Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1861 Page 6
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JVEW YORK HERALD. JABfKS GORDON BBNNBTT, EDITOR aKD PROPRIETOR. orrici N. W. CORNER bp FULTON AJJD K ASH 41* UTS. fBAJfS rt??A til (vlrunoe. Jf.m?y mnJt hy mail u>iU he at ths ilk of the gender. None but Bank bid* current 4n N?* Form akm, "m TIIK DA II r nr.RA Lit. two mt? per enpy, $7 per annum THK W r.r.Kt.r tin; A II i, every .Sal, ir.tay, at nx crnU per wpw, or $3 ;??> u?k ton, rtc Ulilvm ???'* uT. .'1 at njr ernle per "ft. $4 per annum to any i?ft m Grml H< it<n *, or M IS M /*"<?* '"rf* MwU ifttl.igr; lh? f Wjl?, ?m ill' l?i, I lf/l <?M.I 1M <? M. A ?b>lUA, ol tut cenfetm "tpy, or $> 76 1?>' <?????? THE TAMILY HHRALD,on We>lne*J>iy, at /our M>htaJMr iptw. w tf iwr o rtKWH vOLVNTARY tyiKRESI'ftNDKNCR, containing important IWUU, pM fkw <?"? qwtrirr or thr \cvrltl . ?/" uaotf, ipi/f (* liberally paid far. *jf Ouk Fokkion CoaHrsronnicNT* auk PARTICULARLY RvODKSTKU TO REAL ALL LbTTERH AMD PACE AC** S?K1 OH. _ , JVO NOTICE til.en of annnymout enrrrtpondcnre. We do not r?tum reierted enmmumratiori. JOH 1' hi. \ rise rjecutrtl tcith n eatneu, elteapneMt and <ie tpatrh. Volume XXVI Ho. 108 A.MCU)fB NTS THIS KVEKIXa. iCADlin or MTTBIO, Fourteenth ?lreet.? BousElan Gibe?' Tiaut Ropm Kutt. KIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway ?Met imoba.. W INTER GARDEN. Broadway, opposite Bond street.? Haelxt. WALLACE'S TIEATKB, Broadway.? Uenriette? A Bkgular Fix. LAURA K BENE' 8 THEATRE, No. 821 Broadway. Beven Sisters Rbiqavd? MTJSBrr*, B^dway.-D.. Sea Lion and Otiiei, Cur ISISiST H ?A,a*r-???s. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall, 472 Broad way.? Borlesqoks, Bona*. Dances, Ac.? Down in Old K-y-e*. NIBLO'S SALOON, Broadway.? Llotu's Minstrels in Burlesques, Bonos, Dances, Ac ? Billt Pattkiuon. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 630 Broadway.? Bonus, Dances, Buulesuusi, Ao. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, MS Broadway ? Ho.xos, Dances, Burlesques. Ao. TKIPLE SHEET. Hew York, Friday, April 19, lHftl. OUR EVENING EDITIONS. While Important news Is dally reaching us from all parts of the country, we shall issue. In addition to our regular edition, one at half past four o'clock. The N?W?> The secession of Virginia from the Union, the re fusal of her Governor to comply with the requiai lion for troops, the reported seizure of Harper's . Ferry and the Gosport Navy Yard by the bccos- ' Bionists, together with rumors that Governor Wise, at the head of the rebel*, was marching on the capital, created intense excitement, not only in Washington, but throughout the country, yesterday. The excitement was greatly augmented by the report that a deter mined resistance would be made at Baltimore to the passage of troops through that city. Later accounts confirmed the statement as to the seces sion of Virginia. The ordinance passed the Conven tion, but seven votes being cast against it. Those faithful friends of the Union were compelled, it is Baid, to flee for their lives from Richmond. The ru mor of the seizure of Harper's F erry is contradicted. A despatch from Baltimore States that all was quiet there at five o'clock yesterday afternoon, and the government at a later hour had received no intelligence of its capture. The Gosport Navy Yard is still in possession of the government forces, and Com. Paulding reports that it is likely to remain so. The federal capital is now in a position to repel any attack that the revolutionists may make. Nearly all the ablo bodied residents and strangers there are under arms. Though an attack is expected, there are no fears as to the result. With regard to Baltimore, it is only necessary to state that the troops from Harrisbnrg and Massachusetts passed through that city yesterday without molestation, and that a party of rebels, who hoisted a secession flag and attempted to fire a salute, were set upon by a number of indignant mechanics, who spiked the gun and tore the flag to tatters. The gallant Seventh regiment will leave this city this afternoon at three o'cloc k for Washing ton. The Twelfth regiment has been accepted by the government, and will leave for the same des tination without delay. The volunteer movement is progressing with great spirit, and we have to record to-day many extensile additions to the organizations already mentioned, while several new ones were instituted yesterday. The Fire Department have nobly re sponded to the call for their services, and the plan for their organization into a Zouave corps has been most thoroughly effected. A detailed re port of the military movement iu the city appears in the appropriate columns. The Bteemer Baltic and revenue cutter Harriet Lane arrived at this port yesterday, bringing Major Anderson and the garrison of Fort Sumter. A full account of their reception is given in our colnmna this morning. Hoat of the troops from the Baltic were sent back to Governor's and Bedloe's islands yesterday, while the soldiers from Fort Sumter still remain on board the vessel. It is probable that they will be sent to Fort Hamilton to-day. The passage of the Massachusetts troops through this city yesterday was marked with almost un paralleled exciteracnt and enthusiasm. Wo must refer our readers to our other column* for par ticulars. There wa- a good deal of conversation yester day in commercial circles regarding an order said to have Ween received by the Collector of this port tu grant no more clearances for Southern ports i The Board of Conncilmen met last evening, and adopted a series of resolutions supporting the federal government in putting down the civil war; tendering the Governor's Room to Major Ander Bon, and requesting him to sit for his portrait; giv ing permission to the clerks to leave their po?ts to join the volunteers, and expressing the wiah to do all they can to support the families of the volun teers during their absence. At a special meeting of the Board of Super visors, held yesterday, a resolution was unani mously adopted granting leave of absence to their chief clerk, Mr. Joseph B. Young, who is an officer Of the Seventh regiment. Mr. Young, who has Nerved the Board faithfully for some time, was de sirous of joining hia regiment and going to Wash ington with them; hence the permission. The steamship Kedar, from Liverpool on the morning of the 7th inst., arrived at Halifax yester day forenoon, bringing one day s later European advices. The news Is extremely warlike. The London Olobt says that Europe has never occn more agi tated since 1847. A despatch from Paris elates that all the French marshals had been summoned to attend an extraordinary council of war at 1'aria on the 8th of April. It is reported that France had offered to *ip> port the cession of Venetia to Italy. The London Stan/lard of the 4th inst. says: - "We learn, although no authority is vouchsafed, that the customs authorities at Havre had notified that ships from the seceded Mates would be re ceived on the same footing as those sailing under the 'BUrs and Stripes.' " The commercial Intelligence is not important. The I-iverpool cotton market closed on the 6th hist, at an advance of one-eighth of a penny on previous quotations. Pales for the day 20,000 Ww Wf Mw iftici a slight advance la Uia Havre- market. Breadstuff* and provisions quiet* American securities firmer. The steamship Bavaria, Captain Meier, from Southampton on the 4th inst., arrived at this port yeoterday afternoon. She brings 115,000 In specie. Her advices are anticipated. By the arrival of the steamship Tennessee at New Orleans on the 12th inst., we have advices from the republic of Mexico to the 9th. The deaths of Lerdo de Tejada at Tacubaya? and Gov. /.am ora, of Vera Cruz, at jhat city, are confirmed. They are a severe loss to the liberal party. Mr. Weller, United StateB Minister, had resigned. No Minister will be sent to Washington for the pre sent. The death of Senor Lerdo renders the re election of Juarez to the Presidency very pro bable. The frieuds of the government are san guine of its stability, though it is extremely cramp ed for want of money. Executions of highway robbers are of daily occurence, and the road from Vera Cruz to the capital is reported safe. Capt. Aldham is still in a dangerous condition from the effect of his wound. A conduct* of $3,000,000 had arrived at Vera Cruz, nearly all of which was shipped to England. In the Court of General Sessions yesterday, An drew J. Hackley was committed to the county jail for thirty days by Recorder Hoffman, he having refused to answer this question:? "What did you do with the $40,000 given to you by Edward Hope in relation to the street cleaning contract?" "I decline to answer," said Hackley, "because it might furnish a link in a chain of evidence against me that might convict me of a criminal offence." The number of inmates in the public institutions of the city at present is 8.J90 ? a decrease of 27G for the past week. The number admitted was 2,062, and those discharged were 2,338. The Board of Aldermen did not meet last even ing. There is a special call for a meeting at five o'clock to-day. The case of Dillaye against Hart, for assault and battery, was heard in the Supreme Court yester day, before Judge Welles, and the jury were di rected to bring in a sealed verdict this morning. A prize tight between two New York pugilists, for one hundred dollars a side, was to have come off at New Brighton, Staten Island, yesterday morning; but the inhabitants of that rural village, becoming alarmed at the unusual number of roughs congregated in and about the plaoe tho previous evening, telegraphed to New York for a force of policemen, who arrived just as the princi pals were stepping into the ring, dispersed the crowd and put a stop to the intended fight. The cotton market was more active yesterday, while prices were firm. The transactions embraced about 3,640 bales, closing stiff on the basis of IVic. a 12,'ic. for mid dling uplands. Flour was heavy and less active, while prices were without change of moment. Wheat was heavy and lower, while sales were made to a fair extent, In part for export. Corn was ir regular, and rathtr lower for some descriptions, while sales were fair, at prices given in anclher column. There was a speculative movement in pork, on account of the war, and the article advance! about 50c. per bbl. for mess. The sales weife active, and embraced about 3,200 bb!s. , at $18 a $18 50 for mess, and at $13 26 a $13 60 for prime. There was also a speculative move ment in rice, with sales of 2,600 easks on private terms. Whiskey, from the same cause, has advanced to 19Xc. a 2Cc. per gallon. Sugars were steady, with sales of 1.5C0 hhds. Coffee was quiet. Freights were steady, with moderate engagements. Stirring and Decisive 'News? Virginia Se ceded?Washington and the Line ?f the Potomac to be the Battle Field. Virginia has seceded. She has taken this I dreadful leap in the dark, and terrible to her, we fear, will be the consequences. A revolu tionary army, under Governor Wise, is sup posed to be moving upon Washington; the federal forts and other property in North Caro lina, it is reported, have been seized in the name of the State; and from those and other Southern reports it is morally certain that Vir ginia will very soon be followed by North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Arkansas. The number of States thus arrayed on the side of the Southern confederacy will be twelve, with a population exceeding ten millions. Delaware stands unquestioned in her loyalty, Maryland is apparently immoveable, and Missouri, we dare say, from her peculiar posi tion and from her preponderating Northern and European settlers, will hold fast to the cause of the North. Thus the flag of the United States and the North will have a popu lation exceeding twenty millions to uphold it; while the defensive cause of the seceded States, with about half this aggregate popula tion, will be encumbered with that fearful item in a sectional war of over three millions of African slaves. A brilliant spontaneous mani festation of the Union loyalty of Maryland occurred at Baltimore yesterday. A body trt secessionists on Federal Hill tried the experi ment of hoisting the secession flag and firing a secession salute; but with the first discharge or two of their cannon, the Union operatives from the neighboring foundries and workshops turned out and quickly dispersed the revolutionists. From this significant incident, and from the Union serenade to Governor Ilicks and bis Union speech the other evening, we confidently believe that Baltimore and Maryland will stand the tug of war for the Union. This gratifying attitude of Maryland keeps open several railway lines of communication with the North, to say nothing of the military advantages of the water line of Chesapeake Bay. Hence, if the Southern invading army are not in Washington before to-morrow morn ing, the probabilities are that they wiil not very soon attempt its occupation. The Massa I ohusetts regiment, the New York Seventh regi ment. and the troops pouring in from Pennsyl vania, will, by to- morrow morning, we dare say, give General Scott an available defensive force for the federal capital of at least ten thousand effective men. Governor Wise and Major Ben McCulloch will hardly venture upon the ex pulsion of this defensive army under General Scott unless they can bring a force of twenty thousand of their raw recruits to the conflict. The name of Scott ia in itself a tower of strength, of discipline and con fidence, to the troops tinder his command, and his is a name, too, which will be respected by his enemies. It appears, however, to be the settled pur pose of the Southern revolutionists to expel the administration of Abraham Lincoln from its seat of authority. The Secretary of War at Montgomery, in a speech there on the receipt of the news of the evacuation of Fort Sumter, exultingly predicted that the Confederate State* would be in occupation of the city of Washington by the 1st of May. This would seem to indicate an extensive organization for this object. At all events, no m%n can longer entertain any doubts of the sagacity which marked the precautions of General Scott in re ference to Mr. Lincoln's inauguration When our vigilant old General-in-Chief first sounded the alarm last December, the Nkw York HlRAi.n came promptly to his assistance, as will be seei> from various extracts which we 1 reproduce this morning on the subject from , our columns. For example, on the 1st and 3d i of January we suggested the concentration at Wwfcirtfon of fixtj thousand ^nen; again, ' on the 15th, we appealed to the administration that, "of all things, in order to avoid a civil war of endless calamities, It is mo3t import int , to provide against any treasonable or revolu- j tionary movements npon Washington designed to overthrow the established government there." We now hope tbat our suggestions of January ^n regard to our federal capital will be fulfilled te the full extent of sixty thousand men, so disposed a# within a few hours to be within reach of the city. They may be needed there before the 1st of May, and, if not needed for the defence of Washington, they will be useful in guarding the line of the Potomac and the outlet of Chesapeake Bay, as the movements of the enemy may require. That the war will now be carried into Africa there is very little doubt; and thus, in the fatal step which Vir ginia has taken, she may not only suffer the disruption of her own territory by the Union elements 6t the Pan Handle and the West, but she may suffer, within a year, to the extent of one hundred millions of dollars in the losses of her slave property, to say nothing of the horri ble contingencies of a possible servile insur rection. Meantime, as all hope of the representation of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Ken tucky and Arkansas in our new Cougress may now be abandoned, would it not be well for President Lincoln to assume the responsibility of summoning Congress together without de lay? The Senate is ready, and a quorum is elected of the new IiouBe. Maryland, we believe, is the only State likely to be represented at this extra session which has not elected its members, and she could within a week supply this deficiency. To give sys tem, efficiency, prestige and funds for the pur poses of our government in the conduct of this war. the presence of Congress is needed at Washington. The resources are at the com mand of the government for a short war and an early peace; and half a million of men put in motion from the North may prove the cheapest, shortest and most effective argument in behalf of peace. Let us have no more cbPd's play. The great North is ready, and New York city and its suburbs alone, if re quired, can furnish fifty thousand men and fifty millions of money for the purposes of a de cisive war and an early peace. The Federal Union, and the Integrity of j tit* Republic* There exists no principle, so potent to unite the sympathies, and concentrate the energies, of a civilized people, as that or national unity. It is founded in instincts which lie deep down in the human heart, and form a part of its un taught, natural logic. It appeals, equally, to individual magnanimity, and to the most sordid selfishness. Patriotism, reverence for the past, respect for established authority, and benefi cent institutions, as weH as the law of self preservation, are all motives for maintaining it. To impair it, appears a sacrilege from which the sensitive mind shudders, and the odiousnews of the word treason, attaches to those who would rend the parts of the homo I geneous whole asunder. To It, exclusively, is to be attributed the spontaneous outburst of enthusiasm, within the past week, in favor of a vigorous and efficient policy, to re-establish the Union upon its pristine basin, by retaking those properties of which b-v-^een ?Un possessed. The government of the Confede rate States has taken up arms, and commenced hostilities, in order to destroy the integrity of the republic. It cannot succeed, because its aspiration to do so is unnatural and atrocious, and enn find no response in the intellect or conscience of the masses of citizens, even in the seceded States. The authori ties at Washington, have, on the contrary, found no difficulty in exciting the public mind to fever neat, and the programme it has inaugu rated is approved, because it is founded upon that imperishable love of country, which will not permit the relinquishment of any of its parts, but prefers any sacrifice to its disintegra tion. Fast history should warn every thinking mind, that revolutionists, or parties, in a nation, which aim at its disseverment, are almost invariably destroyed, while popular sympathy clings spontaneously to those who fight for its autonomy, and crowns them, at last, as victors. The aunalij of the ltoman republic, ahow that even liberty was more readily given up than unity, and that autocratic authority wm yielded to dictators, to prevent the latter from being violated. Under the Ca-sars, before Roman dominion was cut to pieces by the swords of barbarians, every Kmperor perished, who en deavored to sustain a partial sway, against a rival, aiming at universal rule. The annals of England, from the Wars of the Hoses, to the ac cession of William III., are a perpetual illus tration of the same theory; and a recent French writer, has justly remarked, of his own people, that their history has been a perpetual strife for consolidation against division, and that the latter has been continually defeated. The sym pathy that is so universally felt for Italy, grows out of the conviction of its right to be one great, homogeneous power, and an abhorrence of the partitions which separate those who are of a kindred race; and the ray of light which begins, after twenty-five years of civil war, to gleam, dimly, from Mexico, proceeds from the defeat of the internal violators of the territorial integ '"rity of that republic. Time will prove in this country, also, that the cause of the national Union, is sacredly cherished by the multitudes, in all the States, and that, on this account alone, it is sure eventually to prevail. The bombardment of Fort Sumter swept away all past Issues, in the Northern States, and, with them, all party lines and platforms. Tbey are as obsolete as the period beyond the flood. With the opening of the batteries of Ueneral Beauregard upon the forces of the United States, a volume in the history of the country closed, and a new one has since been opened. Its table of contents, as compiled at some future day, may contain a register of the sacrifices, the heroic deeds, the sublime devo tion, the unprecedented bravery of the Ameri can people for its preservation; it may, also, record miseries, carnage, desolation, a fright ful national debt, and times of the deepest discouragement; but it will infallibly close with the declaration, that the Union emerged out c4 nil these trials, in its full Integrity and splendor, without the loss of a single star from its flag North. West, and Fast, the people are resolved. Men and money will be at the dis posal of the government, beyond what they may require. Three hundred millions of dol lars and three hundred thousand men could be fnrnished, If requisite, within a year; al though. if proper vigor is displayed by the a'lttieifftrntion, the object* of the WW U?t kM ? / begun, may be accomplished long before the close of that time. What Lb done, should be done quickly, and when the end it attained of saving the Union, it will be discovered that the latent, suppressed feeling in the Southern States, has been as adverse to the destruction of the Union, as it has been here. Vh* Art lb? DUsaloalfU! Some of our neighbors, with whom we have been so unfortunate as to disagree politically, have been very busy during the pa^t live or six days in endeavoring to prove that the Hkrai.d

and several other anti-republican papers have ranged themselves on the side of disunion, and endeavored to break up the confederacy. So far as this journal is concerned, the statements above referred to have no foundation in fact On the contrary, the real disunionists are to be found on the other side of the house. At about the time of the secession of South Carolina ? the beginning of the movement ? the Tribunt printed several articles calculated to encour age the diBunionists. The Spruce street phi losophers did not hesitate to declare that if South Carolina or any other of the cotton States desired to go out of the Union, there should be do opposition. The Tribune made this statement very distinctly, and de clared that North would be a great deal better off without any of the slave States. No means were left untried by Greeley A Co. to force the cotton States into open rebellion. Day alter day they were taunted with coward ice and accused of pusillanimity. The course of the Herald was quite dif ferent from that of the Tribune, as may be seen by the extracts we print elsewhere. These are extracted from our files, and they show that when the federal government was menaced by South Carolina we repeatedly called upon Mr. Bachanan to place pjoper garrisons in the Southern forts. Again, we directed attention to the exposed situation of Washington, and called upon the Executive to strengthen Gen Scott's hands with troops to the number of fifty or sixty thousand, if he asked for them. We "told the outgoing administra tion that Washington must be held at any cost. When the electoral votes were to be counted, and subsequently, as Inauguration Day approached, we again suggested that a strong force should be stationed at or near Washington. After Lincoln had been swora in we demanded an outline of his policy, and declared that he must take one side or the other. Anything was better, we said, than un certainty. For our own part we believed in peace, but we lived in hope of a settlement by some means, and held ourselves ready to sup port the government, even in a policy which we disapproved, so anxious were we for action of some kind. Tardily enough the administra tion came to the scratch and attempted to sup ply Sumter. Hereupon the leaders of the Southern confederacy took the responsibility of making war, and placed themselves in a false position. The attack on Sumter was a very great blunder in every point of view ? po litical and military. Of course, as the South struck the first blow, every loyal citizen of the North sticks by the flag and the honor of the republic. And our position was to favor peace, to promote conciliation by all proper means,' and at the same time to be ready for war if it should be commenced by the South. Thus it will be seen that we advo#M?d the detail of troops for Washington more than three months ago, and it is our policy which the administra* tion has adopted. Now that war has been commenced, the Tribune labors to still further excite the public mind, to foster the mob spirit, to instigate do mestic violence, and to biing about infractions of the public peace, by accusing others of the misdemeanors which properly lie at its own door. The Tribune aided and instigated the secession movement. The Tribune is now anx ious to make more mischief and create riots within the city of New York. Therefore we declare that the real disunionists are to be found in the office of the Tribvne, the editors of which journal are laboring with all their might to Btill further embarrass and compli cate public affairs. Thk Seventh Regiment.? This crack corps leaves to-day in all its strength for Washing ton. It has long been the pride of the city; its superior drill and discipline placed it at the head of our militia regiments. As the Guards, the Queen s Household troops, in England, were the first to proceed to the Crimean war, being the choice troops of the army, so the Seventh regiment, the Homsehold troops of the city of New York. are now proceeding on the dangerous service of defending the seat of government sgainst attack. The intention at first was to remain only for a fortnight in Washington, and to return here when their place wa9 supplied. But, judging from the news which we publish this morning, they may find it impossible to return so soon, and they may bo culled to play a part in scenes which will try their mettle and prove the value of the training which they have undergone. Dy all means let them remain at Washington till it is secure from danger and the enemy is placed horn de combat. New York expects every man of them to do his duty and to give a good account of himself. A ClUNIfl EN THE UlSTOKV OF THB Ool'XTRY. ? For the last half century there has been no war worth mentioning in which the United States played a part. Ths Mexican war was of brief duration, and was not upon our own soil. It not only did not exhaust the nation, but in its result added greatly to its material resources. Prosperity has consequently abounded in a greater degree than was salu tary. < )ne result of this prosperity was public corruption. Everything went on so smoothly that the people let the politicians have their way, till they have at last undermined the government and broken it up. War, civil war, is now both a scourge for our ?ationul vices and the instrument of restoring health and purity. As the thunder storm puri fies the atmosphere, so does the tempest of war. It will sweep away the miserable wire pullers and politicians, and it will bring forth a new set of men, with lofty ideas, high purposes and brilliant talents, as did the revolutions in England and France, and the Revolution of 177(5 in our own country. It will develope the moral and intellectual qualities of men who hitherto have sought the shade, and can only be brought out in great emergencies. The effect of war particularly civil war? Is to try men's souls, and to render salubrious the moral and politi cal atmosphere. War has its terrors, but it has also itf u?es It will bring the gold brighter out of the fire, and separate the dross; and not oo'y will it raise up statesroeu and warriors ga pable of wielding the Uestin.'68 of nation, bat the sufferings and sorrows inflicts and the lessons which it conveys will' **e ?Ac tual in preventing a similar catastrophe fo." ?*e next half century. Something was wanting to consolidate oar' s length and to prepare us for further progress J in our mjghty destiny, instead of stagnating in !nf Pi?Trity W'd becoming " effeminate and enfeebled nation. The trial is great; but, the ?*?.!?* the right kind' U *aiQ ia lus tre what it may lose in bulk. The National Spirit Aroused.?1 The na J? v "tlH* *" Ulorou8hlJ ?roused all over tie North and West, and troops are pour WMhi^toa * "'Ponse to the froL v I C8l(,ent Y??terda y a regiment from Massachusetts, a thousand strong, passed tathiff ,?itJ' and 18 bj m time quartered V "L Capit&1 To d*y "other regi ment from the same State will take a hastv breakfast at the Astor House, and proceed on its journey in the same direction; and to mor row the regiment from Rhode Island, com manded by Governor Sprague, will take Its morning repast at the same hotel, and on to headquarters. Th? Seventh reri ment of our own division received orders to march yesterday, and will leave tois after noon for Washington. The Twelfth will imme diately follow. With all the facilities of tele graph and railroad, an army of two hun dred thousand men can thus be concentrated at apy given point at a few hours' notice. The Northern and Wesetrn States have an enrolled militia of nearly two and a half mil lions of men, most of whom are trained to the use of flreai ma, and can make a pretty good shot, and many of them are regularly drilled and disciplined in organized companies. These States have also abundance o^ munitions of war, and money enough at command to sustain a large force in the field. There exists, more over, a perfect unanimity of feeling to make all these resources available to the service of the government. It is true that half the men who are now hurrying on to Washington do not care who is President; many of them may be opposed to Mr. Lincoln and his party; but they do ewe for the integrity, the life , the perma nency of the republic, and In this sentiment all party predilections and prejudices are now submerged. But while this extraordinary military activity has been demonstrated for the past few days all over the North, it was manifest that the ac tion of Virginia was to be the turning point of the crisis. If Virginia had stood by the Union and the other border States had acted in unison with her, the contest would have been nar rowed to an issue with the cotton States ; bnt, with the secession of Virginia, there is going to be enacted on the banks of the Potomac one of the most terrible conflicts the world has ever witnessed; and Virginia, with all her social systems, will be doomed and swept away. Congress meets in extra session on the Fourth of July, to assume a grave responsibility; and although hostile forces maybe marching South we will advocate, as we have alwayB advocated' the earnest consideration of measures concilia toiy to the Southern States? measures which will guarantee them those rights and privileges to which they are entitled by the constitution and the laws. It is to be hoped that Congress when It assembles, nil 1 realize the solemnity of its duties; that it will abjure all party legisla tion and lobbying manoeuvres, and will devote itself energetically and with a full conscious ness of its responsibility to the momentous tone of the day. Whatever the government is about to do should be done quickly towards the settlement of this question, in order that by next fall peace may be restored, and the har mony and prosperity of the country may re sume their former vigor. To bring about this happy consummation is the paramount duty of every citizen, from the President to the hum blest volunteer in the ranks. The Union Feeling Amongst Oir Natural ized Citizens and Foreign Residents.? There can be do greater proof of the unanimity of feel ing which pervades all classes at the North in support of the government than the fact that not only our naturalized citizens, but foreign residents, are eagerly volunteering their ser vices for the contingents demanded by the President from the several States. Both the Germans and Irish are offering themselves in large numbers; and even Englishmen are being carried away by the general enthusiasm. Amongst those of the latter nationality who have come forward in this generous spirit an Mr. Thomas Barry, the manager of the Bv^ton theatre, who did good service all through the Peninsular war, and Mr. Roderick W. Came ron, of this city. In declining a staff appoint ment offered him by Colonel M. Leay, Mr. Ca meron gives expression to the following credi table sentiments:? There is no reason why a good subject of Great Britain should not be an acceptable volunteer to defend the laws and the flac of this great country. I therefore heartily tender myself to serve in the ranks of the Seventy ninth Highlanders, and share the dangers of those who wear the tartan or my clan. I cannot promise to be constant ly with the regiment; hut If danger threatens I will en deavor to be present at the moment when the ttrst shot is fired. We trust these facts will be remembered, should it ever again be attempted to lengthen the term of probation fixed by our naturaliza tion laws, or to raise the cry of exclusion against our adopted citizens. It will be found we believe, ere the conflict In which we are about to embark is brought to a close, that the latter have been amongst the most ardent and unselfish defenders of the Union. Chevalier Forney.? Chevalier Forney con tinues true to his instincts, which are those of a mean, malicious, low politician. He does not appreciate the crisis through which the country is pasting, nor the uprising of the national spirit which is stirring the whole North from end to end; and his organ, reflecting the con temptible character of the man, is busying it* self just now in flinging his filth abroad, and in copying the personal attacks upon the pro prietor of this journal, which appear in some of the publications issued from some obscure corners of this city. Chevalier Forney is preparing for the dismal future which is approaching. He knows that the republicans have discovered that he is a bad bargain ? that in rewarding his serrices they have paid too much for their mutton ? and that when they oome to elect a Clerk for the next cession of Congress he will be ignominicusly kicked out, and a better man? tome one who can be of more servioe to ttie party ? will be put in his place. Forney knows that his time is come; that the picking? of the Clerkrhip are about to pass away from him; that those who bought him have found out that he is not worth the thirty pieces of silver tfcej paid for bin. JJinc iticr Iwhrymcr, Exi'Lo*i?lt OK Tins Oi'KitA.? The war exc ment has, it appeals, killed the Opera seat in Philadelphia, and put a stop to the p posed campaign in the West. '1'he associa artiets adhere to their copartnerihip, howev | and will occupy during the gummer the p< tjon of an army of observation ? Murio goi abTfad for recruits. Probably our peo] will ?Ot want any more mimic pl*7" '01 while. W? have supplied the Southern pool with the fashions, the Opera, the drama; have traded with then, trusted them and < tertained them. Now they have aeen fit challenge us to fight them. We are compel! to endeavor to prove to them that war it game at which two can play, and that the gi of battle, once thrown down, la to be taken without a moment's hesitation. The South * ascertain that the people of New York can some things as well aa others. The Csasdlaa P?rlU??at? Valta I tweea Upper Ctasda art the Worth* Toronto, C. W., April 18, 1861 In Parliament last night Mr. McDougall, one of leaders of the opposition fro* Upper Canada, stated ? If the existing evils la consequence of the union * Lower Canada were aot otherwise remedied, an allla between Upper Canada and the Northern States was lii to be formed. New Jersey College. PKiaanoa, N. J., April IS, 186i The Union loving students of this national college ra ast evening the Stars and Stripes on the cupola oT Nassau Hall. Disaster on Lskt Erie. if Bvfkai.0, April 18, 18ff The propeller Kentucky, went ashore during the No east gale and snow storm of Tuesday night or We< day morning, near Oak Orchard, between Genesee Niagara Rivers. She lies on smooth rocks with dep of sand and mud perfectly easy; not Injured; did bound sny. They scuttled her at once. Asjistance been sent to her. She wUl probably be got off and ta to Dalhousie. Hon. Arrival or the Niagara. Halifax, April 18? Nooi There axe j et no signs of the Niagara. The weath< boisterous, but is clearing. Southern Ocean Steamer Movements KAVijfXAH, April 18, 18# The United States mail steamship Florida arrive Tyl>ce at eleven o'clock Wednesday night, and at wharf here at eleven o'clock Thursday morning. Markets. PHlLADELmiA STOCK BOARD. Pini-iKKM'tuA, April 18, 186 Stocks heavy. Pennsylvania Stat^ 6's. 85; R?a( Railroad, 18>i ; Morris Canal, 40; Long Island Ralln 10 Pennsylvania Railroad , it. Sight exchange on 1 York at par a 1 10 per cent ApfU lg 1M Flour steady: Howsrd street and Ohio uochani Wbeat dull: red, $1 30 a |fl 83, white, $1 40 a $lj Coin steady. Tork firm at $20, prime, $15. Coffee at 13o. a 14c. Whiskey dull. ? Philadelphia . April 18, 18( Flour dull but llrm. Wheat quiet: sales 6,000 bui red at$t 28 a $1 32; white, $1 28 a $1 60. Com I sale's 6,000 bu*hols at 62c Mets pork, $17 60. V key steady at lTJic a 18c. Acabsmy ok Mvsio? Madame Anna Bishop's test nial benefit is to take place this evening. The very i lar English opera "Tbe Bohemian Girl" and a scene "Tancredi" will be given. It is to be hoped that sc cellent s programme for the benefit of an artist whe afforded so much real entertainment to the New public will attract a crowded house. It is reported Major Anderson will be present on this occasion. COMPT IMKNTARY BSKinT TO MR. W. F. BaOCGH. genUeman, so long and favorably known to our put connection with theatrical matters, takes a benefit i Brooklyn Academy of Music on Monday next. The has been got up by a number of the leading inhsb or that city, ss a mark of the high appreciation In ' Mr. Brough, for many years a resident amongst tb held. The programme offers a strong array of talen there is no doubt that the friends snd admirers < veteran will rally la force upon this occasion. Oraunc Matters ? We lease from Philadelphii the war excitement has quite used up the Opera, engagements made by the sssoclatod artists exp the 21st k of this month, sad as the prospects o cessjn the West are nnt flattering, Muzio & Cj ?quare aeeounts and repose on their laurels for tt gent. The copartnership between Madams Oolso nori Brlgnoli, Susini and Muzio has been renewed I next year, and Muzio will shortly go to Europe, view to engage Tamberlik, the tenor, snd a new dentin. LrrnuRY. ? Dooiady has just published s curious very interesting novel, from the pen of Mr. F. C Adams. It has an ingeniously constructed plot,! scenes are chiefly laid in South Carolina. The autl painted a curious picture of its society. Coroners' Inquests. Mki-akcholv Cass or Stnnros. ? Ooroner GambJ called upon yesterday to hold an Inquest at No. 42| avenue, upon the body of Mrs. Susan Rook, a England, aged forty years, who committed auli taking poison, under somewhat peculiar clrcun Deceased, it appeared, separated from her husba_ eighteen months ago, and obtained a divorce In thl of Common Pleas. Several times since the separat] endeavored to bring about a reconciliation, bat * success fill. The matter preyed upon her mind to I extent that she determined to commit suicide, end all ber worldly sorrows. Accordingly, on ] she swallowed two ounces of laudanum * and >?? the privacy of ber bedroom, expired without any I household knowing aught about her Intentions, f thought that deceased bad left the otty, and hed pearance did not create any alarm until y ester da] the door of ber l>edroom was forced opeu, and J found lying dead la her bed. Among the effects | deceased was a letter addressed to Mrs. Sprinpat of the occupant* of the house, which will be Interest, as follows ? IV) Mrs. Srsisnertaii I want only your kind hand to lav me In the | I should die, and let my deer, dear brother I trunk and my letters in it; and when you write I aak you, in the name of God, not to sayone| grieve htm. He was always so verv kind to write to him and condolo with him. I go to a better world, where sorrow tiart. My heart Is broke. What have 1 think will give me a gr Greenwood, and send my beloved brother the nu| my grave. What things I have I wish you to i you are my only friend, my dear Mrs. Sprlngat kindness you have shown mo when 1 sat loi never pay, but God will bless you. May He | mercy on ui all, Is my last wish. Pray for mo, friend. SUSAN N O I have paid my rent to May. 1 saw i sun this morning, and moon last night. The jury rendered a verdict of "Death by sulci Is raid that deceased was formerly the wife of f the criminal, now under sentence for arson In J degree; that she separated from him some twe ago. and married hsr last husband, Mr. Reek. F*t>u Arrtrwrr to th* Rrsmw Cossru? A^ 0 clcek yesterday morning, as Jobn|de Nottbeck, | slan Consul, was riding in Osntral Park In comp his wife, his horse took fright, and, becoming li able, dashed forward at a rapid rate towards thl avenue entrance. The rider soon lost all oontroll animal, and ai the runaway was seen dashing Bloomingdale road, Mr. de Nottbeck clutch the horse around the neck. When near I of Korty ninth street the animal made a heavy throwing Its rider with much violence to the The Twenty second precinct police picked up tlj man and conveyed him In an insensible to the station bouse. A number of cmla slclans were early In attendance, bi^t efforts to rally their patient proved Mr. De Nottbeck lingered In a state of un for an hour, and tnon expired. Madame de rode up just In time to be present with her hu his last momenta. The body was removed residence of deceased, No. 47 I Afayette place, \ ner Schlrmer will probably hold an Inquest f Srirroi nv Porno*.? Anna I<oefller, a native of | twenty three years of age, who lived at street, committed suicide on Thursday morning | of oil of bitter almonds. Coroner Schirmer ?iu?st In the case, when it appeared that lived unhappily with her husband for some tl <>n Friday morning she retired to her bed room | lowed the poison, dying In a few minutes aft verdict was rendered accordingly. Win or nm Ijti Cmsr Jtmnrs Sjuw.? ThiJ the will of Hon lemuel Shaw was presented ft His wife and his sons l<emuel and Samuel pointed ex< outors. After giving to his wife . mansion on Mount Vernon street, together will nlturc, and ail tils books except the law librari divided between the two sons named above, tl to be divided Into Ave parts, one of which , wife, ami one share to each of his four chill only pub lie bequest is t?00 to the proprietors > folk I aw Library, as he was "desirous of t? ngard for his own profession, snd his aens portance of extending its usefulness to th? bv means of legal learning.'' The will .luii? last, and the subscribing wltnessst . Rigelow, Metcalf and Hoar, o{ the Supreme i n TrMir; 'rnj 5,