcv us information of a pac Hc chares ter. Vers" s are required to stop and send a host to the wharf at Cocks put's Island to convey a commissioned Otnesr aboard to make -n examination Fort Pulaski is now thoronghly garrisoned. Advii '?? I rem Fenaacola state that from the Navy Yard to the new 1 gh thorn e, two and a half mites, all the gut ' aie arranged to hear on Fort Pickens ami command tbe channel. SECESSION (IF ARIZONA FROM THE UNION. St. Irons, April 11,1481. Th" New Mexico eorriwpondent of the H'/mltuan rays tb it the cifixrrs of art/ona. In convention at MesilU On the lft'h uP.. voted themselves out of the Union, and Om fi. J. Jon's, formerly of Missouri, announced him self as a candidate t) represent Aricnu in the Congrcw of th# Onn'Uderste 'Mates. MOVEMENT OF TROOPS AT THE WEST. Fi'kt KtURNST, April 11.1861. orders wore telegraphed here yesterday for K and F comper? of the s end infantry to march without daisy to Fort r,. ever, aorth When thee- troops leave this Furl t ? will C" 'y ' ?, c ,pe COllpMV df-'G <nl! ^"r l,s ftfl Ufi. CHARLESTON HARBOR BATTERIES. We have had cut from engravings published in the Charleston Mercury the subjoined sketches of three of the Charleston harbor batteries, or sand works, whose guns and mortars bear upon Fort Sumter. They are specimens of the numerous batteries now in the custody 01' the Confederate Stateec? CFMMING'8 POINT IRON BATTERY. The nearest point of land to Fort Sumter is Cumming's Point, distance 1,150 yards. On this point is the celebrated railroad iron bat tery, :in lllus'ra'ion of which wo give above. It consls's of a heavy framework of yellow pino logs. The roof is of the f ame material, over which dovetailed bars of railroad ,ron of the T pattern are laid from top to bottom?all ol' which is i iveted down in the most secure manner Oa ih ? fruit it presents an angle of about thirty degrees. There aro three portholes, which open and clcso with rou si.utt rs of the heaviect description. When open, the muzzles if the olumbinds till up the space comp eti ly. The roc 11 of the gun enables the shut ters t<> be c < s -d instantly. It is asserted, on high mili tary authority, that this mc'iced piano will etlostually in ns of the tea. iest calibre?tint, b.'cause no shot can strike it except at an cb'use anglo, which would cau.-e the ball to glace; second, because its power of resistance is sufficient t > withstand the 'all of tho heaviest shells, lie c lumb al guns, with which this novel bat terv is equipped b ar en tie south wall of Sumter, tho line of lire bob g a' an angle o" about thirty live degrees. This is not, of c urse, considered favorable for breach ing; but owing t > the tact that the wa'l i-t loop holed for musketry throughout its rn'irc length, which, of course, weakens it a grea' d> al, the effect of shot upon it would, we think, oven a', the distance of 1,150 yards, effect a breach wi'bin a reasonable time. The work is in charge of several compat ios of the regular army of tho Con federate States. If employed ta reduce Fort Sumter, this battery will prove quite formidable. THE INTERIOR OK FORT J011N80N?GUN BATTERY, ... i_a-" .jtJri" V v- ?? A KS ajsA-ik., j Jj, The Fort Johnson batteries coneist of tw i b irgo sand works, containing mortar and seige gun bat erics, of w hich the above and the subjoii>e<l are g ?1 111 infra tlona:? FORT JOHNSON?MORTAR BATTERY. % T? # f7 >;'V' I 4^1 ?.. . % I These works are one and one-fourth of umde from Fort Sumter, and at present tnannod by two cotopauietof rogula' artillery. Tho position of this old fort, which is of the utmost Importance as a connecting point ia the defence of ti e i arbor, has been considered by th blgh?st/ military authority as the key to all the defensive works in the harbor Against the attack of forces by lauJ, or a boat attack by the Slono river, it 'nust be c nti icred an essentia! element of defence. TLetc illustrations ore only published to giveour umndl tsry readers an idea of some of the fortid: ttious ia Charleston harbor. Tliere are other important works, at Mount Pleasant, Stono, Hadrell's Point, Morris Island, Ac. 1HE CONFEDERATE STATES REVENUE FLAG. The above cut is an exact repreaonUtioi of the Cm federate States revenue Hag, as authorised by the South ern Congtees. It li described as follows?Tlirco broad bars, arranged perpendicularly instead of horizontally, a* in the national Hag of the new confederacy the colore are, consecutively, blue, white and red. In the blue there are seven stare arranged In a c'.rcie. NEWS FROM MONTGOMERY. MOMMUM, April 11,1161. The War Pepartm- nt are overwhelmed with applica tions from rrglments, batallioas and companies to be taken into service. fiver seven thousand men have been oflbred from the border States, exclusive of two thousand warriors from Indians, who desire to eo operate with the Confinlerate 81a to/. A great number of companies arc dally reaching Charkiton, Savannah and Pcn*a;ola. IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS. Galvsstos, April 9, lttdl. It la reported that the federal troops left In Texas de sign concentrating at some given point. The steamers .-'tar of the Vest and Umpire City are still oil Indlanola. Tlx: Mexicans at Mat amor os hare plantod cannon p Hot ing towards Brownsville. lhe Lcgielature has parsed the bill dividing the state Into six Congressional districts, as well as the bill to hwu ? Slate bonds to the amount of 11,000.000, to be secure ! by a special tax. THE VIRGINIA STATE CONVENTION. nioiMOVP, April U, llfll. The Onnventlon has been ergagod all day in the cm si'lerat'on of the fourteenth resolution. Mr. .'VtwT cfTered an amendment contemplating a Con gresa of the border States, In the event of a r. spousi not being made by the non rlavcboidlng States, by the tlm" for the reaesemhllng of this Convention, to rcommond amendments to the constitution. Numerous amendments were offered to the above, and were generally rejected. No action was taken upon them. There is less excitement prevailing !n this city. THE PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE AND THE WAR. IlAWUsm itn, April 11, ISflt. The joint Iyeglalatnre War Committee have been In pes slon the past three hours, and will probably sit until midnight. The points are being discussed, namely, F'rtt?The amount of money they will appropriate. Second?Will the gtneral government furnish arms. Third?The <stabllshment of a military bureau. Captain Klllott and Lieutenant Rolltday, of the regular army, are at present In consultation with the Committee. They will report a bill to narrow, aud It will h" passed jfatbd'X'.'f. THE NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. REPORTS RELATIVE TO THE EXPEDITION TO CHARLESTON HARBOR. Wasiiinuto.*, April 11, 1*81. I'p to *i* o'clock 1'. M., the moment of writing thus de spatch, no information has been received fr >m Charles ton by the Government, or any individual, relative to the military expedition sent to reinforce und supply Fort Sumter. Those in the secret of the modus operandi, by which an attempt will be made to throw troops and supplies into Fort Sumter, are very confident that it will be done. Either they are awfully mistaken in their calculations, or the repeated assertions that Fort Sumter was not access ,blo, except to very light draught vessels, and that it would be impossible for such even to pass the secession batter ies in safety, have been a tissue of falsehoods. In view of the known position lakou by the secession ists, that they would resist the government If It at letuptod to supply the garrison wuh provisions, I bavo no doubt ibat the commander of the expedition received 'ustructlons not only to supply the fort with provisions, but to reinforce It with troops. I have reason to believe that from three to dve hundred men will be put into the place if ihe federal forces are strung enough to reach it. From all the plans and calculations that I havo seen of the dliferent channels in tiie harbor of Charleston, the depth of water In each channel, the speed and draught of water of the vessels assigned to the ditlicult duty named, and the actual strength of the various batteries on Mor ris. James and Sullivan s islands, and tlio comparatively unskilful and imputiious d.rectors of the several seces sionists' batteries, with the fact that tlio powerful ea ginoe of death at Fort Sumpter will be engineered by the most skilful and experienced army olltotrs, whoso cool ness and bravery wonundyiDg laurels for them In Mexl co, I cannot but come to tbe conclusion, in view of these facts, together with other important ones that Tarn not at liberty to disclose, that success will attend the federal ? xpedition, and the policy of tliealministralion to "hold, ooc up J and possess," the forts, will become a tlxed fact. If the secession lets open lire upon the government ves sels, and a battle enBiies, it is not expected that anything reliable wilt bo received by telegraph, inasmuch as the wires am controlled at Charleston by the secessionists Tbo only reliable information that the government ex pects will be received through other sources. It is believed bore,at this bour, that the government vessels must havo arrr. od, and that tiring has com m<nced,lftt is to commence at all. Toe silence of the wires is no evidence of peace. The feverish anxiety for information from the South, m which everybody lias lived here for some days, increases as ihe time of the appearance of the relief floet in the Charleston harbor draws nearer, liut little was, how ever, furnished by the tc'.egrapli to satisfy tho general morbid appetite for war new-', and hence the public fed mostly ou blcod-etirriug rumors of the most exaggerate description. There is a settled belief in administration circles

that matters will come to a head to-morrow. Men of the highest political standing, who are in constant and intimate communication with tho President and the heads of departments, have insisted to-day that thoro will be no lighting about l'ort Sumter, but decline giving their roasoiis. The President, wholly realizing the m ? inentousuiss tf the hour, shows a calmness of spirit that niton's a striking constratt to the universal and intense excitement around lnm. llo is animated with the con viction that ho has done nothing but hts duty, and is pre pared to take the consequences. Tho mettle of the friends of tb? a I minis! rat ion is increasing. They lament war, but are ready for it. No informal ion concerning the arrival of the federal licet a'. Charleston has been received here up to eleven o'clock to night. The belief in administration circles Is that the supply vossels have arrived at Charleston, but that the secessionists refuse to allow the fact to bo tele graphed. Great anxiety it manifested hero to hear lroui Charleston. Opt. Tnibet has not yet relumed to Washington, which is a subject oT sin prise to many. TIIR ENROLMENT OP TROOPS FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE CAPITAL. WAMDjriiTOir, April II, 18fil. The mustering of the volunteer tronpe Into tho service of the I uited States lias boon actively continued all day, and with the highest credit to the citizen soldiery. The com; acies turned out full, and not a man refused to lake the oath to Rtaud by the I'nion and the all times and under all circumstances. Tho fc&r expressed by many of the members ol the volunteer companies yes terday was, that they were to be mustered Into the service for the purpose of being ordered suddenly away from their homes and bus! tiers, which they were not prepared to consent to. They were willing to cnt.-r the service, however, for the defence of the District, which was, in fact, all that the government desired, as was explained to-day more clear ly. Must of the men who were mustered in to-day were appealed to by secessionists not to enter the service, and tol-i that tho government was inaugurating a system of oppress km worse than exists in ltussia. Their appeals, li as ever, had no efleet. The general excitement occasioned yesterday by the ?-?lllcg out of the volunteer militia to be mustered into the federal service has abated, and to day four or live rot- i unu s marched to tho War Department and t<^k the army oatb, aamely ?To bear true allegiance to th s United States, md serve them honestly and faithfully ngiuDSt. all their enetniea and opposers wtaomacver, and observe and obey the orders of the President of the l-'nlted States, and the orders of tho olllcors appointed over them, according to the rules of articles for the go vernment of th- armies of the Pnlted States." Previous to taking the oath the volunteers were In formed tliat the obligation was for three months, unless they wore sooner discharged, and an oppirtunlty wis gives to sncb as might with to retire. Hut a* the men came there purpoeeiy to be mustered In, they assume tbe obligation accordingly Thoy now understand that they cannot be ordered beyond the lim ts of th'- District ofCblumb a, and will not be continuously on duty as guards to the armories, public buildings, Ac Not quite two hundred were accepted yesterday, but five hundred alt<gcther will doubtless bo mustered in during the day. Army overcoats have been plentifully distributed among tliem. When Col. Ellsworth, of Zouavo fame, recently came to Washington, a company of Zouaves w is or ganlzed, and this gi-ntlemao has been tendered the com mand. He has not, however, accepted It, but has been giving them the benefit of bis proflcte&cy in the drill. The greatest excitement prevails here to-day. The dilicrcnt miPtia companies in the District hive boon ordered to ossemblo at the armory at ten o'clock. Nothing Is to be seem In the street* but knapsacks, eoekades, muskets, mustaches and tbe other parapher nalia ?>: war. "p <? men of tbe Wast Point Flying Artillery have re ceiv d orders to keep their revolvers constantly I is led c, as to be ready for immediate action, In ease Ma.ior Deo UcCuBock makes on onset here bo will tnee With i warm reception from the regular soldiers at pre sent rtatiooed In Washington. There -t not a man of them b it ronld soocer dio than have his gun taken by any omiuy. part ?f 'be volunteers are to be -tationed at the bridge acrets tbe Dob mac, go a* to defend it from an invading ores. Wasiiivutos. April 11, Mfll. The c.ipltn was again full of all the pomn and cireum sfanoe, of war to-day. The tramp of infantry and the elattc of eavatry and artillery was he.ird In every dlrec tlen. N arly a thousand men aro now enrolled Into tho t'ir'ed Sir Us Mr vice from tbe ranks of the District mllltla. Polh Infantry and cavalry corps are being or fanll l. In lets than a week the government expects to bate two thousand men under arms liero. Tlie .idtninlstratfon of the oath of allegiance his effec tively purged the District mllltla of all secession sym pathlters. About one-seventh of tho entire force refused to take It. The Indignation at the secessionists was in tense among those that continued. Thay were marched back to their armories, disarmed and stricken from the roll. Tho hisses of the spectators accompanied their disappearance from the parade ground. Tbe clerks In some of the departments are said to he about organizing themselves Into volunteer completes. A large body of cavalry was kept for some time riding up and down the avenue this afternoon Addresses to the President, omwlng the services of n n resident sojourners for the defence of tbe capital, w ?f B- AslUUa* fc y'j V-.J1 seekers ware most eager to attach their namoa They weio all eager to have them appear at the head of the gtgoers, bnt, of course, could not all be accommodated. GeDerulCadwalladcr, ommamling the First brigade of P?nns)lvania (Philadelphia) militia, reived an order to-day tiy telegraph, from Governor Curtln, to return home immediately. This movement is supped to be in connection with the occupation of the capital by Penn sylvania volunteers. Immense quantities of ammunition continue to be ship ped from hero to New York. A paper was circulated at Willard s this afternoon, among the visiters now m the city, pledging the Bignors to hold themselves in readiness to defend the city if at- i tacied. One paper, seen by the writer, bore the names j of about two hundred, an 1 hail only been in circulation a lew hours. PEFABtUKE OF THE SOUTHERN COMMIS SIONEUS FROM WASHINGTON. Wash.ngton, April 11,1881. The Commissioners left Washington to day Tor Montgo mery. The administration's rerly and their last communlca tion have Dot yet been divulged. It was heretofore stated that Secretary Seward, in reply to a note or the Confederate State Commissioners, refused to receive them In their diplomatic cnaracier. They responded, and were again answered on tho part of the government. Yesterday tho Commissioners sent to him their tlnal communication. It Is said to be written with ability, and rollouts severely on tho administration, taking the ground they bavo exhausted every resource for a peaceful solutli n of the existing dilUculiies, and that if civil war result on the head of tho foleral government will ri-st tho responsibility. They charge tho administration witli 1 gross pertldy, insisting that under tho shelter or the pro text and assertion that Fort Sumter was to bo evacuated, an imense armada has been dispatched to provision and relnforco that Fort. They repeat they had al most daily indirect assurances from the ad ministration that Fort Sumter was positively to bo abandoned, and that all tbo government s ell'orts were to bo diroctod towards peace. The Commissioners allege that tho government at Montgomery was earnestly desirous of peace, and that, in rccordancc with Its in structions, as well as tholr own feelings, they loft no means unexhausted to secure that much dosirod end; hut all their efforts having failed, thoy were now forced to return to an outraged peoplo wilh the object of their mission unaccomplished: and they express tho tirm con viction that war is inevitablo. VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS EN ROUTE FOR SOUTH CAROLINA. Washington, April 11,1801. 1 learn from a reliable source that several military com have secretly left Richmond, and other places in Virginiu, for South Carolina, within the last lew days,and that more are ready to follow upon tho first sign of hos tillty. Tliis is In rather striking dissonance with tho pro tended peace mission of the Virginia Committee or '"ihe^'T. F. V.'s ' are getting Indignant at tho impu dence i'r Ben McCullocgh in assuming to lead iu Virginia. Several Virginians, in alluding to his course, today quoted tho following language, uttered by John Randolph in the House of Representatives ?"Virginia will always lie defended by her true sons, and will never need the help of a renegade.'' THE NEW MILITARY DEPARTMENT OF WASHINGTON. Washingtow, April 11.1881. Lieutenant Talbot, upon Ins arrival hero a few days since, wn? promoted to a captaincy, and was also male Assistant Ad.iutant General of the Military Department of Washington. created by Secretary Cameron. When ho received his despatches to Mnjor Anderson, ho uIbo re ceived orders to report blmsoir beck here for duty after delivering them. Not being allowed to go to Fort Sum ter w ith his despatches, or course he had nothing to do but to return to enter ui>on his duties here. The new military department named embraces tbo State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. THE HIDS FOR THE UNITED STATES TREA SURY NOTES. Washington, April 11, 18fil. Owing to other engagements, tho Secretary of tho Treasury was iirahie to open the bids until alter seven o'clock this evening. Those exceeded tho amount of the Treasury notes ottered, viz?$1,18)1.000 about $469,000 at rales ranging from par to 27 100 premium. The Treasury is now in good condition. No part of the pro. ceeds of last week's loan had yet been used, nor will It be needed for some time. The receipts froni customs for two or three weeks past bavo nearly equalled all the de mands upon the Treasury. The following are the bids:? Aamt. J'lace. Amount. Percent. C. 11. Baker, Pbiladelphit $13,000 .26 prurn Samuel G. White, " 2.000 Par. .I.Cook A On., " 200,000 .18 prcm. Sumner P.. Stone, New Voik 8,000 Par. Jno P. FP.on, Waterbury, Conn.. 1ft 000 .03 prem. G ?< <? 44 .. 10,000 .01 prem. Bridgeport Savings Bank, Conn .. 10,000 Par. Bank of New York 100,000 Par. Henry W.N. Malay A Co ftO.isiO .01 prem. H Stowbridgc A Sons, N. I'aven ft,000 .10 " <? ' ii 6,000 .14 ?' C. Griswold, New York 2,900 .27 " W H. Maraten, "? 10 090 .05 " Colgate A Holtftian," 1S0.0CO .06 44 .lames G. King'H Sons, New York.100 000 Par Reid, PrcxelA Co.. 44 18ft,000 Par R. I.. A A. Stewart, " 110,000 Par H. Howard (Secretary), Bullalo.. 100,000 Par. Institutions for Savings, Kox bury. Mam 20.000 Par. Rank of Commerce, New York.2,ftOO.OOO Par. 8. Hooter, for self and others. Boston. 1,100,<8|) Par. S. Hooper, Boaton 350,000 i ar. p. P. Kicklyn (by Assistant Sucre tori of Treasury for benefit of Choctaw Indians) 260,000 Par. The result of the opening of tho bids for Treasury notee s not very satisfactory to tho administration They expected a much livelier competition. Tho post jHincmcnt of the opening from hour to hour, until late in the evening, was variously construed. The balance in the Treasury last Monday was fft.Oftl ,000. The receipts from customs for tho two weeks ending April 9, l*f0, wero $1,171,211, and for the two corn s ponding weeks this J ear were $1 ,'>00^087; Increase, $29,416. TREASURY CIRCULAR. Wa.wistgto:*, April 11, msi. The Secretary of the Treasury ha* proparod a circular of Instruction* to Collectors of Customs, by wnlch, among other things, It appear* that In all case* of the withdraw al and exportation of repaired or remanufhetured railroad IroD, in order that the importation for such purp wo may be exempt from duty, must* bo made at the *amo port where It w? originally In ported, and within lix months from the <late of importation. ? The clr' ular conclude* a* follow* ?The control of the w ar< house* of the government m the several State*,In itb < arodna, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, loulilin.i ami Texas, having been Usurped und' r tbo alleged authority of I bote State*, and the officer* of customs acting turner the authority of the United 8taloa bavin? been forcibly cseluded from their function* In the custody of merchandise and the superintendence of tl.o entries for warehousing and the withdrawal, It ha* become Impracticable to continue the privilege of bonding for transportation to tboso port*. The (oil'* ? tor* of Customs are accordingly hereby Instructed that no entries for transportation In bond to Si wo port* can he permitted until otherwise directed by this department. In the c?*o of merchandise entered or transportation be'ore the receipt by the Od lector* of these Instructions, traus;>orUtii n boat* o the port* of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, M vr s.lppl, Louisiana, Florida and Texas will be cam elled on pajment oftheduti. s at the Oolh-ctor-* office at th" port Trom whleh the goods were sh'ppM.on the Crilec tor being satislh <1 by the aflidavlt of the party to be file I with tho bond that the merchandise arrived at the port of ('estiDation after th' 1 r ted States olliceri at such port had ceased to issue the lawful cancelling certificate th* ixwraL skri i< * ? nm hmxiucii st*tm. Ibc Assistant Postmaster General Inform* mo that Iho Iiepsrtrro nt I* constantly re opening post oflloe* an I trail route* discontinued daring the last winter In the re < :ed Slates. It Is done wherever the cttisens of the re*pective kxalltlei express a desire to that effect. Ap pointment. *re ttatle upon recommendations from th>< same rouret The endorsements of members of Con gress *re duly recognised. This is hardly* ? symptom ^ i-w?..?v wit ?*C , , wf t*. J ARRIVAL OF TROOPS. Voyage of the United States Transport Steamer Coatzacoalcos. INTERESTING MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, &c?, Jtc?, Ac. The steamship Coatzacoaloos, Captain (irillin, left Pose Cuvullo bar on the 31st March, touched at Key West on the 4th mm., and landed two companies of infantry, and, being enable to obtain water, proceeded to Havana; sailed thence on the afternoon of the flth inst., and arrived at this port yesterday. The Coatzacoalcos has experienced very heavy gales. l eft at !'a?s Cavallo the'steam ihip Umpire City, for New York in eight days, waiting tho arrival of troops from the interior; also tho -Har of tho West, awaiting troops, to sail for New York m tweuty-flve days. The Coatzacoalcos is one of tho several steamers recent ly chartered by tho United States government to aid in convey ing the troops from tho late military Deportment of Texas to points still within the Union. With this view we left New York bar at eight o'clock on tho evening oj tho 16th ult., our vessel deeply laden with coal and array rations. The first three days out were characterized by strong northerly gales, with thick, misty weather. With steuin and sail united to urgo us on our course, we ran swiftly along. Objects oouhl with difficulty be discerned through the hazo at short distances; but the watchful eye of the lookout mm preserved us from tho danger of col lision. Many vessels were parsed with thoeo "close to" we exchangod the formal salutations of the sea; others more remote excited only a curiosity. On the evening of tho third day ' made'* Amelia Island I.lght. (It marks tho entrance to Fernandtna harbor.) For several days after this tho weather was clear and plea sant. On tho fifth day communicated with a pilot boat otr Key West. A few hours thereafter took our de parture from Tortugas Light and steered away for Tusa Cavallo, the entrance to the port of Imliunola, Texas. On tho 26th came to oil the bar. The coast of Texas is unfortunate In tho entrances to its harbors. They are all very shallow; with the single exception of that of Galveston, which hoastb of eleven, tho depth of water over tho bars does not exceed eight feet. The cause of this very serious detriment to commercial greatness may he assigned to tho absence of largo rivors w'tb volume enougn to keep open a deep channel outlet, tho wave action produced by southeast gales accumulating the sea sand In ridges, which tho feeble discharge from tho bays is inadequate to wash away, ami tno vory small tidal elevation peculiar to tho Gulf of Mexico. A gale of wind was "piping'* when wo '?came to." A czutiLuou's lino of heavy surf wan visible aiong the low, monotonous shore, with do ono part less rougu than an other lo Indicate IfeayMpge into the tranquil water of Matagorda bay?seen Initio distance beyond. A largo black iron buoy, "watching"just outside the edgo of tho breakers, seemed placed thero in mockery of man's desire to enter. However, tho light draft coasters do cross, even In rough weather, mumping and bumping their way over. The pilot boat cam? out in gahant style, and delivered letters to us from tho m ting Quartermaster, by which we learned that a body of troops were encamped at Green L ike, twenty four mi ea from Indisno.'a, awaiting transportation. tin the 26(ii the transjxirt steamer Umpire City a/r.reel from New York, by way of Urazos Santiago. .She re? ported the transport steamer Star of the West at anchor ell the latter port, and, as the department commander hnd ordered that "all the tr'xqw will embark at IndLono a," we. wcro sent to direct her to 1'iss Cavallo bar. We returned next day. <>n the 2hth the steam gunboat Mohawk arrived direct from New York. She left that port in company with tho hmpiio City on the 14th, but parted the s line uight in a gale. Sbo was sett out, it appears, at tho urgent request of t.en. Scott, to protect tho transports?a service she will probably not be called upon to perform. un the 29lh, the soa having smoothed down suft.c ently, the troops name alongside in tw ? small vessels, and w? commenced tho operation of transferring them. Tno vessel's "tld? rode" lay across the swell so uneasily as to make tho work tedious In tho extreme, and, sad to re late, dfUcd a serious injury to tho hand of Sergeant John W. Spongier, of the Second cavalry?a man who has won renown In many Indian lights. In ou? of tho last ho killed seven warriors with the band that may never wield sabre again. ? in the 31st wo weighed anchor and steamed to sea, hound to Key West, there to land two companies of in fantry and obtain coals and water for the vessel. We briDg the second detachment of trooi*. composed of six companies of the Second regiment of cavalry, and three companies or tho Mrst regiment of Infantry, all under the command of Captain John H. King, First In fantry; Assistant Surgeon R. H. Alexander, and First Lieutenant W 1*. Chambliss, Second cavalry. Adjutant and Quartermaster. Total, twelve officers and Uve hun dred and seventy enlisted men. We reached Key West ou the 3d inst., landed companies A and II, Fiist Infantry, commanded reflectively byOhp tams James N. Caldwell and Stephen I). carpenter, with Arslstant Surgeon C. Wagner,First Lieutenant J. A. Mow er and Second Lieutenant J. P. Sherburne. Those two companies will garrison the barrackr at that place? the artillery seldicrR having been concentrate! at Fort Taj lor. The Fir?t regiment of infantry has nerval in Texaa Hince the Mexican war. and detachments have been sta tioned at every military post In the Department, with four exceptions. Several of the |>osts wore mainly built by the soldiers of this regiment. It baa been engagod in several skirmishes with Ind ins which were highly cre ditable to the olllcer* and men, un I has sit irded much pretention to the border settlers. The old F rst regiment has numbered among its olticers some of thetoremost n.dltaiy nicn onr country has produced, among which stand pre eminent the names of Taylor, Twiggs, !tam Houston, Jessup, Croghan, Call, Harney, Kearney and Jell. I<avis. The Second regiment of cavalry was organized by Se cretary Davis in ttu summer of 1S5A, at Jefferson Itar rocks. Missouri, and in tie au.umii of that year started for Texas. After a painful winter march through the In dian nations, it arrived in Tents in January, 1856, and since Will time has been constantly engaged upon tbo frontiers in a warfare against the Cninanche, I,ipan and Apache Indians, with whom it bis hid over forty lights. A portion or tho regiment was mainly Instrumental in putting to illght the hordes of the Mexican bandit Corti na, on tho Ulo Grande frontier, and in restoring peace to that portion of our country. Many Indians worn killol and captured in the lights before alluded to, and ths regiment was called upon to deplore th" leas of ens ofltoer and several men killed on the le I! . and six H.eers and many men wounded. From the R. il river to the Rio Grtndo many a gallant soldier of this r- p'mcnt has found his resting place beneath tho green so.In of the pra rlcs. Fur the^e actions the regi ment has received frequent compliments from the head quarters of tho Department and of the army. At the time (Pnera! Twiggs surrendered the federal property to the state of Tex w the regiment was stationed on the extreme frontier, from the ttrar>a river to thfl Rio Grtnde, in detachmorts of one and two companies, an I stationed over a litio of more than a-thousand miles. At the organization of the regunett there were twenty tix oflli ?rs appointed from the Southern states, and nln? from the North. 8ln< e tho secession move neat nine of the Southern officers have resigned an l been advanced to higher grades In the army of the Confederate States. All of the officers were Invited to resign by President Duvlr, and certain promotkn guaranteed to them. Not wlthitandlug this, therrrgimmt left Texas, or r ither the Six companies on board the steamship. In excellent order and line discipline, and cast isldo all offbrs which had been held out to them to desert the (lag which they havfl learned to love so well. The inducements held out to in cite the enlisted men to desert were disregarded by them, though tho authorities at Montgomery and of the State or Texts had expressly declared that their allegiance to the t'nited States government wm at an end. First Lieutenant James D. Wltheroll, of the Second cavalry, was drowned, on the 2uth of March, while the ti oops from the Rio drande were embarking at the mouth of the river for Indtanols. He was a native of Detroit, Michigan, and entered the army March 8,1155. He had snyt4 titb credit 10 sevqTii India" skirmtahes, in one of which he was wounded, and had been specially noticed in