Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 18, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 18, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW Y O E K..H E R A L I). ?ineirrj ?i^a tmci'i/tw* WHOI? NO. tmi. MORNING EDITION- THrKSDAT. APRIL 18, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. TE1 WAR. Highly Important Hews from Washington. Attitude of the Border Stove States. ??parted Defeat of the Seces tsi? Ordinance ia Virginia. Troop* beqwtched to Garrison Harper's Ferry. IMPORT A *T mon THE SOUTH. PNclauttil of tbe Mdeit of the Cm federate States. THE AIO OF PRIVATEERS SOLiCfTEO. i n?' *tv? Mliii Kon of the liloh Tikin Ujp. r Tbe Correspondence Between Mr. Seward and the Confederate Commissioners. Call for a Monster Mass Meet ing in Union Square on Saturday Aftoynoon. Intense Excitement in the Metropolis. Hang Oat the Star Spangled Banner. MOVEMENTS OrTHE VOLUNTEERS Tbe Metropolitan Mllltln ?ag?r for ttie Fray. 11KIT1L OF TBS MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS. The War Fooling Throughout the Forth, Ac., At, OUR DISPATCHES FROM WASHINGTON. W aahhoiV' , April IT, 1861. Dm administration la considerably alarmed to-day lest Ml attempt be mads by the secessionists la Virginia to Mlaa the goernment vessels now at Norfolk. Intima tions of such a purpose on their part were rooelvod here thla morning. There an now aix vessels of war at Norfolk, namely, tha Merrlmsc, Germantown, Balnbrldge, United States, Pennsylvanlaa and Potomac. The three former are in excellent condition, and can soon he got ready for ?e*. The three latter are in a disabled condition. Owing to the present precarious and unsettled state of ?Mrs in Virginia, tha government to-day decided to strengthen all tha military posts in tha State. Severa1 companies will Immediately he despatched to Harper's Tmtj. The administration will at once take the neossatry ?taps to remove them to some other point in the e^ent of the Virginia OaaToatlon passing the secession ordinance. The administration has not yet decided to blockade the Southern porta. They will probably wait until some thing definite Is known rsapantlng Fort Pickens. If the revolutionists capture that fort, then the government win be compelled to blockade every port from Charlea toa to the month of the Misalaalppl. Advtoea received to-day from Montgomery Indicate pretty clearly that it anticipates a blockade of ail the porta. They are confidant that England and France wll mot permit a blockade. Aaanrnnoea are in their pcasea Don, it M said, that FrMN? win raise it in laaa lhah sixty dayfi. Thla la directly contrary to InformlUOD la possesion of the Lincoln government. It la the pre nant poll:y of both Prance and England, and tha govern- | ?sent is so aaanrad, not to Interfere In any manner with either section. Both tbeee great Powera have In dlaated. through the proper ohannela, their feeling of regret at the present deplorable fOQaitidB 6f affalrl The greatest anxiety prevails In admlnlatratlon circles la hear from Penaaoola. Up to this evening nothing has fcean received. It la vary probable that the revolutionary authorities will prevent anything being sent to the ad - mtalstration, aapeclally If It should oe unfavorable to thiaa. ______ WAMWormt, April IT, 1801. Aa Englishman named Jaaper arrived here thla morn lac from Charleston, 8. C. Ha came by way of Rich ?ssad, Va. Ha reports thai be was arrested In Charleston, charged with being the correspondent of the New York XIsms, and thnt the Brlilah Consul Interfered and de Banded of Governor Pickens hia Immediate release on the ground that Jsnper was a British subject. The Consul notified Governor Pickens that If the release was not promptly made ha should forthwith order the British Wsat India Met to blockade Charleston, and would de mand satisfaction of the United States government, and ha govsrnment would release Jasper by force. Governor Pickens Immediately apologised to the Consul and ordered the releaae of Jssper, and when he left Charleston Governor Pleksns, at the request of the Consul , dallverad to Jasper a passport, which 1? showed in thla elty tMa morning Js^er states that before the attack on Sumter thsro waa oonatderablo talk about making a de msnst ration against Wsshlngton, that they took the general ground thnt the North waa divided, and had no blood, and that It would be the eaaleet thing In the world to seise Washington They, of oourss, warn waiting the action of Virginia to aid them .lasper aajs that stnoa the attack on Sumter, t? j??h he was an aye witness, the evidence that there ? no division ' In the North, but, on the contrary, a united uprlelng Of the whole North and Wast, and a unlver aal expression of Indignation and determination to put down the rebellion, moat strike them M in Mifltf mllty whteU tb*f 4M not dreagt of. J a??*r ?iy? he through Mohinond ycatertlap , and ccnvrsrnetl wtCa Um K*uior t?f the twoe* skmlste who uhtm him Uui u?e/ *?re on 1/ awaltM^g the ariiiw T>f (etcher to ne '.to tfan N'ar fs!k S?w !. If# rojnrta that the statement vu I liit" JMl th? suoeeslua ordicieicu put^j the Oo* n imm WMion ymtenlay, and that for r oest Knows to UMmseivei me fact h*i botu kept rot. Tfc# ta net likely to b? trim, an there tra loyal iuoB men m the Onvuuot, who WMtid have Immedi ately rejwrUxi euch action to the government If It wiui true. Jasper called upon the siearetary of War Ibis nurcmg and reported the above mentioned tacts. Washington Is rail uf Unkm muu, and recruit ing la geing on with groat rapidity. Thu na tional feeitag Is raging at a hi*ta fever. The re sponses to the call of the President in the North and West are a subject of much discussion and groat re joicing. Ae streets prearat a wery lively military ap pearasoe. The drum and fife are constantly heard, and from ?wry public building the Stan and Stripes may be seen floating There Is Hftto doubt but that the prompt aoMen of the British Consul at Charleston is Jasper's behalf may betaken as evidence or the sympathies of the Rrittoh government towards the North an 1 againMt the 3?nsh A despatch h as just reached here from Dayton, Ohio, asserting that Mr. Valiandigbam, a member of the last Congress, has been nobbed and his house torn down, on acoount of hie sympathies with the secessionists. He publicly announied in a speech in Richmond, lest winter, that when the struggle came he would take mde with Virginia This declarative probably has bad sooiuthlng to do with the reported demonstration against Mr. Vallaudii;bun. The lYassury Department has leaned an order directing that the name of First Lieutenant Rogers be stricken from the roll of the revenue service, for having, while in oommand of the revenue cutter Henry Dodge, in viola Hon of his oBcial oath, and of his duty to the govern ment, surrendered his veese) to Texas. Cov Pprague has been telegraphed to come hither with Rhode Island's quota of troops without delay. '?^?Additional volunteer companies were m-mterel 1 a to day by the War Department, and others are terming U> offer their service* to government. THE BORDER SLAVE STATES, Reported Defeat off the Secession Ordi nance In Virginia.. Wawotgto*, April IT, 1891. Secretary Seward has received private information within an hour, direct from Richmond, that the Virginia Slats Convention, in secret session, last night, decided against the act of secession by a majority qf seven. Since learning this I have seen another mtesenger, direct from Virginia, who confirms the report ^euvived by Mr. reward. A messenger has just come In from Alexandria, who asserts that it would be impossible for an set of seces sion to pass the Richmond Convention without his know ledge, and he this moauent assures me that when he left Alexandria, at e(*vaa o'clock this forenoon, no such ac tioa had t>e?* taken, sad hs does not believe it will hap pen . Hs it S well pasted and intelligent gentleman, sad can he relied upon. If the secession act .should pass, It will have to be submitted to tho people. There hare been all sorts of rumors in the city to-day about the concentration of troops in Virginia for the purpose of attacking Washington-, also a report that a Virginia, instead of a John Brown raid, has been made upon Harper's Perry. Bu . the government has no In formation confirmatory of such reports. There is. nevertheless, apprehension that, in the event of the passage of an act of secession by the Richmond Convention, that an attempt will be made, not only to seize the argmi &1 Harper's Ferry, for UM purpose of getting possession of the arms deposited there, but also to take the Navy Yard at Norfolk, and Fort Washington, and Fortrees Monroe. The govsrnmesfl Js not Inactive relative to these points. 4 A gentleman who left Richmond this nuoFnlng, Bays that business in that city is entirely ruined ; that the peo ple express the greatest bitterness towards the North, but that they exhibit little belter feeling towards the States that have seceded, believing that by their head long and izftane course the present melancholy state 0 affairs have been precipitated. So determined are the middle ground men? and they are a powerful class that they openly declare, that if they have to secede from the Union, they will only do so upon the understanding that the bonier States will form a separate confederacy. But they assert that they will never Join the Southern confederacy; tbey prefer by far to remain In the Union. I am certain that but for the fact that Virginia has voted to oppoie any attempt of the federal government to co erce the seceded states, the feeling there would now be very different, and no doubt the Governor would feel authorized to respond to tho President's requisition for troops: but having taken that position, the leading men of the State, who feel bound by it, do not see bow they can retreat with honor. They seem to lose sight of the fact, that the seceded States have attempted to coerce the federal government until forbearance ceases to be a virtue. the government has no quarral With Virginia, and Virginia can have m quar rel with the government, unless she Insists that disloyal Slates, unlike herself, shall be showed to commit trea son, steal the public property, Ore upon unarmed versela btaring the Hag of the country, and with seven thousand men assault, with all the modern weapons of warfare, a peaceable yet starring garrison of federal troops number log only seventy men. If she seeks to present hersell to the world in tha light, she will tlnd no sym pathy from the federal government, and will only incur the natural calamity which is so fast befalling the dls. oyal States that have preceded her. A secret Convention of secessionists, called to meet st Richmond yesterday, assembled there to-day. My In formant says quite a number of tbem were in secret cau cue In Richmond last night, and the belief la that their Convention has more to do with a raid upon the capital than snything else. Among those preeent last night was Mr. Aahby, who commanded the Virginia troops at Har per's Ferry at tha trial and execution of John Brown. Instead of waiting the assembling of the Convention to-day, Aahby left Richmond this mining, and came on as far towards Washington as the branch road to Harpers Ferry, when he changed cars for the latter place. Cpmpgaics h*fe been ordered to narper's Ferry, and unless an attack is msd* l>?for? re*ch U?ere no fear Is expressed on the part Cf the government that tbf Arsenal will be seized. Richmokp, Apll 17?6 T. M. The ordinance or secession has not as yet lassed the Convention, and they are still in secret session. Nothing certain la known of the p rocoedlngs transacted. BAI.TOOKB, April I?, 1M1. It tt not thought here that there is SO' truth In the rumor about Harper's Ferry. There Is a company regulars there. REPORTS FROM MARYLAND. Wiumiiftiros, Aprtl 17, 1881. The administration have determine 1 to give the Colon men In Maryland all required aid to prevent Maryland Joining the South. It la believed, by leading and Influential gentlemen from Baltimore now here, that abe con be beld| In the I'nlon. It ta of the hlgbeat Importance to the government that Maryland ?htuld remain with the North, for If ah* should go with the South It would I* almost Impomtb'e for Washington to remain the Beat of government. Therefore it la that the administration baa determined , at all hazards, to keep Maryland with the North. I learn from Baltimore to night, that the secession movement la that city la wholly based upon the proba blllty tliat Virginia will Booed*. It is reported here that Mr. Kane, Chief of Police o Baltimore, laid last night that there were ten thousand secessionists In and about Baltimore pledged to prevsnt any Northern or Western military companies fro? pausing through that city. There aro known to be twen ty-four hundred organ lied Vnion men in Baltimore, who will stand by the Union at #11 Imaards. They are backed by the great commercial and monetary Interests of Bal timore. Gov Hicks wan waited upon last n%ht at his hotel hf Company F, the Governor's Guard, who Informed him that they hail come to Bin* the "Star Spangled Banner" wMh him. The Governor expreaMd pleasure at the vlalt, and said he w*a too hoam to loin with them, but he wonld tell them ha waa still nadtr the Stars aad Stripes. ZU "Star ^pangifa 0*wwr" W?I then |ung bj ajff flftj vo!<*?, with flee effect. The i .oreroor thanked (he visit ere for ilw , ud wd he hoped the snog wnnlil hn susg on ail fitting occasions forever. The Union nun be preserved. A Vnttw? (Joveroer, yon have (tone y on r duty so far. (iovtanoi? Yes, and I intend to keep uoing so. Y0K1? We ll sund by yon. ? Much erVhubianu was manifested. M1S301 RKJlEFCbES TROOPS. St. Ucis, April IT, 1891. The State Journal publishes the tallowing reply from Govtrcor JinkKin to Secretary Cameron - Rxwvtitk Pa'.mnr. ) Jkkkswmo* (,Yrv , Mo., April 17, 1**1 ( Si ? Your fespaten ot ih? 10th miunt, tiidk'.ig ? it1, on MitHOUf' tckr ruur loK-nir.Dij of tp"" tra^uedialo service, harfet'en reee Ted. Therocaiibn, 1 a^reiioud, no douhl MR these men are intended to form aputu Umi President's army to make w*r upon the peopbi of (he secedfd Stale* Y<mr requisition, in my judgment, is illegal, uccocnitniionat and revolu tionary in it* "bjvet*. uhi.muu diabolical, and rotnnol be complied with. Not oue man wilt ot tw State ot' Mis souri, tumieh or ciirry on snob an unholy ortwade. C T. JACHKON, Uovernor oi" Miseouri.. REPORTS FROM TXBBESSEE AND KEN TUCKY. Ksw O'vijcajvh, April 17, 1881. At Memphis an Immense meeting waa held last night, and rwolutions passed declaring Memphis out of the Unlrn r.rd her determination to stand by the South. Am ouiiU; rrom Kentucky state that large numbers are enrolling uider the Confederate Uag. HIGHLY IMPOR TANT FROM THE SOUTH. Proclamation of the President of the Confederate States* THE SERVICES OF PRIVATEERS SOLICITED fte., fto., ft*. PROCLAMATION OP JEFFERSON DAVIS. Montgomery, April 17, lb61. miujuuiiox ok Tim i-kmdsnt ok thk oowntuciur* HTATKH or AJOUUCA. Whereas, Abraham Lincoln, Preaident of the United States, has, by proolamation, announced Intention of in ?ading the confederacy with nn armed foroe, for the pur pose of capturing Its fortresses and thereby subverting its independence and subjecting the free people thereof to the dominion of a foreign power; and whnrea?, it haa thus become the duty of this gove.umeiit to repel the threatened Invasion and defend the rights and liberties of the people by all the means iftaiab the lun of Mtions and usages <rf civilized warfare place at its disposal. Now, therefore, I, Jefferson ?n?i?, Presiden*. of the Confederate Plates of America, do issue this, my pracia matloa, inviting all thoee who may dealre, by servUw in private armed vessels on the high seas, to aid this government in resisting so wanton and wicked an afgree rion, t? make application for commtesuns or letters of siarque and reprisal, to bo issue 1 uiidcr the seal of those Confederate States; an 1 1 do far ther notify all persons applying for letters of marque, to make a statement in writing, giving the nunc and solu ble description of the character, tonnage and force* of the vet eel, name of the place of residence of each owner am cerned therein, and the intended number of crew, and to sign each statement, and deliver the same to the Secretary or State or collector of the port of entry o' these Confederate Stales, to be by him trmn mltted to the Secretary of 8tate, and I do further notify all applicants aforesaid, before any commlasion or lettor marque ia Issued to any vessel, or the owner or the owners thereof, and the commander for the time being they will be required to give bend to ttee Confederate Males, with ?a least two rcaponsible sureties npt in terested in such veisel, In the penal sum oUa tbcra sand dollars, or if such veasel be p^HKi with* more than one hundred and fifty men, then irnre p?n sum of ten thousand dollars, with Um oondltkm Umt tho owners, officers and crew who shall be employed on board rooh commissioned veSMl shall Observe the laws of these Confederate States, and the Instructions given tbom for the regulation ot their oondoct, that shall satisfy all da aoagea done contrary to Um tenor thereof by such vessel during her commission, and deliver np the same when revoked by the President of the Oonfederatafuttes. And I do further specially enjoin on xll person* holding offices, civil and military, un lsr the authority of the Confederate States, that they be vigtlaat and zealous in the discharge of the duties Incident thereto; 'and I do, moreover, exhort the gxxl people Of these Confederate States, as they love their country as they prize the blessings of free government? as they feel the wrongs of the pasl, an I ihtwe now threatened in an aggravated form by those wlin? enmity Is more implacable, because unprovoked? they exert themselves In preserving ordor, in promoting concord, in maintaining the authority and efficacy of the laws, and In supporting, invigorating all the measures which may be adopted for a common defencc, and by which, under the blessings of Divine Providence, we miy h jpe for a speedy, Just and honorable peace. In witness whereof, I have set my hand and have caused the seal of the Confederate States of America to be at tacbed this Seventeenth day of April, in the year of ou> Lord, %c thousand eight hundred and sixty one. JfTFKRSON ntvri Roikkt T?k *hh, Secretary of State. ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND MEN CALLED FOR. Moxtuomksy, April 17, ISfll . The Cabinet bad a long item ion today. A proclama tion will be Issued to-morrow calling 160,000 mor* troo|? Into the Geld. Tenders have been made for letters of marque on I re prisal. Fifty thousand Tennessee and Kentucky troops were offered this moraine at Montgomery to the War Dcpirt ment. One gentleman of tbis city his taken one hundred and twenty live thousand dollars of tho Confederate loan at par, and paid tho amount in gold. There will be from 75,000 to 100,000 men In tbe Sold in less than thirty (lay*. Tbe government is likely to get large amounts of monuy from Europtftn tblp builders. THE FIVE MILLION LOAN OF THH RE VOLUTIONISTS. Cn?nt wwrw, April 17, ISfll Charleston has taken 12,008.000 *f the loan at pu $1, 200,000 was paid in oaah. Tbe city subscription to tbe confederate loin tb> morning Is $2,008,000. Tbe bock* will be opened ?<r ilo to morrow. ?New Orleans took $2,700,000 at par, and the people are not done subscribing at either place. Mobile took $300,000; ail taken by small bidders. Capi talists boty off till to morrow. The government has been sskei from New Orleans for tbe $16,000,000 loan. Nothing of stirring importance has occurred to day. Nsw OsiJtAN*, April 17, 1801. Subscription books for the Confederals States loan was opened to day, and tbe rush of subaertbers are very great. TEXAS. Oalvmto.i, April 17, 1861. <>n Sunday the Star of tbe West wss still off Indlanola. The Empire City and Mohawk left on Friday ovrmng with troops. Thsir destination Is unknown. THE FLEET OFF CHARLESTON. Captain Crocker, of the steamship R. R. Cayler, from Savannah, arrived yesterday morning, reports that on the 14th lnst., fifteen miles north of Cape Roman, passed a steamtug, painted black, with sldewbeeis, the smoke stack gone, bound south (The Yankee). Rune day, at two P. M , spoke at namshlp Baltic off Charleston bar. Tho captain of tbe Baltic said to him ?"We take Major Ander son and his command to New York. '* Tim Harriet I An* was Inside the bar. They both had steam up. There was also a steamer inside the bar, bark rlggel, probably the babel. Saw Fort Humter; there war* no breaches in lbs walls; tb? outside looked somewhat battered. When some four or ive miles away heard a Mint* find, probe hi f u?i-t Aodeiao* loayiPt Ukf txt IMPORTANT FROM wIstMMTON. lit C?rr?p?Dd*Dce IrttetB Br. *?war<l and tbe CoiMcrtM C?aiwl>? Fb* fl?Ke ?r War rhrtva Mfl kflM IM rouowitg m me oorrespoodence between the tary of State fcuil the 'xmrniSAioncra from thaCoufedorl^ tttlN: MkftsKB. FOSSYTU AKB CKAWt'OltU TO MR. SSWaRD, UrKMNU MKUOTUTJON A>D HTAT1NO THK CASK. Wauhim.tob Cmr, M-trch 12 1861 11- ? W* H. Skw*ko, Secretary of ^Utu of the L'uiteU SuU*?:~ < S:?? rtitr -adersigned have been duly accredited by the gov ei beck- ti Of iitr Confederate State* o' America ats Com nalsaiDpera lotfee frertment of the United States, sad in puraaaoee oi iiteir ixi.mruttiona have now the hoaor to acquaint you with thit fW?t , -.nri to make known, through yon, to the President of tb<* IJr'ed states, the objects of their prearooe ia this capital. Bwd States of tbo late ffiikra.' Hi; ion having, ht the exercue of the tuber ent r jht oi ever? freo people to change or refbrm their politick Ui' 1 tuttoui, and through

conventions of their people, wi?hU(nwn from the United States and reaseumed the a! tributes of sovereign power delegated to it, have ferret'. J a government of their own. The Confederate State* <. on* <ute an independent nation, de facia aad dt Jurt, and p'-* 'ess a government perfect in ail tie parte and endowed * th a J the meant of aclf-aupport. With a view to a epoedy a-'jtiE'mentoT all qu*eti'n? growing out of thia political at-par&uon, upon such terms of amity and good wiii ut the rc jpectivo interests, gov graphical ix>ot>guit> ttu'l future welfare of the two nu thrtm may reader nocc?>..ry , the uudttreigued uro instruct i d to make to the government of the United States over turea for the opening of negotiations, alluring the govern ment of the I'alted States that the President, Oon great, and the people of the Confederate States earn >?tly oeaire a peaceful eolation of these great quen*''"*-. -,hat it ie neither their interest nor their wish o in icw an; oemand which ia not founded in itnctes*. jus :o, nor do any act to injure their late confederate. The undortlgced have now the n> oor, in obedience u> the tnstru dints of their govHrniii<.ut, to request yi?u to appoint kb early a day m pn?s bi? in order ih?t they may preaent to the President or the United states the creden tials which tin y b< ar iui J the objecle of the miiwion with which they are ch^rj/d. We are, very respectfalir, air, your obedtrut *?'rv*: m, JOHS FOK4YTH, MARTIN J. CRAWFORD. THK REFLT OP int. REWARD. DSPAKTMKM OF SlvtTB, 1 Wakhligtok, March 15, 1861. j Mr. John Forsyth, of the state of Alabama, and Mr. Martin J. Crawford, of the State of Georgia, on the 11th ' "Oroo gw u.? wnJ r*neet of a distinguished Senior, submitted to the Eecreury of utato their for an unofficial interview. Thia request wtw ,?>, the 13th ii>tt. , upon exclusively pi.Uic considerations, '?(MafctuQy ju cllrcd. On the 13th inet. , while the Secretary waa preossu?^ji Mr. A. B. Banks, of Virgin'n, sell?d at thia department ana j wait received by the Atiiatart Secretary, to whom ha de liver ed a sealed commtuiica'.hn, which he had been charged by M'Wtra. rorryth and Crawford to preaeot ta> the Secretary in person. In that ootamnnicati'm Messrs Fortyth and Crawford inform the -fccrctary of State thai they ha?e oeen duly accredited bp the government of the Confederate dtates of America La Oommleaionera to the goversmeat or the l otted Ktauft, and they let forth the objects of the r attendance M Washington. Thoy observe that awven States el ilAmtrlmn Union, in the exerciae of a right Infctfsnt m wrery free people, have withdrawn, through cm-.-ion.^thMrp^!. , from the United States, re aaawmod thiaattribnteg of aovereign power, aad formed a govenunes of their own, and that thuac Coafederate SitiMfteapnttitute an Independent nation de f<u.u j and ' d* jmtt, aa^teteaa a government pcrfect in ail !ta parts and fifty etdlowed wMh all the meant of self-support. Mtears. ftortyth and Oawford, in their aforetaid oommneloatloB, thereupon proceed to inform the Sec re tary that, with a view to a speedy adjottmeat o all queati'. na growing out of the political sepa ratio* thus aaaumed, upon auch terma of amity anl good will at the reapectiva intereata, geographical con tiguity and the future welfare of the rappoeed two na tiona might render neceasary, they are instructed to make to the government cf the United States overturea for the opening of negotiation!, enuring this government that the Preaident, Congreta and people of the Confole rate States earnestly deaire a peaceful aolution of theae great questions, and that it ia neither their interest nar their wish to make any demand which ia not founded in strictest justice, nor to do any act to injure their late confederates. After making theeo statements, Messrs Fortyth and Crawford oloee their communication, aa they say, in obedience to the instructions of their government, by requttting the Secretary of State to appoint aa early a day aa possible, in order that tney may present to the Preaident of the United States the credential which they bear and tbo objects of the miasion with which they are charged. The Secretary of State frankly confeaaee that he under staads the events which have rocently occurred, and the condition of political aflalrt which actually exists in the I*rt of the Union to which hia attention haa tbua been directed, very differently from the aspect in which they art- presented by Metart. Fortyth and Crawford. He teee in them, not a rightful and aecompltahed revolution and an lm!? pendent nation, with an eatabllshed government, but raiber a perversion of a temporary anil partisan excite, mi nt to the inoonaiderate purposes of an unjustifiable and unconstitutional aggression upon the rights and the authority vested in the federal government, and hitherto benignly exercised, as from their very nature they always must be so cxercised, for the maintenance of the Union, the preservation of liberty, and the security, peace, wel fare, happinean and aggrandisement of the American people. The Secretary of Btate, therefore, avows to Metsrt. Forsyth and Crawford that he looks patiently but ronfldently for the cure or evila which have M-tnil ted from proceedings so unnecessary, to unwise, to ucurualsndao unnatural, not to Irregular negotiatioot, having in view new and untried relations with agencies or known to and soting in derogation of the coosUtulion ? nd laws, but to regular and considerate action of the people of thone States, In oo-operation with their brethren in the other States, through the Congress of the United Statu, and tuch extraordinary oonventiont, If there thai) be need thereof, aa the federal constitution oou tem plate! and authorixea to be aasembled. It it, however, the purpose of the Secretary of State on this occasion not to Invite or engage in any dlscuation of these tubjtctt, but limply to tet forth hts reasons for declining to oomply with the request of Mittrs. Fortyth and Crawford. On the 4th of March Inat., the then newly elected Prnelilent of the United States, in view of all the facta bearing on the preaent question, assumou tha executive administration of the government, tint de livering, in aoeordance with an early and honored cus tom, an inaugural addrcea to the people of the United gtatea. The Secretary of State reepeotfully submits a copy of thli address to Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford. A simple reference to It will be enflloient to satisfy those gentlemen that the Secretary of State, 1 by the principles therein announced, la prevented altogether from admitting or assuming that the Statea referred to by them have, In law or in fact, withdrawn from the federal t'nlon, or that they oou'd do wo In the manner described by Meters. Fortyth and Crawford, or in any other manner than with the conaent and concert of the people of the United States, to be given through a na tional convention, to be assembled in conformity with the provisions of the conitltution of the United Statee. Of courte the Secretary of State cannot act ipon the assump tion or in any way admit that the totalled Confederate Statea conatitute a foreign Power, with whom diphmattc relatione ought to be eetabiiahed. Under theee circumetancee the Secretary of State, whoae official duties are confined, subject to the direction of the I "resident, to the conducting of the foreign rela tione of the country, and do not at all embrace domestic questions or questions arising between the eeveral States and the federal government, la unable to j oomply with the request of Meters. Fortyth a &d flatted, to wp.iLt ft daj ?| they way u>? evtdancea of their au'-hority *?d th*- etjects *f their vl?H in the President of (be United Mates on tiia o< nlrary he is rbl geJ to state U) Messrs. F?>n-jth trri Crawford that be h*s no authority nor is ho ut liberty in rrcofeire them as diplomatic aaeuts, or In. Id w rre?i?'c(!ecce or other oomm<uicttmn with them Finally, (be (feretory of 8t*te would obeerve iti!, although ha h.u suppoe d tbit bo might ?aoly an) with propriety have adopted these c< biiuthn* without making auy reference of tho tukjret ta thi IWntlf*, y el so strong has been ht? de sir* to pr?etlfe entire <Jir?c!ce?e r?Ld to act Id a spirit of perfect resject acd candor towards Hesers. Korsytb anl Crawford, and that portion of the people of tha Union in ?Iuh uaice tl>ey present tnnEBelves before htm, that lie ha* etuerfully submitted thia paper to the Prcai dtl.t,Mrbo ooinrldtfi ceiierally in the views It expresses, ?i.d sacctiuuH the S-qretary 's decision declining oitlcial intrrconne w th Mcms Forsyth acd CrawforJ. Aran. 8, 1861. Tho foregolrg atm'rardi.m wua died in this De on the Ibtli or March last. A delivery of the tame, bouevor, to Messrs. Forsyth and Crawford w lk d? la} e f , i .? wus understood with their content They have cow, through their secretary, communicated their dtrtre for a definitive deposition of the subject. Th Peeietary of State therefore directs that a duly verllied copy of the pap*r be now delivered. A true copy of the original, delivered to me by Mr. F. W. Stwaid, A is taut Secretary of 8tate of the United States, on Aprd 8, 1KC1, at 2:16 P. M., In blank envelope. Atust, j. t. picKJcrr, Secretary to the Commissioners. TU* COJOtlEHlONEBH IN BEPLY TO MH. 8KWABD, ACCIHIM) 1UK (JOVEHNitENT OK DBOKPTIOH, AND ACCKFT1KU A BOLDTIOH B* TH* 8WOHD. Washihgton, April 9, 1M1. Kaii. fit. H. "kwaud, Secretary of State or the United States. Washington ? The "memorandum" dated Department of State, Waah iLgton, March 16, 1661, with postscript under data of 8th lortant, has been received through the hand! of Mr. J. T. Hickrtt, secretary to thia commisaloo, who, by the In structions of the undersigned, called for it on yesterday at the oepartmsnt. In that memorandum you correctly atate the purport of the official Doto addrossod to you by the undersigned on the 12;h ultimo. Without repeating the oontontsof that note in full, it is enough to say here that its object was to Invite the government of the United states to a friendly consideration of the rela noLS between tho United StAtes and the seven State* lately cf tho federal Union, but nfiw separate<l flrom it by the sovereign will of their peopto, growing out or tlie pregnant and undeniable ract that thoee people have rejected the authority of the United State. and eaUbliahod a government or their own. Thoee relations had to bo frendly or hoatUe. ine people of the old and new go vcrnraents, occupying contiguous territories, had to stand in each other !n the relation of good neighbors, each seek ing their happiness and pursuing their national destinies In their own way, without interference with the other, ur ibty bad to t-o rival ard hostile nations. The govern ment ol the Confederate States had no hesitation in oloct iag iU choice in tb.s alternative. Frankly and unre servedly , seeking the good of the people who had en trusted them with power, in tho spirit of humanity , of the Christian civilization of the ago, and of that American Am whtoh regards the true welfare and napplnes. of the t?">ple , the government of the Confederate States, among tts fir acts , oommswlonsd the undersigned to approach the goveranMDt of tho United States with the ellva branch or peaoe, and *> offer to adjust the great questions pending between than the only way to bo justified by the con sciences and cfimn on sense of good men who had nothing but the welfare of tL^^^^of the two oenfoderaetes at heart. Your government s'Rned in tl>e conciliatory they are commissioned. tal theories of eo??Uueiion always rqj' Oted by the states he red to by those or the admin have produced their natural and oft the destruction of tho whfl continued to lluff happily and gloriously < nsrltof the anoestry who framed tho tion animated the hearts of all their sons, yJ a l ersntsnce nnUoght and uncured by tho rol been wrought, refuse to recognise the great' sented to you of a completed and successful re you close your eyes to the existonoe of the go? rnent founded upon It, end ignore the high ties or moderation and humanity which attach to you In* dealing with this great Tact. Had you met these Issues with the rrankness and manliness with whish the under signed were instructed to present them to you and treat them, the undersigned had not now the melancholy duty to return home and tell their government and their coun tr> men thiit their earnest and ceaseless efforts in bohair or peace had been futile, and that the government of the United Stance meant to subjugate them by force or arms. Whatever may be the result, Impartial bis tory will r coord the Inoosenco of the government of the Confederate States, and place the retpon Mbllkty ?f the blood and mourning that may ensue upon thoee who have denied the great fundamental doa trine of American liberty, that ?governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed," and who have set naval and land armaments in motion to subject the people of one portion of this land to the will of another portion. That that can never be dono while a freeman survives IB the Confederate 8tates to wield a weapon, the undersigned appeal to put history to prove. These military demons! rations against the people of the eeoeded States are certainly far from being In keeping and consistency with tho theory of the Secretary or State, maintained lu his memorandum, that these States aro still component parts of the late American Unto., as the undersigned are not aware of any constitutional powar In the President or tho United Rates to levy war, without the consent or Congress, upon a foreign people, much lers upon any portion or the people or tho United States The undersigned , like the Secretary or State, have no purpose to "Invite or engage In discussion" of the ouhjcct on which their two governments ara so IrreconclUbiy a', variance. It Is this variance that has broken up the old Union, the disintegration of which has only begun. It is proper, however, to advise you that it were well to dla miss the hopeo jou seem to enterUln that, by any of the modes Indicated, the people of the Confederate Stales will ever be brought to submit to the authority or "the government of the t nlted flutes You are dealing with delusiors, too, when you seek to separate our people from our government and to cha-actcrlie tho deliberate, sovereign Bet of ttat p*pt? ??* "pwTWB'nn of a tempo rary and partisan excitement '' If you cherish those dreams yon will be twskened from them and find thorn as unreal and unsubstan tal as others in wbich you have recently Indu'ged. The undersigned would omit the per formanee of an obvious duty wore they to fall to ir.ike known to the government or tho United States that the people or the Oonrederate ttatrs havo declared their 'u ilependcnco With a full knowledge of all the responsibility of that sot, and with as arm a determination to maintain It by all the means with which nature has endowed them as tbst which susUined their fathers when they threw oC the authority of the British crown. The undersigned clearly understand tfc* you have de dined to appoint a day to enable them to lay the objects of the miss I' D with which they are charged i>erore the President of the United States, because so to do ?ould b< to rsoogpiae tho independence and separate n^ onsll y of tho Confederate State.. This Is the vsln of thought that pervades the memorandum beforo os Tha trttt ? history requires that it should distinctly appear upon tho record that tho undersigned did not ask the government or the United States to recognise the independence of the Confederate State.. They only asked audio** to adjust, ln a spirit M amity and pea*, the new reHtions springing rrcm a maaifsat and accomplished revolution in the gov eminent of the late federal Union. Your refusal to enter t,in these overture, forapoaooful solution, tho active naval aid military preparation of this government, ami a formal notice to the commanding general of the Coofede rate force. In the harbor of Charleston th* the President intends to provision Fort Sumter by forcible means, If ne cessary, are vlowod by tho undersigned , and can only be received by tho world, a. a declaration of war against the Confederate EUt?i; for the President of the United ????? knows that Fort Sumter cannot bo provisioned the effusion of blood. The undersigned , tn behalf or government and people, acoept tho ga?e of * . MM *>.. t. ?MM* 4 TW IM t-*? people of the CenfeJerate States will defend tbelr iiber. ties to the last against ibis flagrant acd opeo n'.tempt at their subjugation to sectional pow?r. Thle cemmnnication cwnot he pr?j?er>y rlo?M w -bout adverting to the dele of your nu'rn oran<inm. The officii) note of the nnderslgred, of the 12fh Harch, wee 1eVT?rad to tbe isf istsnt Secretary of State on the lSlh of urn m< n'h, the gentleman who delivered It Informing him that the Secretary of this CoKmteoion would oil at twelve o'clock, coon, on tbe next day , for an answer. At the appointed hour Mr. Picket did cell, and w as Informed by tho Atslsiett Secretary of SUto thm the engagements of tbe Secretary of State had predated him from giving i he net* bin attention. The Axsletont Secretary of State then urked ror the address of Mcaara. Crawford aaJ For e> tli, tie members of tho Commission then preeebi ia this city, lock note of the address on a ctrd, and to gafctd to send whatever reply might be made to their lodg'ngs . Why thla was not done It is proper fhouli be here explained. The memorandum in dated Marat* 16, and wax not delivered until April 8. W&7 via it withheld dnrlng tho Intervening twentythree day*'' la the postscript to your memorandum you gay it "?u de layed, as wae understood, with their (Ueaera foray tb and Crawford's) consent." This is true; hot It ii Also trno that oe the 16th of Marcfa Messrs. Forsyth and Ciawtord were assured by a person occupying a high cfl.clal pot It ion In the got ernment, and who, as they believed, was speaking by authority, ttiat Kort"um ter would be evacuated within a very few days, and that no measure changing the existing itafta prejudicially to the Confederate StaUs, as respects Fort 1'lckens, was then contemplated, and these assurances were subsequently repealed, with the addition that any contemplated change ns respects Pickens would be notified to ua. On tbe 1st of April we were again informed that there might be ua attempt to supply Fort Sumter with provisions, bit that Governor Pickens should have previous notice of this at tempt. There was no suggestion of any reinforcement. The undersigned did not hesitate to believe that these as surances expressed the Intentions of the administration at the time , or at all events of prominent members of that administration. This delay was assented to for the ex press pnrpose of attaining the great end of tbe mission of tbe undersigned, to wit ? A pacific solution of existing complications. The Inference dedncible from the date of your memorandum, that the undersigned had, of their own volition and without cause, consented to this long hiatus in the grave duties with which they were charged, Is therefore not consistent with a just ex position of the facts of the case The intervening twenty three days were employed in active unofficial effbrts, the object of which was to smooth the path to a pacific so lution, tbe distinguished personage alluded to c Mine ral log with the undersigned, and every step of tbv eff>rt is recorded in writing, and now In poe?>eK?ijn of U-? un dersigned and of their government. It was only when all these anxious efforts for peace had been exlia.sted, and It became clcar that Mr. Lincoln had determine! to api?al to the sword to reduce the people of the Confede rate States to the will of the section or party whoee Pre sident lie Is, tbat the undersigned resumed tbe official negotiation temporarily suspended, and sent their Secre tary for a reply to theli official note of March 12. It Is proper to add that, during these twenty-three days, two gentlemen of official distinction as hlgb as Mint of the porbonage hitherto alluded to aided the under signed as intermediaries In theee unofficial negotiations for pcaco. Tl>e undersigned, Commissioners of the Confederate Stales of America, having thus made answer to all they deem material Ui the memorandum filed In tbe Depart ment cn tbe 16th of March lost, have the honor to be, JOHN VOBSYTQ, MARTIN J. CRAWFORD, A. B. ROMAN. A tone copy of tbe original by one delivered to Mr. F of tbe United A meeting of th terday morning a ante with tbe follow ill The several commitd fi lmed for the purpose i slon to the Minthnent so citizens of New York i ii*? the authority of tbe i country, aie Invited to meet i of Commerce, on the corner of on Wednesday, at e'even o clock uowy arrangements for a general i of rur government, lrre?i>ect!re of forme-, n Ions or organizations. At the hoer before named a very large prominent men, Including the Hon. John A. Flib, Messrs. R. Phelpe, U. Ketchum, R. B. Mlnturn, 97 Baldwin, T. B. StUlman, P. Cooper, 8. Draper, G. Opdyke, P. I'erlt, Evarta, Cblttenden, Partridge, W. F. Dodge, E. Minturn, J. S. T. Htranahan, Professor t.ranl, R. H. McCurdy, C. H. Marshall, W. H. Nelleon, Blunt, W. Smith, R Brown, A. V. Stout, K. A. Lambert, D Doer, L. B. Cannon, 8 R R?iggVs,C. R Roberts, 8. B Hunt, J. H. (lourlle, W. C. Noyes, H. Maxwell, R T. Hawee, W. V. Brady, J. Gallatin, J. H. Titus, D. F. Maurice, J. D. Jones, J. Hoxle, 8. Knepp, J. A. Stevens, B. F. Maaierre, N. Francis, W. A. Butler, T. G. Glaubeusklee, Fisher, M. Taylor, E. Walter, F. K. Winston, aad several m<-m'>er* et the Stock Fxcbsnge, Chamber of Commerce and other or. ganiration*, were prtfent. At hair pan elovea the chair ?u taken by Oaptajl Mail bill, who etatcd tbat the object of the meeting was to orgADiz* a maaa meeting to express a devotion to tLe government and the c. nstitution. He tald tbat a preliminary meeting bad been beld the previoua day, oil wbicb occasion Friday evening had been earned aa the time for holding the Mid nun meeting- TLe resolution* for the occaaioo had been left In the hands of a committee, and aa be was not aware whether th*y were prepared to reply, be wooJd request the meeting to proceed with other buainess. A call for the maaa meeting had been prepared, lie would remark, however, before the meeting commenoed , that there were other arscctsttcns for the name purpcee, a n pr< icntatlve of one being preaent, and he would pro- * pose thai they all unite to produce one unanimous meet - ing, iLRtcad of two or more. The lubject waa then be fore them, and be would call upon the Secretary to read the resolutions convening tUe meeting. Mr. 8. I*. 11 cut, the Secretary, then reid the resold Hot a. Mr. Ooi m m, of the New York Stock Kxchange Board, read the following r?soljtiou of tbat body, atating that the document expressive in Itself ? rejuire no fuither rrmorki from himself in support of it. Resolved, That we, tfco member* of the New York Stock Exchange, iK.TeaM with ? deep sense sf the duty whk h ahould animate every heart of a ua lain ing the go vernment or the DdIM ?aUe in a.ipp.?rt of the nooatito tlon ami taws, deal re, In tbl* perod of public. ?-vgency u> give encouragement to the government by pledging our ? Sdellty to the tTnion and our resolute determination Id stand by it under all clrcnmitinc*. tlc*olv< d. That a committee of Ure te appointed to re present the New York Stock Fx.hange at a meet ng of Committee* representing the oltl/.eu? cf New York, lo be held thte day at .be Chamber of Commerce Mr. P. r?UT moved that the members of the 0> nm'tt ~e of the Stock Exchange be received a* members of ti>4 committee. Unanimously adopted. It was then moved that the resolution of the Nee York Stock K* change Hoard be received and uled for rsf iretce. Adopted, Mr. CSA*m Partsttxis stated that there ware several \jt* iwMita?