Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 15, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 15, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JANES ookdos visnitt, Kwnm and PNomiroH. omoi k. w. coknsh or fulton and Nassau bts. TTKMS ??* ?" cmIwwkm. Munry unit by mat I trill b* at thi 4>A of the render. Mtmt but Hank bilU current in title ITurk "the PAIl 1' HERALD, two rent* per ropy, $7 per annum. THE WEEKLY HERALD, every Saturday, at nil cent* per ao/Hj, or $3 per annum; the European Editi>m every Wednesday, at fix rent* jter copy, $4 per annum to any jtart of Great Britain, or $6 12 to any part of the Continent, both to include pontage; the OuHfornia Edition on the 14, 1 It/a and 214 of each months at irix cents pet copy, or $2 75 per annum THE FAMILY HERALD, on Wednesday, at four cents frer tsr %&pr* annum. VOLVSTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important neirs, eoliciteil from any quarter of the sear id; if used, will t# liberally paid for. Our Foreign Corkksfondenw ark 1*AKTICllLAKl.k Kk.<*LL8TKD TO 8*AL ALL IaETIKEs AND 1 AC* AGRA BENT US. VoIwiaao 1U4 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Bro*dw?y.?ViRiiiNius. WINTER GARDEN. Brondwajr. oppnatui Band street ? Mxuubant or Yxmicb?Wandxxing Minstrkl. WALLAOK'8 THEATER, Broadway.?Hknrixtte?A Regular Fix. LAURA KERNE'S THEATRE, No. 621 Brondwny.? BkYKN SlSTBES. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Liberty Hots or '76?Kbd Ukomk? Lucky BARN UN'8 AMERICAN MU8BUM, Broadway.?Day end Evening?Ki.vimi Dutchman?Item Oaklkm? It,.wis, Br.A Lion and Otuku Ccriomties. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hell, 472 Broad way ? Buiilkbouk!!, Songs, Dancks, Ac ? Down in Old K-y-et. NIBLO'S SALOON. Broadway.?Lloyd's Minstrkls in Bcblksuukh, Sonus, Dancks, Ao ? Billy Pattkrsoh. MBLODBON CONCERT HALL, No. KJ9 Broadway.? Bonus, Dancks, Buklxsuueb, Ao. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, MS Broadway ? "o.ncs, Dancks. Burlksucrn, Ac. New York, Monday, April 15, 1S61. MAILS POK EUROPE. The Blew York Herald?Kdltlon for Europe, Ike Cunard mail stoamshlp America, Capt McAuiay, Will leave Boa ton on Wednesday for IJverpool. The malls for Europe will cloae In this olty to morrow afternoon, at a quarter past one and at half-past Are ?'clock, to go by railroad. Tbi Eunonua Edition of ths Iixraio will bo published ?t eleven o'clock in the morning. Single copies, ui wrap para, nix oents. The contents of the European Edition of m Hfraid will combine the news received by mall and telegraph at the office during the previous week and up to the hour of pnbltcatton. The News. The news from Washington this morning is high ly important. The President, and the Commis Bioners appointed by the Virginia State Conven tion to ascertain from Mr. Lincoln personally his policy in regard to the seceded States, had a for mal interview on Saturday at the White House. The Preaident referred the Commissioners to his inaugural address for an exposition of his policy, and stated that he did not intend to invade any State or community, but at the same time as sured the Commissioners that if the secessionists had made war for the purpose of driving the ] government from the possession of its property, he should not only do his utmost to hold all the forts now in possession of the government, but would speedily proceed to retake those already seized, and, in any event, to the best of his ability, repel force by force. In accordance with these views, the President will to-day issue his proclamation, calling for seventy five thousand men to take the field forth with. The document ia printed in our columns thia morning. The quota of troops required from the State of New York is thirteen thousand. The Preaident announces that the first 3uty of the troops will be to retake the forts and repossess the public property seized by the secessionists. The proclamation also convenes Congress in extraordinary session, to meet on the Fourth of July next. The administration are making active prepara tions for the defence of the federal capital. The six steam sloops of war authorized by the last Congress will be put under contract without delay. As announced in yesterday's Hduld, FortKum ter was on Saturday surrendered to the revolu tionists. Major Anderson and his comrades, after a gallant struggle of some thirty hours' duration, in which he sustained a heavy and continuous Are from the batteries of the secessionists, that not only greatly damaged the fort, but also set on fire the wooden structures, struck his (lag. A pile of cartridges exploded in the fort yester day, killing two men and wounding four others. Major Anderson and his command were to sail from Charleston at eleven o'slock last evening, on hoard the steamer Isabel, for New York. The gallant Major will no doubt receive a magniti cnt reception on his arrival in this city. Ad* ices from Albany state that Governor Mor gan will to morrow issue a call for twenty-five thousand men for the assistance of the fedcrsl government. A private letter from Governor Curtin, of Penn sylvania. to a prominent citizen of New York, states that he csn have ono hundred thousand Pcnnsylvanians in Washington within forty-eight hours if required. Nothing new in a military point of view hits transpired, our military men accepting yesterday as a day of rest. The offices were all closed, and Governor's Island was in a perfect state of tran quillity, looking green and fresh in its spring dress. The soldiers were sauntering about, amusing themselves in various ways, or else standing in groups, speak tog of the future, and of what for tune, good or bad. it might bring them. The force is being greatly increased by the reception of re cruits, and will soon be able to furnish a fresh sup ply of men in case of necessity. The commanding officer had received no orders as to the disposition of the soldiers. Borne order may come soon, how ever, if the rumor proves true that the steamers Vsnderbift and Philadelphia have been chartered by the government. The steamship l>e Roto, Captain Johnson, from New Orleans and Hav ana, arrived at this port at an early hour yesterday morning. Havana dates are ta the 9th. There is no news. General Cuahman, United Htstes Minister to the Argentine Confederation, is about to return home. The bark Zingsretta arrived at this port yester day with Janeiro advices to February 24. The sales of coffee since the departure of the last steamer, were about 112,000 bags, fte quota tions were for waahed, fi||500 a 7||.r>00; superior, ?IIW a 6! 400: first good, fl||000 a 6||100; first ordinary, i\ 700 a f.llOOO; second do. 4(1700 a 6||000. Exchange on London 2Cd. Freights to the United State*, nominal; to London and Liverpool 44s. a 50s.: to the channel, Ac., 60s. a Ms. The Havana papers give the following items of Mexican news, taken from El Ifernl'lo, of the capital:--General Ortega and Henor Prieto had re stgaad ?air posts, and the former was to be re placed by General Uraga. The election of Juare/. to tht Presidency is not definitely known. Ortega follows bim closely. Don Angel Iturbide (a memo rable name) goes to Berlin as Secretary of Legation. The forces of Loaadu and Mejia, in the Sierra, have been completely destroyed, the former at Alica on the lmli ult., and the Attcr at Guayabitna on the 2d ult., hy General Dohjado. The action at Alica was extremely desperate and bloody. A correspondent of the Kstafetle, writing from Topic, in the State of Xuliaco, eayaabodyof a hundred and fifty filibusters landed at Cape Han I.uras on February 2, since which time they ha\e been joined by many more, swelling their numbers to about four hundred. On the 15th of the same month a Mexican vessel left Mazatlau, with three hundred men and three small pieces of artillery, under Colonel Cota, with the intention of operat ing against them. The expected difficulty with Spain is in a fair way of being amicably adjusted. The sales of cotton on Saturday wore confined to some 600 a COO bales, in lots, closing tamely ut 12,Sc. for mid dling uplands. The market for brcadstuttb was lea active, while price* were without change of Importance Pork was quiet and prices unchanged. There was very little doing In sugar, coffee or freights. The Appeal to Arms?President Lincoln's War Manifesto. The most important and momentous mani festo that has ever emanated from our federal executive government is the reply of President Lincoln to the Virginia Commissioners touch ing the policy he "intends to pursue in regard to the Confederate States." The policy thus disclosed comprehends the submission or sub jugation to the government at Washington of "all the States which claim to have seceded," although Mr. Lincoln qualifies it to a merely defensive and limited system of operations. He will use the power confided in him "to hold, occupy and possess property and places belonging to the government, and to collect | the duties on Imports," in the seceded as in the States still attached to our Union. In his inaugural this declaration was intended to ap ply to the military posts and property which were in the possession of the government when it came into his hands; but he emphati cally declares that, "if, as now appears ts be true, in pursuit of a purpose to drive the United States authority from these places, an unprovoked assault has been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall hold myself al liberty to re assess it, if I can, like places which had been seized before the government was devolved upon me; and, in any event, I shall, to the best of my ability, repel force by force." Next, in consequence of the assault upon Fort Sumter, the suspension of the United States mail ser vice in the seceded States is threatened, as justified, and possibly demanded, by the actual commencement of war against the govern ment. Such is the ultimatum of our federal admin istration to the special commission of inquiry from the Virginia State Convention. Accord ingly, net only the recapture of Fort Sumter, but of the surrounding forts, becomes now the declared purpose of Mr. Lincoln, and, in the face of this declaration, his promise that he "will not attempt to collect the duties on imports by any armed invasion of any part of the coun try," except the landing of "a force deemed necessary to relieve some fort upon the bor der," practically, as a peace reservation, amounts to nothing. In their late war against Russia the hostile operations of England and France were limited to the waters and shores of the Black and Baltic seas; but it was as much a war for the reduction ol? the Czar to their terms as if the Allies had penetrated his territories to Moscow. So, now, the coast line military policy of Mr. Lincoln against "the States which claim to hare seceded," means war, and, if followed up, is just as sure to in volve the two sections in a general war as if he had declared his purpoee to be the suppres sion of the Montgomery government by a hostile march upon that city. On the other side, it is very evident that it is not the purpoee of the seceded States to pause with the capture of Foil Sumter. They have a formidable besieging army mustered and impa tient of restraint in front of Fort Pickens. They have resolved upon its possession. Its occupation, on their part, is considered neces sary to even a plausible appoarance before the world of their liberation from the government at Washington. The attempt, therefore, will be made to reduce Fort Pickens as Sumter has been reduced, and thus between these two for tresses there may be scope and verge enough for al) the naval forces of the United States and all the land forces of the Confederate States, for many months to come. But has Mr. Lincoln the power to limit the points of this civil war which is upon us ? Can a fire in a combustible city be limited to a few houses which it may be deemed necessary to burn down? We apprehend that our Presi dent's ultimatum to Virginia will speedily be followed by an ordinance of secession on the part of her State Convention, which, since the 20th of February, has been laboring to resist the disunion pressure upon it We fear that the secession of Virginia will soon be followed by a similar movement on the part of North Caro lina. Tennessee, Arkansas and Kentucky, and we do not feel perfectly assured of the con tinued adhesion of Maryland to the United State#. We fear that there is something more I than empty bravado in the late speech of Hie | Southern Secretary ol War at Montgomery, t promising the occupation of the city of Wash ington by the Confederate States airhorilies very early in .May. At all events, the reduction of Fort Sumter and this manifesto of President Lincoln are 1 equivalent to a declaration of war on both sides between the Confederate and the United States. | In a conflict of this sort there can be but two parties? a Northern and a Southern party?for all other parties will cease to exist. The politi cal principles, organizations and issues which have divided our country and our people, in va rious shapes and forms, since the treaty of our independence with Kngland, will all be very soon overwhelmed In the sweeping changes of a civil war. It would be folly now to argue what might, could, would or should have been done by Southern fire-eaters and Northern dis organizes in 1854, 1860, or by Mr. Buchanan, or by Mr. Lincoln, or by the late session of Congress. Civil war Is upon us, and the ques tions which now supersede all others are, What are the consequences now before us? where is thia war to end? and how and when? what is oar dnty under this warlike condition of things? and what are the movements and the conditions necessary to change this state of war to a state of peace ? These questions will irresistibly impress themselves upcm the mind of every think ing man, North and South. Earnestly labor ing in behalf of pence, from tbe beginning of these sectional trouble." down to this day. and tor tne maintenance vt the Union through { uiuival coucojsIuIlj, we do not even yet utterly despair of arr?ting this ciril war before it shall have patieed beyond the reach of reason. In auy event, the people of this metropolis owe it to themselves, to their material and political interests, to their social security an<l to the country at large, to make a solemn and impos ing i Qui t in behalf of peace. To this end we again call upon our fellow citizens of this island, irrespective of creed or party, to uieet together in an earnest consultation upon the ways and means of peace. The government at Washington and that at Montgomery, confront ed with the horrors of civil war, may yet recoil from them. The conservative city of New York, guiltless of any agency in precipitating upon the two sections of this great country this causeless and senseless appeal to arms, has the right and has some power to speak to the North and the South in behalf of peace. What Was tuk Fleet Doing okk Fort Sumter!?A good many people are speculating upon the question why the fleet lying otf Charleston did not assist Major Ander son daring the fight on Friday and Satur day. We presume there must have been some potent reason for the non-inter ference of the naval force which is still undi vulged. That aid from the ships was despe rately needed by the gallant defender of Fort Sumter is certain ; for at about ten o'clock on Saturday morning his position was most pre carious: all the combustible portions of the fort were on fire, the red hot shot from Fort Moultrie having set the barracks in a blaze; the piles of loaded shell which he had prepared for use were exploding rapidly from the in tense heat, and they could not be removed quick enough to prevent the disaster; five men out of his small force were wounded, and the remainder of his command were exhausted from their work at the guns, or were half suffocated from the smoke of the burning buildings. In this emergency Anderson displayed his flag at half mast? a signal of distress, and a oall for aid from the fleet; but he was neither reinforced from that quarter, nor was a shot fired from the ships at the assailing batteries, and at one o'clock, having no longer the means of resist ance, he was compelled to surrender. Of course the reason for this conduct on the part of the war vessels remains as yet unexplained; but it is probable that the tugboats, which accom panied them for the purpose of conveying sup plies to Fort Sumter, were scattered by the gale which prevailed, and had not then reach ed the port of Charleston. An attempt to rein force the fort by small boats would have been madness under the circumstances, and thus we may arrive at Bome conclusion regarding the non-interference of the ships. Thk Legislature and the Interests op the Citt.?The Albany Legislature, after a long career of damaging assaults upon this unfortunate metropolis, have at last done some thing of an ameliorative character for New York. We allude to the recent passage of the Contract bill, which deprives the Common Council of the authority to confirm or reject contracts, and thus cuts off the richest re sources of corruption from that body. It is unnecessary just now to recapitulate kit the rascality which the possession of this privilege gave rise to in the Corporation. The taxpay ers have good reason to rejoice that it? ol iehed. The revision of the assessments 'jJ the Comptroller, Corporation Counsel and Re corder is another wholesome feature in tins W11 . ? v i In its last hours the Legislature has also passed, and the Governor has signed, the bill appointing a commission of citizens to amend the charter, with an additional clause provi ding that the present heads ot departments shall not be removed until after the adjourn ment of the next Legislature, except npon charges of malfeasance preferred against them. This bill secures the city the services of at least one upright and efficient officer?Street Commissioner Smith?whose management of his department has been worthy of all praise, and entitles him to the gratitude of the whole community. The duty devolving upon the gentlemen appointed to the Charter Commis sion is a very grave and important one, and we hope that they will prove equal to the task, and give us Buch a charter as will guarantee the metropolis in the enjoyment of all the rights and privileges which have been so long denied | to it. ! Nobody Kilijsd at Charleston-.?A great deal of surprise is manifested in all quarters at i the fact that no one was killed on either side during thirty hours'bombardment of Fort Sum ter, and the surprise is all the greater because s it is alleged that the firing from all the batteries was excellent from the beginning to the end ot the conflict. The guns on Fort Sumter were splendidly fought by Anderson's men, and yet it does not appear that any of the Con federate troops were killed, and only a few were wounded. But this can only be ac counted for by the superior skill and science with which the batteries were constructed by the accomplished officers of engineers who erected them. The defences at Fort Moultrie, Cummings Point, Morris island, and the iron battery, were constructed with the intention that the artillerists should not be killed at their guns, and it appears that they accom plished this purpose. The experience ac quired in modern warfare, especially in the Crimea, has rendered the effective working of batteries comparatively safe, by the substitu tion of earthworks, sand bags and iron for the ! stone stockade and other defences formerly adopted. It is therefore to science that we I must attribute the bloodless char,trier of this terrific bombardment, and not to want ot skill in the use of the guns. The impregnability of the defences round Charleston harbor only shows what protection such olsss ot batteries i could afford in case of an invasion by a foreign Power, so that, If no other good has come of the assault on Fort Sumter, it has at least given as a practical lesson in the efficiency of coast de fence*. The fact that no life was lost in the thirty hours' heavy firing at Charleston, however, need hardly excite much astonishment when we remember the results of the battle of New Orleans, when, notwithstanding the terrible slaughter of the British troops, who were ex posed to the fire of Jackson's men. ensconced behind their cotton bale defence^ a slaughter in which the English General Pabeaham was included -only "even men were killed on the American side, although they were opposed by skilled troops who had learned experience in the war* agoiort Napoleon. This Waic ctTfcMKNT.?X^^re con be a* better evidence of the extent to wbiob the pub lic mind ie fevered by the event* now transpir ing at Charleston, than the effect which they bave had upon the circulation of the news papers in this city. That of the I1krxu> for tb at three days shows how faithful an index it of the public pulse:? Friday, April 12 94,?00 Saturday, April 13 107,520 Sunday, April 14 135,600 This is the largest issue of any daiiy newspaper that has ever been printed, and it marks the intenseness of the anxiety which pervades all classes of the commu nity. It also evinces an intelligent appreci ation of the misfortunes that are impending over as. The history of the world does not record any event so pregnant with calamity to the whole human race as the inauguration of civil war in this once happy and prosperous country. Mails to tub South to bk Cut Off.?It appears, from the speech of Mr. Lincoln to the Virginia Commissioners on Saturday, thut, in addition to whatever military or naval arrange ments the President may make under present circumstances, he is determined to stop the mail service to the seceded States. This mea sure will undoubtedly do serious damage to the South, and to the North also. It will cut off all commercial and social connections be tween the two divisions of the country; it will be a second step towards establishing a condi tion of civil war, and will widen the breuch between the North and the South. Effect of thk Wak News from this Side in Europe.?In eleven or twelve days, at farthest, the news of the commencement of civil war in this country will have reached Europe. Three steamers?the Kangaroo, the New York and the John Bell?left our port yes terday morning, having been detained over from the previous day for the purpose of taking out some definite intelligence in regard to the operations in Charleston harbor. We need not say that the effect of this news on Great Britain and on the Continent of Europe will be most disastrous. Although in a measure prepared for it, its results will affect their populations to an extent on which they have not calculated. Operatic and Dramatic Matters. The short Opera season wis brought to a close on Saturday night by the performance at the Academy of Music of "Moses in F?ypt," as an oratorio. During the tatter part of tne week the Opera as well as the theatres suffered materially from the war excitement, and the performances in Brooklyn failed to remunerate the art ists. Our friends across the water have evidently re covered from their severe attack of musical enthusiasm. At the New York Aoadeiny the "Ballo inMaschera," "la Julro," and "Linda di Chamountx" and "Moses In Fgypt" have been given. At Brooklyn, "La Juive," "Linda" and "Moses." The noticeable event of the week was the great success which Madame Colaon achiev ed in the "Jewess." Tho performance of Raohol was

worthy of a first class lyric tragedienne, and It Is the more remarkable from the fact that Madame Coison's triumphs have been gained heretofore in the domain of Thalia rather than that of Melpomene. The Associated Artists open their Philadelphia cam paign this evening. Thence they go to Cincinnati, Chica go and St. I/Miis. The combination Includes now Madame Colson, Brlguoli, Susini and Muzio. Signor Ferri seceded at Boston; and. singularly enough, has beon very ill ever since. The artists have a full repertoire, a good company, with coatumes, music, &c., complete. Our readers In the pro vinces will and that this is really a first class opera troupe, such a one as they may uot hear again in many years. Now that the Opera has dissolved, the musical pubtio looks with more attention at the concert programmes. The soiree musical* of lime. Speranza has boon postponed for the present. The Philharmonic Society's last concert for the season takes plaoe at the Academy next Saturday evening. The Gottscbalk concerts will probably bo com menced next week. Mrs. C. S. Worrell announces a mu Bical and literary soiree at Clinton Hall on Thursday. The Bryant Minstrels oommence a new scries of their very popular entertainments at Mechanics' Hall this evening. Lloyd's Minstrels have drawn large audiences to Niblo's Saloon, and will continue their concerts during the week. The theatres, as well as the opera, sullerod from the war excitement. On Saturday the audiencos were lim ited, and but little attention wss given to the perform ance. The proepecta for this week are hotter. Mr. Kd win Booth commences an engagement at the Winter Oar den to-night, playing Shylock. During the week Mr Booth will play Othello and Hamlot. Mr. Forrest has recovered bis healtb, and will appear at Niblo's Garden this evening as Virginius. At Wallack's theatre "Honriette" and "A Regular Fix" will bo given to night and every night this week. The lust named play is the freshest London farce, and is exceedingly entertaining. Mr. Walcot plays the prlncl pel character capitally. At Laura Keene's theatre "The Seven Sisters" is announced for the 142d night, an un prccedonted run. At the New Bowery theatre the patriotic drama, "The Liberty Boys of '76," will be given this evening, together with "The Red Gnomo and White Warrior" (panto mime), and "The I.ucky Horseshoe'' (melodrama). At Barnum's to-day the dramatic attraction La "The Flying Dutchman." In the evening, "Ruth Oakley." The French theatre Is closed for the present. At the German Stadt tbeatre "Catherine Parr" a historical drama by Madame Hpengler?has been produced with success, and will be ropeated to night? principal characters by Madame Hoym, Madame Grahu, MissScbeller, Messrs. Hoym and Knorr. Mrs. John Wood and Mr. Jelforson will make their rm tree at the Winter Garden on Monday night week. Miss Maria G. Walcot'a translation of the " Testament de C.i sar Girodot " was produced at the Boston Museum last Monday night, with entire success Hews from Havana. ARRIVAL or THE STEAMSHIP DE SOTO. The steamship De Soto, Captain Johnson, arrived at this port at about five o'clock yesterday morning, from New Orleans and Havana, with dates from the latter to the 9lh inst. There is no news of importance. The Spanish steam frigate Princess of Asturias arrived the 27th ult. from Cadiz and St. Domingo. In sugars there is no change In quotations. No. 12, |2 S2H *63 12'.. Stock, 300,000 boxes. Moltwosdull at 1H a 2 reals per keg. The arrival of many vessels and the want of any action In the sugar market have caused a decline In freights, which will revive with a bettor conditioned market Exchange on Ion don, 9 a 10 premium. New York, par to 2; New Orleans, 3 a 4. United States gold coins 4 pre mium. Prrsoaaal Istelllgrars. IJeut. J. McMillan, of the I ailed states Army. S. Hooper and J. P. Gardner, <>f Boston R. 11 Hill, of Da venport. Iowa, And J. I'. Gardner, of Brooklyn, are stop plug at the Hrevoort House. ( 'apt. L. Put and and I- Bourgeois, of Paris M. Oordusa and f- H. De Alva,of Cuba;.!. W. Kroudt, of Charleston, 8. 0.; C. H. Johnson, of New Haven, and G. W. Smiley, of Son Francisco, are stopping st the Lafhrge Rouse. Mrs. General Gsines and Mrs. S trot her. of Ixwlsisna; J. Evans sod W. Hardline, of South Carolina H. B. King, of Georgia' 8. A. Ktnnecutt, of Albany, G. Srhoemberg, of Cinoinr.ali; T. and R. Meriwether, of Kentucky Jesse Holladsy and wife, of St. louls; C. C. Alger, of Newburg; K. O. Ballard; John and J. P. L. Gardner, or Boston, are atopptng at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. CW. & K. Wells, of Pennsylvania; J. O. Jones and G. C. Davidson, of Albany, D. 6. Brown, of Chicago, A. II. A lams and K. Freeman end wife, or Boston; A. Marges, of Clsyeland, I). W. Oorwin, or Cincinnati C. M. Bliss, M. Cork and C. Sadler, of Iouisville. Ky. are stopping st the As tor House. Senator Norrls and Hon. J. H. Reynolds, of Albany; Chpt. Slmonton and wife, of Liverpool, Capt J. R. King and Dr. Alexander, of the United Slates Army; Lieut. Wwrfsss of lbs United States Navy. H Blood, of Ver moot, M. a Fielding, of Kentucky, It. E. Hastings, A. Tllden A. B Smth. H. 8. Anopir snd wlfs, W. H. Weeks and J B RadcltlT, of Caliro'iiia; J. H Chase and P. H. Hubi nek,of Ohio, ar? stopping at the St Nicholas Hotel. A. E. Hooker, of Osllfornla. J W. Doan, of Chicago; G. A. Kerr sad J. A. Jameson,of M Iout?, H. 0. Camp, of Oder Rapid*; J. P Lindsay, o< Chsrte ton, J R Can nnn.of ixsnavills, Ky ; A. J. Minor, of South Ckroiina C. Ells Simocs, of New York; T Richardson and J. K. Mlnale, of Now tTkar-, art eVpf",; U s HjUvr' iUa flotcl. MEWS FROM THE STATE CAPITAL. Milk Fwlght U|>I!?lMg ?Me Acta of ikt Chamber mt t ommeree? Safe Keepiag of Valaable ParctU?A Scene mt HHmi-lty aad Cumfuslon ia the Aweabl|-rillbaiterla| in the Senate Commotion Over the Charter Commia aton Amendment a?Probable Adjourn ment?Tax Levy nnd Health BUI? Chamberlain and the Nanttcal School, die., die., kc. A: ha??y, April 14,1M1. Iherc was an interesting tine on the bill to regulate the freight on nillc on the Harlem Railroad in the Assembly hut evening. Mr. Dutcher was the only ]>eraon that spoke In favor of It. He went into statistics, showing that its rates were higher than other roads leading into any city bat New York, and that it was at a much higher rate than any other class of freight on this road. He held that the farmers had a just right to complain, and that it was the duty of the Legislature to step in and protect the fanners who had appealed to them for relief. Ho bill before this body had been opposed so strenuously as this. They did not come to the legislature asking their interference until after every effort and argument with the company waa found unavailing, and the unalterable policy of the company Intimated at different times. It has been expressly de clared by the President of the oompany, and a confes sion of the doctrine provoked from him, that they were bound to charge all they could get out of the business. Borne waggish member during his speech sent to Con gress Hail and obtained a glass of milk and set it on the desk in front of Mr. Dutcher, who, to the general amuse ment of the Assembly, tested its quality, and for the time being there was a general good time. Mr. May opposed it with a short and pointed speech, declaring that the railroad committee, of which he was a member, had heard the argument pro and con upon it, and had given the parties more time to argue the mea sure than any othor bill before them; they could Had no merit in the bill, and had reported against it. It waa then ordered to a third reading, but that is about as far as it will get this session. The Quarantine bill is the same as killed. The friends of each bill eecm satisfied that it 1s a dead lock. If the Quarantine Commissioners' bill, which was substituted for the Senate bill, agreed upon by Mr. Fllingwood, the Staten Island representative, should happen to pass the Assembly, which Is doubtful, that is the end of it. It will disappear between the two houses. The Senate will not endorse it; and thus matters will remain just as they are for another year, with a fair prospect of a repetition of the same contest hereafter. There is another contest in this matter?a trial of strength between the Governor and the lieutenant Governor; the latter backs the Senate bill t"* tbe former the Aaaembly subetitute. The end of this controversy is a long way ahead, for untfi matters change here what the Senate adopt the House wlU repu diate, and rice versa. . , .... .. Mr. Camp met with quite a triumph in obtaining the unanimous consent to get the bill relative to the Chamber of Commerce, and to legalize certain acta of that board, moved ahoad and ordered to a third reading. The bill has already passed the Senate. The bill relative to the keeping of valuable packages and parcels, which recently passed the Senate, and con templates the formation of a company, with suitable safes to take charge of tho silver ware and other valuable articles of the fashionables whilst they are rusticating during tho summer months at some watering place, passed the Assembly and has gone to the Governor for his signature. The Assembly spent some two hours In a general scene of hilarity over all sorts of motions, several of them rising to a question of privilege, stating that they were being insulted by having placards pinned to their coats, such as "no smoking allowed here," or that some member was pulling their chairs out from under them, always ending by Mr. Arcularius, in bis boisterous way asking that the chairs and desks might be removed end the members be permitted to settle their troubles at once and on the spot, whilst tho lobby wore trying to settle the point whether certain members were tight or only had too much wine down. Then Mr. Chapman in his waggish way declared that a number of those present acted as though they had tra velled up and down the stairs to the Senate chamber too often and bad emptied more bottles than It was neces sary for the stomach's sake. A general state of excite ment and confusion reigned in the House for a long time, a faction being determined to adjourn sine die, and another equally bent on romalnlng until Monday or Tues day. It was for a long time a perfect bedlam of confusion. The Senate commenced about nine o'clock to resolve itself into an executive session, the Governor having sent a communication to them which required action upon with closed doors. No sooner had the motion been made before Senators Hammond and Splnoia oom I mencod their filibustering; the former In particu lar, aided by those republican Senators who were opposed to tbe confirmation of Van Dyke, and they kept it up, first on onu motion and then so ano ther, so as to evade the fifteen minute rule, Hammond showing a wonderful power of talkative endurance, and holding out until eleven o'clock .the hour fixed upon for tbe a<1 inurnment for the evening, thus preventing an execu tive session. Hero there is a direct snub at the Gover nor by his own party friends, who resort to all manner of dovice to prevent going Into executive sevsion when ho asks them to If this don't prove the existence or two parties in the republican ranks, then we dm't know what does Ihe passage of the Charter Commission bill, with the amendment in It providing that the beads or chiofs or the departments who are appointed shall not be removed without charges bcii ^ prrterred against them before the Reo< rder, until efter the adjournment of the Legislature, has caused a wonderful IIuttering in the third house, ee peciallv amongst the aldermanic representatives and a few republican politicians, whp had ontered into a combi nation to remove Ktroet GomMkmoner Smith as soon an the Ixsgislature adjourned, unV kg understanding that they should have a share of thfl pmbwnage under the new regime. It lias spoiled their plans, and comes down among them like a bomb shell. It now looks as though tbe legislative curtain would I be dropped some time on Monday, at a late hour in the eveniug. They may possibly keep it rolled up until Tuesday, but not longer, unless tho squabbles in the fenate prevent the passage of tho Tax fovy and one or two other important bills. There is uo telling what will be done or what left undone in tho general scramble that is now going on. Matter* aro decidedly mixed up, and a persou will have to be in forty plac.* at once to tell the combinations that arc being made to get this or that bill through, each trying to steal tho march upon some one else. Neitbei Kort Sumter nor the camps of the enemy exhibit sny more commotion than U manifested here over the measures beiore them. It was boldly assorted last night that the friends of the Health bill would not allow tho city Tax Levy to pass without their bill was first put through. A combination of this kind may be made whioh will prevent the passage of the Tax levy and leave many an anxious Individual with out any means to get his pay. This soems to bs the last dodge to force the Health bill, with all Its odious mea sures, upon the city of New York, and give to a new set of commissioners power never Wore granted to any ofllcia s. In reality a fair sample of monarchist power. The City Chamberlain bill has been signed. The sew* from Charleston has caused a profound sen nation here although but few can be found that will be lieve that It is con-eel Senator Mcleod Murphy's Nautical School bill lias passed both bonnes and is in the hands of tbe Govornor. RKW VOUK Hl'ATH LRGIHLATUHE. Senate. Aruany, April 13, fMl AFTKRNOON SKSfilON. The bill to establish a Nautical School in New York was received from tbe Assembly amended. The Sonata concurred in tbe same. The following lulls were passed ? laying out the Public I'ark In the ofty of Brooklyn. Kxempting omptojeee and telegraphic operators from serving as jurors. Amending the set to widen Fourth avenue in Brooklyn. Authorising the Coney Island and Brooklyn Railroad Company to construct a road. Amending the act to widen Atlantic avenue In Brook lyn. Amending the act relating to canal engineers Providing for amendments to the charier of tlie clly of Now York, and submitting the same to the people Amending the Biooklyu charter. Mr Robinson moved to lay the order of buslnea* on ttic table for the purpose of going Into executive session. '^Tbe receptt' it of the resolution renewing the declare tlon full and unreserved to support the President of the United States in every measure of war or peace, which shall malncaln tho honor of the country and assort the suprtmacy of tbe laws, was objected to The Senate took a recean. The Heuate met at half past savea o'clock, ami passed the following bills:? Regulating tho use of piers .13 and 3i! Kast Rlvor, and the slips and bulk heads between said piers. The Governor sent In s large package of bills for tho consideration of the executive. Efforts were then made logo into executive session, which was fought off bv Miwsrs. Spinula. Sessions, latham and Hammond with success, and at eleven o'clock the Senate adjourned till Monday. Asseaabljr. Aisa.vy, April - 4,1M1. AFTKHNOON SESSION. After a strong fight the substitute far tho I ill for tho sale of the Quarantine, offered by Mr. Moore, was ordered to a third EVRNINO SESSION. The hill to provide a charter for New York city c*me down from the senate with an amendment keeping the office of all heads of departments, holding by appoint mi nt, until after the arJournmeot of the I the House concurred In the amendment of the New York delegation, with only two or three exceptions vol ing against concurrence. r_ Mr Yorsu, under the Koblswrml?tl^??"dfw wajd the bill to amend the New York ' act, and It a as referred to s select committee to por rTh^sctlng clauee was slrtckee out from the tlU to limit the tenure of office In mUilnry. r.e bill to ragulsto^ nUikft^t on UU Ha?aa Biulrmii, cams up *itsQtkmlMss ? mw wiwie. Mr PrmvR rp ke in fnvr ?f ihe b1", an: oa Lis na tion it was onKrad lo a third rradiug Oh nit? of Mr. fivr, by uowumiii cur seel, tto MM to Lectin* Uw cecuiues of Uu> Gnwr' -? of AtMlro' ton of too Uuaber of Com car c? wm ordered to I third The Ibuki of the Assembly wore teo<lered to -ia?%k?r Littlrjohn oo motion ? f Mr. Kern an who, with M-ne'i. Fierce and Benedict, mane remaits complimentary to the Bpeaksr the House then took op the reloialnni with t view to the final adjournment, but could not got the reoolattoo before the House, the Spe*jter docid*uz that the/ must lie over one day. Alter a scene of much confunlon the House adjourned till half poet nine o clock oa Monday. THE WAR NEW! IN Th7SOUTH STRONG UNION DRM0N8TRAI0N8 IN BAL TIMOR!. BALTiaonn, April 14,1M1. The L'uloo feeling In this city has been unmistakably displayed in this city since Friday. Men with cockades ? and secession emblems have been chased by crowds, and protected by the police. The bark Fanny Feosbaw hoisted the secession flag t*. day, and a crowd compelled a boy oa the vessel to take It down. The captain afterwards rehoiated it, and required n detachment of thirty police to protect It from the pee* pie. The Indignation la Intense. All the other ? easels In port hoisted the Amertoaa flag. The captain Is a Union man, but hoisted the flag under Instructions from the owners of the vessel, the Meeers. Curry, of Richmond, THE FEELING IN RICHMOND, VA. Ricanoiru, April 14,1841. The demonstration continued till midnight. Illuminations, bonfires and fireworks were the order of the evening. A party ascended the roof of the Capitol and hoisted the Southern flag on the flagstaff. It was sahoeqnonUy removed by the guard. THE FEELING IN ALEXANDRIA, VA. ALBLUrDma, Vs., April 14. 1841. A meeting was held here last night to form a homo guard. Resolutions to resist Northern aggression were adopted, while several speakers advocated seosasion. Others argued in favor of a convention to unite the border States. THE FEELING IN TENNESSEE. Nashtilu, April 14, 1841. An enthusiastic public meeting was held here to-night. Resolutions were unanimously adopted condemning the administration for the present state of affairs, and sym pathising with the 8outh. The Hon. Mr. Zollicoffer and others spoks. Mamma, April 14,1841. Great excitement prevails In this city over the news from Charleston, and great crowds are in the streets. The event is being celebrated by cannon firing, rookets, bonfires, music nod dancing. THE SECESSION VOTE IN THE GEORGIA CONVENTION. TO TH1 EDITOR OF TH* HKRALD. Giums, Ga., April 6,1841. In the Hsntm of the 1st Inst, you state that the vote In the Convention of Georgia on ratifying the constitu tion or the Confederate States was yeas ninety-six, nays five. This is an error. There were about 164 members present. Thoy all voted for ratification; none against. HENRY MOOR, Member of the Georgia Convention. THREATENED REBELLION IN NORTH CARO LINA. [From the Raleigh Standard of April 10.] At a meeting of the dlsunionists of Oeaveland county, held on the 80th March, to appoint delegates to Charlotte, Dr. Miller " advooated a large delegation to GharioUo of men who would go and act." A Mr. Durham said, "If North Carolina did not suooeed in getting out of the old Union by constitutional means, he was then la favor of resorting to unconstitutional measures." Great Western Railway Trafle. Hauhto*, April 13,1841. The Great Western Railway traffic of the weak easing ? yesterday amounts to $<14,300, being an increase ef $7,000 over the corresponding week in last year. Soutkern Ocean Steamer Move meats. AfixzANniUA, Va., April 1$, 1841. The freshet detains the steamship Montlcello at George town. Markets. Nsw Orlsjuy8, April IS, 1841. Cotton?Balesjto day, p,700 bales, at 12c. a l'l^c. fer middling. Sugar firm, at fc. a 6c. fOr fair to fully (Mr. Freights?Cotton to Liverpool, %d. Montu, April 13,1841. Cotton unsettled and nominal. CimvmrAH, April IS, 1341. Money market unsettled. Sight exchange on New York I at 1 per cent premium. Exchange on New Orleans 3 par cent discount. Flour unchanged. Whiskey, 13wo. Lard, 9>4c. Coromers* Iaqaiiu. Inqtkht rvos tub Body or Thomas Kauai*.?jOb Satur day afternoon Coroner Jackson held an inquest upon the body of Thomas Kagan, who wan killed by being stabbed in the abdomen, at No. 81 Baxter street, about a weak ago. The evidence Riven charges Antonio llorello, one of the proprietors or the saloon in whose place the diffi culty occurred, with having indicted the fatal wound. The following is the testimony, as s srorn to before lha Coroner ? Thomas Tinman, being duly sworn, says?I reside at No. 1ft Baxter street; last lion day night, between eight and aino o'clock, I went into the saloon No. 31 Bax ter street, I was playing a game of billiards with a young man when Dennis Shay came in; I think he was slightly under the influence of liquor; when our game was over Shay came up and took up the balls; Antonio Morello then came up to Bhay and told him to put the balls down: shay said be did not want to take the balls; Antonio told Shay three times to lay the balls down, after which he knocked them out of his hand: they then had some words togethor, when some of shaj's friends took him out of llio house; almost immediately afterwards Shay came back again and had seme words with .loralarm# Morello, and I believe Shay struck him, but 1 can not say for certain; ( then saw Jornlarmo have a billiard ball in hia hand and strike Bhay on the with It; decease 1 and Antonio were then striking each other with billiard cues; I saw a knife in the hands of Antonio; beseemed to put the knife to the stomas* ! of the deceased and push it into him; Antonio and the deceased were on one side of the room, Jtralarmo and rhay on the other side, at the time the stab was gives. Michael T. Sullivan, being duly sworn, says?I reside at No. 15ft Leonard street; last Monday night, about eight o'clock, I was noxt door to No 31 Baxter street, whea I heard s noise and went Into the saloon, where I saw three men beating the deceased with billiard cuss, de ceased was standing between the table and the wall; I saw the prisoners and some other person strike the de ceased. 1 then went between itn-m and shoved Joraiarme back;after tine I went to gel the other two oiea from him; 1 saw the prisoner, aotonio nourish a knife and make one cut at deceased's head; he then male another thrust at him, and staobed him in the stsiomea; the prisoner made another attempt to stab deceased, wnna f took hold of his arm, and be emptied lbs knife deceased then ran into the street ami I ml rowed lilin. and told him he was stabbed. be did no' acom to know It, and I pulleu up Bis shirt and showed him the wound; I then told soinn persons who were near oy to take him to the hospital. DrenlaMurphy, beirg s-vorn, said?I reside it No M Park street; on Monoay eight I was iu Baxter street, at No. 33. a young man ran in there and told me there was s light next door. I went into Morello's saloon and saw three men beating the decerned; I saw a knife in the hands of Antonio, and saw him stab the deceased la the abdomen be made another attempt to slab hun when the knife dropped from his hand. the knife shown mc is the one the prisouer had in his hand; I picked it up from the Moor and put It In my pocket, w hen the officers and Copt Bowling came I gave tne knife to the Captain, I saw no other peraon have a knife after the deceased was stabbed, the two prisoners ooa tinned to beat him with billiard cues out of the store; when deceased loft the house I followed him and told him he was stabbed, I cannot tell how many persons were m the store at the time- 1 snw no person but the three mentioned strike the deceased. One or two other witnesses, who were equally positive that Antonio Morello did the stabbing, were next sworn, after which the dying deposition of Kagaa was read to the Jury. He positively as sorted that he was wounded by .Toralanno Morell >. and on being confronted with the two prisoners, ideoiulml him as the one who had subbed him. Tb# case being given to the jury, they eooo agreed to throw out the afllrsvit of the deceased and aocopl that of the living wiincases. They accordingly rsodered the following v^r diet?"That the deceased, Thorn** Eagaii, came to his death by a wound in the abdomen, and aald wound was caused by a knife In the hands of Antoolo Morello.'' Thereupon Antonio was committed to the Tom I* by the Coroner for trial, while Joralaruo was sintered to go at largo. The prisoner is a rough, brutal looking aaa, forty four years of age and a native of Bard ana In reply to the usual question, he said he was not gu'lty of the crime laid to hia charge Pi nam or Une.?Oeorge Terencb. a young man tw?my seven years of sge, s native of Uj * city and formerly employed as a clerk in the store of Messrs. Blgelow k Hoaqlsnd, 44 Dey street, committed suicide on Saturday last by means of laudanum. Coroner Bob inner held so ir.uuimt ill U.i- ?-??', all-II II appealed that the dccaaMft bail for some time past been suffering fro a sickness, and frequently stated he was Mred of life. On Friday after noon ho wont out and purchased som-laudanum, and, wben bis wife retorted home, she found htm lying no the bed and the empty bottle beside him He tie.) during the night. A verdict of suicide, by means of laudanum, was rendered by the Jury. A Kvow Norman hr< snarnwiOT ?Tt Is asid thvt H mnr able Kecoeih Bs.-ner, liu great lutow Aft Ui .,. '.-Adif to Nwto UroldMt, u strong"/ in fftvor of sscwuKml