Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 30, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 30, 1861 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. CORDOS DENilKTT, EDITOR AND PROPSICTuR. OFTICl K. W. I r tt.N KU OF J'LTjTOS and NA35AC ST 3. ' Trmff ? ? orftwi.w. Wrm*} *mt bv "UMii vfff VMA* ru> ?n:Atr. Vmu but bunk hiUr mirrmi m iVVu" FV/> T f I J)A/Z VERA in. neo p#r nmt*. $7 p*r ni'.im 1 TBI ITlfKlY tTfRAlP, K.'TI .Hwii-.My. ?</ Ms r*?,u prr ? m ?r ptramm ? A, ijmiih FsiiHon 'v. a I it r?; or n>pv. $4 I*"" itnuim t? iinv (V limit II Itain f 5*6 IJ '?' ""V pnrtf/ thr i '?> finrnt, b?>) i U> jwluiU ?xx^iaft; Of Oa tr bmi'ti Kdttum m> the 14, llrt and 21?f u/' ?K-/t rto tth, tUtu: cenUf** oupy. or ft 78 iwr annum. 7HA FAMILY UFKAlJJ,>m WMnmiia]/, o I /emr emit per tf II txr MM ? wiirSwsr oohiunroirDgirm, tmpmrn* r -v film >v<v i/mirtrr of Ihr wH t umI, ?0 Ik ||V? % pnirf /nr. ??- <>0H KoHVIUH CoHKKSroNKVNTS ?:<* PaBTICIH.AKI.T IWylKSTlD TO Huj. tU IdTTltM AND **AC* ai-m kmnt us. NO NOTICE taken of on hh/biwihwh mi**. Irnct. Wf<fr>no< i rrtum . omwimwImNain ADVRRT1SEM t.IS'TS rminrtri rnvry Any; a'ir*rti*f> <*n/? in- ' rr-?J tn ?fifWKXKl.T Hkrai.d, KaMILT Hkilald, uuJ in thr California a*ni Kuropran KWimu, JOB PS/AT/AS ?p?rutal inlA ehajmM am) <(? ?patch. V4inme UVI No. 1IU AMUBRRFNTB TTUB RVRNINO. fffTTR GARDEN, W> *y, opposite Bond sti?et.? /u>ny Lino ? Oovkuhou'h V?ir, WALLACE'S Til RATHE. Broiulway ? Simpson A Co J M?l? BltOWN. LAURA KKBNE'B THBAlltK, ho. $U Broa.l??y, Bkv*n Bistkb*. NEW BOWK RT THBATRK, Bowery ? School ?> an Ur- , MOAN ? BtAJUI AND bTKiTK*? K J, 11 UHIKf. AND FliTKUCMJO? M m Svi'llPW. RA&XrTM'H AMERICAN KUIII'N, Bro*4TT?T ? 0%y ?n 6 Brming? Capitola? Bcars, H*a Lion am) Otuks Ci? tlMlTUI. BRTANTB- ViraT^EW, Mwhuil'ct1 TTa'I, 472 Tro?4. l??y ? BuBLKSQCM, B0*0?, DaNCIS, AO.? liUGUk-B t'A NIBLO'S BAIiOON. Broadway. ? Ll?td'? MwrrKULi u Busu> -muts, Bonus, Oancas. Ac. ? Biliv Paitkh: o.n, IfKLODRON CONCERT HA LI., Ho. K'9 Broudway ? Bonos, Damih, BiiuLKkauKS, Ac. i CAWTERBt^RY llt'SIO IIALL, 585 BroAdu-ay.? 1 ?oios, , Dancks, Ac. BOUDOIR PANTHEON, No. 6'fl RroAdwuy ?Ma. 8\* OowtLL'r Dka? u?i. Kuom < t)Mcx?r. ATIIEV.KUM, Bpcoklyn? Usironin's Minsti:i ls iiliTKi ?riAN BoN??, LfANCBK. Ac ? LlllWN IN Ol.U K T hi. TRIPLE SHEET. Hew York, Tuesday, April 30, 1861* NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. Advertiser* will do ns a great favor and advance their own interests by sending their business notices to the office before ninb o'clock in the ' evening. Our circulation is now so large that the | earlier our paper goes to press the earlier it will i reach the hands of the public. THE 8(Tl AT10?r Of AFFAIIiS. The course of the administration at the pres ent time appears to be of a vigorous and ener getic character. Troops are being rapidly con centrated in the vicinity of Washington in such force as may change the original designs of the Southern leaders upou the federal capital. There can be no doubt, from the fact that all the Southern troops actually in motion are observed in every quarter to be ailvancini; toward* the North, and from the fact that largo bodies of men arc qnartcred in Richmond, Har per's Ferry and other points on the Southern border, that the intention of the secessionist.* was to make an attempt upou Wnahinjrton. aud. as preliminary measures, to seine the Navy Yard at Norfolk, the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Fortress Monroe, which commands the en- I trance to the Chesapeake, and P rtsmouth, [ which faces the Norfolk (Oosport) N'a\y Yard, j If they had accomplished all these man i-nvres and succeeded in making Baltimore the basi? of 1 operations agaiust the federal capital, Wa.-liuiglou would have been completely surrounded by hos- J tile troops and cut ? R from all communis a'.ion wtth the North. But the rebels were foiled in this attempt. They were too alow for the prompt a< ti?>n of , General Scott, ami tb?' capital is now secure 1 with its garrison of 18,000 and the h<>rdc- of troop 4 which arc organized all over the North, ready to pour into it at the word of command. There are probably not lesg than a qmirtcr of a milll-in <?f men in the diffen-nt Northern St.ites enrolled at prescut, of whom about G-1* tire ?jr filled for active service in the- field. It is not overt it - mut ng the number to s.iy th.<t l.">,000 troops, from nil point- of the North. are at t!.i< moment ready to march for Washington, independent of the tuea Already tL< re, and those guardian the | xaiiroad fioni Annapolis. That the government it, re?olved to carry on the w ar vigorously , an:l to the bitter cad. is evident fr m t lie fact th;it it Las just decided to receive out of the "i.OOO volun tecra called for, 4O.0CO nun to serve for three ye?r?, 2.">,<XH> for five years, and 13."00 out of the regular army to serve for five years, be-ides en rolling 1P,0(?0 sailor* for the nu\y. An addi tional call has been made upon Pennsylvania far twenty regiim nt* of infantry and one ?f cavalry, all of which have already been tendered to tho Governor lor the service of the I'nited States | government. Intelligence reccfred from Harris bnrg last niglit intimate* that a ) Tempt movement is about to be made from Pennsylvania at once which may result in the occupation of lialtimora , by fedtral troops within forty eight hours. It is certain that troops arc being hurriedly concen- j trated at Camp Hewitt, and ChMmbcr-'biirs: to the latter point ten bra*? field pieecs and a large , quantity of ammunition were forwarded within a few days. The government ha- decided to establish an arse sal at out* at Bock Island City, Illinois, in 1 place of the Harper's Fen-y Arsenal Just destroy- j ed. Rock Island City stands on the bank^ of the ' Rlissisaippi. 182 miles aonUiwest of Chicago. It is Ultuated at the foot of the Upper Rapid*, which extend nearly fifteen miles, and In low stajes o | water obstruct the passage of vessels drawing a heavy draft. In the channel is an Ldand from 1 Irhich the city derives its name, three mile^ in length, presenting a perpendicular front of lime ?tone from twenty to thirty feet high; the channel to the cant of the Island has 'teen dammed, *o a< to produre an immense water power above, and leaving a fine navigable channel on the we?t side. It Is very probable that the ar-enal will be locatcd on this land, ami its geographical position ?e< ms toty Tr. < rabte Vr this pnrpn<*. Otii ?l'"kpa< elies from Harri'-barg represent that ?? ty to be I <i( of loyal M*?ylsnd*r? and Virginian*. r>t,r, <? I ' r-m t?- 1 n f.f ?< rror In thoss ^ . ?t ? it '4 vvt_au*rf ' in defence ef the Union. It U fc*id that the Balti- , aw tan* are determined to mist the pnstaife of '' ?In- Pennsylvania troops throngh Maryand. not withstanding the reaction said "to exist ?"ere, but on the other Laud it i* Ma-ed that the Pennsylvaniaus urt, lca^ f?r ( any e.met*ency, and that if t W are attacked j ?it} of Ha'timore ig dormr>d. Wf an- inform f<1 hc,wpver( by our despatches from Wa^g t-<i that the Maryland Legislature, now in session a* ' red<rick, <lei ided je-tcrday not to r all a con \t ri'um of the pf-ojile on the question of secession, by a \0t.? Of V'yo as to 13 nay*, and a'n-o resoLed that the troops of tlie United Struts Government ?hull b< permitted to pu?.? through the S'ate. A Rreat change in public sentiment reported to have occurred in Halt. a>, which ha. been maui festcd by an extensive display of tho Stars ar.l Strpes in ail quarters of the city. it was rumored that Mi. Ma., on, of Vii-inia, wa . arretted yesterday in Pennsylvania, but tun r< ;k *?* js j???* entical'.r c^ntradict'd. It >\ m.i '? ll >t ?'*??111 atl the nt. IJigence whkv. rea< he i ;; u;> iO a late hour ;a.st night, thai warlike pre^a'alums are being on -?d ?.?. by the go.enjine> in a vi gorous fashion. which will astoni.j and may dis may h leaders of the Southern hsurrccti' ui.ta ! before many day*. ire passed. / 'Mif \fwii The steamship fin n* ? fr..?? S> t' ..m >to:i l~fh 1 inst., atrved off Sandy Hook eulv yesterday morning, t ut ran aground ou ihe East Ba-.k, near the lower end of ftaten Island, w nild miertli* the harbor, where ahe wan lying at. last .ibices: but it is probable thn* she vas floated off at hijii tide at two o'clock this morning. In the lJi>use of Common*, or, the lBth :nst.. Mr. Greg, ry gavp notice that he hould defer lii? pro posed motion for a soeedy recognition of the South ern eonfeiiera< y for two weeks. W e publish thia morning such particulars as we ha*e secured of a destructive flood which occurred on the Island of .lava, between the 22dand 2Gth of February. Upwards of 2,000 people are reported a* drowned and an immense amount of property destroyed. The disturbances in Russia are spreading fa.it. Tn Kiew, the capital of the district on?e bearing the distinctive name of the Ukraine, a funeral ser vice was celebrated on the 14th inst. for the Warsaw victims, which led to a moat serious dis turbance and slaughter. A bloody conflict is stated to have taken place between the inhabi tants and the Rm*ian troops. A telegraphic despatch states that tho number of persons killed and wounded amounted to one hundred and fifty i The steamship Arabia, Captain Stone, from Liverpool 20th, via (Juaenstown the 21st inst., touched at Halifax yesterday afternoon, bringing four days later European advices than those received by the Bremen. Garibaldi took his seat in the Italian Chamber of Dept*ies on the 18th iust., signalizing his debut by a speech against the ministry so violent that the president of the Chamber vacated his seat, leav ing the house in an uproar. Subsequently ex planations were made by Garibaldi and Count Cavonr, and amicable relations restored. The Liverpool cotton market continued to ad vance. Tin sales for the week ending on the lath foot up <>8.000 bales, the market closing firm on the 20th, at an advance of ono-aixteenth to one eighth of a penny. Breadatufl's were dull and quiet, and provisions steady. The London money market remained unchanged. Consols closed on the 20th at 91 ?? a 92 for money, and 02 a 92\' for account. The news by the City of Baltimore had partially checked operations in American securities. The First regiment of New Vork Zouaves, Col. Ellsworth, departed yesterday in the steamer Baltic for Washington. The Fire Department turne d out en t,i arte to escort the troops to the steamer, und presented quite an imposing ap pearance. The Zouaves who are all picked firemen looked slendid, and marched won derfully well considering the short timo they were subjected to military discipline. Previous to starting they were presented with three stands of colors, one by the Fire De partment, another by Mrs. John Jacob Astor. Jr., and a third by the ladies of the A?tor House. The ceromonies, which were highly interesting, are fully described in another column. It is stated that James T. Brady, Esq., is about to join the army of defence at Washington in a prominent position. Mr. Brady >ays that as the Bre< kinridge candidate for Governor of Mnssa c busetts is In the field, in defense of the flag of tho I'nion, he. as late candidate for the office of Go rernor of the State of New Vork, will not be be- ! hind hand. I In the Board of Aldcrrten last evening an appli cation was received from tLc officers of the New York Legio? for aid in equipping their brigade. The matter vim referred. An application was also received from Aldcriuan Richard Barry, Com mandant, and other ofliccrs of the auxiliary corps now being organized for the purpose of following the Sixty-ninth regiment, asking for rooms for headquarters. The Comman lant states that this corps is nearly complete, now numbering eight hnndred men, who have volunteered for the defence of the Hag of the Union. The applications arc so nnmeroti* to join thU corps iliat it could be increased to two thousand men. An application w.isniadc by ?la-'. K. Kerri , gan fi ra sum of money for provisioning his corps, and both were referred to the Committee ha\ iBg the national affair under ron?i<l rati -i. Allcr man l>ayton presented a reaoli tiou setting forth tlie nrrest-i of <!eorpc Monufjoy nad Andrew J. Hackley. on charge* of contempt in refusing to answer questions in reference to the street clean ng contract. Tito tbject of the re solution was to ask the atemb ih of the Board to purge thini. elrc* of any alleged corruption. The retting was suspended, and on motion of Alderman Smith the paper u .is rctun>< <i to Alderman Dayton. In answer to a resolution of the Hoard inquiring what money !s a\ail*ble for patriotic purposes, the Comptroller states that there is uo money in the trcssnry, except that al ready appropriated and designated for certain purposes under law and or<liuance. Alderman Emet presontcd a resolution for the appropriation of *-">00 for a stand of arms for the Fire Zouaves, This was referred. The board adjourned to Thurs day next. The Board of Conn oilmen met last evening, Mr. Barney, in the absence of the President, presiding. The Council Chamber was tendered to the com mission of the Legislature appoint d to revise the ' ity charter. The cx-oflieera and members of the fifth regiment of the State militia, who are desi rous ot forming a Home (iuard, petitioned to be properly armed and authorised to act as a !*>?*? fOiuUatvu. The paper was rcferre 1 to the Committee on National affair*. A resoluion was adopted directing the printing of It, ".00 Mannals of the common Council, to be distributed among the members. TheBoai.l concurred with the Alder men in confirming an appropriation of *!#U00. j made by the legislator* to pay lie salaries of , members of the Common Couneii for the years 1MB and MM. After the transaction ot consider able routine bu-jim*. tie Bear'1, .a i<>urrtcd till "iliui day. lhe !aui. s of {he congregation c. Ft. Thomas' i < Inreti met y> -Urdaj morning, for t ie j urpoie of | f mld/ir Ter??a*fr-? fbfthc nse of t! c vol natters J & :hc antj. Mrs. Ceirgf Collins wt? apfoiatcl l'rfiiJuit of the Bociety, and, in company with a j committee cf ladies, attended the meetin: at the CVoper Institute, to learn what articles were moat in demand and likely to be wanted first. They j m%et again this morning, at ten o'clock, when sub scription lists will be opened and the work com menced. Major Anderson's health was much improved y?ster.iay, aiid during the afternoon he was out vi-itiDgin com punv with Mr. W II. Aspinwall. . he uiiAlK r of \ ioiteru at the Brcvoort House yes terday was very small, thove calling being inti mate ai:d personal friends of Major Anderson. No orders lave yet been received from Washington. To-ni(.r?ow btiiig the last day of the month, Major Andernon w ill go to Fort Hamilton, ft r the ] . rrj.ore of mnsteriDg and reviewing his men and th(.w<" of the t hir<l Infantry stationed a! the same place. It is presumed that large numbers will a -ail themselves of this opportunity to the hero of Fort Sumter. 'I he cuse of Mr. Hackley, the Street Contractor, v??" adjourned yesterday in the Court o* Oyer and Terniim r to this morning, in cons<*qucnee of the a'<s^nce i f Mr. James T. linidv, his li-adin? coun sel. Pftvmcr, the fJermnn convicted once of -boot ing a niiin named S'urgess, >n a grocery st-ifo, and to wh- m a new trial wai granted, was brought up n th? < 'onrt of t >yer and Terminer and ?H-< bsrjred ir?m custody \esUrda> by c, uv nt of tue > strict Attorney. Annie Mmphy, confined on a charge of infanti cide, wan alx> discharged yeMoiJuj b> < on-cut oi the District Attorney. United States CommissiiiBer White y torday committed William 1'raU for trial on a n~e of voluntarily serving on board the Amer^-an siup Montauk, captured as n s aver on the ait of \frica with cle^n hundred and ftfly n gross on board. An action of rather n curious nature has be-n commenced against Sheriff' Kelly, and which, under the present circumstance may bp deemed unpatriotic. It appears that Colonel Win. Wil son, familiarly known as Billy Wilson, of the Zou aves, had been for some time "on the limits," and that on recently returning from business nu Statan Itilard he was informed that an action l ad been con uienced by Corncliua P. 8cherraerhora agaiust the therifT, for permitting him to leave the limits. The defence is tliat Mr. Wilscn was cilled into active Btrvice by the United States government to defend the federal flag. It will be for a New York jnry to sav what damages they will give against the sheriff, under the present emergent circum stances. According to the City Inspector's report, ther# were 422 deaths In th<s city during the past week? an increase of 4 as compared with the mortality of Ike week previous, and 69 less than occnrred during the corresponding week last year. Th* re capitulation table gives 3 deaths of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 80 of the brain and nerves, 4 of the generative organs, 20 of the heart and blood vessels, 133 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; 9 of old age, 67 of diseases of the akin and eruptive fevers, 7 premature births, 2 of acchoiism, 63 of diseases of the stomach, bowela and other digoslive organs: 22 of nncertain neat and general fevers, 5 of diseases of the urinary organs, and 21 of vio lence, accidents, Ac. The nativity table gives ?77 natives of the United States, 81 of Ireland, 13 of England, 2<> of Germany, 5 of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign countries. The cotton market yoste'duy continued firm, while sales were moderate The transaetinns embrace 1 ubsut 1,000 bales, In lots, closing stiff at ir>,\c. a 14c. for mid dllng uplands, with llttlo to be bad at the Inside figure. V'tour opened with tolerable Qrn<noM and ac tivity, under a fair demand from ttio trale anil for export, but clrsed tame 'it ebtv.t the quota! iens of Saturday. Wheat was to steady request, but clo.?ed dull for commm q iaM(l<?, while good to chcioe wheat was scarce and Qrm. | Corn was in fair request, without change of mo ment in price*. The market for pork was time, while sales were made to a fair extent at fl?a$18 60 for mess, and at flu 26 a f 18 CO for prime. Sugars were sold to a fair extent, chiefly for reflnlng. Coffee was quiet and sales quite limited. Freights? Eugagrtmnrs were limited, and to Liverpool they wore !<*- active, aud rates in favor of shippers. Tlte Governor# of Maryland Md Vlr- j ?gftala. Not the smallest pretext is made, by the people of Maryland and Virginia, that those States ore out of the confederacy. The cotton State secessionists, hare gone through certain forms of a declaration of independence, and systematically revolted againit the federal gov ernment; but such hss not been the cue in the border States What language, then, is strong enough to characterize the treason of execu tive State officers, like Governors Letcher and Uicks, who have, hitherto, professed to be Union men, but who, at the very moment when their loyalty would have been of service to the country, unblushingly make common caaae with the enemy. The declarations and acts of Governors Magoffin, of Kentucky, Ellis, of North Carolina. Jackson, of Missouri, and Har ris, of Tennessee, have been as unpardonably rebellious and improper, as those of their col leagues in Virginiu and Maryland; but the for mer have alwaj s been blatant, savage, fire-eating secessionists, without a particle of hypocritical respect for the laws, and notning was to have been expected of them than that they woubl entitle their necks to halters, on the very first opportunity. Governor Ilicks, on the con trary, has affected tb^ utmost attachment to the Union: bus givtn information to government by wh?ch it has profited; and uts concealed his Bjmpatbies with the extreme South, under the mudk of abhorrence of disunion. Mr. Letcher, who is lrom the western part of Virginia; has been the prominent an tagonist of Governor Wbe, was elected to office on account of his strong Union pro clivities; yet he now turns out to ha\e been secretly affiliated with Jefferson Pavia and with the other conspirators who have aimed, for yc.ds, to ovi ruim the constitution and the re public. No border State has passed any valid seces sion measure. In neither North Carolina, Mis souri, Kentucky, Maryland, or Virginia, has any act been tubmitted to the people. The ordinance which was passed at Richmond, by the late Convention, declares that it will take effect "after it shall have been ratified by a majority of the votes of the people of the State, cast at a poll to be taken on the fonrth Thurs day in May next."' Vet, Governor I^etcher has h*d the impudence, in defiance of this act, and anticipatory of the popular will, to assume dictatorial powers; to order the seizure of a navy yard and of an arsenal; and ho is now organizing an attack on Kort Monroe. Gover nor Hicks, has equally arrogated the language and attitude of the independent heid of a fo reign power; has warned the President of the UniUd States, not to allow any troops to pass through Maryland, and has invoked the media tion of a foreign minister, to arbitrate between rebils and legitimate authority. The treason of both of these perfidious rebels, Is of the most

inconMsWnt an i st If contradictory description. It ha" aot even ths manliness of oourafr nnd bravery tc ;>alliate it. GoTCTLCPTit will pay but small attention to or>m?>pe*? or ?1i A -*n6e from such soi rees The rcuie to ft ash'ug'on, through Kal'inore, will be opeced, and will remain open, in spite of Governor Hicks, aod hU ineeponsitle satellites ; and H*rper'j Fer ry, and the Navy Yard, a' Norft If, will be retaken, with the ether "places and properties" that belong to the United Sutes. j If an armj of three or Are hundred thousand men, and all the treasure of the loyal States, wero necc ssary to punish the perfidy whi.:h has been practised, and to restore the Union to its pristine integrity, they will be expended ; for tbat purpose. The constitution whicb ?was framed, for tbe benefit of tbe whole Union, by the Washingtons, Madisons and Jeffersone of an earlier age, wiH not be sacrificed at tbe beck of reckless demagogues and rebels It 1 was intended for the protection of the rights of all, both North and South. It was designed J to curb aggression, on the part of*th? head- j strong of e<'?her section. It has been the ob ject of the hostile attacks, of abolitionists in i tbe free, and of (Ire-eat it g secessionists, in tbe ! fdave States; and it will outlive the storms which both have raised against it. Every na tion has gone through Its periods of convul sion and of trial. Koine, Greece, England, France have survived theirs, and come out of the fire purified The United States will still emerge from the clouds that surround it, to piove to the wi rid that a free people, with jive institutions, are a? capable of suppressing internal as of vanquishing external foes. Coaiplracjr of JtflVnoB l)*vU mud Hi* to UrUruy Ihe I'uioa, The developemen's of the last three weeks, and the gradual unmasking of the designs of Southern politicians, render it evident that a deep seated, dangerous conspiracy has exis'ed, for no incon siderable peiicd, to destroy the Union, and to substitute a military soverument, h?v ii>g its central point at Washington, in the placed the constitution A secession organi zation, of which prominent members of Con gress constituted the nucleus, was formed, at the national capital, nearly three years ago; hut it was supposed to be a mere safety valve for superabundant fire-eating effervescence, and tfcat it would exhaust itself in empty threats, it would never dare to carry iuto execution. It is clear, now, however, that not only such meD, from the cotton States, as ex-Senators Da vis. Slidell, Toombs, Mallory. Yulee and Ben jamin, with their two score of satellites in the House of Representatives, and several treason able associates in Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet; but, also, a large number of gentlemen from the | border States, and even in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, have been long labor ing to destroy the republic, and that their primitive intention, which has been disap pointed by the activity of General Scott, was to take possession of Washington; replace representative rule by a military despotism; and reconstruct the confederacy upon a basis to Buit themselves. If the acts and speeches, within the last eigh teen months, of such men as Senators Breckin ridge. Green, Baj ard , Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Governor Wise, lioger A. Fry or, and others in tbe border States, are carefully reconsidered, with the light which has been cast upon them by reeent occurrences, It becomes too manifest, that they have been privy to the treason of their fellow conspirators in the Gulf States, and that the secession of the latter and their own temporizing policy, have formed part of one gigantie plan, whioh would have overwhelmed the country in ruin, if it had not been defeated by the sudden bombardment of Fort Sumter and the consequent uprising of the North from its protracted apathy. Virginia was driven by the Executive proclamation of the 15th inst., to se cede earlier than had been intended; otherwise j none of the border States would have gone out of the Union, until the plans of Jefferson Davis and Governor Wise were fully matured, to seize tbe fifteen thousand stand of arms at Har per's Ferry, and, from that point, fully equipped, to invade the District of Columbia, by the way of the railroad to Baltimore and Wash ington. with an irresistible force. Such a scheme has, probably, been in existence for many months. Its perfidy is unparalleled, and the outburst of indignation with which it ha* been greeted by the North, is the foretaste of the retribution which will overtake its authors. The coup dViai which was to make of Mr. Jefferson Davis the Napoleon of the Western continent, has failed. It has more than failed; it has aroused a patriotic sentiment throughout the land, which will compel every citizen to declare himstlf, either in behalf of tbe Union, or as lavoiing rebellion. States will not be allowed, as some of them desire, to remain neutral. It will be idle for Tennessee and Kentucky to attempt to escape front the is>ue, and to remain at peace, while the re | mainder of the country is at war. "lie that is not for me is against mr will be adopted by the Western and Northwestern States as a mnxim, and the Mi'siesippi and Ohio will soon swarm with steamers, heavily freighted with tLe thousands and tens of thousands of troops, from Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin. Minnesota, Michigan, and Iowa, who only wait tho word of command to emulute the example of their brethren, in New York, Pennsylvania, and Mas sachusetts. Neutrality will be considered op position, and the result of a general frontier w&r will be that slavery, as a domestic institu tion of the Icited State?, will be utterly anni hilate d. : It i a more than probable, that, with the j discovery and frustration of their designs, the conspirators of the South will soon sue for ] peace. No peace will, however, be granted, j excepting on the condition of unconditional submission. Months elapsed, during which the people of the North awaited a return to reason, on the part of the rebellious States, j with inexhauitible patience, l urbearance was treated as weakness, and anxiety to extend the j olive branch as a proof of irresolution. Scorn, contempt and, finally, a cruel and cowardly j resort to arms? eight thousand troops at lac ting 1 seventy gallant, half starved men? were the repayment of efforts at persuasion, and at- j tempts at conciliation, dictated by the sublimest patriotism, and even devotion to the principles of the political party the South has most pro fessed to respect The time for compromises and concessions has gone by. If it returns, it will be, after the misguided masses who have revolted, at the instigation of demagogue leaders, have laid down their armn, and signi fied their readings to obAqr the laws they have trampled under foot, and Iwear allegiance to the institutions they have Banded together to overthrow. Then, and not Sill then, will their representations be heard, And. If they have grievances, they will be rrWgsed In th* twi ner which '? provided for bjBM eo restitution they new repudiate. ? The Integrity >nd UlUty tf Mw IUl??fclU. j An epidemic of lawlessness prevail# through out the length and breadth of the land. It is rampant in many ot the slaveholding State*, and even in the more loyal portions of the Union the public mind has been partially de moralized by the teachings of a portion oi the republican prena, which recently echoed the sentiment in George Law's letter to the Pret-ident, that "the people may take into their own handB,'' to remedy just or unjust causa* of complaint against the general gov ernment. The gallant regiments which are daily leaving our metropolis, to fight in the cause ot law, order, and obedience to properly Constituted authority, would have done better to remaiD at hrme. it' the ex*mpl? s*t by rebels in ihe Guif State* had continued 10 b* emu- j lated here. Thank God. al* hough the j.mruals and individuals who would fain inoculue our people wl'h tuaaon bubble, fume, j acd astound the community b> their noi?y, j in lou-isteut effervescence, the> represent but a small portion ot popuWr sentiment. They comment upon the t>a**if'<c even's of the day, as though the stem reati W <?' ''u, were a scene in a rnelodr i<n * ; n^r do t,h?y comprehend, in their idle prat '* ibout laying cities in a-hes, and ovtrniru iog the adminutr iti.?n that tiie ttjns ..f thhuaanda of troop* which art- n?gri'lut with cannon, bayonets and every linpliineut of rieitm to the Southern borders. are go! ug there to (ire serve and not to destroy ; to build up aod not to tear down ; to punish but not to aveoge ; in a word to save tfte Union and rescue it from perdition, and not to contribute to plunge it into an inextricable abrt-s of minery. The people of the Ncrihern States, are a uuit They are actuated by one thought, one tteati ment, cne soul? the solemn resolve ttut whav ever the cost may be, the integrity and unity of this great republic, fur all future ti .se, ">h".ll evolve out ot the present political chaos It is safe to say that, one mouth ago, tive-slx'lu of the citizens of th* Northern Sta'ea. were ready to make any sacrifice for the sak^ of peace Whether in the shape of the Crittenden amend* ments to the constitution, a national conven tion, or an indefinite suspension of existing issues, they wtuld, if appealed to. have ex hausted themselves in efforts of concession and conciliation. They had a right to believe that the elaveholding States would be softened and attracted by such generosity and magnani mity. Apparently responsible assurances were not wanting, from Virginia, Mary land, and the border States, that the conservative feeling here should be lesponded to, and that the members of the confederacy which had not withdrawn from the Union would unceasingly labor for its reconstruction. Such was the state of things up to the 12th instant. The thunders of a dozen batteries, manned by seven thousand men, against a handful of half starved soldiers in Fort Sumter, awakened the North to the conviction that they had been cruelly deceived, and that pelf respect as well as Bound policy demanded an instant resort to arms. The fires of Vesuvius never burst with greater suddenness from its crater, than did the war spirit, from the, previously Inert and pas sive surface, In thlB city and elsewhere in the free States. Past political differences wore ig nored, and every true hearted citizen adopted for his motto, ? ''The Union, it must and shall be preserved/' by the only means now left for its preservation. Nevertheless, so purely patriotic, conserva tive and constitutional ia th? spirit which per vades the vast majority of loyal minds in the Northern States? so hostile is it to the dema gogical assumptions of the incendiary press of this city? that were Jefferson Davis himseir to issue a proclamation, demanding the reconstruction of the Union upon a just and secure basis; proposing to leave sectional issues to the decision of a national convention ; and promising obedience to the laws, in the meanwhile ; a general otit bui3t of enthusiastic rejoicing would ensue, and, past dissensions would be drowned in mutual congratulations, upon the restoration of the republic to its past grandeur and greatness. A breathing spell has just been attained from the intense anxiety and excitement of the past two weeks. Washington city appears to be no longer in danger. The opportunity i9 a favo rable one, for good citizens to renew the determination that the war which has beguu skill not cease, until the United States shall have been restored to its wonted integrity ; but. ai the same time, to appreciate that this is the sole and only object we are fighting for. The Entire Nomh in Action. ? Uiatory rarely if ever presented ?tich a sublime mani festai ion of patriotic devotion and military ardor as is displayed in the Northern States at this day. With one common impulse all classes of the people, without regard to political opinion, creed or nativity, are responding to the country's call, and falling into the ranks of the volunteers. In great cities like New York of tonrse mili tary enUubiasm concentrates and intensifies; but it is by no means confined to large comiutt nities. Every little town and village all over the North has its band of heroes, going forth to battle for the government and the flag of the republic. From one little village in Ohio the other day, with a total population of sixteen hundred, fonr hundred soldiers turned out. This must have been nearly half the mule adult pt pulation oi the place; and ao doubt like in stances are occurring every day in other quar ters. In every possible way devotion to the gov ernment in this eventful crisis .s manifesting Itself. Merchants who were not esteemed very liberal with their means are retaining the situa tions of their clerks who have volunteered, and are paying their salaries to their families, be sides contributing thousands to Che general fund. Clerks who cannot leave the city arc doing double duty for those who are gone; ladles are contributing their quota of service in preparing necessaries for the sick and wounded, and in some cases, as in Philadel phia. are volunteering their assistance to the clothing stoies to hasten the completion of unL forms for the troops. And jet, with all this ardor at the North, there does not exist the least wM) to subjugate the South. Our Southern brethren are In a state of In surrection against the government and the flag which have protected the whole conn try, *nd made it the mighty and prosper oils nation it is. The people at the North are determined to bring bark toe insurrectionists to their s^naea and theit allegiance to the flag of ottr common country, and it is for this pnr peaa that one voice is ringing thrai goout the wfrnle KertVm Ptntr* nmrlnfmlng that tW national capital must be protected, the conati- ' tution and laws obeyed, and peace be ?e?tored to the land. In view of tlilf state of ih? cam, it remains for the South now to oecitie what her fate ia to be in the muineateus iwm be | fore ua. ? The Pbivatekr Wak Upon Northern Com merce? An Element of Defence Lo.it ? When Congress, etgrowf d by corrupt ache-nta ol lsginlation, withorcw th* n t*.il subsidy front the Collins line, we warned it that it would one day repent that an patriotic uroc?**dio<. A polic* which oot only broke up aai dis persed a floe native IU.? of steamer^, bat which discouraged all future enterp-isra of a similar character, could uotfh.il to bring ita own puniah j m( nt In *ai!i it wus -hnwi t^at in r>mes o*. i great emergency etcuine'H of this clan.'1 hud i provtd of the grcauvt ssTvicf tr? I.u?<lacd und I Frence, notwiihstandinz the gre*t ex^ut of i their naval resource*. If it had not been far ? them the forces cf the two government* would | bave be?>n sadly crippled during the Cnm n | war. Wt have a uiffrmnt r.ne for such v?^- U a*. preset bat org wWc'h is not )*?"* import int and urgent. Privateer* ?r? ber.g rapidly fitted out at nil the Souther ' torts for the pnr i pos* ot p' eying on North rn eomue'ce; wad although Uie government is aooui to blockade j hert, it U doutn'nl whe'tier it hap sufficient i vessels a* i"? e una an<?, iaoludiog all tho*e th*t it cuu chart, r, to carry out its snrvedlimc* along the wtiole line of the Southern co-^t. Un Vs.- thi- c ?ii b?- do at, \t \. obvious that Nor'h- >-a commerce tni.st suffer to anexteui which a h ta | ored Mtbhidic'a Lke that paid to the Colliu> liue would Tall short of in "mount, lli.o ConF.r-ss, in- tend of occupying itv-lf with h> e .1 at lik o tie rac.lio Uaihoid, tor which it wjs ieady to vote awuv any amount ot the pv.bl'.c mousy, devoted sotr.e t?i its at tention to the ecccunqjeraent of great com no fiul !"r.i*9 ot steamers, to compete with t/ie lortigu ii iLsa'luntic line ., we would now hart: at enr cou'masd a poweifol fl*et ot vessel", which C'>u)d be eaoiiy armed and oonv^rtea into uu auxl'inry blockading forco. In Una, at in other thinpp, we shall have to pay the pen alty of the political Qt-uoralizalkn which hat for years back diverted the legislation of tt; country into corrupt aud unprofitable ehan tils The danger w*tli which our comme'c* i3 threatened will, however, te*ch us one use fnl lesson, and that is the necessity of augment ing our navy to an extent which will render m secure either against Southern buceuaewnng oi against any combination that may be attempt** agaiu't us by the maritime Powers of Europe Proposed Arbitration of tot: Ex-Pbesi dects. ? The proposed arbitration of the fivi I ex- Presidents ? Buchanan, Pierce, Fillmore Tjler and Van Buren? to settle the quwre between the North and South, is in one sensii appropriate, but in another most inappropriai. and valueless. It wus the imbecility and poJ / tical chicanery of some of these very men tha brought about the present evils under whict the country is laboring. Van Buren, in 1848 disappointed in not getting the nomination ii placc of Gen. Cass, called ont the revolutionary anti-slavery element, and was the first t< embody the anti-slavery question In part, politics, thereby dividing and demoralizing tn democratic party of this State. After the evil, he wrought were partially cured in 1850 b. the statesmanship of lienry Clay, as demoa stiated in the compromise of that year, po& Pierce opened the sores afresh by the Intrt duction of tfee Kansas question, assisted b Jeff DaviB and Mr. Douglas, and Mr. Buchsna' followed in the same track, through the weak ness and corruption of his adminlstratiot And these are the men to whose wisdom it proposed to submit the settlement of the ver< difficulties they themselves have entailed upo: the country. The questions of anti -slavery and Ave soil is i have nothing to do with the present contes It is a struggle for the existence of the repul lie? for the maintenance of the constitution a we inherited it from the Revolutionary fathei4 The abolitions. ts of the North have declare that constitution a league with Hell, and th secessionists of the South are ia arma to abr^ galo and deatroy it. The question admits t no patching up, no mediation of ex-Prasidenil or any one else. It must be settled by th people l>y force of arms. The law must t maintained ami peace restored by the peopl* .ind not by (he politicians. Fi.maijq Patriotism and CiURrrr? Nursv FOR THK War.? Not les* praiseworthy than tb earnekincat of the men of thin couutry In be ha of the I'nion ia the enthusiasm of the womcii Woman's mlfipion is not War, but peace, and,?a will appear on the battle field not in the charar ter of an Amazon, bul a* an angel of mercy, mc*ton?er of delireranoe, a comforter in th hour of need and tbe last momenta of tbe dy in In charity and meekness the will pursue h< glorious work of alleviating human suffdrin when no other band than hers is near to gir help and succor, and she will do this wittiou the prospect of fee or reward, in the pure goo< nes? of h?r be^rt. Ble^ssd be such women her and in the hereafter; their due da are worthy!* be trumpeted by fame to the great univer*. Just as at the commencement of the Crimea* war Florence Nightingale and her staters Ijd tb | errand of mercy gladly sought the opportunit of going forth and ministering to the sick an wounded in the hospitals of Scutari, so at hundred*, we may say thousands, of the lacM* of our own land to share the dangers and pr vations of war wherever our brave troops ma be called upon to draw the sword or diMc'harg the musket in defence of their national lion*, and greatness? In defence of the liberties s< cured to them by our constitution, and fo which our fathers fought? in defence of the fit of our Union, and the rights of which it is th> fitting and the glorious emblem. We observ this patriotism on the part of the ladies of ou community on all sides. We bear of it ia sc cietj? we read of it In our correspondence and we have personal evidence of it in the ti quiries of ladles at the office of this journa respecting tbe proper course they ought t pursue in order to be enrolled as nurses t serve in the campaign. The feeling do>? credit to both the head and heart, ?nd my tied protect those who engage In tbtf mimic* of mercy, than which there ia none more la? dable, or in which the tender miniaturing spir of woman has a wider Held for the display ? goodness and philanthropy. f?ivn th* Uniow Miv VirqisU | CtiAwac.? Alexander H. Stephen*, " Provision! Vice President of the Oor federate States," hi wcoeeded at Richmond in hitching Old Vm crinla to that eon federation, provlsionallM The peoj W of Virginia, In aa election to W