Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 8, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 8, 1861 Page 4
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4 >NEW YORK HERALD. JAKEH UUUUU? DENMETTi EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. writ) N. W. OOKStrt OK FULTON AND KA9SXV 8TS. W/iJfS rt?R In o<lMMra. Mi.nrtj f hi/mail fill beatIhf *?f* V <Ae Aone Inil Hank Ml* current in A<rw York mjmm, ?hr'? DAIL r HERALD, tit* certifier copy, %7 yr urmum. tuJE WEEKLY HERALD, rrery at ?U<*nt? t*r ?* ?* ??? -i. a?ummumias H.tition < ticru W^ltiemlau. J?a SScSateMS Hernia OH r/i?. W, II'A <W 2IX "/' ?><* "?<" '*, ?' /U^ cnf.p., 40f>y, or $2 pur aiiHut>'? _ __ Volume XXVI No.aiB AMl'SEME.VTrt THIS EVENING. WINTER GARDEN, Btoadway.?DoMBKr And .son? Yooau A?iran#a. LAURA KEENE'B THEATRE. No. 63< Broadway.? Sivks bismu. ^ NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?Hotiskriiok Robin S?motiikb GoOSU Tilt OuLUt.S Lou?Hew 1u0im4k BARHUM'S AMERICAN MVSEUM, Broadw?v.~D?y a 1,(1 KV.UIUK-Kaikt HK.hi? NK.vkb Won Kaik Lao*? irtiitte?Bail!-, Ska Lion m Otiiu; Cuiuoiim*x. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanica? HhU. <72 IlroaU. way.?Ethiopia* honqp, Hanckj, Ac ?Uivaj. Djju.ii s. KKLODF.ON CONCERT IIA Mi, No. S39 Broadway,? Boms, I>anets, Buklksui'Ii*. Ac. OANTERBCRY MIISIO HALE, 53J Broad svtiy. -Sows, Daaaus>uuioe>, he. GAIETIES OONCKUT ROOM, 61B BiOftdwav.-DHAtriNO ^ Rook EtmutMiinvi: i fUu^rrx, I'amomixks, Faucis*. .vo. A.' i ' 1 IT .u lit Broadway.? SoKfis, BalU.. V liftCLK JKFF. UJH OONCRltT HALT,, No. 48 Bow.>r>\? ?., ..J*. GANC'K*, 1''K Hl.V.IDKIM Wevr York, Thuraday, Auguat 8, 1801. OLIli W Ali MAPS. We have issued another edition or" the nu j tVIM*A?ia niliha Minna <T.? ? t ?UU ulus...m= u? lUU I'liorations of the Union anil rebel troops in Virginia, Mir?0uri, IHiaois, Florida, and on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, and it is uow ready for delivery. Agents desiring copies arc requcstc d to send hi their orders immediately. Single copies six cents. Wholesale price the same as for the WEEKi.Y Hkkald. Tills: SITUATION. We publish to-day the official repo- r?f the battle of Bull run by Brigadier General McDowell, addressed to tho Commander-in-Chief. Though it does not materially differ from the descriptions wh'ch we have previously given from our special correspondents and other sources, its details will be found highly interesting, and as an anthoritativc statement of the battle will be received with satisfaction. He states that his report has been delayed in cousuquence of the inability of the subordinate commanders to obtain a true account of the state of their commands at an earlier moment. General McDowell represents the battle to have been won by hts army at half-past three in the afternoon, bnt tho arrival of Johnston's fresh troops by train at that tiin# converted tho victory into a disastrous rout?tho Union troops being worn out with the fatigue of a hard day's buttle. Accounts renchcd Washington that the rebels aro committing terrible outrages ia that portion of Virginia aroruid Fairfax anil Centreville, whiuli they have obtained possession of t-ince the battle of Ball run. Neither age, nor sex, nor infirmity is spared from insult and abase. All thoge capable of bearing arms and refusing to do ho are sent as prisoners to Manassas or Richmond. The division of General McClellan's army into brigades occupies the entire attention of the commanding general, and demands the constant movement of all corps of the service on the line of the Potomac. It was observed yesterday that a large body of rebels, supposed to belong to Goueral Johnston's command, were posted within two rn. es of the Potomac shore, and a couple of miles distant from Great Pulls, where there is a ford that has been mueli used. The soldiers were no. ticed cutting a passage through the woodb towards the river with axeB. Tho Union troops iu Missouri under Gen. Lyon had another affair on Friday last with the rebels commanded by Ben McCulloch at a place OAlled Dug Springs, about nineteen miles southwest , of Springfield, which resulted in the defeat of the rebels. It appears that it was only the United States oavalry on the side of Gen. Ic on's command who were engaged, and a small body of two hurtired and seventy of them made a splendid charge on a force of about four thousand rebel infantry, cutting their way through with the loss of onlyfive men. The cavalry are said to have been crowing a ?idgcofhigh land, partly enclosed on the eaat by a valley, and, when descending the hill, came upon a large force of the enemy's infantiy, and being unable to retreat, they charged and cat their way through. The lieutenant commanding the cavalry was killed after killing eight of the rebels. Meantime the enemy appeared in large numbers moving along the valley, but they were put to flight by the artillery. The rebel* retreated southward to a plaoo called McCullou?Ts store, on the Fayetteville road. The num ber of rebels found dead on the field amounted to forty, and some forty-four wounded were picked up. General Lyon is said to be strongly intrenched in clow proximity to the enemy, and another battle >4 expected to take place very noon. These facts, which readied u? by telegraph from St. Louis yeaterrtfcy, ?ic confirmed by a despatch received by the President last night from General Fremont. The gallant and successful charge of the cavalry against so large an opposing force may excite some surprise; but when we remember the charge of the six hundred British light cavalry at . Ealaklava, in the face of a terrific firo from the batteries, and upon a body of nome six thousand Russians, the chargc at Dug Springs is not without a partJlcl. It ia true, however, that while the famous charge in the Crimea resulted in disastrous consequences to the cavalry, and was the upshot 1%!* a tflrri 1*1 r? a* TV- - rifle fire, one skill explud&g in the bull of the Petrel uuil biiikiug Lor instantly. The boat* of tbe frigutv were lowered, and picked up tlurty-eix out of fort/ of the privateer's crew, who were taken on board and placed iu irons. The remaining four were drowned. Sho appears to have been commanded by a South Carolinu man, Captain Perry, and he, together with the others, neemed to be drutik when picked up. The United States frigate Wabash took possession of tho schooner Mury Alice, with a rebel prize crew on board, on the 2d hint., and on the same day she also took the schooner Sarah Star, iv Southern vessel nailing under English colors and carrying a verj valuable cargo. Both vessels have been sent ou to New York. We learn from the Southern press that the report of the rebel Secretary of War, ju*t presented to tho rebel Congress at Richmon!, -how < that one hundred and ninety-four regiments and thirty tiv > battalions have already been accepted, bosid' various dotachmonts of artillery and companies of cavalry not yet made up into regiments. The report has i?een sont into Congress for consideration in secret session, and it is said that the recommendations it makes for a largo increase to the aiitt) ' J-1 will meet with some opposition. TKe tTO?l urges the acceptance and organization of thrte hundred MY+the ftichmf.nd pape rs appcur to think that the rebel Congress will puss a bill enabling Jefferson Davis to make such an in crease to the army as he may tli'tik necc-^ary. Mr. Toowta, of ( r having : ig'iid 11j" pu-jtion ol eretary F-ta c in the Confederate i government, Mr. Hunter, of Virginia, iiai been 1 confirmed by the o: ilc at Uiciuaond. Mr. Toombs still retains bis Heat in Congress, and lias acceptcd the post of Brigadier lien u. I in the rebel army. THE NEWN. . The market for beef cattl. ,vas steady yesterday at about last week's prices. Sheep .nil lambs \ 're very plenty, dull and 50c. a 75 \ per ho# 1 lo ver. Swiuo were u .1 and lower, with sales .i from 3c. a ic. The receipts were 3.767 b.ef cattle, 122 cows, 594 vea s, 15.007 sheep and lanibs, and 5,ft50 swine. The overland express, with advices from Sp.n Franc. >oo to the 27th ult., pawed Fort Kearny on Tuesday afternoon. A telegraphic summary cf the news in given in another column. The steamship Europa, which let Liverpool on the 27th and Qneenstown or> the 2Hth ult., arrived at Halifax yesterday. Her a-'vietM are two dii)H later than those received by the Anglo-Saxon. The British Parliament I. .d been engaged in discussing the slavery and cetton culture qsi sli*>tn. in ti.A n.,,... , A? u?. or, # Wood made some financial explanations relative to India, and ask<-d for discretionary power to borrow ?5,000,000 for railway purposes. He said the government had evinced great anxiety to develape the resources of India ?s a cotton producing country. He believed that the refill would be that ultimately England would be rendered Independent of America for cottou. This year the supply of cotton from India would Lo about .100,000 bales more than ever before. The contemplated changes in the British ministry were accomplished on llio 25th nit., viz.:?Sir G. C. Lewis to the War l>?partment; .Sir George Grey, Secretary for Home Affairs: Mr. Card well, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster; Mr. Layard. Secretary of Foreign Affaire. In London American securities had advanced. The Liverpool breadstuff* m.irket was dull, with a downward tendency in prices. At Liverpool the. cotton market was firm, at previously reported ratee. The Enropa brings U9.?!0 in specie. The steamship Columbia, Captain Adams, from Huvaua the lid inst., arrived here about noon yesterday. Among her passenger* was Consul General Shufeldt. who returns to the United States to take, it is said, a position of responsibility in the navy. The news of the battle of Bull run was received at Havana with evident exultation by a large portion of the population. The Captain General has gone to St. Domingo. The health of the city continued very fair. A number of ex-United States army and navy officers and other United States officials were at Havana, Captain Vidal, who saved a number of wrecked Americana and treated them in the most generous manner possible. has been deservedly honored and rewarded In the Queen of Spain. For a variety of interest1 items see our correspondent's Litter elsewhere. From a (^ntleman recently arrived from Nassau. New Providence, we learn that the inhabitants arc largely in favor of the rebel cause, and every report of disasters to the L'nion troops is Lulled with delight. They express their belief that the result of the contest can be only in the recognition of the Southern confederacy. They derive their information of our affairs mostly from Southern papers, although tiieir trade is almost entirely with the North. The law of Congre?3 increasing the pay of noncommissioned officers and privates makes the salaries of tho men hereafter as follows:? Per numlh Ordnance SorRi-an? $26 Sergeant Major 2a Quartermaster's Sergeant 23 Fit st Sergeant 2? Sergeant 21 ArtlUcer 19 Corporal 17 Private The rations arc computed at nine dollars a month, and the clothing at about three dollars, or thirtysix dollars a year. When In actual service the 9oldier does not require the whole of his rations or clothing, and all that he does not take he receives the cash value for. The annual pay of a private is now about three hundred and twenty-four dollars, with the prospect of a suitable reward at the close of the war. Some of the flaming Southern accounts of the battle of Dull run inform us that the rebels took 1,400 of our troops prisoners, killed 4,000 n" 'uv field, wounded 9,000, capture*"'' r'? ees of cannon, VO 00<) stand of ? "??. ,000 handcuffs. 700 wagons, and provisions sufficient to feed an array of 60,000 for six months, together with knapsacks, blankets, bowie knives and Zouave jackets enough to clothe and equip their troops for all time to come. Official repoits of the killed and wounded of eifjht rebel regiments during the battle of Jlul] run exhibit the following figures:? KilMl. Won vde4. Five Mtfs*i<u<ippi regiments #0 202 Two Virginia rrarimi-nta 1A lor. One North Carolina ri'giment 22 40 Total 100 363 C. F. Jackson, ex-Governor of Miswouri, and a "fugitive from justice," arrived in Memphis on the 31st ult., from Richmond. A Peace Convention has been held in Litchfield, jVJfiW YOKK HKKALI), TI The flttt will occur oil tlie mall, on Saturday, the IijIIj inat., at half-|iant four P. M., it the weather id ???v. iuv rjt icviiunn mu uc 01 popular lliuair, iut which purpose Pod worth'* band ha* been engaged. There were a number of cafes disposed of yesterday in tlie General Sessions by Recorder Hoffman. Edward Siiva, who stole $fcO In money from Monroe Griggs, 4'Jl Cherry atrcet, on the 3d of July, was sent to tie penitentiary for two years, Roman Cabrera, u Spaniard, wljo was indieted lor stealiug u quantity of jewelry liorn Mih. ! Howard, at the New York Hotel, which wu? found I in his possesion, pleaded guilty, and was i sent to the State prison lor three yean. Robert I Shephards, charged with committing n rape upon a little girl, pleaded guilty to uxsiudt and battery '.ud was sent to Blnckwell's Inland fur one yearWesley Miller, who stole " quantity <f clothing from Robert Crabbe, pleaded guilty to an attempt et grutui larceny, and wan aeul to ll penitentiary for one year. Charles Cull pleaded guilty to an cidi^tmint churging him wi 'i Mwudliug John Mhctmiri, a uuthc oi Wyoming county, out uf i.">0. lie met 'hepii ouer at the llud on I ivcr Railroad depot, aad wa.i induced lo Ukc .1 v ilk, u'.! bating Tbt?t he ),ad purohnvd seme p 1 'J a:rt ? is going iu p.iy for them. They ' acttdentidlj'' met another mm, who requested Cull to pay for t' c got 1-. Tho countryman wan aslied fn" change of 1 $.>!) bill, and xoon after (.tall attempted to run t>wity, tut was capture A at the depot. Ho to l!?e ."itftW prison tor two year* and ciJrhttiinntlih. The tloi.iMiMrjiniicrs'uf Kiiu^.jjtjon imt yesterday, bnt no burines# of ptibtic nee w a transact' eJ. From the weoUy atrfteihcat it app'ci- < that 8 T> emigrant- arrived at this port the l ist v* ! ., making a totul of during the present vr.ii* 11 i1n/Ti.u.t />r I1' " ' nn In <'.n ? ni.i UnM last year. Tlio nr>ml ( . of inmates on Ward's Island is 002. 'i'li** curt it exp from the'!4tb to the 111 it of duly lunt amounted to |C,lSi 25, leaving a balance iu the bank ol *14,*77 Ifi. During tho mouth of July forty-one sailing vessels and nine steamers arrived hero, bringing a toi .iof 7,s2o passenger*, t!' whom 7,424 were boninbie. Tho Commbsion ra of the Hoard of IMucatlon n it yt 4c?day, but no business was transacted iii consequence of a quortva of the members not Ving present. Tli< rut ten market vraa firmer yesterday, with vi'.r* of J,ooo i- clasing on th< basis of 17>,'c. a 17. for niiduhu?{ upland?: aalos vorc mad,', in part ou ap-t-'dation, Willi small >ts to spinners. The utock of Aiuer.oan colti ii op tli< 19th of July tn^'pool w:i< estimated at 7!)8,<iOO bales, iu;.iinst 1,110,360 at the sani" lime last yen., and a total of all kinds of 1,058,710 baU-s -Vtlmt l,2rT,f.20 last year. It muft be recollected that the v> ?lght of India and other foreign bales is t.mch lighter as h t neml tiling than the American bu!?s. IP-nce the fu.Ilititf the extent of 371,051 hales in American f irms a swious hiatus in the supplies of cotton at Liverpool. I'tider the influenoe of li^ht reculpts, favorable ratesol freight ami a stoa ly demand, the Dour market wan firmer, and i"'.<:im closed at a partial improvement for eomuuin grades.of Hiaii and Western brands. Wheat, i. aler similar inlluenceB, was also better, with a fair amount, of sales, in good part for export. Indian corn was uuuvi', w ii ik1 |?rn-t:n wnr insult, hi immiKiii.. 1 ork was heavy and dull: flalea of lutit wort) made at $l&7S,aud of prims at $10 75, and of clear moss at flOfiO. lict-r wan Urm and iu fuii request at tie.) recent advance. Hugnrs wero active nud Arm, with aatua of I fid') hhdg. at ratrvH given In another plnce. O P.' " wat Arm and In good demand, with nates of 1>bhh Kin, 1 ,&00 <lo. Santon aud 100 d'i. St. Itomihgo at full prices. K.ciithU were tulera b.y active and without change of moment jn rates. Klininriul Aspect ofUnr Katlmini Affhlrt, The federal Congress ol' the Uuited States has adjourned, after providing, in the lullew manner, for the payment of the expenses of tht war to suppress rebellion. The Congress ol the Confederate States continues its debutes with closed doors; hut it is understood that its weightiest considerations are given to their em barrassed pecuniary condition, and that it is tilled with dismay at the gloomy prospect be fore it. A financial revolution is in progress throughout the entire Union. Appearances in dicate, however, that it will prove healthy ant beneficial to t ie North, while it roust culmioate in disaster and ruin to the South. The sudden ness and m ignitude of the fiscal operation! which the v i.r has engendered, have demon' strated the almost inexhaustible resources ol the non-slaveholding States, while, under the tyrannical and oppressive rule of Jcflerson l>n\ia and his fellow conspirators, taxation has assumed a shape so irregular and iinprccedent| ed, that the most sanguine believers in a sepaI ration of the repuMic, stagger under the burj dens which have begun to be imposed. Solvency, with a vast reserve of resources, as yet )uchcd, are the guarantee to the administraim that it will be ablo to mil a speedv end to treason, while insolvency, want of credit, and exhaustion, are all that the Richmond government can* look forward to. Upon a great national and patrotic scale, the expenses of the war, will, for some time, considerably exceed a million of dollars per day. What then t Congress baa cheerfully yielded the money, and the new Tariff and Loan bills are about all that could be desired under the circumstances. A loan is authorized to the extent of tlve hundred millions, of which halt' is culled for at present. The holder of the stock that is to be issued will receive seven per cent for his money, und it is believed that the Treasury notes will be current at not far from par. These latter may be given out of such small denominations?lives, tens, and twenties, if needed?that they will speedily be absorbed into the currency of the country, and their presence will scarcely be felt. A large portion of them, moreover, will go back into the national Treasury in the shape of taxation. The Tariff and Direct Tax biffe, it is thought by the Secretary of the Treasury, will yield from ninety to a hundred millions cf dol I lara. Tho additional duties imposed on tea, I coffee, sugar aud *P:**kc,> articles so suitable for i the pnrr~*-"9 of revenue, as has been proved by me experience of Great Britain and France, will bring in, alone, over twenty five millions, and the income tax of thirty million* will afford twenty millions more from the loyal States. Foreign commerce may somewhat dwin !le, in view of the high duties imposed on woollens, *ilk* and iron; but the impetus that will be given to domestic manufactures and trade will more than compecpate for any low in this direction. One of the bod features of late financial legislation, at Washington, is the virtual abolition of the Sub-Treasury system, by enabling customs and taxes tobe paid in Treasury and bank notes. It is littitg, in a commercial cottii 10HSDAI, ACGUIST 8, 186 of tlit- reign (>f the old Sub-Treasury law was absolutely needed to prevent financial derangement*, and it will meet with general approval. The history of the wars of Great Britain with France, under Napoleon I., affords some parallel to what may be expected in the United Stales, if any considerable time should elapse ere rebellion is definitely crushed out. The debt of the nation will be augmented greatly; but the commerce of ihe world will be open to iib; manufactures will roceivo an impulse such as has never before been dreamed of; the money ex. I pended lo continue hostilities will be ponreil back j into our own coffers; and a high degree of prosperity will be arriveu at. Meanwhile thcadversary with which the loyal States are contending will lose, juet in proportion to our gain. A prodigious nit unt of Treasury notes will bo

poured f?rlh upon the Confederate States by the Richmond authorities; but a single considerable reverse to the arm* of the insurrecI ...ill i..^/1/ ..tul utnii-tte nut irmn~i uinn iucuvvukimiw muu .worthless. The cotton, sugar, rice and tobacco which have accumulated in Southern warehouses i?n<l plantations. it is supposed, will l>e bought by the rebel f{oveiuiiirut aud paid lor in this paper traali, i:i hopes that the merchandise itself may be disposed of to foreign nations for solid catih. Thin win, however, prove a delusive oxpec talioti. livery port, from the Kio Grande to C-'^ c Heulopet im elb-cti! ".y blockaded, and it arr outlet for slave State products is opened at all, it will i?e l'j Northern armies, after they shall have been conti<juted, and the soma recoived fo'- then will go into the federal Treasury. The war may (jive a temporary impetus to smne species of Southern manufacturer; but, unlike Iho North, they will be ouly to supply :t limited population with indispensable articles that cannot be? obtained elsewhere. France, under Napoleon, had at least the Continent for a market, while England controlled the ocean; but the Southern States will be hermetically sealed from intercourse with all of the nations of the world. Uebellion can never maintain itself under such adverse circinn Ounces. but must, in the end, be starved into submission. They err greatly who imagine that the people will shrink from continuing the contest to pre serve the integrity of the Union, on account ol the expense. The administration never wat more sure of popular support than it is now and the provisions that have been made for the j immediate future by Congress, commend them i selves to general approbation. CoNI>TTION OK THK WOKKIXH ClAHHRS? DlM.V OOUfEH AT W()KK.?Wf SCO tliut I'ffoVlj HIV bcillg rr'iule to stir tip the working men of this city to a disturbance of the public peace, under tht pretence of extorting from the authorities a guarantee of what some arc pleased to term "the rights of labor." The movement originates with a small knot i?f restless agitators, who ar? enger to profit by any unusual excitement it this public mind to force themselves into notice It might inspire some uneasiness if it realb emanated from the working men themselves, o: h id a foundation in aggravated suffering. It ' authors, however, are known to have but lev ' interests in common with the hard workiuf operatire, and but little actual sympathy fo ' him. They are for the most part idlers anc ' loafers, who despise labor and those who liav< the manliness to live by it. The charactcr o these men is well exemplified by a sentimen 1 uttered by a speaker at one of their meetings:? j "As far as regarded work,"'he said, "he die j not care a great deal for it, but they must dovi? means to make themselves comfortable." 1 Thw is the whole point, involved iu the move mont. Tu promoters want, under cover of al leged suffering among our opemtives, to com 1 pel the government to supply them with tlx means ofliving a life of laziuess and idleness They will not, however, succeed in making ' dupes of tlie honest and intelligent working ' men of our city. The latter must feel that tfieii ' statements have hut little foundation In truth and that, even supposing thom to be correct Micro is no plan devisable by human ingenuit) which can ''guarantee the existence and welfare of the laborer.'" The experiment of the State') supplying work to carry out this theory was tried in France in 1848, under the direction o! Louis Blanc, and only contributed to plunge the working classes into greater misery thai before. Tt can never by any possibility be at tended with success, for it is at war with natu ral laws, which forbid any interference with the free course of labor. But there is no justification for even an elce mosynary appeal on the part of our operative-* So fur from there being any truth in the statement that there are forty thousand of them out of employment, there are probably but a few hundred more than is usual at thL< time of the y ear. The majority of our large manufacturers, where they could not give full work, have made it a point to continue their hands at three-quarters or half time. The requirements of our army have besides opened up many new branches ol industry and given employment to vast num hers who would otherwise have been idle. That there is anything like extreme destitution or suffering among thorn we do not believe. It there be, however, it is their own fault. No man need starve or let hid family want who is capable of slioutclerlug a musket, 'flje increased bounties and pay voted by Congress will, with his rations, place the common soldier in a better condition than many a clerk on '"hose education thousands have been spent. And then he h;t* this additional spur to his ambition, that he may rise to the position of a brigadier or general, like many of the self made men who are now at the bead of our army. There is no reason why he may not even become a sort of republican Napoleon, provided he has brains adequate to his aspirations. The llK-i0UTK?s or Indkicmtt.?The resolutions passed by the House of Repress. .ve? to indemnify the President for act* in themselves unconstitutional, but rendered perfectly justiablc by the necessities of the time?such ns calling into existence and employing large army, L The Altitude of the French RroptrorTo- I want* the United Htatea. j The important letter whiub we published j yesterday from our Paris correspondent fully ] bears out our former intelligence from the cap ital of the French empire,?that it is the iuten* tion of Louis Napoleon to break the blockade j ol the Southern coast and to acknowledge the independence of the Confederate States. Our j correspondent remarks Hint England and the whole of Europe will follow suit. The Patrle, ( 1 the semi-official organ of the Emperor, foreshadows his policy, as it lias always done herettffbrc. Now that journal sajs. "all statesmen in Europe acknowledge that the South has an undoubted right to secf'de;"' and it adds that J "the South can never again outer the Union." We are further informed that. "the same journal ( notice* President Lincoln's Message in a most hostile and bitter tone." When to this we add that the President recently refused to submit to Congress the correspondence of the French and , English governments with the American Socre- , tary of Stale on the subject of our domestic ' troubles, on the ground ihat it would not be for the public interest to do no; and when we farther add ihat Prince Napoleon, the Emperor's cou- , sin and confidential agent, is hoie now in the midst of the dog days, enduring almost the i heat of purgatory, while secretly taking notes 1 and ascertaining tiie relative military and llnancinl strength of the No* ;h rrd Pi .. *'!iaview to report to his fu , there is abundant reason f in ; itO Prince has Keen the Nortl ti . ' ic.i at Washington, 1 has viewed our camps, formed his opinion about the quality and numbers of our troops, and has heard all about the battle of Bult run from our side. He will probably soon visit the Southern camps and statesmen, and hear what the other side has to eny about the vie. tory it has* won, and what are its hopes and prospects for the future. ti - 1.. l..H? ll.a r.w.Un-l in , li is vAircuiuijr juuiitiuir m.u ?m view of the fact that she has something to lose on thin continent in the event of a collision with 'he United States, and that the Emperor of the i French has nothing' to lose, if he hae not some' . thing to gain !>y the quarrel?has Induced him to [ take the lead in acknowledging the Indepemlt cnce of the revolted States, and in breaking tho , blockade which now closes their principal ports, She will, of course, follow in his wake. The Consideration for his thus leading the attack is the concession to hijp of some advautage in Europe?perhaps her consent that he should have the island of Sardinia, upon which he has long set a covetous eye. England knows that ' Canada would bo ia imminent danger if she were the first to provoke hostilities at the 1 hands of the American people, and, therefore* l* her plan is that France should undertake the ' job tor the common benefit. Tloth want cottonand br>th want free trade from the South, and 1 from all appearances it is highly probable that the South will purchase the frkndship of both ' by proclaiming free trade. r It i- stated that immense quantities of cotton s j are being bought up ut llic Soulb by citizens of r j France and England, and that Southern mer- | J j chuntM arc now making large purchase? of goods j r j in the French and English markets, ou tlx- j * understanding that the blockade i-< to he broken j i this fall. As our correspondent well observes, j ' j the sympathy of the French and English people 1 . with the North is one thing; what their govern- ' " | menta, influenced by the commercial spirit will ' ] do, is quite another thing. In addition to the interest of the French merchant and manufacturer in the South, in common with the English trader, the French government has a special interest iti the article of tobacco. From the import of this commodity it derives an enormous revenue by giving a monopoly of its sale to certain parties whose I agents have been purchasing it in Virginia flyer j ! since the war broke out. just as they did before. ' | All know that the people of France, like the i I i people of the other Powers of Europe, are so j ! heavily taxed that it is almost, impossible for J | their rulers to add another dollar; and if the j : revenue on any important branch of imports I j snouiu ihu. uie government wouiu i>rc?K uowa * : in their financial affair? and become bankrupt. ' | Tobaeco is. therefore, an essential to France as cotton is to England. Both article* are alike 1 needed to prevent revolution in those countries. ' The design of the Confederate government is to ' .say te those Euro[>eati Powers so soon as the * cotton and tobacco crops accumlato in the principal depots, "Your people need tbe-^e product?, and they must have them. Without them they ' would make a revolution. Your own re venue imperatively demands their import. We are ready ' to sell them to you if yon will come and take them with your ship.3. A Northern government, whom (lie Southern States no longer acknowledge, ' and.who no longer possess a shadow of dominiou therein, say you shall not get a pound of cotton or tobacco through our seaports. Will you permit them to prevent you?" The French Emperor, consulting the interest* of France alone, and del'ghted, in common with England, to see our great republic broken up. , will probably,lend a willing ear to this appeal, and the result of the battle near Manassas June* tion will bo adzed upon as his apology for disrogM'dfng the Interests oj^j* fcioudlv government. The question now is, the Affierican people prepured to yield this point to France without a struggle? And if not, the next ques- , tion is. what naval preparations are bring made ' by our government to give effectual resistance to the pretensions of foreign IWers on this 1 continent? l Bkroax's Rih.rmkn'.?Rebel Southerners have vaun'ed their superiority as sharpshooters, and have predicted terrible execution with their rides among the Yankee vagabonds who are as- ^ sailing them. The nr.irksmanship that has been displayed by the rifle regiment of Colonel Ber. 1 dan is dispelling thus delusion. In the next y battle, it is probable that rebel officers?gene- " rals, colonels, majors and captains?will be c picked off one after the other, and that artillery v men will he shot at their posts, before they arc trading vesfk'is, which pans in and out without I nterruptiou. Thin is a matter requiring the I in mediate attention of the Secretary of the I HWJ ~ 0 I Another QnUX Conflict at Haxd.?Au iiu. I >01 taut batilti ia shortly (expected by the mili I tuy ftutlioritiea in Washington. When and I vhere it in to take ptnee uone but theiutmlvui I M, From the indications thut reach ua, how- - I iver, it bids lair to throw the famous reconivoia- I lance at Bull run into the shade. I m:hs from tiie pacific. i IrrlvRl of the California P?uy Kxprsna. I Four Kkarny , AuguV ft, 1861. I I bo pony express passed thin point at threo o'clock hi) nl'tci'uwu, Willi Sau Frauciaco daUt> of July at. I Sax FuanciKH), July 2T, 1861. I Arrived 26lb, ahip Thatcher, Magoan, RotH?u; 'JUh, I j.irk Oiurita ntla, ltio Janeiro, with coffee; hcliooner An ( lit, Vuuu Areuag, with n cur^o of CueU Kica coate, aua I report* that a schooner sailed with a I.It.- cargo tou day* I previous h>r thib i?jrt. Arrived today, akip Foarle*, I Mow York. (MM aotli, hark W. CNM, Sidney. I Spoki'n Way a I, bit. &0 deg. ? ua. S., loiig. TT iliv | j, mui. w., snip, inautlBMt, t rem itoeton ror .-'an ,.yUu CISCO. Tiio market for ?oo<lg affected by the Uirjfl cliango ototloin's excited, and tho action of on tln> re? in tneielation of the Secretary of l.te Treasury is au.-. I.wt&ly \wa.ted. Iu other reep'^ti1 the market is ?piiet. lelliinw butter U:is an improving teadeocy, on ncount of Uio iioa writ alorihostoamor Hohot 4, liioLi 1? l>f rous.Hjof t' e accident to the Cbauipiou on tlio Atlantic, anil ?u account of Eastern advkx* instructing holder* u?t ta sacrifice; 2f>o. in about tho prtsout pnc". Rio e.i>0' c, a 19c. j or lb. Wheat droopinp, lu? -<t Sc. u 10c. per 100 lb*. ai-co U harvest . ttounpd Barley, 85c. Uost Uuur, $2 50 Back. Tbo y-my express arrivud y i*t entity, with rr date" to tho lath iu.'-i., unci with accounts oftiel.ctV jClnliur.'t success iu Western Virginia nd the cot.t.'nw it <.ittn,of tliu rebels towards tho interim of Yirymia. '11...' ut*n i? greatly inspiring tho Union inou. Tho overland mail continues to arrive regularly. TU? price of pa-sagM from t-acramento to Ht. .k.--[>h ha-> t>oe? Hit d at fVO. J'.v <oii,' ,r.t who ootuu through in tlio mad st r* seem t? regard the trip bm ono of nogri at bar'iship; tili'.i ?;<h they are compelled to rido continually n;h'lit an-.l day for eighteen days. Since tlio lust despatch to tho prow a new t"J? ;'ra;ih Nation luis bee n opened twentj dvo mil v, far ther ea -'t, with th? pre .ot of wether like est-.aiitou before another pony < x[ arrives tli< re. The candidate* of ai< ibree political r in thv* field, engaged im an active canvass of the (Unta. iHmni the Union candidates anil the republicans th?re is only a State ipstic to make much distinction between them, is both largely sustain the war policy of the administration. Tlio lireclinrirfgu democrats also rnal.u great (?: . U'Ohions, but claim that prosecuting the war renders tic- preserva tlon the Union hopeless. V y s?e;n to ruvor uboutt'is eiioy the Buchanan aduiiiiistn.. ion ?? , pursuing ou the ai. :e??sion of Mr. I.incoin to y-C ./or. Ex Senator Gwln made u speech recently at War re.,, principally on a np"'l^'-iiGlia'. lo hiinsutr. ll< Kaid 1.1 it it was Iris last political spioch. H<> appears to take Httii intercut in panics. By way i>f Los Angers later cows of th* psrt) o< rebels, -including General Johnson, ( ? received They wc-rc la.-.l In aril of In Tucson, In Arizona, rnnlKvin^ al rt lit!). Several had joined tho parly after leaving l/?i \ngeios, among whom* were Major Armstoid, Licuteuat.1 Hirdcastlo, of the Sixth infantry, United Slates Avny and Mr. Arrn?tesd, a brother of th* Major. Soiui) of the largo .ancbe owner* in the southern counties ot tlieijUt" have commenced slaughtering cattle Cur their Lidos and tallow ouly, there being o> farm lag wvk fur beef cuttle. It is said that at the current rates the var'ous portl us of the animal will not nearly twelve dollars lu ge"ss, which ratich hotter tuati buying at prnnont rates Thy *buw?Uiat ilrlving cattle and sheep train tin F.nst'.fa States to California will no longer jiay. Ihe steamer Onbjmnia arrived yesterday from Oregon, with dates nf the Ue.l, anil v. ith $-i,70?> in treasure. Tho Portland AiHmtl'tr of July 23 say? ''.ml the ateanu* Julia arrived the evening previous, briugiug $245 i' W dust from tho N'ea Core, z mines. A letter from e correspondent , dated orlliao, 22d, says that the tniut-M ure paying wherever claims are fully owned. I liavo seen a great dral of dust m the last ten ilays, but gold and silver coin is very scarce. Thoro is difficulty iu disposingol it. These initios are no longer an experiment. The towns of R iono and 1'iorce are fast progressing, on I assuming tho position of substantial towns. A3 anticipated, there bus boon no satisfactory res-It from the Nes Purees. council at Ijipway. It had been in session three day3. The Indians w, re very stubborn,and manifested uo kindly feeling. Over three bt'"dre?t In dians wore present al the cot ncil. Tney wen indisposed to accept either the annuity or goods offered them. Koine declined outright to take pf-cnts Soni" two hndie! ami fifty of the Indians refused to take the boef ta ilored Uiem by the agent, drawing up their own cattle aad slaughtering thom in front of the agency Trouble is anticipated with the Snake Indians on fjoli* mon river by the miners wlm are there pr spooling Tli'i ludian who shot Judge Wmhirigion hns be n giv'l up hv Henry , Chief of tic flprtMimlii Indian*. Bicw fi shed bis crime before Sieire (tnil. at Colville. ai d waa forthwith bung by the white? at tiiat place. By the steamer Senator, which arrival here yesterday afternoon from [mrta on the Southern coast. we have < rresi?iiidence arid papers from Man Diego and I?s Angeles. The Slnr remarks that by the arrival of the mail from Hi I'ago it has late and reliable information frntri A r-rin* Tho iv 1ml" comtry liiwut the nu-ny "f the Indians. Tho Apaches have made an attack ou Kort Buchanan iind pretty tli1 roughly c!-.i,,e<! it out They took off seventyrtvo head nf government. mules, killed two herni nnd t<>ok lour men prisoners. A detaelimeDt of 100 men of tin First dragoonw, with I.lctit. Davis anil n sloop, st-trt'd fot , Tucson during the week. They were fully armed an-.l equipped. W>i liavfi heard a rumor ou the s'-root that (itneral Snmnor, with his staff, lg expected hiro on thsteamer iSenstor which arrives to-day. Suiting of (lie Arabia?Prince Alfred Ilomtwtrd Bound. WOKTO.V. Aug. 7, 1801 . The Arabia sailed at ten o'clock A. M. to-day. 8ha tiik.* sixty-five pavsengors for Liverpool and twc,itj tot Halifax. but no specui. Prince Alfred aud suite took passage in t'.ie Arabia it Halifax lor Liverpool. . The Glasgow Outward Ronnd. Sr. Johns, N. K , Aug. 7. Tim atonmsliip Glasgow, floru New York, 3 it *t , fot Liverpool, parsed Cape Race at 6 oVluci- (this) Wodnwday evening. Tlie C'aso of the Murderer Armstrong. I'HiriDELPnu. August 7, 1.?1. Thomaa J. Armstrong M to lie exacutel ou Kriuay lor the murder of Robort Crawford. lie made a confession that ho drnvo the wagon in which the murder was committed, but implicates two others in thu aet ial dt>ud. r>< \v(jh ii no declare* his innocence. His oonfcsskm iu>iy provent the sentenc against him from being carried out. The Lateil European Market*,pet- gtttm* hip Enropa. IjVSSMf'L. July 28, liWt. Cotton?Sivlofl yesterday Ii,<*X) bale*, including 3 000 to speculators and exporters. The market closed Urm at Friday's rate?. Breadstuff (iiict, but steady at Friday's rate*. Provisions dvlll and unchanged. X.OTOOV, July 27, 1861. Consols closed at 89J?c?00 for money. American securities?Sale* of Erie nhari.* at 2.r>Vc. ? ; Illinois Central aharc s at SflJ^c. a35l,V discount. Havhk, Juiy 25, Iftfll. Cotton?1ilt>? of the week. 15,300 bales; tri-sordmoire, !17f.; bus, 112f. The market closed with a still advancing tendency. Stock in port, 2ftJ 000 bales. TTIB I.ATKST SHIPFIKfl NEWS. Arrived, from New York, J. W. Harris, at NVwry; lergo Maraden. at Shields; Tycoon at Flashing: HrillKut md Albert, at Plymouth. Saint Uo-id, at Deal; William rajweott and Jaaac Webb, at Liverpool. Arrived from Boston, Kuofh Train, ut Liverpool. Arrived from Baltimore, John Clarke, at Havre; Sum mer v lond at Liverpool. Arrived from Now Or lean?. Loon* nu d Clifton, at lnvre. Marathon and Teresina, at Liverpool. Arrived from Mobile, Harriet, at Liverpool. Mai kcta. 1?M^I??LHHU, A'lgUSt 7,1OT1. Wheat?Sale* to-day 3,000 b'lghol* r?d Western at $1 06 |l 1.1 a $1 15. Corn?Round yellow, 52c. a &Sc. Wilis:ej advanced to 19c. a 20c. Btrrrjito, Atigt-st T?2 P. M. Flour ijuiot. train?Parties apart; thy only sale is 6.000 iu?hels red w inter at 94c. Corn 1 S3 firm, owiay to the rnmCM of i imihI freights; S l>a 13,000 bushels at o2.V<". VhiSkoy nominally 15,',e. Onnal i mights?11c. on corn nd 12r. on wheat, to New Yoik. lake ia>l>orU today? ,700bh!s. (Jotir, 39.000 bushe's wheat, 82.000 l>ushcL? nru. lima) exports?2?J0 bbls. flour, 4*,000 busbelif ;heat, 93.000 bushels corn, 21,000 bushels oata. _ Burrxu).

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